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OWEN AND GOODSPEED
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University
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Oklahoma Press
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1978
An essential step in learning and using any language is the
acquisition of a working vocabulary. Many methods have
been devised to help with this acquisition, all of them stress-
ing the fundamental importance of mastering the words
most frequently used. The Owen and Goodspeed word-lists
in which Homeric terms are arranged according to frequency
of usage, divided into categories according to parts of speech,
and presented in an easy-to-use format are particularly
helpful.
The word-lists are based in part upon Gehring's famed
Index Homericus and are designed to help the student learn
Homeric words in a systematic way, thereby making the
reading of Homer a rewarding and natural experience.
WILLIAM BISHOP OWEN and EDGARJOHNSON GOOD-
SPEED were the authors of many articles and books on
classical subjects. CLYDE PHARR is professor of classical
languages in the University of Texas and author of Homeric
Greek: A Book
for
Beginners^ also published by the Univer-
sity of Oklahoma Press. It is his belief that Homeric Vocabu-
laries is indispensable for those who would begin the study
of Greek with Homer, as well as for those who would deepen
their knowledge of Greek.
University of Oklahoma Press
Norman, Oklahoma 73069
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HOMERIC VOCABULARIES
i-EBG2
1393
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010
http://www.archive.org/details/homericvocabularOOowen
HOMERIC
VOCABULARIES
Gree\ and English Word-Lists
for
the Study
of
Homer
BY
William Bishop Owen
AND
Edgar Johnson Goodspeed
New Edition, Rearranged and Enlarged,
and with a Foreword,
by
Clyde Pharr
UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS I NORMAN
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 68-31669
New edition copyright
1969
by the University of Oklahoma Press,
PubHshing Division of the University, Norman, Oklahoma. New
edition is revised and enlarged from the original edition published
by The University of Chicago Press. Manufactured in the U.S.A.
New edition first published
1969,
second printing,
1975.
FOREWORD
The course of English literature might have been different
if Keats, instead of looking into Chapman's Homer, could
have looked into Homer in Homer's own language. Hom-
er and the literature and thinking of his age continue to
present a rewarding field for today's scholars, both young
and old. This book is designed to make their efforts
easier, to facilitate their understanding and mastery of the
Homeric vocabulary.
An essential step in learning and using any language
is the acquisition of a working vocabulary. Many methods
have been devised to help with this acquisition, all of them
stressing the fundamental importance of mastering the
words most frequently used. The Owen and Goodspeed
word-lists, in which Homeric terms are arranged accord-
ing to frequency of usage, divided into categories accord-
ing to parts of speech, and presented in an easy-to-use
format, are particularly helpful.
The Homeric Vocabularies of Owen and Goodspeed
has been used successfully by teachers and students over
many years. If, during this long period of use, the book
has had any major defect, it has beenaccording to today's
studentsthe separation of the Greek words from their
English meanings. In previous editions, the Greek list was
in the first part of the book and the corresponding English
Foreword
list in the back part, an arrangement that, according to
some, required unnecessary and occasionally frustrating
labor. In this edition, the Greek word and its English
meaning are shown on the same page. This arrangement
and the addition of three indexes should make an im-
portant book even more useful.
Clyde Pharr
Austin, Texas
vt
PREFACE
This series of word-lists is the outgrowth of the convic-
tion that the ordinary way of acquiring Homeric vocabu-
lary is both wasteful and ineffectual. The chief difficulty
in learning to read Homer lies in the large and varied
character of the vocabulary required, and these lists have
been prepared in order to help the student to learn Hom-
eric words in a systematic and practical way. A moderate
number of words learned each day and constantly re-
viewed will rapidly enlarge the student's working vocabu-
lary, and steadily better his equipment for sight-reading.
He will gradually be emancipated from the constant use
of the lexicon, while his knowledge of Greek words will
gain rather than lose in precision and permanence. Each
day a few new words should be learned, and those pre-
viously learned should be rapidly
reviewed. The student
will very shordy find himself possessed of a vocabulary
which will gready facilitate the work of translation, and
make the reading of Homer at sight a pleasant and na-
tural exercise. In short, it is believed that the mastery of
these lists will secure for the student that
much-talked-of
thing, the abiUty to read Homer; and make of his study
of it a means, not simply of discipHne, but of enjoyment
and culture.
The Editors
Vll
PREFACE TO THE SECOND
EDITION
The demand for a new edition of these lists has given
us the opportunity to correct some misprints and to mod-
ify a few definitions. The numberings remain unchanged
throughout. Attention may be called to the fact that in the
statistics of verb occurrences, compounds have been reck-
oned with their primitives. In this we have followed the
procedure of Gehring's Index Homericus, upon the ma-
terials of which our statistics are based.
The Editors
tx
CONTENTS
Foreword v
Preface vii
Preface to Second Edition ix
Verbs
3
List I. Occurring 500-2,000 Times
4
List II. Occurring 200-500 Times
5
List III. Occurring 100-200 Times 6
List IV. Occurring 50-100 Times 8
List V. Occurring
25-50
Times 11
List VI. Occurring 10-25 Times
15
Nouns
23
List VII. Occurring 500-1,000 Times
24
List VIII. Occurring 200-500 Times
25
List IX. Occurring 100-200 Times 26
List X. Occurring 50-100 Times 28
List XI. Occurring 25-50
Times
31
List XII. Occurring 10-25 Times
36
Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Etc.
