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Users manual and Technical description

Document No 1MDV07203-YN :
Issued: July 2007
Version A
NI 40/41
Numerical Three phase Over current
and Earth Fault Relay
Data subject to change without notice
Contents
Sr. Description Page
No. No.
1 About this manual 3
2 The use of the relay 3
3 Feature 3
4 application 4
5 Brief description of operation 4
6 Connection diagram 6
7 Power supply module and output relay card 10
8 HMI features 11
9 Menu systems 14
10 Main Menu 14
11 Group menu, subgroup menu and Parameter menu. 14
12 Measurements 15
13 Recorded data 17
14 Settings 22
15 Configuration 27
16 Time current characteristics 32
17 Technical Data 37
18 Maintenance & Repair 41
19 Internal relay failure 41
20 Dimensions and mounting 41
21 Ordering Details 42
2
3
1 About this manual
This manual provides information on the protection relay NI 40/41 and its applications, focusing on giving
a technical description of the relay. The manual also provides basic information on the protection relay NI
40/41 and presents detailed instructions on how to use the Human-Machine Interface (HMI) of the relay,
also known as the Man-Machine Interface (MMI).
2 The use of the relay
NI 40/41 is a versatile protection relay mainly designed to protect incoming and outgoing feeders in a
wide range of feeder applications. NI 40/41 is based on a microprocessor environment. A self
supervision system continuously monitors the operation of the relay. The HMI has a Liquid Crystal
Display (LCD) which makes the local use of the relay
3 Features
Protection functions ANSI Code MODEL
NI40 NI41
Three-phase over current protection 51 X X
low-set stage (IDMT or DT)
Three-phase over current 50 X
protection, high -set stage (DT)
Earth fault protection, low-set 51N X X
stage (IDMT or DT)
Earth fault protection, 50N X
high-set stage (DT)
Facility of site selection of IDMT curves for low set stage X X
Four standard IDMT curves (NI, VI, EI, LI) as per IEC standard. X X
Wide and accurate numerical settings with perfect long time stability. X X
Measurement, Monitoring and Recording Function
Measuring of 3 Phase current in primary or secondary terms X X
Measurement of Neutral current in primary or secondary terms. X X
Latest Five fault data recording
Extensive relay internal self supervision monitoring relay hardware and software. X X
Trip lockout function X X
Display and Indications
16 x 2 Alpha numeric LCD display with backlit X X
Aux. supply on, Fault alarm / trip, Internal Relay Failure indication LED's X X
Display of fault cause indication X X
Inputs and Outputs
Four accurate current inputs X X
Normally open heavy duty output contacts X X
Two change over signaling output contacts X X
Freely configurable output contacts X X
Dedicated output contact for relay internal self supervision X X
Low burden on current transformer X X
Relay Design
Relay case with a degree of protection according to IP54 X X
Design confirming to requirements of IEC 60255 X X
Design immune to any kind of electromagnetic interference X X
Dimensions: 196 (H) x 166 (W). Depth behind panel only 158 mm. X X
4
4 Application
This composite relay facilitates combined three phase over current and neutral current relay functions
for use with selective short-circuit and time-over current protection of distribution feeders. It can also be
applied to feeder earth fault protection in solidly earthed, resistance earthed and isolated neutral
networks.
As multi-function solutions, these relays can be flexibly adapted to different kind of incoming and
outgoing feeders in varying substation environments. The NI 40/41 series of relays can be used for
protection of feeders of utility and industrial applications.
With its compact size and unique technical features, NI 40/41 is an ideal relay for retrofit, small
switchgear and switchgear with limited space. A small mounting depth makes it possible to install the
relay in places where space is money and every millimeter counts.
5 Brief description of operation
In addition to its comprehensive protection functions, the relay provides additional features such as
measurement data in primary value, RMS value in terms of In, fault data recording, fault indications etc.
LCD display and three front LEDs enable fast fault indication. The fault recorded data helps user for
quick fault diagnostics and analysis. The relay also has freely configurable output relays for tripping and
signaling. These value-added features make NI 40 / 41 a product beyond compare.
The combined over current and earth-fault relay is a secondary relay to be connected to the current
transformers of the object to be protected. The three phase over current unit and the earth-fault unit
continuously measure the phase currents and the neutral current of the protected object. On detection of
a fault, the relay trips the circuit breaker, provides alarm, records fault data etc. in accordance with the
application and the configured relay functions.
When the phase current exceeds the set start current of the low-set stage I>, and when the set operate
time at definite time elapses or the calculated operate time at inverse time operation elapses, the over
current unit operates.
In the same way, the high-set stage I>> of the over current unit ( for NI 41 ) operates and delivers a trip
signal when the set start current exceeds and the set operate time elapses. When the earth-fault current
exceeds the set start current of the low-set stage Io>, and the set operate time at definite time operation
elapses or the calculated operate time at inverse time operation elapses, the earth-fault unit operates. In
the same way the highset stage Io>> of the earth fault unit ( for NI 41 ) operates and delivers a trip signal
when the set start current exceeds and the set operate time elapses.
The low-set stage of the over current unit and the low-set stage of the earth-fault unit may be given
definite time or inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic. When the IDMT characteristic is
chosen, four time / current curves are available that comply with BS 142:1962 and IEC 255 standards
and are named "Normal inverse", "Very inverse", Extremely inverse and "Long-time inverse".
