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© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd.

(008974-T) 2012
CHAPTER 9 INTEGRATION
Focus on Exam 9
1

3 + sin x
cos
2
x
dx =


3
cos
2
x
+
sin x
cos
2
x

dx
=

[3 sec
2
x + (cos x)
−2
sin x] dx
=

[3 sec
2
x − (cos x)
−2
(−sin x)] dx
= 3 tan x −
(cos x)
−1
−1
+ c
= 3 tan x +
1
cos x
+ c
2 ∫sin
2
x cos
2
x dx = ∫(sin x cos x)
2
dx
=


1
2
sin 2x

2
dx
=

1
4
sin
2
2x dx
=
1
4



1 − cos 4x
2

dx
=
1
8


(1 − cos 4x) dx
=
1
8


x −
1
4
sin 4x

+ c
3

x
1 − x
4
dx =

du
2
1 − u
2
=
1
2


du
1 − u
2
=
1
2
×
1
2
ln

1 + u
1 − u

+ c
=
1
4
ln

1 + x
2
1 − x
2

+ c

dx
a
2
− x
2
= −
1
2a
ln

a + x
a − x

+ c
sin 2x = 2 sin x cos x
sin x cos x =
1
2
sin 2x
cos 4x = 1 − 2 sin
2
2x sin
2
2x
=
1 − cos 4x
2
u = x
2
du
dx
= 2x
x dx =
du
2
Chap-09-FWS.indd 1 10/19/2012 10:39:02 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 2
4 Let x = sin θ

dx

= cos θ
dx = cos θ dθ


dx
x
2
1 − x
2
=

cos θ dθ
sin
2
θ 1 − sin
2
θ
=

cos θ dθ
sin
2
θ
cos
2
θ
=


sin
2
θ
= ∫cosec
2
θ dθ
= − cot θ + c
= −
1 − x
2
x
+ c [Shown]
5 Let u = ln x

du
dx
=
1
x

dx
x
= du


dx
x ln x
=


dx
x

1
ln x

=

du
u
= ln |u| + c
= ln |ln x| + c
6
d
dx
(tan
3
x) = 3 tan
2
x sec
2
x
= 3(sec
2
x − 1) sec
2
x
= (3 sec
2
x − 3) sec
2
x
= 3 sec
4
x − 3 sec
2
x [Shown]
∫(3 sec
4
x − 3 sec
2
x) dx = tan
3
x + c
∫3 sec
4
x dx − ∫3 sec
2
x dx = tan
3
x + c
∫3 sec
4
x dx = ∫3 sec
2
x dx + tan
3
x + c
= 3 tan x + tan
3
x + c
∫ sec
4
x dx = tan x +
1
3
tan
3
x +
c
3
∫sec
4
x dx = tan x +
1
3
tan
3
x + c′
1
x
q
1 x
2

Chap-09-FWS.indd 2 10/19/2012 10:39:02 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 3
7 ∫x sin x cos x dx =

x

1
2
sin 2x

dx
=

1
2
x sin 2x dx
=

1
2
cos 2x 

1
2
x




1
2
cos 2x 

1
2

dx
= −
1
4
x cos 2x +

1
4
cos 2x dx
= −
1
4
x cos 2x +
1
8
sin 2x + c
8

1
0
x
1 + x
2
dx =
1
2


1
0
2x
1 + x
2
dx
=
1
2
[ln |1 + x
2
|]
1
0
=
1
2
[ln (1 + 1
2
) − ln (1 + 0
2
)]
=
1
2
(ln 2 − ln 1)
=
1
2
ln 2
9

2
0
x
2
16 − x
2
dx
Let x = 4 sin θ
dx = 4 cos θ dθ
For the lower limit, when x = 0,
0 = 4 sin θ
θ = 0
For the upper limit,
when x = 2, 2 = 4 sin θ
sin θ =
1
2
θ =
π
6


0
π
6

16 sin
2
θ
16 − 16 sin
2
θ
(4 cos θ dθ) =

0
π
6

16 sin
2
θ
4 1 − sin
2
θ
(4 cos θ dθ)
=

0
π
6
16 sin
2
θ dθ
=

0
π
6
16

1 − cos 2θ
2


= 8

0
π
6
(1 − cos 2θ) dθ
Chap-09-FWS.indd 3 10/19/2012 10:39:02 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 4
= 8
3
θ −
1
2
sin 2θ
4
0
π
6
= 8

π
6

1
2
sin
π
3
− 0

=
4
3
π − 4

3
2

=
4
3
π − 2 3 [Shown]
10 Let t = tan
x
2

dt
dx
=
1
2
sec
2

x
2

dt
dx
=
1
2


1 + tan
2

x
2


dt
dx
=
1
2
(1 + t
2
)
dx =
2 dt
1 + t
2
For the lower limit, when x = 0,
t = tan 0
= 0
For the upper limit, when x =
π
2
,
t = tan
π
4
= 1
1 1
x
t
2

1 t
2
+
2t


0
π
2

5 dx
3 sin x + 4 cos x
= 5

1
0
2 dt
1 + t
2
3

2t
1 + t
2
+ 4

1 − t
2
1 + t
2
= 5

1
0

2 dt
6t + 4 − 4t
2
= 5

1
0

dt
3t + 2 − 2t
2
= −5

1
0

dt
2t
2
− 3t − 2
= −5

1
0

dt
(2t + 1)(t − 2)
Chap-09-FWS.indd 4 10/19/2012 10:39:03 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 5
Let
1
(2t + 1)(t − 2)
=
A
2t + 1
+
B
t − 2
1 ≡ A(t − 2) + B(2t + 1)
Letting t = 2, 1 = B(5)
B =
1
5
Letting t = −
1
2
, 1 = A


