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The verb from which it is
derived is salla meaning to hallow); as an act of God it is translated as
to bless; as an act of men it is translated as to pray. It is possible,
since the word is used only in its so-called second mode, that it is not
originally an rabic word, but one derived from ramaic). !alah is the
canonical, or ritual, prayer, as opposed to the spontaneous petitioning of
God which is called du "a". It consists of a series of movements and
recitations, and is thus a ritual, more of a liturgy, or an act of worship,
than the supplication usually associated with the word prayer in the #est.
s an act of worship, the salah models the body, mind, and soul - the
latter in the form of speech - to the invisible prototype of awareness of
God. The performance of the salah five prescribed times daily is
obligatory (fard), beginning at the age of reason, which is deemed to be
seven years. The performance of additional salah prayers is possible but
not obligatory. These voluntary prayers are called nawafil. The obligatory
salah is, however, one of the $ive %illars, and is clearly the most
import-ant after the shahadah.
The salah is composed of a series of movements repeated several times.
&ach series, or cycle of sacred speech and movement, is called a ra'"ah, a
bowing. !ome prayers are silent in whole or in part; that is to say, the
fatihah and the chosen surah of the (uran are then not pronounced out loud.
)ther prayers are spo'en aloud throughout, and others again are mi*ed, two
cycles aloud and the rest silent. %rayers which are performed aloud at
their correct time are performed in silence when they are made later.
The obligatory prayers, and a simple method of determining their time, are
1. Salat as-subh, or morning prayer is two ra'a"at said out loud. Its time
is between the moment of dawning when a thread of light appears on the
hori,on, until the actual rising of the sun. This period of time is called
al-fa-r which is also the name for a voluntary, silent prayer of two
ra'a"at which can be performed at this time. The same word, al-fa-r is
applied to the canonical morning prayer itself. The !alat as-subh is
commonly performed as a missed prayer, that is to say, it is performed upon
wa'ing, and in silence.
2. Salat at-thuhr, the noonday prayer is four silent ra'a"at. It is
performed after the moment when the shadow of a stic' set vertically in the
ground has reached its shortest length at noon and has begun to lengthen as
the sun passes its ,enith, until the time of al-"asr.
3. Salat al-'asr, the late afternoon prayer is four silent ra'a"at. It is
performed from the moment when the shadow of a vertical stic' is e.ual to
the length of the stic' and the minimum shadow of the stic' at noon, at the
sun"s ,enith (from about /+/0 pm), until the setting of the sun. ccording
to hadith, once the "asr prayer is performed, no other prayer can be
performed until after the sunset prayer is completed.
4. Salat al-maghrib, or sunset prayer is three ra'a"at the first two
ra'a"at are out loud, the third silent. The prayer may be performed any
time during the period of appro*imately twenty minutes starting four
minutes after the sin'ing of the sun below the hori,on until the last red
glow in the s'y.
5. Salat al-'isha, or night prayer is four ra'a"at, the first two out loud,
the last two silent. It is per-formed after the onset of night until dawn,
but is preferably accomplished before midnight. In congregational prayer
it is accomplished within one and one-half hours after the sunset prayer.
In polar regions, where special conditions prevail, the prayer times must
be determined by some agreed convention such as, for e*ample, choosing the
intervals that would occur at 2ecca.
The obligatory (fard) prayer may be performed alone, or in groups led by an
lmam. call, the adhan, is made at the beginning of the prayer period to
summon people to the mos.ue for prayer. The i.amah is the secondary call
for assembly and rising, which is made inside the mos.ue immediately before
There are moments when salah is forbidden+ at the rising of the sun; when
the sun is overhead at the ,enith; and at the actual moment when the sun is
setting. prayer should not be begun at these moments, but may be
continued through these if begun before. )n $ridays the thuhr prayer is
replaced by the congregational prayer (salat al--um"ah) for those present
in the congregational mos.ue; it consists of two ra'a"at prayed silently
under the leadership of an Imam. )n a -ourney (in the days of camelbac'
travel the minimum distance of such a -ourney was the e.uivalent of
forty-five to si*ty miles, or seventy-five to one hundred 'ilometers) in
which the traveler spends the night away from home, or spends less than
three nights in one place, prayers of four ra'a"at may be shortened to two
ra'a"at. $rom the fourth night spent in one place the normal prayer length
To perform the prayer, the person must be in the state of ritual purity
conferred by the greater ablu-tion (ghusl) and the lesser ablution (wudu").