By appropriate configuration of the output relay matrix, the trip signals of the over current and earth fault
units are obtained as contact functions.
Figure 1: Protection function of Three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 40
Figure 2: Protection function of Three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 41
THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME
OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET
OVER CURRENT PROTECTION
51
THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME
OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET
EARTH FAULT PROTECTION
51N
THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME
OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET
OVER CURRENT PROTECTION
51
THREE PHASE INSTANTANEOUS
OR DEFINITE TIME HIGH SET
OVER CURRENT PROTECTION
50
THREE PHASE INSTANTANEOUS
OR DEFINITE TIME HIGH SET
EARTH FAULT PROTECTION
THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME
OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET
EARTH FAULT PROTECTION
51N
50N
IL1
IL2
IL3
Io IRF
TRIP
SIGNAL 1
SIGNAL 2
5
IL1
IL2
IL3
Io IRF
TRIP
SIGNAL 1
SIGNAL 2
6 Connection diagram
Figure 3 Connection diagram for three phase Numerical overcurrent and earth fault relay
type NI 40/41 with core balance CT for earth fault.
6
I
R
F
I
N
T
E
R
N
A
L

R
E
L
A
Y

F
A
I
L
U
R
E
Connection diagram
Figure 4 Connection diagram for three phase Numerical overcurrent and
earth fault relay type NI 40/41 with residual connection of CTs for earth fault.
7
Uaux Auxiliary voltage
Tr, S1, S2, IRF Output relays
IRF Self-supervision (Internal relay failure)
TRIP Trip output relay
SIGNAL 1 Signal on operation of the overcurrent / Earth fault unit
SIGNAL 2 Signal on operation of the overcurrent / Earth fault unit
T1 Power On indication
T2 IRF indication
T3 Start / Trip Indication
Figure 5 Terminal arrangement of Numerical three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 40/41
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Signal Diagram
The energizing currents of the over current unit
are connected to terminals R1-R2, Y1-Y2 & B1-
B2
The relay can also be used in single-phase or
two-phase applications simply by leaving one
or two energizing inputs unoccupied.
The energizing current for the earth-fault unit is
connected to terminals E1-E2.
The auxiliary supply voltage of the relay is
connected to terminals 14-16. At d.c. supply the
positive lead is connected to terminal 16. The
level of the voltage to be applied to the terminals
depends on the type of power supply module .
Available levels are 18-80v DC or 80-265v
AC/DC. For further details earth see the
description of the power supply module. The
permitted auxiliary voltage range of the relay is
marked on the relay front panel.
Output relay Tr is a heavy-duty trip relay
capable of controlling most circuit breakers.
The operate signals of the different protection
stages are routed to the trip relay by selecting
relay configuration inside the main menu of the
relay and routing the desired relay for that
protection function.
On delivery from the factory all the protection
stages are routed to the trip relay. A latching of
the output relay Tr can be selected by setting
the configuration of TRIP as HR (Hand Reset).
Output relays S1 and S2 can be used for
signaling on operation of the relay module. The
signals to be routed to the output relays S1 and
S2 is carried out by selecting relay configuration
submenu in Configuration menu and then
routing over current or earth fault for desired
signaling relays S1& S2
Both signaling relays, S1 & S2 are configured
for signaling on operation of the over current
unit and earth fault unit which is the default
setting of the relay on delivery from the factory.
Output relay IRF functions as output relay for
the self-supervision system of the protection
relay. The relay IRF is energized under normal
operating conditions and contact gap 27-28 is
closed. If a fault is detected by the self-
supervision system, or on loss of auxiliary
supply, the output relay drops off and the NO
contact 28-29 closes.
Figure 6 The figure below schematically illustrates how the trip and control signals can be
configured to obtain required protection function.
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Signal IL1, IL2, IL3
Abbreviation Io
Tr
S1
S2
IRF
Energizing current of phase L1, L2 & L3
Neutral Current (Residual Current)
Trip relay
Signal Relay 1
Signal Relay 2
Internal relay Failure
7. Power Supply Module and
Output relay Card
To be able to operate the relay needs a secured
auxiliary voltage supply. The power supply
module forms the voltages required by the
protection relay cards and the auxiliary relays.
The power supply module contains the power
supply unit and the control circuits of the output
relays. Output relay card contains trip and
signal output relays.
The primary side of the power supply module is
protected with a fuse, F1, located on the PCB of
the module. The fuse size is 1 A (slow).
The power supply unit is a pulse-width
modulated (PWM) dc/dc converter with
galvanically isolated primary and secondary
sides. It forms the dc secondary voltages
required by the protection relay module; i.e.
+24 V, + 12 V and +8 V. The output voltages +12
V and +24 V are stabilized in the power supply
module, while the +5 V & + 3.3 V required by the
processor card are stabilized by linear power
supply on it.
A green LED indicator POWER ON on the
system front panel is lit when the power supply
module is in operation. The supervision of the
voltages supplying the electronics is located in
the power supply module. If a secondary
voltage differs too much from its rated value, a
self-supervision alarm will be generated. An
alarm is also issued on loss of auxiliary supply.
There are two versions of power supply
modules available. For both types, the
secondary sides and the relay driver circuits are
identical, but the input voltage ranges differ.
