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WAP

- the Wireless Application Protocol


Index

Introduction

Technical specifications

WAP protocol suite

WML(Wireless Markup Language )

Conclusion

Literature
Introduction

WAP stands for Wireless Application


Protocol

an open international standard for


applications that use wireless
counication

specificall! designed to address the


liitations of "er! sall porta#le
de"ices
Introduction

The official #od! de"eloping WAP used


to #e the WAP $oru% which has
consolidated (along with an! other
forus of the industr!) into &MA(&pen
Mo#ile Alliance)

The other a'or copeting wireless


data protocol ( iMode
Technical specifications

WAP protocol suite


Technical specifications

WAP protocol suite

Wireless )atagra protocol (W)P)

The #otto-ost protocol

adaptation la!er that perfors functions siilar


to *)P(*ser )atagra Protocol)

ipleents an a#straction la!er to lower-le"el


network protocols

considered #! all the upper la!ers as one and


the sae protocol% which has se"eral +technical
reali,ations+
Technical specifications

WAP protocol suite

Wireless Transport La!er -ecurit! (WTL-)

pro"ides a pu#lic-ke! cr!ptograph!-#ased


securit! echanis

optional

Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP)

pro"ides transaction support that is adapted to


the wireless world

ore effecti"el! than TCP(Transfer Control


Protocol)
Technical specifications

WAP protocol suite

Wireless -ession Protocol (W-P)

a copressed "ersion of .TTP for WAP


#rowsers

works with relati"el! copact #inar! data(.TTP


works ainl! with text data)

Wireless Application /n"ironent (WA/)

directl! supports WAP application de"elopent

application-specific arkup languages are


defined in this space
Technical specifications

WML

Priar! Languege of WA/

0ased on 1ML

designed after
the odel of
.TML for We#
content
Conclusion

WAP supports the deli"er! of We# content


o"er wireless networks

The WAP odel was optii,ed for the


following constraints

Wireless de"ices like cell phones ha"e relati"el!


sall displa!s2 -oe displa!s support graphics
#ut soe onl! support text2

Wireless de"ices usuall! ha"e no ouse and a


liited ke!#oard3 ke!#oards are often used one-
handed2
Conclusion

The WAP odel was optii,ed for the


following constraints(4)

Wireless de"ices contain relati"el! little eor!


and processing power2

Wireless networks tend to ha"e interittent


network connecti"it!

Wireless networks often feature liited #andwidth


and long latencies (dela!s #etween re5uests and
replies)2

Wireless networks a! or a! not support IP2


Literature

http677en2wikipedia2org7wiki7Wireless8Ap
plication8Protocol

http677copnetworking2a#out2co7od7wir
elesswap7