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California Code of ----.

,
Title 24, Part
California Building
Effective Date: January 1, 2014
2013 California Administrative Code
California Code of Regulations, Title 24, Part 1
First Printing: July 2013
ISBN 978-1-58001-456-2
Published by
International Code Council
500 New Jersey Avenue, NW, 6th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20001
1-888-422-7233
COPYRIGHT 2013
held by
California Building Standards Commission
2525 Natomas Park Drive, Suite 130
Sacramento, California 95833-2936
PRINTED IN THE U.S.A.
PREFACE
This document is the 1 st of 12 parts of the official triennial compilation and publication of the adoptions, amendments
and repeal of administrative regulations to California Code of Regulations, Title 24, also referred to as the California
Building Standards Code. This part is known as the California Administrative Code, also known as the California
Building Standards Administrative Code.
The California Building Standards Code is published in its entirety every three years by order of the California legislature,
with supplements pub1ished in intervening years. The California legislature delegated authority to various state agencies,
boards, commissions and departments to create building regulations to implement the State's statutes. These building reg-
ulations, or standards, have the same force of law, and take effect 180 days after their publication unless otherwise stipu-
lated. The Califonlia Building Standards Code applies to occupancies in the State of California as annotated.
A city, county, or city and county may establish more restrictive building standards reasonably necessary because of
local climatic, geological or topographical conditions. Findings of the local condition(s) and the adopted local building
standard ( s) must be filed with the California Building Standards Commission to become effective and may not be effec-
tive sooner than the effective date of this edition of the California Building Standards Code. Local building standards
that were adopted and applicable to previous editions of the California Building Standards Code do not apply to this
edition without appropriate adoption and the required filing.
Should you find publication (e.g., typographical) errors or inconsistencies in this code or wish to offer comments
toward improving its format, please address your comments to:
California Building Standards Commission
2525 Natomas Park Drive, Suite 130
Sacramento, CA 95833-2936
Phone: (916)263-0916
Fax: (916) 263-0959
Web Page: www.bsc.ca.gov
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The 2013 California Building Standards Code (Code) was developed through the outstanding collaborative efforts of
the Department of Housing and Community Development, the Division of State Architect, the Office of the State Fire
Marshal, the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development, the California Energy Commission, the California
Department of Public Health, the California State Lands Commission, the Board of State and Community Corrections,
and the California Building Standards Commission (Commission).
This collaborative effort included the assistance ofthe Commission's Code Advisory Committees and many other vol-
unteers who worked tirelessly to assist the Commission in the production of this Code.
Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr.
Members of the California Building Standards Commission
Secretary Anna Caballaro - Chair
James Barthman - Vice-Chair
Stephen Jensen
Randy Twist
Richard Sawhill
Kent Sasaki
Rose Conroy
Sheila Lee
Richard Sierra
Steven Winkel
Erick Mikiten
Jim McGowan - Executive Director
Michael L. Nearman - Deputy Executive Director
For questions on California state agency amendments, please refer to the contact list on page v.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE iii
iv 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS, TITLE 24
California Agency Information Contact List
Board of State and Community Corrections
www.b cc.ca. ov .. . . . .. . .. .. . .. .... . . ... . . . . (916) 445-5073
Local Adult Jail Standards
Local Juvenile Facilitv Standards
California Building Standards Commission
wWIV.b cca. gov . ... . .. . ... . . .. .... . . . . .... . . (916) 263-0916
California Energy Commission
www.energy.ca. gov . . . .... ... . . . Energy Hotline (800) 772-3300
Building Efficiency Standards
Appliance Efficiency Standards
Compliance ManuaUForms
Cali fornia State Lands Commission
WWIV. k.ca.gov .. . ... . ... . . . .. . ..... . ... .. . . (562) 499-63 12
Marine Oil Terminals
California State Library
www.library.ca.gov .. . . .... . ...... . .. ... .. ... (916) 654-0266
Department of Consumer AUairs:
Acupuncture Board
www. acupuncture.ca.gov ... .. .. . . . . . . . .. . .. (916) 515-5200
Office tandards
Board of Pharmacy
www.pharmacy.ca. gov . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . ... (916) 574-7900
Pharmacy Standard
Bureau of Barhering and Cosmetology
www.barbercosmo. ca.gov .. . .... .... . . .. ... (916) 952-5210
Barber and Beauty Shop,
and College Standards
Bureau of Electronic and Appliance Repair,
Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation
wwIV.bearhfti.ca.gov ... . . ........ .. ... . . .. . (9J6) 999-2041
Insulation Testing tandard
Structural Pest COlltrol Board
IVww.pe tboard.ca.gov . . .... . . . ... .... ..... (800) 737-8188
Structural Stalldards
Veterinary Medical Board
www.vmb. ca. gov . . . ... . . . ... . ....... . . ... . (916) 263-26 10
Veterinary Ho pital Stalldards
Department of Food and Agriculture
www.cdfa.ca.goll
Meat & Poultry Packing Plant Standards (916) 654-0509
Dairy tandards (916) 654-0773
Department of Housing and Community Development
www.hcd. ca.gov . . .. . .. . .. . . .... . . . . . . .. .. . . . (9 16) 445-9471
Residential- Hot el , Mot els, Apartments,
Single-Family Dwellings; all d
Permanent Structures in Mobilehome &
Special Occupancy Parks
(916) 445-3338
Factory-Built Housillg, Manufactured Housing &
Commercial Modular
Mobilehome- Permits & Inspectioll
Northern Region- (9 16) 255-2501
Southern Region- (95 I ) 782-4420
(916) 4459471
Employee HOLl illg Standards
Department of Public Health
IVww.dph. ca. gov . . . . . ... .. . ...... . (916) 449-5661
Organized Camp ' Standard
Public Swimming Pools tandards
Division ofthe State Architect
IVww. dgs.ca. govldsa . .. . .... . . . . .. . .... .. . . . . . (916) 445-8100
Access Compliance
Struc/ural Safety
Public Schools Standards
E 'sential Services Building Stalldards
Community College Standard '
State Historical Bllilding Safety Board
Alternative Building Stalldards
Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development
www.oshpd.ca.gol' . .. . . . . . ...... . ........... . (916) 440-8356
Ho pitat Standards
Skilled Nur. iflg facility. tanciards &
Clinic Standard '
Permit
Office of the State Fire Marshal
osfm.jire. ca. gov .. . .... . .. . .. . ... .. ... . . . .... (916) 445-8200
Code Developmenl alld Analysis
Fire Saf ety Stanciard
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
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v
HOW TO DETERMINE WHERE
CHANGES HAVE BEEN MADE
Symbols in th margins indicate wher changes have been
made or language has b en deleted.
vi
II This symbol indicates that a change has been made.
> This symbol indicates deletion of language.
JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
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2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
TAB OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 ADMINISTRATIVE
REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA
BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION ......... 1
Article
General .................................... 1
2 Duties and Responsibilities of the Building
Standards Commission, the Executive
Director, Commission Personnel and Resources ..... 3
3 Appeals and Petition Procedures ................. 6
4 Rulemaking for the Adoption of Building
Standards by Proposing Agencies ............... 11
5 City, County, and City and County Building
Pennit Fees ................................ 14
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 1 .... 16
CHAPTER 2 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ............ 17
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 2 .... 18
CHAPTER 3 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE OFFICE OF THE STATE FIRE
MARSHAL (SFM) [RESERVED] ........... 19
CHAPTER 4 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE
ARCHITECT- STRUCTURAL SAFETY
(DSA-SS) .............................. 21
Article
Essential Services Buildings ................... 21
2 State Buildings ............................. 28
3 Local Buildings ............................. 33
GROUP 1 SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION
OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS .............. 35
Article
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
General Provisions .......................... 35
Definitions ................................. 39
Approval of Drawings and Specifications ......... 41
Fees ...................................... 45
Certification of Construction ................... 47
Duties Under the Act ......................... 56
Examination and Report of Existing Buildings ..... 60
Documents and Records ...................... 61
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODe
9 State Advisory Board to the Division
of the State Architect for the Field Act ........... 61
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 4 .. 63
CHAPTER 5 ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS
BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ........... 65
Article
1 Compliance Procedures ....................... 65
2 Division of the State Architect-Access
Compliance Processing Product Approvals ....... 67
3 Acceptance of Detectable Warning and
Directional Surface Products for Manufacturers
and Design Professionals ..................... 68
4 Application for Independent Entity Evaluation
Approval (IEEA) ............................ 68
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 5 ... 70
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE
OFFICE OF STATEWIDE HEALTH PLANNING
AND DEVELOPMENT (OSHPD) ............ 71
CHAPTER 6 SEISMIC EVALUATION
PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS .... 71
Article
1 Definitions and Requirements .................. 71
2 Procedures for Structural Evaluation
of Buildings ................................ 84
3 Procedures for Building Systems ............... 97
4 Procedures for Moment-Resisting Systems ........ 99
5 Procedures for Shear Walls ................... 103
6 Procedures for Braced Frames ................ 106
7 Procedures for Diaphragms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
8 Procedures for Connections .................. 109
9 Procedures for Foundations and Geologic
Site Hazards ............................... 111
10 Evaluation of Elements that Are Not Part
of the Lateral-Foree-Resisting System .......... 112
11 Evaluation of Critical Nonstructural
Components and Systems .................... 113
APPENDIX-GENERAL SETS OF
EVALUATION STATEMENTS ............ 119
APPENDIX H TO CHAPTER 6 .................. 125
mSTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 6 ... 133
vii
CHAPTER 7 SAFETY STANDARDS
FOR HEALTH FACILITIES .................. 135
Article
General .................................. 135
2 Definitions ................................ 136
3 Approval of Construction Documents ........... 139
4 Construction .............................. 150
5 Appeals to the Hospital Building Safety Board ... 156
6 Contracts ................................. 158
7 Testing and Inspection ....................... 161
8 California Building Standards ................. 161
19 Certification and Approval of
Hospital Inspectors ......................... 161
20 Repair of Damage After an Emergency ......... 166
21 Plan Review, Building Inspection and Certification
of Surgical Clinics, Chronic Dialysis Clinics and
Outpatient Services Clinics ................... 167
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 7 ... 170
CHAPTER 8 ADMINISTRATIVE
REGULATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT
OF HEALTH SERVICES (DHS) ............. 171
Article
Public Swimming Pools ..................... 171
2 Retail Food Establishments ................... 171
3 Organized Camps .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
4 Hospitals ................................. 171
5 Acute Psychiatric Hospitals ................... 172
6 Skilled Nursing ............................ 172
7 Intermediate Care Facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ... 172
8 Intermediate Care Facilities for the
Developmentally Disabled ................... 173
CHAPTER 9 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND
HEALTH STANDARDS BOARD (OSHA)
[RESERVED] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
CHAPTER 10 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION
(CEC) ............................... 177
Article
Energy Building Regulations ................. 177
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR
CHAPTER 10 ........................ 200
CHAPTER 11 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF FOOD AND
AGRICULTURE (AGR) [RESERVED] ........ 201
viii
CHAPTER 12 ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF YOUTH
AUTHORITY (YA) [RESERVED] .............. 203
CHAPTER 13 ADMINISTRATIVE
REGULATIONS FOR THE BOARD OF STATE
AND COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS (BSCC) .. 205
Article
1 Minimum Standards for Local
Detention Facilities ......................... 205
2 Minimum Standards for Juvenile Facilities ...... 213
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX
FOR CHAPTER 13 .......................... 221
CHAPTER 14 ADMINISTRATIVE
REGULATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT
OF EDUCATION (DOE) [RESERVED] ........ 225
CHAPTER 15.1 ADMINISTRATIVE
REGULATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT
OF CONSUMER AFFAIRS (CA) BOARD OF
ACCOUNTANCY [RESERVED] ............ 227
CHAPTER 15.2 ACUPUNCTURE
EXAMINING COMMITTEE [RESERVED] .... 227
CHAPTER 15.3 DIVISION OF ALLIED
HEALTH PROFESSIONS [RESERVED] ....... 227
CHAPTER 15.4 BOARD OF ARCHITECTURAL
EXAMINERS [RESERVED] ............... 227
CHAPTER 15.5 ATHLETIC
COMMISSION [RESERVED] ............. 227
CHAPTER 15.6 AUCTIONEER
COMMISSION [RESERVED] ................. 227
CHAPTER 15.7. BUREAU OF
AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR [RESERVED] ......... 228
CHAPTER 15.8 BOARD OF BARBER
EXAMINERS [RESERVED] .............. 228
CHAPTER 15.9 BOARD OF BEHAVIORAL
SCIENCE EXAMINERS [RESERVED] ......... 228
CHAPTER 15.10 CEMETERY
BOARD [RESERVED] ...................... 228
CHAPTER 15.11 BUREAU OF COLLECTION AND
INVESTIGATIVE SERVICES [RESERVED] .... 228
CHAPTER 15.12 CONTRACTORS'STATE
LICENSE BOARD [RESERVED] ............ 228
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 15.13 BOARD OF COSMETOLOGY
[RESERVED] ............................... 229
CHAPTER 15.14 BOARD OF DENTAL
EXAMINERS [RESERVED] ............. 229
CHAPTER 15.15 BUREAU OF ELECTRONIC
AND APPLIANCE REPAIR [RESERVED] ...... 229
CHAPTER 15.16 BOARD OF FUNERAL
DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS
[RESERVED] ............................... 229
CHAPTER 15.17 BOARD OF REGISTRATION
FOR GEOLOGISTS AND GEOPHYSICISTS
[RESERVED] ......................... 229
CHAPTER 15.18 BOARD OF GUIDE
DOGS FOR THE BLIND [RESERVED] ......... 229
CHAPTER 15.19 HEARING AID DISPENSERS
EXAMINING COMMITTEE [RESERVED] ..... 230
CHAPTER 15.20 BUREAU OF HOME
FURNISHINGS [RESERVED] ............... 230
CHAPTER 15.21 BOARD OF LANDSCAPE
ARCIDTECTS [RESERVED] ................ 230
CHAPTER 15.22 BOARD OF MEDICAL
QUALITY ASSURANCE [RESERVED] ........ 230
CHAPTER 15.23 BOARD OF NURSING
HOME ADMINISTRATORS [RESERVED] ..... 230
CHAPTER 15.24 BOARD OF OPTOMETRY
[RESERVED] ............................... 230
CHAPTER 15.25 BUREAU OF PERSONNEL
SERVICES [RESERVED] .................. 231
CHAPTER 15.26 BOARD
OF PHARMACY [RESERVED] ................ 231
CHAPTER 15.27 PHYSICAL THERAPY
EXAMINING COMMITTEE [RESERVED] ... 231
CHAPTER 15.28 PHYSICIAN'S ASSISTANT
EXAMINING COMMITTEE [RESERVED] .... 231
CHAPTER 15.29 BOARD OF
PODIATRIC MEDICINE [RESERVED] ..... 231
CHAPTER 15.30 BOARD OF POLYGRAPH
EXAMINERS [RESERVED] ............... 231
CHAPTER 15.31 BOARD OF
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS [RESERVED] .. 232
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATive CODe
CHAPTER 15.32 PSYCHOLOGY EXAMINING
COMMITTEE [RESERVED] .............. 232
CHAPTER 15.33 BOARD OF REGISTERED
NURSES [RESERVED] ................ 232
CHAPTER 15.34 RESPIRATORY CARE
EXAMINING COMMITTEE [RESERVED] ..... 232
CHAPTER 15.35 BOARD OF CERTIFIED
SHORTHAND REPORTERS [RESERVED] ..... 232
CHAPTER 15.36 SPEECH PATHOLOGY
AND AUDIOLOGY EXAMINING
COMMITTEE [RESERVED] ................ 232
CHAPTER 15.37 STRUCTURAL PEST
CONTROL BOARD [RESERVED] ............. 233
CHAPTER 15.38 TAX PREPARERS PROGRAM
[RESERVED] ........................ 233
CHAPTER 15.39 BOARD OF EXAMINERS
IN VETERINARY MEDICINE [RESERVED] .. 233
CHAPTER 15.40 BOARD OF VOCATIONAL
NURSE AND PSYCHIATRIC TECHNICIAN
EXAMINERS [RESERVED] ............... 233
CHAPTER 16 CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY .. 235
Article
Scope .................................... 235
2 Definitions ................................ 235
3 Administration and Enforcement .............. 235
4 Fees ..................................... 237
5 California Reading and Literacy
Improvement and Public Library
Construction and Renovation Bond
Act of 2000 ............................... 238
Article 5.1 Scope .......................... 238
Article 5.2 Definitions ...................... 238
Article 5.3 Administration and Enforcement.
All Library Bond Act Projects ................. 239
Article 5.4 Administration and Enforcement.
All Library Bond Act Projects, Including
All Joint Use Projects ....................... 239
Article 5.5 Fees ........................... 243
APPENDIX-STATE LIBRARY
PLANS REVIEW FORM .................. 244
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX
FOR CHAPTER 16 .................... 246
ix
x 2013 CALIfORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Californ Matrix Tables
Format of the California Matrix Adoption Tables
The matrix adoption tables, examples of which follow, are non-regulatory aids intended to show the user which state agencies have
adopted andlor amended given sections of the model code. An agency's statutory authority for certain occupancies or building
applications determines which chapter or section may be adopted, repealed, amended or added. See Chapter 1, Division I, Sections
1.2 through 1.14 for agency authority, building applications and enforcement responsibilities.
The side headings identify the scope of state agencies' adoption as follows:
Adopt the entire chapter without state amendments.
If there is an "X" under a particular state agency's acronym on this row; this means that particular state agency has adopted the entire
model code chapter without any state amendments.
Example:
CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE-MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE
(Matrix Adoption Tables are non-regulatory, intended only as an aid to the user. See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building application.)
CHAPTER 2 - DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS
HCD DSA
esc SFM
I i
1 : 2 1-AC AC I SS SS/CC Sl SlC
X
S A
Adopt the entire IBe chapter as amended, state-amended sec::tlc)ns are listed below:
If there is an "X" under a particular state agency's acronym on this row, it means that particular state agency has adopted the entire
model code chapter; with state amendments.
Each state-amended section that the agency has added to that particular chapter is listed. There will be an "X" in the column, by
that particular section, under the agency's acronym, as well as an "X" by each section that the agency has adopted.
Example:
CHAPTER 2 - DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS
HCD DSA
OSHPD
i
Adopting agency
esc SFM
1 2-F
AC SS SSICC i 1 2 3 4 ascc DPH AGR DWR CA Sl SlC
Adopt entire chapter
Adopt entire chapter as amended
X
(amended sections listed below)
Adopt only those sections that
AI

are listed below


S M P L E

Chapter/Section
I
202 X
. .
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE xi
Adopt only those sections that are listed below:
If there is an "X" under a particular state agency's acronym on this row, it means that particular state agency is adopting only specific
model code or state-amended sections within this chapter. There will be an "X" in the column under the agency's acronym, as well
as an "X" by each section that the agency has adopted.
Example:
CHAPTER 2 - DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS
i Adopting agency
BSC I SFM
HCD I DSA OSHPD
!
CA I Sl
!
1 2! l-AC AC SS SSiCC 1 2 3 4 BSCC DPH AGR IDWR SlC
I Adopt entire chapter I
.
I
!
Adopt entire chapter as
I
amended (amended sections
listed below)
those sections
i
X X S A M P L
I E I
that are listed below
Chapter 1
!
202 I X X S A M P L E
202 X X C a N T.
!
,
203 X X
203
i I
X X
! i !
xii 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 1
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING
STANDARDS COMMISSION
ARTICLE 1
GENERAL
1-101. Abbreviations. The following abbreviations shall
apply to Title 24, Cali forni a Code of Regulation '. Abbrevia-
I I tions may aI 0 be provided in each of the other 12parts of Title
24. Whenever an abbreviation provided in this ection confl icts
with an abbreviation provided within another part of Title 24,
the abbrevi ation meaning provided in the other part shall pre-
vail within that part.
AGR Department of Food and Agriculture (see Note)
BSC
BSCC
CA
CBC
CCR
CEBC
CEC
CEC
CEC
CGBSC
CHBC
CMC
CPC
CRC
CRSC
DPH
DWR
DSA
Identifie ' code provi 'ions by the Building
Standards Commi sion ( ee Note)
Identifi e' code provisions by the Board of
State and Community Corrections ( ee Note)
Department of Con umer Affai r (see Note)
California Building Code (Part 2 of Title 24)
California Code of Regulati on
California Existing Building Code
(Part 10 of Title 24)
California Electrical Code (Part 3 of TitJe 24)
California Energy Code (Part 6 of Title 24)
California Energy Commission (see Note)
California Green Building Standards Code
(Part I I of Title 24) al 0 known a CALGreen
California Historical Building Code
(Part 8 of Title 24)
California Mechanical Code (Part 4 of Title 24)
California Plumbing Code (Part 5 of Title 24)
Cal(fornia Residential Code (Part 2.5 ofTitle 24)
California Referenced Standards Code (Part 12
of Title 24)
Identities code provisions by the Department of
Publ ic Health (see Note)
Identifies code provisi ons by the Department of
Water Re. ource ' (see Note)
Division of the State Architect, adivi 'ion within
the Department of General Services
DSA-SS Identifies code provision by the Divi sion ofth
State Architect-Structural Safety (see Note)
DSA-SSICC Identifie . provi ions by the Division of the State
Architect-Structural Safety, applicable to
community coll ege ' as specified.
DSA-AC Identifies code provi ion by the Division of the
State Architect-Acce ' Compliance (. ee Note)
DOE Department of Education
DOT
HCD
HCD I
Department of Tran portation
Housi ng and Community Development
Identifi e code provi ion by the HCD (see Note)
RCD2
HCD IAC
IBC
IFC
IEBC
IRC
NEC
NFPA
OHP
ldentifie. code provi sions by the RCD (see Note)
Identifies code provision by theHCD (. ee Note)
International Building Code
International Fire Code
International Existing Building Code
International Residential Code
National Electrical Code
National Fire Protection A ociation
Office of Hi tori cal Pre ervation
OSHPD Office of Statewide Health Planning &
Development
OSHPD I Identifies code provi ions by OSHPD (see Note)
OSHPD 2 Identifies code provi ion by OSHPD (see Note)
OSHPD 3 Identifies code provi ion by OSHPD (see Note)
OSHPD 4 Identifies code provi sion by OSHPD ( ee Note)
SFM
SHSB
SL
SLC
UBCTM
Identifies code provisions by the Offi ce of the
State Fire Mar hal ( ee Note)
Identifie code provision' by State Hi torical
Building Safety Board (see Note)
Identifies code provision by the tate Library
(see Note)
Identifie' code provis ions by the State Lands
Commi sion (see Note)
Uniform Building Code: the UBC i no longer
publ i hed or adopted in lh cun'enl edition of
Tit le 24.
UBC STDS Unifonn Building Code Standards; the UBC
STDS i no longer publ ished, but relevant
tandards are referenced in the CEBC
UFC
UHC
UMC
UPC
Uniform Fire Code; the UFC is no longer
published or adopted in the current edition of
Title 24.
Uniform Hou ing Code; adopted by HCD in
Chapter I of Title 25.
Uniform Mechanical Code
Uniform Plumbing Code
Note: For informati on regarding the code provisions adopted by th is state
agency and the application of such adoptions, see the late agency administra-
tive chapters in the vari ous parts orTi tl e 24, California Code ofReRu/ations,
Authority: Government Code Section 11 000, and Health and Safety Code Sec-
tion 18931 (t),
Reference: Government Code Section 11000, and Health and Safety Code
Section 1893 1 (d),
1-103. Definitions. The foll owing definitions shall apply to
thi s Chapter I , of Part I , ofTitle 24, California Code ofRegula-
tion . Defini ti ons may also be provided in each of the other
eleven parts of Title 24. Whenever a definition provided in this
section conflict with a definition provided within another part
of Title 24, the definition provided in the other part hall prevail
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
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ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OFTHE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
within that part. Additional definition are provided in Article 5
of Ihi chapt r.
(a) ADOPTING AGENCY (or state adopting agency) .
An agency of stale government with authority in law to
develop and adopt building standard for approval and
publication in Title 24, California Code of Regulations,
by the Commi ion. An adopting agency ha authority to
conduct public hearing aside from the public hearings
conducted by the Commi sion. See Proposing Agency.
(b) APPEAL. An appeal to the Commission, a provid d
and limited by Health and Safety Code Section 18945
through 19849, by any person adver ely affected by the
application of an exi ting building tandard or adminis-
trat ive regulation in Title 24, by a state agency or local
agency. See Petition.
(c) CALGreen. The Cal i fornia Green Building Standard
in Part 11 of Title 24, California Code of Regulation .
(d) CHALLENGE. A public comment received during
a comment period and directed at a propo ed change or a
code advisory committee recommendation or the proce-
dure followed by the Commission in propo ing or
adopting th acti on.
(c) CODE ADVISORY COMMITTEE. An advisory
panel or body appointed to advi e the Commi ion with
respeci to building tandard a authorized by Haith and
Safety Code Section 18927.
(f) CODE CHANGE. A proposed change to, or addition
of, a building standard a, defined by Health and Safety
Code Section 18909, or administrative regul ation of Title
24.
(g) CODE CHANGE SUBMITTAL. A propo ed code
change for Titl 24 and its justification submitted to the
Commi ion by a proposing agen y.
(h) COMMISSION. The California Building Standards
Commission e tablished under Health and Safety Code,
Division 13, Part 2.5. commencing with Section 1890 I.
(i) ENFORCING AGENCY (or Enforcement
Agency). An agency, board, commission, department,
division, offic or individual as igned by law or ordi-
nance as being respon ible for the enforcement of bui ld-
ing standards.
(j) EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR. Th Chief Executive
appointed by the Cali fornia Building Standards Com-
mi ion pursuant to Haith and Safety Code Section
18925, to carry out the duties assigned by the California
Building Standard Commi ion as designated in Health
and Safety Code, Division 13, Part 2.5, commencing
with Section 1890 I.
(k) JUSTIFICATION. An initial statement of rea ons
and the information needed to complete a notice of pro-
po ed action, including a determination as to the effect of
the code chang on hou ing cost.
(I) PETITION. A written submittal to the Commis ion
by any person for the purpo e of proposing a n w build-
ing tandard or admi ni strative regulation in Title 24, or
the amendment or repeal of an exi, ting building standard
or administrative regulalion in Title 24.
(m) PROPOSING AGENCY (or state proposing
agency). A tate agency having authority and r pon i-
bility to propose a bui lding standard for adoption by the
Commi ion and publication in Title 24, Cali forni a Code
of Regulations. A propo ing agency doe not have
authority to conduct publi c hearings for th adoption of
building standards. See Adopting Agency.
(n) PUBLIC UTILITY. The Californ ia Public Utilities
Commission (PUC); or which would otherwi e by regu-
lated by the PUC but are exempted by municipal charter.
(0) SPECIAL CODE ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
An ad hoc committee established by the Commis ion,
when necessary, to advise th Commi sion on a ubject
in the code needing extensive revision or on a complex
subject which needs to be regulated or to perform a
review of a proposed code change that warrant ' pecial
technical review.
(p) TECHNICAL REVIEW. A I view of a proposed
code change and its justification conducted pur uant to
Health and SaD ty Code Section 18930 (c), (d), (e), (f) to
ensure that a code change i ju tified in terms of nine-point
criteria of Health and afety Code Section 18930 (a).
(q) TITLE 24. The 24th title within the California Code
of Regulations. Title 24 is reserved for building tan-
dards and administrative regulation to impl ement bui ld-
ing standard approved and published by the California
Building Standards Commis ion.
Authority: Government Code 1 1000, and Health and a ~ ty Code S ctions
18929.1 , 18931(fland 18949.6.
Reference: Government Code 11000, and Health and Safety Code Sections
18927, 18929- 18932, 18934, 18935, 18936, 18949.1 , 18949.2. 18949.3,
18949.5 and 18949.6.
1-105. Use of Commission indicia.
(a) Olher than the Commi sion, no per on. firm, agency or
organization shall copy, duplicate, repri nt or otherwi e u e
the indicia of the Commi sion without the expre s written
approval of the Commission. For the purpo es of this section,
the Commission's indici a shall include but not be limited to
any logo, symbol or embl 'm used by the Commi ion to
identify code, tandards, bulletins and other documents or
properties as being is u d, adopted, approved, published or
maintained by the Commi sion.
(b) Reque ts for approval to copy, duplicate, r print or oth [-
wi e use lhe indicia of lhe Commission hall be in writing and
be submitted to the Ex cutiv Director at: California Building
Standard Commission, 2525 Natoma Park Dlive, Suite
130, Sacramento, Californ ia 95833. The addre hould be
confirmed at the Commission's website. Requests hall
include the identification of the intended document or mate-
rial that is to include the indicium or indicia of the Commis-
sion, and the time frame for the propo ed usage.
(c) The Ex cutive Director, or hi or her de ignee, hall pro-
vide a written response to reque. t received pur uant to
Subsection (b). Approvals of indicia u, age may incl ude lim-
itations to a specific u age, type of document or material ,
2 JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
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ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
and or time frame. Denial of indicia usage shall include the
reasoning for the denial. The Commission shall consider
reasonably corrected resubmittals.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18931(f)
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 18931(f)
ARTICLE 2
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE
BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION, THE
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, COMMISSION
PERSONNEL AND RESOURCES
II 1 ~ 2 0 1 Duties.
(a) Commission duties. The Commission shall perform all
functions relating to the adoption and publication of the Cali-
fornia Building Standards Code in Title 24 of the California
Code of Regulations prescribed by the California Building
Standards Law in Health and Safety Code, Division 13, Part
commencing with Section 18901.
(b) Executive Director duties. The Executive Director shall
be the primary individual responsible for implementing the
will of the Commission, and shall have the authority to:
1. Recommend to the Commission policies under which
the office of the Commission will operate.
2. Interpret and implement the policies of the Commis-
sion.
3. Provide the administrative direction for the day-to-day
work of the Commission.
4. Manage the technical and support staff of the Commis-
sion.
5. Represent the Commission to the Legislature.
6. Review and approve or disapprove agencies' public
notices for proposed building standards per Sections
11346.4 and 11346.5 of the Government Code.
7. Ensure that state agencies comply with Section 18930
of the Health and Safety Code and Sections 11342
through 11446 (as required) of the Government Code,
when adopting building standards, prior to submission
to the Commission.
8. Negotiate and execute contractual agreements neces-
sary to carry out the mission of the Commission.
9. Manage the Commission's appeal and petition process.
10. Represent the Commission to all levels of state and
local government, and with the private sector.
11. Perform other duties as required by the Commission
and state statute(s).
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18931.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18925 and 18931.
1-203. Development of standards.
(a) The commission shall adopt, approve, codify, update and
publish green building standards for occupancies that are not
under the explicit authority of another state agency. The com-
mission also may review and comment on proposals and pro-
posed standards developed by other agencies in order to reduce
or eliminate ambiguities or conflicts.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
(b) A list of agencies with specific authority to adopt or pro-
pose building standards to the commission includes the list of
agencies identified in Title 24, Part 2, the California Building
Code, Chapter 1, Division 1, Section 1.1, et al. The commission
shall work with these agencies to coordinate the adoption of
green building standards for residential and non-residential
occupancies.
(c) In developing green building standards, the commission
shall consult with the state entities it finds to be appropriate for
specific standards including, but not limited to, the following
State agencies:
1. Department of Resource Recycling and Recovery.
2. The California Energy Resources Conservation and
Development Commission.
3. The California Air Resources Board.
4. The California Department of Water Resources.
5. The California Department of Tramportation.
6. The California Department of General Services.
7. The California Department of Public Health.
8. Office of State Fire Marshal.
(d) The Commission also shall consult with representatives
from each of the following:
1. Environmental advocacy groups.
2. Interested local government and code enforcement
entities.
3. The building construction and design industry.
4. Interested public parties.
(e) The commission may consult with and seek input from
the entities and representatives identified in Subsections (c)
and (d) either by written comment or in a meeting format and
shall consider all input provided during the development of the
green building standards which is relevant to specific stan-
dards. The commission shall provide written responses to for-
mal comments received during the public comment period for
any proposed green building standards.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18909(c), 18929, 18930.5,
18931.6 and 18931.7.