45
List XIII. Occurring 500-10,000 Times
46
List XIV. Occurring 200-500 Times
48
List XV. Occurring 100-200 Times
50
xi
Contents
List XVI. Occurring 50-100 Times
52
List XVII. Occurring
25-50 Times
55
List XVIII. Occurring 10-25 Times 60
Index to Verbs
71
Index to Nouns
75
Index to Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Etc. 80
xn
HOMERIC VOCABULARIES
VERBS
List II
Verbs Occurring
200-500 Times
14
List III
Verbs Occurring
100-200 Tir.ies
35
Occurring 100-200 Times
63
List IV
Verbs Occurring
50-100 Times
90
Occurring ^o-ioo Times
ii8
Verbs
151
Verbs
190
Occurring 2^-^o Times
224
Verbs
258
List VI
Verbs Occurring
10-25 Times
291
Verbs
319
Occurring 10-2^ Times
352
Verbs
385
Occurring 10-2^ Times
418
Verbs
451
Occurring 10-2^ Times
484
Verbs
517
NOUNS
List VII
Nouns
Occurring
500-1000 Times
I
List VIII
Nouns Occurring
200-500 Times
7
List IX
Nouns Occurring
100-200 Times
31
Occurring 100-200 Times
59
List X
Nouns Occurring
50-100 Times
77
Occurring ^o-ioo Times
105
Nouns
138
List XI
Nouns Occurring
25-50
Times
150
Nouns
178
Occurring 2^-^o Times
211
Nouns
244
Occurring 2^-^o Times
277
List XII
Nouns Occurring
10-25 Times
297
Occurring 10-2$ Times
325
Nouns
358
Occurring 10-2$ Times
391
Nouns
424
Occurring 10-2$ Times
457
Nouns
490
Occurring 10-2^ Times
523
Nouns
556
PRONOUNS
ADJECTIVES
ADVERBS
PREPOSITIONS, ETC.
List XIII
Pronouns, Adjectives,
Adverbs, Prepositions,
Etc., Occurring
500-10,000 Times
I
Occurring ^00-10,000 Times
26
45
Occurring 200-^00 Times
70
Occurring joo-200 Times
105
List XVI
Pronouns, Adjectives,
Adverbs, Prepositions,
Etc., Occurring
50-100 Times
129
Occurring 50-100 Times
154
Pronouns, Etc.
List XVII
Pronouns, Adjectives,
Adverbs, Prepositions,
Etc., Occurring
25-50
Times
dyavos
Pronouns, Etc.
241 dr/DCKews
242 avTodi.
243
af^ap
244
dc/)rtos
245
/Sa^vs
246 /3apv5
247
yepatos
248 SeiXos
249
Sctvov
250 Se^to?
251 8r;tos
252
Bt^v
253
877POV
254
8ta/u.7rpes
255
8ioycvr;s
256
Soldi
257
SoXlxoctkio^
Unerringly, truly
There, here
Instantly
Wealthy, rich in
Deep
Heavy
Old, aged
Cowardly, miserable
Dreadfully
Right (hand), propitious
Blazing, hostile
Long, for a long time
Long, for a long time
Through and through, forever
Sprung from Zeus
Two
Long-shadowy
258
SovptKA.vTos,SovpiKA.ctTo? Renowned in the use of the spear
259
8vcrixcvrj<s
260 SciSc/ca
261 kyyvOev
262 cyyvs
263
eiKO(TL, ietKOiTL
264
cKcTvos
265
c/XTreSo?
266 l/XTTr;?
267
vdev
268 cvvocrt'yaios
269
Ivoai^doiV
270
tvrocrdt
271
7ri;v
272
TpO)0V
273
eVKVqfJiLS
Hostile
Twelve
From near, near
Near
Twenty
That one, he
Firm, unshaken
Wholly, nevertheless
Thence, then, whence
Earth-shaking
Earth-shaking
Within
When, after
On the other side
Well-greaved
56
Occurring 2^-^o Times
274
Front
Occurring 2^-$o Times
341
List XVIII
Pronouns, Adjectives,
Adverbs, Prepositions,
Etc., Occurring
10-25 Times
375
Occurring 10-2^ Times
400
Pronouns, Etc.
Occurring 10-2$ Times
466
Pronouns, Etc.
499
'^^oxov, Uo^o.
500 ^o;(os
501
CTTteiKeXos
502
7rteiKr;s
503
7ricrTa/xevo>s
504
7rt;(^ovtos
505
kirTo.
506
iparuvo^
507
ipLf3o}\ai
508
e/)6y8ou7ros, e^i'SovTros
509
ipLrjpo<5
511 ipvOpoq
513
creov
514
kripoicre.
515
Tr^ru/>tov
516 eroL/xos
517 v8ixrjT0<;
518 Vpyr/s
519 V^CrTOS
520 eu^oo?
521 evpvdyvLO'S
522 evpvoTra
523 evpvxopos
524
vrUKT09
525 ^etSojpo?
526
rfydOeos
527
^epoetS?;?
528 rjfxa06.L<;
529 rjfJLKJVi
530 T^i/e/xoets
531 T^VKO/OtOS
Chiefly, by far
Pre-eminent
Like
Suitable
Skilfully
Earthly, upon earth
Seven
Lovely
With large clods, fertile
Resounding
Trusty
Glorious
Red
Hastily
Truly, truth
In the other direction
Actually, really
Ready
Well-built
Well-made
Well-scraped, polished
Well-polished
Wide-streeted
Wide-thundering
With broad lawns
Well-wrought
Grain-giving
Sacred
Misty, dim
Sandy
Half
Windy
Fair-haired
64
Occurring 10-2^ Times
532
Pronouns, Etc.
Occurring 10-2^ Times
Vp6e
Prom
Occurring 10-2^ Times
664
Pronouns, Etc.
INDEX TO VERBS
The numbers following the index entries refer to the frequency
listing of the verbs on pages 3-22.
