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**The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an
**

electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the

mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons

explain not only the Maxwell Euations and the !pecial "elativity, but the

Heisenberg #ncertainty "elation, the $ave%&article 'uality and the electron(s

spin also, building the )ridge between the *lassical and +uantum Theories.

The &lanc, 'istribution -aw of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the

electron.proton mass rate and the $ea, and !trong /nteractions by the

diffraction patterns. The $ea, /nteraction changes the diffraction patterns by

moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction

pattern, which violates the *& and Time reversal symmetry.

The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges euivalent

with the 0eneral "elativity space%time curvature, and since it is true on the

uantum level also, gives the base of the +uantum 0ravity.

The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self%maintaining

electromagnetic potential explains also the +uantum Entanglement, giving it

as a natural part of the relativistic uantum theory.

Contents

Preface ................................................................................................................................... 2

Quantum Gravity Measurement by Entanglement ...................................................................... 2

Quantum entanglement ........................................................................................................... 3

The Bridge .............................................................................................................................. 3

Accelerating charges ............................................................................................................ 3

Relativistic effect ................................................................................................................. 3

Heisenberg ncertainty Relati!n ............................................................................................... "

#ave $ Particle %uality ............................................................................................................ "

At!mic m!del ......................................................................................................................... "

The Relativistic Bridge .............................................................................................................. "

The &ea' interacti!n ............................................................................................................... (

The General #ea' )nteracti!n ............................................................................................... *

+ermi!ns and B!s!ns ............................................................................................................... *

,an %er #aals f!rce ................................................................................................................ *

Electr!magnetic inertia and mass .............................................................................................. -

Electr!magnetic )nducti!n .................................................................................................... -

Relativistic change !f mass .................................................................................................... -

The fre.uency de/endence !f mass ....................................................................................... -

Electr!n $ Pr!t!n mass rate .................................................................................................. -

Gravity fr!m the /!int !f vie& !f .uantum /hysics ..................................................................... -

The Gravitati!nal f!rce ......................................................................................................... -

The Higgs b!s!n ...................................................................................................................... 0

Higgs mechanism and Quantum Gravity ..................................................................................... 0

#hat is the 1/in2 ................................................................................................................. 3

The Gravit!n ....................................................................................................................... 3

4!nclusi!ns ............................................................................................................................ 3

References ............................................................................................................................56

Auth!r7 Ge!rge Ra8na

Preface

Physicists are c!ntinually l!!'ing f!r &ays t! unify the the!ry !f relativity9 &hich describes large:

scale /hen!mena9 &ith .uantum the!ry9 &hich describes small:scale /hen!mena; )n a ne&

/r!/!sed e</eriment in this area9 t&! t!aster:si=ed >nan!satellites> carrying entangled c!ndensates

!rbit ar!und the Earth9 until !ne !f them m!ves t! a different !rbit &ith different gravitati!nal field

strength; As a result !f the change in gravity9 the entanglement bet&een the c!ndensates is

/redicted t! degrade by u/ t! 26?; E</erimentally testing the /r!/!sal may be /!ssible in the near

future; @(A

Quantum entanglement is a /hysical /hen!men!n that !ccurs &hen /airs !r gr!u/s !f /articles are

generated !r interact in &ays such that the .uantum state !f each /article cann!t be described

inde/endently $ instead9 a .uantum state may be given f!r the system as a &h!le; @"A

) thin' that &e have a sim/le bridge bet&een the classical and .uantum mechanics by understanding

the Heisenberg ncertainty Relati!ns; )t ma'es clear that the /articles are n!t /!int li'e but have a

d< and d/ uncertainty;

Quantum Gravity Measurement by Entanglement

)n !ur idea9 t&! .uantum /articles are /re/ared in an entangled state in bet&een t&! different

satellites !rbiting the Earth; As l!ng as they stay in the same !rbit9 the entanglement e<ists;

