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The People of Australia

Statistics from the 2011 Census

The People of Australia


Statistics from the 2011 Census

Department of Immigration and Border Protection


2014

First published 2014


Commonwealth of Australia 2014
ISBN: 978-1-920996-23-9

This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this
material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, noncommercial use or use within your organisation. Apart from any use as
permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved.

Requests for further authorisation should be directed to the:


Commonwealth Copyright Administration,
Copyright Law Branch,
Attorney-Generals Department
Robert Garran Offices
National Circuit
Barton ACT 2600
Fax: 02 6250 5989
Email: commonwealth.copyright@ag.gov.au.

Data Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics


Data management and layout: SGS Economics and Planning

Contents
Page
About this publication ..

iii

How to use this publication ........

iii

Notes on the Data ...

iii

Abbreviations and Acronyms ..

iv

Tables
1

Australia key facts: 2001, 2006 and 2011 Census............................................................................................................


1

All states and territories compared: 2011 Census.............................................................................................................


2

Birthplaces - Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census.................................................................................................................


3

Birthplace by birthplace of parents - Australia: 2011 Census............................................................................................


9

Generational components of the Australian population


- Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
16

Birthplace by year of arrival - Australia: 2011 Census.......................................................................................................


17

Languages spoken at home - Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census......................................................................................


29

Australian Indigenous languages spoken at home - Australia: 2011 Census....................................................................


35

Languages spoken at home by persons who speak English not well or not at all
- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
40

10

Internet connection type by age and English proficiency - Australia: 2011 Census..........................................................
42

11

Citizenship rates by birthplaces and English proficiency - Australia: 2011 Census...........................................................


43

12

Religious affiliation - Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census ...................................................................................................


51

13

Ancestry - Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census.....................................................................................................................


55

14

Ancestry by birthplace of parent(s) - Australia: 2011 Census............................................................................................


62

15

Education, employment and income statistics for selected birthplaces


- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
63

16

Education, employment and income statistics for selected religions


- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
67

17

Education, employment and income statistics for selected languages


- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
71

18.1 - 18.9

Australia - 4 page profile.................................................................................................................................


75

Chart Number
1

Proportion of overseas born by statistical division - Australia: 2011 Census....................................................................


18

Main overseas birthplaces - Australia: 2011 Census.........................................................................................................


19

Fastest growing overseas birthplaces - Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census.......................................................................


20

Local government areas with the highest number of overseas born


- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
21

Local government areas with the highest proportion of overseas born


- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
22

6.1 - 6.40

Age-gender profiles of selected birthplaces - Australia: 2011 Census..............................................................................


23

Highest participation rates in voluntary activities by birthplace - Australia: 2011 Census.................................................


28

Main languages excluding English and Indigenous - Australia: 2011 Census...................................................................


44

Fastest growing languages excluding English and Indigenous - Australia: 2006 and 2011 Census.................................
45

10

Local government areas with highest number of language other than English speakers
- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
46

11

Local government areas with highest proportion of language other than English speakers
- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
47

12

Local government areas with highest number who speak English not well or not at all
- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
48

13

Local government areas with highest proportion who speak English not well or not at all
- Australia: 2011 Census.................................................................................................................................
49

14

Highest internet connectivity by language spoken - Australia: 2011 Census....................................................................


50

ii

About this Publication


The People of Australia is a major compilation of statistics on birthplace, language, religion and
ancestry from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. This publication has gone to considerable
lengths to create a data source which is unique, accurate, detailed and comprehensive. Some of the
features of this publication include:
x
x
x

Age-gender profiles for the most common birthplace, language and ancestry groups in
Australia show the diverse structure of our population.
Detailed ancestry data by birthplace of parents, gives a clear picture of the extent of our
migrant communities.
English language competency by age, presenting the differing levels of competency amongst
the various language and age groups.

How to use this Publication


This publication presents data in four main areas: birthplace, language, religion and ancestry. Along
with a table showing all categories in each area, further information such as age profiles, English
language proficiency and birthplace of religious groups are presented. The series of tables and
graphics presented include:
x
x
x
x
x

A full listing of birthplace, language, religion and ancestry data from the 2011 Census with
comparisons to 2006 where appropriate.
Graphics on the residential patterns of the major birthplace groups.
Special cross-tabulations of language with birthplace, religion with birthplace and ancestry
with birthplace of parents which reveal richer information on the make-up of the ethnic and
religious communities.
Data on English language proficiency by age.
Age-sex histograms on major birthplace, language and ancestry groups.

Notes on the Data


The figures in this publication are based on data from the 2011, 2006 and 2001 Census of Population
and Housing conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), and are based on usual resident
counts, i.e. counts of where people usually lived at the time of the Census.

Introduced Random Error


Data released by the ABS is subject to randomisation of small cells to maintain confidentiality of
respondents. The following selected text is taken from the ABS 2011 Census Dictionary (further
details as to how and when the introduced random error is used can be found in the glossary of ABS
2011 Census Dictionary Cat 2901.0):
Care is taken in the specification of tables to minimise the risk of identifying individuals. In addition, a
technique has been developed to randomly adjust cell values. Random adjustment of the data is
considered to be the most satisfactory technique for avoiding the release of identifiable Census data.
When the technique is applied, all cells are slightly adjusted to prevent any identifiable data being
exposed... No reliance should be placed on small cells as they are impacted by random adjustment,
respondent and processing errors.
(Source: ABS 2011 Census dictionary Cat 2901.0)

iii

The effect of this randomisation is that there are small discrepancies in totals throughout the
publication. For example, the total number of Australian born people in Australia in table 3 is 1 person
less than the figure shown in table 5. This is because table 5 is derived from a different ABS source
which cross tabulates birthplace by birthplace of parents, each cell of which is subject to different
levels of introduced random error.
Due to this randomisation of small numbers, it would be misleading to present numbers with a value
of less than 10 in these publications. Therefore such values are suppressed and presented in the
tables as ... It should be noted however, that even though these small values are not presented in
the table, their values do contribute to the totals presented for each table.

Birthplace Data
In the 2011 Census the ABS coded the response to the birthplace question into 292 categories; these
are based on the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC) 2 nd Edition, Revision 1. In
the 2006 Census there were 285 categories.
The major differences between the 2011 and 2006 categories relate to new birthplaces categories
being introduced or birthplaces used in 2006 being discontinued. As a result, 2011 data is reported for
newly defined categories while 2006 data is not reported for discontinued categories. In order to
maintain accurate totals, the data for discontinued 2006 categories is added to the not elsewhere
classified category for 2006.

Language Data
In the 2011 Census, the ABS coded the response to the language question into 501 language
categories based on the Australian Standard Classification of Languages (ASCL) 2nd Edition, Revision
1. In the 2006 Census there were 430 language categories based on the ASCL 2 nd Edition, while the
2001 Census used 240 language categories based on the ASCL 1 st Edition.
The major difference between the 2 nd Edition, Revision 1 and 2 nd edition ASCL results from the
disaggregation of languages. This has resulted in the 2011 census reporting newly defined languages
categories as well as making some 2006 language categories incomparable with 2011 data due to
some elements being reassigned to different categories. Amalgamation of 2006 language categories
and language name changes also occur.
In cases where it is not possible to provide comparable 2006 data, an entry of .. along with a
footnote will be presented and the counts from these categories will be incorporated into a not
elsewhere classified category for 2006.
A selection of classification changes are listed below:
x The 2006 categories of Hokkien and Teochew have been amalgamated into the 2011
category Min Nan
x The 2006 category of Assyrian has been disaggregated into the 2011 categories Assyrian
Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic and Mandaean (Mandaic)

Religion Data
In the 2011 census there are 136 religion categories based on the Australian Standard Classification
of Religious Groups (ASCRG) 2 nd Edition, Revision 1. The 2006 also had 136 religion categories. The
only difference in classification is the renaming of Latter Day Saints, nfd to Latter-day Saints, nfd.

Ancestry Data
In the 2011 census there are 319 categories based on the Australian Standard Classification of
Cultural and Ethnic Groups (ASCCEG) 2 nd Edition, Revision 1. The 2006 census used 275 categories.

iv

The major differences between the 2nd Edition, Revision 1 and 2 nd Edition ACCEG are due to the
disaggregation of ancestries to produce increased classification detail.
Many categories have retained the same name between 2006 and 2011 but still have changes in their
underlying census classification. A footnote is included for cases in which a category should not be
compared to a 2006 value due to some elements having been reassigned to new or existing
categories.
In cases where it is not possible to provide comparable 2006 data, an entry of .. along with a
footnote will be presented and the counts from these categories will be incorporated into a not
elsewhere classified category for 2006.
For both the 2006 and 2011 census, respondents were asked to mark the ancestries that they most
closely identified with and to consider their ancestry back as far as three generations. Respondents
had the option of reporting more than one ancestry but only the first two ancestries reported were
coded for the census. Respondents did not have the option of ranking their answers to the ancestry
question, so where a respondent reports two ancestries, those two ancestries have equal standing.
All ancestry data presented in the publication is based on a count of all responses (which can be up to
two per person), meaning that double counting can occur. Where appropriate, the proportion of
responses as well as the proportion of all persons in an area is presented along with the counts.

Abbreviations and Acronyms


ABS

Australian Bureau of Statistics

ASCCEG

Australian Standard Classification of Cultural and Ethnic Groups

ASCL

Australian Standard Classification of Langauges

ASCRG

Australian Standard Classification of Religious Groups

LGA

Local Government Area

LOTE

Language Other than English

MESC

Main English Speaking Countries

nec

Not elsewhere classified

nfd

Not further defined

NMESC

Non-Main English Speaking Countries

OSB

Overseas born

SACC

Standard Australian Classification of Countries

SAR

Special Administrative Region

SD

Statistical Division

SSD

Statistical Sub-Division

vi

Table 1
Australia
2001, 2006 and 2011 Census
Australia

Key Facts
Population

Overseas Born (OSB)


Total
As a % of population
Born in a non-main English speaking country (NMESC)
Born in a NMESC as a % of population
Born in a NMESC as a % of OSB

Australian Born
Total
As a % of population
with both parents born overseas
with both parents OSB as a % of population
with only one parent born overseas
with one parent OSB as a % of population

Aboriginal / Torres Strait Islanders


Total
As a % of population

Language other than English (LOTE) Speakers


Speak a language other than English at home
LOTE speakers as a % of population

English Proficiency
Speak English not well or not at all
Poor English speakers as % of population

2001

2006

2011

18,769,271

19,855,287

21,507,719

4,105,670
21.9
2,503,018
13.3
61.0

4,416,020
22.2
2,740,667
13.8
62.1

5,290,436
24.6
3,377,070
15.7
63.8

13,629,481
72.6
1,503,689
8.0
1,973,500
10.5

14,072,958
70.9
1,586,394
8.0
2,056,639
10.4

15,021,553
69.8
1,807,091
8.4
2,265,288
10.5

410,003
2.2

455,028
2.3

548,368
2.5

2,853,829
15.2

3,146,191
15.8

3,912,936
18.2

531,835
2.8

561,420
2.8

655,379
3.0

Note: The total population includes persons for whom a birthplace is not stated. Percentage calculations are based on the total population.

1. NMESC excludes people born in Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa, United Kingdom and United States of America
2. Includes people who had one parent born overseas and one parent with a not stated birthplace

The People of Australia

Page 1

Page 2

The People of Australia

655,379
3.0

3,912,936
18.2

548,368
2.5

15,021,553
69.8
1,807,091
8.4
2,265,288
10.5

5,290,436
24.6
3,377,070
15.7
63.8
1,913,366
8.9
36.2

21,507,719

Australia

271,683
3.9

1,554,332
22.5

172,624
2.5

4,747,374
68.6
653,631
9.4
689,322
10.0

1,778,544
25.7
1,288,847
18.6
72.5
489,697
7.1
27.5

6,917,655

New
South
Wales

212,632
4.0

1,235,436
23.1

37,990
0.7

3,670,935
68.6
549,581
10.3
548,209
10.2

1,405,332
26.2
1,048,073
19.6
74.6
357,259
6.7
25.4

5,354,039

2. Includes people who had one parent born overseas and one parent with a not stated birthplace

1. NMESC excludes people born in Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa, United Kingdom and United States of America

62,411
1.4

423,840
9.8

155,824
3.6

3,192,114
73.7
224,800
5.2
457,636
10.6

888,636
20.5
410,349
9.5
46.2
478,287
11.0
53.8

4,332,738

Victoria Queensland

Note: The total population includes persons for whom a birthplace is not stated. Percentage calculations are based on the total population

English Proficiency
Speak English not well or not at all
Poor English speakers as % of population

Language other than English (LOTE) Speakers


Speak a language other than english at home
LOTE speakers as a % of population

Aboriginal / Torres Strait Islanders


Total
As a % of population

Australian Born
Total
As a % of population
with both parents born overseas
with both parents OSB as a % of population
with only one parent born overseas
with one parent OSB as a % of population

Overseas Born (OSB)


Total
As a % of population
Born in a non-main English speaking country (NMESC)
Born in a NMESC as a % of population
Born in a NMESC as a % of OSB
Born in mainly English speaking country (MESC)
Born in a MESC as a % of population
Born in a MESC as a % of OSB

Population

Key Facts

Table 2
All States and Territories Compared

39,929
2.5

229,551
14.4

30,431
1.9

1,170,790
73.3
126,966
8.0
174,997
11.0

353,004
22.1
202,003
12.7
57.2
151,001
9.5
42.8

1,596,571

South
Australia

46,840
2.1

325,055
14.5

69,665
3.1

1,411,516
63.0
197,348
8.8
289,279
12.9

684,510
30.6
319,725
14.3
46.7
364,785
16.3
53.3

2,239,172

3,241
0.7

22,149
4.5

19,625
4.0

414,261
83.6
15,349
3.1
42,053
8.5

57,652
11.6
25,054
5.1
43.5
32,598
6.6
56.5

495,352

Western
Australia Tasmania

10,396
4.9

56,680
26.7

56,778
26.8

158,034
74.6
10,291
4.9
18,633
8.8

35,174
16.6
22,008
10.4
62.6
13,166
6.2
37.4

211,943

Northen
Territory

7,825
2.2

64,669
18.1

5,185
1.5

255,053
71.4
28,921
8.1
44,896
12.6

86,324
24.2
59,856
16.8
69.3
26,468
7.4
30.7

357,219

Australian
Capital
Territory

2011 Census

Table 3
Birthplaces
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

39
223
111
125
245
160
240
224
64
131
215
1
57
165
176
121
41
169
118
83
210
206
158
110
138
43
134
59
106
100
220
117
40
174
30
235
177
205
241
225
190
226
211
45
4
66
242
108

Birthplace
Afghanistan
Aland Islands1
Albania
Algeria
Americas, nfd
Angola
Antarctica, nfd
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia, Plurinational State of2
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean, nfd
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Central America, nfd
Central and West Africa, nfd
Central Asia, nfd
Chad
Chile
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)3
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of

The People of Australia

2011 Census
28,598
33
2,398
1,171
14
440
17
33
11,986
1,042
49
15,021,553
17,010
389
241
1,247
27,809
359
1,604
5,762
60
78
446
2,455
770
25,683
969
14,510
2,626
2,915
39
1,730
28,330
277
38,871
23
239
79
17
32
130
32
56
24,936
318,969
11,318
17
2,575

% of
Population 2006 Census
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
69.8
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.5
0.1
0.0
0.0

16,752
..
2,016
1,004
..
396
12
27
11,368
973
38
14,072,958
17,927
215
207
962
16,096
343
1,244
5,060
60
18
387
139
693
24,633
864
7,492
2,392
2,677
25
755
24,529
125
31,614
22
207
24
..
18
200
115
27
23,305
206,588
5,709
12
618

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

11,846
..
382
167
..
44
5
6
618
69
11
948,595
-917
174
34
285
11,713
16
360
702
0
60
59
2,316
77
1,050
105
7,018
234
238
14
975
3,801
152
7,257
1
32
55
..
14
-70
-83
29
1,631
112,381
5,609
5
1,957

70.7
..
18.9
16.6
..
11.1
41.7
22.2
5.4
7.1
28.9
6.7
-5.1
80.9
16.4
29.6
72.8
4.7
28.9
13.9
0.0
333.3
15.2
1,666.2
11.1
4.3
12.2
93.7
9.8
8.9
56.0
129.1
15.5
121.6
23.0
4.5
15.5
229.2
..
77.8
-35.0
-72.2
107.4
7.0
54.4
98.2
41.7
316.7

Page 3

Table 3 (continued)
Birthplaces
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

133
82
166
159
23
146
198
56
80
74
189
231
192
87
116
31
69
2
248
101
114
75
195
222
22
79
29
46
163
236
202
102
161
12
93
162
13
229
199
239
204
167
150
144
246
152
203

Birthplace
Congo, Republic of4
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire5
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao1
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Eastern Europe, nfd
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
England
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands6
Fiji
Finland
Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia (FYROM)
France
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Gaza Strip and West Bank
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guernsey1
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti

Page 4

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

982
6,092
388
445
48,828
636
95
18,070
7,437
9,025
135
26
121
4,768
1,736
36,533
9,652
911,592
13
2,841
1,928
8,452
110
37
56,979
7,938
40,221

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.2

521
5,028
314
255
50,997
494
..
18,383
7,180
8,967
97
18
80
5,627
1,513
33,495
9,397
856,940
10
2,015
1,935
5,634
101
24
48,142
7,948
40,657

461
1,064
74
190
-2,169
142
..
-313
257
58
38
8
41
-859
223
3,038
255
54,652
3
826
-7
2,818
9
13
8,837
-10
-436

88.5
21.2
23.6
74.5
-4.3
28.7
..
-1.7
3.6
0.6
39.2
44.4
51.3
-15.3
14.7
9.1
2.7
6.4
30.0
41.0
-0.4
50.0
8.9
54.2
18.4
-0.1
-1.1

24,674
398
23
93
2,696
428
108,003
3,866
421
99,938
31
95
19
83
375
604
649
14
525
91

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

19,186
340
25
129
2,635
337
106,524
2,769
382
109,991
38
110
10
77
308
..
335
..
498
81

5,488
58
-2
-36
61
91
1,479
1,097
39
-10,053
-7
-15
9
6
67
..
314
..
27
10

28.6
17.1
-8.0
-27.9
2.3
27.0
1.4
39.6
10.2
-9.1
-18.4
-13.6
90.0
7.8
21.8
..
93.7
..
5.4
12.3

The People of Australia

Table 3 (continued)
Birthplaces
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

181
18
54
148
5
21
33
26
20
139
71
6
136
32
129
89
127
62
155
208
19
130
91
171
68
88
16
197
104
109
234
105
182
113
180
213
135
11
168
214
28
184
227
217
221
48
98

Birthplace
Honduras
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jersey1
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, Democratic People's
Republic of (North)
Korea, Republic of (South)
Kosovo1
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan7
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau (SAR of China)
Madagascar
Mainland South-East Asia, nfd
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Maritime South-East Asia, nfd
Marshall Islands
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

210
74,955
19,092
615
295,363
63,159
34,454
48,171
67,318
755
9,229
185,401
943
35,377
1,056
4,620
1,106
13,832
499
69

0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
1.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0

198
71,800
20,162
504
147,105
50,975
22,548
32,519
50,255
689
7,788
199,124
787
30,779
..
3,719
651
9,935
396
56

12
3,155
-1,070
111
148,258
12,184
11,906
15,652
17,063
66
1,441
-13,723
156
4,598
..
901
455
3,897
103
13

6.1
4.4
-5.3
22.0
100.8
23.9
52.8
48.1
34.0
9.6
18.5
-6.9
19.8
14.9
..
24.2
69.9
39.2
26.0
23.2

74,538
1,050
4,061
326
9,932
4,675
76,451
100
2,673
2,557
24
2,639
203
2,268
223
52
960
116,196
372
51
41,274
180
32
41
39
23,280
3,255

0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0

52,762
..
2,877
206
9,376
5,610
74,849
79
1,523
1,517
..
3,071
167
2,015
189
36
686
92,334
273
47
43,701
194
32
23
16
18,173
1,802

21,776
..
1,184
120
556
-935
1,602
21
1,150
1,040
..
-432
36
253
34
16
274
23,862
99
4
-2,427
-14
0
18
23
5,107
1,453

41.3
..
41.2
58.3
5.9
-16.7
2.1
26.6
75.5
68.6
..
-14.1
21.6
12.6
18.0
44.4
39.9
25.8
36.3
8.5
-5.6
-7.2
0.0
78.3
143.8
28.1
80.6

Page 5

Table 3 (continued)
Birthplaces
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

243
228
147
137
212
143
123
119
140
50
132
154
47
17
122
3
141
232
90
142
178
191
188
201
238
49
249
94
179
128
36
237
183
42
164
76
8
24
58
194
149
186
60
55
145
53
175

Birthplace
Micronesia, Federated States of
Micronesia, nfd
Middle East, nfd
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norfolk Island
North Africa and the Middle East,
nfd
North Africa, nfd
Northern America, nfd
Northern Europe, nfd
Northern Ireland
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oceania and Antarctica, nfd
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Reunion8
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
Samoa, American

Page 6

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

17
32
634
898
55
668
1,179
1,564
752
21,760
1,019
515
24,635
76,047
1,220
483,396
716
26
4,519
704
236
127

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.4
0.0
2.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

12
24
109
637
50
242
846
1,294
633
12,377
702
487
4,567
78,923
1,103
389,464
668
11
2,501
576
202
52

5
8
525
261
5
426
333
270
119
9,383
317
28
20,068
-2,876
117
93,932
48
15
2,018
128
34
75

41.7
33.3
481.7
41.0
10.0
176.0
39.4
20.9
18.8
75.8
45.2
5.7
439.4
-3.6
10.6
24.1
7.2
136.4
80.7
22.2
16.8
144.2

141
94
21
22,596
13
3,710
234
1,096
30,221
22
197
26,787
395
8,440
171,233
48,678
15,327
118
607
174
14,051
18,278
640
19,093
256

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0

33
108
49
21,295
..
3,629
393
826
16,993
13
180
24,022
337
6,322
120,540
52,254
15,194
80
427
127
13,879
15,355
202
15,242
196

108
-14
-28
1,301
..
81
-159
270
13,228
9
17
2,765
58
2,118
50,693
-3,576
133
38
180
47
172
2,923
438
3,851
60

327.3
-13.0
-57.1
6.1
..
2.2
-40.5
32.7
77.8
69.2
9.4
11.5
17.2
33.5
42.1
-6.8
0.9
47.5
42.2
37.0
1.2
19.0
216.8
25.3
30.6

The People of Australia

Table 3 (continued)
Birthplaces
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

252
67
10
170
51
107
99
25
92
81
115
84
9
185
44
95
233
209
244
156
187
63
14
216
230
218
219
52
196
172
78
65
77
38
200
96
27
72
173
153
73
120
157
34
207
193
103
61

Birthplace
Sao Tome and Principe9
Saudi Arabia
Scotland
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South America, nfd
South Eastern Europe, nfd
South Sudan1
South-East Asia, nfd
Southern and Central Asia, nfd
Southern and East Africa, nec
Southern and East Africa, nfd
Southern Asia, nfd
Spain
Sri Lanka
St Helena
St Kitts and Nevis
St Lucia
St Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Timor-Leste10
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine

The People of Australia

2011 Census
11
10,517
133,432
337
20,267
2,592
3,044
48,646
3,939
6,099
1,758
5,687
145,683
180
25,070
3,486
26
68
15
490
142
13,057
86,413
42
30
41
41
19,369
109
300
8,354
11,943
8,392
28,628
95
3,437
45,466
9,225
279
524
9,208
1,406
481
32,845
74
120
2,675
13,990

% of
Population 2006 Census
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1

..
3,481
130,205
198
17,329
2,508
1,810
39,972
3,323
6,221
1,497
4,314
104,133
..
33,357
..
159
..
10
598
55
12,277
62,257
36
23
25
37
19,050
86
233
7,499
11,262
6,969
24,370
46
2,300
30,554
9,317
34
355
7,581
1,263
444
30,490
46
117
1,713
13,666

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

..
7,036
3,227
139
2,938
84
1,234
8,674
616
-122
261
1,373
41,550
..
-8,287
..
-133
..
5
-108
87
780
24,156
6
7
16
4
319
23
67
855
681
1,423
4,258
49
1,137
14,912
-92
245
169
1,627
143
37
2,355
28
3
962
324

..
202.1
2.5
70.2
17.0
3.3
68.2
21.7
18.5
-2.0
17.4
31.8
39.9
..
-24.8
..
-83.6
..
50.0
-18.1
158.2
6.4
38.8
16.7
30.4
64.0
10.8
1.7
26.7
28.8
11.4
6.0
20.4
17.5
106.5
49.4
48.8
-1.0
720.6
47.6
21.5
11.3
8.3
7.7
60.9
2.6
56.2
2.4

Page 7

Table 3 (continued)
Birthplaces
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census


Birthplace

86 United Arab Emirates


112 United Kingdom, Channel Islands
and Isle of Man, nfd
15 United States of America
70 Uruguay
124 Uzbekistan
126 Vanuatu
11
97 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
12
7 Vietnam
250 Virgin Islands, British
251 Virgin Islands, United States
37 Wales
247 Wallis and Futuna
151 Yemen
85 Zambia
35 Zimbabwe
Inadequately described
At sea
Not elsewhere classified13
Not stated
Total Population

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

4,899
2,372

0.0
0.0

2,975
..

1,924
..

64.7
..