Insulation test voltage between the primary and
secondary side and the protective earth
2 kV, 50 Hz, 1 min
Rated power P 5W
n
Voltage ranges of the power supply modules :
1. U = 80...265 V dc/ac
aux
2. U = 18...80 V dc
aux
The power supply module for 80...265v can be
fed from either an ac source of a dc source. The
18...80V power supply module is designed for
dc supply only. The permitted auxiliary voltage
range of the relay is marked on the relay system
front panel.
10
1
2
3
4
8 HMI features
Front panel
The front panel of the protection relay includes:
An alphanumeric 16 x 2 characters LCD (Liquid crystal display) with backlight which makes the
local use of the relay safe and easy.
Three indicator LEDs (Green, Red, Green/Red)
An HMI push button section with four arrow buttons and buttons for clear/cancel and enter
Figure 8 Front view of Numerical three phase overcurrent and earth fault relay Type NI 40/41
1 LCD
2 HMI push button section
3 Indicator LEDs:
Top: Power On (green)
Middle: IRF (Red)
Bottom: Alarm (Green) / Trip (red)*
4 Voltage rating, Current rating, Article No., Relay Serial No. details
Navigation
Push Button
The front panel of the relay module contains four arrow push buttons and buttons for Clear [C] and enter
[E]. The arrow buttons are used for navigating the menu structure and for adjusting the setting values.
* In order to reset the trip indicating LED press Enter Key [E] and left arrow button [ ]for three seconds after
entering the main menu.
Figure 9 Navigation, Clear and Enter buttons
11
The next table gives short explanations of the push-buttons and their functions.
Table 1. Push Button functions
Left Key - Used to come out of the given sub-menu
- Also used to change the digit location to left
in settings mode
Up Key - Used to scroll up in the menu/sub menu
- Also used to increment the value of the
digit in settings menu
Down Key - Used to scroll down in the menu/sub-menu
- Also used to decrement the value of the
digit in settings menu
Right Key - Used to go inside the given menu/sub-menu
- Also used to change the digit edit location to
right in settings mode
Enter Key - Used to store the data in the settings
Escape Key - Used to come at the top of the menu
from anywhere
Key Functions
+
Password Key - Used to enter the edit mode in Settings and
Configuration menu
E
E C
C
+
Release Key - Used to release the latched indication / Relay
E
Display
Display Test at power up
When connecting the auxiliary voltage to the relay:
1. The "Power on" indicator glows green.
2. The display shows the relay type NI 40 or NI 41.
3. Simultaneously start/trip indication glows, if the same existed before the last power failure.
4. The backlight is lit.
5. The display will be returned to the idle mode and the backlight turned off.
6. The display will continuously show three phase dynamic current and earth fault leakage current in
secondary terms per unit value.
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Display modes
When the display is in idle mode, the dynamic values of phase and earth current will be displayed in
secondary terms per unit values.
When the display is in the view mode, you can only view the parameters. The below figure shows
current in phase L1 in primary terms.
When the display is in the setting mode, you can also edit the settings.
Display backlight
Normally the backlight of the display is off.
The backlight is lit in approx 5 sec. after pressing any arrow button on the HMI. This displays ABB on
the LCD.
If the HMI panel is not used for approximately ten seconds, the backlight will be turned off automatically,
and relay will resume idle mode.
13
Figure 12 Display in setting mode
Figure 11 Display in view mode
Figure 10 Display in idle mode
9. Menu system
The menus are used for reading and setting the parameters, reading recorded values, and so forth. The
menu system is divided into three or four levels (depending on the parameters):
MAIN MENU
Group menu
Subgroup menu
Parameter menu
10. Main menu
The main view is the MAIN MENU, which is followed by the hierarchical structure of group, subgroup and
parameter menus. In all menu levels, the first row of the display is dedicated for the header text that
shows the name of the current menu.
The main menu contains four main groups:
MEASUREMENTS
RECORDED DATA
SETTINGS
CONFIGURATION
To enter the main menu press the down arrow button for approximately 5 seconds after back light is
displayed.
Figure 13 The display shows one of the main menu group
To navigate between the main menu groups, use UP and Down arrow keys.
To return the display to the top of all menu press [C] button
The display will be returned to the idle mode on expiration of the time out.
11. Group menu and Sub group menu and parameter menu
The menu structure contains several Groups and Subgroups. The name of the main menu group is
always shown on the first line. The second line displays either the name of the group menu, the name of
the parameter and the parameter value, or just the parameter value, in which case it is also the name of
the parameter.
Figure 14 The display showing the first group menu
of the main menu recorded data
14
1 To enter a Group or sub group menu, press right arrow key & to return back / exit, press Left arrow
key.
2 To navigate between the main levels in the submenus, use up or down arrow keys.
3 On entering group/subgroup menu, use right arrow key to enter parameter menu.
4 To navigate between the levels in the parameter menu, use up or down arrow keys.
5 Press [C] push button to return the display to the top of main menu.
12. MEASUREMENTS
You can monitor all measured values via MEASUREMENTS in the HMI menu. In the measurement
menu, the values on phases L1, L2, L3 & neutral current are displayed in
Secondary term per unit values
Primary terms
To access the measured values on phases L1, L2, L3 and Io via the HMI menu
1. Press the down arrow button to access the main menu.
2. The first main menu is the Measurement
3. Press the right arrow key to enter the group menu.
4. The first group menu is the "Nominal".
5. Use of right arrow key allows you to enter the parameter menu directly, which has 4 parameters
showing the current of phases L1, L2, L3 and Earth fault current Io in secondry terms.
