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MATERIALS ENGINEERS REVIEW NOTES

SET ONE
1. The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-situ-test that measures what?
Ans. depth of soil layer
2. Whih of the ff. !ituminous material is !est reommended for sealin" wea#ened plane $oints?
Ans. $oint filler asphalt (ommonly alled hard asphalt or !lown asphalt)
%. The main pro!lem assoiated with wron" pratie of on&eyin" onrete is alled what?
Ans. se"re"ation
'. The speifiations all for 1(2(' onrete mi). *n a one !a""er mi)er+ whih of the ff. amount of
water is most li#ely re,uired for the mi)?
Ans. - 2- liters
.. A one-lane road+ with a pa&ement width of %.. meters and shoulder width of -.. meter on eah
side of the pa&ement+ was desi"ned to ha&e su! !ase and !ase ourses with a om!ined thi#ness
of %--mm. *f the thi#ness of the su! !ase is a 12.mm+ the spreadin" and ompation of the
su!!ase and !ase ourses shall !e arried out in(
Ans. % layers o&er the full width of '.. m
/. As materials en"ineer+ what is the area of the trial setion that you would reommend to he# the
suita!ility of the materials and effiieny of the e,uipment to !e used for item %1- 0ituminous
1onrete Surfae 1ourse?
Ans. a!out .-- s,.m
2. Per pro"ram of wor#+ the estimated &olume of *tem 2-1 materials is 2.-- u.m. 3ow many
"radin" and plastiity tests are re,uired !ased on the 4PW3 minimum testin" re,uirements?
Ans. 2. "radin" and 2. plastiity
5. 0ituminous onrete mi)es ontain asphalt !y wei"ht e,ui&alent to what?
Ans. . to 5 6
7. 8uality of fatory-produed reinfored onrete pipes may !e !est esta!lishment throu"h what?
Ans. Test of onrete pipes samples
1-. Where do we ta#e additional ores when the measured of any ore ta#en from the pa&ement is
defiient in thi#ness !y more than 2.mm?
Ans. at no less than . meter inter&als parallel to the enterline in eah diretion from the affeted
loation
11. The results of the *mmersion-1ompression test onduted on an asphalt mi) sample are as follows(
4ry sta!ility 9 2+--- :pa
Wet sta!ility 9 1+--- :pa
What is the resultin" *nde) of ;etained stren"th? 4oes it meet the speifiation re,uirement of
*tem %-1+ 0ituminous 1onrete Surfae 1ourse?
Ans.
*nde) of ;etained Stren"th or *;S 9 Wet sta!ility ) 1--
4ry sta!ility
9 (1+--- :pa<2+--- :pa) ) 1--
*;S 9 .-6
= >o+ it does not meet the speifiation of *tem %1- sine the speifiation
of *;S is 2-6 minimum while the resultin" *;S here is only .-6.
12. 8uality 1ontrol testin" in a 4PW3 pro$et is the responsi!ility of the??????????
Ans. 1ontrator @aterials An"ineers
1%. As materials en"ineers+ when is the ri"ht time to start samplin" and testin" a""re"ate of the
ourse materials?
Ans. 0efore the ourse materials !e inorporated in the pro$et.
1'. The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
Ans. o&erheatin" durin" manufature
1.. Bnder what limati ondition(s) do we use the lower penetration "rade or hard asphalt?
Ans. hot limate
1/. Samplin" of the freshly mi)ed onrete should !e ta#en on the ?????? !ath dishar"e of the
transit mi)er?
Ans. - middle
12. Soft and unsta!le soils were enountered durin" the ourse of su!-"rade preparation. *f you were
the materials en"ineer assi"ned to the pro$et+ what is the most effeti&e and heaper method that
you would reommend to sta!iliCe the soil prior to the onstrution of the su!!ase ourse?
Ans. - "eote)tiles
15. 3ow many times per layer should a onrete speimen molded in a /D)/D)12D !eam mold !e
rodded?
Ans. /% times
17. What is the !asis for aeptane or re$etion of any onstrution materials?
Ans. @aterials Test ;eports
2-. *n testin" onrete ylinder sample the load applied should !e ontinuous without sho# at a
onstant rate within the ran"e of ??????? per seond.
Ans. - -.1' to -.%' @pa per seond or 2- to .- psi per seond.
21. 4urin" the appliation of the first half of the antiipated load a loadin" shall !e permitted.
Ans. hi"her rate
22. *nitial rollin" in !ituminous mi)es shall !e performed with a ??????????? roller.
Ans. Pneumati-Tire roller
2%. Einal rollin" in !ituminous mi)es shall !e performed with a ???????????? roller.
Ans.- %-wheel or tandem type steel wheel roller
2'. ;ollin" of 0ituminous mi) shall !e disontinued whene&er it !e"ins to produe e)essi&e
??????????or ??????????.
Ans.- pul&eriCin" of the a""re"ate or displaement of the mi)ture
2.. Einal rollin" shall !e ontinued until roller mar#s are eliminated and a minimum ????????? mass
perent of the density of the la!oratory ompated a speimen prepared in aordane with
AAS3TF T1/- has !een o!tained.
Ans. 7. mass perent
2/. Sample from ompated !ituminous mi) shall !e neatly ut !y a saw or ore drill. Aah sample
shall !e at least ???????????.
Ans. 1.-mm ) 1.-mm ) 1--mm diameter full depth
22. Eor surfae Toleranes the surfae (!ituminous mi)) will !e he#ed !y the used of a ??????????
at sites seleted !y the en"ineer.
Ans. %-m strai"ht ed"e
25. *f the &olume of oarse a""re"ate intended in your pro$et in 5. u.m.+ how many "radin" test will
you perform?
Ans. - 1 "radin" test
27. What is the most ommon method adapted !y 4PW3 in the determination of density of the soil in
plae?
Ans. sand one method
%-. What is the minimum sample for moisture ontent determination if the ma)imum siCe of partiles is
.-mm (2 inhes)?
Ans. 1--- "rams
%1. What is the minimum mass of field sample for a ma)imum siCe of fine a""re"ates at '.2.mm
(no.')?
Ans. 2- #"s.
%2. What is minimum mass of field samples for oarse a""re"ate with a ma)imum nominal siCe of
a""re"ates of .-mm (2 inhes)?
Ans. 2. #"s.
%%. What is the minimum mass<,uality of samples for Portland ement to !e tested for ,uality test in
the la!oratory?
Ans. 1- #"s.
%'. What is the minimum mass<,uality of samples for asphalti materials?
Ans. . liters
%.. The minimum mass<,uantity of samples for asphalt mi)?
Ans. 1- #"s.
%/. The su!mission of any type of samples in the la!oratory+ what should you aomplished and to !e
su!mitted to"ether with the samples?
Ans. sample ard
%2. *f the minimum yield stren"th of a "rade '- steel !ars is '-+--- psi+ what is the e,ui&alent
@><m2?
Ans. 22/ @pa
%5. *f the minimum yield stren"th of a "rade /- steel !ars is '1' @pa+ what is the e,ui&alent in PS*?
Ans. /-+--- psi
%7. 3ow many samples for ,uality of steel !ars "rade '- if there are 1.+.-- #"s. of steel !ars all
2.mm - at site?
Ans. 2 samples G 1 meter lon"
'-. What is the minimum mass of yield samples for oarse a""re"ates with a ma)imum nominal siCe of
a""re"ate of 2.mm (%inhes)?
Ans. 1-- #"s.
'1. What is the minimum mass of oarse a""re"ates retained on the 2--mm sie&e shall !e set a side
for sie&e analysis for .-mm (2 inhes) partile siCe?
Ans. 2 #"s.
'2. What is the minimum a&era"e stren"th re,uirement for non load !earin" onrete hollow !lo#s?
Ans. '.1' @pa.
'%. What is the minimum a&era"e stren"th re,uirement for a load !earin" onrete hollow !lo#s?
Ans. /.7 @pa.
''. What is the a&era"e defiient thi#ness per lot of ores speimen where no payment is
reommended on the pro$et?
Ans. more than 2. mm
'.. What is the ma)imum a&era"e defiient thi#ness per lot of ores speimen where 1--6 payment
is reommended?
Ans+ - . mm ma)imum
'/. 1onrete in the area represented !y the ores will !e onsider ade,uate if the a&era"e stren"th of
the ores is e,ual to at least ???????? of the speified stren"th+ fH and no sin"le ore is less than
2.6 of fH.
Ans. 5.6 fH
'2. The wei"hted loss of fine a""re"ates su!$eted to . yles of the sodium sulfate soundness test
should not e)eed.
Ans. 1- mass 6
'5. The reommended type of Portland ement to !e used in onretin" unless otherwise pro&ided for
in the speial pro&ision(
Ans. type 1
'7. Portland ement may!e<shall !e re$eted if(
Ans. - it has partially set
- it ontains lumps of a#e ement
- it omes from a disarded or used !a"
.-. Eine a""re"ates shall !e re$eted when if fails in the ???????? for or"ani impurities.
Ans. olormati test
.1. Eine a""re"ates used for P11P shall not ontain more than ???????? of materials passin" the
-.-2. mm (no. 2-- sie&e) !y washin".
Ans. % mass perent
.2. The oarse a""re"ate used for P11P shall not ontain more than ???????? of materials passin"
the -.-2. mm (no. 2-- sie&e) !y washin".
Ans. 1 mass perent
.%. The mass perent of wear or a!ration loss of oarse a""re"ate used for when !y AAS3TF T-7/
should not e)eed.
Ans. .-6
.'. The wei"hted loss of oarse a""re"ate when su!$eted to fi&e (.) yle of the sodium sulfate
soundness test should not e)eed.
Ans. 12 mass perent
... The used dowel !ars used in P11P is
Ans. plain round !ar
./. A department Frder series of 1772 "i&e supplement "uidelines on the ondut of Pro$et
assessment !y the 8uality assurane units ;e"ional Fffie (8AB-;F)
Ans. 4.F. I.2
.2. A 4epartment Frder series of 1772+ ;e&ised 4PW3 Standard speifiation for Alastomeri !earin"
pads for !rid"e superstrutures.
Ans. 4.F. I2-
.5. What is the ma)imum ompressi&e stren"th of 1.- mm ) %-- mm onrete ylinder speimen at
25 days for lass 0 onrete?
Ans. .--- Psi (%2.2 @pa)
.7. What is the ma)imum ompressi&e stren"th of 1.- mm ) %-- mm onrete ylinder speimen at
25 days for lass 1 onrete?
Ans. %--- Psi (2-.2 @pa)
/-. The weepholes shall !e plaed at the lowest points where free outlets for water an !e o!tained
and shall !e spread not more than(
Ans. 2 meters enter to enter
/1. Fne of the most ommon method used in ompation test<moisture density relation test of soil is(
Ans. AAS3TF T-15-
/2. Whih of the ff. ommon method used in ompation test<moisture density relation test of soil
adopted !y 4PW3(
Ans. AAS3TF T-77 and AAS3TF T-15-
/%. *f you are to use AAS3TF T-77 method (standard protor test) in ompation test+ what is the
wei"ht of rammer to !e used?
Ans. 2.. #"s. (... l!s.)
/'. Bsin" the standard protor test or AAS3TF T-77+ what is the hei"ht of drop to a free fall a!o&e the
ele&ation of the soil and uniformly distri!utes suh drops to the soil surfae?
