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Rev.

16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Updated 8/11/09

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade X5CrNi18-10


with A/SA-240 Grades 304 and 304LN

General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X5CrNi18-10
with ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grades 304 and 304LN, respectively.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7

SA-240

SA-240

X5CrNi18-10

Gr 304

Gr 304LN

0.07

0.08

0.030

Si

1.00

0.75

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

0.030

Cr

17.5 - 19.5 |

18.0 - 20.0

18.0 - 20.0

Ni

8.0 10.5

8.0 - 10.5

8.0 - 12.0

Mo

0.10

0.10

0.10-0.16

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Produ
ct
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield
Strength
MPa (ksi),
min

8 (5/16)

540 - 750
(78 - 109)

230 (33)

45

13.5 (17/32)

520 - 720
(75.5 104.5)|

210 (31)

45

75 (3)

520 - 720
(75.5 104.5)|

210 (31)

45

Gr 304

515 (75) min

205 (30)

201 (92)

40

Gr 304LN

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40 |

(75)

(31)

NOTE: See
Section II Part D
(USC)

Tables 1A &
U
for VIII-1

X5CrNi18-10

SA/EN10028-7
X5CrNi18-10

( 3)

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grades 304 and 304LN (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
- Elongation: SA-240: Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming
C (F)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

Air

1000 - 1100
(1830 - 2010)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

Gr 304

1040 (1900) min

Gr 304LN

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

X5CrNi18-10

09-759 W-Nr. 1.4301

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

2/33

For Info

Rev. 16 November 2009 |


NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

Impact Test Requirements

X5CrNi18-10

Gr 304
Gr 304LN

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

0.38
(0.015)

0.38
(0.015)

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X5CrNi18-10 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME SA-240|
Grade 304. EN 10028-7:2000 Grade X5CrNi18-10 is currently listed in Section II Part D (A08) as
permitted for Section VIII, Div. 1 applications up to 1022F (550C).
(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

09-759

For Info

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grades X2CrNi18-9 and X5CrNiN19-9


with A/SA-240 Grades 304L and 304N
General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grades X2CrNi18-9 and |
X5CrNiN19-9 with ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grades 304L and 304N, respectively.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7

SA-240

EN 10028-7

SA-240

X2CrNi18-9

Gr 304L

X5CrNiN19-9

Gr 304N

0.030

0.030

0.06

0.08

Si

1.00

0.75

1.00

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

0.015

0.030

Cr

17.5 - 19.5 |

18.0 - 20.0

18.0 20.0 |

18.0 - 20.0

Ni

8.0 - 10.5

8.0 - 10.5

8.0 11.0 |

8.0 - 10.5

Mo

0.10

0.10

0.12-0.22

0.10-0.16

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties

X2CrNi18-9

Gr 304L
X5CrNiN19-9

Product
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

8 (5/16)

520 -700
(75.5 101)|

220 (32)

45

13.5 (17/32)

520 - 700
(75.5 101)|

200 (29)

45

75 (3)

500- 700
(73 101)|

200 (29)

45

485 (70) min

170 (25)

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

201 (92)

Elongation
%, min

40

8 (5/16)

550 - 750
(80 - 109)

290 (35)

40

13.5 (17/32)

550 - 750
(80 109)

270 (32)

40

75 (3)

550 -750
(80 - 109)

270 (32)

45

550 (80) min

240 (35)

Gr 304N

217 (95)

30

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grades 304L and 304N (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
- Elongation: SA-240: Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm

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Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed
Hot Forming
C (F)
X2CrNi18-9

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

X5CrNiN19-9

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

Air

C (F)

Cooling

1000 - 1100
(1830 - 2010)
1030 - 1110
(1885 - 2030)

Gr 304L

1040 (1900) min

Gr 304N

1040 (1900) min

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid
Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

Impact Test Requirements

X2CrNi18-9
X5CrNiN19-9
Gr 304
Gr 304N

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

0.38
(0.015)

0.38
(0.015)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length
SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces
NOTE: EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for
impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNi18-9 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME SA-240
Grade 304L

|
|

(2) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X5CrNiN19-9 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME SA-240 |
Grade 304N.
(3) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade


X2CrNiN18-10 with A/SA-240 Grade 304LN

General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiN18-10 with
ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grade 304LN.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7