Able (am),
45
Accept, receive,
44
Accomplish,
312, 410
Acquire, enjoy,
369
Admire, 292
Advance, attack,
393
Afraid, dread,
498
Aid, support,
317
Aim, prepare,
505
Am,
5, 76
Amazed at,
499
Ambush, lay,
376
Angry, ill,
250, 409
Anoint,
303, 526
Arm, 222,
235
Arouse, 28
Arrange, marshal, 408
Arrive, reach,
56
Ask, 101, 212, 215,
297
Atone for, pay,
279
Attend, bestow,
133
Awake, arouse,
98
Bathe,
241, 421
Bear,
31, 159, 458
Become,
17, 500
Before, 283
Beg, importune, 298
Begin, lead,
40
Bend,
339
Best, bravest, 318
Bethink, devise, 428
Bewail,
255
Bid, command,
39
Bind,
97
Blow,
294, 471
Bold,
384
Born, bear, 189
Break,
147, 163, 404
Breathe,
78
Bring,
84,
266
Build,
345
Burn, kindle, 114
Bury,
383
Call,
57, 184, 401
Care,
302, 365
Carry, win, 182
Cease, abate,
239
Chide,
367
Clatter,
314
Cleanse,
394
Cleave, slay,
341
Clothe, 104
Collect,
90
Come, 8, 21, 472
Command,
115, 483
Concern, 125
Conquer, 252
Conspicuous,
470
Contend, strive, 216
Contrive,
434
Counsel, devise,
245
Cover,
58,
475
Cower, hide,
474
Crowd, 204
Cry,
224,
445
Curl, wind,
364
Cut,
150,
435,
506
Dart,
36
Dazed,
327
Deal, wield,
254
Debate, ponder, 260
Deceive,
313
Defend,
38, 172
Deliberate, 186,
433
Delight, 82
Delude, 291
Deny,
306, 320
Depart,
71, 442
Desire,
242, 357,
420
Despoil, 208, 496
Die, killed,
55
Direct, 226
Disgrace, insult, 296
Dishonor,
324, 325
7'
Homeric Vocabularies
Disobey,
179
Distress, 168, 231
Distribute,
96, 129
Divide,
195
Divine,
425
Do, sacrifice, 105
Drag, 102, 361
Draw,
52, 328
Dread, fear,
43
Drink, 140
Drive, strike, 205
Dwell, inhabit, 68
Eager, press on, 66
Eat,
99, 217,
375
Empty, sack, 301
Enchant,
387
Encounter, 308-310
Encourage,
385
End, 81,
277
Endure,
154, 507
Enjoin, charge, 152
Enrage, anger, 160
Enter,
46,
201
Equip, prepare,
257
Escape notice, 240
Excel,
395
Exchange,
15
Exhaust, 511
Fall,
30
Fasten, hold,
93
Favor, 288
Feed, pasture,
335
Fetter,
462
Fight,
65, 122, 123
Fill,
139
Find, 108, 116
Fit,
94
Fix, build, 268
Flay,
347
Flee,
32, 508, 515
Flight, 284
Fling, hurl,
479
Flow,
146,
374, 436
Fly, 138
Fold,
473
Force,
333
Frequent,
476
Gather, tell,
63
Gaze at, 388
Gird, 380
Give,
4, 144, 287, 290
Go, 2, 6, 60, 69, 372,
441,
520
Going, about, 124
Grieve,
95, 329
Groan, lament,
274
Grow, 286,
293
Grudge, deny,
519
Guide, lead, 219
Hand over,
356
Harangue, speak,
35
Harm, slay,
349
Hate,
378
Have,
9, 430, 525
Heal, 300
Hear,
37, 299
Heard, cry out,
338
Hearken, 61
Heavy, charge,
337
Help,
451, 524
Hide,
230, 412
Hit, happen, 281
Hold, 106, 113, 523
Hope, 103
Hurl, 169
Impede, harm,
334
Increase,
457
Kill, 23, 156
Kindle, blaze,
194
King (am),
92, 332
Kiss,
414
Knock, smite,
234
Know, 26, 41,
211
Labor, 271, 466
Lack,
197
Lament, 131
Lash, whip,
427
Laugh, 190
Lead, i
Leader, command, 218
Lean, press, 213
Lean, sink, 118
Leap, 91,
221
Learn,
145
Leave,
24
Let, let go, 20,
47
Lie, 22, 422
Like (am), befit,
51
Live, 109
Loathe, hate,
494
Look, see,
346
Loose, release,
64
Lord, rule, 406
Lose, destroy,
27, 447
Love, 158
Mad, rage,
423
Make, 12, 83, 142, 316,
362, 368, 468, 490
March, move,
489
Marry, 188
Meet,
307,
311
Melt, 502
Miss, 120,
175, 469
Mix,
127,
399
Move,
19, 402, 481
Moved, vexed, 264
Mow, reap,
305
72
Index to Verbs
Name,
132,
453
Nod, 251
Nourish, rear,
155
Obtain,
237
Offer,
390
Open,
444
Order, arrange,
321
Overthrow,
214
Owe, ought,
263
Pass, 267, 272
Peer about, 265
Perceive, think,
70
Persuade,
29
Pierce,
464
Pity, 206, 207
Plant, plan, 521
Please, 176
Point out, show,
87
Ponder,
243, 431
Pound, shatter,
315
Pour,
34, 273, 417
Praise, 167
Pray,
53,
121, 181,
377
Press, impel, 210
Prick, pierce,
253
Prime,
381
Prize, honor, 278
Protect, help,
319
Pull, draw,
486
Pursue, speed, 198
Put to rest, 232
Quaking, whirl,
363
Quarrel, upbraid,
437
Quick, hasten, 488
Quiver,
323
Rage, angry, 522
Rattle, creak,
336
Reach, 227, 258
Rear, cherish,
326
Receive,
443
Rejoice,
89, 191
Relate, 128, 209
Remain,
25, 126
Remind, recall,
67
Report, 162
Rescue, save,
480
Respect, scruple, 166
Restrain,
371
Return,
130
Roast,
454
Rob, deprive,
177
Roll,
236
Rouse, move,
259
Rout,
405
Row,
370
Rub, wear out,
509
Rule over, 411
Run, III, 280
Rush, charge,
389
Sack, waste,
137
Sacrifice, 225
Sail, 270
Sate, satisfy,
407