Ans. %-. mm (12D)
/.. Bsin" the standard Protor test or AAS3TF T-77 or moisture density relation test+ what is the
reommended no. of !lows per layer?
Ans. 2. !lows
//. Bsin" the modified Protor test (AAS3TF T-15-) method for moisture density relation test of soil+
what is the reommended no. of !lows per layer?
Ans. ./ !lows
/2. Bsin" a"ain the modified Protor test ( AAS3TF T-15-) method for moisture density relation test of
soil+ what is the hei"ht of drop to a free fall a!o&e the ele&ation of the soil and uniformly distri!utes
suh drops to the soil surfae?
Ans. - '.2 mm (15D)
/5. What is the apaity or the omputed &olume of mold usin" /D (1.2 mm) mold for !oth AAS3TF T-
77 J AAS3TF T-15- method?
Ans. -.--212' m
%
/7. What are the dataHs needed in moisture density relation test of soil 2 most ommon method?
Ans. ma)imum dry density (@44)
- optimum moisture ontent (F@1)
2-. The prime oat shall !e left undistur!ed for a period of at least ???????? hrs. and shall not !e
opened to traffi until it has penetrated and ured suffiiently so that it will not !e pi#ed up !y the
wheels for passin" &ehiles.
Ans. - 2' hrs.
21. 1onrete &i!rators shall operate at ma)imum spain" of ????????.
Ans. /- m
22. Sto#piles of onrete a""re"ates shall !e !uilt-up in layers of not more than in thi#ness.
Ans. one (1) meter
2%. All washed a""re"ates shall !e sto#piled or !inned for drainin" at least ???????? hrs. !efore
!ein" !athed.
Ans. 12 hrs.
2'. 1onrete not in plae within ???????? from the time the in"redients where har"ed into the
mi)in" drum or that has de&eloped initial set shall not !e used.
Ans. 7- minutes
2.. Shall not !e painted or oated with asphalt or other materials or enlosed in tu!es or slee&es.
Ans. tie !ars
2/. @ortar that is not used within ???????? after the water has !een added shall !e disarded.
Ans. 7- minutes
22. The ma)imum tensile stren"th of the wire mesh for "a!ions shall !e
Ans. .5/.1 @pa
25. A wire mesh made of "al&aniCed steel used as a protetion wor#s.
Ans. "a!ions
27. @inimum diameter of "a!ions per standard speifiation re,uirements
Ans. 2.2- mm
5-. 4etermines the hardness and sta!ility of the ompated asphalt pa&ement
Ans. ore test
51. Samplin" of P11P<asphalt ore speimens shall !e ta#en from the pa&ement usin"(
Ans. ore drill
52. SiCe of asphalt ore speimen for thi#ness and density determination(
Ans. at least 1.- mm ) 1.- mm
- 1-- mm diameter full depth
5%. The diameter of asphalt ore speimens shall !e at least e,ual to(
Ans. one and one half times the ma)imum siCe of a""re"ates
5'. The thi#ness of asphalt ore speimens shall !e at least e,ual to(
Ans. two (2) times the ma)imum siCe of a""re"ates
5.. F!tainin" asphalt ore speimens for eah full days operation shall !e(
Ans. at least one !ut not more than three (%) ore samples
5/. 4eterminin" the thi#ness of asphalt ore speimens is !y(
Ans. a&era"in" the four sides of the ore samples
52. 0ituminous mi)ture will !e measured !y(
Ans. tons
55. The a&era"e of ???????? measures are made on the asphalt ore speimens in determinin" the
thi#ness.
Ans. '
57. *n !ituminous mi)ture+ ???????? will not !e permitted as a method of measurement.
Ans. !ath wei"hts
7-. A ore shall !e ta#en for e&ery ???????? if no ore was ta#en at the end of eah days operation.
Ans. 1-- Km per lane
71. The a&era"e of four (') measurements on the asphalt ore speimen is to determine the
Ans. thi#ness
72. The omputation for the ,uantity of !ituminous mi)ture area the ff.
Li&en(
Pa&in" len"th represented+ m 9 12-
Thi#ness+ m 9 ..-
Width+ m 9 %.-.
Total len"th of pa&ement+ m9 %5-
4ensity+ "m<m
%
9 2.221
Ans. '-./' tons
7%. @ain onstituents of asphalt whih is found in nature or as a residue in petroleum refinin".
Ans. !itumen
7'. Asphalt is a dar# ???????? ementations material+ solid or semi-solid onsisteny
Ans. !rown to !la#
7.. Samplin" !ituminous mi)es is one (1) sample e&ery(
Ans. 2. u.m. or 1%- m.t.
7/. Samplin" of asphalt is one (1) sample for e&ery(
Ans. 2-- drums or '- m.t.
72. Samplin" of solid asphalt is one (1) sample for e&ery(
Ans. 1- l!s.
75. ;epresentati&e ,uantity of one sample in samplin" li,uid asphalt is ???????? sample for e&ery(
Ans. 1 ,uart to 1 "allon
77. 4urin" the !rea#down rollin" of asphalt mi)+ it is arried out !y(
Ans. pneumati roller
1--. *n rollin" asphalt mi)+ what phase of rollin" is to remo&e the mar#s !y the
other roller?
Ans. final rollin"
1-1. *deal omposition !ituminous a""re"ates in the asphalt mi).
Ans. 72 6 to 7/ 6
1-2. The protetion of hydrated lime added to the mi)ture !y a""re"ate !asis.
Ans. -..- to 1.- mass perent
1-%. The mi)ture of item 2%1 shall ha&e a mass perent air &oids with ran"e of ????????.
Ans. % to .
1-'. A onsisteny test for solid asphalt that determines the hardness of asphalt.
Ans. Penetration
1-.. 4etermines the purity of asphalt on how muh !itumen is in the asphalt.
Ans. asphaltane
1-/. The properties of asphalt depend upon this ???????? su!stane whih is solu!le in
petroleum sol&ents.
Ans. Petrolane
1-2. *mparts dutility and hi"h !rea# point.
Ans. resins
1-5. Apparatus used in the Penetration Test of asphalt.
Ans. Penetrometer
1-7. Apparatus used in the 4utility Test of asphalt.
Ans. dutility mahine
11-. Apparatus used in Elash Point Test of asphalt
Ans. 1le&eland Fpen 1up
111. The o!$eti&e is to determine as eonomial !lend !etween "raded a""re"ates and asphalt
in order to produe a pa&ement that would meet the re,uired speifiation.
Ans. Mo! mi) formula
112. Asphalt ement with water and a little amount of emulsifier+ usually deri&ati&es of salt.
Ans. Amulsified Asphalt
11%. Asphalt ement mi)ed with #erosene+ !la# in olor and li,uid and room temperature.
Ans. @edium 1urin" 1ut !a# Asphalt
11'. Test speimen re,uired for *tem %11 Portland 1ement 1onrete Pa&ement.
Ans. 1onrete !eam
11.. ;e,uired slump for P11P+ if &i!rated.
Ans. 1- to '- mm
11/. Eorms for P11P shall remain in plae undistur!ed for not less than ???????? hrs. after
onrete pourin".
Ans. 2'
112. 1onrete shall !e thorou"hly onsolidated !y means of(
Ans. &i!rator
115. Ele)ural stren"th of P11P when tested at third point.
Ans. %.5- @pa
117. Trans&erse onstrution $oint is also alled as ???????? is onstruted when there is an
interruption of more than %- minutes in the orretin" wor#s.
Ans. old $oint
12-. @i)in" time of P11P shall not !e less than ???????? or more than ???????
Ans. fi&e (.) seonds+ ninety (7-) minutes
121. 1ompressi&e stren"th of P11P tested at 1' days.
Ans. 2'.1 @pa
122. Slumps for a wor#a!le P11P if not &i!rated
Ans. '- to 2. mm
12%. 4epth of wea#ened plane $oints should at all times not !e less than ???????.
Ans. .- mm
12'. 0ars plaed perpendiular to the lon"itudinal $oint of P11P.
Ans. tie !ars
12.. Ni!rators shall not !e operated lon"er than ???????? in any one loation.
Ans. 1. minutes
12/. Ele)ural stren"th of P11P when tested at mid-point.
Ans. '..- @pa
122. Sawin" of $oints of P11P shall ommene as soon as the onrete has hardened suffiiently+
usually ????????.
Ans. within 2' hrs.
125. The surfae of the newly plaed P11P shall !e ured for a period of
????????.
Ans. 22 hrs.
127. Bsed as load transfer de&ie and are held in-position parallel to the enterline of the sla!.
Ans. dowels
1%-. 1urin" ompound shall not !e applied durin" ????????.
Ans. rain
1%1. Straw urin" on P11P shall !e at least ???????? thi# whih is measured after wettin".
Ans. 2- m.
1%2. The finished produt of mi)in" a""re"ates with ement and water.
Ans. onrete
1%%. ;ate of inrease in stren"th is ???????? at hi"h temperature than at low temperature.
Ans. hi"her
1%'. @ost speifiations for onrete e)posed to weatherin" re,uire that water-ement ratio !e
???????? !y wei"ht.
Ans. -..%
1%.. Physial property of onrete that withstand deterioration due to e)posure to weatherin"
ation.
Ans. dura!ility
1%/. F&er sanded and under sanded mi)tures re,uire more water in order to !e wor#a!le+ !ut
ma#in" it so will+ only result in a sarifie in(
Ans. stren"th
1%2. The method ommonly used to test on wor#a!ility of onrete.
Ans. !all penetration test
1%5. The new method used to test on wor#a!ility of onrete and these tests are readily
made in the field.
Ans. slump test
1%7. Eor rih mi)es+ the stren"th of ???????? is the ontrollin" fator.
Ans. a""re"ates
1'-. Stren"th of onrete is prinipally dependent on the ????????.
Ans. water-ement ration
1'1. 1lass of onrete that is deposited in water.
Ans. seal
1'2. 1lass of onrete used for pre-stressed onrete struture and its mem!er.
Ans. 1lass OPD
1'%. 1lass of onrete used in footin"s+ missi&e pier shafts and unreinfored or with only a small
amount of reinforement.
Ans. 1lass O0D
1''. 1lass of onrete used in thin reinfored setions li#e railin"s.
Ans. 1lass O1D
1'.. Samplin" of Portland ement should !e done in aordane with AAS3TF.
Ans. T-122
1'/. Fne (1) Sie&e Analysis for e&ery ???????? of onrete a""re"ates or a fration thereof(
Ans. 1+.-- m
%

1'2. A minimum wei"ht of ???????? sample shall !e ta#en from eah 2+--- !a"s of ement or
fration thereof.
Ans. 1- #".
1'5. 1lass of onrete used to all superstrutures and hea&ily reinfored su!strutures.
Ans. 1lass OAD
;AN*AW 8BAST*F>A*;A(
1. What is the di&idin" line !etween oarse and fine a""re"ates?
Ans. 2.-- mm sie&e
2. The depth of the wea#ened plain $oint should at all times not less than(
Ans. .- mm
%. Ser&es as load transfer de&ie and are held in position parallel to the surfae and enter line of the
sla! !y a metal de&ie(
Ans. dowel
'. The depth of orru"ation in the surfae pa&ement after !roomin"(
Ans. 1.. mm
.. The width of wea#ened $oint should not !e more than(
Ans. / mm
/. The fle)ural stren"th of the onrete !eam sample at 1' days when tested at third point method(
Ans. %.5 @pa
2. What is the wei"ht of lass OAD ;iprap stones(
Ans. 1. #"s. to a ma)imum of 2. #"s. with at least .-6 wei"hin" 2- #"s.