Reference(s): Health and Safety Code Sections 18930.5, 18931.6, and
18931.7.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 07/09) Supplement adding Section 1-1004 Development of Stan-
dards to Chapter 1. Effective on January 1, 2011.
1205. Conflict of interest disclosure.
(a) The Political Reform Act, specifically Government Code
Section 87306, requires state and local governmental agencies
to promulgate and adopt Conflict of Interest Codes. The Fair
Political Practices Commission has adopted a regulation, Title
2, California Code of Regulations, Section 18730, containing
the terms of standard Conflict of Interest Code, that can be
incorporated by reference, and that may be amended by the
Fair Political Practices Commission to conform to amend-
ments in the Political Reform Act after public notice and hear-
ings. Therefore, the terms of Title 2, California Code of
Regulations, Section 18730, and amendments thereto, duly
adopted by the Fair Political Practices Commission, are hereby
3
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
incorporated by reference and constitute the Conflict of Inter-
est Code of the California Building Standards Commission.
Designated employees shall file statements of economic
interest with the Commission. Upon receipt of the statements
of the Commission members, the agency shall make and retain
a copy and forward the original of these statements to the Fair
Political Practices Commission. Statements of other desig-
nated employees are retained by the g e n c y ~ no copies are for-
warded to the Fair Political Practices Commission.
(b) Designated Employee and Disclosure Category
Chair of the Commission
Commissioners
Executive Director
2.3
* Consultants shall be included in the list of designated positions and shall dis-
close pursuant to the disclosure requirements in this conflict-of-interest
code subject to the following limitation:
The Executive Director may determine in writing that a partic-
ular consultant, although a "designated position," is hired to
perform a range of duties that is limited in scope and thus is not
required to fully comply with the disclosure requirements
described in this section. Such written determination shall
include a description of the consultant's duties and, based upon
that description, a statement of the extent of disclosure require-
ments. The Executive Director's determination is a public
record and shall be retained for public inspection in the same
manner and location as this conflict-of interest code.
1-207. Disclosure categories.
(a) Disclosure Category 1:
Individuals holding positions assigned to Disclosure Cate-
gory 1 must report interests in real property located with the
State of California; all investments and business positions in
business entities, and income, including gifts, loans and travel
payments, from all sources.
(b) Disclosure Category 2:
Individuals hoJding positions assigned to Disclosure Cate-
gory 2 must report investments and business positions in busi-
ness entities, and income, including gifts, loans and travel
payments, from sources, of the type that are required to adhere
to architectural and structural construction and building stan-
dards reviewed and approved by the Commission.
4
(c) Disclosure Category 3:
Individuals holding positions assigned to Disclosure Cate-
gory 3 must report investments and business positions in busi-
ness entities, and income, including gifts, loans and travel
payments, from sources, of the type to provide services and
goods used by the Commission.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18909(f) and Government Code
Sections 82019 and 87306.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 18909(f) and Government Code
Sections 82019 and 87306.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/99) Article 1-7, Conflict of Interest Code. Amend Section
1-701. Approved by the Fair Political Practices Committee on October
29. 1999. Filed with the Secretary of State on December 31, 1999;
effective January 30, 2000.
2. (BSC 01/09) Article 1-7, Conflict of Interest Code, and Appendix.
Amend Section 1-701, add Section 1-702, and repeal the Appendix.
Approved by the Fair Political Practices Commission on October 13,
2009; effective on January 1,2010.
1-209. Code advisory committees.
(a) Standing code advisory committees. The Commission
shall establish the following standing code advisory commit-
tees.
1. Accessibility
2. Plumbing, Electrical, Mechanical and Energy
3. Building, Fire and Other Regulations
4. Structural DesigniLateral Forces
5. Health Facilities
6. Green Building
(b) Special code advisory committee. The Commission
may establish one or more special code advisory committees
when it determines that a subject in the code needs to be exten-
sively revised or that a complex subject which needs to be regu-
lated is not covered or that the content of a proposed code
change warrants special technical review.
(c) Quorum. A majority of the members of the code advi-
sory committee(s) shall constitute a quorum for the transaction
of business. A majority ofthe members present shall constitute
a quorum for determining the outcome of a vote.
(d) Members. The code advisory committees shall be lim-
ited to a maximum of nine voting members, appointed by the
Commission for one triennial code adoption cycle (3 years).
The Commission can extend the term beyond 3 years if deemed
necessary, and members shall hold appointments at the plea-
sure of the Commission. The appointments shall be made from
individuals knowledgeable in the building standards or general
subjects assigned to the specific committee. Members shall be
solicited by the Commission based on the representations
listed in this section. However, when there are no volunteers for
a specific representation following a 30-day advertisement of
an available committee position, the Commission may make
other appointments as deemed necessary to maintain the exper-
tise and balance of a committee:
1. Accessibility. The Commission shall solicit nomina-
tions from:
A. Ex -Officio Member( s)
(1) State Agency Representative(s)
2013 CAtiFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF-THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
B. Voting Member( )
(1) Di ability Acce Advocate Knowledgeable in
Visuall y Impaired
(2) Disability Acce s Advocate Knowledgeable in
Hearing Impaired
(3) Di abil ity Acces Advocate Knowledgeable in
Mobility Impaired
(4) Oi ability Aeee Advocate Knowledgeable in
Envi ronment al Health Network or Other
Cognitively Impaired
(5) Local Government Building Official
i
(6) Construction Indu try
(7) Architect
(8) Fire Official
(9) Public Member
2. Plumbing, electrical mechanical and energy. The
Commi' ion shall solicit nominations from:
A. Ex-Officio Member(s)
(1) State Agency Repre entative( )
B. Voting Member(s)
(1) Local Government Building Official
i
(2) EnvironmentallEnergy Organization
(3) Con truction Indu try
(4) Architect
(5) Fire Official
(6) Public Member or Local Government Water
Efficiency Official
i
(7) Plumbing In pector
(8) Mechanical Engineer
(9) Electrical Engineer
3. Building, fire and other. The Commission hall solicit
nomination from:
A. Ex-Officio Member(s)
(1) State Agency Repre entative(s)
B. Voting Member(s)
(1) Local Government Bui lding Official
i
(2) Regi tered Fire Protection Engineer
(3) Con ' truct ion Industry
(4) Archi tect
(5) Commercial Bui lding lndu try
(6) Fi re Offici al
(7) Di ability Acce . Advocate
(8) Public Member
4. Structural designllateral forces. The Commission
hall ol icit nominations from:
A. Ex-Officio M' mb r( )
(I) tate Agency Repre entative
B. Voting Member(s)
(1) Three (3) Structural Engineer'
(2) Architect
(3) General Contractor
(4) Local Government Bui lding Official
i
(5) Public Member
5. Health facilities. The Commi ion hall olicit nomi-
nations from:
A. Ex-Officio Member( .)
(1) State Agency Repre.-entative(s)
B. Voting Member(s)
(I) Acute Care Hospital Repre entative
(2) Skilled Nursing Facility Representative
(3) Archi tect
(4) General Contractor
(5) Mechanical Engineer
(6) Electrical Engi neer
(7) Fire Protection Engineer
(8) Local Government Bui lding Official
i
(9) Primary Care or Specialty Clinic Repre 'enta-
live
6. Green building. The Commi ion hall solicit nomina-
tion ' from:
A. Ex-Officio Member( )
(1) Slate Agency Representative(')
B. Voting Member(s)
(1) Residential Con truction Industry Repre enta-
tive
(2) Commercial Bui ldi ng Indu try Repre entative
(3) Architect
(4) Environmental Organizati on Representative
(5) Local Government Bui lding Official
i
(6) Public Member or Local Government Water
Efficiency Official
i
(7) Fire Official
(8) Mechanical Engi neer or Energy/Building Per-
formance Specialist
(9) Electrical Engineer or EnergyfBuilding Perfor-
mance Speciali st
I May be a consultant dedi cated to full-time bui lding of1ici al ervice for a sin-
gle city. county or ci ty and county authorized to represent the local agency.
[ Footnote shall apply to each Local Gov rnment Bui ldi ng Official position
on every committee.]
Section 1-211. Application for code advisory committee
appointment.
(a) Application required. Persons de iring appointment to II
a position on a Code Advi 'ory Committee mu t take appli-
cation to the Commis ion a required by thi section. A sep-
arate application i required for each adverti ed vacancy on
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1.2014 ERRATA
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5
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
a Code Advisory Committee. The Commi ion will not
maintain applications on fi le for future consideration.
(b) Appl ication form. For each Code Advi 'Ofy Committee
vacancy, a completed Applicationfor Code Advisory Com-
mittee Appointment, fonn B C-7, shall be submilled to the
office of the Ex cutive Dir ctor, Cali fornia Building Stan-
dards Commis ion, 2525 Natoma Park Drive, Suite 130,
Sacramento, CA 95833. The current addres may be veri-
fied at the Commi ion' web site. The application form is
available from the Commis ion or may be obtained on the
Commis 'ion' s web site under Forms and Template.
The appl ication shall be accompanied by a re ' um and
may be further supported by attachments including letters
of support or recommendation and other material demon-
st rating experti e and knowledge applicable to the Code
Advisory Com mitt e position.
(c) Application period. Wh n advertising a vacancy on a
Code Advi ory Committee, the Commi sion may establ ish
an appli cation period wi th a closing date and may, at its di -
cretion, consider applications receiv d after the closing
date.
(d) Selection decision. The Commi sion wi ll consider
applications and make selections based on qualificat ion
applicable to th Code Advi ory Committee vacancy. All
d ci ions by the Commis ion regarding appointments to
Code Advi ory Committees are final and are nOl subject to
appeal.
(e) Notice of appointment. The Ex cutive Director, or his
or her design e, shall provide written notice to appli cants
elected by the Commission for appointment to a Code
Advi 'ory Committee. Writt n notice :hall al '0 be provided
to all applicant not . elected for appointment to a Code
Advisory Committee.
(n Application fee. There is no e.
Authority: Health and afety Code Sections ) 8909(c), 18929, 18930.5,
18949.6 and 18931 (f).
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18927, 18929, 18930.5, 18931
(f), 18934. 18936 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/92) Regular order by the California Buil ding Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-90 l, Part I, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Filed with the ecretary of State February 10. 1994; eff c-
tive March 12, 1994. Approved by the Office of Administrative Law on
F bruary 10, 1994.
2. (BSC 02/08) Article 1-9, Code Adoption Process. Amend Section
1-902. Eff ctive June 21. 2009.
ARTICLE 3
APPEALS AND PETITION PROCEDURES
1-301. Appeals and petitions. The public may submit appeals
and petitions to the Commission as pr scrib d in this Artic1 .
1-303. Scope of appeals and types of appellants. Appeals to
the Commission and the malters which can be app aled are a .
fol lows:
(a) An appeal may be submitted by any per on adver ely
affected by the administration of building tandards or
administrative regulations of Title 24, or the enforcement or
the lack of enforcement of Title 24, by any state agency a
pr cribed in Health and Safety Code Section 18945(a) and
this arti cl e.
(b) An appeal may be submitted by any per on adversely
affected by the enforcement of Title 24 by a local enforce-
ment agency, in the company of the local enforcement
agency, as pre cribed in Health and SafelY Code Section
18945(b) and thi s article. Such joint appeal must have
statewide signifi cance.
(c) An appeal may be filed by any per on, including a tate
or local agency adversely affected by an apparent conflict,
duplication or overlap of any current Title 24 provision, or
any other matter of statewide significance relating to the
appl ication of Title 24.
(d) The Commiss ion may accept appeal relating to actions
and deci. ions by tate and local agenci s to enforce bui lding
standard , but may only make recommendations for recon-
sid ration. The Commission ha no authority to overturn a
decision by a Slate or local agency when the matter is within
the jurisdiction of that state or local agency.
( e) When the ba is of an appeal i . the action of a tate agency
other than the Commi sion, the appellant must obtain a final
determination from the state ag ncy in que tion r lating to
the issue under appeal b for the Commission wi ll hear the
app aI .
Exception: An apparent confl ict, dupl ication or overl ap
in other available tate appeals procedure or within the
regulations or code.
Authority: Health and afety Code ect ions 18931. 18945. 18946 and 18949.
Reference: Health and Safety Code ections 1893 1, 18945, 18946 and 18949.
HISTORY:
I. (BSC 1/89) Regular order by the California Bui lding Standards Com-
mission to amend Section 1-60 I. Part I, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Fil ed with the Secretary of State Apri l 1990; effective
April 17, 1990. Approved as a regular ord r by the Cal ifornia Bu il ding
Standards Commission on Apri l 16, 1990.
1-305. (a) Time limitations for appeals. Appeal will be
accepted by the Commi sion only within:
1. ix months of when the act, interpretati on, deci ion or
practice complained of occurred, or
2. As determined by the Commi ion if pecial circum-
stance are found to exist.
1-307. Appeal form and tiling fee.
(a) The appeal shall be in writing and hall specifically et
forth :
1. The peci lic regulation, rules, int rpretation or deci ion
of any tate ag 'ncy re pecling the admini tration of any
bui lding standard being appealed.
2. The date of any act, interpretation or decision of any
state agency r lated to the complaint.
3. The natur of any act, interpr tation or d ci ion of any
state agency related to the compl aint.
4. The rea ons for the appeal.
5. Documentation of the official action of the applicable
state agency with re pect to the agency's final determi-
nation on the is ue.
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6. Identification of witnesses, experts and other represen-
tatives of the appellant.
(b) The appeal shall be filed with the Executive Director at:
CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION,
2525 Natomas Park Drive, Suite 130, Sacramento, California
95833. The address should be confirmed at the Commission's
website.
( c) Filing Fee: Health and Safety Code Section 18949
requires the Commission to recover the cost of administrating
appeals. Accordingly, a nonrefundable fee of $450.00 shall be
submitted with the initial request for appeal. In addition, any
and all costs for an administrative law judge or costs related to a
hearing before the appeals subcommittee will be the responsi-
bility of the appellants.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18945.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18945.
1-309. Receipt and processing appeals.
(a) Receipt of any appeal shall be acknowledged in writing
by the Executive Director within 30 days of receipt advising the
appellant and the state agency of the acceptance or rejection of
the appeal as filed. The reply shall also set forth the planned
action of the Commission in response to the application
together with reasons for the proposed actions.
(b) If the Executive Director determines that additional
information is needed in order to process the appeal, the Execu-
tive Director may request such additional information and
defer action on the appeal until such additional information is
received. If the Executive Director requests additional infor-
mation, the appellant shall have 30 days from the date of the
Executive Director's request within which to submit the infor-
mation. If the requested information is not received within 30
days, the Executive Director may treat the appeal as having
been abandoned or may, upon written notice to the appellant
and any state agency a part of the appeal, process the appeal on
such information as is available. Upon written request the
Executive Director may, for good cause, extend the 30-day
period by one additional 30-day period.
(c) The Executive Director and the Chair of the three-mem-
ber Appeals Committee, appointed by the Chair of the Com-
mission, shan, acting together, recommend to the Commission
whether the appeal should be heard by the Appeals Committee
or the full Commission. Suggested schedules for such hearings
shall also be submitted. The recommendations shall be con-
tained in the consent calendar of the next Commission meeting.
The Executive Director shall advise the appellant and any state
agency a part of the appeal, in writing within 15 days of the
Commission's determination and the procedures and schedules
to be followed for the hearing.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18945.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18946.
mSTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to amend Section 1-603, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April
24,1995.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
1311. Hearings for appeals.
(a) If it is determined by the Commission that the appeal
shall be heard by the Appeals Committee, the following provi-
sions shall apply:
1. Time and place of hearing as determined by the Com-
mission shall be noticed to the appellant and any state
agency a part of the appeal, within 15 days of its deter-
mination; date of said hearing shall be within 60 days of
date of said notice.
2. The Executive Director shall provide written notice of
the date, time and location of hearing to interested par-
ties and may invite experts or other witnesses as neces-
sary for the hearing.
3. The Appeals Committee shall not be bound by the rules
of evidence or procedure applicable in the courts.
Appellant, appellant's witnesses, and any other inter-
ested persons may present testimony, argument and/or
documentary material concerning the matter(s) under
consideration.
4. The Appeals Committee shall prepare its finding(s) and
decision within 30 days after the appeal hearing.
5. The Executive Director shall, in writing, advise the
appellant and any state agency a part of the appeal, of
the decision within 15 days and shall advise the Com-
mission of the decision by memorandum at the next
Commission meeting.
6. If an appeal is heard by the Appeals Committee, either
party may request a reconsideration by the Commission.
Said request must be submitted to the Executive Director
no less than 30 days after the determination by the
Appeals Committee and shall be acted upon by the Com-
mission no later than 60 days after said request is received.
Reconsideration by the Commission shall be based upon
the record of the appeal hearing and additional informa-
tion or testimony that is specifically requested by the
Commission. Notice of the determination of the Commis-
sion upon reconsideration shall be sent to all parties
involved within 15 days of the action by the Commission.
(b) If an appeal is not delegated, or if the Commission elects
to conduct the hearing, or if the appellant appeals a decision of
the Appeals Committee to the Commission, the following pro-
cedure will be used:
1. Time and place of the hearing as determined by the Com-
mission shall be noticed to the appellant and any state
agency a part of the appeal within 15 days. The date of
the hearing shall be within 60 days of date of notice.
2. The Executive Director shall provide written notice the
time, date and location of the hearing to interested par-
ties and invite expert or other witnesses as necessary for
the hearing.
3. The hearing shall be conducted at a regularly scheduled
or specially designated Commission meeting, under its
own rules, accepting evidence as it requires, and chaired
by its regular Chairperson. Appellant and other inter-
ested parties may present relevant testimony, argument
or documentary material as acceptable to the Commis-
sion consistent with the requirements of Section
1-306(a).
7
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
4. The Commission shall make a decision on the appeal at
an open meeting thereof, provided that the matter may
be continued or taken under advisement for decision at
a later meeting of the Commission, or re-referred to the
Appeals Committee for further consideration and
report to the Commission. No Commissioner may cast a
vote on the determination of an appeal unless the Com-
missioner was present at the hearing held for appeal.
5. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the appeal may be
withdrawn at any time by the appellant upon written
notice to the Executive Director. Upon withdrawal, no
further proceedings as specified above shall take place.
The withdrawal of the appeal shall be accepted with or
without prejudice, as determined by the Commission.
6. The Executive Director shall, in writing, advise the
appellant, and any state agency a part of the appeal, of
the decision of the Commission within 15 days from the
date of the official Commission decision in the appeal.
(c) The Commission may elect to refer the appealing parties to
a hearing officer appointed by the Office of Administrative
Hearings as described in Health and Safety Code Section 18946.
(d) Action by the Commission on the appeal of a building
standards issue within the authority of the Commission shall
exhaust the administrative relief of the appellant.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18945.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18946.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to amend Section 1-604, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27,1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26,1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
1-313. Petitions.
(a) Any local governmental agency, firm or member of the
public may petition either the Commission or the authoritative
agency for the proposal, adoption, amendment or repeal of any
building standard or administrative regulation in Title 24 of the
California Code of Regulations.
(b) The Commission may refer received petitions to the state
agency, or multiple agencies, having specific jurisdiction for the
subject of the adopted building standard or for the subject of the
proposed building standard as proposed by the petitioner. A state
agency receiving a petition referred by the Commission shall
process the petition as required by this Article, including the
reporting of actions and decisions by the agency to the Commis-
sion.
(c) Petitions are not to be used to address matters relating to
currently proposed buildings standards. Any concerns relating
to currently proposed building standards should be brought
forward during the public comment period designated for the
proposed building standard.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
8
1. (BSC 2193) Regular order by the California Building Standards Commis-
sion to adopt Section 1-801, Part I, Title 24, California Code of Regula-
tions. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27, 1995;
filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30 days there-
after, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April 24, 1995.
1-315. Criteria for petition. A petition for the adoption,
amendment or repeal of a state building standard must meet the
following criteria:
(a) The subject issue must have statewide significance and
must have implications for a whole category of projects or a
broad range of project types, and:
(b) The rationale for the petition must take the form of at
least one of the following criteria:
1. A current building standard conflicts with pertinent
statute(s). To substantiate this criterion, the petitioner
must cite the subject building standard and the conflict-
ing statute(s), and provide a clear written description of
why the two are inconsistent.
2. Compliance with a current building standard is rou-
tinely impossible or onerous. To substantiate this crite-
rion, the petitioner must cite the current building
standard, present written or photographic evidence of
the difficulty in complying with it, and clearly show that
the problem is common or potentially common to many
different projects or project types in many different cir-
cumstances. This criterion shall not be used to justify a
petition for the repeal or amendment of a current build-
ing standard that poses difficulty to a single project.
3. A current building standard is inefficient or ineffective.
To substantiate this criterion, the petitioner must cite
the subject building standard, provide clear and concise
written or photographic evidence of its ineffectiveness
or inefficiency, describe a proposed alternative, and
provide clear and convincing written or photographic
evidence that it is more efficient or effective.
4. A current building standard is obsolete. To substantiate
this criterion, the petitioner must show at least one of
the following facts:
A. A material or product specified in the building
standard is not available, or
B. There is no statute authorizing the subject building
standard, or
C. Significant developments in procedures, materials
or other issues subject to the building standard have
created a need for amendment or deletion of the
building standard; that current state statutes permit
amendment or deletion of the building standards;
and that the building standard has the effect of pro-
hibiting the use of a material or procedure that has
demonstrated satisfactory performance and meets
the intended purpose of building standards.
5. There is a need for a new building standard. To substan-
tiate this criterion, the petitioner must provide a clear
written description of the proposed building standard,
explain why it is necessary, and cite the statute(s) that
require or authorize the new building standard.
Note: The California Building Standards Commission provides a petition form
available at the website http://www.bsc.ca.gov/pubs/forms.aspx.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
L (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-802, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26,1995. Publication date April
24,1995.
1-317. Emergency petition.
(a) A petitioner may assert that the petition requires immedi-
ate action because there is imminent danger to the public
health, safety or welfare. To substantiate the existence of a
potential danger, the petitioner must include in the petition a
written description of the specific facts showing the need for
immediate action.
(b) If the emergency petition is approved by the Commission
and if the petition is accepted pursuant to this Article, the pro-
posing agency or adopting agency shall develop and/or adopt
new or amended building standards necessary to satisfy the
cause for the petition. The new or amended building standards
shall be proposed and adopted as emergency regulations as per-
mitted by Health and Safety Code Sections 18934.8 and 18937.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2193) Regular order by the California Building Standards Commis-
sion to adopt Section 1-803, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of Regu1a-
tions. Approved by Oftice of Administrative Law on January 27, 1995;
filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30 days there-
after, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April 24, 1995.
1-319. Petition processing by the Commission and agencies.
(a) Within 45 days after receiving a petition, the Commis-
sion shall determine whether the petition meets the require-
ments of this article for petitions and provide the petitioner
written notification.
(b) If the Commission determines that the petition does not
meet the requirements of this article for petitions, the petition
shall be returned to the petitioner without action but with writ-
ten notification including itemization of the missing or incom-
plete items.
(c) If the Commission determines that the petition meets the
requirements of this article for petitions, the Commission shall
provide the petitioner notification of the acceptance of the peti-
tion and planned action.
(d) The Commission shall act on the accepted petition by
commencing a rulemaking process, or shall forward a complete
petitions to the appropriate proposing agency or adopting
agency having specific jurisdiction for the subject of the petition.
(e) The proposing agency or adopting agency shall have 45
days following receipt of the petition from the Commission to
dispute the determination of completeness and/or the Commis-
sion's determination of jurisdiction. If the agency determines
that the petition is incomplete, it shall, by the close of business
on the 45th day following receipt of the petition, return the peti-
tion to the Commission, with an itemization of the missing or
incomplete items, and the Commission shall return the petition
to the petitioner within 30 days of receiving the returned peti-
tion without action in accordance with the procedures provided
in subparagraph (b) above.
(f) The Commission shall maintain records relating to the
submittal and disposition of petitions received by the Commis-
sion.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
I. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-804, Part I, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Oftice of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27,1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April
24,1995.
1-321. Petition processing by agencies. Upon receiving a
petition referred by the Commission, or a petition received
directly from a petitioner, the proposing agency or adopting
agency shall be responsible for the following duties:
(a) If the proposing agency or adopting agency disagrees
with the Commission's determination that a petition is com-
plete, or if the proposing agency or adopting agency believes
the petition is in the jurisdiction of a different agency, the pro-
posing agency or adopting agency shall notify the Commission
no more than 45 days after receiving a petition.
(b) If the proposing agency or adopting agency determines
that a petition received directly from the public does not meet the
requirements of this article for petitions, the agency shall pro-
vide the petitioner written notification of the determination with
itemization of the missing or incomplete items. The agency shall
provide the Commission a copy of the notification.
(c) If the proposing agency or adopting agency determines
that it has jurisdiction and that a received petition is complete, it
shall take one of the following actions, communicating with the
petitioner and Commission, within the noted time lines:
1. The agency may reject, accept or approve a petition in
part and may grant such other relief or take such other
action as it may determine to be warranted by the peti-
tion and shall notify the petitioner and Commission in
writing of such action.
2. If the agency denies the petition for cause pursuant to
Section 1-323 of this article [Criteria for Denying a
Public Petition for Cause], it shall do so in writing
within 45 days after the date of receiving the petition
from the petitioner, or the referral by the Commission.
3. If the agency accepts the petition, it shall notify the peti-
tioner and Commission in writing within 45 days after
the date of receiving the petition. For the purposes of
this section, accepting the petition indicates that the
agency believes the issue( s) merit proceeding to code
development as prescribed in this chapter.
4. If the approved petition contains an emergency clause,
the agency shall also rule on the existence of an emer-
gency, and if it concurs that an emergency shall
schedule code development and adoption procedures
on an emergency basis.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931, 18949.1, 18949.2,
18949.3,18949.5 and 18949.6, Statutes of 1990.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 18931 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-805, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
9
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
1-323. Criteria for denying a petition. The Commission, pro-
posing agency or adopting agency, whichever is processing a
petition, may deny a petition for cause using at least one of the
following criteria:
(a) The subject building standard is already scheduled for
review at the next regular triennial or other scheduled adoption.
To substantiate this criterion, the Commission or agency shall
include in its written denial a schedule for the planned review.
Alternatively, the agency may approve a petition but defer its
implementation until the next scheduled adoption.
(b) The issues cited by the petitioner are factually incorrect.
To substantiate this criterion, the Commission or agency shall
identify in its written denial the incorrect facts.
(c) The issues cited by the petitioner are not within the State's
jurisdiction. To substantiate this criterion, the Commission or
agency shall show in its written denial why the issues are out-
side its jurisdiction.
(d) The issues cited by the petitioner have been raised and
answered through another petition or during the previous
rulemaking. To substantiate this criterion, the Commission or
agency shall include with its written denial a copy of the previ-
ous petition and its response or the pertinent rulemaking file
information.
Note: If new facts or substantiating data, pertinent to a peti-
tion, are provided, this criterion shall not be grounds for
denying a petition.
(e) Resolving the issues raised by the petitioner would com-
promise the agency's ability to carry out its legal mandate. To
substantiate this criterion, the Commission or agency shall
include with its denial the specific ways in which its legal man-
date would be compromised.
(f) The building standard proposed by the petitioner would
create unnecessary hardship or x p n s ~ inappropriately
exclude materials, equipment or brands; include only specific
brands; conflict with federal or state laws or regulations or
existing building standards; or the building standard is other-
wise without merit and public benefit.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-806, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27,1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April
24, ]995.
1-325. Reconsideration of denied petition. A petitioner may
request reconsideration of any part or all of a decision of any
proposing or adopting agency or the Commission on any
denied petition. Any such request shall be submitted in accor-
dance with these petition procedures and shall include the rea-
son or reasons why the decision to deny the petition should be
reconsidered. Such request for reconsideration must be sub-
mitted no later than 60 days after the date of the decision
involved. The agency's or Commission's reconsideration of
any matter relating to a petition shall be subject to the provi-
sions of this article.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931, 18945, and 18949.6.
10
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931, 18945, and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-807, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
1-327. Reconsideration by the commission.
(a) The Commission shall have no authority to reevaluate or
reverse the decisions on petitions made by a proposing agency or
adopting agency when the subject of the petition is within the
specific jurisdiction of the proposing agency or adopting agency.
(b) Requests for the reconsideration of a decision by the
commission shall meet the requirements of Section 1-325 of
this article.
(c) Should the Commission reverse its previous decision
made on a petition, the petition shall be considered accepted and
a rulemaking process shall begin as provided in this chapter.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931, 18945, and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931, 18945, and 18949.6.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-808, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27,1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26,1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
1-329. Substitution of or supplementation by agency proce-
dures.
(a) The provisions of this article pertaining to petitions
shall not apply when an agency notifies the Commission that
a petition process is mandated by specific statutes in addi-
tion to Government Code Sections 11340.6 and 11340.7,
and/or that it has adopted its own regulations or procedures
complying with Government Code Sections 11340.6 and
11340.7, and that it has notified the public of the existence of
these statutes, regulations or procedures. Notification to the
Commission shall consist of a written copy of such statutes,
regulations or procedures and a description of the methods
used to make the public aware of their existence. Upon such
notification, the Commission shall exclude the agency from
compliance with this Article pertaining to Petitions. If the
Commission receives a petition pertaining to an excluded
agency's jurisdiction, the Commission shall forward the
petition without undertaking any of the duties prescribed by
this Article pertaining to petitions directly to the agency and
shall notify the petitioner of that fact.
(b) These regulations are not intended to be the sole means
by which the proposing agency or adopting agencies and the
interested public can raise, discuss and resolve issues per-
taining to building standards. Agency procedures such as
public participation meetings, advisory committees, written
and verbal correspondence between members of the public
and agency personnel, and other methods are considered
alternatives that may be chosen by a member of the public
instead of or in addition to the petition procedures described
in this Article.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18949.6.
2013 CALIFORf\IIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to adopt Section 1-809, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27,1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26,1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
ARTICLE 4
RULEMAKING FOR THE ADOPTION OF BUILDING
STANDARDS BY PROPOSING AGENCIES
1-401. Purpose. This article establishes basic minimum proce-
dural requirements for a code adoption cycle for proposing
agencies to ensure adequate public participation in the devel-
opment of building standards, to ensure adequate technical
review and adequate time for technical review by code advi-
sory committees and to ensure adequate notice to the public of
compiled code change submittals prior to adoption by the
Commission.
1-403. Public participation. Every state agency with author-
ity to propose or adopt building standards shall develop pro-
posed building standards in a manner to ensure public
participation. Methods for ensuring public participation may
include but are not limited to the following:
(a) Identify and maintain a listing of all interested groups or
persons affected by building standards of the type within the
jurisdiction of the agency.
(b) Prior to commencing the development of proposed build-
ing standards, notify all interested groups and persons that
building standards are to be developed, and solicit suggestions
and a means for participation.
(c) Conduct workshops to solicit input where the proposals
are complex or large in number and cannot easily be reviewed
during the comment period.
(d) Make available draft proposals to interested groups or
persons expressing interest.
(e) Establish a procedure to provide interested groups or per-
sons the opportunity to advise the agency of the impact of the
proposed standards.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929.1 and 18934.
Reference: Government Code Section 11346.45, Health and Safety Code Sec-
tions 18929.1 and 18934.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to amend Section 1-50 I, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which will be February 26, 1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
1405. Commencement of rulemaking. The Commission
shall notify a proposing agency of the deadline for acceptance
of code change submittals a minimum of 180 days prior to the
deadline. A proposing agency shall submit a code change
submittal for the Commission's adoption on or before the dead-
line for acceptance specified in the notice.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929.1 and 18930.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18930, 18931 and 18933.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
1-407. Rulemaking file approval.
(a) Proposing agencies developing building standards, or
administrative regulations to support building standards, to be
published in Title 24, shall prepare a rulemaking file for
submittal to the office of the Commission, which shall comply
with Article 5 (commencing with Section 11346) of Chapter
3.5 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
The proposed Notice of Proposed Action required by this sec-
tion shall be approved by the Commission prior to any official
notice to conduct a hearing or comment period regarding the
proposed rulemaking.
(b) File content. The rulemaking file submitted to the Com-
mission shall include the following:
1. A Building Standards Face Sheet (BSC-l), with original
signature of a person authorized to certify documents on
behalf of the submitting agency shall accompany all sub-
mittals to the Commission pursuant to this section.
