solidify from a molten state, crystals are formed and their atoms are arranged into orderly
2. metals account for a large percentage of the elements, but only a few are normally used in
manufacturing consumer and industrial products.
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 Different Kinds of Iron
9. contains at least 2% carbon and from 1-3 percent silicon
10. has a minimum of 10.5 percent chromium as the principal alloying element
11. heat-treated constructional alloy steels and ultrahigh-strength steels that are used for weight saving
12. metallurgically “clean:, high-alloy steels used for tools and dies and for parts that require resistance
to wear
13. A non-ferrous metal with high strength-to-weight ratio, good formability, and its own anticorrosion
14. lightest structural metal ;Has an excellent combination of low density and good mechanical
strength;High-strength-to-weight ratio
15. has moderate strength and ductility ; has excellent corrosion resistance; Used as a coating for steel
Extends the life of materials such as rubber and plastics
16. toxic but is very useful because it resists attack by corrosive chemicals, many soil types, and marine
and industrial environments
17. low melting point and is easily alloyed; Used in many solders and as a “tin-plate” coating for steel
18. excellent corrosion resistance and has a high-strength-to-weight ratio; 60 heavier than aluminum ,
but more than twice as strong as aluminum.
19. known for its ease of forming and joining, excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, attractive
color, and excellent corrosion resistance
20. used to harden steel, improve its resistance to abrasion and wear
21. describe materials that are large molecules composed of many repeat units that have been
chemically bonded into long chains
22. solid in its finish state
23. compounds containing plasticizers, filler, and other additives
24. materials used for packaging, low cost consumer products, and toys
25. cools from the melt, polymer chains fold or align into highly ordered crystalline structure
26. Tends to degrade rather than soften when exposed to excessive heat
27. Allows production scrap to be reground and reused
28., 29, 30. types of Commodity Plastics
31, 32, 33. 3 Examples of Polyolefins
34. The “poor man’s engineering plastic”; Can be compounded to be flexible or rigid
35. Amorphous; Low cost; competitive with higher-priced resins Family includes ABS, SAN, SMA, and
ASA copolymers with similar structural characteristcis
36. Crystal clarity; Outstanding weatherability
37. process of chemically bonding monomer building blocks to form large molecules.
38, 39, 40. Give 3 examples of thermosets
41. pellets are fed through a hopper into a heated barrel, where they are mixed with additives and
melted. The melted resin is then injected into the mold cavity.
42. premeasured material is loaded inside a two part metal mold, then heated in a large oven in the
second stage of the process while it is rotated about the two axes. This action tumbles the powder,
coating the inside walls of the mold. The part cools while rotating in a third or dwell stage and then is
removed in the unloading and loading station.
43. usually done with a two part mixture of a monomer, a catalyst, and additives, such as pigments,
fillers, and reinforcements.
44. pipe or tube is extruded horizontally and blown in moving molds
-Typical products that are formed are large hollow plastic containers for chemical and detergent liquids
and powders; very large hollow shapes such as bumpers for cars and floorboards for truck beds
45. In this process, a vacuum is used to suck a sheet heated to the sag point onto or into a mold.
Because the pressures are low, tooling is usually made of wood or aluminum and is relatively
46. process uses two or more components, as well as surfactants and additives. Additives include flame
retardants that react to form a cellular structure as they solidify in a mold or part.
• used to produce cushions and other forms in flexible polyurethane resins for the furniture
Give the complete meaning of the ff. acronyms:
47. HDPE
48. LDPE
49. PVC
50. PET
51. PS
52. ABS
53. ASA
54. PP
55. PC
56-58. Types of Styrenes
59-60. Types of Vinyls

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