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PealLhy uLah oll

lnlLlal llndlngs !une 2014






!"#$%&'( **+ , -$#$ -./0'0"1 -02./#0"1
www.noLalys.com
lnfo[noLalys.com


!"#$%&'( **+ , -$#$ -./0'0"1 -02./#0"1
vvv.lC1AL?S.CCM | lllCQlC1AL?S.CCM
PealLhy uLah oll
lnlLlal llndlngs

lnomat|on About t|e lo||:

1hls reporL presenLs Lhe resulLs of a poll of 623 reglsLered voLers across Lhe SLaLe of uLah regardlng
Covernor PerberL's recenLly crafLed !"#$%&' (%#& lan. 8esponses were collecLed Lhrough phone
lnLervlews and onllne survey quesLlonnalres. 1he survey was conducLed ln May and !une of 2014.

lo|| Conoucteo uy:

Lan !ones 8 Assoc| ates
ro[ecL Manager: Chad 8erberL

Ana|ys|s ano 8eoot leoaeo uy:

!345*67( **+
ro[ecL Managers: Sven Wllson, hu and !ay Coodllffe, hu

AbouL Lhe preparers: !ay Coodllffe and Sven Wllson are professors of pollLlcal sclence aL 8rlgham ?oung unlverslLy.
1hey have parLlclpaLed ln Lhls pro[ecL as prlvaLe researchers of noLalys, LLC. 1hls documenL ls Lhe work of noLalys
and ls noL sponsored or endorsed by, or afflllaLed wlLh 8rlgham ?oung unlverslLy.

Soonsos:
AA8l bta|
Ame|can Cance Assoc|at|on Cance Act|on letwo|
Assoc|at|on o bta| Commun|ty lea|t|
Sa|t La|e C|ambe o Commece
bta| lea|t| lo||cy loect
bta| loso|ta| Assoc|at|on
vo|ces o bta| C|||oen

age | 1

Lxecut|ve Summay

1he PealLhy uLah oll was commlssloned by a group of uLah clvlc groups lnLeresLed ln gauglng supporL
for Covernor PerberL's !"#$%&' (%#& plan. 1he poll was conducLed by uan !ones & AssoclaLes on a
sample of 623 uLah voLers durlng May and !une, 2014. 1he full daLa and meLhods were Lhen shared
wlLh noLalys for lndependenL analysls. noLalys also consulLed wlLh Lhe uan !ones pro[ecL leader on Lhe
developmenL of Lhe survey lnsLrumenL. 1hls reporL ls Lhe flrsL seL of research flndlngs based on Lhe poll.
CompleLe poll resulLs are found ln Lhls reporL along wlLh a descrlpLlon of meLhods and an analysls of Lhe
resulLs. 1he poll glves a clear and compelllng summary of how uLah voLers see Lhe !"#$%&' (%#& plan,
parLlcularly ln comparlson Lo oLher opLlons, such as a full Medlcald Lxpanslon.
!"# $%&'%&() from Lhe poll analysls are Lhe followlng:
Wldespread SupporL
When compared wlLh Lhe opLlon of dolng noLhlng, 88 of uLah voLers prefer Lhe !"#$%&' (%#&
plan, and 70 prefer !"#$%&' (%#& compared Lo a full Medlcald expanslon.
!"#$%&' (%#& has sLrong supporL across Lhe sLaLe and #)*+, #$$ -")*,.#/&01 ,.*2/34 SupporL ls
hlgh for all age, educaLlon, race, gender, educaLlon and lncome caLegorles.

no arLlsan ulvlde
ConservaLlve 8epubllcans supporL !"#$%&' (%#&. Among voLers who ldenLlfy as 8epubllcans,
64 of Lhose who are very conservaLlve" supporL Lhe Covernor's plan, whlle [usL 13 oppose
Lhe plan.
ln general, supporL among 8epubllcans ls hlgher for !"#$%&' (%#& Lhan lL ls among uemocraLs,
slnce more uemocraLs favor Medlcald expanslon.

SupporL for Affordable PealLh Care
AbouL 9 of llkely voLers are currenLly unlnsured, even afLer healLhcare.gov wenL lnLo effecL. A
ma[orlLy (34) of voLers know someone who ls unlnsured.
uLahns Lhlnk healLh lnsurance ls very lmporLanL, and, more surprlslngly, 83 belleve all legal
uLah resldenLs should have access Lo affordable healLh lnsurance."
uLah voLers belleve LhaL lndlvldual responslblllLy ls lmporLanL when lL comes Lo lnsurance, buL
Lhey are also supporLlve of governmenL asslsLance for Lhose who cannoL afford coverage. Cf Lhe
63 of voLers who agree LhaL lndlvlduals and famllles should generally be responslble for
meeLlng Lhelr own healLhcare needs," 80 also agree wlLh Lhe sLaLemenL LhaL lndlvlduals who
are unable Lo afford healLh lnsurance should recelve help from governmenL sources."
uLahns are +*% opposed Lo a federal role ln healLh care. 71 belleve lL ls approprlaLe for Lhe
sLaLe Lo accepL federal asslsLance ln healLh care.

age | 2


SupporL for !"#$%&' (%#& lan leaLures
A slgnlflcanL ma[orlLy of voLers are lnLeresLed ln Lhe lssue of healLh care, buL only abouL 40
have heard of Lhe new !"#$%&' (%#& plan Lhus far. When Lhe deLalls of Lhe plan are provlded,
voLers are ln sLrong supporL.
uLah voLers sLrongly supporL Lhe lndlvldual feaLures of Lhe !"#$%&' (%#& plan. 8espondenLs say
LhaL Lhe followlng feaLures of Lhe plan make Lhem more llkely Lo supporL lL Lhan Lhey would
oLherwlse:
o 39 are more llkely Lo supporL Lhe plan because lL requlres lndlvlduals Lo pay /.")02)3
#+- 1*/#'3 (10 are less llkely).
o 39 are more llkely Lo supporL Lhe plan because lL provldes /.05#%" &"#$%& 0+32.#+1" for
people wlLh low lncomes raLher Lhan enrolllng Lhem ln LradlLlonal Medlcald (14 are
less llkely).
o 68 are more llkely Lo supporL Lhe plan because lL allows ,."#%". 6$"7080$0%' for how uLah
spends federal dollars Lhan allowed under LradlLlonal Medlcald (10 are less llkely).

Cpposed Lo lnacLlon
1he sLrongesL conslsLency ln Lhe poll ls LhaL voLers are very opposed Lo Lhe sLaLus quo of dolng
noLhlng. uemocraLs are more lncllned Lo do a Medlcald expanslon, whlle 8epubllcans supporL
Covernor PerberL's plan. 8uL boLh groups oppose Lhe sLaLus quo. ln a Lhreeway comparlson,
*+$' 9: *6 %&" 3%#%" 5*%".3 /."6". -*0+, +*%&0+,4
lf !"#$%&' (%#& ls re[ecLed by federal offlclals, 63 would supporL a new uLahspeclflc soluLlon,
and 28 supporL a Medlcald expanslon. Cnly 7 would favor dolng noLhlng.
And, 34 of voLers lndlcaLe Lhey would be more llkely Lo voLe for leglslaLors who supporL
!"#$%&' (%#&4 Cnly 14 lndlcaLe Lhey would be less llkely Lo voLe for a leglslaLor who supporLed
Lhe plan.



;*$$ <#=">?#'3
(%#&+3 #." *5".?&"$)0+,$' 32//*.%05" *6 %&" 6"#%2."3 *6
@*5".+*. !".8".%A3 !"#$%&' (%#& /$#+4
(%#&+3 5#$2" 0+-050-2#$ ."3/*+3080$0%'B 82% 8*%& C"/28$01#+3 #+-
D")*1.#%3 #." 3%.*+,$' 32//*.%05" *6 # ,*5".+)"+% .*$" 0+
#3303%0+, $*?0+1*)" 0+-050-2#$3 %* *8%#0+ &"#$%& 0+32.#+1"4
E&#% (%#&+3 #." #,#0+3%B )*." %&#+ #+'%&0+,B 03 -*0+, +*%&0+,4

age | 3

1. lntoouct|on/uac|gouno
lor Lhe pasL Lwo years, uLahns have been acLlvely debaLlng how Lhe sLaLe should move forward glven
Lhe changlng healLh care landscape. 1he Affordable Care AcL (ACA), someLlmes referred Lo as
CbamaCare, ls changlng Lhe way LhaL may uLahns obLaln healLh lnsurance.

ln 2010, a uS Supreme CourL rullng on a secLlon of Lhe ACA creaLed a donuL hole" of an esLlmaLed
37,000 uLahns. 1hese are adulLs who cannoL recelve subsldles Lo purchase lnsurance on healLhcare.gov
because Lhelr lncome ls Loo low yeL Lhelr lncomes are Loo hlgh Lo be ellglble for LradlLlonal Medlcald.