2. Two printed copies and one electronic file of the pro-
posed Notice of Proposed Action. The electronic file
shall be suitable for immediate placement on the
webpage of the Commission for public viewing.
3. One electronic file of the Express Terms showing the
proposed building standards or amendments to existing
building standards in strikeout/underline format. The file
shall be in a form suitable for immediate placement on
the webpage of the Commission for public viewing. The
language, including numbering and punctuation, of pro-
posed new building standards or amendments to existing
building standards shall be shown underlined. Proposed
deletions of existing building standards shall be shown in
strikeout type. Existing building standards to remain
without amendment shall be shown without underlining
or strikeout or other highlighting.
4. One electronic file of the Initial Statement of Reasons
suitable for immediate placement on the webpage of the
Commission for public viewing.
(c) Upon approval of the proposed Notice of Proposed
Action for proposed building standards the Executive Director
will forward the approved proposed Notice of Proposed Action
to the Office of Administrative Law for the sole purpose of
publication in the California Regulatory Notice Register before
the start of the public comment period, and return an approved
copy to the proposing agency. If a proposed Notice of Proposed
Action is found to be incomplete or incorrect by Commission
staff, the Executive Director shall return it to the proposing
agency within 10 days with a written listing of the found deft-
ciencies to enable the proposing agency to make corrections for
resubmittal to the office of the Commission.
(d) Any Notice of Proposed Action not acted upon within 20
days shall be considered automatically approved and may be
published.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18935.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18935.
11
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
1-409. Code advisory committee review.
(a) Prior to conducting any hearing or public comment
period as part of the rulemaking proceeding required by the
Administrative Procedure Act, the Commission shall assign a
code change submittal received on or before the deadline estab-
lished under Section 405 of this article, to one or more code
advisory committees specifically knowledgeable in the build-
ing standard being proposed for change and schedule the
submittal for a noticed public hearing to ensure adequate
opportunity for public participation and technical review.
(b) Code advisory committee reviews. A code advisory
committee shall conduct a public hearing to perform a techni-
cal review of an code change submittals assigned to it by the
Commission. A code advisory committee meeting shall be
scheduled by the Commission and shall be open to the public.
(c) Code advisory committee meetings. The location and
date of a code advisory committee meeting shan be noticed by
the Commission in accordance with Government Code Sec-
tions 11120 through 11132, the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting
Act.
(d) Code advisory committee recommendations. A code
advisory committee shall make a recommendation on each
code change submittal. A recommendation other than
"approve" shall include a substantiating reason based on
Health and Safety Code Section 18930. The recommendations
to the Commission shall be based on one of the following and
shall become part of the rulemaking file:
1. Approve. Approval of a proposed code change as
submitted.
2. Disapprove. A proposed code change does not
meet one or more specified criteria of Health and
Safety Code Section 18930.
3. Further study required. A proposed code change
has merit but does not meet one or more specified
criteria of Health and Safety Code Section 18930.
The proposed code change requires further study
by the proposing agency. The committee may rec-
ommend that the proposing agency submit the pro-
posed code change in the next code adoption cycle
after further study, or, if the matter can be resolved
in time, submit the proposed code change for a
comment period in the current cycle.
4. Approve as amended. Approval as amended as
suggested by the committee for organization,
cross-referencing, clarity and editorial improve-
ments or as amended and submitted for committee
review by the agency. Modifications are justified
in terms of Health and Safety Code Section 18930.
(e) Code advisory committee reports. The code advisory
committee report of recommendations to the Commission shall
be made available to the public for review and comment and be
included in the Commission's rulemaking file.
II 1-411. Hearing date approval. Adopting agencies planning to
conduct hearings relative to building standards shall, prior to
giving public notice, acquire the written approval of the Com-
mission as to the date, time and place of the hearing(s). Such
12
approval may be in the form of the Commission's approval of
the proposed Notice of Proposed Action submitted by an II
adopting agency, when the date, time and place for the hearing
is included in the proposed Notice of Proposed Action.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18935.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18931 and 18935.
1-413. Public written comment period and related actions.
Anyone wishing to contest a recommendation of the code advi-
sory committee( s) and/or comment on a proposed code change
may submit a comment to the Commission during the written
comment period established by the notice of proposed action.
Upon written request received, no later than 15 days prior to the
close of the written comment period, a public hearing pursuant
to Government Code Section 11346.8 shall be held by the
Commission on the proposed code changes, its justification
and code advisory recommendations at which time statements,
arguments, or comments, either oral or in writing, or both, shall
be permitted.
1. A challenge shall refer to a specific objection or recom-
mendation to a proposed code change and clearly indi-
cate what is being contested. The challenge shall
specify the action desired: approve, disapprove, return
for further study or approve as amended. A challenge
shall specify a concise substantiating reason for the
challenge.
2. Following the close of the comment period and/or pub-
lic hearing, the Commission shall make available to the
public upon request a record of comments received at
the Commission office by the close of the written com-
ment period and/or comments received at the public
hearing.
3. The Commission or proposing agency, whichever is
appropriate, shall consider the comments received from
the public pursuant to this section. Amendments and
determinations shall be provided in the Final Statement
of Reasons.
4. No new issues will be raised before the Commission
that were not included in the record of comments.
5. Items not challenged but affected as a result of an action
on another item may also be considered at the Commis-
sion meeting to eliminate conflict, duplication or over-
lap.
1415. Final actions by the commission and proposing
agency.
(a) Following the close of the public comment period, and
any public hearing, the Commission shall take one of the fol-
lowing actions on each item of the rulemaking to adopt new,
repeal, or amend building standards.
1. Approve. The Commission approves a proposed code
change as submitted. The change is justified in terms of
Health and Safety Code Section 18930.
2. Disapprove. The Commission disapproves a proposed
code change as not justified in terms of Health and Safety
Code Section 18930.
3. Further study required. The Commission finds that a
proposed code change has merit but does not meet speci-
fied criteria of Health and Safety Code Section 18930.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
The change requires further study and justification by the
proposing agency. The proposed code change may be
submitted in a future code adoption cycle with further
study and justification.
4. Approve as amended. The Commission approves a pro-
posed code change as modified by the proposing agency
director or written authorized representative. No modifi-
cation shall be made that materially alters a requirement,
right, responsibility, condition or prescription in the text
made available to the public for comment in accordance
with this chapter. The proposing agency shall justify the
modification pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section
18930 in an amended justification consistent with the
approval action submitted to the Commission within 15
days. Failure to submit the amended justification within
that time is cause for disapproval.
(b) Withdrawal. A proposing agency may withdraw a pro-
posed code change as determined appropriate.
(c) The proposing agencies shall complete their respective
documents for the rule making file as specified in Section 419.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929.1,18949.6 and] 8931(0.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18927, 18929 through 18932,
18934,18935,18936,18949.1,18949.2,18949.3, ]8949.5 and 18949.6.
1-417. Emergency building standards.
(a) Emergency building standards may be developed as pro-
vided in the California Building Standards Law, Part 2.5, Divi-
sion 13, Section 18930, et seq., of the Health and Safety Code,
and shall not be effective until approved by the Building Stan-
dards Commission and filed with the Secretary of State.
(b) Rulemaking files for emergency building standard( s)
submitted to the Commission prior to public hearing shall
include:
1. An original signed Building Standards Face Sheet (BSC-l )
2. The Finding of Emergency.
3. An analysis which shall justify the approval of the
building standard(s) in terms of the criteria as set forth
in the State Building Standards Law, Part 2.5, Division
13, Section 18930, et seq., of the Health and Safety
Code.
4. The Express Terms illustrating the proposed emer-
gency building standards.
5. A delegation order if the Face Sheet (BSC-l) is signed
by other than the Agency Director/Chief.
6. Any supporting documentation as determined by the
Executive Director.
(c) The number of copies of proposed emergency building
standards packages will be determined by the Executive Direc-
tor.
(d) Following the filing with the Secretary of State, the Com-
mission shall notify the affected Agency in writing ofthe filing
date of the building standard.
(e) Agencies adopting emergency building standards fol-
lowing an Agency public hearing shall submit a rule making
file as prescribed in this article.
(f) The Commission shall forward the required number of
copies of the filing order to the Office of Administrative Law
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
for the sole purpose of publication in the California Regulatory
Notice Register.
Authority: Government Code Sections 11346.1 and 11346.5 and Health and
Safety Code Section 18937.
Reference: Government Code Section ] 1346.1 and ] 1346.5 and Health and
Safety Code Sections 18913 and 18937.
HISTORY:
1. (BSC 2/93) Regular order by the California Building Standards Com-
mission to amend Section 1-402, Part 1, Title 24, California Code of
Regulations. Approved by Office of Administrative Law on January 27,
1995; filed at the Secretary of State on January 27, 1995; effective 30
days thereafter, which wi 11 be Febntary 26, 1995. Publication date April
24, 1995.
1-419. Final rulemaking file.
(a) After hearing or close of comment period a final
rulemaking file shall be submitted to the Commission for
approval, in a format as prescribed by the Commission. Each
final rulemaking file shall include:
1. Building Standards Face Sheet (BSC-l) with the origi-
nal signature of a person authorized to certify docu-
ments on behalf of the submitting agency.
2. Copies of the Public Notice, Informative Digest, Initial
Statement of Reasons and Express Terms to illustrate
the proposed building standards.
3. Finding of Emergency Statement (submitted only with
Emergency Regulations).
4. Copies of Department of Finance Fiscal Impact State-
ment (Std. 399) together with fiscal analysis prepared
by the submitting Agency.
5. Copies of the written transcript or recorded minutes of
the public hearing.
6. Copies of exhibits submitted at the public hearing.
7. Copies of correspondence received during public com-
ment period.
8. Copies of the Updated Informative Digest and Final
Statement of Reasons.
9. Copies of the proposed standards with any post hearing
changes indicated, and a memo attesting to the IS-day
public availability period.
10. Agencies shall certify when the public comment period
was closed, and that the submitted rulemaking is
complete.
11. An analysis which shall justify the approval of the
building standard (s) in terms of the criteria as set forth
in the State Building Standards Law, Part 2.5, Division
13, Section 18930, et seq., of the Health and Safety
Code.
12. Any referenced documentation relevant to the hearing
as determined by the Executive Director of the Building
Standards Commission.
13. The number of copies of the proposed building stan-
dards packages to be forwarded to the Commission
shall be determined by the Executive Director of the
Building Standards Commission.
14. All proposed building standards packages shall be
indexed.
15. If other than the Agency Director/ Chief signs a Face
Sheet (BSC-l), a delegation order shall be attached to
the Face Sheet.
13
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
16. If the building standards were filed as an emergency, a
certification that the requirements of Government Code
Section 11346.1 have been complied with.
(b) The proposed building standards shall be submitted in
the strikeout/underline format. If the proposed building stan-
dards amend existing building standards, all deletions must be
shown in strikeout type and all additions, including punctua-
tion, must be underlined. The provisions of this section may be
waived by the Executive Director through written notification
to the adopting agency.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section] 8931([).
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 18931 ([).
1-421. Change without regulatory effect.
(a) Notwithstanding the rulemaking procedures specified in
Sections 407 and 415 of this chapter, a state adopting agency or
state proposing agency may add to, revise or delete text pub-
lished in Title 24 of the CaHfornia Code of Regulations, with
the approval of the Commission, when the change has no regu-
latory effect as provided in this section.
(b) A state adopting agency or state proposing agency acting
pursuant to this section on provisions of Title 24 that are also
adopted by other state shall obtain the written con-
currence of the other agencies in regard to the change without
regulatory effect.
(c) A "Change without Regulatory Effect" is a change to the
provisions of Title 24 that does not impose any new require-
ment for the design or construction of buildings and associated
structures and equipment. A Change without Regulatory Effect
may include, but is not limited to:
14
1. Renumbering, reordering or relocating a regulatory pro-
vision;
2. Deleting a regulatory provision for which all statutory or
constitutional authority has been repealed;
3. Deleting a regulatory provision held invalid in a judg-
ment that has become final, entered by a California court
of competent jurisdiction, a United States District Court
located in the State of California, the United States Court
of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, or the United States
Supreme Court; however, the Commission shall not
approve any proposed change without regulatory effect
if the change is based on a superior court decision which
invalidated the regulatory provision solely on the
grounds that the underlying statute was unconstitutional;
4. Revising structure, syntax, cross-reference, grammar or
punctuation;
5. Changing an "authority" or "reference" citation for a
regulation; and
6. Making a regulatory provision consistent with a changed
California statute if both of the following conditions are
met:
(A) The regulatory provision is inconsistent with and
superseded by the changed statute, and
(B) The state adopting agency or state proposing
agency has no discretion to adopt a change which
differs in substance from the one chosen.
(d) The rulemaking file for a change without regulatory
effect to be submitted to the Commission for adoption or
approval, and publication in Title 24 shall include the follow-
ing:
1. A completed Building Standards Face Sheet (BSC-l) as
required by Section 1-419 of this chapter; and
2. Express Terms illustrating the change in the form
required by Section 1-419 of this chapter; and
3. A written statement for each section explaining how the
change meets the requirements of Subsection (c) above;
and
4. Pursuant to Subsection (b) above, a written statement by
each state agency that has adopted the provision being
changed, concurring with the regulatory change. All
such statements shall be signed by a duly authorized rep-
resentative of the agency.
(e) The Commission shall make a determination regarding a
change submitted pursuant this section within thirty (30) days
of its receipt. Within ten (10) days of making a determination,
the Commission shall send written notification of the determi-
nation to the agency that submitted the change.
1. When the Commission determines that the submitted
change meets the requirements of this section for a regu-
latory change without effect, the regulatory change shall
be filed with the Secretary of State and the Commission
shall publish the change in Title 24, California Code of
Regulations.
2. When the Commission determines that the submitted
change does not meet the requirements of this section for
a regulatory change without effect, or does not comply
with the rulemaking requirements of this section, the
written determination by the Commission shall provide
sufficient itemization of the deficiencies. The agency
may correct the rulemaking file for reconsideration by
the Commission, or begin proceeding with a regulatory
action pursuant to Section 407 of this chapter.
(f) An adoption or approval by the Commission of a change
without regulatory effect shall be effective 30 days after filing
with the Secretary of State. Health and Safety Code Section
18938( c) establishes the effective as being 30 days after filing
the amendment or repeal by the commission with the Secretary
of State.
Note: Authority cited: Health and Safety Code Sections 18909, 18930 and
18931([).
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 18909, 18930 and 18931([).
ARTICLE 5 II
CITY, COUNTY, AND CITY AND COUNTY
BUILDING PERMIT FEES
1-501. Purpose. This article establishes regulations for imple-
mentation of Health and Safety Code Sections 18931.6 and
18931.7, to require a surcharge on building permits in order to
provide funds, upon appropriation, for the California Building
Standards Commission, Department of Housing and Commu-
nity Development and Office of the State Fire Marshal to use in
carrying out the provisions of California Building Standards
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
Law and of State Housing Law relating to building tandards,
with emphasi placed on the adoption, publication and educa-
tional effort a sociated with green building standard . The
fees are to be collected by cities, counlie , and cities and coun-
tie and transmitted to the Cali fornia Bui lding Standards Com-
mi ion. The fee, are based on building permit valuation.
1-503. Definitions. The word, defined in thi articl e hall hav
the meaning stated therein throughout California Code of Reg-
ulation , Title 24, Part I, Chapter I, Article 5.
(a) Building Standards Administration Special Revolv-
ing Fund (the Fund). The fund e tabli hed in the State Trea-
sury to recei ve fund ubmitted by the Commi . ion pur uant to
the provi ion' of Health and Safety Code Section 18931.6 and
thi article.
(b) Department. The Department ofHou ing and Commu-
nity Development.
(c) Fees, appropriate fractions thereof. Fee increment ' for
permit values les than one-hundred thou and doll ars
( 100,000) a de cribed in Section 1-505.
(d) Office. The Office of the Slate Fire Mar hal.
1-505. Fee assessment.
(a) Fee hall be levied on building permits req uired for all
di ciplines covered by Title 24, including, but not limited to,
building, electrical, mechanical and plumbing, and for which a
valuation i made,
(b) Fee are a ,essed at a rate of $4 per $ 100,000 of permit
valuation, but not less than one doll ar. with appropriate frac-
tion thereof hown in the following table:
PERMIT VALUATION FEE
$1 - 25,000
$1
$25,00 1 - 50,000
f---.----
E ...... _
$50,001 -75,000
$3
$75,00 I - LOO,OOO $4
Every $25,000 or fract ion thereor above $ 100,000
Add $1
1. Citie ,countie ,and citi es and counties may retain up
to ten percent (10%) of the fees for related administra-
tive cost , code enforcement, and education a per-
mitted by Health and Safety Code ection 18931.6.
2, Citie , countie , and citi s and counties may exempt
from fee a es ment permits for which no val uation is
made.
(c) The Commi ' ' ion may r duce the rate of the fee by regu-
lation upon determi nation that a Ie er fee is sufficient to carry
out the programs of the Commi sion, the Department and the
Office, The Commi ion may e tabli h a termination date or
duration for the fee reduction period.
1-507. Fee collection.
(a) Cities, countie, , and citie and counties shall submit fees
each quarter, commencing with the quarter beginning January
I and ending March 3 1. 2009, due on the fifteen th day of the
following month,
1. Each quarter, a city, county, and city and county shall
submit a Fee Report Form (BSC-2), Contact Informa-
tion Form (BSC-3) , and a check made payable to the
Cali fornia Bu ilding Standards Commis ion, with the
fees coll ected for that quarter.
Note: The form temp late are ava il able for
downloading at the Commi ion ' s web it at
http: //www.bc.ca.gov/proc_rltn/pr_tmplt . html.
(b) The Commi ion hall deposit the money collect d into
the Building Standard Administration Special Fund for u e,
upon appropri ation, by the Commi sion, the Department, and
the Office for u e as specified in Section I-50 I.
Authority: Health anti Sarety Code Seclions I 8909(e), 18929, 18930.5,
18931.6 and 18931.7
Reference: Health and afely Code eetions 18930.5, 18931.6 and 18931.7
HlSTORY:
I . (B C 02/08) Add new Article 1- 10. Ci ty, County, and City and County
Building Permit Fee, . Effecti ve on June 21 , 2009.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
BUFF
15
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS OFTHE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS COMMISSION
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 1
Administrative Regulations for the
California Building Standards Commission
(Title 24, Part 1, California Code of Regulations)
Th format of the history notes has b en changed to be con is-
tent with th ' other part of the Cal(fomia Building Standards
Code. The hi tory note ' for prior change r main within the
text of thi . code.
1. (BSC 03/1 0) R peal , amend and reformat Chapter I of
the 20 I 0 Californ ia Admini tralive Code, CCR Title 24, Part 1,
effective on August 28, 2011 .
2. (BSC 05/10) Add n w S ction 1-105 to Article I Use of
Commi ion Lndicia, effective on Novemb r 20, 20 I I.
3. (B C 02/12) Amend Chapter 1, AI1icle 1, Section 1- 101 ,
1-105, Article2, S ction 1-201,1-207, 1-209, 1-211,Article4,
Section 1-411, 1-421 , Article 5, ection 1-503. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on January 23,
2013, filed with the Secretary of State on January 28, 20 13, and
effective 30 days after fi ling with S cr tary of State.
II
4. Errata to con'ect editOJial elTors within the preface and
Chapter I of this code. EffcctivL: Jan uary I . 2014.
16 JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
BUFF
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 2
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT
OF HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
ARTICLE 2-1
GREEN BUILDING STANDARDS
2-101. Scope. The Department of Housing and Community
(HCD) shall develop and propose for adoption to the California
Building Standards Commission green building standards
related to methods, materials or processes not under the author-
ity of another state agency. HCD also may review and comment
on proposals and proposed standards developed by other agen-
cies in order to reduce or eliminate ambiguities or conflicts
with HCD's residential standards or authority. The green build-
ing standards developed and proposed by HCD would be appli-
cable for residential occupancies including, but not limited to,
hotels, motels, lodging houses, apartment houses, dwellings,
dormitories, condominiums, shelters for homeless persons,
congregate residences, employee housing, factory-built hous-
ing and other types of dwellings containing sleeping accom-
modations with or without common toilets or cooking
facilities. The administrative procedures for developing and
proposing those standards shall be consistent with this article.
2-102. Development of standards.
(a) In developing green building standards, the Department
of Housing and Community Development shall consult with
state entities appropriate for specific standards including, but
not limited to, the following state agencies:
1. The California Department of Resource Recycling and
Recovery
2. The California Energy Resources Conservation and
Development Commission
3. The California Air Resources Board
4. The California Department of Water Resources
5. The California Department of Transportation
6. The California Department of General Services
7. The California Department of Public Health
8. Office of the State Fire Marshal
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
(b) HCD also shall consult with representatives from each of
the following:
1. Environmental advocacy groups
2. Interested city, county, or city and county government
and code enforcement entities
3. The building construction and design industry
4. Interested public parties
(c) HCD may consult with and seek input from the entities
and representatives identified in subsections (a) and (b) either
by written comment or in a meeting format and shall consider
all input provided during the development of the green building
standards which is relevant to specific standards. HCD shall
provide written responses to formal comments received during
the public comment period for any proposed green building
standard.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 17921 , 17922 and 19990.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 17000 through 17060, 17910
through 17990 and 19960 through 19997.
17
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX
1. (HCD 05/09) Adoption of administrative provisions for
green bui lding code development in Part 1. Effective on Febru-
ary 13, 2010.
18 2013 CALIfORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 3
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS
FOR THE OFFICE OF THE STATE FIRE MARSHAL (SFM)
(RESERVED)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 19
20 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 4
ADMINISTRATIV ULATIONS DIVISION OF TH
SAFETY (DSA-SS) STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTU
ARTICLE 1
ESSENTIAL SERVICES BUILDINGS
4-201. Purpose. Essential services buildings constructed pur-
suant to these rules and regulations shall be designed and con-
structed to resist gravity to minimize fire hazards and to
resist, insofar as practical, the forces generated by winds and
major earthquakes of the intensity and severity of the strongest
anticipated at the building site without catastrophic collapse,
but may experience some repairable architectural or structural
damage. An essential services building as designed and con-
structed shall be capable of providing essential services to the
public after a disaster. In addition, the equipment and other
accessories which are necessary for the continued functioning
ofthe essential services operation shall be anchored and braced
to resist earthquake forces.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16001.
4-202. Scope. These regulations apply to the administrative
procedures concerning the construction, reconstruction, alter-
ation of or addition to any essential services building under the
jurisdiction of a city, city and county, county (including special
fire districts) or the State of California.
When the enforcement agency is the Division of the State
Architect (DSA) all parts of the California Building Standards
Code, as contained in Title 24 of the California Code of Regula-
tions and adopted by that agency designate the building regula-
tions which shall apply to an essential services building. The
term "essential services building" shall include all buildings,
structures, appurtenances and related systems or facilities as
defined in Section 4-207.
These rules and regulations establish reasonable standards
and minimum requirements for the design and construction of
an essential services building. An essential services building
shall also be designed and constructed to conform to the regula-
tions adopted by the California State Fire Marshal in Title 24,
CCR, for the particular occupancy concerned.
When the enforcement agency is a local agency, the locally
adopted editions of the model codes and the administrative reg-
ulations contained in Part 1 (Sections 4-201 through 4-222 and
4-243 through 4-249) Title 24, California Code of Regulations
(CCR) designate the building regulations which shall apply to
an essential services building. The term "essential services
building" shall include all buildings, structures, appurtenances
and related systems or facilities as defined in Section 4-207.
If the building standards and regulations adopted by the city,
city and county or county agency responsible for building
safety are more restrictive than those adopted in the applicable
sections of Title 24, CCR, then the local building standards and
regulations shall govern within its jurisdiction.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16001.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
4-203. Interpretation. No regulation shall be construed to
deprive the enforcing agency of its right to exercise the powers
conferred upon it by law or limit the enforcing agency in such
enforcement as is necessary to secure the safety of construction
as required in the Essential Services Seismic Safety Act (see
"Act," Section 4-207.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16001.
4-204. Delegation of authority. Any powers, duties and
responsibilities pursuant to carrying out the provisions of the
Essential Services Buildings Seismic Safety Act for the State
Architect may be delegated by the State Architect to the Chief
Structural Division of the State Architect, subject to
the direction of the State Architect.
Those powers, duties and responsibilities so delegated may
include the observation of the implementation and administra-
tion of the Act, the adoption in consultation with local jurisdic-
tions of the regulations necessary for carrying out the
provisions of the Act, providing advice and assistance to local
jurisdictions in matters concerning the Act or these regulations
and acting as an appeals agency relative to the administration of
the Act.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
4-205. Application of building standards. Building stan-
dards are set forth in Parts 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7 and 12 of Title 24,
CCR, and have been adopted as a basis for the approval of plans
and specifications. These regulations shall not be construed to
prevent the use of higher design standards nor to restrict the use
of new or innovative design or construction techniques.
Where the designer desires to use innovative design or con-
struction techniques not addressed in these regulations, it shall
be necessary to submit for review and approval information
including computations, test data and recommendations cover-
ing the design in question. The Division of the State Architect
or local enforcement agency must be satisfied that the degree of
safety achieved is equivalent to that achieved by the standards
contained in Title 24, CCR. The enforcement agency review
and approval of the innovative design or construction tech-
niques shall precede the submission of plans and specifications
utilizing these techniques.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16001.
4-206. Approval of new essential services buildings. Plans
and specifications shall be submitted to the appropriate
enforcement agency for every new owned or leased essential
services building before the plans are adopted by the governing
board, authority, owner, corporation or other agency proposing
to construct any essential services building.
Before any agency may convert an existing building into an
essential services building, that agency shall submit plans and
specifications for the alteration of the building to the appropri-
21
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
ate enforcement agency for approvaL The plans shall provide
for the alterations necessary for compliance with the require-
ments of these rules and regulations.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 1601].
4-207. Definitions. The words defined in this section shall
have the meaning stated therein throughout the rules and regu-
lations contained in Part I (Administrative), Title 24, CCR.
ACT shall mean the Essential Services Buildings Seismic
Safety Act of 1986, Sections 16000-16023, inclusive, of the
Health and Safety Code.
ADDITION shall mean an increase in floor area or volume of
enclosed space which is physically attached to an existing
building by connections which are required for transmitting
vertical or horizontal loads between the addition and the exist-
ing structure. The area exemption in Section 16010 of the Act
does not apply to additions to essential services buildings when
the total area of the existing building and the addition exceeds
2,000 square feet. An "addition" which is not required to be
physically attached either for its own support or for support of
the existing building shall be separated as required by Part 2,
Title 24, CCR, and shall be deemed to be the construction of a
new essential services building.
ALTERATION shall mean changes within an existing build-
ing as defined in Part 2, Title 24, CCR. Alterations to existing
essential services buildings shall conform to the requirements
of Title 24, CCR. Major alterations wil1 be permitted, provided
the entire essential services building as modified, including the
structural alterations or additions, conform to the requirements
of Title 24, CCR, if the area of the existing building, including
additions, exceeds 2,000 square feet.
APPROVED PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS shall mean
plans, specifications, addenda and change orders which have
been duly approved by the appropriate enforcement agency
pursuant to Sections 16013 and 16016 of the Health and Safety
Code and which are identified by a stamp bearing the name of
the enforcement agency, the identification number, the date and
the signature of the qualified reviewer as required in Section
16011 of the Act.
COMPLYING BUILDING shall mean a building which has
been constructed or reconstructed in accordance with these
rules and regulations.
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT, or DIVISION
or the initials DSA shall mean the Division of the State Archi-
tect in the Department of General Services, State of California.
ENFORCEMENT AGENCY shall mean the Division of the
State Architect for state-owned or state-leased buildings and
shall mean the enforcement agency of any city, county or city
and county having jurisdiction over locally owned or locally
leased essential services facilities.
ESSENTIAL SERVICES BUILDING means any building,
or any building a portion of which is used or designed to be
used as a fire station, police station, emergency operations cen-
ter, California Highway Patrol office, sheriff's office or emer-
gency communication dispatch center.
22
EQUIPMENT shall mean al1 new or replacement equipment
installed in any new or existing owned or leased building which
is required for the functioning of the essential services opera-
tion. The installation of such equipment shall meet the support,
bracing and anchorage requirements of Title 24, CCR. The area
exemption in Section 16010 of the Act does not apply to the
anchorage or bracing of equipment necessary to the operation
of the essential services function.
FIRE STATION shall mean any building that contains the
operational facilities, fire suppression, alarm and communica-
tions equipment necessary to respond to fire emergencies.
MAINTENANCE shall mean and include ordinary upkeep or
repair work such as replacement in kind, repainting, rep laster-
ing and reroofing.
NEW ESSENTIAL SERVICES BUILDING shall mean any
newly erected essential services building or any existing build-
ing converted to essential services use subsequent to the effec-
tive date of the Act regardless of whether the building is owned
or leased by the public agency. Existing buildings housing
essential services facilities owned or leased by the state, a city, a
city and county or a county prior to the effective date of the Act
are exempt from these regulations except for the installation of
new or replacement equipment. When a portion of a building is
to be utilized for an essential services operation, the area so uti-
lized and the utilities systems and components servicing the
area shall be constructed according to these rules and regula-
tions and shall be separated or protected from damage due to
failures of other portions of the structure to the extent deter-
mined by the enforcement agency to insure continued func-
tioning after an earthquake or other disaster. Ancillary
buildings and facilities related to the essential services building
function may be exempt from these regulations if the enforce-
ment agency determines that such buildings and facilities are
not necessary to the functioning of the essential services opera-
tion after an earthquake or other disaster.
NONSTRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS shall mean only
such alterations which do not affect the safety of the essential
services building and do not change, in any manner, its struc-
tural elements.
OWNER for the purposes of these regulations shall mean the
public agency responsible for the essential services functions
performed under its authority within an essential services
building. The owner is responsible for applying for and
obtaining the approvals and certifications required by these
regulations.
PLANS as used in these regulations shall mean the drawings
associated with the project such as, but not limited to, vicinity
maps, site plans, foundation plans, floor plans, ceiling plans,
roof plans, cross-sections, interior elevations, exterior eleva-
tions and details which are used in conjunction with the project
specifications and which are necessary to accomplish con-
struction in conformance with the requirements of the Act.
POLICE STATION shall mean any building that contains the
operational facilities and the alarm and communications equip-
ment necessary to respond to police emergencies. This defini-
tion shall include the offices of local police departments,
county sheriffs, California Highway Patrol and all offices nec-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
essary to the functioning of the essential services operation
after an earthquake or other disaster.
PROJECT INSPECTOR shall mean any individual duly
approved by the enforcement agency as the on-site inspector
for a particular project. The project inspector shall be
employed and paid by the owner and shall act under the general
direction of the architect or registered engineer in general
responsible charge of the project and under the supervision of
the enforcement agency. The project inspector shall be
responsible for inspecting all work included in the construction
contract, except for work that must be inspected by an
approved special inspector. (See Section 4-211 (c) for special
inspection. )
RECONSTRUCTION is the repair of damage to an existing
complying essential services building or an alteration of an
existing noncomplying building to bring it into conformance
with the safety standards established by these regulations for
essential services buildings.
REGISTERED ENGINEER as used in these regulations
shall mean a structural engineer, civil engineer, mechanical
engineer or electrical engineer holding a valid certificate under
Chapter 7, Division 3, of the California Business and Profes-
sions Code.
SPECIFICATIONS as used in these regulations shall mean
the written document which is used in conjunction with the
project plans to establish the job conditions, the quality and
quantity of construction materials used in the project and the
quality of workmanship required to accomplish the construc-
tion in conformance with the provisions of the Act.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16003, 16011, 16018 and 160l9.
4-208. Application for approval of drawings and specifica-
tions.
(a) Before adopting plans and specifications, the agency
responsible for the essential services function shall submit an
application to the appropriate enforcing agency for written
approval of said plans and specifications except where the new
construction is a Type V or Type IJ-N one-story structure which
contains 2000 square feet or less of Hoor area and is not located
in a special studies zone as defined in Section 2622 of the Pub-
lic Resources Code.
(b) An architect, structural engineer or civil engineer may act
as the agent for the essential services agency when filing the
application for approval of plans and specifications.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16010, 16011 and 16015.
4-209. Designation of responsibilities.
