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Original Title: 9647Gravitation Class XI.atc

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9647Gravitation Class XI.atc

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SAMPLE PAPER-2013

CLASS XI

Subject: Physics

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTION-

1. Earth is continuously-pulling moon towards its centre. Why does not moon fall on to the

Earth?

2. Which has longer period of revolution, a satellite revolving close or away from the

surface of Earth?

3. Will 1 kg sugar e more at poles or at the e!uator?

". Why do different planets have different escape velocities?

#. Why does moon have no atmosphere?

$. %f the Earth suddenly stops rotating aout its a&is, what would e the effect on the value

of 'g(? Will this effect e the same at poles?

). * person feels weightlessness in an artificial satellite of the Earth. +owever, a person

on the moon feels his weight, although moon is also a satellite of Earth. E&plain.

,. When a ody falls towards Earth, Earth moves towards the ody. Why is Earth(s motion

not noticed?

-. %f the force of gravity acts on all odies in proportion to their masses, why does not a

heavy ody fall correspondingly faster than a light ody?

1.. What is the ma&imum value of gravitational potential energy and where?

11. * spring alance is suspended inside an artificial satellite revolving around the Earth. %f

a ody of mass 2 kg is suspended from it, what would e its reading. E&plain.

12. Why does a tennis all ounce higher on a hill than on plains?

13. /ravellers on the moon tie heavy weight at their ack efore landing on the moon. Why?

1". 0alculate the force of attraction etween two alls each of mass 1 kg each, when their

centres are 1. cm apart.

1#. /he mean orital radius of the Earth around the sun is 1.# 1 1.

,

km. 0alculate the mass

of the sun.

1$. * mass M is roken into two parts. +ow are two parts related so that force of

gravitational attraction etween the two parts is ma&imum?

1). +ow far from Earth must a ody e along a line towards the 2un so that the 2un(s

gravitational pull on it alances that of the Earth. 3istance etween 2un and Earth(s

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centre is 1.# 1 1.

1.

km. 4ass of 2un is 3.2" 1 1.

#

times mass of Earth.

1,. %f the radius of the Earth shrinks y 2..5, mass remaining unchanged, then how would

the value of acceleration due to gravity change?

1-. *t what height aove the Earth(s surface, the value of g is half of its value on Earth(s

surface? 6iven7 its radius is $".. km.

NU%ERI&A'S

2.. * ody hanging from a spring stretches it y 1 cm at the Earth(s surface. +ow much will

the same ody stretch the spring at a place 1$.. km aove the Earth(s surface? 8adius

of the Earth 9 $".. km :H!t7 Weight of the suspended ody 9 2tretching force;

21. <ind the percentage decrease in weight of a ody, when taken 1$ km elow the surface

of the Earth. /ake radius of the Earth as $".. km.

22. +ow much elow the surface of Earth does the acceleration due to gravity

a. reduces to 3#5

. reduces y 3$5 of its value on the surface of the Earth? 8adius of Earth 9 $".. km.

23. +ow many times faster than its present speed the Earth should rotate so that the

apparent weight of an o=ect at e!uator ecomes >ero? 6iven radius of Earth 9 $.3) 1

1.

$

m. What would e the duration of the day in that case?

2". /wo heavy spheres each of mass 1.. kg and radius ..1 m are placed 1.. m apart on a

hori>ontal tale. What is the gravitational field and potential at the mid point of the line

=oining the centres of the spheres?

2#. /he mass of the Earth is $.. 1 1.

2"

kg. 0alculate

a. the potential energy of a ody of mass 3#.# kg and

. the gravitational potential, at a distance of 3.3# 1 1.

1.

m from the centre of the Earth.

2$. * rocket is fired vertically from the surface of 4ars with a speed of 2km?sec. %f 2.5 of its

initial energy is lost due to atmospheric resistance, how far will the rocket go from the

surface of 4ars efore returning to it? 4ass of 4ars 9 $." 1 1.

23

kg radius of 4ars 9

33-# km. :H!t7 ,.5 of total energy on the surface of 4ars 9 total energy at height

h.;

2). /he radius of the Earth is R and the acceleration due to gravity at its surface is g.

0alculate the work re!uired in raising a ody of mass m to a height h from the surface

of the Earth.

2,. %f Earth has a mass - times and radius twice that of planet 4ars, calculate the minimum

speed re!uired y a rocket to pull out of gravitational force of 4ars. /ake the escape

speed on the surface of Earth to e 11.2 km?sec.

2-. 2how that the moon would depart forever if its speed were increased y "25.

3.. * remote sensing satellite of the Earth revolves in a circular orit at a height of 2#. km

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aove the Earth(s surface. What is the

a. @rital speed and :; period of revolution of the satellite? 8adius of the Earth 9 $.3,

1 1.

$

m.

31. * satellite orits the Earth at a height of ".. km aove the surface. +ow much energy

must e e&pended to rocket the satellite out of the Earth(s gravitational influence?

32. 4ass of satellite 9 ".. kg, 4ass of Earth 9 $.. 1 1.

2"

kg, 8adius of Earth 9 $." 1 1.

$

m.

33. * ody is to e pro=ected vertically upwards from Earth(s surface to reach a height of

-8, where R is the radius of Earth. What is the velocity re!uired to do so? 6iven g 9 1.

m?s

2

and radius of the Earth 9 $." 1 1.

$

m.

3". %f the Earth e one half its present distance from the 2un, how many days will the

present one year on the surface of Earth have?

3#. * geostationary satellite is oriting the Earth at a height of $8 aove the surface of

Earth, where R is the radius of the Earth. <ind the time period on another satellite at a

height of 2.#R from the surface of Earth in hours.

3$. 2uppose there e&isted a planet that went around the 2un twice as fast as the Earth.

What would e its orital si>e as compared to that of the Earth?

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