Covernor PerberL recenLly rolled ouL a new lnlLlaLlve Lo exLend healLh lnsurance ln Lhe sLaLe Lo Lhese
lndlvlduals. Pls !"#$%&' (%#& plan Lakes federal dollars LargeLed Lowards Medlcald expanslon and
reLurns Lhem Lo Lhe sLaLe Lo asslsL ln Lhe purchase of prlvaLe healLh lnsurance.

ln Lhls reporL, we analyze Lhe resulLs of a new poll, Lhe PealLhy uLah oll. ConducLed ln May and !une,
2014 by uan !ones & AssoclaLes, Lhe poll resulLs lndlcaLe LhaL 88 of uLahns prefer adopLlng Lhe !"#$%&'
(%#& plan raLher Lhan conLlnulng Lhe sLaLus quo. !"#$%&' (%#& ls also preferred by 70 of resldenLs
compared Lo Lhe opLlon of expandlng LradlLlonal Medlcald.

1he resulLs of Lhe uLah PealLh oll clearly lndlcaLe LhaL Lhe sLaLe ls sLrongly behlnd Lhe governor ln Lrylng
Lo make Lhe ACA work for uLah ln a way LhaL ls conslsLenL wlLh uLah values.

2. Met|ooo|ogy
F#)/$0+,
uan !ones & AssoclaLes conducLed Lhe survey. 1o selecL survey respondenLs, Lhey drew a random
sample from a llsL of reglsLered voLers ln uLah, based on counLy. 1hey seL counLy and gender quoLas
based on overall sLaLewlde demographlcs Lo lnsure LhaL every counLy would be represenLed accordlng
Lo lLs populaLlon, and LhaL Lhe gender balance would reflecL Lhe sLaLe's gender balance. 1hey conducLed
Lhe survey by Lelephone (69 of respondenLs, n = 429), and by emall (31 of respondenLs, n = 194)
uslng a recrulLlng parLner. 8oLh phone and onllne survey respondenLs were screened for counLy,
gender, and reglsLered voLer sLaLus.
E"0,&%0+,
1he survey responses (raw daLa) were sLaLlsLlcally ad[usLed uslng a Lechnlque called rlm welghLlng (or
raklng) Lo correcL for poLenLlal nonresponse error and poLenLlal coverage error. nonresponse error
occurs lf Lhe nonrespondenLs from Lhe random sample of reglsLered voLers dlffer slgnlflcanLly from Lhe
acLual respondenLs ln Lhelr responses Lo Lhe survey lLems. Coverage error occurs when Lhe random
sample of reglsLered voLers dlffers slgnlflcanLly from Lhe group LhaL we are aLLempLlng Lo survey and
draw lnferences abouL (ln Lhls case, llkely voLers). AlLhough lL ls lmposslble Lo know wheLher Lhere ls any

age | 4

nonresponse and coverage error, when welghLlng, we use whaL we know abouL nonresponse and
coverage Lo mlnlmlze Lhe chance of error.

ln our welghLlng procedure, we calculaLed Lhe age dlsLrlbuLlons from Lhe llsL of reglsLered voLers, and
from Lhe llkely voLers of 2014, and used Lhem Lo sLaLlsLlcally ad[usL Lhe survey daLa so LhaL respondenLs
belonglng Lo overrepresenLed groups were glven less welghL ln Lhe analysls and Lhose ln
underrepresenLed groups were glven more welghL. ln Lhls case Lhe age dlsLrlbuLlon of survey
respondenLs was lower Lhan Lhe age dlsLrlbuLlon of reglsLered voLers and llkely voLers. We model llkely
voLers ln Lhe 2014 general elecLlon as Lhose who Lurned ouL Lo voLe ln Lhe mosL recenL slmllar elecLlon:
Lhe 2010 general elecLlon, whlch ls Lhe mosL recenL mldLerm federal elecLlon.

1he welghLed daLa ls used ln Lhe Lopllne resulLs (summary sLaLlsLlcs) and crossLabulaLlons. Powever, Lhe
resulLs are quallLaLlvely slmllar when we welghL Lo reglsLered voLers or do noL welghL Lhe daLa.

C",."330*+ >+#$'303
8egresslon analysls ls used when Lwo or more facLors may lnfluence Lhe varlable we are Lrylng Lo explaln
or predlcL. lor example, boLh age and ldeology may be relaLed Lo supporL for a proposed program. 8y
uslng crossLabs, or slmllar meLhods, we can examlne Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween age and program
supporL, and Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween ldeology and program supporL. lL ls also llkely LhaL Lhere ls a
relaLlonshlp beLween age and ldeology. 8egresslon analysls allows us Lo conLrol for (or hold consLanL)
Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween age and program supporL whlle examlnlng Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween ldeology
and program supporL. ln oLher words, we can calculaLe Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween ldeology and program
supporL, neL of any age effecLs. And we can calculaLe slmulLaneously Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween age and
program supporL, neL of ldeology effecLs.

1he ldea of holdlng consLanL one effecL whlle calculaLlng anoLher effecL can be scaled up Lo many
varlables held consLanL by lncludlng Lhose varlables ln Lhe regresslon. ln Lhe regresslon models LhaL
follow, we esLlmaLe whlch facLors lnfluence supporL for varlous healLh lnsurance programs as well as
componenLs of Lhose programs. We run Lhree regresslons. ln Lhe flrsL regresslon, we lnclude
demographlc varlables: gender, age, educaLlon, lncome, household slze, race/eLhnlclLy, rellglon, and
rellglous acLlvlLy. We Lhus esLlmaLe how each demographlc facLor ls assoclaLed wlLh supporL for a
program, whlle holdlng oLher demographlc varlables consLanL. ln Lhe second regresslon, we lnclude Lhe
demographlc varlables as well as varlables for parLlsan ldenLlflcaLlon and ldeology. ln Lhe Lhlrd
regresslon, we lnclude varlables of Lhe second regresslon as well as speclflc aLLlLudes Loward healLh
lnsurance reporLed by Lhe respondenL.
lor each varlable LhaL has an orderlng Lo lLs scale (e.g. lncome), we use Lhe caLegory scale as a slngle
varlable ln Lhe regresslon. lor each varlable LhaL does noL have an orderlng (e.g. rellglon), we lnclude
each caLegory as a varlable (leavlng ouL one caLegory as a basellne). 8ecause we are conLrolllng for
lncome, we use unwelghLed daLa ln Lhe regresslons, buL Lhe resulLs are quallLaLlvely slmllar when we
welghL Lo llkely voLers. ln Lhe maln body, we provlde a summary reporL of wheLher each ordered

age | 3

varlable (ln each of Lhe Lhree regresslons) has a poslLlve (+) or negaLlve () relaLlonshlp, and wheLher
each unordered varlable has any relaLlonshlp (check). A blank means Lhere ls no sLaLlsLlcal relaLlonshlp
found ln Lhe daLa.
1

