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FEDERAL BUREAU

OF INVESTIGATION

RICHARD NATHANIEL

PART

BUFILE NUMBER:

1OF

WRIGHT

100-157464

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endet egoof 15 reneve; fromorphen


eqlm
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eno then imnne

hie we: throughout

-1

the eooitry.

Subject eeployed by IPA from l-3-38 to 5-1&#39;!-89.


Subject the euthor of "letive Son , e novel
-

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which wee
later
run

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to ee-IO

of 1940 end 1941&#39;.


Informtion

euhjeo e hook, Twelve llillion


let

oh:

included in

TheBeet
regarding

Black Voices

out.

g &#39;_&#39;
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Bureaufile Iueher 100-151464!


In:-eeuLetter to In York
leted

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et__
~
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* A

December
I, 1962.

lj

A review of the indicoe of the Public Library of lee York City,


looeted et 5th Avenue end 62nd ltreet,

reflected

1
_;

thet the eu b-

ject&#39;e
true lent ie HICELED
IATEAIIE.WRIGHT
endthat he we bornLe 1909. he

;.

indioee eleo re ected thet the euhJectwrote the following boob: lire end
l
Cloud
Tvelve ,
iiillion ileoi ioee : " I etive
ion , end Uncleioili a hili.i-ii .

Ir.
IL
3. I01-50!, in the 1939 ieeue of the Indore @|e.rterIl;&#39;,
T011130
lleven, Iueher live. in reviewingthe Io:-he of the eubjeot. eteted thet

8&#39;.
J3
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92

| RICHARD
HIE! ueehorn one broken
don plentetioneeerIetohet.lieeieeipyi,
&#39;
e Stete vrhioh leede the Union in illiteracy.

92 teeily

Ohrietienit;

end eohooreoy. lie

trevelled free townto ton like grub-voree. lie fether got


tired

el

hie poverty-revqhd
household
enddeserted
the feeily. PerelyeieetrlokHe

mother
donendheentered
enorphen
eeylue
butre.nof!et fifteen. le I280

I]

&#39;
he heuntedieele it:-eet end leter he imno his he ell over mi oo-vita -,agn-;-*
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dewnedupon hie thet he neededen education. led

then. whether digging ditchee or clerking


hhtlhll
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itg

hf
I-illnnnhten
we -Q
--I-3&#39;-ep leel
-an

hllnclwlln
|pp
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in the poet eftioe,

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pg Knee
QUU_|-

liell
pep:

he devoured the

QQQI
we-u

ti
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h_U_.
WI

&#39;.

hed been eep

edvieed the writer thet the euhject


A en e Iederel Write:-e&#39;
Pi-o,1ect tron Jenner; I. 1938,

ye
t

to Hey 17. 1939, whenhe resigned to eccept


privete
eubject wee reeiding

et 809 hint

Iicholee

eeployeent. Lt thie tiee

Avenue, Iew York Git!.

&#39;!&#39;he
Beet Pllle Of 1940 end 1941&#39;
by EH-IS IIITLI included Nil
eutject&#39;e
play, Bethe Son , which wee produced{roe the eu&#39;h,1ect&#39;e
novel I7
the

e=

Ir. EEOOISAHIISOH in the Iew York !ieee hed the following to ee;
ebout the euh;ect&#39;e
play, "Native Son : the
In
dreee Ir. GREENeed Ir. RICH!
work in e eore objective
etyle.
of Bigger i&#39;noeee&#39;e
gheetiy criee

l-ii?

__.-

Iithout
the euhjective
heckground their defense
in the court ecene eounde like generelieed

pleetiing.
It lecke the etinging enlighteent er the Ieet third of llr. Imam :
novel. But thet oonpletee tnie -co1uen&#39;e
hill of exoeptione to the higgeet

..e .
_ 3.
:92."q
e
, ., .
.
<

eeee

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Lnericen

dre-ne of

the

eeeeon."

eubject,

Ihe novel, liwelve Million Fleck l&#39;oioee",


which wee written by the
wee publiehed by the Viking ?reee in Iew York Git; in October. 1941,

end thie bookin divided into four pertel


! Our ltrenge lirth:
! Inheritore
of Iievery:
! Deeth on the City Peveeente: end ! Ien in the Ieking. In the
foreword, llr. WEIGHTetetee"whi1e thie
novel

purporte to render e hroed picture

of the proceeeee oi negro life


in the United ltetee.
ietcntionelly
it dnee lot
include in ite coneideretione
thoee ereee of negro life
which coespriee the eo-

celled &#39;te1er-ted
tenth or the ieoieted ie1e.nde or Ieletto leederehip which ere
etilgl to he iound in e_e_nv
pe_rte e! the South er the growing end inlleeetiel
negro

.____ ____--45.- _ .
K;
ee-

eiddle cleee profeeeionel end hueineee een of the Iorth whohere. for the pelt
twenty yeere or eore, foreed e eort of Iieieon

corpe hetween the whitee end the

&#39;h1ec.ke"e
&#39;

_-e,____ ,--,&#39;
5-"-
_-&#39;,

The reference letter re ected thet on Pege 143 oi the ehcve-eentiened


novel, there wee mteriel
thet eppeered to he eeditioue in heture: end for the
benefit or the Bureau, the ehove-eentioned pege ie being quoted in full!

m_92
_.- _-in
_?

there ere eilliene

ct ee Qd ee ere
eovig

in ell

directieeet

L11

our Iivee we here been oetepulted into ereoee where. hed we thought ooeeoievnell

gt .11|1&#39;d.ing
thee, we wouldhevehungheck. A eeneeof eonetentohengehe etoll
.. .

etientlrinto

our
liver

end hee hecoee operative in our pereonelitiee ee e Lev

of living.

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92

aro oooaoof no who


tool

hora

tapoooiblo
to

J-.r

our
horto

work sith shitos: no tool


that

oo lo-sply that Io

it io fntilo

to hopo
or

ll

it

lrsas to

torn of Ann-loos:
lito.
Our tiot:-not to oo root that vo for: intsoooly roots!
and national
iotlc
organizations and advocate tho ootahliohnont of
o
osparsto
stato,
a
forty--ninth otato.
to
which no black folk would ltvo.

J I-t_

1&#39;horo
aro ovoo today anon; no l&#39;O&#39;I|pl
that torloroly

plan a rotcrn

to Lfrlc-I.

Ihors s.ro othoro of no who


fool
tho aooc of tho prctoctton of
a
strong nation oc keonly that
so
acoiro tho
harsh
ant iaporialtottc
pollcios of
Japan and araontly
hops
that tho Japanooo
sill
assuas tho loadorohip of tho
Markor

racoo&#39;.

