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FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURE & BUILT ENVIRONMENT


SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
EV101 ELECTRICAL PRINCIPLES
Experiment 3
AC Circuits: RC and RL in Series
Objective:
To verify Kirchhoffs Voltage Law (KVL) in RC circuit.
To verify Kirchhoffs Voltage Law (KVL) in RL Circuit.
Apparatus and components:
1. Resistors: 1 k.
2. Capacitor: 100 nF.
3. Inductor: 100 mH.
4. Breadboard.
5. Signal Generator.
6. Oscilloscope.
7. Multimeter.
8. Jumpers/cables/connectors.
Background theory:
A. RC Circuit.
An RC circuit operated using AC voltages, E, is shown in Fig. 3.1.

R
V

C
V
Fig. 3.1 RC circuit
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Relation between E,
R
V , and
C
V for the RC circuit of Fig. 3.1 is shown in Fig. 3.2 below.

R
V
C
V E
Fig. 3.2 Relation E,
R
V , and
C
V for RC circuit.
B. RL Circuit.
An RC circuit operated using AC voltages, E, is shown in Fig. 3.3.

R
V

L
V
Fig. 3.3 RL circuit.
Relation between E,
R
V , and
L
V for the RL circuit of Fig. 3.3 is shown in Fig. 3.4 below.

R
V
L
V
E
Fig. 3.4 Relation E,
R
V , and
L
V for RL circuit.
Procedure:
A. To verify KVL in RC circuit.
1. Construct an RC circuit as shown in Fig. 3.1 on the breadboard.
2. Calculate theoretically the voltages across R and C for the values of k R 1 ,
nF C 100 , and t E 185 . 6283 sin 1 V.
. .......... ..........
R
V . .......... ..........
C
V
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3. Verify KVL for the RC circuit in Fig. 3.1, theoretically.
4. Switch ON the signal generator, and then set the frequency 1 kHz and the output voltage
1 Vp. By using Voltmeter, measure the voltages across E, R, and C.
. .......... ..........
R
V . .......... ..........
C
V
5. By using oscilloscope, measure the voltages across E, R, and C.
. .......... ..........
R
V . .......... ..........
C
V
6. Based on experiment results, verify the KVL in the RC circuit of Fig. 3.1.
Discussion:
Conclusion:
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B. To verify KVL in RL circuit.
1. Construct an RL circuit as shown in Fig. 3.3 on the breadboard.
2. Calculate theoretically the voltages across R and L for the values of k R 1 ,
mH L 100 , and t E 185 . 6283 sin 1 V.
. .......... ..........
R
V . .......... ..........
L
V
3. Verify KVL for the RC circuit in Fig. 3.3, theoretically.
4. Switch ON the signal generator, and then set the frequency 1 kHz and the output voltage
1 Vp. By using Voltmeter, measure the voltages across E, R, and L.
. .......... ..........
R
V . .......... ..........
L
V
5. By using oscilloscope, measure the voltages across E, R, and L.
. .......... ..........
R
V . .......... ..........
L
V
6. Based on experiment results, verify the KVL in the RL circuit of Fig. 3.3.
Discussion:
Conclusion: