COUNTRY

PROGRAMME
DOCUMENT
2008 - 2009
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
ZAMBIA
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
2
Excerpts from this publication may be reproduced
without authorisation, on condition that the source is
indicated.
© United Nations Human Settlements Programme
(UN-HABITAT), 2008.
Photo credits: © UN-HABITAT/George Ntonya
HS Number: HS/1063/08E
ISBN Number(Series): 978-92-1-132030-5
ISBN Number:(Volume) 978-92-1-132057-2
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publications can be obtained from
UN-HABITAT Regional and Information Offices or
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Website: http://www.UN-HABITAT.org
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 4
MINISTER 5
SITUATION ANALYSIS 6
National urban policy context 6
Focus area 1: Advocacy, monitoring and partnerships 6
Focus area 2: Participatory urban planning, management and governance 7
Focus area 3: Pro-poor land and housing 7
Focus area 4: Environmentally sound basic urban infrastructure and services 8
Focus area 5: Strengthened human settlements finance systems 9
Urban sector capacity development needs 10
RECENT AND ON-GOING WORK 11
UN-HABITAT 11
Partners 12
STRATEGY 13
National development goals and priorities 13
UN-HABITAT’s proposed strategy for the sector 13
Programme objectives 15
Urban sector priorities 15
IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS 16
Key principles 16
Information 16
PROGRAMME FRAMEWORK 17
RESULTS/RESOURCES BY THEMATIC COMPONENT 17
REQUIRED BUDGET 20
BIBLIOGRAPHY 22
ACRONYMS 22
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 25
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
4
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
In April 2007, the Governing
Council of UN-HABITAT
approved our 2008-2013
Medium-Term Strategic
and Institutional Plan. This
plan intends to promote the
alignment of UN-HABITAT
normative and operational
activities at country level.
The UN-HABITAT Country
Programme Documents (HCPD) are tangible
components of this Plan as well as a genuine
endeavour of UN-HABITAT to better coordinate
normative and operational activities in a consultative
and inclusive process involving UN-HABITAT’s
in-country focal points, UN-HABITAT Programme
Managers, national governments, UN country teams,
sister-UN agencies, development partners and all
divisions of our Agency.
The UN-HABITAT Country Programme Documents are
strategic tools meant as a guide for all UN-HABITAT
activities over a two-year period. A major dimension
of the UN-HABITAT Country Programme Document
is to advocate UN-HABITAT’s mandate and address
the urban challenges facing the world’s developing
countries.
The UN-HABITAT Country Programme Documents
identify national urban development goals and
priorities including shelter, urban governance,
access to basic services and credit. Important cross-
cutting issues such as the environment, gender,
responses to disasters, and vulnerability reduction
are also addressed. The UN-HABITAT Country
Programme Documents focus on UN-HABITAT country
programming. They serve as a work plan for UN-
HABITAT Programme Managers and a reference tool
for national and local actors involved in sustainable
urban development.
According to the Medium-Term Strategic and
Institutional Action Plan adopted by the UN-
HABITAT Committee of Permanent Representatives
on 6 December 2007, twenty UN-HABITAT Country
Programme Documents were completed during 2008,
including the One-UN Pilot countries where UN-
HABITAT is active.
In line with the United Nations reform process, UN-
HABITAT Country Programme Documents seek to
strengthen the role of the United Nations and to
demonstrate our commitment. I wish to thank our
UN-HABITAT Programme Managers for their input and
dedication and for putting together these documents
under guidance of the Regional and Technical
Cooperation Division and with support from all
branches and programmes of the Agency.
Anna K. Tibaijuka
Executive Director, UN-HABITAT
FOREWORDS
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MINISTER
The Government of Zambia
is implementing the Fifth
National Development Plan
(FNDP, 2006-2011) and has
also adopted the Vision
2030 which seeks to create a
“Middle Income Prosperous
Country” by the year 2030. In
the FNDP, the Government has
placed Housing, Water and
Sanitation as national priorities
alongside health education,
agriculture and tourism.
Zambia is referred to as one of the most urbanized
countries in Africa, with more than 40 percent of its
population being urban. This population characteristic
has occurred and increased since independence in
1964. Due to the very rapid increase in the urban
population, the government and the local authorities
could not cope with the provision of planned low-cost
housing and infrastructure facilities. This resulted in
sporadic developments of unplanned and un-serviced
settlements, which are now a permanent feature of
many of our towns.
Government commitment has been to increase the low
cost housing stock, provision of serviced land, as well
as recognition and adoption of unplanned settlements.
These can be upgraded through the introduction of
basic services and security of tenure. The Government
has enacted the Housing (Improvement) Areas Act,
which allows local authorities to recognize and
authorize existing buildings which do not conform
to the Town and Country Planning Act, or indeed to
existing Building Regulations.
The purpose of this was to allow sufficient time for
residents to obtain legal ownership of land, the local
authority to plan or replan the settlement, create
the basic services and relocate affected residents to
planned areas. In 1996, the Government released
the National Housing Policy which stipulates that