SA-240

X2CrNiN18-10

Gr 304LN

0.030

0.030

Si

1.00

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

Cr

17.5 - 19.5 |

18.0 - 20.0

Ni

8.5 - 11.5

8.0 - 12.0

Mo

0.12-0.22

0.10 - 0.16

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Product
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

8 (5/16)

550 - 750
(80 - 109)

290 (42)

40

13.5 (17/32)

550 750 |
(80 - 109) |

270 (39)

40

75 (3)

550 750 |
(80 - 109) |

270 (39)

40

515 (75) min

205 (30)

X2CrNiN18-10

Gr 304LN

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

217 (95)

40

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grade 304LN (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
- Elongation: SA-240: Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming
C (F)
X2CrNiN18-10

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

Air

1000 - 1100
(1830 - 2010)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

Gr 304LN

NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Impact Test Requirements

X2CrNiN18-10

Gr 304LN

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

0.38
(0.015)

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiN18-10 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME SA-240|
Grade 304LN
(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

09-759 W-Nr. 1.4311

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade X5CrNiMo17-12-2


with A/SA-240 Grades 316 and 316LN
General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X5CrNiMo17-12-2 with|
ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grades 316 and 316LN, respectively.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7

SA-240

SA-240

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

Gr 316

Gr 316LN

0.07

0.08

0.030

Si

1.00

0.75

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

0.030

Cr

16.5 - 18.5 |

16.0 - 18.0

16.0 - 18.0

Ni

10.0 - 13.0

10.0 - 14.0

10.0 - 14.0

Mo

2.00 - 2.50 |

2.00 - 3.00 |

2.00 - 3.00 |

0.10

0.10

0.10-0.16

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Product
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

8 (5/16)

530 680 |
(77 98.5) |

240 (35)

40

13.5 (17/32)

530 680 |
(77 98.5) |

220 (32)

40

75 (3)

520 - 670
(75.5 97.5) |

220 (32)

45

Gr 316

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40

Gr 316LN

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40

(75)

(32)

NOTE: See
Section II Part
D (USC)

Tables 1A &
U
for VIII-1

X5CrNiMo1712-2

X5CrNiMo1
7-12-2

( 3)

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grades 316 and 316LN (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
Elongation: SA-240:
Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming
C (F)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

Air

1030 - 1110
(1850 2030)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

Gr 316

1040 (1900) min

Gr 316LN

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

09-759 W-Nr. 1.4401

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

15/33

For Info

Rev. 16 November 2009 |


NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

Impact Test Requirements

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

Gr 316
Gr 316LN

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

0.38
(0.015)

0.38
(0.015)

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

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Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X5CrNiMo17-12-2 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME
SA-240 Grade 316. EN 10028-7:2000 Grade X5CrNiMo17-12-2 is currently listed in Section II
Part D (A08) as permitted for Section VIII, Div. 1 applications up to 1022F (550C).

(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

09-759 W-Nr. 1.4401

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For Info

Rev. 16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade X2CrNiMo17-12-2


with A/SA-240 Grades 316 and 316L
General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiMo17-12-2 with|
ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grades 316 and 316L, respectively.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7

SA-240

SA-240

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

Gr 316

Gr 316L

0.030

0.08

0.030

Si

1.00

0.75

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

0.030

Cr

16.5 - 18.5 |

16.0 - 18.0

16.0 - 18.0

Ni

10.0 - 13.0

10.0 - 14.0

10.0 - 14.0

Mo

2.00 - 2.50 |

2.00 - 3.00 |

2.00 - 3.00 |

0.10

0.10

0.10

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Product
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

8 (5/16)

530 - 680
(77 98.5)|

240 (35)

40

13.5 (17/32)

530 680
(77 98.5)|

220 (32)

40

75 (3)

520 - 670
(75.5 97.5)|

220 (32)

45

Gr 316

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40

Gr 316L

485 (70) min

170 (25)

217 (95)

40

X2CrNiMo17
-12-2

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grades 316 and 316L (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
Elongation: SA-240:
Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming
C (F)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

Air

1030 - 1110
(1850 2030)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

Gr 316

1040 (1900) min

Gr 316L

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

Impact Test Requirements

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

Gr 316
Gr 316L

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

0.38
(0.015)

0.38
(0.015)

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiMo17-12-2 may be considered essentially equivalent to |
ASME SA-240 Grade 316L
(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade X2CrNiMoN17-11-2


with A/SA-240 Grades 316N and 316LN
General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiMoN17-11-2 |
with ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grades 316N and 316LN, respectively.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7
X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