Satiate,
330
Save, 148
Say,
13, 49,
no
Scared, flee,
352
Scatter,
397, 484, 485
Scorn,
452
Scream, ring,
403
Search after,
244
See, II, 100, 418, 456
Seek,
353, 424
Seem, appear,
355
Seize,
183,
426
Send,
77,
223
Separate, 119
Set, stand, 10
Set in motion,
134
Shake,
465, 482, 503
Shame,
295
Shatter, dash,
477
Shear, cut, 229
Shed,
342, 359
Shield, protect,
373
Shine,
238, 460, 514
Shoot,
446
Shout,
185,
449
Show, 86, 196
Shudder,
478
Shun, 171, 173, 174
Shut off, in, 202
Sigh, groan,
491
Sing, 165
Sit down,
48, 54,
112
Situated, inhabit, 248
Slaughter,
497
Slay,
350, 366
Sleep,
107, 392
Smile,
429
Smite, knock,
495
Spare,
516
Speak, 16,
33,
164
Speed, drive,
487
Split, cleave,
396
Spoke, said,
7
Spread,
467, 492
Spring,
135
Sprinkle, defile,
459
Stab, 261, 262
Start, rush, 80
Stir, mix,
413
Stop,
75
Stretch, 151,
275, 504
Strike,
50, 141, 249, 269,
282, 386
Subdue, tame,
42
73
Homeric Vocabularies
Suffer,
74
Supplicate,
340
Swim,
438
Take,
14, 62, 180, 416
Take a meal,
344
Taken, captured,
304
Take oath, 256
Talk, speak,
331
Tame, subdue,
343
Taste, enjoy, 461
Taunt, tease, 400
Teach,
193, 351
Test,
463
Think,
72, 88,
199
Threaten, 178
Throng, go,
448
Throw, smite,
3
Thrust, 161
Thunder, 200
Toil, suffer,
247
Tremble, dread, 510
Troubled,
289, 501
Try,
136
Turn,
85, 149, 419, 493,
512
Urge,
59, 73
Utter, speak,
517
Value, honor,
153
Wail,
192, 415
Wait, convey,
233
Wander, rove, 170
War,
143
Warm, delight,
391
Wash,
439, 440
Waste,
157, 518
Watch, guard, 285
Wear, out,
276
Weave,
513
Wed,
455
Weep, 117
Wet, moisten,
348
Whirl,
354
Will, wish, 18, 187
Wipe away,
450
Wish to sleep,
398
Wonder, 220, 382
Wont,
358
Woo,
246
Work,
79, 228, 322
Wrap, envelop,
360
Wroth,
432
Yield,
203
Yoke,
379
74
INDEX TO NOUNS
The numbers following the index entries refer to the frequency
of the nouns on pages
23-44.
Abode,
479
Aegis, 302
Age, 186
Air, 156
Ambrosia,
315
Ambush,
445
Anguish,
84
Appearance, 196
Argeiphontes,
167
Armor, 200
Arms, tackle,
71
Arrow, 119, 216
Ash-tree, shaft,
453
Assemblage,
153
Assembly, speech,
77
Axe, 502
Back,
247, 455
Bank,
495
Bard, 165
Barley, 312
Basket,
405
Battle, 169
Batdement,
372
Beam, tree, 11
Beast,
390
Beauty,
404
Bed,
96, 346, 440
Beginning,
323
Belly, womb, 182
Bird,
250, 253
Birth,
183, 341
Blast, gust,
393
Blood, 31
Blossom,
316
Boar,
407
Board, door,
525
Bolt, 227
Bone,
255
Booty,
441
Border, edge,
377
Bosom, fold,
425
Bow,
72, 335
Bowl,
234
Brain,
359
Breast,
69, 447, 533
Breast-plate, 215
Breath,
329, 505
Bride, lady, 246
Brother, 224, 299
Brow,
493
Builder,
540
Bull,
539
Caldron,
438
Cap, helmet,
235
Car, chariot, 125
Care, mourning, 226
Cave,
275, 317
Chair, 100, 420
Chamber,
98, 550
Champion, 265
Chariot,
82,
93
Charioteer, 211
Chariot-fighter,
401
Chariot-man, 217
Cheek,
498
Chief,
170
Child,
24, 138, 139
City,
27, 36,
268
Cliff,
528
Cloak,
145, 289
Clothing,
375
Cloud,
244, 469
Cloud-gatherer,
243
Combat,
559
Command,
381
Companion,
16, 484
Comrade,
99
Conflict,
190,
286
Contest,
155
Copper, bronze,
30
Corpse, 1
1
3
Couch, bed, 236
Counsel, plan,
87, 241
Counsellor,
461, 462
75
Homeric Vocabularies
Courage, 388
Courtyard,
175
Cow, ox,
39
Crash, thunder,
433
Crest,
229,
444
Cry,
176,
394
Cup,
434
Dance, place,
566
Darkness,
383, 421, 531
Dawn, morning,
48
Day,
46
Death,
50, 103
Deceit,
192
Deck, ribs,
397
Defense, valor, 80
Depth,
333
Desire, wish,
364
Destruction,
120,
443
Diaphragm,
29, 511
Dm,
354, 482, 491
Dismissal, 262
Ditch,
279
Divinity,
90
Dog,
56
Door, gate, loi
Doorway, porch,
512
Dream,
488
Drink,
263, 510
Dust, ashes,
107
Eagle,
303
Ear,
256
Earth,
8,
143, 157, 257,
339
Effort,
532
End,
280, 501
Erinys,
373
Escort,
509
Estate,
542
Evil, 222
Excellence, 168
Eye,
64, 123, 485
Eyelid,
179
Face,
513
Falsehood,
571
Family, race, 184
Fat,
351
Fate,
264, 480
Father,
25
Fatigue, toil,
223
Fawn,
467
Fear,
348
Feast,
91
Feather, wing,
515
Female, slave,
94
Fetter,
189
Field, country,
152
Fight,
57
Fire, 68
Fish,
403
Flame, blaze,
554
Fleece,
435
Flesh, meat,
233
Flight,
291
Flock,
516
Flood, stream,
524
Folly,
326
Food,
194, 363, 365
Foot, 28
Foot-stool,
391
Force, violence,
38
Forehead,
457
Form,
556
Fortune,
481
Frame, build, 188
Fruit, grain,
409
Gain,
417
Gall, wrath,
146
Garment,