3. Ma|n 8esu|ts
A. Cverall SupporL
AlLhough !"#$%&' (%#& ls a new ldea, voLers ln Lhe sLaLe are already geLLlng behlnd lL. 8ecause many
voLers have noL yeL learned Lhe deLalls of Lhe plan (and, lndeed, Lhe plan ls sLlll belng negoLlaLed wlLh
Lhe federal governmenL), parL of Lhls supporL ls undoubLedly due Lo LrusL ln Lhe Covernor Lo do whaL ls
ln Lhe lnLeresLs of Lhe sLaLe. ?eL when uLahns voLers hear Lhe speclflcs of Lhe plan, Lhey are supporLlve.
!usL under 40 of uLahns were already famlllar wlLh Lhe plan, buL everyone was glven Lhe followlng
brlef descrlpLlon:
Covernor PerberL recenLly announced Lhe PealLhy uLah plan whlch uLlllzes Lhe prlvaLe lnsurance
markeL Lo provlde healLh lnsurance for uLahns llvlng aL or near Lhe poverLy llne. lf
lmplemenLed, Lhe plan would reLurn Lo uLah nearly 230 mllllon dollars pald by uLahns Lo Lhe
federal governmenL each year. under Lhe PealLhy uLah plan, Lhls money would be used Lo
asslsL more Lhan 33,000 lowlncome uLahns who currenLly lack access Lo affordable healLh
lnsurance. lunds would elLher purchase lnsurance from Lhe prlvaLe lnsurance markeL or
supporL parLlclpaLlon ln currenL sLaLe healLh lnsurance programs.
AfLer recelvlng Lhls descrlpLlon, voLers were asked Lhe followlng quesLlon, wlLh resulLs glven ln Lhe Lable
below:


1
A Lechnlcal appendlx wlLh full regresslon resulLs ls avallable upon requesL. ConLacL noLalys aL lnfo[noLalys.com.
9
7
24
29
30
0
13
30
43
S 1 8CnCL ? CCS L S 1 8CnCL ? S uC81
!"# $% & "'&( ) *+ , -* . /# -0 , 1)&$# $% 2"-3*$%( 4 *55*")2
&$6 . 1)&$# $% 2"-3*$%( 4 "755*3-8 2 0*/ /*7( 6 4*7 3&-)
4*73 "755*3- *+ 9*:)3$*3 ;)3<)3-= " ;)&( -04 !-&0 >( &$?

age | 6

1hus only 16 of llkely voLers oppose Lhls plan. A slzable 24 are ln Lhe neuLral poslLlon, lndlcaLlng Lhe
newness of Lhe plan LhaL voLers are sLlll learnlng abouL, buL a solld ma[orlLy lndlcaLe supporL.
1he mosL compelllng poll resulLs are when Lhe plan ls compared Lo alLernaLlves. AfLer llsLlng oLher
feaLures of Lhe plan-copaymenLs, prlvaLe lnsurance, flexlblllLy-respondenLs were asked Lo compare
Lhe plan Lo oLher programs. ln comparlson Lo Lhe opLlon of dolng noLhlng, 88 of voLers are ln favor of
!"#$%&' (%#&4 1he Covernor's approach ls also supporLed ln comparlson Lo dolng a LradlLlonal Medlcald
expanslon, lndlcaLlng LhaL hls deslre Lo flnd a "uLah SoluLlon" resonaLes wlLh uLah voLers. When asked
wheLher Lhey prefer !"#$%&' (%#& or an expanslon of Medlcald, 70 preferred !"#$%&' (%#&4


88
12
0
10
20
30
40
30
60
70
80
90
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An uC nC1 Pl nC
@$) *5-# *$ # " +*3 -0) "-&-) -* 6* $*-0# $%A B* 4*7 53)+)3C -*
6* $*-0# $% *3 -0) ;)&( -04 !-&0 >( &$?
70
30
0
20
40
60
80
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An ML ul CAl u L xAnS l Cn
@$) *5-# *$ # " +*3 -0) "-&-) -* 6* $*-0# $%A B* 4*7 53)+)3C
D)6# '&# 6 )E5&$"# *$ *3 -0) ;)&( -04 !-&0 >( &$?

age | 7

1he poll also dld a Lhreeway comparlson beLween !"#$%&' (%#&B Medlcald expanslon, and dolng
noLhlng. ln Lhls comparlson, 63 of llkely voLers supporL !"#$%&' (%#& over Medlcald expanslon or
dolng noLhlng. 1he flgure below lndlcaLes Lhese cenLral flndlngs.


ln Lhe recenL LeglslaLlve sesslon, uLah Pouse 8epubllcans led by Speaker LockharL proposed a plan LhaL
used a comblnaLlon of sLaLe and federal money Lo exLend care Lo a llmlLed number of lowlncome
resldenLs. 1he poll dlscussed ln Lhls reporL does noL compare !"#$%&' (%#& Lo Lhls alLernaLlve, buL
recenL research carrled ouL by Lhe uLah voLer oll compares Lhe Speaker's plan Lo Medlcald expanslons
and oLher opLlons. ln LhaL poll, Lhe Speaker's lan recelved only 11 supporL among uLah voLers, Lhe
lowesL of any of Lhe plan descrlpLlons ln Lhe poll.
2

|eooqtop||cs
WlLh such a hlgh percenLage of uLahns supporLlng !"#$%&' (%#&, lL would be surprlslng Lo flnd large
dlfferences of supporL across demographlc caLegorles. lndeed, Lhls ls Lhe case. 1he !"#$%&' (%#& plan ls
supporLed across all demographlc groups ln Lhe sLaLe. 1he followlng Lables show preference for Lhe
!"#$%&' (%#& plan over dolng noLhlng among dlfferenL demographlc groups.

2
CompleLe resulLs of Lhe uLah voLer poll are aL hLLp://uLahvoLerpoll.org/documenLs/201420March20uv201opllne.pdf.
See Lhe uLah uaLa olnLs blog for furLher descrlpLlon: hLLp://uLahdaLapolnLs.com/2014/03/uLahvoLerssupporLmedlcald
expanslon/


63
6
29
0
20
40
60
80
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An uC nC1 Pl nC ML ul CAl u
@+ -0) +*( ( */# $% -03)) *5-# *$"8 /0# '0 6* 4*7 "755*3- -0)
1*"-?

age | 8






Men
83
Women
90
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
9)$6)3
WhlLe
88
nonWhlLe
89
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
F&')GH-0$# '# -4
18 24
93
23 34
89
33 44
88
43 34
89
33 64
91
63+
84
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
I%)
Plgh School or Less
83
Some college
86
AssoclaLes/1echnlcal
86
8achelors
91
MasLers or Above
86
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
H67'&-# *$
Less Lhan $4,000
68
99
93
84
81
91 92
90
$130,000 or more
83
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
J$'*1)

age | 9

;*$0%013
uLah ls a red" sLaLe. Some have assumed LhaL Lhe overall conservaLlve naLure of Lhe sLaLe would lead
Lo opposlLlon of any plan LhaL uses federal dollars Lo promoLe healLh care for Lhe poor. 1hls ls noL Lhe
case. Compared Lo Lhe opLlon of dolng noLhlng, supporL for Lhe plan varles llLLle across pollLlcal parLles
and ldeologles. Lven among Lhose who ldenLlfy as 8epubllcans and very conservaLlve," supporL for Lhe
plan ls hlgh.
1here ls a pollLlcal dlvlde ln Lhe sLaLe regardlng Medlcald expanslon. uemocraLs are much more llkely Lo
supporL a LradlLlonal expanslon of Medlcald Lhan 8epubllcans are, and Lhey would prefer Medlcald
expanslon over !"#$%&' (%#& (77 prefer Medlcald and 23 supporL !"#$%&' (%#&)4 lndlvlduals of boLh
parLles sLrongly favor dolng someLhlng raLher Lhan dolng noLhlng by overwhelmlng ma[orlLles.
SupporL across parLy and ldeology ls reflecLed ln Lhe followlng Lables. SupporL for Lhe plan ls relaLlvely
even across parLy/ldeology, and Lhe sLronger supporLers are 8epubllcans and conservaLlves.

