M

A
L
A
W
I
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
COUNTRY PROGRAMME
DOCUMENT
2008 – 2009
MALAWI
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
2
Excerpts from this publication may be reproduced
without authorisation, on condition that the source is
indicated.
© United Nations Human Settlements Programme
(UN-HABITAT), 2008.
Photo credits: © UN-HABITAT/Kerstin Sommer
HS Number: HS/1105/09E
ISBN Number(Series): 978-92-1-132030-5
ISBN Number:(Volume) 978-92-1-132071-8
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
publications can be obtained from
UN-HABITAT Regional and Information Offices or
directly from:
P.O. Box 30030, GPO 00100
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: + (254 20) 762 4266/7
E-mail: UN-HABITAT@UN-HABITAT.org
Website: http://www.UN-HABITAT.org
Printing: UNON, Publishing Services Section, Nairobi, ISO 14001:2004-certified
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 3
M
A
L
A
W
I
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 4
MINISTER 5
SITUATION ANALYSIS 6
National urban policy context 6
Focus area 2: Participatory urban planning, management and governance 6
Focus area 3: Pro-poor land and housing 8
Focus area 4: Environmentally sound basic urban infrastructure and services 9
Focus Area 5: Strengthened human settlements finance systems 9
Urban sector capacity development needs 10
RECENT AND ONGOING WORK 11
UN-HABITAT 11
Partners 12
STRATEGY 13
National development goals and priorities 13
UN-HABITAT’s proposed strategy for the sector 15
Programme objectives 15
Identified sector priorities 15
IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS 16
Key principles 16
Information 16
PROGRAMME FRAMEWORK 17
Results/resources by thematic component 17
Required budget 19
BIBLIOGRAPHY 21
ACRONYMS 22
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 24
TABLE OF CONTENTS
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
4
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
In April 2007, the Govern-
ing Council of UN-HABITAT
approved our 2008-2013
Medium-Term Strategic
and Institutional Plan. This
plan intends to promote the
alignment of UN-HABITAT
normative and operational
activities at country level.
The UN-HABITAT Country Pro-
gramme Documents (HCPD) are tangible components
of this Plan as well as a genuine endeavour of UN-
HABITAT to better coordinate normative and opera-
tional activities in a consultative and inclusive process
involving UN-HABITAT’s in-country focal points, UN-
HABITAT Programme Managers, national governments,
UN country teams, sister-UN agencies, development
partners and all divisions of our Agency. The UN-HABI-
TAT Country Programme Documents are strategic tools
meant as a guide for all UN-HABITAT activities over a
two-year period. A major dimension of the UN-HABI-
TAT Country Programme Document is to advocate
UN-HABITAT’s mandate and address the urban chal-
lenges facing the world’s developing countries.
The UN-HABITAT Country Programme Documents
identify national urban development goals and priori-
ties including shelter, urban governance, access to
basic services and credit. Important cross-cutting issues
such as the environment, gender, responses to disas-
ters, and vulnerability reduction are also addressed.
The UN-HABITAT Country Programme Documents
focus on UN-HABITAT country programming. They
serve as a work plan for UN-HABITAT Programme Man-
agers and a reference tool for national and local actors
involved in sustainable urban development. Accord-
ing to the Medium-Term Strategic and Institutional
Action Plan adopted by the UN-HABITAT Committee
of Permanent Representatives on 6 December 2007,
twenty UN-HABITAT Country Programme Docu-
ments were completed during 2008, including the
One-UN Pilot countries where UN-HABITAT is active.
In line with the United Nations reform process,
UN-HABITAT Country Programme Documents seek
to strengthen the role of the United Nations and
to demonstrate our commitment. I wish to thank
our UN-HABITAT Programme Managers for their
input and dedication and for putting together these
documents under guidance of the Regional and
Technical Cooperation Division and with support
from all branches and programmes of the Agency.
Anna K. Tibaijuka
Executive Director, UN-HABITATs
FOREWORDS
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 5
M
A
L
A
W
I
MINISTER
Malawi is experiencing rapid
urbanisation currently esti-
mated at 5.2% per annum
and it is expected that absolute
urban population growth
in Malawi will exceed rural
growth before year 2025.
The Government of Malawi is
concerned that urbanisation
is happening without control
and it is a challenge that
has to be addressed. Uncontrolled urbanisation is
unsustainable and can lead to negative consequen-
cies including poor housing, poor access to basic
services such as water and sanitation, poor health
and Insecurity. Our major cities of Blantyre, Zomba,
Lilongwe and Mzuzu and fast growing towns are
experiencing rapid slum growth due to urbanisation.
Slums are synonymous with poverty. The Govern-
ment of Malawi’s overarching development priority
the sustained reduction of poverty as defined in the
Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS)
It is gratifying to note that UN-HABITAT Malawi
programme in the next two years is to support
the Government of Malawi to manage its urbani-
sation sustainability including the critical area of
housing and basic services. Addressing housing
is very important for the attainment of sustain-
able urbanisation as decent affordable housing
and access to basic urban services is critical to
the attainment of the Malawi Growth and Devel-
opment Strategy and Millennium Development
Goals targets. The Government of Malawi has
decentralised some functions including urban
management to the local authorities since they
operate closest to the people. Strengthen-
ing the capacity of local authorities to effectively
manage rapid urbanisation is thus an impor-
tant priority. I note with satisfaction that these
key areas are the focus of the UN-HABITAT pro-
gramme in Malawi for the period 2008-2009.
The Government of Malawi is committed to work-
ing with UN-HABITAT and other supporting part-
ners in the implementation of this programme.

Henry Chimunthu Banda
Minister of Transport, Public Works and Housing
Government of Malawi
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
6
NATIONAL URBAN
POLICY CONTEXT
Although only 20% of its population is classified as
urban and it is one of the least urbanized countries
in Africa, Malawi is one of the fastest urbanizing
countries on the continent with an annual urban
growth rate higher than five percent. Absolute
urban population growth in Malawi will exceed
rural growth before 2025 with an urban popula-
tion increase of 214,000 per annum during 2020-
2025 compared to 193,000 in the rural areas.
With a fertility ratio of four to two, natural urban
population growth is becoming an increasingly
significant growth factor especially in the large
cities. However rural-urban migration is also sig-
nificant. Drought, decreasing rural landholdings
(55% of rural households have less than 1ha of
cultivable arable land), lack of off-farm economic
activities, increasing rural environmental degrada-
tion are all fuelling the move into the towns.
The implications of rapid urbanisation without match-
ing services and houses include an increasing number
of households living in poor housing, inadequate
infrastructure and services, environmental degrada-
tion and high levels of unemployment. Urbanisation
in Malawi has become synonymous with poverty and
slum growth. The proportion of the urban popula-
tion living below the poverty line is 25% and 66%
of all urban dwellers in Malawi live in slum condi-
tions. It is clear that sustainable urbanisation is now
one of the most pressing challenges facing Malawi.
Part one of the Malawi HCPD is divided into
four of the five mutually reinforcing focus
areas of UN-HABITAT’s Medium-Term Stra-
tegic Institutional Plan for 2008-2013, as
approved by the Governing Council in 2007.
FOCUS AREA 2: PARTICIPATORY
URBAN PLANNING, MANAGEMENT
AND GOVERNANCE
URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
Urban planning in Malawi was delegated to
the cities of Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu and the
Municipality of Zomba in 1992. The Local Gov-
ernment Act of 1998 placed a duty on all assem-
blies to draw up plans for the social, economic
and environmental development of their areas.
Urban planning in Malawi has traditionally been
based on the structure planning concept demarcat-
ing the urban space into land use zones. This type
of planning has not been able to provide the flex-
ibility and responsiveness required for fast growing
cities. Generally they have not been the product of
an inclusive consultative process. They have also not
been linked to a financing strategy to ensure their
implementation and therefore slums and urban
poverty have continued to grow despite planning.
There is need for training workshops for national and
local government officials to equip them with skills
to enable them provide urban planning services that
enable the cities to respond to rapidly changing situ-
ations as well as making urban planning an effective
tool to combating poverty, social exclusion, environ-
mental degradation and slow economic growth.
With the exception of Blantyre, none of the large
urban assemblies have a current urban plan. Previ-
ous plans have suffered from minimal implemen-
tation and inflexibility to respond to changing
SITUATION ANALYSIS
STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
Urbanisation (2008)
Total population: 14.2 m
Urban population: 2.6 m (18.7 %)
Annual growth rates (2005-2010)
National: 2.5 %
Urban: 5.2 %
Major cities (2007)
Lilongwe: 732, 000
Source: UN DESA
Slum indicators
Slum to urban population: 66.4 %
% urban population with access to:
Improved water: 91.1 %
Piped water: 74.4 %
Improved sanitation: 55.2 %
Sufficient living area: 83.3 %
Durable housing: 63.8 %
Source: UN-HABITAT, 2004











COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 7
M
A
L
A
W
I
circumstances. Rapid urbanisation is also taking
place in smaller towns but they lack the necessary
tools for managing this growth and are increas-
ingly displaying signs of uncontrolled growth.
The Government’s priority is to ensure that all
urban assemblies have current, flexible and
responsive urban plans as a means to reconcile
and integrate spatial, social, economic, cultural
and environmental concerns in urban areas .
GOVERNANCE
Following the political transformation that occurred in
Malawi in 1994 with the introduction of multi-party
democracy and the adoption of a new constitution
based on the principles of participatory democracy, a
decision was taken to decentralize political and admin-
istrative authority to the district level to consolidate
democracy and realize the country’s development
goal of poverty reduction. Thus the Decentralisation
Policy was approved in 1996 and became operation-
alised with the Local Government Act of 1998. The
key elements of the policy include the devolution of
administrative and political authority to the assem-
blies, promotion of popular participation in govern-
ance and development of the assemblies under the
Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development.
The priority issues and major chal-
lenges consist of the following:
• Absence of elected members of assemblies
since 2005 and inadequate local leader-
ship capacity for the delivery of effective
urban governance and local development .
• Weak institutional capacity at the local author-
ity level hindering efforts to deliver good urban
governance and development at the local level.
• Failure by some urban assemblies to gener-
ate, collect and account for local revenues
resulting in inadequate cash flows.
• Lack of adequate and integrated data for planning
and monitoring of a type and at a level that would
be useful for urban planning and management.
• Inadequate capacities of community organi-
zations to participate effectively in decision
making processes at the community level.
• Lack of clear Government direction and pri-
orities for urban assemblies in such areas as
improving their human, technical and finan-
cial capacity to deliver municipal services.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
8
THE URBAN INFORMAL ECONOMY
The urban informal economy is an important and
growing sector and is dominated by small scale street
traders. In 2006 the Government issued a direc-
tive ordering all vendors to move out of the streets
into designated areas. This has been achieved at
a heavy cost due to daily policing and provision of
facilities in the receiving areas. There is need for
a sustainable approach to the issue while improv-
ing the operational efficiency of the urban infor-
mal economy and strengthening its income and
employment enhancing opportunities for the urban
poor. Key priorities include a supportive regulatory
framework for the urban informal economy and
the provision of facilities for informal activities.
FOCUS AREA 3: PRO-POOR
LAND AND HOUSING
URBAN LAND
Land in Malawi is governed by the Land Act of 1965
and the Registered Land Act of 1967. Various land
and land related bills are yet to be enacted by Parlia-
ment in order to operationalise the Malawi National
Land Policy of 2002. The National Land Policy seeks
to ensure tenure security and equitable access to land
and its sustainable use. This will be done through
a number of strategies outlined in the policy.
With specific regard to urban land, the policy seeks
to ensure that the housing delivery system ena-
bles all income groups to have access to hous-
ing, regularizing land tenure in existing traditional
housing areas, upgrading of informal settlements,
provision of plots with secure tenure and strate-
gies for arresting the growth of unplanned set-
tlements and controlling urban sprawl.
The momentum of the land reform process has
slowed down. The required financial and human
resources have not been forthcoming due to budget-
ary constraints and to the questions which have been
raised about the political and technical implications
of the proposed reforms. The situation has favoured
those especially in the peri-urban areas who benefit
from the confused administrative arrangements at the
interface between statutory and customary tenure.
Priorities
Many priorities of the National Land Policy are yet
to be implemented including the following:
• The development of a comprehensive National
Land Use and Physical Development Manage-
ment policy to be employed as a guide for rural
and urban land use and development decisions.
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 9
M
A
L
A
W
I
• A comprehensive review of the land delivery
mechanism in the urban areas to overcome the
existing bottlenecks that have resulted in the
unabated growth of informal settlements.
• Improving the land information system.
• Developing adequate capacity in land
management and administration.
HOUSING
Malawi faces a pressing housing problem. With
rapid urbanisation the rate of delivery of hous-
ing is no where near the demand. Formal hous-
ing delivery systems account for less than 20%
of the demand. The rest is obtained through
informal systems resulting in insecure tenure,
poor quality of housing and overcrowding.
The Malawi National Housing Policy was approved
by the Government in 2000. However following
the operationalisation of the Decentralisation Policy,
the adoption of the National Land Policy and other
instruments, it became necessary to review the policy
in order to align it with emerging issues and poli-
cies. Thus a draft National Housing Policy is currently
in place and its overall goal is to increase access to
housing by all income groups through improving
urban land markets, improving access to housing
finance, upgrading of informal settlements, improving
quality of rural settlements and housing and follow-
ing a decentralized approach to housing delivery.
Priorities
• Addressing slum conditions is a prior-
ity issue of the Government .
• Finalising the review of the National Housing Policy.
• Developing a housing programme to opera-
tionalise the National Housing Policy.
FOCUS AREA 4: ENVIRONMENTALLY
SOUND BASIC URBAN
INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
WATER AND SANITATION
The National Water Policy (2005) has addressed water
services in urban, peri-urban and market centres of the
country and seeks to achieve sustainable, commer-
cially viable provision of water supply and sanitation
services that are equitably accessible to and used
by individuals and entrepreneurs in these areas for
socioeconomic development at affordable cost.
The National Sanitation Policy has been drafted but
not yet approved. It proposes specific strategies
including scaling up hygiene and sanitation promotion
activities, creating a demand for improved sanita-
tion facilities and developing various technological
options for households and institutions in urban
areas. The National Sanitation Policy provides both
guidelines and an action plan where by 2020 all
the people of Malawi will have access to improved
sanitation, safe hygienic behaviour and better liquid
and solid waste management. For the urban areas
the target is to transform the hygiene and sanita-
tion situation with universal access to improved
sanitation and hygienic behaviour the norm.
The priority issues in the urban water
and sanitation sector include
• Serving the unserved and underserved espe-
cially in the low income urban areas.
• Access to improved sanitation and
hygienic behaviour and
• Management of solid waste.
Public health issues related to control of
malaria, cholera, rabies among others
in the cities are also significant.
FOCUS AREA 5: STRENGTHENED
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
FINANCE SYSTEMS
The human settlements finance systems in Malawi
are not well developed. The cost of borrowing in
Malawi is very expensive. Banks demand collateral
which the majority of the urban population cannot
afford. Human settlements finance systems will be
a key area to be addressed in the National Housing
Policy whose preparation UN-HABITAT is supporting.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
10
URBAN SECTOR CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
LAND AND HOUSING
Support to finalize the National Housing Policy
Design of a strategy and action plan to
implement the National Housing Policy
Develop a housing programme based
on the National Housing Policy
Devise and implement strategies to accelerate
the delivery of land and housing
In-depth analysis of the shelter delivery system
(Shelter profile study)Implementation of a tenure
regularization exercise and a functional land information
system in support of the National Land Policy
Support design and implementation of
disaster risk reduction measures