5
2

A = −
2
5
∴ −5

1
0
dt
(2t + 1)(t − 2)
= −5

1
0
3
−2
5(2t + 1)
+
1
5(t − 2)
4
dt
= −5
3

1
5
ln 2t + 1 +
1
5
ln t − 2
4
1
0
= 3ln 2t + 1 − ln t − 24
1
0
=
3
ln


2t + 1
t − 2

4
1
0
= ln −3 − ln


1
2

= ln


3
1
2


= ln 6 [Shown]
11

0

3

dx
1 − sin x
Let t = tan
x
2
tan x =
2 tan
x
2
1 − tan
2

x
2
=
2t
1 − t
2
t = tan
x
2

dt
dx
=
1
2
sec
2

x
2
=
1
2


1 + tan
2

x
2

=
1
2
(1 + t
2
)
x
1 + t
2
1 − t
2
2t
Chap-09-FWS.indd 5 10/19/2012 10:39:03 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 6
2 dt = (1 + t
2
) dx
dx =
2 dt
1 + t
2
When x = 0, t = tan
0
2
= 0
When x =

3
, t = tan
π
3
= 3


0

3

dx
1 − sin x
=

0
3

2 dt
1 + t
2
1 −

2t
1 + t
2
=

0
3

2 dt
1 + t
2
− 2t
= 2

0
3

dt
(t − 1)
2
=
3
2(t − 1)
−1
−1
4
0
3
=
3
−2
t − 1
4
0
3
=
−2
3 − 1


−2
−1

=
−2
3 − 1
− 2
=
−2 − 2 3 − 1
3 − 1
=
−2 3
3 − 1
=
2 3
1 − 3
[Shown]
Chap-09-FWS.indd 6 10/19/2012 10:39:03 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 7
12 Let t = tan
x
2

dt
dx
=
1
2
sec
2

x
2

dt
dx
=
1
2


1 + tan
2

x
2


dt
dx
=
1
2
(1 + t
2
)
dx =
2 dt
1 + t
2
For the lower limit, when x = 0, t = tan 0
= 0
For the upper limit, when x =

3
, t = tan
π
2
= 3


0
2
3
π

3
5 + 4 cos x
dx =

0
3

3

2 dt
1 + t
2
5 + 4

1 − t
2
1 + t
2
dx
=

0
3

6 dt
5 + 5t
2
+ 4 − 4t
2
= 6

0
3

dt
9 + t
2
= 6 ×
1
3

3
tan
−1

t
3
4
0
3

dx
a
2
+ x
2
=
1
a
tan
−1

x
a
+ c
= 2

tan
−1

3
3
− tan
−1
0

= 2

π
6
− 0

=
π
3
[Shown]
13 sin x ≡ A(3 sin x + 4 cos x) + B(3 cos x − 4 sin x)
sin x ≡ (3A − 4B)sin x + (4A + 3B)cos x
Equating the coefficients of sin x,
1 = 3A − 4B


Equating the coefficients of cos x,
0 = 4A + 3B


Solving  and  simultaneously, we have
A =
3
25
and B = −
4
25
x
1 + t
2
1 − t
2
2t
Chap-09-FWS.indd 7 10/19/2012 10:39:04 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 8


0
π
2

sin x
3 sin x + 4 cos x
dx =

0
π
2

3
25
(3 sin x + 4 cos x) −
4
25
(3 cos x − 4 sin x)
3 sin x + 4 cos x
dx
=

0
π
2

3
3
25

4
25


3 cos x − 4 sin x
3 sin x + 4 cos x
4
dx
=
3
3
25
x −
4
25
ln |3 sin x + 4 cos x|
4
0
π
2
=
3
25


π
2
− 0


4
25
[ln |3 + 0| − ln |0 + 4|]
= 0.235
14
17 + x
(4 − 3x)(1 + 2x)

A
4 − 3x
+
B
1 + 2x
17 + x ≡ A(1 + 2x) + B(4 − 3x)
Letting x = −
1
2
, 16
1
2
= B
3
4 − 3


1
2
4
16
1
2
= B

5
1
2

B = 3
Letting x =
4
3
, 18
1
3
= A
3
1 + 2

4
3
4
18
1
3
= A

3
2
3

A = 5

17 + x
(4 − 3x)(1 + 2x)
=
5
4 − 3x
+
3
1 + 2x


1
2
1
3

17 + x
(4 − 3x)(1 + 2x)
dx =

1
2
1
3


5
4 − 3x
+
3
1 + 2x

dx
=
5
−3


1
2
1
3

−3
4 − 3x
dx +
3
2


1
2
1
3

2
1 + 2x
dx
= −
5
3

[
ln |4 − 3x|
]
1
2
1
3
+
3
2

[
ln |1 + 2x|
]
1
2
1
3
= −
5
3

3
ln

4 −
3
2

− ln

4 −
3
3
4
+
3
2

3
ln

1 +
2
2

− ln

1 +
2
3
4
= −
5
3


ln
5
2
− ln 3

+
3
2


ln 2 − ln
5
3


= −
5
3


ln

5
2

3

+
3
2


ln
2

5
3


= −
5
3
ln
5
6
+
3
2
ln
6
5
= 0.577 [Shown]
Chap-09-FWS.indd 8 10/19/2012 10:39:04 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 9
15
6x − 6
(x + 3)(x
2
+ 3)

A
x + 3
+
Bx + C
x
2
+ 3
6x − 6 ≡ A(x
2
+ 3) + (Bx + C)(x + 3)
Letting x = −3, −18 − 6 = 12A
−24 = 12A
A = −2
Letting x = 0, −6 = 3A + 3C
−6 = −6 + 3C
C = 0
Letting x = 1, 0 = 4A + (B + C)(4)
0 = −8 + 4B
B = 2

