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## S.A. ENGINEERING COLLEGE, CHENNAI.

STATISTICS AND NUMERICAL METHODS
PART A
Unit - 1
1. It has been found that 2% of the tools produced by a certain machine are defective. What
is the probability that in a shipment of 400 such tools (a) 3% or more, (b) 2% or less will
prove defective? (A.U. June, 2013)
2. A random sample of 200 tines of coconut oil gave an average weight of 4.95 kgs, with a
standard deviation of 0.21kg. Do we accept that the net weight is 5 kgs per tin at 5%
level? ( A.U. June, 2013)
3. Define Type I error and Type II error. (A.U. May, 2011, June, 2012)
4. State the applications of Chi-Square Test. ( A.U. Dec.2010, June, 2012)
5. What are null and alternate hypothesis? (A.U. Dec., 2012)
6. Give the formula for the
2
-test of independence for
(

d c
b a
(A.U. Dec.,2012)
Unit -2
1. What do you understand by Design of an experiment? (A.U. June, 2013)
2. Write down the ANOVA table for one way classification. (A.U. June, 2013)
3. State the assumptions involved in ANOVA. (A.U. June, 2012)
4. What are the advantages of a Latin square design? ( A.U. June, 2012)
5. State the basic principles of design of Experiments. (A.U. Dec. 2012)
6. Define: RBD and CRD? (A.U. Dec. 2012)
Unit -3
1. Find the real positive root of 3x cosx -1=0 by Newtons method correct to 6 decimal
places. ( A.U. June, 2013)
2. Arrive a formula to find the value of ,
3
N where 0 = N , using Newton-Raphson method.
(A.U. June, 2012)
3. Mention the order and condition for the convergence of Newton-Raphson method.
(A.U. Dec. 2010, Dec., 2012)
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4. Compare Gauss elimination and Gauss-Jacobi methods. (A.U. Dec., 2012)
5. Find the dominant eigen value of the matrix
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4 3
2 1
by power method. (A.U. May, 2011)
6. Solve by Gauss Jordan method. (A.U. Dec. 2011)
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24
4
3
8 0 0
1 1 0
1 2 1
z
y
x

Unit - 4
1. Use Lagranges formula to fit a polynomial to the data and find y at x=1.
x: -1 0 2 3
y: -8 3 1 12 (A.U. June, 2013)
2. Form the divided difference table for the following data:
X: 5 15 22
Y: 7 36 160 (A.U. June, 2012)
3. Evaluate
}
1
5 . 0
x
dx
by Trapezoidal rule, dividing the range into 4 equal parts.
(A.U. June, 2012)
4. Using Trapezoidal rule, evaluate
}
+
1
0
2
1 x
dx
with h=0.2. (A.U. May, 2011)
5. State the formula to find the second order derivative using the forward differences.
(A.U. May, 2011)
6. Write down the Lagranges interpolation formula (A.U. May, 2010)
Unit -5
1. Using Taylor series method, find y at x=0.1, 0.2 given 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= = y y x
dx
dy
. (correct to 4
decimal places) (A.U. June, 2013)
2. Compute y at x=0.25 by Modified Euler method given y=2xy, y(0)=1. (correct o 4
decimal places). (A.U. June, 2013)
3. Bring out the merits and demerits of Taylor series method. (A.U. Dec., 2012)
4. Find Y(0.1) by Eulers method, if 1 ) 0 ( ;
2 2
= + = y y x
dx
dy
(A.U. Dec., 2012)
3

5. Using Eulers method solve the following differential equation y y =
1
subject to y(0)
=1. (A.U. May, 2010)
6. Write down the Milnes predictor-corrector formula for solving initial value problem in
first order differential equation. (A.U. May, 2010)
PART B
Unit - 1
1. Random samples drawn from two countries gave the following data relating to the
heights of adult males. Is the difference between standard deviation significant?
Items Country A Country B
Mean height (in inches) 67.42 67.25
S.D. (in inches) 2.58 2.50
Number in samples 1000 1200 (A.U. June, 2013)
2. Two random samples gave the following results:
Sample Size Sample mean Sum of squares of
deviation from the mean
1
2
10
12
15
14
90
108

