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IMPLEMENTATION OF EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE

CONVENTION TO STUDENTS EDUCATION IN
ECOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

BOŘIVOJ ŠARAPATKA
PALACKÝ UNIVERSITY IN OLOMOUC
Olomouc is a prominent centre of education and culture. The history of
higher education in Olomouc began in 1566, when a Jesuit college was
established here. In 1573 this college was granted University rights,
identical with those of other European institutions of higher education.

The University of Olomouc, the second oldest university in the Czech lands
(after Charles University in Prague), spread its influence not only through
Moravia and Silesia, but also in Austria, Germany, Poland, Eastern Europe
and Scandinavia.
Palacký University is a public university with eight faculties:

- Sts. Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology
- Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry
- Faculty of Health Sciences
- Philosophical Faculty
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Physical Culture
- Faculty of Law


The University has about 24 000 students and over 1800
teaching staff.
Sciences were taught already at the old university of
Olomouc, founded by the Jesuit Order in 1573. The
reputation of their high standard was spread in the Czech
lands and abroad by the careers of several remarkable
persons, the best known is Georg Mendel, the founder of
genetics. After World War II the re-established university re-
introduced the study of sciences .

Now more than 2,500 students in B.Sc. and M.Sc.
programmes in the departments of the Faculty of Science
can obtain professional education in mathematics,
informatics, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, geology
and ecology. All doctoral programmes are accredited in
Czech as well as in English.
The Department of Ecology & Environmental Sciences

Research activities of our faculty members are concentrated into
several thematic domains:

- Basic ecology (population ecology, community ecology,
autecology …..),
- Ecology of agricultural landscape, agroecology, landscape
planning
- Soil science and soil ecology,
- Microbial ecology of streams and chemistry of water, ecology of
riverine landscape,
- Ecology and conservation biology of fauna and flora; nature
conservation with focus on landscape fragmentation, restoration
and biodiversity.
Our Department offers:
- undergraduate program in Ecology & Environmental Science
- graduate programs in Ecology & Environmental Science, and
Landscape Protection & Development
- doctoral study program (Ph.D.) in Ecology & Environmental
Science – Ecology major.

54 % of arable land - problems with water erosion
South
Moravia –
very
productive
region
MSc. theses
on land use optimization
Assessment of soil erosion and deposition using
137
Cs
The key assumption to use caesium-137 radionuclide as a erosion tracer is
finding of significant relationship between soil loss and radionuclide loss. Then
the spatial distribution of these radionuclides in the field can determine areas
of net soil loss (erosion) and net gain (deposition).
The assessment of
137
Cs redistribution is based on a comparison of measured
inventories (
137
Cs total activity per area) of a individual sampling point in the
field with an reference inventory (stable site, without erosion/deposition).

Flow accumulations
Landscape changes in Krupá catchment from
30´s of 20th century.
Important for soil degradation evaluation – research in
soil zoology
• Evaluation of a wide spectrum of species, mainly
mezoedafon. The samples are distributed to individual
families (Carabidae, Aranae, Opiliones, Chilopoda, Diploda,
Isopoda, larvae of all edaphon and others). Individuals are
identified to species.
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Pardosa agrestis
Pterostichus melanarius
20
• The most common method of
trapping of invertebrates on the
soil surface: pitfall traps, Berlese-
Tullgren containers and Winkler
extractors.
• For this project we used the
method with pitfall traps and
Berlese-Tullgren containers.

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Agri-envi measures – optimization of agricultural landscape
Insect evaluation in different landscape structure and management

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Water landscape elements – important part of our ladscape

Research of ponds – evaluation of 19. century and current situation
Ponds – East
Bohemia
MSc. theses on
landscape planning –
Jeseník
Bc. theses –
old apple varieties