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All of the following are examples of real security and privacy risks EXCEPT
A. hackers.
!. spam.
C. viruses.
". identity theft.
Answer !
#. A process known as $$$$$$$$$$$$ is used %y large retailers to study trends.
A. data mining
!. data selection
C. P&'
". data conversion
Answer A
(. $$$$$$$$$$$$terminals )formerly known as cash registers* are often connected to
complex inventory and sales computer systems.
A. "ata
!. Point+of+sale )P&'*
C. 'ales
". ,uery
Answer !
-. A)n* $$$$$$$$$$$$ system is a small. wireless handheld computer that scans an
item/01s tag and pulls up the current price )and any special offers* as you shop.
A. P''
!. P&'
C. inventory
". data mining
Answer A
2. The a%ility to recover and read deleted or damaged files from a criminal/01s computer is
an example of a law enforcement specialty called
A. ro%otics.
!. simulation.
C. computer forensics.
". animation.
Answer C
3. 4hich of the following is 5&T one of the four ma6or data processing functions of a
A. gathering data
!. processing data into information
C. analy8ing the data or information
". storing the data or information
Answer C
9. $$$$$$$$$$$$ tags. when placed on an animal. can %e used to record and track in a
data%ase all of the animal/01s movements.
A. P&'
!. :;<"
C. PP'
". =P'
Answer !
>. 'urgeons can perform delicate operations %y manipulating devices through computers
instead of manually. This technology is known as
A. ro%otics.
!. computer forensics.
C. simulation.
". forecasting.
Answer A
?. Technology no longer protected %y copyright. availa%le to everyone. is considered to %e
A. proprietary.
!. open.
C. experimental.
". in the pu%lic domain.
Answer A
1@. $$$$$$$$$$$$ is the study of molecules and structures whose si8e ranges from 1 to 1@@
A. 5anoscience
!. Aicroelectrodes
C. Computer forensics
". Artificial intelligence
Answer A
11. $$$$$$$$$$$$ is the science that attempts to produce machines that display the same
type of intelligence that humans do.
A. 5anoscience
!. 5anotechnology
C. 'imulation
". Artificial intelligence )A<*
Answer "
1#. $$$$$$$$$$$$ is data that has %een organi8ed or presented in a meaningful fashion.
A. A process
!. 'oftware
C. 'torage
". <nformation
Answer "
1(. The name for the way that computers manipulate data into information is called
A. programming.
!. processing.
C. storing.
". organi8ing.
Answer !
1-. Computers gather data. which means that they allow users to $$$$$$$$$$$$ data.
A. present
!. input
C. output
". store
Answer !
12. After a picture has %een taken with a digital camera and processed appropriately. the
actual print of the picture is considered
A. data.
!. output.
C. input.
". the process.
Answer !
13. Computers use the $$$$$$$$$$$$ language to process data.
A. processing
!. kilo%yte
C. %inary
". representational
Answer C
19. Computers process data into information %y working exclusively with
A. multimedia.
!. words.
C. characters.
". num%ers.
Answer "
1>. <n the %inary language each letter of the alpha%et. each num%er and each special character
is made up of a uniBue com%ination of
A. eight %ytes.
!. eight kilo%ytes.
C. eight characters.
". eight %its.
Answer "
1?. The term %it is short for
A. mega%yte.
!. %inary language.
C. %inary digit.
". %inary num%er.
Answer C
#@. A string of eight @s and 1s is called a
A. mega%yte.
!. %yte.
C. kilo%yte.
". giga%yte.
Answer !
#1. A $$$$$$$$$$$$ is approximately one %illion %ytes.
A. kilo%yte
!. %it
C. giga%yte
". mega%yte
Answer C
##. A $$$$$$$$$$$$ is approximately a million %ytes.
A. giga%yte
!. kilo%yte
C. mega%yte
". tera%yte
Answer C
#(. $$$$$$$$$$$$ is any part of the computer that you can physically touch.
A. Cardware
!. A device
C. A peripheral
". An application
Answer A
#-. The components that process data are located in the
A. input devices.
!. output devices.
C. system unit.
". storage component.
Answer C
#2. All of the following are examples of input devices EXCEPT a
A. scanner.
!. mouse.
