Guide to Starting a Restaurant Business

November 23, 2009 by Leo 287 Views Leave a Comment

Ask a restaurant consultant about opening a restaurant and you’re likely to get a succinct answer: “Don’t!” The failure rate is high, the costs can soar out of control and the hours are brutal. If you remain convinced that you are really want to be successful with this kind of business, put on your toque, brush up on your knife skills and forge ahead. When you start your own restaurant business you will never be bored. There are constantly new challenges to face, but they are usually good ones, like how to juggle a reception dinner while at the same time feeding your regular Saturday night crowd. Unlike being a chef, you do not have to go to school or take any specialized training to own a restaurant. However, to ensure your restaurant is a success it helps to know as much as possible about the industry. People love to eat. We find the social environment of restaurants the perfect break from cooking, and relish the adventure of tasting new menus. If you’re seeking the life of haute cuisine, and are wondering how to start a restaurant, we’ve listed our resources and tools that will help you effectively write a restaurant business plan and get your business cooking. Consider the following list before starting: 1. Clarify your concept and put all the proposed details–from decor to dessert choices–in writing. If you can’t write about them, they need more thought. 2. Investigate the regulatory requirements, both city and state. Prepare for a plethora of paperwork, including byzantine building codes with regulations covering everything from kitchen exhaust systems to interior finish requirements. 3. Find an ideal location. Do a demographic study of the surrounding area. Research the amount of foot traffic and the availability of easy parking. Then negotiate a lease you can afford. 4. Plan your menu early in the game. Kitchen layout and equipment purchases depend on it. Reduce your equipment costs either by purchasing used equipment or leasing new.
5. Find the funds. Write a detailed business plan and consider forming a small private

corporation or starting a limited partnership. However much money you think you need, raise more. Many restaurant consultants blame the high rate of new restaurant failures on undercapitalization. 6. Allocate the available space. Remember that in addition to dining and kitchen areas you’ll need room for dishwashing, storage, bathrooms and administrative work.

7. Plan the layout for the dining area. Remember to balance your desire for the maximum number of seats with your future customers’ desire to shun tables crammed into awkward corners. Also avoid locating tables in the middle of the room like woebegone little islands. Nestle tables–particularly two-tops–against low divider walls or other architectural features. 8. Keep the kitchen layout focused on efficient, safe food preparation. Ensure that there is sufficient light and ventilation, as well as enough space so that cooks, servers and dishwashers are not bumping into one another at the busiest times. 9. Don’t neglect the graphics. From the exterior signage to the look of the menus, graphic design plays an important part in a restaurant’s overall look. 10. Pay attention to lighting design. Focus dramatic light onto the tables to highlight the food, and complement it with glowing atmospheric light to make the customers look good. 11. Research and develop the menu. Taste-test the recipes repeatedly until the kitchen can achieve consistency. Remember that the food also has to look good on the plate. Plot out your menu pricing strategy. Have the final menu proofread before sending it to the printer. 12. Decide whether to offer full bar service. Apply for a wine and/or liquor license. 13. Investigate insurance needs thoroughly. Restaurants are simmering stockpots of potential accidents–from fires to floods to food poisoning and a hundred other potential horrors. 14. Select and train the staff. Look for enthusiasm as well as experience. Allow ample training time before the restaurant opens. Remember that the person running the front of the house is as important as the person running the kitchen, and great service is as important a factor in winning customer loyalty as great food.
15. Set up a bookkeeping and accounting system. Establish control over the meal checks.

There are dozens of scams that dishonest servers and cashiers can pull; get some expert advice on how to prevent them. 16. Designate a core of trusted employees to supervise storage areas carefully. Stress that they must check in all deliveries and audit the food inventory frequently. 17. Pass your opening inspection by a food safety specialist with your local health department, along with a plumbing inspection. You’ll receive a permit to operate, which will be reviewed yearly. 18. Open your doors and welcome hungry diners. Next read: How to Start a Restaurant Business ehow.com, www.fabjob.com, photo from asianfoodfanatic.com

How to Make Lamayong Bangus
November 23, 2009 by Leo 214 Views Leave a Comment

Ingredients:
• •

200-250 grams Bangus (split) 80° Salometer brine (composed of J57.W grams of salt per liter or water) 66 ml vinegar 33 ml water 25 grams sugar 1.5 cloves garlic 1.1 grams ground pepper onions red pepper tomatoes

Pickling solution: • • • • • • • •

Garnishing:

Procedure 1. Split down the dorsal side of the fish. Turn knife flat and cut from the tail to the head by running the edge of the knife along the backbone 2. Lay fish open like a butterfly fillet. Then, remove gills and viscera. 3. Remove the backbone by holding the knife horizontally and cutting with the tip of the blade along the backbone from head to tail. 4. Remove the cut backbone. Wash fish in running water.
5. With the aid of a forcep, pull out the rib bones which have not been cut away. Make a

superficial slit along the dent of the dorsal muscles and pull out the intermuscular spines embedded between the muscles from the head to the tail. 6. Remove spines in the ventral side in the same manner. Remove filamentous Y-shaped spines along the lateral lines, i.e., the junction of the dorsal and ventral muscles.
7. Wash deboned bangus in clean water. Drain 8. Soak in 80° Salometer brine for 12 hours Drain off and wash briefly.

9. Soak in pickling solution. 10. Remove from marinade, drain and pack in plastic bags. 11. Decorate with slices of onions and red pepper 12. To serve, fry and add tomatoes.

Click image to enlarge

source: DA, Agricultural Training Institute

How to Make Solid Perfume
November 23, 2009 by Leo 284 Views 2 Comments

Because it’s easy to make, solid perfume opens the door to experimentation, creativity and individuality. Whether you’re looking to set yourself apart with a unique scent or you’re not so fond of the alcoholic undertones in most liquid perfumes, these instructions will show you how to create an inexpensive alternative. Though cologne and body spray are the preferred forms of perfume in the country because of the hot weather, producers of organic personal care products are now producing solid perfume in a much lower price than the high-end brands’. Huang says the product has a lot of potential as long as it is marketed well. Solid perfume is light, does not spill, long-wearing and not greasy. It is also alcohol-free, which makes it good for people who have sensitive skin. Plus, the sweet almond oil ingredient has

health benefits. It is known as an effective emollient which improves complexion and adds glow to dull skin. Applying sweet almond oil also provides instant relief from muscle pain. Entrepreneurs who are already into the business of personal care products or giveaways may add this to their menu. Solid perfume may be packaged as wedding, birthday, debut or anniversary giveaway. Ingredients and Equipments: • • • • • • • 1 tablespoon beeswax (available at most craft shops) or petroleum jelly 1 tablespoon almond oil (or jojoba oil or vitamin E – available at natural foods/health stores) 8-15 drops essential oil (available from most health food stores.) 1 container (preferably glass, ceramic or stone but plastic is acceptable) 1 straw (or similar object) 1 small glass jar or Pyrex bowl for mixing 1 saucepan

Procedure 1. Measure out the wax and almond oil into the small glass jar or Pyrex bowl. 2. Melt the wax. Put about an inch of water in a small saucepan, then put the jar or bowl (with the wax and oil in) in the water. Bring the water around it to a boil. The wax will melt gradually. 3. Remove the wax from heat when the wax is 100% liquid. 4. Stir in the essential oil with something long and thin. A thin stirring stick is used because the wax will start to form solid on whatever you do your stirring with — your goal should be to find something that has as little surface area as possible so you lose less of the end product, and also something disposable so you don’t have to clean it off. Mix thoroughly. 5. Pour the liquid wax into your final container. In about 30 minutes, it will be cooled, solid and ready to use. Will yield about one half ounce (by volume) of solid perfume. Tips • The only ingredient that can be expensive is the essential oils, especially if you make a complex scent blend requiring an initial investment in many different oils. Of course, there’s nothing wrong with picking a single pleasant scent. One bottle of essential oil will make lots and lots of perfume as you use only drops of essential oil at a time. Most stores that sell essential oils have sampler bottles that you can use to “preview” the different scents. Open two or three at a time to get a combined whiff to find a good combination. Pick a primary scent and use more of that one, then one or two “background” scents, using less of each. Some nice essentials for background scents are:
○ ○

clary sage, a slightly smoky herbal scent to help creativity and concentration ilang-ilang – a floral that isn’t too sweet or girly for guys, but is a happy smell and subtle enough for a backdrop

○ orange or ginger to provide a warming sensation

○ cedar to repel insects

For an on-the-go applicator, clean out a Chapstick tube and fill it with the melted liquid wax. For a cool gift, find an appealing container at your thrift store to make it special. For fingers to access the solid perfume inside, the container must be bowl-like, not bottlelike. Check out various aromatherapy sites for info on the psychological properties of various scents. Candle factories have scented oils that mimic brand name perfumes and work well in wax.

• • •

The 5 Easy Steps Recipe One would roughly need P4,500 to P5,000 to buy the ingredients including the packaging. This project could yield 15g of solid perfume or one 10g- and 5g-ring, and costs P35 including the packaging and the overhead costs. Profit margins for this type of products are usually high, around 100 to 150 percent. So a 10-g solid perfume may be sold for P60 to P150 depending on the target market. Putting premium on solid perfume will give it a high-end perception, however, the packaging must also be elegant or eye-catching. Ingredients: • • • • • •

6g Beeswax, 40% 6g Sweet Almond Oil, 40% 3g Fragrance Oil, 20% 1pc 10g Polypropylene ring container 1pc 5g Polypropylene ring container Melt the beeswax in a double boiler. Once the beeswax is 100 percent liquified, add the sweet almond oil. Mix well and add fragrance. To come up with different scents, either experiment or research on good fragrance combinations. Continue stirring until well mixed. Remove from heat and pour in ring containers. Use either a10g-ring or 5g-ring container. Let it cool to solidify.

Procedure

• • •

This project could yield 15g of solid perfume or one 10g- and 5g-ring, and costs P35 including the packaging and the overhead costs. Profit margins for this type of products are usually high, around 100 to 150 percent. So a 10-g solid perfume may be sold for P60 to P150 depending on the target market. Putting premium on solid perfume will give it a high-end perception, however, the packaging must also be elegant or eye-catching. Tips: • • Use a double boiler in melting the beeswax to avoid scorching. Do not melt the beeswax on direct fire. The melting point of beeswax is between 62°C to 64°C. Discoloration will occur if the temperature rises to above 85°C.

• •

Acrylic jars may be used instead of polypropylene containers, but you have to let the mixture cool off a bit before pouring it in acrylic jars. Make the packaging and label chic and elegant. Aside from ring-type containers, jars and other shaped containers may also be used.