77,010
9,237
1,175
1,108
3,403
185,039
13
12
28,675
14
531
5,538
30,252
9,642
118
58
1,195,730

0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.6

61,721
9,380
697
987
1,540
159,850
..
12
25,314
16
450
4,079
20,154
10,483
118
4,811
1,366,309

15,289
-143
478
121
1,863
25,189
..
0
3,361
-2
81
1,459
10,098
-841
0
-4,753
-170,579

24.8
-1.5
68.6
12.3
121.0
15.8
..
0.0
13.3
-12.5
18.0
35.8
50.1
-8.0
0.0
-98.8
-12.5

21,507,719

100.0

19,855,287

1,652,432

8.3

1. Newly defined countries in 2011 census


2. Reported as Bolivia in 2006
3. Reported as China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province) in 2006
4. Reported as Congo in 2006
5. Reported as Cte d'Ivoire in 2006
6. Reported as Faeroe Islands in 2006
7. Reported as Kyrgyz Republic in 2006
8. Reported as Runion in 2006
9. Reported as Sao Tom and Principe in 2006
10. Reported as East Timor in 2006
11. Reported as Venezuela in 2006
12. Reported as Viet Nam in 2006
13. Countries reported in 2006 which have no 2011 definition are incorporated into an overall NEC category

Page 8

The People of Australia

Table 4
Birthplace by birthplace of parents

Rank

Australia: 2011 Census

39
224
111
124
244
160
240
227
64
131
215
1
57
165
176
121
41
169
118
83
210
205
158
110
138
43
134
59
106
100
221
50
117
40
174
30
233
177
206
241
225
190
228
212

Birthplace

Afghanistan
Aland Islands
Albania
Algeria
Americas, nfd
Angola
Antarctica, nfd
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia, Plurinational
State of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Myanmar
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean, nfd
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Central America, nfd
Central and West Africa,
nfd
Central Asia, nfd
Chad

The People of Australia

Both
parents
Australian
born

Both One parent One parent


parents
OS born/
OS born/
overseas one parent one parent
born
Aust born not stated

41
26,194
64
..
30
..
..
2,286
..
..
1,127
..
..
13
..
..
427
..
..
..
..
..
28
..
25
11,624
130
..
1,018
..
..
46
..
10,590,661 1,807,091 2,236,554
63
16,289
343
..
383
..
11
203
23
59
1,083
83
61
27,183
63
..
337
13
..
1,575
..
102
5,315
258
..
52
..
..
69
..
12
388
39
..
2,409
..
41
692
27

369
..
42
13
..
..
..
..
109
..
..
28,734
121
..
..
10
294
..
11
35
..
..
..
25
..

Other1

% both
parents
Australian
Total
born

1,928
28,596
..
33
60
2,395
24
1,171
..
13
..
443
..
18
..
32
101
11,989
15
1,041
..
46
358,516 15,021,556
194
17,010
..
388
..
237
13
1,248
209
27,810
..
358
16
1,602
54
5,764
..
57
..
77
..
448
19
2,453
..
771

0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.2
..
..
70.5
0.4
..
4.6
4.7
0.2
..
..
1.8
..
..
2.7
..
5.3

13
14
66
98
..
..
31
..
40
..
1,911
..
..
..
..
..
..

25,176
912
14,001
2,378
2,853
36
21,144
1,657
27,349
272
31,778
23
222
53
17
29
124

84
29
246
112
18
..
58
..
121
..
4,744
..
..
13
..
..
..

191
11
106
29
17
..
261
36
428
..
216
..
..
..
..
..
..

218
..
93
12
29
..
265
30
393
..
222
..
..
..
..
..
..

25,682
970
14,512
2,629
2,917
36
21,759
1,730
28,331
275
38,871
23
237
75
17
33
130

0.1
1.4
0.5
3.7
..
..
0.1
..
0.1
..
4.9
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..

32
48

..
..

..
..

..
..

32
54

..
..

Page 9

Table 4 (continued)
Birthplace by birthplace of parents

Rank

Australia: 2011 Census

Birthplace

45 Chile
4 China (excludes SARs
and Taiwan)
66 Colombia
242 Comoros
108 Congo, Democratic
Republic of
133 Congo, Republic of
82 Cook Islands
166 Costa Rica
159 Cote d'Ivoire
23 Croatia
146 Cuba
198 Curacao
56 Cyprus
80 Czech Republic
74 Denmark
189 Djibouti
230 Dominica
192 Dominican Republic
87 Eastern Europe, nfd
116 Ecuador
31 Egypt
69 El Salvador
2 England
245 Equatorial Guinea
101 Eritrea
114 Estonia
75 Ethiopia
195 Falkland Islands
222 Faroe Islands
22 Fiji
79 Finland
29 Former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia (FYROM)
46 France
163 French Polynesia
234 Gabon
202 Gambia
102 Gaza Strip and West Bank
161 Georgia
12 Germany
93 Ghana
162 Gibraltar
13 Greece
231 Greenland

Page 10

Both
parents
Australian
born

Both One parent One parent


parents
OS born/
OS born/
overseas one parent one parent
born
Aust born not stated

% both
parents
Australian
Total
born

Other1

99
472

24,082
311,922

246
1,034

285
3,011

228
2,534

24,940
318,973

0.4
0.1

118
..
..

10,843
17
2,477

155
..
19

93
..
41

109
..
32

11,318
17
2,576

1.0
..
..

..
17
..
..
37
..
..
26
21
63
..
..
..
..
..
41
10
11,646
..
..
..
218
..
..
937
..
41

931
5,754
359
414
47,527
614
95
17,466
7,216
8,473
126
26
109
4,664
1,644
35,513
9,361
850,861
13
2,728
1,884
7,776
99
34
53,303
7,686
38,831

..
67
18
..
265
..
..
192
57
388
..
..
..
10
46
209
16
35,104
..
12
18
134
..
..
1,355
124
340

14
119
..
10
467
..
..
204
33
57
..
..
..
42
13
361
165
6,218
..
52
..
172
..
..
683
42
480

31
135
..
..
535
13
..
185
110
43
..
..
..
47
26
410
100
7,767
..
48
25
158
..
..
705
81
527

982
6,092
386
445
48,831
636
95
18,073
7,437
9,024
134
26
121
4,766
1,736
36,534
9,652
911,596
13
2,844
1,930
8,458
112
34
56,983
7,941
40,219

..
0.3
..
..
0.1
..
..
0.1
0.3
0.7
..
..
..
..
..
0.1
0.1
1.3
..
..
..
2.6
..
..
1.6
..
0.1

271
..
..
..
..
..
409
23
..
212
..

22,974
356
20
87
2,571
418
103,554
3,629
392
96,127
26

1,029
24
..
..
26
..
2,386
74
20
1,208
..

180
..
..
..
22
..
681
81
..
1,082
..

221
..
..
..
70
..
975
61
..
1,308
..

24,675
395
23
90
2,696
422
108,005
3,868
418
99,937
26

1.1
..
..
..
..
..
0.4
0.6
..
0.2
..

The People of Australia

Table 4 (continued)
Birthplace by birthplace of parents

Rank

Australia: 2011 Census

199
239
204
167
150
144
246
153
203
181
18
53
148
5
21
33
26
20
139
71
6
136
32
129
89
127
62
155
208
19
130
91
171
68
88
16
197
104
109
232
105
182
113
180

Birthplace

Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guernsey
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jersey
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, Democratic People's
Republic of (North)
Korea, Republic of (South)
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau (SAR of China)
Madagascar

The People of Australia

Both
parents
Australian
born

Both One parent One parent


parents
OS born/
OS born/
overseas one parent one parent
born
Aust born not stated

% both
parents
Australian
Total
born

Other1

..
..
19
20
..
..
..
..
..
..
1,442
12
..
805
273
34
54
204
..
141
346
18
473
..
18
..
137
49
..

92
19
40
326
577
606
13
510
78
187
70,592
18,597
562
287,921
59,894
32,733
46,608
64,334
705
8,342
178,141
864
32,127
1,004
4,446
1,073
13,097
366
62

..
..
24
26
15
..
..
..
..
11
1,864
106
44
1,344
1,435
92
106
1,519
35
590
1,813
45
2,258
45
59
15
313
67
..

..
..
..
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
662
148
..
3,119
657
277
580
559
..
76
2,176
..
304
..
48
..
162
12
..

..
..
..
..
..
24
..
..
..
..
398
233
..
2,172
905
1,316
824
705
..
83
2,928
14
219
..
48
..
125
..
..

95
19
83
372
602
644
13
520
89
206
74,958
19,096
610
295,361
63,164
34,452
48,172
67,321
758
9,232
185,404
941
35,381
1,058
4,619
1,103
13,834
500
67

..
..
22.9
5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
1.9
0.1
..
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.3
..
1.5
0.2
1.9
1.3
..
0.4
..
1.0
9.8
..

1,176
..
27
..
19
..
124
..
..
25
..
..
16
..
..

71,263
1,026
3,900
324
9,603
4,535
73,166
98
2,495
2,439
20
2,562
172
2,208
210

659
..
43
..
29
30
939
..
11
15
..
14
11
22
..

896
..
56
..
137
31
1,053
..
89
32
..
..
..
19
..

548
..
37
..
144
71
1,171
..
68
43
..
48
..
20
..

74,542
1,050
4,063
324
9,932
4,674
76,453
102
2,671
2,554
24
2,636
199
2,272
222

1.6
..
0.7
..
0.2
..
0.2
..
..
1.0
..
..
8.0
..
..

Page 11

Table 4 (continued)
Birthplace by birthplace of parents

Rank

Australia: 2011 Census

Birthplace

213 Mainland South-East Asia,


nfd
135 Malawi
11 Malaysia
168 Maldives
214 Mali
28 Malta
184 Maritime South-East Asia,
nfd
223 Marshall Islands
220 Martinique
219 Mauritania
48 Mauritius
98 Mexico
247 Micronesia, Federated
States of
226 Micronesia, nfd
147 Middle East, nfd
137 Moldova
211 Monaco
143 Mongolia
123 Montenegro
119 Morocco
140 Mozambique
132 Namibia
154 Nauru
47 Nepal
17 Netherlands
122 New Caledonia
3 New Zealand
141 Nicaragua
236 Niger
90 Nigeria
142 Niue
178 Norfolk Island
191 North Africa and the
Middle East, nfd
187 North Africa, nfd
201 Northern America, nfd
237 Northern Europe, nfd
49 Northern Ireland
250 Northern Mariana Islands
94 Norway
179 Oceania and Antarctica, nfd
128 Oman
36 Pakistan

Page 12

Both
parents
Australian
born

Both One parent One parent


parents
OS born/
OS born/
overseas one parent one parent
born
Aust born not stated

Other1

% both
parents
Australian
Total
born

..

51

..

..

..

54

..

11
4,181
..
..
88
27

902
107,839
369
48
39,791
121

21
2,596
..
..
455
32

13
979
..
..
443
..

..
605
..
..
500
..

954
116,200
369
51
41,277
180

1.2
3.6
..
..
0.2
15.0

..
..
..
40
31
..

22
35
39
22,674
3,017
13

12
..
..
99
162
..

..
..
..
237
17
..

..
..
..
231
30
..

34
38
39
23,281
3,257
13

..
..
..
0.2
1.0
..

..
..
..
13
..
..
..
..
..
100
53
361
28
5,602
..
..
55
..
48
..

23
619
884
40
646
1,124
1,504
730
976
292
23,999
73,039
1,076
436,963
690
19
4,241
679
94
116

10
..
..
..
..
26
35
..
36
115
59
1,554
94
29,605
..
..
80
..
82
..

..
..
10
..
..
..
10
..
..
..
305
412
..
4,679
11
..
50
14
..
..

..
..
..
..
16
17
10
..
..
13
223
684
13
6,549
..
..
93
10
11
..

33
634
897
56
662
1,176
1,563
750
1,018
520
24,639
76,050
1,220
483,398
716
22
4,519
706
235
124

..
..
..
23.2
..
..
..
..
..
19.2
0.2
0.5
2.3
1.2
..
..
1.2
..
20.4
..

..
..
..
52
..
36
..
31
51

136
76
21
21,945
..
3,377
15
1,000
29,300

..
10
..
358
..
253
..
42
192

..
..
..
133
..
10
..
..
328

..
..
..
109
..
31
219
16
353

140
91
21
22,597
12
3,707
234
1,096
30,224

..
..
..
0.2
..
1.0
..
2.8
0.2

The People of Australia

Table 4 (continued)
Birthplace by birthplace of parents

Rank

Australia: 2011 Census

238
183
42
164
76
8
24
58
194
149
186
60
55
145
54
175
251
67
10
170
51
107
99
25
92
81
115
84
9
185
44
95
235
209
243
156
188
63
14
216
229
217

Birthplace

Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
Samoa, American
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Scotland
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South America, nfd
South Eastern Europe, nfd
South Sudan
South-East Asia, nfd
Southern and Central Asia,
nfd
Southern and East Africa,
nec
Southern and East Africa,
nfd
Southern Asia, nfd
Spain
Sri Lanka
St Helena
St Kitts and Nevis
St Lucia

The People of Australia

Both
parents
Australian
born

Both One parent One parent


parents
OS born/
OS born/
overseas one parent one parent
born
Aust born not stated

% both
parents
Australian
Total
born

Other1

..
..
7,846
..
35
512
40
20
..
24
..
38
17
..
56
..
..
112
792
..
..
..
11
2,286
..
..
177
..
559
..
22
13
..
..

15
165
12,953
375
8,132
163,550
47,506
14,844
96
540
162
13,618
17,811
613
18,015
231
11
9,956
127,174
316
19,677
2,513
2,871
43,524
3,872
5,921
1,287
5,320
140,607
174
24,406
3,323
23
67

..
25
5,491
..
105
3,206
160
117
19
43
..
72
146
..
203
14
..
228
3,296
..
173
23
..
2,162
18
30
260
31
2,769
..
93
16
..
..

..
..
193
..
85
2,163
371
163
..
..
..
137
141
13
366
..
..
147
941
..
230
33
81
419
19
70
19
159
1,031
..
270
82
..
..

..
..
306
..
82
1,804
605
184
..
..
..
187
163
12
454
..
..
75
1,227
11
178
28
71
259
25
70
18
166
721
..
283
49
..
..

21
195
26,789
393
8,439
171,235
48,682
15,328
115
607
173
14,052
18,278
638
19,094
254
11
10,518
133,430
336
20,266
2,597
3,042
48,650
3,938
6,096
1,761
5,684
145,687
177
25,074
3,483
23
67

..
..
29.3
..
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
..
4.0
..
0.3
0.1
..
0.3
..
..
1.1
0.6
..
..
..
0.4
4.7
..
..
10.1
..
0.4
..
0.1
0.4
..
..

..

..

..

..

..

15

..

11

460

..

..

..

488

2.3

..
95
334
..
..
..

137
12,296
83,689
37
30
43

..
361
409
..
..
..

..
133
783
..
..
..

..
174
1,201
..
..
..

137
13,059
86,416
43
30
43

..
0.7
0.4
..
..
..

Page 13

Table 4 (continued)
Birthplace by birthplace of parents

Rank

Australia: 2011 Census

Birthplace

218 St Vincent and the


Grenadines
52 Sudan
196 Suriname
172 Swaziland
78 Sweden
65 Switzerland
77 Syria
38 Taiwan
200 Tajikistan
96 Tanzania
27 Thailand
72 Timor-Leste
173 Togo
152 Tokelau
73 Tonga
120 Trinidad and Tobago
157 Tunisia
34 Turkey
207 Turkmenistan
193 Tuvalu
103 Uganda
61 Ukraine
86 United Arab Emirates
112 United Kingdom, Channel
Islands and Isle of Man, nfd
15 United States of America
70 Uruguay
125 Uzbekistan
126 Vanuatu
97 Venezuela, Bolivarian
Republic of
7 Vietnam
248 Virgin Islands, British
37 Wales
249 Wallis and Futuna
151 Yemen
85 Zambia
35 Zimbabwe
Inadequately described
At sea
Not elsewhere classified 2
Not stated
Total

Page 14

Both
parents
Australian
born

Both One parent One parent


parents
OS born/
OS born/
overseas one parent one parent
born
Aust born not stated

Other1

% both
parents
Australian
Total
born

..

41

..

..

..

41

..

59
..
..
95
260
..
170
..
77
569
..
..
..
62
..
..
41
..
..
19
17
229
53

18,270
106
278
7,544
10,603
8,072
27,837
95
3,173
42,220
8,942
268
496
8,649
1,333
473
31,620
72
111
2,492
13,639
4,289
1,909

79
..
14
608
949
53
237
..
104
1,717
45
..
..
145
49
..
360
..
..
51
43
308
103

458
..
..
58
66
128
277
..
43
470
117
..
18
150
14
..
414
..
..
56
99
41
25

505
..
..
49
67
134
110
..
41
491
113
..
..
203
..
..
415
..
..
57
192
35
280

19,371
106
296
8,354
11,945
8,393
28,631
95
3,438
45,467
9,226
279
526
9,209
1,407
483
32,850
72
117
2,675
13,990
4,902
2,370

0.3
..
..
1.1
2.2
..
0.6
..
2.2
1.3
..
..
..
0.7
..
..
0.1
..
..
0.7
0.1
4.7
2.2

5,048
..
..
175
24

60,222
8,991
1,143
730
3,263

10,807
57
..
193
60

471
87
16
..
39

464
97
..
..
22

77,012
9,238
1,171
1,107
3,408

6.6
..
..
15.8
0.7

413
..
96
..
..
84
94
319
..
..
111,755

177,967
13
27,484
13
494
5,191
29,164
8,302
91
53
81,093

812
..
741
..
21
177
565
246
23
..
21,136

2,490
..
173
..
..
40
228
159
..
..
4,227

3,356
..
184
..
..
48
204
619
..
..
977,517

185,038
13
28,678
13
534
5,540
30,255
9,645
118
67
1,195,728

0.2
..
0.3
..
..
1.5
0.3
3.3
..
..
9.3

83,004 1,394,560 21,507,719

50.0

10,757,093 6,876,580 2,396,482

The People of Australia

Table 4 (continued)
Birthplace by birthplace of parents
Australia: 2011 Census
1. One parent Australian born and one parent with a not stated birthplace or both parents with a not stated
birthplace
2. Birthplaces with totals less than 10 are incorporated into an NEC category

The People of Australia

Page 15

Table 5
Generational components of the Australian population
Australia : 2011 and 2006 Census
2011
% of
Census population
Australian born with both parents
Australian born
Australian born with one parent
overseas born 1
Australian born with both parents
overseas born
Australian born with one or both
parents birthplace not stated

10,590,661

2006
% of
Census population

Change
2006-2011

% Change
2006-2011

49.2 10,057,874

50.7

532,787

5.3

2,265,288

10.5

2,056,639

10.4

208,649

10.1

1,807,091

8.4

1,586,394

8.0

220,697

13.9

358,516

1.7

372,047

1.9

-13,531

-3.6

Total Australian born


Total overseas born
Not stated birthplace

15,021,556
5,290,435
1,195,728

69.8 14,072,954
24.6 4,416,020
5.6 1,366,309

70.9
22.2
6.9

948,602
874,415
-170,581

6.7
19.8
-12.5

Total

21,507,719

100.0 19,855,287

100.0

1,652,432

8.3

1. Includes people who had one parent born overseas and one parent with a not stated birthplace

Page 16

The People of Australia

Table 6
Birthplace by year of arrival
Australia: 2011 Census
Birthplace
England
New Zealand
China (excludes SARs
and Taiwan)
India
Italy
Vietnam
Philippines
South Africa
Scotland
Malaysia
Germany
Greece
Sri Lanka
United States of America
Lebanon
Netherlands
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Korea, Republic of (South)
Ireland
Indonesia
Fiji
Croatia
Poland
Singapore
Iraq
Thailand
Malta
Former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia (FYROM)
Canada
Egypt
Japan
Iran
Turkey
Zimbabwe
Pakistan
Wales
Taiwan
Afghanistan
Cambodia
Inadequately described
At sea
Not elsewhere classified
Not stated
Total

The People of Australia

Before
1981

19811990

19912000

20012005

20062010

2011

Not
stated

Total

493,749
89,981
14,874

105,386
91,673
44,151

76,834
93,837
62,975

71,293
61,856
58,775

110,656
101,575
114,192

10,934
16,852
9,865

42,750
27,630
14,144

911,602
483,404
318,976

25,813
159,572
29,480
10,949
17,479

17,661
3,870
68,013
45,103
20,709

36,766
2,881
40,417
36,486
28,908

48,950
1,955
11,272
19,051
27,980

146,290
3,794
23,323
48,565
43,480

10,034
597
2,340
5,196
3,450

9,859
12,740
10,204
5,891
3,688

295,373
185,409
185,049
171,241
145,694

77,000
21,498
68,544
88,111
11,160
16,499
34,803
57,686
10,811
2,878
21,461
7,303
6,418
33,658
18,756
8,583
2,389
2,104
36,245
25,265

17,208
29,109
10,842
3,166
16,477
9,568
15,600
5,234
20,451
9,997
11,377
7,740
16,127
2,599
17,373
7,906
1,643
7,043
2,060
5,914

10,186
14,828
7,689
1,785
18,568
13,069
10,658
3,377
21,911
14,001
6,461
15,746
15,218
8,072
5,578
7,468
16,979
8,268
443
4,389

8,251
14,758
5,961
694
11,020
11,102
5,550
2,641
7,642
13,903
5,313
10,543
7,767
2,231
2,213
8,505
9,938
7,867
295
1,514

12,856
27,794
9,495
1,003
23,895
19,711
5,241
4,096
10,589
25,310
16,000
16,810
8,486
589
2,594
12,226
13,557
16,055
409
1,449

1,592
4,482
1,386
250
2,325
3,936
452
490
1,098
3,554
3,954
2,424
827
56
223
2,215
1,771
1,511
29
117

6,346
3,732
4,093
4,935
2,975
3,131
4,153
2,533
2,460
4,904
2,761
2,600
2,142
1,629
1,949
1,752
1,899
2,619
1,799
1,582

133,439
116,201
108,010
99,944
86,420
77,016
76,457
76,057
74,962
74,547
67,327
63,166
56,985
48,834
48,686
48,655
48,176
45,467
41,280
40,230

9,737
17,936
2,473
2,295
13,794
2,574
1,379
14,734
534
162
2,241
2,644
70
248,942
..

5,373
5,044
4,044
6,872
6,194
4,258
2,830
4,004
5,355
1,784
11,524
1,204
..
110,444
..

6,587
4,767
8,385
6,698
5,478
3,266
5,612
2,671
9,221
6,639
6,668
1,905
..
135,071
..

5,147
2,854
7,146
4,462
2,716
8,098
5,467
2,375
4,499
6,775
2,580
970
..
89,677
..

8,987
4,223
9,496
10,130
2,825
10,775
11,924
3,727
6,361
9,227
3,652
1,346
..
164,887
..

1,633
363
1,568
1,743
350
711
1,794
396
1,218
1,336
372
153
..
19,127
..

1,415
1,352
2,273
2,262
1,493
579
1,220
777
1,446
2,682
1,297
1,427
35
34,785
..

38,879
36,539
35,385
34,462
32,850
30,261
30,226
28,684
28,634
28,605
28,334
9,649
105
802,933
..

1,712,584

782,930

786,766

581,606 1,067,600 122,724 239,943 5,294,153

Page 17

Chart 1
Proportion of overseas born by statistical division

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Division

Born
overseas

% born
overseas

Perth (WA)
Sydney (NSW)
Melbourne (VIC)
Gold Coast (QLD)
Adelaide (SA)
Brisbane (QLD)
Canberra (ACT)
Darwin (NT)
South West (WA)
Sunshine Coast (QLD)
Pilbara (WA)
South Eastern (WA)
Lower Great Southern (WA)
Illawarra (NSW)
Far North (QLD)

577,767
1,503,633
1,252,531
138,039
305,331
502,190
86,163
27,448
49,909
60,780
11,661
10,938
10,484
74,504
43,287

35.1
34.2
31.8
27.9
25.7
25.1
24.2
21.5
20.4
19.8
19.5
19.1
18.9
18.0
17.0

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Page 18

Division
Midlands (WA)
Outer Adelaide (SA)
Central (WA)
Barwon (VIC)
Kimberley (WA)
West Moreton (QLD)
Greater Hobart (TAS)
Gippsland (VIC)
Upper Great Southern (WA)
Richmond-Tweed (NSW)
South Eastern (NSW)
Northern (QLD)
Wide Bay-Burnett (QLD)
Mackay (QLD)
Northern (SA)

Northern (SA)

Mackay (QLD)

Northern (QLD)

Wide Bay-Burnett (QLD)

South Eastern (NSW)

Richmond-Tweed (NSW)

Upper Great Southern (WA)

Gippsland (VIC)

Greater Hobart (TAS)

West Moreton (QLD)

Barwon (VIC)

Kimberley (WA)

Central (WA)

Midlands (WA)

Outer Adelaide (SA)

Illawarra (NSW)

Far North (QLD)

Lower Great Southern (WA)

Pilbara (WA)

Sydney (NSW)

Perth (WA)

South Eastern (WA)

Sunshine Coast (QLD)

10

Darwin (NT)

15

South West (WA)

20

Brisbane (QLD)

25

Adelaide (SA)

30

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573
Melbourne (VIC)

35

Gold Coast (QLD)

40

Rank

Rank

% of population born overseas

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Mal
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Indo
Irela
Fiji
Mal
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Canberra (ACT)

Australia: 2011 Census

Born
overseas

% born
overseas

8,683
18,068
9,239
40,268
4,936
12,351
28,786
21,853
2,227
28,385
25,703
26,583
32,801
19,914
8,783

16.3
15.0
14.7
14.4
14.2
13.3
13.2
12.7
12.5
12.5
12.4
12.2
12.0
11.9
11.9

The People of Australia

Chart 2
Main overseas birthplaces

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Birthplace

2011
% of
Census population

England
New Zealand
China (exc. SARs and Taiwan)
India
Italy
Vietnam
Philippines
South Africa
Scotland
Malaysia
Germany
Greece
Sri Lanka

911,592
483,396
318,969
295,363
185,401
185,039
171,233
145,683
133,432
116,196
108,003
99,938
86,413

4.2
2.2
1.5
1.4
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

77,010
76,451

0.4
0.4

29 Canada
30 Egypt

14 United States of America


15 Lebanon

The People of Australia

Birthplace
Netherlands
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Korea, Republic of (South)
Ireland
Indonesia
Fiji
Croatia
Poland
Singapore
Iraq
Thailand
Malta
Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia (FYROM)

Egypt

Canada

Malta

FYROM

Iraq

Thailand

Singapore

Poland

Croatia

Fiji

Indonesia

Ireland

Korea (South)

Hong Kong

Netherlands

Lebanon

US of America

Sri Lanka

New Zealand

England

Greece

0.5

Germany

Scotland

1.5

Malaysia

Philippines

2.5

Italy

Vietnam

3.5

India

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573
China

4.5

Rank

Rank

% of population

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

South Africa

Australia: 2011 Census

2011
% of
Census population
76,047
74,955
74,538
67,318
63,159
56,979
48,828
48,678
48,646
48,171
45,466
41,274
40,221

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

38,871
36,533

0.2
0.2

Page 19

Chart 3
Fastest growing overseas birthplaces

Birthplace

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Bhutan
Togo
Nepal
Congo, Democratic Republic of
Rwanda
Saudi Arabia
Mongolia
Burundi
Cameroon
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic
of