C. key%oard.
". printer.
Answer "
#3. 4hich of the following is an example of an input device7
A. scanner
!. speaker
C. C"
". printer
Answer A
#9. All of the following are examples of storage devices EXCEPT
A. hard disk drives.
!. printers.
C. floppy disk drives.
". C" drives.
Answer !
#>. The $$$$$$$$$$$$. also called the /0D%rains/0E of the computer. is responsi%le for
processing data.
A. mother%oard
!. memory
C. :AA
". central processing unit )CPF*
Answer "
#?. The CPF and memory are located on the
A. expansion %oard.
!. mother%oard.
C. storage device.
". output device.
Answer !
(@. 4ord processing. spreadsheet. and photo+editing are examples of
A. application software.
!. system software.
C. operating system software.
". platform software.
Answer A
(1. $$$$$$$$$$$$ is a set of computer programs used on a computer to help perform tasks.
A. An instruction
!. 'oftware
C. Aemory
". A processor
Answer !
(#. 'ystem software is the set of programs that ena%les your computers hardware devices and
$$$$$$$$$$$$ software to work together.
A. management
!. processing
C. utility
". application
Answer "
((. The PC )personal computer* and the Apple Aacintosh are examples of two different
A. platforms.
!. applications.
C. programs.
". storage devices.
Answer A
(-. Apple Aacintoshes )Aacs* and PCs use different $$$$$$$$$$$$ to process data and
different operating systems.
A. languages
!. methods
". storage devices
Answer C
(2. 'ervers are computers that provide resources to other computers connected to a
A. network.
!. mainframe.
C. supercomputer.
". client.
Answer A
(3. 'maller and less expensive PC+%ased servers are replacing $$$$$$$$$$$$ in many
A. supercomputers
!. clients
C. laptops
". mainframes
Answer "
(9. $$$$$$$$$$$$ are specially designed computers that perform complex calculations
extremely rapidly.
A. 'ervers
!. 'upercomputers
C. Gaptops
". Aainframes
Answer !
(>. "'G is an example of a)n* $$$$$$$$$$$$ connection.
A. network
!. wireless
C. slow
". %road%and
Answer "
(?. The difference %etween people with access to computers and the <nternet and those
without this access is known as the
A. digital divide.
!. <nternet divide.
C. 4e% divide.
". %road%and divide.
Answer A
-@. $$$$$$$$$$$$ is the science revolving around the use of nano structures to %uild devices
on an extremely small scale.
A. 5anotechnology
!. Aicro+technology
C. Computer forensics
". Artificial intelligence
Answer A
-1. 4hich of the following is the correct order of the four ma6or functions of a computer7
A. Process H &utput H <nput H 'torage
!. <nput H &utputH Process H 'torage
C. Process H 'torage H <nput H &utput
". <nput H Process H &utput H 'torage
Answer "
-#. $$$$$$$$$$$$ %its eBual one %yte.
A. Eight
!. Two
C. &ne thousand
". &ne million
Answer A
-(. The %inary language consists of $$$$$$$$$$$$ digit)s*.
A. >
!. #
C. 1.@@@
". 1
Answer !
--. A %yte can hold one $$$$$$$$$$$$ of data.
A. %it
!. %inary digit
C. character
". kilo%yte
Answer C
-2. $$$$$$$$$$$$ controls the way in which the computer system functions and provides a
means %y which users can interact with the computer.
A. The platform
!. The operating system
C. Application software
". The mother%oard
Answer !
-3. The operating system is the most common type of $$$$$$$$$$$$ software.
A. communication
!. application
C. system
". word+processing software
Answer C
-9. $$$$$$$$$$$$ are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices.
such as your car or your electronic thermostat.
A. 'ervers
!. Em%edded computers
C. :o%otic computers
". Aainframes
Answer !
->. The steps and tasks needed to process data. such as responses to Buestions or clicking an
icon. are called
A. instructions.
!. the operating system.
C. application software.
". the system unit.
Answer A
-?. The two %road categories of software are
A. word processing and spreadsheet.
!. transaction and application.
C. 4indows and Aac &'.
". system and application.
Answer "
2@. The metal or plastic case that holds all the physical parts of the computer is the
A. system unit.
!. CPF.