For training and supplies, contact: The Grasse Fragrance Company Telephone: (02) 890-8269; (02) 232-4071 E-mail: gfcmakati@gmail.com Website: www.grassefragrance.com sources: wikihow.com, entrepreneur.com.ph, photo from journal.illuminatedperfume.com

How to Make Burong Bangus (Milkfish)
November 14, 2009 by Leo 945 Views 4 Comments

Ingredients:

1 kg Bangus 75.2 g Salt 17 g Angkak 5 cup Rice


Procedure 1. Remove the scales of the fish. Debone. 2. Cut fish into butterfly fillets. Cut into serving pieces.
3. Add salt and allow to saturate for 1 hour.

4. Cook five cups of rice by boiling in water. Cool
5. Add angkak to cooked rice.

6. Mix 400 grams salted fish and 850 grams cooked rice. 7. Pack rice and fish alternately in sterilized glass jar. 8. Place the remaining rice on the upper layer of fish. 9. Cover with plastic film. 10. Ferment for 7 days at room temperature.
11. Saute in cooking oil, garlic and onions before serving.

Click image to enlarge

source: DA, Agricultural Training Institute, photo from flickr.com

How to Make Bangus Hamonado (Food Business)
November 12, 2009 by Leo 1,540 Views 1 Comment

Ingredients:
• •

Bangus (259 grams in size or more) 80° Salometer brine (composed of 267.03 grams of salt per liter of water) 250 g Brown sugar 6 pcs Bay leaves Nutmeg

Marinating solution: •

• • •

Black pepper Prague powder Paprika

Procedure 1. Wash milkfish then split. Remove all internal organs and false kidney. Debone. 2. Simmer the marinating solution for one hour then cool. Bring the volume to one liter. 3. Soak the fish in the cool marinating solution for 30 minutes to one hour depending on size. 4. Store in a chill room overnight for slow curing or at room temperature until flesh is translucent. 5. Remove from the solution and wash surface to remove excess salt. Do not soak. 6. Spread on trays and surfs. In the meantime, kindle smoke house. 7. Smoke until golden brown. 8. Cool before packing in boxes. 9. Keep refrigerated if packed in plastic bags. Click image to enlarge

source: DA, Agricultural Training Institute, photo from flickr.com

How to Make Pork Embutido (Food Business)
November 8, 2009 by Leo 2,122 Views 5 Comments

Embutido is a Filipino recipe frequently served during special occasions. The demand for this product as a daily fare on the Filipino dining table is increasing. Processing and cooking embutido is easy and it has a long shelf life. Meat Ingredients:
• •

800 g Pork lean or pigue, ground finely 200 g Pork backfat, ground

Extenders : • •
• •

1-4 cup TVP (used to substitute a portion of the lean meat) 1 tbsp Isolate 1/2 tsp Carageenan 1/2 cup Water (hydrate the ingrdients above for 3 minutes or until soft) 1 tbsp Salt, refined 1 tsp Phosphate 1/2 tsp Curing salt 1/4 cup Water, chilled 6 tbsp Sugar, refined 1 1/4 tsp Black pepper, ground 2 tbsp Pickle relish 1/2 tsp MSG (optional) 1 1/4 tsp Onion, chopped finely 2 tbsp Raisings (1 small box) 3 tbsp Vienna sausage, chopped or slice for stuffing 2 tbsp Milk powder 2-4 tbsp Potato starch 2 tbsp Carrots, chopped finely

Seasoning: • • • • • • • • • • • • • •


1 pc Egg, fresh 1 pc Chorizo de bilbao, chopped coarsely (optional) 1/4 c Cheese, grated (optional) 1 pc Egg, boiled, sliced into 4 for stuffing (chicken or quail) 2 tbsp Butter (spread in aluminum foil)

• • •

Procedure 1. Hydrate 1/4 cup TVP plus 1/2 cup water for 3 minutes or until soft. 2. Combine meat, salt, phosphate (dissolved in water) and curing salt and mix until tacky or sticky. Add the rest of the ingredients and add 1 fresh egg and potato starch at the last portion. 3. Spread butter in aluminum foil and spread meat mixture (1 cup per roll), allowing 1 inch on each side. Line the boiled egg or sliced sausage in the middle. Roll the meat and twist both ends. Be sure that the roll is tight. 4. Prick foil with pin and steam for 1 hour. Cool. 5. Chill in refrigerator. Unwrap and slice before serving.
6. Freeze the embutido if to be sold.

Yield: 1.5 kgs (6 rolls of 250 g per roll) Meat processing ingredients are available at Spices & Foodmix (02) 411-1349, 742-0826 or Chemag Food (02) 687-9077. source: DA-ATI, ITCPH-Lipa, photo from topvotedrecipes.com

How to Make Corned Pork (Food Business)
November 4, 2009 by Leo 1,378 Views 2 Comments

Corned beef is more popular than Corned Pork. However, the curing procedure and ingredients are similar. Small scale or home made corned beef or corned pork is divided into two distinct steps: curing of the meat; and cooking of the cured meat. Meat and Seasoning/Curing Ingredients: • • • • • 1 kg Pork lean meat, cubed (1″ x 1/2″) 1 tbsp Salt, refined 1 tsp Curing salt 1 1/4 tbsp Sugar, refined 1 tsp Phosphate

• •

1 1/4 tsp Vitamin C powder 1 cup Water, chilled

Cooking Ingredients: • • • •
• •

1 tsp Nutmeg 1 tsp Corned beef seasoning 1 tsp Garlic powder 1/2 tsp MSG (add after flaking) 2 tbsp Trimix* (after cooking) 1 tsp Carageenan 2 cups Water, chilled

* For every 300 g broth, add 2 tbsp Trimix and 1 tsp carageenan previously dissolved in 1/4 cup water and boil it until it thickens. Add it to 700 g flaked lean meat to make a 1 kg product. Procedure 1. Select good quality materials. 2. Cube the meat into 1 x % inch 3. Prepare the cover pickle (40° salinity). 4. Immerse the raw materials into the cover pickle. 5. Cure at room temperature for 8 to 10 hours or refrigerate (34°-36°F) for 1 to 2 days. 6. Cook in pressure cooker for 45 to 60 minutes at 15 psi or in open fire for 4 to 6 hours. Mix the cooking ingredients with 2 cups water.
7. Flake. Separate lean from stock (sabaw).

8. Pack in polyethylene bags and keep in freezer. Meat processing ingredients are available at Spices & Foodmix (02) 411-1349, 742-0826 or Chemag Food (02) 687-9077. source: DA-ATI, ITCPH-Lipa, photo from tropicalpenpals.com

How to Make Smoked Bangus (Milkfish)
October 16, 2009 by Leo 2,381 Views Leave a Comment

Materials Needed:

Bangus (whole) Brine solution (composed of 267.03 grams of salt per liter of water)

• •

Smoking trays Smokehouse

Procedure 1. Wash milkfish, remove gills and viscera. Wash well then drain.
2. Debone the milkfish.

3. Soak in saturated brine solution for 60 to 120 minutes depending on the size of the fish. 4. Precook in boiling 10 percent brine solution for 15 to 20 minutes. 5. Dry surface until pellicle is formed
6. Arrange in smoking trays and expose tc smoke for 30 minutes to one hour.

7. Smoke until golden brown 8. Cool then pack in containers Click image to enlarge

source: Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Training Institute, photo from pinaymtchef.blogspot.com, bulatlat.com, flickr.com, marketmanila.com

How To Make Pork Tapa (Food Business)
October 15, 2009 by Leo 2,514 Views 3 Comments

Tapa is ideally made from beef, however, this can also be prepared from carabeef, horse meat, chevon and pork. Lean meat with big muscles and with minimum fat are selected. Meat with muscles containing many connective tissues is not ideal but may be used. Meat from round., chuck and loin are good materials while meat with muscles from the neck and from the shank region is too tough. Tapa is commonly sliced and seasoned, can be dried. Meat: • 1 kg Pork lean, sliced 1/4 inch thick

Extenders:

In 1/2 cup water, add 1 tablespoon isolate and 1 teaspoon carageenan. 1 tbsp Salt, refined 1/2 tsp Curing salt 1 tsp Phosphate 1/4 tsp Vitamin C powder 1/4 cup Water, chilled 6 tbsp Sugar, refined 1 tbsp Black pepper, ground 2 tbsp Garlic, chopped finely 2 tbsp Anisado wine 1/2 tsp Vetsin (MSG) 1/2 tsp Meat enhancer 1 tsp Paprika powder

Curing Mix: • • • • • • • •
• •

Seasoning:

• •

Procedure 1. Select good quality raw materials. Trim and weigh.
2. Slice into 1/4 inch thick.

3. Mix meat with the curing ingredients until tacky or sticky. 4. Add extenders and mix again until the meat dries up. 5. Add seasonings. Mix thoroughly for even distribution of ingredients. 6. Place in white plastic container, loosen the cover and cure at room for 8 to 10 hours (or refrigerate in the middle compartment with a temperature of 1 to 4°C overnight).

7. Mix again before packaging. 8. Store in freezer. Yield: 1 kg of meat = 1.3 to 1.5 kgs of pork tapa Packaging Materials: •

Polyethylene, plastic bag Styrophor with clingwrap on top

Meat processing ingredients are available from Spices and Foodmix House, tel: 411-1349; 7420826; 742-7866, www.spicesandfoodmix.com source: Agricultural Training Institute Diliman, Quezon City, photo from flickr.com

How to Make Ube Halaya (Food Business)
October 7, 2009 by Leo 2,119 Views Leave a Comment

Halaya is a popular Filipino dessert recipe served on mostly every occasion, especially during fiesta and Christmas. It’s one of the all-time-favorite desserts of Filipinos here and abroad. Ingredients are very basic. The cooking part — continuously stirring from start to finish — is the hardest and can be quite exhausting. Recipe #1 Ingredients:

1 kilo ube, boiled and grated 2 cups coconut milk 2 cups evaporated milk 1 ¼ cups sugar butter for greasing

• • • •

Procedure

1. In a thick-bottomed pan, combine grated ube, coconut milk, evaporated milk and sugar.

2. Cook over medium fire until very thick. 3. Stir constantly to prevent sticking. 4. Mold in greased pans. Cool. Recipe #2 Ingredients:

2 lb ube (purple yam) (you can also buy powdered ube from Asian stores) 250 g sugar 1 cup sugar (or as desired) 1 can condensed milk 2 cups coconut milk butter

• • • • •

Procedure Boil yam until tender and cut into cubes, then grind in a food processor with sugar and coconut milk (if you have the powdered variety, mix ingredients). Transfer to a sauce pan, add the condensed milk (if starting from fresh) and cook over a low fire, stirring continuously. Continue stirring until the mixture turns into a thick paste and separates from the pan. Transfer to a shallow platter or pan and allow to cool. Serve. sources: asiarecipe.com, seasite.niu.edu, photo from moonaahmed.com, pilipinofood.blogspot.com

Beef Morcon and Pork Hamonado Recipe (Food Business)
September 14, 2009 by Leo 4,120 Views 2 Comments

Beef Morcon Recipe Recipe #1 Ingredients:
• • • • • • • 1 kilo beef, sliced 1/4 inch thick (3 pcs.) 1/4 kilo ground beef liver 200 grams sliced sausages or ham 200 grams pork fat (cut is strips) 3 hard boiled eggs, sliced 100 grams Cheddar cheese in strips 100 grams grated Cheddar cheese

• • • • • • •

2 onions, chopped 5 bay leaf (laurel) 1/2 teaspoon of ground black pepper 1/2 cup vinegar 2 teaspoon salt 2 cups of water 2 meters thread or string (for tying)

Cooking Instructions:
1. Spread and stretch the sliced beef on your working table. 2. Arrange the filling on the sliced beef: sausage strips, cheese strips, sliced eggs, pork fat and some ground liver. 3. Roll the sliced beef with all the filling inside and secure with a thread or string. 4. Repeat the procedure for the two remaining beef slices. 5. On a pot, place the beef rolls and put the water, the remaining ground liver, grated cheese, chopped onions, bay leaves, ground black pepper and salt. 6. Cover the pot and bring to a boil. Simmer for one hour. 7. Add the vinegar and continue to simmer of another hour or until beef is tender. 8. Slice the beef morcon, arrange on a platter and top with the sauce/ gravy poured on top.