GOVERNANCE
Develop local
government capacity
to enable efficient
service delivery
Expand the
revenue base
Participatory
governance



BASIC URBAN SERVICES
Formulation and
implementation of a national
slum upgrading programme
for Blantyre, Lilongwe,
Mzuzu and Zomba
Equitable access to
basic services for the
urban poor including
water and sanitation,
sustainable management
and resource based solid
waste management


URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
Ensure cities and other rapidly growing urban centres
are planned and managed efficiently and effectively by:
Develop a national urban policy to
guide the process of urbanisation
Develop strategies for managing urban
growth including city development strategies;
development of a comprehensive National Land
Use and Physical Development Management Policy
Adequate and integrated data for planning
and monitoring including developing urban
indicators and urban observatories




The table presents the four main capacity development needs of the following components: Basic Urban
Services, Land and Housing, Urban Planning and Management, and Governance. As these are cross-cut-
ting components, they highlight capacity development priorities for all focus areas of the Malawi HCPD.
URBAN SECTOR CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
R
E
C
E
N
T

A
N
D

O
N
-
G
O
I
N
G

W
O
R
K
P
r
o
j
e
c
t

t
i
t
l
e
T
i
m
e


f
r
a
m
e
B
u
d
g
e
t

(
U
S
D
)
F
u
n
d
i
n
g


p
a
r
t
n
e
r
s
P
a
r
t
n
e
r
s
M
a
i
n

a
c
t
i
v
i
t
i
e
s
C
i
t
i
e
s

W
i
t
h
o
u
t

S
l
u
m
s

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
(
I
n
c
e
p
t
i
o
n

p
h
a
s
e
)
2
0
0
5
-
2
0
0
7
8
0
,
0
0
0
B
l
a
n
t
y
r
e

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

(
$
2
0
,
0
0
0
)
U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

(
$
6
0
,
0
0
0
)
B
l
a
n
t
y
r
e

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

(
B
C
A
)
T
o

a
s
s
i
s
t

t
h
e

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

a
n
d

t
h
e

G
o
M

t
o

u
p
g
r
a
d
e

u
n
p
l
a
n
n
e
d

s
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

o
f

a

f
r
a
m
e
w
o
r
k

f
o
r

c
i
t
y

w
i
d
e

u
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g
.

S
t
r
e
n
g
t
h
e
n

l
o
c
a
l

a
u
t
h
o
r
i
t
y

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y

f
o
r

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

p
l
a
n
n
i
n
g
.
M
a
n
a
g
i
n
g

H
I
V
/
A
I
D
S

a
t

t
h
e

l
o
c
a
l

l
e
v
e
l

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
2
0
0
5
-
2
0
0
6
3
5
,
0
0
0
U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T
B
C
A
,

L
i
l
o
n
g
w
e

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

(
L
C
A
)
,

M
z
u
z
u

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

(
M
C
A
)
,

Z
o
m
b
a

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y

(
Z
C
A
)
,

M
a
l
a
w
i

L
o
c
a
l

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

A
s
s
o
c
i
a
-
t
i
o
n

(
M
A
L
G
A
)

A
M
I
C
A
A
L
L

M
a
l
a
w
i

C
h
a
p
t
e
r
A
s
s
e
s
s

t
h
e

i
m
p
a
c
t

o
f

H
I
V
/
A
I
D
S

a
n
d

t
o

p
l
a
n

a
n
d

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t

a
p
p
r
o
p
r
i
a
t
e

r
e
s
p
o
n
s
e
s

t
o

t
h
e

e
p
i
d
e
m
i
c

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

p
r
e
p
a
r
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

H
I
V
/
A
I
D
S

c
i
t
y

p
r
o

l
e
s
,

w
o
r
k

p
l
a
c
e

p
o
l
i
c
i
e
s
,

c
o
o
r
d
i
n
a
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y

b
u
i
l
d
i
n
g
.



C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
s

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
e
d

b
y

t
h
e

c
i
t
y

a
s
s
e
m
b
l
i
e
s
.
.

B
e
h
a
v
i
o
r

c
h
a
n
g
e

a
n
d

i
n
c
r
e
a
s
e
d

a
c
c
e
s
s

t
o

p
r
e
v
e
n
t
i
v
e

a
n
d

m
a
n
-
a
g
e
m
e
n
t

s
e
r
v
i
c
e
s
.
M
a
l
a
w
i

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

P
o
l
i
c
y
2
0
0
7
-
2
0
0
8

1
0
0
,
0
0
0
M
a
l
a
w
i

G
o
v
e
r
n
-
m
e
n
t
,

U
N
D
P

(
2
5
,
0
0
0
)
,

U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

(
4
0
,
0
0
0
)
M
i
n
i
s
t
r
y

o
f

T
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t
,

P
u
b
l
i
c

W
o
r
k
s

a
n
d

H
o
u
s
i
n
g
F
a
c
i
l
i
t
a
t
e

t
h
e


n
a
l
i
z
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

P
o
l
i
c
y
.
M
a
l
a
w
i

A
w
a
r
d

f
o
r

H
u
m
a
n

S
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

(
M
A
H
S
)
2
0
0
6
-
-
M
a
l
a
w
i

L
o
c
a
l

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

A
s
s
o
c
i
a
-
t
i
o
n

(
M
A
L
G
A
)
,

M
a
l
a
w
i

I
n
s
t
i
t
u
t
e

o
f

P
h
y
s
i
c
a
l

P
l
a
n
n
e
r
s

(
M
I
P
P
)
,

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

I
n
i
t
i
a
t
i
v
e

f
o
r

C
i
v
i
c

E
d
u
c
a
t
i
o
n

(
N
I
C
E
)
,

D
E
D
,

M
i
n
i
s
t
r
i
e
s

r
e
s
p
o
n
s
i
b
l
e

f
o
r

L
a
n
d
,

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

a
n
d

L
o
c
a
l

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t
.
T
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

A
w
a
r
d

f
o
r

H
u
m
a
n

S
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

i
s

e
s
t
a
b
l
i
s
h
e
d

t
o

r
e
c
-
o
g
n
i
z
e

b
y

i
d
e
n
t
i
f
y
i
n
g
,

d
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
i
n
g

a
n
d

d
i
s
s
e
m
i
n
a
t
i
n
g

i
n
n
o
v
a
-
t
i
v
e

r
e
s
p
o
n
s
e
s

t
o

h
u
m
a
n

s
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

c
h
a
l
l
e
n
g
e
s

i
n

M
a
l
a
w
i
.
M
a
l
a
w
i

U
r
b
a
n

F
o
r
u
m

(
M
U
F
)
2
0
0
7
-
-
M
i
n
i
s
t
r
y

o
f

L
a
n
d
s

a
n
d

n
a
t
u
r
a
l

R
e
s
o
u
r
c
e
s
T
o

b
r
i
n
g

t
o
g
e
t
h
e
r

u
r
b
a
n

s
t
a
k
e
h
o
l
d
e
r
s

t
o

w
o
r
k

t
o
g
e
t
h
e
r

o
n

v
a
r
i
o
u
s

f
r
o
n
t
s

t
o

s
u
p
p
o
r
t

e
f
f
o
r
t
s

a
i
m
e
d

a
t

a
t
t
a
i
n
i
n
g

s
u
s
t
a
i
n
a
b
l
e

u
r
b
a
n
i
s
a
t
i
o
n

i
n

M
a
l
a
w
i
.
U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T
T
h
e

f
o
l
l
o
w
i
n
g

t
a
b
l
e
s

p
r
o
v
i
d
e
s

a
n

i
n
t
r
o
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

t
o

p
r
o
j
e
c
t
s

r
e
c
e
n
t
l
y

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t
e
d

o
r

c
u
r
r
e
n
t
l
y

u
n
d
e
r
w
a
y

i
n

M
a
l
a
w
i
,

b
y

U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

a
n
d

i
t
s

p
a
r
t
n
e
r
s
.

COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 11
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
12
O
r
g
a
n
i
s
a
t
i
o
n
M
a
i
n

a
c
t
i
v
i
t
i
e
s

W
o
r
l
d

B
a
n
k

(
W
B
)
T
h
e

W
o
r
l
d

B
a
n
k

h
a
s

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
e
d

t
h
e

p
r
e
p
a
r
a
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

L
a
n
d

P
o
l
i
c
y
.

T
h
e

W
o
r
l
d

B
a
n
k

i
s

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
i
n
g

t
h
e

l
a
n
d

r
e
d
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

r
e
s
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

a
s

p
a
r
t

o
f

t
h
e

l
a
n
d

r
e
f
o
r
m

p
r
o
c
e
s
s
.
T
h
e

W
o
r
l
d

B
a
n
k

i
s

a
l
s
o

p
r
o
v
i
d
i
n
g


n
a
n
c
i
a
l

a
s
s
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

t
o

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

t
o

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t

t
h
e

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

W
a
t
e
r

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

(
N
W
D
P
)

I
I
.

A
s

p
a
r
t

o
f

t
h
e

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

u
n
d
e
r

t
h
e

U
r
b
a
n

W
a
t
e
r

S
u
p
p
l
y

a
n
d

S
a
n
i
t
a
t
i
o
n

(
U
W
S
S
)

c
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t
,

t
h
e

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

h
o
p
e
s

t
o

i
m
p
r
o
v
e

w
a
t
e
r

a
n
d

s
a
n
i
t
a
t
i
o
n

s
e
r
v
i
c
e

d
e
l
i
v
e
r
y

t
o

l
o
w

i
n
c
o
m
e

a
r
e
a
s

o
f

B
l
a
n
t
y
r
e

a
n
d

L
i
l
o
n
g
w
e

c
i
t
i
e
s

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

t
h
e

o
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n
a
l
i
s
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

t
h
e


S
t
r
a
t
e
g
y

f
o
r

t
h
e

p
r
o
v
i
s
i
o
n

o
f

W
a
t
e
r

a
n
d

s
a
n
i
t
a
t
i
o
n

S
e
r
v
i
c
e
s

t
o

L
o
w

I
n
c
o
m
e

A
r
e
a
s


d
e
v
e
l
o
p
e
d

b
y

t
h
e

W
a
t
e
r

B
o
a
r
d
s

o
f

B
l
a
n
t
y
r
e

a
n
d

L
i
l
o
n
g
w
e
.

A
c
c
e
s
s

t
o

w
a
t
e
r

a
n
d

s
a
n
i
t
a
t
i
o
n

i
s

a

k
e
y

p
r
i
o
r
i
t
y

i
n

t
h
e

s
l
u
m
s
.

T
h
e

U
W
S
S

s
h
o
u
l
d

t
h
e
r
e
f
o
r
e

c
o
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t

t
h
e

w
i
d
e
r

s
l
u
m

u
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g

i
n
i
t
i
a
t
i
v
e

b
e
i
n
g

p
r
e
p
a
r
e
d

b
y

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

w
i
t
h

t
h
e

s
u
p
p
o
r
t

o
f

U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

c
o
n
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
n
g

t
o

t
h
e

s
o
c
i
a
l

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
-
m
e
n
t

t
h
e
m
e

o
f

U
N
D
A
F

a
n
d

o
u
t
c
o
m
e

3
.
3


i
n

p
a
r
t
i
c
u
l
a
r
.
G
e
r
m
a
n

T
e
c
h
n
i
c
a
l

A
s
s
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

(
G
t
z
)
G
T
Z

s

s
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

M
a
l
a
w
i

i
s

i
n

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y

b
u
i
l
d
i
n
g

f
o
r

d
e
m
o
c
r
a
t
i
c

d
e
c
e
n
t
r
a
l
i
z
a
t
i
o
n
.

T
h
i
s

w
o
r
k

i
s

g
e
a
r
e
d

a
t

e
n
a
b
l
i
n
g

a
s
s
e
m
b
l
i
e
s

t
o

d
e
l
i
v
e
r

o
n

t
h
e
i
r

m
a
n
d
a
t
e

b
y

b
u
i
l
d
i
n
g

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y

f
o
r

g
o
o
d

l
o
c
a
l

g
o
v
e
r
n
a
n
c
e
,


s
c
a
l

d
e
c
e
n
t
r
a
l
i
z
a
t
i
o
n
,

s
e
r
v
i
c
e

d
e
l
i
v
e
r
y

a
n
d

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

p
l
a
n
n
i
n
g
.

T
h
i
s

s
u
p
p
o
r
t

l
i
n
k
s

u
p

w
i
t
h

t
h
e

g
o
v
e
r
n
a
n
c
e

t
h
e
m
e
s

i
n

b
o
t
h

t
h
e

M
G
D
S

a
n
d

t
h
e

U
N
D
A
F
.
U
n
i
t
e
d

N
a
t
i
o
n
s

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

(
U
N
D
P
)
U
N
D
P

h
a
s

r
e
c
e
n
t
l
y

p
r
o
v
i
d
e
d

t
h
e

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

w
i
t
h


n
a
n
c
i
a
l

a
s
s
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

t
o

r
e
v
i
s
e

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

P
o
l
i
c
y
.

T
h
i
s

i
s

o
n
g
o
i
n
g

w
o
r
k

a
s

t
h
e

p
o
l
i
c
y

i
s

i
n

d
r
a
f
t

f
o
r
m

a
n
d

U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

h
a
s

b
e
e
n

r
e
q
u
e
s
t
e
d

b
y

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

t
o

s
u
p
p
o
r
t

i
n

a
d
d
i
n
g

v
a
l
u
e

t
o

t
h
e

c
u
r
r
e
n
t

d
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
.

U
N
D
P

i
s

a
l
s
o

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
i
n
g

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

i
n

a

j
o
i
n
t

n
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

M
+
E

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

t
o

t
r
a
c
k

M
a
l
a
w
i

s

p
r
o
g
r
e
s
s

t
o
w
a
r
d
s

t
h
e

a
t
t
a
i
n
m
e
n
t

o
f

t
h
e

M
D
G
s
.
E
u
r
o
p
e
a
n

C
o
m
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

T
h
e

E
u
r
o
p
e
a
n

C
o
m
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

h
a
s

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
e
d

t
h
e

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y

b
u
i
l
d
i
n
g

c
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t

o
f

t
h
e

l
a
n
d

r
e
f
o
r
m

p
r
o
c
e
s
s

i
n

M
a
l
a
w
i

b
u
t

k
e
y

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y

c
h
a
l
l
e
n
g
e
s

r
e
m
a
i
n

f
o
r

t
h
e

e
f
f
e
c
t
i
v
e

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

r
e
f
o
r
m

p
r
o
c
e
s
s
.

T
h
r
o
u
g
h

t
h
e

E
U

s
u
p
p
o
r
t
e
d

M
i
c
r
o

P
r
o
j
e
c
t
s

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
,

p
o
o
r

c
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
i
e
s

i
n
c
l
u
d
i
n
g

t
h
e

u
r
b
a
n

p
o
o
r

a
r
e

a
b
l
e

t
o

a
c
c
e
s
s

f
u
n
d
s

f
o
r

i
m
p
l
e
m
e
n
t
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

c
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

d
r
i
v
e
n

p
r
o
j
e
c
t
s
.
O
t
h
e
r

p
a
r
t
n
e
r
s

i
n

U
r
b
a
n

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t
S
e
v
e
r
a
l

N
G
O
s

a
r
e

a
c
t
i
v
e

i
n

t
h
e

u
r
b
a
n

s
e
c
t
o
r
.

