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org -

[Trigonometry] Introduction, Types of Questions, Shortcut for

memorizing 30,45,60 for SSC CGL CDS

Introduction 1.

Types of Trigonometry Questions 2.

Trig: Height and Distance 3.

Introduction

From outside, trigonometry may look lengthy, boring, dicult,

tedious and frustrating. But it doesnt change the fact that

trigonometry as a topic important for SSC exams (CGL, FCI, CPIO

etc.) and CDS exam (Combined defense services).

In CGL-2012, at both Tier I and II, there were around 8 questions

from Trigonometry alone.

Based on the previous SSC papers, I classify the Trigonometry

questions mainly into 4 types

Types of Trigonometry Questions

1. Height and

distance related

Example String of a kite is 100 metres long

and it makes an angle of 60 with the ground.

Find the height at which the kite is ying.

Height and distance questions can be further

classied into ve subtypes, but most of them

can be solved pretty easily via Tan 30, 45 and

Mrunal [Trigonometry] Introduction, Types of Question... http://mrunal.org/2013/03/trigonometry-introduction-typ...

1 of 4 04/29/2013 04:54 PM

60.

The techniques and shortcuts are explained

my youtube videos.

2. Table related

For example nd value of

sin

4

30+cos

3

45*cosec

2

60+something like

that.

To solve such questions, youve to know the

sin cos tan cosec sec and cot values of 0, 30,

45, 60 and 90 angles. Again nothing dicult,

as long as you know the values.

3. Complementary

angles (90-A)

related

for example nd value of tan4 x tan 43 x tan

47 x tan 86.

4. Combo of

Trigonometry

formulas +

Algebra formulas.

For example nd value of (1+cotA-cosecA)

(1+tanA+secA)

Lets start with the rst type: Height and Distance related.

Trig: Height and Distance

These questions can be further classied into ve types

Type Example

1. One building

one angle

From a ground point that is 400 meters away from a

building, the angle of elevation is 30 degrees. Find

height of this building.

2. Broken trees

and telephone

poles

A tree breaks down due to storm and its top touches

the ground and makes an angle of 30. If the top of

that tree touches the ground 15 m away from the

bottom then nd the height of this tree

3. One building

two angles or

two shadows.

As angle of elevation of the sun increases from 30 to

60, Shadow of a building is reduced by 10 m nd

the height of this building.

4. Two buildings

two angles

From a 60 m tall building, the angle of depression of

the top and the bottom of a tower is 30 and 60

respectively. Find the height of this tower.

5. Find Speed

time or

distance.

A man on the top of building observes a car moving

at a uniform speed and coming directly towards the

building. It takes 12 minutes for the angle of

Mrunal [Trigonometry] Introduction, Types of Question... http://mrunal.org/2013/03/trigonometry-introduction-typ...

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depression to change from 30 to 45, how soon after

this, will the car reach the building?

In the books, you may have seen a big table containing values of sin

cos tan cosec sec and cot for 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90 angles. As far as

Height and distance is concerned, there is absolutely no need to

mugup that big n boring table because of following reasons

Most of the questions only have 30, 45 and 60 degrees. 1.

And To memorize the values of SIN, COS, TAN, COSEC, SEC and

COT for 30, 45, 60, Just remember the Topi Triangles

TM

technique. (Explained in following video)

2.

If the video is not visible, check it directly on my youtube channel

youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel

Above video also contains overview of the Height and Distance

Questions and its ve subtypes. How to solve each type of height and

distance questions, will be explained in depth in separate videos later

on. For more [Aptitude] related content, visit the Archive on

Mrunal.org/aptitude

Article printed from Mrunal: http://mrunal.org

URL to article: http://mrunal.org/2013/03/trigonometry-

introduction-types-of-questions-shortcut-for-memorizing-304560-

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