Recipe #2 Ingredients:
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 kilo Beef Sirloin, cut morcon style 2 tbsp Calamansi juice, fresh ½ cup Soy sauce ½ tsp. Black pepper 1 pc Large pickle, sliced lengthwise into strips 1 pc Egg, hard-cooked then sliced into quarters 1 pc. Small carrot, sliced into strips 2 pc Hotdogs, sliced into strips 3 tbsp. Flour ¼ cup Cooking oil 1 cup Chopped white onions 1 cup Chopped red and green bell peppers Water to cover 1 pc. Bay leaf 2 tbsp. Tomato paste 1 can Liver spread

• •

Salt and pepper 2 pcs. Hard-cooked eggs, sliced

Procedure Marinate Beef Sirloin in calamansi juice and soy sauce for at least 3 hours in the refrigerator. Arrange strips of Hotdogs, pickles, eggs and carrots on the marinated Beef Sirloin. Roll neatly then tie with a string. Reserve marinade for later use. Dredge in flour then brown in oil. Remove from pan. Using the same pan, saute garlic and onions. Add bell pepper, water, bay leaf and marinade. Return meat and cook covered, stirring occasionally over low heat until Beef Sirloin becomes tender. Add tomato paste and liver spread. Season with salt and pepper. Cook for another 5 minutes. Slice and serve with sauce. Makes 6 servings.
Pork Hamonado

Recipe #1 Ingredients:
• • • • • • • 1 kilo pork pigue, sliced thinly to make 2 pieces (tapa style) 1 cup brown sugar (packed) 1-1/3 tsp. iodized salt 2 tsp. praque powder (for 1/8 tsp. salitre) 200 grams pork fat, sliced into 8 strips 1 can (439 grams) pineapple chunks, drained (reserve syrup) 1 can (35 cl) pineapple juice

Procedure: Combine sugar, salt and praque powder or salitre. Rub mixture on pork. Spread pork and alternately arrange slices of pork fat and pineapple chunks until all ingredients are used up. Roll and tie firmly with crocheting thread. Combine dripping from pork, pineapple chunks syrup and pineapple juice then marinate meat overnight. Simmer meat in marinade for 1 hour. Remove thread from meat then chill if desired for ease of cutting. Continue simmering the marinade for 5 minutes or until thick and serve as sauce. Let cool before slicing the meat then arrange in a platter. Recipe #2 Ingredients:
• • • • • • 1 ½ kgs pork top round and cut into 1 whole sheet about ½ inch thick 1 can 1.36-liter pineapple juice 1 tbsp salt ½ tsp pepper 2 tbsps dark soy sauce 1 kg hotdogs

Marinade:

Stuffing:

4 hard boiled eggs, quartered lengthwise

Procedure:
1. Marinate pork sheets in marinade mixture for 2 days inside the fridge. Turn once in a while. 2. Spread pork sheet and arrange hotdogs and hard boiled eggs in one end. Roll from that end and tie with strings sealing the stuffings. Dust with flour. 3. Lightly fry the rolls on all sides. 4. Bring to a boil the marinade and add the pork rolls. Add more pineapple juice if the liquid dries up. Simmer for 3 hours.

To serve: Remove strings from the rolls. Slice. Strain the remaining liquid and use as sauce.

How to Make Watermelon Jelly (Home Business)
September 10, 2009 by Leo 3,455 Views 4 Comments

Fully ripe watermelons that have a soft red flesh should be used for making jelly. The juice is extracted from the fruit and used to make a jelly, rather than a jam (jams contain pieces of fruit pulp whereas jellies are made from fruit juice). Watermelons contain little natural pectin so pectin has to be added to ensure the jelly will have a good set. Other fruits that are high in pectin, for example apple, rind of passion fruit, can be mixed with the watermelon juice if commercial pectin is not available. Watermelon juice is not very acidic (pH above 5.0) which is too high to make a good jam or jelly. Jams give a gel when there is the correct ratio of pectin to water and the pH is between 2.5 and 3.45 pH.The optimum pH to give a good gel is pH 3.0. Therefore citric acid or lemon juice has to be added to the recipe to reduce the pH and increase the acidity of the juice. The yield of usable fruit from the whole fruit is approximately 43%. Equipments: • • • • • • • Jar lifting tongs – helpful to pick up hot jars Lid lifter – to remove lids from the pot of hot water Lid – disposable – you may only use them once Ring – holds the lids on the jar until after the jars cool – then you don’t need them Canning jar funnel – to fill the jars 1 large pot Jelly strainer

• • • • • • •

Large spoons and ladles Vegetable / fruit peeler Bottle Jars 4 cups chopped up watermelon (without the seeds or rind) 3 1/2 cups sugar 3 tablespoons lemon juice 1 package of dry no-sugar pectin

Ingredients:

Procedure 1. Select watermelons that are sweet and ripe, but nut overripe and mushy. Any color will work. You can mix different colors, if you like. 2. Wash, cut and dice the watermelons. Then, Cut the watermelons open and start scooping out the contents. Ideally, you make small 1 inch balls, cubes or chunks. If you do this on a cutting board inside a baking tray, it will help you to collect the liquid to use. Remove remaining seeds. You will need 4 cups of chopped up watermelon. 3. Place diced watermelon in a blender or food processor. Cover and blend or process until smooth. It should reduce to approximately 2 cups of watermelon puree. That (2 cups after the blender) is the amount you will need for the recipe. 4. Pour it into a large pot and add the 3 tablespoons of lemon juice to the pot. 5. In a small bowl, mix the dry pectin with about 1/4 cup of sugar. Keep this separate from the rest of the sugar. You can add about 20% more pectin (just open another pack and add a little) or else the jam is runnier than some people like. With a little practice, you’ll find out exactly how much pectin to get the thickness you like. 6. Stir the pectin into the watermelon juice and put the mix in a big pot on the stove over medium to high heat (stir often enough to prevent burning). It should take about 5 to 10 minutes to get it to a full boil (the kind that can not be stirred away). 7. When the berry-pectin mix has reached a full boil, add the rest of the sugar, and then bring it back to a boil and boil hard for 1 minute. Depending upon which type of jam you’re making (sugar, no-sugar, or fruit juice) you will need to use a different amount of sugar and type of pectin. 8. Keep a metal tablespoon sitting in a glass of ice water, then take a half spoonful of the mix and let it cool to room temperature on the spoon. If it thickens up to the consistency you like, then you know the jam is ready. If not, mix in a little more pectin (about 1/4 to 1/2 of another package) and bring it to a boil again for 1 minute. 9. Fill them into the jar to within ¼-inch of the top, wipe any spilled jam off the top, seat the lid and tighten the ring around them. Then put them into the boiling water canner or large pot. This is where the jar tongs and lid lifter come in really handy.
10. Keep the jars covered with at least 2 inches of water. Keep the water boiling. In general,

boil them for 10 minutes, especially if you use larger jars, or if you did not sterilize the jars and lids right before using them. Putting the jars in the boiling water bath REALLY helps to reduce spoilage.

11. Lift the jars out of the water and let them cool without touching or bumping them in a

draft-free place (usually takes overnight). You can then remove the rings if you like. Once the jars are cool, you can check that they are sealed verifying that the lid has been sucked down. Just press in the center, gently, with your finger. If it pops up and down (often making a popping sound), it is not sealed. If you put the jar in the refrigerator right away, you can still use it. 12. Once cooled, they’re ready to store. They last up to 12 months. But after about 6 to 8 months, they get darker in color and start to get runny. They still are safe to eat, but the flavor and texture aren’t as good. For full illustration, download here.

How to Make Bread and Donut Made of Rice Flour
September 4, 2009 by Leo 2,992 Views 4 Comments

Rice can be processed into various forms of pre-mixture to make breads and cookies. The tastes and functions of rice products can be enhanced by adding natural coloring materials. To promote rice consumption, various breads and donuts were made using a mixture of wheat and rice flour. By measuring the level of acceptance in terms of appearance and taste, standard recipes for proper mixing ratios were developed. In this study, four colors of paprika powder (red, orange, yellow, and green) were used as sources of natural colors. While high quality paprika of good commercial value is desirable, low quality paprika can also be used for the purpose. Preparation The first step is to develop standard recipes for rice flour foods (bread, donut, cookie, etc.) using paprika powder to come up with five different colors. Based on the results of a sensory test, the optimal rice flour proportions as substitute for wheat flour are 15-30% for bread, 20-60% for donut, and 20% for quick bread. In these mixtures, the final products (see below) proved to be excellent in taste and quality. The pre-mixture with the right combination of rice, wheat, and paprika powder can be prepared in advance of making the final products (see pre-mixture preparation below). A suitable premixture can be selected for each product, and other flavoring materials such as milk, butter, etc. can be added to make the breads and cookies more tasty and acceptable. When making a leavened bread at home without using natural color pre-mixture, follow the recipe below.

Benefits The addition of rice flour as substitute for wheat flour may increase the cost of breads and cookies. However, the use of low-quality paprika can provide highly functional natural coloring and essential nutrients. More importantly, the fundamental benefit of this technology is the increase in rice consumption, and a decrease in wheat importation. Preparation of Multi-Purpose Pre-Mixture with Natural Color

1. Prepare rice flour for each use (leavened bread, cookie, etc.) and define recipe for each product.
2. Add natural color(Lyophilized powder 1-3%, juice 10-20%). 3. Multi-purpose premixture with natural color finished product.