95,
518
Gate, 131
Gift,
44, 185,
474
Girdle,
384
Girl,
54
Gleam,
327, 526
Glen, ravine,
334
Glory, no,
379
Goat,
78
Goat-herd,
305
Goblet,
92
God, 2
Goddess,
51
Gold, 148
Grace, charm,
561
Groaning,
534
Ground,
344
Guide, leader,
207
Gust,
301
Hair,
392, 426, 560
Hall,
19
Hand, 6
Handmaid, 81
Harbor,
238
Head,
52, 102,
232, 408
Head-band,
428
Heap, strand,
214
Heart,
3, 97, 104, 108
Hearth,
376
Heaven,
124
Hecatomb,
197
Hedge, court,
204
Helmet,
228,
547
Help, helper, 201, 486
Herald,
105
Herb, drug, 288
Herdsman,
336
Hero, warriorj
47
Hog,
527
Holder,
494
76
Index to Nouns
Horn,
415
Horse,
17
Horseman, 218
Host,
135, 195
House,
12,
43, 62, 358
Housekeeper,
537
Husband, spouse, 129
Hut,
53
Ignorance,
330
Innermost part,
465
Insolence,
549
Insult,
446
Iron,
273
Island, 114
Ivory,
369
Joint, limbs,
89
Joy, 562
King,
37
Knee,
40
Labor, toil, 128
Lake,
442
Lamb, sheep, 171
Lamentation, 88
Lance,
360
Land, 212,
565
Law, right, 213
Leader,
173, 254, 208,
297
Leaf,
557
Life,
149, 178
Life-time,
306
Light,
140
Limb, member,
454
Line of batde, 287
Lion, III
Lip, rim,
563
Longing,
399
Lookout, watch,
529
Lord, king,
7
Lot,
160,
419, 463
Love,
141, 205
Lute, lyre,
555
Man, I,
9, 35, 142
Marriage, 181
Mast, loom, 221
Meadow,
439
Meal,
187
Measure,
456
Messenger,
151
Might,
58, 411
Mind, thought, 60
Missile,
85
Mist, darkness,
331
Mistress,
130, 350
Month,
452
Mother,
20,
448
Mound, tomb,
548
Mountain, 122
Mourning, 260
Mouth,
278
Mule, 209
Multitude,
504
Murder,
292
Muse,
464
Name,
489
Native land,
499
Necessity,
163
Neck,
177, 345
Need,
147
Night, 61
Noise, roar,
387
Nose, nostril,
523
Nurse,
546
Oar, 202
Oath, victim,
251
Ointment,
311
Olive-oil, 198
Olive-tree,
367
Order, ornament,
427
Pain,
79, 249
Palm, hand,
496
Parent, 282
Part, fate,
59
Path,
225
Pen, fold,
276
Penalty, price,
507
People,
18, 42
Pillar,
418
Plain,
65
Plans,
458
Plough-land,
172
Point,
161,
309
Portico,
304
Possession,
109,
431, 569
Power,
357
Prayer,
322, 380,
Price, honor, 281
Prize,
154, 300
Prodigy,
543
Property,
432
Pyre,
270
Quarrel,
242
Queen,
332
Quiver,
553
Race,
355, 558
Raft, boat,
535
Rain,
483
Ransom, 166
Reins, 210
Reproach,
487
Return,
115
Rim, 318
River,
67
Road, way,
298
Robe,
503
Rock, cliff, 126
Rod, wand,
517
77
Homeric Vocabularies
Rope, arms,
490
Row, rank,
277
Rug,
521, 538
Ruin, folly,
174
Ruler,
239
Rumor, glory, 106
Runner, guide,
352
Rush, sweep,
374
Sacrifice, 219
Sail, 402
Sailor, 466
Salt, sea,
33
Sand,
570
Sandals, 500
Savor, fat,
423
Scale, talent,
536
Sea,
49,
66
Season, time, 296
Seat,
361, 362
Seer,
449
Shame, respect, 158
Shape, phantom,
366
Sheep, 112, 118
Shepherd,
127, 472
Shield,
83, 132
Shin, 422
Ship,
4
Shoot, twig,
477
Shore,
308, 386
Shoulder,
76
Shout, 86
Sigh, token,
133
Silver, 321
Sinew, 220, 468
Sister, 412
Skin,
75, 349,
522
Sky,
159
Slave, 191
Sleep,
74, 424
Smoke, 406
Son,
5
Song, 164
Son-in-law,
338
Space, place,
295
Spear, lance,
13
Spearman, 162
Spit,
476
Spoils,
371
Spring,
429
Staff, scepter,
274
Stag, 368
Star,
325
Stature,
451
Step, altar,
337
Stern-cable,
514
Stone,
237, 436, 564
Stone,
436, 564
Stranger,
23
Strap,
398, 541
Stream,
271, 519
Strength, 231, 272
Strife,
203
Suitor, 21
Sun,
45
Supper,
193
Suppliant,
396
Surf,
520
Sweat,
395
Swine,
137, 551
Swineherd,
136, 552
Sword, 116,
290, 319
Table,
283
Tear,
41
Tempest,
437
Temple,
470
Temple (human),
430
Thigh,
240
Thigh-pieces, 460
Thought, plan,
471
Threshing-floor,
313
Threshold,
258
Throng, 121
Thunder-bolt,
416
Tidings, 150
Time,
294
Tin,
413
Tongue, language,
340
Tooth, 248
Torch,
343
Tower, 269
Town, citadel, 267
Treasure,
414
Tree,
347, 356
Trembling,
545
Tripod, 284
Tunic,
144
Usage, justice,
353
Vagabond, 310
Victory,
245
Voice,
259, 293,
328
Wagon,
314, 320
Wall,
70, 544
Want, need,
567, 568
War, battle, 26, 266
Warrior,
324, 508
Watchman,
530
Water,
73
Wave,
55
Way, journey, 117
Wheat, food,
134
Whip,
450
Wife,
32, 307, 497
Will,
400
Wind,
34, 180,382,473,
492
Wine,
63
Witness, oath, 252
78
Index to Nouns
Woe, 261, 478
Work, deed,
15
Year,
199, 378
Woman,
10, 342
Wound,
370, 572
Yearning, lack, 506
Wonder,
389
Wrath,
459
Yoke, 206
Wood,
285,
475
Wrist, 410
Youth,
230, 385
Word,
14,
22
79
INDEX TO PRONOUNS, ADJECTIVES,
ADVERBS, ETC.