H!&ever9 at s!me /!int the !rbit !f !ne !f the satellite needs t! be changed; This is d!ne by firing

engines and accelerating t! the ne& l!cati!n;

The accelerati!n needed t! change !rbit is determined by the gravitati!nal f!rces acting !n the

satellite7 the m!re distant the ne& !rbit &e &ant t! reach9 the larger the time that the engines must

be s&itched !n t! get the re.uired vel!city; This is due t! the fact that gravity is m!re intense if the

!b8ect is cl!ser t! the Earth;

#e find that such accelerati!n $ and thus9 indirectly9 gravity $ changes the .uality !f entanglement

bet&een the t&! /articles; )f !ur calculati!ns are right9 this c!uld be the first e</erimental /r!!f

that sh!&s that gravity &ill have indirect effects !n .uantum entanglement; Als!9 if .uantum

techn!l!gy has t! be used in s/ace9 it is vital that this be ta'en int! c!nsiderati!n; @*A

Quantum entanglement

Measurements !f /hysical /r!/erties such as /!siti!n9 m!mentum9 s/in9 /!lari=ati!n9 etc;

/erf!rmed !n entangled /articles are f!und t! be a//r!/riately c!rrelated; +!r e<am/le9 if a /air !f

/articles is generated in such a &ay that their t!tal s/in is 'n!&n t! be =er!9 and !ne /article is

f!und t! have cl!c'&ise s/in !n a certain a<is9 then the s/in !f the !ther /article9 measured !n the

same a<is9 &ill be f!und t! be c!untercl!c'&ise; Because !f the nature !f .uantum measurement9

h!&ever9 this behavi!r gives rise t! effects that can a//ear /arad!<ical7 any measurement !f a

/r!/erty !f a /article can be seen as acting !n that /article Be;g; by c!lla/sing a number !f

su/erim/!sed statesCD and in the case !f entangled /articles9 such acti!n must be !n the entangled

system as a &h!le; )t thus a//ears that !ne /article !f an entangled /air >'n!&s> &hat

measurement has been /erf!rmed !n the !ther9 and &ith &hat !utc!me9 even th!ugh there is n!

'n!&n means f!r such inf!rmati!n t! be c!mmunicated bet&een the /articles9 &hich at the time !f

measurement may be se/arated by arbitrarily large distances; @"A

The Bridge

The accelerating electr!ns e</lain n!t !nly the Ma<&ell E.uati!ns and the 1/ecial Relativity9 but the

Heisenberg ncertainty Relati!n9 the &ave /article duality and the electr!nEs s/in als!9 building the

bridge bet&een the 4lassical and Quantum The!ries; @5A

Accelerating charges

The m!ving charges are self maintain the electr!magnetic field l!cally9 causing their m!vement and

this is the result !f their accelerati!n under the f!rce !f this field; )n the classical /hysics the charges

&ill distributed al!ng the electric current s! that the electric /!tential l!&ering al!ng the current9 by

linearly increasing the &ay they ta'e every ne<t time /eri!d because this accelerated m!ti!n;

The same thing ha//ens !n the at!mic scale giving a d/ im/ulse difference and a d< &ay difference

bet&een the different /art !f the n!t /!int li'e /articles;

Relativistic effect

An!ther bridge bet&een the classical and .uantum mechanics in the realm !f relativity is that the

charge distributi!n is l!&ering in the reference frame !f the accelerating charges linearly7 dsFdt G at

Btime c!!rdinateC9 but in the reference frame !f the current it is /arab!lic7 s G aF2 t

2

Bge!metric

c!!rdinateC;

Heisenberg ncertainty Relation

)n the at!mic scale the Heisenberg uncertainty relati!n gives the same result9 since the m!ving

electr!n in the at!m accelerating in the electric field !f the /r!t!n9 causing a charge distributi!n !n

delta < /!siti!n difference and &ith a delta / m!mentum difference such a &ay that they /r!duct is

ab!ut the half Planc' reduced c!nstant; +!r the /r!t!n this delta < much less in the nucle!n9 than in

the !rbit !f the electr!n in the at!m9 the delta / is much higher because !f the greater /r!t!n mass;