When making a leavened bread at home without using natural color pre-mixture, follow the recipe below:

Procedure 1. Sieve strong flour and rice flour with the use of sieve #3.

2. Add all ingredients (sugar, salt, yeast, dry milk, and egg) except butter to the sieved flour, mix, add butter softened at normal temperature, and knead dough. 3. Leaven for 40 minutes (in a warm place).
4. Take out the dough, remove air, form donut and arrange on a tray with enough space, and

cover with wet cotton cloth for around 20 minutes to prevent powder quantity quantity quantity drying and further leavening. 5. Fry in oil at 170 °C, turning it over until the surface color turns light brown, then put sugar and cinnamon powder on the surface. 6. Put bean jam filling inside the donut for a better, more appetizing taste. source: www.agnet.org

How to Make Fish Kikiam and Tilapia Embutido
August 28, 2009 by Leo 2,973 Views 10 Comments

Tilapia Fish Kikiam Raw Materials and Ingredients:
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3/4 kilo tilapia meat 1 pc Egg, well beaten 1/2 cup chopped singkamas 1/2 cup chopped onion 1/2 cup chopped celery 1/2 cup chopped carrots 1/2 cup flour 1-1/2 tsp Nguyong powder 1/2 tsp Pepper 1-1/2 tsp Salt Taupee wrapper 3/4 cup water 1 tsp Cornstarch 1 tsp Vinegar 2 tbsp Soy sauce

Sweet and Sour Sauce:

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3/4 cup sugar MSG to taste Measuring cup Measuring spoon Chopping board Knife Mixing bowl Fryer Colander Burner

Equipments/Utensils:

Procedure:
1. Separate fish meat from skin and bones. Wash fish meat. 2. Grind or chop fish meat and shrimp. Add salt until tacky. 3. Add all other ingredients and mix thoroughly. 4. Wrap mixture in taupee wrapper. If aluminum foil or plastic is used, refrigerate for five minutes and remove from the wrapper. 5. Fry in hot cooking oil. 6. Serve with sweet and sour sauce. Tilapia Embutido

Ingredients:
• • • • • • • • • • • 1 kg Tilapia meat 1 bulb garlic, chopped 1/4 kg Carrots, chopped 2 packs bread crumbs 1/4 kg Onion 1 tsp. Black pepper 5 pcs Red bell pepper, chopped 2 pcs Fresh eggs 1/4 kg Potatoes, chopped 3 pcs Hard-boiled eggs 4 tbsp White sugar

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1 box Cheese 1 tsp Vetsin 1 box Raisin 1/2 tsp Curing salt 1/4 kg Hotdog 1 tsp Accord powder 2 tbsp Salt Aluminum foil

Procedure:
1. Wash fish meat. 2. Squeeze and chop meat. 3. Mix salt to fish meat until tacky. 4. Add other ingredients. Mix thoroughly. 5. Wrap in aluminum foil. 6. Steam for 45 minutes. 7. Allow to cool and store in freezer.

source: BFAR III, San Fernando City, Pampanga, photos from home-and-garden.webshots.com, panlasangpinoy.com

Popular Filipino Merienda Recipes (Homebased Business)
August 12, 2009 by Leo 11,958 Views 3 Comments

Merienda is a Spanish word that refers to a light meal usually taken in between lunch and dinner. The Spaniards introduced this kind of repast to the Filipinos who adopted the habit later on. From then on, the Filipino merienda became an equivalent of the American coffee break or the English afternoon tea. Although merienda appears to be a borrowed concept, eating and the fondness for food and preparing the dishes have always been considered a part of the Filipino culture. We have our own Filipino delicacies such as puto, bibingka, kutsinta, suman and many others that we usually eat in between our regular daily meals. These Pinoy favorites are usually eaten together with tea or any other beverage. (source: www.trc.dost.gov.ph)

Fried Lumpia

Classic and Mocha Choco Polvoron


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Binignit Pancit Miki Pancit Sotanghon Pancit Canton Molo Soup How to Make Tamales Leche Flan How to Make Buko Pie How to Make Bibingka Fruit Salad Chicken Empanada Pansit Molo Ube Halaya Chicken Empanada Molo Soup Tamales Leche Flan Buko Pie Bibingka Baye-Baye Polvoron Ala Pinipig Turones Filipino Con Yema Ginataan Mais Mango Pie Sinocmane Tinutong Na Monggo Maruyang Saging In Rum Sticky Turron Saba Pili Pulp Cassava Cake Kamote Pie (Sweet Potato Pie) Umaalab Na Mangga (Flaming Mango ) Banana Pastillas Tupig Sapin-Sapin Palitaw Espesyal Puto Caramba •

Espasol More Cuchinta s Champorado Corn Maja Bibingkang Malagkit Bibingkang Galapong Squash Cuchinta Baked Bilo-Bilo in Coconut Sauce Native Halo-Halo Putong Puti with Cheese Binagol (or Binangol) Bocarillo Binaki Kalingking Iraid Ginataang Mungo Pancit Malabon (Luglug) Pancit Palabok Pichi-Pichi Nilupak Saging and Cassava Sapin-Sapin Suman sa Lihiya, Ibos and Antala Minatamis na Saging Maja Maiz Ukoy or Okoy Kutsinta or Cuchinta Palitaw Puto (Rice Cake) Leche Flan Maja Blanca Ube Halaya Siopao s Buko Pie Cassava s


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Masapan de Buko Bukayo with Pandan Tamales a la Vegetarian Binalay Squash Maja Taldis Pastillas De Mani or Pili Masapan De Pili Tahada Puto Biñan Special Goto Arrozcaldo Karioka (Filipino Chewy Balls) Biko Buchi Maruya (Banana Fritters) Bibingka Pinipig Espasol (Sweet Rice Flour Cake) Pilipit (Palipit) Ube Kalamay Pansit Habhab

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Puto Bumbong Pansit Molo Bibingka (Rice Cake) Empanadang Tinapa Sumpia (Fried Lumpia) Turon (Banana Fritters) Halo-Halo in Coconut Milk Alpahor in Coconut Milk Camote Pastillas Camote Candy Camote Burger Camote Bola-Bola Camote Afritada Camote-Potato Rolls Camote-Pineapple Pudding Camote Suman Camote Maja Camote Kutchinta Camote Halaya Suman Sa Moron Pastillas De Gabi

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Basic Rules of Hygiene, Sanitation and Safety in Food Processing
July 23, 2009 by Leo 2,961 Views 3 Comments

A high standard of hygiene is a prerequisite for safe food production, and the foundation on which HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) and other safety management systems depend. A three-word definition of Food Sanitation is protection from contamination. With this in mind, all functions and operations must be included in a sanitation program. All food products must be

protected from contamination from receiving (and before) through distribution. Sanitation is a dynamic and ongoing function and cannot be sporadic or something that can be turned on once a day, once a week, etc. Therefore, another definition could be: “sanitation is a way of life”. Regardless of type of processing or food handling operation, the number one consideration in food sanitation is people. It is people who set the rules, follow the rules, and also break the rules of sanitation. A sanitation program is as good as the attitude, willingness, and efforts of people. That is why the most important aspect of a sanitation program is ongoing personnel training. It is essential that the full meaning of sanitation and its wide economic scope be accepted by everyone concerned in the food system-including management. Personnel training should include appropriate sanitation principles and food handling practices, manufacturing controls, and personal hygiene practices. Facilities required in the processing room: • • • • • • A changing room where clothing and shoes that are not worn for work can be stored. Separate hand-washing facilities for staff, with soap, clean water, nail brushes and clean towels or hot-air hand dryers. Hand-washing facilities should not be used for washing equipment. Toilets, which should be separated from the processing room by two doors or located in a nearby building. First aid materials. Protective aprons or coats washed regularly, hats/hairnets, and if necessary, gloves and shoes/boots. Cleaning chemicals, stored away from the processing room.

Hygiene and Sanitation Personal hygiene: • • • • • • • • • Wear a hat/hairnet that completely covers the hair. Do not comb your hair in a processing room or storeroom. Cover all cuts, burns, sores and abrasions with a clean, waterproof dressing. Do not smoke or eat in any room where there is open food because bacteria can be transferred from the mouth to the food. Do not spit in a processing room or storeroom. Wash hands and wrists thoroughly with soap after using the toilet, eating, smoking, coughing, blowing your nose, combing your hair, handling waste food, rubbish or cleaning chemicals. Dry them on a clean towel before handling food again. Keep finger nails cut short. Do not wear perfume or nail varnish as these can contaminate products. Do not handle any food if you have sores, boils, septic spots, a bad cold, chest infection, sore throat or a stomach upset. Report any of these to the manager and do alternative work. Do not cough or sneeze over food.

Cleaning:

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Clean the processing room, toilets and washing facilities, and storerooms every day. Use the correct chemicals to clean equipment, make sure there are no food residues and rinse the equipment with clean water of drinking quality. Make sure all cleaning cloths are washed and boiled each day. Do not hang them on equipment, products or window ledges to dry. Clean as you go -do not leave dirty equipment until the end of the day before cleaning it. Keep the outside area around the processing room clean and tidy, keep grass cut short. Put all wastes into bins that are not used for anything else. Empty the bins periodically during the day away from the processing site. Prevent all animals from entering the processing area or storerooms. Visitors should only enter the processing room wearing protective clothing and under supervision. Keep food covered wherever possible. Keep all food, tools and equipment off the floor. Store ingredients in sealed containers. Do not use broken or dirty equipment. Report any signs of insects, rodents or birds to the manager.

Sanitation:

Safe Working Safe clothing and work practices: • • • • • • • • • Wear shoes that protect your feet from falling objects. Do not wear any loose clothing or jewelry that could get caught in running machines. Wear overalls. Prevent staff from running inside a building. Do not allow customers, children or animals into the processing room. Immediately clean up any water, oil or grease on the floor using sawdust, sand, husks etc. Cover burning electrical equipment with a damp cloth or sand. Never use water to put out flames. Shield gas burners from direct sunlight because the flames can become invisible. Do not put cleaning chemicals into old food containers. Have a first aid box containing sterilized dressings, cotton wool, adhesive plasters and bandages. Ensure that only trained staff enter the premises or operate machines. Do not allow staff to start a machine unless they know how to stop it. Only one person should operate a machine at any one time. Make the layout of machinery logical, and leave sufficient space around it so that there are few chances for operators to get in each others way.

