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lca amillion years:


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a
black childlike
the portrait
Richard Wright
paint:
in hisrecent book.
"Black Boy."
Black Boy."
like Native
Son."
la
a problem noyel.
its purpose
La
to uncover
the deplorable
conditiona underwhich ourchildren W1
exist, therebyatimulatin; corrective measures.
The objective
la
ne. Ihopeit works.but "Blackpare:
B01" doe:not represent
the aver-woul

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ou

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The late President Roosevelt. Bee


nun
of Commerce Henry Wnlluee
Cherie; Chelm
Ed
[_-leashes!
Hughes were nu-son]I-hole also de-l
nounced by Sum-h.
Inolevelt was accused of want
lag laoutside
he preddenl
of the world,auditorium
of Philharmonic
Monday night demWlllnloe I&#39;ll
I-skull why
Q1351
onstrating
against
the1|;use
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hall by Gerald L.
K
Bmlth
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run fororvice
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ngdle;
jg; movement.
leader
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Blllllh. and Chm-lee Chaplin "um;

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an I-ild.lCtl-C8
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wellkno-In
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tar of uue People: Indepenqen:
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Amerlan
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The II-IIIB
1:111:86In
leveled I-lslnst August
I Hsvtms. L0: Anzeles Assembly
min no-author 0! l-he Cmlornla
Pal:
.___ Employment
._ ..-.re. _._Prtcl-lcel_ Cun
mlnlee and agllnst. Herbert son-ell,
Urgent requests were
llI.ll.lBwenllnllliI-ilFllienpecislly lpmlnted co
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isthe
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This
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receipt
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yourletter
dated July
4,1945

with enclosures.

Thematerial
which
youhave
submitted
I want
tothank
ou
f
a
has
been
carefully
noted
and
y oryour
interest
and
courtesy
in
writing
tothia
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Inthe
event
you
receive
additional
information
which
you
believe
to
be
of
interest
to
the
FBI,
I
want
you
to
feel
free
to
comunicate
with
the
Special
Agent
in
Charge,
Federal
Bureau
of
Investigation,
United
States
Department
ofJustice,
900
Security
Building,
Loe
Angelee
13,
California.
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4436 Hall Street,
September 27,

.>

Hr. I.

Edgar Hoover

1945

Federal
Bureau
orIaveetigatioa,
iq.,3L,!~FnDh&#39
en
n. c.
fF&#39;
&#39;

Iaehington,

7r

DAI*{1f4
d&#39;5~} ,,
Dear
Sir:
L
--I have
looked
over
the
boo!4i;l;ek
Bey,
auppoieily
written
byaiegro

called Richard
Wriht andpubliehed
byHarper& Brothera,lee YorkCity, a:

I considerthie bookto be very racially inflammatory.

Thepublicitygivento thie bookduringthe laet fewnonthais aeareely

7
-4__.4-

leea than anaziag. A while baek I do not knowthe exact ieeue, but believe

4"

Ill duringJune,July or early Auguat!the bookBlack Boy waepublicized,

with
vivid
if:
"t
r&#39;&#39;

pieturization, in "Life" lagaziae; and


ia

of the Iagaziae the picture or a returning United Staten eoldier greeti

?tas

salute,
theStatue
ofLiberty
inKev
York
harbor.

@-

ag that the negro called Richard Iright actually Irote

Granti
._&#39;--3-w

ie

ay opinion

thet

ell

the

oub11-itv
,
-.-.,

-i t.o the book


AG=
is

eone peraon or organization--for

by

being

the book,

it

fiii-~it

propagandapurpoeea: to a;&#39;
the

:11;

of diaeeneionand eeditioua dieeontent.HowHitler if he ia yet alive! auet


IIU-kg
I

Ill

would

laugh.

I461./24:
W</~1*/

like to believe that myaurnieeie,inorreit; but the evidence,aor

cerning all the publicity


given

wishful thinking.
I
e,

epeeial sen-

By etrange irony, thie ieeue or &#39;Liberty&#39;


vhich eontained the eondeneaticr
of the racially inflammatorybook Black Boy"---displayed on the front cover

-4&#39;

"i
.-

September
29th ieeue or

"Liberty"
Hagaziae,
there vaa
a
eonden eat ion of the book--with
tioi
on the front cover of the aagaziae.

newepapere and--I
tatee.
I

preeune--ia

An offering
not
r
f

neeepapere of other cities

an remembering that

aated brood in--etill--to


gate

to this booh,i1neaoapably_refutee
any aueh

night aleo add that the book has been advertised in local

the

book

the
1
p an of evil

divide

thin euepieioa,
an
e d th

dictator:

and then conquer.

in caee you ehould deem it

financing

of

its

exteneiv

appear in eight!.

all

over the United

and their

indoctri-

a dviaable

e publicity-- and

to

investi-

the end doee

A11 loyal Americana,


I
feel eure, are grateful for all the eplendid vork

eone by the !eB,l.

i: eeteoting an: eradieatiag orime. tith beet viehe e

the
cxhtiayatioa
ofyour
not
r

activitiea,
I

J!O, &#39;._J
1,

_v

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REF-T
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Letters to Bureau,2/26/1.5 and 4/1&#39;7/45


Bureauletter to Sice, #28, 191.6Series, 3/12/46

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its recordsoi SelectiveServiceBoard


#178,44 CourtStreet,

A Brooklyn,NewIork, reected um. as or larch 21, 1946, the


subject&#39;s
address
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3F, 82 Washington
Place, ties
Io:-k City, wherehe
resided with his wits. _Thistile also contained
e
letter

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dated
Aprn
14,
1946,
wherein
morn
advised
11.
planned
to
leave
the
United
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liq1,191.6,
foraperiod
ofthree
months
inFrance.
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forthistripwasnot
give_ninh.is1ettsr.
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the present tine he is writing a novel, but the canplotion


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V date was unknown.
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191,4,entitled

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ebmd, thepupa ~ beeneergeemertttve


la am; luteendml prnbed
enedw-nee
payment
enreysltteete tlte ever15,! mttll theIlxt ported
et
yelw pepentt, SLIJLCT
etutedth-t the&#39;run;eeer.t
it for theeoqneere
to put an eellettlen 0! reyultleelate the In-rteof the nuetttenetaupe end
thenthreep-capepa; monthly
eneteemtto th eq>oeere;then allotments

fl rtft

pen thererrlft If lbyeltteeIt errengeeente


by theeecpoeere

out i uiiiizt Ii riteaea in e nnei Milli Q to eeearepepenteever


e

perled
atye-re
when
the
latte
eczpeeer
toatlinger
pqmler.!
luddenlq,
en the lq prior to the departureLt-e Iftt,
the
ck nee re-

eelved
but
enneither
the
newt
premised
ner
nquee ge8!-1.1855
Pt.Y
ledleen e Iutlen
tn the
&#39;

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_

Itated that In tried to nd out I1;


there
O @ on;

||.9292
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-Ll
{&#39;9&#39;

ettttude
If thepup;heIa te1d=thet
the
euele
groups
ennoreason
aw
t allot none;to

he ehoull eceeOveJ~leee,
mt there led beer.e lnlt-at;

5.
re
_ .&#39;
I

A-a
10 Q.
Q
>

1- ._

Mn to be med for e trip et the H3.

IOUISFeulpeetedthat Inch In Qe

to thehet thatbeIndecgolatned
tothe&#39;1&#39;-latte
Ilouee"
tne personal
letter

about eoee utter-tire activities of the nope to dutchhe belem-ed. lCl7tS


Ute-tedthat St bed eeenedto Mn tr-t [q_92f_~92&#39;!&#39;,
leaeband
It one of the Andree

Sitters, Ind nude e greet effort to "push" nae eupoeere whowere Iuttlen
and OUIPI Ibo were tve&#39;.r;pro-c::92r.1tt, IOISFSF.
ll of the lptnlon that nds
pet: to lama
eeqaoeere ee eueh an ever; gene eover to trmefer loner
eredite to the Soviet gmrerment; lI_ furl-Plr laid t-net lie had written
e
letter

to tie Ihlte louse calling attention to the preferential trutnent given to


tllee

pro-CU-.92l92tet
lenberl If tlr eqvoeere.
I

lot more et the nee tenor

fluted

en $135! It-ltd

thtt after reaching France ht he! lied the Llerlcen Erpreu

u In-$1111;
eddreee, furthermore,he Md eekedene !

of the Prerchgirls

titIould
be
forwarded
tohis
in
I input,
plumed
trip
to
I032.
e-rrived
In-nee
tn
June,
lent
toii
tn
mt
Isl
been
tn
tre eonIurlred et the Anerteen lwreu

moon; elneelepteeiaenl

to give pereoml attention

0 mil

In

etetet that he lat arrangedto meetthe

I and to nuke at {La-metal errenpaent etth her en lonr!1;, 26 lmenber 1951;


ever, It In-Mg er 8|-tar-41;, Z; er 21,Ior 5.1, IJ.:her IIIGHT an um e
eentuued!

ifI

I 1- lqu,

ll-&#39;00!
Gill 2I

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erpenieetien
of Merle

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r_

..-.-lFIi92&#39;-92Iill&#39;|Blq&#39;b92
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at the tnvitetien

IK&#39;Al&#39;l
cpleyee e! the lnerieen
hpreee,
i i
e
"

theid|m.

OIhfrmeezi. Hatedthat
he

the meetingandthe tenorof the eemrereeten whichhe! teen

pmrdly criticalcf theAserieu


eelieiee,acid andlhreiin. COURSE
ex-

preeee
theepinien
th-tIiiitil-IT,
who
Le!_Q_:hl.l.|&#39;_l_r_l!I|_r99$
===-met
Lei:-.i:.a,
le eemuch
e eeseuniet
enheeverIn-4bell:-.l-ell!
thattie In-enen
girl

1. &#39;u
A
&#39;.-

use to his ea-1; en lend-:_lernin;, it In $1, andetet-edI-lent


it
couldbe

::peeeiI:1e
I
keep
theplehned
eppeietnnt
with
RUB};
eeher!
"eeaethi.ng&#39
6
eeee
qp,it-led
that
one
e!
the
pereene
et
the
meeting
prob-bl;
iiri
we
eeeui
ii;
ieemee
of
his
net
that
he
ie
eeneidered
h&#39;F--e- tr-16the
_
8
e "-etool
pigeon fer anti-euhvereivepereene.
lid not bee ulna thie mule!hue
9&#39;--_
e
been but euepeetedthet Rich-rd
_ _831911wouldbe e been In Is tied- peeition to
Ge
thin
ee
II-;.&#39;IG|-1!
I-e
e
triulhw
and
Ire.R2523
end
etlne
I
tine Lure, !.1.E-L15
bed eases
D-1

.0.
.
- E =&#39;
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._- ._ .

e
it I-rner UeethereStudio.eaJE!&#39;"
L
.-"&#39;
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but hell been
Iueic I&#39;M
let the Red elem-at elem.