5. The proportion of mi) of mortar for "routed riprap shall !e(
Ans. one part of ement to % parts of sand
7. The pratie of artifiially densifyin" and inorporatin" and inorporatin" definite density into the
soil mass rollin"+ tamperin" or other means(
Ans. ompation
1-. The unit pressure "reater than whih pro"ressi&e settlement will ours leadin" o failure(
Ans. !earin" apaity
11. Speified or seleted materials of desi"ned thi#ness plaed as foundation for pa&ement.
Ans. - !ase
12. The materials in e)a&ation (uts) em!an#ment (fills) and em!an#ment foundation immediate
!elow the layer of su!!ase+ !ase or pa&ement and to suh depth as may effet the strutural
desi"n(
Ans. su!-"rade materials
1%. Speified or seleted materials of desi"ned thi#ness plaed as a foundation for !ase(
Ans. su!!ase
1'. A widely used as ontrol test in em!an#ment onstrution to ensure ade,uate ompation(
Ans. field density test
1.. A sand used to measure the &olume of test hole in E4T(
Ans. ali!rated sand
1/. What item num!er is Portland 1ement 1onrete Pa&ement(
Ans. item %11
12. What are the essential la!oratory test for soil lassifiation(
Ans. "radin" plasti and li,uid limit test
15. Pro&ided alon" the slopes of hi"h em!an#ments as an erosion ontrol measure and to impro&e the
sta!ility of the side slopesP
Ans. !erm
17. What is the o&en dryin" temperature for moisture ontent determination(
Ans. 11- 1 Q .
2-. What is the air dryin" temperature?
Ans. not to e)eed /-R1
21. The primary ,uality ontrol mehanism for the prodution of asphalt mi)ture(
Ans. $o!-mi) formula
22. The most ommonly used method in the desi"n and e&aluation of !ituminous onrete mi)es(
Ans. @arshall Sta!ility @ethod
2%. The most ommon method in determinin" the onsisteny of onrete mi)(
Ans. slump test
2'. A 4epartment @emorandum 1irular+ a re&ised method on E4T(
Ans. 4@ >o. '5
2.. *nteronneted ra#s formin" a series of small !lo#s resem!lin" an alli"atorHs s#in or hi#en
wire(
Ans. alli"ator ra#s
2/. A layer of an asphalt a""re"ate mi)ture of &aria!le thi#ness used to eliminate irre"ularities in the
ontent of an e)istin" surfae prior to plaement of an o&erlay(
Ans. asphalt le&elin" ourse
22. An appliation of low-&isosity ut!a# to an a!sor!ent surfae or a mi)ed-in appliation of
emulsified asphalt. *t is used only on untreated !ase prior to plaement of an asphalt pa&ement.
Ans. asphalt prime oat
25. A thin asphalt surfae treatment used to waterproof and impro&e the te)ture of an asphalt wearin"
surfae.
Ans. - asphalt surfae treatment
27. The upward mo&ement of asphalt in an asphalt pa&ement resultin" in the formation of a film of
asphalt on the surfae.
Ans. !leedin" flushin" asphalt
%-. An appliation of asphalt materials to any type of road or pa&ement surfae with or without a o&er
of mineral a""re"ates that produe an inrease in thi#ness of less than 2.mm or 1 inh.
Ans. asphalt surfae treatment
%1. The loaliCed !u#lin" or shatterin" of a ri"id type pa&ement ourrin" usually at trans&erse ra#
or $oint.
Ans. !low-up
%2. A &ery li"ht appliation of asphalt applied to an e)istin" asphalt or Portland ement surfae+ used
to ensure a !ond !etween the surfae of !ein" pa&ed and the o&erlayin" ourse.
Ans. asphalt ta# oat
%%. A mi)ture of slow settin" emulsified asphalt+ water+ a""re"ates and mineral filler produe to a
slurry onsisteny and plaed on pa&ement surfae.
Ans. asphalt emulsion slurry seal
%'. The separation of the pa&ement due to natural auses+ traffi ation or refletions from an
underlyin" pa&ement.
Ans. ra#
%.. The !owl-shape holes of &aryin" siCes in the pa&ement+ resultin" from loaliCed disinte"ration.
Ans. potholes
%/. A ra# in asphalt o&erlay that reflets the ra# pattern in the pa&ement struture underneath.
Ans. refleti&e ra#s
%2. The pro"ressi&e separation of a""re"ate partiles in a pa&ement from the surfae downward or
from the ed"e inward.
Ans. ra&elin"
%5. A ra# sometimes resent shaped+ that point in the diretion of the trust of the wheels on the
pa&ement surfae aused !y la# of !ond !etween two pa&ement layer.
Ans. slippa"e ra#s
%7. Any ondition that mi"ht ontri!ute to ma#in" a pa&ement slippery.
Ans. s#id haCard
'-. The uniform rate of flow of onrete when poured.
Ans. 1. to 2- u.m. per hour
'1. Bsed to e&aluate the potential stren"th of soil a""re"ate.
Ans. 10;
'2. Test used to determine the hardness property of ourse a""re"ates.
Ans. a!rasion test
'%. Test whih "i&es an indiation of lay ontent soil.
Ans. plastiity inde)
''. The soa#ed 10; &alue for *tem 2--(su!!ase) at ma)imum dry density is(
Ans. not less than 2.6
'.. The soa#ed 10; &alue for *tem 2-1(!ase ourse) at ma)imum dry density is(
Ans. not less than 5-6
'/. The mass perent of wear of ourse a""re"ates for !ase materials !y Kos An"eles A!rasion Test.
Ans. not more than .- 6
'2. The stones used for stone masonry shall ha&e a thi#ness of not less than(
Ans. 1.-mm
'5. The rate of loadin" for ompressi&e stren"th(
Ans. 2--.- psi < se.
'7. The temperature for moist urin" of speimen that "i&es the !est result.
Ans. 1... 1 to %2.. 1
.-. The ma)imum siCe to ourse a""re"ates re,uired for *tem %11 (P11P)
Ans. 2 S inhes (/%mm)
.1. A pro"ram of ,uality ontrol wor#s to !e omplied !y the ontrator is prepared !y 4PW3.
Ans. ,uality ontrol pro"ram
.2. Presri!ed in eah pro$et !ased on estimated ,uantities. The re,uirements speify the #ind and
num!er of test for eah item of wor#s.
Ans. minimum testin" re,uirements
.%. @emorandum 1irular >o. here!y direted that all materials men inhar"e in a said pro$et #eep a
lo"!oo# on materials ,uality ontrol.
Ans. @1 I5-
.'. A department order here!y direted that only test report issued !y the re"ional<distrit la!oratories
of the department and other testin" la!oratories aredited !y the 4PW3 shall !e allowed to !e
used in the aeptane or re$etion of onstrution materials.
Ans. 4.F. I 1%.
... A department order+ here!y direted+ no aeptane and final payment shall !e made on ompleted
onrete and asphalt pa&ements unless ore test for thi#ness determination is onduted.
Ans. 4.F. I 117
./. A num!er of measurements for onrete ore speimen.
Ans. 7
.2. A num!er of measurements for asphalt ore speimen.
Ans. '
.5. A test o&ers the ,uantitati&e determination of !itumen in hot mi)ed pa&in" mi)tures and
pa&ement samples for speifiation aeptane+ ser&ie e&aluation+ ontrol and researh.
Ans. e)tration test
.7. The permitted &ariations in desi"n re,uirements of a""re"ates su!!ase materials on surfae
irre"ularity measured !y a %m strai"ht ed"e.
Ans. 2-mm
/-. The permitted &ariations in desi"n re,uirements of a""re"ates !ase materials on ross fall or
am!er.
Ans. -.2-6
/1. *f the re,uired thi#ness for su!!ase or !ase is 1.-mm or less+ this may!e spread and ompated
in.
Ans. 1 layer
/2. The in-plae-density (tested !y AAS3TF-T-171) of eah layer should onsistently.
Ans. at least 7.6 of the @44
/%. The ma)imum sie&e openin" for "radin" re,uirement of a""re"ate !ase ourse.
Ans. .-mm
/'. The !ituminous prime oat materials should !e applied !y a pressure distri!utor at speified
temperature and at an appliation rate ran"in" from(
Ans. 1 to 2 liters < s,.m.
/.. The rate of appliation for !ituminous ta# oat materials (item %-2) ran"in" from(
Ans. -.2 to -.2 liters < s,.m.
//. The P.*. for mineral filler used for 3ot Plant @i) 0ituminous Pa&ement(
Ans. not "reater than /
/2. The "radation re,uirement used for 3ot @i) 0ituminous Pa&ement.
Ans. "radin" d
/5. The plain" temp. for !ituminous mi)ture measured in the tru# prior to dumpin".
Ans. should not !e less than 1-2 R1
/7. 3ow many samples or ore drilled samples !e ta#en for eah days full operation.
Ans. at least one+ !ut not more than %
2-. Bnsuita!le materials are soils with a li,uid limit e)eedin".
Ans. 5-
21. Bnsuita!le materials are soils with natural water ontent e)eedin".
Ans. 5-
22. @aterials ontainin" detrimental ,uantities of or"ani material suh as "rass+ roots+ sewera"e
hi"hly or"ani soils suh as peat and mu#.
Ans. unsuita!le materials
2%. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 2-- shall ha&e a li,uid limit of(
Ans. not "reater than %.
2'. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 1-' shall ha&e a li,uid limit of(
Ans. not "reater than %-
2.. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 2-1 shall ha&e a li,uid limit of(
Ans. not "reater than 2.
2/. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 2-2 shall ha&e a li,uid limit as
determined !y AAS3TF T-57
Ans. not "reater than 2.
22. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 2-- shall ha&e a plastiity inde) of(
Ans. not "reater than 12
25. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 2-1 shall ha&e a plastiity inde) of(
Ans. not "reater than /
27. The fration passin" the -.'2.mm (>o.'-) sie&e for *tem 2-2 shall ha&e a plastiity inde) of(
Ans. not "reater than /
5-. The oarse portion+ retained on a 2.--mm (>o.1-) sie&es for *tem 2-1 shall ha&e a mass perent
of wear !y the Kos An"eles A!rasion Tests as determined !y AAS3TF T7/.
Ans. not e)eedin" .-
51. The oarse portion+ retained on a 2.--mm (>o.1-) sie&es for *tem 2-1 shall ha&e a mass perent
of wear !y the Kos An"eles A!rasion Tests.
Ans. not e)eedin" .-
52. The materials passin" the 17mm sie&es for *tem 2-2 shall ha&e a soa#ed 10; &alue tested
aordin" to AAS3TF T-17%.
Ans. 2.6 minimum
5%. The materials passin" the 17mm sie&es for *tem 2-1 shall ha&e a soa#ed 10; &alue tested
aordin" to AAS3TF T-17%.