6x − 6
(x + 3)(x
2
+ 3)

−2
x + 3
+
2x
x
2
+ 3

2
1
6x − 6
(x + 3)(x
2
+ 3)
dx =

2
1

−2
x + 3
+
2x
x
2
+ 3

dx
= −2 [ln |x + 3|]
1
2
+ [ln |x
2
+ 3|]
1
2
= −2 (ln 5 − ln 4) + ln 7 − ln 4
= −2 ln
5
4
+ ln
7
4
= ln
3
7
4

5
4

2
4
= ln
28
25
[Shown]
16
13 − 11x + 6x
2
(x + 3)(x − 2)
2

A
x + 3
+
B
(x − 3)
2
+
C
x − 2
13 − 11x + 6x
2
≡ A(x − 2)
2
+ B(x + 3) + C(x + 3)(x − 2)
Letting x = 2, 15 = 5B
B = 3
Letting x = −3, 100 = 25A
A = 4
Letting x = 0, 13 = 4A + 3B − 6C
13 = 4(4) + 3(3) − 6C
C = 2
Chap-09-FWS.indd 9 10/19/2012 10:39:04 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 10

13 − 11x + 6x
2
(x + 3)(x
2
+ 3)
=
4
x + 3
+
3
(x − 2)
2
+
2
x − 2


4
3
13 − 11x + 6x
2
(x + 3)(x
2
+ 3)
=

4
3
4
x + 3
dx +

4
3
3
(x − 2)
2
dx +

4
3
2
x − 2
dx
= 4 [ln |x + 3|]
3
4
+ 3

4
3
(x − 2)
−2
dx + 2[ln |x − 2|]
3
4
= 4 [ln |x + 3|]
3
4

3
3
x − 2
4
4
3
+ 2[ln |x − 2|]
3
4
= 4 (ln 7 − ln 6) −

3
2

3
1

+ 2(ln 2 − ln 1
)
= 4 ln
7
6
+
3
2
+ 2 ln 2
= 3.50 [Shown]
17 1
x
2
+ 2x − 15
x
2
+ 2x − 14
x
2
+ 2x − 15
1

x
2
+ 2x − 14
x
2
+ 2x − 15
= 1 +
1
x
2
+ 2x − 15
= 1 +
1
(x − 3)(x + 5)
Let
1
(x − 3)(x + 5)

A
x − 3
+
B
x + 5
1 ≡ A(x + 5) + B(x − 3)
Letting x = −5, 1 = −8B
B = −
1
8
Letting x = 3, 1 = 8A
A =
1
8

x
2
+ 2x − 14
x
2
+ 2x − 15
= 1 +
1
8(x − 3)

1
8(x + 5)


5
4
x
2
+ 2x − 14
x
2
+ 2x − 15
dx =

5
4

1 +
1
8(x − 3)

1
8(x + 5)

dx
=
3
x +
1
8
ln |x − 3| −
1
8
ln |x + 5|
4
4
5
= 5 +
1
8
ln 2 −
1
8
ln 10 −

4 +
1
8
ln 1 −
1
8
ln 9

= 5 +
1
8
ln 2 −
1
8
ln 10 − 4 +
1
8
ln 9
= 1 +
1
8
ln

2 × 9
10

= 1 +
1
8
ln
9
5
[Shown]
Chap-09-FWS.indd 10 10/19/2012 10:39:04 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 11
18

x
0
x cos
2
x dx =

x
0
x

1 + cos 2x
2

dx
=

x
0
1
2
(x + x cos 2x) dx
cos 2x = 2 cos
2
x − 1
cos
2
x =

1 + cos 2x
2

=

x
0
1
2
x dx +

x
0
1
2
x cos 2x dx
=
3
1
2

x
2
2
4
x
0
+
3
1
2
sin 2x 

1
2
x
4
x
0


x
0
1
2
sin 2x 

1
2

dx Integrating by parts.
=
3
x
2
4
4
x
0
+
3
1
4
x sin 2x
4
x
0


x
0
1
4
sin 2x dx
=
3
x
2
4
4
x
0
+
3
1
4
x sin 2x
4
x
0
+
3
1
8
cos 2x
4
x
0
=
π
2
4
− 0 +
1
4
π sin 2π − 0 +
1
8
cos 2π −
1
8
cos 0
=
π
2
4
+
1
8

1
8
=
π
2
4
[Shown]
19 y = 4x
2
− 5x ⋅⋅⋅
y = 5x − 6x
2
⋅⋅⋅
Substituting  into ,
4x
2
− 5x = 5x − 6x
2
10x
2
− 10x = 0
10x(x − 1) = 0
x = 0 or 1
From : When x = 0, y = 0.
When x = 1, y = −1.
Hence, the points of intersection are (0, 0) and (1, −1).
y = 4x
2
− 5x = x(4x − 5)
The curve cuts the x-axis at the
points (0, 0) and

1
1
4
, 0

.
dy
dx
= 8x − 5
Since a > 0, the curve has a minimum point.
At minimum point,
dy
dx
= 0
8x − 5 = 0
x =
5
8
When x =
5
8
, y = 4

5
8

2
− 5

5
8

= −1
9
16
Chap-09-FWS.indd 11 10/19/2012 10:39:05 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 12
Hence, the minimum point of the curve is

5
8
, −1
9
16

.
y = 5x − 6x
2
= x(5 − 6x)

dy
dx
= 5 − 12x
The curve cuts the x-axis at the points
(0, 0) and

5
6
, 0

.
Since a < 0, the curve has a maximum point.
At maximum point,
dy
dx
= 0
5 − 12x = 0
x =
5
12
When x =
5
12
, y = 5