.|we-en
u pt

1. Qpe-I-I
Isrepe
mi

=-1 u

4-QJ

mun
offered

_ A AA._
It it Inc
te

the

Id etiek to writing

57

per

_ einee
nut-ed
eh-e
&#39;er:s1.&#39;:
we
emee view.
in dense
South
4-me.
early
em
year
R
hie leet
e
let er aene; promoting
group. U555? had asked
ta....=-ap
write
enee
mame
nee
ehee
mieh
IHGHT
nested
todo
inI:hO
eeser
P-isr:-tare.
eaeift
iiiin ihet"11-.&#39;iiiiT,IIr..iu
in iept

ge
E
eitieenehip
and
Breeeffheel:
reyaltiee
Ire:lnerleen
melee,
beenot
eeieetheIhale-hearted
eee;e:-etien
0! tie Ilelth er lnerieene
_Ihe re-_J
main;
their.
I8eitieenehip
and
Io:-kin:
in
Ia-nee;
331.52.
isertheq=ir:_ien
et the eene pereem eh: etteepied te b_c:k hie t_r_,n_.re_-Qhevesane: t-._

I-.
Q

ubeereieeelm-ente
in

hrie te Ietth 8GJ!i.5&#39;5


pereendeeateetewe keephie

0: Q-the:-in; Ir-I informationwhichmule reee-1 their eevitiee.

Aron;

Fedieee;e:i.-ee
800:5!
and;
ee:u-tn:
hie
Julie
IiI1921ll
t tic;
the reel:
eperu:
ee
en
paringre!;
LE Ills:2" can
iftrip
66:1:-were
forIel
event;
iiiitoepend
yea-e
in reyeltiee
hieeeeeunt-.Fe:p1ei|ed
Eeeieii
hie
toling!-ad
the
mieh
u dnot
he
reneeen

0
pn- Q

enIra thet countryin exeeeeof bent;-eight!!

5525!!

pounds
eler1in;!-

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continued? "
V QeeIq5,, QJCQOQ ZI

3.

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gsese1492115
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then,

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QInthe
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tic
chock:
arrivod.
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buIould

2. 8007512
sand churn andundo! much
um oolunnttin the Irlttcn roie aaaa ta ii-iii-ati. 3"!-i.i"$i
iiiuainroi in i.nfornation,
cqaidnlngtn-t noIa!
ltlltlnl sonnynr my naumntlnn butcantedto dohis 9-triad: Qty.

Ono
ll-la:
named
Itrmgo
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9922;!!!
Q!Qateeee::
e! 9: ..l~==:&#39;a.-.
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scum:Quadto beall Inna! In th: attnhnutIt various


plrual tn

Communist
Q-cups
and
proalml
my
wan!
IfIiuhry
the
uh.
hunts
orsuspicions
pr my
which
he
Quid
obtain
would
Inthat
g1-y
given
U
Int-nlllpmc.
-

J. llerurtnent 0! Iowans
0 Iucord 0! one

Utah:

US

la, vurlod that than 1|


-ld neon! will he nu-chrd

for infer:-stlcn,
l._

_:i=

rf
I ,
l &#39;
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_-:
.

--

--

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iii

for the attmpt cf thc Soc! _vor Ca.-;uer| to kucphh in lacrlca.

iiiui

Iord to ti: Panpu-I.nation wouldhaw aecunpillhndthis, In}-r:lgu1n;


utter
md ti: lnfona-Lion go-an ate:-cncc 1.89tin -in Iith the Oflltl

1.1190:-:.n4on.

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February
19-195
i
_:-

1!O0tOI| rs: 00-157l+6h!


- 3/

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Q;n1campwnmrrr __

=1SECURITY
.ATI"ERT-i
9 C

IQ
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_,
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Trlnamitted hm-with
in

0 001:1or 1 letter datod

Office,
Heidelberg,
iiellnfn
&#39;
Jmnu-y
B,

1952, withenclosures
fromtheBureau&#39;s
Linilon

1
:-

-i

This
in

--.-H.
92__ _

&#39;

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mclaura

;_,
1

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ALL
INFORMAT

2;. Q 16

P.
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for your information. &#39;

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Halhinntnn,-CB

7|-IA-I-&#39;
TO.I
.

Liaison Of I1
t ce

ueidelberg, Germa
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c

&#39

&#39;
February 1., 1952
snotty"
-um
coulum
Date:

.Director,

FBI

M n1-

Z.&#39;

C0-ALERICM
GROul:_7_
r1-:1i.c
INTERNAL
-cszcumn
7%;192_ ~ /7--SubJect:
K
aR

f-I .&#3
copy of 92
! "
port
dated
uanuary
1952
3,
ro"
I,
capt
d group.
Also attached
is one
copy ofI92

Attache I

egion 1X both "

ggr-ding tne abov L.C -

or t.

nu:-can

nmentre

ainformation
_in
one

e JrJan
a
report
dated
3, of
prepared
alao
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reby
11,
92
gardmg
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ganizer
the
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ofwith
tneac
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being
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the
Paris,
France
aor
copy
ofreports
tnia
letter

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to
&#39;
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further
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tauitatel;

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was aaapaaet
ttIn a tiloaaanizlp
for pm:writers,
artiate lad
pet:
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la Iraaca.
hail In Frame an-&#39;
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la: Lia gsvie gatlae


ton, 0-Mb ya:
pane
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and
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lavtag can

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to
ye:-antaata
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latan at
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at the &#39;!&#39;:tItnllonallat-e and
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partlaane.
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wittingly
or
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nod,

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a
0

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United States.
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aposition,
so
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ma tho
tantamount
to
&#39; 1Dlaguo
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both
your
h
BRIGHT has
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Areview
of our filee reflects
that a eecurity-type
was
conducted during
.1943--1946 on a Richard !athani
1]. "_Qinuestigation
&#39; h i identical
with the captioned individual.
Irighfk
Irighj, 0

was torn on September4, 1908, in1,-t_r_.~he__z,__jli_eei_ee_ippi_.


Ie
cla me
i

e i ht
9

y ear-e

experience as

_&#39;_ __92-&
2&#39;

Jn 19-35
he

"&#39;92

-v

BOI6 r0

of the

V. _92
I 92
In

newspaper reporter

Federal er-ite:-e Project infhieago

urt

for the
"New
Haesee."

and

"Daily Io:-her
and became a contributing
editor
Both of theee publications
have been cited

_ial
ittee
on
aa organs of the Eomuniet Party
by
the
Spec 0"-I 6&#39;
American Activities,
Report, January
31939.

On Bar-ch 21, 1942,

Q
._. _ 4-..--1

urar-tedan
the

education and profeeece

playwr i ht
9 ,p oet ,and

eold articles
and short etoriee to
magazines. In
193&#39;?nor-ted
he
on the same project
in ew York City.
At
that tine
he also did

L.
V.

._.i___

of elelentary echool

anovelist,

Une-

E00-1.-W454!

Iright &#39;e
nane appeared

on the Iiet

of the "co"-mzittee toFree Earl broader," avhichme puhltehed in

_the

larch 21,
1942,
ieeue
of
the
"People&#39;eVoice." me "People &#39;
foice" hes been cited by the
California
Committee on Uh-American 92.
Activities Report,
1.948, as along the publ icatione found "to be

Communist initiated
and controlled
or eostrongly influenced
ac
I

&#39;

&#39;
*&#39;92

ix
>
J
i
V

o
A

ii;

I
P

OnJulyea, 1944,theIon York&#39;II&#39;I&#39;G1d


f|&#39;ll|uni"pnb

on article
i

in mhich

entitled

Iright

Iegro

Article

nus reported

Criticized

to have stated

leds

that

as Intslerant"

hie

Gonnnnist

jortg membership roughly covered the period from the letter_part


of 1932 or early part cf 1933 to 19405 and his early association
Iith
the Conmunists in Chicago
mas
broken in 1937 mien, he said,
be mas &#39;ejected&#39;_fron
the Party.
Iright
stated that he
mas
reinetated in l937 and maintained e relationship
Iith
the Party until

I
2

1940.

!&#39;

during 1941 and 1942.

the League of Anerican

Iriters

lie

to Save Refugees

Anerican

connunist

Gonmittee

front

by

the

advocating
a

Special

-_,

Cvnnittee

been
cited

on In-Anerican

O-2; 100-1e?4;4-5,

nae

13!

Iright

Party

member in Chicago and touched apon the problens

discussed

his

earliest

experiences

to present his own


ideas

considerable

Iorksr"

Activities

Iritere

Ihich

in trying

urn-rmfip
F?
&#39;

lure;

as n

fhe August, 1944, issue of the Atlantic


Honthly&#39;
an article
entitled
VI fried to be a 0onnunist&#39;
in

published

publicity

newspaper.

was given

to the Party.

as a Cbmnunilt

Iright&#39;sarticles

In his column entitled

he faced

As a result,

in the Tbailu

Wem l1nes,&#39;_publiehed

in the August 6, 1944, issue of the "Daily Iorker,&#39;Benjamin JDauis, Jr.,


referred
to Iright
and to what he called Iright&#39;s
fpublic and wholly unjustifiable
attack on the Communists.

nauis rqferred
in

1940,

and Indicated

:-&#39;="-&#39;
-----n-._,

to Fright:

clain

and asked why Iright

break public.

Davis

inquired

that lright&#39;e
attitude

Iright
and

there
is
r returned

until

when Iright

legro wasalnost an obsession.


