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Limited Atonement
From EJ Hill & Friends

← The Fall of Man ← Original Sin ← Total Depravity ← Unconditional Election ᭞ Limited Atonement →
Irresistible Grace → Perseverance

LIMITED ATONEMENT a.k.a PARTICULAR- or DEFINITE ATONEMENT Digg
as opposed to
UNIVERSAL ATONEMENT a.k.a GENERAL ATONEMENT
submit
as well as
UNIVERSAL SALVATION a.k.a UNIVERSAL RECONCILIATION
by EJ Hill (1977-)

Introduction
LIMITED ATONEMENT - THE BELIEF THAT CHRIST DIED FOR HIS ELECT ONLY.

The question we will seek to address here, is: Did Christ die for His elect only? Or, did He die for every single
human being?

Defining Limited Atonement
Defining what is meant by "Limited Atonement".

The Scope of Christ's Atonement
While, Calvinists limit the scope of Christ's Atonement to The Elect; both Pelagians and Arminians
assume a universal scope to Christ's Atonement. Let's see who's correct?

Statements & Confessions
The 1658 Congregational Savoy Declaration

The 1689 Second London Baptist Confession of Faith

Adherents
Individuals: Martin Luther (1483-1546) - Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560) - John Calvin
(1509-1564) - John Knox (1514-1572) - BAPTIST John Gill (1697-1771) [4] - Jonathan Edwards
(1703-1758) - George Whitefield (1714-1770) [3] - Charles Hodge (1797-1878) [1] - BAPTIST Charles
Haddon Spurgeon (1834-1892) [3] - John Murray [3] - Charles Joseph Mahaney - ANGLICAN James
Innell Packer (1926-) - Iain Hamish Murray (1931-) - James Montgomery Boice (1938-2000) - John

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M. Frame (1939-) - Robert Charles Sproul (1939-) - John F. MacArthur, Jr. (1939-) - John Piper
(1946-) - Donald Arthur Carson (1946-) - Timothy J. Keller (1950-) - R. Albert Mohler, Jr. (1959-) -
Mark Dever (1960-) - BAPTIST James R. White (1962-) - Michael Scott Horton (1964-) - Mark
Driscoll (1970-) - NONCONFORMIST EJ Hill (1977-) - Arturo G. Azurdia III - J. Ligon Duncan III -
John W. Hendryx - Lane Chaplin - Sinclair Ferguson - Angus Stewart [2] - Ken Silva [6] - Dr. Roger
Nicole [3|5] - Jesus Saenz [1] - Scott Price [4] - Steve Costley [5] - Rolaant McKenzie [8]

Institutions: Alpha & Omega Ministries - Covenant Protestant Reformed Church [2] - Gospel
Outreach Ministries [8]

Keywords
atonement, definite, limited, particular, definite atonement, limited atonement, particular atonement

Scripture References
Ex. 4v21, 14v4, v8, v17; Deut. 2v30, 9v4-7, 29v4; Josh. 11v19; 1 Sam. 2v25, 3v14, 17v14; Ps.
105v25; Pr. 15v8, v26, 28v9; Jer. 24v7; Mt. 11v25-27, 13v10-15, v44-46, 15v13, 22v14, 24v22;
Lk. 8v15, 13v23-30; Jn. 1v29; Acts 2v39; Ep. 2v1-12

"{10} Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He hath put Him to grief: when THOU SHALT
MAKE HIS SOUL AN OFFERING FOR SIN, HE SHALL SEE HIS SEED, He shall
prolong His days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand. {11} HE SHALL
SEE OF THE TRAVAIL OF HIS SOUL, and shall be satisfied: by His knowledge shall My
Righteous Servant JUSTIFY MANY; FOR HE SHALL BEAR THEIR INIQUITIES." (Is.
53v10-11, AKJV, p.327)

"And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call His name Jesus: FOR HE SHALL
SAVE HIS PEOPLE FROM THEIR SINS." (Mt. 1v21, AKJV, p.421)

"Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and TO GIVE
HIS LIFE A RANSOM FOR MANY." (Mt. 20v28, AKJV, p.431)

"I am the good shepherd: THE GOOD SHEPHERD GIVETH HIS LIFE FOR THE
SHEEP." (Jn. 10v11, AKJV, p.473)

"{14} I am the good shepherd, and know My sheep, and am known of Mine. {15} As the
Father knoweth Me, even so know I the Father: and I LAY DOWN MY LIFE FOR THE
SHEEP." (Jn. 10v14-15, AKJV, p.473)