8epubllcan
91 uemocraL
80
lndep.
87
CLher
84
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
>&3-4 I++# ( # &-# *$
very Con.
84
93 94
81
very Llberal
79
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
>*( # -# '&( J6)*( *%4
very Con.
84 100
83
77
very Llberal
74
0
20
40
60
80
100
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
>*( # -# '&( J6)*( *%4
K B)1*'3&-" @$( 4L
very Con.
84
93
100
83
very Llberal
82
PL AL 1 P? u1 AP L An
>*( # -# '&( J6)*( *%4
K F)57<( # '&$" @$( 4L

age | 10

C",."330*+ C"32$%3
ln Lhe regresslon analysls descrlbed ln Lhe MeLhodology secLlon, we look aL supporL (on Lhe 3polnL scale
dlscussed above) for !"#$%&' (%#& conLrolllng for a varleLy of varlables. 1hls approach allows us Lo
ldenLlfy Lhe effecLs of lndlvldual voLer characLerlsLlcs on supporL for Lhe plan whlle conLrolllng for Lhe
effecL of oLher characLerlsLlcs.
lacLors lndlcaLlng supporL for !"#$%&' (%#&
D*6)( , D*6)( M D*6)( N
D")*,.#/&013
G")#$" + + +
>,"

H-21#%0*+

I+1*)"
!*23"&*$- 30J"

C#1"K"%&+010%'
C"$0,0*+

C"$0,0*23 #1%050%' + + +
;*$0%013

C"/28$01#+ L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

+
D")*1.#% L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

N%&". ;#.%' L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

O*+3".5#%05" + +
P"$0"63K>%%0%2-"3

!"#$%& 0+32.#+1" 0)/*.%#+%

H5".'*+" 3&*2$- &#5"3 #11"33 %* #66*.-#8$" 0+32.#+1"

I+-050-2#$3 ."3/*+308$" 6*. )""%0+, +""-3

+
!"$/ 6.*) @*5%4 3*2.1"3 03 #//.*/.0#%"

+
@*5%4 3&*2$- #3303% $*? 0+1*)"

+

<#8$" Q*%"3R S K 0+-01#%" # 3%#%03%01#$$' 30,+0601#+% "66"1% 0+ %&" /*30%05"K+",#%05" -0."1%0*+
0+-01#%"3 # 3%#%03%01#$$' 30,+0601#+% -066"."+1" #1.*33 ,.*2/3 ?0%&0+ %&" 1#%",*.'
T*-"$ UR 0+1$2-"3 *+$' -")*,.#/&013 #3 0+-"/"+-"+% 5#.0#8$"3
T*-"$ VR #--3 /*$0%01#$ /#.%'K0-"*$*,'
T*-"$ WR #--3 &"#$%& 0+32.#+1" #%%0%2-"3

1he effecLs lndlcaLed ln Lhe Lable above show whlch varlables are sLaLlsLlcally slgnlflcanL. 1he Lable
lndlcaLes LhaL women are more supporLlve Lhan men, supporL ls sLrong among Lhe rellglously acLlve,
LhaL supporL wanes as lncome grows, and LhaL Plspanlcs supporL Lhe plan aL a hlgher raLe Lhan non
Plspanlcs. Lven afLer conLrolllng for demographlcs, belng a 8epubllcan (especlally a conservaLlve) ls
assoclaLed wlLh hlgher supporL for Lhe plan. 1hese parLlsan effecLs perslsL even afLer ad[usLlng for
aLLlLudes abouL healLh lnsurance and governmenL (Model 3).

age | 11

8uL, ln general, none of Lhe caLegorles have effecLs LhaL are large ln slze. lor example, supporL for
!"#$%&' (%#& decllnes somewhaL wlLh lncome for boLh uemocraLs and 8epubllcans as lndlcaLed by Lhe
flgure below.

SupporL for Lhe plan also decllnes wlLh age, Lhough Lhe effecL ls noL sLaLlsLlcally slgnlflcanL. 1he age
effecL ls lllusLraLed below. 1he flrsL flgure shows !"#$%&' (%#& compared Lo dolng noLhlng, whlle Lhe
second shows !"#$%&' (%#& v. Medlcald expanslon. ln addlLlon Lo showlng how supporL decllnes
somewhaL wlLh age, Lhe flgures reveal parLlsan dlfferences and show how supporL for Lhe plan ls much
sLronger among 8epubllcans Lhan uemocraLs (a ma[orlLy of whom favor Medlcald expanslon).
Republican
Democrat
S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
o
p
p
o
s
e



S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
s
u
p
p
o
r
t
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

S
u
p
p
o
r
t
<4 4-15 15-20 20-35 35-50 50-80 80-100 100-150 150+
Income (K$)
General Support for Healthy Utah

age | 12



Republican
Independent
Democrat
0
.
2
.
4
.
6
.
8
1
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

P
r
o
b
a
b
i
l
i
t
y

o
f

S
u
p
p
o
r
t
18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Age
Support for Healthy Utah vs. nothing
Republican
Independent
Democrat
0
.
2
.
4
.
6
.
8
1
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

P
r
o
b
a
b
i
l
i
t
y

o
f

S
u
p
p
o
r
t
18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Age
Support for Healthy Utah vs. Medicaid

age | 13

u. Suooot o l|an leatues
knowledge of Lhe !"#$%&' (%#& plan ls noL hlgh, Lhough beLLer Lhan mlghL be expecLed glven LhaL lL has
only been parL of Lhe publlc dlscusslon for a few weeks. Cf Lhe 31 who have heard of Lhe plan, only 6
conslder Lhemselves Lo be very famlllar wlLh Lhe plan feaLures and 13 are somewhaL famlllar.
1herefore lL ls lmporLanL Lo examlne Lhe parLlcular feaLures of Lhe plan, whlch were explalned Lo survey
respondenLs.
AfLer descrlblng Lhe general overvlew of Lhe plan and gauglng general supporL (see prevlous secLlon),
Lhe poll lnqulred abouL some of Lhe lmporLanL feaLures of Lhe plan. 1he flrsL feaLure ls LhaL enrollees
wlll be requlred Lo pay premlums and copays, Lhe second ls LhaL Lhe plan wlll enroll people ln prlvaLe
lnsurance raLher Lhan ln LradlLlonal Medlcald, Lhe Lhlrd ls LhaL Lhe plan wlll offer more flexlble rules Lhan
LradlLlonal Medlcald.
8espondenLs were asked Lhe effecL LhaL each of Lhese feaLures had on Lhelr supporL for Lhe plan. ln each
case, Lhe feaLures of Lhe plan, when explalned, caused respondenLs Lo lncrease Lhelr supporL for Lhe
plan, ofLen much more." 1he lmpacL of Lhese feaLures on plan supporL ls glven ln Lhe followlng Lhree
flgures.


3
6
19
29
40
10
8
22
32
28
6
8
17
33
36
0
13
30
43
MuCP L L S S
S uC81 l vL
S CML WPA1 L L S S
S uC81 l vL
uCL S nC1 Al l L C1
Cl nl Cn
S CML WPA1 MC8L
S uC81 l vL
MuCP MC8L
S uC81 l vL
;)&( -04 !-&0 >( &$ O)&-73) P755*3-
Coays and remlums rlvaLe lnsurance llexlble 8ules

age | 14

C",."330*+ C"32$%3
WhaL voLer characLerlsLlcs are assoclaLed wlLh supporL for plan feaLures? 1he Lables below ldenLlfy
whaL Lhe regresslon analysls says abouL supporL for plan feaLures.