9-

qf withdrawing from&#39;the
Communist

waited

Iright
was classified
as
severe psycho-neurosis.
lie

of
a

F,

seoond front_for
has

Report qf larch 29, 1944, and the League qf Anerican


been cited as connuniet by the Attorney General.

,,-_

_;--

in the Qbaily

Iright was reported to be a menber

qf the American Cosnittee to lace Refugees as qf larch 6, 1942,


and on septenber 18, 1942, be
mas
listed as one of the qfioere
of

hi -Q
%

However, Iright&#39;s
none appeared frequently

lurker

left

no ind
t o

to lake

his

to inpreee

was a form ofsuper~lqftisn.

4-F during Iorld Iar II


interest
in the probleno

l0O_l57454_15!

the United 8tatI

a in
ictniorji

1944

was trying

nu

for France in lay,

because
of the

1946,

ect

,.

Q
.r..
frag;
_|-_.r:

" | ,__B1

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, .

_-"

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51
.

,
I

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&#39;

-.-~-:

An individual
Lecenber, 1951,

_K
._

I,

who fibee in Paris,

that iright

regained hie

United 8tatea

and lived off hie back royaltiesfrom


Jherican

France, advieed in
"
citizenship

ealee. He reported

that he
had attended
ameeting
which nae a"Communist
front and
which
nae
generally
critical
of
American
policies,
racial
and
. I,
_92___
foreign.
Jhil
meeting
was
attended
iy
Fright
and
it
Ial
the
, ;;"L.-1&#39;1; &#39;. _&#39;
-"&#39;"&#39;

tr

infornant&#39;s opinion that even though fright


publicly
ren need
Uonauniss,
sae he
much
as Coneuniet
e
hehadhad
ae
ever beeneg

1011, PMp4l""entified
l !J-1*-&#39;7}./6L
&#39
source
reported

.. l l/

-n December 16,

that the
Iranco-American Fellowship
Group was organized almost
entirely by
Richard fright,
American writer,
lb Uoneieur
Le
Prince, Paris,
Jranoe, immediately
qfter Iorld
Var II,
and Iae
euppoaed to
be aeponeerehip
for young
writers, artiste,
and
poete aha
were students
in
France.
itthe
tile of
its organisation
eeveral of
the ltudente
had nade ltatementl to
the effect
that

nu----_-_....-..._
Q
el.,,, ,
,___
$

.-1

the group

was "leftist"

in
the

nature qf

its discussions.

Accordir

to the
injornant, -right
and his
group were
the targeto
qf
attacee from
one James Baldain,
agoung
Negro writer
who nae a
student
inParis.
Baldwin attacked
the hatred
thence qf
the
lright writings
and the attempt of
the Iranco-American
fellowship

-mi.-*.i._
_

Group to
perpetuate
"Uncle
Its Literature
Methods.
zxlix
&#39; &#39;
-..
._ :
!._j_,!
___
u

J
1

1.

.1, 5. M-=~.,, 100 1;7,~,6.,


Ln December 10, 1951,
an American
citizen, then
living in
Paris, advised
that her
niece, who
was astudent,
been invited
to join
the Franco-American
Fellouehip Group
Richard wright,
who eta1ed
that the
group was composed of

"militant persona"
hegro. nccording
meeting Dj

despite its

-v.

interee,ed in
to the

the organization

deniall qf

tPart y line ae
&#39;1W iunil

and came

-r

of the

American

niece attended
to the

one

conclusion that

Communism, the group eepoused the 001-

the girl
had
known
AI--_-I--___-Il.N .-_./.

gcf"92
rt"

the welfare

inJornant, the

had
by

it in

the United States. 0

lav-l gwg-;d;f_
_

4-750 ,?-T9!

XXXXX
XXXXX
XXXXX
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
FOIPA DELETED PAGE INFORMATIONSHEET

_..l_..._ Pageisl
withheld entirely
atthis location
in the
le. One
or more
of the
following statements.
indicated, explainthis
deletion.

l Deletedunder exemptlonlsl
bl
material available

_-_____
E__

with
no segregable

for release to you.

[Ii Information

pertained onlyto athird party withno referenceto youor the subject of your request.

[I] Information

pertained only to athird party. Your name is listed in the title only.

Cl Documentlsl
_

originating with
the
E__EE

following government agencyes!


E_E
E
E
_ ,was/were forwarded to them for direct
response

to you.

_~_- Page- sl

referred for consultation to the following government agencyesl; _e__e__ur__,__._


__ ___E
Eas
the information originated with them. You will
be advised ofavaiiability upon return of the material to the FBI.

_i_ Page sl

withheld for

[:l For

the following

reasordsl:

your
information:

ljl The following number


is tobe
usedfor reference
regarding these
pages:
i<><EE Em
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In eneuer to your Inquiry eet forth in

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fernleled by
It concerning Richard Irtg-ht, providing that IIere

in nolay tndtooted
ee theeoarce of
the Information;

_-.

You ere
farther eduieed
that the Identity of the

eouroee fur-nlehtng
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IOTL 1&#39;0
8Ac"e c&#39;hioago,keJnpelee,
_for

the eeeietanoe

effteee reaetltng

aeacopyof thepetition ftlelgythe Attorney


General

|
.&#39;

Itth the

8ubueretua Actfetttee-6&#39;
ntrol loard

to cauee

the regtetratteh-of

to the

offtoe tn

the area

eeettng

the&#39;captioned organization.

Bureau ftlee
reflect
tndtvtduale referred
to in

that each
the ettaohnent
in uhtah

of the
te
I811

he te
believed

I-noun
to

Fdlidle

In the
abeenoe of
any information
In
your
ftlee which
would lake
euoh action
tnaduteaole,
lureau authority
to granted
to eonduot
the requeeted

.1-..

tnteroiewe.
3%....

the hearing
i-:1-_-_-__,
5.

Ve
-

In lien
of the
relative to

dtetlnct poelthllity
that
the captioned
organization

before the
Bubvereiue Acttoitiee
Control
loara
rill
oonunce in
the near
future, it
ie desired
that the
reeulte of
your action
in
thie
regard he
eubnttted
mono randuu for: euttable
for dteeentnatlen
to the
Department to
reach the
lureau no
later than
Decenber 17,
1958,

J
-

lea rerk

ooptee of
tnetant oomunloatton,
there to
attached
6
copy of
a eelf-explanatory
nenorandul dated
Iovenher I0,
1953, vhtch
nae reoeioed
fren the
Departnent ae
Ie11

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.

torn:

@ Ietohoh
leeioniypl

in 1-enponut&#39;;1on.:nun about aeqooat, you


ere

referred
toFBI
inventi
atirereport:gigiahod
ggongy
in theoano
entitled
&#39;RiohggQ_!gQn1o
ightg{:::rn.1

Security - 6&#39;
tarniehei your egono7&#39;on&#39;U"otobe&#39;F
25 1954-14-

...,-

eonoez-!-1!-z
the eabjett at fog? i&#39;ii.i?&#39;ui
iheoi F-iqiait:

1&#39;:-memittod
hon-ovith
1| anI&#39;ll!
inveltigetive /// &#3

$-4
E>--.
i-........._-.-_i-

report in the one entitlod

--1

.,-,-.,.--

&#39;

Ed!

Richard Ietlaniel

wright

lecu:-it;
Hatter- 0" oonoolmixg
thoQilrjeotor goo,
-.__...-chock roquoet.

On Ootobor 21, 19b2, wright: nlmo eppoerod on tho


lint
or
tho
&#39;Comn1ttoe
to Froo Burl Irovder,&#39;
which wen
&#39;11
5

!?&#39;j,~_.o

Int-I

iM_-.__
-I

;--&#39;
rr,-.

ghe
&#39;Po0p1e&#39;e
Voice
has
boon
cited
BK
tho
elirornie
Oomm

Voice.
:3 ubiieho in tho iaroh 21, 19%? ioono or tho &#39;Peop1o&#39;o
r-1
&#39;~1
n Uh-AmericanAotivitiol,
Report, 19 8, no lmong tho

-.__

ublicetiona
round to
be
Gommuniotinitiated
Ind oontrolle
F3
;
=="->==s1&#39;s&#39;
3.=&#39;i-flr.-66s!
aa
to
as
iiithiia
the
itniin
ioiu
{&#39;4
13/
I

0111&#39;

U1

6:
-
5&#39;.:?T}~Tr"{-&#39;
&#39;
-

,_,m

n......| ..

ed: Al Intoloz-ant"

1- {-I

in which

bk

weal

&#39;9

Herald l&#39;riblno"
c1e&#39;o1]&#39;i%&#39

A:-tiole
Oritioiud
published
on
e roported
to hero
;;;:=:_::.:-somat-iii 6oiar_-1&#39;ar;iit
Ear-ti
"-"i->6;-ihip
roughiy
oove:-96
/

H--

Original and one to G-2

&#39;
1 L

&#39;
~P -B1
V
aw!-929-

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Reva: 1/6/55
-r...__._,___

U-H

hrI

.__

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1&#3
1.

92

92
;.-:_a

ft I.

.-

.1--&#39;1.
_E:

aw E.-1-.;.&#39;.~&#39;
ml if-

[1
&#39;,

92
Qa

He
92

the ricc
!&#39;1"O:c
the latterpart or1932 or
sud;
gs:-t
or
i933pto
19b0,
and his earlyassociation with
tho cwnnist

|"
92
i4

in Chicagowas brokenin 193?. Inn, ho said,

th

cjccwd 1:-o--1.

tho Part.

