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Universal Immortality
From EJ Hill & Friends

᭞ Universal Immortality → Particular Judgment → The Intermediate State: (Conscious) → Resurrection →
The Great White Throne Judgment → Eternal Torment

UNIVERSAL IMMORTALITY a.k.a THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL or INNATE Digg
IMMORTALITY
as opposed to
submit
CONDITIONAL IMMORTALITY
by EJ Hill (1977-)

Introduction
UNIVERSAL IMMORTALITY - THE BELIEF THAT, BY DEFAULT, THE SOUL IS IMMORTAL:
ETERNAL, INCORRUPTIBLE, INDESTRUCTIBLE AND IMPERISHABLE - THEREFORE, UNABLE TO
DIE - CONCLUDING THE SAVED TO ETERNAL GLORY, AND THE LOST TO ETERNAL AGONY.

Significance

Within the church today, both Calvinist and Arminian; there is a teaching known as, "The
Immortality of The Soul". This, in my opinion, is "one of the greatest misunderstandings" [35] of our
time - a "mistake" [36] of epic proportions.

Together "soul" and "spirit" are used almost 1100 times in the King James Version of the Bible.
Nowhere, however, do we even once find the word "immortal" used in conjunction with either.
Nowhere in the Old Testament do we find any reference to either "immortal" or "immortality". And
in the New Testament we find the word "immortal" being used once, and "immortality" five times, all
by Paul.

Defining Immortality
Before determining either, the Universal or Conditional nature of the Soul's Immortality, we first have
to define what is meant by the term "immortality". This section explains the nature of "immortality"
as synonymous with that of "eternal life". THAT WHICH IS ETERNAL, THEREFORE, IS
IMMORTAL and THAT WHICH IS IMMORTAL, LIVES FOREVER. Understanding the above, is
extremely important in determining whether man's soul is immortal by nature, or by grace.

The History and Development of Universal Immortality
A discussion relating to the historical development of Universal Immortality from Ancient Egypt to
our day.

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The Nature of Immortality
A brief look at the Nature of Eternal Life and Immortality. Is it universal? Or is it conditional?

The Implications of Universal Immortality
A look at the implications of a belief in the universal immortality of the soul.

Statements & Confessions
The 1646 Westminster Confession of Faith

Chapter IV. Of Creation.
II. After God had made all other creatures, He created man, male and female, with reasonable and
immortal souls, endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness after His own image, having
the law of God written in their hearts, and power to fulfill it; and yet under a possibility of
transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto change. Besides this
law written in their hearts, they received a command not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good
and evil; which while they kept were happy in their communion with God, and had dominion over the
creatures.

There exists NO Biblical proof that God created Adam and Eve with "immortal souls"; to
the contrary, Genesis chapter 3 verse 22 suggests the opposite.

Chapter XXXII. Of the State of Man After Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead.
I. The bodies of men, after death, return to dust, and see corruption; but their souls (which neither die
nor sleep), having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave it. The souls of the
righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they
behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies; and the souls
of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the
judgment of the great day. Besides these two places for souls separated from their bodies, the
Scripture acknowledgeth none.

The 1689 Second London Baptist Confession of Faith

Chapter 4. Of Creation.
2. After God had made all other creatures, He created man, male and female, with reasonable and
immortal souls, rendering them fit unto that life to God for which they were created; being made after
the image of God, in knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness; having the law of God written in
their hearts, and power to fulfill it, and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty
of their own will, which was subject to change. (Genesis 1:27; Genesis 2:7; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Genesis
1:26; Romans 2:14, 15; Genesis 3:6)

Again, there exists NO Biblical proof, whatsoever, that God created Adam and Eve with
"immortal souls"; to the contrary, Genesis chapter 3 verse 22 suggests the opposite.

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Chapter 31. Of the State of Man after Death and of the Resurrection of the Dead.
The bodies of men after death return to dust, and see corruption; but their souls, which neither die nor
sleep, having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of the
righteous being then made perfect in holiness, are received into paradise, where they are with Christ,
and behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies; and the
souls of the wicked are cast into hell; where they remain in torment and utter darkness, reserved to
the judgment of the great day; besides these two places, for souls separated from their bodies, the
Scripture acknowledgeth none. (Genesis 3:19; Acts 13:36; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Luke 23:43; 2
Corinthians 5:1, 6,8; Philippians 1:23; Hebrews 12:23; Jude 6, 7; 1 Peter 3:19; Luke 16:23, 24)

The 1742 Philadelphia Confession of Faith

Chapter 4. Of Creation.
2. After God had made all other creatures, He created man, male and female, with reasonable and
immortal souls, rendering them fit unto that life to God for which they were created; being made after
the image of God, in knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness; having the law of God written in
their hearts, and power to fulfil it, and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty
of their own will, which was subject to change. (Gen. 1:27; Gen. 2:7; Eccles. 7:29; Gen. 1:26; Rom.
2:14,15; Gen. 3:6)

Again, there exists NO Biblical proof, whatsoever, that God created Adam and Eve with
"immortal souls"; to the contrary, Genesis chapter 3 verse 22 suggests the opposite.