Ans. 5-6 minimum
5'. The materials passin" the 17mm sie&es for *tem 2-2 shall ha&e a soa#ed 10; &alue of(
Ans. 5-6 minimum
5.. The oarse portion+ retained on a 2.--mm (>o.1-) sie&es for *tem 2-2 shall ha&e a mass perent
of wear !y the Kos An"eles A!rasion Tests of(
Ans. not e)eedin" '
ASP3AKT TA13>FKFLT
1. The primary ontrol mehanism for the prodution of asphalt mi)ture
Ans. $o!-mi) formula
2. The most ommon used method in the desi"n and e&aluation of !ituminous onrete mi)es.
Ans. @arshall 1ommon @ethod
%. A layer of an asphalt a""re"ate mi)ture of &aria!le thi#ness used to eliminate irre"ularities in the
ement of an e)istin" surfae prior to plaement of an o&erlay.
Ans. asphalt le&elin" ourse
'. An appliation of low-&isosity ut!a# to an a!sor!ent surfae+ or mi)ed in appliation of
emulsified asphalt. *t is used only on untreated !ase prior to plaement of an asphalt pa&ement.
Ans. asphalt prime oat
.. A thin asphalt surfae treatment used to waterproof and impro&e the te)ture of an asphalt wearin"
surfae.
Ans. asphalt seal ost
/. The upward mo&ement of asphalt in an asphalt pa&ement resultin" in the information of film of
asphalt on the surfae.
Ans. !leedin" of flushin" asphalt
2. An appliation of asphalt materials to any type of road or pa&ement surfae with or without a o&er
of mineral a""re"ates that produe an inrease in thi#ness of less than 2.mm or 1 inh.
Ans. asphalt surfae treatment
5. The loaliCed !u#lin" or shatterin" of a ri"id type pa&ement+ ourrin" usually at trans&erse
ra# or $oint.
Ans. !low-up
7. A &ery li"ht appliation of asphalt applied to an e)istin" asphalt or Portland ement surfae+ used
to ensure a !ond !etween the surfae of !ein" pa&ed and the o&erlayin" ourse.
Ans. asphalt tra# oat
1-. The separation of the pa&ement due to natural auses+ traffi ation+ or refletions from an
underlayin" pa&ement.
Ans. ra#
11. The !owl-shape holes of &aryin" siCes in the pa&ement+ resultin" from loaliCed disinte"ration.
Ans. potholes
12. A ra# in asphalt o&erlays that reflets the ra# pattern in the pa&ement struture underneath.
Ans. refleti&e ra#s
1%. The pro"ressi&e separation of a""re"ate partiles in a pa&ement from the surfae downward of
from the ed"e inward.
Ans. ra&elin"
1'. A ra#s sometimes resent shaped that point in the diretion of the trust of the wheels on the
pa&ement surfae aused !y la# of !ond !etween two pa&ement layers.
Ans. slippa"e ra#s
1.. Any ondition that mi"ht ontri!ute to ma#in" a pa&ement slippery.
Ans. s#id haCard
1/. A department Frder+ here!y direted+ >o aeptane and final payment shall !e made on
ompleted onrete and asphalt pa&ement unless ore test for thi#ness determination is
onduted.
Ans. 4F I 117
12. A num!er of measurements for asphalt ore speimen.
Ans. 2
15. A test o&ers the ,uantitati&e determination of !itumen in hot mi)ed pa&in" mi)tures and
pa&ement samples for speifiation aeptane+ ser&ie+ ser&ie e&aluation+ ontrol and researh.
Ans. e)tration test
17. The !ituminous Prime 1oat materials should !e applied !y a pressure distri!utor at speified
temperature and at an appliation rate ran"in" from
Ans. 1 to 2 liters<m
2
2-. The rate of appliation for 0ituminous Ta# 1oat materials (*tem %-2) ran"in" from
Ans. -.2 to -.2 liters<m
2
21. The "raduation re,uirement used for 3ot @i) 0ituminous Pa&ement
Ans. "radin" 4
22. The plain" temperature for 0ituminous mi)ture measured in the tru# prior to dumpin"
Ans. should not !e less than 1-2 R1

2%. 3ow many samples or ore drilled samples !e ta#en for eah days full operation
Ans. at least one+ !ut more than %
2'. The sol&ent used to test on residue from distillation at 255R1 of asphalt materials
Ans. trihloroethylene
2.. At least three (%) wee#s prior to prodution+ the ontrator shall su!mit in writin" ???????? for
eah mi)ture supported !y la!oratory test data
Ans. $o!-mi) formula
2/. 4etermines the thi#ness and density of ompated asphalt pa&ement
Ans. ore test
22. Samplin" of P11P<asphalt ore speimens shall !e ta#en form the pa&ement usin"
Ans. ore drill
25. SiCe of asphalt ore speimen for thi#ness and density determination
Ans. at least 1.-mm ) 1.-mm (/ in. ) / in.)
1--mm diameter full depth
27. The diameter of asphalt ore speimens shall !e at least e,ual to
Ans. - four (') times the ma)imum siCe of a""re"ates
%-. The thi#ness of asphalt ore speimens shall !e at least e,ual to
Ans. one and one-half times the ma)imum siCe of a""re"ates
%1. F!tainin" asphalt ore speimens for eah full days operation shall !e
Ans. at least one (1) !ut not more than three (%) ore samples
%2. 4eterminin" the thi#ness of asphalt ore speimens is !y
Ans. a&era"in" the four sides of the ore samples
%%. 0ituminous mi)ture will !e measured !y
Ans. tons
%'. The a&era"e of ???????? measures are made on the asphalt ore speimens in determinin" the
thi#ness
Ans. four (')
%.. in !ituminous mi)ture ???????? will not !e permitted as a method of measurement
Ans. !ath wei"hts
%/. The a&era"e of four measurements on the asphalt ore speimen is to determine the
Ans. thi#ness
%2. The omputation for the ,uantity of !ituminous mi)ture+ are the ff(
Li&en(
Pa&in" len"th represented+ m 9 12-.---
Thi#nessP m 9 ..---
Width+ m 9 %.-.-
Total len"th of pa&ement+ m9 %5-.---
4ensity+ "m<m
%
9 2.221
Ans. '-./' tons
%5. @ain onstituents of asphalt whih is found in nature or as residue in petroleum refinin"
Ans. !itumen
%7. Asphalt is a dar# ???????? ementations material+ solid or semi-solid onsisteny.
Ans. !rown to !la#
'-. Samplin" !ituminous mi)es is one (1) sample for e&ery
Ans. 2. u.m. or 1%- m.t.
'1. Samplin" of asphalt is one (1) sample for e&ery
Ans. 2-- drums or '- m.t.
'2. Samplin" of solid asphalt is one (1) sample for e&ery
Ans. 1- l!s.
'%. ;epresentati&e ,uantity of one (1) sample in samplin" li,uid asphalt is ???????? sample for e&ery
Ans. 1 ,uart to 1 "allon
''. 4urin" the !rea#down rollin" of asphalt mi)+ it is arried out !y
Ans. steel wheeled roller
'.. *n rollin" asphalt mi)+ what phase of rollin" is to remo&e the mar#s !y the other rollers
Ans. final rollin"
'/. A onsisteny test for solid asphalt that determines the hardness of asphalt
Ans. penetration
'2. The properties of asphalt depends upon this ??????? su!stane whih is solu!le in petroleum
sol&ents as >-phases
Ans. petrolene
'5. *mparts dutility hi"h !rea#point
Ans. asphaltine
'7. Apparatus used in Penetration Test of asphalt
Ans. Penetrometer
.-. Apparatus used in dutility Test as asphalt
Ans. 4utility @ahine
.1. Apparatus used in Elash Point Test of asphalt
Ans. 1le&eland Fpen 1up
.2. The o!$eti&e is to determine as eonomial !lend !etween "raded a""re"ates and asphalt in order
to produe a pa&ement that would meet the re,uired speifiation.
Ans. $o!-mi) formula
.%. Asphalt ement with water and a little amount of emulsifier+ usually deri&ati&es of salt
Ans. emulsified asphalt
.'. Asphalt ement mi)ed with #erosene+ !lo# in olor and li,uid at room temperature
Ans. medium urin" ut!a# asphalt
... Whih #ind of Amulsified Asphalt that is ne"ati&ely har"e
Ans. Anioni Asphalt
./. 1ut!a# asphalt an !e lassified aordin" to eah ????????.
Ans. &isosity
.2. Asphalt ement an !e determined or lassified !y their ????????.
Ans. Penetration Lrade
.5. What #ind of asphalt used for $oint fillers?
Ans. 0lown or F)idiCed Asphalt
.7. What #ind of asphalt that is mi)ed with a sol&ent?
Ans. ut!a# asphalt
/-. What physial test that determines if the asphalt is o&erheated durin" prodution?
Ans. spot test
/1. What #ind of asphalt ement that are ommonly used in the Philippines?
Ans. /- to 2- or 5. to 1--
/2. What test that will determine if the asphalt is a "ood !inder?
Ans. dutility test
/%. Whih of the ff. is not an important property a""re"ates?
Ans. smoothness
/'. What property of mi) that has the a!ility to resist deformation form an imposed load?
Ans. sta!ility
/.. What property of mi) that has the a!ility to withstand repeated fle)in" aused !y the passa"e of
wheel load?
Ans. fati"ue resistane
//. *n @arshall Sta!ility Test+ whih of the riteria not inluded in determinin" the a&era"e !itumen
ontent?
Ans. flow
/2. Speifi for Air Noids is ????????.
Ans. - %.- to ..-
/5. Li&en( @a)imum Sta!ility 9 /.-. 0ul# Speifi Lra&ity 9 2.'7. @a)imum
Bnit Wei"ht 9 .... Sta!ility 9 1.1.-
Elow 9 ../. Elow+ -2.mm 9 2.2-
4esi"n Air Noids 9 ..2- NEA 9 2..--
4etermine the Fptimum Asphalt 1ontent?
Ans. ../-
/7. What property of mi) that has the a!ility to offer resistane to slippin" or s#iddin" when mi)?
Ans. s#id resistane
2-. Li&en( Wei"ht of Sample in Air 9 1+155
Wei"ht of Sample in Water 9 2--
Wei"ht of Sample in Saturated 4ry 9 1+2%-
Speifi Lra&ity of Asphalt 9 2.'5
Speifi Lra&ity of A""re"ates 9 2...
4etermine the 0ul# Speifi Lra&ity of @i)?
Ans. 2.2'
21. Li&en( Speifi Lra&ity of Asphalt 9 1.-1
Speifi Lra&ity of A""re"ates 9 2.22
6 Asphalt 1ontent 9 26
6 Air Noids 9 '6
4etermine the @a)imum Theoretial Speifi Lra&ity onsiderin" Air Noid?
Ans. 2.'%
22. What property of mi) that has the a!ility to !end sli"htly without ra#in" and to onform to
"radual settlement and mo&ements of the !ase and su!-"rade?
Ans. fle)i!ility
2%. @ineral filler shall ha&e a plastiity inde) of not "reater than ????????.
Ans. '
2'. The prime oat should not !e distur!ed for at least ???????? hrs. and should not !e ???????? to
traffi until it has penetrated and ured effiieny.
Ans. 2' opened
2.. Amulsified Asphalt is olloidal dispersion of asphalt in water. *t is ???????? olored !efore use
and turns ???????? when the emulsion is !ro#en.
Ans. hoolate+ !la#
2/. 0ituminous materials should fall with what ran"e of tolerane?
Ans. (Q<-) -.'6
22. Temperature of mi)ture shall ha&e a ran"e of tolerane of ????????.
Ans. (Q<-) 1-R1
25. Li&en( 4ry Sta!ility 9 1+/--
Wet Sta!ility 9 1+'--
Saturated Sta!ility 9 1+2--
4etermine the *nde) of retained Stren"th.