Operating machinery:


Do not try to attract operators’ attention by touching or calling them from behind if they are using a machine. Always speak to them from the front, or wait until they have finished what they are doing. Train staff to be familiar with potential hazards (e.g. potentially dangerous machines), and what they should do in case of an accident. Use charts hung on the wall near to each machine to show safety precautions. Ensure that guards are fitted and in place over any moving parts of a machine and alert staff to machines that appear to be standing still when running at high speed. Never allow staff to clean, adjust or lean over moving machinery and do not allow them to leave a running machine un-attended. Encourage operators to report any loose parts on a machine. Do not allow staff to work with equipment that is defective. Put a note on any machine that is under repair saying ‘DO NOT TOUCH’. Do not allow anyone to touch inside electric equipment while it is connected. Regularly check the cords of electrical appliances to ensure that outside covers are not broken and wires are not exposed.

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Lomi Recipe for Your Food Business
July 10, 2009 by Leo 5,549 Views 6 Comments

Lomi or pancit lomi is a Chinese-Filipino dish made with a variety of thick fresh egg noodles of about a quarter of an inch in diameter. Because of its popularity at least in the eastern part of Batangas, there are as many styles of cooking lomi as there are eateries, panciterias or restaurants offering the dish. Variations in recipes and quality are therefore very common. Magic meat or TVP is added in hydrated form to lessen the pork content and the addition of soy protein increases the volume and nutritional value of the recipe. Lomi is typically cooked using a deep wok, and bout 9-10 minutes is the cooking time for a single serving of lomi. Lomi is best eaten while steaming hot. Ingredients:

1/4 kilo Lomi noodles (flat) 1/2 cup Pork lean or chicken (sliced into cubes) 50 g Magic meat (TVP) hydrated in 300 g water 1/4 cup Shrimps, shelled 1 large Onion, chopped

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3-4 cloves Garlic, crushed 1 1/2 cup Shredded cabbage 1 Carrot, sliced in strips 1/4 cup Cooking oil (non-cholesterol) 1/4 cup Cornstarch, dissolved in water 2 raw Eggs 2 tbsp Maggi magic sarap 2 tbsp Maggi savor classic

Procedure
1. Saute garlic and onion. When brown add pork or chicken, hydrated magic meat, and

shrimps; stir for 2 minutes. 2. Add 1/2 cup water, cover and simmer until water is almost dry. 3. Add broth. Cover and let boil for 10 minutes. 4. Drop in noodles, carrots, and shredded cabbage. 5. Let boil for 3 minutes and thicken with dissolved cornstarch then add the rest ingredients. 6. Beat eggs and stir in. Do not boil. Serve at once. Number of Servings: 15 You can buy all food processing ingredients at: Ultima Entrepinoy Forum Center Nutrition Foundation of the Philippines Bldg. #107 E. Rodriguez Sr. Ave., Quezon City Tel: 411-1349; 742-0826; 742-7866 Email: lulu_sfmh@yahoo.com Web: www.spicesandfoodmix.com

How to Make Pepperoni
June 27, 2009 by Leo 3,778 Views 5 Comments

Pepperoni is often recognized as an American counterpart of the Spanish style chorizo. This is understandable because both are similar in color and flavor. It is a descendant of the spicy salamis of southern Italy, a spicy dry sausage from Naples. Pepperoni is a popular pizza topping in American style pizzerias, Italian translation of “peppers”. Pepperoni sausage is sometimes referred to as a “stick” of pepperoni because that’s just about what it resembles. Most of the red color in commercial pepperoni is from paprika. Indeed, if it were from cayenne pepper you would need a fire extinguisher nearby when eating it. There are

many different varieties of pepperoni, some decidedly hotter than others, but most if not all rely on a beef and pork combination. All are quite pungent. Pepperoni come in different sizes, the most common being about an inch in diameter. Some commercial packers put up what they call “pizza pepperoni” which is about twice the diameter of regular pepperoni and is not as dry. This type is better able to withstand the high temperature of a baking pizza without becoming a crispy critter. If you intend to use your pepperoni primarily as a topping for pizza you might want to experiment with the drying time for best results. 1. The recipe is a revision of the original recipe adapted to Filipino style which can be consumed for breakfast, used for toppings, sandwiches and pasta dishes. Meat Ingredients: •

300 g Pork lean, ground coarsely 300 g Pork backfat, ground coarsely 400 g Beef lean, ground coarsely 1 tbsp Salt 1 tsp Curing salt 1 tsp Phosphate 1/4 tsp Vitamin C powder 1/4 cup Chilled water (to dissolve ingredients above) 1/2 tsp Carageenan 1 tbsp Isolate 1/4 cup Chilled water (to dissolve ingredients above) 1/2 tbsp Sugar 3/4 tbsp Black pepper 1 tbsp Crushed red pepper 1/2 tsp Allspice 2 tsp Anise seed 1/2 tsp Vetsin (MSG) 1/2 tsp Meat enhancer 1/2 tsp Beef aroma 1/2 tsp Meaty ginisa 1 tsp Turmeric 1 tsp Cayenne powder 1/4 tsp Cloves powder 1 tsp BF (binder filler) blend

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Curing Mix:

Extenders/Binders: • • • • • • •

Seasonings:

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Procedure 1. Select ground quality raw materials. 2. Measure and weight all ingredients. 3. Mix meat with curing mix, mix until tacky. Add extenders till well blended. 4. Combine seasonings, mix by hand or mixer until tacky. 5. Cure overnight in the refrigerator for 8-12 hours. 6. The following day, remix and stuff into casing (4″ long): link into 4″ long. 7. Smoke for 2-3 hours into a smoke house (if available) at a temperature of 160°F; or place in a turbo broiler at 200°F for 20-30 minutes to allow for color development. 8. Keep in the freezer for keeping quality

How to Make Pepperoni
June 27, 2009 by Leo 3,779 Views 5 Comments 2. Another Style Ingredients: • • • • • • • • • • • • 7 pounds pre-frozen or certified pork butt, cubed, fat included* 3 pounds lean beef chuck, round or shank, cubed 5 tablespoons salt 1 tablespoon sugar 2 tablespoons cayenne pepper 3 tablespoons sweet paprika 1 tablespoons crushed anise seed 1 teaspoon garlic, very finely minced 1 cup dry red wine 1/2 teaspoon ascorbic acid 1 teaspoon saltpeter 6 feet small (1/2-inch diameter) hog casings

Preparing the Casing 1. Snip off about four feet of casing. (Better too much than too little because any extra can be repacked in salt and used later.) Rinse the casing under cool running water to remove any salt clinging to it. 2. Place it in a bowl of cool water and let it soak for about half an hour. While you’re waiting for the casing to soak, you can begin preparing the meat as detailed below. 3. After soaking, rinse the casing under cool running water. Slip one end of the casing over the faucet nozzle. Hold the casing firmly on the nozzle, and then turn on the cold water,

gently at first, and then more forcefully. This procedure will flush out any salt in the casing and pinpoint any breaks. 4. Should you find a break, simply snip out a small section of the casing. Place the casing in a bowl of water and add a splash of white vinegar. A tablespoon of vinegar per cup of water is sufficient. The vinegar softens the casing a bit more and makes it more transparent, which in turn makes your sausage more pleasing to the eye. 5. Leave the casing in the water/vinegar solution until you are ready to use it. 6. Rinse it well and drain before stuffing. Procedure 1. Grind the pork and beef through the coarse disk separately. 2. Mix the meats together with the remaining ingredients. 3. Spread the mixture out in a large pan, cover loosely with waxed paper, and cure in the refrigerator for twenty-four hours. 4. Prepare the casings (see instructions below). 5. Stuff the sausage into the casings and twist off into then-inch links. 6. Using cotton twine, tie two separate knots between every other link, and one knot at the beginning and another at the end of the stuffed casing.
7. Cut between the double knots. This results in pairs of ten-inch links. The pepperoni are

hung by a string tied to the center of each pair. 8. Hang the pepperoni to dry for six to eight weeks. Once dried, the pepperoni will keep, wrapped, in the refrigerator for several months. All above mentioned meat processing ingredients are available at: Spices and Food Mix House 107 E. Rodriguez Ave., Quezon City Phone: 742-7866/0826, 411-1349 Web: www.spicesandfoodmixhouse.com

How To Make Sorbetes (Home-made Ice Cream)
June 16, 2009 by Leo 9,189 Views 15 Comments Sorbetes is a Filipino version for common ice cream usually peddled from carts that roam

streets in the Philippines. This should not be confused with the known sorbet. It is also commonly called ‘dirty ice cream’ because it is sold along the streets exposing it to pollution and that the factory where it comes from is usually unknown; though it is not really “dirty” as the name implies. It is usually served with small wafer or sugar cones and recently, bread buns. You can make ice cream in various recycled packaging materials, such as coffee cans, zip-lock bags, and stainless steel containers. Whatever container and method you use though, it’s

important to take note of the temperature of the ice cream all throughout the process, particularly during chilling and freezing. There are five stages in making ice cream: preparation, scalding, chilling, first freezing, and final freezing. In the preparation stage, you need to measure the required ingredients and put them in individual containers. Materials Needed:

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Bowls Casserole Grater Large whisk Measuring spoons and cups Pocket-type thermometer Steel paddle Sieve screen Stainless steel container Weighing scale Wooden bucket Wooden ladle 1 kg White sugar 1/2 kg Skimmed milk 1/2 kg Butter milk powder 600 g Cassava flour 2 leaves Pandan 7 kg Table salt 4 pcs Egg yolks 2 cans 300ml Condensed milk 1 can 300g Cream 1/2 bar Cheese 1 kg Grated coconut 2 tbsp food color (egg yellow) 3 tbsp Vanilla 7 tsp or 34.5ml rhum or brandy 1/4 ice block

Ingredients (4 Gallons Yield):


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1. Preparation

1. Once all the ingredients are ready, extract coconut milk from the grated coconut using 4

cups of water. This will be your first extraction-a substance that’s called kakang gata in Filipino. Set it aside. 2. Extract more coconut milk from the same grated coconut, this time using 8 cups of water. To remove the coconut bits from it, don’t forget to filter the coconut milk after the extraction. Set the second extraction aside likewise.
3. Get the eggs and separate the white from the yolk. Beat the egg yolks, then mix them

with the second extraction of coconut milk. 4. Once the mixture is blended well, slowly add the skimmed milk and the buttermilk powder while mixing the mixture with a whisk. Some ice-cream makers use either skimmed milk or buttermilk powder, but if you want to make your ice cream a bit more special, you can mix the two powders. You just need to maintain the required 1-to-1 proportion. 5. After blending the mixture, set it aside. (Mixing milk and egg gives rise to custard.) 6. Get the cassava flour and dissolve it in 2 cups of water. Once the cassava flour is completely dissolved, filter it using a sieve or cheesecloth. Also set aside. 7. Get the stainless steel container and prepare it to hold the cream mixture. 8. Spread 1/4 kg of white sugar at the bottom of the stainless steel container to avoid unnecessary coagulation of the cream. 2. Scalding 1. Scalding helps dissolve the sugar, infuses the other flavors evenly, and improves the texture; it makes the ice cream creamier and smoother.
2. Start the scalding process by boiling a gallon of water containing twisted pandan leaves

for 5 minutes. 3. Dissolve the food color in water.
4. After boiling the water, take out the pandan leaves and pour the water into the stainless

steel container. 5. Also pour in the cassava flour mixture and, using the steel paddle, continuously stir until the sugar dissolves and the mixture achieves a viscous (thick) consistency.
6. Add the kakang gata as you continuously stir the mixture.