T
h
e
y

i
n
c
l
u
d
e

W
a
t
e
r
A
i
d
,

W
a
t
e
r

f
o
r

P
e
o
p
l
e
,

A
c
t
i
o
n

A
i
d
,

H
a
b
i
t
a
t

f
o
r

H
u
m
a
n
i
t
y

a
n
d

C
e
n
t
r
e

f
o
r

C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

O
r
g
a
n
i
s
a
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

(
C
C
O
D
E
)

d
e
a
l
i
n
g

w
i
t
h

w
a
t
e
r

a
n
d

s
a
n
i
t
a
t
i
o
n
,

u
r
b
a
n

p
o
v
e
r
t
y

a
n
d

h
o
u
s
i
n
g
.
P
A
R
T
N
E
R
S
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 13
M
A
L
A
W
I
STRATEGY
UN-HABITAT strategy strives to make a meaning-
ful contribution to some of Malawi’s development
priorities as elaborated in the MGDS which provide
the basis for the UN support to Malawi through the
UNDAF. UN-HABITAT will contribute to the overall
objective of poverty reduction through its support
of slum upgrading by working to improve access
to basic services including shelter and support to
good urban governance by strengthening local
authorities’ capacities to manage urbanisation.
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
GOALS AND PRIORITIES
THE MALAWI GROWTH AND
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY (MGDS)
The MGDS is the overarching development strat-
egy for Malawi for the years 2006 to 2011. The
overall objective of the MGDS is poverty reduction
through sustainable economic growth and infra-
structure development. Its development framework
is built around the five broad thematic areas of
sustainable economic growth, social protection,
social development, infrastructure development and
improved governance. The areas addressed by the
MGDS that impact on the urban sector include:
Land and Housing
The MGDS has identified inadequate access to
land by majority of Malawians as one of the
critical factors contributing to poverty in Malawi.
The goal in the long term is to ensure tenure
security and equitable access to land as well
as the creation of a conducive framework for
improved access to adequate housing services.
Governance
The MGDS recognizes local governments as key to
national development and good governance. The
goal in the long term is to enhance decision making
and participation of local communities in develop-
ment planning and implementation. The expected
medium term outcome include strengthening local
authority capacities for development planning,
facilitation of community participation, good govern-
ance systems, M+E systems, strengthened link-
ages of policy reforms and reduced conflict of roles
among various stakeholders at the district level.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
14
Water and Sanitation
The MGDS recognize the challenges faced by the
sector which include degradation of water resources,
inadequate service coverage, increasing water demand
as a result of rising population, HIV/AIDS preva-
lence, insufficient capacity, inadequate promotion of
hygiene and sanitation, lack of integrated approach
to water resource management and development,
climate change and lack of mitigation measures
for water-related diseases. For the urban areas, the
MGDS seeks to improve sustainable access to water
supply and sanitation in urban, peri-urban by estab-
lishing water supply and sanitation systems using
demand responsive and demand driven approaches
Integrated Rural Development
The long term goal is to develop rural growth cen-
tres to contribute effectively to economic growth
through the creation of employment opportuni-
ties thereby enhance redistribution of wealth to
all citizens and reduce rural-urban migration.
THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT
ASSISTANCE FRAMEWORK (UNDAF)
The UNDAF is the UN’s agreed framework for sup-
port to Malawi’s development efforts from 2008
to 2011. The UNDAF has been prepared to align
itself to Malawi’s priorities as outlined in the MGDS.
As such the five UNDAF thematic priorities are
• Food and nutrition security, environment
• Social protection and disaster risk reduction
• Social development – health,
education, nutrition, water and sanitation
• HIV and AIDS
• Governance – political and economic accountability.
Human Settlements in the UNDAF
The UNDAF addresses human settlements issues
from the point of view of increased access to basic
services principally water and sanitation in rural and
peri-urban areas. On governance the UNDAF seeks to
strengthen the capacity of assemblies for participa-
tory planning and coordination and strengthening
systems for data management and utilization. Disas-
ters impact on human settlements and the UNDAF
addresses this among others through the social
protection and disaster risk reduction thematic area.
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 15
M
A
L
A
W
I
UN-HABITAT’S PROPOSED
STRATEGY FOR THE SECTOR
The overall most significant human settlement/
urban sector challenge facing Malawi today is rapid
urbanisation and growing urban poverty. Manag-
ing urbanisation to be sustainable and beneficial
to the socioeconomic development of the country
is a big challenge facing Malawi. UN-HABITAT sup-
port to the human settlement sector in Malawi is
expected to address three complementary strate-
gic pillars critical for sustainable urbanisation and
urban poverty reduction: Advocacy for sustainable
urban development, Shelter and basic services,
and Enhanced capacity to manage urbanisation.
STRATEGIC AREA: ADVOCACY FOR
SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
UN-HABITAT will ensure that sustainable urban
development issues are given a platform in the
national debate so that they are well placed on
the national agenda and the agendas of Malawi’s
development partners. To achieve this, the Habitat
Programme in Malawi will support the following
initiatives already underway in Malawi: the Malawi
Urban Forum (MUF); World Habitat Day; and the
Malawi Award for Human Settlements (MAHS).
STRATEGIC AREA: SHELTER
AND BASIC SERVICES
UN-HABITAT will support a number of activities to
contribute towards addressing these issues. Important
activities to note include Rapid Urban Sector Profile
Study (RUSPS), which will help inform and guide the
rapid urbanisation process through a participatory,
crosscutting, holistic and action-oriented assessment
in governance, slums, gender and HIV/AIDS, and envi-
ronment. Other key activities include: a Shelter Profile
Study, finalization of the National Housing Policy,
solid waste management and disaster risk reduction.
STRATEGIC AREA: ENHANCING CENTRAL
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT CAPACITY
TO MANAGE URBANISATION
Appropriate policies and tools have a key role to
play in creating an enabling environment in which
sustainable urbanisation can take place. National
policies to support sustainable urbanisation are criti-
cal to guiding local authorities, cooperating partners
and other stakeholders to have a clear framework in
which they can work. To enhance the national policy
framework, the Habitat Programme in Malawi will
seek to support central government and municipal
assemblies on the following: Formulation of city devel-
opment strategies, establishment of a Local Urban
Observatory and urban land information system,
National Urban Policy formulation and the prepara-
tion of a National Slum Upgrading Programme in
the cities of Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu and Zomba.
PROGRAMME OBJECTIVES
In the period 2008-2009, UN-HABITAT will contrib-
ute to three of the five results expected from the UN
development operations in Malawi as reflected in the
UNDAF. UN-HABITAT commitments are related to the
results expected from the UNDAF as shown in the
UN-HABITAT Programme Framework above. UN-HABI-
TAT will support the delivery of results focusing on
sustainable urbanisation particularly in slum upgrading
and developing the tools for managing urbanisation.
Under UNDAF Outcome 3, UN-HABITAT will focus
on slum upgrading for improvement in the quality of
life of slum dwellers. For outcome five, UN-HABITAT
will support national and district level capacity to
formulate national and city level policies and strate-
gies to address sustainable urbanisation in Malawi.
IDENTIFIED SECTOR PRIORITIES
LAND AND
HOUSING
URBAN PLANNING
AND MANAGEMENT
BASIC URBAN
SERVICES
GOVERNANCE
The table presents the main urban sector priorities of the Malawi Government. the largest human
settlements priority is to contain rapid urbanisation and the resultant increase in urban poverty.
IDENTIFIED SECTOR PRIORITIES
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
16
KEY PRINCIPLES
Though UN-HABITAT is charged with the responsibil-
ity of delivering this programme, the Agency will carry
out this work through implementation partners. UN-
HABITAT will sign ‘Cooperation of Agreements’ with
the implementing partners prior to execution of the
activities. The Cooperation of Agreement will describe
the specific results to be achieved and will form the
basic agreement between UN-HABITAT and each im-
plementing partner on the transfer and use of resourc-
es. UN rules and procedures for the implementation of
projects/programmes will apply and all payments will
be authorized by UN-HABITAT through UNDP Malawi
office. Certain projects/programmes will be under-
taken directly by UN-HABITAT from headquarters as
‘parallel funding’ and not through transfers.
Key Government counterpart ministries, MALGA,
UNDP, participating donors will carry out joint reviews
of the implementation of the programme at the end
of each year of the programme period.
UN-HABITAT will provide technical support to the pro-
gramme activities as well as being responsible for the
administration and management of the programme.
INFORMATION
UN-HABITAT in Malawi has a page on the UN Malawi
website and this page along with the UN Malawi
newsletter will be one of the key mechanisms for
information sharing.
The recently established Malawi Urban Forum (MUF)
will also provide a platform to share information on
the HCPD in Malawi
IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS
T
h
e

