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MIDTERM EXAMINATION- ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Name:_________________________ Date:____________
Score:_____
General Instruction. Read carefully. Write your answer legibly as instructed in every set of the exam.
Erasures not allowed.
I.Multiple !oice. Encircle t!e "est ans#er.
. !f the mother is R" #ositive and the father is R" negative$ the baby will become%
a. R" negative b. R" #ositive c. neither d. none of these
&. !norder for a blood to clot$ the thrombin should be converted into #rothrombin with the aid of which
of the following%
a. 'ibrinogen c.(hrombo#lastin
b. 'ibrin d. )lotting factor
*. (he end #roduct of R+) #roduction are the following exce#t:
a. "eme b. folic acid c. globin d. bilirubin
,. What ty#e of anemia which is commonly seen in #atients who is vegetarian%
a. !ron deficiency anemia c. -egaloblastic anemia
b. .ernicious anemia d. /#lastic anemia
0. Which of the following health teaching is not correct to a #atient who is ta1ing !ron su##lement%
a. 2se straw when ta1ing li3uid form
b. Notify that it is abnormal if there is blac1 tarry stool
c. !nta1e green leafy vegetables
d. None of the above
4. 5eu1ocytosis is commonly seen in what condition%
a. /nemia c. /!DS
b. (hrombosis d. "emolytic disease
6. !n sic1le disease$ the R+) is in what sha#e%
a. Disc li1e c. "alf moon li1e
b. /##le li1e d. 7lobe li1e
8. !t is the most numerous ty#e of W+)%
a. Neutro#hils c. -onocytes
b. +aso#hils d. Eosino#hils
9. !n case of dengue fever$ the significant com#onent of blood needed for close monitoring is:
a. R+) b. W+) c. #lasma level d. #latelet count
:. !t is mar1ed rhythmic waxing and waning of res#irations from dee# to very shallow breathing and
tem#orary a#nea.
a. "y#oxia c. ;ussmaul<s
b. )heyne sto1es d. +iots
. Which of the following is=are true about res#iratory system%
a. .rovides oxygen for metabolism in the tissues
b. Serves as gas exchanger
c. -aintains body water balance
d. /ll o the above.
&. it se#arates the nasal cavity into right and left cavity%
a. .harynx c. .aranasal sinuses
b. Se#tum d. >oice box
*. Which of the following states the significance of e#iglottis in the res#iratory tract%
a. .revent food from entering the tracheobronchial tree
b. .lays an im#ortant role in the #roduction of s#eech
c. .artici#ates in gas exchange
d. )onsidered during traceostomy
,. "ow many ml of gas will remain after forceful ex#iration%
a. &:: c. 0::
b. **:: d. :::
0. When we ins#ire the atmos#heric #ressure is ________ than the #ressure within the lungs.
a. 5esser
b. 7reater
4. Which of the following is res#onsible in the secretion of surfactant%
a. (y#e ! cell c. (y#e !! cell
b. /lveoli d. 7oblet cells
6. (he common o#ening between the res#iratory and digestive system is:
a. .harynx b. 5arynx c. (rachea d. +ronchus
8. Surfactant is very im#ortant because of the following reason%
a. 5ubricates lung c. Ex#el foreign bodies
b. .revent lung colla#se d. 'ilters air toward the lower tract
9. (he !7 a##ears during the attac1 of allergy is:
a. !7 / b.!g - c.!g E d. !g D
&:. (he !mmunoglobin #resent in breastmil1 is :
a. !g / b. !g - c. !g E d. !g D
&. (hey are the means of communication of neurons%
a. rece#tors b. neurotransmitters c. im#ulse d. syna#se
&&. Damage to )?)0 could lead to which of the following%
a. res#iratory #aralysis b. wristdro# c. clawhand d. footdro#
&*. Damage to ulnar nerve could lead to:
a. decreased ability to flex and abduct hand
b. decreased ability to flex forearm on arm
c. clawhand
d. wristdro#
&,. !n ty#e + it contains what ty#e of antigen:
a. /ntigen / b. /ntigen + c. /ntigen @ d. none of the above
&0. !n /ntigen +$ it contains what ty#e of antibodies%
a. / b. + c. /+ d. @
&4. (he term to describe increased number of R+) is:
a. (hrombocyto#enia c. 5eu1ocytosis
b. .olycyto#enia d. "y#erchromic
&6. (he term used to mean increase number of hemoglobin level in the blood is:
a. (hrombocyto#enia c. 5eu1ocytosis
b. .olycyto#enia d. "y#erchromic
&8. Which of the following #arts of the barin which is considered as the largest%
a. cerebellum b. cerebrum c. brain stem d. )NS
&9. Which of the following true about dura matter%
a. innermost$ trans#arent layers
b. s#ace between the arachnoid and dura matter
c. it is where the )S' circulate
d. outermost layer
*:. !t regulates stress res#inse$ slee#$ a##etite$ emotions and fluid balance.
a. medulla b. midbrain c. thalamus d. hy#othalamus
*. Which of the following regulates blood #ressure%
a. medulla oblongata b. #ons c. midbrain d. hy#othalamus
*&. (he snellen chart is indicated to assess :
a. visual field b. visual acuity c. color vision d. sensation
*:. Which of the following is true about central nervous system%
a. consist of the following nerves that lie in the #eri#hery
b. Aunction between adAacent neuron where nerve im#ulses are transmitted.
