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Mock Test Paper – I


Science
Class X

Solution
Q1. If the bulb gets fuse due to larger current flow, heater will also stop functioning. So
they cannot be operated individually when connected in series.
Q2. It undergoes electrolysis, i.e., breaks down into hydrogen and oxygen gas.
electricity
 2H 2 (g)  O 2 g 
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2 H 2O (1) 
Q3. Those decomposition reactions which take place in presence of sunlight are called
photochemical decomposition reactions.
sunlight
2 Ag Cl s    2 Ag s   Cl 2 g 
Q4. It undergoes dispersion. It splits into seven constituent colours. VIBGYOR is the
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spectrum of colours formed.

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Q5. ‘X’ is NH3 (g). It dissolves in water forming NH4OH which turns red litmus blue

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which becomes colourless because NH3(g) is lost in atmosphere and water is left

Q6.
which is colourless.

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r
F
deflecting couple

a
D

Magnetic field lines

e C

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S
N B

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E

rectangular coil

w F
deflecting couple
A

X Y

w Brushes sliding contants

P
+
Q

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Q7. When Na2 CO3. 10H2O is left in air it loses 9 molecules of water.
Air
Na 2 CO3 .10 H 2O s    Na 2CO3 . H 2O  9H 2O 1
When Na2 CO3. 10 H2O is heated it loses all 10 molecules of water and becomes
anhydrous.
heat
Na 2CO3 .10 H 2O s    Na 2CO3 s  10H 2O 1
Q8. (i) kWh is the commercial unit of electrical energy.

(ii) Resistance of each 40 W bulb =


2202

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.r c
40
Net resistance when four 40 W bulbs are connected in series
2203

Current flowing in them = I =


V
R
=
220
4840
=
=R4

1
22
A
40

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= 4840 

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When one bulb fuses, continuity is broken and so there will be no current flow.

g
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Q9. The phenomenon of splitting of white light into its constituent colours on entering a
prism is called Dispersion. Violet colour deviates the most among all the colours.

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This is due to the reason that the refractive index of the medium of the prism is more
for violet than any other colour.

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Consider a prism A. when white light falls on it, it splits into seven constituent
colours. The violet colour deviates the most and red colour the least, as shown. If

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another prism B is placed such that they are as shown below, the light that emerges
out of A will be made to merge together to come out as white light.

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Q10. Energy consumed by

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Four 100 W bulbs = 31  6  100 = 18600 Wh

w Geyser of 1500 W= 31  2  1500 = 93000 Wh

Total energy = 111600 Wh


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111600
Energy in kWh = = 111.6 KWh
1000
Q11.

Metals Non-metals
(a) Metals form basic oxides. (a) Non-metals form acidic oxides.
(b) Metals form ionic hydrides (b) Non-metals form covalent

(c) Metals form ionic chlorides which (c)


hydrides
Non-metals form

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covalent

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are soluble in water chlorides which are mostly
insoluble in water.

metal is deposited.
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Q12. (a) Blue colour of copper sulphate becomes colourless and reddish brown copper

H
Zn s  Cu SO 4 (aq)  Zn SO 4 (aq)  Cu s 

passed.

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(b) Lime water turns milky but milkyness disappears when excess of SO2 is

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Ca OH 2  SO 2  CaSO3  H 2 O

r
White ppt

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Ca SO3  SO 2 H 2 O 

(c) Plaster of paris is obtained.


Ca HSO3 2
Calcium bisulphite (soluble)

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373K
2 Ca SO 4 2H 2 O   Ca SO 4 H 2O  H 2 O
2 2
Q13. (i) The incident ray, the refracted ray and the normal at the point of incidence,

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all lie on the same plane,

w (ii) The ratio


sin i
sin r
= n = constant.

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sin i c
n= and n = where
sin r v
c – velocity of light in free space
i – incident angle
r – refraction angle
v – velocity of light in the medium.

presence of cone H2SO4 to form pleasant fruity smelling compound called

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Q14. (i) Esterification. It is process in which carboxylic acid reacts with alcohol in

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ester.
conc H SO
2 4  CH COOC H  H O
CH 3COOH  C 2 H5 OH  3 2 5 2

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(ii) Addition reaction. Those reactions in which a molecule is added across double
or triple bonds are called additions reactions. E.g..,
Ni
CH 2  CH 2  H 2 
573 K

g H
 CH 3 – CH 3
(iii) Saponification. It is process in which an ester reacts with H2O in presence of

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alkali to form carboxylic acid and alcohol.
Na OH

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CH 3 COO C2 H 5  H 2O   CH 3COOH  C2 H 5 OH

Q15.
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(a) (i) Magnesium oxide (white powder) is formed:

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2 Mg s  O 2 g  2 Mg O s 

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(ii) Yellow ppt. of AgI is formed.
AgNO3 aq   KI aq   AgI s   KNO3 aq 

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(iii) Lime water turns milky.

w Ca OH 2  CO 2  Ca CO3  H 2O
lime water white ppt.

w (b) Indicators are substances which show difference in colours in different


medium. Beetroot is an example of natural indicator whereas methyl orange is
synthetic indicator.
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(i) Cu s  2 AgNO3 aq   Cu NO3 2 aq   2Ag s 

