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Future technology of Counter and Anti-Terrorism 1

Running Head: FUTURE TECHNOLOGY OF COUNTER AND ANTI-TERRORISM

Future Technology of Counter and Anti-Terrorism

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Future Technology of Counter and Anti-Terrorism

Introduction

The biggest threat humanity is facing today, all over the globe, is the threat of

terrorism. No airport or railway or tube station, no stadium or conference hall is safe from the

reach of modern day terrorist groups. With the advancement in the field science and

technology, especially warfare, the level of sophistication in the armory of terrorists has also

increased to an alarming level. The threat now is too real to ignore and too good to fight off

using the conventional weapons. With the support of mischievous millionaires and some

countries with dangerous ambitions, the modern day terrorists are now equipped with the

state of the art ammunition as well as tools of communications. As revealed by the statement

given by Robert S. Mueller, Director of Federal Bureau of Investigation Before the Senate

Select Committee on Intelligence on January 11, 2007. He said, “Transnational and domestic

terrorists and state sponsors of terrorism continue to demonstrate an interest in acquiring and

using chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons, or CBRN.” (Federal Bureau of

Investigation - Congressional Testimony.)

Therefore, to respond to this threat on October 30-31, 2006, representatives of 13

governments met in Rabat, Morocco and formulated an agreement on a Statement of

Principles, and also Terms of Reference for Implementation and Assessment. They have also

invited IAEA to act as an observer to the Initiative. In the next two years, this Global

Initiative had developed and acquired support from 75 governments, together with all EU

members, and the EU as an observer. (The Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.)
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Synopsis

This increased rate of specialization has prompted, like many of the service

merchants, the ammunition manufacturers to offer tools and services that are customized and

specialized at the same time. Technological development has opened new horizons for them

to explore. Crime solutions have become a new faculty in itself. Similarly the field of military

solutions has realized its potential to become the next big thing.

This is the reason why we are noticing the arrival of websites offering a number of

counter-terrorism solutions and some have even tried to market newer tools for the purpose.

These websites are offering a range of solutions from including training programs of different

kinds as well. (Counterterrorism Home Page.)

With services like Autonomous Real-time Ground Ubiquitous Surveillance - Imaging

System (ARGUS-IS), Close Combat Lethal Recon (CCLR) and Deep Green (DG), modern

day armies and law enforcement agencies will be better equipped to fight with the enemies of

the State (terrorists) and the criminals. The increased threat of global terrorism has provoked

the demand of inbuilt sophistication and reliance in the modern day warfare. This demand has

become the propelling force behind the ever increasing research and development in these

areas.

Close Combat Lethal Recon (CCLR)

CCLR is an ideal tool to help the police and other civil law enforcement agencies that

have to perform their duty in usually densely populated areas. With a number of innocent

citizens and pedestrians walking down a street eliminating a potential danger is a real

challenge and requires the best of marksmanship qualities and nerves of steel. With the

present day threats of suicide bombers strolling on the streets and even blending in the rallies
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and other masses, the need of a system of accurate command-guided munitions has been felt

more than ever.

Deep Green

There always exists an immense need for anticipatory planning, especially in the state

of war. The need is not only for optimal use of the scarce resources but also to respond pro-

actively to any of the changes in the situation of the war. War is more like a game of chess.

One has to anticipate a thousand potential moves from the opponent every time. It is this

understanding which is the compulsion behind the development of a system like Deep Green

(DG). Resource allocation and anticipatory planning have become the differences between

winning and losing a war in the current age.

Autonomous Real-time Ground Ubiquitous Surveillance - Imaging System (ARGUS-IS)

To search and destroy is the most difficult aspect of fighting terrorism or any gorilla

war. The difficulties experienced by the allied forces in the terrains of Afghanistan have

provoked the researchers to come up with such an idea. ARGUS-IS can provide military

users a flexible yet responsive ability to find, track and even monitor events and activities of

interest on a permanent basis in areas of their interest.

The overall purpose is to increase situational alertness and comprehension enabling a

capability to find and fix vital events in a large territory within ample time to influence

events.

Heterogeneous Airborne Reconnaissance Team (HART)

The complexity of counter-terrorism operations particularly in the urban combat

environment requires multiple sensing modes for alertness and for constant, ubiquitous

reporting. The HART system uses a collaborative control technique of reconnaissance,
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surveillance and target acquisition (RSTA) assets, which made information available to

counter-terrorism team.

Jigsaw

Jigsaw will provide the terrorism combat team an unprecedented capability to

distinguish targets through dense foliage and other hindrances.