SA-240
Gr 316N

SA-240
Gr 316LN

0.030

0.08

0.030

Si

1.00

0.75

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

0.030

Cr

16.5 - 18.5 |

16.0 - 18.0

16.0 - 18.0

Ni

10.0 - 12.5

10.0 - 14.0

10.0 - 14.0

Mo

2.00 - 2.50 |

2.00 - 3.00 |

2.00 - 3.00 |

0.12-0.22

0.10-0.16

0.10-0.16

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Product
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

8 (5/16)

580 780 |
(84 - 114)|

300 (44)

40

13.5 (17/32)

580 780 |
(84 - 114)|

280 (41)

40

75 (3)

580 780 |
(84 - 114)|

280 (41)

40

Gr 316N

550 (80) min

240 (35)

217 (95)

35

Gr 316LN

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40

X2CrNiMoN
17-11-2

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grades 316N and 316LN (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
Elongation: SA-240:
Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming
C (F)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

Air

1030 - 1110
(1850 2030)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

Gr 316N

1040 (1900) min

Gr 316LN

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Impact Test Requirements

X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

Gr 316N
Gr 316LN

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

0.38
(0.015)

0.38
(0.015)

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiMoN17-11-2 may be considered essentially equivalent to
ASME SA-240 Grade 316LN

(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

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For Info

Rev. 16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade X2CrNiMoN17-13-3


with A/SA-240 Grades 316N and 316LN
General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiMoN17-13-3 with|
ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grades 316N and 316LN, respectively.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7

SA-240

SA-240

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

Gr 316LN

Gr 316N

0.030

0.030

0.08

Si

1.00

0.75

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

0.030

Cr

16.5 - 18.5 |

16.0-18.0

16.0-18.0

Ni

11.0 14.0

10.0-14.0

10.0-14.0

Mo

2.50 -3.00 |

2.00-3.00 |

2.00-3.00 |

0.12-0.22

0.10-0.16

0.10-0.16

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the table.|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Product
Form

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

8 (5/16)

580 - 780
(84- 114)

300 (44)

35

13.5 (17/32)

580 - 780
(84- 114)

280 (41)

35

75 (3)

580 - 780
(84- 114)

280 (41)

40

Gr 316N

550 (80) min

240 (35)

217 (95)

35

Gr 316LN

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40

X2CrNiMoN
17-13-3

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grades 316N and 316LN (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
Elongation: SA-240:
Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness up
to 75 mm

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming
C (F)

Solution Annealing
Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

Air

1030 - 1110
(1850 2030)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

Gr 316N

1040 (1900) min

Gr 316LN

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Impact Test Requirements

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

Gr 316
Gr 316LN

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

0.38
(0.015)

0.38
(0.015)

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

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For Info

Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X2CrNiMoN17-13-3 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME |
SA-240 Grade 316LN
(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

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For Info

Rev. 16 November 2009 |

For Info

09-759

Comparison of EN 10028-7:2007 Grade X6CrNiTi18-10


with A/SA-240 Grade 321
General
EN 10028-7:2007 includes requirements for several austenitic stainless steels for flat products.
This summary provides a more detailed comparison of EN 10028-7:2007, X6CrNiTi18-10
with ASTM/ASME specification A/SA-240, Grade 321.

Chemical composition, %
EN 10028-7
X6CrNiTi18-10

SA-240
Gr 321

0.08

0.08

Si

1.00

0.75

Mn

2.00

2.00

0.045

0.045

0.015

0.030

Cr

17.0 - 19.0 |

17.0 - 19.0

Ni

9.0 - 12.0

9.0 - 12.0

Mo

0.10

Ti

5 x C to 0.70

5 x (C+N) to 0.70

NOTES:
- Values are maximums, unless a range or minimum is indicated
- The EN data are based on Heat/Cast analysis (Table 3)
- Tolerances for product analysis are identical in EN 10028-7 and SA-480 for the elements in the
table.
|

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Rev. 16 November 2009 |


Heat Treatment and Tensile Properties
Product
Form
X6CrNiTi18-10

Thickness
mm (in.)
#

8 (5/16)

13.5 (17/32)

75 (3)

Gr 321

Tensile
Strength
MPa (ksi)
520 720 |
(75.5 104.5)||

Yield Strength
MPa (ksi), min

Hardness, max
Brinell
(Rockwell B)