(ii) 2 Na l  2 H 2 O aq   2NaOH aq  H 2 g 

(iii) Ca CO3 s  2HCl aq   Ca Cl2 s   H 2 O l   CO 2 g 


electrolysis
(iv) 2H 2O g    2H 2 g   O 2 g 

(v) N 2 g   3H 2 g  2NH 3 g 

Q16. Refraction: When light enters from one medium into another, we say refraction takes

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places.
Laws of Refraction
(i) The incident rat, the normal and the refracted ray, all lie in a plane.
(ii)

refraction is a constant, i.e.,


sin i
sin r
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The ratio of the ‘sine’ of the angle of incidence to the ‘sine’ of the angle of

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= constant, for the light of a given colour

refraction.
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and for the given pair of media. This law is also known as Snell’s law of

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As light travels from a rarer to a denser medium, the wavelength and velocity
decreases while the frequency remains the same. Similarly, as light travels

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from a denser to a rarer medium, the wavelength and velocity increases, while
the frequency remains the same.

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Light bends on undergoing refraction. When light enters from rarer medium
into a denser medium, it will bend towards the normal. Similarly, when light

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gets into rarer medium from a denser medium, it will bent away from the
normal.

w Or

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(i)
10 

5
10 

+ – 5 volts
A

10  10 100
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(ii) Parallel of 10  R p    5
10  10 20

Req = Rp + R = 5 + 5 = 10

(iii) Current down = I =


V
R eq
=
5
10
= 0. 5 A
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Current through each 10 =

g H 0.5
2
= 0.25 A

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Current through 5  resistor = 0.5A
(iv)

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Potential across 5  resistor = 0.5  5 = 2.5 volt.

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Section – B

Q17. Hydro – electricity.


Q18. The harmful chemicals will enter the body of phytoplanktons thus slowing down their
growth.
Q19. (d) All of the above.
Q20. The usefulness of wildlife are: -
(i) They provide great aesthetic value for human beings.
(ii) They help in maintaining ecological balance.
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Q21. DDT enters the human body through various food chains. For example, in aquatic
ecosystem DDT enters phytoplankton, thus increasing its concentration in body of

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fishes when they onsume algae and reach the maximum level in the body of human
beings.
DDT in water  Phytoplankton and Zooplanktons  Fish  Man
o
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Q22. The harmful effects of the depletion of ozone layer causes skin cancer, cataracts or
other damages to the eye and immune deficiency.

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The possible reasons for the presence of holes in the ozone layer due to the use of

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chemicals like CFCs chlorofluorocarbons in aerosols and refrigerator coolants.
Q23. Sex chromosome is a chromosome that operates in the sex – determining mechanism

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of a species. Many animal have two different types of sex chromosomes.
For example, in mammals there is a large X chromosome and a much smaller Y
chromosome.
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The sex chromosomes present in male is XY and in female is XX.
Q24. The man-made environment through his various activities such as historical, cultural,
economic, political, social moral and aesthetic aspects of human life is known as

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socio-cultural environment.

Q25. (i)
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The socio-cultural environment affects the behaviour of human beings.
Heredity and Variation in Asexual Reproduction.

w  In asexual reproduction, organisms raised are the exact copies of their


parents.

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 They tend to preserve the similarities among all the individuals


belonging to a given line of descent.
 They exhibit very little variations due to some environmental factors or
mutations which are sudden changes in genes. Out of these two factors,
only mutations are heritable.
(ii) Heredity and Variation in Sexual Reproduction.
 In sexual reproduction, two parents are involved and there is formation


and fusion of gametes.

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The offsprings show variations from their parents due to crossing over

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and exchange of gene segments.
 They are not carbon copies of their parents, due to recombination of
parental genes. So, variations which occur are heritable.

land to arrest ground water decline.


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Q26. Water harvesting means the process used to capture every drop of water fallen on the

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The different water saving methods commonly used are as follows:

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(i) By digging small pits and ponds.
(ii) By putting simple water shed systems.

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(iii) By building small earthen dams.
(vi) By building sand and limestone reservoirs.

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(v) By setting up roof top water collecting units.

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The above methods are capable to recharge the ground water levels.

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Q27. (i) The transfer of pollen grains from the anther of a stamen to the stigma of carpel
is called pollination.

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Pollination takes place when pollen grains are carried from the anther to the

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stigma of the flower. Pollination is done by insects (like bees and butterflies),
birds, wind and water.

w It occurs in two ways – self pollination and cross – pollination.


Insects help in cross pollination as follows: When an insect sits on the flower of
a plant for sucking nectar then the pollen grains from the anther of this flower
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stick to its body. And when this insect sits another flower of other similar
plants, then the pollen grains sticking to its body are transferred to the stigma of
this second flower. In this way, the insect transfers the pollen grains from the
anther of a flower in one plant to the stigma of a flower in another plant causing
cross-pollination.
(ii) The sexual reproduction in plants takes place in the following steps:
(a) The male organ of flower called ‘stamen’ makes the male gametes (male sex

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cells) of the plants. These male sex cells are present in pollen grains.

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(b) The female organ of a flower called ‘carpel’ or ‘pistil’ makes the female

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gametes (female sex cells) of the plant. These female sex cells are present in
ovules.
(c) The male gametes present in pollen grains fertilise the female gametes present

(d)
(e)
in ovules.
The fertilised ovules grow and become seeds.
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The seeds produce new plants under suitable conditions of water, warmth, air
and light, etc.

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……..End of Paper……..

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