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the European Landscape Convention

:

Pavlina Misikova, MoE, Slovakia

from
(initial)
ENTHUSIASM
through
(blind)
SATISFACTION
to
(real)
CHANGES
STORY LINE
90th – 2000
• preparatory stage

2000 – 2004
• accession stage

2004 – 2010
• first implementation stage

2010
• 10th anniversary

from 2010 ongoing
• second implementation stage
90th – 2000
• preparatory stage
Northen
Initiative
Seminar
Europe
preserved
for Europe
York, UK
Conference
Landscape
in new
Europe:
Blois, FR
Southern
Initiative
EEA:
Europe's
Environm.:
Dobríš
Assessm.
Internat.
congress
Mediteran.
landscape
Montpellier,
FR
Initiatives
joined
and
adressed
CoE
CoE
Strasbourg
90th 1990 1992 1992 1992 1993 1994 2000
First signals
from the UK:

Countryside
Commission

Landscape
Research

-European
Federation of
National and
Nature Parks

ECOVAST








National
Trust

Beginning
of
discussion
towards
the idea
of the
convention
on
protection
of
European
rural
landscapes












Landscape
Research
Group

Paysage et
Aménageme
nt,

Potential
base for the
need of the
convention






Second
signals
from the
regions:

Andalusia

Languedoc-
Roussillon

Toscany



















Proposal for
drafting a
convention
on rural
landscapes
under the
auspices of
the CoE,
which was
strongly
reiterated by
the IUCN in
its European
Programme
on Protected
Areas








Final
wording of
the charter












CLRAE
Based on
Mediter.
Charter to
elaborate
Framework
convention
on
managem.
and
protection of
all types of
cultural and
natural
landscapes
of Europe
19th July
Committee
of Ministers
adopted the
ELC and
recomended
for opening
for signature









2000 – 2004
•accession stage
2004 – 2010
• first implementation stage
the ELC status
of entries into force
Example: National Seminars
• “Spatial planning and landscape”, Yerevan (Armenia), 23-24 October 2003

• “Spatial planning and landscape”, Moscow (Russian Federation), 26-27 April 2004

• “Sustainable spatial development and the European Landscape Convention”,
Tulcea (Romania), 6-7 May 2004

• “The contribution of Albania to the implementation of the European Landscape
Convention”, Tirana (Albania), 15-16 December 2005

• “Landscape”, Andorra la Vella (Principality of Andorra), 4-5 June 2007
National committees .. Workshops... and national seminars
FOSTERING KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT
Exploratory reports
Le Parc de la Deûle
Lille Metropole Communaute Urbaine (FR)

Council of Europe
Landscape Award 2009
Park Christina Enea/ San Sebastian (ES)



Special mention of the jury 2009
2010
• 10th anniversary

INGO Sustainable Territorial Development Committee
Declaration: ELC 10th Anniversary “New challenges, new opportunities”
19-20 October 2010
Call public authorities at all governance levels to:
• Facilitate the implementation of national and local legislations and regulations
recognizing landscapes in law as an essential component of people’s surroundings
and a foundation of their identity respecting the citizens ownership of their
landscapes and strengthen citizen participation at all levels
• Favor the definition of rights, responsibilities and abilities of each actor at every
stage of landscape protection, management and planning and strengthen public
awareness and civil engagement
• Ensure the integration of the landscape dimension in all policies having a direct or
indirect impact on landscape, regarding it as public wealth
• Insist, in implementation of the ELC, that the general public and relevant parties
participate in the definition of quality landscape policies and in the
implementation of protection, management and planning actions, have full access
to all information and are fully integrated at any level in the decision making
process
Call public authorities at all governance levels to:
• Ascertain that information documents written in clear, non-technical language be
put at public disposal open to discussion, in due time, as stipulated in the ELC
• Promote information and awareness actions among all parties (elected
representatives, economic players, NGOs, civil society and population) at all
territory levels, with a view to protect the environment and enhance our natural
and cultural heritage and its diversity for the generations to come
• Encourage, to that end, scientific research and education in landscape
components and its evolutions within the scope of school and college training as
well as adult education
• Promote the setting up of a bank of qualified local and national data, available to
the Council of Europe and to all citizens, and giving access to landscape strategies
in Member states, so as to have a complete vision of ongoing actions
from 2010 ongoing
• second implementation stage
the ELC status of entries into force
Florence, 2000
European
Landscape
Convention
into force 2004
Faro, 2005
Council of Europe
Framework
Convention on the
Value of
Cultural Heritage
for Society
into force 2011
Granada, 1985
Convention for
the protection
of the
Architectural
Heritage of
Europe
into force 1987
La Valetta, 1992
European
Convention on
the protection
of
Archaeological
Heritage
(revised)
into force 1995
and CoE heritage conventions
Belgium - Walonia
Frace
Finland
Italy
Great Britain
Czech
number
of
ratifications
information
on practical
steps taken
to measure
effect of the
implication


from an observation towards the monitoring
The information system ELCIS
is expected to meet the following objectives

• enable authorities and the public to access information and experiences relating to
landscape protection, management and planning;
• contribute to the monitoring of the implementation of the ELC (Art. 10)
• allow Parties who wish to use this information system for national use;
• eventually provide an ‘observatory’ to analyse and highlight how a rapidly
changing society may benefit from caring for landscape;
• facilitate monitoring the development of landscape policies in accordance with
the ELC;
• maintain and develop cooperative landscape networks and encourage mutual
assistance and exchange of information between parties;
• provide effective information, facilitate the establishment of forums and an
interactive data network, and encourage people, especially young people, interested
in landscape;
• provide useful information for research and action
 Feedback is necessary from the independent experts/ organisations



• regional
deve-
lopment

• culture • educa-
tion
• agricu-
lture
• trans-
port
• econo-
my
• public
work
• foreign
affairs
• energy • spatial
plan-
ning
• tourism • nature
conser-
vation
• infra-
structu-
re

• rese-
arch
• water
mana-
gement
• forestry • climate
change
• cultural
heritage
• mineral
extrac-
tion
• rural
deve-
lopmet
• indus-try • local
deve-
lopment
• sustain-
able
develop.
• urban
plan-
ning
If the ELC suppose to be
„a benchmark to initiate a process of profound change in landscape policies“
The national landscape policy is a key.
If the ELC suppose to be
„a benchmark to initiate a process of profound change in landscape policies“
• DEFINITION OF “LANDSCAPE” IN LANGUAGES

• LEGAL DEFINITIONS OF THE TERM LANDSCAPE

• THE PLACE OF LANDSCAPE IN THE CONSTITUTIONS

• SPECIFIC LAWS RELATING TO LANDSCAPE

• GENERAL LAWS AND CODES RELATING TO LANDSCAPE
CONCLUSION ... for the FUTURE

Related Interests