&#39;-2&#39;-=i.1&#39;-at
tho.
stated -

um.-z=c in
19;? and
-incuma 1rolatimship-an the
Ilrty
Until 1940.
Bomwr,
92h&#39;:..ht&#39;s
q:-pesrad
Ill!
1Q18!
mo
1&#39;!-cquontiy in
the &#39;Dai Hork -

Wright
we
reported
tolzoaclcnbegu:%D!ac92cricm
I.oi March 6, 1932, and
Oornittec to
save Rerngoss

l"!"-T--.;
a.-1:

on 8opl:o.".bo! 18, 19b2,

w
4
92
~_
~__

1"

ho was listec sa

one or

the officers

or the
League or
Lmorioln la-itors,
advocating a
oecc-ad trout
for Bu:-opc.
Ihe American
Go:-nittco to
Bcvc Refugees
has been
cited .1:
:C-m":.::i:t
!:&#39;or.t
by
$12.." Sccicl Qgttec
cc: Es.-92-

American Activities, Report of rm-ci 29, 1m, and :1

1%

League of

Oomrll or

American Hritcrs

the Ihitsd
-

The ltifflllt,

+~ an-an-in-vu92
.
JP

has been cited


try

states pm-cnent
4_

tho Attorney

to Exocutive

A,r1@c..1=:-m.5.1[.r-:1 _*Ll

19-&#39;55, ilnia?
6&#39;1"thc Atlantic

Order 101450.

-_ __

-4 _..

Honthlf

rablishcd
article
an
entitled
"I triedto
be
a Oorm.mist&#
nwhich
it:-ight diccuasod
his earliest
experiences as
a
ccmcnaus Party
memberChicago
in
and
touched qzan
the

&#39;&#39;92.&#39;2bl%!*
:11.-cc 912 he
to

p-econ! his

entitled low

in August

_e-2.2

te ti!

Forty.
atho
rosult
considerable
publicity
washfivan
articlesAc
in
"Daily
Worker now-uztczor.
In
s columnHrig
Times, published

6, 19151;,

1&#39;-we
01.
.=h=_-"P=_1lr Yqrlw-F P2=J~&#39;~=1;=_-Y1
P!1.I;-=&#39;;-

rorerrod to

-H--.-j

x
J

Wright and

to unat

he celled
Bright!

"ptbLi.c

and 92:1o11{:|nJueti!iab1e
attack on
tho Gcn:am.ist."
Davis
rotor:-cc!
Bright&#39;s
claim
of
titbdraw-1.3
rm:
the
Ooh-mcm
in 1954.0, an-1 asked Hg Bright
United In
1193,-1; to make his

!u~ea!_r pe1.blic= Davie i..&#39;:.;ui."od


%"@. !-!ri.g}zt- 2-.2 t~..&#39;7i.&#39;:.5
to .*!.&#39;:.-pr
and indicated

that itrigztis

attitude was

s form

or swer-

lertim. I:

__ w=-1gnc_1rz gacmggaa {or


191:1, mo

thore is

no Indication

our files

um in liq

&#39;
._>&#39;._-fr92:*&#39;:-2?;

&#39;

MP
&#39;

I
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...-

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I_
au-

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&#39;

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fa;g
Al

.,

-one
"E

1&#39;
advised

5
v-"

In individual
duo
lives in Isris,Franco,
7 hit
1951, that wright retained

in December,

United States

92
7-

ie

_-._

oi?

.,-

r92

Dr
.

eitisenship

oft

his book royalties

opinionthat eventhoughBrightheelpublieellyrenounced N

Communism,
heuse
asanoh
s Communist
ashehad
over
&#39;be
mu
my

r}&#39;@76i!>&#39;.3
5,951
snother
Governmental
ece

conducting

intelligence

?renco - inericen

-_-_-._...-

and lived

from ner-iein
les.
e nope:-ted that he had attendee
s
netting
Ihich was
s
"Communist neat
me shieh wee
gene:-1111 critical
or lnoricln
polities,
reeisi
and foreign.
This meeting no attended by bright
end it as the info!-nsnt&#39;s

investigation

rope:-te:!___thet

?e11owehip Group was organised

irely
by Richard Bright,
American
Le Yrince,
Paris,
Frmce,
immediately
and was supposed to he 1 sponsorship
srtists
and poets uho were students

shoot

writer,
11; Honsieuil
sit-er B05116 Yer II,
for young In-itere,
in H-snce.
it the time

or its organization; several of the studentshadsmie

statements

&#39;5

to the ertect

that

the group Ill

"Leftist"

in

the nature oi its discussions.


According
to the inrormsnt,
H1-ight and his group were the tsrgets
of attacks
from one
James Baldwin,
s
young Iegro writer
who use
I
student
in
In-is.
Baldwin attacked
the hatred themes oh the Wright&#39;s

smitinge
sndtheattempt
ortheFranco
-lifsericsn
Fellovgzip
Grow
toPerpetnnte
Uncle
Ton
Literature
llethods.&#39;Q
On December 10, 1951. In lmericnn
living
,1

:3

,-_ _ 4
--._..-

in re:-is,

sevised

that

her niece,

citizen,

who see
s

then
stoeent,

Ind been invited


to Join the Franco - American Fellowship
Group by Bichei-1! Bright,
I_Ih._c
etetei tgt
the pogo !I!...!
composed of militant
persons interested
in the seirsre or
the lmarieln
Iegro.
attended one meeting

According
to the informant,
the nioee
or the organisation
and esne to the

"92

eonclneion
thatdespite
itsdenials
orCommunism,
thegroup
&

in
the
United
States.
j
00-15&#
L
.1-,1_/92.
Q/92-"""92.
espoused

the Communist Isrty

line

so the

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On July 28, 191414.the Iew York Herald


Tribune
published
an ertiele
entitled
Fegro
Article
Criticized
eds
es Intolersnt&#39; in which Fright
was reported
to have stated
that hie Communist Part; membership roughly covered the
srioc

fromthe letter pert of 1932or earl; pert of 1933to IQEO,


an

hie earl;
eeeociltion
in 1937 when, he Iild,
stated

that

with the Qonmuniete in Chieego wee broke


he wee "ejected"
from the Party.
Urigr

he was re-ineteted

in

193? end maintained

e re1ati<

chip with the Part; until l9h0. However,Wright&#39;s


nameappear

frequently

in the

was reported

to

Daily

Worker"
during

be e member of

l9L1 and 19hZ.

the

American

committee

Wright

to

Save

Refuseee es of March 6, l9h2, and on September 16, l9h, he


was listed
ea one or the officers
of the League of American

triters
Connittee
been

cited

as Communist

_.

The

published

&#39;9

..---1 .
gr

an article

which Bright
Party
member
in trying
to

by the

-_..
_

ugust,

Attorney
_

19L4,

iecuc

or

entitled

Tried

discussed
hie earliest
in Chicago
and touched
present
hie can idea:

the

General.
..._

Atlantic

._

Jr.,

referred

-_-_..__
.-vi-Z

munists
in l9hO,
hie break public.

srticlee
in the bail;
New Times," publisht

and to whet he called

and wholly unjustifiable


referred
to Wright:
claim

Il,g,y_|,.r5
H
BB!-I

is

Wright&#39;s

Communists.
from the Com-

fhl
-sect

Hnlnhfl
en; Qt:-or

nfflfudn
51 I1 5fchm._
any I Q wu new 92l
you-no

AP
&#39;
egg

Wright
there

attack
on the
of withdrawing

Benjamin J.

and lckcd why Wright waited until


19hh to make
Davie inquired
whom Wright was trying
to

hf.
I1 lnnfm
IbJ92-IQ92r1U$K
none-a

luper-1cftiemend

to Fright

in

experiences
no a Communist
upon the problems
he faced
tc the Partge
Ac e result

in the August 6, 19hk, issue or the "Emily worker,


pavic,

t_F

Ron hly

to be a communist

considerable
publicity
was given Fright:
Worker
neweneper.
In his column entitled
public
nevis

i 2

1 eecond front
for Furope.
She American
Reiugeee
he; been cited
ee e Qonnuniet

front
by the Special Committee on Un-American Activities,
Report of March 29, 19hh. end the League or American Kritcrc
hue

J92
I

advocating
to save

no

left
indication

.
the United States
in

our

for

France in Ea , 19b6,

files

ge?E@

B15
"&#39;
H &#39;

LL11

6&#
92

92_

-1

in
individual
who
lees&#39;
France,
sdvieed
in |
Fbecenber,
1951,
that
Wright
retained
e inEris,
United
States
citizenship end
lived

reported

err

his book royalties

that he had ettcndcd


s

from American sales.

Ie

meeting which was e "Communist

front
Ind which was generally
critical
of iiorii
iliciii,
rsciel
end tcreign.
This meeting was sttended
by
wright who hid
publicly
renounced Communism, but he was as much
s
Communist ls

hehadever
been,

92.
92.
&#39;
1

1!

On December l6,
ducting

intelligence

"

1951, mother

investigations

Governmentll sgency eon-

reported

that

the Franco-

_A1nerican
FellowshipGroupwasorganizedslnostentirely
by

&#39;Richerd
wrip-ht, American writer,
114.Monsieur Le Prince, Peril,
?:&#39;er.c=,
immediately after
world Ear II,
and was supposes! to
be
e
sponsorship for
young
writers
artists
end posts who were stu-

dentsin France, At the ti:eeof its organizationseveralof the

#23?-2222-T.
3..Z3~&#39;Z2?2ti?2eZZ
informant, and
hisgroup
were
theuhtergets
oftgzticitg-nzro
one James Bel w
eyoung
Negro writer
o was es
ent
re;-1.. Baldwinettackcd the hatred themesof the wright writ-

ings end the ettempt

oi the Franco-American

Fellowship

perpetuate
moleroan
Literature
Methods.
Lr>
in Paris,

Group to

On December 10, 1951, en American citizen,

then
living

sdvissd

had been

that

her niece,

who was e student,

invited to join the Franco-American


Fellowship
Group
by
Richard

hrigaztinz-to
stage:
w t."a1r5-rc.uprwat;oi;:p.=d
o.&#39;=il-t::&
rt-

sone

sres
e

ing
to

the informant,

genizaticn

end came
to

we

ere
o

the niece

ettended

can

gro.

one Ieeting

sec

of the @-

the conclusion that despite its denials

I 511-1
ma
known
itinthe
mited
sun.
HM!
of Cos:-amism, the
group

espoused the Communist Party

line

es the

The foregoing information is rt


ished to
you
es the
_ge_eu1t,_o1&#39;,_v_gI.:,:_&#39;
re -ucgtjinr lamL_1&#39;i1e__eheck
end is_nct__tgi_

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131756; ZTEYQ infornmtion


not he disscninsted
_.----

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he aai, were
oi an
ieai they eeuld not obtain eazlLE.-WB;di2i1
Umzliibe fertile ground.far Curxrzzmist
eicpleitaticn. lb coursteraztsuch
e
teirzzz;-3&#39;_,_-IQ.
l92&#39;r.{j1t
92xn&#39;1e:&#39;ed
if
the Embassy
could assist Inn in su;;3est1.r;3
possible Americannegro&eJ.e;;~.te:
the are re.!.ativeJ4,*

vell kneun for their

cults.-ed a.:h$.e&#39;:e:n:zt:=
em.-1
who could ecnbct the Jl.e;"t1stten-

-92_.=:1es
d the "-"&#39;"w..*&#39;-,.tas. Fr. L&#39;r&#39;..@t,
the ii.iz..=%rt ll

i,

ii-.._:

formerlya umberat the Gcxzzzunizrt.