5
12

− 6

5
12

2
= 1
1
24
Hence, the minimum point of the curve is

5
12
, 1
1
24

.
The graphs of y = 4x
2
− 5x and y = 5x − 6x
2
are as shown in the following diagram.
y = 4x
2
− 5x
y = −x
(1, −1)
x
O
y
1
−1
1
−2
2
2
y = 5x − 6x
2
΂
1
24
5
12
,
΃
1
,
A
1
A
2
−1
΂
9
16
5
8
΃
The equation of the chord joining the points of intersection (0, 0) and (1, −1) is y = −x.
A
1
=

1
0
3
5x − 6x
2
− (−x)
4
dx
=

1
0
(6x − 6x
2
) dx
=
3
3x
2
− 2x
3
4
1
0
= 3(1)
2
− 2(1)
3
− 0
= 1 unit
2
Chap-09-FWS.indd 12 10/19/2012 10:39:05 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 13
A
2
=

1
0
[−x − (4x
2
− 5x)]dx
=

1
0

(4x − 4x
2
) dx
=
3
2x
2
− 4

x
3
3
4
1
0
= 2(1)
2
− 4

1
3

− 0
=
2
3
units
2
A
1
: A
2
= 1 :
2
3
= 3: 2 [Shown]
20 The graph of y = 3 ln (x − 2) is as shown in the following diagram.
x
O 2 4 3
y = 3 ln (x − 2)
y
Required area =

1
3

y dx
=

1
3

3 ln |x − 2| dx
Copy back
= [3x ln |x − 2|]
4
3


4
3
3x 
1
x − 2
dx

Differentiate
= 33x ln |x − 2|4
4
3
− 3

4
3
x
x − 2
dx
= 33x ln |x − 2|4
4
3
− 3

4
3

1 +
2
x − 2

dx
= 33x ln |x − 2|4
4
3
− 33x + 2 ln |x − 2|4
4
3

1
x − 2 x
x − 2
2

x
x − 2
= 1 +
2
x − 2

= 3(4) ln 2 − 3(4 + 2 ln 2) −[3(3) ln 1 − 3(3 + 2 ln 1)]
= 12 ln 2 − 12 − 6 ln 2 − 9(0) + 9 + 6(0)
= 6 ln 2 − 3 [Shown]
To be kept.
To be integrated.
Chap-09-FWS.indd 13 10/19/2012 10:39:05 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 14
21 y = −x
2
…
y = x
2
− x
3
…
Substituting  into ,
−x
2
= x
2
− x
3
x
3
− 2x
2
= 0
x
3
(x − 2) = 0
x = 0 or 2
From : When x = 0, y = 0
When x = 2, y = −2
2
= −4
Hence, the points of intersection of the curves are (0, 0) and (2, −4).
y = x
2
− x
3
= x
2
(1 − x)

The curve intersects the x-axis at the
points (0, 0) and (1, 0).

dy
dx
= 2x − 3x
2

d
2
y
dx
2
= 2 − 6x
At turning points,
dy
dx
= 0.
2x − 3x
2
= 0
x(2 − 3x) = 0
x = 0 or
2
3
When x = 0, y = 0 and
d
2
y
dx
2
= 2 − 6(0)
= 2 (x > 0)
Thus, (0, 0) is a minimum point.
When x =
2
3
, y =

2
3

2



2
3

3
=
4
27
and

d
2
y
dx
2
= 2 − 6

2
3

= −2 (x <0)
Thus,

2
3
,
4
27

is a maximum point.
Chap-09-FWS.indd 14 10/19/2012 10:39:06 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 15
The graphs of y = −x
2
and y = x
2
− x
3
are as shown in the following diagram.
x
y
O
y
1
= −x
2
y
2
= x
2
− x
3
(2, −4)
΂
4
27
2
3
,
΃
Required area =

2
0

( y
2
− y
1
) dx
=

2
0

3 (x
2
− x
3
− (−x
2
)4 dx
=

2
0

(2x
2
− x
3
) dx
=
3
2x
3
3

x
4
4
4
2
0
=
2
3
(8) −
16
4
− 0
= 1
1
3
units
2
[Shown]
22 y =
4
x
… 
y
2
= 4(x − 1) … 
Substituting  into :


4
x

2
= 4(x − 1)

16
x
2
= 4(x − 1)

4
x
2
= x − 1
4 = x
3
− x
2
x
3
− x
2
− 4 = 0
By inspection, x = 2 satisfies the equation.
∴ (x − 2)(x
2
+ x + 2) = 0
x − 2 = 0 or x
2
+ x + 2 = 0
x = 2 No real roots because b
2
− 4ac = 1
2
− 4(1)(2)
= −7 (< 0)
Chap-09-FWS.indd 15 10/19/2012 10:39:06 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 16
When x = 2, y =
4
2
= 2
Hence, the point of intersection of the curves is (2, 2).
The graphs of the curves y =
4
x
and y
2
= 4 (x − 1) is as shown in the following diagram.
y
x
O
(2, 2)
y =
4
x
y
2
= 4(x − 1)
y
2
= 4(x − 1)
3
2
1
A
2
A
1
Required area = A
1
+ A
2
=