Government would set aside 15% of the GDP in
the national budget for housing development,
concentrating on low cost housing. In the ensuing
years, the Government has continued to increase
funding to the housing sector, enabling the local
authorities to construct housing units. However, much
more remains to be done in developing both housing
and infrastructure facilities if the nation is to meet the
millennium Development Goals.
The solution lies in putting together an integrated
approach for the provision of shelter, water supply,
sanitation and solid waste management. The
declaration of 2008 as International Year of Sanitation
also helps to create a good environment for improved
human settlements. This also fits in well with the
Government Programme - ‘Make Zambia Clean
and Healthy Campaign’ which was launched by the
Republican President, His Excellency Dr. Levy Patrick
Mwanawasa State Counsel on 22th June 2007.
This programme aims at encouraging all citizens,
communities, civil society, private and public sector to
develop activities that enhance the living and working
environments by cleaning their premises, good solid
waste management, water supply and sanitation as
well as general improvements and maintenance of
shelters.
The UN Habitat Country Programme Document is
therefore an important document for the Government
of Zambia, in recognizing the UN responsibilities
to assist nations in areas of human settlements,
water supply and sanitation. In partnering with the
Government, both parties will build on best practices
for upscaling based on projects that have been done
over the years in the many different countries be it in
Africa, Asia or South America.
Zambia is proud to be among the 20 countries
selected to participate in the 2008-2013 Medium-
Term Strategic and Institutional Plan prepared by UN
Habitat. It is my considered view that the partnership
between Government and UN-HABITAT will further
strengthen the capacities of local authorities
to mobilize and work with communities in the
improvement of human settlements.
Sylvia T. Masebo, MP
Minister of Local Government and Housing
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
6
NATIONAL URBAN POLICY
CONTEXT
Zambia is one of the most urbanised countries in
Africa. The country’s urban areas are home to almost
50% of the country’s population. Although the
majority of the urban population lives in Lusaka, the
cities of Kitwe, Ndola, and Livingston with populations
of 400,000 374,757,and 97,488 are rapidly growing
. This situation has brought about major urban
development challenges. For many urban dwellers,
housing and basic services are extremely inadequate.
In the larger cities over 70% of people live in informal
settlements and peri-urban areas that have inadequate
access to basic services. The urban environment is
threatened with over-exploitation of resources due
to poverty. Waste collection and management is
inadequate.
Although there is a formal waste management
system in Lusaka, only about 40% of solid waste is
collected. Local authorities are ill equipped to manage
the challenges of rapid urban growth. The local
government system has been struggling to deliver
services to the people. Although commendable
progress has been made at stabilising the economy
at the macro-economic level, the country’s social and
economic indicators reveal that much work remains to
alleviate poverty.
Approximately 67% of Zambians live below the
poverty line, and 46% of these are classified as
extremely poor. HIV/AIDS is one of the nation’s
greatest health challenge, with 16% prevalence
among the adult population. The government and
other stakeholders have put in place various HIV/AIDS
prevention and control programmes, that have helped
to stabilise the spread of the disease. Rapid urban
population growth, unsustainable use of natural
resources, a struggling local government system and
the HIV/AIDS pandemic, all pose serious challenges to
sustainable urban development in the country.
In 2005, Zambia prepared its Fifth National
Development Plan (FNDP) that outlines the framework
of national development for the period 2006-2010.
The FNDP has featured Health, Education, Tourism,
Agriculture and Housing and water and sanitation
as national priorities. This means that they will be
the centre of focus in shaping the economy during
the Plan Period, to which an increasing budgetary
allocation will be channelled.
The United Nations Country Team has used the Fifth
National Development Plan as the analytical basis
for supporting the preparation of the United Nations
Development Assistance Framework (2007-2010),
whose priority areas are HIV/AIDS, Food Security, Basic
Social Services and Governance.
Part one of the HCPD is divided into the mutually
reinforcing focus areas of UN-HABITAT’s Medium-Term
Strategic Institutional Plan for 2008-2013, as approved
by the Governing Council in 2007.
FOCUS AREA 1: ADVOCACY,
MONITORING AND PARTNERSHIPS
HIV/ AIDS
The HIV/AIDS pandemic, together with poverty,
illiteracy, unemployment, etc., remains one of
Zambia’s single most important roadblock to human
development. The impact of the AIDS pandemic
remains one of the most formidable challenges
impeding the realisation of Zambia’s development
aspirations.
SITUATION ANALYSIS
STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
Urbanisation (2008)
Total population: 12.1m
Urban population: 4.2 m (35%)
Annual population growth rates(2005-2010)
National: 1.9 %
Urban: 2.3 %
Population of major cities (2008)
Lusaka: 1.3 m
Source: UN DESA
Slum indicators
Slum to urban population: 57.2%
% urban population with access to:
Improved water: 89.8%
Piped water: 81.7%
Improved sanitation: 68.7%
Sufficient living area: N/A
Durable housing: 81.9%
Source: UN-HABITAT, 2002











COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 7
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In terms of the human face of the crisis, it is estimated
that one in six Zambians aged between 15 and 49
is infected with HIV, with rates four times as high
among girls aged 15-24 in comparison to their male
counterparts. The Zambian Chapter of the Secretary
General’s Global Task Force on Women, Girls & HIV
and AIDS in Southern Africa has noted “the mounting
frustration with the seeming inability of the country
to address gender inequality, its influence on HIV
transmission and the impact of the epidemic on
worsening the socioeconomic status of women and
girls” .Government has undertaken and continues to
undertake awareness campaigns aimed at sensitizing
people about the dangers of HIV/AIDS.
The National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Council was established
to coordinate a national multi-sectoral response. The
Ministry of Health sets health policy on HIV/AIDS.
Although a lot is being done to leverage technical
expertise on HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in
support of government initiatives, integration of
housing and water and sanitation issues in the multi-
sectoral response to HIV/AIDS has lagged behind.
The current policy priority is the development of a
multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS that integrates the
provision of basic urban services, especially at the local
authority level.
FOCUS AREA 2: PARTICIPATORY
URBAN PLANNING, MANAGEMENT
AND GOVERNANCE
LOCAL GOVERNANCE
Key to improved local governance is the full
implementation of the National Decentralisation Policy.
The main objectives of the Decentralisation Policy
are (i) to empower local communities by devolving
decision-making authority and delegating functions
and resources from the centre to the lowest level in
order to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the
delivery of services, and (ii) to provide a legal and
institutional framework to promote autonomy in
decision-making at the local level.
Government, through the Local Government Act
CAP 281, has provided local governments with full
decision-making autonomy, including other functions
provided under the Act.
The need to operationalise the good governance
agenda is explicitly recognized in the Fifth National
Development Plan. To realise good governance,
functions and national resources must be
decentralised from the centre to democratic local
governance structures. Government has identified
good governance as bedrock for the protection of the
environment and an effective management of natural
resources.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
8
PARTICIPATORY URBAN PLANNING AND
MANAGEMENT
Through the Sustainable Cities programme, the
Planning Authorities of Lusaka and Kitwe have taken
on board stakeholder participation in environmental
planning and management - an approach that has
strengthened the capacity of cities to identify priority
urban environmental issues and plan for them.
Policy priorities include empowerment of local
authorities through the implementation of the
National Decentralisation Policy and the strengthening
of institutional capacities to implement, manage,
and support decentralised governance, development,
service delivery and implementation of participatory
urban environmental planning and management in all
Planning Authorities.
FOCUS AREA 3: PRO-POOR LAND
AND HOUSING
HOUSING AND BASIC SERVICES
Since independence, Zambia has faced a shortage in
decent housing and basic services for the larger part
of its population. The lopsided pattern of development
between rural and urban areas has resulted in very
high rural-urban migration without the corresponding
effort to provide appropriate housing and basic
services in the expanding urban areas. Although
site and service programmes were introduced in the
1970s, these were inadequately funded and had little
community participation.
The proliferation of unplanned settlements in almost
all urban centres has continued unchecked while civic
authorities have failed to provide them with the basic
amenities such as water, roads and sanitation facilities.
Government’s stated goal in the Fifth National
Development Plan is “to provide adequate affordable
housing to all income groups in Zambia”.
The National Housing Policy was adopted in 1996 with
the overall aim of providing adequate and affordable
housing to all income groups in the country. To this
end, the government liberalised the housing sector in
an effort to stimulate private investment in housing.
Lack of adequate finance in the housing sector
has, however, hindered satisfactory performance
throughout the country.
The Policy has not been fully implemented due to the
absence of an Implementation Plan. The Ministry of
Local Government and Housing is responsible for the
formulation and implementation of policy on housing