Test whether the samples have come from the same normal population.
(A.U. June, 2012)
3. In a random sample of 1000 people from city A, 400 are found to be consumers of wheat.
In a sample of 800 from city B, 400 are found to be consumers of wheat. Does this data
give a significant difference between the two cities as far as the proportion of wheat
consumers is concerned? (A.U. May, 2011)
4. Two samples polls of votes for two candidates A and B for a public office are taken one
from among residents of rural areas. The results are given below. Examine whether the
nature of the area is related to voting preference in this election.
Rural 620 380 1000
Urban 550 450 1000
Total 1170 830 2000 (A.U. Dec., 2011)
4

5. A group of 10 rats fed on diet A and another group of 8 rats fed on diet B, recorded the
following increase in weight.
Diet A: 5 6 8 1 12 4 3 9 6
Diet B: 2 3 6 8 10 1 2 8
Test the hypothesis that the samples have same from populations with equal variances at
5% level of significance. (A.U. Dec., 2011)
6. Test if the difference in the means is significant for the following data
Sample -1 76 68 70 43 94 68 33 -
Sample-II 40 48 92 85 70 76 68 22
(A.U. Dec. 2010)
7. The following data gives the number of aircraft accidents that occurred during the various
days of a week. Find whether the accidents are uniformly distributed over the week.

(A.U. Dec., 2010)
8. A sample of 900 members has a mean 3.4 cm and s.d. 2.61 cm. Is the sample from a
large population of mean 3.25 cms and s.d. of 2.61 cms?. (Test at 5% level of
significance. The value of z at 5% level is 96 . 1 <
o
Z . (A.U. May, 2010)

Unit 2
1. The following data represent the number of units of production per day turned out by 5
different workers using 4 different types of machines.
Machine Type

Workers

A B C D
1 44 38 47 36
2 46 40 52 43
3 34 36 44 32
4 43 38 46 33
5 38 42 49 39
(i) Test whether the mean production is the same for the different machine type.
(ii) Test whether the 5 men differ with mean productivity.
(A.U. Dec., 2010, May, 2011, June, 2013)
Days Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
No. of
accidents
14 16 8 12 11 9 14
5

2. The following is a Latin square of a design when 4 varieties of seeds are being tested.
Set up the analysis of variance table and state your conclusion. You may carry out
suitable change of origin and scale.
A105 B95 C125 D115
C115 D125 A105 B105
D115 C 95 B105 A115
B95 A135 D 95 C115 (A.U. June, 2013)
3. Analysis the following of Latin square experiment.
Column Row 1 2 3 4
1 A(12) D(20) C(16) B(10)
2 D(18) A(14) B(11) C(14)
3 B(12) C(15) D(19) A(13)
4 C(16) B(11) A(15) D(20) (A.U. June, 2013)
4. The sales of 4 salesmen in 3 season are tabulated here. Carry out an analysis of variance.
Seasons Salesmen
A B C D
Summer 36 36 21 35
Winter 28 29 31 32
Monsoon 26 28 29 29 (A.U. Dec., 2012)
5. The following are the number of mistakes made in 5 successive days by 4 techniques
working for a photographic laboratory test at a level of significance o =0.01. Test
whether the difference among the four samples means can be attributed to chance.
Technician
I II III IV
6 14 10 9
14 9 12 12
10 12 7 8
8 10 15 10
11 14 11 11 (A.U. May, 2011)
6. What are the basic assumptions involved in ANOVA. (A.U. May, 2011)
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7. In a Latin square experiment given below are the yields in quintals per acre on the paddy
crop carried out for testing the effect of five fertilizers A,B, C, D, E. Analyze the date for
variations.
B25 A18 E27 D30 C27
A19 D31 C29 E26 B23
C28 B22 D33 A18 E27
E28 C26 A20 B25 D33
D32 E25 B23 C28 A20 (A.U. May, 2011)
8. The following table shows the lives in hours of four batches of electric bulbs.
Batches
1 1600 1610 1650 1680 1700 1720 1800
2 1580 1640 1640 1700 1750
3 1460 1550 1600 1620 1640 1660 1740 1820
4 1510 1520 1530 1570 1600 1680
Perform an analysis of variance of these data and show that a significance test does not
reject their homogeneity. (A.U.Dec.,2011)
Unit -3
1. Solve the system of equations by Gauss-Jordan method x+y+z+w =1; 2x-y+2z-w=-5;
3x+2y+3z+4w =7; x-2y-3z +2w =5. (A.U. June, 2013)
2. Solve by Gauss-Seidal method the following system:
28x+4y-z =32; x+3y+10z =24; 2x+17y +4z =35 (A.U. June, 2013)
3. Solve by Gauss-Elimination method 3x+4y+5z=18; 2x-y+8z =13; 5x-2y+7z =20
(A.U. June, 2013)
4. Using power method, find all the eigen values of A =
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5 0 1
0 2 0
1 0 5
(A.U. June, 2013)
5. Using Newton-Raphson method, solve 34 . 12 log
10
= x x taking the initial value
0
x as 10.
(A.U. June, 2012)
6. Find the numerically largest eigenvalue of A =
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5 3 6
1 4 4
2 3 1
by power method.
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(A.U. June, 2012)
7. Using Gauss Jordon method, find the inverse of A =
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4 4 2
3 3 1
3 1 1