La our conocicoonooo chongoo.


as
ooadciling clothoo, oc run our
livoo
in a

folk

=T-oay. all
I&#39;I_".
o"-I92
-- I
."&#39;
. _
y__

Io

mke

ao tho
Ihito

of no &#39;olac
fol :r aro not
poor.
folk

lake

theirs,

at foo of ii

but our lone!-inking

our

hiro ioni-

to rootrictod

to

our con pooplo. Ian; of uo black folk hows managedto oond our ohil
to ron
ochool. and
a
for of our child:-on aro nos profooolonal and. husinoot Isa Ihcoo
otandnrco of
livlg
app;-origto thooo of ;idd_lo-claoo Ihitoo,
loco
of
ll on
loll

o .
s~_
. . .1,.&#39;
.L&#39;-awn.-_-_
:
4
r .-----,-I.I _ __ -_ ~-.
Ln._

Era

it

so cons of ago. ao to
shod
hondrod tiroctiono.

:-&#39;

huoineoooo:

othero

tovoto
thsir

"But tho osjority


or

industry. and labor


in

ltvoo
to

no
still

tho kitchono
of

ill -1&1-IEIQ

toil

Iorkero

to loam

on tho plontotiono.

=I

that tho; could not protoct

ua
ww Hlanlra
loos-I w uara
--rrw ntnlu
-frn- v ad
-

-v

tholr
-v

Tho following quctaticno aro found on Page 146 oi the


oono

hook

pogo oi tho novolt

!&#39;lffcrooooi
ho

color.

m~=;.~&#39;,-:&#39;.":
I< .~..._,._ 1 I /.1,
Jonoco
J

Iniclil
---- e

lhuu hnndroco of thcuoaniio o!_thos found that tho; could not fit
scccoosfolly
for incroaood
vagso
and union rooognitton cnlooo orootood ahoulcor to shccltor
with thou. Lo a oonooquonco.non! of no havo rocontly hocooo
nsshors
of stool,
antooohile. poking and tobacco nnlcno.&#39;
and to tho laot

i-7-"

host:

curing tho doproosionco-uo nan;

through chronic prtvation

oi"-up
a0
a
Amiga go,-ml-1-A
I_|I|oiQ_
inn 11-t
Q71 nl In
DI 1mm
_C_

work
in

tho Loris of tho I-and and tho Boooeoof

Tho gcnorol dislocation of


llfo
shits

law and nodiclnoo

and tho tioo

hotooon hlack

road of hcpo which co all


ha-vs

Elhsh1p thanon;
sorta,

folk

::-.5 -ah

that bind no aro lloplr

lava
or

than thou
trcvolhd hlo
hr __

logal claims.

-at"-3-*1-e.P
otooo.
o
toast:-oqor

.
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but
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not
put
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at
you
ta
grunt
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nothing.
In
no
liming
our
in-itago
though
our
ll
0180!
tn;
1|antiOur
Ibo
loans
of
the
hllunga
an
In:
Qroblan
1|banal
solutio
Io
manor:
problem
10
801:;
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Io
ancrush;
till11.
101
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II to
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though
no
pgtnthe
001:
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lletato
the
than
0!nayofIll
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ofthou:-Ih
ofu are
loving
into
tho
lphoti
ofooauclcu
history.
Wu
are
with
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annu. Inatnnd
atthe
tron:-nah.
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urgent
appeals.
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$*:;zm. snItch

3,
1943

Director, FBI
E:
RICHARD

IRICIIT

INTERHLL SECURITI
SEDITIGI
Daar S11 :

In referenceto Bureau
letter of Jemmry 20,
1943, Bantu

file 160-157464!requesting thestatue of


the

above
enti.t.1ed

matter, this
in to ldvise thiscase Inbeen reeaeigned
and planed
in line

for :L|ned1.Bteinvestigation.

&#39;.""

Very
truly

yen:-I,

T:-&#39;

.ff Zc=--

bnQoamo!

,-- -_

ALL 1:-;F:,~:*.;.::.&#39;|";11;;
CQHTAINED

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BY

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nur-

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Director, 7.3.1.

r 1 Z1, 1945
6

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II: 3.1%
IATEIIIIL HOE!
cusroam IITIHTIOI !

Il. cD&#39;.._
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mania!

there
ere
Mia
trenuitted
the oriin
bhere
IIIII-----"" ""

Den: lira

and
copy
one1943,
the
of
report
oeetti ng outintonation concerning
the
dated April
18,
ceptionod imiivirinel.

An inveetigetion
of theeotivitiee ofthi e

-.. inriividnnl

em

17 being
oomiucteei
the
byleeYork Office
ie
preeent
. investigative
on
report
eetting out
the reeulte
of thie

em in
investigation I111
be eulbznitted.
to
the Dar

-ml! "

ho oopiee of
in the
appropriate file:
oe
information purpoeee,

the eeer
future.

report ere
being

10

ev York
Office

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FEDERAL BUREAU OF
IIVESTIGITWI

1 I

FOIPA DELETED
PIGE

IIFBHITIOI

SHEET
0

I21

Pnge s_! withheld


entirely this
at location
in thele. Oneor more
ofthe following
statements,
i &#39;&#39;
indicated, explain
this deletion.

E]

4&#39;

Deleted under
BXemptiOl&#39;1 Biw,_
bibe_
ntierial available

for release
to

i_ with no
nelmgllie

you.

Cl

Information pertained
only to a third party
with

no referenceto youor the subject of your request.

El
Information pertained only to athird

party. Your name is listed in the title only.

Doc-umentlel originatingwith the following government agencytiesi _

__ ,___
___i___e

e__

,wns/were

__ _

forwnided tothem fordirect responseto you.

Pagers! referred for consultation to the following government lgencytiesl;

it

, _

as
the

information originated
with them. You will

be Sdvised of availability upon return of the material to the FBI.

ii
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Pagelsl withheld for the following reasontsl:


[:1

I3

For your information:

____

The following numberis


to

_/ :

___

be used for reference regarding these pages:


I

4&#39;5I f741if one/nprd ,i_

is

_, _

___

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to be conducted
with
regard to him in Ihshington, D. C-, the NewYork City
office is bein; designated office of origin herein and this case in being
coneideref referred

upon completion
to

that

office.

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ngan losing Report, Ln V10 !of u tact that Bubjoct.in

tip: &#39;.|.n, activitiu


Oo|nun1lt
in tholowIork 1101:!
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It hasbun ascertainedthat tin lubjoct.present]; nlidu

at 89 Intfortc Place,lparhant 023, Brooklyn


16, In Io:-k. 111N117
Ln1&#39;-ha

neighborhood
of his torusrrnichancc,
9-olmbia
Bcighu,at &#39;7
Iiddagh
Strut,

Brooklyn,
Icurlurk, pmdunod
nointonationof vnlunto this innit-igatlon.