6. From the group menu nominal push the down arrow button to go the next Group menu of
measurement menu. This is the second & the last group menu "AMPERE".
7. Use of right arrow key allows you to enter the parameter menu directly, which shows 4 parameters,
the currents of Phase L1, L2, L3 and Earth fault current Io in primary terms respectively.
Nominal group displays the PU value of currents in secondary terms. The 'Ampere' group menu
displays the current in primary terms, e.g. when the relay is connected to 300/5A CT & the current of 150
A is flowing, the current displayed in nominal measurement is 0.50 and the current in Ampere will be
150A*
15
* Refer note on sheet 22.
Figure 15 The display showing the first sub group menu
of group menu. Recorded data-current.
Figure 16 The display showing the first parameter menu of first
subgroup & group menu of recorded data menu.
Main Menu Group Menu Parameter Menu
M E A S U R E M E N T
N O M I N A L
M E A S U R E M E N T M E A S U R E M E N T
N O M L 1 : X X . X X
M E A S U R E M E N T
N O M L 2 : X X . X X
The below figure represents measurement main, group and parameter menu
M E A S U R E M E N T
A M P E R E
M E A S U R E M E N T
N O M L 3 : X X . X X
M E A S U R E M E N T
N O M I 0 : X X . X X
M E A S U R E M E N T
A m p L 1 : X X X X X A
M E A S U R E M E N T
A m p L 2 : X X X X X A
M E A S U R E M E N T
A m p L 3 : X X X X X A
M E A S U R E M E N T
A m p I 0 : X X X X X A
16
Figure 17 Measurement menu and its sub menu's
13. Recorded Data
The menu displays
stored event values of the protection functions I>, I>>, Io> & Io>>
stored duration between start and unit trip situation of the protection functions I>, I>>, Io> & Io>>
registers number of trips of I>, I>>, Io> & Io>>
The parameter values measured at the trip instance are recorded in the registers. The recorded data, in
the event list will keep rolling with first in first out principle. The data are stored in the registers even if the
auxiliary voltage supply to the relay is interrupted. All settings and fault records are maintained in a
non - volatile memory.
How to monitor recorded data
1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select RECORDED DATA which is the second in the main menu.
3. Press right arrow to enter the first group menu "Current".
4. Use right arrow key to enter into the sub group menu "Event 1" of the submenu Current.
5. Further use of right arrow key displays the Parameter menu showing Current value in phase L1
during that particular event.
6. Use Down arrow keys to view current value in phases L2, L3 and Earth current.
7 In order to return to the event 1 press left arrow key
8. Using the navigation keys currents of previous 4 events can be viewed as described above.
9. On returning to Current menu Use Down arrow to go to other group menu "Time" and "Trip Count"
10. Similarly Duration of start to unit trip situation of I>, I>>, Io> & Io>> can be viewed in event subgroup
menu of Time group menu & trip counts of individual fault in "Trip count" group menu.
17
Figure 18 The below figure represents the main menu "Recorded Data" and its group menu's
Main Menu Group Menu
18
Group Menu Sub Group Menu
Figure 19 The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data - Current" and its
Subgroup menu's "Events 1-5"
Figure 20 The below figure represents the subgroup menu "Event 1" and its parameter menu's showing
the value of current L1, L2, L3 & Io for event 1.
Sub Group Main Menu Parameter Menu
19
In the same manner Each Current Events (Event 2- Event 5) have recorded data of Three phase currents
and earth current
Main Menu Group Menu
Figure 21 The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data - Time" and its Subgroup menu's
Events 1-5"
20
Figure 22 The below figure represents the subgroup menu "Event 1" of Time group menu and
its parameter menu's t>, t>>, to>, to>>
Figure 23The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data - trip count" and its parameter menu's
21
Sub group menu Parameter menu
Similarly each time events (Event 2- Event 5) have recorded data of three phase currents and earth
current duration between start & trip of unit.
Group menu Parameter menu
Figure 24 The display shows first group menu of main menu "Settings
4. further use the right key to enter the parameter menu.
5. The first parameter menu is for setting the primary current
14. Settings
This menu is used to change the value of primary and secondary* currents and setting of overcurrent
and earth fault lowset and higset** values.
In order to secure all parameters, all settings and values are recorded in non volatile memory. If for any
reason, the content of memory are disturbed, all default setting from the DSP controller are written in the
memory. If the memory is damaged the relay will set an alarm signal through IRF output relay and will
display IRF code on LCD screen.
How to change the setting values.
1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select SETTINGS which is the third in the main menu.
3. Pressing right key shows group menu "Primary CT ratio"
* The secondary current rating 1A / 5A of the relay is fixed as per article no/name plate. Relay is programmed with
default factory setting of 100A primary and 1 A secondary. The relay should be ordered such to have In = 1A or 5A in
line with CT specification. "I primary" & I secondary should be set accordingly in order to observe correct
measurement in measurement parameter menu.