C. mainframe.
". platform.
Answer A
Fill in the Blanks:
51. Between PCs and Macs, the ____________ is the platform of choice for graphic
design and animation.
Answer Aac
52. he ____________ is the program that manages the hardware of the comp!ter
s"stem, incl!ding the CP#, memor", storage de$ices, and inp!t%o!tp!t de$ices.
Answer operating system
5&. he t"pe of operating s"stem software "o! !se depends on "o!r comp!ters'(s
Answer platform
5). ____________software helps "o! carr" o!t tasks, s!ch as t"ping a doc!ment or
creating a spreadsheet.
Answer Application
55. ____________are the fastest and most e*pensi$e comp!ters.
Answer 'upercomputers
5+. , ____________ is appro*imatel" 1,--- ."tes.
Answer kilo%yte
5/. 0np!t de$ices are !sed to pro$ide the steps and tasks the comp!ter needs to process
data, and these steps and tasks are called ____________.
Answer instructions
51. , comp!ter gathers data, processes it, o!tp!ts the data or information, and
____________ the data or information.
Answer stores
52. he .inar" lang!age consists of two digits: ____________ and ____________.
Answer @ and 1
+-. , string of ____________ -s and 1s is called a ."te.
Answer eight )>*
+1. he de$ices "o! !se to enter data into a comp!ter s"stem are known as
____________ de$ices.
Answer input
+2. he de$ices on a comp!ter s"stem that let "o! see the processed information are
known as ____________ de$ices.
Answer output
+&. ____________ is the set of comp!ter instr!ctions or programs that ena.les the
hardware to perform different tasks.
Answer 'oftware
+). 3hen "o! connect to the ____________, "o!r comp!ter is comm!nicating with a
ser$er at "o!r 0nternet ser$ice pro$ider 405P6.
Answer <nternet
+5. ____________ are comp!ters that e*cel at e*ec!ting man" different comp!ter
programs at the same time.
Answer Aainframes
++. ____________is the application of comp!ter s"stems and techni7!es to gather legal
Answer Computer forensics
+/. ____________ is the science that attempts to create machines that will em!late the
h!man tho!ght process.
Answer Artificial intelligence )A<*
+1. Macintosh comp!ters !se the Macintosh operating s"stem 4Mac 856, whereas PCs
generall" r!n ____________ as an operating s"stem.
Answer Aicrosoft 4indows
+2. , process known as ____________ tracks trends and allows retailers to respond to
cons!mer .!"ing patterns.
Answer data mining
/-. 9ard disk dri$es and C: dri$es are e*amples of ____________ de$ices.
Answer storage
/1. ;o! wo!ld !se ____________ software to create spreadsheets, t"pe doc!ments, and
edit photos.
Answer application
/2. ____________ are comp!ters that s!pport h!ndreds or tho!sands of !sers
Answer Aainframes
/&. ____________ is the term gi$en to the act of stealing someone<'(s identit" and
r!ining their credit rating.
Answer <dentity theft
/). 5!rgeons are !sing ____________ to g!ide ro.ots to perform delicate s!rger".
Answer computers
/5. Patient ____________ are life=si>ed manne7!ins that ha$e a p!lse and a
and respond to proced!res ?!st like h!mans.
Answer simulators
r!e and False
/+. C!rrentl", the performance of tasks ." ro.ots is .ased on pre programmed
Answer True
//. :ata can .e a n!, a word, a pict!re, or a so!nd.
Answer True
/1. 5trictl" defined, a comp!ter is a data processing de$ice.
Answer True
/2. he discrepanc" .etween the <'@ha$es<'A and <'@ha$e=nots<'A with regard to
comp!ter technolog" is commonl" referred to as the digital societ".
Answer ;alse )digital divide*
1-. 8ne of the .enefits of .ecoming comp!ter fl!ent is .eing a sa$$" comp!ter !ser and
cons!mer and knowing how to a$oid $ir!ses, the programs that pose threats to computer
Answer True
11. rend=spotting programs, de$eloped for .!siness, ha$e .een !sed to predict
criminal acti$it".