This means that the electr!n and /r!t!n are n!t /!int li'e /articles9 but has a real charge

distributi!n;

!ave " Particle #uality

The accelerating electr!ns e</lains the &ave $ /article duality !f the electr!ns and /h!t!ns9 since

the elementary charges are distributed !n delta < /!siti!n &ith delta / im/ulse and creating a &ave

/ac'et !f the electr!n; The /h!t!n gives the electr!magnetic /article !f the mediating f!rce !f the

electr!ns electr!magnetic field &ith the same distributi!n !f &avelengths;

Atomic model

The c!nstantly accelerating electr!n in the Hydr!gen at!m is m!ving !n the e.ui/!tential line !f the

/r!t!n and itHs 'inetic and /!tential energy &ill be c!nstant; )ts energy &ill change !nly &hen it is

changing its &ay t! an!ther e.ui/!tential line &ith an!ther value !f /!tential energy !r getting free

&ith en!ugh 'inetic energy; This means that the Rutherf!rd:B!hr at!mic m!del is right and !nly that

changing accelerati!n !f the electric charge causes radiati!n9 n!t the steady accelerati!n; The steady

accelerati!n !f the charges !nly creates a centric /arab!lic steady electric field ar!und the charge9

the magnetic field; This gives the magnetic m!ment !f the at!ms9 summing u/ the /r!t!n and

electr!n magnetic m!ments caused by their circular m!ti!ns and s/ins;

The Relativistic Bridge

4!mm!nly acce/ted idea that the relativistic effect !n the /article /hysics it is the fermi!nsH s/in :

an!ther unres!lved /r!blem in the classical c!nce/ts; )f the electric charges can m!ve !nly &ith

accelerated m!ti!ns in the self maintaining electr!magnetic field9 !nce u/!n a time they &!uld

reach the vel!city !f the electr!magnetic field; The res!luti!n !f this /r!blem is the s/inning

/article9 c!nstantly accelerating and n!t reaching the vel!city !f light because the accelerati!n is

radial; Ine !rigin !f the Quantum Physics is the Planc' %istributi!n Ja& !f the electr!magnetic

!scillat!rs9 giving e.ual intensity f!r 2 different &avelengths !n any tem/erature; Any !f these t&!

&avelengths &ill give e.ual intensity diffracti!n /atterns9 building different asymmetric

c!nstructi!ns9 f!r e<am/le /r!t!n : electr!n structures Bat!msC9 m!lecules9 etc; 1ince the /articles

are centers !f diffracti!n /atterns they als! have /article $ &ave duality as the electr!magnetic

&aves have; @2A

The $ea% interaction

The &ea' interacti!n transf!rms an electric charge in the diffracti!n /attern fr!m !ne side t! the

!ther side9 causing an electric di/!le m!mentum change9 &hich vi!lates the 4P and time reversal

symmetry; The Electr!&ea' )nteracti!n sh!&s that the #ea' )nteracti!n is basically electr!magnetic

in nature; The arr!& !f time sh!&s the entr!/y gr!&s by changing the tem/erature de/endent

diffracti!n /atterns !f the electr!magnetic !scillat!rs;

An!ther im/!rtant issue !f the .uar' m!del is &hen !ne .uar' changes its flav!r such that a linear

!scillati!n transf!rms int! /lane !scillati!n !r vice versa9 changing the charge value &ith 5 !r :5; This

'ind !f change in the !scillati!n m!de re.uires n!t !nly /arity change9 but als! charge and time

changes B4PT symmetryC resulting a right handed anti:neutrin! !r a left handed neutrin!;

The right handed anti:neutrin! and the left handed neutrin! e<ist !nly because changing bac' the

