You are on page 1of 7

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS

KKF

The constant force spring consists of strip material, which


has been shaped and pre-tensioned into a tightly wound
roll. The spring is used in a linear movement and produces almost constant force throughout its deflection.
Constant force springs can be fitted in a number of ways
and extended partly or completely. There is practically no
limit on extension speed and acceleration.

If the spring is fitted as shown in figures D or E, a low friction material must be used.

Fitting on a bearing and conduit

Spring life
The life of the spring is determined by the relation
between the diameter of the spring and the thickness of
the material. See information for the relevant item. For
applications demanding a higher number of oscillations,
the spring must be changed once the recommended
number of oscillations has been reached. Spring life is not
time-dependent, it is only determined by the number of
oscillations made.

Our standard springs and slide bearings are normally supplied separately. Fitting is done by loosening the outer
end of the spring and winding it onto the bearing (securing it if necessary), after which the complete spring is
wound onto the bearing.

Fitting
Fitting can be done in a number of ways. During long
extensions, the spring must be laterally guided to prevent
movement in a sideways direction. Suitable play on each
side is 0.51.5 mm.
When fitting on a bearing or conduit, the spring can be
located using its own force providing that sufficient strip
length remains on the bearing. If there is no operating
extension limit in the application, we recommend that a
screw or rivet is used to secure the inner end of the
spring.

Fitting example

A. Shaft fitting

112

B. Bearing or conduit

C. Bearing or conduit
with inner fixing

D. Fitting in a location pocket

E. Fitting to a movable device.

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS


KKF
Hole types
8

5,2

4
11

11

6,75

11

A8

6,75

5,2

6,75

11

4,75

5,2 5,2

5,2

3,2

5,5

5,5

3,2 3,2

3,2

1,6

1,6

1,6 1,6

1,6

11

22,2

4,75

4,75

4,8

5,5

5,5

4,8

4,8

4,8

4,8

2,4

2,4

2,4

E2,4

2,4

22,2

5,5
22,2

6,3

6,3

5,5
22,2

6,3

F 6,3

5,5 5,5
22,2

6,3

4,75
38

3,2

H 6,3

38

5,5

38

6,3

5,5

6,3

38

5,5

6,3

5,5
38

6,7
38

38

6,7

K8

38

6,7

6,7

Application methods
Please note the maximum extended length decreases
when two springs are installed as per figures 2, 3 and 5.

1. Single assembly

2. Dual assembly

3. Dual front to front

4. Dual back to back

5. Dual dual back to back

113

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS


KKF Series B
All dimensions are in mm

= Strip thickness

= Strip width

= Travel

Dy = Outer diameter without bearing*


Di = Inner diameter without bearing*
D1 = Outer diameter fitted on slide bearing

D2 = Inner diameter fitted on slide bearing (recommended approx. outer dimension of bearing)
F

= Spring force in Newtons

= Material length

* May vary in order to comply with the force specification.

Constant force springs for general use based on


imperial dimensions. These springs are normally fitted on bearings. If the spring is to be placed directly
onto a shaft, the chosen shaft diameter must afford
sufficient play on the inner diameter to prevent the
spring from locking onto the shaft.

t
0,051
0,076
0,051
0,102
0,076

114

Dy

Material: Stainless steel EN 10270-3-1.4310


Approximate life: 15 000 oscillations
1 kp = 9.80665 Newtons, 1 Newton = 0.10197 kp