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Local

Ilth

lgcnt

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in

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nchrlnd
that

11,100-

1m&#39;.i b1A.hn
forces an January15, 1944hid ban undoI1 !-htbs acid

mason: "psycbono92u-unis,
avers, psyomctric njoctiong rutornd to Incl!

Boardfor further psychiatricandsocial investigation .


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It appeared tron Bob,1ect&#39;e


oontacte with his Local Board that
his interest
in
the problem of the Negro has become alnoet
en
it was said that he apparently overlooks the fact
that
hie
can

in

refutes any of his can etatenente regarding the iapoaaibility

D
f&#39;>92_
..

improving

obeeeaion and
riee to euoeeas

of the iegrote

hie peraonal position.

5 71

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Prom all

the information

concerning

and according to information

from Into:-manta
in

ie

as a writer.
In

continuing

his

activities

books he has also been engaged


in

Subject
in

publications

the NewIork 0&#39;ice,


Subject

addition

the writing

to hie better

mow:

of elcite and etoriea,

aoat of

Ihich concern the Negro. The publicity which has


been
received by Subject
IRIGHT is typified by the rather lengthy review of his life appearing
in
the
!&#39;cl92%
"G1.e..rrent
Biogz!pb.y-1-Q;Le.0&#39;
pdbl_.i..ehed
by the
H.
!= !il!Q.!l e
Ib_;.L!

volume
statesm ,

luthor, In bomBepteuber
4, not andhie

present address ie care of HLRPER


& BROTHERS,
49 8-let 3311:!Street,

City.

It refers to his as a brilliant

NewYork

youngnegrowriter aboeecollection of

abort stories "Uncle Tme&#39;e


Children" Ion a #500 priae competition
in
1938 and
Ihoee book Native $on" nee the iarch, 1956 eeiection of the Foot-of-the--ionth
Clnb. Inch

rI.

of the

article

contains

a review

of

the character

and theme or that

book.

fhe lite

1905,@na pllntltio
Iollona

H,
eye
lith

cf P.IGF.l_P
$68!
beginning
,

sit-b his birth, .5epte._ eer


4-,

25 Lies from Natchez, lissiesippi,

is exiriaed,

ae

Hie father,

GM,

Isa

I111 Iorker and hie mtllr,

acountry
echool
teacher.The
family
was
oontinually
on Eh
s education nae very aucb neglected. Whenhie nether as etrichn

pa?-elyeis during the first

house to live.

world ear, the 5|.1bjectnae gent to


an

|no1e&#39;e

IRIGHT is quoted ae having stated that be did eo Inch righting,

Iuv-lnn
hm-.1 gnu I-- H nu
an
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that
-.--

annf.
. ha
__
Inn
._-.--

--..- __--.bar-Ir.

he
Irtsndnn
ev his
.__ _ U-_._....._-..-.- __ mr

dictedthathewould
endonthegalloee.Bodies
,

in

nfl-e
&#39;-

a 7thDayldventiet


1-.

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1- -. k.

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$2..

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ls - -"

1|.

Qchocl, taught by I11: aunt. as 15


he

left honeandvent
to

Iezphie and got

.1:job cc pa-tar @ ;cccn_.gcr= 131.1% ti! cm_bcoq924|ct


gear;
he
ml
Lia
any all over the country Io:-ting at any tine. - ctJob from ditch-digging
to
clcrking in a poet office.
lie
drifted to Chicago
where
he had heard legroea

w-

etood a better chance


of
getting jobs.
He
was a clerk for a idle
an! tn
1933 had a taste
or
politics.
The review than quotes chat is purportedly
the Sub3ect&#39;e
can etatenentz

"I bccue an assistant precinct captain in the Republican


Priaary Election",
he
ea1d,"I can p1&#39;0I.&#39;1.8Od
a job I didn&#39;t
get it.
Next time I becamean aecietant precinct captain
for the Democratsarr! was pIl&#39;0l1IOd
a Job, Ihich I didn&#39;t
get. 80 thenlbacane a ed. Io1IIhi:att-hepapers

___-

refer to

an a card-carrying

Gcmunietfe

In 1935, IRISH! Iac


on
the I&#39;EEER.l.LIB.I1.&#39;I&#39;EB&#39;
HIOJBCTin
Chicago lni had eold paper articles and cone etc:-lee
to
the magazines.
camc tollewIork1n1937Ihercheaga1ngotonthcIRI 1&#39;H?S&#39;PRJJEC&#39;1

cecay
on

Harlem in the "liar Io:-k Pane:-1".

b eleo-did acne Icrk an

-912111;
Io:-her"
and
became
econtributing
editor
or
%
Iaeeea".
IRIGHT reportedly got a Guggenheim
fellcwlhip Ihich enabled hi!
to

.q&#39;;_&#39;
_
-

~&#39;*=."."
-

In

quit

the Project and oclplete his novel lllative 8-on


He .
lived for acnemonth!
during 191.0in Mexicobut returned
to
the United Staten tn Icv
of er
1903
4
-

_In.
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_~_&#39;_
5

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[:1

Deleted under
exemptionls!
__ _
material available

for
release

1-I

_ _ _ _ ._e4 __ __ _Irithnosepegnhle

to
you.

E3

Information pertained
onlyto
a third partywith noreference
to
you or thesubjectof
your request.
El

Information pertained
only noa thirdparty. Yourname islisted inthe title
E

-.-_.-_.-_-

_,_._-_-_.

Documentlsl originating
with thefollowing government
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for
consultation to
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the
terial

to
the

information originated
with them. You will
FBI.

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be advised

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availability

oi:-on retain . o

Fa
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Director, FBI

&#39; .

~51

IITIRIAL IICUHIII

relative to

_
--__.-.-Q

It is

named
below:

89 Lefforta Place, lpartneat 5-33


irooklyn 16,

i_.
-.-I
qp~ _-&#39;:
.

Business Address:

:1?"
1-I
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92
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..>.:;_.

__e__ NativeBorn

&#39;
______

f 92
L
192.T

lone

_.___. Iaturalized

Alien

______ German

Fascist Italian!

_
-

lav York

Q
q

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Communist

F,
:

I110!!!

Aliases:

Residence Address:

,1

- O

recommended that
eSecurity Index cardbe prepared

the individual

._-in

1944

Sir:

lame: RICHARD

I,

RE: iiGU3$$-I i i

=-"

V inc

nciuaanloat ,

-- _~..._:

F
~92
Dear

if
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Cm

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mm 100- 41674

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Initrp Du-tralrparlusrntII Isa..."

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as we
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Place ofBirth latch", 311111111191

E:
3&#39;:
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Entered U. S. __;
llaturalized date!
Iaturalized place

j at4;_
______________ &#39;
and Court! _
_

. &#39;__
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Date o

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._.__ Iiecellaneous

Very truly

yours.

TM
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HASH I-"ROM NEH YORK 2 28

-I-1:
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Illlnir:

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GAIN.