Ans. 52..-6
27. What is the initial load employed in sta!ility mahine?
Ans. 1.- psi
5-. What is a small air spae that ours !etween the oated a""re"ates partiles in a ompated mi)?
Ans. Air Noids
51. The ompated pa&ement shall ha&e a density e,ual to+ or "reater than+ ???????? mass perent of
the density of la!oratory speimen prepared in aordane with the ????????.
Ans. 7-- @arshall Sta!ility Test
52. What is the measure of the resistane or measure of distortion of the speimen?
Ans. flow inde)
5%. Li&en( 6 of 1A+ EA+ @E respeti&ely 9 '.+ %.+ 2-
Sp. Lr. Ff 1A+ EA+ @E respeti&ely 9 2.2.+ 2../+ 2.'-
What is the speifi "ra&ity of a""re"ates?
Ans. 2./1
5'. What do you all the wearin" away of the pa&ement surfae aused !y the dislod"in" of a""re"ate
partile?
Ans. ra&elin"
5.. The upward mo&ement in an asphalt pa&ement resultin" in the formation of a film of asphalt on the
surfae ???????.
Ans. !leedin"
5/. What is the lon"itudinal surfae depression of the wheel paths?
Ans. ruttin"
52. Li&en( Wei"ht of ori"inal sample 9 1+1'- "rams
Wei"ht after A)tration 9 75- "rams
Fri"inal Wei"ht of filler rin" 9 %- "rams
*nrease of Wei"ht in filler rin" 9 %- "rams
4etermine the asphalt ontent?
Ans. ....
55. Eor the same streth of road+ no ore test was onduted at the end of eah days operation. Thus+
ores were ta#en for e&ery 1-- linear meters of the ompleted pa&ement.
1-- m ..% 2.2/2
1-- m ..1 2.%11
1-- m ..1 2.22.
1-- m ..2 2.2%2
1-- m ..- 2.22/
What is the ,uantity?
Ans. 1/7.22
57. The speimen is tested for sta!ility and flow at ???????? R1 as speified in the standard proedure
Ans. %- R1
7-. *n the desi"n of Air Noids+ will draw down a line at ????????.
Ans. '.-
71. Whih of the ff. is not the omponent of Asphalt Plant?
72. 4urin" asphalt onstrution+ what are the ontrolled tests?
Ans. e)tration test
- sta!ility
- "radin"
7%. What is the apparatus used to he# the temperature of asphalt mi)<
Ans. Armored Thermometer
7'. What do you all the loaliCed upward displaement of a pa&ement due to swellin" of the su!-"rade
or some portion of the pa&ement struture?
Ans. uphea&al
7.. What do you all the sla! mo&ement under passin" loads resultin" in the e$etion of mi)tures of
water+ sand+ lay or silt alon" trans&erse or lon"itudinal $oints?
Ans. pumpin"
7/. What is the *tem num!er of 0it 1onrete Surfae 1ourse+ 1 lot laid?
Ans. - %1-
MATERIALS ENGINEERS REVIEW NOTES
SET TWO
1. The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-situ test that measures what?
Ans. depth of soil layer
2. Whih of the ff. !ituminous material is !est reommended for sealin" wea#ened plane $oints?
Ans. $oint filler asphalt (ommonly alled hard asphalt or !lown asphalt)
%. The main pro!lem assoiated with wron" pratie of on&eyin" onrete is alled what?
Ans. se"re"ation
'. The speifiation all for 1(2(' onrete mi). *n a one !a""er mi)er+ whih of the ff. amount of
water is most li#ely re,uired for the mi)?
Ans. 2- liters
.. A one lane road+ with a pa&ement was desi"ned to ha&e su!!ase and !ase ourses with a
om!ined thi#ness of %--mm. *f the thi#ness of the su!!ase is a 12.mm+ the spreadin" and
ompation of the su!!ase and !ase ourses sha!!y !e earned out in(
Ans. % layers o&er the full width of '.. m.
/. As materials en"ineer+ what is the area of the trial setion that you would reommend to he# the
suita!ility of the materials and effiieny of the e,uipment to !e used for *tem %1- 0ituminous
1onrete Surfae 1ourse?
Ans. a!out .-- s,.m.
2. Per pro"ram of wor#+ the estimated &olume of *tem 2-1 materials is 2.-- u.m. 3ow many
"radin" and plastiity tests are re,uired !ased on the 4PW3 minimum testin" re,uirements?
Ans. 2. "radin" and 2. plastiity
5. 0ituminous onrete mi)es ontain asphalt !y wei"ht e,ui&alent to what?
Ans. . to 5 6
7. 8uality of fatory produed reinfored onrete pipes may !e !est esta!lished throu"h what?
Ans. Test of onrete pipe samples
1-. Where do we ta#e additional ores when the measurement of any ore ta#en from the pa&ement is
defiient in thi#ness !y more than 2.mm?
Ans. at no less than . meter inter&als parallel to the enterline in eah diretion
from the affeted loation

11. The results of the *mmersion-1ompression test onduted on an asphalt mi) sample are as follows(
4ry Sta!ility 9 2+--- :pa
Wet Sta!ility 9 1+--- :pa
What is the resultin" *nde) of ;etained stren"th? 4oes it meet the speifiation re,uirement of
*tem %1-+ 0ituminous 1onrete Surfae 1ourse?
Ans.
*nde) ;etained Stren"th or *;S 9 Wet sta!ility ) 1--
4ry sta!ility
9 (1+--- :pa<+--- :pa) ) 1--
*;S 9 .-6
=>o+ it does not meet the speifiation of *tem %1- sine the speifiation of *;S is 2-6 minimum
while the resultin" *;S here is only .-6.
12. 8uality 1ontrol testin" in a 4PW3 pro$et is the responsi!ility of the ?????????
Ans. 1ontrator @aterial An"ineers
1%. As materials en"ineers+ when is the ri"ht time to start samplin" and testin" a""re"ate of the
ourse materials?
Ans. !efore the ourse materials !e inorporated in the pro$et
1'. The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
Ans. o&erheatin" durin" manufature
1.. Bnder what limati onditions do we use the lower penetration "rade or hard asphalt?
Ans. hot limate
1/. Samplin" of the freshly mi)ed onrete should !e ta#en on the ???????? !ath dishar"e of the
transit mi)er?
Ans. middle
12. Soft and unsta!le soils were enountered durin" the ourse of su!-"rade preparation. *f you were
the materials en"ineer assi"ned to the pro$et+ what is the most effeti&e and heaper method that
you would reommend to sta!iliCe the soil prior to the onstrution of the su! !ase ourse?
Ans. "eote)tiles
15. 3ow many times per layer should a onrete speimen molded in a /D)/D)12D !eam mold !e
rodded?
Ans. /% times
17. What is the !asis for aeptane or re$etion of any onstrution materials?
Ans. @aterials Test ;eports
2-. *n testin" onrete ylinder sample the load applied should !e ontinuous without sho# at a
onstant rate within the ran"e of ???????? per seond.
Ans. -.1' to -.%' @pa per seond or 2- to .- psi per seond
21. 4urin" the appliation of the first half of the antiipated load a loadin" shall !e permitted.
Ans. hi"her rate
22. *nitial rollin" in !ituminous mi)es shall !e performed with a ???????? roller.
Ans. Pneumati Tire ;oller
2%. Einal rollin" in !ituminous mi)es shall !e performed with a ???????? roller.
Ans. % wheel or tandem type steel wheel roller
2'. ;ollin" of 0ituminous mi) shall !e disontinued whene&er it !e"ins to produe e)essi&e ????????
or ????????.
Ans. pul&eriCin" of the a""re"ate or displaement of the mi)ture
2.. Einal rollin" shall !e ontinued until roller mar#s are eliminated and a minimum ???????? mass
perent of the density of the la!oratory ompated a speimen prepared in aordane with
AAS3TF T1/- has !een o!tained.
Ans. 7. mass perent
2/. Sample from ompated !ituminous mi) shall !e neatly ut !y a saw or ore drill. Aah sample
shall !e at least ????????.
Ans. 1.-mm ) 1.-mm or 1--mm diameter full depth
22. Eor surfae toleranes the surfae (!ituminous mi)) will !e he#ed !y the used of a ???????? at
sites seleted !y the en"ineer.
Ans. % m strai"ht ed"e
25. What is the samplin" re,uirement for pa&in" onrete for e&ery 2. u.m. or fration thereof.
Ans. one (1) set (onsistin" of % ps.) onrete !eam sample
27. *n testin" !ituminous !eam sample for *mmersion-1ompression Sta!ility is soa#ed in water !ath
for ???????? days.
Ans. ' days or 7/ hrs.
%-. Li&en(
Wt. of dry a""re"ate 9 7.-"
Wt. of asphalt 9 .-"
What is the 6 of asphalt !y wei"ht of total mi)?
Ans. Wt. of total mi) 9 wt. of dry a""re"ate. Q wt. of asphalt
9 7.- " Q .- "
9 1+.-- "
Thereof( (.- " < 1+--- ") ) 1-- 9 . 6
%1. 4oes the perent asphalt in pro!lem I27 meet the re,uired speifiation for perent asphalt in
!ituminous mi)es? Why?
Ans. Tes+ !eause standard speifiation for perent asphalt in !ituminous mi)es
is .6 to 56
%2. *f the atual perent asphalt in pro!lem I%- is .6 and the perent asphalt in a $o!-mi) formula is
../6 did it pass the re,uired tolerane? Why?
Ans. >o+ !eause the re,uired tolerane for 6 asphalt in a $o!-mi) formula is 1--.'6.
%%. Whih is not the duty or responsi!ility of a materials en"ineer?
Ans. ,uantity of onstrution material
%'. Whih is the duty or responsi!ility of a materials en"ineer?
Ans. ,uality of onstrution material

%.. Pro!lems re"ardin" ,uality of onstrution materials shall !e reported diretly !y the ontratorHs
materials en"ineer to the ????????.
Ans. 4PW3 @aterials An"ineer
%/. 3ow many onrete ylinder sample is re,uired for a %-- ps. ;einfored 1onrete 1ul&ert Pipes
(;11P)?
Ans. 12 sets (onsistin" of % ps. one+ ylinder per set)
%2. *f onrete ylinder is not a&aila!le for a %-- ps. ul&ert pipes+ how many pipes shall !e su!$eted
to test?
Ans. / ps+ ul&ert pipes
%5. What #ind of test that re,uires ali!rated sand in fillin" the hole in order to determine the &olume
of hole?
Ans. Eield 4ensity Test (E4T)
%7. What test that is usin" a rammer and mold?
Ans. @oisture-4ensity ;elation Test or 1ompation Test
'-. What #ind of asphalt that has a penetration "rade of - to %- mm?
Ans. 0lown Asphalt
'1. *f there is a neessary to add water to the onrete mi) in order to inrease its wor#a!ility (pro&ide
onrete does not e)eed speified slump)+ how many minutes after the initial time of mi)in" does
addin" water !e permitted?
Ans. not e)eedin" '. minutes and that water-ement ration is not e)eeded
MATERIALS ENGINEERS REVIEW NOTES
SET THREE
*tem %1- 0ituminous 1onrete Surfae 1ourse+ 3ot Kaid
*tem %1- onsist of onstrutin" a 0ituminous 1onrete Surfae 1ourse omposed of
A""re"ates+ mineral filler and !ituminous material mi)ed in a ertain plant.
