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The state minimum wage is $7.

50, but the
tipped minimum wage is even lower at only
$3.75. The minimum wage increases annually
with inflation due to a voter supported ballot
initiative. However, including tips, tipped
workers in Missouri earn a median wage
of only $8.00 — equivalent to $16,640 for
a full-time year-round employee. Tipped
workers generally are allowed part-time
schedules that vary by season. Seven states
have eliminated the tipped minimum wage
— in those states tipped workers receive the
full minimum wage.
The Rising American Electorate refers to the
demographic groups that are growing the
most rapidly, historically with lower voter
participation rates, but whose growing civic
engagement has been crucial in tipping the
scales in recent elections. Tipped workers
are primarily women, over 30% are moms,
and although many are married, half of these
are single moms. Although the median age for
tipped workers is 29, half of them are younger.
And they are racially diverse, overrepresented
by Latinos, Asians, and African Americans
compared to the broader workforce.
They are also a highly educated group.
Tipped workers are a snapshot of the RAE.
TIPPED WORKERS AND THE RISING AMERICAN ELECTORATE
THE STATE
OF TIPPED
WORKERS
In Missouri there are nearly 100,000 tipped
workers, and 66% of these work in the
restaurant industry. The restaurant industry
employs nearly 10% of the workforce and
is one of the fastest growing sectors of the
US economy. Unfortunately, the restaurant
industry offers several of Missouri’s lowest
paid jobs. Five of the ten lowest paid
occupations are in the restaurant industry,
and two of these are tipped occupations.
TIPPED
MINIMUM WAGE
$3.75
MINIMUM WAGE
$7.50
MEDIAN WAGE FOR
TIPPED WORKERS
INCLUDING TIPS
$8.00
GENDER
71%
2
9
%
Restaurant Opportunities Centers United
www.rocunited.org
COUNTER ATTENDANTS
SERVERS
2 LOWEST PAID
TIPPED OCCUPATIONS
TIPPED WORKERS WHO
WORK IN RESTAURANTS
66%
MI SSOURI
In states with a tipped minimum wage of $2.13,
the poverty rates for workers of color is nearly
double that of the seven states without a tipped
minimum wage, with one in four living in poverty.
WHITE PEOPLE OF COLOR ALL
POVERTY RATES IN $2.13 STATES
16% 25% 20%
POVERTY RATES IN STATES WITH NO TIP CREDIT
13% 14% 14%
TIPPED WORKERS AND THE RISING AMERICAN ELECTORATE
White 79%
Black 9%
Asian 4%
Latino 4%
Other 4%
<_
24 37%
25-34 24%
35-44 13%
45+ 25%
RACE
AGE
HIGHER EDUCATION
EDUCATION
PARENTS WITH CHILDREN
ON FREE LUNCHES
38%
MARITAL &
PARENTAL
STATUS
49
%
Married 29%
Parents 29%
Dads 20%
Moms 33%
Single Moms 16%
P
O
V
E
R
T
Y
RAISE THE MINIMUM WAGE
Living off tips is precarious, but it doesn’t have
to be this way. Raising the minimum wage and
eliminating the tipped credit would provide
a significant stimulus to the U.S. economy in
tipped wages alone, providing a boost to local
economies and the broader food industry, as well.
FOR MORE INFO rocunited.org/stateoftippedworkers/
The industry projects employment will continue
to grow at the rate of 7% over the next decade.
H
INDUSTRY PROJECTED SALES 2014

9.4 BILLION
B
I
L
L
I
O
N
I
N
D
U
S
T
R
Y

G
R
O
W
T
H
30%
P
O
V
E
R
TY

R
A
T
E
T
I
P
P
E
D

WO
R
K
E
R
S
P
O
V
E
R
TY

R
A
T
E
T
I
P
P
E
D

R
E
S
T
A
URA
N
T

W
O
R
K
E
R
S
23
%
21
%
WORKERS ON
FOOD STAMPS
2X REST OF MO
WORKFORCE
17%
29
MEDIAN AGE
of tipped
worker moms
are single moms
MINIMIM
WAGE
$10.10
$12.00
$15.00
TIPPED
STIMULUS
$12.7
$19.4
$30.1
Tipped
restaurant
workers
live in poverty at
3X the rate of the
Missouri workforce.