7. Also pour in the custard mixture and continuously stir until it attains a paste-like viscosity. Then add the dissolved food color. 8. Once you achieve the right viscosity, you can start chilling your ice cream mixture. 3. Chilling To chill the mixture, cover the stainless-steel container and put crushed ice in the wooden bucket. The ice should surround the stainless-steel container and above the level of the mixture inside the container. The chilling stage will only start when the temperature of the mixture reaches 4°C to 0°C. Chill for 2 hours or overnight. While waiting for the ice cream to be chilled, prepare the flavoring. For this project, we will make mango marmalade.

1. Put 1 1/2 kg minced ripe mango in a casserole together with 1/2 cup white sugar and a

teaspoon of calamansi extract.
2. Simmer in medium to low fire until the mango mix becomes a thick syrup.

3. Stir the marmalade to avoid scorching. 4. After cooking, let the marmalade cool. 4. First Freezing After chilling the ice cream overnight, you can now freeze it by putting more ice in the wooden bucket. You need to put the crushed ice and the rock salt alternately. Using the paddle, compact the ice and the salt each time you put in more ice. Compacting lessens the air gaps that cause the ice to melt faster. During the first freezing stage, the temperature should further drop to -18°C to -20°C. While freezing the ice cream, paddle the outer part of the mixture to prevent the frozen mixture from adhering to the sides before it can be stirred. The stirring process allows the cream mixture to expand. While still in the freezing stage, get the steel handbeater and start stirring the cream to let it expand. Once it expands to half of the container, mix in the following while continuously stirring the cream mixture: 1. 3/4 kg of white sugar together with the grated cheese, mango marmalade, condensed milk, cream, and vanilla. 2. Add crushed ice and salt to the wooden bucket whenever necessary. 3. As you stir the cream mixture, you will notice that the consistency will become thicker and creamier. You will also notice that it is expanding.
4. Once the cream expands up to the brim of the container, add the rhum or brandy.

5. Make sure to stir the mixture down to the bottom to distribute the flavor and the other ingredients evenly. 6. Taste the cream. 5. Final Freezing At this stage, you may now pack the ice cream in small containers like pint containers, small cups, half-gallon or gallon containers, and freeze the cream in these containers. Or you may simply put the ice cream in the stainless steel container for final freezing. During the final freezing stage, you need to cover the container tightly and add more crushed ice and salt in the bucket as well as on top of the container. Let it stay for 2 hours or until frozen. Now your ice cream is ready for consumption. Keep it frozen until it is ready for serving. The shelf life of this ice cream product is 7 to 10 days, depending on temperature fluctuations. If you can maintain the temperature between -18°C and-25°C, the shelf life of the ice cream would be longer and the quality would be better. Cost and Return From this basic process of making ice cream, try developing your own varieties to offer to your target customers. You may actually sell this 4-gallon ice cream at around P1,500 wholesale for children’s parties or small gatherings within your neighborhood. But if you pack it in small

containers, you may sell it at P250 per half-gallon or P8 per scoop. To draw repeat customers, it is important to have a winning taste or flavor. The production cost for these 4 gallons of ice cream is P869.50 that includes P569.50 for the ingredients and P300 for the labor and other overhead costs. Roughly, then, your profit margin would be 70 to 100 percent depending on how you want to sell it. The total investment cost for this project would be around P16,000. This includes P14,000 for the fabrication of the wooden bucket, the stainless steel container, the steel paddle, and the large handbeater; P650 for the ingredients; and about P1,200 for other materials that might not be available in your kitchen yet. Commercial Production If you want a no-sweat ice cream, though, you could buy an ice-cream machine that costs about P100,000. With this amount, you can have a branded one-gallon ice-cream maker with a single nozzle. Making ice cream with this machine will take only an hour or two, including the time for the final freezing. You won’t need the wooden bucket, stainless steel container, steel paddle, and large handbeater anymore. You just need to put the cream mixture in the machine, turn it on, and wait for the softserve ice cream to get ready. From there, you can serve the ice cream directly or put it in containers for final freezing. Food supplies: American Food and Amusement Co. 10 Cabanatuan St. Philam Homes, Quezon City. Phones: (02) 920-1359, 928-9358 Training: GG Productions 10 Greenheights Ave., Greenheights Village Sucat, Paranaque City Phones: (02) 825-6654/6162

Cassava Processing Toolkit
June 4, 2009 by Leo 1,954 Views 3 Comments

The most important root crops in terms of production tonnage in developing countries are cassava, potato and sweet potato. Root crops are a cheap, readily available energy source for many people. They contain very little protein or fat, but some (sweet potato and yam) are a good source of vitamins A and C. Roots are tubers are not consumed raw as the starch is not digestible.

Therefore, they all require some form of primary processing to make them edible. There is also a range of value-added products that can be made out of roots and tubers. All root crops are bulky and perish relatively quickly. This means that they cannot be stored for long periods or transported over long distances. Processing removes the water which reduces the bulk and also increases the storage life. The methods of processing and cooking range from simple boiling to elaborate fermentation, drying and grinding to make flour, depending on the varieties of roots and tubers.

Primary Processing Of Root And Tubers 1. Preparation of raw material Root crops are mainly composed of starch, but also contain minor components, some of which are beneficial and others which are not. Many roots contain small amounts of the enzyme polyphenyl-oxidase. This enzyme is responsible for the darkening of fresh cut surfaces of the root when they are exposed to air. The activity of the enzyme can be inhibited by blanching the roots prior to processing. This procedure needs to be taken into consideration when processing roots and tubers. Some root crops contain toxic substances. The most important one is cassava which contains cyanide compounds. Some varieties of potato contain solanins. It is essential that these roots and tubers are made safe to eat by processing. Roots should be washed to remove soil and other dirt. Damaged or diseased roots should be discarded. Equipment is available for washing and peeling roots and tubers. However, it is sometimes too expensive for small rural businesses. Washing machines are usually made of a cylinder that is fitted with paddles and brushes that can be rotated while a stream of water is passed over the crop as it passes through the washer.

2. Peeling Roots and tubers are peeled to remove the inedible outer layers. Peeling is traditionally carried out by hand, although mechanical peelers are available. Lye peeling is an effective way of peeling roots and tubers. The food is placed in a hot solution (at or near boiling point) of sodium hydroxide for a specified time which varies, according to the type of vegetable. The loosened skin is removed by jets of water. Care is needed as hot lye is very dangerous and corrosive to some metal equipment. Lye peeling is often combined with blanching in one operation. Mechanical peelers operate by rubbing the roots against a rotating abrasive surface. They are best suited to raw materials of a regular shape. Irregular shaped materials have high peeling losses or require hand peeling to finish them off. The use of mechanical peelers is dependent on the throughput required and the cost of the machine versus the wages for peeling by hand. 3. Slicing The peeled roots are sliced or chipped before drying. This exposes more surface area to the air and speeds up the drying process. Slicing root crops prior to cooking is also important as it allows more rapid and even cooking. Traditionally roots are sliced by hand. A range of mechanised chipping and slicing machines are available. 4. Drying Root crops have a high moisture content. Reducing the amount of water by drying is a simple way of extending the storage life of roots and tubers. There are two stages in the drying process: 1. Removing surface water 2. Removing internal moisture from within the material The relative humidity of air decreases rapidly as its temperature is raised and at the same time its water-absorbing capacity increases. The rate of drying during the first stage is dependent on the ability of the air passing over the material to absorb and remove moisture. Air flow rate is more important than temperature. However, in areas of high humidity the air may need heating to lower its humidity to a level that allows it to absorb significant amounts of water. In general, air with a relative humidity of 75% or more is not effective at drying, except at the earliest stages when the root is very wet. The surface area of food exposed to the air is also very important. Slicing or chipping the root crop will increase the surface area and thereby reduce the drying time. Once the surface water is removed, the second stage of drying begins where water is removed from the interior of the material. The rate of drying in the second stage is dependent on the rate at which moisture can pass through the tissue to the surface where it evaporates into the passing air.

The passage of water from the inside to the outside is a slow process so drying rates are lower than in the first stage of drying. The drying rate is dependent on the moisture content and on temperature rather than air flow. A range of driers are available, ranging from solar driers through kiln driers and forced air driers. The selection of drier depends on the cost of the drier and the value of the product being dried. Traditionally, high-tech driers are not used for root crops. This is because root crops and their products are fairly low value foods and the use of a drier would not be economically viable. 5. Grating Grating the root into fine shreds is a common step in the processing of many root crop products. It helps to facilitate later steps in the process, for example de-watering, drying, fermentation or pulping. Grating alters the texture of the raw material. It is an essential step during cassava processing as it allows for fermentation of the material and the breakdown of cyanide containing compounds. Grating is time consuming and hard work. A range of simple hand held and mechanical graters are available. Many graters are based on a rotating horizontal disc or a vertical drum grating surface against which the root crop is held. Low-cost hand graters can be made from a sheet of tin or galvanised mild steel. The grating surface is made by puncturing the surface with holes. The grater can be held horizontally in a frame or downwards. 6. Boiling and steaming Root crops are often cooked by boiling or steaming, either for direct consumption or as a step in a processing system. Boiling and steaming does not preserve the crop. It needs further processing for preservation. Boiling and steaming are important in cassava processing to detoxify the material. 7. Fermentation Fermentation is the most important step during the processing of cassava and high-alkaloid varieties of potato. It results in a decrease in the level of toxic compounds. In cassava processing, there are two methods of fermentation – wet and dry methods. The dry method is used in the production of gari and is carried out in the presence of air. The grated cassava passes through a two-stage fermentation. During the first phase, starch is broken down and acids are produced. Enzymes contained in the root start to break down the cyanide compounds and release hydrogen cyanide gas. At the end of the first stage, the conditions are just right for the growth of a range of microorganisms that ferment the gari to give it the characteristic flavours. Most of the cyanide is lost during the fermentation, but any remaining is driven off during the subsequent roasting step. The wet method of fermentation is sometimes referred to as retting. It takes place in the absence of air. Cassava roots (either peeled or entire) are soaked under water for several days until they have softened. The material is then broken up, sieved and the water squeezed out. The wet fermentation of cassava makes a product with an unpleasant odour. It also produces a lot of water that can be difficult to dispose of.