and the provision of basic services. Access to quality
basic services for the majority of Zambians has been
decreasing with high levels of urbanisation.
Policy priorities include mobilisation of affordable
housing finance; review of the National Housing Policy
to bring it in line with the government’s new initiatives
as it targets the increase of housing stock; provision
of security of land tenure in unplanned settlements;
promotion of local building materials and technology
development; improvement of the living environment
in unplanned urban settlements; establishment of a
national housing programme and improved urban
environmental management and planning.
FOCUS AREA 4: ENVIRONMENTALLY
SOUND BASIC URBAN
INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
URBAN ENVIRONMENT
The urban environment is seriously threatened by
pollution, the destruction of the natural forests
because of the need for fuel, charcoal burning,
unregulated quarrying and inadequate waste
management. Inefficient environmental planning and
management, corruption and a lack of political will
have fuelled environmental degradation. Institutions
tasked with environmental management lack
enforcement capacity and coordination.
The policy and institutional framework governing
environmental management in Zambia is enshrined
in the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control
Act of 1990 and the National Environmental Action
Plan. Other regulatory measures are contained in the
Water and Sanitation Act, Town and Country Planning
Act, Factories Act, Fisheries Act, Public Health Act and
related legislation. At local level, municipalities have
enacted bye laws that prevent people from polluting
or degrading the environment.
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 9
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At the national level, the Ministry of Tourism,
Environment and Natural Resources is responsible
for the overall implementation of the national
environmental policy and its regulations. Ministry
of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resource is
assisted by the Environmental Council of Zambia ,
which in turn works with the local authorities and
local non-governmental organisations to regulate
activities that pollute or degrade the environment.
The policy and regulatory frameworks appear to be
adequate. What is lacking the most is the ability of the
appropriate institutions to enforce the law. Inadequate
law enforcement of laws has resulted in rampant
environmental degradation.
The crucial policy priority areas are: capacity building
for institutions mandated with environmental
management and planning; development of
information management systems to effectively
support decision making, operations and facilitate
information dissemination; preparation and
implementation of district environmental plans;
improved access to clean water for people in
unplanned settlements; revision of the National Water
Policy and development of new legislation for water
resource management and use and the review of
spatial planning legislation.
FOCUS AREA 5: STRENGTHENED
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS FINANCE
SYSTEMS
HOUSING FINANCE FOR HUMAN
SETTLEMENTS
Since 1991, from a very poor base of a command
economy, negative growth, very high inflation and
effectively no capital market activity, the Zambian
economy is starting to show the benefits of the
political, regulatory and financial reform process that
has been undertaken over the past decade. However,
the housing finance sector remains nascent and
inexperienced, hampered by a lack of availability of
long-term reasonably priced capital for house lending.
In the formal sector, demand for housing finance is
extremely limited with low levels of affordability and
eligibility for bank credit. Only 0.4% of the population
currently has a loan from a bank, government scheme
or employer to buy a house and only 0.1% have
a housing loan from a bank (Finmark Trust, 2007).
There is also the problem of a lack of availability of
up-to-date data on the dynamics of Zambia’s housing
sector, both from the supply side and the demand
side. The informal sector, where the vast majority of
Zambians are self-employed, suffers from a lack of
information, inability of local authorities to effectively
guide development, highly complex and centralised
land alienation procedures, high poverty levels in most
cases and insecure land tenure – all of which hinder
access to housing finance.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
10
URBAN SECTOR CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
URBAN SECTOR CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
GOVERNANCE
Development and
strengthening of
community-based
governance
structures.
Strengthening of
local authorities
in order for them
to be able to
play a central
role in the
implementation
of the
Decentralisation
policy.