11
12
13
14
15

India
Colombia
Guinea
Brazil
Congo, Republic of

Page 20

2011
Census

% change
2006-11

2,455
279
24,635
2,575
640
10,517
668
1,730
277
3,403

1666.2
720.6
439.4
316.7
216.8
202.1
176.0
129.1
121.6
121.0

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Azerbaijan
Nigeria
Mexico
Pakistan
Myanmar
Liberia
Cote d'Ivoire
Bangladesh
Afghanistan
Senegal

295,363
11,318
649
14,510
982

100.8
98.2
93.7
93.7
88.5

26
27
28
29
30

Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
Libya
Sierra Leone
United Arab Emirates

Birthplace

UAE

Libya

Sierra Leone

Uzbekistan

Kazakhstan

Senegal

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Cote d'Ivoire

Liberia

Myanmar

Pakistan

Mexico

Nigeria

Congo (R)

Azerbaijan

Brazil

Guinea

Togo

Bhutan

India

200

Colombia

400

Cameroon

600

Venezuela

800

Burundi

1,000

Rwanda

1,200

Saudi Arabia

1,400

Congo (DR)

1,600

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573
Nepal

1,800

Rank

Rank

% increase 2006 - 2011

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Mongolia

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

2011
Census

% change
2006-11

389
4,519
3,255
30,221
21,760
2,673
445
27,809
28,598
337

80.9
80.7
80.6
77.8
75.8
75.5
74.5
72.8
70.7
70.2

1,106
1,175
2,557
3,044
4,899

69.9
68.6
68.6
68.2
64.7

The People of Australia

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

LGA
Brisbane (QLD)
Gold Coast (QLD)
Blacktown (NSW)
Fairfield (NSW)
Casey (VIC)
Brimbank (VIC)
Greater Dandenong (VIC)
Monash (VIC)
Parramatta (NSW)
Logan (QLD)
Sydney (NSW)
Liverpool (NSW)
Moreton Bay (QLD)
Stirling (WA)
Bankstown (NSW)

The People of Australia

Born
overseas

% of
LGA

295,195
138,040
113,217
98,655
88,108
84,291
76,130
75,806
74,898
72,611
72,137
71,714
71,709
70,004
68,722

28.3
27.9
37.6
52.5
34.9
46.1
56.1
44.8
44.9
26.1
42.6
39.8
19.0
35.8
37.7

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

LGA
Canterbury (NSW)
Sunshine Coast (QLD)
Wanneroo (WA)
Joondalup (WA)
Hornsby (NSW)
The Hills Shire (NSW)
Wyndham (VIC)
Hume (VIC)
Whittlesea (VIC)
Whitehorse (VIC)
Moreland (VIC)
Randwick (NSW)
Darebin (VIC)
Glen Eira (VIC)
Boroondara (VIC)

Glen Eira (VIC)

Boroondara (VIC)

Darebin (VIC)

Moreland (VIC)

Randwick (NSW)

Whittlesea (VIC)

Whitehorse (VIC)

Hume (VIC)

Wyndham (VIC)

Hornsby (NSW)

The Hills Shire (NSW)

Joondalup (WA)

Wanneroo (WA)

Sunshine Coast (QLD)

Bankstown (NSW)

Canterbury (NSW)

Stirling (WA)

Moreton Bay (QLD)

Liverpool (NSW)

Logan (QLD)

Sydney (NSW)

Brisbane (QLD)

Monash (VIC)

50,000

Parramatta (NSW)

100,000

Brimbank (VIC)

150,000

Casey (VIC)

200,000

Fairfield (NSW)

250,000

Blacktown (NSW)

300,000

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573

Gold Coast (QLD)

350,000

Rank

Rank

Number of overseas born

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Greater Dandenong (VIC)

Chart 4
Local government areas with highest number of overseas born
Australia: 2011 Census

Born
overseas

% of
LGA

66,129
60,780
60,458
57,425
55,496
55,353
54,404
53,970
52,007
50,637
49,754
49,646
46,081
45,927
45,028

48.1
19.8
39.8
37.7
35.4
32.6
33.7
32.2
33.6
33.5
33.8
38.5
33.8
35.1
28.3

Page 21

Auburn (NSW)
Greater Dandenong (VIC)
Strathfield (NSW)
Burwood (NSW)
Fairfield (NSW)
Perth (WA)
Canterbury (NSW)
Melbourne (VIC)
Brimbank (VIC)
Canning (WA)
Parramatta (NSW)
Monash (VIC)
Ashfield (NSW)
Rockdale (NSW)
Holroyd (NSW)

Page 22

% of
LGA

41,982
76,130
18,532
17,066
98,655
8,627
66,129
44,533
84,291
39,221
74,898
75,806
18,248
42,398
42,739

56.9
56.1
52.7
52.6
52.5
51.6
48.1
47.6
46.1
45.9
44.9
44.8
44.3
43.6
43.1

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

LGA
Sydney (NSW)
Willoughby (NSW)
Ryde (NSW)
Botany Bay (NSW)
Hurstville (NSW)
Kogarah (NSW)
Adelaide (SA)
Victoria Park (WA)
Liverpool (NSW)
Wanneroo (WA)
Maribyrnong (VIC)
Randwick (NSW)
Subiaco (WA)
Bayswater (WA)
Waverley (NSW)

Bayswater (WA)

Waverley (NSW)

Subiaco (WA)

Randwick (NSW)

Maribyrnong (VIC)

Wanneroo (WA)

Liverpool (NSW)

Victoria Park (WA)

Adelaide (SA)

Kogarah (NSW)

Hurstville (NSW)

Botany Bay (NSW)

Ryde (NSW)

Sydney (NSW)

Willoughby (NSW)

Holroyd (NSW)

Rockdale (NSW)

Ashfield (NSW)

Monash (VIC)

Parramatta (NSW)

Born
overseas

Rank

LGA

Canning (WA)

Greater Dandenong (VIC)

Auburn (NSW)

Brimbank (VIC)

10

Melbourne (VIC)

20

Perth (WA)

30

Fairfield (NSW)

40

Burwood (NSW)

% of population overseas born

Rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

50

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573

Strathfield (NSW)

60

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Canterbury (NSW)

Chart 5
Local government areas with the highest proportion of overseas born
Australia: 2011 Census

Born
overseas

% of
LGA

72,137
28,553
43,544
16,604
32,931
23,016
8,017
13,151
71,714
60,458
28,423
49,646
6,758
23,490
24,003

42.6
42.4
42.3
42.2
41.8
41.2
40.8
40.5
39.8
39.8
39.7
38.5
38.5
38.3
37.8

The People of Australia

Chart 6
Age-Gender profiles for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Chart 6.1

Chart 6.1 Total Population


Total Population
0-4

Males: 10,634,01Females: 10,873,706


-729,972
691,080
Females: 10,873,706
-694,560
657,362
-703,307
667,750
-722,378
683,416
-741,120
719,554
-754,467
758,770
-747,117
773,020
-719,654
734,121
-754,569
788,310
-740,963
763,179
-711,741
735,662
-637,840
659,405
-597,884
608,232
-455,419
463,899
-342,690
365,398
-252,929
292,334
-188,242
248,695
0
500
-139,161 ('000)
263,519
Persons

Males:
5-9 10,634,013
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

1,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85+

500

Chart 6.3

-28,226
-60,999
-75,806
-94,779
-162,203
-213,021
-215,489
-205,143
-212,359
-230,549
-211,385
-190,949
-202,898
-157,138
-126,648
-93,744
100 -64,377 0
-44,624

Males:
5-9 2,590,337
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
200
85+

300

Chart 6.5

1,000

-412,769
-405,975
-395,386
-348,636
-320,584
-297,962
-322,744
-332,934
-333,571
-348,190
-328,971
-302,186
-224,150
-153,922
-107,791
200 -80,373 0
-58,019

Males:
5-9 18,159
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

3,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
2,000
85+

Females: 5,383,206
391,519
386,398
376,640
345,431
329,263
310,191
338,985
350,245
348,856
364,044
342,661
315,302
237,014
171,756
131,676
115,197
200
400
117,242

Males: 18,159

300

150

The People of Australia

Females: 1,133,563
97,192
97,335
100,683
97,620
93,434
86,281
84,960
73,006
53,921
44,549
36,173
36,222
33,644
28,472
24,282
20,040
50
100
19,181

150

Persons ('000)

Chart 6.6

Males: 907,471 Females: 899,621

Males:
5-9 907,471
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

600

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
100
85+

150

-76,338
-76,088
-78,265
-69,003
-63,666
-65,450
-79,998
-82,621
-68,695
-54,336
-35,258
-14,507
-8,172
-8,649
-8,340
50 -7,978 0
-5,618

Females: 899,621
71,828
72,582
74,731
67,172
63,445
65,648
80,516
83,478
68,316
54,447
35,448
14,272
8,162
9,534
9,809
10,656
50
100
10,703

150

Persons ('000)

Chart 6.8

Males: 141,598 Females: 177,376

Chart 6.8 Birthplace: China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)


Birthplace:
SARs and Taiwan)
0-4China (excludes -877
868

371

Females:
20,717
574
606
771
1,387
2,619
2,487
2,230
2,056
1,798
1,826
1,261
1,015
656
328
248
214
1,000
270

-102,308
-102,324
-105,826
-97,554
-90,143
-81,863
-80,337
-67,342
-51,030
-42,560
-34,131
-34,735
-30,974
-25,250
-19,298
50 -14,529 0
-10,286

Chart 6.6 Birthplace: Australia, both parents born overseas


Birthplace:
parents born
overseas
0-4Australia, both
-104,489
98,874

Females: 20,717

-401
-618
-591
-713
-974
-1,704
-1,938
-2,145
-1,989
-1,580
-1,621
-1,196
-985
-721
-398
-249
1,000 -201 0
-135
Persons

800

Males: 1,102,994Females: 1,133,563

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
100
85+

Persons ('000)

Chart 6.7 Birthplace: Canada


Birthplace:
0-4Canada

400

Males:
5-9 1,102,994
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Males: 5,207,455Females: 5,383,206

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
400
85+
Chart 6.7

800

Persons ('000)

Males:
5-9 5,207,455

600

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
600
85+
Chart 6.4

26,684
Females: 2,700,102
57,574
71,713
90,057
161,556
222,708
225,362
219,821
230,979
243,681
225,714
203,419
202,758
151,110
125,499
97,789
72,161
100
200
71,517

-666,636
631,757
Females: 7,605,534
-604,009
572,461
-597,278
568,155
-592,997
563,674
-529,852
520,019
-488,074
495,236
-458,537
471,573
-497,633
515,874
-497,189
519,203
-465,940
482,548
-456,757
473,652
-408,240
423,238
-359,869
374,106
-270,588
286,508
-193,728
216,562
-140,611
172,763
-108,022
154,435
200
0
200
400
600
-80,058 ('000)
163,770
Persons

Chart 6.4 Birthplace: Australia, only one parent born overseas


Birthplace:
one parent106,568
born overseas
0-4Australia, only-112,504

Chart 6.5 Birthplace: Australia, both parents born in Australia


Birthplace:
parents born
in Australia
0-4Australia, both
-433,292
410,786
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Males: 7,416,018Females: 7,605,534

Males:
5-9 7,416,018
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Males: 2,590,337Females: 2,700,102

Chart 6.3 Birthplace: Overseas


Birthplace:
0-4Overseas
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Chart 6.2

Chart 6.2 Birthplace: Australia


Birthplace:
0-4Australia

Males:
5-9 141,598
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

2,000

3,000

30,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
20,000
85+

10,000

Females:
177,376
-1,868
2,254
-3,135
2,951
-7,556
8,025
-26,129
30,394
-20,836
26,259
-11,488
15,504
-8,606
13,705
-9,623
16,184
-10,312
12,103
-13,542
16,961
-7,676
8,889
-5,623
5,949
-3,763
4,244
-3,439
4,431
-3,486
3,893
-2,198
0
10,0002,45120,000 30,000
-1,441
2,311
Persons

40,000

Page 23

Chart 6 (continued)
Age-Gender profiles for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Chart 6.9

Males: 24,603

Chart 6.9 Birthplace: Croatia


Birthplace:
0-4Croatia
Males:
5-9 24,603
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

5,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
3,000
85+
Chart 6.11

-16
-26
-59
-326
-643
-785
-672
-637
-1,372
-2,221
-2,201
-2,280
-2,888
-2,997
-3,697
-2,333
2,000 -1,007
1,000
0
-443
Persons

Males:
5-9 459,571
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
40
85+

60

Chart 6.13

Chart 6.10

Chart 6.10Birthplace: Egypt


Birthplace:
0-4Egypt

Females:
24,231
30
68
321
607
775
616
664
1,571
2,363
2,153
2,746
3,121
2,538
2,777
2,061
1,054
1,000
757

Males:
5-9 19,002
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

2,000 3,000 4,000

Males: 459,571 Females: 452,026

Chart 6.11Birthplace: England


Birthplace:
0-4England
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Females: 24,231

-4,004
-9,808
-11,202
-10,562
-10,281
-13,182
-19,857
-27,726
-40,654
-45,784
-52,514
-39,572
-48,750
-42,003
-32,364
-23,023
20 -15,602 0
-12,683

Chart 6.12

Chart 6.12Birthplace: Fiji


Birthplace:
0-4Fiji

3,725

Females:
452,026
9,100
10,681
9,469
9,750
13,228
19,232
25,510
38,448
44,779
50,338
38,857
45,828
39,321
31,879
24,025
17,360
20
20,496

Males:
5-9 26,380
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

40

60

Males: 20,154

Males:
5-9 20,154

4,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
85+
Chart 6.15

2,000

Females: 20,071

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

10,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
5,000
85+

Page 24

-66
-118
-260
-430
-764
-812
-941
-1,810
-2,228
-2,025
-2,669
-3,100
-1,809
-1,360
-978
-525
1,000
-242

Males: 48,815

111
237
487
868
981
987
1,906
2,292
2,085
2,595
2,509
1,615
1,303
1,119
0 542 1,000
369

Chart 6.14

3,000

Females: 51,128

-57
55
Females:
51,128
-134
146
-211
188
-258
241
-229
231
-347
327
-460
357
-668
602
-1,496
1,260
-3,589
3,230
-2,569
2,243
-4,369
4,582
-5,985
6,990
-7,212
8,585
-7,995
9,149
-7,270
7,032
3,763
0-4,205
5,000
10,000
-1,761
2,147
Persons

Males: 26,380

15,000

143

Females:
17,535
595
379
323
469
848
806
646
932
1,461
1,279
1,832
1,990
1,721
1,194
1,157
954
1,000
806

-127
-388
-722
-1,059
-1,287
-2,561
-3,093
-2,838
-2,878
-2,619
-3,024
-2,116
-1,402
-954
-637
-375
1,000 -208
0
-92

145
681
999
1,613
2,995
3,697
3,370
3,383
3,115
3,418
2,342
1,629
1,160
792
464
244
1,000 2,000
179

Males: 51,331

Females: 56,676

Chart 6.16

Males: 35,781

15,000

6,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
85+

3,000 4,000 5,000

Persons

202

Females:
56,676
428
665
993
1,326
2,203
2,839
2,456
3,134
3,239
3,551
4,008
9,734
6,492
4,386
3,547
3,893
5,000
3,580

Persons

10,000

15,000

Females: 39,180

Chart 6.16Birthplace: Hong Kong (SAR of China)


Birthplace:
of China)
0-4Hong Kong (SAR-272
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

3,000

Females:
30,606
380

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
10,000
85+

Males:
5-9 35,781

2,000

Females: 30,606

-257
-482
-659
-940
-933
-1,387
-2,138
-2,219
-2,867
-2,989
-3,211
-3,722
-9,490
-6,999
-5,556
-3,357
5,000 -2,926 0
-1,199

Males:
5-9 51,331
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

2,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
2,000
85+

Females: 17,535

-164
-662
-397
-336
-549
-1,097
-1,145
-742
-932
-1,709
-1,354
-2,009
-2,087
-2,018
-1,451
-987
1,000 -829 0
-534
Persons

Chart 6.14Birthplace: Germany


Birthplace:
0-4Germany

Females:
20,071
48

Persons

Chart 6.15Birthplace: Greece


Birthplace:
0-4Greece
Males:
5-9 48,815

4,000

Persons ('000)

Chart 6.13Birthplace: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia


Birthplace:
Republic of17Macedonia
0-4Former Yugoslav -17
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

3,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
2,000
85+

Males: 19,002

-494
-932
-2,463
-5,043
-4,275
-3,428
-2,434
-1,969
-3,624
-2,701
-3,376
-2,391
-747
-841
-455
2,000 -214 0
-122
Persons

232

Females:
39,180
474
807
2,320
4,799
4,212
3,472
2,690
2,484
4,856
3,785
4,102
2,686
654
698
454
236
2,000
219

4,000

The People of Australia

6,000

Chart 6 (continued)
Age-Gender profiles for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Chart 6.17

Chart 6.17Birthplace: India


Birthplace:
0-4India

Males: 164,210 Females: 131,158

-2,971
-5,188
-4,346
-3,700
-17,607
-36,744
-30,728
-17,519
-11,152
-6,485
-8,715
-5,089
-4,122
-3,681
-2,377
-1,777
-1,191
30,000 20,000 10,000
0
-818
Persons

Males:
5-9 164,210
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
50,000 40,000
85+

Chart 6.19

Males: 18,457

Chart 6.19Birthplace: Iran


Birthplace:
0-4Iran
Males:
5-9 18,457
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

4,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
85+

2,000

Chart 6.21

Males:
5-9 36,232
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

8,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
6,000
85+
Chart 6.23

4,000

Males: 11,234

Males:
5-9 11,234

2,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
1,000
85+

-508
-670
-468
-449
-1,979
-5,750
-4,221
-3,130
-2,510
-2,133
-2,741
-2,155
-2,647
-2,207
-1,643
-1,343
-984
2,000
-694

3,954
3,363
10,533
29,016
22,164
12,758
9,012
5,642
7,415
4,690
4,151
3,506
2,538
2,019
1,503
10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000
1,264

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

2,000

3,000

4,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
85+

2,000

Chart 6.22

491

Females:
31,089
645

Males:
5-9 94,815
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

6,000

Females: 24,149

20,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
15,000
85+

-229
-692
-1,083
-1,813
-2,422
-2,229
-2,365
-2,574
-3,110
-1,856
-2,670
-1,336
-892
-588
-466
-277
-174
1,000
-78

Males: 94,815

10,000

Chart 6.24

-93
-199
-226
-334
-525
-1,015
-1,171
-1,455
-2,436
-6,075
-4,498
-8,454
-14,159
-11,340
-13,123
-13,495
-10,351
5,000
-5,866

924
2,100
3,586
4,664
5,221
4,189
3,070
1,926
2,257
1,809
1,609
871
630
436
371
2,000
354

4,000

6,000

217

Females:
23,320
629
1,062
1,674
2,551
2,391
2,578
2,478
2,358
1,494
2,104
1,186
849
616
489
320
0 229 1,000
95

2,000

3,000

Females: 90,593
88

Females:
90,593
220

Persons

Males: 34,386

383

Females:
35,126
726

Females: 23,320

Persons

Chart 6.22Birthplace: Italy


Birthplace:
0-4Italy

4,000

Males: 24,854

Males:
5-9 24,854

Females: 31,089

455
345
1,592
4,110
3,054
2,467
2,158
2,133
2,563
2,111
2,269
1,858
1,573
1,320
0 906 2,000
1,039

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
85+
Chart 6.20

-476
411
Females:
24,149
-710
702
-657
698
-710
868
-803
1,126
-953
2,452
-1,195
3,828
-1,491
4,402
-1,089
3,243
-563
1,247
-901
2,203
-535
805
-548
846
-263
404
-147
294
-126
250
-42
1,000
2,000 249 3,000
4,000
-25
121
Persons

The People of Australia

6,000

Females: 35,126

-384
-754
-976
-2,111
-3,775
-3,677
-3,862
-2,773
-1,907
-1,201
-1,439
-1,356
-1,483
-663
-694
-432
2,000 -329 0
-225
Persons

Chart 6.20Birthplace: Iraq


Birthplace:
0-4Iraq

172
585
710
976
2,221
2,555
1,450
1,293
1,250
1,364
928
705
462
324
265
0 210 1,000
155

Males: 28,041

Males:
5-9 28,041
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Females:
16,005
380

Persons

Chart 6.23Birthplace: Japan


Birthplace:
0-4Japan
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

-204
-398
-650
-873
-1,214
-2,416
-2,977
-1,839
-1,629
-1,314
-1,615
-1,071
-834
-560
-339
-246
-148
1,000
-130

Males: 36,232

2,824

Females:
131,158
4,806

Females: 16,005

Persons

Chart 6.21Birthplace: Ireland


Birthplace:
0-4Ireland

Chart 6.18

Chart 6.18Birthplace: Indonesia


Birthplace:
0-4Indonesia

210
276
404
677
773
1,025
1,867
5,618
4,010
7,969
13,071
10,631
13,283
12,867
0 9,7645,000
7,840

10,000

15,000

Females: 40,157

Chart 6.24Birthplace: Korea, Republic of (South)


Birthplace:
of (South)
0-4Korea, Republic -614
Males:
5-9 34,386
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

5,000

6,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
85+

2,000

497
Females:
40,157
-1,408
1,085
-1,922
1,709
-2,650
2,334
-3,646
4,220
-5,042
5,742
-4,352
5,932
-3,551
4,895
-3,092
4,222
-2,039
2,346
-2,204
2,920
-1,271
1,470
-825
966
-703
695
-540
500
-304
312
0-148
2,000 171 4,000
6,000
-75
141
Persons

Page 25

8,000

Chart 6 (continued)
Age-Gender profiles for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Chart 6.25

Males: 39,540

Chart 6.25Birthplace: Lebanon


Birthplace:
0-4Lebanon

-126
-279
-504
-588
-1,099
-2,435
-2,980
-3,737
-4,558
-4,254
-4,866
-3,709
-3,799
-2,714
-1,788
-1,029
2,000 -675 0
-400
Persons

Males:
5-9 39,540
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

6,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
85+
Chart 6.27

Chart 6.27Birthplace: Malta


Birthplace:
0-4Malta

Males: 20,990

6,000

Chart 6.29

Males: 245,093 Females: 238,309

Persons

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
20,000
85+

-4,330
-9,037
-12,077
-13,552
-16,339
-20,289
-21,987
-24,621
-23,623
-21,876
-23,431
-18,578
-14,713
-9,047
-5,555
-2,911
10,000 -1,936 0
-1,191

Chart 6.31

Males: 21,222

Persons

Chart 6.31Birthplace: Poland


Birthplace:
0-4Poland
Males:
5-9 21,222
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

4,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
85+

Page 26

2,000

4,000

6,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
8,000 6,000
85+

Chart 6.28

Females:
20,289
28

4,000

6,000

8,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
6,000
85+

4,000

Persons

Chart 6.30

4,130

Males: 64,623

11,577
12,669
16,557
19,663
21,179
23,716
23,534
21,687
23,178
17,652
13,410
8,278
5,289
3,048
2,232
10,000
2,006

Males:
5-9 64,623
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

20,000

30,000

10,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
5,000
85+
Chart 6.32

31

Males:
5-9 66,594
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

2,000

3,000

4,000

10,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85+

-1,090
-3,107
-4,178
-4,067
-4,576
-5,857
-7,474
-7,783
-7,063
-4,761
-6,145
-3,644
-2,474
-1,084
-607
-323
0 -221
-169

Males: 66,594

5,000

142

Females:
37,360
349
320
330
344
549
1,014
1,240
1,443
2,181
1,556
4,073
6,530
5,270
3,668
3,081
2,608
2,000
2,662

4,000

6,000

8,000

Females: 106,617
1,057

Females:
106,617
2,868

Persons

Chart 6.32Birthplace: Scotland


Birthplace:
0-4Scotland

Females:
27,461
55

Females: 37,360

-148
-387
-346
-297
-314
-490
-947
-1,265
-1,529
-2,196
-1,674
-4,077
-7,130
-6,003
-4,330
-3,255
-2,619
2,000
0
-1,687

Chart 6.30Birthplace: Philippines


Birthplace:
0-4Philippines

Females:
238,309
8,504

112
178
429
1,261
2,223
1,767
1,273
2,651
1,576
3,278
2,656
1,493
1,599
1,541
2,022
1,000
3,316

Males: 38,694

Males:
5-9 38,694
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

43
81
49
125
234
289
429
1,747
843
2,852
4,128
3,295
2,268
1,806
1,246
2,000
822

Females: 63,333

-593
526
Females:
63,333
-1,157
1,082
-1,636
1,436
-2,776
2,834
-6,747
7,298
-5,906
6,715
-5,241
6,070
-4,366
5,265
-3,764
4,895
-4,167
5,825
-3,938
5,481
-4,057
5,679
-3,564
4,513
-2,125
2,327
-1,497
1,536
-755
869
569
4,000 2,000 -371
0
2,000 4,000
6,000 8,000 10,000
-209
413
Persons

Chart 6.28Birthplace: Netherlands


Birthplace:
0-4Netherlands

Females: 27,461

-38
-84
-126
-166
-422
-925
-1,683
-1,390
-927
-2,145
-1,159
-2,910
-2,555
-1,318
-1,107
-931
-1,076
1,000
0
-2,260
Persons

Males: 52,869

Males:
5-9 52,869
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

392
582
1,272
2,414
2,388
3,431
4,521
4,530
4,978
3,850
2,775
1,839
1,380
948
757
2,000
486

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
85+

Males:
5-9 245,093

30,000

86

Females: 20,289

Chart 6.29Birthplace: New Zealand


Birthplace:
0-4New Zealand
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Chart 6.26

Chart 6.26Birthplace: Malaysia


Birthplace:
0-4Malaysia

Females:
36,914
285

-4
-30
-51
-75
-53
-118
-217
-284
-431
-1,755
-922
-2,928
-4,353
-3,690
-2,629
-1,958
2,000 -984 0
-508

Males:
5-9 20,990
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Females: 36,914

4,011
4,023
5,447
8,492
11,105
11,492
11,501
11,656
12,216
9,456
6,527
2,968
1,543
930
5,000731
594

10,000

15,000

Females: 66,842

-384
-902
-1,137
-1,139
-1,162
-1,775
-2,765
-3,614
-4,850
-6,982
-6,542
-6,549
-8,010
-6,700
-5,497
-3,795
-2,555
0
-2,236
Persons

312

Females:
66,842
843
1,042
1,020
1,140
1,791
2,644
3,286
4,497
7,003
6,250
6,382
7,701
6,748
5,445
4,220
2,945
3,573