8. Pounding Pounding changes the texture of the previously prepared root crop into a more paste-like consistency. The root is first peeled and softened by boiling or soaking. Traditionally material is ground using a large pestle and mortar. Pounding of fufu from yams and cassava to make a gelatinous sticky product can take up to one hour using a mortar and pestle. Pounding machines are available, but hand pounding is often preferred as it gives the product a superior taste. 9. De-watering De-watering or pressing is a process that can remove up to 50% of the water present from the root crop. The process is most common in cassava processing where it is an important method or reducing toxicity. Traditionally heavy weights are placed on the prepared crop to press out the liquid, which drains away. There are several press designs available, ranging from the simple easily constructed parallel press to the more sophisticated screw press or hydraulic press. Screw presses can be made from a circular press cage that holds the pulp or a square press frame into which sacks of pulp are placed. A heavy weight is lowered and raised by a screw thread to press the pulp. Some presses are made using hydraulic car jacks to apply pressure to the material that is being pressed. Care is need to prevent leakage of poisonous hydraulic fluid from the jack. 10. Grinding, Milling, Sieving After roots have been sliced and dried, most can be ground into a flour. Cassava is the most commonly processed in this way, where it is used to prepare fufu. Traditionally, dried pieces of root are ground in mortars and pestles. For larger scale use, a range of manual or powered plate and disc mills are available. Lumps often occur in gari if it is not heated evenly during roasting. The lumps can be broken down into finer particles by passing the roasted cassava through a hammer mill or plate mill. After grinding the flour is sieved to remove large particles, which are returned to the mill for further grinding. Sieving can be mechanized by using a vibrating or rotating sieve. 11. Frying and roasting Many root crops are prepared by frying in hot oil or roasting. Both frying and roasting enhance the flavour of the root crop and reduce the moisture content, thereby extending its shelf life. Roasting is an important stage during the production of gari from cassava. The heat applied burns off the cyanide gas. It also partially gelatinizes the starch. Gari is traditionally heated in shallow cast iron pans over a fire while being pressed and stirred against the hot surface to prevent burning. Roasting can be mechanized by making a cylindrical drum roaster. 12. Starch extraction Starch can be extracted from any root crop. However, the two most common are potato and cassava. Industrially, starch is extracted by a combination of wet milling, sieving and settling.

Starch can also be extracted more simply, by collecting the liquid that drains off during pressing and allowing the starch to settle out. Cyanide in cassava Most varieties of cassava contain compounds (glycosides) that contain cyanide. They must be processed to remove the cyanide before consumption. A few ’sweet’ varieties contain no or very low levels of the compounds and are sometimes eaten raw or with minimal processing. Peeling the roots reduces the level of toxicity since many of the glycosides are contained within the peel and outer layers of the root. After peeling, the roots are grated which breaks down the internal cells and releases an ezyme that breaks down the cyanide glycoside complex. This releases hydrogen cyanide gas. The grated cassava is then fermented (using lactic acid bacteria). The acidic conditions of the fermentation further break down the cyanide glycosides. When this is complete, the cyanide gas is evaporated by heating the cassava, either by frying, roasting or boiling. The detoxified product can be dried and ground into a flour or used to make gari and other products. Tables and illustrations:

Processing Unit: Small scale and Medium scale Operation: Preparation of raw material Suppliers Quality Control

• • •

Next: Cassava Starch, Flour, Bread Production source: www.TRC.gov.ph, photo from bio.ilstu.edu, about.com

How to Make Rolled Ham (Food Business)
June 3, 2009 by Leo 3,518 Views 8 Comments

Ham is the thigh and rump of pork, cut from the haunch of a hog. Ham is classified into various types as the following: Chinese style ham, quick cured ham, sweet or pineapple ham, loin or belly ham, rolled ham, pear shaped ham. Rolled ham has been cured with brine, either by immersion or injection. The curing solution contains vacuum salt, sugar, nitrite, ascorbic acide, ham spice and wheat fibers what will enclose the juice of the meat. Smoked flavor is also added. Normally, rolled ham comes from the pigue or belly.

The meat material is soaked in 50°C salinity. Cover pickle for a period of 8 hours at refrigeration temperature. Curing improves the flavor and the color of the ham. The material is being rolled and cook, after cooking ham, net is removed, cooled and caramelized. Three pieces rolled ham can be prepared per kilogram of meat. Meat Material:

1 kg Pork pigue (hind leg) 1 tbsp Salt, refined 1 /2 tsp Curing salt 1 tsp Phosphate 1/4 tsp Vitamin C powder 1 tbsp Hamspice 1 cup Water 1 cups Brown sugar 1 cup Pineapple juice 1/2 cup Anisado wine 1-2 pcs Bay leaf 3-5 pcs Clavo de comer 3-4 strands Oregano, dried 1 tsp Cinnamon powder 1 bottle 7-up

Curing Mix: • • • •

• • •
• • •

Cooking Ingredients:

• • •

Procedure 1. Select good quality raw material. 2. Slice meat beginning on one long side across to within 1/2 of the other side. 3. Measure and weight all the ingredients. 4. Prepare the cover pickle. 5. Immerse the sliced meat into cover pickle.
6. Cure either at room temperature for 8-12 hours in the refrigerator.

7. Lay sliced meat flat in a platter. Roll meat carefully from one end to other end and tie securely with a cotton cord. Insert pineapple slices inside the meat. 8. Cook with the recommended ingredients for 1 1/2 hours or until tender. 9. Cool. Remove strings and caramelize. Chill or freeze. 10. Slice meat crosswise and serve. Caramelization process:

Use of blow torch. Put brown sugar on fat portion and caramelize.

• • •

Oven. Broiling temperature for 20 minutes with brown sugar on the fat portion of the meat. Use of turbo with brown sugar on top of the fat. Temperature is 350°F for 20 minutes until golden brown. Traditional hot syense (metal spatula) on top of the fat portion with brown sugar. Use of thick syrup* to be pored on top of the fat portion.

*Thick syrup is prepared by boiling 1 cup cooking solution, 2 cups brown sugar, and 1/4 cup pineapple juice. Boil until thickens. Add 1/2 tsp carageenan, dissolved in 1/4 cup water. All above mentioned meat processing ingredients are available at: Spices and Food Mix House 107 E. Rodriguez Ave., Quezon City Phone: 742-7866/0826, 411-1349 Web: www.spicesandfoodmixhouse.com

How to Make Nata de Coco
May 13, 2006 by Leo 20,904 Views 48 Comments

Nata de coco is a chewy, translucent, jelly-like food product produced by the bacterial fermentation of coconut water. Nata de coco is most commonly sweetened as a candy or dessert, and can accompany many things including pickles, drinks, ice cream, and fruit mixes. Nata de coco is highly regarded for its high dietary fiber, and its zero fat and cholesterol content. No preservatives or other chemicals are added to Nata de coco. NATA DE COCO FROM COCONUT WATER Materials: • • •

Coconut water Acetic acid Refined sugar Nata starter

• • • • •

Ammonium phosphate Weighing scale Strainers Wide-mouthed glass jars or basins Kettles

Equipments:

Procedure:
1. The collected coconut water is filtered through a cheesecloth. One hundred (100 gms.)

refined sugar and 5 grams monobasic ammonium phosphate is mixed for every liter of coconut water in a container. The container is covered and the mixture allowed to boil. It is then allowed to cool after boiling and 6.9 ml. of glacial acetic acid is added. 2. 110-150 ml. of starter (available at ITDI) is added to the mixture. It is subsequently transferred to big mouthed clean jars leaving ample space atop mixture and covered with clean cheese cloth. The culture is allowed to grow at room temperature for 15 days or more. Note: Do not move jars during growth period. 3. Harvest is ready after 15 days or more, making sure that all conditions are aseptic so as to enable one to reuse the remaining liquid which serves as starter for succeeding preparations.
4. Dessert Making. The “nata” is cut into cubes and is subjected to a series of boiling with

fresh water until acidity is totally removed. One kilo of refined sugar is added for every kilo of nata and are mixed. It is brought to boiling until the “nata” cubes become transparent. NATA DE COCO FROM COCONUT MILK Materials: •

1 kilo Grated coconut 600 gms. Refined sugar 1/2 liter Coconut water 12 liters Ordinary water 2 liters Nata starter (available at ITDI) 325 c Glacial acetic acid (available in drugstores)


Procedure:
1. Extract the cream from the coconut, strain through a cheesecloth.

2. Mix all ingredients. 3. Transfer to big mouthed clean jars and allow around 2-3 inches in height of the liquid. 4. Cover with a clean cheesecloth. The culture is allowed to grow at room temperature for 15 days or more. Note: Do not move the jars during growth period. 5. Harvest is ready after 15 days or more, making sure that all conditions are aseptic so as to enable one to reuse the remaining liquid which serves as starter for succeeding preparations.

6. Dessert Making: The “nata” is cut into cubes and is subjected to a series of boiling with

fresh water until acidity is totally removed. One kilo of refined sugar is added for every kilo of nata and are mixed. It is brought to boiling until the “nata” cubes become transparent. NATA DE KALABASA Materials:

Kalabasa peels and core Sugar Ammonium sulfate Glacial acetic acid Nata starter (available at ITDI)

• •

Procedure:
1. Wash the peels and core of kalabasa, add 3 parts water for every part of peel/core. Boil

for 3 minutes. 2. Strain then for every 4 cups of strained liquid from boiled peels/core, and 2/3 cup sugar and 1-1/4 tsp. ammonium sulfate.
3. Heat for 15 minutes, then cool. Add 1-1/4 tsp. acetic acid to adjust the acidity favorable

to the growth of the nata organism then add 2/3 cup of nata starter (available at ITDI) for every 4 cups of kalabasa mixture.
4. Set aside for 10-15 days, then harvest the nata product. 5. Cook one kilo of nata in one of kilo sugar to come up with delightful dessert.