Chapter 33. Of the State of Man after Death and of the Resurrection of the Dead.
1. The bodies of men after death return to dust, and see corruption; but their souls, which neither die
nor sleep, having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of
the righteous being then made perfect in holiness, are received into paradise, where they are with
Christ, and behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies;
and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell; where they remain in torment and utter darkness,
reserved to the judgment of the great day; besides these two places, for souls separated from their
bodies, the Scripture acknowledgeth none. (Gen. 3:19; Acts 13:36; Eccles. 12:7; Luke 23:43; 2 Cor.
5:1, 6,8; Phil. 1:23; Heb. 12;23; Jude 6, 7; 1 Peter 3:19; Luke 16:23, 24)

Frequently Asked Questions
Since man is created in the image of an Immortal God, doesn't he also have Immortality?

Adherents
Civilizations: Celts [1] - Chinese {Confucianism} [2] - Greeks {Platonism} [1] - India {Buddhism}
[2|3|4]
- Japanese {Shintoism} [2] - Romans [1] - Thracians [5]

Individuals: Zoroaster {Zoroastrianism} [1|6] - Thales (624-546 B.C.) [7|8] - Orpheus {Orphism}
(+-530 BC) [9|10|11] - Pythagoras (580/572-500/490 B.C.) [12|13|14|15|16] - Plato (423/424-347/348
B.C.) {Platonism} [13|17|18|19] - Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) [20|21] - Pope Leo X (1475-1521) [4] -
Pope Julius II (1443-1513) [22|23|24] - Adam Clarke (1760/62-1832) [25] - John F. Walvoord
(1910-2002) [29] - Herman Bavinck [26] - John Piper (1946-) [27] - K.P. Yohannan (1950-) [28] - C.

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Matthew McMahon [30] - Gill Patterson [31] - Keith Walker [34]

Institutions: Arya Samaj (a Hindu reform movement in India) [32] - The Dutch Reformed Church in
South Africa [33] - Islam [1] - New Covenant Ministries International {NCMI} [31] - The Roman
Catholic Church [4]

Keywords
intrinsic immortality, natural immortality, unconditional immortality, universal immortality

Scripture References
Gen. 1v26-27, 2v7, 3v6, v22-23, 5v22-24, 25v8, 37v35, 47v9, 49v29; Ex. 3v6; Num. 23v10; Ps.
17v15, 49v8-9, v15, 73v24, 107v14, 133v3; Eccl. 7v29; Is. 14v9; Ez. 18v4; Mt. 7v14, 10v28,
16v25-26, 19v16-17, v29, 22v32, 25v46; Mk. 10v17, v30, 12v27; Lk. 9v24, 10v25, 17v33, 18v18,
20v38; Jn. 3v15-16, v36, 4v36, 5v21, v25-26, v40, 6v33, v35, v44, v53-54, 10v10, v28, 11v25,
12v25, 14v6, 17v2-3; Acts 13v48; Rom. 2v7, v12, v14-15, 5v21, 6v4, v22-23, 8v2, v6; 1 Cor. 1v8,
3v17, 6v13, 15v40, v51-55; 2 Cor. 5v1-10; Ep. 2v12; Philip. 3v19; 1 Th. 4v13-18, 5v2-3, v23; 2
Th. 1v9, 2v10; 1 Tim. 6v12, v16, v19; 2 Tim. 1v10; Tit. 1v2, 3v7; Heb. 1v11, 10v27, 11v13-16,
12v9; Js. 5v20; 2 Pt. 3v9, v16; 1 Jn. 1v2, 2v25, 3v14-15, 5v11, v13, v20; Jude 1v5, v21; Rev.
20v15