Partz;-;.1:01nr?.:;::ated
that he wasori.;;@J_y
on
the OarnittoeCCthe P112:-.e:1:>c
A.-."1:e.ae
but tint he hadbeenre;-ge rcaeatlgr

..-_

becausecf his preae-_~:t


anti-Cc::n.1n;stprinziples. H um-er, Hr. I-&#39;1-1,;;ht&#39;s
namewas
tetained an the List cw."
hosts for the fa:-th:c:i:_.; Q;n_.-gees.

. ~c_"

W eeiueidenae,Dr. Francis I1. I1-*3-MID,I;no."&#39;.&#39;.t:Zes


Afa..rsix-1&#39;:5,se:&#39;,
Office of

P0112};
andP:>;$&#39;u&#39;:1s,
with UHF.
in
l.&#39;.~.=.:s1"..2n.;_".aor.1,
uas in Paris d1o:":.J.;,r
after It. l.&#39;ri.5&#
&#39;:ri__sit.
to tee Eiehafsy.Dr. Be:::z:ni_
!_:1.*.;.r/m"n_1tte.
the foJ_1.o92rn;
massof possible
qetenws 1:0 we uon ;:~e::s,macs
Mi,

flmr

f92..*2E
s&#39;.iuseq.;e::tJ.;,&#39;
turned aver to 111:.&#39;dr1[;htz

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II. Y. 0.; CoJ.zn15.st; State Ceneliegien

1.13;-irut Es-;_P;1L*&#39;-&#39;92&#39;til&#39;;.

18.13, &#39;I11e;n1L1J.us
I-

"

&#39; _

For ten yee.:-seantr;i:r;to:- to

92.
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in-

mggzz:-.5-_:e,
"Ame:-Lee".

Ri3Ji7Z&#39;|ID,
Seunde:-:3

Plfessm of I"J:;;J.is11
at Bu&#39;:jrton
Institztn, IE1:_".t0n,
Virania;
fc:1:erJ,~,&#39;
held La:-arler
Gr-eaat;
of "lb mg; cf
earl

1&#39;

&#39;An
neean

-.

in India".

__._

31&#39;1";-e .-L=;=;2,:I1-

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l_92__._
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7;,-1&#39;?
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ilinister of Pre.&#39;:-b,&#39;,&#39;te:&#39;:&#39;;J.~1
G:r.:..""-.h
of the 1%.-ester,
133th Street
and Z51-nizzgside
A&#39;.&#39;e:r.ae,
H. 1&#39;.
C. Bee uritta: several hoolzrs
on

Africa.

aura,

Om-1
&#39;
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6112:: rejzmaesntative for

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polin
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am we Brazil, dueto be
in A;:r.L!., 195 .

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fa."
the Advancc-ne.~1t
oi colonel People. Ms. Udat, in
formrcling the list at
names to
Hr- "11-Kim. Bwzsoesme. um ac.
might Vurlz
closely
with the Department

_.

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r.

befcme soundingout ea.-:11


1nd192dc1ua.1. onh.1.s&#39;k.k&#39;_1.11n;ness
to serve as anccibcraf
the American

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Hr. UH.d1t&#39;a
list inalud-ed

r-I

the follotling

nm::es:&#39;

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and autlzar

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of cJ:.d.ren&#39;sstories.

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11".: Yuri:
City.
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Par Eiastm-:1 Desi: cf

I fbl&#39;."1!1

cm

Ba

Poet. Laureate
I

e:1-plowed in
Paris

Agznze F:"._92:,:e
Keane.

Lnnmtrza U.11ve.:-:.ity,

at LLher.La,:

p:.~cr;cssm- of English at

Olzlahann; am

is 1Pu..1:r&#39;1{;ht
Fbllw Ln

Hines, Mr. I-Er.


t.mns1.nte into

Frc-:::;:, as

mith, mm
haw; the

Paris.

nmes appear
in the

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to diacusa tne tqicaticns
and to
offer
his oa&#39;.D.aJ:o:-aticn
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~c:ns
culisural
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mam-,5

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afar: the mm-cise of its :.";J.1:._&#39;*~..;


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c-altar-ullife

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at
acre a::.11,eJ.y
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cu:-selves to the war-1:1.
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first
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at i.:|*-...-odu:.&#39;1x:;;
out-salve: to each omen-,

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Artists,
histwmr
are nequesting you to

.-5 -lb

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stun.

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by their signt-awe and
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92

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ALL INFORMATION
r;=i>:~,&#39;m.-

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92
92

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_Born:

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MAI? _ AHG:3"1g
&#39;

U 9/4

IICHAR IGEI=&#39;

aepteaber h.

i Iatohea,

Iillillippi &#39;

has teen

nsde to
your request
for oopies
or
in the
event
the
captioned individual

investigated iy,t3is

six reports

which
appear

1908 Iumicnnm

/e/* /

Rererenoe is
investigative reports

iureau.

Inin response
to your
request,
there
are azaohe
the ease entitled
Yighard_Ilb!1O&#39;THright,
to relate

naddition,
00-157h6&!

I_e-1*.-..._

IEHW

to the

subject or

you are

referred to

your inguiry.

the memorandum

entitled &#39;51eperawr1gnc,&#39;
dated July B,
mesa,
previously furnished

L-

the foregoing
information is
or your
request tor
an IBI

a result
--Z-1...-

to be

construed as

-1-ii

your use

s olesranoe

individual involved.

or a

Ibis information

and shouid

which was

toyour agency.

not be

tile

furnished to
shook
and

nonolearanoe or

is furnished

disseminated outside

you as
is not
the

tor

of your

sgenoy.

lnolooures

E$__T

idiirug

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Toleou _.._
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iilsilols i
Bantu 1.

1/

orig.
one_tg
and . USIAA
D T&#3

Iote:
He adv
so

Bllna:._..._ results or
investigation were
requested. Reason
for request
llanon _._..i -Programfor People-to-People,Partne?sP%?
formerly Presid
Iohr i_._
Pararns .i
loam _.i
Tnlnln i_,,_
Nesne __i
Iimerrord _
Tole. Room_
Hello ..._..

Program tor
World Underotandinghggd
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1
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FEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGAHON
_1-

ni W.

h-1,1-F
T
.?%g#Y&#39;

_____
Hug:
:_ Inn
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3/18,20/56

-92

*1
.i

&#39;
RICHARD

;@-

WRIGHT

_SECURITY

.~._

MATTER Ca

.,
L-__

-.
-I 4&#39;:h=--

n 2/&#39;13/&#39;58,
at
Amer-ican
abnssi, Penis,
France, subject-

..

executed

asworn

member of

statement in

the Connnunist

which
he

Party
from

stated he

1932 to

had been

1914.2. He

- .-

reviously

which
he Btltd18l.ff11181I-1011
his
the G0n:m1m
"92
wi
submitted detailed

came about

1
gob;

sworn at

because of

comm-lmist officials.

atement at

a series
of

..J-.1-Q
BHIDE

Q -A-I-Q--._-h
LA LEA
UL 1&#39;6
92rU.ILl. bu
hum:

ideological dispute

for passport at Paris, France, in which


he
J_L_.J_ Ll
HID I11.

9/16]

On 2/13/SB, subject executed

resided outside
theUnited
States

application

stated he has

Q Q

1"!-92-I Ha
uu..L vcu

P *&#39;"=" ALL

Q.
,

;_;.
I

since
September,19|+9, and
1i
Qu-I.

vwu 1.0

I! +Q
-&#39;
J.uu.=u J-Ll-I. on I-1

.4

On 2/21/58, Department of State authorized issuance oi pass*2

5,. - ;._
1

.
_.
;-..;
-a ,_.

Paris
on

Q?

INFORMATION c0r~m92m
1""
- RUG

HEREEFI E3
UNCLASSW ED

g1g1fA1Ls= _.1___H_A_SHI}IG&#39;lfO;~IJ1P._C
DATEEBY /=&#39;-..

ch
16, 1956,
Hiss
may emu,Legal
seh1=1eh,T92n&#39;I92n&#39;III&#39;&#39;JI!l|!&#39;92&#39;|&#39;.
Q1-.n+.a- iti
n1rn&#39;!1nh&#39;IQ
nf
gmS1
Jar:-13.], uullvd-iv
no. gv-perv,
unmet-1 u-v-1----v
v IIu-Q

"
Iq1_&#39;

*?&#39;1
._.s
av!-_

the passport

file of

mo:-nan WRIGHT.

A review

92

5
. .._4

3&#39;1
-E 1&#39;

ci a

-;

UFO 100-15h33

0-- -71

F-

F_ .

On February

cation for

t-1-..
E 7"-

13, 1956,

RICHARD WRIGHT appeared

before AGNES
SCHNEIDER, Consul
of the
United states
America at
Paris, France,
being
duly
sworn, stated
submitting the
following statement
as part
of his
In that
of the

apassport

which he

statement, subject
Communist Party,

nist Farty

from I932

5.;-R1
I&#39;4:

statement he

February l3,

1958.

stated
he
was not
then amember
but had
been a member of
the commu-

to l9L2,

had executed

France, on

executed on

of
he was
appli-

and called

at the

September 16,

attention to

the

American Embassy,

195M. tr

Paris,

further details

in that

regard.

E;;
is
Z--I

The Communist
Attorney General
of the
Order l0h50.