The prayer must be performed in a clean place (not, therefore in a bath
house, cemetery, slaughter-house, and so forth) facing the .iblah
(direction of 2ecca), if this can be determined. If it cannot be
determined, prayer can be performed in any direction (as it is done when
one is inside the 3a"bah).
man"s body must be covered from the navel to the 'nees; a woman"s from
the nec' to below the elbow and to the an'les. ll of the woman"s hair
must be covered. !hoes are removed in a place of prayer, (!ome lmams wear
slippers or sandals which they wear only inside a mos.ue.) If there is
coming and going, the space in front should be symbolically delimited by
some ob-ect placed in front of the worshiper. $or this reason, those
praying a solitary prayer choose for preference to stand before the wall or
a pillar. The worshiper must formulate the intention of the prayer to be
performed by naming it.
The motions of the prayer are as follows:
1. !tanding with the feet only slightly apart, the worshiper raises his
arms to the level of his ears, palms open forward, and declares out loud
llahu a'bar. This raising of the hands to the level of the head needs to
occurs only at this first ta'bir. This opens the prayer. Then the hands
are placed at the sides, or clasped right over left at the waist above the
navel, or clasped at the center of the chest, or above the heart. ll of
these have precedents in the !unnah of the %rophet, may peace be upon him.
In this standing position, the worshiper pronounces the fatihah, which may
or may not be preceded by the basmalah. t the end of the fatihah, the
worshiper says+ amin. If there is an lmam, and the fatihah has been said out loud,
this amin is pronounced as a response by the congregation. In
the first two ra'a"at of the prayer (but not in subse.uent ra'a"at), after
the fatihah, some verses from the (uran are recited. This ended, the
worshiper then says+ llahu a'bar (this is always said aloud), and bows,
placing his hands upon the 'nees.
2. In this position, which is called the bow, he says silently+
!ubhana-5lahi-l-athim (Glory to God the 2ighty) three times, or a similar
3. 6ising now to the standing position, the worshiper says out loud
sami"a-llahu liman hamidah (God listens to him who praises 7im) Then he, or
the congregation following an lmam, says as response+ 6abband wa
la'a-l-hamd ()ur 5ord, and to Thee belongs praise).
4. !aying+ llahu a'bar out loud while still standing upright, the
worshiper then prostrates himself, touching the forehead to the ground and
with both palms on the ground. In this position, which is called sa-dah,
he says silently+ subhana 6abbiya-l-"la (Glory to my 5ord the 2ost 7igh),
or a similar formula, three times.
5. 7e raises himself to a seated position and says+ llahu a'bar. In this
seated position, he says a formula such as+ 6abbi-ghafir-li, (5ord, cover
my transgressions). The correct posture for this seated position involves
placing the outside of the left foot underneath oneself with the right foot
crouched and the big toe of the right foot hoo'ed on the ground. s
hoo'ing the toe on the ground is very difficult, and even painful if not
practiced from childhood, no insistence is placed upon this precise
position, and all sitting positions with the 'nees upon the ground can be
. fter having mar'ed a momentary halt seated thus, the worshiper
pronounces again+ llahu a'bar, and ma'es a second prostration (sa-dah)
e*actly as the first.