5,000

10,000

The People of Australia

Chart 6 (continued)
Age-Gender profiles for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Chart 6.33

Males: 22,082

Chart 6.33Birthplace: Singapore


Birthplace:
0-4Singapore
Males:
5-9 22,082
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

4,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
85+

2,000

Chart 6.35

-505
-1,060
-1,356
-1,267
-2,768
-2,104
-1,910
-2,160
-1,653
-1,612
-1,494
-1,461
-1,246
-513
-506
-257
1,000 -140 0
-70
Persons

Males: 44,122

Chart 6.35Birthplace: Sri Lanka


Birthplace:
0-4Sri Lanka

6,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
4,000
85+
Chart 6.37

Males: 16,926

Persons

Chart 6.37Birthplace: Turkey


Birthplace:
0-4Turkey

3,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
2,000
85+
Chart 6.39

Males: 84,810

Persons

Chart 6.39Birthplace: Vietnam


Birthplace:
0-4Vietnam
Males:
5-9 84,810
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

15,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
10,000
85+

5,000

450

Females:
26,570
1,054
1,189
1,777
3,299
2,182
2,197
2,382
2,172
2,305
2,101
2,033
1,547
661
571
313
192
1,000
145

2,000

3,000

10,000

5,000

Chart 6.36

565

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

4,000

6,000

4,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
2,000
85+
Chart 6.38

Females: 73,972

-934
-2,941
-4,700
-5,624
-4,666
-4,672
-5,578
-7,681
-7,968
-5,685
-7,080
-4,583
-3,667
-2,434
-1,548
-956
-607
0
-392
Persons

Males: 14,854

Males:
5-9 14,854

4,494
5,268
4,613
4,990
6,020
8,450
8,555
5,619
6,962
4,490
3,714
2,456
1,783
1,223
867
792

76

2,000

3,000

Females: 100,234

4,000

-2,536
-2,222
-2,026
-2,306
-2,675
-3,100
-3,057
-3,384
-3,039
-3,295
-2,658
-2,854
-1,742
-922
-469
1,000 -353
0
-295

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
3,000
2,000
85+
Chart 6.40

464
1,279
1,434
1,996
4,634
5,372
4,124
3,203
1,887
2,576
1,255
780
301
148
69
2,000 52
35

Males: 14,929

Males:
5-9 14,929

20,000

2,000

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
1,500
85+

4,000

6,000

Females: 38,784
1,352

Females:
38,784
2,246
2,189
1,888
2,738
3,730
3,587
3,015
3,356
2,931
3,367
2,784
2,620
1,364
645
371
302
1,000 2,000
299

3,000 4,000 5,000

Persons

Chart 6.40Birthplace: Zimbabwe


Birthplace:
0-4Zimbabwe
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

10,000

Females:
30,616
1,007

Persons

Males:
5-9 38,231
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

5,000

Females: 30,616

-499
-1,026
-1,342
-1,391
-1,676
-2,767
-2,331
-1,241
-773
-472
-571
-338
-208
-100
-63
-40
0 -11
-5

Males: 38,231

861

Females:
73,972
2,815

Chart 6.38Birthplace: United States of America


Birthplace:
America
0-4United States of-1,298

Females:
15,926
117
227
386
570
902
1,265
1,742
2,545
1,496
2,244
1,170
1,206
795
526
292
193
1,000
174

10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85+

Chart 6.36Birthplace: Thailand


Birthplace:
0-4Thailand

-467
426
Females:
100,234
-814
765
-994
984
-2,207
2,295
-4,073
5,327
-5,749
8,214
-8,541
11,357
-10,360
13,954
-10,532
12,537
-10,974
11,125
-11,012
10,876
-7,803
9,004
-4,477
4,916
-2,527
2,497
-1,568
2,042
-1,139
1,712
-1,021
0
5,000 1,31310,000 15,000
-552
890
Persons

The People of Australia

4,000

Females:
42,296
1,273
1,197
1,282
2,320
4,073
4,624
4,280
3,998
3,638
4,255
2,986
2,472
1,662
1,202
1,001
760
2,000
708

Males: 71,716

Males:
5-9 71,716
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Females: 15,926

-69
-141
-256
-407
-567
-1,083
-1,427
-1,602
-2,456
-1,829
-2,633
-1,158
-1,015
-1,064
-619
-344
1,000 -167 0
-89

Males:
5-9 16,926
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Chart 6.34

Chart 6.34Birthplace: South Africa


Birthplace:
0-4South Africa

Females: 42,296

-591
-1,378
-1,266
-1,332
-2,904
-4,470
-4,810
-4,643
-4,012
-3,785
-4,288
-3,281
-2,689
-1,864
-1,085
-829
2,000 -503 0
-392

Males:
5-9 44,122
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Females: 26,570

1,000

Females: 15,329

-125
-516
-927
-981
-1,103
-1,268
-1,311
-1,739
-1,716
-1,507
-1,511
-961
-610
-306
-161
-93
500 -61 0
-33
Persons

121

Females:
15,329
574
906
991
1,180
1,470
1,557
1,799
1,619
1,411
1,494
939
559
287
174
123
50062
63

1,000

1,500

Page 27

2,000

Chart 7
Highest participation rates in voluntary activities by birthplace
Australia: 2011 Census

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Birthplace

United States of America


Canada
Tanzania
Uganda
Kenya
Nigeria
Zambia
Trinidad and Tobago
Papua New Guinea
Vanuatu
Congo (DR)
Switzerland
Netherlands
South Africa
Singapore

Page 28

Samoa

Sweden

Israel

Northern Ireland

Wales

Mexico

Denmark

South Sudan

England

Participated

in last 12

participation

months

rate (%)

Rank

Rank

Participated

Malaysia

Bahrain

Burundi

Australia

Zimbabwe

Solomon Islands

Singapore

South Africa

Switzerland

Netherlands

Vanuatu

Congo, Democratic

Papua New Guinea

Trinidad and Tobago

Zambia

Kenya

Nigeria

Uganda

Tanzania

Canada

United States of America

Participation rate (%)

35
China
1.040473502
Italy
1.002856317
Viet Nam30
0.805055097
India
0.74088579
Scotland 25
0.655759849
Philippines
0.607087674
Greece 20
0.553928029
Germany
0.53650194
South Africa
0.524429589
Malaysia 15
0.465029793
Netherlands
0.39748607
Lebanon 10
0.376977679
Hong Kong
0.36163164
Sri Lanka 5
0.313548729
United States of America
0.310854232
Korea, Republic
of
0.265727713
(South)
0
Poland
0.26318431
Croatia
0.256843429
Indonesia
0.256727591
Ireland
0.253106389
Fiji
0.242479497
Malta
0.220097549
FYROM
0.204761583
Singapore
0.20132673
Egypt
0.16868555
Iraq
0.163785092
Canada
0.159206966
Japan
0.155006573

20,403
10,009
583
470
2,734
937
1,212
313
5,619
226
445
2,376
16,000
27,462
9,155

31.3
28.0
25.5
24.3
23.9
23.5
23.4
23.0
22.5
22.1
21.8
21.5
21.5
21.3
21.3

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Birthplace

Solomon Islands
Zimbabwe
Australia
Burundi
Bahrain
Malaysia
England
Denmark
South Sudan
Wales
Mexico
Northern Ireland
Israel
Sweden
Samoa

in last 12

participation

months

rate (%)

329
5,546
2,321,103
313
205
21,581
167,199
1,657
563
5,214
556
4,155
1,528
1,451
3,311

21.0
20.5
20.4
20.1
19.9
19.7
19.4
19.1
19.1
19.0
18.9
18.9
18.8
18.7
18.2

The People of Australia

Table 7
Languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

200
114
84
103
32
94
58
191
79
168
4
54
207
172
41
61
15
165
176
177
139
203
209
186
129
31
206
93
163
47
92
49
111
112
5
167
106
218
228
56
120
198
40
82
16
183
67

Language
Acehnese
Acholi
African Languages, nec1
African Languages, nfd
Afrikaans
Akan
Albanian
American Languages
Amharic
Anuak2
Arabic
Armenian
Aromunian (Macedo-Romanian)
Assamese
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic2
Auslan
Australian Indigenous Languages
Azeri
Balinese
Balochi
Bari2
Basque
Bassa2
Belorussian
Bemba
Bengali
Bikol
Bisaya
Bislama
Bosnian
Bulgarian
Burmese
Burmese and Related Languages,
nec
Burmese and Related Languages, nfd
Cantonese
Catalan
Cebuano
Celtic, nec
Celtic, nfd
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic2
Chin Haka3
Chinese, nec
Chinese, nfd
Creole, nfd
Croatian
Cypriot, so described
Czech

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

79
993
3,262
1,624
35,031
2,136
8,945
120
4,515
209
287,175
9,707
62
193
21,477
8,406
61,798
226
162
155
408
71
57
140
628
35,645
64
2,241
232
16,269
2,317
12,339
1,103

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0

80
528
3,790
1,609
16,809
1,358
7,858
88
2,854
..
243,665
9,621
62
103
..
5,537
55,700
173
124
117
..
75
..
442
253
20,221
40
1,208
156
15,740
1,983
7,458
75

-1
465
-528
15
18,222
778
1,087
32
1,661
..
43,510
86
0
90
..
2,869
6,098
53
38
38
..
-4
..
-302
375
15,424
24
1,033
76
529
334
4,881
1,028

-1.3
88.1
-13.9
0.9
108.4
57.3
13.8
36.4
58.2
..
17.9
0.9
0.0
87.4
..
51.8
10.9
30.6
30.6
32.5
..
-5.3
..
-68.3
148.2
76.3
60.0
85.5
48.7
3.4
16.8
65.4
1,370.7

1,066
263,674
211
1,419
34
10
9,560
831
90
23,798
3,979
61,547
148
7,263

0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0

..
244,557
146
971
31
36
..
393
23
11,668
4,095
63,616
242
6,902

..
19,117
65
448
3
-26
..
438
67
12,130
-116
-2,069
-94
361

..
7.8
44.5
46.1
9.7
-72.2
..
111.5
291.3
104.0
-2.8
-3.3
-38.8
5.2

Page 29

Table 7 (continued)
Languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

173
170
74
43
143
53
201
27
223
185
1
107
140
69
108
20
72
18
90
199
141
179
121
180
11
144
6
35
59
133
194
65
55
9
97
42
213
226
216
153
116
146
147
137
80
19
190
220

Birthplace
Czechoslovakian, so described2
Dan (Gio-Dan)2
Danish
Dari
Dhivehi
Dinka
Dravidian, nec
Dutch
Eastern Asian Languages, nfd
Eastern European Languages, nfd
English
Estonian
Ewe
Fijian
Fijian Hindustani2
Filipino
Finnish
French
French Creole, nfd
Frisian
Fulfulde2
Ga
Gaelic (Scotland)
Georgian
German
Gilbertese
Greek
Gujarati
Hakka
Harari
Hausa
Hazaraghi2
Hebrew
Hindi
Hmong
Hungarian
Iban
Iberian Romance, nec
Iberian Romance, nfd
Icelandic
Igbo
IIokano
Ilonggo (Hiligaynon)
Indo-Aryan, nec1
Indo-Aryan, nfd
Indonesian
Invented Languages
Iranic, nec1

Page 30

2011 Census
182
196
5,754
20,179
364
9,807
75
37,247
18
143
16,509,292
1,417
405
6,828
1,408
55,401
5,973
57,739
2,396
80
396
153
804
152
80,370
350
252,217
34,211
8,922
519
108
7,606
9,667
111,351
2,024
20,883
49
15
40
289
885
343
325
442
4,230
55,870
121
23

% of
Population 2006 Census
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
76.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
1.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0

..
..
5,444
14,310
246
6,596
24
36,184
16
159
15,581,333
1,252
85
5,255
..
39,044
5,873
43,217
1,897
91
..
95
659
126
75,635
194
252,227
11,875
7,964
374
82
..
7,568
70,008
2,013
21,561
24
22
35
234
372
322
186
67
5,091
42,037
107
324

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

..
..
310
5,869
118
3,211
51
1,063
2
-16
927,959
165
320
1,573
..
16,357
100
14,522
499
-11
..
58
145
26
4,735
156
-10
22,336
958
145
26
..
2,099
41,343
11
-678
25
-7
5
55
513
21
139
375
-861
13,833
14
-301

..
..
5.7
41.0
48.0
48.7
212.5
2.9
12.5
-10.1
6.0
13.2
376.5
29.9
..
41.9
1.7
33.6
26.3
-12.1
..
61.1
22.0
20.6
6.3
80.4
0.0
188.1
12.0
38.8
31.7
..
27.7
59.1
0.5
-3.1
104.2
-31.8
14.3
23.5
137.9
6.5
74.7
559.7
-16.9
32.9
13.1
-92.9

The People of Australia

Table 7 (continued)
Languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

221
99
3
26
210
73
71
178
37
189
135
87
225
102
12
219
197
91
78
57
158
83
217
175
98
208
156
196
14
122
166
45
39
34
154
2
134
195
77
51
60
85
215
46
164
128
127

Birthplace
Iranic, nfd
Irish
Italian
Japanese
Javanese
Kannada
Karen
Kashmiri
Khmer
Kikuyu
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda)2
Kirundi (Rundi)2
Kiwai
Konkani
Korean
Kpelle2
Krahn2
Krio
Kurdish
Lao
Latin
Latvian
Letzeburgish
Liberian (Liberian English)2
Lithuanian
Loma (Lorma)2
Luganda
Luo
Macedonian
Madi2
Makaton
Malay
Malayalam
Maltese
Mandaean (Mandaic)2
Mandarin
Mandinka2
Mann2
Maori (Cook Island)
Maori (New Zealand)
Marathi
Mauritian Creole
Middle Eastern Semitic Languages,
nec
Min Nan4
Mon
Mongolian
Mon-Khmer, nec

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

20
1,896
299,833
43,692
56
5,924
6,400
155
29,519
125
501
2,737
16
1,677
79,786
25
96
2,364
4,586
9,539
250
3,625
40
163
1,900
59
256
97
68,848
765
214
16,564
25,111
34,396
282
336,409
506
99
4,636
9,977
8,572
3,256
47

0.0
0.0
1.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

10
915
316,893
35,112
49
3,251
783
85
24,708
93
..
..
66
867
54,623
..
..
792
3,597
9,373
205
4,179
28
..
2,005
..
130
85
67,832
..
205
11,360
7,090
36,517
..
220,603
..
..
3,646
6,617
4,047
726
..

10
981
-17,060
8,580
7
2,673
5,617
70
4,811
32
..
..
-50
810
25,163
..
..
1,572
989
166
45
-554
12
..
-105
..
126
12
1,016
..
9
5,204
18,021
-2,121
..
115,806
..
..
990
3,360
4,525
2,530
..

100.0
107.2
-5.4
24.4
14.3
82.2
717.4
82.4
19.5
34.4
..
..
-75.8
93.4
46.1
..
..
198.5
27.5
1.8
22.0
-13.3
42.9
..
-5.2
..
96.9
14.1
1.5
..
4.4
45.8
254.2
-5.8
..
52.5
..
..
27.2
50.8
111.8
348.5
..

16,372
230
634
651

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

14,135
135
208
49

2,237
95
426
602

15.8
70.4
204.8
1,228.6

Page 31

Table 7 (continued)
Languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

182
130
155
113
38
124
88
101
148
192
222
149
96
160
188
181
162
136
76
33
104
202
22
36
13
151
50
184
145
25
30
224
227
21
70
125
169
63
205
110
118
24
75
81
161
52

Birthplace
Moro (Nuba Moro)2
Motu (HiriMotu)5
Nauruan
Ndebele
Nepali
Niue
Norwegian
Nuer
Nyanja (Chichewa)
Oceanian Pidgins and Creoles, nec
Oceanian Pidgins and Creoles, nfd
Oriya
Oromo
Pacific Austronesian Languages, nec
Pacific Austronesian Languages, nfd
Pampangan
Papua New Guinea Languages, nec
Papua New Guinea Languages, nfd
Pashto
Persian (excluding Dari)
Pidgin, nfd
Pitcairnese
Polish
Portuguese
Punjabi
Rohingya2
Romanian
Romany
Rotuman
Russian
Samoan
Scandinavian, nec
Scandinavian, nfd
Serbian
Serbo-Croatian/Yugoslavian, so
described
Seychelles Creole
Shilluk
Shona
Sign Languages, nec
Sign Languages, nfd
Sindhi
Sinhalese
Slovak
Slovene
Solomon Islands Pijin
Somali

Page 32

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

150
569
281
1,064
27,154
711
2,673
1,702
321
117
19
318
2,030
240
127
151
235
466
4,801
34,562
1,583
75
50,695
33,351
71,230
298
12,246
148
348
44,059
36,571
17
11
55,114
6,687

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0

..
411
247
394
4,655
531
2,296
1,198
201
74
17
180
996
197
140
113
116
43
2,570
22,843
1,452
62
53,390
25,776
23,162
..
10,896
150
249
36,504
28,527
16
..
52,529
9,315

..
158
34
670
22,499
180
377
504
120
43
2
138
1,034
43
-13
38
119
423
2,231
11,719
131
13
-2,695
7,575
48,068
..
1,350
-2
99
7,555
8,044
1
..
2,585
-2,628

..
38.4
13.8
170.1
483.3
33.9
16.4
42.1
59.7
58.1
11.8
76.7
103.8
21.8
-9.3
33.6
102.6
983.7
86.8
51.3
9.0
21.0
-5.0
29.4
207.5
..
12.4
-1.3
39.8
20.7
28.2
6.3
..
4.9
-28.2

702
202
8,006
66
1,250
867
48,191
4,991
4,183
237
9,913

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

18
59
2,796
30
1,378
450
29,055
4,578
4,312
116
6,650

684
143
5,210
36
-128
417
19,136
413
-129
121
3,263

3,800.0
242.4
186.3
120.0
-9.3
92.7
65.9
9.0
-3.0
104.3
49.1

The People of Australia

Table 7 (continued)
Languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census


Birthplace

159 Southeast Asian Austronesian


Languages, nec
157 Southeast Asian Austronesian
Languages, nfd
62 Southern Asian Languages, nfd
8 Spanish
214 Spanish Creole, nfd
68 Swahili
66 Swedish
126 Swiss, so described
10 Tagalog
204 Tai, nec
23 Tamil
193 Tatar
44 Telugu
115 Tetum
29 Thai
211 Themne2
123 Tibetan
187 Tigre
86 Tigrinya
131 Timorese
89 Tok Pisin (Neomelanesian)6
119 Tokelauan
48 Tongan
138 Tswana
142 Tulu
212 Turkic, nec
229 Turkic, nfd
17 Turkish
150 Turkmen
174 Tuvaluan
64 Ukrainian
28 Urdu
117 Uygur
152 Uzbek
7 Vietnamese
105 Welsh
95 Wu
171 Xhosa
100 Yiddish
109 Yoruba
132 Zulu
Other Eastern Asian Languages, nec
Other Eastern European Languages,
nec
Other Southeast Asian Languages
Other Southern Asian Languages

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

247

0.0

138

109

79.0

254

0.0

503

-249

-49.5

8,151
117,498
48
6,886
7,332
658
81,457
71
50,152
112
18,721
955
36,683
56
746
131
2,794
553
2,645
860
16,008
442
392
53
10
59,623
302
182
7,761
36,836
874
291
233,390
1,430
2,065
195
1,764
1,277
544
53
16

0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

6,869
98,003
226
3,052
5,904
733
53,286
59
32,703
115
8,278
844
23,643
..
396
132
1,661
623
1,602
604
12,726
508
207
17
..
53,858
218
147
9,016
19,288
369
140
194,852
1,072
1,528
116
1,907
575
285
62
18

1,282
19,495
-178
3,834
1,428
-75
28,171
12
17,449
-3
10,443
111
13,040
..
350
-1
1,133
-70
1,043
256
3,282
-66
185
36
..
5,765
84
35
-1,255
17,548
505
151
38,538
358
537
79
-143
702
259
-9
-2

18.7
19.9
-78.8
125.6
24.2
-10.2
52.9
20.3
53.4
-2.6
126.2
13.2
55.2
..
88.4
-0.8
68.2
-11.2
65.1
42.4
25.8
-13.0
89.4
211.8
..
10.7
38.5
23.8
-13.9
91.0
136.9
107.9
19.8
33.4
35.1
68.1
-7.5
122.1
90.9
-14.5
-11.1

43
675

0.0
0.0

46
229

-3
446

-6.5
194.8

Page 33

Table 7 (continued)
Languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census


Birthplace
Other Southern European
Languages, nec
Other Southwest and Central Asian
Languages, nec
Inadequately described
Non-verbal, so described
Not elsewhere classified7
Not stated
Total

2011 Census

% of
Population 2006 Census

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

89

0.0

71

18

25.4

13

0.0

..

10

333.3

8,603
21,906
23,524
1,085,491

0.0
0.1
0.1
5.0

9,067
27,002
23,524
1,127,760

-464
-5,096
0
-42,269

-5.1
-18.9
0.0
-3.7

21,507,719

100.0

19,855,294

1,652,425

8.3

1. Language classification modified since 2006. Some elements have been moved into newly defined 2011 classifications
2. Newly defined language in 2011
3. Reported as Haka in 2006
4. Reported as two separate languages, Hokkien and Teochew, in 2006
5. Reported as Motu in 2006
6. Reported as Tok Pisin in 2006
7. Languages reported in 2006 which cannot be assigned a 2011 category are incorporated into this overall NEC category

Page 34

The People of Australia

Table 8
Australian Indigenous languages spoken at home

Rank

Australia : 2011 Census

Language

15
53
118
169
9
169
12
19
169
169
154
141
169
169
129
111
14
45
169
169
57
74
169
48
141
140
83
69
20
169
169
42
135
141
141
169
78
94
135
169
103
121
169
112
112
44
169
71
38

Aboriginal English, so described


Adnymathanha
Alawa
Alngith
Alyawarr
Amurdak
Anindilyakwa
Anmatyerr, nec
Anmatyerr, nfd
Antekerrepenh
Antikarinya
Arabana
Arandic, nec
Arandic, nfd
Arnhem Land and Daly River Region Languages, nec
Arnhem Land and Daly River Region Languages, nfd
Arrernte, nec
Arrernte, nfd
Baanbay
Badimaya
Bandjalang
Banyjima
Barababaraba
Bardi
Batjala
Bidjara
Bilinarra
Bunuba
Burarra
Burarran, nfd
Burraran, nec
Cape York Peninsula Languages, nec
Cape York Peninsula Languages, nfd
Central Anmatyerr
Daatiwuy
Dadi Dadi
Dalabon
Dhalwangu
Dhanggatti
Dhangu, nec
Dhangu, nfd
Dharawal
Dhay'yi, nec
Dhay'yi, nfd
Dhuwal, nec
Dhuwal, nfd
Dhuwala, nec
Dhuwala, nfd
Dhuwaya

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of Indigenous
Language Speakers

1,062
150
17
0
1,860
0
1,485
934
0
0
5
8
0
0
11
25
1,322
232
0
0
134
87
0
172
8
9
59
96
932
0
0
243
10
8
8
0
73
38
10
0
29
16
0
21
21
235
0
89
285

1.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
3.0
0.0
2.4
1.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
1.5
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.1
0.5

Page 35

Table 8 (continued)
Australian Indigenous languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia : 2011 Census


Language

141
106
118
4
169
108
169
141
65
169
169
135
121
156
25
54
169
74
96
76
169
80
152
161
63
161
169
47
82
103
71
51
23
169
95
18
169
56
169
22
169
100
100
17
161
93
154
61
84
161
49
169

Diyari
Djabugay
Djabwurrung
Djambarrpuyngu
Djangu
Djapu
Djarrwark
Djinang, nec
Djinang, nfd
Djinba
Djinba, nec
Djinba, nfd
Dyirbal
Eastern Anmatyerr
Eastern Arrernte
Galpu
Gambera
Gamilaraay
Ganalbingu
Garrwa
Garuwali
Girramay
Githabul
Golumala
Gooniyandi
Gudanji
Gudjal
Gumatj
Gumbaynggir
Gundjeihmi
Gun-nartpa
Gupapuyngu
Gurindji
Gurindji Kriol
Gurr-goni
Guugu Yimidhirr
Guyamirrilili
Iwaidja
Jaminjung
Jaru
Jawi
Jawoyn
Jingulu
Kalaw Kawaw Ya/Kalaw Lagaw Ya
Kanai
Karajarri
Kariyarra
Kartujarra
Kaurna
Kayardild
Kaytetye
Keerray-Woorroong

Page 36

2011 Census

% of Indigenous
Language Speakers

8
27
17
2,974
0
26
0
8
103
0
0
10
16
4
527
148
0
87
32
86
0
64
7
3
106
3
0
184
60
29
89
157
534
0
35
977
0
135
0
568
0
30
30
985
3
39
5
119
58
3
171
0

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.9
0.0
0.1
1.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
The People of Australia

Table 8 (continued)
Australian Indigenous languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia : 2011 Census


Language

50
118
156
99
1
169
106
26
41
112
60
64
10
169
58
129
169
169
169
112
71
141
169
161
169
11
161
129
169
84
169
169
169
32
141
135
169
126
169
116
21
169
31
79
46
67
169
169
61
7
135
65

Kija
Kimberley Area Languages, nec
Kimberley Area Languages, nfd
Koko-Bera
Kriol
Kugu Muminh
Kukatha
Kukatja
Kuku Yalanji
Kunbarlang
Kune
Kuninjku
Kunwinjku
Kunwinjkuan, nec
Kuuk Thayorre
Kuuku-Ya'u
Kuwema
Kuwinjkuan, nfd
Ladji Ladji
Lamalama
Lardil
Larrakiya
Light Warlpiri
Liyagalawumirr
Liyagawumirr
Luritja
Madarrpa
Malak Malak
Malngin
Mangala
Mangarrayi
Manggalili
Manyjalpingu
Manyjilyjarra
Maringarr
Marra
Marramaninyshi
Marrangu
Marridan (Maridan)
Marrithiyel
Martu Wangka
Matngala
Maung
Mayali
Meriam Mir
Miriwoong
Mirning
Morrobalama
Mudburra
Murrinh Patha
Muruwari
Na-kara

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of Indigenous
Language Speakers

169
17
4
31
6,780
0
27
521
254
21
121
104
1,645
0
129
11
0
0
0
21
89
8
0
3
0
1,505
3
11
0
58
0
0
0
346
8
10
0
14
0
20
605
0
367
67
186
99
0
0
119
2,411
10
103