(a) General responsible charge. For every essential ser-
vices building project there shall be an architect, structural
engineer or civil engineer in general responsible charge of
plans, specifications and observation of construction, except
that plans, specifications and observation of construction may
be under the responsible charge of a registered mechanical or
electrical engineer for work involving only those respective
branches of engineering. A project may be divided into parts,
provided that each part is clearly defined by a building or simi-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
lar distinct unit. The part, so defined, shaH include all portions
and utility systems or facilities necessary to the complete func-
tioning of that part. Separate assignments of general responsi-
ble charge may be made for the parts.
(b) Delegation of responsibility. The architect, structural
engineer or civil engineer in general responsible charge may
delegate responsibility for any portion of the work to, or may
employ, or retain other architects, structural engineers or civil
engineers. Registered mechanical and electrical engineers may
be delegated responsibility for the mechanical and electrical
pOItions of the work, respectively.
(c) Evidence of responsibility. The stamp and signature of
the architect or registered engineer on a plan, specification or
other document shall be deemed evidence that full responsibil-
ity is assumed by the signator for the work shown thereon,
including also those portions of the accompanying computa-
tions, specifications or plans which pertain to such work.
(d) Alternates. The applicant, or the architect or registered
engineer having general or delegated responsibility, may name
one or more persons to act as alternate( s) for the design and/or
observations of the work of construction, provided such per-
sons are architects or registered engineers who themselves are
qualified under these regulations to assume the responsibility
assigned.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section] 6022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16011, 16012 and 16015.
4-210. Plans, specifications, computations and other data.
(a) General. When an application is filed, it shall be accom-
panied by the required number of complete sets of the plans and
specifications, the complete structural design calculations, site
data and a fee as established by the enforcement agency.
(b) Plans. Plans shall show the use or occupancy of all parts
of the essential services buildings and shal1 give such other
information as may be required to indicate the nature of the
work proposed and to show compliance with the act and these
regulations. The drawings shall be legible and sufficiently
detailed and cross-referenced to show clearly the pertinent fea-
tures of the construction, and shall have sufficient dimensions
to be readily interpreted. Where a project includes several
buildings, the plans for each shall be drawn independently
except that details common to all need not be repeated. Submit-
ted plans and specifications, which are obviously incomplete
or incorrect, shall be returned to the architect or registered engi-
neer in general responsible charge with a request for compli-
ance with these regulations before checking is begun or
resumed by the enforcement agency.
(c) Specifications. Specifications shall completely set forth
the requirements for the various types of materials that wi]]
enter into the permanent construction and shall describe the
methods not covered in the technical regulations which are to
be used to obtain the required quality of the work shown on the
plans and described in the specifications.
(d) Design computations. Computations, stress diagrams
and other pertinent data shall accompany the plans and specifi-
cations and shall be sufficiently complete so that calculations for
individual structural members can be readily interpreted. The
computations shall be prefaced by a statement clearly and con-
23
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
cisely outlining the basis for the structural design and indicat-
ing the manner in which the proposed essential services
building will resist vertical loads and horizontal forces. The
computations shall be sufficiently complete to establish that
the structure will resist the loads and forces prescribed in Part 2,
Title 24, CCR. Assumed safe bearing pressures on soils and
specified strengths of concrete shall be given in the computa-
tions and noted on the plans. Where unusual conditions occur,
such additional data as are pertinent to the work shall be sub-
mitted.
(e) Site data. Site data for all essential services buildings
covered by these regulations shall include a soil investigation
report providing information on subsurface site work and labo-
ratory testing, an evaluation of site soil conditions, a recom-
mendation for the type of foundation to be used and an
allowable design value for the soil bearing capacity. For all
essential services building sites not exempted from the provi-
sions of the act, a geologic and earthquake hazard report
including an evaluation of both known and potentially active
local and regional fault systems, slope stability, liquefaction
potential and other hazards shall be prepared by competent per-
sons and submitted with the application, plans and specifica-
tions. All or parts of the geologic and earthquake hazard
investigation and report may be waived by the enforcement
agency when in the judgment of the enforcement agency those
requirements are unnecessary and would not be beneficial to
public safety.
(f) Signatures required. All plans and specifications sub-
mitted for approval shall bear the stamp and signature of the
architect or professional engineer in general responsible
charge of design. When responsibility for a portion of the work
has been delegated, the plans and specifications covering that
portion of design shall also bear the stamp and signature of the
responsible registered engineer or architect.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009, 160 II, 16012, 16013 and
16014.
4-211. Observation and inspection of construction.
(a) Observation by architect or registered engineer. The
Act provides that the observation of the work of construction,
reconstruction, alteration or addition shall be under the general
responsible charge of an architect, structural engineer, civil engi-
neer or, under certain conditions, a registered mechanical or
electrical engineer for work involving only those respective
branches of engineering. A geotechnical engineer shall provide
the observation for placement of fills and shall submit a verified
report attesting to the compliance of the engineered fill.
(b) Inspection by project inspector. The owner must pro-
vide for and require competent, adequate and continuous
inspection of all construction work by a project inspector
approved for each individual project by the enforcement
agency. The project inspector so approved shall cooperate with
the architect or registered engineer in general responsible
charge of the observation of the work of construction to ensure
compliance with the approved drawings and specifications.
The project inspector shall request interpretations and clarifi-
cations of the approved contract drawings and specifications
24
when necessary from the responsible architect or registered
engineer.
For every project there shall be a project inspector who shall
have personal knowledge as defined in Section 16021 of the
Health and Safety Code of all work done on the project or its
parts. On large projects adequate inspection may require the
employment of one or more approved assistant inspectors. The
employment of special inspectors or assistant inspectors shall
not be construed as relieving the project inspector of his/her
duties and responsibilities under Sections 4-214 and 4-219 of
these regulations. The project inspector shall, under the direc-
tion of the architect or engineer, be responsible for monitoring
the work of the special inspectors and testing laboratories to
ensure that the special inspection and testing program is satis-
factorily completed.
No work shall be carried out except under the inspection of
the project inspector approved by the enforcement agency. The
project inspector shall have had at least three years equivalent
experience in construction work of a type similar to that for
which he/she is proposed as inspector, shall have a thorough
knowledge of building materials, and shall be able to read and
interpret plans and specifications.
The cost of project inspection shall be paid for by the owner
(see "Project Inspector" definition in Section 4-207).
(c) Special inspection. Special inspection by inspectors spe-
cially approved by the enforcement agency may be required for
masonry construction, glued laminated lumber fabrication,
wood framing using timber connectors, concrete batching,
shotcrete, prestressed concrete, structural steel fabrication,
high-strength steel bolt installations, welding, pile driving, elec-
trical work or mechanical work. The cost of all special inspectors
required by this section shall be paid for by the owner.
The project inspector may perform special inspections if the
project inspector has been specially approved for such pur-
poses and has the time available to complete the special inspec-
tions in addition to project inspection work.
The detailed inspection of all work covered by this section is
the responsibility of the project inspector when special inspec-
tion is not provided. The enforcement agency may require spe-
cial inspection for shop fabrication procedures that preclude
the complete inspection of the work after assembly. The
enforcement agency may require special inspection at the site
in addition to those listed above if found necessary because of
the special use of material or methods of construction.
Approved special inspectors shall submit verified reports as
required by Section 4-214, for the special work covered. Special
inspectors shall periodically submit reports of inspections to the
enforcement agency, the architect, the registered engineer
responsible for the observation of structural work and the project
inspector. Construction work that the special inspector finds not
to be in compliance with the approved plans and specifications,
and which is not immediately corrected upon notifying the con-
tractor, shall be reported immediately to the project inspector,
the enforcement agency, the architect and the registered engineer
responsible for observation of the structural work.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16017 and 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16015, 16017, 1 6020 and 16021.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
4212. Supervision of construction by the enforcement
agency. During the construction, reconstruction, repair, alter-
ation of or addition to any essential services building, the
enforcement agency as provided in the Act, shall make such
site visits and observations as in its judgment is necessary or
proper for enforcement of the Act and the protection of the
safety of the occupants of the building and the public. If at any
time as the work progresses it is found that modifications or
changes are necessary to achieve compliance with building
standards, the enforcement agency shall direct the architect or
registered engineer in general responsible charge to prepare
and submit documents covering such modifications or changes
for the review and approval of the enforcement agency.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16001, 16009 and 16020.
4-213. Tests.
(a) General. Tests of materials are required as set forth in the
approved plans and specifications and in Part 2, Title 24, CCR.
Where job conditions warrant, the architect or registered engineer
may waive certain tests with the approval of the enforcement
agency. A list of all required tests of materials and of all required
special inspections shall be prepared and submitted by the archi-
tect, structural engineer, or civil engineer in general responsible
charge of the project at the time the plans and specifications are
stamped for identification by the enforcement agency.
(b) Test sampling. Test samples or specimens of material for
testing may be taken by the architect or registered engineer, the
architect's or engineer's representative, the project inspector or a
representative of the testing agency. In no case shall the contrac-
tor, his employee or a vendor select the samples or specimens.
(c) Test reports. One copy of all test reports shall be for-
warded by the testing agency to the enforcement agency, the
architect, the registered engineer responsible for observation of
the structural work and the project inspector. Such reports shall
include all tests made, regardless of whether such tests indicate
that the material is satisfactory or unsatisfactory. Records of
special sampling operations shall also be reported. The reports
shall show that the material or materials were sampled and
tested in accordance with the requirements of these regulations
and with the approved plans and specifications. In the case of
masonry or concrete, test reports shall show the specified
design strength. Test reports shall also state whether or not the
material or materials tested comply with the requirements of
the approved plans and specifications.
(d) Verification of test reports. Each testing agency shall
submit to the enforcement agency a verified report, covering all
tests and inspections which were required to be performed as of
the date that work on the project is suspended or the services of
the testing laboratory are terminated, and at the completion of
the project, covering all of required tests and inspections. The
verified report shall be signed, under penalty of perjury, by the
professional engineer charged with engineering managerial
responsibility for the laboratory. The verified report shall indi-
cate that all tests and inspections were made as required by the
approved plans and specifications, and shall list any
noncompliant tests or inspections that have not been resolved
by the date of the verified report. In the event that not all
required tests or inspections were made by the laboratory mak-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ing this verified report, those tests and inspections not made
shall be listed on the verified report.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009, 16020 and 16021.
4-214. Verified reports. Sections 16020 and 16021 ofthe Act
require that from time to time as the work of construction pro-
gresses, the architect or registered engineer in charge of obser-
vation of the work, each architect or registered engineer
delegated responsibility for observation of a portion of the
work, the project inspector, approved special inspectors and the
contractor shall each make and sign under penalty of perjury, a
duly verified report to the enforcement agency upon a pre-
scribed form or forms, showing that of his or her own personal
knowledge the work during the period covered by the report
has been performed and materials have been used and installed
in every material respect in compliance with the duly approved
plans and specifications, and setting forth such detailed
statement of fact as shall be required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to an architect or
registered engineer means the personal knowledge that is
obtained from periodic visits of reasonable frequency to the
project site for the purpose of general observation of the work,
and that is obtained from the reporting of others on the progress
of the work, testing of materials, inspection and superinten-
dence of the work. The exercise of reasonable diligence to
obtain the facts is required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to an inspector
means the actual personal knowledge that is obtained from the
inspector's personal continuous inspection of the work in all
stages of its progress. For work performed away from the site,
the project inspector may obtain personal knowledge from the
reporting of testing or special inspection of materials and work-
manship for compliance with approved plans, specifications
and applicable standards. The exercise of reasonable diligence
to obtain the facts is required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to the contractor
means the personal know ledge gained from constructing the
building. The exercise of reasonable diligence to obtain the
facts is required.
See Article 2, Section 4-240 and Article 3, Section 4-249 for
the reporting requirements to state and local enforcement agen-
cies, respectively.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16020, 16021 and 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16020 and 16021.
4-215. Changes in the approved drawings and specifica-
tions.
(a) General. All work shall be executed in accordance with
the approved plans and specifications except where documents
authorizing changes have been submitted by the responsible
architect or registered engineer to the enforcement agency for
review and approval. These documents shall describe the
authorized changes, show the increase or decrease in the con-
tract cost involved and shall contain the signatures of the
responsible architect or registered engineer and the owner and
shall bear the approval stamp of the enforcement agency.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16011, 16013 and 16015.
25
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
4-216. Final certification of compliance. The certification of
compliance for the essential services building shall be issued
by the enforcement agency when the project has been com-
pleted in accordance with the requirements as to safety of
design and construction with Sections 16000-16023 of the
Health and Safety Code (Essential Services Buildings Seismic
Safety Act) and with the requirements of these regulations. The
certification of compliance will be evidenced by a letter or a
certificate of occupancy each of which shall contain a state-
ment that the building design and review and the work of con-
struction have been completed in accordance with the
requirements of Sections 16000 through 16023 of the Health
and Safety Code and of Part 1, Title 24, CCR. The certificate of
compliance will be directed to the owner of the essential
services building.
Local enforcement agencies shall forward one copy of the
certification of compliance to the DSA Headquarters Office in
Sacramento.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009 and 16022.
4-217. Duties of the architect and registered engineers.
(a) General. The architect or registered engineer is responsi-
ble to the owner and to the enforcement agency to see that the
completed work conforms in every material respect to these
regulations and the approved plans and specifications. The
architect or registered engineer may, if so authorized, act as
agent for the owner in completing and submitting the applica-
tion to the enforcement agency.
The architect or registered engineer, in no way, is relieved of
any responsibility by the activities of the enforcement agency
in the performance of its duties.
(b) General responsible charge. The architect or registered
engineer in general responsible charge shall advise the owner
in regard to filing of the application for approval of plans, the
selection of a project inspector and the selection of a testing
laboratory. The architect or registered engineer shall prepare
the plans, specifications, design computations and other data
and shall prepare documents authorizing changes in the
approved drawings and specifications when so directed by the
owner or as required by conditions on the project. The architect
or registered engineer shall make, or cause to be made, the cor-
rections required on the various documents to comply with the
requirements of these regulations and shall provide the project
inspector and testing agency with a complete set of stamped
plans, specifications and documents authorizing changes.
The enforcement agency directs all technical correspon-
dence to the architect or registered engineer in general respon-
sible charge of the project.
(c) Architect or engineer verified reports. All architects
and registered engineers having responsibility for observation
of the work of construction shall maintain such personal con-
tact with the project as is necessary to assure themselves of
compliance in every material respect with the approved plans
and specifications and shaH submit verified reports to the
enforcement agency as required in Section 4-214. The architect
or registered engineer in general responsible charge shall be
responsible for the timely submittal of the required verified
26
reports from the project inspector, the contractor and any other
architects or engineers who have been delegated responsibility
for observation of the work.
(d) Testing program. The architect or registered engineer in
general responsible charge shall establish the extent ofthe test-
ing of materials consistent with the needs of the particular pro-
ject and shall issue specific instructions to the testing agency.
The architect or registered engineer shall also notify the
enforcement agency as to the disposition of materials noted on
laboratory reports as not conforming to the approved plans and
specifications.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16015 and 16020.
4-218. Duties of the mechanical and electrical engineers.
The architect, structural engineer or civil engineer in general
responsible charge retains overall responsibility for the
mechanical and electrical portions of the work when the design
responsibility for that work has been delegated and the plans
have been prepared by registered mechanical and electrical
engineers.
Where plans, specifications and estimates for alterations or
repairs only involve mechanical or electrical work, said plans,
specifications and estimates may be prepared and the work of
construction observed by a registered mechanical or electrical
engineer, respectively, who shall be in general responsible
charge.
The mechanical or electrical engineer shall fulfill the duties
outlined in Section 4-217 when assuming general responsible
charge and shall submit verified reports as required in Section
4-214. When accepting delegated responsibility, the mechani-
calor electrical engineer shall comply with the requirements of
Sections 4-209 and 4-210 insofar as these may relate to the del-
egated work.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16015.
4-219. Duties of the project inspector.
(a) General. The project inspector shall act under the gen-
eral direction of the architect or registered engineer and under
the supervision of the enforcement agency.
(b) Duties. The general duties of the project inspector in ful-
filling project inspection responsibilities are as follows:
1. Continuous inspection requirements. The project
inspector must have actual personal knowledge obtained
by persona] and continuous inspection of the work of
construction in all stages of its progress that the require-
ments of the approved plans and specifications are being
executed.
Continuous inspection means complete inspection of
every part of the work. Work, such as concrete work or
masonry work which can be inspected only as it is
placed, shall require the constant presence of the project
inspector. Other types of work which can be completely
inspected after the work is installed may be carried on
while the project inspector is not present. In any case, the
project inspector must personally inspect every part of
the work. In no case shall the project inspector have or
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
assume any duties which will prevent him or her from
providing continuous inspection.
The project inspector may obtain personal knowledge
of the work of construction, either on-site or off-site,
from the inspections perfOlmed by special inspectors or
approved assistant inspectors and from the reporting of
others on testing and inspection of materials and work-
manship for compliance with the plans, specifications
and applicable standards. The exercise of reasonable dil-
igence to obtain the facts shall be required.
2. Relations with the architect or engineer. The project
inspector shall work under the general direction of the
architect or registered engineer. Any uncertainties in the
inspector's comprehension of the plans and specifica-
tions shall be reported promptly to the architect or regis-
tered engineer for hislher interpretation and instructions.
In no case shall the instructions of the architect or regis-
tered engineer be construed to cause work to be done
which is not in conformity with the approved plans,
specifications and documents authorizing changes.
3. Job file. The project inspector shall keep a file of
approved plans and specifications (including all
approved documents authorizing changes) on the job at
all times.
4. Construction procedure records. The project inspector
shall keep a record of certain construction procedures
including, but not limited to the following:
A. Concrete pouring operations. The records show
the time and date of placing concrete and the time
and date of removal of forms in each portion of the
structure.
B. Welding operations. The record shall include iden-
tification marks of welders, lists of defective
welds, manner of correction of defects, etc.
C. Penetration under the last ten (10) blows for each
pile when piles are driven for foundations. All
such records of construction procedures shall be
kept on the job until the completion of the work.
These records shall be made a part of the perma-
nent records of the owner.
5. Deviations. The project inspector shall notify the con-
tractor, in writing, of any deviations from the approved
plans and specifications which are not immediately cor-
rected by the contractor when brought to the contractor's
attention. Copies of such notice shall be forwarded
immediately to the architect or registered engineer and to
the enforcement agency.
Failure on the part of the project inspector to notify the
contractor of deviations from the approved plans and
specifications shall in no way relieve the contractor of
any responsibility to complete the work covered by his or
her contract in accordance with the approved plans and
specifications and all laws and regulations.
6. Verified reports. The project inspector shall submit to
the enforcement agency verified reports as required in
Section 4-214.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
(c) Violations. Failure, refusal or on the part of the
project inspector to notify the contractor of any work that does
not comply with the requirements of the approved plans and
specifications, or failure, refusal or neglect to report immedi-
ately, in writing any such violation to the architect or registered
engineer, to the owner and to the enforcement agency shall con-
stitute a violation of the Act and shall be cause for the enforce-
ment agency to take action, which may result in withdrawal of
the inspector's approval.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16017 and 1602].
4-220. Duties of the contractor.
(a) Responsibilities. It is the duty of the contractor to com-
plete the work covered by his or her contract in accordance with
the approved plans and specifications therefore. The contractor
in no way is relieved of any responsibility by the activities of
the architect, registered engineer, project inspector or the
enforcement agency in the performance of their duties.
(b) Performance of the work. The contractor shall study
carefully the approved plans and specifications and shall plan
his schedule of operations well ahead of time. If at any time it is
discovered the work is being done that is not in accordance with
the approved plans and specifications, the contractor shall cor-
rect the work immediately.
All inconsistencies or items which appear to be in error in the
plans and specifications shall be promptly called to the atten-
tion of the architect or registered engineer, through the project
inspector, for interpretation or correction. In no case, however,
shall the instruction of the architect or registered engineer be
construed to cause work to be done that is not in conformity
with the approved plans, specifications and change orders, and
standards.
The contractor must notify the project inspector, in advance,
of the commencement of construction of each and every aspect
of the work.
(c) Verified reports. The contractor shall make and submit
to the enforcement agency from time to time, verified reports as
required in Section 4-214.
If work on the building is being done by independent con-
tractors having contracts with the owner, verified reports shall
be submitted by each contractor regardless of the type of work
involved.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16021.
4-221. Records. DSA shall maintain a record of the approved
plans, specifications, addenda, change orders and letters of cer-
tification for state-owned or state-leased essential services
buildings which have been certified as complying with the pro-
visions of the Act. DSA shall also maintain a record of the let-
ters of compliance for essential services buildings built under
the jurisdiction of local enforcement agencies which have been
submitted to DSA by those agencies.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
27
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
4-222. Advisory board.
(a) General. The State Architect may appoint an advisory
board whose duty it is to serve in an advisory capacity to DSA
in connection with administrative matters and with reference to
regulations and requirements pertaining to the administration
of the Act. This board shall also act as a board of review to
which appeal can be made by owners, architects, engineers or
other interested parties in case of disagreement with the inter-
pretation by the local enforcement agencies and/or local
appeals board of the Essential Services Buildings Seismic
Safety Act or the regulations adopted pursuant thereto. For
state agencies, the Advisory Board shall act as an appeals board
for disagreements with the rulings, decisions, interpretations or
acts of DSA.
(b ) Membership. The said board shall consist of nine mem-
bers appointed by the State Architect and four ex-officio mem-
bers who are: State Architect, the Chief Structural Engineer of
DSA, the California State Fire Marshal, the Executive Director
of the Building Standards Commission and the Chairman of
the Seismic Safety Commission. The ex-officio board mem-
bers may appoint alternates to serve on the board as their repre-
sentatives. Of the appointive members, one shall be an
architect, one shall be a structural engineer, one shall be a civil
engineer, one sha11 be a mechanical engineer or an electrical
engineer, one shall be a representative of the League of Califor-
nia Cities, one shall be a representative of the County Supervi-
sors Association, one shall be a representative of the California
Building Officials, one shall be a representative of the Califor-
nia Fire Chiefs Association and one shall be a representative of
a law enforcement agency. The appointive members shall serve
at the pleasure of the State Architect. The State Architect will
select appointive members from nominations solicited from
the California Council, American Institute of Architects, the
Structural Engineers Association of California, the Consulting
Engineers and Land Surveyors Association of California, the
CalifOlnia Building Officials, the League of California Cities,
the County Supervisors Association, the California Peace Offi-
cers Association and from the California Fire Chiefs Associa-
tion. The State Architect may also appoint additional ex -officio
members. Ex-officio members are not entitled to vote in board
actions.
(c) Meetings. The board shall elect its own chairperson and
vice-chairperson and shall convene upon the call of the chair-
person or the State Architect whenever it may be necessary in
the chairperson's or State Architect's judgment for the board to
meet. The board shall adopt such rules of procedure as are nec-
essary to enable it to perform the obligations delegated to it.
The chairperson of the board shall at his or her discretion or
upon the instruction of the board designate subcommittees to
study and report back to the board on any technical subject or
matter for which an independent study is desired or regarding
appeals which are made to the board from interpretations of the
enforcement agencies. The board members will be reimbursed
for their reasonable expenses in attending meetings but shall
receive no compensation for their services.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
28
ARTICLE 2
STATE BUILDINGS
4-223. General. The provisions of Article 1 and Article 2 of
these regulations shall apply to state-owned or state-leased
essential services buildings. Article 2 requirements do not
apply to essential services buildings under the jurisdiction of
local enforcement agencies.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16001.
4-224. Application for DSA approval of drawings and spec-
ifications.
(a) The written approval of drawings and specifications shall
consist of a letter issued by DSA when the procedures of Sec-
tion 4-229 of these regulations are completed.
(b) The agency responsible for the essential services func-
tion shall submit an application, for the approval of drawings
and specifications to DSA. A separate application shall be sub-
mitted for each essential services building or group of build-
ings on each site. Applications shall be submitted to DSA on
Form DSA-l, Application for Approval of Plans and Specifica-
tions. DSA forms are available on the Internet at
www.dgs.ca.gov/dsa. or at any of the DSA regional offices.
(c) The application shall contain a project name and location
of the essential services building or buildings, the name of the
architect or registered engineer in general responsible charge
of the work, the names of the archi tects or registered engineers
who have been delegated responsibility for portions of the
work (see Section 4-209), the estimated cost of the project and
all such other information as is requested on Form DSA-l
Application for Approval of Plans and Specifications.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16001 and 16011.
4-225. Designation of responsibility. In addition to the
requirements of Section 4-209, Article 1 of these regulations,
the following provisions shall apply;
(a) Delegation of responsibility. The architect, structural
engineer or civil engineer in general responsible charge shall
employ or retain, under his/her supervision, registered
mechanical and electrical engineers to design and observe the
construction of the mechanical and electrical portions of the
work when these elements are significant to the safety of the
building or its occupants or the continuing functioning of the
building. The requirement for observation of construction of
the mechanical and electrical portions of the work by the
mechanical and electrical engineers may be waived where the
mechanical and electrical elements are not considered to be
significant to the safety of the building or its occupants or its
continuing functioning and when special mechanical and elec-
trical inspection in accordance with Section 4-211 is provided.
No delegation to or employment or retention of others shall
be construed as relieving the architect, structural engineer or
civil engineer in general responsible charge of hislher rights,
duties and responsibilities under Section 16015 of the Act and
Section 4-217 of these regulations.
(b) Assumption of responsibility. The architect, structural
engineer or civil engineer who submits for approval plans and
specifications for any project or any portion of any project
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
which have been prepared by others shall assume responsibil-
ity for the safety of design of the completed construction and
for the interpretation of and any necessary amplification of the
plans and specifications of the project. He/she shall stamp and
sign all plans submitted for approval to indicate his/her
assumption of responsibility or may in lieu thereof, stamp and
sign, and submit plans prepared under his/her own charge. (See
Section 4-210 for other signatures.) When an architect, struc-
tural engineer or civil engineer accepts the responsibility for
completion of a project or a portion of a project relinquished by
another, that architect, structural engineer or civil engineer
thereby assumes responsibility as follows:
1. If the relinquishment occurs prior to the completion of
the design documents, all responsibility shall be
assumed. [See Section 4-225 (c) for the procedure.]
2. If the relinquishment occurs after the design drawings
and specifications have been completed and approved by
the enforcement agency, the assuming architect or regis-
tered engineer shall be responsible for the construction
of the project in accordance with the design of the relin-
quishing architect or engineer. The assuming architect or
registered engineer shall assume responsibility for the
interpretation of and any necessary amplification of the
plans and specifications and shall stamp and sign any
such documents prepared for that purpose.
(c) Acceptance of responsibility. The assumption of gen-
eral responsible charge or of delegated responsibility shall be
clearly outlined, accepted and approved by the parties con-
cerned including the owner. The enforcement agency shall be
notified when any change is made in the individuals in general
responsible charge or delegated responsible charge.
Form DSA-l, Application for Approval of Plans and Speci-
fications, provides for the delegation of responsibility, but for
unusual cases, or for changes in responsibility taking place
after the plans have been submitted for approval, the delegation
of responsibility, acceptances and approvals thereof, shall be
submitted in letter form, which shall include an indication that
the owner has been notified.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 1601) and 16015.
4-226. Alternates in general responsible charge or dele-
gated responsible charge. Alternates may be named on Form
DSA-l, Application for Approval of Plans and Specifications,
or in letter form. Letter forms shall be submitted to DSA prior
to performance of work by the alternate and shall include an
indication that the owner has been notified.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16015.
4-227. Estimate of cost. Estimates of cost shall be based on the
cost of construction prevailing at the time the plans and specifi-
cations for the project are submitted to DSA. The estimated
cost of a project shan be increased as necessary to include the
estimated cost of every alternate building or portion thereof
shown on the plans and specifications as if each alternate build-
ing and portion were to be constructed separately and
simultaneously.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
When a contract amount, or the cumulative total of two or
more contract amounts, exceeds the estimated cost by more
than 30 percent, the estimated cost shan be revised. An addi-
tional fee based on the contract amount shall be paid before
proceeding with the work. When the actual cost of constructing
all the work shown on the approved plans is less than 70 percent
of the estimated cost, a refund of overpaid fees may be claimed.
(See Section 4-232 for actual cost.)
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009 and 16011.
4228. Procedure for approval of application and voidance
of application.
(a) General. After DSA has completed its review of the doc-
uments submitted with the application, the checked prints of
the plans and specifications with the requests for corrections
and/or additional information noted thereon shall be returned
to the responsible architect or registered engineer. When plans
and/or specifications require extensive corrections, a corrected
set of prints of the plans and specifications shall be submitted
for review if requested by DSA.
When the requested corrections have been made and/or the
additional information as requested has been provided by the
responsible architect or registered engineer, an employee rep-
resentative of the architect or registered engineer shan return
the check set of plans and specifications along with the original
plan tracings, the corrected specification pages and specifica-
tion master cover sheet to DSA for backchecking. The
backcheck is a comparison of the corrected plans and specifica-
tions with the check set of plans and specifications and shall be
accomplished either by a conference at the DSA oftice between
the architect or registered engineer or hislher employee repre-
sentative and the checking engineer or by mail in the case of
minor corrections to which all parties have agreed.
Changes in plans and specifications, other than changes nec-
essary for correction, made after submission for approval shall
be brought to the attention of DSA in writing or by submission
of revised plans identifying those changes clearly at the time of
back-checking. Failure to give such notice may result in the
voidance of any subsequent approval given to the plans and
specifications.
All requested corrections shall be made, additional
requested information furnished or original designs justified
and a list of materials to be tested and special inspections to be
made shall be supplied to DSA at the time of backcheck. When
DSA deems that the corrected plans and specifications comply
with these regulations and all parts of Title 24, CCR, that per-
tain to essential services building constmction, DSA shall
place its stamp of identification on the reproducible sheets of
drawings and master cover sheet of the specifications. This
stamp is affixed for purposes of identification only and shall
not be construed as authorization to let the construction con-
tracts.
One set of prints of the stamped plans and specifications
shall be submitted to DSA. The submittal of the stamped prints
of the plans and specifications is required before DSA will
issue the written notice of approval of the application.
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ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
(b) Approval of the application. DSA shall issue to the
owner of the essential services building a letter approving the
application for the project upon receipt of the stamped copies
of the approved plans and specifications. This letter shall con-
stitute the approval of drawings and specifications as required
by Section 16016 of the Health and Safety Code. No contract
for construction shall be let or approved by the owner of the
essential services building and no monies shall be spent for
construction work on an essential services building project
until this approval in writing has been had and obtained.
DSA wi11 retain one set of the stamped plans and specifica-
tions and other pertinent project information in its files as a per-
manent record of the compliance of the approved project
documents.
(c) Voidance of the application. Any change, erasure, alter-
ation or modification of any plans or specifications bearing the
identification stamp of DSA may result in voidance of the
approval of the application. However, the "written approval of
plans" may be extended by DSA to include revised plans and
specifications after documents are submitted for review and
approved. (See Section 4-233 for revised plans and Section
4-215 for addenda and change orders.)
The procedures leading to written approval of plans shall be
carried to conclusion without suspension or unnecessary delay.
The application shaH be void where either (1) prints from cor-
rected plans or corrected original plans are not filed for
backcheck and the backcheck is not completed within six
months after the date of return of the checked plans to the archi-
tect or registered engineer, or (2) prints of the stamped plans
and one set of the stamped specifications are not submitted to
DSA files within two months after the date shown on the stamp
of identification.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009, 16011 and 16013.
4-229. Deferred approvals. Where a portion of the construc-
tion cannot be adequately detailed on the approved plans
because of variations in product design and manufacture, the
approval of plans for such portion, when specifically accepted
by the enforcement agency, may be deferred until the material
suppliers are selected provided the following conditions are
met:
30
(a) The project plans clearly indicate that a deferred
approval by the enforcement agency prior to the fabri-
cation and installation is required for the indicated por-
tions of the work.
(b) The project plans and specifications adequately
describe the performance and loading criteria for such
work.
(c) An architect or registered engineer stamps and signs
the plans and specifications for the deferred approval
items. The architect or engineer in general responsible
charge of the design of the project shall submit the
plans and specifications for the deferred approval item
to the enforcement agency, with notation indicating
that the deferred approval documents have been found
to be in genera] conformance with the design of the
building.