SupporL for lan leaLures: Coays and remlums
D*6)( , D*6)( M D*6)( N
D")*,.#/&013
G")#$" +
>," +

H-21#%0*+

I+1*)" + + +
!*23"&*$- 30J"

C#1"K"%&+010%'
C"$0,0*+
C"$0,0*23 #1%050%' + + +
;*$0%013

C"/28$01#+ L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M + +
D")*1.#% L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

N%&". ;#.%' L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

O*+3".5#%05" + +
P"$0"63K>%%0%2-"3

!"#$%& 0+32.#+1" 0)/*.%#+%

+
H5".'*+" 3&*2$- &#5"3 #11"33 %* #66*.-#8$" 0+32.#+1"

I+-050-2#$3 ."3/*+308$" 6*. )""%0+, +""-3

+
!"$/ 6.*) @*5%4 3*2.1"3 03 #//.*/.0#%"


@*5%4 3&*2$- #3303% $*? 0+1*)"


<#8$" Q*%"3R 3"" %#8$" *+ /4 UX 6*. 62$$ %#8$" +*%"34


age | 13

SupporL for lan leaLures: uses rlvaLe lnsurance
D*6)( , D*6)( M D*6)( N
D")*,.#/&013
G")#$" + +
>,"

H-21#%0*+

I+1*)"
!*23"&*$- 30J"

C#1"K"%&+010%'
C"$0,0*+
C"$0,0*23 #1%050%' +
;*$0%013

C"/28$01#+ L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M + +
D")*1.#% L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

N%&". ;#.%' L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

O*+3".5#%05" + +
P"$0"63K>%%0%2-"3

!"#$%& 0+32.#+1" 0)/*.%#+%

+
H5".'*+" 3&*2$- &#5"3 #11"33 %* #66*.-#8$" 0+32.#+1"

+
I+-050-2#$3 ."3/*+308$" 6*. )""%0+, +""-3

+
!"$/ 6.*) @*5%4 3*2.1"3 03 #//.*/.0#%"


@*5%4 3&*2$- #3303% $*? 0+1*)"



<#8$" Q*%"3R 3"" %#8$" *+ /4 UX 6*. 62$$ %#8$" +*%"34


age | 16

SupporL for lan leaLures: llexlble 8ules
D*6)( , D*6)( M D*6)( N
D")*,.#/&013
G")#$"
>,"

H-21#%0*+

I+1*)"
!*23"&*$- 30J"

C#1"K"%&+010%'
C"$0,0*+
C"$0,0*23 #1%050%' +
;*$0%013

C"/28$01#+ L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M


D")*1.#% L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M
N%&". ;#.%' L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

O*+3".5#%05" + +
P"$0"63K>%%0%2-"3

!"#$%& 0+32.#+1" 0)/*.%#+%

+
H5".'*+" 3&*2$- &#5"3 #11"33 %* #66*.-#8$" 0+32.#+1"

+
I+-050-2#$3 ."3/*+308$" 6*. )""%0+, +""-3

+
!"$/ 6.*) @*5%4 3*2.1"3 03 #//.*/.0#%"


@*5%4 3&*2$- #3303% $*? 0+1*)" +

<#8$" Q*%"3R 3"" %#8$" *+ /4 UX 6*. 62$$ %#8$" +*%"34

As lndlcaLed ln Lhe Lables above, aLLlLudes abouL healLh lnsurance and governmenL affecL how uLahns
percelve plan feaLures ln predlcLable ways (Lhough Lhe effecLs are noL always sLaLlsLlcally slgnlflcanL).
1he flgure below shows LhaL Lhe more people endorse Lhe vlew LhaL lndlvlduals are generally
responslble for provldlng for Lhelr own healLh care lncreases, Lhe more supporL recelved for Lhe plan
feaLure LhaL enrollees ln !"#$%&' (%#& should help pay Lhe cosL for Lhelr care by paylng premlums and
copays. 1he graph also lndlcaLes LhaL supporL for Lhls plan feaLure does noL dlffer much beLween
8epubllcans and uemocraLs.


age | 17



C. Att|tuoes about lea|t| Cae ano Covenment
As noLed above, mosL uLahns are noL famlllar wlLh Lhe Covernor's new plan. 1hus Lhelr supporL hlnges
crlLlcally on how Lhe plan ls explalned Lo Lhem as parL of Lhe survey process. Survey deslgners Look care
Lo provlde an accuraLe descrlpLlon of Lhe plan as lL now exlsLs, buL cerLalnly ln a lowlnformaLlon
envlronmenL, respondenLs are hlghly suscepLlble Lo how Lhe plan ls plLched" Lo Lhem.
Some may crlLlque Lhe above resulLs by saylng LhaL ln a conservaLlve sLaLe, Lhe hlgh supporL lndlcaLed
for Lhls plan ls noL ln llne wlLh Lhe pollLlcal values of Lhe sLaLe, whlch are generally ln opposlLlon Lo
federal enLlLlemenL programs, such as Medlcald. lndeed, Lhe supporL for Lhe Covernor's plan compared
Lo a Medlcald expanslon as envlsloned by Lhe ACA ls noL surprlslng glven uLah's conservaLlve pollLlcal
culLure.
Powever, Lhls broadbrush vlew LhaL uLahns do noL belleve LhaL governmenL should play a role ln healLh
care ls noL supporLed by Lhe daLa and palnLs a dlsLorLed plcLure of uLah values. uLahns may have
llmlLed lnformaLlon abouL Lhe Medlcald expanslon lssue, buL when asked general quesLlons abouL Lhelr
vlews on healLh lnsurance and governmenL-quesLlons LhaL do noL rely on knowledge of parLlcular plans
or even of program deLalls-Lhe resulLs suggesL LhaL Lhe supporL for Lhe !"#$%&' (%#& plan ls conslsLenL
wlLh a more deeply held seL of values.
1he ldea LhaL lndlvlduals and famllles should generally be responslble for Lhelr own healLh care needs
flnds sLrong supporL ln Lhls survey. 1he regresslon models used Lo analyze Lhls daLa lndlcaLe, as ln Lhe
Democrats
Republicans
M
u
c
h

l
e
s
s
s
u
p
p
o
r
t
i
v
e



M
u
c
h

m
o
r
e
s
u
p
p
o
r
t
i
v
e
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

c
h
a
n
g
e

i
n

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
Strongly
disagree
Strongly
agree
Individuals responsible for own healthcare needs
Healthy Utah plan feature:
Those receiving assistance help pay cost

age | 18

flgure below, LhaL Lhls ls a vlew held by boLh 8epubllcans and uemocraLs, buL LhaL vlews on Lhe quesLlon
Lend Lo moderaLe wlLh a greaLer degree of educaLlon.

1he values deLecLed ln Lhls survey suggesL LhaL uLahns are moLlvaLed boLh by conservaLlve ldeals of
lndlvldual responslblllLy and by compasslon for Lhe poor. uLahns also have a sLrong bellef ln Lhe
lmporLance of healLh lnsurance. 1he overwhelmlng ma[orlLy belleve LhaL everyone should have access
Lo affordable healLh lnsurance. 1hls bellef ls somewhaL sLronger among women Lhan men, and, as
lndlcaLed ln Lhe flgure below, Lends Lo grow sLronger wlLh age.
Republican
Democrat





S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y





d
i
s
a
g
r
e
e



S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
a
g
r
e
e
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

A
g
r
e
e
m
e
n
t
High School
or less
Some
college
Associate
Degree
Bachelor's
Degree
Graduat
Degree

Education
Individuals and families should be
responsible for own healthcare needs

age | 19


voLers ln Lhe sLaLe also supporL Lhe ldea LhaL lndlvlduals who cannoL afford lnsurance should recelve
asslsLance from governmenL sources. 31 of Lhe sLaLe voLers supporL LhaL vlew, whlle only 20
dlsagree (Lhe remalnder are neuLral). 1hls vlew ls one LhaL, as we mlghL expecL, dlffers slgnlflcanLly by
parLy afflllaLlon, buL supporL among 8epubllcans ls hlgher Lhan one mlghL suspecL, wlLh 37 agreelng.
Female
Male
S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
d
i
s
a
g
r
e
e



S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
a
g
r
e
e
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

A
g
r
e
e
m
e
n
t
18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Age
Utahns should have access
to affordable health insurance

age | 20


When puL ln Lhe speclflc conLexL of Lhe Medlcald gap (or donuL hole"), however, supporL for provldlng
governmenL asslsLance rlses subsLanLlally among members of boLh ma[or parLles. oll respondenLs are
Lold, CurrenLly, people above Lhe poverLy level can quallfy for slgnlflcanL federal subsldles Lo buy healLh
lnsurance, buL unless a sLaLe governmenL elecLs Lo provlde help, lndlvlduals below Lhe poverLy level are
noL ellglble for any asslsLance. uo you favor offerlng asslsLance Lo Lhose lndlvlduals who currenLly do
noL quallfy because Lhelr lncome ls Loo low?"
When puL ln Lhls speclflc conLexL, Lhe feellngs agalnsL publlc asslsLance fade, and 81 of voLers answer
yes" Lo Lhe above quesLlon, lncludlng 76 of 8epubllcans. 1he flgure below shows LhaL conservaLlves
are less llkely Lo supporL Lhls vlew Lhan llberals, buL supporL for provldlng asslsLance Lo people ln Lhe
coverage gap ls conslderable.