This completes one cycle (ra'"ah). If this is the first ra'"ah of any
prayer (e*cept the single ra'"ah of the voluntary night prayer, the witr),
the worshiper stands up, pronounces+ llahu a'bar, and repeats the cycle
again as the second ra'"ah. t the end of the second and fourth (and
final) ra'"ah of all prayers, and the third (final) ra'"ah of the sunset
prayer, before rising from the sitting position, or before ending the
prayer, while in this sitting position, the worshiper utters a formula
'nown as at-tahiyyat, or the at-tashahhud+
t-tahiyyatu li-5lahi wa-s-salawatu wa-t-tayyitibbau; as-salamu "alay'a
ayyuha-n-nabiyyu wa rarmatu-5lahi wa bara'atuh, wa-s-salamu "alayna wa "ala
"ibadi-5lahi-s-salihin. shhadu an la iliha illa-5lah, wa ashhadu anna
2uhammadan "abduhu wa rasuluh.
!alutations, prayers, and good wor's are all for God. %eace on thee, )
%rophet, and God"s 2ercy, and 7is blessings. %eace be on us and on all
God"s righteous servants. I testify that there is no god but God; and I
testify that 2uhammad is 7is servant and 7is 2essenger.
There are in practice minor variations to this formula. 8uring the saying
of the shahadah, it is the custom to point the finger upwards. The
worshiper seals the prayer by turning his head to the right and saying+
as-salamu "alay'um, and then repeating these words to the left.
It is usual, after prayer, to remain seated in order to recite one or more
formulas repeated thirty-three times, counting on the fingers. This is an
introduction to a du"a", an individual supplication, which is made with the
hands upraised slightly, the palms open upwards. t the end, mar'ed by the
words+ al-hamdu li-5lah (praise be to God), the open hands are drawn across
the face as if a blessing had fallen into them. Then the worshippers rise
and greet those ne*t to them with the words+ as-salamu "alay'um. !ome then
perform individual, voluntary prayers, e*cept after the "asr. These are
usually of two ra'a"at.
In addition to these voluntary, or !unnah prayers performed before or after
the main prayers, there are additional voluntary and optional prayers at
specific times, however the number of obligatory prayers is five daily. It
has been related of the great teacher al-:unayad of ;aghdad that he
performed three hundred ra'a"at each day at his shop in the mar'et and four
hundred at his house each night, in addition to reciting certain formula
thirty thousand times each day. l-:unayd was not forgetful of God<
The $riday congregational :um"ah prayer of two ra'a"at replaces the normal
noonday prayer and is preceded by a sermon ('hutbah). The $riday prayer is
performed in a large congregational mos.ue which can accommodate a greater
number of worshippers than a neighborhood mos.ue. It also has a preacher
in addition to an lmam, or a preaching lmam; to give teachings re.uires, in
principle, greater 'nowledge than does leading the prayers. The $riday
prayer brings together a larger number of people from different
neighborhoods, thus increasing a sense of community. )ther e*ceptional
prayers are those of the festivals. )n the morning of the festivals of the
"Id there is a special prayer of two ra'a"at for which, in principle, the
whole community, or even the whole city, gathers together in a special
prayer ground. The peculiarity of the "Id prayer is that it is opened with
eight ta'bir, pronounced slowly one after the other, before the first
fatihah. !i* ta'bir are pronounced before the second fatihah.
It is best not to interrupt a prayer e*cept for good reason, but a prayer
which is interrupted is simply said again. 8ifferent procedures e*ist if
an error was made during a prayer. fter the closing salutation, he
immediately performs two prostrations from the sitting position, called the
prostrations of attentiveness. They are finished by the greetings -ust as
if it were the final two su-ud of a prayer.
%rayers which are missed at the correct time should be made up afterwards,
and are prayed silently. 2enstruating women do not pray and do not ma'e up
missed prayers. #ith this e*ception, the obligation of salah for women is
no less than for men.