(d) Deferred approval shall not apply to the requirements
of Section 4-210 (b), (c) and (d) with regard to the verti-
cal and lateral load resisting systems and elements of
the building. The plans, details, specifications and
computations for the structural portions of the building
shall provide sufficient information to permit a com-
plete review when the project is submitted.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009, 16011, 16012, 16013 and
16014.
4-230. Withdrawal of application. If a request is made by the
owner of an essential services building for cancellation of the
application and return of the plans and specifications, together
with the fee paid, it will be granted only when the review of
plans and specifications has not actually started. If the review
of the plans and specifications has started, 30 percent of the
paid fee will be refunded or applied to a new application for the
same project.
No refund will be allowed for projects upon which only the
minimum fee has been paid. No refund will be allowed after a
contract has been let for any portion of the work except as pro-
vided in Section 4-228.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16009.
4-231. Fees. The filing fee required by DSA to accompany the
submittal of project plans and specifications for essential ser-
vices buildings shall be one and one-half percent 0.5%) of the
first $1,000,000 of estimated cost and one and one-quarter per-
cent 0.25%) of the excess of the estimated cost over
$1,000,000 except that the minimum filing fee for any project
shall be $250.
The words "filing fee" mean the fee which must accompany
the application and the words "further fee" mean the fee which
shall be paid to DSA if the actua1 cost exceeds the estimated
cost by more than 5 percent.
The application for an essential services building is consid-
ered received when it, accompanied by the plans and specifica-
tions, structural design computations, site data and filing fee
has been received by DSA and an application number has been
assigned.
An Essential Services Building Account is hereby estab-
lished in the Architecture Public Fund for the purpose of credit-
ing the application fees paid by state agencies into the state
treasury.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16022 and 16023.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16006, 16007 and 16009.
4-232. Project cost. For purposes of determining fees, both the
estimated and actual costs of the project shall be the total outlay
for al1 work included in the approved plans and specifications
(exclusive of fees paid, but not recovered, for architectural
engineering, inspection and testing services) regardless of
whether the funds are provided by the state, local government
authorities or agencies, or by private groups or individuals. In
the event a building is converted to essential services building
use, the cost shall inc1ude the value of the building. If work is
done in portions, the actual cost shall be determined at the
completion of each contract.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS fOR THE DIVISION Of THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAfETY (DSA-SS)
The estimated cost and the fee based thereon shall not be
amended after plan check has started except as provided by
Section 4-227 or for a permissible increase in the scope of the
project. The scope of the project shall not be amended after
bids for all or part of the project are opened. No portion of the
fee can be returned after checking has started except as pro-
vided by Sections 4-227 and 4-230.
Actual project cost shall include all items which are nor-
mally considered to be contractor's operation costs such as
owner furnished labor and materials, bond insurance and use of
owner's facilities and shall not be reduced by chargebacks such
as those for testing, inspection or overrun of contract time. All
fees and/or reimbursable charges paid the construction manag-
ers shall be included in the actual cost of construction. When
the contract for the work includes items not otherwise subject
to the approval of DSA and not included in the approved plans
and specifications, the actual cost shall include this work unless
such costs are segregated bid items or by separately priced
items of change orders, or by certified copy of a subcontrac-
tor's bid. Such segregation shall not be made by contract price
breakdown or estimates.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009 and 16011.
4-233. Revisions of plans and specifications.
(a) General. No additional fee is charged upon submission
of revisions to the approved plans and specifications, provided
that the entire matter is actually one transaction having to do
with the same essential services building and the revisions do
not require substantial review for safety of design. If the origi-
nal plans are abandoned and the plans and specifications sub-
mitted in lieu thereof are in fact for a new project rather than an
identical building or where a modified set of plans is for an
essentially different structural concept, it is necessary that a
new application be filed and fee paid. This is regardless of the
fact that the building may have the same name, be of the same
general size and be situated at the same location as the essential
services building for which the original application was sub-
mitted.
(b) Addenda. Changes or alterations of the approved plans
or specifications prior to letting a construction contract for the
work involved shall be made by means of addenda. Addenda
shall be stamped and signed by the architect or registered engi-
neer in general responsible charge of preparation of the plans
and specifications, and by the architect or registered engineer
delegated responsibility for the portion affected by the
addenda. Addenda shall be submitted to DSA for review and
approval and as such become part of the approved contract doc-
uments.
(c) Change orders. Changes or alterations of the approved
plans or specifications after a contract for the work has been let
shall be made by means of change orders. Change orders shall
state the reason for the change, indicate the change in contract
cost, if any, and shall be accompanied by supplementary draw-
ings and calculations where necessary. All change orders shall
be stamped and signed by the architect or registered engineer in
general responsible charge of the work of construction of the
project, and by the architect or registered engineer delegated
responsibility for observation of the portion of the work of con-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
struction affected by the change order, and shall bear the signa-
ture of the authorized representative of the owner. Change
orders shall be submitted to DSA for review and approval and
as such become part of the approved contract documents.
To avoid unnecessary delays in the completion of the work,
the enforcement agency, at its discretion, may extend tentative
verbal approval of proposed change order items upon receipt of
sufficient information from the architect or registered engineer
in general responsible charge to permit the enforcement agency
to make a reasonable judgment on those items. At the earliest
possible date subsequent to the tentative approval, the architect
or registered engineer in general responsible charge shall sub-
mit to the enforcement agency for approval a formal completed
change order covering those items given tentative verbal
approval.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16009.
4-234. Billing for further fees. The owner shall be billed for
further fees upon completion of the project or portion thereof if
fee is due. Claims for refunds of five dollars or less due to errors
in cost reporting or fee computation shall be made within six
months from the date of filing.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16009.
4-235. Time of beginning construction and partial con-
struction. Construction work whether for a new essential ser-
vices building, or for a reconstruction, alteration or addition
project for an essential services building, shall not be com-
menced, and no contract shall be let until the owner has applied
for and obtained from DSA the required written approval of
plans and specifications. Construction of all work shown in the
approved plans and specifications shall be commenced within
one year after the approval of the application; otherwise the
approval of the part not commenced shall be void unless DSA
has been notified and an extension of the approval has been
granted. DSA may require that the plans and specifications be
revised to meet its current regulations before a renewal of the
voided approval is granted. Renewal shall not be granted after a
period of four years beyond the date of the application
approval.
State agencies may complete all work or proceed with con-
struction of any part of the work included in the approved plans
and specifications with the intent of completing the work later.
All work done and materials used and installed must be in
accordance with and in conformity to the approved plans and
specifications. DSA shall be notified whenever work is being
carried on and failure to give such notice may result in voidance
of the approval of the plans and specifications.
An uncompleted building shall not be construed as having
been constructed under the provisions of the Essential Services
Building Seismic Safety Act.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16016.
4-236. Notice of start of construction. The architect or regis-
tered engineer responsible for the project shall give DSA writ-
ten notification before construction is to be started. As soon as a
contract has been let, the architect or registered engineer shall
31
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
furnish to DSA on Form DSA-I02, Contract Information, the
name ofthe contractor, the contract price and the date of start-
ing of construction. DSA forms are available on the Internet at
www.dgs.ca.gov/dsa. or at any of the DSA regional offices.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16016.
4-237. Notice of suspension of construction. DSA shall be
notified by the project inspector when (1) the construction is
suspended for more than two weeks or (2) the construction is
suspended or abandoned for any reason for a continuous period
of one year following its commencement at which time the
approval of DSA becomes void. DSA may reinstate the
approval upon the request of the owner.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16009.
4-237.1 Stop work order.
(a) Whenever DSA finds any construction work being per-
formed in a manner contrary to the provisions of this code and
which would compromise the structural integrity of the build-
ing, the Department of General Services, State of California, is
authorized to issue a stop work order.
(b) The stop work order shall be in writing and shall be given
to the owner of the property involved, or to the owner's agent,
or to the person doing the work. Upon issuance of a stop work
order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work
order shall state the reason for the order, and the conditions
under which the cited work will be permitted to resume.
(c) Any person who continues working the cited work after
having been served with a stop work order, except such work as
that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or
unsafe condition, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by
law.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16017.5.
4-238. Application for approval of project inspectors, assis-
tant inspectors and special inspectors. For each essential ser-
vices building project, an Inspector's Qualification Record,
Form DSA-5, shall be submitted for the proposed project
inspector, a proposed assistant inspector, and may be required
by DSA to be submitted for a proposed special inspector. The
proposed project inspector and any proposed assistant inspec-
tor shall be interviewed by the architect or registered engineer
in general responsible charge of the project to detelmine
his/her qualifications. The architect or registered engineer shall
recommend to DSA the approval of the inspector based upon
his/her determination of the competency of the candidate to
perform the inspection work.
Form DSA-5 for the proposed inspector, with the signatures
of the architect or registered engineer and the owner, shall be
submitted to DSA for review and approval. In addition to the
information supplied on the qualification record, DSA may
require a personal interview with the proposed inspector which
may include oral and written examinations concerning inspec-
tion and testing procedures.
The submittal ofthe Inspector's Qualification Record for the
project inspector shall be made a minimum of 10 days prior to
the start of construction on the project. The submittal of the
32
Inspector's Qualification Record for an assistant inspector,
or when required for a special inspector, shall be made a mini-
mum of 10 days prior to the use of the assistant inspector or
special inspector on the project. DSA forms are available on the
Internet at www.dgs.ca.gov/dsa. or at any of the DSA regional
offices.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16017 and 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16017 and 16021.
4-239. Tests. In addition to the requirements of Section 4-213,
Article 1 of these regulations, the following provisions shall
apply:
(a) Performance of tests. The owner, with therecommenda-
tion of the architect or registered engineer shall select a quali-
fied testing laboratory to conduct the tests. Sampling,
preparation of samples and tests shall be in accordance with the
standards as provided in the approved plans and specifications
and in the applicable building regulations. Where a sample has
failed to pass the required tests, the architect or registered engi-
neer, subject to the approval of the enforcement agency, may
permit retest of the sampled material.
(b) Payments. The owner shall pay for all tests. When in the
opinion of the architect or registered engineer additional tests
are required because of the manner in which the contractor exe-
cutes his work, such tests shall be paid for by the owner but the
amount paid may be collected from the contractor. Examples of
such tests are: Tests of materials substituted for previously
approved materials, retests made necessary by the failure of
materials to comply with the requirements of the specifications
and load tests necessary because certain portions of the struc-
ture have not fully met specification or plan requirements.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009, 16020 and 16021.
4-240. Required filing of verified reports. Project inspectors,
approved special inspectors and contractors shall file verified
reports on Form DSA-6. Architects and engineers shall file ver-
ified reports on Form DSA-6A1E. DSA forms are available on
the Internet at www.dgs.ca.gov/dsa. or at any of the DSA
regional offices.
Verified reports shall be filed with DSA as foHows:
(a) By each contractor having a contract with the owner, at
the completion of the contract.
(b) By the architect, registered engineers, project inspector
and approved special inspectors at the completion of
the essential services building.
( c) By the architect, registered engineers, project inspec-
tor and contractor at the suspension of all work for a
period of more than one month.
(d) By the architect, registered engineer, project inspector,
approved special inspector or contractor whose ser-
vices in connection with the project have been termi-
nated for any reason.
(e) At any time a verified report is requested by DSA.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16020, 16021 and 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16020, 16021 and 16022.
4-241. Project inspector's semimonthly reports. In addition
to the verified reports required in Section 4-214, the project
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
inspector shall make semimonthly reports of the progress of
construction to the architect or registered engineer in general
responsible charge. A copy of each such report shall be sent to
the owner, the architect or engineer in general responsible
charge and DSA. Semimonthly reports shall state the name,
location and owner of the essential services building and shall
contain the application number and file number of the project
for identification purposes. The reports shall include a Jist of
official visitors to the project and whom they represent, a brief
statement of the work done, instructions received from the
architect or registered engineer during the period covered by
the report and pertinent information regarding any unusual
conditions or questions that may have arisen at the job. Forms
are not provided by DSA for semimonthly reports. Failure to
comply with this section will be cause for withdrawal of the
approval of the project inspector.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16017.
4 ~ 2 4 2 Notifications by the project inspector. The project
inspector shall notify DSA at the following times:
(a) When construction work on the project is started, or
restarted, if previously suspended per Item (d) below.
(b) At least 48 hours in advance of the time when foundation
trenches will be complete and ready for footing forms.
(c) At least 48 hours in advance of the first placement of
foundation concrete and 24 hours in advance of any subsequent
and significant concrete placement.
(d) When all work on the project is suspended for a period of
more than two weeks.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16017.
4-243. General.
ARTICLE 3
LOCAL BUILDINGS
(a) The provisions of Article I and Article 3 of these regula-
tions shall apply to essential services buildings owned or leased
by a city, city and county or county or a special fire district
within these jurisdictions. The Division of the State Architect
shall observe the implementation and administration of the
provisions of the Essential Services Buildings Seismic Safety
Act and these regulations pertaining to local jurisdictions under
the authority granted in the Act.
(b) Local jurisdictions shall establish such administrative
procedures as they deem necessary and proper for the enforce-
ment of the provisions of the Act so long as those procedures do
not conflict with the requirements of Articles I and 3 of these
regulations. The enforcement of these regulations is the
responsibility of an authorized official of the local enforcement
agency.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16001.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
4-244. Approval of drawings and specifications.
(a) The required written approval of drawings and specifica-
tions may consist of either a building permit or other document
as established by the enforcing agency.
(b) Written notification by the local enforcement agency to
DSA shall be required when the written approval of the draw-
ings and specifications is issued by the local enforcement
agency. The written notification shall contain a project name
and location for the essential services building, the name of the
architect or registered engineer in general responsible charge
of the work, the estimated cost of the project, the name of the
qualified plan reviewer (the licensed architect or registered
engineer responsible for the design review) and if available the
name of the project inspector. The written notification shall
also include a statement signed by an official of the enforce-
ment agency that the plans and specifications and the review
thereof has been accomplished in compliance with the provi-
sions of the Act and of these regulations.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16001 and 160] 1.
4-245. Voidance of application. Any change, erasure, alter-
ation or modification of any plans or specifications bearing the
identification or approval stamp of the enforcement agency
may result in voidance ofthe approval ofthe application. How-
ever, the "written approval of the plans" may be extended by
the enforcement agency to include revised plans and specifica-
tions after documents are submitted for review and approved.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16009, 16011 and 16013.
4-246. Time of beginning of construction and partial con-
struction. Construction work whether for a new essential ser-
vices building, or for a reconstruction, alteration or addition
project for an essential services building, shall not be com-
menced nor shall any contract be let until the owner has applied
for and obtained from the enforcement agency the required
written approval of plans and specifications.
All work done and materials used and installed must be in
accordance with and in confonnity to the approved plans and
specifications. The enforcement agency shall be notified when-
ever work is being carried on and failure to give such notice may
result in voidance of the approval of the plans and specifications.
An uncompleted building shall not be considered as having
been constructed under the provisions of the Essential Services
Buildings Seismic Safety Act.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16002.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16016.
4-247. Notice of start of construction. The architect or regis-
tered engineer responsible for the project shall give written
notification to the enforcement agency before construction is to
be started. The architect or registered engineer shall furnish the
name of the contractor, the contract price and the date of start-
ing of construction.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 16016.
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ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-STRUCTURAL SAFETY (DSA-SS)
4-248. Approval of the project inspector, assistant inspec-
tor and special inspectors by the enforcement agency.
(a) The enforcement agency shall review, for each individual
project, the qualifications of the project inspector, any assistant
inspector, and special inspectors proposed for an essential ser-
vices buildings projects to determine the inspector's compe-
tency to do the inspection required for that particular project.
The qualification review shall include, for the project inspector
and any assistant inspector, an appraisal of the candidate's edu-
cation and experience and a personal interview which may
include a written examination if deemed appropriate by the
enforcement agency.
(b) The approval of the project inspector by the enforcement
agency shall include information to the project inspector of the
"personal knowledge" provisions of the Act and of the addi-
tional requirement that the project inspector shall not assume
other duties which would preclude the inspector from obtain-
ing personal knowledge required of all work of construction.
(c) Representatives of the enforcement agency shall from
time to time visit the construction site to observe the work of
construction and to monitor the performance of the project
inspector. The construction work is subject to any inspections
required by the enforcement agency.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16017 and 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16017 and 16021.
4-249. Verified reports. The verified reports required by the
Act to be filed by any architects, engineers, inspectors and con-
tractors having responsibility for all or any portion of the con-
struction work of the project shall be filed on a form prescribed
by the enforcement agency. Original manual signatures of the
architect, engineer, inspector and contractor are required on the
verified report. Refer to Section 4-214 of these regulations for
verified report requirements.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 16020, 16021 and 16022.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 16020 and 16021.
34 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
GROUP 1
ARTICLE 1
GENERAL PROVISIONS
4
m
301. Purpose. School buildings constructed pursuant to
these regulations are expected to resist earthquake forces gen-
erated by major earthquakes of the intensity and severity of the
strongest experienced in California without catastrophic col-
lapse, but may experience some reparable architectural or
structural damage.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280 and 81130, inclusive.
HISTORY:
1. Repealer of Group 1, Articles 1-6 ( 1-80) and new Group 1, Articles
1-5 ( 1-6,8, 10, 10.5, 11-14, 16-26,26.1,26.2,26.5-26.9,27-40,50,
51, 60, 61, 62, 80 and Appendix), filed 11-1-66; effective thirtieth day
thereafter (Register 66, No. 38). For history of former sections see Reg-
isters53,Nos.15, 18;54,No.24;55,No. 12;56,No. 10; 59, No. 14;60,
Nos. 8, 16; 61, No. 19; 64, No. 13.
2. Amendment filed 6-29-76 as an emergency; designated effective
7-1-76 (Register 76, No. 27).
3. Certificate of Compliance filed 10-15-76 (Register 76, No. 42).
4. Amendment of NOTE filed 6-19-79; effective thirtieth day thereafter
(Register 79, No. 25).
5. Repealer filed 9-24-82 by OAL pursuant to Government Code Section
11349.7 (j); effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 82, No. 39).
6. 'Repealer of Group 1 (Artkles 1-5, Sections 2-80, not consecutive) and
new Group 1 (Articles 1-9, Sections I -55, not consecutive and Appen-
dix) filed 9-8-83; effective 9-15-83 pursuant to Government Code Sec-
tion 11346.2 (d) (Register 83, No. 40). For history, see Registers
79, No. 25; 77, No. 40; 76, No. 42; 76, No. and 74, No. 38.
7. (OSAlSS 1/92) Regular order by the Office ofthe State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-301, Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-302. Scope.
II
(a) General. Part 2, Title 24, California Code of Regulations
(C.C.R.), also known as the California Building Code, desig-
nates the structural building regulations that shall apply to the
design, construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, alteration
of or addition to any school building as defined in Sections
17283 and 81131 of the Education Code. The term "school
building" shall include all buildings, structures, appurtenances
and related systems or facilities as defined in Section 4-314.
These regulations establish reasonable standards and mini-
mum requirements for the structural integrity of public school
buildings to resist, insofar as practicable, the forces of gravity,
wind and earthquake for the protection of life and property.
The design and construction of the mechanical and electrical
systems in school buildings shall conform to the applicable
building regulations in Title 24, C.C.R.
Further, the design and construction of school buildings
shall comply with the regulations adopted by the Division of
the State Architect! Access Compliance (DSA-AC) and the
OF PUBLIC SCHOO
Office of the California State Fire Marshal for the particular
occupancies concerned. (See Title 24, c'c'R.)
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280 and 81130.
(b) Short term temporary buildings. Installation of tempo-
rary school buildings, used or designed to be used for school
purposes following disasters such as earthquakes, fires and
floods or during modernization projects, for which repairs are
in progress, require approval by DSA. DSA has determined
that compliance with the strict Jetter of the regulations is
impractical in these circumstances. The modifications to the
regulations granted by DSA are as indicated here and are
recorded and entered in the files of DSA in accordance with
Section 4-304.
DSA may grant "Temporary Certification" to temporary
buildings that meet all the requirements of regulations with the
following modifications to the regulations and limitations:
1. "Temporary Certification" is for 24 months.
2. The building is a one-story relocatable building no
greater than 2,160 square feet in area.
3. Documentation is provided indicating that the building
was designed and constructed according to the 1976 or
later edition of the Uniform Building Code published by
the International Conference of Building Officials. The
date of construction of each building module shall be
provided.
4. Quality control procedures acceptable to DSA for the
construction of the building to ensure compliance with
the approved plans and specifications are provided.
5. A report is provided to show that the building has not
sustained structural deterioration, been modified without
enforcing agency approval and has anchorage and brac-
ing of overhead nonstructural elements that are accept-
able to DSA.
6. A foundation system is provided that has been accepted
by DSA.
7. All construction, except for the building superstructure,
is to be inspected by a DSA-cet1ified project inspector
for conformance with the drawings provided by the
architect. The inspector will submit a completed check-
list for each campus and will submit said checkJist with
the final verified report.
8. The architect or structural engineer in general responsi-
ble charge shall prepare site plans. DSA may make such
review of the site plans and other submitted documents
as in its judgment is necessary for the enforcement of
these regulations.
Temporary buildings or structures such as sheds, canopies
and fences used for the protection of the public around and in
The reorganization of Group 1 is printed as a repealer and adoption for clarity.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 35
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
conjunction with construction work may be erected by special
application for approval from DSA for a limited period of time.
Temporary buildings or structures are subject to the regula-
tions indicated in Section 4-302 (a), except as modified by
DSA.
When the construction has been completed in accordance
with this section, DSA will issue a temporary certificate of
compliance in accordance with Section 4-339. Temporary
buildings or structures shall be completely removed upon the
expiration of the time limit stated in the temporary certification
letter approving the special application for approval.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Section 17292.
HISTORY:
1. Editorial cOlTection of printing elTor (Register 83, No. 45).
2. (OSA/SS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-302, Part 1 , Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
3. (DSA/SS 2/95) Regular order by the Division of the State Architect/
Structural Safety Section to amend Section 4-302 (b). Filed with the
Secretary of State on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September
13, 1996. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on March 19, 1996.
4-303. Delegation of authority. All powers, duties, responsi-
bilities pursuant to carrying out the provisions of the Field Act
vested by law in the Department of General Services have been
delegated by the Department to the State Architect.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Government Code Section 14607.
4-304. Alternate materials and methods of construction
and modifications. The provisions of these regulations are not
intended to prevent the use of any material or method of con-
struction not specifically prescribed by these regulations, pro-
vided any alternate has been approved and its use authorized by
DSA.
DSA may approve any such alternate, provided DSA finds
that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the
provisions of these regulations and that the material, method or
work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent
of that prescribed in these regulations in suitability, strength,
effectiveness, fire resistance, durability, safety and sanitation.
DSA shall require that sufficient evidence or proof be sub-
mitted to substantiate any claims that may be made regarding
its use. The details of any action granting acceptance of an
alternate shall be recorded and entered in the files of DSA.
When there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out
the provisions of these regulations, DSA may grant modifica-
tions for individual cases. DSA shall first find that a special
individual reason makes the strict letter of these regulations
impractical and that the modification is in conformance with
the intent and purpose of these regulations and that such modi-
fication does not lessen any fire protection requirements or any
degree of structural integrity. The details of any action granting
modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files ofDSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280 and 81130.
36
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-304, Partl, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15,1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-305. Application of building standards. Building stan-
dards applicable to public school buildings are set forth in Parts II
2,3,4,5,6, 11 and 12, Title 24, C.C.R., and have been adopted
as minimum design and construction standards upon which to
base the approval of plans and specifications. These regula-
tions shall not be construed to prevent the use of higher design
standards nor to restrict the use of new or innovative design or
construction techniques.
Where the designer desires to use innovative design or con-
struction techniques not addressed in these regulations it shall
be necessary to submit for review and approval information
including computations, test data and recommendations cover-
ing the design in question. The designer shall confer with DSA
concerning the applicability of these innovative design or con-
struction techniques to school building construction prior to
the submittal of plans and specifications.
DSA must be satisfied that the degree of safety achieved by
these innovative design and construction techniques is at least
equivalent to that achieved by the regulations. This require-
ment shall apply to all buildings proposed for public school use
for educational purposes as defined in these regulations. The
proposed use of archaic building materials and structural sys-
tems such as those desired to be retained in buildings which
have been designated as historically important shall be
included in this provision. The determination of the equiva-
lency of the degree of safety shall be the responsibility ofDSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections l7310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280 and 81130.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-305, Part 1 , Title 24, C.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, ]992.
4-306. Approval of new school buildings, rehabilitation of
school buildings and additions to school buildings. Plans
and specifications for any new school building or the rehabili-
tation of or addition to any school building, regardless of cost,
shall be submitted to DSA for approval in accordance with
Section 4-315.
All new construction work which is part of an addition pro-
ject shall comply with currently effective regulations. Existing
school buildings for which an addition project is proposed shall
be retrofitted as required by Section 4-309 (c).
Before the school board may award a contract or commence II
construction work for the rehabilitation of a structure already
owned (including those pre-1933 buildings not retrofitted or
subsequently abandoned for school use under the provisions of
the Garrison Act), or an existing building which has been pur-
chased or leased, into a school building, the school board shall II
submit application and plans of the building to DSA for
approvaL The plans shall provide for the retrofit necessary for
full compliance with the requirements of currently effective
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
regulations. Refer to Section 4-307 for rehabilitation of an
existing nonconforming building for use as a school building.
Prior to submittal of project application for the structural
II rehabilitation of an existing school building, the school board
shall submit to DSA a pre-application for the rehabilitation
project, fees in accordance with Section 4-326, and an Evalua-
tion and Design Criteria Report for approval. The report shall
propose the methodologies for evaluation and design, and
determination of acceptance criteria for nonconforming con-
struction, and shall propose the material testing and condition
assessment requirements for the rehabilitation. The approved
II Evaluation and Design Criteria Report shall establish the crite-
ria for the evaluation and design to be used by the project
design professionals and the material testing and condition
assessment requirements. The seismic evaluation and retrofit
design shall comply with the provisions of Sections 3417
through 3423, Part 2, Title 24, C.C.R.
The relocation or moving of an existing school building
within the same school district or from one school district to
another regardless of cost requires approval by DSA. (See Sec-
II tion 4-314 for definition of "relocation.")
The provisions of this section shall not apply to a "tempo-
rary-use building." (See Section 4-314 for definitions of "new
school building" and "temporary-use building.")
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81 142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280 and 81130.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-306, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-307. Rehabilitation of an existing nonconforming buildm
ing for use as a school bUilding.
(a) An existing nonconforming building rehabilitated for use
as a school building is considered, for the purpose of the appli-
cation of Title 24, to be a new school building. Plans and speci-
fications for rehabilitation of any existing nonconforming
building, or portion thereof, for use as a school building shall
provide for the retrofit necessary for compliance with the
health and safety standards contained in Title 24, C. C. R., cur-
rently effective edition. Existing materials or systems not spe-
cifically prescribed in current safety standards are permitted to
be evaluated for equivalency and approved in accordance with
Section 4-304. The seismic evaluation and retrofit design shall
comply with the provisions of Sections 3417 through 3423,
Part 2, Title 24, C. C. R.
(b) A site, which is currently not an existing school site, on
which one or more existing nonconforming buildings are reha-
bilitated for use as school building(s) is considered to be a new
school site for the purpose of the application of Title 24. Any
building on a new school site which is not rehabilitated and
approved as a school building shall not be used for school pur-
poses and shall be subject to the provisions of Section 4-310.
(c) Prior to submittal of a project application for the struc-
tural rehabilitation of an existing nonconforming building, the
II school board shall submit to DSA a pre-application for the
rehabilitation project, fees in accordance with Section 4-326,
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
and an Evaluation and Design Criteria Report for approval. The
report shall propose the methodologies for evaluation and
design, and determination of acceptance criteria for
nonconforming construction; and shall propose the material
testing and condition assessment requirements for the rehabili-
tation. The approved Evaluation and Design Criteria Report
establishes the criteria for the evaluation and design to be used
by the project design professionals, and the material testing and
condition assessment requirements.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142. II
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280 and 81130.
4-308. Reconstruction or alterations projects not in excess
of $25,000 in cost. Projects involving only reconstruction or
alterations whose estimated costs do not exceed $25,000 do not
require approval by DSA, but such approval can be obtained at
the request of the school board and by compliance with these
regulations. The cost of work classified as maintenance as
defined in Section 4-314 shall not be considered for purposes
of this section. The regulations of the Division of the State
Architect! Access Compliance and of the California State Fire
Marshal may apply to any project, including maintenance,
regardless of cost. See Section 4-302.
In authorizing and completing the design and construction
of projects with an estimated cost below $25,000 as described
in this section, the school board assumes responsibility for
employing an architect or a registered engineer to prepare the
plans and specifications and for adequate inspection of the
materials and work of construction to ensure compliance with
the currently effective provisions of Title 24, C.C.R.
The dollar amount cited in this section shall be increased on
an annual basis, according to an inflationary index governing
construction costs that is selected and recognized by the Divi-
sion of the State Architect. This annually adjusted dollar
amount shall be published by DSA and made available to
school boards and the public.
School construction projects shall not be subdivided for the
purpose of evading the cost limitations of this section.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17295, 81130 and 81133.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-308, Part!, Title 24, C.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
2. (DSAISS 9/96) 1996 Annual Code Adoption Cycle will amend Section
4-308, of Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R. Filed with the Secretary of State on
March 4, 1997; effective April 3, 1997. Approved by the California
Building Standards Commission on February 6, 1997.
4-309. Reconstruction or alteration projects in excess of
$25,000 in cost.
(a) General. Plans and specifications for any reconstruction
or alteration project exceeding $25,000 in cost shall be submit-
ted to DSA for approval in accordance with Section 4-315,
except as provided within this section. The cost of work classi-
fied as maintenance as defined in Section 4-314 shall not be
considered for purposes of this section. When the estimated
cost of a reconstruction or alteration project exceeds $25,000
but does not exceed $100,000, and a licensed structural engi-
37
II
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
neer detennines that the project does not include any work of a
structural nature, approval of the project plans and specifica-
tions by DSA is not required, provided the following three
items are completed:
1. The structural engineer shall submit a written statement
to DSA, indicating that the project does not contain any
work of a structural nature.
2. The design professional in general responsible charge of
the project shall certify, in writing, that the plans and
specifications for the project meet any applicable fire
and life-safety standards, and do not specify any work of
construction that is regulated by the accessibility stan-
dards of Title 24. This certification shall be submitted to
DSA, and shall bear the stamp and signature of the
design professional.
3. Within 10 days of the completion of the project, a DSA
certified project inspector shall sign and submit to DSA a
verified report on a form prescribed by DSA, indicating
that the project was completed in conformance with the
plans and specifications.
The dollar amount cited in this section shaH be increased on
an annual basis, according to an inflationary index governing
II construction costs that is selected and recognized by DSA. This
annually adjusted dollar amount shall be published by DSA
and made available to school boards and the public.
School construction projects shall not be subdivided for the
purpose of evading the cost limitations of this section.
All new construction work, which is part of a reconstruction
or alteration project shall comply with currently effective regu-
lations.
Exception: Fire damage repair may be accomplished utiliz-
ing the approved plans and specifications for the original
construction work. All regulations and standards in effect at
the time of approval shall be complied with except that the
testing and inspection requirements of current regulations
shall apply to the reconstruction work. Minor modifications
to the original approved plans may be made, subject to the
approval of DSA, provided that they do not reduce the struc-
tural capacity of the building.
Structural modifications to the existing structural system not
exceeding the limits defined in Section 4-309 (c) 2 are permit-
ted to be evaluated and designed in compliance with the wind
and seismic provisions contained in Part 2, Title 24 that are
applicable to new buildings. Alternatively, the seismic provi-
sions for voluntary lateral-force resisting system modifications
contained in Section 3417.11, Part 2, Title 24, are permitted to
be used, and wind forces are permitted to be determined in
II
accordance with the Envelope and Simplified Procedure in
Chapters 28 and 30 of ASCE 7.
(b) Existing noncomplying, nonstructural elements.
Existing noncomplying, non structural elements discovered
during the design or construction of a reconstruction, alteration
or addition to an existing complying school building and
directly affected by the work of construction shall be corrected
to comply with the bracing and anchorage requirements of cur-
rently effective regulations.