Very liberal
Moderate
Very conservative
S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
d
i
s
a
g
r
e
e



S
t
r
o
n
g
l
y
a
g
r
e
e
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

A
g
r
e
e
m
e
n
t
<4 4-15 15-20 20-35 35-50 50-80 80-100 100-150 150+
Income (K$)
Individuals who are unable to afford
health insurance should receive
help from government sources

age | 21


Covernor PerberL's sLaLed goal from Lhe beglnnlng of Lhls process nearly Lwo years ago when Lhe Supreme
CourL gave sLaLes Lhe opLlon of undergolng a Medlcald expanslon has been Lo flnd a uLah soluLlon." Pls
focus on Lhe Lwln values of personal responslblllLy and provldlng asslsLance for Lhe poor seems Lo be
succeedlng ln LargeLlng a seL of uLah values LhaL Lranscend slmple carlcaLures of uLah's conservaLlve pollLlcal
culLure.

L. Leg|s|at|ve Accountab|||ty
1he resulLs presenLed ln Lhls reporL are Lhe oplnlons of llkely voLers ln Lhe 2014 elecLlon. lL ls Loo early
Lo know how Lhls lssue wlll affecL Lhe elecLlon ouLcomes, buL voLers were asked wheLher Lhey would be
more llkely Lo voLe for leglslaLlve candldaLes lf Lhe candldaLe supporLs !"#$%&' (%#&4 34 of llkely voLers
wlll be more llkely Lo supporL candldaLes lf Lhey supporL Lhe plan, 32 are neuLral, and only 14 are less
llkely Lo supporL a candldaLe.
lnLeresLlngly, Lhe regresslon resulLs Lell a sLory abouL parLlsanshlp on Lhls lssue LhaL ls dlfferenL Lhan we mlghL
expecL. SelfldenLlfled 8epubllcans are more llkely Lo voLe for candldaLes who supporL Lhe plan Lhan are
lndependenLs and uemocraLs. uemocraLs are even less llkely Lhan lndependenLs (llkely because Lhey would
prefer candldaLes Lo supporL Medlcald expanslon). Lven afLer conLrolllng for parLy afflllaLlon, Lhose who see
Lhemselves as conservaLlves are more llkely Lo change Lhelr voLlng behavlor based on Lhls lssue. 1hose who
feel healLh lnsurance ls lmporLanL and LhaL everyone should have access Lo lL are slmllarly more llkely Lo
supporL such candldaLes, as are Lhose who Lhlnk people should be responslble for Lhelr own care and Lhose
Very liberal
Moderate
Very conservative
0
.
2
.
4
.
6
.
8
1
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

P
r
o
b
a
b
i
l
i
t
y

o
f

S
u
p
p
o
r
t
<4 4-15 15-20 20-35 35-50 50-80 80-100 100-150 150+
Income (K$)
Favor assistance to low income?

age | 22

who Lhlnk lL ls approprlaLe for governmenL Lo help lowlncome people who are ln people ln Lhe Medlcald
coverage gap.

More Llkely Lo voLe for CandldaLe who SupporLs PealLhy uLah
D*6)( , D*6)( M D*6)( N
D")*,.#/&013
G")#$" + + +
>,"

H-21#%0*+

I+1*)"
!*23"&*$- 30J"

C#1"K"%&+010%'
C"$0,0*+
C"$0,0*23 #1%050%' +
;*$0%013

C"/28$01#+ L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M + +
D")*1.#% L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M
N%&". ;#.%' L1*)/#."- %* I+-"/"+-"+%M

O*+3".5#%05" + +
P"$0"63K>%%0%2-"3

!"#$%& 0+32.#+1" 0)/*.%#+%

+
H5".'*+" 3&*2$- &#5"3 #11"33 %* #66*.-#8$" 0+32.#+1"

+
I+-050-2#$3 ."3/*+308$" 6*. )""%0+, +""-3

+
!"$/ 6.*) @*5%4 3*2.1"3 03 #//.*/.0#%"


@*5%4 3&*2$- #3303% $*? 0+1*)"

+

<#8$" Q*%"3R 3"" %#8$" *+ /4 UX 6*. 62$$ %#8$" +*%"34



age | 23

1he parLlsan dlfferences regardlng voLlng for candldaLes who supporL !"#$%&' (%#& are glven ln Lhe
followlng flgure.


4. Summay 8 Conc|us|ons
olls should be lnLerpreLed cauLlously ln a lowlnformaLlon envlronmenL, where Lhe lssue ls new and where
many voLers are noL engaged. 1herefore, as more publlc debaLe Lakes place on how Lo help Lhe unlnsured
adulLs ln Lhe sLaLe, publlc oplnlon mlghL shlfL. AddlLlonally, Lhe Covernor's offlce ls sLlll ln negoLlaLlons wlLh
Lhe federal governmenL, whlch mlghL noL approve all Lhe feaLures of Lhe proposed plan.
noneLheless, Lhls lnlLlal assessmenL of uLah voLer aLLlLudes reveals a remarkable level of supporL for !"#$%&'
(%#&4 1hls supporL ls for Lhe plan ln general (afLer a summary ls provlded for Lhem) and for speclflc feaLures
of Lhe plan. Moreover, Lhe poll reveals LhaL uLah voLers are very open Lo federal asslsLance for Lhe poor
when Lhe need ls accuraLely descrlbed Lo Lhem. uLahns respond very negaLlvely Lo Lhe donuL hole" creaLed
by Lhe Supreme CourL, ln whlch many poor people do noL earn enough Lo quallfy for generous federal
subsldles LhaL hlgher lncome people recelve. A surprlslng 81 of llkely voLers (76 of 8epubllcans and 96
of uemocraLs) belleve LhaL provldlng governmenL asslsLance Lo buy lnsurance ls approprlaLe for Lhe people
who have fallen lnLo Lhe donuL hole.
1here ls ample evldence ln Lhese resulLs LhaL provldlng asslsLance Lo Lhe poor Lo obLaln healLh lnsurance-
even governmenL asslsLance" where necessary-ls a fundamenLal uLah value, even among Lhose who
belleve sLrongly ln lndlvldual responslblllLy. 1hls alm ls aL Lhe core of Lhe !"#$%&' (%#& plan. 1he Covernor's
approach of dolng Lhls prlmarlly Lhrough Lhe prlvaLe markeL ls also conslsLenL wlLh uLah values. Cur lnlLlal
assessmenL of Lhe evldence ls LhaL Lhe Covernor has, lndeed, found a uLah soluLlon."
Democrats
Independents
Republicans
M
u
c
h

l
e
s
s
l
i
k
e
l
y



M
u
c
h

m
o
r
e
l
i
k
e
l
y
P
r
e
d
i
c
t
e
d

l
i
k
e
l
i
h
o
o
d
Strongly
disagree
Strongly
agree
Individuals responsible for own healthcare needs
Likely to vote for candidate who supported Healthy Utah?

age | 24

1oo||ne 8eoot
lea|t|y bta| lo||

Q*%"R F%#%03%01#$ ?"0,&%3 #//$0"- %* ."/*.%"- 5#$2"34 E&"." #//$01#8$"B /".1"+%#,"3 #." .*2+-"-4 ;".1"+%#,"3
)#' +*% 32) %* UXX: #+- 1*2+%3 )#' +*% 32) %* 3#)/$" 30J" LQM4
1: Lo you ma|e |ea|t| cae oec|s|ons o youse|` (e.g., se|ect
ooctos, oetem|ne w|en to v|s|t a oocto, etc.)
Q*7$- >)3')$-
?es 614 98
no 9 2
n: 623

2: Lo you ma|e |ea|t|cae oec|s|ons o ot|es |n you am||y suc|
as c|||oen o a|||ng oaents`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
?es 294 47
no 329 32
n: 623

