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18.

1 Policy
All personnel who perform work on or near equipment in which the unexpected energization
or start-up of the equipment, or the release of stored energy, could cause injury shall
personally lock out the equipment for the duration of their work.
18.2 Scope
1. Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) is required whenever construction, service,
maintenance, modification, or demolition is being performed on or near
equipment in which the unexpected energization or start-up of the
equipment, or the release of stored energy, could cause injury to people.
2. Hazardous energy is any form of energy that can cause personal injury,
including but not limited to:
a. Electrical
b. Mechanical
c. Rotational
d. Gravitational
e. Chemical
f. Pressure or vacuum
g. Hydraulic
h. Pneumatic
i. Non-ionizing radiation sources
j. Thermal
3. Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) is not required for each of the following situations:
a. Normal operations, also known as normal production operations or
normal energized operations, where the machine or equipment is
utilized to perform its intended function and is covered by various
chapters of the ES&H Manual
i. Servicing or maintenance that take place during normal
operations require LOTO only if:
1. A person is required to remove or bypass a guard,
cover, or other safety device or
2. A person is required to place any part of his or her body
into an area of a machine or piece of equipment where
work is actually performed upon the material being
processed (point of operation) or where an associated
danger zone exists during a machines operating cycle
ii. Minor tool changes, adjustments, and other minor servicing
activities that take place during normal operations do not
require LOTO provided that:
1. Such activities are routine, repetitive, and integral to the
use of the equipment and
2. The work is performed using alternative measures that
provide effective personnel protection
b. Energized testing and troubleshooting (e.g., alignment, measuring,
calibration, faultfinding) does not require LOTO where the equipment
must be energized to perform the tests.
c. Work on cord-and-plug-connected electrical equipment does not
require LOTO controls when Work Process C is followed.
d. Control of hazardous ionizing radiation is covered under the ES&H
Manual Radiation Protection Program.Work in radiation areas covered
by credited control radiation safety systems does not require LOTO
controls when Work Process R is followed.