38
(c) Required structural rehabilitation. Existing school
buildings for which a reconstruction, alteration or addition pro-
ject is proposed shall be evaluated, and retrofitted as required to
comply with currently effective regulations applicable to the
rehabilitation of structural systems per Section 4-306, includ- II
ing wind and seismic force requirements, when any of the fol-
lowing conditions occur:
1. When the cost of the reconstruction, alteration, or addi-
tion project exceeds $25,000 and 50 percent of the
replacement value of the existing building. Maintenance
work and air-conditioning equipment and insulation
materials costs need not be included in the percentage of
replacement value calculation. For the purposes of this
section, the cost of the reconstruction, alteration or addi-
tion project shall not include the cost of voluntary lateral
force-resisting system modifications in accordance with
Section 4-309(d). If these voluntary lateral force-resist-
ing system modification costs are to be excluded and the
structure is located in a fault hazard zone, a geologic haz-
ard report shall be prepared demonstrating that the struc-
ture is not located within 50 feet of the trace of an active
fault as defined in Section 4-317 (e), otherwise these
costs shall be included.
2. When the cost of the reconstruction, alterations or addi-
tion project exceeds $25,000 but does not exceed 50 per-
cent of the replacement value of the existing building and
the proposed modifications, either:
A. Increase the effective seismic weight or wind force
in any story by more than 10 percent, or;
B. Decrease the design capacity of any existing struc-
tural component by more than 5 percent, unless the
component has the capacity to resist the retrofit
design forces.
3. When a change of occupancy results in a structure being II
reclassified to a higher risk category.
If the base shear capacity has been increased since the origi-
nal construction, the percent change in base shear is permitted
to be calculated relative to the increased capacity.
(d) Voluntary lateral force-resisting system modifica-
tions. Alterations to existing structural components or addi-
tions of new structural components that do not exceed the
limitations of Section 4-309(c)2 and are initiated for the pur-
pose of increasing the strength or stiffness of the lateral force-
resisting system of an existing structure are permitted to be
evaluated and designed in accordance with Section 3417.11 of
Part 2, Title 24, for voluntary lateral force-resisting system
modifications.
(e) When structural damage due to an earthquake is repaired,
all portions of the structure associated to this damage shall be
retrofitted to comply with currently effective regulations.
Authority: Education Code Secti ons 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17295, 81130 and 81133.
HISTORY:
1. New section tiled 2-28-86; effective 30th day thereafter (Register 86,
No.9). .
2. (OSNSS 1192) Regular order by the Oft ice ofthe State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-309, Part], Title 24, C.C.R.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-310. School garages, warehouses, storage and similar
buildings, dwellings for employees and miscellaneous
structures. The Act does not apply to buildings or structures
constructed by a school district for the purpose of, and used
solely for housing, buses and minor mechanical equipment or
for nonschool use where such buildings or structures do not
provide facilities for either pupils or teachers and are not
intended to be entered by them as such for school purposes.
Similarly, the Act does not apply to dwellings for employees or
to district-wide administrative buildings on sites separate from
school sites, which are not to be used or entered by pupils or
teachers, for school purposes.
DSA approval for accessibility is required in accordance
with Section 5-101. Approvals from other agencies may also
be required. Such buildings or structures shall not be used for
school purposes. It shall be the responsibility of the school
board to take all necessary measures and precautions to prevent
such use and to prevent injuries to pupils or teachers on school
grounds as a result of collapse of such buildings or structures.
Any such building excluded from the provisions of these regu-
lations shall be posted with a sign pursuant to Sections 17368
and 81165 of the Education Code.
In authorizing and completing the design and construction
of district -owned buildings as described in this section, the
school board assumes responsibility for employing appropri-
ately licensed architects or registered engineers to prepare the
plans and specifications and for adequate inspection of the
materials and work of construction to ensure compliance with
the provisions of Parts 2,3,4,5,6, 11 and 12, Title 24, C.C.R.,
as adopted by the Building Standards Commission.
For these cases DSA requires that a resolution be passed by
the school board stating that the building or structure shall not
be used for school purposes and that no pupils or teachers, as
such, will be permitted to use or enter the said building for said
purposes or be subjected to a hazard resulting from its collapse.
A copy of the resolution shall be submitted to DSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17368,81130 and 81165.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAIS S 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Archi tect/S truc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-310, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-311. Condemnation. DSA has no authority under the Act to
order the closing of any school building. However, if requested
by the school district or on DSA's own volition, DSA shall
examine and report on the safety of structural aspects of any
school building that appear to be deficient. The report shall
state in writing to the school board whether or not the investi-
gated structural aspects of the building are in compliance with
the code in effect at the time of construction, and shall also state
whether or not the building is safe for school use. (See Sections
4-345 and 4-346.)
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17311 and 81143.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-311, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-312. Demolition. Demolition is the entire razing or destruc-
tion of a school building or a school building unit. It is not nec-
essary to secure the approval of DSA for such demolition. It is
the responsibility of the school board to notify DSA of such
demolition.
Approval by DSA is required for any partial demolition of
existing buildings or any demolition which is part of a recon-
struction, rehabilitation, alteration or addition.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Archi tect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-312, Partl, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
ARTICLE 2
DEFINITIONS
4-313. General. The words defined in Section 4-314 shall have
the meaning stated therein throughout the regulations con-
tained in Part 1, Section 4-300, et. seq, Title 24, C.C.R.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17283,81130,81131 and 81529.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-313, Part 1, Title 24, C.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-314. Definitions.
ACT shall mean the Field Act, Sections 17280-17316 and
81130-81147, inclusive of the Education Code.
ADDITION as that term is used in these regulations shall
mean an increase in floor area or volume of enclosed space that
is structurally attached to an existing certified building by con-
nections which are required for transmitting vertical or hori-
zontalloads between the addition and the existing structure. An
addition which is not required to be structurally attached either
for its own support or for support of the existing building shall
be separated as required by Part 2, Title 24, C.c.R., and shall be
deemed to be the construction of a new school building as that
term is used in Sections 17280 and 81130 of the Act.
ALTERATION is a change within or to an existing building.
The relocation or moving of an existing certified school build-
ing is considered to be an alteration requiring filing of the plans
and specifications with, and certification by, DSA.
APPROVED PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS as used in
these regulations shall mean plans, specifications, addenda,
construction changes and other documents which have been
duly approved by DSA pursuant to Sections 17295 and 81133
39
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
of the Education Code. The plans and specifications shall be
identified by a stamp bearing the name "Division of the State
Architect," the application number, initials of the plan review-
ers and date of stamping. The written approval as required by
Section 17297, Education Code, shall not be issued until a copy
of plans and specifications bearing DSA's identification stamp
II is on file at the DSA.
ARCHITECT shall mean a certified architect holding a valid
license under Chapter 3, Division 3, of the California Business
and Professions Code.
CERTIFIED BUILDING shall mean a building which was
constructed or reconstructed in accordance with Article 3 or 7
commencing with Sections 17280 and 81130, respectively, of
the Education Code and with the regulations in effect at the
time of their certification.
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT or DIVISION,
or initials DSA, shall mean the Division of the State Architect
in the Department of General Services, State of California.
Approval, disapproval, orders and certificates of compliance
shall be issued directly by the State Architect who shall act for
the Department of General Services in carrying out the provi-
sions of the Act.
GARRISON ACT (1939), Sections 17280-17316 and
81160-81192 of the Education Code, as amended, prescribes
the actions to be taken by school board members to preclude
personal liability for the continued use of unsafe school
buildings.
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEER shall mean a professional
engineer holding a certificate to use the title geotechnical engi-
neer, soil engineer or soils engineer under the law regulating
the practice of civil engineering comprising Chapter 7 of Divi-
sion 3, of the California Business and Professions Code.
INSPECTOR shall mean any person duly approved by DSA
to perform construction inspection for a particular project. (See
Sections 4-333 and 4-342.)
MAINTENANCE shall mean and include ordinary upkeep or
repair work such as replacements in kind, repainting, replaster-
ing and reroofing. Reroofing shall be limited to one additional
application and shall include an examination of the structural
elements of the roof, walls, ceilings and all other elements
which may have suffered deterioration from moisture resulting
from roof leaks. Maintenance shall not include work, other
than repainting, on structural framing nor include the replace-
ment of large mechanical, electrical or plumbing units or
systems.
NEW SCHOOL BUILDING shall mean any newly erected
school building and/or existing owned, leased or purchased
building converted to school use and certified by DSA.
NONCONFORMING BUILDING is a building that has not
been certified by DSA as a school building.
NONSTRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS shall mean only
such alterations as do not affect the structural safety of the
school building and that do not change, in any manner, its struc-
tural elements.
OFFSITE LOCATION is a building designated by the gov-
erning board to be used for less than full-time instruction in
40
educational programs which require such offsite facilities in
order to fulfill the objectives of the programs. Such designated
buildings shall not be located on, or adjacent to, a school site
and its primary use shall be for other than public school pur-
poses. The designation of off-site location is subject to review
by DSA. (See Education Code Section 81529.)
PLANS as used in these regulations shall mean the drawings
associated with the project such as, but not limited to, vicinity
maps, site plans, foundation plans, f100r plans, ceiling plans,
roof plans, cross sections, interior elevations, exterior eleva-
tions and details.
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER as used in these regulations
shall mean an engineer holding a valid certificate under Chap-
ter 7, Division 3, of the California Business and Professions
Code, in that branch of engineering which is applicable.
PUPILS as used in these regulations shall mean persons who
are performing a required activity or entering a building by vir-
tue of being a pupil enrolled in an elementary or secondary
school district or a community college district.
RECONSTRUCTION is the repair of damage to an existing
certified school building.
REGISTERED ENGINEER as used in these regulations
shall mean a structural engineer or a professional engineer as
defined in this section.
REHABILITATION is the retrofitting of an existing
nonconforming building or a school building conforming to
earlier code requirements to bring the building, or portion
thereof, into conformance with the safety standards of the cur-
rently effective regulations, Parts 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 8, 11 and 12, Title II
24, C. C. R.
RELOCATABLE BUILDING is any building with an inte-
gral floor structure which is capable of being readily moved.
(See Education Code Section 17350.) Relocatable buildings
that are to be placed on substandard foundations not complying
with the requirements of Part 2, Title 24, C.C.R., require a
statement from the school distIict stating that the durability
requirements for those foundations may be waived and
acknowledging the temporary nature of the foundations.
RELOCATION shall mean the physical moving of any certi-
fied building either as a single unit or in parts form its original
location to a new location on the same campus or on a different
campus. Relocation of a building requires the approval of
DSA.
RETROFIT is the construction of any new element or system,
or the alteration of any existing element or system required for
the rehabilitation of the building.
SCHOOL BOARD shall mean and include district Boards of
Trustees, city or county Boards of Education and other appro- II
priate authorities for which any school building used or
designed to be used for elementary or secondary school or
community college purposes is to be constructed, recon-
structed, altered or added to by the state, or by any county, city,
city and county, or other political subdivision, or by any school
or community college district of any kind or character within
the state, or by the United States government, or any agency
thereof.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRA riVE CODE
SCHOOL BUILDING as defined in Sections 17283 and
81130.5 of the act is interpreted to include all structure and util-
ity systems or facilities necessary to the complete functioning
of the structures, used or designed to be used for instructional
purposes, or intended to be entered by pupils or teachers for
school purposes, or structures operated as school units, the fail-
ure of which would endanger pupils or teachers on school
grounds or in school buildings. (See Section 4-310 for teacher
residences.) "School Building" is also defined to include
dwellings, including utility systems or facilities necessary to
the complete functioning of the dwellings, used by pupils,
teachers and school employees, that are part of a campus where
the primary use is for school purposes.
The following are not considered to be school buildings but
may be submitted separately or may be included in the plans
and specifications for a school building project and will be
checked under the provisions of the Act if submitted by the
school district: one-story buildings not over 250 square feet in
area when used exclusively as accessory facilities to athletic
fields (equipment storage, toilets, snack bars, ticket booths,
etc.); greenhouses, barns and materials or equipment storage
sheds, used exclusively for plant or animal production or pro-
tection and not used for classroom instruction (small groups of
pupils and teachers may enter these structures for short periods
of time); lighting poles less than 35 feet above the grade,
antenna towers less than 35 feet above the grade or less than 25
feet above a building roof line, retaining walls less than 4 feet
above the top of foundations and not supporting a surcharge,
concrete or masonry fences less than 6 feet above adjacent
grade, ballwalls or yard walls less than 6 feet above adjacent
grade, signs, scoreboards or solid-clad fences less than 8 feet
above adjacent grade, bleachers and grandstands five rows of
seats or less above grade; playground equipment; flagpoles less
than 35 feet above grade; open-mesh fences and baseball back-
stops; trailer coaches; and "temporary-use" buildings as
defined below.
Buildings and other structures constructed by students that
upon completion of construction will not be used for school
purposes and will not be entered by pupils or teachers are not
considered school buildings and shall not be checked under the
provisions of the Act. These student-constructed buildings
shall not remain at the school site more than 90 days following
completion, unless the building meets all the requirements of
Section 4-310. "School Building" in a complex operated by the
state for correctional or forestry purposes shall include only
those structures used or designed to be used for elementary or
secondary school instruction or community college instruc-
tion. Living units, dining areas, administration buildings or
structures used for support services in such correctional or for-
estry complexes shall not be considered school buildings for
purposes of Field Act requirements.
SCHOOL DISTRICT as used in these regulations shall mean
a Kindergarten through 12th grade school district of any kind
or character within the state, a community college district of
any kind or character within the state, a county office of educa-
tion, elementary or secondary school operated by the United
States government, or any agency thereof, and any elementary
or secondary school administered directly by the State Depart-
ment of Education.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER as used in these regulations
shall mean a professional engineer holding a valid certificate to
use the title structural engineer under the law regulating the
practice of civil engineering comprising Chapter 7 of Division
3 of the Business and Professions Code, relating to profes-
sional engineers.
TEACHERS as used in these regulations shall mean persons
who are performing a required activity or entering a building
by virtue of being teachers employed by an elementary or sec-
ondary school district or a community college district.
TElVIPORARYMUSE BUILDING is any community college
building for which the intended use by the school district at the
time of entering into a lease contract or agreement is not for
more than three years from the date of first occupancy.
TRAILER COACH is a building that conforms to the require-
ments of Part 2 (commencing with Section 18000) of Division
13 of the Health and Safety Code and is not expanded or fitted
together to form a unit greater than 16 feet in width and is used
for special education purposes for not more than 12 students at
one time.
Exception: Trailer coaches may be used for not more than
20 students at a time for driver training purposes.
WAIVER OF DURABILITY refers to a waiver, as may be
requested by the school district, of certain durability require-
ments of Part 2, Title 24 for foundations of relocatable
buildings.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17283, 17405,81130,81131 and
81529.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-314, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9,1992.
ARTICLE 3
APPROVAL OF DRAWINGS AND SPECIFICATIONS
4315. Application for approval of drawings and specifica-
tions.
(a) General. Before awarding a contract or commencing with
construction of a school building project, the school board shall
submit an application to the Divisi on of the State Architect and
obtain written approval of the plans and specifications for any
of the following:
1. The construction of any new school building, or rehabili-
tation of or addition to any existing school building.
School building is defined in Section 4-314.
2. The reconstruction or alteration of an existing school
building if the estimated cost exceeds $25,000. (See Sec-
tion 4-308 and 4-309.)
3. The lease or purchase of any relocatable building except
where occupied as a temporary-use building.
Exception: The school board may award a contract
and commence construction of a "relocatable build-
41
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
ing" of a type previously approved by DSA under
emergency conditions and with concurrence by DSA.
These structures shall not be placed on a school site
until the plans and specifications for the site work
have been approved by DSA.
4. The extension of a lease for a "temporary-use" building
for more than three years from the date of first occu-
pancy.
5. The rehabilitation of a nonschool building to use as a
"school building." (See Sections 4-306 and 4-307.)
It is not necessary to secure approval for maintenance work
on school buildings, in accordance with Sections 4-308 and
4-309. See Section 4-314 for the definition of "maintenance."
(b) Filing. A separate application shall be submitted to DSA
for each school building or group of school buildings on each
school site. In the event that a number of school buildings, on
various and separate sites, are to be constructed from the same
plans and specifications, only one application shall be
required, provided that all buildings are constructed at the same
time and within the same school district. The application shall
II be submitted on a form prescribed by DSA. The application
shall contain a project name for the school building or group of
buildings, the name of the architect or registered engineer in
general responsible charge of the work, the names of the archi-
tects or registered engineers who have been delegated respon-
sibility for portions of the work (see Section 4-316), the
estimated cost of the project and all such other information as is
requested thereon.
(c) Delayed filing. In case the plans and specifications for
the reconstruction or alteration of any school building have not
been submitted to DSA under the assumption that the cost will
not exceed $25,000, the school board shall, if the bids which
are received indicate that the cost will be in excess of $25,000,
delay letting a contract until such time as the plans and specifi-
cations have been submitted and the approval by DSA
obtained. The contract or contracts, when made, shall be based
on the duly approved plans and specifications.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 8] 142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17297, 17302,81133 and81138.
HISTORY:
1 . (OS A/S S 1192) Re gular order by the Office of the State Archi tectiS truc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-315, Part 1 , Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
], 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-316. Designation of responsibilities.
(a) General responsible charge. For every project there
shall be an architect or structural engineer in general responsi-
ble charge of the preparation of the plans, specifications and
observation of the work of construction, except that where
plans, specifications or work of construction for alterations or
repairs do not involve architectural or structural changes said
plans, specifications and observation of the work of construc-
tion may be under the responsible charge of a professional
engineer qualified to perform services and registered in that
branch of engineering applicable to the work.
42
A project may be divided into parts, provided that each part
is clearly defined by a building or similar distinct unit. The part,
so defined, shall include all portions and utility systems or
facilities necessary to the complete functioning of that part.
Separate assignments of general responsible charge may be
made for the parts.
(b) Delegation of responsibility. The architect or structural
engineer in general responsible charge may delegate responsi-
bility for any portion of the work to, or may employ or retain,
other architects or registered engineers. No delegation to, or
employment or retention of others shall be construed as reliev-
ing the architect or structural engineer in general responsible
charge of his or her rights, duties and responsibilities under
Sections 17302 and 81138 of the Education Code and Sections
4-336, 4-341 and 4-344 of these regulations. Whenever an
engineer or architect has accepted delegation for the design of
portions of the plans and specifications, that same engineer or
architect shall observe the construction of the same portions of
the design.
Subject to the provisions of the immediately precedent sen-
tence, the architect or structural engineer in general responsi ble
charge shall employ or retain, under his or her supervision, pro-
fessional engineers registered in the applicable branches of
engineering to design and observe the construction, including
the making of verified reports (see Section 4-336), of the
mechanical and electrical portions of the work, but this require-
ment for observation of construction may be waived by DSA II
when special mechanical and electrical inspection is provided.
(c) Assumption of responsibility. The architect or regis-
tered engineer who submits for approval plans and specifica-
tions for any project or portion of a project which have been
prepared by others shall assume responsibility for the safety of
design of the completed construction and for the interpretation
of and any necessary amplification of the plans and specifica-
tions of the project. The responsible architect or engineer shall
stamp and sign all original tracings or all copies of plans sub-
mitted for approval to indicate his or her assumption of respon-
sibility or may in lieu thereof stamp and sign and submit plans
prepared under his or her own charge. [See Section 4-317 (h)
for other signatures.]
When an architect or registered engineer accepts the respon-
sibility for completion of a project or portion of a project
started by another, that architect or registered engineer thereby
assumes responsibility as follows:
1. If the change in responsibility occurs prior to the comple-
tion of the design documents, all responsibility shall be
assumed. (See first paragraph of this subsection for pro-
cedure.)
2. If the change in responsibility occurs after the design
drawings and specifications have been completed and
approved by DSA, the assuming architect or registered
engineer shall be responsible for the construction of the
project in accordance with the design of the previous
architect or engineer. The assuming architect or regis-
tered engineer shall assume responsibility for the inter-
pretation of and any necessary amplification of the plans
and specifications and shall stamp and sign any such
documents prepared for that purpose.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
(d) Acceptance of responsibility. The assumption of gen-
eral responsible charge or of delegated responsibility shal1 be
reported using the formes) prescribed by DSA. Any change in
the assumption of the general responsible charge or of dele-
gated responsibility shall be reported using the formes) pre-
scribed by DSA. If no form is available for a specific delegation
or change, the delegation of responsibility shall be reported in
letter form, which shall include an indication that the school
board has been notified.
(e) Evidence of responsibility. The stamp and signature of
the architect or registered engineer on a plan, specification or
other document shall be deemed evidence that full responsibil-
ity is assumed by the signatory for the work shown thereon,
including also those portions of the accompanying computa-
tions, specifications or plans which pertain to such work,
unless express notice of disclaimer of responsibility is given in
writing to DSA prior to the approval of the plans and specifica-
tions.
(f) Alternates. The applicant, or the architect or registered
engineer having general or delegated responsibility, may name
one or more persons to act as alternate(s) for the design and/or
observation of the work of construction, provided such persons
are architects or registered engineers who themselves are quali-
fied under these rules and regulations to assume the responsi-
bility assigned.
II
Alternates may be named on a form prescribed by DSA, or in
letter form. Letters or forms shall be submitted to DSA prior to
performance of work by the alternate and shall include an indi-
cation that the school board has been notified.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17302 and 81138.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-316, Part \, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4317. Plans, specifications, calculations and other data.
(a) General. When an application for approval of plans and
specifications is filed, it shall be accompanied by three com-
plete sets of the plans and specifications, a copy of the struc-
tural design calculations, the site data and a fee payment
calculated on the estimated cost. The three complete sets of
plans and specifications include the set required by Section
5-103 of Title 24, Part 1, California Code of Regulations. (See
Section 4-320.)
II Exception: DSA may require than an application for pro-
jects using the collaborative process for project review per
Education Code Section 17319 or 81133.1 be accompanied
by the filing fees per Sections 4-320 and 5-104. The dead-
line for submittal of completed plans, specifications and
supporting documentation shall be determined by DSA in
consultation with the applicant, and shall not exceed 18
months from the application date. Failure to comply with
the established deadline may result in voidance ofthe appli-
cation.
Plans and specifications which when submitted are deter-
mined by DSA to be incomplete or incorrect, shall be returned
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
to the architect or engineer in general responsible charge with a
request for compliance with these regulations before checking
is started by DSA.
(b) Plans. Plans shall designate the use or occupancy of all
parts of the school buildings and shall give such other informa-
tion as may be required to indicate the nature of the work pro-
posed and to show compliance with the act and these
regulations. The plans shall be legible and sufficiently detailed
and cross-referenced to show clearly the pertinent features of
the construction, and shall have sufficient dimensions to be
readily interpreted. Where a project includes several school
buildings, the plans for each shall be drawn independently
except that details common to all need not be repeated.
The architect or engineer in general responsible charge or
the professional engineer delegated responsibility for the
design of the structural system of the project shall design and
detail the anchorage and bracing of non structural elements.
The details for the bracing and anchorage of nonstructural ele-
ments shall be shown on the drawings adjacent to the
nonstructural elements to which they apply.
(c) Specifications. Specifications shall completely set forth
the requirements for the various types of materials that will
enter into permanent construction and shall describe the meth-
ods not covered in the technical regulations which are to be
used to obtain the required quality of the work shown on the
plans as described in the specifications.
Due to the difficulty of anticipating every unsatisfactory
condition that might be found in existing construction where
addition, alteration, rehabilitation or reconstruction work is
proposed, the following clause or one of similar meaning shall
be included in the specifications:
"Should any existing conditions such as deterioration or
non-complying construction be discovered which is not
covered by the DSA approved documents wherein the fin-
ished work will not comply with Title 24, California Code
of Regulations, a construction change document, or a sepa-
rate set of plans and specifications, detailing and specifying
the required repair work shall be submitted to and approved
by DSA before proceeding with the repair work."
(d) Design calculations. Calculations, stress diagrams and
other pertinent data shall accompany the plans and specifica-
tions and shall be sufficiently complete so that capacities for
individual structural members and their connections can be
verified without additional calculations. All assumptions used
in the calculations and their bases shall be stated. The calcula-
tions shall be prefaced by a statement clearly and concisely out-
lining the basis for the structural design and indicating the
manner in which the proposed school building will resist verti-
cal loads and horizontal forces.
The calculations shall be sufficiently complete to establish
that the structure will resist the loads and forces prescribed in
Part 2, Title 24, C.C.R. Assumed safe bearing pressures on
soils and specified strengths of concrete shall be given in calcu-
lations and noted on plans. Where unusual conditions occur,
such additional data as are pertinent to the work shal1 be sub-
mitted.
43
II
II
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
(e) Site data. Site data for all school sites shall include a
geotechnical engineering report including subsurface site
work, laboratory testing, an evaluation of site soil conditions, a
recommendation for the type of foundations to be used and an
allowable design value for the soil-bearing capacity.
A geologic and earthquake hazard report shall be submitted
with the application for all new school sites, and for all con-
struction on existing school sites located in a Seismic Hazard
Zone, an Alquist-Priolo Earthquake Fault Zone, or in a seismic
hazard zone designated in the Safety Element of a Local Gen-
eral Plan. DSA may require a geologic and earthquake hazard
study for any construction on a school site outside of the
boundaries of any geologic hazard zone where a potential geo-
logic hazard has been previously identified.
Reports shall be prepared, and signed by a California-certi-
fied engineering geologist and a California-registered
geotechnical engineer. Geologic hazard reports shall include
an evaluation of the potential for damage due to flooding.
No school building shall be constructed, rehabilitated,
reconstructed or relocated within 50 feet of the trace of an
active fault, which has experienced surface displacement
within Holocene time (approximately 11,000 years).
(f) Estimates of cost. Estimates of cost shall be based on the
cost prevailing at the time the plans and specifications are sub-
mitted to DSA. The estimated cost of a project shall be
increased as necessary to include the estimated cost of every
alternate building or portion thereof shown on the plans or
specifications as if each alternate building and portion were to
be constructed separately and simultaneously.
For projects using the collaborative process for project review
per Education Code Section 17319 or 81133.1, the estimated
cost of the project shall be based on the cost prevailing at the time
that the application is submitted. Upon submittal of complete
plans and specifications, DSA may require the applicant to
revise the estimated cost based on prevailing costs at that time. If
the estimated cost has increased, the applicant shall submit addi-
tional filing fees based on the revised estimated cost.
When a contract amount, or the cumulative total of two or
more contract amounts, exceeds the estimated cost by more
than 30 percent, the estimated cost may be revised. An addi-
tional fee, if required, based on the revised estimated cost of the
revision shall be paid before proceeding with the work. When
the actual cost of constructing all the work shown on the
approved plans is less than 70 percent of the estimated cost, a
refund of overpaid fees may be claimed. (See Section 4-322 for
actual cost and Section 4-325 for billing for further fees.)
(g) Deferred submittals. Only where a portion of the con-
struction cannot be adequately detailed on the approved plans
because of variations in product design and/or manufacturer,
the approval of plans for such portion, when specifically
accepted by DSA, may be deferred until the material suppliers
are selected, provided the following conditions are met:
44
1. The project plans clearly indicate that DSA approval of
the deffered submittal is required for the indicated por-
tions of the work prior to fablication and installation.
2. The project plans and specifications adequately describe
the performance and loading criteria for such work.
3. A California licensed architect or California registered
engineer stamps and signs the plans and specifications
for the deferred submittal item. The architect or engineer II
in general responsible charge of the design of the project
shall submit the plans and specifications for the deferred
submittal item to DSA, with notation indicating that the II
deferred submittal documents have been found to be in
general conformance with the design of the building.
4. Fabrication of deferred submittal items shall not begin II
without first obtaining the approval of plans and specifi-
cations by DSA.
(h) Signatures required. The original signature sheet for
the specifications and all plans, submitted for approval shall <
bear the stamp and signature of the architect or professional
engineer in general responsible charge of the design of the pro-
ject.
When responsibility for a portion of the work has been dele-
gated, the plans and the original cover sheet for the specifica- <
tions covering that portion of the design shall bear the signature
and stamp of the responsible professional engineer or architect
to whom the work has been delegated as well as that of the
architect or engineer in general responsible charge. As an
option, the architect or engineer in general responsible charge
may sign the documents with notation indicating that the docu-
ments have been coordinated with the design documents and
found to be in general conformance with the design.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 8] 142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17299,17212,17212.5,17319,81133.1, II
81135,81033 and 81033.5.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAJSS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-317, PartI, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-318. Procedure for approval of application and voidance
of application.
( a) General. After DSA has completed its check of the docu-
ments submitted with the application, the checked prints of the
plans and specifications, with the items marked for corrections
and/or requests for additional information noted thereon, shall
be returned to the responsible architect or registered engineer.
When plans and/or specifications require extensive correc-
tions, a corrected set of prints of the plans and specifications
shall be submitted for review if requested by DSA.
When the requested corrections have been made and/or the
additional infonnation has been provided by the responsible
architect or registered engineer, an employee representative of
the architect or registered engineer shall return the check set of
plans and specifications along with the original plan tracings,
the corrected specification pages and specification master
cover sheet to DSA for backchecking. The backcheck is a com-
parison of the corrected plans and specifications with the check
set of plans and specifications and shall be accomplished by
either a conference between a knowledgeable employee repre-
sentative or the architect or registered engineer in general
responsible charge and the checking engineer, or by mail in the
case of minor corrections to which all parties have agreed.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Changes in plans and specifications, other than changes nec-
essary for correction, made after submission for approval, shall
be brought to the attention of DSA in writing or by submission
of revised plans identifying those changes clearly at the time of
back-checking. Failure to give such notice may result in the
voidance of any subsequent approval given to the plans and
specificati ons.
All requested corrections shall be made, additional
requested information furnished or original design justified
prior to or at the time of the backcheck. When DSA deems that
the corrected plans and specifications comply with these regu-
lations and those parts of Title 24, CCR, that pertain to public
school construction, DSA shall place its stamp on the repro-
ducible sheets of drawings and master cover sheet of the
specifications. The stamped drawings and specifications will be
temporarily retained by DSA so that a record set can be created.
DSA may charge a fee to the school district to recover the costs of
creating the record set.
(b) Approval of application. DSA shall issue to the school
district a letter approving the application for the project within
five working days of stamping the approved plans and specifi-
cations. This letter shall constitute the "written approval of the
plans, as to safety of design and construction" required by Sec-
tions 17297 and 81134, Education Code, before letting a con-
tract for any construction. (See Section 4-330 for construction
time limitations.)
(c) Voidance of application. Any change, erasure, alter-
ation or modification of any plans or specification bearing the
stamp of DSA may result in voidance of the approval of the
application. However, the "written approval of plans" may be
extended by DSA to include revised plans and specifications
after documents are submitted for review and approved. (See
Section 4-323 for revised plans and Section 4-338 for addenda
and construction changes.)
The procedures leading to written approval of plans shall
be carried to conclusion without suspension or unnecessary
delay. At the discretion of DSA, the entire application may be
voided where either (1) prints from corrected plans or cor-
rected original plans are not filed for backcheck within 6
months after the date of return of checked plans to the archi-
tect or engineer, or (2) at the discretion of DSA, any remain-
ing unapproved increment(s) of the application may be
voided when more than six months have elapsed since the last
approval of an increment has been issued, and subsequent
incremental plans and specifications have not been received
by DSA for checking.
For voided applications, upon request by the school district,
30 percent of the paid fee will be refunded; however, no refund
will be allowed for projects upon which only the minimum fee
has been paid, or upon which only an increment was voided.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17297, 17307,81133,81134 and
81140.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office ofthe State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-318, Partl, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15,1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9,1992.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
4-319. Withdrawal of application. If a request is made by
the school board for the cancellation or withdrawal of the
application and return of the plans and specifications,
together with the paid fee, it will be granted only when the
check of plans and specifications has not actually started. If
the checking of plans and specifications has started, 30 per-
cent of the paid fee will be refunded or applied to a new appli-
cation for the same project.
No refund will be allowed for projects upon which only the
minimum fee has been paid. No refund will be allowed after a
contract has been let for any portion of the work except as pro-
vided by Section 4-317(f).
For projects using the collaborative process for project
review per Education Code Section 17319 or 81133.1, if the
project is voided by DSA or a request by the applicant is made
to withdraw the application prior to submittal of completed
plans and specifications, filing fees minus costs incurred by
DSA will be refunded.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17300, 81133 and 81136.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-3 19, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July 1,
1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on
December 9, 1992.