For more information, contact: Industrial Technology Development Institute (ITDI) DOST Compound, Gen. Santos Ave., Bicutan, Taguig City Tel Nos.: (632) 8372071 to 82 locs 2182, 2218, 2180 Telefax Nos.: (632) 8373167, 8376150, 8376156 Web: www.itdibiz.com source: elgu2.ncc.gov.ph

How To Make Chicken Relleno (Food Business)
May 21, 2009 by Leo 4,576 Views 4 Comments

Chicken relleno or Stuffed chicken comes from the Spanish word “Rellenar” which means “to stuff. The chicken is stuffed with ground pork, vegetables, hard boiled egg, chorizo or ham, and then baked. Dressed chicken should weigh 1.4 kilograms to come up with a

chicken relleno of 2.0 kilograms cooked weight. Cooking can be done in an oven or turbo at 160 °F for 1 1/2 hours. One piece of Chicken relleno costs Php8oo.oo. This special Spanish treat can surely liven up your meals and a good give away for special occasions during holiday season. Meat materials: • •

1 pc (1.2 to 1.5 kg) Chicken, whole dressed, cleaned 1/2 cup Soy sauce 1/4 cup Calamansi juice 1 tsp Ground black pepper 1/4 tsp MSG 500 g Pork lean, ground finely 1/2 tbsp Salt 4 tbsp Sugar, refined 1 tsp Ground black pepper 1/4 tsp MSG 1/2 cup (1 pc) Chorizo de bilbao, cubed 1/2 cup ( 2 pcs) Potato, cubed, sauteed 2 tbsp (2 pcs) Red bell pepper, cubed 1/2 cup (1 can) Green peas 4 tbsp (2 boxes) Raisins 2 pcs Egg boiled medium 2 pcs Fresh garlic, chopped finely, sauteed 1/2 cup Onion, chopped, sauteed 1/2 cup Cheese, grated 1 tbsp Pickle relish 1 tbsp Trimix (dissolved in 1/4 cup water)

Marinate deboned chicken (8-12 hours) in the following:

• • • • • • •
• • •

Filling (good for 1.2 to 1.5 kg)

• •
• • •

• •

Procedure 1. Marinate chicken overnight in the refrigerator.
2. Saute garlic, onion and potatoes till brown. Add ground pork, chorizo de bilbao and the

rest of the ingredients.
3. Fill inside the deboned chicken,then sew the cut/open side.Wrap chicken in aluminum

foil and tie. 4. Place the chicken inside the turbo broiler and cook for 2 hours at 350°F. Sauce: Saute garlic and onion in butter, then add ground chicken liver, chicken broth knorr seasoning and MSG (vetsin). Dissolve flour in small amount of water and add to the chicken

broth.Serve with sauce (extracted from the chicken when cooked in turbo, cornstarch ( 2 T, dissolve in Va cup water) can be added to thicken sauce. Note: Chicken relleno may be cooked in an oven at 350°F for one hour. All ingredients above are available at: Spices and Food Mix House 107 E. Rodriguez Ave., Quezon City Phone: 742-7866/0826, 411-1349 Web: www.spicesandfoodmixhouse.com

How To Make Chicken Relleno (Food Business)
May 21, 2009 by Leo 4,576 Views 4 Comments

Chicken relleno or Stuffed chicken comes from the Spanish word “Rellenar” which means “to stuff. The chicken is stuffed with ground pork, vegetables, hard boiled egg, chorizo or ham, and then baked. Dressed chicken should weigh 1.4 kilograms to come up with a chicken relleno of 2.0 kilograms cooked weight. Cooking can be done in an oven or turbo at 160 °F for 1 1/2 hours. One piece of Chicken relleno costs Php8oo.oo. This special Spanish treat can surely liven up your meals and a good give away for special occasions during holiday season. Meat materials: • •

1 pc (1.2 to 1.5 kg) Chicken, whole dressed, cleaned 1/2 cup Soy sauce 1/4 cup Calamansi juice 1 tsp Ground black pepper 1/4 tsp MSG 500 g Pork lean, ground finely 1/2 tbsp Salt 4 tbsp Sugar, refined 1 tsp Ground black pepper 1/4 tsp MSG

Marinate deboned chicken (8-12 hours) in the following:

• • • • • • •

Filling (good for 1.2 to 1.5 kg)

• • •

1/2 cup (1 pc) Chorizo de bilbao, cubed 1/2 cup ( 2 pcs) Potato, cubed, sauteed 2 tbsp (2 pcs) Red bell pepper, cubed 1/2 cup (1 can) Green peas 4 tbsp (2 boxes) Raisins 2 pcs Egg boiled medium 2 pcs Fresh garlic, chopped finely, sauteed 1/2 cup Onion, chopped, sauteed 1/2 cup Cheese, grated 1 tbsp Pickle relish 1 tbsp Trimix (dissolved in 1/4 cup water)

• •
• • •

• •

Procedure 1. Marinate chicken overnight in the refrigerator.
2. Saute garlic, onion and potatoes till brown. Add ground pork, chorizo de bilbao and the

rest of the ingredients.
3. Fill inside the deboned chicken,then sew the cut/open side.Wrap chicken in aluminum

foil and tie. 4. Place the chicken inside the turbo broiler and cook for 2 hours at 350°F. Sauce: Saute garlic and onion in butter, then add ground chicken liver, chicken broth knorr seasoning and MSG (vetsin). Dissolve flour in small amount of water and add to the chicken broth.Serve with sauce (extracted from the chicken when cooked in turbo, cornstarch ( 2 T, dissolve in Va cup water) can be added to thicken sauce. Note: Chicken relleno may be cooked in an oven at 350°F for one hour. All ingredients above are available at: Spices and Food Mix House 107 E. Rodriguez Ave., Quezon City Phone: 742-7866/0826, 411-1349 Web: www.spicesandfoodmixhouse.com

How to Make Coconut Syrup (Food Business)
May 17, 2009 by Leo 2,025 Views 1 Comment

1. Coconut Syrup Ingredients:
• • • • • • • • • grated coconut refined sugar di-sodium phosphate expeller or press stainless steel cooking vessel stainless steel spoon or ladle refractometer blender or colloid mill can sealer

Utensils:

Packaging Material: 2T cans or sterilized glass jars with new PVC caps Procedure:
1. Mix grated coconut with water in the proportion of 1 part grated coconut to 1/2 part water. 2. Extract milk using an expeller or press. 3. Mix ’sapal’ with water (1 part ’sapal’ to 1/2 part water). 4. Collect coconut milk extracts. 5. Heat milk at 80-90°C (176-194°F) for 15 minutes and blend in a blender or colloid mill to break coagulated proteins. 6. Add di-sodium phosphate in a concentration of 0.25% by volume of the milk. 7. Add sugar at a ratio of 1 part milk to 1 part sugar. 8. Mix well and cook to a total soluble solids content of 70% (use a refractometer to determine end point). Pour hot in clean containers. 9. Seal completely. 10.Cool and label. 2. Coconut Honey-Like Syrup

Ingredients:
• • • coconut skim milk glucose sugar

• • • • • • •

stabilizer (sodium alginate) expeller or press centrifuge (separator) blender or colloid mill stainless steel cooking vessel refractometer can sealer

Utensils:

Packaging Material: 2T cans or sterilized glass jars with new PVC caps Procedure:
1. Extract coconut milk as described under coconut syrup (steps 1-4). 2. Store milk preferably in the cold to allow separation of cream from the water portion (skim milk). Collect the skim milk. (Separation may also be accomplished with the use of a centrifuge.) 3. To one (1) part of the skim milk, add 1/2 part sugar and 1/2 part corn syrup. 4. Blend with sodium alginate (stabilizer) in a concentration of 0.5% of the mixture. 5. Heat the mixture over steam for 15 minutes, pass through a colloid mill and cook with constant stirring on a steam jacketed kettle to a temperature of 104°C (220°F). At this temperature, total soluble solids reading is about 7677%. 6. Pour hot product into sterilized container and seal completely. Cool and label. 3. Coconut Whey Syrup

Ingredients:
• • • • • • • • • • • coco whey refined sugar hydrochloric acid expeller or press centrifuge (separator) pH meter stainless steel cooking vessel stainless steel spoon refractometer double boiler stove

Utensils:

Packaging Material: Sterilized glass jars with new PVC caps

Procedure: A. Preparation of Whey
1. Prepare coconut skim milk as described in Coconut Honey (steps 1 & 2). 2. Adjust pH of skim milk to 4 with either 6N HCl or 25% citric acid solution. Separate the coagulated proteins by centrifugation or by filtration. 3. Collect the coconut whey.

B. Cooking
1. Dissolve sugar in the whey (1 part sugar: 1 part whey). 2. Cook in a double boiler or steam jacketed kettle until the total soluble solids content reaches 75%. 3. Pour hot in sterilized containers and seal completely. 4. Cool and label.

source: mis.dost.gov.ph, photo from bounteous-bites.blogspot.com

How to Make Coco Jam (Food Business)
May 15, 2009 by Leo 3,636 Views 4 Comments

1. High Fat Coco Jam Recipe 1 Ingredients:
• • • • • • • grated coconut brown sugar glucose (corn syrup) expeller or press stainless steel cooking vessel stainless steel spoon or ladle stove

Utensils:

Packaging Material: Sterilized glass jars with new PVC caps Procedure:
1. Mix grated coconut with water in the proportion of 1 part grated coconut to 1/2 part water. 2. Extract milk using an expeller or press. 3. Mix ’sapal’ with water (1 part ’sapal’ to 1/2 part water).

4. Collect coconut milk extracts. 5. Boil extracts slowly until soft curds and oily streaks appear on top of the boiling milk. 6. Add brown sugar (2 parts: 5 parts boiled milk) and boil for another 20 minutes. 7. Pour in glucose (1/2 the amount of sugar used) and continue boiling until done over low fire, stirring frequently to prevent burning. End point is reached when a drop of the cooked materials in cold water forms a soft ball. 8. Cool and pour in sterilized containers and seal completely. Cool and label. 1. High Fat Coco Jam (Matamis na Bao) Recipe 2

Ingredients: Pure coconut milk and “panucha” or brown sugar Packaging Material: Sterilized glass jars with new PVC caps Utensils:
• • • • expeller or press stainless steel cooking vessel stainless steel spoon or ladle stove

Procedure:
1. Dissolve ‘panucha’ or brown sugar into the milk and boil. 2. Strain the mixture and boil again until thick. 3. Pour into sterilized containers and seal completely. 3. Low Fat Coco Jam (Matamis na Bao)

Ingredients:
• • • • • • • • • • 20 kg coconut skim milk 3 ¾ kg brown sugar 1 ¼ kg glucose citric acid (.025% by wt. of formulation) expeller or press centrifuge (separator) blender or colloid mill stainless steel cooking vessel stainless steel spoon or ladle refractometer

Utensils:

Packaging Material: Sterilized glass jars with new PVC caps Procedure:

1. Extract coconut milk as described under coco jam recipe 1 (steps 1-4). 2. Store milk preferably in the cold to allow separation of cream from the water portion (skim milk). Collect the skim milk. (Separation may also be accomplished with the use of a centrifuge.) 3. Add the sugar and stir well. 4. Pour in the glucose. 5. Mix well and boil mixture for 20 minutes. 6. Blend or pass the mixture through a colloid mill or homogenizer at 1000 to 1500 psi. 7. Strain thru a nylon mesh. 8. Boil again. 9. When almost done, add the citric acid previously dissolved in a small amount of skim milk. 10.Continue boiling to an end point of 75 to 76% total soluble solid content. Use the refractometer to determine the end point. An alternative method is the cold water test in which a drop of the mixture forms a soft ball in cold water. 11.Pour hot mixture in sterilized container. Cool and label.

source: mis.dost.gov.ph, photo from thenomadgourmand.blogspot.com

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