3: lo |ow many am||y membes, |nc|uo|ng youse|, oo you ma|e
|ea|t|cae oec|s|ons`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
2 89 26
3 79 23
4 81 23
3 49 14
6 30 9
More Lhan 6 17 3
n: 343


age | 23

4: low oo you oay o you own |ea|t|cae costs`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Lmployer provlded lnsurance 323 32
Medlcare or Medlcald 149 24
unlnsured of selflnsured 49 8
SelfselecLed lnsurance plan on healLh
care markeLplace (PealLhcare.gov)
36 6
SelfselecLed lnsurance plan vla oLher
sources (noL PealLhcare.gov)
29 3
CLher 33 6
n: 623

S: low oo you oay o you c|||oen's |ea|t|cae costs`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Lmployer provlded lnsurance plan 201 38
noL appllcable l do noL have chlldren 41 12
Medlcare or Medlcald 28 8
SelfselecLed lnsurance plan vla oLher
sources (noL healLhcare.gov)
21 6
unlnsured or selflnsured 18 3
SelfselecLed lnsurance plan on
healLhcare markeLplace (healLhcare.gov)
10 3
CPl (Chlldren's PealLh lnsurance
rogram)
7 2
CLher, please speclfy: 17 3
n: 343

6: Lo you cuent|y |now |enos o am||y w|o ae un|nsueo`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
?es, frlends 177 28
?es, myself or lmmedlaLe famlly 78 13
?es, exLended famlly 72 12
no 233 41
unsure 40 6
n: 623


age | 26

/: bs|ng a sca|e o 1 to S, w|t| 1 mean|ng not at a|| |mootant" ano
S mean|ng vey |mootant", |ow |mootant |s |t |n you v|ew t|at
oeoo|e |ave |ea|t| |nsuance`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 noL aL all lmporLanL 6 1
2 13 2
3 61 10
4 117 19
3 very lmporLanL 423 68
n: 623
CounL ercenL
noL lmporLanL (1 & 2) 19 3
lmporLanL (4 & 3) 342 87
Mean Score: 4.4

8: l|ease |no|cate t|e oegee to w||c| you agee w|t| t|e o||ow|ng
statements:
8.1: A|| |ega| bta| es|oents s|ou|o |ave access to aooab|e
|ea|t| |nsuance.
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 SLrongly dlsagree 23 4
2 19 3
3 66 11
4 104 17
3 SLrongly Agree 411 66
n: 623
CounL ercenL
ulsagree (1 & 2) 42 7
Agree (4 & 3) 313 83
Mean Score: 4.4




age | 27

8.2: lno|v|oua|s ano am|||es s|ou|o genea||y be esoons|b|e o
meet|ng t|e| own |ea|t|cae neeos.
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 SLrongly dlsagree 33 8
2 28 4
3 129 21
4 144 23
3 SLrongly Agree 269 43
n: 623
CounL ercenL
ulsagree (1 & 2) 81 13
Agree (4 & 3) 413 66
Mean Score: 3.9

8.3: lno|v|oua|s w|o ae unab|e to aoo |ea|t| |nsuance s|ou|o
ece|ve |e|o om govenment souces.
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 SLrongly dlsagree 67 11
2 63 10
3 182 29
4 114 18
3 SLrongly Agree 197 32
n: 623
CounL ercenL
ulsagree (1 & 2) 130 21
Agree (4 & 3) 311 30
Mean Score: 3.3



age | 28

9: Cuent|y, oeoo|e above t|e oovety |eve| can qua||y o
s|gn||cant eoea| subs|o|es to buy |ea|t| |nsuance, but un|ess a
state govenment e|ects to oov|oe |e|o, |no|v|oua|s be|ow t|e
oovety |eve| ae not e||g|b|e o any ass|stance.
Lo you avo oe|ng ass|stance to t|ose |no|v|oua|s w|o cuent|y oo
not qua||y because t|e| |ncome |s too |ow`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
?es 302 81
no 117 19
n: 620

10: 1|e next set o quest|ons ae about a so|ut|on ooooseo by
Coveno lebet to aooess t|e |ea|t|cae neeos o |ow|ncome
bta|ns.
lave you |eao o Coveno lebet's lea|t|y bta| o|an`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
?es 264 42
no 339 38
n: 623



age | 29

C11: uslng a scale of 1 Lo 3 wlLh 1 meanlng noL aL all famlllar" and 3
meanlng very famlllar", how famlllar are you wlLh Covernor PerberL's
PealLhy uLah plan?
Q*%"R Y2"3%0*+ UU *+$' #3="- 06 ."3/*+-"+% #+3?"."- Z'"3[ %* \2"3%0*+ UX4
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 noL aL all famlllar 23 12
2 33 27
3 79 41
4 26 14
3 very famlllar 12 6
n: 194
CounL ercenL
noL famlllar (1 & 2) 76 39
lamlllar (4 & 3) 36 19
Mean Score: 2.8



age | 30

12: Coveno lebet ecent|y announceo t|e lea|t|y bta| o|an w||c|
ut|||zes t|e o|vate |nsuance ma|et to oov|oe |ea|t| |nsuance o
bta|ns ||v|ng at o nea t|e oovety ||ne. l |mo|ementeo, t|e o|an wou|o
etun to bta| nea|y 2S0 m||||on oo||as oa|o by bta|ns to t|e eoea|
govenment eac| yea. bnoe t|e lea|t|y bta| o|an, t||s money wou|o
be useo to ass|st moe t|an SS,000 |ow |ncome bta|ns w|o cuent|y
|ac| access to aooab|e |ea|t| |nsuance. lunos wou|o e|t|e ouc|ase
|nsuance om t|e o|vate |nsuance ma|et o suooot oat|c|oat|on |n
cuent state |ea|t| |nsuance oogams.

bs|ng a sca|e o 1 to S w|t| 1 mean|ng "stong|y oooose" ano S mean|ng
"stong|y suooot," |ow wou|o you ate you suooot o Coveno
lebet's lea|t|y bta| l|an`

Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 - SLrongly Cppose 36 9
2 44 7
3 130 24
4 182 29
3 - SLrongly SupporL 189 30
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Cppose (1 & 2) 100 16
SupporL (4 & 3) 371 39
Mean Score: 3.6



age | 31

13: 1|e lea|t|y bta| o|an equ|es t|ose w|o ece|ve ass|stance to
|e|o oay o t|e cost o t|e| |ea|t| coveage by cont|but|ng to t|e
cost o t|e| oem|um ano oay|ng cooays.
Loes t||s ma|e you:
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1Much less supporLlve of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
33 3
2SomewhaL less supporLlve of Lhe
PealLhy uLah lan?
39 6
3uoes noL affecL oplnlon of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
116 19
4SomewhaL more supporLlve of Lhe
PealLhy uLah lan?
182 29
3Much more supporLlve of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
231 40
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Less SupporLlve (1 & 2) 72 11
More SupporLlve (4 & 3) 483 69
Mean Score: 3.9


age | 32

14: 1|e lea|t|y bta| o|an oov|oes |ow |ncome |no|v|oua|s w|t|
|ea|t| coveage us|ng o|vate |nsuance o|ans at|e t|an eno|||ng
t|em |n tao|t|ona| Meo|ca|o.
Loes t||s ma|e you:
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1Much less supporLlve of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
60 9
2SomewhaL less supporLlve of Lhe
PealLhy uLah lan?
30 8
3uoes noL affecL oplnlon of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
138 22
4SomewhaL more supporLlve of Lhe
PealLhy uLah lan?
201 32
3Much more supporLlve of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
171 28
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Less SupporLlve (1 & 2) 110 17
More SupporLlve (4 & 3) 372 60
Mean Score: 3.6



age | 33

1S: 1|e lea|t|y bta| o|an wou|o g|ve bta| geate |ex|b|||ty on |ow |t
soenos eoea| oo||as t|an tao|t|ona| Meo|ca|o u|es a||ow.
Loes t||s ma|e you:
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1Much less supporLlve of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
33 6
2SomewhaL less supporLlve of Lhe
PealLhy uLah lan?
31 8
3uoes noL affecL oplnlon of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
104 17
4SomewhaL more supporLlve of Lhe
PealLhy uLah lan?
203 32
3Much more supporLlve of Lhe PealLhy
uLah lan?
226 36
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Less SupporLlve (1 & 2) 86 14
More SupporLlve (4 & 3) 431 68
Mean Score: 3.9



age | 34

16: Cne oot|on |s o t|e state to oo not||ng.
Lo you oee:
Q*7$- >)3')$-
uo noLhlng? 70 12
1he PealLhy uLah lan? 493 88
n: 366