ARTICLE 4
FEES
4320. Application fees. The fees required by Sections 17300 II
and 81136 of the Education Code shall be in accordance with
Section 4-321. The fee schedule in effect at the time of filing II
shall apply, throughout the duration of such application. A list
of prior fee schedules is available upon request from DSA. The
words "filing fee" mean the fee which shall accompany the
application, or as corrected pursuant to Section 4-317 (f), and
the words "further fee" mean the fee which shall be paid to
DSA if the actual cost exceeds the estimated cost by more than
5 percent. The application is considered to be received when it,
accompanied by the plans and specifications, structural design
computations, other required documents and filing fee, has
been received by DSA, and the application number assigned.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17300 and 81133.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-320, Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15,1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-321. Fee Schedule 11. The filing fee for projects shall be 0.7
percent of the first $1,000,000 of estimated cost and 0.5 percent
on the excess of the estimated cost over $1 ,000,000, except that
the minimum fee in any case shall be $250.00.
If the actual cost exceeds the estimated cost by more than 5
percent, the further fee for such projects shall be equal to the
difference between the filing fee paid and the amount com-
45
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
puted under Fee Schedule 11 on the actual cost, the actual cost
being determined according to Section 4-322.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17300 and 81133.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-32 1.1, Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
011 Decem her 9, 1992.
2. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the OtTice oflhe State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-321.2, Part I, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December] 5,1992; effective July
I, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4 ~ 3 2 2 Project cost. For purposes of determining fees, both the
estimated and actual costs of the project shall be the total outlay
for all work included in the approved plans and specifications
(exclusive of fees paid, but not recovered, for architectural, engi-
neering, inspection and testing services) regardless of whether the
funds are provided by the school district, by other public or private
agencies or by individuals. The cost shall include any moving or
relocation. In the event a building is converted to school use (see
Section 4-306) the cost shall include the cunent replacement cost
of the building. The current replacement cost shall be computed
by mUltiplying an appropriate square foot cost by the total square
foot area of the building being converted to school use. If work is
done in portions the actual cost shall be determined at the comple-
tion of each contract. (See Section 4-325.)
The estimated cost and the fee based thereon shall not be
amended after plan check has started except as provided by
Section 4-317(t) or for permissible increase in scope of project.
The scope of a project shal1 not be amended after bids for all or
part of the project are opened. No portion of the fee can be
returned after checking has been started except as provided by
Sections 4-317(t) and 4-319.
Actual cost sha11 include all items which are normally con-
sidered to be contractor's operation costs such as district-fur-
nished labor and materials, bond, insurance and use of district
facilities, and shall not be reduced by charge-backs such as
those for testing, inspection or overrun of contract time. All
fees and/or reimbursable charges paid to construction manag-
ers shall be included in the actual cost of construction. When
the contract for the work includes items not otherwise subject
to the approval of DSA and not included in the approved plans
and specifications the actual cost shall include this work unless
such costs are segregated by separate bid items or by separately
priced items of change orders, or by a certified copy of a sub-
contractor's bid. Such segregation shall not be made by con-
tract price breakdown or estimates. An hourly fee may be
charged to the school district for the revjew of bid alternates.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17300 and 81133.
HISTORY:
46
1. Editorial correction of printing error (Register 83, No. 45).
2. (OSNSS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-322, Part 1 , Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-323. Revisions of plans and specifications. Revisions are
changes to the DSA approved plans or specifications made
after DSA approval. Revisions shall be submitted to and
approved by DSA.
An hourly fee may be charged to the school district for the
review of revisions to approved plans and specifications in
accordance with the published rates and collection procedures
established by DSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17300 and 81133.
4 ~ 3 2 4 Examples and explanations of fee computation.
(a) Filing fee to accompany application.
Filing Fee under Schedule 11
Estimated Cost $8,000
0.7% x $8,000
Filing Fee is the minimum charge
Filing Fee under Schedule 11
Estimated Cost: $925,000.00
0.7% x $925,000
Filing Fee under Schedule 11
Estimated Cost: $1,260,000.00
0.7% x $1,000,000
0.5% x $260,000
Corrected Estimate under Schedule 11
$ 56.00
$250.00
$6,475.00
$7,000.00
1.300.00
$8,300.00
Estimated Cost on Application: $925,000.00
0.7% x $925,000 $ 6,475.00
I st Contract 700,000.00
2nd Contract 525 000.00
(Exceeds $925,000 by more than 30%)
Corrected Estimated Cost: $1,225,000.00*
$1,225,000.00
0.7% x $1,000,000 $7,000.00
0.5% x 225,000
Fee previously paid
Corrected filing fee due
$ 8,125.00
$6,475.00
$1,875.00
(b) Further fees where the actual cost exceeds the esti-
mated or corrected estimated cost by more than 5 percent.
Further Fee under Schedule 11
Corrected Estimated Cost: $1,225,000*
Actual Cost $1,352,740.50
0.7% x $1,000,000.00
0.5% x 352,740.50
Filing Fee Paid
0.7% x $1,000,000
0.5% x 225,000
Further Fee
$7,000.00
$7,000.00
I 125.00
$8,125.00
$ 638.70
*The corrected estimated cost could be more than the sum of contracts if all
work called for on plans is not yet under contract.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17300 and 81133.
HISTORY:
1. (OSNSS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-324, Part I ,Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
I, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
<
II 4-325. Billing for further fees. The school district shall be
billed for further fees upon completion of the project or portion
thereof if fee is due. Claims for refunds of $5.00 or less due to
errors in cost reporting or fee computation shall be made within
six months from date of billing.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17300 and 81133.
4-326. Fees for approval of an evaluation and design crite-
ria report for rehabilitation of an existing nonconforming
building for use as a school building. A retainer fee of
$2,000.00 shall be required with submittal of the pre-applica-
tion for a rehabilitation project in accordance with Section
4-307(c). Fees incurred in excess of the retainer fee for DSA
review of the Evaluation and Design Criteria Report shall be
based on the established hourly billing rate of the Department.
Prior to approval of the Evaluation and Design Criteria Report,
any additional fees incurred by DSA shall be fully paid. Any
II
unused portion of the retainer fees shall be returned to the
school district.
Authority: Education Code Sections 173 J O.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280.5.
HISTORY:
1. (DSAISS (EF 02103) Emergency adoption/approval of administrative
and procedural requirements for the adaptive reuse of existing buildings
for public school use; CCR Title 24, Part 1. Approved as emergency by
the California Building Standards Commission on May 14,2003, and
filed with the Secretary of State on May 15, 2003. Effective May 15,
2003.
4-327. Fees for DSA review prior to application filing. An
hourly fee may be charged to the school district for the review
of draft drawings and specifications or consultations with DSA
during project development, as requested by the school district
and in accordance with the published rates and collection pro-
cedures established by DSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17319 and 81133.1.
ARTICLE 5
CERTIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION
4-330. Time of beginning construction and partial con-
struction. Construction work, whether for a new school build-
ing, reconstruction, rehabilitation, alteration or addition, shall
not be commenced, and no contract shall be let until the school
board has applied for and obtained from DSA written approval
of plans and specifications. Construction shall be commenced
within one year after the approval of the application, otherwise
the approval may be voided. DSA may require that the plans
and specifications be revised to meet its current regulations
before an extension of approval is granted.
Renewals may be granted in annual increments. Renewal
shall not extend beyond a period of four years from the initial
date of the application approval.
A written request for extension of approval must be made by
the school board to DSA.
The school board may complete all work or proceed with the
construction of any part of the work included in the approved
plans and specifications with the intent of completing the work
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
later. All work done and materials used and installed must be in
accordance with and in conformity to the approved plans and
specifications.
An uncompleted building shall not be considered as having
been constructed under the provisions of Article 3 or 7 com-
mencing with Sections 17280 and 81130 of the Education
Code, respectively. Section 17372 of the Education Code
restricts the use of such a building.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17297, 17307, 17372and81130. II
4-331. Notice to DSA at start of construction. The architect
or registered engineer responsible for the project or the school
district shall promptly notify DSA of the start of construction II
using forms and procedures specified by DSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280,17295,81130 and 81133.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State ArchitectiStruc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-331, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9,1992.
4-332. Notice of suspension of construction.
(a) When construction is suspended for more than one month, II
the project inspector shall notify DSA [see Section 4-336(c)3].
(b) If all construction is suspended or abandoned for any rea-
son for a continuous period of one year following its com-
mencement, the approval ofDSA shall become void. DSA may
reinstate the approval on the request of the school board.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAISS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State ArchitectlStmc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-332, PartI, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-333. Observation and inspection of construction.
( a) Observation by architect or registered engineer. The Act
requires that the observation of the work of construction,
reconstruction, rehabilitation, alteration or addition shall be
under the general responsible charge of an architect, structural
engineer, or under certain conditions a professional engineer
registered in that branch of engineering applicable to the work.
(See Section 4-316.)
The responsible geotechnical engineer, or his or her quali-
fied representative, shall perform all testing and special inspec-
tion of all earth materials, the placement and compaction of
engineered fills, and the geotechnical aspects of foundations,
retaining walls and foundation anchors. The responsible
geotechnical engineer shall submit verified reports in accor-
dance with Section 4-336 and Title 24, Part 2, Section
1704A.7.1.
(b) Inspection by a project inspector. The school board II
must provide for and require competent, adequate and continu-
ous inspection by an inspector satisfactory to the architect or
registered engineer in general responsible charge of observa-
47
II
II
II
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
tion of the work of construction; to any architect or registered
engineer delegated responsibility for a portion of the work; and
to DSA.
48
1. The cost of project inspection shall be paid for by the
school board. An inspector shall not have any current
employment relationship with any entity which is a con-
tracting party for the construction or any entity providing
any services for the school district except for services
directly related to project inspection.
2. Project inspectors are prohibited from any activities
involving the actual performance of construction, or the
scheduling, coordination or supervision of construction
contractors for the project.
3. For every project there shall be a project inspector who
shall have personal know ledge as defined in Sections
17309 and 81141 of the Education Code of all work done
on the project or its parts as defined in Section 4-316. No
work shall be carried on except under the inspection of
an inspector approved by DSA. On large projects ade-
quate inspection may require the employment of one or
more approved assistant inspectors in accordance with
Section 4-333(d). The employment of special inspectors
or assistant inspectors shall not be construed as relieving
the project inspector of his or her duties and responsibili-
ties under Sections 17309 and 81141 of the Education
Code and Sections 4-336 and 4-342 of these regulations.
4. The project inspector shaH be capable of performing all
essential functions of the job.
5. The project inspector and any assistant inspector must be
approved by DSA for each individual project. Prior to
being eligible for approval, any project inspector or any
assistant inspector shall establish, to the satisfaction of
DSA that he or she:
A. is appropriately certified by DSA, per Section
4-333.1; and
B. has adequate knowledge and experience to per-
form the required duties for the project. He or she
shall have at least three years experience in inspec-
tion or construction work on building projects of a
type similar to the project; and
C. will provide sufficient time on the project to fulfill
all inspection responsibilities required by these
regulations.
6. An approved project inspector may be replaced in accor-
dance with the process outlined in Section 4-341(d). The
school district shall ensure that a replacement inspector
is provided prior to continuation of construction work.
DSA may withhold approval of the replacement inspec-
tor until a verified report by the previous project inspec-
tor is submitted in accordance with Section 4-336(c)5.
7. DSA may withdraw the inspector's approval for the pro-
ject due to failure of project inspector to comply with the
requirements contained in Section 4-342(b). DSA shall
communicate the withdrawal of the project inspector's
approval in writing to the school district and the respon-
sible architect or engineer. The school district shall
ensure that a replacement inspector is provided prior to
continuation of construction work.
8. The project inspector may perform special inspections if
the project inspector has been specially approved by
DSA for such purpose and has the time available to com-
plete the special inspections in addition to project inspec-
tion work.
9. The detailed inspection of all work, as specified in Sec- II
tion 4-335(f), is the responsibility of the project inspec-
tor when a special inspector is not provided.
(c) Special inspection. Special inspection by qualified II
inspectors shall be in accordance with Title 24, Part 2, Chapter
17A.
DSA may require special inspectors for types of construc-
tion in addition to those listed in Chapter 17 A Title 24, Part 2 if
found necessary because of the special use of materials or
methods of construction.
Where responsibility for observation of construction for
mechanical work and electrical work is not delegated to profes-
sional engineers registered in these particular branches of engi-
neering [see Section 4-316(b )], special mechanical and
electrical inspection shall be provided.
(d) Assistant inspectors. Assistant inspectors are approved II
by DSA to assist the project inspector with the inspection of
one or more aspects of the construction. Assistant inspectors
must work under the supervision of a Class 1 certified project
inspector.
1. On large projects DSA may require the employment of
assistant inspectors when the project inspector is not able
to provide continuous inspection of all aspects of the
construction in a timely manner. When assistant inspec-
tors are required by DSA the project inspector shall
remain on-site providing supervision of aU assistants
during all construction.
2. All assistant inspectors must be approved by DSA prior
to performing any inspection work in accordance with
Section 4-341(d). Prior to being approved by DSA as an
assistant inspector the individual must satisfy all of the
following requirements:
A. Be certified as a Class 1, Class 2, Class 3 or Class 4
inspector in accordance with Section 4-333.1.
B. Must possess adequate experience for the type of
construction that the assistant will be assigned to
inspect.
C. Document at least three years of experience in the
types of construction that the assistant will inspect.
Experience must be obtained in construction or
inspection of buildings similar to the buildings for
which the individual is applying.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
3. The assistant inspector shall e tablish, to the sati faction
of DSA that he or she meets all of the requirements
e tablished in Section 4-333(b)5.
4. Fail ure of the a sistant inspector to perform any of the
dutie specified in the e regulations may be cause for
DSA to take acti on as outlined in Section 4-342(c).
Authority: Education Code Sections 173 10 and 8 11 42.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17309, 1731 I, 8 1130, 8 1 139,
31 141 and 81 143.
HISTORY:
1. (OSNSS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc
tural Safety Section to amend ection 4-333, Part 1, Ti tl e 24, C.C.R.
Fil ed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992: effective July
I, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commi ssion
on December 9, 1992.
2. (DSNSS 2/95) Regular order by the Division of the Slate Architectl
Structural Safety Section to amend Section 4333. Filed with the Secre-
tary of State on August 14, 1996, becomes effectiv September 13,
1996. Approved by the California Bui lding Standards Commission on
March 19, 1996.
4-333.1. Project inspector certitication. To become a DSA
certified project inspector, an applicant must successfully com-
plete a written examjnation administered by DSA. The exami -
nation mea ures the applicant's ability to read and comprehend
con lruction pl ans as well as the construction, inspection and
testing requirements of the California Building Stalldard
Code. Examination are given in four cl as e ' .
1. A Clas I certified in pector may be approved to inspect
any project.
2. A CI a' 2 certified inspector may be approved to inspect
any project, except a proj ect contai ning one or more new
structure or additions with a primary lateral force res ist-
ing sy tem of teel , ma onry or concrete,
3, A Class 3 certified in pector may be approved to inspect
proj ects containing alterations to approved buildings,
ite placement of relocatable building and construction
of minor structures.
4. A CIa s 4 certified in pector may be approved to inspect
proj cts containing site placement of relocatable bui ld-
ing and as ociated site work.
An appli cant shall be not less than 25 years of age, pos e sa
high school diploma or equivalent, and shall meet the follow-
ing minimum qualification ':
(a) For Class 1 in pee tor exam, one of the followi ng:
1. Six years of experi ence as an archi tect' s, engineer' ,
owner's, or local building official's representative in
buil ding code-enforcement in pection of non-residential
construction with a valid certifi calion as a commercial
combination building in 'pector by a state- or nation-
ally-recognized organi zation, a' accepted by DSA,
(Note: Pos ession of a vali d California registration as a
slructural engineer, civi l engineer, or a valid Cali Forni a
license as an archi tect may be sub tituted for four years
of requi red experience.); or,
2. Six year of quali fying experience as the lead project
constructi on superintendent on:
a. new buildi ng public school construction projects
subject to the requirement of Education Code
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
S ctions 17280 or 8 1 130, and the, e regulations;
and/or,
b. construction of new ho pital building as defined
by Section 129725 of the Health and Safety Code;
or,
3. Three years of qualifying experience as a DSA certified
Class 2 project in, pector and valid certification as a spe-
cial in pector for steel, or concrete. or ma onry con, truc-
tion by a state- or nationally-recognized organization, as
accepted by DSA, with two years of exp ' rience in spe-
cial inspection; or,
4. Po 'e ' sion of certificat ion as DSA Cl as 2 proj ect
inspector and four years of experience as an assistant
project in pector in Class I chool con truction projects.
(b) For CIa 2 in 'pector exam. one of the foll owing:
1. Four years of experience as an architect' , engineer's,
owner's, or local buil ding official' s representative in
buildi ng code-enforcement inspecti on of non-residential
construction with a valid certification as a commercial
combination buil ding in pector by a tate- or nat ion-
ally-recognized organization, a accepted by DSA.
(Note: Po e sion of a valid Cal iforni a regi lration as a
structural engineer, ci vil engineer, or a valid Cal ifornia
license a an architect may be sub li tuted for three years
of required experience.); or,
2. Four year' of qualifying experience a the lead project
construction superintendcnt on:
a. new building public chool construction projects
subj ect to the requil'ements of Education Code
Sections 17280 or 811 30, and the e regulat ions;
and/or,
b. con tructi on of new ho pital bui ldings a defined
by Section 129725 of the Health and Safety Code;
or,
3. Three years of qualifying experi ence a a DSA certified
Cia s 3 project in pector; or,
4. Possession of certification a DSA Clas 3 project
in pee tor and four year' of experience as an a istant
project inspector in Class 1 or 2 school construction pro-
jects.
(c) For CIa s 3 in pector exam, one of the fol lowing:
1. Three year' of experience a an architect' s, engineer' s,
owner' s, or local building official ' s repre entative in
buildi ng code-enforcement in pection of non- residential
construction with a valid certification as a commercial
combination buil ding inspector by a state- or nation-
ally-recognized organization, as accepted by DSA; or,
2. Po e sion of a valid California regi trati on as a struc-
tural engi neer, civil engineer, or a valid California
Iicen e as an architect; or.
3. Four years of qualifying experi ence a the lead project
construction superintendent. (Note: Experi ence may be
sub tituted with college education with major work in
archi tecture, engin ering, building in ' pection and/or
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1,201 4 ERRATA 49
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
construction on a year-for-year basis for a maximum of
two years) ; or,
4. Two years of qualifying experi ence as a DSA certified
Cl ass 4 project inspector and two years of qualifying
education with major work in architecture, engineering,
building inspection and/or con truction; or,
5. Po session of certi fication a DSA Class 4 project
inspector and three year of experienc as an assistant
project insp clor in CIa , I, 2, or 3 school con truction
project.
(d) For Clas 4 in pector exam, one of the fo ll owi ng:
1. Two years of experience as an architect' , engineer' ,
owner's, or local bui ldi ng official' s r presentative in
buil ding code-enforcement in pection with a vali d cer-
tification as a commercial combination building inspec-
tor by a state- or nationall y-r cognized organization, a
accepted by DSA; or,
2. Two year of qualifying experience as the lead project
construction superintendent. (Note: One year of experi-
ence may be ub tituted with one year of coll ege educa-
tion with major work in architecture, ngineering,
building in pection and/or constructi on); or,
3. Four year of a relevant and varied construction experi-
encc at a mi nimum of journeyman level. (Note: Exp ri-
ence may be ub titul d with college education with
major work in archi tectu r , engineering, building
insp ction and/or construction on a year-for-year ba is
for a maximum of two year ); or,
4. Val id certification as a building code-enforcement
in, pector by a state- or nationally-recognized organiza-
tion, a, accepted by DSA, and three year, of qual ifying
inspecti on expericnce. Certifi cation and experience may
be gained in bui lding in p ction or structural special
inspecti on.
DSA may charg an examination fee to recover rea onable
fees and costs.
An applicant for th certifi cation examination or an insp c-
tor pos, essi ng a valid c rtificate i su d by DSA, hall file
change of name, mailing address or telephone numb r with
the DSA headquarters office within 10 working days of that
change. The information fi led shall include the new and former
name, mai ling addre or telephone number.
Certificati on wi ll be valid for a period of four year unless
revoked in accordance with Section 4-342(d) or upgraded by
achi eving certification in a different cl as . Certification may be
renewed by alt nding D A training cla es and passing a
re enification examination.
Authority: Education Code ections 173 j 0 and 8 I 142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 173 11 and 81 143.
4-334. Supervision by the Division of the State Architect.
During construction, recon'truction, r habilitati on, r pair,
al teration of, or addi tion to any school buil ding, DSA, as pro-
vided by the Act, . hall make such ite visits a ' in it. judgment
are neces ary for proper enforcement of the Act and th protec-
tion of the safety of the pupil s, the teachers and the public. If at
any timea the work progre .'e , priorto the is 'uance ofthecer-
tifi cation of compliance it i found that modification or
changes are necessary to ecure safety or to comply with code
requirements. DSA shall notify the re ponsible architect, or
responsible structural engi neer and school district, of the
necessity for such modificat ions or changes.
Authority: Education Code Sections 173 I 0 and 81 142.
Reference: Educat ion Code ections 173 1 1 and 8 1 143.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Office oflhe taleAr hitectl truc-
lural Safety Section to amend Section 4-334, Part 1, Ti ll e 24. C.C.R.
Fi led with the Secretary of Stale on D cember 15. 1992; ffective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building tandards Commi ssion
on December 9, 1992.
4-334.1. Stop work order.
(a) Whenever DSA finds any construction work being per-
formed in a manner contrary to the provi ions of thi code and
that would compromi e the structural integri ty of the building,
the Department of General Services, State of California, i
authorized to i ue a stop work order.
(b) The top work order shall be in writing and shall be given
to the owner of the property involved, or the owner's agent, or
the person doing the work. Upon is uance of a stop work order,
the cited work shall immediately case. The stop work order
hall state the rea on for th order, and the condition under
which the cited work wi ll be permitted to resume.
(c) Any p r on who continu s working on th cited work
after having been served with a stop work order, except such
work as that per on is directed to perform to remove a violat ion
or unsafe condition, hall be subject to penalties a pre cri bed
by law.
Authority: Education Code Sections j 73 10 and 81 142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17307.5 and 81133.5.
4-335. Structural tests and special inspections.
(a) General. Structural te t and special in pections are
required as set forth in the e regulation and Part 2 of Title 24,
C.C.R.
Whenever there is in 'ufticient evidence of compl iance with
any of the provisi ons of Title 24, C.C.R. , or evidence that any
material or construction does not conform to the requirement
of Title 24, c.c.R. , DSA may require test /insp ction a proof
of compliance to be made at no exp n e to DSA.
Te tlinspect ion method shall be a pecified by Title 24,
C.c.R. and by appli cabl referenced standard, as listed in
Chapter 35 of Part 2 of Ti tle 24, C.C.R. If there are no recog-
nized and accepted test/in pection methods, the re ponsi ble
architect or structural engineer shall submit written alternate
te tlin p ction procedures for review and acceptance by DSA.
The chool board hall, with the advice of the responsible
architect or structural ngineer, elect the laboratory of record,
acceptable to DSA in accordance with S ction 4-335. 1, to con-
duct all required tests for the project, and special in pections
whi ch are contracted to the laboratory of record. The labora-
tory of record hall be di rectly employed by the chool board
and not be in the employ of any other agency or individual.
All tests shall be made by a laboratory acceptable to DSA, as
de, cribed in Section 4-335.1. Where job conditions warrant,
the re, pon ' ibl e architect or structural engineer may waive cer-
50 JANUARY 1, 201 4 ERRATA 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
BUFF
tain te t , with the approval of DSA. The re ponsible architect
or structural engineer hall prepare a statement of structural
test and peci al in pection ,obtai n DSA approval and provide
a copy of the approved statement of structural tests and special
in pection, to the laboratory of record and the project inspector
plior to the start of const ruction.
(b) Payments. The chool board shall pay for all te t /
in pections, but if 0 pecified the amount or a portion thereof
may be collected from the contractor by the school board.
When in the opinion of the architect or regi tered engi neer,
additional testsli n ' pection are required because of the manner
in which the contractor executes hi or her work. such
te t lin pections ' hall be paid for by the 'choolboard, but if so
specified the amount paid may be coll ected from the contractor
by the school board. Example of such test lin, pection are:
te t of material ubstituted for previously accepted materials,
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
retests or re-in pecti ons made necessary by the failure of
material to comply with the requirement of the approved con-
truction documents and specification . and load tests neces-
ary becau e certain portion of the structure have not fu lly met
'p cification or plan requirements.
(c) Sampling and testing of materials. Sample ' or speci-
mens of material [or testi ng shal l be taken by a qualified repre-
sentative of the laboratory of record. For a minor cope of
work, the project inspector may, if qualified and oth r duties
permit, be authorized in writing by DSA to obtai n, handl e. pre-
pare, protect, transport, and/or store te t pecim 'n ' .
In general , ampl es may be elected at random; however, if
ther is reason to believe that pecific materi als may be defec-
tive, sample location may be elected by the project inspector,
responsi ble archi tect or structural engi neer or D A r ' presenta-
Text continues Oil page 51.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA 50.1
RIU=I=
50.2 JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA
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2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
tive. In no case shall the contractor or vendor select the sample
location or obtain specimens.
Obtaining, handling, preparing, protecting, transporting or
storing of samples and testing shall be in accordance with the
standards as provided for in the approved plans, specifications
and in the applicable building regulations.
In cases where a tested sample has failed to meet the require-
ments of the DSA approved documents, the responsible archi-
tect or structural engineer, subject to the approval ofDSA, may
permit retest of the material or in-place work.
(d) Test reporting requirements.
1. The laboratory of record shall complete detailed test
reports outlining all structural material tests. Report for-
mat shall be as prescribed by DSA.
2. Reports shall include all tests made, regardless of
whether such tests indicate that the material is satisfac-
tory or nonconforming.
3. The reports shall clearly state that the material or materi-
als were sampled and tested in accordance with the
requirements of these regulations and the approved plans
and specifications. Reports shall also clearly state
whether or not the material or materials tested met the
requirements of the DSA approved documents.
4. All reports of tests performed on-site shall be submitted
to the project inspector on the day the tests were per-
formed.
5. Within 14 days of the date of any material test, the labo-
ratory of record shall submit all such test reports to the
design professional in general responsible charge, the
structural engineer, the project inspector, and the school
district.
6. Reports of material tests not conforming with the
requirements of the DSA approved documents shall be
forwarded immediately to DSA, the design professional
in general responsible charge, the structural engineer, the
project inspector, and the school district.
(e) Verified reports by the laboratory of record. The labo-
ratory of record shall submit a verified report to DSA, and pro-
vide a copy to the design professional(s), the school board and
the project inspector, covering all of the tests and special
inspections that were required to be made by that laboratory.
Such report shall be furnished within 14 days of the completion
of the testing/special inspection program, whenever required
by DSA, or any time that work on the project is suspended, or
services of the laboratory of record are terminated. The report
shall cover the tests and special inspections completed at that
time.
The verified report shall be signed, under penalty of perjury,
by the California registered civil engineer charged with engi-
neering managerial responsibility for the laboratory of record.
The verified report shall state that the structural tests and spe-
cial inspections required by the DSA approved documents
were made. The report shall include a list of any noncompliant
material or inspected work that has not been resolved by the
date of the verified report. Any required tests or special inspec-
tion work that were not conducted by the laboratory of record
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
shall be listed on the verified report, with an explanation why
they were not performed.
(f) Special inspection. A special inspector shall not be less
than 25 years of age, shall have had at least three years of expe-
rience in construction work or special inspection work on one
or more projects similar to the project for which the inspector is
applying, shall have a thorough knowledge of the building
materials of his or her specialty, and shall be able to read and
interpret plans and specifications.
In addition, for special inspection of masonry construction, II
shotcrete, and structural glulam laminated timber, DSA may
require evidence of the proposed inspector's knowledge and
experience by successful completion of a written and/or oral
examination by the applicant before approval is granted. DSA
may charge a fee to administer such examinations. DSA will
maintain a list of special inspectors who have successfully
completed an examination by DSA, and continued eligibility to
remain on that list will be dependent on demonstrated accept-
able performance of duties assigned andlor attendance at con-
tinuing education classes.
1. Special inspectors shall be employed by the laboratory of
record or contract individually and directly with the
school board.
A. Special inspectors employed by laboratory of
record.
Assignment to a project: Special inspectors
employed by the laboratory of record, under the
supervision of the laboratory's engineering man-
ager, shall be reported on a Special Inspector Iden-
tification form prescribed by DSA. The form shall
be completed and signed by the engineering man-
ager prior to commencing special inspection work.
Copies shall be sent to DSA, the design profes-
sional(s) and the project inspector. Any changes or
substitutions in special inspectors during the
course of work will require submission of a
revised form to DSA, the design professional(s)
and the project inspector.
Supervision: Supervision of special inspectors
employed by the laboratory of record shall be pro-
vided by the engineering manager, whose supervi-
sion duties shall include but are not limited to the
following tasks:
(i) Providing oversight and responsible con-
trol of special inspection services and asso-
ciated report documents.
(ii) Verifying that special inspectors meet all
employment requirements and possess the
training, education and/or certifications
necessary to perform the duties assigned.
(iii) Verifying that special inspectors conduct
the required field-related services in strict
accordance with DSA approved docu-
ments and applicable standards.
51
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
52
(iv) Monitoring special inspection activities to
assure that the qualified special inspector is
performing his or her duties as required.
(v) Verifying that special inspectors properly
document their activities, and that reports
and logs are prepared and distributed in
accordance with these regulations.
B. Special inspectors who contract individually
and directly with the school board.
Approval for a project: The school board or
design professional in responsible charge shall
secure DSA approval for special inspectors as
required prior to commencement of work for
which special inspection is required.
Supervision: The duties of the design profes-
sional in responsible charge in directing the special
inspector shall include but are not limited to the
following tasks:
(i) Verifying that special inspectors possess
the training, education and/or certifica-
tions necessary to perform the duties
assigned.
(ii) Verifying that special inspectors conduct
the required special inspection services in
strict accordance with DSA approved doc-
uments and applicable standards.
(iii) Monitoring special inspection activities to
assure that the qualified special inspector is
performing his or her duties as required.
(iv) Verifying that special inspectors properly
document their activities, and that reports
and logs are prepared and distributed in
accordance with these regulations.
Verifying that all special inspectors work-
ing under the direction of the design pro-
fessional have filed verified reports as
prescribed by Section 4-3 3 6( c ), and that all
code-required special inspections were
completed.
2. The acceptance or approval of special inspectors may be
withdrawn by DSA if the special inspector fails to com-
ply with any part of these regulations or the applicable
inspection-related referenced standards on the approved
plans and specification.
3. The duties of the special inspector shall include but are
not limited to the following:
A. Review and comprehend all applicable DSA
approved construction documents, shop drawings,
requirements of applicable code and code refer-
enced standards.
B. Perform the inspections in conformance with the
requirements of the DSA approved documents,
applicable code and code referenced standards.
C. Verify whether or not the work conforms to the
requirements of the DSA approved documents,
applicable code and code referenced standards.
D. The special inspector shall not accept any devia-
tion from the DSA approved documents unless the
revision has been approved by DSA.
E. Report in writing immediately any work that the
special inspector deems nonconforming, and
which is not immediately corrected upon notifying
the contractor. Submit the report to the project II
inspector, DSA, the architect, the structural engi-
neer and the school district.
F. Complete and submit all required reports, as set
forth in sub-section 4 below.
G. Special inspectors who contract individually and
directly with the school district shall maintain
records of all special inspections on a job-by-job
basis for at least six (6) years, and shall make such
records available to the school district, design pro-
fessional in responsible charge and DSA upon
request. Such records shall include all special
inspection reports, noted deficiencies and dates of
resolution of such deficiencies, verified reports,
photographs, and such other information as may
be appropriate to establish the sufficiency of the
inspection program.
4. Inspection reporting requirements:
A. Special inspector daily reports. Special inspec-
tors shall prepare detailed daily inspection reports
outlining the work inspected and shall forward a
copy of the report to the project inspector on the
day the inspections were performed.