Elongation
%, min

220 (31)|

40

520 720 |
(75.5 104.5)|

200 (29)

40

500 - 700
(73 101)|

200 (29)

40

515 (75) min

205 (30)

217 (95)

40

NOTES:
- The delivery condition for all grades (EN 10028-7 and SA-240 - per SA-480) is solution annealed
- Resistance to intergranular corrosion: Not required for SA-240 Grade 321 (per SA-480)
- Yield strength given by offset method at 0.2% for SA-240 and read in the R p0,2 column of EN 10028-7
(Table 9)
- C = Cold rolled strip - H = Hot rolled strip - P = Hot rolled plate
Elongation: SA-240:
Gauge length 50 mm (2") - width 12.5 mm (")
EN 10028-7: t < 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 80 mm (3.15") - width 20 mm (0.79")
(Table 7)
t 3 mm (0.12") : Gauge length 5.65 S 0
# - NOTE: This has no influence on values given in Tables 1A, 5A, Y1 and U of Section II Part D for
grade(s) shown since values in these Tables are based on mechanical properties for plates with thickness
up to 75 mm.

Heat Treatment - Solution Annealed


Hot Forming

X6CrNiTi18-10

Solution Annealing

C (F)

Cooling

C (F)

Cooling

850 - 1150
(1560 - 2100)

Air

1000 - 1100
(1830 - 2010)

Water or Air
Cooling sufficiently
rapid

Gr 321

1040 (1900) min

Water or rapidly
cooled by other
means at rate
sufficient

NOTE: No extension of the maximum use temperature in the creep domain will be made without stress |
rupture and creep-rate data being furnished by the inquirer as required per ASME Section II, Part D ,
|
Mandatory Appendix 5.
|

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Impact Test Requirements

X6CrNiTi18-10

Gr 321

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Longitudinal

KV - J (ft-lb)
20C (70F)
Transverse

-196C (-320F)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

100 (74)

60 (44)

60 (44)

0.38
(0.015)

On agreement
At room
temperature or
lower
On agreement
Test
temperature
specified by
the purchaser

KV - J (ft-lb)
Transverse

MLE
mm (in)
Transverse

NOTE:
EN 10028-7 - Table 16: Impact test at room temperature is mandatory for austenitic grades for cryogenic
service > 20 mm (0.8") thickness

MLE acceptance limit per SA-240, S1.5


Frequency of Tension and Impact Tests
Product Form

Applicable Standard and Test Frequency

EN 10028-7
(Austenitic)

Strip (C or H)

EN 10028-1; One from each coil

Rolled Plate (P)

EN 10028-1; One for plates up to 15 m


Each end for plates longer than 15 m
For plates up to 20 mm: for each 20 or less plates
For plates above 20 mm: for each plate

SA-240 (SA-480)
(not temper rolled)

Coil

SA-370; One from each coil

Cut length

SA-370; One for each 100 or less pieces

NOTE:
EN 10028-1 references EN 10002-1 for tensile test at room temperature and EN 10045-1 for impact test

Test Specimen Location


Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 10.2 and figures 1 and 3.


Orientation: Short product (L < 300 mm): Longitudinal
Long product (L 300 mm): Transverse
Tension tests: at least one rolled surface retained, taken at of plate width.
Impact tests: at 2 mm below plate surface or at T location if T > 30 mm,
taken at of plate width.

SA-240

SA-480: paragraph 17 - Longitudinal or Transverse

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Repair Welding
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - paragraph 8.5 Surface Condition : Class B3 in Accordance


with EN 10163-2: Repair welding not allowed

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 21.

Marking
Applicable Standard and Requirements
EN 10028-7

EN 10028-1 - Table 1, Mandatory: Manufacturer's identification - Steel


name or number - Identification number - Inspector's mark

SA-240

SA-480 - paragraph 25.1.1: Specification identification number - Type of


steel or UNS - Material identification number - Manufacturer's identification

NOTES:
- EN 10028-7: The number of the European Standard shall be applied if so agreed, or at the
manufacturers discretion.
- EN 10028-7: the identification number shall permit the traceability of the cast number

Comments
(1) EN 10028-7:2007, Grade X6CrNiTi18-10 may be considered essentially equivalent to ASME
SA-240 Grade 321

(2) EN 10028-7:2007 would need to meet the following additional requirements to satisfy the ASME
material specification requirements for stainless steel plates SA-240:
(a) Marking : Specification designation SA/EN 10028-7 mandatory

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