Di

D1

3,175
3,175
6,35
4,76
7,94

167
252
167
338
252

4,83
7,24
4,83
9,67
7,24

6,18
9,25
6,18
12,36
9,25

6,91
10,3
6,91
13,8
10,3

Bore
type

Cat.no

5,79
8,69
5,79
11,6
8,69

0,46
0,7
0,93
1,4
1,7

203
305
203
406
305

E
E
E
E
E

8036
8037
8038
8039
8040

D2

0,102
0,127
0,127

9,52
9,52
12,7

338
422
422

9,67
12,06
12,06

12,36
15,42
15,42

13,8
17,3
17,3

11,6
14,5
14,5

2,8
3,5
4,7

406
508
508

D
D
D

8041
8042
8043

0,152
0,152
0,203
0,254
0,254
0,305
0,356

12,7
15,88
14,29
15,88
19,05
19,05
19,05

505
505
673
844
844
1011
1179

14,53
14,53
19,38
24,23
24,23
28,96
33,78

18,54
18,54
24,73
30,92
30,92
37,02
43,18

20,7
20,7
27,7
34,5
34,5
41,4
48,3

17,4
17,4
23,2
29
29
34,8
40,6

5,6
7
8,4
11,7
14
16,9
19,6

610
610
813
1016
1016
1219
1422

A
A
A
A
A
A
A

8044
8045
8046
8047
8048
8049
8070

0,305
0,356
0,406
0,456

25,4
25,4
25,4
25,4

1011
1179
1340
1515

28,96
33,78
38,86
43,43

37,02
43,18
49,54
55,48

41,4
48,3
55,4
62

34,8
40,6
46,5
52

22,5
26,3
30
34

1219
1422
1626
1829

C
C
C
C

8071
8072
8073
8074

0,356
0,305
0,457
0,406

38,1
50,8
38,1
50,8

1179
1011
1516
1340

33,78
28,96
43,43
38,86

43,18
37,02
55,51
49,54

48,3
41,4
62
55,4

40,6
34,8
52
46,5

40
45
50
60

1422
1219
1829
1626

F
F
F
F

8075
8076
8077
8078

0,635

38,1

2103

60,45

77,21

86,4

72,7

71

2540

8079

0,559
0,635

50,8
50,8

1852
2100

53,09
60,45

67,86
77,21

76
86,4

63,7
72,7

83
94

2235
2540

K
K

8080
8081

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS


KKF Series C
Series C is a programme based on the metric standard
adapted for standard slide bearings. Springs can be supplied with or without the bearing and with assemblies for
saddle or sideways fitting. See the following pages. Please
note, the bearing is supplied unassembled.

L 0,25

d1

d2

Spring

Slide bearing

All dimensions are in mm

All dimensions are in mm

= Strip thickness

d1 = Internal diameter

= Strip width

d2 = External diameter

= Travel

= Length

Dy = Outer diameter without bearing*

Nc = Life in approximate number of load cycles

Di

Recommended shaft dimension: d1

= Inner diameter without bearing*

D1 = Outer diameter fitted on slide bearing


F

= Spring force in Newtons 10%

Material: SBT, lubrication free three-layer bearing comprising a steel case, a sintered middle layer of bronze
and a sliding layer of PTFE.

= Material length

1 kp = 9.80665 Newtons, 1 Newton = 0.10197 kp

D2 = Inner diameter fitted on slide bearing

* May vary in order to comply with the force specification.

Material: EN10270-3-1.4310

0,1
0,1

10
10

0,15
0,15
0,15
0,15
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2

Type of
hole d1

2,8
1,6

360
400

D
D

10
12

17
23
17
23

6,2
4,4
8,4
5,5

600
640
600
640

D
D
H
H

23
34
23
34
23
34

9,3
4,3
12,3
5,7
15,4
7,1

830
900
830
900
830
900

D
D
H
H
H
H

Dy

Di

D1

D2

300
300

12,3
15,9

10
14

14
17,7

12
16

15
15
20
20

500
500
500
500

17,9
22,3
17,9
22,3

14
19
14
19

20,4
25,8
20,4
25,8

15
15
20
20
25
25

700
700
700
700
700
700

24,3
33,1
24,3
33,1
24,3
33,1

19
29
19
29
19
29

27,6
37,6
27,6
37,6
27,6
37,6

Nc

Spring Bearing
Cat. no. Cat.no.

12
16

10
10

15000
40000

1000
1001

1042
1043

15
20
15
20

17
23
17
23

15
15
20
20

15000
40000
15000
40000

1002
1003
1004
1005

1044
1045
1046
1047

20
30
20
30
20
30

23
34
23
34
23
34

15
15
20
20
25
25

15000
40000
15000
40000
15000
40000

1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011

1048
1049
1047
1050
1051
1052

d2

115

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS


KKF Series C

116

0,25
0,25
0,25
0,25
0,25
0,25

15
15
20
20
25
25

0,3
0,3
0,3
0,3
0,3
0,3

D2

Nc

Spring Bearing
Cat. no. Cat.no.