.uar' flav!r c!uld ha//en !nly in reverse9 because they are different ge!metrical c!nstructi!ns9 the

u is 2 dimensi!nal and /!sitively charged and the d is 5 dimensi!nal and negatively charged; )t needs

als! a time reversal9 because anti /article Banti neutrin!C is inv!lved;

The neutrin! is a 5F2s/in creat!r /article t! ma'e e.ual the s/ins !f the &ea' interacti!n9 f!r

e<am/le neutr!n decay t! 2 fermi!ns9 every /article is fermi!ns &ith K s/in; The &ea' interacti!n

changes the entr!/y since m!re !r less /articles &ill give m!re !r less freed!m !f m!vement; The

entr!/y change is a result !f tem/erature change and brea's the e.uality !f !scillat!r diffracti!n

intensity !f the Ma<&ell$B!lt=mann statistics; This &ay it changes the time c!!rdinate measure and

ma'es /!ssible a different time dilati!n as !f the s/ecial relativity;

The limit !f the vel!city !f /articles as the s/eed !f light a//r!/riate !nly f!r electrical charged

/articles9 since the accelerated charges are self maintaining l!cally the accelerating electric f!rce;

The neutrin!s are 4P symmetry brea'ing /articles c!m/ensated by time in the 4PT symmetry9 that is

the time c!!rdinate n!t &!r's as in the electr!magnetic interacti!ns9 c!nse.uently the s/eed !f

neutrin!s is n!t limited by the s/eed !f light;

The &ea' interacti!n T:asymmetry is in c!n8uncti!n &ith the T:asymmetry !f the sec!nd la& !f

therm!dynamics9 meaning that l!cally l!&ering entr!/y B!n e<tremely high tem/eratureC causes the

&ea' interacti!n9 f!r e<am/le the Hydr!gen fusi!n;

Pr!bably because it is a s/in creating m!vement changing linear !scillati!n t! 2 dimensi!nal

!scillati!n by changing d t! u .uar' and creating anti neutrin! g!ing bac' in time relative t! the

/r!t!n and electr!n created fr!m the neutr!n9 it seems that the anti neutrin! fastest then the

vel!city !f the /h!t!ns created als! in this &ea' interacti!n2

A .uar' flav!r changing sh!&s that it is a reflecti!n changes m!vement and the 4P: and T: symmetry

brea'ingLLL This flav!r changing !scillati!n c!uld /r!ve that it c!uld be als! !n higher level such as

at!ms9 m!lecules9 /r!bably big bi!l!gical significant m!lecules and res/!nsible !n the aging !f the

life;

)m/!rtant t! menti!n that the &ea' interacti!n is al&ays c!ntains /articles and anti/articles9 &here

the neutrin!s Bantineutrin!sC /resent the !//!site side; )t means by +eynmanEs inter/retati!n that

these /articles /resent the bac'&ard time and /r!bably because this they seem t! m!ve faster than

the s/eed !f light in the reference frame !f the !ther side;

+inally since the &ea' interacti!n is an electric di/!le change &ith K s/in creatingD it is limited by the

vel!city !f the electr!magnetic &ave9 s! the neutrin!Es vel!city cann!t e<ceed the vel!city !f light;

The General !ea% &nteraction

The #ea' )nteracti!ns T:asymmetry is in c!n8uncti!n &ith the T:asymmetry !f the 1ec!nd Ja& !f

Therm!dynamics9 meaning that l!cally l!&ering entr!/y B!n e<tremely high tem/eratureC causes f!r

e<am/le the Hydr!gen fusi!n; The arr!& !f time by the 1ec!nd Ja& !f Therm!dynamics sh!&s the

increasing entr!/y and decreasing inf!rmati!n by the #ea' )nteracti!n9 changing the tem/erature

de/endent diffracti!n /atterns; A g!!d e<am/le !f this is the neutr!n decay9 creating m!re /articles