1. What is the 6 wei"ht of a""re"ates (oarse+ fine and mineral filler) in the mi)ture of 0ituminous
1onrete Surfae 1ourse?
Ans. 726 to 7.6
2. What is the perent wei"ht of asphalt in the !ituminous mi)ture?
Ans. .6 to 56
%. 3ow an we esta!lish the e)at perenta"e to !e used in the !ituminous mi)ture?
Ans. $o!-mi) formula
'. What are the two (2) types of !itumen that are ommonly used in !ituminous onrete surfae
ourse?
Ans. a.) Tar is a &isous li,uid o!tained from distillation of oal or wood
!.) Petroleum asphalt are the produts of the distillation of rude oil.
.. What are the three (%) ma$or petroleum asphalt produts?
Ans. a.) Asphalt 1ement produed in &arious &isosity "rades the most ommon
Penetration "rade are 2--<%--+12-<1.-+5.<1--+/-<2-+'-<.-
!.) 1ut!a# Asphalt are asphalt mi)ed with sol&ents to redue their &isosity
.) Amulsified Asphalt (Asphalt emulsion) are mi)ture of asphalt ement and
water with emulsifyin" a"ent.
/. What are the sol&ents for ut!a# asphalt?
Ans. a.) "asoline for rapid urin" (;1) type
!.) #erosene for medium urin" (@1) type
.) diesel fuel for slow urin" (S1) type
2. Amulsified asphalts are either ???????? or ????????.
Ans. a.) ationi emulsion - whih wor# !etter with wet a""re"ates and in old
weather.
!.) anioni emulsion whih adhere !etter to a""re"ates whih ha&e positi&e
har"es.
5. What is the !ituminous material ommonly used in *tem %1-?
Ans. Asphalt 1ement (A1)
7. What "reatly influened the ser&ie of an asphalt pa&ement?
Ans. "rade and ,uantity of asphalt
1-. What influened primarily the "rade of asphalt seleted?
Ans. limati ondition
11. The lower penetration "rade or hard asphalt is used in ?????????
Ans. hot limate
12. The hi"her penetration "rade or softer asphalt is used in ?????????
Ans. old limate
1%. 3ow many wee#s do a produer of asphalt mi) or the ontratorHs shall su!mit the $o!-mi)
formula?
Ans. three (%) wee#s prior to prodution
1'. Who will appro&e the $o!-mi) formula?
Ans. 4PW3 Pro$et An"ineer and @aterials An"ineer
1.. The $o!-mi) formula ontains pro&isions on the ff.(
Ans. a.) "radin" of a""re"ates
!.) perenta"e and type of asphalt
.) temperature of a""re"ates and asphalt
d.) temperature of mi)ture upon deli&ery or a time of ompation
1/. What is the primary ,uality ontrol mehanism for the prodution of asphalt mi)ture?
Ans. $o!-mi) formula whih shall onform to the ff. ran"es of tolerane(
Passin" >o.' and lar"er sie&es U 26
Passin" >o.5 and >o.1-- sie&es U '6
Passin" >o.2-- sie&es U 26
0ituminous materials U -.'6
Temperature of mi)ture U 1- R1
12. What is the minimum dry ompressi&e stren"th of the mi)ture?
Ans. 1.' @pa ( 2-- psi )
15. The mi)ture shall ha&e a mass perent air &oids with the ran"e of ?????????
Ans. %.-6
17. What is the *nde) of ;etained Stren"th of the mi)ture?
Ans. 2-6 minimum
2-. What is the most ommonly used method in the desi"n and e&aluation of !ituminous onrete
mi)es?
Ans. @arshall Sta!ility @ethod
21. The ,uality ontrol tests for asphalt mi) are the ff.(
Ans. a.) *mmersion 1ompression Test determines the *nde) of ;etained Stren"th of
the mi).
!.) A)tration and Lradin" Test determines the asphalt ontains and partile
siCe distri!ution of oarse and fine a""re"ates
.) Ka!oratory 4ensity Test determines the de"ree and ompation
22. What is the orret temperature that the mi)ture shall !e plaed as measured in the tru# $ust
prior to dumpin" into the spreader?
Ans. 1-2 R1
2%. When Tar is used+ what is the temperature that the mi)ture shall !e plaed?
Ans. // R1 to 1-2 R1
2'. When the ompation is !e done in order to attain the re,uired density?
Ans. when the mi)ture is still hot and wor#a!le
2.. What is to !e done in order to determine the num!er of passes that would attain the re,uired
density?
Ans. trial setion
2/. What ontrol durin" the mi)in" and ompation is of "reat si"nifiane in the stren"th of the
resultin" pa&ement?
Ans. temperature
22. What #ind of roller should !e used for the initial or !rea#down ompation?
Ans. Pneumati Tire ;oller (not less than 1- tons)
25. Eor the final ompation and smoothin" what #ind of roller must !e used?
Ans. Tandem smooth wheeled roller (not less than 1- tons)
27. What is the speed of the roller?
Ans. . #ms.<hour
%-. 3ow the rollin" is !e done?
Ans. *t should !e"in from the sides and proeed lon"itudinally parallel toward the
road enter line+ eah trip o&erlappin" one half of the rollerHs width.
%1. After the final rollin" what should !e he#?
Ans. 4e"ree of 1ompation
%2. The ompated pa&ement shall ha&e a density e,ual to or "reater than ?????????
Ans. 7.6 of the la!oratory ompated density
%%. When the traffi is !e permitted to enter the pa&ement?
Ans. when the pa&ement has ooled to atmospheri temperature
%'. 3ow many samples shall !e ta#en for eah full dayHs operation?
Ans. at least one !ut not more than three (%) ore samples
%.. What is the dimension of the samples ta#en full depth from the finished pa&ement for thi#ness
determination?
Ans. 1.-mm ) 1.-mm or 1--mm diameter
%/. 3ow is the sample ta#en form the finished pa&ement?
Ans. ore drill or saw
%2. 3ow the surfae le&el of the finished pa&ement is !e he#ed?
Ans. !y the used of %m strai"ht ed"e
%5. The &ariation of the surfae from the testin" ed"e of the strai"ht-ed"e !etween ontats with the
surfae shall not e)eed.
Ans. /mm
%7. What determines the thi#ness and density of ompated asphalt pa&ement?
Ans. ore test
*TA@ %11
'-. What is the stren"th re,uirement (Ele)ural Stren"th) of a onrete when tested !y third point
loadin" method?
Ans. %.5 @pa (..- psi)
'1. *f >o+ '- are tested !y midpoint method what is the stren"th re,uirements?
Ans. '.. @pa (/.- psi)
'2. What is the ompressi&e stren"th of the P11P (Portland 1ement 1onrete Pa&ement) when tested
at 1' days?
Ans. 2'.1 @pa (%.-- psi)
'%. What is the slump of a wor#a!le onrete if not &i!rated?
Ans. '--2.mm
=if &i!rated the slump is 1--'-mm
''. What #ind of forms are to !e used in item %11?
Ans. steel forms and on depth e,ual to the thi#ness of the pa&ement
'.. 3ow lon" shall the forms remain undistur!ed after onrete pourin"?
Ans. 2' hrs.
'/. When onrete is mi)ed in a entral mi)in" plant how many seonds is the mi)in" time?
Ans. not less than .- seonds or more than 7- seonds
'2. *n transportin" onrete what is the time elapsed from the time water added to the mi) until the
onrete is deposited in plae at the site?
Ans. it shall not e)eed '. minutes if hauled in non a"itatin" tru#s and 7- minutes
when hauled in tru# mi)ers or tru# a"itators.
'5. 3ow is onrete onsolidated?
Ans. !y the used of &i!rator inserted in the onrete &ertially
'7. 3ow many seonds does the &i!rator !e operated in one loation?
Ans. 1. seonds
.-. What #ind of sample should !e ta#en on a onrete pa&ement?
Ans. onrete !eam sample
.1. 3ow many sets of sample shall !e ta#en from %%- s,.m. of pa&ement?
Ans. 1 set onsistin" of % onrete !eam tests speimens or fration thereof
.2. *f the lanes are onreted separately+ what #ind of $oint in a form of #ey or #eyway is used?
Ans. lon"itudinal onstrution $oint
.%. What #ind of !ars are plaed perpendiular to the $oint stated in no...2?
Ans. deformed steel tie !ars
.'. What is the other name of trans&erse ontration $oint?
Ans. wea#en planed $oint
... What is the depth of the wea#en plane $oint when sawed with a onrete saw?
Ans. not less than .-mm
./. The width of the wea#en plane $oint is ?????????
Ans. not more than /mm
.2. When is the ri"ht time to saw the wea#en plane $oint?
Ans. within 2' hrs. as soon as onrete has hardened suffiiently
.5. What shall !e done if ra#s appear at or near the $oint prior to the time of sawin"?
Ans. sawin" shall !e omitted
.7. Tie !ars shall not !e oated or painted with ?????????
Ans. asphalt or other materials
/-. What is the metal de&ie that is used as a load transfer de&ie held in a position parallel to the
surfae and enter line of the sla! of pa&ement?
Ans. dowels
/1. To protet dowels from orrosion and to failitate slidin" in onrete+ it shall !e oated with
??????????
Ans. thin film of !itumen
/2. The surfae of the pa&ement shall !e rou"hened !y means of ?????????
Ans. !roomin"
/%. What is the depth of the orru"ate produed !y !roomin" in the surfae of the pa&ement?
Ans. 1..mm
/'. The surfae of the newly plaed onrete when it is suffiiently set shall !e ured for a period of
?????????
Ans. 22 hrs.
/.. The urin" of the pa&ement is done on the ff.
Ans. !y o&erin" the onrete with mats saturated with water
- thorou"hly wettin" the pa&ement
- !y pondin"
- !y applyin" urin" ompound immediately after finishin" of the
surfae
//. When the ri"ht time is the $oint !e sealed?
Ans. after the urin" period or !efore it is opened to traffi
/2. What is the *tem .-' in a 4PW3 speifiation?
Ans. Lrouted ;iprap
/5. What is *tem .-. in a 4PW3 speifiation?
Ans. Stone @asonry
/7. What is the differene !etween *tem .-' J .-.?
Ans. plaement of stone or !oulders and the ration of ement and fine sand.
2-. What is the ration of fine a""re"ates to ement num!er of !a"s for "rout in *tem .-. J .-.?
Ans. for *tem .-'+ it is 1 part ement % parts fine sand (1(%)
- for *tem .-.+ it is 1 part ement 2 parts fine sand (1(2)
MATERIALS ENGINEERS REVIEW NOTES
SET FOUR
1. What is the latest state of the art e,uipment ontainin" a radioati&e material whih is
ommonly used in the ompation ontrol of earth and asphalt road onstrution and in the
measurement of moisture ontent?
Ans. nulear density "au"e (>4L)
2. What is the instrument that is used for e)aminin" the ,uality of ri"id materials suh as ro#s
and onrete? (This instrument or e,uipment is a non-destruti&e porta!le instrument with
dimensions of 11- ) 15- ) 1/-mm and the main uses inlude the determination of onrete
stren"th (either in-situ or pre-ast-+ also to determine the presene of &oids+ ra#s and other
imperfetions.)