The numbers following the index entries refer to the frequency
listing of pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, etc., on pages
45-70.
Above,
363, 552
Accordingly,
695
Actually, really,
515
Aegis-holding, 131
Afar, from,
694
Again,
52, 89, 91, 497
Against,
382, 420
Ah!,
375
Alas!, 190
Alive, 156
All,
87,
662
All day, 629
All night, 630
All sides,
329
All sorts,
330
Alone, no,
313
Along,
75, 631
Already, now,
98
Altogether,
327,
328
Always, 82, 132
Ambrosial, 229
Among, after,
64
Ancient, old, 628
And, 20, 21,
293
Another place,
406
Another time, 228
(Anticipatory),
23, 48
Anywhere, 118, 640
Apart,
319
Around, about,
71
As,
43,
215, 286, 607
Ashen, 586
As if,
373
As long as,
279
As much as,
326
Assembled, 610
At least,
7
At same time,
46
Away, apart,
234,
418
Back,
92, 710
Backward, 176, 185
Bad, cowardly, 62
Badly,
553
Barren,
444
Bath-tub,
436
Beautiful,
63,
186
Before,
114, 119, 191,
192, 193. 332
Behind,
175,
311
Below, under,
598
Beneath, below,
707
Bent,
454, 483, 559
Beside, by,
36
Best,
51, 715
Better,
135, 299, 367, 432
Blameless,
85
Blazing, 251
Blessed,
305
Bloody,
389
Blue, dark,
576
Bold, daring,
540
Both, 86, 136, 157;
sides,
230, 414, 478
Boundless,
424, 425
Brazen, 211,
369
Bright, 208
Broad,
97
Bronze-clad,
371
Bronze-shod,
370
Burning,
387
But, I,
4, 8, 88, 107
By far, 624
Careful, good, 562
Cheerful,
343
Chiefly, by far,
499
80
Index to Pronouns, Etc.
City-sacking, 666
Clear,
165, 583
Clearly,
673
Clods (with),
507
Close,
195, 345, 669
Close-footed,
475
Compact, strong,
351
Contriving, 656
Counseling,
448
Countless,
314
Cowardly,
248, 416
Crafty, 189
Crowded, 226
Curved,
412, 570
Daring, bold,
533
Dark,
105, 566, 567
Dark-prowed,
577
Dear, own,
42
Dearest, 368
Dear to Ares,
237
Dear to Zeus,
466
Deathless,
45
Deep,
245
Delight in thunder, 688
Destined,
392
Destructive,
323,
620
Divine,
54
Divinely,
289, 536
Double-cupped,
413
Doubtless,
538
Down, 22
Dreadful,
133, 147, 249,
390
Duly, kindly,
491
Each,
55
Early-born, 284
Earth-holding,
451
Earthly,
504
Earth-shaking, 268, 269
Easily,
347, 671
Eddying,
468
Elsewhere,
402, 404
Enduring,
341,
353
Equal,
151, 161, 422
Equally,
548
Ever, once,
72
Every, all,
37
Every way,
331
Extreme,
344
Face, 661
Fair(er),
556, 557
Fair-cheeked,
555
Fair-fleeced,
554
Fair-haired,
531
Fair-tressed,
275
Famous,
568
Far,
306, 356, 477, 692,
693
Far-working,
476
Fat, fertile,
335
Fateful,
485
Fearful,
679
Female,
537
Fiery-hearted, 146
Fifty,
635
Finely,
558
Firm(ly),
265, 484
First, 120, 121, 665
Fish (abounding),
551
Fleet-footed,
338
Fond of war, 716
For, namely, 6
Forever,
254
Former,
194
Forth, out, 292
Forthwith,
83
Forty, 689
Forward,
663, 664
Four,
690
Friendship, 602
From,
50, 650
Fruitless,
401
Full,
643
Gentle,
378
Gladly,
439
Glancing helm,
301
Gleaming, 223
Gleaming-eyed,
144
Glorious, 162, 302, 510,
578
Godlike, 138, 288,
547
Golden, 212, 213
Golden-throned,
723
Good,
80, 96, 276
Good cheer,
479
Grain-giving,
525
Grateful,
590
Great, 25, 204, 308, 309,
340, 697
Great-hearted, proud,
169, 170
Greatly, 104
Green, yellow, 722
Ground (to, on),
372,
717, 718
Guilty,
393
Half,
529
Happy, 608
Hard, 140,
210
Hastily, 512
Hateful,
352
Haughty, 708
He, this, who,
31
Heart-grieving,
541
Heaven(ly), 622, 623
Heavy,
246, 321