RICHARD NATHANIEL WRIGHT, IS-C.

TREE :-

FOR THE BUREAUS

TODAYS
NY92-IERALD
TRIBUNE
ENTI1T:ED92NEGRO
AUTHOR
CRITICIZES
REDS AS
IN

i
I
I

TOLERANT",
STATES
THAT
RICHARDQURIIIHT,
AUTHOR
O1-&#39;
NATIVE
SON
INDISCUSSING
HISOUN
BREAK
WITH
92COMMUNIST
PARTY
SAYS
PARTY
FEARS
NEH
IDEA

-.-

ANDTHATCOMMUNIST
POSITIONONAMERICAN
NEGRO
HASUNDERGONE
A DISTINC
L.-"

AND

%i_

LAMENTABLE

REGRESSION"

IN

RECENT

YEARS.

URIGHT

HAS

FURTHER

CRE-

DITED WITH DESCRIBING COHFTUNISTS


AS NARROWHINDED, BIGOTED, INTOLERAT

,.

AND I- RIGHTENED OF NEW IDEAS


HHICH

DONT FIT

INTO

THEIR

OWN.

THE HERALI

TRIBUNE FURTHERSTATES THAT HR HRIGHTS REMARKSHERE PROHPTEDBY


GROWING
OUT
..4
?

OF AN ARTICLE

UHICHI

HE HAS HRITTEN

FOR THE ATLANTIC

QUESTI<
V

MONTH

FOR
AUGUST
UNDER
THE
TITLE
OF92I
TRIED
TO
BE
ACOMMUNIST.
THE
TRIB

1f
r.
2

,.

...

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*4?" 9

Ag

00_

NY2 PAGE

+-

OF THE CHICAGO BREAK UITH THE


IN THE
47

-.

1
.&#39;
.

SECOND MAGAZINE ARTICLE.

COHHUNISTS REGAUSE THESE HILL


URIGHT
FURTHER

ADVISED THE

TRIBUNE

THAT HIS
CP MEMBERSHIPQEOVERED
THE PERIOD,
ROUGHLY,THE
FROH
LATTER
/34::/.
PART
OF
NINETEEN
THIRTYTHO
NINETEEN
TO
AND
FURTY
THAT
HIS EARLY
ASSOCIATION UITH

THE COHHUNISTS IN CHICAGO

HAS BEEN BROKEN IN

THIRTYSEVEN UHEN HE HAS EJECTED FROMTHE SAME.


Q
.. -

RE COVERED

NINETEEN

WRIGHT FURTHERADVISED

THAT HE HAS ON THE OUTS UITH THE PARTY FROM HAY UNTIL AUGUST THIRTY
_-

SEVEN AND THAT HE HAS REINSTATED IN NY


IN

A RELATIONSHIP
___ _ -____
SAME. THE

UITH THE

_-._-.___ --_-Ru
TRIBUNE ARTICLE

TABLE REGRESSION

PARTY UNTIL
FORTY

SUCH YEAR AND MAINTAINED


UHEN HE SAID HE
LEFT

-. Q-.-.~-..-.1---.-.
---.0.-.-.-an _-- pp;-Resin
Dlscuasluu NHIEHTD
cunnznxa nuuul

OF THE CP POSITION

THE

pant-I-I I"l!

ON THE AMERICAN NEGRO CREDITED HR.

-....a-.._ "
1.-_&#39;_
..
P_&#39;_
IL

..., ,F

.-=$&#39; _,_
19:: ~

URIGHT UITH

STATING &#39;PUBLICLYCOHNUNISTS HILL

DENY THAT THERE IS

SUBSTANTIAL CHANGE
IN THEIRH LITANCY, BUT
PRIVATELY
THEY
OFFER

ANY

ANY

HANDY
EXCUSE.

THE HILITANCYOF THENEGRO QUESTION


HAS PASSED
INTO THE

HANDS OF
RIGHT

UING
NEGROE5.

THAT HAS NOT TRUE EIGHT YEARS

AGO.
GHOST

OF THE BATTLES THEN HERE LED BY


COHMUNISTS.&#39; THE ARTICLE FURTHER STA-

. I l-I

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5

IENCE
IN

"I _-._ __ .
-_-.:&#39;.

THEIR
IDEAS

1"

WRITING.

1THOUGHT

OE HOW ISHOULD

IT UOULD
REACT
AS

&#39;

at or

"

VALUE
TO

THEM. THEY

ACOMMUNIST.

THERE
HAS

nan

AN IRRE-

CONCILABLE GAP
BETUEEN OU1 ATTITUDES.
IDO NOT REGARD
THE COMHUN
-,-r - -_
1,: ..
._

TODAY AS

EFFECTIVE INSTRUMENTS

ADVISED THE

Ki

TRIBUNE THAT

ABOUT PEOPLE.
VERY SOCIETY

THE COMMUNISTS

COHMUNISTS PECULIARLY
THEY ARE

__-1-_
L_".

IN INTOLERANCE

t -2.

UNDER CONSIDERATION
__.

FOR SOCIAL

TRYING TO

CHANGE. WRIGHT
HAVE

ARE TOO

CHANGE. THIS

AND NARROUNESS.&#39; AT THE

THE ADVISABILITY

ATERRIBLE

FURTHER
LOT T0

MUCH THE

VICTIH5 OF

TOO OFTEN

PRESENT TIME

OFFICE HAS

HR URIGHT.

counov

HOLD &#39;

.5.

92
.

92"92 7
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.

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92

THE

FINDS EXPRESSI

THE NY

OE INTERVIEUING

LEARN

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long Idgu Hoovor- Dinctor, hdonl Baron:of Invui-1-zltinn

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< is nah to
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reported d.iaaIfil1atS.on

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it in suggested that you oonsidor obtaining from its lpooi x: lntonottm
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Politic-ll lloooiati n
rigafd
to tho
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itiuociitioa.
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P-lrthumom, it tan U
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previous otody should ho
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portlnont ooononto In Ioku dth
_
l,..._._. @-

Dr-.T1,f1Z-ff]!
BE/50!// .