1/: Cne oot|on |s exoano Meo|ca|o as oes|gneo |n t|e Aooab|e
Cae Act.
Lo you oee:
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Medlcald Lxpanslon? 161 30
1he PealLhy uLah lan? 383 70
n: 343

18: l t|e b.S. leoea| Covenment eects suooot|ng t|e lea|t|y
bta| o|an, w||c| o t|e o||ow|ng oot|ons oo you be||eve wou|o be |n
t|e best |nteest o t|e State o bta|`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
uolng noLhlng 34 6
Medlcald expanslon 199 34
CreaLe a new uLahspeclflc soluLlon Lo
provlde healLhcare Lo Lhe unlnsured
349 60
n: 382

19: C t|e o||ow|ng t|ee oot|ons, w||c| oo you suooot t|e most`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1he PealLhy uLah lan 373 63
Medlcald Lxpanslon 163 28
uo noLhlng 37 6
n: 377

age | 33

20: ln t|e next e|ect|on, wou|o you be moe |||e|y o |ess |||e|y to
vote o a State louse o State Senate cano|oate w|o suoooteo t|e
lea|t|y bta| l|an`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1Much less llkely 46 8
2SomewhaL less llkely 36 6
3neuLral, would noL affecL my voLe 202 32
4SomewhaL more llkely 178 29
3Much more llkely 138 23
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Less Llkely (1 & 2) 82 14
More Llkely (4 & 3) 336 34
Mean Score: 3.6

21: 1|e State o bta| cuent|y ece|ves aooox|mate|y $3.S b||||on
|n eoea| uno|ng annua||y to ass|st |n oov|o|ng sev|ces |n t|e state.
1||s como|ses nea|y 2/ o t|e State Covenment buoget. 1|e
sectos cuent|y ece|v|ng t|e |agest amount o leoea| uno|ng
|nc|uoe: lea|t| Cae, 1ansootat|on, ano Loucat|on
Lo you suooot t|e state o bta| acceot|ng eoea| ass|stance |n eac|
o t|ese sectos`
21.1: lea|t| Cae
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1SLrongly oppose 46 7
2SomewhaL oppose 30 8
3nelLher supporL nor oppose 84 13
4SomewhaL supporL 190 31
3SLrongly supporL 232 41
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Cppose (1 & 2) 96 13
SupporL (4 & 3) 442 72
Mean Score: 3.9

age | 36

21.2: 1ansootat|on
Q*7$- >)3')$-
SLrongly oppose 43 7
SomewhaL oppose 40 6
nelLher supporL nor oppose 90 14
SomewhaL supporL 213 33
SLrongly supporL 233 38
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Cppose (1 & 2) 83 13
SupporL (4 & 3) 448 73
Mean Score: 3.9

21.3: Loucat|on
Q*7$- >)3')$-
SLrongly oppose 68 11
SomewhaL oppose 29 3
nelLher supporL nor oppose 40 6
SomewhaL supporL 143 23
SLrongly supporL 342 33
n: 623
CounL ercenL
Cppose (1 & 2) 97 16
SupporL (4 & 3) 483 78
Mean Score: 4.0



age | 37

22: bs|ng a sca|e o 1 to S w|t| 1 mean|ng not at a|| |nteesteo" ano
S mean|ng vey |nteesteo," |ow |nteesteo ae you |n t|e |ssues o
|ea|t|cae coveage ano Meo|ca|o Lxoans|on |n t|e State o bta|`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 noL aL all lnLeresLed 24 4
2 31 3
3 138 22
4 162 26
3 very lnLeresLed 266 43
n: 623
CounL ercenL
lnLeresLed (4 & 3) 428 69
noL lnLeresLed (1 & 2) 33 9
Mean Score: 3.99

23: lom w||c| o t|e o||ow|ng souces ae you most |||e|y to see|
|nomat|on w|t| egaos to |ea|t|cae oo||cy |n t|e State o bta|`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Local Medla 291 47
PealLhcare provlders 283 46
uLah ueparLmenL of PealLh 236 41
nelghbors or frlends 248 40
PealLh lnsurance companles 203 33
uLah SLaLe LeglslaLure 164 26
uLah lnsurance ueparLmenL 133 23
uLah Covernor's Cfflce 134 23
uLah PosplLal AssoclaLlon 119 19
CLher, please speclfy: 78 13
n: 623



age | 38

24: v|at |s you genoe`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Male 312 30
lemale 310 30
n: 623

2S: v||c| o t|e o||ow|ng age catego|es best oesc|bes you`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1824 11 2
2334 68 11
3344 109 17
4334 103 17
3364 141 23
63 or older 183 30
n: 622

26: lnc|uo|ng youse|, |ow many oeoo|e ||ve w|t||n you
|ouse|o|o`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
1 person 61 10
2 people 229 37
3 people 94 13
4 people 90 14
3 people 76 12
6 people 33 6
7 people 19 3
8 people 7 1
More Lhan 8 people 12 2
n: 622



age | 39

2/: v|at |s t|e ||g|est |eve| o eoucat|on you |ave como|eteo`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Plgh school graduaLe or less 78 13
Some college 161 26
AssoclaLe degree or 1echnlcal
degree/cerLlflcaLe
92 13
8achelor's degree 182 30
CraduaLe or professlonal degree 106 17
n: 619

28: v|at |s you aooox|mate annua| |ouse|o|o |ncome`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
Less Lhan $4,000 10 2
$4,000 Lo less Lhan $13,000 16 3
$13,000 Lo less Lhan $20,000 19 11
$20,000 Lo less Lhan $33,000 66 17
$33,000 Lo less Lhan $30,000 102 18
$30,000 Lo less Lhan $80,000 171 30
$80,000 Lo less Lhan $100,000 73 13
$100,000 Lo less Lhan $130,000 74 13
$130,000 or more 46 8
n: 379

29: v||c| o t|e o||ow|ng best oesc|bes you et|n|c|ty`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
WhlLe or Caucaslan 373 93
Plspanlc or LaLlno 12 2
Amerlcan lndlan or Alaska naLlve 7 1
naLlve Pawallan or CLher aclflc
lslander
4 <1
Aslan 3 <1
8lack or AfrlcanAmerlcan 2 <1
CLher 11 2
n: 616


age | 40

30: ls you e||g|ous oeeence.
Q*7$- >)3')$-
LuS 393 63
none 89 13
CaLhollc 43 7
roLesLanL 29 3
!ewlsh 1 <1
Musllm 1 <1
CLher 30 8
n: 606

31: low act|ve ae you |n you e||g|on`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
noL aL all acLlve 23 3
noL very acLlve 38 8
very acLlve 340 69
n: 489

32: ln oo||t|cs tooay, w||c| o t|e o||ow|ng best oesc|bes you
oo||t|ca| a|||at|on`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
8epubllcan 267 43
lndependenL 176 30
uemocraL 103 18
CLher parLy (lease speclfy) 30 8
n: 398



age | 41

33: Lo you cons|oe youse| oo||t|ca||y ||bea| o consevat|ve`
Q*7$- >)3')$-
very conservaLlve 132 23
SomewhaL conservaLlve 187 31
ModeraLe 116 19
SomewhaL llberal 101 17
very llberal 46 8
n: 604

County o 8es|oence
Q*7$-4 Q*7$-4 Q*7$-4 >)3')$-
8eaver <1 lron 2 Sevler 1
8ox Llder 3 !uab <1 SummlL 4
Cache 2 kane <1 1ooele 3
Carbon 2 Mlllard <1 ulnLah 2
uaggeLL <1 Morgan <1 uLah 13
uavls 8 luLe <1 WasaLch 1
uuchesne <1 8lch <1 WashlngLon 6
Lmery <1 SalL Lake 36 Wayne <1
Carfleld <1 San !uan 1 Weber 6
Crand <1 SanpeLe 2
n: 306