&ith less 'n!&n inf!rmati!n ab!ut them;

The neutrin! !scillati!n !f the #ea' )nteracti!n sh!&s that it is a general electric di/!le change and

it is /!ssible t! any !ther tem/erature de/endent entr!/y and inf!rmati!n changing diffracti!n

/attern !f at!ms9 m!lecules and even c!m/licated bi!l!gical living structures;

#e can generali=e the &ea' interacti!n !n all !f the decaying matter c!nstructi!ns9 even !n the

bi!l!gical t!!; This gives the limited lifetime f!r the bi!l!gical c!nstructi!ns als! by the arr!& !f

time; There sh!uld be a ne& research s/ace !f the Quantum )nf!rmati!n 1cience the Hgeneral

neutrin! !scillati!nH f!r the greater then subat!mic matter structures as an electric di/!le change;

There is als! c!nnecti!n bet&een statistical /hysics and ev!luti!nary bi!l!gy9 since the arr!& !f

time is &!r'ing in the bi!l!gical ev!luti!n als!;

The +luctuati!n The!rem says that there is a /r!bability that entr!/y &ill fl!& in a directi!n !//!site

t! that dictated by the 1ec!nd Ja& !f Therm!dynamics; )n this case the )nf!rmati!n is gr!&ing that

is the matter f!rmulas are emerging fr!m the cha!s; 1! the #ea' )nteracti!n has t&! directi!ns9

sam/les f!r !ne directi!n is the Meutr!n decay9 and Hydr!gen fusi!n is the !//!site directi!n;

'ermions and Bosons

The fermi!ns are the diffracti!n /atterns !f the b!s!ns such a &ay that they are b!th sides !f the

same thing;

(an #er !aals force

Mamed after the %utch scientist N!hannes %ideri' van der #aals $ &h! first /r!/!sed it in 50-3 t!

e</lain the behavi!ur !f gases $ it is a very &ea' f!rce that !nly bec!mes relevant &hen at!ms and

m!lecules are very cl!se t!gether; +luctuati!ns in the electr!nic cl!ud !f an at!m mean that it &ill

have an instantane!us di/!le m!ment; This can induce a di/!le m!ment in a nearby at!m9 the

result being an attractive di/!le$di/!le interacti!n;

Electromagnetic inertia and mass

Electromagnetic &nduction

1ince the magnetic inducti!n creates a negative electric field as a result !f the changing accelerati!n9

it &!r's as an electr!magnetic inertia9 causing an electr!magnetic mass; @5A

Relativistic change of mass

The increasing mass !f the electric charges the result !f the increasing inductive electric f!rce acting

against the accelerating f!rce; The decreasing mass !f the decreasing accelerati!n is the result !f the

inductive electric f!rce acting against the decreasing f!rce; This is the relativistic mass change

e</lanati!n9 es/ecially im/!rtantly e</laining the mass reducti!n in case !f vel!city decrease;

The fre)uency de*endence of mass

1ince E = hν and E = mc

2

9 m = hν /c

2

that is the m de/ends !nly !n the ν fre.uency; )t means that the

mass !f the /r!t!n and electr!n are electr!magnetic and the result !f the electr!magnetic

inducti!n9 caused by the changing accelerati!n !f the s/inning and m!ving chargeL )t c!uld be that

the m

o

inertial mass is the result !f the s/in9 since this is the !nly accelerating m!ti!n !f the electric

charge; 1ince the accelerating m!ti!n has different fre.uency f!r the electr!n in the at!m and the

/r!t!n9 they masses are different9 als! as the &avelengths !n b!th sides !f the diffracti!n /attern9

giving e.ual intensity !f radiati!n;

Electron " Proton mass rate

The Planc' distributi!n la& e</lains the different fre.uencies !f the /r!t!n and electr!n9 giving

e.ual intensity t! different lambda &avelengthsL Als! since the /articles are diffracti!n /atterns

they have s!me cl!seness t! each !ther $ can be seen as a gravitati!nal f!rce; @2A