Ana intorvinr with Irlght mat, of course, ho moot ncroot, par orh
Lu-1,7
in
light or hi; ropo:-ted cements
in
which ho lmonts tho &#39;ngnuim"
of the Caz;-mint Political
Asaociotionw position with rupoot to tho Anrionn

a ruler of the tolotypo you oubvdttod in this r0_,u-d, it 10:04


ToL-nr. logm. 1- ran:
loom thu. Irignt doe: not twink the cont-.m*.rt Political
Loaoclatlo
nvolutlonuy
. 1..&#39;--:&#39;._"

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C.&#39;:Glavlv
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tn; proaent time with rnpoct to the odnnolnunt of the Ixro


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discover- &#39;_ $

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unly a Iorm 01 white chauvtnlam.
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pie : cause. 1!
-_
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then iuyaltg tn
the Onmmunin jl illtl
will
iiie fi
it rili.
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inadvertently tr not. he taken a
andthattheywulitavethetrequal
Inttiun
in la: bigger qtacitbcru thingtn
than whether a penon hie:
against the lien-n. me hm deOummunteu.
Within the part few yearn and mand an a man who B to remain
taster in recent rnonlha, the Negro tn the Oommunm movement k
people have abaped tn nal Iorm that he he a democrat-tn the
their lnlwera to the nauonai broad, ncnpmr aenae 0! the word
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Ben Davtt

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e time. a eenatn

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ltandw l ght

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UITS
191:1; 0nt1t1ad&#39;RB1B
LLL IRONG

=vt &#39;_&#39; _
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of
tha
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ibla political
ghlluoglg Iqforuar Ocumnist
TIANTIO
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Today"
by
GEORGE S.801-IUIIEE appearing in
the
Pittsburgh Ocmriar.

Atlantic loath};
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IHI0l "a articlas


August 6,

This item

also intenating

oontauuwhat ittaru

to
aorta

in tho hi]; Io:-kar

191;}. tha coluln

considers first

called attantion

and ea-nantad trial]; Qua

it.

that
conaidu-abla
ark

publicity In

nllrapapar. In II tho
. This Ih ;

by
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J. IIVIS,

JR. antitlad,

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um.
1 calla tha pubm and mm
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mm
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iii

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dim

In:-lnar
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HIIGHT is trying to
iqaran.
DAVIS raters to
IB.IGm"l
lttltuda an
a n
at
auparlzttin which
puts him in a class Iith
IOEHLR
TBOIAS andotbar &#39;1iad-htar
DINIS eoanenta that
this
attack wIRISH!
acne: at
a
crucial alaction
t-in than
the tutura ltata at
the
nag;-on raquiraa tba ra-election
at
looaavnlt.
&#39; ,

ES;
as-tic!
nom
bynon
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in
D118
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DATE:
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Memorandum
UNITED
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:11.100-157464!

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/

Reference
is made
to thereport
oiBpecial
Lgen&#39;t

-= - ---T.&#39;r
"&#39;"

madeat NewYa-k City on September


5,
IRIGHI ; INTERNALSECURITYC.
New York Field Division, "After careful
co

1944 entitled RICHARD

This report sets out e. lead for the


deration interview the subject

IRIC-HI
concerning
his
association
with
mdet
Party."

_.

interview
.. I

After very careful consideratio


it is felt inadvisable to
IRIGIT particularly
as thetnsia
&#39;
s
break with the Commnist Party,

asappears
from
hisrecent
articles
inthe{At1antic
llonthly
Iagasine,
isthe

.L=m921r-Lsi-lP!zl_5.si_1,1@r=
is Es=11.f_{i_Js11i_
xggisl.-""1
1&#39;.
-_1i
"=P__
&#39;*%
P-toft adv-acenent
e
of_:,%e"__f
&#39;I1&#39;v=.se
gr9,__
articles
also
Ixmdicate
acomp
ste

-_---

Eo fea ;spro1&#39;aI~by&#39;1lHIGH&#39;1
the Americansay of life.

-pee- -

L150 considered in arriving


at the decision not to interview
IRIGHT are the facts that he has been classified
4-F due to severe psycho-neurosis
and his

interest

contacts
with

his

Local

Selective

Service

Board

have

reflected

his

in the problem of the Neg-o to be almost an obsession.


In View of the subject&#39;s
public break Idth the Camurxist Party,

he is no longer being carried as}

Ke1figxue_by ,tl3e__I_~Ie1r
Iork _1l :le1d_HDi!ision,

howeierja&#39;
Securityme: Cardon e 1; being i?a1nm1T|3&#39;Sy"1.ne
New:01-kOffice

dueto hisi1 iLt.r___11:


attitude

The anb inf

jthe,&#39;]Qg1:g_pob1en.

ation

secured by this

office

concerning IRIGHT

at has not already been eported is that he was listed as a memberof the
___.lational

Committee of the International

l&#39;IZ
lee-II-1 4 Qll-I
no-vi blH92
man
let LII
we DIX
kn
WUQJ, n|e92a&#39;|
92IllI||-LC.
pl&#39;92e"

International

Labor Defense in a pamphlet entitled,

I92&#39;
VLIIQAZ
92l&#39;Ul
LEG 92Il-

Labor Defense in September 1941+.

I8 th

IRIGI-IT&#39;Sresidence

address

Iork,
92eenverifiedas Apt.0-23,39LeffertsPlace,Brooklyn, New

has

as of

February 15, 1945.


_
.

New York Field

This investigation
is being placed in a closed statue by the
Division.
In the event further investigation becomes necessary,

--

/."r.;i...u.e._.. i. J

I
.-,
. &#39;1--1,
,,.__.
r
&#39;i,._-;-. .&#39;__
.." v_ .J
-

/I

, _ _

:1 _

__&#39;l._._

-oi

92

&#39;.
r"-

-&#39;
7 a-

&#39;

New Times

tr

r
__:&#39;_
,__o ,__Some
Impressions
4
e.
FILE

M
~ ;

Ixauica
nor.
games
vnim
baa
na-

2922-5

I-en a no-rem aa &#39;li&#39;r&#39;FB;~ing


me; cl the

F5

impact of the Jlincrow system upon human


helngsint-hedeep outh.
&#39;I&#39;he-resultisa
pirture which challenges Amerloa.
1 There may
be
exaggerations in the book.
Ilany of the incidents may ~ ~. -

he highlyctional,
and
never really happened to
r

hm-e--_. W right . But whet di erenoe


doermatnrial:ei.!the_rhap-

-r
f_
_
"i-1-1

pened
tosome
other
young3 1 "&#39;1
-"
Negro.Thepointis that
5;

by Benjamin
J: Dovis,Jr.
they
should
not
happen
to .&#39;
&#39;.-1
i _- 1; .

5-...-....

Eh
L.

any Negro and the condi&#39;


tions which corrode the Ne-

ire iamilr mm!


be

.
,

=l1m1- W.

nattxi. Pior they victirnlze


_,.

mtgpg]; the Negrocitizen; they su ocatethe

pongwhites
to

I moreor le-asdT9
um

retard the developmentof the whole South.


new,
no sood w run any from W1

iocueed perspectlvu. and nitsleadlna lm92>1tillties and omclusiona ma-ny d which mar
Black B01.
I
I
I

TH! book
h intensely
aubjectlve.
In tact,
it is limited by its lulu]-ectlvenen. But
people are not born subjective, and it it clear

Of oekBoy
to overcome
thislimitation
cl mbjectiviti
hipoeed upon him in order that he |naJ sec
clearly, and participate with, the loroes which
would destroy the myth
oi
white mpremacy.
Inasmuch as Wright has attained terarj.
prmninenoe,and somecircles have lhrmt
up-or.
the mantle oi spokesmantor his people

thsta!92m_Negrowhohastonmthe
abovealimustlnalntalnaclearh
pur&#39;p05eof[1 aPp1j.l13I&#39;lthU&#39;1el
:ODi1lfIl|l;a.u_ni.let
of
every
type
atopprm.don--gust
-;.&#39;_.=.-._
I UI

__

i_4-

-8

Ln.__atg;_IL]

Of the I00!