28
39
28
39
28
39

15
15
20
20
25
25

15000
40000
15000
40000
15000
40000

1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017

1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058

32
45
30
45
32
45

36
50
34
50
36
50

20
20
25
25
30
30

15000
40000
15000
40000
15000
40000

1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023

1059
1060
1052
1061
1062
1063

G
G
G
G
F
F

40
60
40
60
40
60

44
65
44
65
44
65

25
30
30
30
40
40

15000
40000
15000
40000
15000
40000

1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029

1064
1065
1066
1065
1067
1068

1900
2000
1900
2000
1900
2000

G
G
F
F
F
F

50
75
50
75
50
75

55
80
55
80
55
80

30
30
40
40
50
50

15000
40000
15000
40000
15000
40000

1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035

1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074

2400
2700
2400
2700
2400
2700

F
F
F
F
K
K

60
100
60
100
60
100

65
105
65
105
65
105

40
40
50
50
60
60

15000
40000
15000
40000
15000
40000

1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041

1068
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079

Type of
hole d1

Dy

Di

D1

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

31,2
39
31,2
39
31,2
39

24
33
24
33
24
33

34,5
44,3
34,5
44,3
34,5
44,3

28
39
28
39
28
39

11,5
6,1
15,4
8,1
19,2
10,1

1170
1250
1170
1250
1170
1250

D
D
H
H
H
H

25
35
25
35
25
35

20
20
25
25
30
30

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

37,4
48
35,8
48
37,4
48

30
42
28
42
30
42

42,4
55,2
40,7
55,2
42,4
55,2

36
50
34
50
36
50

17
9,8
21,3
12,3
25,5
14,7

1200
1270
1200
1270
1200
1270

H
H
H
H
G
G

0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4

25
25
30
30
40
40

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

48,8
64,8
48,8
64,8
48,8
65

37
56
37
56
37
56

54,4
72,8
54,4
72,8
54,4
73

44
65
44
65
44
65

33,7
16,3
40,4
19,5
54
26

1850
1900
1850
1900
1850
1950

0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5

30
30
40
40
50
50

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

58,6
75,1
58,6
75,1
58,6
75,1

46
65
46
65
46
65

66
88,6
66
88,6
66
88,6

55
80
55
80
55
80

51,2
27,9
68,3
37,1
85,3
46,5

0,6
0,6
0,6
0,6
0,6
0,6

40
40
50
50
60
60

2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000

69,2
100,2
69,2
100,2
69,2
100,2

53
88
53
88
53
88

78,9
115,6
78,9
115,6
78,9
115,6

65
105
65
105
65
105

100
35,7
125,2
44,6
150,2
53,5

d2

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS

Assembly for sideways mounting


G

I
L

Fitting for sideways installation of series C constant force


springs. Springs can be fitted for output either at the top
or the bottom. The fitting is supplied unassembled.
Springs and slide bearings must be ordered separately.
Material: SPD
Finish: FZB + chrome

Fits
spring no.

Cat.no

10
10
15
20

0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75

1000
1001
1002
1004

4713
4714
4715
4716

4,4
4,4
4,4
4,4
4,4
4,4

15
20
25
15
20
25

0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75

1003, 1006
1005, 1008
1010
1012
1014
1016

4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5

15
20
25
20
30
15
20
25

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1007
1009
1011, 1020
1018
1022
1013
1015
1017

4723
4724
4725
4726
4727
4728
4729
4730

65
65
65
65
65
65

80
80
80
80
80
80

5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5
5,5

25
30
40
20
25
30

1
1
1
1
1
1

1024
1026
1028
1019
1021
1023

4731
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736

41
51
61
41
51
61
71
41
51
61

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

115
115
115
115
115
115
115
115
115
115

6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5
6,5

30
40
50
30
40
50
60
30
40
50

1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25

1030
1032
1034
1025, 1027
1029, 1036
1038
1040
1031
1033
1035

4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746

52
62
72

130
130
130

145
145
145

4 x 6,5
4 x 6,5
4 x 6,5

40
50
60

1,25
1,25
1,25

1037
1039
1041

4747
4748
4749

46
46
46
46

16
16
21
26

28
28
28
28

38
38
38
38

4,4
4,4
4,4
4,4

66
66
66
66
66
66

22
27
32
22
27
32

42
42
42
42
42
42

55
55
55
55
55
55

78
78
78
78
78
78
78
78

23
28
33
28
38
23
28
33

52
52
52
52
52
52
52
52

90
90
90
90
90
90

34
39
49
29
34
39

125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
156
156
156

117

CONSTANT FORCE SPRINGS


Assembly for saddle mounting
L

A
F

B
I

Fitting for saddle installation of series C constant force


springs. Springs can be fitted for output either at the top
or the bottom. The fitting is supplied unassembled.
Springs and slide bearings must be ordered separately.

Material: SPD
Finish: FZB + chrome

118

Fits
spring no.

Cat.no

12,5
12,5
12,5
12,5

4,5
4,5
4,5
4,5

10
10
15
20

1
1
1
1

1000
1001
1002
1004

1080
1081
1082
1083

5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2

20
20
20
20
20
20

6
6
6
6
6
6

15
20
25
15
20
25

1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25
1,25

1003, 1006
1005, 1008
1010
1012
1014
1016

1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089

36
36
36
36
36
36
36
36

5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2
5,2

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

15
20
25
20
30
15
20
25

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1007
1009
1011, 1020
1018
1022
1013
1015
1017

1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097

44
44
44
44
44
44

46
46
46
46
46
46

6,2
6,2
6,2
6,2
6,2
6,2

30
30
30
30
30
30

8
8
8
8
8
8

25
30
40
20
25
30

2
2
2
2
2
2

1024
1026
1028
1019
1021
1023

1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103

65
75
85
65
75
85
95
65
75
85

70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70

76
76
76
76
76
76
76
76
76
76

8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3
8,3

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

30
40
50
30
40
50
60
30
40
50

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

1030
1032
1034
1025, 1027
1029, 1036
1038
1040
1031
1033
1035

1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113

85
95
105

105
105
105

95
95
95

8,3
8,3
8,3

65
65
65

12,5
12,5
12,5

40
50
60

2,5
2,5
2,5

1037
1039
1041

29
29
29
29

25
25
25
25

35
35
40
45

26
26
31
36

16
16
16
16

47
47
47
47
47
47

40
40
40
40
40
40

50
55
60
50
55
60

38
43
48
38
43
48

61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

50
55
60
55
65
50
55
60

76
76
76
76
76
76

60
60
60
60
60
60

121
121
121
121
121
121
121
121
121
121
160
160
160

16,5
16,5
16,5
16,5

4,2
4,2
4,2
4,2

28
28
28
28
28
28

27
27
27
27
27
27

38
43
48
43
53
38
43
48

38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38

70
75
85
65
70
75

54
59
69
49
54
59

90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90

85
95
105
85
95
105
115
85
95
105

130
130
130

110
120
130