0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
11.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.4
0.0
0.2
0.2
2.7
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.6
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
3.9
0.0
0.2
Page 37

Table 8 (continued)
Australian Indigenous languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia : 2011 Census


Language

89
33
16
169
169
169
68
169
91
34
90
39
169
169
156
169
169
129
43
96
40
81
30
156
169
88
141
55
3
59
169
121
161
8
169
169
29
92
161
100
70
24
129
86
126
169
35
108
169
141
169
117

Narungga
Ndjebbana (Gunavidji)
Ngaanyatjarra
Ngalakgan
Ngaliwurru
Ngandi
Ngan'gikurunggurr
Ngardi
Ngarinyin
Ngarinyman
Ngarluma
Ngarrindjeri
Ngatjumaya
Nhangu
Nhangu, nec
Northern Desert Fringe Area Languages, nec
Northern Desert Fringe Area Languages, nfd
Nungali
Nunggubuyu
Nyamal
Nyangumarta
Nyikina
Nyungar
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nfd
Other Yolngu Matha, nec
Paakantyi
Palyku/Nyiyaparli
Pintupi
Pitjantjatjara
Rembarrnga
Rirratjingu
Ritharrngu
Thaynakwith
Tiwi
Tjungundji
Tjupany
Torres Strait Island Languages, nfd
Waanyi
Wagilak
Wagiman
Wajarri
Walmajarri
Waluwarra
Wambaya
Wangkajunga
Wangkangurru
Wangkatha
Wangurri
Wanyjirra
Wardaman
Wargamay
Warlmanpa

Page 38

2011 Census

% of Indigenous
Language Speakers

46
336
1,041
0
0
0
98
0
41
310
45
271
0
0
4
0
0
11
239
32
262
63
369
4
0
47
8
140
3,486
124
0
16
3
2,210
0
0
406
40
3
30
92
528
11
56
14
0
298
26
0
8
0
19

0.1
0.5
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2
5.6
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.6
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.9
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
The People of Australia

Table 8 (continued)
Australian Indigenous languages spoken at home
Rank

Australia : 2011 Census


Language

5
125
141
37
126
27
121
169
13
156
52
169
169
169
129
96
169
169
28
169
77
108
169
36
153
6
103
87
2
169

Warlpiri
Warnman
Warramiri
Warumungu
Wergaia
Western Arrarnta
Western Desert Language, nec
Western Desert Language, nfd
Wik Mungkan
Wik Ngathan
Wiradjuri
Worla
Worrorra
Wubulkarra
Wunambal
Wurlaki
Yakuy, nec
Yakuy, nfd
Yankunytjatjara
Yan-nhangu
Yanyuwa
Yawuru
Yidiny
Yindjibarndi
Yinhawangka
Yolngu Matha, nfd
Yorta Yorta
Yulparija
Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole)
Yupangathi
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec
Australian Indigenous Languages, nfd

Total

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of Indigenous
Language Speakers

2,554
15
8
286
14
487
16
0
1,358
4
151
0
0
0
11
32
0
0
452
0
77
26
0
296
6
2,446
29
49
5,368
0
575
2,743

4.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
2.2
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
4.0
0.0
0.1
8.7
0.0
0.9
4.4

61,798

100.0

Page 39

Table 9
Languages spoken at home by persons who speak English not well or not at all
Australia: 2011 Census
Language
Mandarin
Vietnamese
Cantonese
Arabic
Italian
Greek
Korean
Non-verbal, so described
Spanish
Turkish
Macedonian
Khmer
Serbian
Croatian
Russian
Japanese
Chinese, nfd
Thai
Punjabi
Persian (excluding Dari)
Dari
Hindi
Polish
Indonesian
Portuguese
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
Karen
Tamil
Urdu
Bengali
Samoan
Bosnian
Min Nan
Hazaraghi
Burmese
Tagalog
Nepali
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic
Maltese
Gujarati
Sinhalese
French
Other LOTE Languages
Not stated
Number of LOTE speakers who speak
English not well or not at all

Page 40

Age
25-44
45-64
Persons

0-14

15-24

12,104
10,777
6,165
11,888
1,630
3,448
4,630
14,589
2,433
1,830
873
1,332
1,029
520
1,198
2,419
615
1,149
2,444
1,133
1,748
2,927
530
1,863
628
997
1,389
1,624
2,409
1,773
913
292
290
963
580
1167
1,010
728
71
1,444
1,365
1,166
7,190
25,833

8,163
2,807
2,865
2,824
581
630
2,057
521
365
310
108
476
57
55
79
582
1,809
551
285
318
532
133
40
289
177
123
727
126
117
178
121
28
46
422
260
138
302
177
33
68
43
179
434
3,938

18,929
21,672
9,372
11,467
1,499
1,089
9,759
744
1,715
2,822
514
3,030
873
291
685
2,621
1,904
3,135
1,523
1,803
1,803
799
276
1,121
835
958
1,229
869
686
765
446
368
298
1,152
1,180
462
937
802
106
651
570
360
991
11,496

141,106

34,074

124,607

65+

Total

27,119
30,495
28,558
11,573
3,803
6,515
6,781
391
3,894
4,265
3,693
3,775
4,117
1,765
1,463
1,095
1,722
1,613
1,006
1,543
1,300
785
1,581
1,218
1,483
1,308
650
756
418
264
1,053
1,587
1,355
395
707
530
500
812
638
375
462
329
1,063
11,801

12,027
10,040
17,735
8,280
34,895
29,828
2,700
180
6,066
2,688
6,266
1,368
3,781
5,442
4,091
556
719
250
778
1,068
422
1,071
3,140
497
1,840
1,078
146
591
190
105
509
740
1,022
40
239
645
187
343
2,012
245
256
657
1,700
12,603

78,342
75,791
64,695
46,032
42,408
41,510
25,927
16,425
14,473
11,915
11,454
9,981
9,857
8,073
7,516
7,273
6,769
6,698
6,036
5,865
5,805
5,715
5,567
4,988
4,963
4,464
4,141
3,966
3,820
3,085
3,042
3,015
3,011
2,972
2,966
2942
2,936
2862
2,860
2,783
2,696
2,691
11,378
65,671

176,556

179,036

655,379

The People of Australia

Table 9 (Continued)
Languages spoken at home by persons who speak English not well or not at all
Australia: 2011 Census
Age:
15-24
25-44
45-64
Percentage of language group

Language

0-14

Mandarin
Vietnamese
Cantonese
Arabic
Italian
Greek
Korean
Non-verbal, so described
Spanish
Turkish
Macedonian
Khmer
Serbian
Croatian
Russian
Japanese
Chinese, nfd
Thai
Punjabi
Persian (excluding Dari)
Dari
Hindi
Polish
Indonesian
Portuguese
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
Karen
Tamil
Urdu
Bengali
Samoan
Bosnian
Min Nan
Hazaraghi
Burmese
Tagalog
Nepali
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic
Maltese
Gujarati
Sinhalese
French
Other LOTE Languages
Not stated

15.5
14.2
9.5
25.8
3.8
8.3
17.9
88.8
16.8
15.4
7.6
13.3
10.4
6.4
15.9
33.3
9.1
17.2
40.5
19.3
30.1
51.2
9.5
37.3
12.7
22.3
33.5
40.9
63.1
57.5
30.0
9.7
9.6
32.4
19.6
39.7
34.4
25.4
2.5
51.9
50.6
43.3
63.2
39.3

10.4
3.7
4.4
6.1
1.4
1.5
7.9
3.2
2.5
2.6
0.9
4.8
0.6
0.7
1.1
8.0
26.7
8.2
4.7
5.4
9.2
2.3
0.7
5.8
3.6
2.8
17.6
3.2
3.1
5.8
4.0
0.9
1.5
14.2
8.8
4.7
10.3
6.2
1.2
2.4
1.6
6.7
3.8
6.0

24.2
28.6
14.5
24.9
3.5
2.6
37.6
4.5
11.8
23.7
4.5
30.4
8.9
3.6
9.1
36.0
28.1
46.8
25.2
30.7
31.1
14.0
5.0
22.5
16.8
21.5
29.7
21.9
18.0
24.8
14.7
12.2
9.9
38.8
39.8
15.7
31.9
28.0
3.7
23.4
21.1
13.4
8.7
17.5

Proportion of LOTE speakers who


speak English not well or not at all

21.5

5.2

19.0

The People of Australia

65+

Total

34.6
40.2
44.1
25.1
9.0
15.7
26.2
2.4
26.9
35.8
32.2
37.8
41.8
21.9
19.5
15.1
25.4
24.1
16.7
26.3
22.4
13.7
28.4
24.4
29.9
29.3
15.7
19.1
10.9
8.6
34.6
52.6
45.0
13.3
23.8
18.0
17.0
28.4
22.3
13.5
17.1
12.2
9.3
18.0

15.4
13.2
27.4
18.0
82.3
71.9
10.4
1.1
41.9
22.6
54.7
13.7
38.4
67.4
54.4
7.6
10.6
3.7
12.9
18.2
7.3
18.7
56.4
10.0
37.1
24.1
3.5
14.9
5.0
3.4
16.7
24.5
33.9
1.3
8.1
21.9
6.4
12.0
70.3
8.8
9.5
24.4
14.9
19.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.9

27.3

100.0

Page 41

Table 10
Internet connection type by age and English proficiency
Australia: 2011 Census
Type of Connection

Broadband Connection
Dial-Up Connection
Other Connection
Total per cent with internet access
Total persons without internet access
Total persons with not stated internet
access

Age
25-44
45-64
Speak English only

0-14

15-24

85.3
2.2
3.8

82.2
2.1
5.4

82.3
2.2
5.3

78.1
3.4
2.5

91.3
208,759
79,259

89.7
162,700
54,223

89.9
329,554
100,505

84.1
559,239
108,910

65+

Total

49.3 12,391,113
4.5
448,604
1.4
603,972
55.2
888,190
84,256

83.9
2,148,442
427,153

Speak English very well or well

Broadband Connection
Dial-Up Connection
Other Connection
Total per cent with internet access
Total persons without internet access
Total persons with not stated internet
access

81.6
2.6
3.1

83.4
2.1
3.1

82.7
2.2
4.2

78.1
2.8
2.5

42.2
3.1
2.1

2,492,757
78,861
105,613

87.4
43,334
17,379

88.6
36,564
19,063

89.1
94,545
36,726

83.4
95,719
25,047

47.4
142,417
17,388

83.5
412,579
115,603

Speak English not well or not at all

Broadband Connection
Dial-Up Connection
Other Connection

70.6
3.0
3.8

68.7
3.1
4.1

70.9
2.5
2.8

40.9
2.2
2.2

404,551
16,522
20,778

Total per cent with internet access


82.2
77.4
Total persons without internet access
20,169
5,128
Total persons with not stated internet
4,739
2,148
access
1. Figures in this table are based on private dwellings only

75.9
22,062
7,397

76.3
33,597
7,825

45.3
84,319
6,861

69.5
165,275
28,970

Page 42

75.3
2.6
4.3

The People of Australia

Table 11
Citizenship rates by birthplace and English proficiency
Australia: 2011 Census
Birthplace

England
New Zealand
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)
India
Italy
Vietnam
Philippines
South Africa
Scotland
Malaysia
Germany
Greece
Sri Lanka
United States of America
Lebanon
Netherlands
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Korea, Republic of (South)
Ireland
Indonesia
Fiji
Croatia
Poland
Singapore
Iraq
Thailand
Malta
Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia (FYROM)
Canada
Egypt
Japan
Iran
Turkey
Zimbabwe
Pakistan
Wales
Taiwan
Afghanistan
Cambodia
Bangladesh
Papua New Guinea
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Eastern Europe, nfd
Chile
France
Nepal
Mauritius
The People of Australia

Speaks English
only

Speaks English
Well/Very well

Speaks English
not well/not at all

Total

67.9
32.8
69.2
74.5
88.4
83.8
82.5
70.6
64.1
68.9
80.7
95.4
86.5
54.5
94.9
83.9
85.9
64.2
53.5
66.5
78.8
95.8
91.3
68.0
86.8
70.3
85.9
94.7

60.3
30.6
46.6
37.6
79.8
83.3
63.6
46.1
61.6
38.9
56.1
96.6
57.5
49.3
91.6
59.3
79.4
40.4
35.8
33.1
75.0
96.0
88.9
41.1
76.6
50.6
83.5
94.2

44.0
15.9
46.8
18.9
68.6
80.8
45.6
20.8
57.6
37.7
44.1
96.4
31.8
36.3
83.5
49.4
76.0
29.4
14.9
30.2
67.7
94.6
84.4
54.3
50.6
27.6
75.8
91.5

911,594
483,397
318,973
295,367
185,404
185,037
171,239
145,686
133,432
116,196
108,004
99,940
86,414
77,015
76,451
76,046
74,956
74,541
67,320
63,161
56,982
48,831
48,679
48,647
48,171
45,467
41,277
40,220

58.0
92.7
41.3
79.5
83.4
73.7
77.0
66.9
68.1
79.5
84.6
64.7
87.2
94.4
95.5
85.6
73.3
33.3
86.5

46.6
85.5
14.2
65.0
86.9
32.9
53.7
52.7
67.2
73.3
85.7
54.0
52.1
95.2
95.3
76.9
52.6
13.8
64.7

30.5
73.0
7.0
48.8
79.5
15.7
35.2
65.0
60.0
45.7
80.7
27.7
52.8
93.2
92.9
68.1
34.8
5.5
67.3

38,869
36,530
35,377
34,459
32,848
30,254
30,223
28,677
28,629
28,599
28,330
27,811
26,789
25,682
25,074
24,938
24,676
24,638
23,281
Page 43

Chart 8
Main languages excluding English and Indigenous

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Language

2011
% of
Census population

Mandarin
Italian
Arabic
Cantonese
Greek
Vietnamese
Spanish
Hindi
Tagalog
German
Korean
Punjabi
Macedonian
Croatian
Turkish

336,409
299,833
287,175
263,674
252,217
233,390
117,498
111,351
81,457
80,370
79,786
71,230
68,848
61,547
59,623

Page 44

1.6
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

Language

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

French
Indonesian
Filipino
Serbian
Polish
Tamil
Sinhalese
Russian
Japanese
Dutch
Urdu
Thai
Samoan
Bengali
Afrikaans

Afrikaans

Bengali

Samoan

Thai

Urdu

Dutch

Japanese

Russian

Sinhalese

Tamil

Polish

Serbian

Filipino

Indonesian

French

Turkish

Croatian

Macedonian

Italian

Mandarin

Korean

0.2

Punjabi

0.4

German

0.6

Tagalog

0.8

Hindi

Greek

1.2

Vietnamese

1.4

Cantonese

1.6

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573
Arabic

1.8

Rank

Rank

% of population

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Spanish

Australia: 2011 Census

2011
% of
Census population
57,739
55,870
55,401
55,114
50,695
50,152
48,191
44,059
43,692
37,247
36,836
36,683
36,571
35,645
35,031

The People of Australia

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Language
Seychelles Creole
Karen
Nepali
Ewe
Mauritian Creole
Malayalam
Shilluk
Punjabi
Mongolian
Krio
Gujarati
Shona
Ndebele
Bemba
Igbo

The People of Australia

2011 % change
Census
2006-11
702
6,400
27,154
405
3,256
25,111
202
71,230
634
2,364
34,211
8,006
1,064
628
885

3800.0
717.4
483.3
376.5
348.5
254.2
242.4
207.5
204.8
198.5
188.1
186.3
170.1
148.2
137.9

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Language
Uygur
Telugu
Swahili
Yoruba
Marathi
Chin Haka
Afrikaans
Uzbek
Irish
Solomon Islands Pijin
Oromo
Luganda
Konkani
Sindhi
Urdu

Urdu

Sindhi

Konkani

Luganda

Oromo

Solomon Islands

Irish

Uzbek

Afrikaans

Marathi

Chin Haka

Swahili

Yoruba

Uygur

Telugu

Igbo

Bemba

Ndebele

Shona

Karen

Seychelles Creole

Gujarati

500

Krio

1,000

Mongolian

1,500

Shilluk

2,000

Malayalam

2,500

Mauritian Creole

3,000

Ewe

3,500

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573
Nepali

4,000

Rank

Rank

% increase 2006 - 2011

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Punjabi

Chart 9
Fastest growing languages excluding English and Indigenous
Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

2011 % change
Census
2006-11
874
18,721
6,886
1,277
8,572
831
35,031
291
1,896
237
2,030
256
1,677
867
36,836

136.9
126.2
125.6
122.1
111.8
111.5
108.4
107.9
107.2
104.3
103.8
96.9
93.4
92.7
91.0

Page 45

Chart 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

LGA
Brisbane (QLD)
Fairfield (NSW)
Blacktown (NSW)
Brimbank (VIC)
Bankstown (NSW)
Liverpool (NSW)
Canterbury (NSW)
Parramatta (NSW)
Greater Dandenong (VIC)
Casey (VIC)
Monash (VIC)
Hume (VIC)
Whittlesea (VIC)
Moreland (VIC)
Darebin (VIC)

Page 46

LOTE
Speakers

% of
LGA

195,410
132,248
112,454
103,686
100,609
90,603
88,499
84,551
84,033
76,429
75,677
69,439
66,716
58,572
53,370

18.8
70.4
37.3
56.7
55.2
50.3
64.4
50.7
62.0
30.3
44.7
41.4
43.1
39.8
39.1

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

LGA
Rockdale (NSW)
Auburn (NSW)
Gold Coast (QLD)
Sydney (NSW)
Holroyd (NSW)
Wyndham (VIC)
The Hills Shire (NSW)
Stirling (WA)
Whitehorse (VIC)
Hornsby (NSW)
Ryde (NSW)
Manningham (VIC)
Randwick (NSW)
Glen Eira (VIC)
Hurstville (NSW)

Glen Eira (VIC)

Hurstville (NSW)

Randwick (NSW)

Ryde (NSW)

Manningham (VIC)

Hornsby (NSW)

Whitehorse (VIC)

Stirling (WA)

The Hills Shire (NSW)

Holroyd (NSW)

Wyndham (VIC)

Sydney (NSW)

Auburn (NSW)

Gold Coast (QLD)

Darebin (VIC)

Rockdale (NSW)

Moreland (VIC)

Whittlesea (VIC)

Hume (VIC)

Casey (VIC)

Monash (VIC)

Parramatta (NSW)

Greater Dandenong (VIC)

Brisbane (QLD)

Liverpool (NSW)

50,000

Brimbank (VIC)

100,000

Bankstown (NSW)

150,000

Fairfield (NSW)

200,000

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573
Blacktown (NSW)

250,000

Rank

Rank

Number of LOTE speakers

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Canterbury (NSW)

Local government areas with highest number of language other than English speakers
Australia: 2011 Census

LOTE
Speakers

% of
LGA

53,248
52,773
52,005
51,112
51,026
49,588
48,805
48,197
46,228
44,960
43,605
43,471
39,131
38,989
38,847

54.7
71.6
10.5
30.2
51.5
30.7
28.7
24.6
30.5
28.7
42.3
39.1
30.3
29.8
49.3

The People of Australia

Chart 11
Local government areas1 with the highest proportion of LOTE speakers
Australia: 2011 Census

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

LGA
Aurukun (QLD)
East Arnhem (NT)
Hope Vale (QLD)
Torres Strait Island (QLD)
Napranum (QLD)
Tiwi Islands (NT)
Ngaanyatjarraku (WA)
Lockhart River (QLD)
Northern Peninsula Area (QLD)
Central Desert (NT)
West Arnhem (NT)
Pormpuraaw (QLD)
Auburn (NSW)
Fairfield (NSW)
MacDonnell (NT)

LOTE
Speakers

% of
LGA

1,192
8,164
871
3,750
687
2,066
1,142
373
1,763
2,808
4,521
479
52,773
132,248
4,033

92.0
89.7
88.6
88.2
80.3
80.1
79.5
77.4
76.7
75.5
72.5
72.2
71.6
70.4
69.2

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

LGA
Victoria-Daly (NT)
Canterbury (NSW)
Roper Gulf (NT)
Greater Dandenong (VIC)
Strathfield (NSW)
Burwood (NSW)
Brimbank (VIC)
Bankstown (NSW)
Rockdale (NSW)
Holroyd (NSW)
Parramatta (NSW)
Liverpool (NSW)
Kogarah (NSW)
Halls Creek (WA)
Hurstville (NSW)

LOTE
Speakers

% of
LGA

3,932
88,499
3,830
84,033
21,533
19,322
103,686
100,609
53,248
51,026
84,551
90,603
27,990
1,771
38,847

66.4
64.4
62.6
62.0
61.2
59.6
56.7
55.2
54.7
51.5
50.7
50.3
50.2
49.7
49.3

1. Excludes Community Government Councils (CGC), Island Councils (IC) and Aboriginal Councils (AC)

The People of Australia

Hurstville (NSW)

Halls Creek (WA)

Kogarah (NSW)

Liverpool (NSW)

Parramatta (NSW)

Holroyd (NSW)

Rockdale (NSW)

Bankstown (NSW)

Brimbank (VIC)

Burwood (NSW)

Strathfield (NSW)

Greater Dandenong (VIC)

Roper Gulf (NT)

Victoria-Daly (NT)

Canterbury (NSW)

Fairfield (NSW)

MacDonnell (NT)

Auburn (NSW)

West Arnhem (NT)

East Arnhem (NT)

Aurukun (QLD)

Pormpuraaw (QLD)

10

Central Desert (NT)

20

Northern Peninsula Area (QLD)

30

Lockhart River (QLD)

40

Tiwi Islands (NT)

50

Napranum (QLD)

60

Torres Strait Island (QLD)

70

Rank

Rank

% of LGA population

80

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573

Hope Vale (QLD)

90

Ngaanyatjarraku (WA)

100
Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Page 47

Chart 12

LGA
Fairfield (NSW)
Brisbane (QLD)
Brimbank (VIC)
Greater Dandenong (VIC)
Canterbury (NSW)
Bankstown (NSW)
Liverpool (NSW)
Parramatta (NSW)
Blacktown (NSW)
Auburn (NSW)
Hume (VIC)
Whittlesea (VIC)
Monash (VIC)
Casey (VIC)
Moreland (VIC)

Page 48

Poor
English

% of
LGA

38,287
29,980
22,907
21,046
20,182
19,968
15,723
15,033
14,169
13,776
12,879
11,634
11,592
11,348
10,699

20.4
2.9
12.5
15.5
14.7
11.0
8.7
9.0
4.7
18.7
7.7
7.5
6.8
4.5
7.3

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

LGA
Darebin (VIC)
Rockdale (NSW)
Sydney (NSW)
Whitehorse (VIC)
Holroyd (NSW)
Hurstville (NSW)
Stirling (WA)
Ryde (NSW)
Maribyrnong (VIC)
Wyndham (VIC)
Port Adelaide Enfield (SA)
Manningham (VIC)
Gold Coast (QLD)
Salisbury (SA)
Hornsby (NSW)

Salisbury (SA)

Hornsby (NSW)

Gold Coast (QLD)

Manningham (VIC)

Port Adelaide Enfield (SA)

Wyndham (VIC)

Maribyrnong (VIC)

Ryde (NSW)

Stirling (WA)

Holroyd (NSW)

Hurstville (NSW)

Sydney (NSW)

Whitehorse (VIC)

Rockdale (NSW)

Darebin (VIC)

Moreland (VIC)

Casey (VIC)

Monash (VIC)

Hume (VIC)

Whittlesea (VIC)

Fairfield (NSW)

Auburn (NSW)

5,000

Blacktown (NSW)

10,000

Parramatta (NSW)

15,000

Liverpool (NSW)

20,000

Bankstown (NSW)

25,000

Canterbury (NSW)

30,000

Greater Dandenong (VIC)

35,000

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573

Rank

Rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

40,000

Brimbank (VIC)

45,000

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Brisbane (QLD)

Number who speak English not well or not at all

Local government areas with highest number who speak English not well or not at all
Australia: 2011 Census

Poor
English

% of
LGA

10,693
8,515
8,313
8,299
8,040
7,950
7,825
7,145
7,105
6,987
6,891
6,730
6,647
6,593
6,419

7.8
8.7
4.9
5.5
8.1
10.1
4.0
6.9
9.9
4.3
6.1
6.0
1.3
5.1
4.1

The People of Australia

Chart 13
1

East Arnhem (NT)


Torres Strait Island (QLD)
Fairfield (NSW)
Victoria-Daly (NT)
Auburn (NSW)
MacDonnell (NT)
Greater Dandenong (VIC)
Canterbury (NSW)
Northern Peninsula Area (QLD)
Ngaanyatjarraku (WA)
Pormpuraaw (QLD)
Lockhart River (QLD)
Brimbank (VIC)
West Arnhem (NT)
Burwood (NSW)

% of
LGA

2,125
952
38,287
1,127
13,776
982
21,046
20,182
327
194
87
61
22,907
774
3,879

23.4
22.4
20.4
19.0
18.7
16.8
15.5
14.7
14.2
13.5
13.1
12.7
12.5
12.4
12.0

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

LGA
Roper Gulf (NT)
Strathfield (NSW)
Bankstown (NSW)
Hurstville (NSW)
Central Desert (NT)
Maribyrnong (VIC)
Menzies (WA)
Parramatta (NSW)
Kogarah (NSW)
Ashfield (NSW)
Rockdale (NSW)
Liverpool (NSW)
Barkly (NT)
Holroyd (NSW)
Darebin (VIC)

Poor
English

% of
LGA

730
3,856
19,968
7,950
370
7,105
35
15,033
4,974
3,616
8,515
15,723
576
8,040
10,693

11.9
11.0
11.0
10.1
10.0
9.9
9.1
9.0
8.9
8.8
8.7
8.7
8.4
8.1
7.8

1. Excludes Community Government Councils (CGC), Island Councils (IC) and Aboriginal Councils (AC)

The People of Australia

Darebin (VIC)

Holroyd (NSW)

Barkly (NT)

Liverpool (NSW)

Rockdale (NSW)

Ashfield (NSW)

Kogarah (NSW)

Parramatta (NSW)

Menzies (WA)

Maribyrnong (VIC)

Hurstville (NSW)

Central Desert (NT)

Bankstown (NSW)

Roper Gulf (NT)

Strathfield (NSW)

Burwood (NSW)

West Arnhem (NT)

Brimbank (VIC)

Pormpuraaw (QLD)

Lockhart River (QLD)

Ngaanyatjarraku (WA)

Poor
English

Rank

LGA

Northern Peninsula Area

Torres Strait Island (QLD)

East Arnhem (NT)

Canterbury (NSW)