HOUSING AND
BASIC SERVICES
Capacity building
for residents
development
committees
in unplanned
settlements.
Development
of structures for
coordination
between
stakeholders in the
housing sector.
Development of a
national database
on housing
information and
programmes in the
country.



ENVIRONMENT
Development of
community-based
environmental
management
structures.
Capacity
building for local
authorities in
environmental
management and
planning.
Development
of coordination
mechanisms
among institutions
tasked with
environmental
management.



HIV/AIDS
Mainstreaming of
housing and water
and sanitation
issues into multi-
sectoral response
to HIV/AIDS at
both the policy
and community
development
levels.
Training of district
development
coordinating
committees to
mainstream
HIV/AIDS into
the district
development
plans.


The table presents the three main capacity development needs of the following components:
Governance, Housing and Basic Services, Environment and HIV/AIDS. As these are cross-cutting
components, they highlight capacity development priorities for all focus areas of the Zambia UN-
HABITAT Country Programme Document.
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 11
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COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 13
Z
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STRATEGY
The Habitat Country Programme strategy for Zambia
will focus on establishing strong partnership with
government institutions and other stakeholders in
promoting sustainable urbanisation; by supporting
capacity building in public institutions including city
and municipal planning authorities; strengthened
development networks at the community, city and
national levels; and policy development and review
of sustainable urbanisation and urban environmental
planning and management.
The thematic areas where UN-HABITAT will have joint
programme interventions are Governance, Housing
and Basic Services, Environment and HIV/AIDS. In these
sectors UN-HABITAT will play a vital role in achieving
the objectives of the Fifth National Development Plan
(2006-2010) and the United Nations Development
Assistance Framework (2007-2010).
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND PRIORITIES
Key programming instruments which cover the
selected thematic areas are the United Nations
Development Assistance Framework and the Fifth
National Development Plan. In this document, only
areas directly relevant to the UN-HABITAT mandate
have been briefly covered.
The current Nations Development Assistance
Framework (2007-2010) responds to the national
development priorities as articulated in the Fifth
National Development Plan (2006-2010). The
United Nations Development Assistance Framework
represents the United Nations response to the national
goals set out by the Government in its Fifth National
Development Plan within the framework of the
Millennium Development Goals. It’s based on the
National Development Plan developed by Government,
not the Common Country Assessment .
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
14
URBAN SECTOR PRIORITIES
URBAN SECTOR PRIORITIES
GOVERNANCE
Need to
operationalise the
good governance
agenda.
Support
decentralised
governance
through full
implementation
of the
Decentralisation
Policy.


HOUSING AND BASIC
SERVICES
Availability of
affordable housing
finance.
Review of National
Housing Policy.
Provision of
security of land
tenure in urban
settlements.
Improved access to
water for people
in unplanned
settlements.




ENVIRONMENT
Effective
environmental
management
and planning
institutions.
Comprehensive
information
management
systems.
District
environmental
plans.
Capacity building
Preparation and
implementation
of district
environmental
plans.





HIV/AIDS
Mainstreaming of
housing, water
and sanitation
issues into a multi-
sectoral response
to HIV/AIDS.
Strengthening
of the HIV/AIDS
combating
structures at
the district and
community levels.