III

ll!

short of l,yne.hing has subjectivenessioroed


pectn,
some
oiwhich
are
ooh!-al-nod
in91into
his marrow. This
heavy
]:a&#39;us1.:re
pushes

book, and others or which surround the

himtovlewtheworldinwhlchhelives
authors views and his Wrlli
oi the book.
entirely through glasses colored by his own
It ts of supreme importance that this main
personal sutlering lrom national oppression.
picture oi the life and death of the Neirrv which Iu ering in one lorm or another he
tinder the reign or white mnrrmlcr Ibo!-114 meets every day. Those who complain oi
hit America with lull ioroe. For it oonoerm
that intense subjectivity are iorevu stopped
I
. America. Any attempt
to
bypus this over-all
from doing so, unless they realize what
,I &#39;i . picture will lessen its force and thereby lead
brought it about, and also help to eradicate
I
5 to an tmdereetimation of its starkneea and
the diseased soil tram which it grows.
blunt the sharp need for oorrectivea W&#39;h|:1&#39;l
!_i is important. however, that this nihjectlvenees he overcome. It can
be
done and
this main picture is changed in its principal
ouilines, the derivative secondary word-I V111 la
being done since there are new trends and
disappear. But until it does, naturally there
{actors which make the overcoming poesihle.
are
going
to
be
all kinds of eoriquon.
badly
If-. =~re35
.
&#39;
&#39;"
II

&#39;l la
H!&#39;.
nodoubt
that
R.E
Wright
wields
a
brilliant
rtorn_1y
Iew 51-Q1teher:
!
are his equal But is this su lcleni. when
therearehrllliantwritersonboth
sides
oi
the barricades. It la vitally important that
the artist who re ects and the artist who mi

1ihewayoutshouldbeo|:iea
person.
Forboth
these
factors
exist
inthe
objective real world. outside one&#39;s
self. Jimcrow is here. yet Jimcros: is also
being
driven
defeated it-om the scene. Lite is not static.

Onehasl-oaeebothpIIelmli.stlc,andto

shape the future.


Wright does not aee the positive, oonst.l uetlveslde.andthereforef.hemirrocruIhispe1
does not give a complete picture. He omit!

ltisalaoneoeasaryioovunomeitleatcaie
tallinto
the
trap
oifrustration
and
defeatiam which the white supremacy forces have
aet. Black Boy says aome wholly unacceptable theblggestnewthlngwhlc
thinps about the Negro : capacity tor genuine
theworld
tndaymain
l-he
progressiv
curemotion. Here the authors subjectivity has
overcome reality. For the truly remarkable
achievement 0! the Negro is that he has
made such singular contributions to America
c1iltttra11y and musically and in all other
tieici.e despltethe system of national opwession which tends to thwart his every e ort.

reritstromwhlcheventhe o
immune.
Apparently
heisisolated
it-om
thew

developments an<l far removed from the pe<


pie. Such lsolationism can lead to st!-3&#39;liello
-to form without content. It is wetty tinfo-

v ,_..-.-. >4 i ,
1- 4,
<." .>_
&#39;.t._-;_
.
j. |_&#39;
.
&#39;1&#39;.
A
2&#39;
_t.,

W
it-" -

&#39; &#39;
,,-ae-,-"1

92._

which means few men in

the world have Begun life under a burden of

e
g,

graver handicaps or
faced more difficult
obstacles. That he has

. gone so far, accomI pllshod so much, entitles Mr. Wright to


an
honored
rank
among
that
traditionally American select
group. the self-made
men."
His success
etory doe: him great
credit. The twubiei
he knew in his childhood and youth were
terrible, the wounds
he received deep. He
carries indelible scars

_-92~,_

_ and still burnswith

bitter fury.
Hie Life
he knew as a child is
not over. It has not changed. Hundreds or thou-

Richardwnm

sandsof other little black boys are enduring it


today. Such
a
lite ls usually completelyoutside
.1-,_&#39;._

-. .. .1-...i92-M-.14.;-it--~
-t
&#39;92I

.11&#39;

Not verygmahyyears ago he was just "a black


boy in Missisippi,"

. .

&#39;

ICHARD WRIGHT is r.
&#39;"
"&#39;~
the author of one of me most winery read
and hoeiy debated novels of recent years,
"Native Bon. ?an acknowledged leader of his race.
But the wayv was long and the road was rocky.

E?

. ..-...._..
.

the comprehension of white Americans, either


Southern or Northern.
But tn
who eare to

PRESCOTT
pbls and in the rural slums 1Mississippi near Jackson. His
his mother, so the poverty he lo-new
the usual lot. The two dominant ln uen
his childhood were hunger and tear, a gnawing
hunger that kept hirn weal: and half-starved and
a fear that grew and multiplied and filled his
entire life. He feared his mother&#39;s
anger, the
whippings of his uncles and aunts. the abuse oi
other children, ghosts, white men with their inexplicable and capricious orusitiea, {ear itself.
Terror was his companion night and day, violence
the norm or all experience. Ioul language and
foul habits, ignorance and superstition, primitive
religious fanaticism surrounded him on all sides.
Hie proud, sensitive, intelligent child looked up
from below
at
a grotesque, outrageous world.
Someottheev shehnewwerecausedby
poverty and ignorance alone and would not have
been much different in Ireland or Iran.
But
even these
were intensified by the ahib
boleth of color and many others were caused by
race alone. Hr. Wright&#39;s
uncle was murdered
by a white man and no one dared even to protest
A boyhood acquaintance was lynched. He learned
to be ssrvlle and obsequious, to my "sir" to
drunken and contemptibie white mun, to ounoeal his thoughts and emotions beneath
a
mask
oi humble good humor and deference. Not to
do so, hoforget the "sir" or the "mister," to
aspire to learn a skilled trade, to show resentment of sneera. oondescension and abuse was
to mvite "trouble." And trouble wold me...