MacDonnell (NT)

10

Auburn (NSW)

15

Victoria-Daly (NT)

% of LGA population

Rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

20

1.040473502
1.002856317
0.805055097
0.74088579
0.655759849
0.607087674
0.553928029
0.53650194
0.524429589
0.465029793
0.39748607
0.376977679
0.36163164
0.313548729
0.310854232
0.265727713
0.26318431
0.256843429
0.256727591
0.253106389
0.242479497
0.220097549
0.204761583
0.20132673
0.16868555
0.163785092
0.159206966
0.155006573

Fairfield (NSW)

25

Chi
Italy
Vie
Ind
Sco
Phi
Gre
Ger
Sou
Ma
Net
Leb
Hon
Sri
Uni
Kor
Pol
Cro
Ind
Irel
Fiji
Ma
FYR
Sin
Egy
Iraq
Can
Jap

Greater Dandenong (VIC)

Local government areas with the highest proportion who speak English not well or not at all
Australia: 2011 Census

Page 49

Chart 14
Highest internet connectivity by language spoken1

Language

Broadband
connection
(%)

Dial-up
connection
(%)

Other
connection
(%)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Dhivehi
Tulu
Kashmiri
Marathi
Kannada
Malayalam
Afrikaans
Oriya
Konkani
Yoruba
Ndebele
Telugu
Shona
Sindhi
Sinhalese

93.3
92.6
92.1
93.2
93.4
92.5
90.3
96.1
91.1
92.1
89.0
92.8
87.0
93.6
90.4

0.0
1.1
0.0
1.8
1.4
2.4
2.4
0.0
1.9
2.8
2.3
1.3
4.1
2.2
2.7

4.8
4.5
6.0
3.0
3.0
2.6
4.7
1.0
4.1
2.1
5.7
2.9
5.3
0.6
3.2

Language

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Japanese
Wu
Kikuyu
(Hiligaynon)
Hebrew
Tamil
Gujarati
(Chichewa)
Bengali
Bemba
Tswana
Rotuman
Urdu
Indonesian
Turkmen

Other Connection

Broadband
connection
(%)

Dial-up
connection
(%)

Other
connection
(%)

91.3
93.2
92.7
90.5
91.9
90.7
90.3
84.3
89.4
84.4
81.5
82.3
90.4
89.0
85.6

2.0
1.4
0.0
3.5
1.7
2.3
1.6
5.9
2.0
3.6
4.4
4.7
1.8
2.2
4.7

2.9
1.5
3.3
1.9
2.2
2.6
3.7
5.2
4.0
7.4
9.1
8.1
2.8
3.8
4.7

1. Figures in this table are based on private dwellings only

Page 50

Turkmen

Indonesian

Urdu

Tswana

Rotuman

Bemba

Bengali

Nyanja

Tamil

Ilonggo

Rank

Dial-up Connection

Hebrew

Kikuyu

Wu

Japanese

Sinhalese

Sindhi

Shona

Telugu

Ndebele

Yoruba

Oriya

Konkani

Afrikaans

Malayalam

Marathi

Kannada

27.0859278
0.373599
25.2136752 0.30165913
22.265913 0.31948882
17.5528664
0.3850385
27.5728434 0.22965408
25.6987048 0.40047716
10.3215347 0.40529587
24.101112 0.59581748
16.8040832 0.43188064
18.8865398 0.52854123
20.7216174 0.49455677
19.481383 0.19946809
26.4935746 0.55599266
14.8817803 1.06629578
26.354697 0.53351001
18.7089556 0.58374276
32.2538535 0.69287543
31.4006515 0.76004343
16.6710078 0.52512605
17.2241446 1.15340254
20.6603774 0.62264151
26.1733977 0.70135779
9.16654061 0.67122977
28.0270035
0.6358885
16.7356613
0.6067637
18.9272821 0.30943785
18.0980152 1.01589691
Broadband
Connection
21.3695821
0.72143223
18.6194979 0.68401094
18.7709497 0.65442937

Kashmiri

Tulu

Dhivehi

65.0373599
66.56611362
100
68.9850086
72.02053539
90
62.1214296
80
62.35514656
77.08727371
70
62.96492936
69.04855385
60
66.5961945
64.53810264
50
65.35904255
40
57.76029373
68.66017617
30
57.5807239
65.08488593
20
50.87111513
51.63952226
10
66.39100262
0
63.12956555
59.73584906
54.11033343
70.17659961
51.02351916
62.11023569
60.08251676
57.62393002
54.45864105
56.83530936
56.16919393

Rank

% with internet connection

Kan
Mara
Telu
Afrik
Mala
Guja
Heb
Japa
Hok
Swe
Tam
Wu
Urdu
Norw
Sinh
Indo
Ben
Nep
Man
Sho
Dan
Hind
Kore
Punj
Can
Bulg
Mala
Taga
Fren
Teoc

Gujarati

Australia: 2011 Census

Broadband CoDial up ConnOther Connection

The People of Australia

Table 12
Religion
Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census
Religion
Buddhism
Christianity (total)
Christian, nfd (total)
Christian, nfd
Apostolic Church, so described
Church of God, so described
Australian Christian Churches, so
described
Anglican (total)
Anglican Church of Australia
Anglican Catholic Church
Baptist
Brethren
Catholic (total)
Western Catholic
Maronite Catholic
Melkite Catholic
Ukrainian Catholic
Chaldean Catholic
Catholic, nec
Churches of Christ (total)
Churches of Christ, nfd
Churches of Christ (Conference)
Church of Christ
(Non-denominational)
International Church of Christ
Jehovah's Witnesses
Latter-day Saints (total)1
Church of Jesus Christ of LDS
(Mormons)
Community of Christ
Lutheran
Oriental Orthodox (total)
Oriental Orthodox, nfd
Armenian Apostolic
Coptic Orthodox Church
Syrian Orthodox Church
Ethiopian Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox, nec
Assyrian Apostolic (total)
Assyrian Church of the East
Ancient Church of the East
Eastern Orthodox (total)
Eastern Orthodox, nfd
Albanian Orthodox
Antiochian Orthodox
Greek Orthodox
Macedonian Orthodox

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
population

% of
responses

2006

% change
2006-2011

528,976
13,150,672
470,941
461,209
5,108
975
3,640

2.5
61.1
2.2
2.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.7
66.9
2.4
2.3
0.0
0.0
0.0

418,757
12,685,827
313,193
305,480
5,232
893
1,584

26.3
3.7
50.4
51.0
-2.4
9.2
129.8

3,679,906
3,678,003
1,902
352,497
21,732
5,439,268
5,397,393
30,661
2,499
3,056
4,972
682
49,688
7,187
42,144
331

17.1
17.1
0.0
1.6
0.1
25.3
25.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.0

18.7
18.7
0.0
1.8
0.1
27.7
27.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.0

3,718,248
3,716,378
1,866
316,742
24,227
5,126,885
5,087,115
29,072
1,980
3,608
4,499
613
54,818
6,639
47,772
366

-1.0
-1.0
1.9
11.3
-10.3
6.1
6.1
5.5
26.2
-15.3
10.5
11.3
-9.4
8.3
-11.8
-9.6

30
85,634
59,770
58,838

0.0
0.4
0.3
0.3

0.0
0.4
0.3
0.3

43
80,919
53,199
52,146

-30.2
5.8
12.4
12.8

935
251,932
41,263
49
7,661
24,693
5,822
2,846
188
10,589
8,497
2,095
563,073
49,577
48
8,264
383,400
52,052

0.0
1.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.6
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.2

0.0
1.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
2.9
0.3
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.3

1,042
251,106
32,708
84
8,050
19,924
2,882
1,707
70
8,192
5,956
2,227
544,162
48,157
73
7,829
374,575
48,082

-10.3
0.3
26.2
-41.7
-4.8
23.9
102.0
66.7
168.6
29.3
42.7
-5.9
3.5
2.9
-34.2
5.6
2.4
8.3

Page 51

Table 12 (continued)
Religion
Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census
Religion
Romanian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
Serbian Orthodox
Ukrainian Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox, nec
Presbyterian and Reformed (total)
Presbyterian
Reformed
Free Reformed
Salvation Army
Seventh-day Adventist
Uniting Church
Pentecostal (total)
Pentecostal, nfd
Apostolic Church (Australia)
Assemblies of God
Bethesda Churches
Christian City Church
Christian Life Churches
International
Christian Outreach Centres
Christian Revival Crusade
Faith Churches
Foursquare Gospel Church
Full Gospel Church
Revival Centres
Rhema Family Church
United Pentecostal
Pentecostal, nec
Other Protestant (total)
Other Protestant, nfd
Aboriginal Evangelical Missions
Born Again Christian
Christian and Missionary Alliance
Church of the Nazarene
Congregational
Ethnic Evangelical Churches
Independent Evangelical Churches
Wesleyan Methodist Church
Other Protestant, nec
Other Christian (total)
Other Christian, nfd
Apostolic Church of Queensland
Christadelphians
Christian Science
Gnostic Christians
Liberal Catholic Church
New Apostolic Church

Page 52

2011 Census

% of
Population

% of
responses

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

1,883
22,251
41,833
2,714
1,065
599,515
584,816
11,981
2,717
60,163
63,000
1,065,795
237,987
192,181
294
28,299
49
619
242

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
2.8
2.7
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.3
5.0
1.1
0.9
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
3.0
3.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.3
5.4
1.2
1.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

1,607
19,970
39,969
2,979
917
596,668
583,396
10,609
2,653
64,200
55,251
1,135,426
219,691
88,535
2,415
94,892
91
5,114
481

17.2
11.4
4.7
-8.9
16.1
0.5
0.2
12.9
2.4
-6.3
14.0
-6.1
8.3
117.1
-87.8
-70.2
-46.2
-87.9
-49.7

2,657
3,774
38
549
1,467
2,227
50
848
4,685
60,242
22,706
3,450
11,885
1,319
1,356
4,359
2,909
1,829
3,272
7,159
37,674
978
3,034
10,653
1,358
1,033
304
2,888

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

11,045
5,312
99
744
1,355
2,966
122
794
5,726
56,103
18,803
3,819
11,775
2,222
1,405
4,689
2,746
1,879
3,403
5,359
34,095
667
3,104
10,211
1,471
1,102
387
2,729

-75.9
-29.0
-61.6
-26.2
8.3
-24.9
-59.0
6.8
-18.2
7.4
20.8
-9.7
0.9
-40.6
-3.5
-7.0
5.9
-2.7
-3.8
33.6
10.5
46.6
-2.3
4.3
-7.7
-6.3
-21.4
5.8

The People of Australia

Table 12 (continued)
Religion
Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census
Religion
New Churches (Swedenborgian)
Ratana (Maori)
Religious Science
Religious Society of Friends
(Quakers)
Temple Society
Unitarian
Worldwide Church of God
Other Christian, nec
Hinduism
Islam
Judaism
Other Religions (total)
Australian Aboriginal Traditional
Religions
Baha'i
Chinese Religions (total)
Chinese Religions, nfd
Ancestor Veneration
Confucianism
Taoism
Chinese Religions, nec
Druse
Japanese Religions (total)
Shinto
Sukyo Mahikari
Tenrikyo
Nature Religions (total)
Nature Religions, nfd
Animism
Druidism
Paganism
Pantheism
Wiccan/Witchcraft
Nature Religions, nec
Sikhism
Spiritualism
Miscellaneous Religions (total)
Caodaism
Church of Scientology
Eckankar
Rastafarianism
Satanism
Theosophy
Jainism
Zoroastrianism
Religious Groups, nec
No Religion (total)

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population

% of
responses

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

331
4,626
292
2,077

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

363
3,303
339
1,985

-8.8
40.1
-13.9
4.6

703
1,333
128
7,928
275,533
476,291
97,335
168,195
7,362

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
2.2
0.5
0.8
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
2.4
0.5
0.9
0.0

600
1,011
584
6,250
148,124
340,393
88,831
109,025
5,377

17.2
31.8
-78.1
26.8
86.0
39.9
9.6
54.3
36.9

13,707
5,152
23
507
342
4,247
36
2,974
1,640
1,107
423
99
32,083
92
781
1,047
16,850
1,396
8,413
3,508
72,297
11,551
21,428
681
2,162
673
1,392
2,455
1,486
2,922
2,544
7,126
4,796,786

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
22.3

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
24.4

12,332
4,374
12
500
258
3,579
26
2,976
1,305
734
466
80
29,391
79
870
1,021
15,515
1,035
8,206
2,661
26,425
9,845
16,994
652
2,507
683
978
2,248
1,639
1,262
2,113
4,916
3,706,554

11.1
17.8
91.7
1.4
32.6
18.7
38.5
-0.1
25.7
50.8
-9.2
23.8
9.2
16.5
-10.2
2.5
8.6
34.9
2.5
31.8
173.6
17.3
26.1
4.4
-13.8
-1.5
42.3
9.2
-9.3
131.5
20.4
45.0
29.4

Page 53

Table 12 (continued)
Religion
Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census
Religion
No Religion, nfd
Agnosticism
Atheism
Humanism
Rationalism
Supplementary codes (total)
Religious Belief, nfd
Not Defined
New Age, so described
Theism
Not elsewhere classified2
Not stated
Total responses
Total population

2011 Census

% of
Population

% of
responses

Change
2006-2011

% change
2006-2011

4,693,162
34,633
58,898
7,662
2,433
174,281
35,169
132,599
2,627
3,883
11
1,839,650

21.8
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.6

23.9
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.4

3,643,817
22,132
31,304
7,634
1,667
133,819
20,539
108,654
2,016
2,613
37
2,223,957

28.8
56.5
88.1
0.4
46.0
30.2
71.2
22.0
30.3
48.6
-70.3
-17.3

19,668,069
21,507,719

..
100.0

100.0
..

17,631,330
19,855,287

11.6
8.3

1. Reported as Latter Day Saints (total) in 2006


2. Religions with 2011 values lower than 10 are reported collectively in an overall NEC category

Page 54

The People of Australia

Table 13
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

280
276
49
140
56
116
268
81
164
31
241
188
76
263
278
47
93
72
102
65
2
18
203
123
38
208
281
187
57
217
288
194
213
152
92
110
273
243
137
181
67
86
244
111
228
114
191
69

Ancestry
Acehnese
Acholi1
Afghan
African American
African, so described
Afrikaner
Akan
Albanian
Algerian
American
Amhara
Anglo-Burmese
Anglo-Indian
Angolan
Arab, nec2
Arab, nfd
Argentinian
Armenian
Asian, so described
Assyrian1
Australian
Australian Aboriginal
Australian Peoples, nfd
Australian South Sea Islander
Austrian
Azeri
Bahraini1
Balinese
Bangladeshi1
Barbadian
Bari1
Basque
Batswana
Belarusan
Belgian
Bengali
Berber
Bermudan
Bhutanese1
Bolivian
Bosnian
Brazilian
British, nec
British, nfd
Bruneian
Bulgarian
Burgher
Burmese

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
population

118
135
29,474
2,245
25,305
5,079
169
13,142
1,321
62,960
251
658
14,306
175
127
30,375
9,879
16,723
7,743
21,626
7,098,486
127,668
534
4,037
42,341
450
114
672
25,111
400
82
612
416
1,664
10,022
6,335
139
248
2,618
764
20,247
12,234
248
6,262
324
5,436
630
20,112

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
33.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1

% of
responses 2006 Census
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
25.4
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1

75
..
19,414
1,803
13,362
3,029
172
11,313
897
56,277
144
712
13,077
144
800
19,966
8,960
15,789
4,012
..
7,371,823
115,278
57
4,098
41,490
294
..
517
..
283
..
541
444
1,560
8,896
17,308
89
226
..
583
18,463
6,640
94
5,681
236
4,898
1,031
13,821

% change
2006-2011
57.3
..
51.8
24.5
89.4
67.7
-1.7
16.2
47.3
11.9
74.3
-7.6
9.4
21.5
-84.1
52.1
10.3
5.9
93.0
..
-3.7
10.7
836.8
-1.5
2.1
53.1
..
30.0
..
41.3
..
13.1
-6.3
6.7
12.7
-63.4
56.2
9.7
..
31.0
9.7
84.2
163.8
10.2
37.3
11.0
-38.9
45.5

Page 55

Table 13 (continued)
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

136
254
44
185
138
265
220
223
214
162
240
289
290
96
167
48
149
7
224
89
130
74
144
226
199
19
176
63
62
33
306
163
10
232
108
155
39
259
1
121
100
99
118
84
59
73
11
64

Birthplace
Burundian1
Cameroonian1
Canadian
Caribbean Islander, nec
Caribbean Islander, nfd
Catalan
Caucasian, so described
Central American, nec
Central American, nfd
Central and West African, nec
Central and West African, nfd
Central Asian, nec
Central Asian, nfd
Chaldean1
Channel Islander
Chilean
Chin1
Chinese
Chinese Asian, nec
Colombian
Congolese1
Cook Islander
Coptic
Costa Rican
Creole, so described
Croatian
Cuban
Cypriot
Czech
Danish
Darfu/Darfurian1
Dinka
Dutch
Eastern European, nec
Eastern European, nfd
Ecuadorian
Egyptian
Emirati1
English
Eritrean
Estonian
Ethiopian
Eurasian, so described
European, so described
Fijian
Fijian Indian1
Filipino
Finnish

Page 56

2011 Census

% of
Population

2,624
210
33,218
694
2,426
171
380
361
414
1,392
257
72
70
9,005
1,127
30,020
1,912
866,208
360
10,193
3,246
16,193
2,043
343
567
126,270
798
22,680
22,772
54,026
10
1,364
335,493
309
6,524
1,521
39,300
180
7,238,533
4,137
8,551
8,609
4,839
12,504
23,770
16,211
224,725
22,420

0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
4.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
33.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.0
0.1

% of
responses 2006 Census
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
3.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
25.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.8
0.1

..
..
28,523
557
1,995
112
183
328
395
2,656
191
406
92
..
1,160
25,433
..
669,901
375
5,006
..
11,404
1,889
241
397
118,049
540
10,722
21,194
50,414
..
1,330
310,082
114
6,616
1,353
31,781
..
6,283,647
2,659
8,234
5,603
3,836
9,037
19,172
..
160,375
20,987

% change
2006-2011
..
..
16.5
24.6
21.6
52.7
107.7
10.1
4.8
-47.6
34.6
-82.3
-23.9
..
-2.8
18.0
..
29.3
-4.0
103.6
..
42.0
8.2
42.3
42.8
7.0
47.8
111.5
7.4
7.2
..
2.6
8.2
171.1
-1.4
12.4
23.7
..
15.2
55.6
3.8
53.6
26.1
38.4
24.0
..
40.1
6.8

The People of Australia

Table 13 (continued)
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

195
21
150
251
286
207
6
128
262
296
9
235
158
200
227
109
145
134
29
173
225
186
8
205
35
41
52
3
5
292
139
34
175
55
120
245
113
238
236
125
45
25
300
304
107
198
283
85

Birthplace
Flemish
French
French Canadian
Frisian
Fulani1
Georgian
German
Ghanaian
Gibraltarian
Gio1
Greek
Guatemalan
Gujarati
Guyanese
Hawaiian
Hazara
Hispanic (North American)
Hmong
Hungarian
Icelandic
Igbo1
I-Kiribati
Indian
Indian Tamil1
Indonesian
Iranian
Iraqi
Irish
Italian
Ivorean
Jamaican
Japanese
Javanese
Jewish
Jordanian
Kadazan
Karen
Kashmiri1
Kazakh
Kenyan
Khmer (Cambodian)3
Korean
Krahn1
Kunama1
Kurdish
Kuwaiti
Kyrgyz1
Lao

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population

611
110,399
1,836
222
93
489
898,674
3,521
177
38
378,270
295
1,442
563
333
6,432
2,028
2,747
69,160
929
345
677
390,894
509
48,836
36,168
28,001
2,087,758
916,121
58
2,400
50,761
818
25,778
4,218
246
6,132
260
279
3,786
33,197
88,973
33
18
6,991
577
107
12,372

0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.1
9.7
4.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1

% of
responses 2006 Census
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.1
7.5
3.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

555
98,333
1,686
244
..
383
811,543
2,525
184
..
365,150
234
424
371
277
928
3,899
2,189
67,623
759
..
480
234,720
..
35,940
23,575
16,763
1,803,736
852,421
112
1,781
40,968
621
15,638
3,395
183
887
..
131
2,162
25,553
60,867
..
..
5,470
365
..
10,768

% change
2006-2011
10.1
12.3
8.9
-9.0
..
27.7
10.7
39.4
-3.8
..
3.6
26.1
240.1
51.8
20.2
593.1
-48.0
25.5
2.3
22.4
..
41.0
66.5
..
35.9
53.4
67.0
15.7
7.5
-48.2
34.8
23.9
31.7
64.8
24.2
34.4
591.3
..
113.0
75.1
29.9
46.2
..
..
27.8
58.1
..
14.9

Page 57

Table 13 (continued)
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

68
13
146
170
78
253
23
271
202
277
237
43
169
209
16
233
287
147
17
135
302
51
264
204
190
117
274
285
221
250
165
154
143
266
252
132
216
54
255
14
201
129
131
184
122
272
174
260

Birthplace
Latvian
Lebanese
Liberian
Libyan
Lithuanian
Luxembourg
Macedonian
Madi (Ma'di)1
Mainland South-East Asian, nec2
Mainland South-East Asian, nfd
Malawian
Malay
Malayali
Maldivian
Maltese
Mandaean1
Mandinka1
Manx
Maori
Maritime South-East Asian, nec
Masai
Mauritian
Mayan
Melanesian and Papuan, nec
Melanesian and Papuan, nfd
Mexican
Micronesian, nec
Micronesian, nfd
Moldovan
Mon
Mongolian
Montenegrin
Moroccan
Mozambican
Namibian1
Native North American Indian
Nauruan
Nepalese
New Caledonian
New Zealander
Nicaraguan
Nigerian
Niuean
Ni-Vanuatu
North African and Middle Eastern, nfd
North American, nec
North American, nfd
Northern European, nec

Page 58

2011 Census

% of
Population

20,124
203,139
1,986
1,027
13,594
212
93,570
141
547
130
279
33,620
1,030
446
163,990
298
87
1,983
128,430
2,677
27
28,045
175
530
643
4,862
138
99
374
229
1,235
1,554
2,119
171
218
3,140
409
26,575
204
187,212
551
3,467
3,143
705
4,111
140
862
180

0.1
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

% of
responses 2006 Census
0.1
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

20,061
181,753
1,144
275
13,275
167
83,983
..
615
..
191
25,318
230
303
153,802
..
..
1,853
92,917
659
32
21,825
127
362
459
2,776
154
100
231
159
630
1,168
1,516
135
..
3,933
373
5,305
246
160,683
454
1,929
2,180
509
2,067
134
..
163

% change
2006-2011
0.3
11.8
73.6
273.5
2.4
26.9
11.4
..
-11.1
..
46.1
32.8
347.8
47.2
6.6
..
..
7.0
38.2
306.2
-15.6
28.5
37.8
46.4
40.1
75.1
-10.4
-1.0
61.9
44.0
96.0
33.0
39.8
26.7
..
-20.2
9.7
400.9
-17.1
16.5
21.4
79.7
44.2
38.5
98.9
4.5
..
10.4

The People of Australia

Table 13 (continued)
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

126
168
60
295
249
83
305
246
160
97
279
46
95
75
231
275
182
124
267
159
98
15
211
142
36
230
88
239
180
66
27
189
104
32
127
4
270
28
133
197
151
103
234
112
61
91

Birthplace
Northern European, nfd
North-West European, nfd
Norwegian
Nubian1
Nuer
Oceanian, nfd
Ogaden1
Omani1
Oromo
Other North African and Middle
Eastern, nec2
Other North African and Middle
Eastern, nfd
Pakistani
Palestinian
Papua New Guinean
Paraguayan
Parsi1
Pathan
Peoples of the Americas, nfd
Peoples of the Sudan, nec1
Peoples of the Sudan, nfd1
Peruvian
Polish
Polynesian, nec
Polynesian, nfd
Portuguese
Puerto Rican
Punjabi
Rohingya1
Roma/Gypsy
Romanian
Russian
Rwandan1
Salvadoran
Samoan
Saudi Arabian
Scottish
Senegalese1
Serbian
Seychellois
Shona1
Sierra Leonean
Sikh
Sindhi1
Singaporean
Sinhalese
Slovak

The People of Australia

2011 Census

% of
Population

% of
responses 2006 Census

% change
2006-2011

3,728
1,043
23,037
43
233
12,541
13
244
1,410
8,861

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2,962
2,000
20,442
..
285
9,740
..
..
526
7,816

25.9
-47.9
12.7
..
-18.2
28.8
..
..
168.1
13.4

119

0.0

0.0

..

..

