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Landscape management needs

cooperation – examples from
Austria

Alois WILFLING

OIKOS – Institut für angewandte Ökologie & Grundlagenforschung
Hartbergerstraße 40/12
8200 Gleisdorf
Styria, Austria
++43 (0)676 544 8824
alois.wilfling@gmx.at
Landscape management needs cooperation
Landscape management in Austria
• Austria offers many examples for good landscape mangement,
but also…

• Austria is not part of the landscape convention.
• In times of globalization and climate change Austrian cultural
landscapes seem rather vulnerable.

• This is caused by various reasons, which affect all aspects from
agriculture to tourism and from nature conservation to rural
depopulation.

Landscape management in Austria
Landscape management in Austria

• Four examples show successful cooperation in landscape
management between land owners and different
authorities/organizations.
Landscape management in Austria
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 1
Nature communication in styrian nature parks
(orig. title: Naturvermittlung für Naturparkpartner, www.naturparke-steiermark.at)
• 92 enterprises for accommodation (hotels, guesthouses…) work to make
aspects of nature (conservation) their central tool.

• Landscape is not in touristic background any more.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 1
Nature communication in styrian nature parks
(orig. title: Naturvermittlung für Naturparkpartner, www.naturparke-steiermark.at)
• The hotels learn to take profit from a healthy environment and
natural habitats in a sustainable way.

• Partner group got +20.6% more guests within 5 years,
average in Styria 10.5%
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 1
Nature communication in styrian nature parks
(orig. title: Naturvermittlung für Naturparkpartner, www.naturparke-steiermark.at)
• Landscape resources are used in an innovative approach from
culinary to wellness and from nature program till the design of
the hotels.

Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 2
AGRI-COLA
• getting into a new dialogue with Austrian farmers to develop
innovative ways of sustainable land use for the future.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 2
AGRI-COLA
• How can the successful term and strategy of “ecological niche”
be transferred to “economical niche” in the diverse alpine
landscape and its management?
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 3
Farm management plans in Austria
Within the last two decades a system of on-farm advisory was
developed allowing Austrian farmers to keep up the management of
ecological highly valuable structures and habitats.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 3
Farm management plans in Austria
The OIKOS institute collected valuable experience in negotiating
management contracts between farmers and nature conservation
authorities.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 4
Young gardening - rural gardening
• For centuries landscape management in rural regions was the
basis for agricultural production to supply cities with healthy
food.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 4
Young gardening - rural gardening
• Gardens were the arks of genetic diversity both for edible and
decoration plants.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 4
Young gardening - rural gardening
• In the current “urban gardening trend” enthusiastic young
people develop new forms of agriculture. In the same time the
gardens maintained by the senior generation in the rural areas
diminish.
Landscape management needs cooperation – Example 4
Young gardening - rural gardening
• The project focuses on the ecological, economical, social and
political differences between ‘urban’ und ‘rural’.

• The project encourages new strategies of ‘creative rural
gardening’.
Landscape management needs cooperation
Landscape management needs communication
The 4 examples mentioned show that good communication is the
key factor of success. Taking the partners concerns, fears and wishes
for serious is the main issue.
Landscape management needs cooperation
Landscape management needs communication
Going into a dialogue with a good quantity of humor makes work
easier…
Thank you for your
attention!!!