The form of the salah is from the !unnah of the %rophet, may llah"s
prayers be upon him. The inspired nature of the salah is from Gabriel who
came and performed it five times at the right moments of the day and night
with the %rophet, may peace be upon him. The ta'bar, or llahu a'bar - God
is greater than anything - which opens the prayer is the door into the
8ivine %resence, and the subse.uent ta'bar confirm that God alone is the
%ower over everything.
The prayer must be performed in rabic, which is at once a sacred and a
liturgical language. The prayer is a vehicle by its nature, and by its
symbolism. The individual is diminished in the bow, and is e*tinguished in
the protestation (su-ud), which ta'es the shape of the letter mim, the
letter of death. The first sa-dah is the fana", or the e*tinction of what
is created, leaving, in the symbolism of the sitting, the ba.a" or >that
which persists>, which is the immortal soul. In the second prostration,
the fana" al- fana", all remnants of the contradiction or dise.uilibrium
that the illusion of creation poses in the face of the 8ivine 6eality
symbolically disappear. The rabic words, which are sacred words in a
sacred language, are an essential aspect of the efficacy of the rite.
Ibn "ta" llah says in his 7i'am+
6itual prayer is the place of intimate discourses and a mine of reciprocal
acts of purity wherein the domains of the innermost being are e*panded and
the rising gleams of light ray out. 7e 'new of the e*istence of wea'ness
in you, so 7e made, the number of ritual prayers small; and he 'new of your
need of 7is grace, so he multiplied their fruitful results.
6itual prayer is a purification for hearts and an opening up of the door of
the invisible domains
The !itual "blution an# $rayers
%u#hu: "blutions before the $rayer
1. !ay+ ?awa"itul wudhu lisalati lillahi ta"ala. ;ismi"llah ir-6ahman
ir-6ahim. This is a statement of intention. I intend this wudu for prayer
4. #ash hands-three times
/. 6inse mouth-three times (right side, left, then both together)
9. 6inse nose-three times
=. #ash face-three times
@. #ash right arm to elbow three times, and wash left arm to elbow-three times
A. #ash head and run with right hand lightly over top of the head to the
bac' of the nec'-once
B. #ash ears, inde* finger in ear and thumb in bac' of ear- once.
C. #ash feet, right foot first up to an'le with right hand and then left
foot with right hand-three times.
10. Then say+ sh"hadu an la ilaha illa"llah wa ash"hadu anna 2uhammadan
"abduhu wa rasuluh (while saying this raise right inde* finger, indicating
the unity) This means+ I believe there is no god but God and I believe that
2uhammad is the messenger of llah.
&all to $rayer '"#han(
llahu 'bar llahu 'bar (twice) God is 2ost Great.
sh"hadu an la ilaha illa"llah (4*) I witness there is no god but God
shadu anna 2uhammadun 6asulullah (twice) I witness 2uhammad is the
2essenger of God
7ayya "ala-s-salah (twice) Dome into prayer
7ayya "ala-l-falah (twice) Dome into prosperity
llahu 'bar llahu 'bar (twice) God is 2ost Great
5a ilaha illa"llah+ There is no god but God
To every morning prayer (al-fa-r), after the words hayya "ala falah, these
words are added+ salatu 'hairum minan naum (twice), meaning prayer is
better than sleep.
"fter the "than 'abo)e( the following prayer is sai#:
llahumma rabba ha,ihida" wa titammati wassala til .a imati ati muhammada
nil wasilata wal fadilata wab"ashu ma.a mam mahmuda nila,i wa "atah. )
llah< 5ord of this perfect call and ever living prayer, grant 2uhammad
nearness and e*cellence and raise him to the position of glory which Thou
hast promised him.
" se*on# *all to prayer (al-Iqamah)
This is given -ust immediately before the prayer saying each line once
instead of twice and adding+ (ad .ama tis salatu; .ad .ama tis salah -ust
after hayya "ala falah+ stand for prayer, stand for prayer.
1. $irst the intention for prayer is stated and what prayer is being said.