Ans. pundit ultrasoni onrete tester
%. What is the instrument or e,uipment used for surfae test of onrete and asphalt pa&ements
as soon as the asphalt mi) has !een initially ompated?
Ans. %-meter strai"ht-ed"e
'. ???????? is an instrument used to measure pa&ement defletions resultin" from &ehile wheel
loadin"s. The results of the elasti deformation tests are used to e&aluate the strutural
onditions of roads+ and to help in the desi"n of road stren"thenin" measures and road apaity
impro&ements.
Ans. 0en#elman 0eam and 4efletion Ko""er
.. ???????? is a manually-operated de&ie for deri&in" a measurement of rou"hness from the
surfae profile+ whih may !e e)pressed in terms of *nternational ;ou"hness *nde) (*;*)
Ans. @A;K*> ;oad ;ou"hness @easurin" 4e&ie
/. What is the instrument that is used to pinpoint re!arHs+ onduits+ pipes+ nails and other metals
em!edded in onrete !efore uttin" or drillin"?
Ans. re!ar loator
2. ???????? is e,uipment whih is used to measure differential defletions !etween $oints of a
onrete pa&ement+ to determine the modulus of the e)istin" sla!s for use in the desi"n of an
o&erlay+ and to estimate the remainin" life of an e)istin" pa&ement.
Ans. fallin" wei"ht defletometer
5. ???????? is used for the rapid in-situ measurement of the strutural properties of e)istin" with
un!ound "ranular materials.
Ans. 4ynami 1one Penetration (41P)
7. *n the onstrution of !rid"e pro$ets+ what is the method used to determine the astin" len"th
of the re"ular piles?
Ans. test pilin"
1-. What is the thinnest ut-!a# asphalt?
Ans. @1-%+---
MATERIALS ENGINEERS REVIEW NOTES
SET FIVE
1. The onrete pa&ement surfae shows hi"h spots of 1.mm in a %-meter strai"ht ed"e. The
onrete in the area represented !y these hi"h spots.
Ans. - shall !e remo&ed and replaed
= !ut if hi"h spots !ein" noted e)eeds %mm+ !ut not e)eedin"
12mm it shall !e "round down only.
2. Steel !ars plaed alon" lon"itudinal $oints to hold the ad$oinin" sla!s to"ether are alled(
Ans. tie !ars
%. Whih of the ff. is authoriCed to test materials for use in 4PW3 pro$ets?
Ans. any 4PW3 aredited pri&ate testin" la!oratory
'. To he# the "radation of a""re"ates and the asphalt ontent of laid !ituminous onrete mi)ture+
it shall !e sampled and tested for(
Ans. e)tration test
.. Eor eah full dayHs operation+ how many asphalt ore samples must !e ta#en for thi#ness
determination?
Ans. at least one !ut not more than three ore samples
/. @oisture density relation test determines(
Ans. ma)imum dry density and optimum moisture ontent of soil
2. Thi#ness of in-plaed su!-!ase oarse an !e determined !y(
Ans. test pittin"
5. To determine the optimum moisture ontent of soil
Ans. moisture density relation test
7. Soil sta!iliCin" a"ent(
Ans. lime- for sil#y and layey soil
1-. Type of emulsified asphalt that wor#s !etter with wet a""re"ates and old weather(
Ans. ationi emulsion
11. Water ontent at whih passes form plasti to li,uid state.
Ans. li,uid limit
12. Another name of hot asphalt.
Ans. asphalt ement
MATERIALS ENGINEERS REVIEW NOTES
SET SIX
1. Portland ement onrete pa&ement is what *tem in 4PW3 SpeHs.?
Ans. *tem %11
2. 1onrete area represented !y the ores will !e onsidered ade,uate if the a&era"e stren"th is
e,ual to?
Ans. 5.6 of the re,uired stren"th
%. Kum!er is onsidered as well seasoned if the moisture ontent is ?????????
Ans. 12 156
'. Soils an !e lassified aordin" to "rain siCe and plastiity?
Ans. yes
.. Thi#ness determination for 1#m onrete pa&ement. 3ow many ores shall !e ta#en?
Ans. .<lane
/. The resistane of !ituminous mi) to moisture dama"e is determined !y ????????.
Ans. *nde) of ;etained Stren"th (*;S)
2. The a&era"e ompressi&e stren"th of a load !earin" onrete hollow !lo#s is ????????.
Ans. 1+--- psi
5. 0leedin" of asphalt in !ituminous surfae ourse means ????????.
Ans. o&er asphalt mi)
7. What is the result of o&er &i!ration of onrete mi)?
Ans. se"re"ation of a""re"ates
1-. What is the orreted measurement for 2%./mm onrete ore?
Ans. 2%..mm
11. What are the other terms for partile siCe analysis?
Ans. sie&e analysis
- mehanial analysis
- "radin" test<analysis
12. What is li,uid-limit?
Ans. it is the lowest moisture ontent at whih the soil will flow upon the appliation
of a &ery small shearin" fore
1%. The li,uid limit is e)pressed as the moisture ontent orrespondin" to what num!er of !lows?
Ans. 2. !lows
1'. What is plasti limit?
Ans. it is the minimum moisture ontent at whih the soil an !e readily molded
without !rea#in" or rum!lin"
1.. What #ind of water shall !e used in la!oratory test espeially if it deals with hemials?
Ans. distilled water
1/. Ki,uid limit !rass up with sample is raised and allowed to drop sharply on the !ase throu"h a
hei"ht of what?
Ans. 1-mm
12. 3ow many rotations per seond will the ran# of a li,uid limit de&ie are rotated?
Ans. 2 rotations per seond
15. *n doin" plasti limit tests to what diameter will the soil thread will !e"in to !rea#?
Ans. %.2mm (1<5D)
17. What is the formula for plasti limit?
Ans. PK9 (Wa W!) < W! ) 1--
where(Wa 9 ori".wt. 1rum!led soil thread
W! 9 wt. of o&en-dried rum!led soil
2-. What is the Plasti *nde) (P*)?
Ans. it is the differene !etween the li,uid limit and plasti limit
or P* 9 KK - PK
21. What is speifi "ra&ity?
Ans. it is used in a "ra&imetri-&olumetri relationship in soils+ (or defined as the
ratio of the wt. in air of an e,ual &olume of water at a stated temp.)
22. What is the appro)imate area for density ontrol strips?
Ans. %%. s,.m.
2%. What is the ma)imum depth of roadway em!an#ments per horiContal layer in loose measurement?
Ans. 2--mm (5D)
2'. What item of wor# is em!an#ment?
Ans. *tem 1-'
2.. What is the #ind of material use for *tem 2--?
Ans. a""re"ate su!-!ase ourse
2/. What is the re,uired partile siCe for seleted !orrow for toppin" under *tem 1-' (em!an#ment)?
Ans. all partile siCe will pass a sie&e 2.mm or %D s,uare openin"s and not more
than 1.6 mass will pass -.-2.mm (>o.2--) AAS3TF T-11
22. P.*. re,uirement for *tem 1-' (seleted ommon !orrow) is what?
Ans. / ma)imum
25. KK re,uirements for *tem 1-' (seleted ommon !orrow) are what?
Ans. %- ma)imum
27. What is the KK re,uirement for *tem 2-- (a""re"ate su!-!ase ourse) passin" sie&e I'-?
Ans. %. ma)imum
%-. P.*. re,uirement of materials passin" sie&e I'- for *tem 2--?
Ans. 12 ma)imum
%1. 1oarse portion retained on sie&e I1- (2.--mm) for *tem 2-- shall ha&e a mass perent of wear !y
Kos An"eles a!rasion test of what?
Ans. .-6 ma)imum
%2. The re,uired 10; &alue for *tem 2--?
Ans. 2.6 minimum (AAS3TF T-15- method 4)
%%. What is the minimum 6 field density or de"ree of ompation for *tem 1-' (em!an#ment)?
Ans. 7.6 minimum
%'. What is the minimum de"ree of ompation for *tem 2-- and 2-1?
Ans. 1--6 minimum
%.. What is the hi"hest point in moisture density ur&e of the moisture density relation test or
ompation test of soil represents?
Ans. @44 (@a)imum 4ry 4ensity) and F@1 (Fptimum @oisture 1ontent)
%/. What is the re,uired siCe of ali!rated sand used for Eield 4ensity Test?
Ans. any lean+ dry+ free flowin"+ unemented sand passin" I1- and retained
I2-- sie&es
%2. What is the de"ree of ompation of soil ha&in" a ma)imum dry density 2+2.- #".<u.m. and wet
density of soil from hole e,ui&alent to 2+%%. #".<u.m. and an a&era"e moisture ontent of 5.5.6?
6 4e"ree of 1ompation 9 (4ry 4ensity) < @a) 4ry 4ensity) ) 1--
Where(
4ry 4ensity 9 Wet 4ensity < (1Q@1<1--)
Wet 4ensity 9 Wt. of soil filled in hole<&olume of hole
6 4e"ree of 1ompation 9 (1+%%.) < V 1Q (5.5. < 1--) W
2.2.-
9 (2+1'..1. < 2+2.-) ) 1--
9 7..%'6
%5. *s the soil for >o.'. passed the *tem 1-' re,uirement for 6 4e"ree of 1ompation?
Ans. Tes
%7. What are the test and num!er of test needed for 1+5-- u.m. *tem 1-'?
L or Lradin" 9 2
P or Plastiity 9 2
1 or 1ompation 9 2
4 or 4ensity 9 three in-situ density tests<.-- s,.m.
'-. What are the test and num!er of test needed for 2+75- u.m. A""re"ates 0ase 1ourse (*tem 2-1)?
L 9 1-
P 9 1-
1 9 2
4 9 three in- situ density tests<.-- s,.m.
10; 9 2 (1 test for e&ery 2+.-- u.m. or fration thereof)
8 9 2
'1. What are the apparatus<materials uses for Eield 4ensity Test?
Ans. sand one+ $u" (at least ' liters)+ "uide plate+ moisture ans+ sand wei"hin"
sale+ o&en with temperature ontrol+ hisel+ or di""in" tools+ plasti !a"s
and la!elin" materials (ta" name)
'2. What is the standard diameter of an orifie in E4T sand one?
Ans. S inh (12.2mm)
'%. 130 is tested to determine its moisture ontent and ????????.
Ans. stren"th
''. 8uality of Portland ement sent to the la!oratory for testin".
Ans. 1- #".
'.. A set of three !eam samples is onduted representin" ???????? u.m. of onrete.
Ans. 2.
'/. Two ma$or omponents of onrete( selet two answers
Ans. paste and mineral a""re"ates
'2. ;e"ardless of use+ the "radin" of a""re"ates should !e(
Ans. uniform
'5. The type of Portland ement used in 4PW3 pro$ets.
Ans. type 1
'7. 4etermines the proportion of the in"redients that will produed onrete of proper wor#a!ility when
fresh and the????????.
Ans. 4esi"n @i)
.-. The ma)imum permissi!le water-ement ration for stren"th of %+--- psi.
Ans. -..5
.1. The onsisteny of onrete mi)ture is determined in the field !y(
Ans. slump test
.2. Eor e&ery 2. u.m. of onrete poured+ a minimum of ???????? ylinder sample are ta#en in eah
day of pourin".