There is an asymmetry bet&een the mass !f the electric charges9 f!r e<am/le /r!t!n and electr!n9

can underst!!d by the asymmetrical Planc' %istributi!n Ja&; This tem/erature de/endent energy

distributi!n is asymmetric ar!und the ma<imum intensity9 &here the annihilati!n !f matter and

antimatter is a high /r!bability event; The asymmetric sides are creating different fre.uencies !f

electr!magnetic radiati!ns being in the same intensity level and c!m/ensating each !ther; Ine !f

these c!m/ensating rati!s is the electr!n $ /r!t!n mass rati!; The l!&er energy side has n!

c!m/ensating intensity level9 it is the dar' energy and the c!rres/!nding matter is the dar' matter;

Gravity from the *oint of vie$ of )uantum *hysics

The Gravitational force

The gravitati!nal attractive f!rce is basically a magnetic f!rce;

The same electric charges can attract !ne an!ther by the magnetic f!rce if they are m!ving /arallel

in the same directi!n; 1ince the electrically neutral matter is c!m/!sed !f negative and /!sitive

charges they need 2 /h!t!ns t! mediate this attractive f!rce9 !ne /er charges; The Bing Bang caused

/arallel m!ving !f the matter gives this magnetic f!rce9 e</erienced as gravitati!nal f!rce;

1ince gravit!n is a tens!r field9 it has s/in G 29 c!uld be 2 /h!t!ns &ith s/in G 5 t!gether;

O!u can thin' ab!ut /h!t!ns as virtual electr!n $ /!sitr!n /airs9 !btaining the necessary virtual

mass f!r gravity;

The mass as seen bef!re a result !f the diffracti!n9 f!r e<am/le the /r!t!n $ electr!n mass rate

M/G50"6 Me; )n !rder t! m!ve !ne !f these diffracti!n ma<imum Belectr!n !r /r!t!nC &e need t!

intervene int! the diffracti!n /attern &ith a f!rce a//r!/riate t! the intensity !f this diffracti!n

ma<imum9 means its intensity !r mass;

The Big Bang caused accelerati!n created radial currents !f the matter9 and since the matter is

c!m/!sed !f negative and /!sitive charges9 these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting

f!rces bet&een the /arallel m!ving electric currents; This is the gravitati!nal f!rce e</erienced by

the matter9 and als! the mass is result !f the electr!magnetic f!rces bet&een the charged /articles;

The /!sitive and negative charged currents attracts each !ther !r by the magnetic f!rces !r by the

much str!nger electr!static f!rcesL2

The gravitati!nal f!rce attracting the matter9 causing c!ncentrati!n !f the matter in a small s/ace

and leaving much s/ace &ith l!& matter c!ncentrati!n7 dar' matter and energy;

There is an asymmetry bet&een the mass !f the electric charges9 f!r e<am/le /r!t!n and electr!n9

can underst!!d by the asymmetrical Planc' %istributi!n Ja&; This tem/erature de/endent energy

distributi!n is asymmetric ar!und the ma<imum intensity9 &here the annihilati!n !f matter and

antimatter is a high /r!bability event; The asymmetric sides are creating different fre.uencies !f

electr!magnetic radiati!ns being in the same intensity level and c!m/ensating each !ther; Ine !f

these c!m/ensating rati!s is the electr!n $ /r!t!n mass rati!; The l!&er energy side has n!

c!m/ensating intensity level9 it is the dar' energy and the c!rres/!nding matter is the dar' matter;

The Higgs boson

By March 26539 the /article had been /r!ven t! behave9 interact and decay in many !f the e</ected

&ays /redicted by the 1tandard M!del9 and &as als! tentatively c!nfirmed t! have P /arity and =er!