f
o
l
l
o
w
i
n
g

t
a
b
l
e

o
r
g
a
n
i
s
e
s

t
h
e

s
u
b
-
s
e
c
t
o
r
a
l

p
r
i
o
r
i
t
i
e
s

o
f

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

C
o
u
n
t
r
y

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

D
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
s

w
i
t
h

b
u
d
g
e
t

i
n

U
S

D
o
l
l
a
r
s
.

R
E
S
U
L
T
S

/

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
S

B
Y

T
H
E
M
A
T
I
C

C
O
M
P
O
N
E
N
T
P
R
O
G
R
A
M
M
E

F
R
A
M
E
W
O
R
K
R
E
S
U
L
T
S

/

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
S

B
Y

T
H
E
M
A
T
I
C

C
O
M
P
O
N
E
N
T
O
b
j
e
c
t
i
v
e
K
e
y

i
n
d
i
c
a
t
o
r
s
K
e
y

p
a
r
t
n
e
r
s
R
e
s
o
u
r
c
e
s

(
U
S
D
)
A
d
v
o
c
a
c
y

f
o
r

S
u
s
t
a
i
n
a
b
l
e

U
r
b
a
n

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

T
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

A
r
e
a
U
N
D
A
F

O
u
t
c
o
m
e

3
:

I
n
c
r
e
a
s
e
d

e
q
u
i
t
a
b
l
e

a
c
c
e
s
s

t
o


a
n
d

u
t
i
l
i
z
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

q
u
a
l
i
t
y

b
a
s
i
c

s
o
c
i
a
l

s
e
r
v
i
c
e
s

b
y

2
0
1
1
U
N
D
A
F

O
u
t
c
o
m
e

5
:

G
o
o
d

g
o
v
e
r
n
a
n
c
e
,

g
e
n
d
e
r

e
q
u
a
l
i
t
y

a
n
d

a

r
i
g
h
t
s

b
a
s
e
d

a
p
p
r
o
a
c
h

t
o

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

e
n
h
a
n
c
e
d

b
y

2
0
1
1
.
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

1
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

u
r
b
a
n

a
d
v
o
c
a
c
y

a
c
t
i
v
i
t
i
e
s
1
.




W
o
r
l
d

H
a
b
i
t
a
t

D
a
y

i
n

M
a
l
a
w
i
1
.



I
n
c
r
e
a
s
e
d

a
w
a
r
e
n
e
s
s
,

n
e
t
w
o
r
k
-
i
n
g

a
n
d

c
o
l
l
a
b
o
r
a
t
i
o
n

a
m
o
n
g

u
r
b
a
n

s
t
a
k
e
h
o
l
d
e
r
s
M
L
N
R
,

M
L
G
R
D
,

M
T
P
W
H
,

M
I
P
P
,

M
A
L
G
A
,

C
C
O
D
E
,

A
c
t
i
o
n

A
i
d
,

M
I
P
P
,

N
I
C
E
1
0
0
,
0
0
0
2
.



M
a
l
a
w
i

A
w
a
r
d

f
o
r

H
u
m
a
n

S
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

(
M
A
H
S
)

I
n
i
t
i
a
t
i
v
e
2
.



B
e
s
t

p
r
a
c
t
i
c
e
s

i
d
e
n
t
i

e
d
,

d
o
c
u
-
m
e
n
t
e
d

a
n
d

p
u
b
l
i
s
h
e
d
.
3
.



M
a
l
a
w
i

U
r
b
a
n

F
o
r
u
m
3
.




M
a
l
a
w
i

U
r
b
a
n

F
o
r
u
m

l
a
u
n
c
h
e
d
.
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

L
o
c
a
l

a
n
d

C
e
n
t
r
a
l

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

T
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

A
r
e
a
U
N
D
A
F

O
u
t
c
o
m
e

2
:

B
y

2
0
1
1
,

2
0
%

o
f

p
o
p
u
l
a
t
i
o
n

c
o
m
p
r
i
s
i
n
g

o
f

t
h
e

u
l
t
r
a

p
o
o
r

a
s

a
r
e

t
h
e

v
u
l
n
e
r
a
b
l
e

t
h
a
t

c
a
n

b
e

n
e
g
a
t
i
v
e
l
y

i
m
p
a
c
t
e
d

b
y

e
c
o
n
o
m
i
c

s
h
o
c
k
s

a
n
d

d
i
s
a
s
t
e
r
s

a
r
e

s
u
f

c
i
e
n
t
l
y

c
a
r
e
d

f
o
r

a
n
d

p
r
o
t
e
c
t
e
d

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

a
c
c
e
s
s

t
o

s
o
c
i
a
l

p
r
o
t
e
c
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

d
i
s
a
s
t
e
r

r
i
s
k

r
e
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
s
.
U
N
D
A
F

O
u
t
c
o
m
e

3
:

I
n
c
r
e
a
s
e
d

e
q
u
i
t
a
b
l
e

a
c
c
e
s
s

t
o


a
n
d

u
t
i
l
i
z
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

q
u
a
l
i
t
y

b
a
s
i
c

s
o
c
i
a
l

s
e
r
v
i
c
e
s

b
y

2
0
1
1
U
N
D
A
F

O
u
t
c
o
m
e

5
:

G
o
o
d

g
o
v
e
r
n
a
n
c
e
,

g
e
n
d
e
r

e
q
u
a
l
i
t
y

a
n
d

a

r
i
g
h
t
s

b
a
s
e
d

a
p
p
r
o
a
c
h

t
o

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

e
n
h
a
n
c
e
d

b
y

2
0
1
1
.
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

1
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

c
r
e
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

c
o
n
d
u
c
i
v
e

h
o
u
s
i
n
g

f
r
a
m
e
w
o
r
k
1
.


C
a
r
r
y

o
u
t

a

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

S
h
e
l
t
e
r

P
r
o

l
e

S
t
u
d
y
1
.



M
a
l
a
w
i

S
h
e
l
t
e
r

P
r
o

l
e

d
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
M
T
P
W
H
,

M
L
G
R
D
,

M
L
N
R
,

U
N
D
P
,

U
r
b
a
n


A
s
s
e
m
b
l
i
e
s
2
2
0
,
0
0
0
2
.



S
u
p
p
o
r
t


n
a
l
i
s
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i


N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

P
o
l
i
c
y
2
.




