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Arithmetic Progression

Arithmetical series structure

An arithmetical series starts with the first term, usually given the letter
'a'. For each subsequent term of the series another term is added. This
is a multiple of the letter 'd' called 'the common difference'.
So the series has the structure:
Sn=a+(a+d)+(a+2d)+(a+3d)+(a+4d)+(a+5d)+………+l
where Snis the sum to 'n' terms, the letter 'l' is the last term.
The common difference 'd' is calculated by subtracting any term from
the subsequent term.
The nth term (sometimes called the 'general term')is given by:

An=a+(n-1)d

Arithmetic Progression Problem
1) Is the row 1,11,21,31... arithemtic progression?

Solution: Yes it is arithmetic progression with first term 1 and
common differnece 10.
Proof of the sum of an arithmetical series

The sum of an arithmetical series is found by adding two
identical series together, but putting the second series in
reverse order.

Sn = a+(a+d)+(a+2d)+…….+(l-2d)+(l-d)+l…………………………………(i)

Sn= l+(l-d)+(l-2d)+…………..+(a+2d)+(a+d)+a……………………………(ii)

2Sn=(a+l)+( a+l)+( a+l)+………………+( a+l)+( a+l)+( a+l)

Now,2Sn=n(a+l)

Then, Sn=n/2(a+l).

Therefore Sum of n terms of AP=NO.OF TERMS(1ST TERM+LAST TERM)

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Example #2
In an arithmetical progression the 8th term is 23 and the 11th term is
4 times the 3rd term.
Find the 1st term, the common difference and the sum of the first 10
terms.

Solution: 8th term,a+7d=23……………….(i)

a+10d=4(a+2d)

=>a+10d=4a+8d

=>3a=2d

a =2d/3
Now putting this value of a in (i) we get d =3 and then a=2

Therefore,1st term=a=2

c.d.=d=3

Sum=n[2a+(n-1)d]/2

=155
Example #3
The sum of terms of an arithmetic progression is 48.
If the first term is 3 and the common difference is 2, find the number
of terms.

Solve by yourself

Answer->n=6 ,n=-8(neglected bcoz n cannt be -ve)
Arithmetic Mean

This is a method of finding a term sandwiched between two
other terms. The required term is calculated by taking an
average of the term before and the term after.

So if we have a sequence of terms: a b c and a and c are
known. Then term b is given by:
b= a+c
2

a, A1,A2,A3,………………….An,b………………………………(i)

HERE, A1,A2,A3…………An ARE THE N ARITHMETIC MEANS NOW IF WE
HAVE TO FIND IT THEN WE CAN PROCEED AS

Here In eqn.i we see that there are (n+2)terms
Then (n+2)th term,b=a+(n+2-1)d
=>b=a+(n+1)d
=>b-a=(n+1)d
=>d=(b-a)/(n+1)

Then , A1=a+d
A2=a+2d and so on
DO U HAVE ANY QUERIES???????
THANK YOU