The following table organizes the sub-sectoral priorities of the Zambia UN-HABITAT Country
Programme Document: Governance, Housing and Basic Services, the Environment and HIV/ AIDS.
Proposed interventions to each sub-section are presented in the context of broader development goals
highlighted by the United Nations Development Assistance Framework.
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 15
Z
A
M
B
I
A
UN-HABITAT’S PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR THE SECTOR
The United Nations Development Assistance
Framework is focused around four thematic areas:
Governance; HIV and AIDS; Food Security, and Basic
Social Services.
Cross-cutting matters include: enhanced gender
equality, empowerment of children and youth, scaling
up Zambia’s HIV/AIDS strategy, support to protecting
and regenerating the environment, and attention to
Information and Communication Technology.
Expected Outcome: Housing and Basic Services
Integrated Development Plans for 68 districts
prepared
National Housing Development Programme
revised and updated
Development and use of affordable local building
materials for housing development promoted
The living environment of unplanned urban
settlements improved though urban upgrading
New water bill enacted
Adequate, safe and cost-effective water supply
and sanitation provided in unplanned settlements
Affordable long-term finance on the capital
market for housing development in local
authorities made available
Expected Outcome: Governance
Power devolved to local government structures
By 2010, institutions, systems and processes
in support of national development priorities
strengthened.











Expected Outcome: HIV/AIDS
Advocacy and multisectoral response to HIV and
AIDS strengthened
Decentralised response and mainstreaming HIV
and AIDS strengthened.
Expected Outcome: Environment
Environmental sustainability promoted.
Environmental damage reversed
Sustainable use of natural resources promoted
Institutional capacity and coordination for
environmental management improved
Public participation in environmental management
promoted
Although Government has recently pronounced
Housing as a priority sector, the Fifth National
Development Plan does not provide any
implementation, monitoring and evaluation
framework for the Sector. This responsibility has
been given to the Ministry of Local Government and
Housing.
PROGRAMME OBJECTIVES
The key Objective of the UN-HABITAT Country
Programme for Zambia is to support Government and
the United Nations Country Team in the realisation of
the MDGs in general, and Goal 7 Targets 9,10 and 11
in particular. The main objective is divided into detailed
objectives under each thematic area as listed on page
12.