On September
fore AGNES
aim

France, being

duly sworn,

sisting of

answers to

questions annexed

that statement,

subject identified

;%

were included
in the
stated he
could not

whose experiences

by
the
Executive

RICHARD waxes? appeared be-

of the

at Paris,

RICHARD WRIGHT

-_i

1e, 195b,

SCHIEIDEH, Consul

5&#39;.
|;- . _

In--.-.-_

Party has
been designated
United States
pursuant to

United States

of America

furnished a

statement con-

to his

himself as
in the

statement. In

being the

same

comunist movement

book, "The
God That Failed." Subject
fix the
exact time
of his
joining the

Communist Party
because he
was a functionary in
the Communist
Party before
he actually
joined the
Communist Party.
He
explained
that
the
method used by
the
Communist karty
in
recruiting
is
of
such a
nature that
the line
or date
of determining the
exact membership
is very
difficult.
He
stated

that to
the best
of his
recollection, the
shown in his book,
"The God That Failed",
stated that

he

is
the

RICHARD WRIGHT

the League
of American
Writers expressing
Spanish Civil
War, which
was published
booklet, "writers
Take Sides."
The League
of American
by
the
Attorney General
of the
Executive Order
IOLSO.

date about
is correct.

who wrote

aletter

his views
in May,
1936,

writers has
United States

1933!
Subject
to

on the
in the

been designated
pursuant to

.92

Subject stated
at the
mentioned letter
he was
amember
stated he
is not
now a member of
country of
the world.

time of
writing the
aboveof the
Communist Party.
He
the Communist
Party of
any

-.,-

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4,
.

Subject stated

that he

of

aseries

of ideological

d others.

disaffiiiated with

C0mrr1unIitt Party
of the
United States
year 19142, and that
his disaffiliation
follo communist

E e

_.

I.

the

sometime during
the
came about because -

disputes he

had with

the &#39;

e sgaged
his decision
to l

officials-

break wit
e ommunist
Party was
predicated upon
his
disagreement with
the Communist
Party&#39;s position upon the
e ro
uestion

in the

United States.

at that

-He stated

time urged

him

that

to
become

amember-

at-large of
t eCommunist
Party, but
that he
refused to
heed that
suggestion. Subject
stated that
two years
later,
in
191414,
he publicly
indicated his
disaffiliation with
the Communist
Party by
means /51-a press conference
held in

the office

.55"?

of his

agent in
Iiew

few months
later he
Monthly indicating

York, PAUL REYNOLDS, anda

wrote two
articles in
the Atlantic
he was no longer
affiliated with

Communist Party.

the

b1

Subject wasasked
if
he wasacquainted with-

_-es.--1-._
3,a. -

1Information.
the ubject

stated that

ship with

which he

did
some

mation

in
1914.2.
nf

=51";
-ox

he has

and it

dates
exactly

voluntary work

He stated

tion

he met
as

in the

War Infor-

Office of

e
htroducsd

to
that

preeence of
Sub stated

that was

- .
92.;._
&#39;.-v=-__~~...__-_.
_-1-.. _
__

from the period

Office of

-._.-__e-r_
. _,.___,-.-

Office
of
War
acquaintance-

a slight

not known
nist
P

kno

In
regard
t subject
to him as having
any ation

-* &#39;
arty
it
sed and

that time.

stated
was
he
Commu-

with the

li

sta

taken ba

11:12:-:7 :;-:_,-.

and the

im that_
V8 _ry well.

manner of

his being

understood the
Subject stated
that
-3-

introduced

sub ectis

to
him

olitic tion

1.

U
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92

I.
w
92

&#39;5..-_

the

him shortly

work

ject
stated
he told them that this would be rather
difficult
since he was a publicly
known comunist
writer
and had be

Chief

of the Harlem Bureau of the "Daily

Worker.

The "Daily Worker" was an East Coast communist


newspaper which suspended publication
on January 13, 1956.

Subjectstatedtbatinformed

asking

him to make this

more

get an applicationblank

is

afte

and asks
him to make a formal
Office
of Uar Information.
Sub-

to

to

92

of

ted

him

that the CommunistParty knew exactly what it was


doing

and that

he
should

in

forthwith

wouldaid himin filling

out
theapplication
blankiibieii stated
he
obtained
the
application
blank and
called
at his home,

which at that time was at


11
Revere Place, Brooklyx New York,
and they jointly
filled
out this application.
Subject stated
.,--n--

Ii"92 -92-

I
I
I

--..
I

w,-

one
communists
of
his
introduction

ya

_.

IA

application

V
-

_,
-

-ii

the application
reflected
that he was a member of the Communist Party
and objected
to the linking
of comuniam with
fascism,
as the application
implied,
and indicated
that subject was a patriotic
person wishing
to make a contribution
to the war effort.
Subject
stated
he took this application
before
a Notary Public
and swore to the truthfulness
of its
contents,
an act which at the time made him, perhaps,
the

only
sworn
Communist
in theUnited
States.Subiect
stated
he
took this
application
the

Office

stated

of

they

War

read

Information

it

and had
a

and

handed

sight,
but out of reach of his hearing.
their coment to him was, "You are
really
E. ;_&#39;:

Subject
stated
he returned
for some days to hear from

suspect

L,"--_

that

it

consulation

to

about

them.

it

He

in

his

Subject stated that


intraneigeant.&#39;

to his house and waited


anxiously
his application,
and he began to

they never actually

turned

it

in.

He stated

he

deeeztm
know
what
happened
toit, forhenever
had
areili to
application.
Subject stated he consulted with
about

why he never heard about his application,


and
him in his home in Brooklyn
by
telling
him
no recollection
of having helped subject
make out such
an application.
Subject
stated
that upon reflection,
he

i"-*&#39;-<?&#39;+l-"i astounded

5.
i?

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Y

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Ll

he was

supposed to

time he

indicated to

that

him to become a member-at-large of


but subject
rejected this
suggestion

statedhas
he had
no further
contact

iv-

since that

time

arty

=5:

awft
?
i|

at

l&#39;._T___

s nce
nation of

a he
had

contac

He stated he
me

occasions

en, and has attempted


what transpired
concerning his
constantly denied
all
knowledge

from him
an explasworn application,
of such
an incident,

Mc!.!as caused
the subject
to distrust
profoundly.
,/

On February

l3, 1958,

executed an

application for

the subject

stated he

at Paris,

France, the

passport. In

subject

that application,

was born geptember Q,

l9O5Jat=HatgQgz,

Ni$i881ppi, and
maintains his
residence at
IE rue
Monsieur
as Prince,
Paris, France.
He indicated
he
has
resided out-

__.._.-

side the

United States

:";__
IQ",. ,.

France Kay,
France August,
and France

September, 19L?

to date!

,.
mini.-

Subject stated
that he
considers Paris,
France to
be his
legal
residence
and indicated
that the
date of
his
return to
the United
States is
indefinite. Subject
indicated

-1-ma

he
was
l9hl
to

last married
at Coytesville,
New Jersey on March 12,
FREDA POPLOUICZ,who was born September 3, 1912 at

New York,
I

l9h6 to
December, 19h6!
19h? to August, l9h9!

Argentina

. .5

as follows:

;____

New York.

Subject listed

WRIGHT, born about 18??


WILSON, born about 1861
whereabouts of

his father

his father

in Kississippi
in Hississippi.
aw-unknown and

as NATHAN

and his mother as ELLA


He stated the present
that his

mother

resides

rence

*5

.- , _
-L
visit
&#39;."7,}&#39;1
-=:&#39;
_.

re

France

and other

apasspo

countries for

to pe

the purpose

of travel

business.

On February
* authorized

the American

21, 1956,

the Department

Embassy, Paris,

to issue

of State
apassport

and

i!

a
..

Lg
,r 1
:_-J

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UFO 100-l5h33

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e__:

-4

The following

of previous

-D

passport

information

passports

;_

*1
n

._._.

Passport

Number 6lh9h7

was issued

to the subject.
In his application
for that passport,
subject
stated
he desired
to travel
to Mexico,
England,
and France
for a visit
of one year&#39;s
duration
for the
purpose
of
study,
and writing.
.

On September 1?, 19h0,


the

Passport

Office,

Union and will


via Yokahama.

invited
t

issuance

in his

requested

the subject,
by

the

return

letter

of

Passport

to
Number

$lh9h? which was


taken
from his-by Imnigration
authorities
at the Mexican border on
June
15, l9hO.
Subject stated that
on October 15, l9hO, he intends to take a trip
to the Soviet

the

was set forth

file:

On May 1, 1939,
L

concerning

to the subject

T;

guest of the League of Russian Hriters

of the trip
existing
in

5&#39;
>_

,,
I -,_-_,

.__
..-;-2
._
_.

and the purpose

minority

problems

Office,

On May 13, 19b1, subject,


by
letter
to the Passport
requested renewal of his Passport Number 6lh9h7 in

order

"u-

national

journey
to
mm unable

to

permit

He stated

be to study the
Soviet
Union.

for his
of State

&#39;
_

will
the

On September 2?, l9hO, the Passport Office,


by
letter,
the subject that there wusno imperative
necessity

informed

depart from San Francisco


en route to Vladivostok
He stated
he will
be making this
trip
as an

the Soviet
to validate

him

he intended

to

travel

to

San Francisco

on July 21,

Kobe,

Subject

Japan.

Union and that the Department


his passport
for the journey.

to

depart

l9hl

stated

the

from

for
the

Soviet

the

travel

purpose

to write news articles


for the Associated
South Parkway, Chicago, Illinois.
On
June
the

subject,

not

believe

2h, 19hl,

informed
that

him

accredited

the Passport
that

the

American

Union

United

and

China.

States

at

to Esdivostok
of

his

trip

Negro Press,
Office,
by

Department
Journalists

of

via

would
be

3507

letter
State
should

did

to
.

be

permitted
to proceed to the Soviet
Union until
the Soviet
Union
basdisposed
to be more lenient
toward the travel
of United
States
representatives.
-6

c
u

1
92
=
92

92

y
T

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.
8

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On March
v
L

F F
F-ea
Ex:
I _
.92__

9, 19b6,

advised that

subject, by

letter to

he intended

the Pass-

to travel

to France

on April
15, 19h6.
He
stated
that his
wire serves
him in
the capacity
of secretary
and research
worker, and
inasmuch
as he is to
represent the
publication, Twice
a Year,
to
the French
public, writing
articles about
French literary
developments, roestablishing
contacts for
the distribution

of
the

periodical, and

in
America,

seeking manuscripts

itns necessary
On April

that she

29, 19b6,

for reproduction

accompany him.

