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Alternating current Circuit

1. Electricity produced by magnetism is ______________(AC or DC)
2. The intensity of current produced by a conductor moving through a magnetic field is determined
by the ______at which the lines of flux are cut.
3. One complete sequence of events in alternating current consisting of starting and stopping the
current in both direction is called one____________
4. which is easier and less expensive to produce, AC or DC?______
5. When electricity is to be carried for long distances over a power line, its____(voltage or current) is
stepped up to a high value.
6. One half of a cycle of alternating current is called a/an_____
7. The sine of an angle is the ratio of the length of the side opposite the angle in a right triangle to
the length of the______
8. The sine of 0
is____, and the sine of 90
9. If sine wave AC has an effective value of 120 volts, it will have the following values:
a. Peak value = _____ volts
b. Peak to peak value = _____ volts
c. Average value = _____ volts
10. AC having a peak value of 25 amps will produce the same amount of heat as____amps of DC.
11. Another name for the effective value of AC is the ____value.
12. AC with a peak voltage of 141.4 volts has an effective voltage of ___volts.
13. If an AC circuit contains only resistance, the current____(is or is not) in phase with the voltage.
14. If an AC circuit contains only capacitance, the current will ____(lead or lag) the voltage.
15. If an AC circuit contains only inductance, the current will ____(lead or lag) the voltage.
16. The percentage of the current in an AC circuit that is in phase with the voltage acrros the circuit
is called the _____of the circuit.
17. The power factor of a circuit that contains on resistance is ____percent
18. Determine the reactance of a 60 mH inductor at (a) 20 Hz and (b) 4 kHz.
19. Determine the reactance of a 220 nF capacitor at (a) 400 Hz and (b) 20 kHz.
20. A 0.5 F capacitor is connected to a 110 V 400 Hz supply. Determine the current fl owing in
the capacitor.
21. A resistor of 120 is connected in series with a capacitive reactance of 160 . Determine the
impedance of the circuit and the current fl owing when the circuit is connected to a 200 V AC
22. A capacitor or 2 F is connected in series with a 100 resistor across a 24 V 400 Hz AC
supply. Determine the current that will be supplied to the circuit and the voltage that will appear
across each component.
23. An 80 mH coil has a resistance of 10 . Calculate the current fl owing when the coil is
connected to a 250 V 50 Hz supply.
24. Determine the phase angle and power factor for Question 6.
25. An AC load has a power factor of 0.6. If the current supplied to the load is 5 A and the
supply voltage is 110 V determine the true power dissipated by the load.
26. An AC load comprises a 110 resistor connected in parallel with a 20 F capacitor. If
the load is connected to a 220 V 50 Hz supply, determine the apparent power supplied to the
load and its power factor.
27. A filter consists of a 2 F capacitor connected in series with a 50 mH inductor. At what
frequency will the fi lter be resonant?

B. Transformer
1. A transformer has 480 primary turns and 120 secondary turns. If the primary is connected
to a 110 V AC supply determine the secondary voltage.
2. A step-down transformer has a 220 V primary and a 24 V secondary. If the secondary winding
has 60 turns, how many turns are there on the primary?
3. A transformer has 440 primary turns and 1800 secondary turns. If the secondary supplies a
current of 250 mA, determine the primary current (assume that the transformer is loss-free).
4. A transformer produces an output voltage of 220 V under no-load conditions and an output
voltage of 208 V when full load is applied. Determine the per-unit regulation.
5. A 1 kVA transformer has an iron loss of 15 W and a full-load copper loss (primary plus
secondary) of 20 W. Determine the effi ciency of the transformer at 0.9 power factor.