You are on page 1of 2

LEM 9G03 LEM 9G03

INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL LAW INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL LAW


SUGGESTED ANSWERS TO ESSAY QUIZ
NO. 1:
1. Explain fully the principle of
ignorance of the law excuses no one
from compliance therewith. -
Conclusive pesu!p"ion o# l$%& '$se( on
e)pe(ienc* $s %ell $s pu'lic polic* $n(
necessi"*. Wee i" no" #o "+is ule $l!os"
eve*'o(* %oul( 'e $'le "o elieve
+i!sel# o# $n* ci!in$l o civil li$'ili"* '*
cl$i!in, +e is i,no$n" o# "+e l$%. T+e
ule e#es onl* "o !is"$-es %i"+ e,$(
"+e e)is"ence o# $ (o!es"ic l$% .$n( no"
#oei,n l$%/ $n( no" "o !is"$-es %i"+
e,$( "+e $pplic$"ion o in"epe"$"ion o#
$ (i##icul" o (ou'"#ul 0ues"ion o# l$% o
%i"+ e,$( "o "+e e##ec" o# $ ce"$in
con"$c" o "$ns$c"ion o !is"$-es o# #$c".
2. What are the exceptions to the rule
that laws shall have no retroactive
effect?
$. W+en "+e l$% i"sel# e)pessl* povi(es
#o i"s e"o$c"ivi"*
'. W+en "+e l$% is pen$l inso#$ $s i"
#$vos "+e $ccuse( %+o is no" $
+$'i"u$l ci!in$l
c. W+en "+e l$% is poce(u$l so lon, $s
i" (oes no" c+$n,e ves"e( i,+"s
(. W+en "+e l$% ce$"es ne% su's"$n"ive
i,+"s
e. W+en "+e 1$% is cu$"ive in c+$$c"e
#. W+en "+e 1$% is in"epe"$"ive o# o"+e
l$%s
,. W+en "+e l$% is e!e,enc* in n$"ue
un(e "+e police po%e o# "+e s"$"e
3. What are the exceptions to the rule
that an act executed against
provisions of mandatory or prohibitory
laws shall be void? ive examples of
each.
$. W+ee "+e l$% i"sel# $u"+oi2es i"s
v$li(i"* .s%eeps"$-es& 3$i-$l$i/
'. W+ee "+e l$% i"sel# $u"+oi2es i"s
v$li(i"* 'u" punis+es "+e viol$"o
.%i(o% %+o e!$ies 'e#oe "+e
l$pse o# 455 ($*s $#"e "+e (e$"+ o#
+e +us'$n( is li$'le "o ci!in$l
posecu"ion& 'u" "+e !$i$,e i"sel# is
v$li(/
c. W+ee "+e l$% !eel* !$-es "+e $c"
voi($'le .!$i$,e cele'$"e( "+ou,+
violence o in"i!i($"ion/
(. W+ee "+e l$% (ecl$es "+e $c" $s
voi(& 'u" eco,ni2es le,$l e##ec"s $s
$isin, #o! i" .c+il(en o# voi(
!$i$,es/
!. "ights may be waived. #n what cases
may waiver be prohibited and declared
null and void?
$. W+en i" is con"$* "o l$%& pu'lic
o(e& pu'lic polic*& !o$ls o ,oo(
cus"o!s
'. W+en i" is pe3u(ici$l "o $ 4
(
peson
%i"+ $ i,+" eco,ni2e( '* l$%
$. #n case of silence% obscurity or
insufficiency of the law with respect to
a particular controversy% what rules
shall be applied?
$. Cus"o! o# "+e pl$ce
'. In (e#$ul" "+eeo#& "+e ,ene$l
pinciples o# l$% $n( 3us"ice
6. What is meant by custom? & "+e
3ui(ic$l ule %+ic+ esul"s #o! $ cons"$n"
LEM 9G03 LEM 9G03
INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL LAW INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL LAW
$n( con"inue( uni#o! p$c"ice '*
!e!'es o# $ soci$l co!!uni"*& %i"+
espec" "o $ p$"icul$ s"$"e o# #$c"s& $n(
o'seve( %i"+ $ convic"ion "+$" i" is
3ui(ic$ll* o'li,$"o*.
W+$" s+oul( #is" 'e es"$'lis+e( 'e#oe
suc+ cus"o! coul( 'e consi(ee( $s $
souce o# i,+"7 - i" !us" 'e pove( $s $
#$c"& $cco(in, "o "+e ules o# evi(ence.
T+e #$c" s+oul( +$ve "+e #ollo%in,
e0uisi"es: 1- plu$li"* o# $c"s& 8-
uni#o!i"* o# $c"s& 4- ,ene$l p$c"ice '*
"+e ,e$" !$ss o# "+e people o# "+e
coun"* o co!!uni"*& 9- con"inue(
p$c"ice #o $ lon, peio( o# "i!e& :-
,ene$l convic"ion "+$" "+e p$c"ice is "+e
pope ule o# con(uc"& 6- con#o!i"* %i"+
l$%& !o$ls& o pu'lic polic*
'. (fter a devastating storm causing
widespread destruction in four )entral
*u+on provinces% the executive and
legislative branches of the government
agreed to enact a special law
appropriating ,- billion for purposes
of relief and rehabilitation for the
provinces. #n view of the urgent
nature of the legislative enactment% it
is provided in its effectivity clause that
it shall ta.e effect upon approval and
after completion of publication in the
/fficial a+ette and a newspaper of
general circulation in the ,hilippines.
0he law was passed by the )ongress
on 1uly -% -223% signed into law by the
,resident on 1uly 3% -223 and
published in such newspaper of
general circulation on 1uly '% -223 and
in the /fficial a+ette on 1uly -3. -223.
$. When did the law ta.e effect?
Explain. & ;ul* 15& 1<<5 'ec$use i"
%$s "+e "i!e "+$" pu'lic$"ion in "+e
O##ici$l G$2e""e %$s co!ple"e(
'. )an the executive branch start
releasing and disbursing funds
approved by said law the day
following its approval? Explain. &
No 'ec$use i" %$s no" e##ec"ive *e"
'ec$use i" s"ill nee(e( pu'lic$"ion in
"+e O##ici$l G$2e""e $n( "+e
ne%sp$pe o# ,ene$l cicul$"ion