** For NI 41 only
#
Maximum primary current that can be set is 1600A. (Primary current for measurement purpose only)
22
Main Menu Group Menu
Figure 25 The display shows first parameter menu for setting primary of group menu "Primary Settings"
6. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed.
7. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.
8. Use up or down keys to select the appropriate digits and left and right arrows to move between
#
digits thereby set the desired value of primary current .
9. Press Enter key to save the setting.
10. The second parameter menu is for setting secondary CT ratio 1 or 5 Amps.
Group Menu Parameter Menu
1st Parameter menu
2nd Parameter menu
11. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed
12. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.
13. Use up or down keys to choose between 1 or 5 Amp.
14. Press Enter key [E] to save the setting.
15 The next group menus are settings for Low and High** set of Over current and earth fault i.e. I>,I>>,
Io>, Io>>.
**
For NI 41 only
23
Figure 26 The display shows second parameter menu for setting secondary current
Main Menu Group menu
Figure 27 The display shows group menus in order for Main menu "Settings
24
The low set stage of the overcurrent unit and the low set stage of the earth fault unit may be given definite
time or inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic. When the IDMT characteristic is chosen
four time/current curves are available. These curves comply with the BS 142 and IEC 60255 and are
named "Normal inverse", "Very inverse", "Extremely inverse" and "Long-time inverse".
The high set stage (for NI 41 only) can be used for instantaneous application by keeping the minimum
setting of 50ms or for DMT with Maximum time duration of 64 Seconds.
How to set a parameter for I>, Io>
1. The first parameter menu for I> or Io> is the selection of Characteristic Curve*.
2. In order to select/change, first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else the
screen will return to top of all menu.
3. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.
4. Use up or down keys to choose between DMT and other different types of curves.
5. Press [E] key to save the selected curve.
6. The next parameter menu is for setting the value of I> (or Io>).
Figure 29 The display shows parameter menus for setting of I>
*
All new characteristics curve, if added in future, shall be located at the end of existing curves in
parameter menu.
Group menu Parameter Menu
Figure 28 The display shows parameter menus for selection of setting curve.
Group menu Parameter Menu
Group menu Parameter Menu
Figure 30 The display shows parameter menus for setting of Io>
25
The relay can be set for 0.50 - 2.00 in step of 0.01for Overcurrent i.e. I> and 0.10 - 0.80 of In in steps
of 0.01 for Earth fault.
7. In order to change the setting, first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else
the screen will return to top menu.
8. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
9. Use up or down keys to choose between values and left - right arrows for selecting digits.
10. Press [E] key to save the selected value.
11. The next parameter menu is for setting of time (t> to t >) for DMT curve, if selected, or TMS
o
Factor 'K' incase any IDMT curve is selected. The relay will only show t> (for I>) or t > (for I >) or
0 0
"k" based on the type of curve characteristic selected.
The setting range of time multiplier 'k' is 0.05, 0.1-1.0 in the steps of 0.1. In order to change the value of
K , simply use up or down key after entering the edit mode.
How to set parameter for I>> & Io>>
1. The first parameter menu of group menu High set I>> or High set I >> is for setting the value
0
of I>> or I >>.
0
Figure 32 The display shows parameter menus for setting of k> when any IDMT curve is selected.
13. t can be set between 0.05 sec - 64 Sec. The method of changing the time in sec for t> to t > is
0 o
the same as that of setting the Values of I> & I > as shown above. (Steps 7-10)
0
Figure 31 The display shows parameter menus for setting of t> to t > when DMT characterisitics is selected.
o
2nd
parameter
1st
parameter
Parameter Menu for I> setting Parameter Menu for Io> setting
Figure 33 The display shows parameter menus for setting of I>> & Io>>
The setting range of I>> is from 50-2000% of In (In = 1 or 5A).
The setting range of Io>> is from 10-1000% of In (In = 1 or 5A).
2. The next parameter menu is the time 't>' or 'to>'.
26
Figure 34 The display shows parameter menus for setting of t> and to>>.
The setting range of time 't>' & 'to>' is 0.05 to 64Sec. The procedure of changing the the Values of
I>> & Io>> and time t> & to> is the same as mention above.
15. Configuration
This menu is used for
l Blocking of particular protection
l Assigning Hand reset (HR) or Self reset (SR) to trip relay Tr.
l Relay configuration - to route particular protection to trip and/or signaling relay.
Configuration Blocking
The first group menu of the configuration menu is "Blocking
Main menu Group menu
Figure 35 The display shows the first group menu Blocking of the main menu "Configuration".
How to enable blocking of protection function.
1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu.
3. Pressing right key shows group menu "Blocking"
4. Further use the right key to enter the parameter menu.
5. The first parameter menu is for blocking the Low-set over current.
Group menu Parameter Menu
Figure 36 The display shows first parameter group for blocking of I>.
6. As a company default setting all the protection funcitons are unblocked.
7. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else
will return out of all menus
8. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
9. Use up or down keys to select 'YES' for blocking or 'NO' to keep protection in USE.
10. Press Enter key to save the setting.
11. Use the down arrow to go to next parameter menu(s).
27
Figure 37 The display shows second parameter group for blocking of I>>**.
Figure 38 The display shows third parameter group for blocking of Io>
Figure 39 The display shows fourth and last parameter group for
blocking of Io>>**
The procedure of blocking of I>>, Io>, Io>> is same as mentioned above for blocking I>.
