Circe’s Island

In Homer's Odyssey, Circe is described as living in a mansion that stands in the middle of a
clearing in a dense wood. Around the house prowled strangely docilelions and wolves, the
drugged victims of her magic;
they were not dangerous, and fawned on all newcomers. Circe
worked at a huge loom. She invited Odysseus' crew to a feast of familiar food, a pottage of
cheese and meal, sweetened with honey and laced with wine, but also laced with one of her
magical potions, and she turned them all into swine with a wand after they gorged themselves
on it. Only Eurylochus, suspecting treachery from the outset, escaped to warn Odysseus and
the others who had stayed behind at the ships. Odysseus set out to rescue his men, but was
intercepted by the messenger god, Hermes, who had been sent by Athena. Hermes told
Odysseus to use the holy herb moly to protect himself from Circe's potion and, having resisted
it, to draw his sword and act as if he were to attack Circe. From there, Circe would ask him to
bed, but Hermes advised caution, for even there the goddess would be treacherous. She would
take his manhood unless he had her swear by the names of the gods that she would not.
Odysseus followed Hermes's advice, freeing his men and then remained on the island for one
year, feasting and drinking wine. According to Homer, Circe suggested two alternative routes to
Odysseus to return to Ithaca: toward Planctae, the "Wandering Rocks", or passing between the
dangerous Scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis, conventionally identified with the Strait of
Messina. She also advised Odysseus to go to the Underworld and gave him directions.

Calypso’s Island
Ogygia (/oʊ.ˈɡɪdʒ.jæ/; Ancient Greek: Ὠγυγίη Ōgygíē [ɔːɡyɡíɛː], or Ὠγυγία Ōgygia [ɔːɡyɡía]), is
an island mentioned in Homer's Odyssey, Book V, as the home of the nymph Calypso, the
daughter of the Titan Atlas, also known as Atlantis (Ατλαντίς
) in ancient Greek. In
Homer's Odyssey Calypso detainedOdysseus on Ogygia for 7 years and kept him from returning
to his home of Ithaca, wanting to marry him. Athena complained about Calypso's actions
toZeus, who sent the messenger Hermes to Ogygia to order Calypso to release Odysseus.
Hermes is Odysseus's great grandfather on his mother's side, through Autolycos. Calypso finally,
though reluctantly, instructed Odysseus to build a small raft, gave him food and wine, and let
him depart the island.
The Odyssey describes Ogygia as follows:
...and he (Hermes) found her within. A great fire was burning in the hearth, and from afar over
the isle there was a fragrance of cleft cedar and juniper as they burned. But she within was
singing with a sweet voice as she went to and fro before the loom, weaving with a golden
shuttle. Round about the cave grew a luxuriant wood, alder and poplar and sweet-
smelling cypress, wherein birds long of wing were wont to nest, owls and falcons and sea-crows
with chattering tongues, who ply their business on the sea. And right there about the hollow
cave ran trailing a garden vine, in pride of its prime, richly laden with clusters. And fountains
four in a row were flowing with bright water hard by one another, turned one this way, one
that. And round about soft meadows of violets and parsley were blooming...

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