Passport Number

6hB29 was

issued tothe subgectand was


validated for travel to France

only. On
j_.-1

I
I

port Office,

Harsh lo,

19b5, subject!s

years. At
has resided

the time
of renewal,
in France
since May,

pose of

serving as

aCorrespondent

for the

stated
the pur-

Associated Negro

to the

subject at

Argentina. In

6, 1950,

Passport Number

the American

122 was

Embassy, Buenos

his application

for that

"On November 26, 1951,


France, furnished

reflecting that

and that

the American

information to

the subject

subject

France, Haiti,

Embassy, Paris,"

the Department

was maintaining

the Embassy had received

issued

Aires,

passport,
the

stated he
desired apassport
in
order
to visit
England, Italy,
Switzerland, and
Belgium.

:
V,,,__,_Iv&#39;__-.

renewed

the subject
19b6, for

Press.

On March
&#39;1swig-

passport was

for two
that he

of
State

residence in

Paris,

information indicating

that the

subject was
willing to
go to any length
in order
to attract
attention to
the problem
of racial
discrimination in
general
and to
its
manifestations in
the United
States in
particular.
It was
further stated
that the
subject has
been using
as an
instrument for
his publicity,
a group to which
he has given

the name 0Q "Franco-American Felbwship,"

_/27/, .-;_.
,1 - =51 ~&#39;_,_/11/
On February

r
1&#39;.
/-2&#39;.
_92,r" as

122 was renewed for


England. at

21, 1952,

two years

the time

riding at

the subjectls

at the

of renewal,

subject stated

28 Glenluce,

London, England,

writer.

,1
H,
r-

occupation of

passport Huber

American Embassy,

London,

he was

and pursuing

the

//&#39;-&#39;

On February
23, 195b,
Passport
2536
Numbe
was

to the
subject at
application for

with his

the American
that;assport, the

Embassy, Paris,
subject stated

France. his
he was

esiding

wife, FRED;/PCPLO1-.&#39;ICZ,
and two children. JULIP-*?-RIGHT.

born April

born January

15, l9h2

17, 19h?

at Brooklyq

New York,

at Paris,
_7

France.
-

and RACHEL*E3lGHT,

k
I
-

&#39; 3

i
._92_

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contained
in

Therewasno additiona .
1 Pertinent information
the gub.
Jt&#39;=
Passport file

-RUC-

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DIRECTOR, FBI
_*"=

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sac, we00-15l+33!

v3;,

sectmrry -MATTER
c
Being forwarded herewith to
the

Bureau are four

HYorkthree eooies
of therBPPtS;!
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Ywe

=m=d
We
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1-4&#39; ADHINI

,,,.~ //-/

STRATIVE DATA

copies of p&35pOPt applieetion


photo of subject

and his wife will

F
ae .

be forwarded to
new

This case was celled

ROBERT JOHSOII,
chief, Legal

.3

partment of State. p_

aw.
-

V&#39;;,1o
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:~-&#39;
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..

RICHARD WRIGHT

co

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York via routing slip.

to
the

attention of

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FROM

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SAC, CHICA
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1-NTIEHNAL SECURITY
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67

//

v. SIiITH

ReBu1et dated

May 2, 1955 entitled

"U.S.

II
ACT MEMBERSHIP
RETRIAL!

_nd NewYork latter to


Bgpggu May 13, 1955 entgtlea

I-1- .-in

C"d an
my

airtel of
May 22, 1958.
4

F-1

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curi-

of

ative

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not
place
WRIGHT in the
CP
h ad numerous di scuss 1ons

bu re

white

concerning 1manuscri t of
a

by
wnmm".
the
to
be

1
,3-1

RICHA IGHT

prscn

bg

ublicaticp being_propared

wesemployed

individual
believe
at the
settlement
house
I.
0

at 39th and LangleyAvenue, Chicago,Illinois and


connected in

,.
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92

some way with the

C
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Abraham Lincoln School of

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Chicago.

to be

WRIGHT was

Indices of

the Chicago

Office reflect

that

4!;

RICHARD WRIGHT,
the author of "Native Son"in
1936 and

5%;

Avenue, Chicago, Illinoipf

-,_

193? was
using
the

addressgf Apartment
Number 1,
3?h3Indiana

BUREAU

/ Q

It is

requested that
the

permitted to
contact

knowl

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New YorkDivision be

RICHARD WRIGHT
conce
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bu
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interview RICHARDWRIGHT
along
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Director, FBI

February 11,

1960

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Subject WRIGHT, according to


this
rue Monsieur 1e Prince, Paris 6,

Itlh

report, rogidog

rererencdT%? g?1:;;n;grmation
was
not forth
in
the above-

"In Docambor
101:1OI

ve no French Comuiat
Party
and
&>

has boonongagod inspreading comuniatdoctrine throughthp


.

&#39; .4-2
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bID

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&#39;
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->_-- -

77&#39;

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$2
92

Director,

FBI

February 11, 1960


-:1 - -

FPAFG.
Ire.
Ric
is
the
acpixfwe
comnunist
membe
Of-*3
the
family
and
hes&#39;mede
a
point
bf711i31ti2g
Negro
personnel,
who
hoId
views
other
than
communist.
Tic
quaintan
ofir
_?_-&#39;_y_.-l_|s.92 _

-1

__

__

.;.e

.-r

Source

who had attended

some meetings

stated

that

as far

as

they had been able to discover,


the
FAFG
its time to very uncontrolled
discussion

Ias devoting all of


of the things that

were

that

wrong

with

boasted that
he

the

US.
Source

stated

WRIGHT had

had the State Departmentin92my


pocket--they

call mein for conferences,


thefoo1e.&#39;1QxKSv
4
1

&#39;

"In January 1952, an American_egro male student

then attending
the University
of
Paris
stated that in about
June or July 1950, Richard WRIGHT asked
Source
to join a
protest&#39;group aimed at forcing
the employment of more of
the

Americans

of African

Paris.

Source

certain

of facts

told

ancestry

WRIGHT

that

before
going

in
it

off

US government
jobs

would
be

in

better

half-cocked.

to
be

WRIGHT

then accused
Source
of having an Uncle Tom attitude.
Later
the organization
tried to interfere
with the French policy
of employment and held protest meetings at which the members

discussed
thefactthatAlgerians,
Africans,
and
French
coloniale
were
not
emzloyed
in
other
than
menial
capacities
in
Paris."FhI>
L.
and the
possible

The above data is


New York Office
for
interest-

but
in
future

the

Bureau

and

No further
action
event pertinent

on captioned

being furnished
to the
purposes
of information
is being
information

subject,

it

eill

Bureau
and

taken in this
is received

he furnished

matter
in the

to the

FYORUG.

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_Mob:
Parsons
Belmont _._

1Collqho
_._

I 1|chord
2.
.
C
gVr|
ht, Novelis
, 1$0583

i@&
_.._

N &#39;DILOuch
._..._
Malone .

ut orof ctiveSon .1

_!
1

TFQTI

PARIS.an
Nov.
IAPJ.-I-Rich-1
work
in Memphis.at&#39;renn..
the
age oi 15. &#39;

W.C. Sullivan Y
Tele. Room
_

ard Wrigl-it1_
the Negroauthor.

F _.

;i

lied of lhtRlt attack


Monday He didhis tint writtnl: dur-_
iht.
in: the depression under the
iauspices the
oi Federal
WritThe Mississippi-born
writei&#39;.;

5"?

best knownfor his novels such1937.

a longtime

Ls

Ingram

Gcindy .._.____m.

Project. first in Chicago in


Paris resident, is ers
1935 and then in New York tn

9/ J/v

as Black Boy" and &#39;I&#39;heMr,


OutWright began contribut-

sider" dealing with the prob- ing articlesand storiesto small

P_

magazines
to the
lems of the Negro in Anierzcsn lILE.l&#39;3I}&#39; and

-I

Daily Workerand NewMasses.

Iociety.

Mr. Wright. 52,


who had suf- both Communist publications.
He first attracted nationalatlered recently from
intestinal
Upsie Tom!
trouble, was hospitalized Satur- tention with

-3

day for

Chl]d!EIi" in

treatment.

Mr. Wright&#39;slatest

103?.

work

"Native Son." published In


dealt with a theme he
spent a 1940. establtshetihim as one of
lifetime exploring. Titled "Fish- the foremost American conbelly," the book traces the im- temporary authors.
pact 0! American racial atMr. Wright was ide ified by
titudes upon the Negro.
Ir. Wright was bornnear witness in 1952 as former

s hung
,-t. ,_

4/

aGovernment
i!i92&#39;l11L1BB.llOll

P?

&#39;_h:_-e

N ~nez. M155.. onSeptemberCommunist


brokehlvlth
who
the
4.1308.attended
He Seventh
a party.

omequit
butldigxlill/tPrl:;92.
Q: Adlventist school ear

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Nov
Journa
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New York
Herald Tribtmo
.____

NewYork
Hlreoi-__._._,______

5.19
The
,

New YorkDusty News__.____


NewYork
Polt__.____i_____
The NewYork 1&#39;1.-|oa____,_

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EMBASSY OFTHE

UNITED
STATES

Paris
B,

Date:

".~~

ITo:

he 1,

France

December 7, 1960 e

n AQ

OF AMERICA

&#39; Director,
FBI l00~1STh6h!_,
Legat, Paris 00-697! ~

From:

Subject:SM--RICHAR:;RIGHT
C
Re Paris letter 2/11/60.

-.0-_ I

Enclosed
ais
cl1ppinfrom the
11/Q0/B0 issue
H

of the

erald Tribune
European
Edition, Paris, .
reflecting
death
the
theof,subject
at Paris
on 11/28/5

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D.

Richerd
rigl1t Dies
inPeris

/pi

A-merican
Negro
Author,
55!