2
0

y
2
4
+1

dy +

3
2
4
y
dy
=
3
y
3
12
+ y
4
2
0
+ [4 ln y]
3
2
=

8
12
+ 2 − 0

+ (4 ln 3 − 4 ln 2)
=

8
3
+ 4 ln
3
2

units
2
[Shown]
23 y = x(x + 2)(x − 3)
= x
3
− x
2
− 6x … 
y = x(x − 3)
= x
2
− 3x … 
Substituting  into ,
x
3
− x
2
− 6x = x
2
− 3x
x
3
− 2x
2
− 3x = 0
x(x
2
− 2x − 3) = 0
x(x + 1)(x − 3) = 0
x = 0, −1 or 3
From :
When x = −1, y = (−1)
2
− 3(−1)
= 4
When x = 0, y = 0
When x = 3, y = 3
2
− 3(3)
= 0
Hence, the points of intersection are (−1, 4), (0, 0) and (3, 0).
y = x(x + 2)(x − 3)
= x
3
− x
2
− 6x
The curve cuts the x-axis at the points (−2, 0), (0, 0) and (3, 0).
Chap-09-FWS.indd 16 10/19/2012 10:39:06 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 17

dy
dx
= 3x
2
− 2x − 6

d
2
y
dx
2
= 6x − 2
At turning points,
dy
dx
= 0
3x
2
− 2x − 6 = 0
x =
2 ± (−2)
2
− 4(3)(−6)
2(3)
x = 1.79 or −1.12
When x = 1.79, y = 1.79(1.79 + 2)(1.79 − 3)
= −8.21
and

d
2
y
dx
2
= 6(1.79) − 2
= 8.74 (> 0)
∴ (1.79, −8.21) is a minimum point.
When x = −1.12, y = −1.12(−1.12 + 2)(−1.12 − 3)
= 4.06
and

d
2
y
dx
2
= 6(−1.12) − 2
= −8.72 (< 0)
∴ (−1.12, 4.06) is a maximum point.
y = x(x − 3)
= x
2
− 3x
The curve cuts the x-axis at the points (0, 0) and (3, 0). Its minimum point is (1.5, −2.25).
The graphs of y = x(x + 2)(x − 3) and y = x(x − 3) is as shown in the following diagram.
y
x
O
2
4
6
8
−1 −2
−2
−4
−6
−8
3 2 1
y = x(x − 3)
y = x(x + 2)(x − 3)
(−1.12, 4.06)
(1.5, −2.25)
(1.79, −8.21)
A
2
A
1
x =
0 + 3
2
y = 1.5(1.5 − 3)
Chap-09-FWS.indd 17 10/19/2012 10:39:07 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 18
Required area = Area A
1
+ Area A
2
=

0
−1
3x
3
− x
2
− 6x − (x
2
− 3x)4 dx +

3
0
3x
2
− 3x − (x
3
− x
2
− 6x)4 dx
=

0
−1
(x
3
− 2x
2
− 3x) dx +

3
0
(−x
3
+ 2x
2
+ 3x) dx
=
3
x
4
4

2x
3
3

3x
2
2
4
0
−1
+
3

x
4
4
+
2x
3
3
+
3x
2
2
4
3
0
= 0 −
3
(−1)
4
4

2(−1)
3
3

3(−1)
2
2
4
+
3

3
4
4
+
2(3)
3
3
+
3(3)
2
2
4
3
0
− 0
= −

1
4
+
2
3

3
2

+


81
4
+ 18 +
27
2

= 11
5
6
units
2
[Shown]
24 y = e
x
When x = 0, y = e
0
= 1
When x → + ∞, y → + ∞
When x → − ∞, y → 0
y = 2 + 3e
−x
= 2 +
3
e
x
When x = 0, y = 2 +
3
e
0
= 5
When x → + ∞,
3
e
x
→ 0 and thus y → 2
When x → − ∞, y → + ∞
x
y
O In 3
1
2
5
y = 2 + 3e
−x
y = e
x
y = e
x
… 
y = 2 + 3e
−x
… 
Substituting  into , we have:
e
x
= 2 + 3e
−x
e
x
= 2 +
3
e
x
(e
x
)
2
= 2e
x
+ 3
Chap-09-FWS.indd 18 10/19/2012 10:39:07 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 19
(e
x
)
2
− 2e
x
− 3 = 0
(e
x
− 3)(e
x
+ 1) = 0
e
x
= 3 or e
x
= −1
x = ln 3 (No solution)
Hence, the x-coordinate of the point of intersection of the curves y = e
x
and y = 2 + 3e
−x
is ln 3.
Area of the shaded region =

ln 3
0
3
2 + 3e
−x

− e
x
4
dx
=
3
2x + 3

1
−1

e
−x
− e
x
4
ln 3
0
=
3
2x −
3
e
x
− e
x
4
ln 3
0
= 2 ln 3 −
3
e
ln3
− e
ln 3


2(0) −
3
e
0
− e
0

= 2 ln 3 −
3
3
− 3 − 0 + 3 + 1
= 2.20 units
2
25 (a) y
2
= x(x − 4)
2
y = ± x (x

4)
Hence, the axis of symmetry is the x-axis.
(b) Since y
2
≥ 0, then x(x − 4)
2
≥ 0.
Because (x − 4)
2
≥ 0, x(x − 4)
2
≥ 0 if and only if x ≥ 0.
Hence, the curve exists only for x ≥ 0.
(c) y
2
= x(x − 4)
2
= x(x
2
− 8x + 16)
= x
3
− 8x
2
+ 16x
2y
dy
dx
= 3x
2
− 16x + 16

dy
dx
=
3x
2
− 16x + 16
2y
At turning points,
dy
dx
= 0.

