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GeomPHM5e_DNG_118-141 11/17/2004 2:16 PM Page 130

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Lesson 7-5 (pp. 380–385) Areas of Regular Polygons

Lesson Objective NAEP 2005 Strand: Measurement
1 Find the area of a regular polygon Topic: Measuring Physical Attributes

Local Standards: ____________________________________

Vocabulary and Key Concepts.

Theorem 7-12: Area of a Regular Polygon
The area of a regular polygon is
a

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p
A

The center of a regular polygon is
The radius of a regular polygon is
The apothem of a regular polygon is

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Examples.
1 Finding Angle Measures This regular hexagon has an apothem and
radii drawn. Find the measure of each numbered angle.
360
m1   Divide 360 by the number of sides. 1
2
The apothem bisects the vertex angle of 3
m2  m1
the triangle formed by
the radii.

m2  ( ) Substitute for m1.

m3  180  (  ) The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is .

m1  , m2  , and m3 

130 Lesson 7-5 Geometry Daily Notetaking Guide
GeomPHM5e_DNG_118-141 11/17/2004 2:16 PM Page 131

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2 Finding the Area of a Regular Polygon A library is in the shape 18.0 ft
of a regular octagon. Each side is 18.0 ft. The radius of the octagon is
23.5 ft. Find the area of the library to the nearest 10 ft 2.
Consecutive radii form an isosceles triangle, so an apothem bisects
23.5 ft
the side of the octagon.
To apply the area formula A  12ap, you need to find a and p.
Step 1 Find the apothem a.
9.0 ft 9.0 ft
a2  ( )2  ( )2 Pythagorean Theorem

a2   Solve for a.

a2 
a<
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Step 2 Find the perimeter p.
Find the perimeter, where n  the number of sides
p  ns
of a regular polygon.
p  (8) ( ) Substitute for n and for s, and simplify.

Step 3 Find the area A.
A  12 ap Area of a polygon

A  12 ( )( ) Substitute for a and for p.

A Simplify.

To the nearest 10 ft 2, the area is ft 2.
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3 Applying Theorem 7-12 Find the area of an equilateral triangle
with apothem 8 cm. Leave your answer in simplest radical form.
This equilateral triangle shows two radii forming an angle that measures
360  120. Because the radii and a side form an isosceles triangle, s
3
the apothem bisects the 120 angle, forming two angles. 60
You can use a 30-60-90 triangle to find half the length of a side. 8 cm 60
1s 5 ?a longer leg  ? shorter leg s
2
1s 5 ? Substitute for a.
2
s5 Multiply each side by .
p 5 ns Find the perimeter.
p5 ( )( ) Substitute for n and for s, and simplify.

A 5 12 ap Area of a regular polygon

A 5 12 ( )( ) Substitute for a and for p.

A5 Simplify.

The area of the equilateral triangle is cm 2.

Geometry Daily Notetaking Guide
Check Understanding. Lesson 7-5 131
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Check Understanding.
1. At the right, a portion of a regular octagon has radii and an apothem drawn.
Find the measure of each numbered angle.
1
2
3

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2. The side of a regular hexagon is 16 ft. Find the area of the hexagon.

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3. Critical Thinking In the figure at right, 16 small equilateral triangles
form a large equilateral triangle. Each small triangle has a 12.7-in. radius.
What is the area of the large triangle to the nearest square inch?

12.7 in.

132 Lesson 7-5 Geometry Daily Notetaking Guide