"{49} And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye
know nothing at all. {50} Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that ONE MAN SHOULD DIE
FOR THE PEOPLE, and THAT THE WHOLE NATION PERISH NOT. {51} And this spake he not of

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himself: but being high priest that year, HE PROPHESIED THAT JESUS SHOULD DIE FOR
THAT NATION; {52} And NOT FOR THAT NATION ONLY, BUT THAT ALSO HE SHOULD
GATHER TOGETHER IN ONE THE CHILDREN OF GOD THAT WERE SCATTERED ABROAD."
(Jn. 11v49-52, AKJV, p.475)

"Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that His hour was come that He
should depart out of this world unto the Father, HAVING LOVED HIS OWN WHICH
WERE IN THE WORLD, HE LOVED THEM UNTO THE END." (Jn. 13v1, AKJV, p.475)

"{12} This is My commandment, That ye love one another, AS I HAVE LOVED YOU. {13}
Greater love hath no man than this, THAT A MAN LAY DOWN HIS LIFE FOR HIS
FRIENDS. {14} YE ARE MY FRIENDS, if ye do whatsoever I command you." (Jn.
15v12-14, AKJV, p.477)

"I pray FOR THEM: I PRAY NOT FOR THE WORLD, BUT FOR THEM WHICH
THOU HAST GIVEN ME; for they are Thine." (Jn. 17v9, AKJV, p.478)

"{7} For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some
would even dare to die. {8} But GOD COMMENDETH HIS LOVE TOWARD US, IN
THAT, WHILE WE WERE YET SINNERS, CHRIST DIED FOR US. {9} Much more then,
BEING NOW JUSTIFIED BY HIS BLOOD, WE SHALL BE SAVED FROM WRATH THROUGH
HIM. {10} For IF, WHEN WE WERE ENEMIES, WE WERE RECONCILED TO GOD BY THE
DEATH OF HIS SON, MUCH MORE, BEING RECONCILED, we shall be saved by His life. {11}
And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, BY WHOM WE HAVE
NOW RECEIVED THE ATONEMENT." (Rom. 5v7-11, AKJV, p.500)

"Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For
even CHRIST OUR PASSOVER IS SACRIFICED FOR US." (1 Cor. 5v7, AKJV, p.506)

"For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how THAT CHRIST DIED
FOR OUR SINS ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES; ..." (1 Cor. 15v3, AKJV, p.510)

"{14} For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that IF ONE DIED
FOR ALL, THEN WERE ALL DEAD: {15} AND THAT HE DIED FOR ALL, THAT THEY
WHICH LIVE SHOULD NOT HENCEFORTH LIVE UNTO THEMSELVES, BUT UNTO
HIM WHICH DIED FOR THEM, and rose again. {16} Wherefore henceforth know we no man
after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we
Him no more. {17} Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed
away; behold, all things are become new. {18} And all things are of God, WHO HAVE
RECONCILED US TO HIMSELF BY JESUS CHRIST, and hath given to us the ministry of
reconciliation; {19} To wit, that God was in Christ, RECONCILING THE WORLD UNTO
HIMSELF, NOT IMPUTING THEIR TRESPASSES UNTO THEM; and hath committed unto us the
word of reconciliation. {20} Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech

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you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God. {21} For HE HATH MADE
HIM TO BE SIN FOR US, WHO KNEW NO SIN; THAT WE MIGHT BE MADE THE
RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD IN HIM." (2 Cor. 5v14-21, AKJV, p.513)

"WHO DIED FOR US, THAT, whether we wake or sleep, WE SHOULD LIVE TOGETHER
WITH HIM." (1 Th. 5v10, AKJV, p.525)

"WHO GAVE HIMSELF FOR US, THAT HE MIGHT REDEEM US from all iniquity, and
purify unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works." (Tit. 2v14, AKJV, p.530)

"Who being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, and
upholding all things by the word of His power, WHEN HE HAD BY HIMSELF PURGED
OUR SINS, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; ..." (Heb. 1v3, AKJV,
p.531)

"{10} For it became Him, for Whom are all things, and by Whom are all things, IN
BRINGING MANY SONS UNTO GLORY, to make the captain of their salvation perfect
through sufferings. {11} For both He that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all
of one: for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren, ..." (Heb. 2:10-11, AKJV, p.531)

