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Faculty of Management Sciences



Course Writing Skills
Class Timings Every Thursday and Saturday (08:30 11:30 am)
Room 308
Term Summer 2014
Course Lecturer Dr. Imran Khan (Asst. Prof.)
Availability 8:30 am 4:30 pm
Off Days Monday & Wednesday
Meetings/Counselling In class, Board room or SR 2 (No meetings will be allowed in Faculty room)
Course Duration 8 Weeks
Course Description Writing Skills HMT 114 is a preparatory writing course designed for students entering
any undergraduate program at university. IUGC provides a lot of opportunities to
enhance your skills, particularly in knowledge, soft skills, ability, and credibility so as to
enable you to compete and progress both academically and in your future workplace.
Objectives This course will also focus on writing skills, grammar, mechanics and reading will
augment students proficiency in target language in order to improve their receptive and
productive skills. The goal of writing skills course is to support you improve your
writing, oral, and collaborative skills necessary for future business courses, thesis
writings, written assignments, internships, and professional positions. This course aims to
help you express clearly, concisely, convincingly, and create impressive formal
presentations that are delivered with confidence and poise. Students will be able to
produce unified, well-organized and coherent essays on a variety of topics in preparation
for the writing of essays on both academic and non-academic topics.
Learning Outcomes After successfully completing the course you will be able to:

a)write in a variety of styles (narrative, descriptive, expository, persuasive)
b) critically evaluate a variety of reading passages
c) summarize texts
d) paraphrase texts
e) write for a variety of purposes and audiences
f) apply the writing process (prewriting, writing, and revising)
g) demonstrate basic grammar and sentence skills in writing
h) demonstrate basic word processing skills in written assignments
i) develop his/her personal writing style/voice
j) Self-edit writing and analyze other writing samples
k) Carry out library and on-line research
l) Plan and deliver a short presentation
m) Apply techniques for adapting messages to the audience and for developing
effective sentences and unified and coherent paragraphs
n) Organize and deliver an oral presentation
o) Revise and proofread a message for organization, content, style, mechanics, format,
and layout
Delivery Each class will consist of a combination of lecture, discussion, group work, and


Methods/Format individual writing activities. Sometime will be allowed for starting assignments in class,
but most of the writing assignments will be completed outside of class time. Students
should expect to put in about four to eight hours of work per week outside of class time.
Attendance All students are required to maintain 80% of his/her attendance. In case the students fail
to maintain 80% of attendance, they become ineligible to take the final exam and are
awarded F Grade. This is a zero tolerance policy.
Course textbook and
Langan, J. (2010). Exploring Writing (second edition), New York: McGraw-Hill (Part
One, Two, and Four); Monolingual dictionary either Cambridge or Oxford: Level 1 to 7
English Grammar)
Assessment The assessment for the course is based on your class participation, quizzes, writing
workshops, assignments which include presentations, mid-term and final exams. For
your presentations, portfolios and assignments, the topic must fit within the general area
of the course. Do not start to work on the assignment until you have finalised on both
topic and format, and this has been recorded by the course lecturer.
Assignment Policy

Students who unable to submit an assignment due to any serious reason by the due date
should discuss the matter in advance with the lecturer. Late assignments will not be
Submission Guidelines
All due assignments i.e. soft and hard copy will be submitted to the course lecturer or
Assignment, Discipline
& Academic
All students are expected to attend the course and maintain the decorum of the class.
Plagiarism will not be tolerated. YOU WILL FAIL IF YOU COPY SOMEONE
ELSES WORK! Your assignment will be processed in Turnitin Software. If you
need any guidance you will seek the course lecturers assistance.
Class Etiquette In all areas of the university environment, students are responsible to show respect for
others, swearing, or language that is discriminatory or derogatory in relation to race,
gender, ethnic background, religious beliefs, age and physical condition is not
appropriate. All students must observe respect for each other. Student making fun of
anyones mistake will be penalized. In groups and in class you must respect the
differences of opinion and to bring everyone into discussion. Therefore, it is one of your
responsibilities to work together in order to create a comfortable and friendly
environment where all students can express their opinions, doubts, questions and queries
Electronic Devices In order to be successful in classes and minimize distractions for others, cell phones,
iPods and other electronic devices must be turned off while students are in class. In an
emergency situation, the instructor may give a student permission to use a cell phone or
Marks Distribution a) 12 Essays: 10% (Submission hard & soft copy one day before midterm exam )
b) Class participation/ workshop activities: 5%
c) Ppt. Presentation from John Langan 4 chapters: 5% (After midterm/5 students per
d) Quiz: 10 % (surprise, either before or after midterm)
e) Mid-term: 25% (Exam pattern: Subjective & objective)
f) Final Exam: 40% (Exam pattern: Subjective & objective)
g) Full attendance: 5 marks
h) one absence: 3 marks
i) two absences: 1 mark
(Bonus Marks will be added in final exam)
Grading Scale [88 100 = A; 81 87 = B+; 74 80 = B; 67 73 = C+; 60 66 = C; <60 = F]