c. the structural and functional center of the entire nervous system
d. consist of the brain and the #eri#heral nerves
*. Which of the following neurotransmitter does not involved in moods and emotions%
a. serotonin c. do#amine
b.en1e#halins d. nore#ine#hrine
*&. !t is the s#ace between the dura and arachnoid matter%
a. e#idural s#ace c. subdural s#ace
b. subarachnoid s#ace d. none of the above
**. !t divides the left and right hemis#here of the brain.
a. cor#us callosum b. dee# grove c. gyri d. sulcus
*,. Which of the following regulates breathing$ blood #ressure and digestion%
a. medulla oblongata c. thalamus
b. #ons d. hy#othalamus
*0. / ty#e of sensory rece#tor that res#onds to variation of light.
a. mechanorece#tor c. #hotorece#tor
b. thermorece#tor d. #ain rece#tor
*4. /rrange the following in se3uence how sound travels toward the acoustic nerve
. external ear *. eardrum 0. organ or corti
&. stirru# ,. cochlea 4. acoustic nerve
a. $&$*$,$0$4 b. $ *$,$&$0$4 c. $*$&$,$0$4 d. $*$&$0$,$4
*6. (he following are true about #u#il exce#t:
a. it is a small li1e dis1 in the center of the eye
b. in dim light$ #u#il o#ens
c. !n bright light$ #u#il closes
d. it is a tough white connective tissue that hel#s and maintains sha#e of eye
*9. What taste buds can be found at the ti# of the tongue%
a. sweet b. sour c. salty d. bitter
,:. !t is s #rotein found in the lens which is characteriBed as trans#arent and allows light to #ass
through.
a. rods b. #hotorece#tor c. cones d. crystalline
II. Matc! Set A to Set $.
SE( / SE( +
. ! a. acoustic nerve
&. !! b. glosso#haryngeal nerve
*. !!! c. facial
,. !> d. olfactory
0. > e. vagus nerve
4. >! f. oculomotor
6. ty#e of neuron that transmit g. efferent
nerve im#ulses away from the h. nore#ine#hrine
brain and s#inal cord i. e#ine#hrine
8. causes b# high A. soma
9. fatty substance of neuron 1. schwann cells
:. #art of neuron contains that nucleus l. o#tic
m. trochlear
n . afferent
o. abducens
#. trigeminal
!!!. Write S if the statement indicates s%&pat!etic e''ect and P if it is caused by paras%&pat!etic
stimulation% Write your answer on the s#ace #rovided.
________. causes glucose to release to the blood
_________&. contricts s#hincters
_________*. decreases urine out#ut
_________,. !ncreases heart beat
_________0. decreases heartbeat
_________4. causes dry mouth and eyes
_________6. causes erection
_________8. causes eAaculation
_________9. increases metabolic rate
_________:. stimulates fat brea1down
I(. Arran)e t!e 'ollo#in) in se*uence.
__ deoxygenated blood #asses to the tricus#id valve
__ enters to the #ulmonary artery
__ enters to the #ulmonary vein
__ #asses through to the mitral valve
__ enters to the left ventricle
__ enters to the right atrium
__ @xygenation ta1es #lace
__enters to the lungs
__ goes to the #ulmonic semilunar valve
__deoxygenated blood from u##er extremeties enters to Su#erior vena cava
__ enters to the aorta
__ enters to the venules
__ enters to the arteries
__ Exchange of gases occurs in the ca#illaries
__ #ass through the aortic semi lunar valve

I+enti'% #!et!er a+ult or 'etal circulation.,rite %our ans#ers on t!e space pro-i+e+.
. (he left atrium receives oxygenated blood.
&. Shunts occurs in Right ventricle to #rimarily su##ly blood to the lungs
*. (he Right ventricle #um#s out deoxygenated blood
,. 'oramen ovale is #resent.
0. /orta carries oxygenated blood.
4. +lood from Right atrium enters to the left atrium.
6. .ulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood.
8. @xygenation ta1es #lace between the alveoli and ca#illaries.
9. Right ventricle #um# out deoxygenated blood.
:. 5eft #art of the heart carries deoxygenated blood.
(R2E @R '/5SE. Write true if the statement is correct and false if the statement is wrong. +e guided with
the words underlined. !f it is wrong$ changed the word underlined to correct the statement.
. -yocardium in ventricle is thinner than in atria.
&. / ty#e /+ #atient can receive blood ty#e /.
*. !t has greater number coronary arteries in the atria than the ventricle.
,. (he #resent lining of the ca#illary is the tunica adventitia.
0. (he tunica intima is thic1err in ca#illaries than in arterioles.
4. (he foramen ovale will become ductus venosus after birth of the baby.
6. (he umbilical vein will not function after se#aration of #lacenta and baby.
8. (he site of R+) #roduction is bone marrow.
9. (he aortic valve closes during contraction of the left ventricle.
:. (he #ulmonic valve closes during the relaxation of the right ventricle.
. (he R+) lifes#an is :: days.
&. (he normal W+) is 0:?*::$::: #er cubic millimeter
*. -ixture of blood ty#e @ and ty#e /+ is normal.
,. "emoglobin is the li3uid #art of the blood which is characteriBed as clear$ and straw?colored fluid
0. )S' is formed in choroid #lexus.