3x
2
− 16x + 16
2y
= 0
3x
2
− 16x + 16 = 0
(3x − 4)(x − 4) = 0
x =
4
3

When x =
4
3
, y
2
=
4
3


4
3
− 4

2
= 9
13
27
y = ±3.08
Hence, the turning points are

1
1
3
, 3.08

and

1
1
3
, −3.08

.
x = 4 is not accepted because when x = 4, y = 0
and =
dy
dx
=
0
0
(undefined).
Chap-09-FWS.indd 19 10/19/2012 10:39:08 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 20
(d) The curve y
2
= x(x − 4)
2
is as shown in the following diagram.
x
y
O
4
΂
1
3
1
, −3.08
΃
΂
1
3
1
, 3.08
΃
(e) Volume generated = π

4
0
y
2
dx
= π

4
0
x(x − 4)
2
dx
= π

4
0
(x
3
− 8x
2
+ 16x) dx
= π
3
x
4
4

8x
3
3
+ 8x
2
4
4
0
= π
3
64 −
8
3
(64) + 128
4
= 21
1
3
π units
3
26 y
2
= 6x ... 
y = −2x + 6 ... 
Substituting  into ,
(−2x + 6)
2
= 6x
4x
2
− 24x + 36 = 6x
4x
2
− 30x + 36 = 0
2x
2
− 15x + 18 = 0
(2x − 3)(x − 6) = 0
x =
3
2
or 6
From : When x =
3
2
, y = −2

3
2

+ 6
= 3
When x = 6, y = −2(6) + 6
= −6
Hence, the points of intersection of the curve y
2
= 6x and the straight line y = −2x + 6 are

3
2
, 3


and (6, −6).
Chap-09-FWS.indd 20 10/19/2012 10:39:08 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 21
The graphs of y
2
= 6x and y = −2x + 6 are as shown in the following diagram.
x
y
O
y
1
2
= 6x
y
2
= −2x + 6
(6, − 6)
6
3
3 6
V
1
V
2
3
2
V
1
= π

3
0


y
2
6

2
dy + π

6
3


6

y
2

2
dy
= π

3
0

y
4
36
dy +
1
4
π

6
3
(36 − 12y + y
2
) dy
= π
3
y
5
180
4
3
0
+
1
4
π
3
36y − 6y
2
+
y
3
3
4
6
3
= π

243
180

+
1
4
π
3
36(6) − 6(6)
2
+
216
3


36(3) − 6(3)
2
+
27
3
4
=
27
20
π +
1
4
π(72 − 63)
=
18
5
π units
3
V
2
= π

6
0
6x dx − π

6
3
(−2x + 6)
2
dx
= π[
3x
2
]
6
0

− π

6
3
(4x
2
− 24x + 36) dx
= 3π(36 − 0) − π
3
4x
3
3
− 12x
2
+ 36x
4
6
3
= 108π − π
3
4
3
(6)
3
− 12(6)
2
+ 36(6) −

4
3
(3)
3
− 12(3)
2
+ 36(3)
4
= 108π − π[72 − 36]
= 72π units
3
V
1
: V
2
=
18
5
π
72π
=
1
20
= 1:20 [Shown]
27 y = x(4 − x)
= 4x − x
2



y =
4
x
−1 … 
Chap-09-FWS.indd 21 10/19/2012 10:39:08 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 22
Substituting  into ,
4x − x
2
=
4
x
−1
4x
2
− x
3
= 4 − x
x
3
− 4x
2
− x + 4 = 0
By inspection, x = 1 satisfies the equation.
(x − 1)(x
2
− 3x − 4) = 0
(x − 1)(x + 1)(x − 4) = 0
x = 1, −1 or 4
x = −1 is not accepted
∴ x = 1 or 4
From : When x = 1, y =
4
1
− 1
= 3
When x = 4, y =
4
4
− 1
= 0
Hence, the points of intersection of the curves are (1, 3) and (4, 0) for x > 0.
The graphs of y = x(4 − x) and y =
4
x
− 1 for x ≥ 0 are as shown in the following diagram.
y
x
O
(2, 4)
(1, 3)
y
2
=
4
x
y
1
= x(4 − x)
−1
4
− 1
Volume generated = π

4
1
y
2
2
dx − π

4
1
y
1
2
dx
= π

4
1
x
2
(4 − x)
2
dx − π

4
1

4
x
− 1

2
dx
= π

4
1
x
2
(16 − 8x + x
2
) dx − π

4
1

16
x
2

8
x
+ 1

dx
= π

4
1
(16x
2
− 8x
3
+ x
4
) dx − π

4
1

16
x
2

8
x
+ 1

dx
= π
3
16x
3
3
− 2x
4
+
x
5
5
4
4
1
− π
3

16
x
− 8 ln x + x
4
4
1
x
2
− 3x − 4
x − 1 x
3
− 4x
2
− x + 4
x
3
− x
2
−3x
2
− x
−3x
2
+ 3x
−4x + 4
−4x + 4
0
Chap-09-FWS.indd 22 10/19/2012 10:39:09 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 23
= π
3
16(4)
3
3
− 2(4)
4
+
4
5
5


16
3
− 2 +
1
5
4
− π
3

16
4
− 8 ln 4 + 4 − (−16 − 8 ln 1 + 1)
4
= 30
3
5
π − π(15 − 8 ln 4)
= 15
3
5
π + 8π ln 2
2
= 15
3
5
π + 16π ln 2
=

15
3
5
+ 16 ln 2

π [Shown]
28 y = e
x
When x = 0, y = e
0
= 1
When x → + ∞, y → + ∞
When x → − ∞, y → 0
y = 2 + 3e
−x
y = 2 +
3
e
x
When x = 0, y = 2 +
3
e
0
= 5
When x → + ∞,
3
e
x
→ 0 and thus y → 2
When x → − ∞, y → + ∞
x
y
O In 3
1
2
5
y = e
x
y = 2 + 3e
−x
y = e
x
…
y = 2 + 3e
−x
…
Substituting  into , we have:
e
x
= 2 + 3e
−x
e
x
= 2 +
3
e
x
(e
x
)
2
= 2e
x
+ 3
(e
x
)
2
− 2e
x
− 3 = 0
(e
x
− 3)(e
x
+ 1) = 0
e
x
= 3 or e
x
= −1
x = ln 3 (Not possible)
Hence, the x-coordinate of the point of intersection of the curves y = e
x
and y = 2 + 3e
−x
is ln 3.
Chap-09-FWS.indd 23 10/19/2012 10:39:09 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 24
Area of the shaded region =

ln 3
0
3
2 + 3e
−x

− e
x
4
dx
=
3
2x + 3

1
−1

e
−x
− e
x
4
ln 3
0
=
3
2x −
3
e
x
− e
x
4
ln 3
0
= 2 ln 3 −
3
e
ln3
− e
ln 3


2(0) −
3
e
0
− e
0

= 2 ln 3 −
3
3
− 3 −0 + 3 + 1
= 2.20 units
2
29
2x + 1
(x
2
+ 1)(2 − x)