Bibliography
1
"Immortality": The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. (24/03/2008) http://www.bartleby.com/65/im
/immortal.html
2
"Immortality": The New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia. (24/03/2008) http://www.newadvent.org/cathen
/07687a.htm
3
Prof. Dr. D.R.G. Owen; Body & Soul: A Study on the Christian View of Man (Philadelphia: Westminster
Press, 1956); p.29, 41, 59, 61-62, 163, 177-178.
4
Champions of Conditional Immortality in History. (15/03/2008) http://www.specialtyinterests.net
/champions_of_conditional_immortality.html
5
Bulgaria's Thracian History. (24/03/2008) http://www.omda.bg/engl/history/bulgarias_thracian_heritage.htm
6
"Zoroastrianism": Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. (24/03/2008) http://www.deathreference.com
/Vi-Z/Zoroastrianism.html
7
"Thales": Wikipedia. (19/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thales
8
Stefan Stenudd; Thales of Miletus: Greek Philosophers on Cosmology and Myth. 2000 (c) Stefan Stenudd.
(19/03/2008) http://www.stenudd.com/myth/greek/thales.htm
9
"Immortality": Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Edition (1911). (24/03/2008) http://www.1911encyclopedia.org
/Immortality

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10
"Orpheus": Wikipedia. (24/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orpheus
11
"Orphism": Wikipedia. (24/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orphism_(religion)
12
"Pythagoras": Wikipedia. (19/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pythagoras
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"Pythagoreanism": Wikipedia. (19/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pythagoreanism
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Pythagoras; The River Styx. (19/03/2008) http://www.theriverstyx.net/pythagoras.shtml
15
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Lab, CSLI, Stanford University. (19/03/2008) http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pythagoras/
16
Pythagoras, Greece, Ancient History; In2Greece. (19/03/2008) http://www.in2greece.com/english
/historymyth/history/ancient/pythagoras.htm
17
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18
"Phaedrus (dialogue)": Wikipedia. (19/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaedrus_(dialogue)
19
Plato; The Phaedrus. Translated by Alexander Nehamas and Paul Woodruff. c/f. Plato: Complete Works;
Edited by John M. Cooper; 245c-e. ISBN 0-87220-349-2.
20
"Thomas Aquinas": Theopedia. (17/03/2008) http://www.theopedia.com/Thomas_Aquinas
21
"Thomism": Theopedia. (17/03/2008) http://www.theopedia.com/Thomism
22
Lateran Council; Answers.com. (25/03/2008) http://www.answers.com/topic/first-council-of-the-lateran
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"Pope Julius II": Wikipedia. (25/03/2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Julius_II
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25
Adam Clarke; Bible Commentary. (02/04/2008) http://www.studylight.org/com/acc/view.cgi?book=mt&
chapter=022
26
Herman Bavinck; The Last Things: Hope for This World and the Next; Baker Academic.
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John Piper; If our souls are immortal, why do our bodies need to be resurrected?; Desiring God. (23/01
/2006) http://www.desiringgod.org/ResourceLibrary/Articles/ByDate/2006/1626_If_our_souls_are_
28
Dr. K.P. Yohannan; Revolution In World Missions (GFA Books {a division of Gospel for Asia}, 1800
Golden Trail Court, Carrollton, TX 75010, USA) pp.93, 108. http://www.gfa.org/
29
Edward William Fudge; What Reviewers Say About The Fire That Consumes; Edward Fudge Ministries.
(25/03/2008) http://www.edwardfudge.com/written/fire.html
30
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(02/04/2008) http://www.apuritansmind.com/Justification/JustificationMainPage.htm

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31
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Ministries International. (25/03/2008) http://www.letstalkmag.com/pdfs/issue77.pdf
32
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33
Prof. Dr. A.C. Barnard, Ds. W.J. Botha, Dr. S.J. Eloff, Dr. D.J. Malan, Dr. J.M.G. Prins, Ds. D.J. Viljoen;
Believe & Confess {"Glo & Bely"}: Leerboek vir Katkisante; N.G. Kerk-Uitgewers; bl.109, 265, 269.
34
Keith Walker; Paradise and Punctuation (Evidence Ministries). (15/05/2008) http://www.happyxwitness.com
/jehovahswitnesses.php?viewarticle=32
35
Oscar Cullmann; Immortality of the Soul or Resurrection of the Dead?: The Witness of the New
Testament (New York: Macmillan & Co., 1964) (24/03/2008) http://www.religion-online.org
/showbook.asp?title=1115
36
Prof. Dr. D.R.G. Owen; Body & Soul: A Study on the Christian View of Man (Philadelphia: Westminster
Press, 1956); p.29, 41, 59, 61-62, 163, 177-178.

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