33,049
9,107
15,460
311
136
739
3,903
170
1,414
8,630
170,354
443
2,164
46,519
318
11,722
258
776
20,998
74,317
654
7,484
55,843
3,696
1,792,622
144
69,544
3,086
582
1,749
7,494
296
6,149
22,945
10,053

0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
8.3
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
6.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0

18,497
7,665
12,548
290
..
379
573
..
..
6,425
163,802
488
1,697
41,226
225
4,855
..
658
18,325
67,056
..
6,871
39,998
751
1,501,200
..
95,362
2,713
..
875
2,168
..
4,623
73,849
8,504

78.7
18.8
23.2
7.2
..
95.0
581.2
..
..
34.3
4.0
-9.2
27.5
12.8
41.3
141.4
..
17.9
14.6
10.8
..
8.9
39.6
392.1
19.4
..
-27.1
13.7
..
99.9
245.7
..
33.0
-68.9
18.2

Page 59

Table 13 (continued)
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

71
161
90
256
22
193
94
303
53
119
242
301
156
219
148
166
87
297
298
24
26
115
282
70
247
248
284
42
50
79
183
101
257
77
192
215
177
37
294
171
261
299
106
258
153
58
80
179

Birthplace
Slovene
Solomon Islander
Somali
Sorb/Wend
South African
South American, nec
South American, nfd
South Eastern European, nec
South Eastern European, nfd
South Sudanese1
South-East Asian, nfd
Southern and Central Asian, nfd
Southern and East African, nec
Southern and East African, nfd
Southern and Eastern European, nfd
Southern Asian, nec
Southern Asian, nfd
Southern European, nec
Southern European, nfd
Spanish
Sri Lankan1
Sri Lankan Tamil1
Sub-Saharan African, nfd
Sudanese
Sundanese
Swahili1
Swazilander1
Swedish
Swiss
Syrian
Tahitian
Taiwanese
Tajik
Tamil, nfd1
Tanzanian
Tatar
Telugu1
Thai
Themne1
Tibetan
Tigrayan
Tigre
Timorese
Togolese1
Tokelauan
Tongan
Torres Strait Islander
Trinidadian (Tobagonian)

Page 60

2011 Census

% of
Population

17,150
1,405
10,131
193
108,955
620
9,353
25
27,786
4,825
251
30
1,513
383
1,917
1,216
12,160
37
37
92,952
75,136
5,182
113
17,186
244
241
100
34,029
28,947
13,517
722
8,210
186
13,735
623
412
796
45,635
47
955
180
37
7,085
186
1,655
25,096
13,354
782

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0

% of
responses 2006 Census
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0

16,085
1,114
6,404
243
79,518
617
8,292
12
1,005
..
119
..
2,865
383
1,894
1,452
5,771
28
36
84,327
..
..
61
17,844
141
..
..
30,378
26,512
10,151
692
5,839
118
..
380
299
..
30,022
..
532
91
23
6,242
..
1,133
18,420
13,811
642

% change
2006-2011
6.6
26.1
58.2
-20.6
37.0
0.5
12.8
108.3
2,664.8
..
110.9
..
-47.2
0.0
1.2
-16.3
110.7
32.1
2.8
10.2
..
..
85.2
-3.7
73.0
..
..
12.0
9.2
33.2
4.3
40.6
57.6
..
63.9
37.8
..
52.0
..
79.5
97.8
60.9
13.5
..
46.1
36.2
-3.3
21.8

The People of Australia

Table 13 (continued)
Ancestry
Rank

Australia: 2011 and 2006 Census

210
30
222
212
172
178
40
105
196
141
12
293
20
269
291
206
218
157
82
229

Birthplace
Tunisian
Turkish
Turkmen
Tuvaluan
Ugandan
Uighur
Ukrainian
Uruguayan
Uzbek
Venezuelan
Vietnamese
Vlach
Welsh
Western European, nec
Western European, nfd
Yemeni
Yoruba
Zambian
Zimbabwean
Zulu
Inadequately described
Not elsewhere classified4
Not stated
Total responses
Total population

2011 Census

% of
Population

% of
responses 2006 Census

% change
2006-2011

445
66,919
368
430
941
791
38,791
7,221
588
2,206
221,114
57
125,597
149
70
498
399
1,479
13,027
321
31,927
34
1,475,230

0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
6.9

0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
5.3

324
59,397
299
332
554
300
37,584
6,483
272
878
173,666
76
113,244
252
60
313
175
953
7,658
267
27,166
33,448
1,609,441

37.3
12.7
23.1
29.5
69.9
163.7
3.2
11.4
116.2
151.3
27.3
-25.0
10.9
-40.9
16.7
59.1
128.0
55.2
70.1
20.2
17.5
-99.9
-8.3

27,960,402
21,507,719

..
100.0

100.0
..

25,451,368
19,855,287

9.9
8.3

Note: Census respondents may select one or more Ancestry categories. Where a respondent marks
more than one category, only the first two are coded. This table presents a count of all coded responses
along with a percentage of all responses and a percentage of all persons. Care should be taken if
adding responses together to achieve subtotals as double counting could occur.
1. Newly defined ethnicity in 2011 census
2. Increased classification detail in 2011. Some elements which were included in 2006 have been
redistributed into other classifications
3. Reported as Khmer in 2006
4. Ancestries reported in 2006 which have no 2011 definition are incorporated into an overall NEC category

The People of Australia

Page 61

Table 14
Ancestry by birthplace of parents
Australia: 2011 Census
Australian Born
Both

Ancestry

English
Australian
Irish
Scottish
Italian
German
Chinese
Indian
Greek
Dutch
Filipino
Vietnamese
Lebanese
New Zealander
Polish
Maltese
Maori
Australian Aboriginal
Croatian
Welsh
French
South African
Macedonian
Spanish
Korean
Sri Lankan
Russian
Serbian
Hungarian
Turkish
American
Samoan
Inadequately
described
Other ancestries
Not stated
Total responses

Both

One parent

Overseas
Born

Birthplace
not stated

% of Total
responses

One parent

parents

parents

OS born/

OS born/

Australian

overseas

one parent

one parent

born

born

Aust born

not stated

392,636 1,015,051
103,004 1,156,018
68,649 212,158
91,695 242,044
213,731 150,952
66,926 105,738
147,050
33,550
56,533
14,865
111,479
52,108
61,486
80,675
35,000
21,426
65,934
5,701
69,200
32,124
28,536
53,313
40,082
26,278
43,210
31,436
17,017
18,557
116
3,851
36,342
17,567
10,961
21,696
10,283
13,886
13,558
12,894
27,850
10,434
14,787
10,387
11,741
1,749
13,029
6,395
14,344
9,333
16,696
6,435
16,541
11,759
21,567
7,338
6,256
18,844
11,587
5,073
1,629
2,176

7,574
4,352
1,107
1,363
2,302
811
1,441
478
1,203
520
321
1,150
972
247
287
389
271
12
224
79
55
60
277
167
90
64
60
98
77
274
27
165
47

105,977 1,299,416
121,475 139,318
27,598 262,632
19,894 299,754
8,588 215,766
9,863 151,581
2,890 634,293
809 308,600
3,335 113,889
2,067 107,386
1,020 160,952
1,424 142,179
2,729
71,017
1,090
92,246
917
67,092
1,273
42,453
807
83,824
1,998
261
777
48,698
699
42,817
789
45,461
209
78,720
724
41,244
542
49,279
116
73,984
144
52,288
311
37,537
313
40,050
283
29,252
558
32,945
245
31,105
526
36,376
2,099
9,032

99,425
88,942
25,835
19,999
11,810
10,758
9,195
3,254
6,024
2,936
3,049
3,042
3,385
1,611
2,059
2,374
1,633
1,344
1,887
974
1,090
735
1,763
1,171
842
757
867
1,099
834
1,299
383
1,065
719

25.9
25.4
7.5
6.4
3.3
3.2
3.1
1.4
1.4
1.2
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

315,495
44,629

185,963
38,521

2,144
2,241

7,340 1,060,182
100,394 121,649

20,927
922,095

6.3
5.3

14,321,443 2,200,798 3,636,295

30,949

429,823 6,023,278 1,255,182

100.0

4,318,269
5,485,168
1,489,170
1,117,342
312,402
552,539
37,303
5,962
89,592
79,710
2,409
1,374
23,303
9,477
32,868
42,305
5,659
119,506
20,114
47,753
38,319
2,381
10,836
15,976
211
2,107
11,168
4,317
9,816
2,585
5,463
743
14,251
165,759
245,286

Other1

Note: Census respondents may select one or more Ancestry categories. Where a respondent marks
more than one category, only the first two are coded. This table presents a count of all coded responses
along with a percentage of all responses and a percentage of all persons. Care should be taken if
adding responses together to achieve subtotals as double counting could occur.
1. One parent Australian born and one parent with a not stated birthplace or both parents with a not stated
birthplace
Page 62

The People of Australia

Table 15
Education, employment and income statistics for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Birthplaces:

Australia

England

New Zealand

China
(excludes
SARs and
Taiwan)

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

17.2
8.1
17.9
17.1
33.8
5.9

21.6
10.6
18.5
15.8
26.8
6.6

16.3
9.1
18.6
21.1
29.0
5.9

38.7
9.9
3.8
27.6
15.2
4.8

54.6
12.4
7.4
14.4
6.8
4.3

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

5.2
67.6

4.0
60.3

5.8
77.0

10.8
57.6

6.2
77.3

3.0
1.9
8.3
1.2
8.8
3.8
11.2
6.0
4.6
1.7
3.5
1.7
6.7
2.9
7.5
11.0
8.6
1.6
3.9
1.1
0.9

1.1
1.8
8.9
1.1
8.3
3.9
8.3
4.0
4.3
2.1
4.1
1.6
9.5
3.8
7.4
13.8
8.8
1.5
3.7
1.2
0.7

1.6
3.3
10.7
1.2
10.7
4.7
8.7
6.3
6.5
1.8
3.8
1.8
6.8
4.1
4.9
10.5
5.0
1.5
3.4
1.6
1.1

0.6
0.5
10.7
0.4
4.5
7.3
11.5
16.4
3.5
1.8
4.9
1.6
8.8
3.6
2.3
9.5
5.0
1.0
2.4
1.6
2.0

1.1
0.7
10.2
1.1
1.9
4.1
9.0
8.8
8.5
2.7
6.6
0.7
10.1
4.4
5.4
14.1
4.7
0.6
2.3
1.4
1.6

13.2
20.1
14.5
9.8
15.2
10.2
6.4
8.9
1.0

15.5
25.7
14.0
9.1
15.6
7.3
4.8
6.6
1.1

12.3
17.3
14.3
8.9
14.6
8.0
11.1
11.7
1.1

11.9
25.8
13.4
9.0
11.3
9.1
5.0
11.4
1.4

9.3
28.6
10.4
8.4
13.0
7.9
9.0
11.0
1.3

7.5
28.4
23.5
8.9
14.5
13.5
3.8

5.7
29.3
21.9
7.9
14.4
17.5
3.3

7.9
19.6
23.5
11.1
17.8
17.0
3.1

27.1
27.1
19.9
7.2
9.9
6.3
2.5

14.4
19.2
23.5
9.8
15.7
14.7
2.7

India

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

The People of Australia

Page 63

Table 15 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Birthplaces:

Italy

Vietnam

Philippines

South Africa

Scotland

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

5.3
3.9
12.4
6.9
59.9
11.5

17.7
6.2
6.0
27.4
36.4
6.3

40.5
7.7
11.2
19.7
14.4
6.5

35.9
15.3
12.5
22.0
10.8
3.4

19.6
9.8
20.2
13.3
29.4
7.7

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

3.0
35.2

9.6
61.7

5.2
75.2

4.9
76.2

3.7
57.4

3.4
0.4
11.3
0.8
13.5
5.1
11.6
7.3
4.7
1.0
2.6
1.8
5.4
2.9
4.2
8.0
6.1
0.8
5.6
1.5
1.8

2.1
0.3
25.8
0.5
3.2
5.2
10.8
9.2
5.1
1.5
4.2
0.8
5.3
2.0
3.3
7.5
2.9
0.8
5.4
1.7
2.5

1.2
0.7
15.4
0.9
2.9
4.4
7.6
9.1
4.7
1.8
5.6
0.9
6.0
3.8
4.6
21.1
2.8
1.3
3.0
1.2
1.1

0.9
2.7
9.0
1.2
6.2
5.1
8.3
4.4
2.6
1.9
5.6
1.6
13.9
2.9
4.3
13.4
9.3
1.2
3.7
1.3
0.5

1.1
2.7
9.7
1.3
8.5
4.0
7.7
3.8
4.3
1.7
3.9
1.5
8.5
3.3
7.6
15.3
8.2
1.3
3.5
1.3
0.7

16.9
12.8
19.1
6.8
13.1
9.4
7.2
11.9
1.4

9.4
16.7
14.6
8.4
9.9
7.1
12.7
17.8
1.6

5.5
20.2
13.0
12.4
15.9
6.7
6.7
17.9
0.9

16.3
34.5
12.2
7.1
14.9
7.3
2.2
4.2
0.9

15.0
25.0
14.3
9.0
16.2
6.6
5.3
6.9
1.1

5.5
50.0
19.8
5.3
7.6
5.8
6.0

13.5
35.6
22.8
7.9
9.6
7.0
3.5

11.4
20.8
25.6
12.3
17.3
9.6
3.0

12.3
17.6
15.6
8.0
17.0
27.1
2.4

5.6
30.3
21.3
7.7
14.0
17.3
3.8

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

Page 64

The People of Australia

Table 15 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Birthplaces:

Malaysia

Germany

Greece

Sri Lanka

United States
of America

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

50.2
10.6
4.8
19.0
12.2
3.2

20.7
10.4
23.3
11.3
24.1
10.2

4.8
2.7
7.9
10.2
65.0
9.5

38.7
15.4
8.5
21.0
10.7
5.6

52.2
7.6
7.0
22.3
7.8
3.0

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

6.7
67.7

4.5
49.5

4.2
30.2

6.7
72.6

6.2
71.2

0.4
1.5
6.9
1.1
2.9
4.4
7.8
8.5
2.9
2.1
7.5
1.6
13.9
2.4
5.7
18.0
7.2
1.2
2.4
1.1
0.7

2.0
1.4
10.3
1.0
6.8
4.5
7.4
5.6
4.7
1.5
2.8
1.5
10.4
3.3
6.0
13.2
9.9
1.4
3.5
1.6
1.0

1.4
0.2
11.1
0.7
11.2
5.1
10.5
9.0
6.8
1.2
3.0
2.1
4.9
5.3
4.6
8.5
6.0
0.6
4.6
1.5
1.8

0.3
0.5
11.2
1.6
2.4
4.1
7.4
6.0
5.0
2.4
7.0
0.9
9.8
4.6
8.3
16.6
6.0
0.8
2.7
1.2
1.3

1.0
2.2
5.6
0.8
4.0
3.8
7.3
5.4
2.8
3.0
4.4
1.5
14.4
3.1
6.8
11.3
14.4
2.5
3.6
1.4
0.7

11.5
43.7
7.8
7.2
14.8
5.8
2.3
5.3
1.1

14.5
27.5
14.0
9.3
13.9
6.3
4.9
7.4
1.3

15.6
13.1
16.2
6.2
11.9
9.0
9.0
16.2
1.5

10.1
31.7
9.6
8.5
16.5
6.1
4.9
10.7
1.2

15.9
39.6
7.3
8.8
12.7
7.3
2.5
4.2
1.3

15.8
20.9
16.5
7.9
16.8
20.5
1.6

6.6
36.4
22.6
6.9
11.3
11.8
4.3

5.4
56.7
17.6
4.4
6.1
4.8
5.0

12.1
21.7
20.7
9.8
16.1
16.4
3.2

12.3
19.5
18.1
8.0
15.9
24.1
2.1

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

The People of Australia

Page 65

Table 15 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected birthplaces
Australia: 2011 Census
Birthplace:

Lebanon

Hong Kong
Netherlands (SAR of China)

Korea,
Republic of
(South)

Ireland

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)
Bachelor degree or higher
Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

9.2
5.8
9.7
19.4
48.2
7.7

16.2
10.4
19.1
12.4
31.2
10.7

43.4
9.3
4.7
23.5
16.2
2.9

38.1
10.4
4.8
33.7
8.1
5.0

29.4
10.9
19.9
16.5
16.5
6.8

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

8.6
44.9

3.6
44.3

6.5
66.6

9.1
59.0

3.6
72.2

0.7
0.1
9.3
0.5
15.3
4.9
12.4
8.2
9.1
1.3
2.9
1.3
4.8
2.8
3.7
7.2
4.7
0.5
6.2
1.6
2.5

3.4
1.5
9.3
1.2
9.4
4.2
8.0
4.0
4.9
1.5
2.4
1.7
9.5
3.2
6.1
13.6
8.7
1.3
3.7
1.5
0.9

0.5
0.4
5.9
0.6
2.4
5.4
8.8
12.5
3.5
2.7
8.7
1.7
12.7
2.4
5.2
14.8
6.1
1.2
2.7
1.0
0.8

2.1
0.3
7.8
0.2
6.6
4.5
10.0
17.1
2.4
1.5
3.0
0.9
6.7
9.3
1.8
10.0
5.4
1.0
5.1
1.8
2.5

1.6
1.9
7.1
1.1
18.8
3.2
5.1
4.1
3.0
1.8
5.4
1.5
9.8
3.6
5.1
13.7
6.4
1.1
3.2
1.5
1.0

16.0
12.5
20.6
6.6
10.6
8.3
10.8
11.8
1.2

16.8
23.7
14.4
8.9
13.5
6.5
6.2
8.0
1.3

11.0
38.1
9.5
9.0
15.4
6.9
2.9
5.4
1.0

12.4
22.5
18.2
10.1
7.7
7.1
2.2
17.0
1.1

13.6
28.8
18.9
7.1
13.0
5.0
4.6
7.6
0.9

10.4
45.6
20.1
5.5
7.5
5.5
5.5

5.4
39.8
23.4
6.5
10.0
10.4
4.5

18.4
21.9
18.2
8.0
15.3
16.8
1.4

29.1
22.8
21.9
8.0
9.2
6.1
2.9

5.6
19.6
18.5
9.7
20.5
22.4
3.7

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

Page 66

The People of Australia

Table 16
Education, employment and income statistics for selected religions
Australia: 2011 Census
Religions:
Anglican
Church of
Australia Uniting Church

Western
Catholic

No Religion,
nfd

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

17.9
8.1
16.8
18.0
32.5
6.7

25.5
8.5
16.8
19.7
25.9
3.6

14.3
8.3
18.3
14.6
37.3
7.2

16.8
9.0
16.6
13.9
37.0
6.6

14.6
8.2
17.9
14.0
37.2
8.1

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

4.7
66.9

6.2
73.2

4.5
61.0

3.9
59.4

4.4
56.9

2.2
1.7
8.9
1.1
9.2
4.0
10.8
6.3
4.7
1.6
4.0
1.7
6.5
3.1
6.8
8.0
11.7
1.5
3.8
1.2
1.1

1.8
2.0
8.7
1.2
8.4
4.0
10.3
7.1
4.1
2.3
3.6
1.4
8.9
3.2
7.5
8.0
10.2
1.9
3.4
1.2
0.8

3.4
2.1
8.8
1.3
8.5
4.1
10.6
5.4
5.3
1.4
3.6
1.9
6.3
3.1
7.2
8.0
11.7
1.4
3.8
1.2
0.9

5.7
1.9
8.3
1.3
6.9
3.7
10.3
5.1
4.6
1.3
3.4
1.5
6.3
2.8
7.1
9.9
13.1
1.3
3.8
1.0
0.8

4.6
2.0
9.4
1.3
8.1
4.3
9.7
5.1
5.7
1.4
3.5
1.7
6.3
3.3
6.7
7.6
11.9
1.2
3.8
1.2
1.0

12.8
19.6
14.5
9.8
15.9
10.0
6.3
9.2
1.1

12.6
24.4
15.2
9.3
13.1
9.0
6.1
8.8
1.1

14.4
18.3
13.8
9.7
16.1
9.6
7.2
9.2
1.0

15.5
20.8
12.6
9.6
16.1
9.0
6.2
8.6
0.9

15.3
18.3
13.4
8.9
16.1
8.5
8.0
9.8
1.0

8.2
28.7
22.6
8.8
14.6
13.4
3.8

9.3
24.1
22.2
9.4
16.3
16.4
2.4

6.3
30.8
24.1
8.4
13.3
13.3
3.8

6.4
31.5
25.1
8.3
13.0
12.3
3.4

6.7
32.2
24.4
8.1
12.6
12.0
3.9

Presbyterian

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

The People of Australia

Page 67

Table 16 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected religions
Australia: 2011 Census
Religions:

Buddhism

Islam

Christian, nfd

Greek
Orthodox

Baptist

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

27.2
9.2
7.9
24.1
26.5
5.1

23.9
7.4
8.0
25.0
28.7
6.9

22.7
10.6
17.3
17.8
26.8
4.9

15.5
7.4
12.4
19.8
37.3
7.5

22.7
9.9
16.0
15.6
30.0
5.8

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

8.6
64.0

12.1
53.0

6.4
67.7

5.0
58.7

5.3
62.7

1.6
0.8
14.1
0.7
3.9
4.7
10.2
13.0
3.9
1.7
4.3
1.2
7.2
3.4
4.4
5.3
11.4
1.4
3.5
1.5
1.8

0.7
0.7
9.7
0.7
7.5
3.8
11.6
8.4
8.5
2.0
4.1
0.9
6.5
3.9
5.4
5.8
11.2
0.6
3.4
1.6
2.8

2.4
1.5
8.0
1.0
7.7
3.4
9.9
6.1
4.0
1.6
3.0
1.5
7.3
3.3
6.4
10.2
15.0
1.4
4.3
1.2
0.8

0.7
0.5
8.6
0.8
9.2
5.0
12.8
7.1
5.6
2.0
5.4
2.2
7.4
3.4
5.3
6.7
8.6
1.1
4.9
1.4
1.4

2.0
1.5
8.5
1.2
6.7
3.7
9.3
5.5
4.2
1.5
3.3
1.4
7.3
3.0
6.7
10.9
15.2
1.1
5.0
1.1
0.9

10.1
22.6
13.2
10.4
11.5
8.1
7.2
14.2
1.4

9.2
20.3
14.5
9.5
11.4
9.8
9.9
12.1
1.4

11.0
24.6
13.3
11.4
14.8
9.0
5.3
9.0
1.0

14.7
19.4
14.0
7.4
16.5
11.6
5.7
8.4
1.3

11.4
26.0
12.8
11.0
14.6
8.4
5.5
8.8
0.9

16.4
30.2
22.5
8.2
11.4
8.6
2.7

16.3
36.0
20.9
6.6
8.7
6.4
5.1

9.6
29.5
23.2
8.7
14.1
11.7
3.1

8.5
35.5
20.1
7.8
12.4
11.4
4.3

8.5
31.9
22.8
8.1
13.4
12.1
3.2

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

Page 68

The People of Australia

Table 16 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected religions
Australia: 2011 Census
Religions:

Hinduism

Lutheran

Pentecostal,
nfd

Not Defined

Judaism

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

54.5
11.5
6.5
15.6
8.5
3.4

16.2
8.1
18.8
14.6
34.9
7.4

24.7
12.5
16.6
18.2
23.9
4.1

19.6
8.6
20.7
23.5
22.4
5.2

44.9
10.8
6.7
18.7
13.2
5.6

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

6.8
78.2

4.4
62.4

6.1
70.7

7.9
78.6

4.2
65.8

0.4
0.7
10.0
1.3
2.0
4.0
10.2
9.9
4.9
2.8
7.3
0.7
11.3
4.5
5.2
4.9
14.6
0.7
2.0
1.3
1.3

6.7
2.0
9.4
1.2
7.5
3.7
10.1
5.3
4.5
1.2
2.8
1.4
6.0
2.8
7.0
9.3
12.2
1.2
3.9
1.1
0.8

1.2
1.0
7.0
0.9
6.9
3.4
9.5
5.6
3.5
1.8
3.8
1.4
7.6
3.5
5.8
10.7
16.3
1.2
7.0
1.1
0.7

1.5
2.4
9.6
1.3
9.8
4.2
10.5
7.9
4.6
2.6
3.1
1.2
7.8
3.2
7.4
5.7
7.4
2.2
3.5
2.8
1.3

0.2
0.4
5.0
0.5
3.4
6.5
9.7
3.9
2.1
2.8
6.2
2.6
15.8
3.0
3.7
11.1
15.6
1.8
3.4
1.5
0.8

9.4
31.6
10.8
8.6
13.1
8.7
5.3
10.4
1.2

15.4
19.8
14.0
9.9
14.4
8.6
6.4
9.9
1.0

10.0
27.5
11.4
12.3
15.9
9.1
4.4
8.0
0.9

10.8
20.1
19.1
9.7
10.1
8.9
7.4
10.0
2.6

18.2
41.4
5.3
6.7
13.2
9.1
1.7
2.1
1.6

15.5
18.5
22.3
9.7
15.6
16.2
2.1

6.5
32.8
23.9
8.3
13.3
11.5
3.6

9.8
29.6
23.0
9.0
14.9
11.4
2.3

9.3
23.9
22.3
10.1
15.9
14.3
4.2

8.7
21.7
17.2
7.2
14.6
26.1
4.6

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

The People of Australia

Page 69

Table 16 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected religions
Australia: 2011 Census
Religions:

Jehovah's
Witnesses

Sikhism

Seventh-day
Adventist Salvation Army

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

5.9
6.9
22.5
13.8
43.7
7.3

36.2
19.8
9.5
20.4
8.3
5.9

20.7
9.3
15.7
16.2
30.3
7.9

10.1
8.0
16.8
11.9
44.7
8.5

24.7
8.5
19.1
20.9
22.7
4.2

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

5.2
58.3

5.7
78.5

6.9
59.4

5.6
53.8

7.1
75.9

1.6
1.0
8.9
1.1
16.8
3.6
10.4
4.1
4.1
1.3
2.7
1.3
6.9
7.7
4.7
5.1
11.2
0.7
4.5
1.3
0.9

3.9
0.2
9.2
0.6
1.9
3.7
9.1
13.1
17.7
1.3
3.3
0.5
3.7
5.1
4.8
2.9
10.6
0.5
3.1
1.8
3.0

2.5
1.2
10.1
0.9
7.1
3.2
6.4
4.0
4.4
1.2
2.6
0.9
5.1
3.5
5.7
11.4
22.3
0.8
4.4
1.3
1.2

1.9
1.5
8.2
1.0
6.0
3.3
11.3
5.6
5.2
1.1
2.3
1.3
4.1
3.3
7.0
7.9
18.1
1.2
7.8
1.1
0.8

1.4
2.0
8.3
1.2
8.7
3.8
10.5
7.5
4.5
2.5
3.4
1.5
8.6
3.3
7.5
7.3
10.0
2.1
3.4
1.5
0.9

7.8
11.3
20.5
9.2
19.2
9.1
5.7
15.9
0.7

7.8
12.5
11.8
10.8
8.0
7.6
19.6
19.0
1.1

9.1
27.2
11.8
12.1
13.3
5.8
7.2
11.8
0.9

10.4
19.7
11.5
12.7
15.1
9.4
7.7
12.2
0.8

11.0
24.3
15.7
10.0
13.2
9.4
6.4
8.3
1.2

7.3
40.3
25.8
7.4
10.1
5.9
3.1

16.1
25.4
30.7
8.8
9.1
6.2
3.7

9.0
34.2
23.4
8.0
12.4
8.8
4.2

5.7
40.5
25.4
7.1
9.9
7.2
4.2

6.3
24.3
24.5
10.4
16.8
15.0
2.7

Atheism

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

Page 70

The People of Australia

Table 17
Education, employment and income statistics for selected languages
Australia: 2011 Census
Languages:

English

Mandarin

Italian

Arabic

Cantonese

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

18.2
8.4
18.0
16.8
32.7
5.8

44.7
9.9
3.4
27.2
10.8
4.0

10.6
6.4
14.2
12.3
47.0
9.5

18.0
7.7
9.2
25.2
32.6
7.4

31.9
8.1
4.5
25.2
26.2
4.0

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

5.0
67.0

10.6
60.4

3.4
51.2

11.3
48.8

7.3
61.2

2.8
2.0
8.5
1.2
8.7
3.9
10.6
5.8
4.7
1.7
3.5
1.6
7.1
3.1
7.3
8.5
11.5
1.6
3.8
1.2
0.9