A
p
p
r
o
v
e
d

M
a
l
a
w
i

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

P
o
l
i
c
y

d
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

2
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

i
m
p
r
o
v
e
m
e
n
t

o
f

s
o
l
i
d

w
a
s
t
e

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t
I
m
p
r
o
v
i
n
g

p
e
r
f
o
r
m
a
n
c
e

a
n
d

s
u
s
t
a
i
n
a
b
i
l
i
t
y

o
f

u
r
b
a
n

s
o
l
i
d

w
a
s
t
e

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t

I
n
c
r
e
a
s
e
d

a
c
c
e
s
s

t
o

s
o
l
i
d

w
a
s
t
e

s
e
r
-
v
i
c
e
s

f
o
r

u
r
b
a
n

h
o
u
s
e
h
o
l
d
s

e
s
p
e
c
i
a
l
l
y

t
h
e

u
r
b
a
n

p
o
o
r
L
i
l
o
n
g
w
e

C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
y
,

M
L
G
R
D
,

U
N
D
P
2
0
0
,
0
0
0
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 17
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
18
R
E
S
U
L
T
S

/

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
S

B
Y

T
H
E
M
A
T
I
C

C
O
M
P
O
N
E
N
T
O
b
j
e
c
t
i
v
e
K
e
y

i
n
d
i
c
a
t
o
r
s
K
e
y

p
a
r
t
n
e
r
s
R
e
s
s
o
u
r
c
e
s

(
U
S
D
)
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

3
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

d
i
s
a
s
t
e
r

r
i
s
k

r
e
d
u
c
t
i
o
n
1
.



S
u
p
p
o
r
t

p
r
e
p
a
r
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

g
u
i
d
e
l
i
n
e
s

f
o
r

r
e
l
o
c
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

h
o
u
s
e
h
o
l
d
s

f
r
o
m

d
i
s
a
s
t
e
r

p
r
o
n
e

a
r
e
a
s
G
u
i
d
e
l
i
n
e
s

f
o
r

r
e
l
o
c
a
t
i
o
n

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
e
d

a
n
d

a
g
r
e
e
d
.
D
o
D
M
A
,

M
L
N
R
,

M
T
P
W
H
,

U
N
D
P
3
0
,
0
0
0
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

4
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

u
r
b
a
n

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t

t
o
o
l
s
1
.



S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

s
e
t
t
i
n
g

u
p

o
f

L
o
c
a
l

U
r
b
a
n

O
b
s
e
r
v
a
t
o
r
y

(
L
U
O
)
1
.


L
o
c
a
l

U
r
b
a
n

O
b
s
e
r
v
a
t
o
r
y
C
i
t
y

A
s
s
e
m
b
l
i
e
s

(
L
i
l
o
n
g
w
e
,

B
l
a
n
t
y
r
e
,

M
z
u
z
u

a
n
d

Z
o
m
b
a
)
,

M
L
G
R
D
,

M
L
N
R
,

M
T
P
W
H
,

M
C
I
1
,
0
0
0
,
0
0
0
2
.


S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

s
e
t
t
i
n
g

u
p

o
f

U
r
b
a
n

L
a
n
d

I
n
f
o
r
m
a
t
i
o
n

S
y
s
t
e
m
3
.



S
u
p
p
o
r
t

f
o
r

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

c
i
t
y


d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

s
t
r
a
t
e
g
i
e
s
2
.



I
m
p
r
o
v
e
d

d
a
t
a
/
t
o
o
l
s

f
o
r

m
o
n
i
t
o
r
-
i
n
g

u
r
b
a
n

g
r
o
w
t
h
3
.



N
u
m
b
e
r

o
f

a
p
p
r
o
v
e
d

c
i
t
y

d
e
v
e
l
-
o
p
m
e
n
t

s
t
r
a
t
e
g
i
e
s
.
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

5
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

c
r
e
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

a
n

e
n
a
b
l
i
n
g

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

U
r
b
a
n

P
o
l
i
c
y

f
r
a
m
e
w
o
r
k
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

a

n
a
t
i
o
n
a
l


U
r
b
a
n
i
s
a
t
i
o
n

P
o
l
i
c
y
N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

u
r
b
a
n

p
o
l
i
c
y

c
o
m
p
l
e
t
e
d

a
n
d

a
g
r
e
e
d

b
y

s
t
a
k
e
h
o
l
d
e
r
s
.
M
L
G
R
D
,

M
L
N
R
,

M
I
P
P
5
0
,
0
0
0
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

6
:

S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

S
l
u
m

U
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
1
.



S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

a

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

S
l
u
m

U
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
1
.



A

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

S
l
u
m

U
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
M
L
G
R
D
,

M
L
N
R
,

M
T
P
W
H
,

C
C
O
D
E
,

C
i
t
y

A
s
-
s
e
m
b
l
i
e
s
,

M
A
L
G
A
1
,
5
0
0
,
0
0
0
2
.



C
a
r
r
y

o
u
t

u
r
b
a
n

p
r
o

l
i
n
g
2
.



F
o
u
r

(
c
i
t
y
)

u
r
b
a
n

p
r
o

l
e
s

a
n
d

o
n
e

n
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

u
r
b
a
n

p
r
o

l
e
R
E
S
U
L
T
S

/

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
S

B
Y

T
H
E
M
A
T
I
C

C
O
M
P
O
N
E
N
T
R
E
Q
U
I
R
E
D

B
U
D
G
E
T
T
h
e

t
a
b
l
e

r
e

e
c
t
s

t
h
e

b
u
d
g
e
t

f
o
r

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

U
N
-
H
A
B
I
T
A
T

C
o
u
n
t
r
y

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

D
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
.

T
h
e

b
u
d
g
e
t

p
r
e
s
e
n
t
e
d

i
s

t
h
e

s
u
m

o
f

t
h
e

p
r
o
-
g
r
a
m
m
e

b
u
d
g
e
t
s

f
o
r

a
l
l

t
h
e

t
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

c
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t
s

c
o
v
e
r
e
d

i
n

t
h
e

C
o
u
n
t
r
y

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
.

T
h
e

t
a
b
l
e

d
i
s
p
l
a
y
s

f
u
n
d
i
n
g

o
v
e
r

a

2
-
y
e
a
r

p
e
r
i
o
d

a
n
d

h
i
g
h
-
l
i
g
h
t
s

t
h
e

s
e
c
u
r
e
d

v
e
r
s
u
s

t
h
e

n
o
n
-
s
e
c
u
r
e
d

f
u
n
d
i
n
g

f
o
r

e
a
c
h

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

c
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t

p
r
e
s
e
n
t
e
d
.

A
l
l

s
u
m
s

a
r
e

i
n

U
S

D
o
l
l
a
r
s
.

T
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

A
r
e
a
s

/

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

C
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t
s
Y
e
a
r

1

(
U
S
D
)
Y
e
a
r

2

(
U
S
D
)
S
e
c
u
r
e
d

f
u
n
d
s

(
U
S
D
)
U
n
s
e
c
u
r
e
d

f
u
n
d
s

(
U
S
D
)
T
o
t
a
l

(
U
S
D
)
A
d
v
o
c
a
c
y

f
o
r

S
u
s
t
a
i
n
a
b
l
e

U
r
b
a
n

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

T
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

A
r
e
a
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

M
a
l
a
w
i

U
r
b
a
n

F
o
r
u
m

(
M
U
F
)

i
n
i
t
i
a
t
i
v
e
P
u
b
l
i
c
i
t
y
F
o
r
u
m
1
4

0
0
0
6

0
0
0
1
4

0
0
0
6

0
0
0
00
2
8

0
0
0
1
2

0
0
0
4
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

o
b
s
e
r
v
a
n
c
e

o
f

W
o
r
l
d

H
a
b
i
t
a
t

D
a
y

i
n

M
a
l
a
w
i
P
u
b
l
i
c
i
t
y
1
0

0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
2
0

0
0
0
2
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

t
h
e

M
a
l
a
w
i

A
w
a
r
d

f
o
r

H
u
m
a
n

S
e
t
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

(
M
A
H
S
)

I
n
i
t
i
a
t
i
v
e
P
u
b
l
i
c
i
t
y
D
o
c
u
m
e
n
t
a
t
i
o
n
6

0
0
0
1
4

0
0
0
6

0
0
0
1
4

0
0
0
00
1
2

0
0
0
2
8

0
0
0
4
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

L
o
c
a
l

a
n
d

C
e
n
t
r
a
l

G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

T
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

A
r
e
a
U
r
b
a
n

p
r
o

l
i
n
g

a
s

p
a
r
t

o
f

t
h
e

P
a
r
t
i
c
i
p
a
t
o
r
y

S
l
u
m

U
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
3
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
6
0

