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IGCSE Chemistry Topic 4 test

This test comes with a write on table to complete during the last question, and graph is
also needed.
Part 1 Multiple choice (10 marks)
1. In an experiment a 2g lump of zinc and 2 g of
powdered zinc are added separately to equal
volumes of dilute sulfuric acid.
The solid line on the graph shows the volume
of gas given off when the 2 g lump is used.
Which dotted line is obtained when the zinc is

2. Which process is endothermic?
A. Adding water to anhydrous copper sulfate B. Burning magnesium to make the oxide
C. Beating water to make steam D. Neutralising acidic industrial waste

3. In which experiment is the rate of reaction between hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate the

4. A substance X is heated in an evaporating basin until there is no further change
What could X be?

A. Copper B. Copper(II) carbonate C. Copper(II) oxide D. Hydrated copper(II)

5. The sign is used in some equations to show that a reaction cab be
reversed. Two incomplete equations are given.

For which of the
reactions can a sign
be correctly used to
complete the equation?

6. Aluminium is extracted from its oxide by
electrolysis. Which words correctly complete the
The oxide is dissolved in .1. cryolite
and the aluminium is deposited at the 2.

7. Are hydrogen and uranium oxidised when
used as a source of energy?

8. What is the oxidation state of the chromium,
Cr, in potassium dichromate, K
A. 1
B. 3
C. 4
D. 6
9. In the circuit shown the bulb does not light.
Which change would cause the bulb to light?
A. Add more solid copper(II) sulfate to the
B. Add water to dissolves the copper(II)
C. Replace the carbon electrodes with
copper electrodes
D. Reverse the connections to the

10. The following electrolysis circuit is set up using inert electrodes P, Q, R and S.

At which of the electrodes is a group VII (17) element produced?
A. P only B. P and R C. Q only D. Q and S

Part 2 Short answer/paper 3 questions (29 marks)
1) The apparatus below was used to make hydrogen. Dilute hydrochloric acid was added to zinc.

a) Identify the pieces of apparatus labelled A and B [2]
b) Name the substances in
i) The conical flask
ii) The funnel. [1]
c) Describe the test and result for hydrogen. [2]
Total = 5
2) The rate of photosynthesis in pond weed can be
measured using the following experiment.
a) Describe how you could show that the gas collected in
this experiment is oxygen (test and result) [2]
b) What measurements are needed to calculate the rate
of this reaction. [2]
c) What would be the effect, and why, of moving the
apparatus further away from the light? [2]
Total = 6
Total = 6
3) The simplest alcohol is methanol. It is manufactured by the
following reversible reaction.
a) A reversible reaction can come to equilibrium. Explain the
term equilibrium. [1]
b) At 400
C the percentage of methanol in the mixture is lower than at 300
C. Suggest an
explanation. [2]
c) Suggest two advantages of using high pressure for this reaction.
Give a reason for each advantage. [5]
Total = 8
4) Aqueous copper(II) sulfate solution can be electrolysed using carbon electrodes. The ions present in
the solution are as follows:
(aq), SO
(aq), H
(aq), OH
a) Write an ionic equation for the reaction at the negative electrode (cathode) [1]
b) A colourless gas is given off at the positive electrode (anode) and the solution changes from blue to
colourless. Explain these observations. [2]
c) Aqueous copper(II) sulfate solution can be electrolysed using copper electrodes. The reaction at
the negative electrode is the same but the positive electrode becomes smaller and the solution
remains blue.
i) Write a word equation for the reaction at the positive electrode. [1]
ii) Explain why the colour of the solution does not change. [2]
iii) What is the large scale use of this electrolysis. [1]
Total = 7
5) The following diagram shows a simple
electrochemical cell.
a) Predict how the voltage of the cell would
change if the tie electrode was replaced with a
silver one [1]
b) Which electrode would go into the solution as
positive ions? [1]
c) State how you can predict the direction of the
electron flow. [1]
Total = 3
6) [1]

Part 3 Alternative to practical/paper 6 questions
(16 marks)
Hydrogen peroxide breaks down to form oxygen.
The volume of oxygen given off can be measured
using the apparatus shown.
Solids W and X both catalyse the breakdown of
hydrogen peroxide. The syringe diagrams show the
volume of oxygen formed every 20 seconds using
these catalysts at 25 C.

a) Use the gas syringe diagrams to complete the table you have been given. [3]
b) Use graph paper to plot a graph to show each set of results. Clearly label the curves. [6]
c) Which is the better catalyst in this reaction? Give a reason for your choice. [2]
d) Why is the final volume of oxygen the same in each experiment [1]
e) Sketch and label a line on the graph to show the shape of the graph you would expect if the reaction
with catalyst X was repeated at 40
C. Explain your answer. [4]