Ax + B
x
2
+ 1
+
C
2 − x
2x + 1 ≡ (Ax + B)(2 − x) + C(x
2
+ 1)
Letting x = 2, 5 = C(5)
C = 1
Letting x = 0, 1 = 2B + C
1 = 2B + 1
B = 0
Letting x = 1, 3 = (A + B) + 2C
3 = (A + 0) + 2(1)
A = 1

2x + 1
(x
2
+ 1)(2 − x)
=
x
x
2
+ 1
+
1
2 − x


1
0

2x + 1
(x
2
+ 1)(2 − x)
dx =

1
0

x
x
2
+ 1
dx +

1
0

1
2 − x
dx
=
1
2


1
0

2x
x
2
+ 1
dx −

1
0

−1
2 − x
dx
=
3
1
2
ln (x
2
+ 1)
4
1
0
− [ln (2 − x)]
1
0
=
1
2
(ln 2 − ln 1) − (ln 1 − ln 2)
= 1.04
30 (a)

x
2
+ x + 2

x
2
+ 2
= 1 +
x
x
2
+ 2
1
x
2
+ 2
x
2
+ x + 2
x
2
+ 2
x
Chap-09-FWS.indd 24 10/19/2012 10:39:09 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 25


x
2
+ x + 2
x
2
+ 2
dx =


1 +
x
x
2
+ 2

dx
=

3
1 +
1
2


2x
x
2
+ 2
4
dx
= x +
1
2
ln | x
2
+ 2| + c
(b)

x
e
x + 1
dx =

xe
− (x + 1)
dx
=
1
−1
e
− (x + 1)
 x −

−e
− (x + 1)
 1 dx
= −
x
e
x + 1
+

e
− (x + 1)
dx
= −
x
e
x + 1
+
1
−1
e
− (x + 1)
+ c
= −
x
e
x + 1

1
e
x + 1
+ c
= −
x + 1
e
x + 1
+ c
31 (a)
dy
dx
=
3x − 5
2 x
y =


3x − 5
2 x

dx
y =


3
2
x
1
2

5
2
x

1
2

dx
y =
3
2


x
3
2
3
2


5
2


x
1
2
1
2

+ c
y = x
3
2
− 5x
1
2
+ c
Since the curve passes through the point (1, −4), then
−4 = (1)
3
2
− 5(1)
1
2
+ c
−4 = 1 − 5 + c
c = 0
Hence, the equation of the curve is y = x
3
2
− 5x
1
2
= x
1
2
(x − 5)
= x (x − 5)
(b) At the x-axis, y = 0
x(x − 5) = 0
x = 0 or 5
x = 0 is ignored because it is given that x > 0. Therefore, x = 5.
Chap-09-FWS.indd 25 10/19/2012 10:39:10 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 26
At a turning point,
dy
dx
= 0.

3x − 5
2 x
= 0
3x − 5 = 0
x =
5
3
When x =
5
3
, y =
5
3


5
3
− 5

= −4.30

dy
dx
=
3x − 5
2 x
=
3
2
x
1
2

5
2
x

1
2

d
2
y
dx
2
=
3
4
x

1
2
+
5
4
x

3
2
=
3
4x
1
2
+
5
4x
3
2
When x =
5
3
,
d
2
y
dx
2
=
3
4

5
3

1
2
+
5
4

5
3

3
2
(> 0)
Hence,

1
2
3
, −4.30

is a minimum point.
Then curve of y = x(x − 5) is as shown below.
y
x
O
4 5 3 2 1
−2
−4
΂
2
3
1
, −4.30
΃
Chap-09-FWS.indd 26 10/19/2012 10:39:10 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 27
(c) Area of the region bounded by the curve and the x-axis =


5
0
y dx

=


5
0
x
3
2
− 3x
1
2
 dx

=
3
2x
5
2
5
− 5

2x
3
2
3
4
5
0

=

2
5
(5)
5
2

10
3
(5)
3
2
− 0

=

2
5
( 5)
5

10
3
( 5)
3

=

2
5
(25 5) −
10
3
(5 5)

=

10 5 −
50
3
5

=


20
3
5

=
20
3
5 units
2
32

3
2

(x − 2)
2
x
2
dx =

3
2


x
2
− 4x + 4
x
2

dx
=

3
2


1 −
4
x
+ 4x
−2

dx
=
3
x − 4 ln |x| + 4

x
−1
−1
4
3
2
=
3
x − 4 ln |x| −
4
x
4
3
2
= 3 − 4 ln 3 −
4
3


2 − 4 ln 2 −
4
2

=
5
3
+ 4 ln 2 − 4 ln 3
=
5
3
+ 4 (ln 2 − ln 3)
=
5
3
+ 4 ln

2
3

[Shown]
33 y = 6 − e
x
On the x-axis, y = 0.
6 − e
x
= 0
e
x
= 6
x = ln 6
Chap-09-FWS.indd 27 10/19/2012 10:39:10 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 28
Thus, the curve y = 6 − e
x
intersects the x-axis at (ln 6, 0).
On the y-axis, x = 0.
y = 6 − e
0
y = 5
Thus, the curve y = 6 − e
x
intersects the y-axis at (0, 5).
As x → ∞, y → − ∞
As x → − ∞, y → 6
(In 5, 1)
In 6
5
6
y = 6 − e
x
y = 5e
−x
O
x
y
y = 5e
−x
On the y-axis, x = 0.
y = 5(e
0
)
y = 5
Therefore, the curve y = 5e
−x
intersects the y-axis at (0, 5).
As x → ∞, y → 0.
As x → −∞, y → ∞
The curves y = 6 − e
x
and y = 5e
−x
are as shown.
y = 6 − e
x

