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Book Reviews

Mild criticism must be made of the arbitrariness of selection at of these polymers, polyacrylamide, is described in detail. The
various points. Chapters 1 and 4, for example, describe aliphatic description of many new polymers and their synthesis is discussed
dicarboxylic and hydroxycarboxylic acids, virtually irrespective in six papers. The section on Characterization (six papers) includes
of their specific utility as condensants, and hence including many the description of the methods of exclusion chromatography,
substances of minimum interest as 'monomers'. Industrial processes sedimentation equilibrium, viscoelastic properties together with
are treated only sketchily and little attempt is made to present a an account of the biological activity of these polymers.
critical comparison of the various large-scale routes and procedures The papers as a whole provide a thorough examination of this
available for intermediates manufacture. Surprisingly, the important new and important area of polymer science and application.
family of amino acids is not considered, and other significant
omissions concerned the phenol precursors of aromatic polyethers; C. E. H. Brown
trimesic acid; the diphenyl- and diphenoxyalkane dicarboxylic
acids; the biscarbamoyl chlorides; the methyladipic acids, and the
difunctional trimethyl hexamethylene compounds, all of which High-modulus wholly aromatic fibres
have acquired considerable interest as condensants in recent Edited by W. B. Black and J. Preston
years.
There has been some laxity in proof-reading. The many errors Marcel Dekker, New York, 1973. $22.50
noted included various mis-spellings of the names 'Qiana' and The search for fibres having improved strength, modulus and
'Henkel' and (on pp 105 and 509) certain difficulties with 'formyl' high-temperature performance compared with conventional
and 'phthaloyl'. On p 303, Dickson (the co-inventor of Terylene) materials for use as reinforcing agents and in other specialized
is misnamed. The pagination of pp 437-8 was unfortunately trans- applications is of the greatest industrial importance. The publica-
posed in the review copy, and it is to be hoped that users of the tion of a book devoted to one particular class of materials which
analytical method on p 457 will not maintain their water con- show great promise is, therefore, welcome, even though it is based
densers at 250°C! Spectra of the more important substances on the proceedings of a conference at which the contributors,
could usefully have been included, as could an author index. with one exception, were from a single company, and some of the
The book is not a work of theory, nor one designed to offer new contributions have previously been published elsewhere. Actually,
insights into the subject. Its value is as a compendium of facts and although the editors in their preface apologize for the restricted
methods, particularly for laboratory use. As such, despite some sources of the contributions, this is in fact an advantage from the
limitations and blemishes, it can be recommended to research reader's point of view, for it gives to the whole a unity of aim and
workers seeking help in planning the synthesis of novel con- general cohesion which is all too often lacking in collective works
densation polymers. of this kind.
The contributions are arranged in three main sections, con-
L Goodman cerned respectively with: (a) the chemistry involved in the prepara-
tion of aromatic fibres, mainly of the polyamide--hydrazide type;
(b) the characterization of the morphology and physical properties
Water soluble polymers of a representative type of fibre; and (c) applications to com-
Edited by N. M. Bikales posites, tyre cords, etc.
Plenum Press, New York, 1973, 424 pp. $23.00 The materials examined have values of tenacity of the order
of 500 g/denier, combined with sufficiently high values of extensi-
In recent years water soluble polymers have been attracting bility ( ~ 4 % or more) to give them considerable advantages over
increasing attention because of their usefulness in industrial and their principal competitors (glass, carbon fibres, etc.). It is sur-
environmental applications. The most notable properties of these prising (to the reviewer) to see how far the technical development
polymers is their ability to flocculate suspended solids and this has and scientific assessment of this class of materials has advanced.
led to important applications in sewage treatment and paper Of particular interest are the frequent allusions to the calculated
making technology (drainage and retention aids). Other important values of elastic modulus, inspired by the original work of H.
applications include the so-called secondary recovery of petroleum Mark, work which at the time must surely have been regarded
from oil fields, the reduction of turbulent friction of fluids and as of purely academic interest, but which is now seen to have
as a component of water based finished and coatings. This book, quite direct practical relevance.
which is based on papers presented to a symposium held by the The book is well produced, and will be held in considerable
American Chemical Society in August 1972, provides an important esteem by both academic and industrial workers in the field of
and valuable review of the above topics and also a number of synthetic polymers and fibres.
papers on the synthesis and characterization of water soluble
polymers. The industrial manufacture of one of the most important L. R. G. Treloar

Conference Announcement Conference Announcement

Rubber and Rubber Elasticity State of order in amorphous
polymers
UMIST, Manchester, 27 and 28 March 1974 Sorrento, Naples, Italy, 1-3 May 1974
The Fifth Biennial Manchester Polymer Sym- The 2nd Europhysics Conference of the Section
posium on Rubber and Rubber Elasticity has of Macromolecular Physics (of the European
been organized at UMIST on 27 and 28 March Physical Society, Division of the Physics of
1974 to mark the retirement of Professor L. R. G. Condensed Matter), originally scheduled to take
Treloar from his Chair of Polymer and Fibre place in October 1973 at Naples, will now be held
Science in the Institute. Recent developments in from 1 to 3 May 1974 at Sorrento, near Naples.
the chemistry and physics of elastomers will be A full programme of both invited and contributed
presented by distinguished workers from USA, papers on the State of Order in Amorphous
Japan and UK. Applications for registration Polymers has been arranged. Further details
should be made as soon as possible to The may be obtained from Professor Paolo Cor-
Registrar, University of Manchester Institute of radini, Istituto Chimico, Via Mezzocannone 4,
Science and Technology (UMIST), PO Box 88, 80134 Napoli, Italy.
Manchester M60 1QD, UK.

192 POLYMER, 1974, Vol. 15, March