(hands are palms up in front of you) ?awa"itu an usalli as salatu fa-r
lillahi ta"ala ra'ate (fadger-indicating the morning prayer in this case)
4. then say+ llahu 'bar (raising hands) llah is the greatest.
/. then say+ al-$atiha ((ur"an ch.1)
;ismi"llah ir-6ahman ir-6ahim
lhamdu-lillahi rabbil alamin
#a iy-ya'a nasta"in
Ihdinas siratal musta.im
!iratal ladhina an"amta alayhim
Ghai-ril maghdubi "alayhim wa lada-lin. min.
In the ?ame of God 2ost 2erciful Dompassionate
%raise be to God, 5ord of the worlds
ll 2erciful; ;estower of mercy
!overeign of doomsday
In Thee we worship
nd in Thee we see' refuge
Guide us on the straight path
The %ath of those unto whom Thou art gracious
?ot of those who are astray nor those who earn Thy nger. min.
9. !ay any surah from al-(ur"an+
;ismi"llah ir-6ahman ir-6ahim
(ul+ 7uwallahu ahad
5am yalid wa lam yulad
#a lam ya'ul lahu
3ufu wan ahad.
!ay+ 7e is llah, the )ne
llah, the eternally besought of all
7e begetteth not nor was begotten
nd there is none comparable unto 7im.
=. !ay+ llah 'bar (bending to 'nees)
Then+ !ubhana rabbi-yal adheem ll praise to 7im the Great is said (/*)
while bent at the 'nee
@. !tanding up you say+ !ami "allahu liman hamidah+ 2eaning, God hears him
who praises 7im. The response is+ 6abbana la'al hamd, meaning-to Thee is
due all praise.
A. !ay+ llahu a'bar, and ma'e the first prostration and with your head on
the floor say (/*)+ !ubhana rabbi yal a"la+ 2eaning, ll %raise to 7im.
B. Then sitting, you say+ 6abbi "ghferli wa hamni which means+ 6ub out my
mista'es and send me mercy.
C. !ay llahu 'bar, and ma'e a 4nd prostration and with your head on the
floor say three times+ !ubhana 6abbi yal a"la
10. !ay+ llah 'bar (returning to the standing position again)
11. !ay+ al-$atiha again (E/)
14. gain say any surah from al-(ur"an
1/. Then+ llahu 'bar (bending to 'nees)
nd say+ !ubhana rabbi yal atheem three times
19. !ay+ !ami" allahu liman hamida (return to the standing position)
1=. !ay+ llah a'bar (ma'ing prostration)
nd say three times+ !ubhana rabbi ya a"la
1@. !ay+ llah a'bar (returning to sitting position)
nd+ 6abbi "ghferli wa hamni
1A. !ay+ llah 'bar (ma'ing prostration)
nd say three times+ !ubhana rabbi ya a"la
1B. !ay+ llahu a'bar (returning to the sitting position) Then say+
t-tahiyatu lil-lahi was salawatu
s-salamu alai'a ay-yu-han nabiyyu
wa rahmatul lahi wa bara'atuhu
s-salamu "alaina wa"ala ibadil-la his-salihin
shadu an la ilaha ill"llah
wa ashadu anna 2uhammedan "abduhu wa rasuluh.
ll service and all worship
and all sanctity are for God.
%eace be upon you, ) %rophet
and God"s 2ercy and ;lessings
%eace be upon us and upon those who practice righteousness.
I witness+ there is no god but God
and I witness 2uhammad is 7is servant
1C. !ay !alat Ibrahim+
llahumma salli "ala !ayyidina 2uhammad wa Fala ali sayyidina
2uhammad 'ama salaita Fala !ayyidina Ibrahima wa Fala ali !ayyidina
Ibrahima inna'a hamidun ma-id. llahumma bari' Fala !ayyidina 2uhamad wa
Fala ali ayidinna 2uhammad 'ama bara'ta Fala !ayyidina Ibrahima wa Fala
ali !ayyidina Ibrahim inna'a hamidun ma-id.