Helpless,
409
8i
Homeric Vocabularies
Here, where,
355
Highest, 706
High-roofed,
713
High-spirited,
709
Him, her, it, 28,
34
His, her, own,
57
Hither, here,
95,
148
Hollow,
145, 163
Homeward,
174
Honey-sweet,
587, 588
Horse-breeding,
546
Horse-taming,
295
Hostile,
259, 487
How(?) ee,
178, 346
I, 10
If, II, 81, 282
Illegitimate, 600
Immortal,
384, 408
Impetuous,
291
In,
14
Indeed,
9, 26,
594
Inexpressible,
238
Inextinguishable,
437
Infant,
172
In order,
498
Instantly,
243
Into, 12
In truth; pray?,
19
Invincible,
376
Iron (of),
677
Javelin,
399
Joined, shod,
569
Just as,
374
Known,
455
Last,
670, 711
Late(r),
625, 712
Lawns (with),
523
Left, ill,
433
Like,
240, 324, 474, 486,
501, 542,
611
Little,
322, 595, 609, 633,
701, 702
Lofty, 207
Long,
167, 470;
ago,
627;
time,
252,
253, 465
Long-haired,
300
Long-shadowy,
257
Lovely, 506
Made, built,
652
Male,
435
Man-destroying,
450
Man-slaying,
417
Merely, as is,
143
Middle,
106, 592
Might(y) 102, 296, 298,
365,549,560,573,574
Mild,
283, 310
Miserable, 166
Misty, dim,
527
Modest, respected, 222
Moist, wet,
703
Monstrous,
634
More,
168,
336, 644
Morning,
532
Mortal,
93, 290, 561, 591
Most,
103,
337
Mournful,
582, 682
Much,
39,
116, 117, 188
My, mine,
56
Naked,
456
Near, 130, 197, 219, 239,
261, 262,
379, 473,
645, 646
Native,
115
Neither, nor,
68, 312
New, young,
171
Newer, under,
599
Newest, last,
597
Nimble, swift,
580
Nine,
492;
days,
493
No longer, 181,
593
No one, nothing, 619
Nor, not even,
35
Not,
27,
33
Nourishing, 660
Now,
29, 108, 316
O, oh!,
79
Often,
654
Of what sort, 1 1
1
,
653
Old, aged,
247
On account of,
154
On both sides,
47
One,
150,
544
One another,
84
On foot,
334
Opposite,
137, 139, 231,
232, 419, 421, 488,
489
Or, than, 18, 285
Other, 2,
155
Other direction,
514
Other side, 272
Otherwise,
407
Our, ours,
158
Out, out of,
13
Outside,
480, 481
Over, 206
Ox, of oxen,
447
Ox-eyed,
449
Painful, 225
Passionate,
543
Paternal,
632
Peeled,
581
Pitiless,
317
Pleasing,
719
Poor, beggar,
667
Possessed,
458
82
Index to Pronouns, Etc.
Pouring arrows,
545
Pre-eminent, 500
Prudent, 187
Purple,
342
Quick(ly), 198, 214, 572
Ram,
434
Ready,
516
Red, 511
Renowned,
258, 377, 637
Resounding,
508
Return (of), 601
Right (hand),
250, 462
Right, just,
467
Ripe,
636
Rosy-fingered,
348
Rough, rugged,
698
Rugged, 626
Ruling,
164
Sacred,
159, 526
Safe, 680, 681
Sagacious,
657
Same, self,
5
Sandy, 528
Scraped, polished,
603
Sea (of), 400
Sea-traversing,
658
Secondly, next,
463, 464
Secretly,
579
Seven,
505
Shady,
678
Shameless,
415
Sharp, 112, 614, 641
Sharpened,
395
Sharp-pointed, 615
Shining,
209, 388, 584,
675
Silent(ly),
349, 396, 397,
676
Silver,
235
Silver-footed,
430
Silver-studded,
429
Single-hoofed,
315
Six,
495
Skilfully,
503
So (then),
3, 127, 696
Soft, gentle,
307
So long,
205, 691
Somehow,
196
Someone, anyone,
41
Some time, 651
Somewhat, 201
So much,
359
Speedily, 200,
534
Spirited,
364
Splendid,
129
Sprung from Zeus,
255
Starry,
440
Steadfast,
589
Steeds (swift), 686
Steep,
134, 391
Sternly,
366
Still, yet,
59
Stout-hearted, 685
Straight,
294
Straightway,
90
Strange,
403, 405
Strong(er), 160, 411, 550,
575
Studded, bossed, 613
Such, 202, 203, 358
Suddenly,
496
Suitable, 502
Sweet, 280, 452, 453
Swelling, 287
Swift(ly),
99,
128,
199,
297, 539.