0
0
0
0
6
0

0
0
0
F
i
n
a
l
i
z
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

H
o
u
s
i
n
g

P
o
l
i
c
y
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
4
0

0
0
0
6
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
S
h
e
l
t
e
r

p
r
o

l
e

s
t
u
d
y
9
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
1
2
0

0
0
0
0
1
2
0

0
0
0
I
m
p
r
o
v
i
n
g

p
e
r
f
o
r
m
a
n
c
e

a
n
d

s
u
s
t
a
i
n
a
b
i
l
i
t
y

o
f

u
r
b
a
n

s
o
l
i
d

w
a
s
t
e

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t

s
y
s
t
e
m
s
1
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
2
0
0

0
0
0
2
0
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

d
i
s
a
s
t
e
r

r
i
s
k

r
e
d
u
c
t
i
o
n

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

p
r
e
v
e
n
t
i
o
n

a
n
d

m
i
t
i
g
a
t
i
o
n

m
e
a
s
u
r
e
s
3
0

0
0
0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
i
o
n

o
f

c
i
t
y

d
e
v
e
l
o
p
m
e
n
t

s
t
r
a
t
e
g
i
e
s

i
n

t
h
e

f
o
u
r

c
i
t
i
e
s
2
0
0

0
0
0
4
0
0

0
0
0
6
0
0

0
0
0
6
0
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

f
o
r

s
e
t
t
i
n
g

u
p

o
f

L
o
c
a
l

U
r
b
a
n

O
b
s
e
r
v
a
t
o
r
y
(
M
z
u
z
u
)
S
o
f
t
w
a
r
e
T
r
a
i
n
i
n
g
T
e
c
h
n
i
c
a
l

a
s
s
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
000
4
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
5
0

0
0
0
000
4
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
5
0

0
0
0
1
2
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

s
e
t
t
i
n
g

u
p

U
r
b
a
n

L
a
n
d

I
n
f
o
r
m
a
t
i
o
n

S
y
s
t
e
m

(
M
z
u
z
u
)
E
q
u
i
p
m
e
n
t

(
h
a
r
d
w
a
r
e

a
n
d

s
o
f
t
w
a
r
e
)
T
r
a
i
n
i
n
g
T
e
c
h
n
i
c
a
l

a
s
s
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
000
4
0

0
0
0
6
0

0
0
0
5
0

0
0
0
000
4
0

0
0
0
6
0

0
0
0
5
0

0
0
0
1
5
0

0
0
0
R
E
Q
U
I
R
E
D

B
U
D
G
E
T
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 19
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
20
R
E
Q
U
I
R
E
D

B
U
D
G
E
T
T
h
e
m
a
t
i
c

A
r
e
a
s

/

P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

C
o
m
p
o
n
e
n
t
s
Y
e
a
r

1

(
U
S
D
)
Y
e
a
r

2

(
U
S
D
)
S
e
c
u
r
e
d

f
u
n
d
s

(
U
S
D
)
U
n
s
e
c
u
r
e
d

f
u
n
d
s

(
U
S
D
)
T
o
t
a
l

(
U
S
D
)
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

U
r
b
a
n

P
o
l
i
c
y

f
o
r
m
u
l
a
t
i
o
n
C
o
n
s
u
l
t
a
n
c
y
C
o
n
s
u
l
t
a
t
i
v
e

W
o
r
k
s
h
o
p
s
2
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
00
00
2
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
5
0

0
0
0
S
u
p
p
o
r
t

t
o

N
a
t
i
o
n
a
l

S
l
u
m

U
p
g
r
a
d
i
n
g

p
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e
5
0
0

0
0
0
1

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1

5
0
0

0
0
0
1

5
0
0

0
0
0
T
r
a
i
n
i
n
g

o
f

o
f

c
i
a
l
s

a
n
d

u
r
b
a
n

c
o
u
n
c
i
l
o
r
s

F
a
c
i
l
i
t
a
t
i
o
n
W
o
r
k
s
h
o
p
s
2
0

0
0
0
5
0

0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
00
5
0

0
0
0
1
5
0

0
0
0
2
0
0

0
0
0
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

M
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t
P
r
o
g
r
a
m
m
e

m
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t
:

1
0
7

8
0
0
6
2

8
0
0
1
7
0

6
0
0
0
1
7
0

6
0
0
G
r
a
n
d

t
o
t
a
l
1

2
6
7

8
0
0
2

0
7
2

8
0
0
3
9
0

6
0
0
2

9
5
0

0
0
0
3

3
4
0

6
0
0
COUNTRY PROGRAMME DOCUMENT 2008 – 2009 21
M
A
L
A
W
I
Blantyre City Assembly (2007), Situation Analysis of Informal Settlements
Blantyre and Lilongwe Water Boards (2006), Strategy for the Provi-
sion of Water and Sanitation Services to Low Income Areas
Malawi Government (2006), Malawi Growth and Development Strat-
egy (MGDS): From Poverty to Prosperity 2006-2011
Malawi Government (2000), National HIV and AIDS Policy
Malawi Government (1999), Malawi National Housing Policy
Malawi Government (2007), Malawi National Housing Policy (Draft)
Malawi Government (2002), Malawi National Land Policy
Malawi Government (2005), Malawi National Water Policy
Malawi Government (2007), Malawi National Sanitation Policy (Draft)
National Statistical Office (2004), Malawi Demographic and Health Survey
United Nations (2008), Southern African Region Preparedness and Response Plan
United Nations (2007), United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2008-2011

BIBLIOGRAPHY
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
22
ACRONYMS
AMICAALL Alliance of Mayors Initiative for Community Action on HIV/AIDS at Local Level
BCA Blantyre City Assembly
CCODE Centre for Community Organisation and Development
DED German Development Service
DODMA Department of Disaster Management Affairs
HIV/AIDS Human Immuno Virus / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
LCA Lilongwe City Assembly
MAHS Malawi Award for Human Settlements
MALGA Malawi Local Government Association
MCI Millennium Cities Initiative
MEPD Ministry of Economic Planning and Development
MIPP Malawi Institute of Physical Planners
MLGRD Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development
MLNR Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources
MTPWH Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Housing
MUF Malawi Urban Forum
MCA Mzuzu City Assembly
NGOs Non-Governmental Organisations
NICE National Initiative for Civic Education
NSO National Statistics Office
NWPD National Water Development Programme
SDI Shack Dwellers International
UNDAF United Nations Development Assistance Framework
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Pprogramme
UWSS Urban Water Supply and Sanitation
WB World Bank
ZCA Zomba City Assembly
United Nations Human Settlements Programme
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States
24
The Habitat Country Programme Document for
Malawi outlines the main development objectives and
priorities in the area of shelter and human settle-
ments in Malawi. In collaboration with the Govern-
ment, local and international partners, and other UN
Agencies, the overall aim of this HCPD is to attain
sustainable urbanisation and reduce urban poverty.
Through an analysis of seven key sectors including:
Governance, Land, Housing, Water and Sanitation,
Urban planning and management and HIV/ AIDS and
through partnerships with the Malawi Local Govern-
ment Association, the Ministry of Transport, Public
Works and Housing, and Ministries responsible for
Land, Housing and Local Government, UN-HABITAT
has assisted to identify key urban issues and areas of
support to improve the urban situation in Malawi.
The Malawi Growth and Development Strategy
(MGDS) and the United Nations Development Assist-
ance Framework (UNDAF) highlight the priorities and
areas for intervention for the country programme.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States (ROAAS)
P.O. Box 30030, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: (+254) 20-762 3075, www.unhabitat.org
Habitat Programme Manager in Malawi:
Mr. John Chome (john.chome@undp.org)

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful