Ps. lxxii. 17. Misname shall endure for ever : his name shall
be continued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in
him: all nations shall call him blessed.
OE of the Prophets, except Isaiah, have
written so copiously and so plainly respecting Christ
as David. His prophecies are very frequently re-
ferred to in the ew Testament; and their accom-
plishment in Jesus is frequently asserted, incontes-
tably proved, and copiously illustrated. The psalm
before us was most probably the last that David
penned. It was written at the close of his life, on
occasion of Solomon's coronation. The dying mon-
arch hearing that his son Adonijah had usurped his
throne, gave immediate orders that Solomon should
be anointed with the holy oil, and placed upon the
throne, and be proclaimed king throughout all his
dominions ; that by this means his oath to Bathsheba
respecting the succession of Solom.on might be ful-
filled, and the nation be rescued from the calamities
in which a disputed succession might involve it%
The psalm begins with a prayer for Solomon, and
proceeds to foretell the peace, glory, extent, dura-
tion, and happiness of his government. But beyond
a doubt, a greater than Solomon is here : the Mes-
siah himself is manifestly referred to; and the words
of our text must be considered as describing his
kingdom :
I. Its perpetuity — •
[The names, not of the Jewish monarchs only, hut also of
many heroes of antiquity, have heen handed down to us, and
probably will be transmitted to the latest generations. But there
are several points of view in which the remembrance of Jesus'
name differs widely from that of any other person whatever.
It is ti-ansmitted to us hi a ivay of Jiliation. — Other names
come down to us by means of historic records : but that of our
blessed Lord " is continued," or propagated, (as the word
means) in the same way as the name of a father is continued in
" iKin. i.33 — 35.
385.1 PERPETUITY OF Christ's KIGDOM. 249
his children. Children were born to him by the preaching of
iiis Gospel ; and, after him, were called Christians : from that
period, others have risen up, in constant succession, to perpetuate
liis name : nor shall the line ever be broken : " instead of the
fathers there shall be children, who shall make his name to be
remembered in all generations''."
It is heard with the same regard that it ever was. — There
was a time when the name of Caesar or of Alexander malde whole
nations tremble : but who fears them now ? What is their love
or their hatred unto us ? What is Solomon himself to us ? We
admire his character ; but for his person we have no regard.
But it is not thus with the sacred name of Jesus. We tremble
at it with a holy awe; we love it, as expressing all that is amiable
and endearing. We dread his displeasure above all things, and
covet his favour more than life itself. And as long as the sun
shall continue its course, so long shall the name of Jesus be
venerated and adored.
It " endures" in spite of all the endeavours that have been
made to blot out the remembrance of it from iinder heaven. —
o sooner was the name of Jesus exalted by the preaching of the
Apostles, than the Rulers exerted all their power to suppress it :
they beat and imprisoned the preachers, and menaced them
with yet severer punishment, if thev should presume to speak
any more in his name'. Thus also, in all subsequent ages, " the
potentates of the earth have taken counsel together against the
Lord, and against his Anointed, saying, Let us break their
bands asunder, and cast away their cords from US'*." What
name, like that of Jesus, is proscribed at this day? We may
descant upon the virtues of antient Sages ; and the more light we
can throw upon their characters, the more acceptable we shall
be in every company : but let us speak of Jesus, let us set forth
his transcendent excellencies, and expatiate upon all the wonders
of his love, and we shall excite in our hearers nothing but di>gust.
But has this confederacy prevailed to banish his name ? o ;
rather, " the more his people has been afflicted, the more they
have grown and multiplied :" and however earth and hell may
combine their efforts to efface his memory, or diminish his in-
fluence, " He who sitteth in the heavens shall laugh at them, and
have them in derision^."]
II. Its excellency —
[The administration of Solomon was attended with great
benefit to his people : and such a king as he must be considered
as a rich blessing to any nation. But there are many benefits
which it is not in the power of anvking to communicate. What
can a creature do to mitigate our pains, or to rescue us from the
'' Ps. xlv. 16, 17. & cxlv.4— 6. •= Acts iv. 17, 18. & v. 2S, 40.