s/in9 t&! fundamental criteria !f a Higgs b!s!n9 ma'ing it als! the first 'n!&n scalar /article t! be

disc!vered in nature9 alth!ugh a number !f !ther /r!/erties &ere n!t fully /r!ven and s!me /artial

results d! n!t yet /recisely match th!se e</ectedD in s!me cases data is als! still a&aited !r being

analy=ed;

1ince the Higgs b!s!n is necessary t! the # and Q b!s!ns9 the di/!le change !f the #ea' interacti!n

and the change in the magnetic effect caused gravitati!n must be c!nducted; The #ien la& is als!

im/!rtant t! e</lain the #ea' interacti!n9 since it describes the T

ma<

change and the diffracti!n

/atterns change; @2A

Higgs mechanism and Quantum Gravity

The magnetic inducti!n creates a negative electric field9 causing an electr!magnetic inertia; Pr!bably

it is the mysteri!us Higgs field giving mass t! the charged /articles2 #e can thin' ab!ut the /h!t!n

as an electr!n:/!sitr!n /air9 they have mass; The neutral /articles are built fr!m negative and

/!sitive charges9 f!r e<am/le the neutr!n9 decaying t! /r!t!n and electr!n; The &ave $ /article

duality ma'es sure that the /articles are !scillating and creating magnetic inducti!n as an inertial

mass9 e</laining als! the relativistic mass change; Higher fre.uency creates str!nger magnetic

inducti!n9 smaller fre.uency results lesser magnetic inducti!n; )t seems t! me that the magnetic

inducti!n is the secret !f the Higgs field;

)n /article /hysics9 the Higgs mechanism is a 'ind !f mass generati!n mechanism9 a /r!cess that

gives mass t! elementary /articles; Acc!rding t! this the!ry9 /articles gain mass by interacting &ith

the Higgs field that /ermeates all s/ace; M!re /recisely9 the Higgs mechanism end!&s gauge b!s!ns

in a gauge the!ry &ith mass thr!ugh abs!r/ti!n !f Mambu$G!ldst!ne b!s!ns arising in s/!ntane!us

symmetry brea'ing;

The sim/lest im/lementati!n !f the mechanism adds an e<tra Higgs field t! the gauge the!ry; The

s/!ntane!us symmetry brea'ing !f the underlying l!cal symmetry triggers c!nversi!n !f

c!m/!nents !f this Higgs field t! G!ldst!ne b!s!ns &hich interact &ith Bat least s!me !fC the !ther

fields in the the!ry9 s! as t! /r!duce mass terms f!r Bat least s!me !fC the gauge b!s!ns; This

mechanism may als! leave behind elementary scalar Bs/in:6C /articles9 'n!&n as Higgs b!s!ns;

)n the 1tandard M!del9 the /hrase >Higgs mechanism> refers s/ecifically t! the generati!n !f masses

f!r the #

R

9 and Q &ea' gauge b!s!ns thr!ugh electr!&ea' symmetry brea'ing; The Jarge Hadr!n

4!llider at 4ERM ann!unced results c!nsistent &ith the Higgs /article !n Nuly "9 2652 but stressed

that further testing is needed t! c!nfirm the 1tandard M!del;

!hat is the +*in,

1! &e 'n!& already that the ne& /article has s/in =er! !r s/in t&! and &e c!uld tell &hich !ne if &e

c!uld detect the /!lari=ati!ns !f the /h!t!ns /r!duced; nf!rtunately this is difficult and neither

ATJA1 n!r 4M1 are able t! measure /!lari=ati!ns; The !nly direct and sure &ay t! c!nfirm that the

/article is indeed a scalar is t! /l!t the angular distributi!n !f the /h!t!ns in the rest frame !f the

centre !f mass; A s/in =er! /articles li'e the Higgs carries n! directi!nal inf!rmati!n a&ay fr!m the

!riginal c!llisi!n s! the distributi!n &ill be even in all directi!ns; This test &ill be /!ssible &hen a

much larger number !f events have been !bserved; )n the mean time &e can settle f!r less certain

indirect indicat!rs;