672
Swift-footed,
647, 725
Swift-sailing,
724
Ten,
460
Tender,
423, 687
Tenth,
461
Terribly,
350
That, because,
179
That, one, he, loi,
264
Their,
683, 684
Themselves,
76
Then,
77,
125
Thence,
267, 563
There,
15, 141, 142, 242,
564
Therefore, 182, 360
Thereto, to,
73
Thereupon,
58
Thick(ly),
333,
380, 621,
668
Third,
699,
700
This,
30, 65, 69
Thither,
565
Thou,
40
Thoughdess,
446
Three, 361
Thrice, 362
Throngs,
233
Through,
53
Thus,
44,
184
Thy, thine,
74, 354
Today,
674
Together,
325, 383,
410,
612
To-morrow,
445
Too,
304
Topmost,
224, 398
Truly, truth,
513
Trusty,
509, 642
Twelve, 260, 471
Twenty, 263
Two,
94, 256, 469
B3
Homeric Vocabularies
Under,
78
Unerring(ly),
241, 318
Unfeeling,
427
Unhappy,
472
Unharmed, 426
Unseemly, 220, 381
Untiring,
394
Unwearied,
442
Unwilling, 221
Up,
49
Upon, on,
17
Upright, erect, 618
Upward, aloft,
714
Valiant, 227
Valorous, 217
Varied,
339
Verily, indeed,
585
Very,
24, 38
Vigorous,
385
Warlike,
236
Warm,
535
We, 61 ; both,
173
Wealthy,
244
Wedded,
571
Weeping,
459
Welcome, glad,
438
Well, 60
Well-built,
274, 517
Well-decked,
277
Well-greaved,
273
Well-made,
518
Well-polished,
520
Well-scraped,
519
Well-wrought,
524
When, 16, 32, 271, 278,
281
Whence,
604, 649
Whenever, when,
177
Where, 100, 109, 616,
659
Wherefore, 183
Whichever, 617
While, until,
70
White-armed,
303
White-toothed, 428
Whither.', how?,
639
Who,
67, 124
Whoever,
113, 180
Wholly, 266
Why, pray?,
357
Wicked,
441
Wide-streeted, 521
Wide-thundering,
522
Wild, savage, 218
Willing, 482
Wind-swift,
648
Windy,
530
Wine-colored, 606
Winged, 122, 638
With bow,
431
Within, 152, 153, 270,
490, 494
Without,
443
Wondrous, 216
Wooded,
704
Worse,
720, 721
Would that,
386
Wretched,
605
Wrought,
457, 655
Yea,
596
Yellow, blond,
320
Yet, 123
You, 126
Your, yours,
705
Zeus-nurtured,
149
84
Other
Oklahoma Books on the Latin Classics
URBANITAS: Ancient Sophistication and Refinement., by Ed-
win S. Ramage.
239 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-1063-5.
DEEDS OF FAMOUS MEN (DE VIRIS ILLUSTRIBUS): Critical
Text and Translation., translated and edited by Walter K.
Sherwin,
Jr.
222 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-1027-9 (hardback);
0-
8061-1109-7 (paper).
MODERN LATIN: Book One, by
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(hardback); 0-8061-1046-5 (paper).
MODERN LATIN: Book Two, by
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0-8061-1183-6
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ISBN: 0-8061-0960-2.
THE ROMAN ELEGIAC POETS, edited, with introduction and
notes by Karl Pomeroy Harrington. 444 pages. ISBN:
0-8061-
0783-9.
THE ODES OF HORACE, translated by Helen Rowe Henze.
229 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-0503-8.
READING LATIN POETRY, by Roger A. Hornsby. 286 pages.
ISBN:
0-8061-0741-3.
THREE TRAGEDIES OF SENECA: Hercules Furens, Troades,
Medea, edited, with introduction and notes by Hugh Mac-
Masters Kingery. 322 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-0686-7.
HORACE: Satires and Epistles, edited, with introduction and
notes by Edward P. Morris. Foreword by
John
L. Heller. 239
pages. ISBN:
0-8061-1176-3.
SELECTED EPIGRAMS OF MARTIAL, edited, with introduc-
tion and notes by Edwin Post. 454 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-0738-3.
TIBULLUS: A Commentary, edited, with an introduction by
Michael C.
J.
Putnam. 210 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-1061-9.
UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI CLASSICAL STUDIES II:
Lectures in Memory
of
Louise
Taft Semple, Second Series,
1966-1970, edited by C. G. Boulter and others. 408 pages.
ISBN:
0-8061-1062-7 (hardback); 0-8061-1 178-x (paper).
Other Oklahoma Books on the Greek Classics
LUCIAN: Seventy Dialogues^ edited, with introduction and
commentary by Harry L. Levy. 394 pages. ISBN:
0-8061-
1260-3.
STUDIES IN FIFTH-CENTURY ATTIC EPIGRAPHY, by
Donald W. Bradeen and Malcolm F. McGregor. 157 pages.
ISBN:
0-8061-1064-3.
AESCHYLUS: The Oresteia, Done into English Vers ^ from a
Scientifically Conservative Greek Text, edited by Douglas
Young. 200 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-1143-7.
DEMOSTHENES: Six Private Speeches, with an introduction
and commentary by Lionel Pearson. 294 pages. ISBN:
0-8061-
0974-2.
HOMERIC GREEK: A Book
for
Beginners, by Clyde Pharr.
433
pages. ISBN: 0-806 1-0449-x.
LYSIAS: Selected Speeches, edited by Charles Darwin Adams.
Foreword by Harry L. Levy. 400 pages. ISBN: 0-806 1-092
5
-i.
SELECTIONS FROM HERODOTUS, edited, with introduction
and notes by Amy L. Barbour.
398 pages. ISBN:
0-8061-
0599-2.
A HOMERIC DICTIONARY FOR SCHOOLS AND COL-
LEGES, by Georg Autenreith, translated by Robert P. Keep,
revised by Isaac Flagg. 318 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-0394-9.
A LEXICON OF THE HOMERIC DIALECT, by Richard
John
Cunliffe. 455 pages. ISBN: 0-8061-0571-2.
XENOPHON'S ANABASIS: Books I-IV, edited by Maurice W.
Mather and Joseph W. Hewitt. 522 pages, illustrated. ISBN:
0-8061-0537-2.
HOMERIC VOCABULARIES: Greek and English Word-Lists
for
the Study
of
Homer, by William Bishop Owen and Edgar
Johnson Goodspeed. 96 pages. ISBN:
0-8061-0828-2 (paper).
University of Oklahoma Press
Norman, Oklahoma 73069