Author
can
now
share
it.tnMr.&#39; Boy:
ghNck
&#39;--as--0

Disiorts

W K,
u
92

"92

510

Bleak Story
l

A Record of Childhood and Youi.h."&#39;


.
This is a story from America&#39;s
own lower
depths. No nostalgic memories of childhood are
these, no sentimental yearning: for innocent
yesre when the hills were so much higher. Mr.
Wright : childhood was an obsceneand monstrous
nightmare.
a
malign inferno that might well

"Black Boy" only takes Hr. Wright into his


late teens when he escaped to Chicago. His experiences there and in radical politics will doubtless
be
material tor another
book.
It could conceivably be an intellectually more interesting
book. one more concerned with thought and ideas.
But it could hardly be
a
more emotionally dreadhaye destroyedhim utterly. He survived. but ful one. Part of the raw shock of Black Boy
I
not unscathed. "Black Boy" is not the work is caused by Mr. Wright&#39;s
aaoeuive determinasf
r
of an objective
or or Q open mind. 1t tion to orrit nothing, to emphasise more QQQ
could not have been. The neuroses, the over- This springs from a lack of artistic disc1&#39;i.mlnatmphasls, the lack of balance and the emotion
reoollected in turmoil are the bitter fruit of an bleak tragedy ot his story; he has only dls
it and confused it with such material.
_,_.&#39;.-?.- old injustice.
It is also obvious in reading "Black Boy. and
Shows Harsh Dramatic Power
&#39;-&#39;-&#39;-" I-CD
Mr. W ght admits it. that his is not
I
typical
&#39;1-Us--Q
EDT RECf92RD
as
well as
Mr. Wright in this explosive autobiography story. He felt isolated tron: Negroes
does not suggest any onnstnictive rnenna for trorn whites; other hlegroes resented their lot
be
did. Perlrnproving the lot of the Negro in this country. but did not feel at all so acutely as
Like Lillian Smith, he can only display suffer- haps with the hindsight of the years In which
a
natural literary ining and cruelty with harsh dramatic power, he he has brooded and will-1
__,_can-only arouse anger and sympathy. 1! enough stinct to eapiialue and d~e:netize lm enotiors
such books are written, it enough millions of Hr. Wright has exaggerated his sufferings. " It
people read them, maybe, some day. in the tull- would be only human it he had.
neas or time, there will be
a
greater understand"Black Boy" has little subtlety, little light and
shade, no restraint. It is written in
a
continuing and
a
more true democracy.
_;_ .e
- - -e
Richard Wright grew up in the slums of Mem- ously strained and feverish manner. It is ovar-i
written. But
it
is powerful, moving and horrify._._i
ii
._&#39;..-__
..1
ing.
Itlsoertalntobeerlttlillil
ll-?pra.lsed
ILA Cll&#39;30! : .1 Record sf Childhood and Youth.
By Riclld-rd fright. K pages. II-rper. IZM. and roundlycondemned.1: will be "Meir read.
&#39;=z-i:,-:52;
This
is
=1
clipping from
- --}&#39;i.__,I

lion
and
selectivity.
Hehas
not
added
wk

jp

/&#39;_.l;&#3
_,_
. .

92.->

pa2&#39;9
_
/

in

New Yor

Times

of the
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M f dfd d-UNITED
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GOVERNM
.
JK}

100-1416714
-

T0
=

Director, FBI

,,L1=a0m
=
I

DATE April 17, 191.6

SAC, New York

sun32c"r=

&#39;

RICHAIUJ l{ATI-TANIEL WRIGHT


SECURITY

-"Q--E __.

LEATTI-IR
-

Bureau
File 100-l5Th.h!
Reference is madeto NewYork letter to the Bureau dated February 26,
l9LS in the captioned matter wherein it was pointed out that in view
of
the

,&#39;_vr
f,
L

subject&#39;s
public break with the 5-omunistParty, he is no longer being carried

on him was being maintained


by
this office.
This
atatement was made in error
in view
of
the fact that although the New York Office recommendedto the

is a key figure
by

Bureau
by

letter

the subject,
no

ha

-a

_.

such

a card.

the NewYork Field Office, but that a Security Index card

dated June 28, 191;!;that a Security Index Card


be

authorization nae actually received


by

prepared on

the Bureauto prepare


&#39;

Therefore,
no
Security Index card is
being
maintained in the New
Iork Office on the subject unles contrary advice is received from the Bureau,

E;
Q. .

,H_<..1w

~"1 <..e ?

_--- _,
-

/LMI
1v
/!~
U
Q-7&#39;*
&#39;

ALL!F
CONTA
FT?C. .1AT.o=.

I3UNCLASSIFIED
&#39;

=<m/
:
<a_1

~*

<5 :

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1,1,
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DA|i_i:_%!-&#39;;ZBY _=_
1-

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1,

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BE
.

;. . vBf
Viif
100-1511,61;
*&#39;/
&#39;-I

W1;-.u92>
sac,In Iork
an
in
D&#39;- John Edgar Hoover
11--__,
l-2," -"

7, 19$
DU-actor, Federal in-can of Invutigation

.92Q92
IIICHAPJJ llA&#39;l&#39;HAlIIL
THIGH

$1

vii

&#39;
tff*
||||||[|>
7-1l.,{__

SEGJRIT!

IATTIR

inference 1; ms. to your nu.


captioned

of nprn 11, 1916, in the abovo


&#39;

latt-on

&#39; 92.
In V101 of the ailltant.

probloa,
an

you should ntnit


._

__.|

Card

1<
*

in

attitudo

of the nbjoot

toward the Iogro

lot. forth in your lottor of February I6, 19145,it 1| boliend that


this

a rooouaondation for the proparat-ion of a Soon:-ity Inch:

oua.

You logy oonaidar this latter


as
tho Human : approval of Inch a
nconmondation and you ohould
plaoa
a Security R60: Gard in your 11100
at

L :-an

this

tinn-

FI-

1"- __-......_-H}
0
__a~

ALL
INFUPMATION
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BE:
RICHARD
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SECURITY MATTER
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Bureau File

Dear
Sir:

__

100-157464

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,92
The
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JOHN EDGAR HOOVER
&#39; DIRECTOR

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Eashingtnn, B.

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with enclO&#39;ur:.
acknowledge
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receipt
your
letter
dated
hi

The material which


you

June 16,
191,5,

have submittedhas been


carefully

1 ed

and want
I
to
thank you
for your
interest and
courtesyiritifgg
in
Jib:

Bureau.