0.7
0.8
10.1
0.6
4.2
6.9
11.6
12.9
3.5
1.9
5.4
1.6
10.3
3.4
2.7
6.1
10.6
1.1
2.3
1.6
1.8

2.7
0.6
9.3
0.8
11.9
5.1
12.6
6.2
4.4
1.5
3.9
2.0
6.5
2.8
5.0
7.2
8.3
1.0
5.2
1.5
1.5

0.4
0.3
8.0
0.6
11.8
4.2
13.4
7.1
7.4
1.6
4.3
1.4
5.8
3.1
4.6
5.4
10.2
0.6
4.9
1.8
3.2

0.6
0.4
9.6
0.6
2.6
6.0
10.3
16.2
3.4
2.2
7.5
1.6
10.4
2.4
3.8
4.6
11.6
1.2
2.6
1.2
1.3

13.4
20.9
14.3
9.7
15.1
9.6
6.5
8.8
1.0

11.8
30.8
10.7
8.4
12.0
9.2
4.2
10.0
1.4

15.8
16.6
16.0
7.2
16.5
10.8
5.6
8.9
1.3

12.5
18.4
16.2
8.1
12.7
10.4
8.0
10.2
1.5

10.6
29.8
12.6
8.5
13.9
8.3
4.7
9.3
1.2

7.1
28.2
23.4
8.9
14.7
14.3
3.4

28.2
24.0
18.5
7.4
11.4
8.4
2.1

6.3
40.1
20.9
7.1
11.2
9.1
5.3

12.8
40.6
20.5
6.0
8.3
6.1
5.7

18.2
29.5
19.3
7.5
12.1
11.3
2.1

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

The People of Australia

Page 71

Table 17 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected languages
Australia: 2011 Census
Languages:

Greek

Vietnamese

Spanish

Hindi

Tagalog

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

14.7
7.0
11.6
18.0
41.1
7.5

17.3
6.0
5.9
30.8
33.9
6.1

27.4
10.8
14.9
21.7
18.4
6.7

49.5
11.0
8.1
16.8
10.7
3.8

39.7
8.1
12.5
19.6
14.5
5.6

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

4.6
54.4

10.7
59.6

7.1
67.5

6.7
78.1

5.1
76.8

0.7
0.3
8.3
0.8
9.1
5.0
12.2
7.1
5.7
2.1
5.6
2.3
7.4
3.4
5.5
7.1
8.7
0.9
4.9
1.4
1.5

2.1
0.3
23.6
0.6
3.4
4.6
12.2
8.5
4.9
1.7
4.4
0.8
5.7
2.1
3.3
3.1
7.8
1.0
5.6
1.7
2.7

0.4
1.1
10.0
0.8
6.9
3.7
7.4
6.6
4.8
2.1
4.0
1.2
8.5
8.4
5.7
7.0
13.8
1.3
3.4
1.5
1.2

0.3
0.6
9.7
1.4
2.1
4.4
9.7
8.1
6.3
3.2
9.0
0.9
10.4
3.8
5.4
5.4
14.0
0.6
2.4
1.3
1.2

0.9
0.7
16.5
0.9
3.0
4.4
7.5
9.3
5.3
1.7
5.6
0.8
5.2
3.8
4.4
2.3
21.3
1.4
3.1
1.2
0.9

15.2
19.9
14.0
6.9
16.8
10.8
5.5
8.4
1.4

8.6
17.8
14.0
8.8
10.4
8.8
11.7
16.2
1.6

9.1
22.3
13.7
12.1
14.1
6.7
5.9
14.2
1.2

10.7
30.2
10.5
8.1
15.6
8.5
6.2
7.9
1.3

4.7
18.9
14.6
12.3
16.0
6.6
7.7
17.8
0.8

7.4
38.8
19.8
7.4
11.7
10.7
4.3

16.4
36.5
21.1
7.5
9.2
5.8
3.4

10.0
30.4
23.0
9.1
13.6
10.6
3.3

14.9
17.2
21.9
10.8
16.7
16.1
2.4

11.7
19.2
25.5
13.2
18.3
9.4
2.7

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

Page 72

The People of Australia

Table 17 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected languages
Australia: 2011 Census
Languages:

German

Korean

Punjabi

Macedonian

Australian
Indigenous
Languages

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

25.8
11.6
23.7
11.3
17.5
10.2

37.1
10.1
4.5
34.6
8.8
4.9

36.6
20.2
9.6
19.8
8.3
5.5

10.1
7.4
11.8
24.0
39.0
7.7

2.6
2.3
7.9
10.6
64.9
11.6

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

4.9
53.1

9.4
57.5

5.7
78.6

5.2
60.2

19.2
45.2

2.1
1.4
9.7
0.9
5.8
4.6
7.1
6.6
3.5
1.7
2.8
1.3
11.9
3.1
5.6
11.3
13.1
1.7
3.4
1.7
0.9

2.1
0.2
7.9
0.2
6.9
4.6
10.0
17.0
2.3
1.4
3.1
0.8
6.7
9.5
1.5
5.3
9.8
1.0
5.2
1.8
2.6

3.6
0.2
9.6
0.6
1.8
3.8
9.5
13.2
18.1
1.3
2.9
0.5
3.4
5.0
4.9
2.7
10.5
0.5
3.2
1.8
3.0

0.6
0.5
14.9
1.2
8.4
4.0
11.5
4.4
8.6
1.8
5.2
1.4
5.4
6.7
5.7
3.7
8.7
0.7
3.3
1.6
1.7

2.1
2.3
0.8
0.4
3.7
0.2
4.1
1.5
1.1
0.3
0.3
0.2
1.6
3.2
26.4
13.7
13.3
4.6
14.3
0.7
5.2

15.4
32.2
13.3
10.2
12.3
6.2
2.9
5.5
1.3

12.5
22.2
18.5
9.8
7.4
7.1
2.2
17.4
1.2

7.4
11.5
12.1
11.2
8.0
7.8
20.2
19.1
1.1

9.3
12.6
12.7
5.8
16.1
10.3
11.8
18.4
1.6

4.7
18.9
5.6
18.9
8.7
3.9
4.3
27.5
2.6

7.7
34.8
21.0
6.6
11.5
13.8
4.6

30.2
23.4
21.3
7.7
8.8
5.8
2.9

15.9
25.2
31.7
9.3
8.9
5.4
3.6

9.1
35.0
22.8
9.2
12.5
7.6
3.8

7.9
63.3
14.8
2.3
3.0
1.7
6.9

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

The People of Australia

Page 73

Table 17 (continued)
Education, employment and income statistics for selected languages
Australia: 2011 Census
Languages:

Croatian

Turkish

French

Indonesian

Filipino

Bachelor degree or higher


Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate 1, 2, 3 or 4
Year 12 or equivalent
Less than 12 years of schooling
Educational attainment not stated

11.9
7.4
19.0
17.1
35.7
8.9

12.8
6.3
8.6
25.9
39.4
7.0

34.9
13.3
11.0
18.7
15.3
6.8

45.6
10.8
5.1
26.2
8.8
3.5

47.5
6.6
9.9
17.4
12.3
6.4

Unemployment rate (%)


Participation rate (%)
Industry (% of those working)

4.6
53.4

10.1
53.0

6.7
67.5

8.8
69.1

5.0
75.3

1.0
0.8
12.2
0.9
19.4
3.5
8.8
4.1
4.5
1.6
4.0
1.4
6.5
3.9
5.8
4.6
9.5
1.0
3.3
1.6
1.5

0.7
0.3
11.8
0.6
8.9
4.3
10.5
10.4
8.9
2.1
4.7
1.1
5.1
4.1
4.6
6.3
7.1
0.7
3.8
1.5
2.6

1.1
1.3
8.3
0.8
4.0
4.5
7.5
9.6
4.0
2.2
4.7
1.3
11.7
4.0
6.0
10.9
10.9
1.8
2.9
1.6
1.0

0.7
1.7
9.3
0.7
2.6
5.2
10.5
14.7
5.5
2.4
7.2
1.5
10.9
4.0
3.4
6.0
7.5
1.2
2.7
1.2
1.1

1.3
0.9
16.4
0.9
3.1
4.6
6.8
8.4
4.8
1.8
5.4
0.8
6.4
3.6
4.4
2.6
21.4
1.2
2.8
1.3
1.1

10.9
15.9
20.9
7.0
15.5
8.0
6.6
12.9
1.2

11.5
15.0
16.0
8.3
12.8
9.8
11.4
12.1
1.4

14.3
31.4
10.0
10.7
13.8
7.1
3.3
7.2
1.3

8.4
26.1
9.1
8.6
16.9
9.6
5.7
13.6
1.1

5.4
21.9
13.4
11.6
15.4
6.0
7.0
17.5
1.0

7.3
40.1
18.6
7.5
12.5
9.7
4.2

12.7
40.3
21.0
6.9
9.0
5.5
4.5

11.4
25.4
20.5
8.3
14.6
16.4
3.5

19.8
22.4
22.9
9.5
13.6
9.8
2.1

11.7
20.1
24.4
12.2
18.0
10.7
2.9

Educational Attainment (% of population


aged 15 and over)

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing


Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services
Construction
Wholesale Trade
Retail Trade
Accommodation & Food Services
Transport, Postal & Warehousing
Information Media & Telecommunications
Financial & Insurance Services
Rental, Hiring & Real Estate Services
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services
Administrative & Support Services
Public Administration & Safety
Education & Training
Healthcare & Social Assistance
Arts & Recreation Services
Other Services
Inadequately Described
Not Stated

Occupation (% of those working)


Managers
Professionals
Technicians & Trades Workers
Community & Personal Service Workers
Clerical & Administrative Workers
Sales Workers
Machinery Operators & Drivers
Labourers
Not Stated

Income (% of population aged 15 and over)


Nil or negative income
$1 - $399 per week
$400 - $799 per week
$800 - $999 per week
$1,000 - $1,499 per week
More than $1,500 per week
Not Stated

Page 74

The People of Australia

Australia
Population

0%

25%

Aust Born

50%

OSB MESC

75%
OSB NMESC

Aust Born
OSB ESC
OSB NESC
Not stated

100%
Not Stated

Overseas Born

85.424454
4.4508783
4.2953136-30
5.8293542

OSB NMESC

-15

OSB NESC 2.1058038


Overseas Bo 10.14966
0
159.3204526
30
Population

% change 2006-2011

Table 18.1

Summary Indicators
Population
Australian born
Overseas born
Birthplace not stated
Overseas born - Main English speaking countries
Overseas born - Non-Main English speaking countries
Overseas born - Australian citizens
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders
Language other than English spoken at home
Overseas born arrived since 2006
Overseas born arrived since 2006 from NMESC
Overseas born with Internet access
Australian born with Internet access
LOTE spoken at home with internet access

2011
% of
Census population
21,507,719
100.0
15,021,553
69.8
5,290,436
24.6
1,195,730
5.6
1,913,360
8.9
3,377,076
15.7
3,308,895
15.4
548,368
2.5
3,912,939
18.2
1,190,324
5.5
827,129
3.8
4,213,823
19.6
12,254,158
57.0
3,118,978
14.5

2006
Census
19,855,287
14,072,958
4,416,020
1,366,312
1,675,351
2,740,678
2,953,185
455,028
3,146,200
..
..
2,944,699
9,559,644
2,042,337

Change
2011-2006
1,652,432
948,595
874,416
-170,582
238,009
636,398
355,710
93,340
766,739
..
..
1,269,124
2,694,514
1,076,641

% change
8.3
6.7
19.8
-12.5
14.2
23.2
12.0
20.5
24.4
..
..
43.1
28.2
52.7

Table 18.2

Overseas born: Birthplace by Gender, 2011, 2006 and 2001 Census


Birthplace
England
New Zealand
China (excludes SARs
and Taiwan)
India
Italy
Vietnam
Philippines
South Africa
Scotland
Malaysia
Germany
Greece
Sri Lanka
United States of America
Lebanon
Netherlands
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
Korea, Republic of (South)
Ireland
Indonesia
Fiji
Croatia
Poland
Singapore
Iraq
Thailand
Malta
Former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia (FYROM)
Canada
Egypt
Other birthplaces
Total overseas born
The People of Australia

Males
459,568
245,090

Females
452,024
238,307

Persons
911,592
483,397

% of OSB
17.2
9.1

2006
Census
856,938
389,467

2001
Census
847,365
355,765

% change
2006-2011
6.4
24.1

141,595
164,208
94,812
84,806
64,620
71,713
66,592
52,866
51,327
48,812
44,121
38,228
39,538
38,691
35,778
34,383
36,231
28,038
26,377
24,599
21,220
22,077
24,851
14,852
20,989

177,374
131,154
90,591
100,230
106,614
73,969
66,840
63,329
56,675
51,125
42,294
38,781
36,912
37,357
39,177
40,153
31,085
35,122
30,603
24,230
27,459
26,569
23,317
30,612
20,286

318,969
295,362
185,403
185,036
171,234
145,682
133,432
116,195
108,002
99,937
86,415
77,009
76,450
76,048
74,955
74,536
67,316
63,160
56,980
48,829
48,679
48,646
48,168
45,464
41,275

6.0
5.6
3.5
3.5
3.2
2.8
2.5
2.2
2.0
1.9
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8

206,590
147,105
199,123
159,849
120,540
104,131
130,204
92,335
106,524
109,989
62,256
61,719
74,849
78,923
71,802
52,761
50,256
50,974
48,144
50,995
52,256
39,973
32,521
30,554
43,701

142,780
95,452
218,718
154,830
103,942
79,425
137,252
78,858
108,219
116,430
53,461
53,694
71,349
83,324
67,121
38,899
50,234
47,158
44,261
51,909
58,111
33,485
24,832
23,600
46,998

54.4
100.8
-6.9
15.8
42.1
39.9
2.5
25.8
1.4
-9.1
38.8
24.8
2.1
-3.6
4.4
41.3
33.9
23.9
18.4
-4.2
-6.8
21.7
48.1
48.8
-5.6

20,152
18,155
18,997
540,472

20,071
20,715
17,533
549,884

40,223
38,870
36,530
1,090,356

0.8
0.7
0.7
20.6

40,656
31,612
33,494
885,794

43,527
27,289
33,432
813,950

-1.1
23.0
9.1
23.1

2,590,340

2,700,102

5,290,442

100.0

4,416,024

4,105,670

19.9

Page 75

Australia (continued)
Table 18.3

Birthplace by Age: Selected birthplace Groups, 2011 Census


Percentage in age group for each birthplace - total expressed as a number

Birthplace
England
New Zealand
China (excl. SARs and Taiwan)
India
Italy
Vietnam
Philippines
South Africa
Scotland
Malaysia

0-14
5.3
10.3
3.7
8.2
0.6
2.4
9.5
11.5
3.5
5.5

15-24
4.4
12.2
22.6
11.9
0.8
7.5
10.6
13.8
3.3
16.9

25-44
21.7
36.9
38.3
57.2
5.6
43.9
41.3
37.0
18.9
36.3

45-64
40.2
32.0
25.4
15.7
34.4
37.9
33.2
28.7
41.5
32.0

65+
28.4
8.6
9.9
7.0
58.6
8.2
5.4
9.0
32.8
9.2

Total
911,591
483,397
318,970
295,364
185,402
185,037
171,234
145,685
133,431
116,195

Australia
Mainly English speaking countries
Non-main English speaking countries

24.2
7.3
5.4

14.7
7.5
10.8

26.2
28.2
35.7

22.9
36.2
30.1

11.9
20.8
18.0

Before
1981 1981- 1990 1991- 2000 2001- 2005 2006- 2010
54.2
11.6
8.4
7.8
12.1
18.6
19.0
19.4
12.8
21.0
4.7
13.8
19.7
18.4
35.8
8.7
6.0
12.4
16.6
49.5
86.1
2.1
1.6
1.1
2.0
15.9
36.8
21.8
6.1
12.6
6.4
26.3
21.3
11.1
28.4
12.0
14.2
19.8
19.2
29.8
57.7
12.9
7.6
6.2
9.6
18.5
25.1
12.8
12.7
23.9

2011
1.2
3.5
3.1
3.4
0.3
1.3
3.0
2.4
1.2
3.9

Total
911,594
483,398
318,969
295,361
185,402
185,039
171,234
145,683
133,432
116,196

2001
Census
139,286
353,603
209,372
225,307
263,718
174,236
93,595
47,817
..
76,444
39,531
14,896
71,994

% change
2006-11
52.5
-5.4
17.9
7.8
0.0
19.8
19.9
59.1
52.9
6.3
46.1
207.5
1.5

50,958
69,851
50,693
39,643
932,885

11.0
-3.3
10.7
33.6
36.9

2,853,829

24.4

15,017,846
1,913,363
3,380,780

Table 18.4

Birthplace by Year of Arrival: Selected birthplace Groups, 2011 Census


Percentage in arrival group for each birthplace - total expressed as a number and includes 'not stated' category

Birthplace
England
New Zealand
China (excl. SARs and Taiwan)
India
Italy
Vietnam
Philippines
South Africa
Scotland
Malaysia
Table 18.5

Languages other than English Spoken At Home by Gender, 2011, 2006, and 2001 Census
% of LOTE
2006
Males
Females
Persons
speakers
Census
Language
Mandarin
154,260
182,149
336,409
8.6
220,605
Italian
144,429
155,404
299,833
7.7
316,895
147,232
139,944
287,176
7.3
243,662
Arabic
123,791
139,883
263,674
6.7
244,557
Cantonese
123,464
128,753
252,217
6.4
252,228
Greek
111,087
122,301
233,388
6.0
194,856
Vietnamese
55,838
61,659
117,497
3.0
98,001
Spanish
57,922
53,430
111,352
2.8
70,008
Hindi
33,533
47,922
81,455
2.1
53,284
Tagalog
36,882
43,488
80,370
2.1
75,635
German
37,855
41,930
79,785
2.0
54,623
Korean
42,199
29,031
71,230
1.8
23,165
Punjabi
34,306
34,541
68,847
1.8
67,832
Macedonian
Australian Indigenous
29,862
31,937
61,799
1.6
55,697
Languages
29,870
31,676
61,546
1.6
63,616
Croatian
29,899
29,724
59,623
1.5
53,860
Turkish
27,669
30,071
57,740
1.5
43,215
French
673,100
715,898
1,388,998
35.5
1,014,461
Other languages
Total LOTE speakers
Page 76

1,893,198

2,019,741

3,912,939

100.0

3,146,200

The People of Australia

Australia (continued)
Table 18.6

English Language Proficiency by Age: Selected Language Groups, 2011 Census


15-24
25-44
0-14 Years
Years
Years
Language
Mandarin
Speak English well/very well
33,711
70,402
106,789
Speak English not well/not at all
12104
8163
18928
Total including not stated
46,457
79,142
126,391
Percent not well/not at all
26%
10%
15%
Italian
Speak English well/very well
14,211
13,570
62,680
Speak English not well/not at all
1631
580
1498
Total including not stated
16,222
14,364
65,150
Percent not well/not at all
10%
4%
2%
Arabic
Speak English well/very well
55,313
44,624
82,950
Speak English not well/not at all
11886
2825
11467
Total including not stated
68,924
47,905
95,113
Percent not well/not at all
17%
6%
12%
Cantonese
Speak English well/very well
25,248
43,782
64,167
Speak English not well/not at all
6169
2864
9371
Total including not stated
31,801
46,912
73,941
Percent not well/not at all
19%
6%
13%
Greek
Speak English well/very well
26416
18299
68,303
Speak English not well/not at all
3448
629
1089
Total including not stated
30386
19089
70,053
Percent not well/not at all
11%
3%
2%
All Speakers of languages other than English
Speak English well/very well
472,255
500,495
1,210,411
Speak English not well/not at all
133,910
33,647
123,620
Total including not stated
623,695
540,041
1,345,967
Percent not well/not at all
21%
6%
9%

45-64
Years

65+
Years

Total

40,952
27,119
68,476
40%

3,757
12,026
15,944
75%

255,611
78,340
336,410
23%

87,486
3801
92,642
4%

75,015
34,897
111,457
31%

252,962
42,407
299,835
14%

43,891
11570
55,876
21%

10,898
8,283
19,357
43%

237,676
46,031
287,175
16%

53,617
28559
82,618
35%

10,463
17733
28,403
62%

197,277
64,696
263,675
25%

56,746
6514
63,833
10%

38,391
29828
68,858
43%

208,155
41508
252,219
16%

728,510
175,493
912,336
19%

307,223
177,333
490,896
36%

3,218,894
644,003
3,912,935
16%

Table 18.7

Ancestry by Birthplace of Parent(s): Selected Ancestry Groups, 2011 Census


Overseas
Born

Australia Born

Ancestry
English
Australian
Irish
Scottish
Italian
German
Chinese
Indian
Greek
Dutch

Both
parents
born in
Australia
4,318,277
5,485,168
1,489,150
1,117,336
312,460
552,497
37,313
6,004
89,650
79,806

Both One parent


parents
OSB/one
born
parent
overseas Aust born
392,629
1,015,069
103,050
1,156,106
68,761
212,235
91,761
242,161
213,710
151,010
66,976
105,805
147,115
33,705
56,585
14,967
111,482
52,277
61,511
80,814

One parent
OSB/one
parent
birthplace
not stated
7,710
4,536
1,332
1,561
2,405
962
1,465
546
1,322
669

Other 1
106,043
121,417
27,736
20,046
8,846
10,027
3,034
920
3,431
2,286

1,299,413
139,286
262,684
299,751
215,801
151,593
634,323
308,631
113,997
107,391

Not stated
Total
birthplace responses

99,428
88,925
25,852
19,986
11,886
10,811
9,253
3,262
6,106
2,998

7,238,569
7,098,488
2,087,750
1,792,602
916,118
898,671
866,208
390,915
378,265
335,475

1. One parent Australian born / one or both parent(s) birthplace not stated

The People of Australia

Page 77

Australia (continued)
Table 18.8

Religious Affiliation by Gender, 2011 and 2006 Census


Religion
Western Catholic
No Religion, nfd
Anglican Church of Australia
Uniting Church
Presbyterian
Buddhism
Islam
Christian, nfd
Greek Orthodox
Baptist
Hinduism
Lutheran
Pentecostal, nfd
Not Defined
Judaism
Jehovah's Witnesses
Sikhism
Seventh-day Adventist
Salvation Army
Atheism
Church of Jesus Christ
of LDS (Mormons)
Macedonian Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox, nfd
Churches of Christ (Conference)
Serbian Orthodox
Religious Belief, nfd
Agnosticism
Maronite Catholic
Assemblies of God
Coptic Orthodox Church
Other religions
Not stated

Total Persons

% of
Persons population
5,397,396
25.1
4,693,161
21.8
3,678,005
17.1
1,065,795
5.0
584,818
2.7
528,978
2.5
476,291
2.2
461,210
2.1
383,400
1.8
352,498
1.6
275,535
1.3
251,929
1.2
192,180
0.9
132,597
0.6
97,335
0.5
85,637
0.4
72,295
0.3
63,002
0.3
60,161
0.3
58,898
0.3

Males
2,586,508
2,495,971
1,729,125
476,640
280,389
240,186
249,023
215,297
190,967
166,186
148,462
119,066
88,766
90,178
47,062
37,479
42,227
28,744
26,400
34,583

Females
2,810,888
2,197,190
1,948,880
589,155
304,429
288,792
227,268
245,913
192,433
186,312
127,073
132,863
103,414
42,419
50,273
48,158
30,068
34,258
33,761
24,315

27,927
26,416
24,255
18,633
20,970
16,138
18,177
15,297
12,849
12,599
167,572
979,921

30,910
25,632
25,322
23,510
20,861
19,032
16,454
15,363
15,452
12,096
191,484
859,728

58,837
52,048
49,577
42,143
41,831
35,170
34,631
30,660
28,301
24,695
359,056
1,839,649

10,634,013

10,873,706

21,507,719

2006
Census
5,087,116
3,643,819
3,716,377
1,135,427
583,396
418,759
340,392
305,480
374,575
316,742
148,125
251,105
88,534
108,654
88,831
80,918
26,426
55,253
64,200
31,305

Change
2006-11
310,280
1,049,342
-38,372
-69,632
1,422
110,219
135,899
155,730
8,825
35,756
127,410
824
103,646
23,943
8,504
4,719
45,869
7,749
-4,039
27,593

% change
6.1
28.8
-1.0
-6.1
0.2
26.3
39.9
51.0
2.4
11.3
86.0
0.3
117.1
22.0
9.6
5.8
173.6
14.0
-6.3
88.1

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.7
8.6

52,146
48,084
48,158
47,773
39,968
20,539
22,131
29,071
94,891
19,923
343,212
2,223,957

6,691
3,964
1,419
-5,630
1,863
14,631
12,500
1,589
-66,590
4,772
15,844
-384,308

12.8
8.2
2.9
-11.8
4.7
71.2
56.5
5.5
-70.2
24.0
4.6
-17.3

100.0

19,855,287

1,652,432

8.3

15-24
721,391
777,163

Age
25-44
1,438,386
1,531,980

45-64
1,368,031
983,287

65+
763,971
299,101

351,862
107,085
41,649
77,987
82,413
71,166
378,861
256,893

845,294
216,432
111,277
190,936
168,112
130,998
873,130
523,491

1,132,308
336,006
211,806
146,219
70,801
110,994
662,227
433,229

805,223
260,454
166,384
35,609
16,043
40,809
363,973
260,712

2,866,470

6,030,036

5,454,908

3,012,279

Table 18.9

Religion by Birthplace and Age: Selected Religious Groups, 2011 Census


Birthplace
Religion
Australia Overseas Not Stated
0-14
Western Catholic
4,042,488
1,266,757
88,150
1,105,614
No Religion, nfd
3,602,221
1,044,619
46,323
1,101,631
Anglican Church
of Australia
2,982,367
632,086
63,550
543,317
Uniting Church
928,240
119,987
17,567
145,817
Presbyterian
425,983
146,947
11,887
53,702
Buddhism
159,282
361,738
7,958
78,228
Islam
179,083
286,160
11,045
138,921
Christian, nfd
328,421
127,307
5,481
107,242
Other religions
1,639,187
1,100,378
42,857
504,231
Not stated
734,517
204,223
900,910
365,323
Total persons

Page 78

15,021,789

5,290,202

1,195,728

4,144,026

The People of Australia