Individual assignments: Article writing for English for University Students
Task description: Write articles of 400 words each on 100 issues given below. Select three topics from each
essay type (e.g. 3 topics from Narrative, 3 Descriptive, 3 Cause & Effect and 3 from
Comparison & Contrast). Try to make your writings as interesting as possible. Your
readers are the ones who have just joined BBA program and hardly have subject

knowledge about the issues presented. It is better to define the terms first, interest them in
your writings by giving examples from their world and discuss with interesting facts.
Turnitin: English used in the articles has to be original. However, you can use books and online
services to gather information and put it in your English. The whole texts will be scanned
with anti-plagiarism software, Turnitin, which will identify plagiarized parts of the work.
Marks will be deducted according to similarity index. Less than 10% similarity will not
be penalized.


A: Causes and Effects Essay Topics

1. The effect of a parent, teacher, or friend on your life
2. Why you selected your major
3. The effects of cramming for an examination
4. The effects of peer pressure
5. Why some students cheat
6. The effects of growing up with a personal computer
7. The effects of poverty on an individual
8. Why one college course is more rewarding than another
9. Why many people don't bother to vote in local elections
10. Why more and more students are taking online classes
11. The effects of racial, sexual, or religious discrimination
12. Why people exercise
13. Why people keep pets
14. The effects of computers on our everyday lives
15. Why some people choose not to carry a cell phone
16. The environmental effects of bottled water
17. Why reality shows are so popular
18. The effects of pressures on students to get good grades
19. The effects of a coach or teammate on your life
20. The effects of not keeping a personal budget
21. The causes of noise pollution
22. The effects of noise pollution
23. Why so few students read newspapers
24. Why many Americans prefer foreign-built cars
25. Why many adults enjoy animated movies.

B: Comparison and Contrast Essay Topics

1. Two stages of a person's life
2. Two places you have visited
3. Two perspectives on the same place: past and present
4. Two perspectives on the same place: morning and night
5. Two fast-food restaurants
6. An online class compared to a traditional class
7. The Toyota Camry hybrid and the Camry sedan
8. Two candidates competing for public office
9. Two pets in the same household
10. The rules set for you as a child and the rules you have set (or plan to set) for your own children
11. Two professional athletes
12. Two views of your parents: before and after you left home
13. Your experiences before and after giving up a bad habit

14. Two neighborhoods
15. Two vampires
16. Two ways to break a bad habit
17. A real vacation and a dream vacation
18. Two hosts of late-night talk shows
19. A good boss and a bad boss
20. Bulimia and anorexia
21. Two video games
22. Two classes in the same subject: one in high school and the other in college
23. The car you own and the car you dream of owning
24. Two types of exercise
25. Two ways of studying for an exam

C: Description Essay Topics

1. a waiting room
2. a basketball, baseball glove, or tennis racket
3. a cell phone
4. a treasured belonging
5. a laptop computer
6. a favorite restaurant
7. your dream house
8. your ideal roommate
9. a closet
10. your memory of a place that you visited as a child
11. a locker
12. an accident scene
13. a city bus or subway train
14. an unusual room
15. a child's secret hiding place
16. a bowl of fruit
17. an item left too long in your refrigerator
18. backstage during a play or a concert
19. a vase of flowers
20. a rest room in a service station
21. a street that leads to your home or school
22. your favorite food
23. the inside of a spaceship
24. the scene at a concert or athletic event
25. an art exhibit