"{16} For verily He took not on Him the nature of angels; but HE TOOK ON HIM THE
SEED OF ABRAHAM. {17} Wherefore in all things it behoved Him to be made like unto
His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to
God, TO MAKE RECONCILIATION FOR THE SINS OF THE PEOPLE. {18} For in that He
Himself hath suffered being tempted, He is able to succour them that are tempted." (Heb.
2v16-18, AKJV, p.531)

"And for this cause He is the mediator of the New Testament, that BY MEANS OF DEATH,
FOR THE REDEMPTION OF THE TRANSGRESSION THAT WERE UNDER THE FIRST
TESTAMENT, THEY WHICH ARE CALLED MIGHT RECEIVE THE PROMISE OF
ETERNAL INHERITANCE." (Heb. 9v15, AKJV, p.533)

"{22} And almost all things are by the law PURGED WITH BLOOD; and WITHOUT
SHEDDING OF BLOOD IS NO REMISSION. {23} It was therefore necessary that the
patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things
themselves with better sacrifices than these. {24} For Christ is not entered into the holy places
made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the
presence of God for us: {25} Nor yet that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest
entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; {26} For then must He often have
suffered since the foundation of the world: but now ONCE IN THE END OF THE WORLD HATH
HE APPEARED TO PUT AWAY SIN BY THE SACRIFICE OF HIMSELF. {27} And as it is
appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: {28} So CHRIST WAS ONCE
OFFERED TO BEAR THE SINS OF MANY; and unto them that look for Him shall He appear

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the second time without sin unto salvation." (Heb. 9v22-28, AKJV, p.533)

"For even hereunto were ye called: because CHRIST ALSO SUFFERED FOR US, leaving
us an example, that ye should follow His steps: ..." (1 Pt. 2v21, AKJV, p.538)

"For CHRIST ALSO HATH ONCE SUFFERED FOR SINS, THE JUST FOR THE
UNJUST, THAT HE MIGHT BRING US TO GOD, being put to death in the flesh, but
quickened by the Spirit: ..." (1 Pt. 3v18, AKJV, p.539)

"{9} IN THIS WAS MANIFESTED THE LOVE OF GOD TOWARD US, because that God
sent His only begotten Son into the world, THAT WE MIGHT LIVE THROUGH HIM. {10}
Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that HE LOVED US, AND SENT HIS SON TO
BE THE PROPITIATION FOR OUR SINS." (1 Jn. 4v9-10, AKJV, p.542)

"And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and
the Prince of the kings of the earth. Unto Him THAT LOVED US, AND WASHED US
FROM OUR SINS IN HIS OWN BLOOD,..." (Rev. 1v5, AKJV, p.544)

Bibliography
1
Jesus Saenz; Universal Atonement = Double Jeopardy (Soul deSaenz, 18 December 2007). (24/05/2008)
http://souldesaenz.wordpress.com/2007/12/18/universal-atonement-double-jeopardy/
2
Angus Stewart; The Arminian Heresy of Universal Atonement (Ballymena: Covenant Protestant Reformed
Church, Northern Ireland). (24/05/2008) http://www.cprf.co.uk/articles/universal.htm
3
Dr. Roger Nicole; Covenant, Universal Call and Definite Atonement (A Puritan's Mind). (24/05/2008)
http://www.apuritansmind.com/Arminianism/NicoleRogerUniversalCallDefiniteAtonement.htm
4
Scott Price; The False Gospel of Universal Atonement and the Faith that Accompanies It (The Gospel
Way). (24/05/2008) http://www.gospeldefense.com/Price/price_universal.html
5
Steve Costley; Is Universal Atonement Necessary for Assurance? (Controversial Calvinism, 9 March 2008).
(24/05/2008) http://controversialcalvinism.blogspot.com/2008/03/is-universal-atonement-necessary-for.html
6
Ken Silva; Rob Bell and the Emergent Church (Apprising Ministries, 19 October 2006). (24/05/2008)
http://www.apprising.org/archives/2006/10/rob_bell_and_th_1.html
7
"Limited Atonement": Wikipedia. (24/05/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limited_atonement
8
Rolaant McKenzie; Limited Atonement (Gospel Outreach Ministries). (25/05/2008)
http://www.gospeloutreach.net/limited_atonement.html
9
Dieter Thom; The Confession of Faith of Dieter Leon Thom (5 June 2008).

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