Ans. %
.%. When tested at 1' days+ the ompressi&e stren"th of onrete is
Ans. %+.-- psi
.'. Eorms of onrete pa&ement shall not de&iate from true line !y more than ???????? at any point.
Ans. 1 m
... When hauled in non-a"itatin" tru#s+ the time elapsed from the water is added to the mi) until
onrete is deposited in plaed shall not e)eed ????????.
Ans. '. minutes ma)imum
./. The depth of the wea#ened plane $oint should at all times not less than
Ans. .- mm
.2. @inimum ompressi&e stren"th of onrete
Ans. 2+'-- psi
.5. Trans&erse ontration $oint is also alled
Ans. wea#ened plane $oint
.7. Ni!rators shall not !e operated lon"er than ???????? in any one loation.
Ans. 1. seonds
1F>1;ATA ALL;ALATAS A>4 1F>1;ATA(
/-. 3ow many hours does a fine a""re"ates tested for speifi "ra&ity and a!sorption !e soa#ed in
water?
Ans. 1. to 17 hrs.
/1. 3ow to determine if the fine a""re"ates reahes the saturated surfae dry ondition?
Ans. it is determine !y the use of one test for surfae moisture and if the molded
shape of fine a""re"ates slumps sli"htly+ it indiates that it has reahed a
surfae dry ondition.
/2. What are the tests re,uired for onrete a""re"ates?
Ans. a.) Eine A""re"ates 9 "radin"+ speifi "ra&ity+ a!sorption+ dry unit wt.
!.) 1ourse A""re"ates 9 "radin"+ speifi "ra&ity+ a!sorption+ dry unit
wt. and a!rasion
>ote( soundness is also tested as per re,uest.

/%. What is the ma)imum mass 6 of wear !y Kos An"eles A!rasion Test?
Ans. '-6 ma)imum
/'. What is the re,uired speed of Kos An"eles A!rasion @ahine per minute?
Ans. %- to %% mm
/.. What is the siCe or diameter and wei"ht of ast-iron spheres use in a!rasion?
Ans. appro)imately '/.5 mm diameter and eah wei"hin" !etween
%7--'.. "rams
//. What is the re,uired total wt. of sample for a!rasion test of oarse a""re"ate+ "radin" A with 12
num!ers of spheres?
Ans. .+--- "rams U2. "rams
/2. What is the si"nifiane of a!rasion test?
Ans. it e&aluates the strutural stren"th of oarse a""re"ates
- "i&es an indiation of ,uality as determined !y resistane to impat and wear
- it determines whether the a""re"ates will ha&e de"radation durin" traffi of
rollin"
/5. 8uality test for ement is represented !y how many !a"s of ement?
Ans. 2+--- !a"s or tration thereof
/7. What is the sie&e use in sie&in" materials form A!rasion @ahine?
Ans. sie&e I 12 (1.2-mm)
2-. Testin" mahines should !e ali!rated one e&ery si) (/) months if possi!le !ut if it is not possi!le
what is the re,uired time should the mahine !e ali!rated?
Ans. one a year
21. Perent tolerane of error in ali!ratin" the mahines.
Ans. - U 16
22. What is the sample for onrete pa&ement?
Ans. onrete !eam sample
2%. 3ow many samples should !e ta#en for e&ery 2. u.m. fresh onrete?
Ans. % ps. sample or 1 set sample
2'. What is the sample for strutural onrete?
Ans. onrete ylinder sample
2.. What is the test use to determine the onsisteny of onrete?
Ans. slump test
2/. 3ow to ompute for the slump of onrete?
Ans. slump 9 hei"ht of slump one hei"ht of fresh one after su!sidene
22. 3ow to ompute for the ompressi&e stren"th of onrete ylinder sample?
1S 9 P
A where ( P 9 load+ l!s
A 9 area+ s,. in
A 9 X4
2


9 25.22 in s,
'
25. At what a"e should a onrete !eam sample !e tested for fle)ural test?
Ans. 1' days
27. 3ow to ompute the fle)ural stren"th of onrete !eam sample tested at third Point Koadin"?
; 9 PK
A where( ; 9 modulus of rapture
9 P (1/H) P 9 load in l!s. of tons
/D)/D)/D K 9 span len"th in inhes
9 P 0 9 !ase in inhes
12 A 9 depth in inhes
5-. What is the minimum fle)ural stren"th for third point loadin" test?
Ans. %.5 @pa (..- psi)

51. What is the minimum fle)ural stren"th for enter point loadin" test?
Ans. '.. @pa (/.- psi)
52. 3ow to ompute for fle)ural stren"th at enter point loadin" test?
; 9 % PK
2 !d
2

9 % P (1/)
2 (/) (/)
5%. Whih part of the !ath for fresh onrete should the sample !e ta#en from a stationary mi)ers+
re&ol&in" drum tru# mi)ers or a"itators?
Ans. two or more re"ular inter&als durin" dishar"e of middle portion of the !ath
5'. What is the siCe of the tampin" rod use in samplin" onrete?
Ans. 1/mm (.<5 inhes) diameter and /1-mm (2' inhes) lon" with the tampin"
end rounded to a hemispherial tip of the same diameter as the rod.
FT3A; 1F>ST;B1T*F> @ATA;*AKS(
5.. 1onrete masonry (hollow !lo#s) if su!$eted to test how many sample is re,uired?
Ans. / ps. < 1-+--- units = 12 ps. if more than 1-+--- units
5/. What is the stren"th re,uirement for loadin" !earin" onrete masonry units?
Ans. indi&idual 9 ... @pa (%-- psi) minimum
a&era"e (for % samples) 9 /.7 @pa (1+--- psi) minimum
52. 3ow a!out for non-load !earin" onrete masonry units what is the re,uired stren"th?
Ans. indi&idual 9 %.'. @pa (.-- psi) minimum
a&era"e (for % samples) 9 '.1' @pa (/-- psi) minimum
55. What is the si"nifiane of testin" reinforin" steel !ars?
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile stren"th of the !ar as well as its elon"ation
and is used to lassify the !ars into "rade
57. What is the re,uired len"th of ;S0 for testin"?
Ans. 1 meter < 1-+--- #"s. < siCe < shipment
7-. What is the si"nifiane of !endin" test for ;S0?
Ans. to e&aluate the dutile properties of ;S0
71. What is the re,uired siCe of test speimen for L.*. Sheets?
Ans. /-mm ) /-mm (% ps. from one (1) sheet < 1+--- sheets
72. What is the re,uired sample for paints?
Ans. 1 an ("al. or pail) < 1-- ans ("al. or pail)
7%. What #ind of paint that has a refletane in the form of !eads?
Ans. refletoriCed traffi plant
7'. What is the ommon omponent of house paints?
Ans. pi"ment and &ehile
7.. What is this onstrution material that is dar# !rown to !la# ementations material in whih the
predominatin" onstituents are !itumen?
Ans. asphalt
7/. What asphalt is ommonly alled hot asphalt?
Ans. asphalt ement
72. What is li,uid asphalt?
Ans. ut-!a# asphalt and emulsified asphalt
75. What is the use of !lown asphalt or hard asphalt?
Ans. use as $oint filler or water proofin"
77. SS-* or SS-*3 is what #ind of asphalt?
Ans. slow settin" emulsified asphalt
1--. What are the three #inds of emulsified asphalt?
Ans. rapid settin"+ medium settin"+ slow settin"
1-1. What asphalt ontains water?
Ans. emulsified asphalt
1-2. What is the penetration "rade for !lown asphalt?
Ans. - to %-
1-%. What is the ideal penetration "rade of asphalt use in tropial re"ions?
Ans. 5. to 1-- (!ut some uses /- to 2-)
1-'. Ta# oat is use in an e)istin" !ituminous of onrete pa&ement. True or false?
Ans. true
1-.. What is the rate of appliation for !ituminous ta# oat?
Ans. -.2 to -.2 K<m
2
1-/. What is the re,uired siCe of test speimen for L.*. sheets?
Ans. /- mm ) /- mm (% ps. from one (1) sheet) < 1+--- sheets
1-2. What is the re,uired sample for paints?
Ans. refletor Ced traffi paint
1-5. What is the ommon omponent of house paints?
Ans. pi"ment and &ehile
1-7. What is this onstrution material that is dar# !rown to !la# ementations
material in whih the predominatin" onstituents are !itumen?
Ans. asphalt
11-. What asphalt is ommonly alled hot asphalt?
Ans. asphalt ement
111. Eor how many hours or how lon" shall a !ituminous prime oat left
undistur!ed?
Ans. 2' hrs.
112. What #ind of asphalt is use as prime oat?
Ans. ut-!a# asphalt (medium urin" or rapid urin")
11%. 0ituminous prime oat is use to treat the surfae of !ase ourse. True or false?
Ans. true
11'. >o ta# oat or prime oat shall !e applied when the weather is fo""y or rainy.
True or false?
Ans. true
11.. What #ind of asphalt is use as ta# oat?
Ans. ut-!a# asphalt (rapid urin") or emulsified asphalt
11/. Where should the !ituminous seal oat !e used?
Ans. on an e)istin" !ituminous surfae ourse with or with out an appliation
of a""re"ates.
112. *f onrete ylinder sample for ;11P is not a&aila!le for ompressi&e test+ one
(1) whole piee ;11P for e&ery .- piees ;11P will !e su!mitted for ,uality
test. True or false?
Ans. true
115. Fne set (% ps.) onrete ylinder sample shall !e ta#en for e&ery how many
piees of ;11P?
Ans. 2. piees
REVIEW FOR MATERIALS ENGINEERS ACCREDITATION
1F>1;ATA(
1. The most important fator affetin" the stren"th of onrete.
Ans. water ement ratio
2. As wor# pro"resses in a onrete pa&ement onstrution samplin" of onrete for fle)ural stren"th
test determination should !e ta#en usin"(
Ans. !eam mold G /% stro#es per layer
%. *n order to determine the onsisteny of a onrete mi)ture+ the most ommon method is(
Ans. slump test
'. The stren"th le&el of onrete for *tem %.11 will !e onsidered satisfatory if(
Ans. the a&era"e of all sets of three (%) onseuti&e stren"th test results e,uals or
e)eed the speified stren"th and no indi&idual result is defiieny !y 1.6 of
the speified stren"th.
.. *n onrete pa&in" a wor#a!le onrete should ha&e a slump of(
Ans. '--2.mm if not &i!rated
/. When transportin" onrete in a non-a"itatin" tru#+ the time elapse from the time the water is
added to the mi) until the onrete is deposited in plae at site(
Ans. shall not !e e)eedin" '. minutes
2. *n a onrete pa&in"+ 12+/5- !a"s of ement shall !e onsumed up to its ompletion+ ompute for
the num!er of ,uality test re,uired.
Ans. 7
5. A lass 0 onrete re,uires a minimum ompressi&e stren"th of(
Ans. 2+'-- psi
7. Fne of the most important harateristis of onrete is wor#a!ility+ whih "enerally mean(
Ans. the onrete mi) ould !e easily plaed without se"re"ation
1-. Sawin" of onstrution $oint shall !e done when the onrete is suffiiently hardened usually at(
Ans. 2' hrs.
11. A non-load !earin" hollow !lo#s should ha&e an indi&idual stren"th re,uirement a&era"e of(
Ans. at least %.'. @pa (.-- psi)+ '.1' @pa (/-- psi) minimum
12. What is *tem .-.?
Ans. Stone @asonry

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