) God, e*alt 2uhammad and the family of 2uhammad as Gou e*alted
Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Thou art the %raised and the Glorious.
nd bless 2uhammad and the family of 2uhammad as Gou blessed Ibrahim and
the family of Ibrahim. Thou art the %raised, the Glorious.
40. 6abbi -"alni mu.im as-salati wa min ,urriyyati rabbana wata.abbal du"a.
6abbana ghfirli wali walidayya wa lil mu"minina yauma ya.umul hisab.
2y 5ord, ma'e me 'eep up my prayer and by my offering, our 5ord,
accept the prayer. ) my God forgive my sins and those of my parents and
those of the faithful when the day of rec'oning shall come.
41. Then while moving head first to the right, say+ s salamu "alai'um wa
rahmatullah; and to the left repeat, s salamu "alai'um wa rahmatullah.
(%eace be upon you and the 2ercy of llah)
44. t the end of the prayer say three times+
staghfirullahu-l-dheem, la ilaha ila 7u, al 7ayy ul (ayyum wa atubu
I as' God for forgiveness and there is no God but 7e the 5iving, the
&verlasting, and to 7im I turn in repentance.
4/. This is the time to ma'e a personal prayer
49. Then raise your hands with the palms opened upwards and say+
llahumma anta-s-salam wa min'a-s-salam wa ilai'a yauda salam
tabara'ta rabbana wa ta Falaita ya dhul -alali wal i'ram.
) llah Gou are the %eace and from Gou comes the %eace. Give us the
%eace. ;lessed art Thou the most 7igh. ) 5ord of ma-esty and bounty.
4=. Then repeat three times+
5a ilaha illa"llah 2uhammadan 6asulullah "alaihi salatullah.
4@. %ractice after the prayer+
!ay ten times+
5a ilaha illa llah
wahda hu la shari' llah
5ahul mul' wa lahul hamd
Guhyi wa yumitu
wa huwa ala 'ulli shay"in .adir.
There is no God but llah
7e is the )ne and there is no partner for 7im
To 7im is all the #orld and to 7im all the %raise
7e gives life and 7e ta'es life
and 7e is powerful over everything.
4A. Then say thirty three times each+
nd say+ 5a ilaha illa"llah
4B. Then say+ Inna "llahu wa mala"i'atahu yusaluna Fala nabi. Ga
ayyuhal-ladhina amanu sallu alaihi wa saliemu tasleema.
!urely llah and 7is ngels pray upon the %rophet. ) ye who believe
send your prayers upon him and greet him with the peace of your deep
4C. Then repeat !alat Ibrahim (E1C) and say+
!ubhana rabbi'a rabbi "i,ati ama yasifun wa salaamun Fala-l-mursileen
wal humdulillahi rabbil "alamin. 7allowed be your 5ord, the 5ord of
5oftiness beyond description and peace be upon the 2essenger and %raise be
to God, the 5ord of the #orlds.
!alat al-$a-r consists of two ra'ats and is said in the morning at dawn.
(two ra'ats of sunna prayer are offered before al-fa-r)
!alat al-dhuhr, the midday prayer consists of four ra'ats. (four ra'ats of
sunna prayer are offered before al-dhuhr and two after)
!alat al-asr, the mid-afternoon prayer consists of four ra'ats. (four
ra'ats of sunna prayer are offered before al-"asr prayer)
!alat al-maghrib, the sunset prayer consists of three ra'ats. (two ra'ats
of sunna prayer are offered after al-maghrib prayer )
!alat al-isha, the night prayer consists of four ra'ats. (four ra'ats of
sunna prayer are offered before al-isha" prayer and two after)
#hen praying the four ra'ats, you perform two ra'ats and at the end of the
second ra'at you perform two more ra'ats without sura"s before salat
Ibrahim, then continue to the end of prayer.