D: Narration Essay Topics

1. a memorable wedding or funeral
2. one minute of a football game (or other sporting event)
3. your first day at a new school or college
4. your first day at a new job
5. your last day on a job
6. a disastrous date
7. a moment of failure or success
8. an encounter that changed your life
9. an experience that led to renewed faith
10. a strange job interview
11. an experience that demonstrated how labor-saving devices can be more trouble than they're worth
12. an experience that left you disillusioned
13. an embarrassing experience

14. a frightening experience
15. a memorable journey
16. an encounter with someone or something you were afraid of
17. an occasion when you experienced rejection
18. your first visit to the country (or to a large city)
19. the breakup of a friendship
20. an experience that showed how we should be careful of what we wish for
21. a significant misunderstanding
22. a dangerous experience
23. an experience that showed how appearances can be deceiving
24. an account of a difficult decision that you had to make
25. an event that marked a turning point in your life

General lay out of your essay should be like the example below.


(Introduce thesis statement here)
6-7 statements

(Introduce topic sentence 1) 8-10 statements

(Introduce topic sentence 2) 8-10 statements

(Introduce topic sentence 3) 8-10 statements

(Wrap up and do not introduce new points)
6-7 statements

Article Assignment Sample One:



Cell phones have evolved since past 5 years. Now cell phones are just not a tool to keep in touch with
friends and family but a gadget to stay connected to the World. Today, even a small cheap cell phone comes with the
features of wireless internet and digital application stores through which one can never get bored. Its a 12 inch
complete package of entertainment.

In particular, the new arrival of the Android software has been proved as a revolution in the cell phones
market. Its a virtual store with over 10,000 of amazing mobile applications and software. All kinds of applications
are easily downloaded from this market by a single click. Its full of exciting games, you can download game of
your favorite category, and they are full touch games. There are some games to increase your I.Q level as well.
Besides that photo editors are also available in a big variety which includes photo collages, frame your photos, and
color your pictures and adobe photo shop as well. Through these exciting softwares you can make your photos the
way you want.

As we all know music soothes the soul. Music player is another important part of all cell phones today. We
can save thousands of songs of our choice in our cell phone. We can listen to them either on loud speaker as well as
with hands free. Radio also gives us enjoyment of listening songs, we just have to push a button to listen to radio
without hands free, wireless radio have given s commoner freedom from attaching hands free in cell phone.

Snap! And our memory is saved forever. Camera is one of the main features of mobile phones. Just take a
picture and we dont even have to wait for another moment as it automatically gets save in the gallery. We can
directly upload it on web through cell phone. Its easy and saves a lot of time unlike digital cameras who first have
to be attached with laptops or computers. We can also share it with others through the use of Bluetooth. Blue tooth is
free of cost and software which easily shares our stuff with other cell phones.

Easy to carry, easy to operate, low in prices, available in many colors and models with many attractive
applications and functions. Cell phones surely are a gift of science for the present era. They are assisting mankind
and helping them in communication as well as enjoyment.

Article Assignment Sample Two:



My vacations just started; so I had lots of leisure time to enjoy. I spent first two weeks of my
vacations just sleeping and watching television 2 hours of the day. Then, I started getting bored of watching
repetitive programs on the television. So, one day I decided to download and watch a movie from the internet. I went
to my room and turned out my desktop computer.

I searched the internet for half an hour then I finally found a horror movie that I thought would be great. It
was a newly released Hollywood movie and had been in news for being a thrilling horror movie. I browsed a

website through which I could download the movie. I went to the website and search the movie and clicked the
download button. Finally the process of downloading started; hence, started the annoying period of waiting.

The movie was taking too long to be downloaded as it was a big memory movie. As the time was passing, I
was getting annoyed and more annoyed. So, I played some songs so that I could enjoy while the movie was being
downloaded. This trick really worked; the time flew by while I was listening to the music. And the movie was half
way downloaded.

After few more minutes the movie was nearly 80% downloaded and I took of sigh of sigh of relieve and
said to myself just few more minutes. Suddenly, my mom cried out to me and said there is only 15 minutes left.
First I could not understand what my mother was saying, so I asked her. My mother replied, The electricity is going
to fail in 15 minutes. The moment I heard it my heart just sank. I wished with all my heart and soul that the
downloading be completed in the next 15 minutes.

Every passing minute built more tension. After 7 minutes, the downloading had reached to 90%. By that
time I was quite sure that the downloading would be completed and I was very glad about it. Unfortunately, when
there was just 4% of remaining downloading, the internets speed slowed down. My heart beat rose. I was just
praying that the downloading would complete within time.

Finally, there was just 2% of downloading remaining but there was just 1 minute left for the power failure.
Alas! The electricity was gone, when there was just 1% remaining. The movie did not download and I was just
furious but more than that I was just sad about the moment of failure.

Article Assignment Sample Three:



Cars have become a luxury more than a need. People now want better features and high quality models of
new cars. This increasing demand of new and improved cars has leaded the company to produce more cars and new
models. Every year new models and cars are introduced. In the same fashion a well known cars manufacturing
company Toyota introduced Toyota Camry and Toyota Camry Hybrid.

Toyota Camry is the seventh generation car and in every five year it is redesigned since from 1982. Toyota
claims that the new Camry is not only the current bestselling midsize sedan, but also the safest, quietest, and most
fuel-efficient. Camry brought about a sharper look, notably improved the interior quality and improved its driving
dynamics. On the other hand, the 2013 Toyota Camry Hybrid stays the course, but gains a few features that enhance
convenience, safety and cabin ambience. For those entire qualities hybrid being sluggish in the name of fuel
conservation. The Camry hybrid has brisk acceleration with high fuel economy.

When outfitted with a dual-clutch transmission, the sedan earns EPA ratings of 30 city/40 highway and 34
combined, which is a closer opponent with the 2013 Toyota Camry Hybrid's. So both the cars have efficient EPA
ratings and due to the same reason these cars also attract a lot of customers. Furthermore the fuel consumption is
rarely same with high efficiency of pick up skills definitely. Both the cars gives high fuel efficiency and also
accommodate with a reliable engine.

On the other hand, these cars are also dissimilar from one another. For instance, in new hybrids the
exchange of early battery with lead acid conversions by Cal Cars has demonstrated 10 miles of effective mileage
and 20 miles of double mileage range. Moreover now it have 35 miles of electric range. In contrast, the Camry sedan
does not provide its user with such effective mileage as it is not accommodated with batteries by Cal Cars.
Furthermore Camry hybrid has a far better stylish outlook the Camry sedan with more comfortable inner body.

This is the same reality that plagues most hybrids which is now leaving merchants lots at record rates in
five variant versions. So it's safe to assume this metric isn't a top consideration among hybrid buyers. But the Avalon

isnt a prior. It's a modern, competent luxury sedan that just happens to benefit from an effective hybrid power train.
And in this regard it should draw buyers from both wells. Yes, you will definitely not have to hesitate to pay for that
car and never feel any regrets. This is combination of complete family and for youngster, a sports car as per their
desire for being so speedy always.

Article Assignment Sample Four:



Cheating is a great offense done by a lot of students these days. According to students they have now found
a new way to minimize the pressure and effort of getting good grades. In fact these days students are being creative
when it comes to the method of cheating during an examination or a test. They use different methods like peer
reviewing during a test, or carrying cheat sheets or even carrying a cell phone in the examination hall. But the
question that rises here is that why some students actually cheat.

The answer to the question is rather easy. There are many reasons for a student to cheat. First and foremost
that the student is not fully prepared for the examination. They want ace to the test but they also do not want to work
hard to achieve this goal. So they pick up the easy way, so they cheat on tests. Cheating is far easier than studying
hard. So students think cheating as a better option to get good grades on tests.

One other reason for cheating is that the students want to maintain their good image in front of the teachers
but are not fully confident about their capabilities. Sometimes students are good in studies but they are so afraid of
not getting good grades that they decide to cheat on a test. Unfortunately this is a bitter truth. The pressure that
builds up during the test sometimes leads the students to the wrong path and even though the students knows the
answer but he becomes so afraid of writing the wrong answer that he starts to cheat.

Furthermore, some students just are not interested in studying; they just want the degree or diploma. They
have no interest whatsoever about the studies, they just aim to get the degree and then a good job. So such types of
students are not even bothered about studying anything at any point of time, they just cheat to get at least minimal
passing marks and they are more than happy with their low grades.

But students do not understand the negative impact of cheating. Heating does not only embrace dishonesty
in a persons mind but also leads to disgrace and humiliation. Cheating is considered a crucial offense in a persons
educational career and the students who cheat are not very popular in the eyes of the teachers. Moreover, students do
not learn anything so they face a lot of problems during their professional career because they just have the degree
not the knowledge.