United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
16
IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS
KEY PRINCIPLES
UN-HABITAT will be implementing projects together
with partners and the government of Zambia. The
management arrangements can be divided into each
subsection covered within this UN-HABITAT Country
Programme Document: Governance, Housing and
Basic Services, Environment, and HIV/ AIDS. Under
Governance, there will be several components
managed by the Ministry of Local Government
and Housing, responsible for developing policy.
The Ministry of Local Government and Housing
will promote coordination among stakeholders in
the public, private sectors. Selected city councils
will be responsible for project implementation. For
governance projects, workshops, networking, and the
use of electronic media will be used for information
dissemination and sensitisation.
Under Housing and Basic Services, support for capacity
building, security of tenure, squatter upgrading, and
basic services by the private and public sectors will
be coordinated by the National Habitat Forum. The
Forum also incorporates bilateral partners. A National
Steering Committee has also been established as an
official monitoring mechanism. Under Housing and
Basic Services, print and electronic media will be used
for information dissemination. Opportunities such
as World Habitat Day will also be used to advocate
for the improvement of housing and basic services in
Zambia.
Under Environment, the Ministry of Local Government
and Housing, the Environment Council of Zambia, and
selected city councils will implement the component’s
activities. The National Habitat Forum and the
National Steering Committee will also be involved in
coordinating environment activities.
Under the HIV/ AIDS component, the District
Development Coordinating Committees will provide
the main coordination role among stakeholders and
they will report to the Ministry of Local Government
and Housing through respective councils. Information
dissemination on HIV/ AIDS activities will be
communicated through workshops and eForums,
such as Partners Zambia, that promote a debate and
discussion on particular issues.
INFORMATION
Projects will have a build-in component for publication
and dissemination of technical and informative
material. Conventional and non-conventional tools will
be produced, such as reports, publications etc.
The distribution mechanism will be selected using
targeted and massive distribution, community
channels and others as required. UN-HABITAT
websites, publications and training tools will also be
used for more information.
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 17
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18
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United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
22
BIBLIOGRAPHY
ACRONYMS
Central Statistical Office Zambia 2000.
European Commission 2006. European Union of Zambia: Working together for Sustainable Development.
Finmark Trust, 2007. Exploring Access to Housing Finance in Zambia: A review of Recent Research and a Debate
on the Way Forward
Lusaka City Council, 2002. Final Report on Land Tenure Initiative
Ministry of Finance and National Planning, 2006. Fifth National Development Plan.
Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources 2008. Environment and Natural Resoucrces
Management and Mainstreaming Programme.
UN-HABITAT. 2007. Rapid Urban Sector Profiling for Sustainability (RUSPS) Zambia Profile.
UN-HABITAT. 2007. Rapid Urban Sector Profiling for Sustainability (RUSPS) Lusaka Profile.
United Nations Country Team, 2006. United Nations Development Assistance Framework for the
Republic of Zambia 2007-2010
Zambia Ministry of Local Government and Housing, 1996. National Housing Policy
Zambia Ministry of Local Government and Housing /JICA. 2001. The Study of Environmental
Improvement of Unplanned Urban Settlements in Lusaka, Final Report.
AMICALL Alliance of Mayors and Municipal Leaders on HIV/AIDS in Africa
CBO Community Based Organisation
CCA Common Country Assessment
CCF Country Cooperation Framework
DANIDA Danish International Development Agency
EC European Commission
ECZ Environmental Council of Zambia
EPPCA Environmental Protection and Pollution Control (EPPCA) Act of 1990
EU European Union
FNDP Fifth National Development Plan
GEF Global Environmental Facility
GRZ Government of the Republic of Zambia
ICT Information and Communication Technology
IDP Integrated Development Plan
ILO International Labour Organisation
JICA Japanese International Development Agency
KCC Kitwe City Council
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 23
Z
A
M
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I
A
LCC Lusaka City Council
LEO Lusaka Environmental Outlook
MDG Millennium Development Goal
MLGH Ministry of Local Government and Housing
MTENR Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources
NAC National Aids Council
NAISP National AIDS Intervention Strategic Plan
NEAP National Environmental Action Plan
NEPAD New Partnership for Africa’s Development
NGO Non-governmental Organisation
NPA National Plan of Action for Human Rights
PRSP Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
PUSH Programme Urban Self Help
RUSPS Rapid Urban Sector Profiling for Sustainability
SADC Southern African Development Community
SCP Sustainable Cities Programme
SEED Support to Economic Expansion and Diversification
SIDA Swedish International Development Agency
SKP Sustainable Kitwe Programme
SLP Sustainable Lusaka Programme
STI Sexually Transmitted Infections
TB Tuberculosis
UN United Nations
UNAIDS Joint Unite Nations Team on AIDS
UNCT United Nations Country Team
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme
UNDAF United Nations Development Assistance Framework
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme
UNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS
UNICEF United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
WAC Water for African Cities
WFP World Food Programme
ZAMSIF Zambia Social Investment Fund
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
The Habitat Country Programme Document for
Zambia outlines the main objectives and priorities for
UN-HABITAT and the Zambian Government.
In collaboration with the Government and other
United Nations Agencies, the overall aim of this UN-
HABITAT Country Programme Document is to promote
the Habitat Agenda. UN-HABITAT plays an active role
in urban development and urban policy.
Through partnerships with various ministries, UN-
HABITAT has assisted in identifying key urban issues
and areas of support to improve the urban situation
in Zambia. Through an analysis of four key sectors
including: HIV/AIDS, Local Governance, Housing and
Basic Services and Urban Environment, the Zambia
UN-HABITAT Country Programme Document provides
an overview of the national policy context and the
intervention areas for the Government to address
urban development challenges.
The multilateral programming instruments presented
in the Zambia UN-HABITAT Country Programme
Documents that help to guide national priorities
and UN system priorities are the United Nations
Development Assistance Framework and the Fifth
National Development Plan. Zambia’s national
development goals and priorities are based on the
Fifth National Development Plan, the nation’s main
development policy framework.
The Fifth National Development Plan supports
poverty reduction and economic growth. Taking into
account the United Nations Development Assistance
Framework and other United Nations system activities,
the country programme in Zambia is currently
formulating a strategy to approach the urban sector
through the development of long-term development
strategies.
As a whole, the UN-HABITAT Country Programme
Documents presents a clear programme document
intended as a guide for UN-HABITAT’s current and
future work in Zambia.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States (ROAAS)
P.O. Box 30030, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: (+254) 20-762 3075, www.unhabitat.org
Habitat Programme Manager in Zambia:
Mr. Kangwa Chama (kangwa.chama@undp.org)
© UNITED NATIONS
Lusaka
The boundaries and names shown and the designations
used on this map do not imply official endorsement or
acceptance by the United Nations

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