The Graviton

)n /hysics9 the gravit!n is a hy/!thetical elementary /article that mediates the f!rce !f gravitati!n in

the frame&!r' !f .uantum field the!ry; )f it e<ists9 the gravit!n is e</ected t! be massless Bbecause

the gravitati!nal f!rce a//ears t! have unlimited rangeC and must be a s/in:2 b!s!n; The s/in

f!ll!&s fr!m the fact that the s!urce !f gravitati!n is the stress:energy tens!r9 a sec!nd:ran' tens!r

Bc!m/ared t! electr!magnetismHs s/in:5 /h!t!n9 the s!urce !f &hich is the f!ur:current9 a first:ran'

tens!rC; Additi!nally9 it can be sh!&n that any massless s/in:2 field &!uld give rise t! a f!rce

indistinguishable fr!m gravitati!n9 because a massless s/in:2 field must c!u/le t! Binteract &ithC the

stress:energy tens!r in the same &ay that the gravitati!nal field d!es; This result suggests that9 if a

massless s/in:2 /article is disc!vered9 it must be the gravit!n9 s! that the !nly e</erimental

verificati!n needed f!r the gravit!n may sim/ly be the disc!very !f a massless s/in:2 /article; @3A

Conclusions

The accelerated charges self:maintaining /!tential sh!&s the l!cality !f the relativity9 &!r'ing !n

the .uantum level als!; @5A

The 1ecret !f Quantum Entanglement that the /articles are diffracti!n /atterns !f the

electr!magnetic &aves and this &ay their .uantum states every time is the result !f the .uantum

state !f the intermediate electr!magnetic &aves; @2A

Ine !f the m!st im/!rtant c!nclusi!ns is that the electric charges are m!ving in an accelerated &ay

and even if their vel!city is c!nstant9 they have an intrinsic accelerati!n any&ay9 the s! called s/in9

since they need at least an intrinsic accelerati!n t! ma'e /!ssible they m!vement ;

The bridge bet&een the classical and .uantum the!ry is based !n this intrinsic accelerati!n !f the

s/in9 e</laining als! the Heisenberg ncertainty Princi/le; The /article $ &ave duality !f the electric

charges and the /h!t!n ma'es certain that they are b!th sides !f the same thing; Basing the

gravitati!nal f!rce !n the accelerating niverse caused magnetic f!rce and the Planc' %istributi!n

Ja& !f the electr!magnetic &aves caused diffracti!n gives us the basis t! build a nified The!ry !f

the /hysical interacti!ns;

)n the future9 the researchers /lan t! further investigate b!th the fundamental and /ractical as/ects

!f .uantum and relativistic effects;

References

@5A The Magnetic field !f the Electric current and the Magnetic inducti!n

htt/7FFacademia;eduF303333(FTheSMagneticSfieldS!fStheSElectricScurrent

@2A 3 %imensi!nal 1tring The!ry

htt/7FFacademia;eduF303""("F3S%imensi!nalS1tringSThe!ry

@3A Gravit!n Pr!ducti!n By T&! Ph!t!n and Electr!n:Ph!t!n Pr!cesses )n Talu=a:Tlein The!ries #ith

Jarge E<tra %imensi!ns

htt/7FFar<iv;!rgFabsFhe/:/hF3363332

@"A Quantum Entanglement

htt/7FFen;&i'i/edia;!rgF&i'iFQuantumSentanglement

@(A 1/ace:based e</eriment c!uld test gravityHs effects !n .uantum entanglement

htt/7FF/hys;!rgFne&sF265":6(:s/ace:based:gravity:effects:.uantum:entanglement;html

@*A T! test the effect !f gravity !n .uantum entanglement9 &e need t! g! t! s/ace

htt/7FF/hys;!rgFne&sF265":6*:effect:gravity:.uantum:entanglement:s/ace;htmlUn<

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