^ Ps. ii, 2. ^ ib. ver. 4.
dominibh' of unbriiSled lusts? It is otherwise with the Lord
Jesus : he can impart to his subjects whatever blessings they need,
for body or for soul, for time or for eternity. Do we desire the
pardon of our sins ? We may be justified freely through his blood ^
Do we long for peace of conscience ? He has left it to his subjects
as a legacy s, and gives them a peace which passeth all under-
standing''. Do we stand in need of strength? Through him we
shall be enabled to do all things'. Do we extend our desires to
all the glory of heaven ? " In him \ye may be saved with an
everlasting salvation ''." It is not sufficient to say that the sub-
jects of Christ's kingdom may be thus blessed; for they actually
are so : there is not one in all his dominions who is not thus
highly favoured. If we consult the Prophets, they declare this
uniformly; and represent them all as saying, " In the Lord have
r righteousness and strength ^" If we consult the Apostles, they
declare, that every blessing we enjoy is "in him, even in him ;'*
yea, that " in him we are blessed with all spiritual and eternal
III. Its universality —
[The greatest monarchs of this world have had a verj/
limited sway; and many who have been called their subjects
have been so rather in name than in reality. But Christ's domi-
nion shall be strictly and literally universal : " the kingdoms of
the world' shall become the kingdoms of the Lord and of his
Christ °." Already there are some of all nations who submit to'
his government. We may go to the most uncultivated parts of
the earth, where human nature seems but little elevated above
the blasts, and there we shall find some who acknowledge him
as their sovereign Lord. But his dominion is certainly at present
v^ry' limited. There is a time however coming, when " all nations '
shall call him blessed." The rich and great shall take upon^
thiem his yoke; according as it is said, "All kings shall fall
down before him; all nations shall serve him°." The poor and
niean also shall devote themselves to his service, according to that"
prediction, " Holiness to the Lord shall be written upon the bells '
of the horses p." Thus shall " all know the Lord, from the least
even to the greatest ^." As at this present time all the subjects of^
his kingdom are blessing and adoring him as the one author of all '
their happiness, so, at a future period, shall " every knee bow to
him, and every tongue confess '^;" and " the whole earth shall be
filled with his glory \" But it is not till the day of judgment,
'Rom. v. 9. s John xlv. 27. ¦• Phil, iv./i ' Phil. iv. IST
'' Isai. xlv. 17. ' ib! ver. 24, 25.
" Eph. i. 3 — 13. where it is repeated at least eight times. Strange
that any should overlook this truth !
« Rev. xi. 15. o ver. 10, 11. p Zech. xiv. 0; 20, 21.
¦J Jer.xxxi.34. ' Rom. xiv. 11. ' ver. 19.
that the full accomplishment of this prophecy shall be seen. Then'
" a multitude that no man can number, of all nations and kiji'-
dreds, and people and tongues, shall stand before him, and cry
with united voices. Worthy is the Lamb that was slain ! Salvation
to our God, and to the Lamb for ever*!"]
We cannot more profitably improve this subject^'
than by inquiring,
! 1. What blessings have zi/e received from' Christ ?
[If we be indeed subjects of his kingdom, it Cahnbt fail'
but that we must have received many blessings at his hands.'
Has he then " blessed us" with the pardon of our sins? Has hq
filled us with joy and peace in believing ? Has he endued us with
grace and strength to subdue our spiritual enemies ? and trans-
formed us into his own image in righteousness and true holmess?'
This is the criterion whereby we must judge! of our interest iH^
him : for he cannot be a Saviour to us, unless he save us frdW
the dominion, as well as from the guilt, of all our sins.]
2. What is the disposition of our minds tow&i'd^^
[Can we possibly be partakers of his bienef^tS, and f^el rfo^
disposition to "bless his name?" Surely a grateful sense of K?^''
goodness must characterize those who are so greatly indebted tO"
him. To those who believe, he is, and must be, pirecious ^— ]
'Rev. V. 11, 12. & vii. 9, 10.

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