In the

fut-ml

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t:nth:;B;:m;you
::ntig egfgmttgne aggebenwe

direct}-Y ith the $Pi<&#39;18 in -1


char e of our LosAngelee FieldDivision
_uhich islocated at 900 securityBuilding, LouAngelea 13,California.
..-- -",

E__:Y|. Sincerely
I;
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VICIORYJ": &#39;iF|ED
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UNITED
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toaicants at the early age ot six.
There i.|ri&#39;t
any question about
the undemocratic
practic-asin
America, It doesn&#39;t
matter it one
is a resident of the North or
&uth.
as
Black Boy was. the aring discrepancies between the
ideals and the realities are sul cient to oor the idealist
and
shock the realist. But itLs hard 10
imagine a life like Black Boys. It
seems that someone would have
come into the picture to redeem
our faith in human-kind. Perhaps
"Black Boy" is that character. In
the face of all the circumstance; a
icker oi ambition kept within
him. He even oossess-edthe "forei rt" desire to wri&#39;

&#39;
I

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tenderness. love, honor, loyalty,


leaves me zropirig in the darkness.
Negroes do feel deeply! Could
they have given America Iolk music otherwise? It is agreed that
our masses need education.
Through education they will axrive. But I believe that the way
of life oi the Negro, the humble
folk, with the white humble talk,
is the only redeeming factor in
America. It&#39;s
the humble soul that
makes lite livable anywhere. It is
he who oifers a helping hand in
the time of trouble; it is he who
practices the golden rule; it is he
who doesn&#39;t
clamor for wealth arid
position, tihe shallow possesaionm . . . In hapby contrast to
the rnaterialists. the capitalists.
the exploiters, he make-s a pretty
in his own people for he says:
soul, .ri,,..
Whenever I thought of the Q5- picture. It. is he,l the
- rneek
&#39;__
.4-.4
9 -=
aential bleakness of black hie in black and white. who will one day
inherit
the
earth.Ruth
Apilado,
America, I knew that Negroes had
never been allowed 1 ;th the Haywood, ILL
I
full spirit of Western civilization,
that they lived somehow in it but Sorry For
not 0! it. And when I brood:-d
upon the cultural barrenness or lace Haters
My home ha]-" &#39;
"92-"e&#39;*}"."
black lite. I wondered it clean,
or theJ&#39;h -P
?Ol1tl92tenderness,
I
love.
honor,
oyalty, and the capacity to re- largf
member were native with man.
I
asked mys-el! If these human qualities were not fostered. won.
utterlnl
struggled and au ered tor. preheel.
&#39;
it"
served in ritual irorn one generame
Leavin
tion to another."
r
later, 1
As
I
re ect about the human
merit ir
1111111112:
of Western Civiliz tibn,
I wonder about the "positive tenderneas" of the whites.
Could
there be much genuine feeling
within the hearts
oi
a people who
citic, o
could stand by and permit condiown yot
tiona such as exist in "Black Boy"
in the
to prevail? What kind at people
these !<
are these who kept others in slavery. treed them in name only.
persecui
tried to make sure that they didn&#39;t
whose
D
become enlightened throuih edutor saw
cation, signed restrictive cove0! the L
nants to keep them living in the
In son
alums. maintained the idea of
white supremacy !The only genuine passion" that I ever saw exhibited Iras the unleashed spirit
that moved the mobs to lynch.
How hollow are the memories
nois.
I
.;
of white America that send Gold

ff

ii

3...

hat The People Say


I
I.

,O
.-1--4

1e
all
all

div
my

Star mothers over to Europ l

visit the [raves of their


black Iona in Jim-Crow
ports! ow" hollow are the
ories of white America that

iaiien
transmenimain-

taina Jim-Q-ow
arm!Ind "IV!

tn:
ll
A1
po
wa

-u

D"

toward
twobe

ashamed
bitsorry

LandsI}
For Fa:

of
fro

in the secorio92Woi-id
War. Where C111
ta this grand 92&#39; Passion
of 92_V8tlhe
ern
civilization&#39;.&#39;~92&#39;l
"emotional
atrength," this
clean, positive
I

92
92

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hia

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page o r
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COPY ~

CFTY

Los angeles,

,3 .&#39;l_
__.

June 18

Calif.
- A5

4" 92
Dear Sir:

Richard Lrijht

are doinj

the nefro

no good and alot

race hatred

and if

tho wrote

black boy

and Native

of harm they are causinr disunity

you people

don_t_ wantAmerica LOI 6 up the

Son books

and spreading
same as

Germany you had better put astop to sutch people as th;t poor old ass
of a Southern Senztor with
uis
bach to africa move ment and sutph
old fools as that poor crazy old Rich:_rd -rrifht.
Te
colored
people

- .I

are good

natured all

we want is
justice

a good job with

good pay for work

well GCLE. Every time we turn around some one is complaining nayging
ccnst;{g&#39; critgrgisingevcry thing we do. Richard Jright seem_ to be un&#39;
-92 .

Id-l|n||IiI-IQ
.-I- ._..-l

hn"|y in nrxeric; so we mist to God he would leave and go


some
olice else
for he is ge_t_ing on our nerves. I
and all the other
colored peoole know

that ninty
percent of the trash that he puts in his books are lies, but
if oe: le in Ger any should jet a hold of Black boy 1&#39;s
awfull afraid
Uncle
Sam&#39;s face
is going
to
be red for you cagt rule aGerman if you cant
rule .~J.&#39;: iC;.a..
and the lies that
poor sick
braned
fool Richard Bright nut
in his books sure dept do 4 TiC& any good in.tin foreigner&#39;s eye
sight.
Je colored people want Richard Jright&#39;S
books
boned
if he cant Write a

story without tryinjj to

v_l_

agitate race trouble we want him to pick himself

a. new vocation. Just


get a copy of his books
dong see why he isn&#39;t inthe ;..n:.y anyway. If

and go
through
them. We
he went to India
or norm

other place

live then

and saw

how horrible

those people

he would

see how

~...&#39;-.-_.~._.-..

far advanced we are.


After all
we colored peoole are zbing the best we
can if you would get acopy of
the
negro hand book for 19h2 you would

-;,_.._..__-

&#39;-&#39;.&#39;e
people colored
are very discouraged

see just

doing. &#39;-&#39;.&#39;e
are only
a anall

and that

race oi

is the

people.

reason sixty

million

little bity
Japanese can fight all
most two billion people
without Q allig
and hole out so long. Because that Billion
colored people are on the

u.-V _
l__,...__,_.
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ho".-.~ well we are

;i=-"
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point of
giving up.
So I suppose there

After all
is nothing

this is
not our war and if we
to do but just
say to hell with

win We logse
the hole

bloody mess.

This is

from that

provoke the
-"

poor old

fools book

devil.

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Lon Angola 60-1

July 1-I15

"=5

Dar

Illlnlil

Biz-

Ic an writing

books like

black

bmed as ho
is
1

wk
Ina.

-tin-uu

unity

hope you will


Son
by

be ablo to but

the Iogro

Richard Iright

aproa:&#39;1_ng
race hatred and causging
disunity.

will look thrmgh


a mad mm,
Itin
the unit: In-iura
I

you people
in

boy and also Native

I!

the mans books you will no how he rant


terrible
and also .he use to mch filthy
don&#39;t
do
that no
my
should ho. So for

please have his


books

banod.

they are
doing

you

and rave lib


exproaoionl
the ab
of

no good and a lot. of

harm.

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