#hen praying three ra'ats at maghrib, you perform two ra'ats to salat
Ibrahim and then one more ra'at to end of prayer.
+efore e)ery prayer the intention slightly *hanges by mentioning the name
of the prayer.
$a-r+ ?awa"itu an usalli as-salatul fa-r lillahi ta"ala ra'atayn.
8huhr+ ?awa"itu an usalli as-salatul ,uhr lillahi ta"ala arba ra'at.
"sr+ ?awa"itu an usalli as-salatul asr lillahi ta"ala arba ra'at.
2aghrib+ ?awa"itu an usalli as-salatul maghrib lillahi ta"ala thalatha ra'at.
Isha"+ ?awa"itu an usalli as-salatul isha lillahi ta"ala arba ra'at.
!alat $a-r, 2aghri, and Isha" are said aloud while in the standing
position. !alat 8huhr and "sr are said silently.
%itr $rayer (at night)
The witr prayer at night is said at the end of isha and before sleeping.
#itr is three ra'ats. (The witr prayer has two nafl ra'ats before and
after.) The following prayer, al-(unut, is said in silence before or after
the last ra'u. llahumma inna nasta"inu'a wa nastaghfiru'a wa nu"minu bi'a
wa natawa''alu "alai'a wa nusni "alai'al 'haira wa nash'uru'a wa la
na'firu'a wa na'hla"u wa natru'u many-yaf-uru'. llahuma iyya-'a na"budu wa
la'a nusal-li wa nas-udu wa ilai'a nas "a wa nahfidu wa nar-u rahmata-'a wa
na'hsha "a,aba'a inna "a,aba'a bil-'uffari mulhi..
) llah we beseech Thee for help and see' Thy protection and believe in
Thee and rely on Thee and e*tol Thee and are than'ful to Thee and are not
ungrateful to Thee and we declare ourselves clear of and forsa'e him who
disobeys Thee. ) llah Thee do we serve and for Thee do we pray and
prostrate ourselves and to Thee do we ta'e ourselves and to obey Thee we
are .uic' and Thy 2ercy do we hope for and Thy %unishment do we fear for it
overta'es the unbeliever.
,aily Spiritual -.er*ise
!ay+ staghfirullahu-l-adheem (one hundred times)
5a ilaha illa"llahu al-hayyul-.ayyum wa atouba ilaih (once)
!ay+ llahumma salli ala !ayyidina 2uhammadan wa alihi
wa sallim (one hundred times)
2uhammadan rasulullah (once)
!ay+ 5ailaha il"lallah (one hundred times)
2uhammadan rasulullah (once)
Then say+ llah (five hundred times)
$rayer #uring !ama#han: !alatu Tarawih
This prayer is twenty ra'ats (ten prayers of two ra'ats each) and is
offered in the presence of others. nd the following prayer is recited
after finishing every four ra'ats of the Tarawih prayers during 6amadhan+
!ubhana ,il-mul'i wal-mala'ut
!ubhana ,il-i,,ati wal-"a,mati wal haibati
wal .udrati wal 'ibriya-i wal -abarut.
!ubha-nal mali'il hayyil la,i la yanamu wa la yamut.
!ubbu-hun .uddu sun rabbu-na
wa rubbul mala"i'ati war-ruh.
llahumma a-irna minan nar.
Ga mu-iru, ya mu-iru, ya mu-iru.
$ree from all imperfections is llah the %ossessor of
7onor, Greatness, we, %ower, Glory and Grandeur.
$ree from all imperfections is the real 3ing who is
ever living. #ho neither sleeps nor dies.
$or 7im is %urity and 7oliness (7e is) our 5ord and the
5ord of the angels and Gabriel.
) llah protect us from the fire.
) %rotector< ) %rotector< ) %rotector<
Is offered after midnight but before daybrea' and is from four to twelve
ra'ats offered in even numbers with a brea' every two ra'ats.
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