E.
b

Fm .

Amerlcan Negro author Richard


Wright. 52, has died
oi
a heart
lttld:
in Paris Death came to
170rn writer Monthe Mississlppi~
-.____--__

E
>-7 <

day niaht. A longtime Pal-;s resident, he is hm known tor his


novels. such as "Black Boy and
"Hie Outsider, dealing with the
problem
oi
the New: in American aoeiety.
He had suiiered recently hum
Intestinal trouble and we hospital-

ized Saturday tor treatment.


I
His latest work. published by

Julliard
Just
1 iewecksago,
dealt with ztrriheme 11spent a|

De;
<=

llietime itxtilorlng. Titled "Fuhbelly" ,he


book
traces the impact
oi Arrencan racial attitudes upon
the Ilezro.
Mr. Wright was burn near Nat,
chez. Hlas..
on
Sept. 4 190$. He
attended a Seventh Day Adventist
Ichool near his home but quit

and went
to
-

Tenn...
atthe
age
of 15.

pp-no-~

Q+:
u-r .
1

- 92

work in Memph:s._

from Ilemphll

Prom Memphis. he driited


to
Chicago, where he warted It odd
iohs.
His first writing was
d-one
durmz
me depression under the I13-5]JlC25
oi the Federal Writers Project.
first in Chicago in W35 and then
in New York in 1937.
He began contributing articles
and stories
to
small literary magazines. He rst attracted nationattention with Uncle
To
ildren" in W38.
Native
Son,
published in
I
.
blished him as one
of
e
remost American oontem
l92lhOl&#39;S.

New

York
Herald
Tribune

European
Paris,

Edition

France

11/30/60

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FEDERAL BUREAU
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IIIVESTIGITIOII

PAGE
IIIFORIMTIOII

SHEET

____L_ Page-ts!
withheld entirely
at thislocation in
the le. One or
more of
the following
statements,
whale
indicated. explain this
deletion.

GET Deleted
under exemptionbls!We
material available

l:l Information

with
no segregable

for release tn you.

pertained onlyto athird party withno referenceto youor the subject of your request.

&#39;F_&#39;92
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E Documenthsl originating with


the followinggovernment agencyliesl
_.
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,was/were forwarded to them


for

L
direct response to you.

...___..__ Page- s! referred for consultation to the following government agencyliesl; -

rv

_,_

___

as
the

information originated
with them. You will

be advised of availability upon return of the material to the FBI.

_._._i Pagetsl

withheld for the following reasonlslz

{:1 For

your information:

___ ___

__

____

lj The

following number
isto be usedfor reference
regarding these
pages:
Lair /5
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- Name Check Section
- Mr. Stefansson

__.&#39;
-

v929292/3

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p,

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ml 1

Richard

who
tobeidentical
3:.h-RlhI5!U1bln1
ho. qapears
.
te-nbc:-,19D8,.I&#39;enumedAnci
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:2gqnesult
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TU&#39;J"I
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4
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Rcrieirer!
byCarl
F.Slot.-er
ff- lg

F-

92~_
Political clenii-it Wllh tr Bronkinn lr|92llllitl&#39;l92
I,
W I
52115-l B! outsider, livinz in two worlds,
R1
"
t.
Double- and ahle to believe in neither.
da ,
.
No solutions or
plans
or
THOSE 9292&#39;llO
net-rl to rrarl at-tion are presented. Wright
this book will probahI_92&#39;
not contends that we all, deep
do
lo,
because it is 9292&#39;ritttn
by
I
Negro. Tltose who do in our hearts. know exactly
read it may not like it. es- v.-hat to do, though most of
perially if they are in:-titted us would rather die than do
to feel that everything
snirl it." ttho can say that he is
about social prohlems must wrong?
be constructive.
For inn IS
&#39;l&#39;o
those
familiar
with
I bitter
and vitupr.-ratit-e 9292&#39;right&#39;s
work.
this book will
book.
"explosive
and bla- have a familiar,
personal
tantly unarrademie "
rule. Perhaps more
than
the
colored
Richard Wriglu C ll|t|l1t"lIlS phght of the world&#39;s
it
reflects his own
92rdentl_v on white-t&#39;olrn&#39;etl
re- peoples.
plight as a talented and senAtions in the world, dentin:
92llI92&#39;P
AIll l&#39;lt_&#39;3l92
Nenro. Readprincipally
9292ill|the ;i=92"t&#39;!-fl
it,
one is mindful of his
lozieal impact of wliito mens m;_earlier
irllrtlsioiis
on
enloren
pr-ol -:-losing words in an
essay;
pics. 92&#39;t&#39;llether
thr~_v come &#39;l92&#39;
"1 would hurl words into
missionaries, litmnrssiiien
or
and wait for an
conquerors,
9292&#39;r|eht
argues, lll|S ll&#39;l-Zl&#39;ll"HS
echo. and ifan echo sounded.
they have l92fl]1tfl tn uotler
I
mine the cultures of Africa no matter how faintly,
would send other words to
and Asia.
Thus, the colored man has tell, to mart-h, to fight, tn
been
alienated
from
his create a sense of the hunger
own, while he is also pre- for life that grows in us all
vented from becoming a part to keep alive in our hearts a
sense oi--t-4-re-"l.1expressibly
of&#39;;lg_e,.:.=leitP
culture arounrl
ltn.
He remains the true human."

r,
__

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Wash. Post and ;__;


Times

I
&#39;1

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Herold

Wash. News
ill.-.-.92-t
Q0"
l&#39;IUbl.9292|.L]
N. Y. Herold

ii

Tribune

N. Y. Journal-_.____

.&#39;
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L

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la

American
N. Y. Mirror

N. Y. Daily
N. Y. Times

1&#39;

1
J

Daily

News __
._..i.._

Worker _.____

The Worker
New Leader

._.__.._.__..__.

pa;-tyoell-un.I&#39;t,"nsltwas
92
Iuas utsttucted
Iagreedandwrota
my rst unlt
held in the
gm gt llae
South
Side-all tntroduoedmysell to the Nelr
call
organizer
"Welcome.
comrade.
he
laid.
grinning We&#39;re
glad to hlvi togivemyunit
afiter
with
tn."
.-:
e
_ R;-..w~92
.
hea
note!

Q
Eff!

2_urassurp1-iadtncateha
E2;
ayi k
fl. mgamiaeonihefnpioxa
1 nished. and

went. atThere
ulaoked
the
o
kedabout.lost

radeasatwtthbowed

human. Minutes
egn wornlnll
he
nlnersmothr asmlle. Then
bmke into unreiIll::4&#39;!_
,l.;4l.lgl1!er,
hendi tor-

adand
burying
hertacenln
he

~h1.u:d.:..I $1-U141Had! sald


aomethlng
funlay?
Dunng the lollnwingdays,I
learned
through
d.i.sm-eet
quaIloningthatI seexned
allantastic
elementto the black Commw
niats. I wasshocked
to bearthat
I, whohadbeenonlylu grammar
school,
had beenclassial as an
,&#39;|.&#39;_|&#39;92!"I.|Z.7ls&#39;L5.lTl1_lll-I.~.
I learned,to my dismay,that
the blackCommunist:
in my amt:
had commented
uponmy shined
shoes,my cleanskirt,andthetie
ihatlihadworn. Abovelmy
"manner
of Ipeechhadseemed
In
alienthingto them.
"Ht talks like l b00I.,"tmeof
Heine
had I-aid.
d thatwas
enough to condelim
melomvc:
asbmn-geodsj
-0 o
&#39;
ran-Imm organ!-aing
Pall? mrrrm anon lntomy novels. Iargued
eurta at expression.
Th; club man organlzedor
decided
upon
a oonlerenoe
of all
the Left-Wing wtul oi the
Middle West. I suported no

T;

_:_&#39;eai.t.hat
iTE&#39;i
it:-i i.-.-solo:
&#39;tl:e
Newllasael
about
JoeInuit.
Gooda&#39;tu:l&#39;.t.
Fl:-It polltlul hutmentof sport:we&#39;ve
yet had.aIll.
&#39;
~
. L" 3 _

-u-=-irdarfuedat cl
qroeshmddealwithadt
ms. My argumentswe

-* Iwwt

novels. The P
that bothmust
t}&#39;of

Eiewcwgn.
valled
I had
[!9292..
at-om.

uwmaupga
aremmdn

&#39;:.;You;re_
l

Dick?"Iaeaahd.
"
r"
No, 1 -u
am we the

,
-II! out ol eaislenn.
I . _ll P01"-ital
192&#39;1Y}B0111.
IP18the answer.

d;m&#39;=_|uu&#39;
,_-.:,&#39;_*=
._.
I-".Iourea
runny
guy.
he
said.

&#39;
Wrlte9.kw hem...-5
5 da~i,-,3

march
onthepicketlinel.l!0th1&#39;

hour: ne conference
convened
with
l ldig
Communistattending

we&#39;ve
a
jobtodo.$6:-ealert-

*2

:aadv-leer.
The
question
debited
doesthe Communist

~12_,.__

Lbeclub?TI!
munistleader
._-_~ 7&#39;.

:3Y---~35
&#39;_..~-_"-&#39;~_&#39;-&#39;*.

" "Dick,"hebegan,fave?!ahrt
Iomea. We&#39;re
Iacmga grave

lng our work Iasclsm&#39;a


Iht

da.r|glL
the danger
D

all

Hw1&#39;.&#39;"
-c

l.nG&#39;llI.l0l&#39;1tE
of the iirtull
l,IlI dm
he a.
as
charge;that Communists
Ii!!!
and Inna!
your

iblea.

want
you
tswork
with
ua.
We&#39;ve

I gavomnzol
Um-i
gm;-nu
j

;:L; &#39;&#39;.f.i2%;...L.."..E....2i

my astonishment
I heard
got to
out oi our narrow
......_ .--._e.. iii .__...._._s.-?_
oggleroneactlon. &#39;
or tear 0 beingsubjected
&#39;92o
pefple,prolessiom
$0 du_b
us. mlouleclass."
t&#39;
lsdpllne Occasionally,
a Negro
I don&#39;t
lmnw ll I t Into
Commun.!stdel&#39;y1ng
the code