An active Laser Radar (LADAR) system, when integrated on a platform that permits

multiple perspectives and linked with a processing chain that incorporates this information,

then the surveillance through dense foliage and other natural camouflages becomes easier.

This kind of system can provide high confidence identification day or night.

Persistent Operational Surface Surveillance and Engagement (POSSE)

The POSSE will be a real-time, exploitation system, using all sources available, to

provide Indications and Warnings of insurgent and terrorist activities derived from airborne

and ground-based sensors. It builds an integrated collection of pattern analysis, signal

processing, and collection supervision software that tends to increase reliability, reduce

manpower, and speed up responses.

Predictive Analysis for Naval Deployment Activities (PANDA)

PANDA will supposedly advance the current technologies and will help in developing

an architecture that will alert watch-standers to any anomalous ship behavior as it happens,

allowing them to identify potentially erroneous behavior before the harm is done.

UrbanScape (US)

The goal of the UrbanScape program is to provide the terrorist-fighters patrolling an

urban environment with an up-to-date, high resolution model of the urban terrain that can be
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viewed, manipulated and analyzed. The main objective of the program is to try to make the

foreign city appear as familiar as the soldier's backyard.

UrbanScape is directed at the lowest echelon terrorist-fighter and their supervisors,

the individuals who must deal with the urban atmosphere at its highest level of specificity and

who require the complete latest information. UrbanScape will supposedly permit the terrorist-

fighter to watch the city from any ground viewpoint. This will be especially helpful to assist

in the recognition of landmarks for navigation and to signal routine activity and movement.

UrbanScape gathers its information in the course of routine patrol operations. This

provides the terrorist-fighter with a detailed record of where they have been in a way that is

easily reachable and can be easily shared and watched by all echelons.

Video and Image Retrieval and Analysis Tool (VIRAT)

The overall objective of this tool (VIRAT) is to produce an easy to scale and extend

continuous system that gives military analysts to get more results from aerial video images

obtained from combat scenes.

Urban Reasoning and Geospatial Exploitation Technology (URGENT)

The recognition of targets in urban environments poses unique operational challenges

for the law enforcement agencies. Normally target recognition focuses on conventional

military objects, with particular emphasis on military vehicles such as tanks and armored

personnel carriers. In many cases, these threats exhibit unique signatures and are relatively

geographically isolated from densely populated areas. The same cannot be said of today’s

asymmetric threats, which are embedded in urban areas, thereby forcing U.S. Forces to

engage enemy combatants in cities with large civilian populations. Under these conditions,

even the most common urban objects can have tactical significance: trash cans can contain
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improvised explosive devices, doors can conceal snipers, jersey barriers can block troop

ingress, roof tops can become landing zones, and so on. Today’s urban missions involve

analyzing a multitude of urban objects in the area of regard. As military operations in urban

regions have grown, the need to identify urban objects has become an important requirement

for the military. Understanding the locations, shapes, and classifications of objects is needed

for a broad range of pressing urban mission planning analytical queries. (Information

Processing Techniques Office Programs.)

Similarly Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, working under US Food and

Drug Administration (FDA), has come up with plans to neutralize the relatively newer threats

of bio-terrorismand biological warfare. (FDA-CBER - Countering Bioterrorism.)

Conclusion

With all these terrorist groups and suicide bombers springing up everywhere the

decision of choosing the right weapons to fight them off has become increasingly difficult.

This has provided the experts of the field a necessary impetus to provide a wide range of

highly specialized and sophisticated tools and services to make the elimination procedure of

these elements more thorough yet easy. The result is a transformation of the current warfare

industry into a highly specialized and customized one, and this specialization has brought

with itself a cornucopia of in depth sub-specialties and a multitude of newer weapons, tools

and services which were unheard of ten years ago. One can expect the trend to continue in the

future as well, so the threat, wherever it arises, should be nipped the bud.

Reference
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Counterterrorism Home Page. Retrieved November 21, 2008 from

http://www.counterterrorism.com/

FDA-CBER - Countering Bioterrorism. Retrieved November 21, 2008 from

http://www.fda.gov/cber/cntrbio/cntrbio.htm

Federal Bureau of Investigation - Congressional Testimony. Retrieved November 21, 2008

from http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress07/mueller011107.htm

Information Processing Techniques Office Programs. Retrieved November 21, 2008 from

http://www.darpa.mil/ipto/programs/programs.asp

The Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism. Retrieved November 21, 2008 from

http://www.state.gov/t/isn/c18406.htm