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PRVA ZADAA iz OTPORNOSTI MATERIJALA II 1

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Zadaci su preuzeti iz
RC Hibbeler, Mechanics of Materials, Prentice Hall, Eight Edition, 2011.
JM Gere, BJ Goodno, Mechanics of Materials, Cengage Learning, Seventh Edition, 2009.
FP Beer, ER Johnson Jr., JT DeWolf, DF Mazurek, Mechanics of Materials, Mc Graw-Hill, Higher Ed-
ucation, Fifth Edition, 2009.
3.129 Each of the three steel bars shown is subjected to a torque of mag-
nitude T 275 N m. Knowing that the allowable shearing stress is 50 MPa,
determine the required dimension b for each bar.
3.130 Each of the three aluminum bars shown is to be twisted through
an angle of 2. Knowing that b 30 mm,
all
50 MPa, and G 27 GPa,
determine the shortest allowable length of each bar.
Fig. P3.129, P3.130
(a)
b b
b
1.2b
(b)
(c)
T
T
T
3.136 A 3-m-long steel angle has an L203 152 12.7 cross section.
From Appendix C we find that the thickness of the section is 12.7 mm and that
its area is 4350 mm
2
. Knowing that
all
50 MPa and that G 77.2 GPa, and
ignoring the effect of stress concentration, determine (a) the largest torque T
that can be applied, (b) the corresponding angle of twist.
Fig. P3.136
3 m
T
L203 152 12.7
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PRVA ZADAA iz OTPORNOSTI MATERIJALA II 2
Fig. P3.143
3.143 A hollow brass shaft has the cross section shown. Knowing that
the shearing stress must not exceed 12 ksi and neglecting the effect of stress
concentrations, determine the largest torque that can be applied to the shaft.
0.5 in.
5 in.
0.2 in.
0.2 in.
0.2 in.
0.2 in.
0.5 in.
6 in.
1.5 in.
1.5 in.
7.6-3 A cube of cast iron with sides of length a 4.0 in.
(see figure) is tested in a laboratory under triaxial stress.
Gages mounted on the testing machine show that the com-
pressive strains in the material are e
x
225 10
6
and
e
y
e
z
37.5 10
6
.
Determine the following quantities: (a) the normal
stresses s
x
, s
y
, and s
z
acting on the x, y, and z faces of the
cube; (b) the maximum shear stress t
max
in the material;
(c) the change V in the volume of the cube; and (d) the
strain energy U stored in the cube. (Assume E 14,000 ksi
and n 0.25.)
y
x
z
a
a
a
O
7.116 Square plates, each of 16-mm thickness, can be bent and welded
together in either of the two ways shown to form the cylindrical portion of a
compressed air tank. Knowing that the allowable normal stress perpendicular
to the weld is 65 MPa, determine the largest allowable gage pressure in each
case.
Fig. P7.116
8 m
5 m 5 m
45
(a) (b)
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PRVA ZADAA iz OTPORNOSTI MATERIJALA II 3
*88. The gas storage tank is fabricated by bolting together
two half cylindrical thin shells and two hemispherical shells
as shown. If the tank is designed to withstand a pressure
of 3 MPa, determine the required minimum thickness of
the cylindrical and hemispherical shells and the minimum
required number of longitudinal bolts per meter length at
each side of the cylindrical shell. The tank and the 25 mm
diameter bolts are made from material having an allowable
normal stress of 150 MPa and 250 MPa, respectively. The
tank has an inner diameter of 4 m.
89. The gas storage tank is fabricated by bolting together
two half cylindrical thin shells and two hemispherical shells
as shown. If the tank is designed to withstand a pressure of
3 MPa, determine the required minimum thickness of the
cylindrical and hemispherical shells and the minimum
required number of bolts for each hemispherical cap. The
tank and the 25 mm diameter bolts are made from material
having an allowable normal stress of 150 MPa and 250 MPa,
respectively. The tank has an inner diameter of 4 m.
Probs. 88/9
7.7-15 During a test of an airplane wing, the strain gage
readings from a 45 rosette (see figure) are as follows:
gage A, 520 10
6
; gage B, 360 10
6
; and gage C,
80 10
6
.
Determine the principal strains and maximum shear
strains, and show them on sketches of properly oriented
elements.
PROBS. 7.7-15 and 7.7-16
7.7-16 A 45 strain rosette (see figure) mounted on the
surface of an automobile frame gives the following
readings: gage A, 310 10
6
; gage B, 180 10
6
; and
gage C, 160 10
6
.
Determine the principal strains and maximum shear
strains, and show them on sketches of properly oriented
elements.
y
C
B
A
x
O
45
45
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PRVA ZADAA iz OTPORNOSTI MATERIJALA II 4
Fig. P4.150
4.150 A beam having the cross section shown is subjected to a couple
M
0
acting in a vertical plane. Determine the largest permissible value of the
moment M
0
of the couple if the maximum stress is not to exceed 100 MPa.
Given: I
y
I
z
b
4
36 and I
yz
b
4
72.
20 mm
20 mm
b 60 mm
b 60 mm
C
M
0
y
z
5.7-2 A tall signboard is supported by two vertical beams
consisting of thin-walled, tapered circular tubes (see figure).
For purposes of this analysis, each beam may be represented
as a cantilever AB of length L 8.0 m subjected to a lateral
load P 2.4 kN at the free end. The tubes have constant
thickness t 10.0 mm and average diameters d
A
90 mm
and d
B
270 mm at ends A and B, respectively.
Because the thickness is small compared to the diame-
ters, the moment of inertia at any cross section may be
obtained from the formula I pd
3
t/8 (see Case 22,
Appendix D), and therefore the section modulus may be
obtained from the formula S pd
2
t/4.
At what distance x from the free end does the maximum
bending stress occur? What is the magnitude s
max
of the
maximum bending stress? What is the ratio of the maximum
stress to the largest stress s
B
at the support?
Wind