Answer True
12. Bmplo"ers do not ha$e the right to monitor e=mail and network traffic on emplo"ee
s"stems !sed at work.
Answer ;alse
1&. Clicking on an icon with the mo!se is a form of gi$ing an instr!ction to the
Answer True
1). 8!tp!t de$ices store instr!ctions or data that the CP# processes.
Answer ;alse )memory*
15. he CP# and memor" are located on a special circ!it .oard in the s"stem !nit
called the mother.oard.
Answer True
1+. Canostr!ct!res represent the smallest h!man=made str!ct!res that can .e .!ilt.
Answer True
1/. he main difference .etween a s!percomp!ter and a mainframe is that
s!percomp!ters are designed to e*ec!te a few programs as 7!ickl" as possi.le, whereas
mainframes are designed to handle man" programs r!nning at the same time 4.!t at a
slower pace6.
Answer True
11. Being comp!ter fl!ent means that "o! sho!ld .e a.le to .!ild a comp!ter "o!rself.
Answer ;alse
12. Bm.edded comp!ters are self=contained comp!ter de$ices that ha$e their own
programming and do not recei$e inp!t.
Answer True
2-. , 3e. .rowser is a special de$ice that is installed in "o!r comp!ter that allows it to
comm!nicate with other de$ices on a network.
Answer ;alse )network adapter*
21. 3ith a wireless network, it is easier to relocate de$ices.
Answer True
22. he most common t"pe of memor" that the comp!ter !ses to process data is D8M.
Answer ;alse ):AA*
2&. Match the following terms with their appro*imate si>e:
<. kilo%yte A. one million %ytes
<<. %yte !. eight %its
<<<. giga%yte C. one thousand %ytes
<I. mega%yte ". one %illion %ytes
I. tera%yte E. one trillion %ytes
Answer C. !. ". A. E
2). Match the following terms with their meanings:
<. printer A. storage device
<<. scanner !. output device
<<<. :AA C. input device
<I. CPF ". a type of memory
I. C" drive E. processor
Answer !. C. ". E. A
25. Match the following terms with their meanings:
<. mainframe A. the most expensive computers that perform complex calculations extremely
<<. supercomputer !. a computer that provides resources to other computers connected to a
<<<. em%edded computer C. a large. expensive computer that supports hundreds or thousands
of users simultaneously
<I. P"A ". a self+contained computer device that usually performs preprogrammed
functions such as temperature control
I. server E. a small mo%ile computing device
Answer C. A. ". E. !
2+. Match the following terms with their meanings:
<. software A. transforming data into information
<<. hardware !. data that has %een organi8ed or presented in a meaningful fashion
<<<. operating system C. any part of the computer that you can physically touch
<I. processing ". a set of computer programs that ena%les hardware to perform different
I. information E. the most common type of system software. it controls the way in which the
computer system functions
Answer ". C. E. A. !
2/. Match the following terms with their meanings:
<. system software A. the set of programs that ena%les computer hardware devices and
application software to work together
<<. application software !. the kind of operating system software you will use depends on this
<<<. platform C. operating system software generally used on PCs
<I. Aicrosoft 4indows ". a set of programs used to accomplish a specific task
I. Aac &' E. operating system software used on the Apple Aacintosh
Answer A. ". !. C. E
21. Match the following terms with their meanings:
<. data A. the main circuit %oard in the system unit
<<. memory !. the representation of a fact or idea )unprocessed information*
<<<. output C. processed data or information
<I. storage ". holds instructions or data that the CPF processes
I. mother%oard E. data or information that can %e accessed again
Answer !. ". C. E. A
22. Match the following terms with their meanings:
<. %it A. the science revolving around the use of nanostructures to %uild devices on an
extremely small scale
<<. %inary language !. the case that contains the system components
<<<. instructions C. consists of @s and 1s
<I. system unit ". short for %inary digit
I. nanotechnology E. steps and tasks necessary to process data into usa%le information
Answer ". C. E. !. A
1--. Match the following fields to the related comp!ter technolog":
<. medicine A. <nternet research and virtual tours
<<. %usiness !. data mining
<<<. law enforcement C. ro%otics and simulation
<I. education ". computer forensics
I. archeology E. digital recreations of ruins
Answer C. !. ". A. E