… 

y = 5e
−x

… 
Substituting  into ,
6 − e
x
= 5e
−x
6e
x
− (e
x
)
2
= 5
Letting e
x
= p,
6p − p
2
= 5
p
2
− 6p + 5 = 0
(p − 1)(p − 5) = 0
p = 1 or 5
When p = 1,
e
x
= 1
x = ln 1
x = 0
Chap-09-FWS.indd 28 10/19/2012 10:39:11 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 29
When x = 0, y = 6 − e
0
= 5
When p = 5,
e
x
= 5
x = ln 5
When x = ln 5, y = 6 − e
ln 5
= 6 − 5 = 1
Hence, the points of intersection are (0, 5) and (ln 5, 1).
Area of the shaded region =


ln 5
0

3
6 − e
x

− 5e
−x
4
dx
=
3
6x − e
x

5
(−1)
e
−x

4
ln 5
0
=
3
6x − e
x
+
5
e
x4
ln 5
0
= 6 ln 5 − e
ln 5

5
e
ln 5


0 − e
0
+
5
e
0
= 6 ln 5 − 5 +
5
5
− (−1 + 5)
= 6 ln 5 − 5 + 1 + 1 − 5
= (6 ln 5 − 8) units
2
Volume of the solid generated = π


ln 5
0

3
6 − e
x

2
− 5e
−x

2
4
dx
= π


ln 5
0

3
36 − 12e
x
+ e
2x
− 25e
−2x
4
dx
= π
3
36x − 12e
x
+
1
2
e
2x

25
(−2)
e
−2x
4
ln 5
0
= π
3
36x − 12e
x
+
1
2
e
2x

25
2e
2x 4
ln 5
0
= π
3
36 ln 5 − 12e
ln 5
+
1
2
e
2 ln 5
+
25
2e
2 ln 5


0 − 12e
0
+
1
2
e
0
+
25
2e
04
= π
3
36 ln 5 − 12(5) +
1
2
(25) +
25
2(25)


−12 +
1
2
+
25
2
4
= π (36 ln 5 − 48)
= 12(3 ln 5 − 4)π units
3
34 Let u = 1 − x

du
dx
= − 1
dx = − du
When x = 0, u = 1.
When x = 1, u = 0.
Chap-09-FWS.indd 29 10/19/2012 10:39:11 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
ACE AHEAD Mathematics (T) Second Term 30


1
0
x
2
(1 − x)
1
3
dx =

0
1
(1 − u)
2
u
1
3
(−du)
=

0
1
− u
1
3
(1 − u)
2
du
=

0
1
− u
1
3
(1 − 2u + u
2
) du
=

0
1
− u
1
3
+ 2u
4
3
− u
7
3
 du
=
3

u
4
3
4
3
+
2u
7
3
7
3

u
10
3
10
3

4
0
1
=
3

3
4
u
4
3
+
6
7
u
7
3

3
10
u
10
3
4
0
1
= 0 −
3

3
4
(1)
4
3
+
6
7
(1)
7
3

3
10
(1)
10
3
4
=
3
4

6
7
+
3
10
=
27
140
35 (a)
O
y
1
= x
2
− 4
y
2
= x − 2
−4
−2
−3
−2
−1
2
x
y
R
(b) y = x − 2 …
y = x
2
− 4 …
Substituting  into ,
x
2
− 4 = x − 2
x
2
− x − 2 = 0
(x − 2)(x + 1) = 0
x = 2 or −1
When x = 2, y = 2 − 2
= 0
When x = −1, y = −1 − 2
= −3
Hence, the coordinates of the points of intersection are (2, 0) and (−1, −3).
Chap-09-FWS.indd 30 10/19/2012 10:39:11 AM
© Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974-T) 2012
Fully Worked Solution 31
(c) Area of R =

2
−1
(y
2
− y
1
) dx
=

2
−1
3(x − 2) − (x
2
− 4)4 dx
=

2
−1
(− x
2
+ x + 2) dx
=
3

x
3
3
+
x
2
2
+ 2x
4
2
−1
= −
2
3
3
+
2
2
2
+ 2(2) −
3

(−1)
3
3
+
(−1)
2
2
+ 2(−1)
4
=
10
3



7
6

=
9
2
units
2
(d) Volume generated = π

2
−1
(y
1
2
− y
2
2
) dx
= π

2
−1
3(x
2
− 4)
2
− (x − 2)
2
4 dx
= π

2
−1
3(x
4
− 8x
2
+ 16) − (x
2
− 4x + 4)4 dx
= π

2
−1
3(x
4
− 9x
2
+ 4x + 12) dx
= π
3
x
5
5
− 3x
3
+ 2x
2
+ 12x
4
2
−1

= π
3
2
5
5
− 3(2)
3
+ 2(2)
2
+ 12(2)



(−1)
5
5
− 3(−1)
3
+ 2(−1)
2
+ 12(−1)
4
= π
3
72
5



36
5
4
=
108
5
π units
3
Chap-09-FWS.indd 31 10/19/2012 10:39:11 AM