(A.U. May, 2010, June, 2012)
8. Solve the following system of equations using Gauss-Seidal iterative method.
110 54 ; 72 2 15 6 ; 85 6 27 = + + = + + = + z y x z y x z y x (A.U. June, 2012)
Unit 4
1. By dividing the range into ten equal parts, evaluate
}
t
0
sin xdx by Trapezoidal and
Simpsons rule. Verify your answer with integration. (A.U. Dec., 2010, June, 2013)
2. The population of a certain town is given below. Find the rate of growth of the
population in 1931, 1941, 1961, and 1971
Year (x) : 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971
Population(y) : 40.62 60.80 79.95 103.56 132.65 (A.U. June, 2013)
(in thousands)

3. Using Newtons divided difference formula, find the values of f(2), f(8) and f(15) given
the following table.
x: 4 5 7 10 11 13
f(x): 48 100 294 900 1210 2028
(A.U. May, 2011, June, 2013)
4. Using Lagranges interpolation, find the value of f(3), from the following table:
x: 0 1 2 5
f(x): 2 3 12 147 (A.U. June, 2012)
5. Evaluate
}
+ +
2
0
2
1 x x
dx
to three decimals, dividing the range of integration into 8 equal
parts using Simpsons rule. ( A.U. June, 2012)
6. Compute ) 0 ( ' f and ) 4 ( " f from the following data
x: 0 1 2 3 4
f(x): 1 2.718 7.381 20.086 54.598 (A.U. June, 2012)
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7. Given the following data, find y(6) and the maximum value of y.
x: 0 2 3 4 7 9
y: 4 26 58 112 466 922 (A.U. Dec., 2011, Dec. 2012)
8. The table below gives the velocity V of a moving particle at time t seconds. Find the
distance covered by the particle in 12 seconds and also the acceleration at t =2 seconds,
using Simpsons rule.
t: 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
v: 4 6 16 34 60 94 136 (A.U. May, 2011)
Unit 5
1. Using Runge-Kutta method of fourth-order, solve
2 2
2 2
x y
x y
dx
dy
+

## = given y(0) =1 at x=0.2,

0.4. (A.U. May, 2010, May, 2011, Dcc., 2011, June, 2013)
2. Using Milnes method find y(4.4) given 0 2 5
2 2
= + y xy given y(4) =1, y(4.1) =1.0049,
y(4.2) =1.0097, y(4.3) = 1.0143. (A.U. June, 2012)
3. Find y(0.8) given that 7379 . 1 ) 6 . 0 ( , '
2
= = y x y y by using R-K method of order 4, taking
h= 0.1 (A.U. June, 2012)
4. By Taylors series method find y(0.1), y(0.2) and y(0.3) if 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= = y y x
dx
dy

(A.U. Dec., 2012)
5. By modified Eulers method, find y(0.1), y(0.2) and y(0.3), if 1 ) 0 ( , = + = y y x
dx
dy

(A.U., Dec., 2012)
6. Given
2 2
) 1 (
2
1
y x
dx
dy
+ = and y(0) =1. Evaluate y(0.4) by Milnes predictor corrector
method. (A.U.Dec.,2011)
7. Given
2
1 y
dx
dy
+ = when y=0 and x=0, find y(0.2), y(0.4) and y(0.6) using Taylor series
method. (A.U. May, 2010)
8. Using Milnes method, obtain the solution of
2
y x
dx
dy
= at x =0.8 given y(0)=0,
y(0.2)=0.02, y(0.4)= 0.0795, y(0.6) = 0.1762. (A.U. Dec., 2010)