Configuration Trip
The second group menu of the configuration menu is "Trip
Main menu Group menu
Figure 40 The display shows the second group menu "TRIP" of the main menu "Configuration".
This menu is used to latch (the output relay remains picked up after operation ) the trip relay Tr on a fault,
although the energizing current falls below the start current. The trip signal is to be manually rest by
pushing the push button [E] and left arrow key ( )simultaneously after accessing main menu.
How to latch & reset the trip relay Tr.
1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu.
3. Press right key to enter group menus. Press down arrow for"Trip" which is second in the group
menu.
4. Use the right key to enter the parameter menu.
Figure 41 The display shows parameter menu for selecting Trip relay Tr. for Hand or Self reset.
28
5. As a company default setting the trip relay Tr. is set as SR or self reset.
6. In order to change the mode of reseting the trip relay Enter key [E] and then [C] with [E] key
still pressed else will return out of all menus
7. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
8. Use up or down keys to select 'HR' for selecting trip relay Tr. in latched mode or 'SR' or self
reset which allows the trip relay Tr. to reset as soon as energizing input goes below setting
level.
9. Press Enter key [E] to save the setting.
10. In order to reset the Tr. relay when latched, press any key and wait till the backlight glows. Then
press left arrow key with E key pressed for 3 seconds.
Relay Configuration
Relay configuration' is the third and last group menu of 'Configuration' menu.
How to route desired protection to trip and/or signal relay
1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu.
3. Press right key to enter group menus. Press down arrow for "Relay config." which is third/last in
the group menu.
4. Use the right key to enter the sub group menu.
Main Menu Group Menu
Figure 42.The display above shows the group menu 'Relay configuration' in configuration menu.
Group Menu Sub group menu
Figure 43 The display shows subgroup menu for routing Over current protection.
5. Further use of right arrow key button allows us to enter into the parameter menu. The first parameter
menu is for routing low set overcurrent stage to desired relay.
29
Sub group menu
Parameter Menu
Figure 44 The display shows Parameter menu for routing Lowset overcurrent protection
6. As a company default setting all the protection trip are routed to trip and signalling relay.
7. In order to change the desired relay for routing this protection, press the Enter key [E] and then [C]
with [E] key still pressed.
8. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
9. Use up or down keys to select individual or group of relays.
10. Press Enter key [E] to save the setting.
11. Use the down arrow key for routing Highset overcurrent to desired relay.
Figure 45 The display shows the various selection available for routing protection
to desired relay or group of relays.
Figure 46 The display shows the parameter menu for configuration of overcurrent protection.
12. The High set stage of over current is routed to trip and/or signal relay in similar manner.
13. The second subgroup menu is for routing earth fault to trip or signal relay.
30
*
* None means no relay shall be energized for trip operation.
31
Group Menu Sub Group Menu
Figure 47 The display shows the group & subgroup menu for configuration of earth fault protection
14. Navingation and selection of relay for the E/F protection is same as mentioned above for
Overcurrent.
Sub-Group Menu Parameter menu
Figure 48 The display shows the parameter menu for configuration of Earth fault protection.
** High set available for NI41 only
16 Time/current
characteristic
The operation of the low-set overcurrent stage
I> and the low-set earth-fault stage I0> is based
on definite time or inverse time characteristic,
as selected by the user. The operation charac-
teristic is selected with selection of configura-
tion of curve for the low set overcurrent stage I>
and low set earth-fault stage I0>
(refer How to change parameters for I> or I0>)
IDMT
characteristic
Four standard curves named extremely
inverse, very inverse, normal inverse and long-
time inverse are available. The relationship
between current and time complies with the BS
142. 1966 and IEC 60255-3 standards and can
be expressed as follows :
where
t = operate time in seconds
k = time multiplier
I = measured current value
I> = set start current value
The relay includes four time/current curve sets
according to BS 142. 1966 and IEC 60255-3.
When IDMT characteristic has been selected,
the operate time of the stage will be a function of
the current; the higher the current, the shorter
the operate time. The stage includes four
time/current curve sets - four according to the
BS 142 and IEC 60255 standards
The stope of the time/current curve sets is
determined by the constants a and b as follows :
According to the standard BS 142.1966 the
normal current range is defined as 2...20 times
the set start current. Additionally the relay must
start at the latest when the current exceeds 1.3
times the set start current, when the
time/current characteristic is normal inverse,
very inverse or extremely inverse. At long-time
inverse characteristic, the normal range is 2...7
times the set start current and the relay must
start when the current exceeds 1.1 times the
setting.
The following requirements with regard to operate time tolerances are specified in the standard
(E denotes accuracy in per cent, - = not specified):
I/I> Normal inv. Very inv. Extremely inv. Long-time inv.
2
5
7
10
20
2.22 E
1.13 E
-
1.01 E
1.00 E
2.34 E
1.26 E
-
1.01 E
1.00 E
2.44 E
1.48 E
-
1.02 E
1.00 E
2.34 E
1.26 E
1.00 E
-
-
The actual operate time of the relay, presented in the graphs in Fig. 4043, includes an additional filter and
detection time plus the operate time of the trip output relay. When the operate time of the relay is calculated using
the mathematical expression above, these additional times of about 30 ms in total have to be added to the time
received.
Slope of the time/ a b
current curve set
Normal inverse 0.02 0.14
Very inverse 1.0 13.5
Extremely inverse 2.0 80.0
Long-time inverse 1.0 120.0
t [s] =
kxb
I
I>
a
-1
32
Figure 49 Extremely inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit
If the set start current exceeds 2.5 x In, the
maximum permitted continuous current
carrying capacity of the energizing inputs (4 x In)
must be observed.
At inverse time characteristic the effective
setting range of the low-set overcurrent stage is
0.52.5 x In, although start current settings
within the range 2.55.0 x In can be set on the
relay. At inverse time characteristic any start
current setting above 2.5 x In of the low-set
stage will be regarded as being equal to 2.5 x In.
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2 20 I/I>
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
k
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
70
60
50
t/s
33
Figure 50 Very inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I>
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
k
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
70
60
50
40
30
t/s
34
Figure 51 Normal inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
k
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> 6
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
t/s
35
Figure 52 Long-time inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit
1 2 3 4 5 10 20 6 7 8 9
I/I>
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
k
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
t/s
36
17 Technical Data
Auxiliary power supply
Rated auxiliary supply
Rated Frequency
Power Consumption
a) Under quiescent condition
b) Under Operating condition
80 - 265 V AC/DC
- 4 W
- 6 W
18 - 80 V DC or
50 Hz
Indications
Relay supply healthy
Protection start
Protection trip
Relay internal failure
Relay display
Green LED
Green LED
Red LED
Red LED
16 x 2 Alpha numeric LCD display with
backlit
Over current and earth fault relay settings
Over Current Protection
Low Set (I>) Stage
a) Current Range 50-200% of In in steps of 1%
b) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec
c) Item/current characteristic at Normal Inverse
IDMT mode (site-selectable) Very Inverse
Extreme Inverse
Long-time Inverse*
d) Time Multiplier K 0.05, 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.1
High Set (I>>) State
a) Current Range 50-2000% of In in steps of 1/5
b) Operate time at Inst. mode 50 m Sec
c) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec
Type designation
Energizing Inputs
NI 40/41
Rated Current In
Thermal Withstand
a) Continuous
b) For 1 Second
Dynamic current withstand
Input impedance
1 A
4 A
100 A
250 A
<100mW
5 A
20 A
500 A
1250 A
<20mW
Energizing quantities, rated values & limits
37
* Any new characteristic curve shall be added at the end of the existing list.
Over current and earth fault relay settings
Earth Fault Protection
10-80% of In in steps of 1%
0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec
Normal Inverse
Very Inverse
Extreme Inverse
Long-time Inverse*
0.05, 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.1
Low Set (I >) Stage
0
a) Current Range
b) Operate time at DMT mode
c) Item/current characteristic at
IDMT mode (site-selectable)
d) Time Multipier l k
10-1000% of In in steps of 1%
50 m Sec
0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec
High Set (Io>>) State
a) Current Range
b) Operate time at Inst. mode
c) Operate time at DMT mode
Tripping Contact
Output contact ratings
Terminals
Rated Voltage
Continuous Carrying capacity
Make and Cary 3.0 sec
Make and carry 0.5 sec
Breaking capacity for DC when control circuit time constant L/R <40 ms and at
voltage
a) 220V DC
b) 110V DC
c) 48V DC
11.12 (NO)
250V AC/DC
5 A
15 A
30 A
Signaling & IRF contact
Terminals
Rated Voltage
Continuous Carrying capacity
Make and Cary 3.0 sec
Make and carry 0.5 sec
Breaking capacity for DC when control circuit time constant L/R <40 ms and at
voltage
a) 220V DC
b) 110V DC
c) 48V DC
21, 22, 23 (C/O) &
24, 25, 26 (C/O) &
29, 28, 27 (C/O)
250V AC/DC
5 A
8 A
10 A
1 A
3 A
5 A
0.15 A
0.25 A
1A
38
* Any new characteristic curve shall be added at the end of the existing list.
High Frequency (1 MHz) disturbance test (IEC 60255-22-1), common mode 2.5 kV
High Frequency (1 MHz) disturbance test (IEC 60255-22-1), differential mode 1.0 kV
Fast transient (IEC 60255-22-4, class III and IEC 801-4, level 4), power supply port 4 kV, 2.5 kHz, 50W
Fast transient (IEC 60255-22-4, class III and IEC 801-4, level 4), other ports 2 kV, 2.5 kHz, 50W
Electrostatic discharge (IEC 60255-22-2 and IEC 801-2, Class III), air discharge 8 kV
Electrostatic discharge (IEC 60255-22-2 and IEC 801-2, Class III), contact discharge 6 kV
RF electromagnetic field test (IEC 61000-4-3 and ENV 50140) 10 V/m, f=80...1000MHz
Conducted RF disturbance test (IEC 61000-4-5 and ENV 50141) 10 Vm, f=150 kHz ....
1000 Mhz
Surge immunity test (IEC 60255-22-5 and IEC 61000-4-5), common mode 2 kV, 1.2/50ms, 12W
Surge immunity test (IEC 60255-22-5 and IEC 61000-4-5), differential mode 1 kV, 1.2/50ms, 2W
Conducted and radiated RF emission test (IEC 60255-25, EN55011-CISPRII), Class A
conducted emission (main)
Conducted and radiated RF emission test (IEC 60255-25, EN55011-CISPRII), Class A
conducted emission (main)
Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8), continuous 100 A/m
Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8), Short duration 300 A/m
Interference Test
Variation voltage 68...255 V
Interruption 80 V - 50% 0... 200ms
Interruption 80 V - 100% 0... 30 ms
Interruption 255 V - 100% 0... 160 ms
Ripple in DC voltage Max. 12% of DC value
Power Supply Test (IEC 60255 - 11, IEC 61000-4-11)
Insulation Requirement
Dielectric test voltage (IEC 60255-5)
Impulse test voltage (IEC 60255-5)
Insulation resistant (IEC 60255-5)
2.0 kV. 50 Hz.1 min
5.0 kV. 1.2/50 ms. 0.5J
>100 MW, 50 Vdc
Electrical Tests
39
Mechanical Tests
Seismic test (ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987), operating basis earthquake test 0.5...5.25 g
Seismic test (ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987), safe shut down earthquake test 0.5...7.5g
Vibration response and endurance test (IEC 60255-2-1) 2...13.2 Hz, + 1.0 mm
13.2...100 Hz, + 0.7g
Shock response and endurance test (IEC 60255-21-2) Class 1, 11 ms
Bump test (IEC-60255-21-2) 20g. 1000 bumps/direction
0 0
Service temperature range -10 C....+55 C
0 0
Transport and storage temperature range (IEC 60068-2-48) -40 C....+70 C
0 0
Dry heat test, (IEC 60068-22-2) -55 C....+70 C
0
Cyclic (12+12 hour cycle) damp heat test, (IEC 60068-2-30) <95%, +40 C, 96% Rh
0 0
Cold heat test, (IEC 60068-22-1) -10 C....-20 C
Corrosion test Battelle test
Degree of protection by enclosure, IP test (IEC 60529) IP 54
Environmental test
40
18 Maintenance & Repair
When the protection relay is operating under the
conditions specified in the section "Technical
data", the relay is practically maintenance free.
The relay modules include no parts or
components subject to an abnormal physical or
electrical wear under normal operating
conditions.
If the environmental conditions at the relay
operating site differ from those specified, as to
temperature, humidity, or if the atmosphere
around the relay contains chemically active
gases or dust, the relay ought to be visually
inspected in association with the relay
secondary test.
On request, the relay can be given a special
treatment for the protection of the printed circuit
boards against stress on materials, caused by
abnormal environmental conditions.
If the relay fails in operation or if the operating
values remarkably differ from those of the relay
specifications, the relay should be given a
proper overhaul. No parts of the relay are site
replacable.
Please contact the manufacturer or his nearest
representative for further information about
checking, overhaul and recalibration of the
relay.
Note !
Numerical protection relays contain electronic
circuits which are liable to serious damage due
to electrostatic discharge. Before removing a
module containing electronic circuits, ensure
that you are at the same electrostatic potential
as the equipment, for instance, by touching the
relay case.
Note !
Static protection relays are measuring
instruments and should be handled with care
and protected against moisture and mechanical
stress, especially during transport.
20 Dimensions and mounting
The relay is housed in normally flush mounted
case. The relay case is made up of mild steel
power coated with RAL 7035. A front cover
frame with rubber gasket provides a degree of
protection by enclosure to IP54 between the
relay case and the panel surface when the relay
is panel mounted.
The relay is fixed / mounted on the panel with the
support of two relay holder on top and bottom of
the relay. These holders are made up of PBT
(poly butylene terephthalate) , which holds the
relay firmly.
Two terminal strips and two multipole
connectors are mounted on the back of the relay
case to facilitate all input and output
connections. To each multipole connector i.e.
2 2
measuring input, one 6 mm , one 4 mm or one
2
or two 2.5 mm wires can be connected. The
power supply input, trip contacts and signalling
outputs are available on two ten pole detachable
connectors.
19 Internal relay failure (IRF)
In addition to the protection functions, the relay
module is provided with a self-supervision
system which continuously supervises the
function of the microprocessor, its program
execution and the electronics.
Shortly after the internal self-supervision
system has detected a permanent relay fault in
the relay module, the Red IRF indicator on the
front panel is lit. At the same time the module
puts forward a control signal to the output relay
of the self-supervision system (IRF relay) of the
protection relay NI 40/41.
In most fault situations, a fault code indicating
the nature of the fault, appears on the display of
the module. The internal relay fault code shown
on the display remains active until the internal
fault possibly disappears.
When such internal relay fault occurs, the fault
code should be recorded for statistical and
maintenance purposes and immediately stated
with order of service.
41
Relay Type
NI 40
NI 40
NI 40
NI 40
NI 41
NI 41
NI 41
NI 41
21 Ordering details
Current Input
1A
5A
1A
5A
1A
5A
1A
5A
Aux Supply
80-265 V AC/DC
80-265 V AC/DC
18-80 V AC/DC
18-80 V AC/DC
80-265 V AC/DC
80-265 V AC/DC
18-80 V AC/DC
18-80 V AC/DC
Article No.
1MYN742837-A
1MYN742837-B
1MYN742837-C
1MYN742837-D
1MYN742838-A
1MYN742838-B
1MYN742838-C
1MYN742838-D
42
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