Reports indicating materials or workmanship
found to be non-conforming with the requirements
of the DSA approved documents shall be for-
warded immediately to the project inspector,
DSA, the design professional in general responsi-
ble charge, the structural engineer and the school
district.
Within 14 days of the date of any special inspec-
tion, the special inspector shall submit copies of all
daily reports to the school district, the design pro-
fessional in general responsible charge, the struc-
tural engineer delegated responsibility for design
and construction observation, and the project
inspector.
Report format shall be as prescribed by DSA.
Reports shall clearly state whether the work was
inspected in accordance with the requirements of
the DSA approved documents for the project.
Reports shall also clearly state whether the work
inspected met the requirements of the DSA
approved documents. Reports shall include all
special inspections made regardless of whether
such inspections indicate that the work is satisfac- II
tory or non-conforming.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
B. Special inspector verified report. Each special
inspector who contracts individually and directly
with the school board, shall complete a verified
report, as required by Section 4-336, and submit it
to DSA, the design professional(s), the school
board, and project inspector. Such report shall be
furnished within 14 days of the conclusion of work
requiring special inspection, whenever required
by DSA, or any time that work on the project is
suspended, or services of the special inspector are
terminated. The report shall cover the special
inspection work completed at that time.
The verified report shall indicate that all special
inspections were made as required by the
approved plans and specifications, and shall list
any noncompliant work that has not been resolved
by the date of the verified report. Any required
special inspections that were not conducted by the
special inspector shall be listed on the verified
report, with an explanation.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17309 and 81141.
HISTORY:
1. (OSNSS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-335, PartI, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-335.1. DSA Laboratory Evaluation and Acceptance pro-
gram.
(a) General. Laboratories conducting any special inspec-
tion, testing, or obtaining, handling, preparing, protecting,
transporting or storing of samples must be accepted by the
DSA Laboratory Evaluation and Acceptance (LEA) program.
A laboratory may apply for DSA acceptance by submitting an
application on a form prescribed by DSA, along with support-
ing documentation, to DSA. Upon receipt of a valid applica-
tion, DSA shall evaluate the laboratory to verify that
requirements of these regulations are met and that engineering
managerial and supervisory staff are familiar with Title 24,
II C.C.R. requirements pertinent to materials testing and special
inspection.
II
A letter of acceptance by DSA shall be issued to the labora-
tory and shall state that the laboratory has demonstrated that it
has met the criteria established by DSA for performance of
material testing and special inspection of work under DSA
jurisdiction. A list of accepted LEA laboratories showing the
types of tests and inspections for which they have been
approved shall be posted on the DSA website.
(b) To qualify for acceptance, a laboratory shall comply with
the following requirements:
1. Qualification criteria: The laboratory shall obtain and
maintain accreditation for ASTM E329-11: Standard
Specification for Agencies Engaged in Construction
Inspection, Testing, or Special Inspection, through
required evaluation and accreditation as described
below.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Other nationally recognized evaluation services or
accreditation bodies, equivalent to those indicated
below, may be accepted by DSA with prior approval.
A. The laboratory shall receive on-site assessments
and quality system evaluations by the American
Association of State Highway and Transportation
Officials (AASHTO) Materials Reference Labo-
ratory (AMRL) or the Cement and Concrete Refer-
ence Laboratory (CCRL).
B. The laboratory shall maintain accreditation from
the AASHTO Accreditation Program (AAP).
In addition, the laboratory must maintain
accreditation for the following standards, as appli-
cable: ASTM CI077 (Aggregate), ASTM CI077
(Concrete), ASTM CI093 (Masonry) and ASTM
D3740 (Soil).
The laboratory shall maintain participation in
applicable AMRL and CCRL proficiency sample
programs.
The laboratory must authorize the release of
accreditation, assessment, and proficiency sample
testing information to DSA.
2. Laboratory structure: The laboratory shall have a
full-time engineering manager who is a State of Califor-
nia registered civil engineer. The engineering manager
shall possess a minimum of 5 years of relevant experi-
ence in the inspection and testing industry and hold a
management position in the company. All testing and
special inspection services shall be perfonned under his
or her general supervision. The engineering manager
shall be responsible for ensuring that aU technicians and
special inspectors employed by the laboratory are appro-
priately trained, qualified, and certified in their area of
expertise. The engineering manager may not be
employed by any other laboratory that provides special
inspection or testing services. Administration and busi-
ness practices of the laboratory shall comply with all rel-
evant California State and Federal laws.
3. Supenision: Supervision by the engineering manager
shall include but is not limited to the following tasks:
A. Providing oversight and responsible control of all
field and laboratory testing services, special
inspection services and associated report docu-
ments.
B. Verifying that technicians and special inspectors
meet all employment requirements and possess the
training, education and/or certifications necessary
to perform the duties assigned.
C. Verifying that qualified technicians and special
inspectors conduct the required laboratory and
field-related services in strict accordance with
DSA approved documents and applicable stan-
dards.
D. On-site monitoring of the special inspection activ-
ities to assure that the qualified special inspector is
performing his or her duties as required. Fre-
53
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
54
quency of the visits shall be determined by the
engineering manager, who shall consider the size
and complexity of the school project.
E. Verifying that special inspectors properly docu-
ment their activities, and that reports and logs are
prepared and distributed in accordance with these
regulations.
4. Limitation of duties: LEA laboratory activities are spe-
cifically limited to those tests/special inspections for
which the laboratory has been approved and for which it
has satisfied the requirements set forth in these regula-
tions. No laboratory shall conduct any test or special
inspections for which the laboratory is not qualified or
approved by DSA to perform. The laboratory of record
may subcontract tests/special inspections for which it is
not approved to another LEA accepted laboratory pos-
sessing that approval.
5. Equipment and tools. A DSA accepted laboratory shall
have adequate facilities, equipment, personnel expertise
and technical references to permit the performance of
testing and special inspections in compliance with appli-
cable national standards and regulations. The laboratory
shall possess and maintain all tools and equipment
required to perform the specific tests and special inspec-
tions for which it is approved. Such tools and equipment
shall be maintained and calibrated periodically in accor-
dance with applicable nationally accepted standards.
6. Documentation. A laboratory shall maintain records of
all tests and special inspections on a job-by-job basis for
at least six (6) years, and shall make such records avail-
able to the school board, design professional in responsi-
bIe charge, and DSA upon request. Such records shall
include all laboratory test reports, special inspection
reports, noted deficiencies and dates of resolution of
such deficiencies, verified reports, photographs, and
such other information as may be appropriate to establish
the sufficiency of the testing/special inspection program.
The laboratory's engineering manager shall review
test and special inspection reports and progress reports
for conformance of inspected work with the approved
plans, specifications and workmanship provisions of the
California Building Code (CBC) and referenced stan-
dards. Such supervision and control shall be evidenced
by the engineering manager's signature and seal on the
verified reports required by these regulations.
7. Obligation to avoid conflict of interest. Laboratories
shall not engage in any activities that may conflict with
their objective judgment and integrity, including but not
limited to having a financial and/or other interest in the
construction, installation, manufacture or maintenance
of structures or components that they inspect, test, ver-
ify, or certify.
8. Evaluations. The qualifications and capabilities of test-
ing laboratories statewide are subject to evaluation by
DSA LEA program personneL Evaluations occur upon
application for acceptance, application for renewal, the
addition of services or a change in responsible engineer-
ing manager. Evaluations may include but are not limited
to a review of the application submittal, consultation
with the engineering manager as well as an on-site exam-
ination/evaluation of the quality system, equipment, per-
sonnel and records.
9. Audits. The operations of a DSA accepted laboratory
may be subject to audit by DSA. Audits may occur upon
receipt of complaints or evidence of failure by the labo-
ratory to meet the requirements of these regulations.
Audits may include but are not limited to the following:
review of LEA program records, project specific
records, on-site examination of equipment, and records
of special inspection and testing services. An audit may
result in a requirement that the laboratory be re-evalu-
ated.
10. Obligation to cooperate with inquiries. All accepted
laboratories shall cooperate in any investigation by DSA
into the activities at any school project site or fabricat-
ing/manufacturing facility for which they have provided
special inspection and/or testing services and shall pro-
vide prompt, accurate and complete responses to reason-
able inquiries by DSA and other appropriate individuals
or agencies.
(c) Duration of LEA laboratory acceptance. Acceptance
will remain valid for a period of four years unless approval is
withdrawn for failure to comply with the requirements of these II
regulations. Examples of such failure include, but are not lim-
ited to:
1. Making changes in engineering management, supervi-
sory personnel, laboratory location, major equipment, or
other key factors without prior notification to the DSA
LEA program.
2. Failing to have the laboratory facility evaluated and
accredited as outlined in Section 335(b)1, as applicable
to services offered.
3. Reporting that materials and/or workmanship meet the
requirements ofDSA approved documents when they do
not.
4. Failing to sample, handle and/or test materials as
required by the approved documents, code and refer-
enced standards.
5. Utilizing technicians or special inspectors that do not
meet the qualification and/or certification requirements.
6. Failing to adequately supervise technicians and/or spe-
cial inspectors.
7. Failing to comply with any of the other requirements of II
these regulations or the DSA approved documents for a
project.
(d) Fees for testing laboratory evaluation. DSA may II
charge a fee to cover the costs of evaluating and re-evaluating
the laboratory. DSA reserves the right to visit, audit and
observe the laboratories.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17309 and 81141.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
4-336. Verified reports.
(a) General. As the work of construction progresses, the
architect, structural engineer or professional engineer in charge
of observation of construction of the work, each architect or
registered engineer delegated responsibility for a portion of the
II
work, the project inspector, the geotechnical engineer, the lab-
oratory of record, approved special inspectors contracting indi-
vidually and directly with the school board, and the contractor
II
II
shall each make and sign under penalty of perjury, a duly veri-
fied report to DSA and provide a copy of the same report to the
project inspector. The verified report shall be made upon a pre-
scribed form or forms, showing that of his or her own personal
knowledge the work during the period covered by the report
has been performed and materials have been used and installed
in every material respect in compliance with the duly approved
plans and specifications, and setting forth such detailed state-
ments of fact as shall be required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to an architect or
registered engineer means the personal knowledge that is
obtained from periodic visits of reasonable frequency to the
project site for the purpose of general observation of the work,
and that is obtained from the reporting of others on the progress
of the work, testing of materials, inspection and superinten-
dence of the work. The exercise of reasonable diligence to
obtain the facts is required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to the project
inspector means the actual personal knowledge that is obtained
from the inspector's personal continuous inspection of the
work in all stages of its progress. For work performed away
from the site, the project inspector may obtain personal knowl-
edge from the reporting of testing or special inspection of mate-
rials and workmanship for compliance with approved plans,
specifications and applicable standards. The exercise of rea-
sonable diligence to obtain the facts is required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to a special
inspector means the actual personal knowledge which is
obtained from the inspector's personal inspection of the work
assigned. The verified report shall clearly describe the work
assigned to each individual special inspector. The exercise of
reasonable diligence to obtain the facts is required.
The term "personal knowledge" as applied to the contractor
means the personal knowledge gained from constructing the
building. The exercise of reasonable diligence to obtain the
facts is required.
(b) Verified report form. Verified reports shall be made on
specific forms prescribed by DSA.
(c) Required filing. Verified reports shall be made as follows:
1. By each contractor having a contract with the school
board, at the completion of the contract.
2. By the architect, registered engineers and project inspec-
tor at the completion of the project.
3. By the architect, registered engineers, engineering man-
ager of the laboratory of record, as required by Section
4-335(e), project inspector, and approved special inspec-
tors contracting individually and directly with the school
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
board, at the suspension of all work for a period of more II
than one month.
4. By the project inspector when any building included in
the scope of the project is occupied or re-occupied.
5. By any of the following, whenever their services in con-
nection with the project have been terminated for any
reason: the architect, registered engineer, engineering
manager of the laboratory of record, project inspector,
approved special inspector contracting individually and
directly with the school board, or the contractor.
6. By the responsible geotechnical engineer, as required by
Section 4-333(a), upon completion of his or her duties.
7. By the engineering manager of the laboratory of record,
as required by Section 4-335(e), at the completion of the
testing program.
8. By the approved special inspector contracting individu-
ally and directly with the school board at the conclusion
of work requiring special inspection.
9. By any party listed above at any time a verified report is
requested by DSA.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17309 and 81141.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-336, Part 1 , Title 24, CCR.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992: effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-337. Semimonthly reports. In addition to the verified
reports (Section 4-336) the project inspector shall make semi-
monthly reports of the progress of construction to the architect
or registered engineer in general responsible charge and the
structural if delegated to observe the structural por-
tion of the construction. A copy of each such report shall be
sent to the school board and DSA, and a copy kept in the project
inspector's job file.
Semimonthly reports shall state the name ofthe building, the
school and the school district, and give the file and application
number. The reports shall include a list of official visitors to the
project and whom they represent, a brief statement of the work
done, instmctions received from the architect or registered
engineer during the period covered by the report and pertinent
information regarding any unusual conditions or questions that
may have arisen at the job. The semimonthly report shall
include problems or noncomplying conditions which have
occurred on the project and how they were resolved or brought
into compliance. Failure to comply with this section, in a
timely manner, may be cause for DSA to withdraw approval of II
the inspector.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17309, 173] 0, 81130, 8] 141 and
81142.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS l/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-337, Part], Title 24, CC.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992: effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9,1992.
55
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
4-338. Addenda and construction changes.
(a) General. Work shall be executed in accordance with the
approved plans addenda and construction change documents.
Changes in the plans and specifications shall be made by
addenda or construction change documents approved by DSA.
[See Section 4-318 (b).]
(b) Addenda. Changes or alterations of the approved plans
or specifications made during the bidding phase and prior to
letting a construction contract for the work involved shall be
made by means of addenda which shall be submitted to and
approved by DSA prior to distribution to contractors. Original
copies of addenda shall be stamped and by the architect
or engineer in general responsible charge of preparation of the
plans and specifications and by the architect or registered engi-
neer delegated responsibility for the portion affected by the
addenda. [See Section 4-317 (h).] One copy of each addendum
is required for the files of DSA.
(c) Construction changes. Changes of the approved plans
or specifIcations after a contract for the work has been let shall
be made by means of construction change documents. Con-
struction change documents for changes to the structural,
accessibility or fire-life portions of the project shall be
submitted to and approved by DSA prior to commencement of
the work shown thereon. Construction change documents shall
refer to the portions of the approved plans and specifications
being changed, clearly describe the work to be accomplished,
and, where necessary, shall be accompanied by supplementary
drawings, technical data and calculations. Construction change
documents shall be numbered sequentially for easy reference.
A1J construction change documents shall be stamped and
signed by the architect or engineer in general responsible
charge of observation of the work of construction of the project
or by the architect or registered engineer delegated responsibil-
ity for observation of the portion of the work of construction
affected by the change.
If required by DSA, all other construction change docu-
ments shall be submitted to the DSA for concunence that they
do not contain changes to the structural, accessibility and/or
fire-life safety portions of the project.
Authority: Education Code Sections J 731 0 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 12927 and 81134.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Oft ice of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Section to amend Section 4-338, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed Secretary of State on December 15,1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, t 992.
4-339. Final certification of construction. The certification
of compliance by DSA for public school building projects will
be issued when the work has been completed in accordance
with the requirements as to safety of design and construction of
Sections 17280-17316 and 81130-81147 of the Education
Code. The final certification of compliance will not be issued
II until the school board has filed a notice of completion and has
filed a statement of final actual project cost as identified in Sec-
tion 4-322, and has paid all required fees to the Department of
General Services.
56
The certification by DSA may be evidenced either by letter
or by certificate. A certificate of compliance will, in general, be
issued only for large new projects where the board may desire
to display such certificate in a conspicuous place. The letter or
certificate of compliance will be directed to the school board.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Section to amend Section 4-339, Partl, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by California Building Standards Commission
on December 9,1992.
ARTICLE 6
DUTIES UNDER THE ACT
4-341. Duties of the architect, structural engineer or profes-
sional engineer.
(a) GeneraL The architect or professional engineer is
responsible to the school board and to DSA to see that the com-
pleted work conforms in every material respect to these regula-
tions and to the approved plans and specifications. (See Section
4-316.) The responsible architect or engineer may, if so autho-
rized, act as agent for the school board in completing and sub-
mitting the application for approval of plans and specifications II
to DSA. (See Section 4-315.)
The architect or registered engineer in no way is relieved of
any responsibility by the activities of DSA in the performance
of its duties.
(b) General responsible charge. The architect, structural
engineer or professional engineer in responsible
charge shall advise the school board in regard to filing of the
application for approval of plans, the selection of an inspector
and the selection of a testing laboratory. The responsible archi-
tect or engineer shall prepare plans, specifications, design cal-
culations and other data and shall prepare addenda and
construction change documents authorized by the school board
and as required by conditions on the project.
The responsible architect or engineer shall make, or cause to
be made, the conections required on the various documents to
comply with the requirements of these regulations. The respon-
sible architect or engineer shaD perform general observation of
the work of construction, the approved drawings and
specifications and shall provide the project inspector and test-
ing facility with a complete set of stamped plans, specifica-
tions, addenda and construction change documents prior to the
start of construction.
In general, DSA directs all technical correspondence to the
architect or registered engineer in general responsible charge
of the project.
(c) Delegated responsibility. An architect or registered engi-
neer to whom responsibility has been delegated shall, under the
general direction of the design professional in general responsi-
ble charge, prepare plans, specifications, calculations and other
data, and make conections on these documents as required to
comply with these regulations. Such architect or registered engi-
neer shall consult with the design professional in general respon-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
II sible charge in the preparation of addenda, deferred submittals
and construction change documents and the selection of
inspectors and the testing facility. The architect or registered
engineer shall indicate his or her responsibility for the docu-
ments, which affect his or her portion of the work and are pre-
sented to DSA for approval, by his or her stamp and signature
thereon. The architect or registered engineer shall observe the
work of construction of his or her portion of the project and
shall consult with the design professional in general responsi-
ble charge in the interpretation of the approved drawings and
specifications.
(d) Approval of inspectors. The school district or architect
or registered engineer in general responsible charge shall
obtain DSA approval for a project inspector, assistant inspec-
tor, and a replacement inspector, if any, prior to commence-
ment or continuation of construction work, as applicable, in
accordance with the project inspector approval process speci-
fied by DSA. The following shall be submitted to DSA:
1. The name of the person proposed as project inspector of
the work, together with an outline of his or her experi-
ence and pertinent qualifications on a form prescribed by
DSA, in accordance with the project inspector approval
process specified by DSA.
2. The name of any proposed assistant inspector together
with an outline of his or her experience and pertinent
qualifications on a form prescribed by DSA, in accor-
dance with the project inspector approval process speci-
fied by DSA.
3. The name of any special inspector to be used, in accor-
dance with Section 4-335(f)I(B).
4. When a replacement project inspector is retained, the
name of the person proposed as the new project inspec-
tor, together with an outline of his or her experience and
pertinent qualifications on a form prescribed by DSA.
The responsible architect or engineer shall provide general
direction of the work of the project inspector and shall immedi-
II ately notify the school board and DSA in writing if the project
inspector is found to be unable or unwilling to perform such
duties properly. This notification shall include a statement as to
whether the architect or engineer is recommending that DSA
withdraw its approval of the project inspector and that the
school board terminate the inspector's employment. Upon con-
currence by DSA, with the recommendation of the responsible
architect or engineer, DSA will communicate the withdrawal
of the project inspector's approval in writing to the inspector,
the school district and the responsible architect or engineer.
Upon completion of a terminating verified report, the inspec-
tor's duties and responsibilities for the project are ended.
In view of the architect or engineer's responsibilities for
directing the activities of the inspector, such responsible archi-
tect or engineer shall review and evaluate the inspector's quali-
fications before recommending the approval of the inspector to
DSA.
II
(e) Report of contract. The architect or registered engineer
in general responsible charge or the school board shall report
contract information and time of starting work to DSA. (See
Section 4-331.)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
(f) Architect or engineer verified reports. All architects and
registered engineers having responsibility for observation of the
work of construction shall maintain such personal contact with
the project as is necessary to assure themselves of compliance in
every material respect with the approved plans and specifica-
tions. Personal contact shall include visits to the project site by
the architect, engineer or their qualified representative to
observe the construction. Each architect or engineer shall submit
verified reports to DSA and provide a copy to the project inspec-
tor as required by Section 4-336. The architect or registered
engineer in general responsible charge shall also require that
verified reports from the project inspector, special inspectors,
testing facility, the geotechnical engineer, contractors and the
other architects and engineers are submitted as required.
(g) Structural tests and special inspection program. The II
architect or registered engineer in general responsible charge shall II
establish the extent of the structural tests and special inspection
program consistent with the needs of the particular project (see
Section 4-335) and shall issue specific instructions to the testing
facility and special inspectors prior to start of construction. He or
she shall also notify DSA as to the disposition of materials noted
on laboratory testing, and/or special inspection, reports as not
conforming to the DSA approved documents.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17302, 17309, 17310,81138,81141 and
81142.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAJSS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Archi-
tect/Structural Safety Section to amend Section 4-341, Part 1, Title 24,
C.C.R. Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effec-
tive July 1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards
Commission on December 9, 1992.
4-342. Duties of the project inspector.
(a) General. The project inspector shall act under the direc-
tion of the architect or registered engineer. The project inspec-
tor is also subject to supervision by DSA,
(b) Duties. The general duties of the project inspector in ful-
filling his or her responsibilities are as follows:
1. Continuous inspection requirement. The project
inspector must have actual personal knowledge, obtained
by personal and continuous inspection of the work of con-
struction in all stages of its progress, that the requirements
of the approved plans and specifications are being com-
pletely executed.
Continuous inspection means complete inspection of
every part of the work. Work, such as concrete work or
masonry work which can be inspected only as it is
placed, shall require the constant presence of the inspec-
tor. Other types of work which can be completely
inspected after the work is installed may be carried on
while the inspector is not present. In any case, the inspec-
tor must personally inspect every part of the work. In no
case shall the inspector have or assume any duties that
will prevent the inspector from giving continuous
inspection. DSA may require verification from the pro-
ject inspector of time spent at the constmction site during
all phases of the work.
57
II
II
II
II
II
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
58
The project inspector may obtain personal knowledge
of the work of construction, either on-site or off-site, per-
formed under the inspection of special inspectors and/or
assistant inspectors (Section 4-333). The project inspec-
tor may obtain personal knowledge that materials used in
the construction conform to the DSA approved docu-
ments by verifying test reports performed by DSA
accepted testing facilities, verifying materials certifica-
tions shipped with the materials, or other means as speci-
fied in the DSA approved documents and referenced
codes and standards. The project inspector shall be
responsible for monitoring the work of the special
inspectors and testing laboratories to ensure that the test-
ing program is satisfactorily completed. The project
inspector shall be responsible for supervising the work of
all assistant inspectors in accordance with Section
4-333( d). The exercise of reasonable diligence to obtain
the facts shall be required.
2. Relations with architect or engineer. Any uncertain-
ties in the inspector's comprehension of the plans and
specifications or inconsistencies or seeming errors in the
approved construction documents shall be reported
promptly to the architect or registered engineer for inter-
pretation and instructions. In no case shall the instruction
of the architect or registered engineer be construed to
cause work to be done which is not in conformity with
the DSA approved documents.
3. Job file. The project inspector shall keep and maintain a
file on the job at all times with all of the following:
A. DSA approved plans and specifications including
DSA approved addenda and all construction
change documents.
B. Applicable parts of the edition of Title 24, C.C.R.,
referred to in the plans and specifications, and any
pertinent reference standards.
C. DSA approved statement of structural tests and
special inspections.
D. Copies of project inspector's semi-monthly
reports.
E. Copies of all deviation notices and a log of all devi-
ation notices. The log shall reference all applicable
details and specification sections related to
nonconforming materials and workmanship
including field change documents, change orders,
addenda and deferred submittals. The log shall
describe an corrective actions taken whether per-
formed in accordance with DSA approved docu-
ments or not, the current status of each deviation
issue and the resolution for each issue.
F. Log documenting an signiiicant communications
with the design professionals, contractors, DSA rep-
resentatives and other persons involved in the pro-
ject. Significant communications include, but are not
limited to, interpretations, clarifications or directions
from the design professionals, issues identified by
DSA representatives, directives from the school
district, and start notices from the contractor.
G. Laboratory tests and inspection reports. II
H. Contractor's request for information (RFI) and
responses to the RFls.
I. Interpretations and clarifications from the design II
professional in general responsible charge.
J. Special inspection reports. II
K. Concrete placing operation records showing the
time and date of placing concrete and the time and
date of removal of forms in each portion of the
structure.
L. Welding operation records including identifica- II
tion marks of welders, lists of defective welds,
manner of correction of defects, etc.
M.Pile driving operation records including penetra- II
tion under the last 10 blows for each pile when
piles are driven for foundations.
N. Verified reports for all persons required by this
code to file verified reports.
O. Any other applicable documents required to pro-
vide a complete record of construction.
The job file shall be kept on the job site until the com-
pletion of the project and shall be readily accessible to
DSA personnel during site visits. A copy of the job file
shall be made available to DSA upon request. The job file,
with the exception of building codes and reference stan-
dards, shall be made a part of the permanent school district
records.
4. Project inspector's semimonthly reports. The project
inspector shall keep the architect or registered ellj:;lllieer
thorough1y informed as to the progress of the work by
making semimonthly reports in writing as required in
Section 4-337.
5. Notifications to DSA. The project inspectors shall
notify DSA by email at the following times:
A. When construction work on the project is started,
or restarted if previously suspended per Item D
below.
B. At least 48 hours in advance of the time when
foundation trenches will be complete, ready for
footing forms.
C. At least 48 hours in advance of the first placement
of foundation concrete and 24 hours in advance of
any subsequent and significant concrete place-
ment.
D. When all work on the project is suspended for a
period of more than one month. II
6. Deviations. The project inspector shall notify the contrac-
tor, in writing, of any deviations from the approved plans
and specifications which are not immediately corrected by
the contractor when brought to the contractor's attention.
Copies of such notice shall be forwarded immediately to
the architect or registered engineer, and to DSA.
Failure on the part of the project inspector to notify the
contractor of deviations from the approved plans and
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
specifications shall in no way relieve the contractor of
any responsibility to complete the work covered by his or
her contract in accordance with the approved plans and
specifications and all laws and regulations.
II 7. Inspector verified report. The project inspector shall
make and submit directly to DSA verified reports (see
Section 4-336). The project inspector shall prepare and
deliver to DSA detailed statements of fact regarding
materials, operations, etc., when requested.
II 8. Performance of duties. The inspector shall perform all
duties and render all services with honesty. Inspectors
who fail to carry out their duties in an ethical manner or
who engage in illegal activities may be subject to disci-
plinary action as defined in Section 4-342(d).
(c) Violations. Failure, refusal or neglect on the part of an
inspector to notify the contractor of any work which does not
comply with the requirements of the approved plans and speci-
fications, or failure, refusal or neglect to report immediately, in
writing, any such violation to the architect or registered engi-
neer, to the school board, and to DSA shall constitute a viola-
tion of the Act and shall be cause for DSA to take action which
may result in the withdrawal of the inspector's approval. The
State Architect or designee may take appropriate action as
described in Section 4-342(d) when any of the followingcondi-
tions exist:
1. The inspector has failed to fulfill any of the relevant
requirements of this code.
2. The inspector has been convicted of a crime considered
to be substantially related to the qualifications, functions
or duties of an inspector in a manner consistent with the
public health, safety or welfare.
(d) Disciplinary actions. Failure to satisfactorily perform
inspector duties identified in this code may be cause for DSA to
take action ( s) which include but are not limited to the following:
II 1. Requiring the inspector to meet with DSA in the regional
office for counseling.
2. Requiring the inspector to attend training classes.
3. Withdrawal of the inspector's approval for the project.
4. Downgrading of the inspector's class of certification.
5. Suspension of the inspector's certification.
6. Withdrawal of the inspector's certification.
(e) Notice of disciplinary actions. Notice of disciplinary
action shall specify the grounds for the actions taken.
(f) Criteria for reinstatement. When considering reversal
of any disciplinary action taken pursuant to Section 4-342(d),
the State Architect or designee evaluating the reinstatement of
an inspector's approval for a project, or certification, may con-
sider the following criteria:
1. Nature and severity of the act(s) or offense(s).
2. The time that has elapsed since the commission of the
act(s) or offense(s).
3. If applicable, evidence of expungement proceedings
pursuant to Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
(g) Filing an appeal.
1. The State Architect or hislher designee has the discretion II
to immediately order that approval of a project inspector
for a project, or certification, be temporarily invalidated
or to seek additional information, pending a final deter-
mination by the State Architect or his/her designee pur-
suant to Section 4-342(c). The decision to temporarily
invalidate approval of a project inspector for a project, or II
certification, will be made on a case by case basis, as nec-
essary to ensure public health, safety and welfare.
2. The State Architect or his/her designee shall provide the
appellant with written notice that their approval for a
project, or certification, has been temporarily invalidated
as of a specific date or is subject to suspension or denial
pursuant to Section 4-342(d), pending a final determina- II
tion. The written notice shall include the reasons for the
action being taken or investigated, as applicable, and
provide a summary of the facts and allegations. Service
of the written notice of the proposed action shall be con-
firmed by certified mail.
3. Written notice of the final determination by the State
Architect or his/her designee shall be confirmed by cer-
tified mail within 60 days from the initial written notifi-
cation. The time to render hislher determination may be
extended an additional 30 days, as necessary to con-
sider any additional supporting documentation pro-
vided to the State Architect relevant to the issue being
investigated.
4. An appeal of an action by the State Architect or his/her
designee to suspend approval of a project inspector for a II
project, or certification, or to deny renewal of a certifica- II
tion must be filed in writing with DSA within 60 days of
the date posted on the certified service of the written
notice of the final determination from the State Archi-
tect. Unless a hearing is specifically requested as pro-
vided in Section 4-342(g)6 the appeal will be based on an
analysis of the materials available.
5. Within 60 days from the date of receipt of the appeal the
State Architect or hislher designee shaH render hislher
determination on the appeal. The time to render the
determination may be extended an additional 30 days, as
necessary to conclude any research or investigation
required, at the discretion of the State Architect or hislher
designee.
6. Should an individual submit a written request for a
hearing, the State Architect may designate an appropri-
ate hearing officer to conduct the hearing. Written
notice of the date and time of the hearing and the rea-
sons for the action being taken or investigated, as appli-
cable, shall be provided to the appellant. The hearing
shall be limited in scope to the actions stated in the writ-
ten notice. The appellant may bring a representative of
his/her choice.
7. The appellant shall be notified in writing of the determi-
nation made by State Architect or hislher designee
regarding the appeal. Service of the written notice of the
decision shall be confirmed by certified mail.
59
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
8. Any appeal of a decision rendered by the State Architect
or his/her designee to rescind approval for a project or
certification may be appealed to the Superior Court.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17309, 17311,81141 and 81143.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-342, Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December ]5,1992; effective July
I, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, ] 992.
4-343. Duties of the contractor.
(a) Responsibilities. It is the duty of the contractor to com-
plete the work covered by his or her contract in accordance with
the approved plans and specifications therefore. The contractor
in no way is relieved of any responsibility by the activities of
the architect, engineer, inspector or DSA in the performance of
such duties.
(b) Performance of the work. The contractor shall carefully
study the approved plans and specifications and shall plan a
schedule of operations well ahead of time. If at any time it is
discovered that work is being done which is not in accordance
with the approved plans and specifications, the contractor shall
correct the work immediately.
An inconsistencies or items which appear to be in error in the
plans and specifications shall be promptly called to the attention
of the architect or registered engineer, through the inspector, for
interpretation or correction. In no case, however, shall the instruc-
tion of the architect or registered engineer be construed to cause
work to be done which is not in conformity with the approved
plans, specifications and construction change documents.
The contractor must notify the project inspector, in writing,
II of the commencement of construction of each and every aspect
of the work at least 48 hours in advance.
The contractor must notify the inspector of the completion
of each aspect of the work.
(c) Contractor verified reports. The contractor shall make
and submit to DSA from time to time, verified reports as
required in Section 4-336.
If work on the building is being done by independent con-
tractors, having contracts with the school board, verified
reports shall be submitted by each contractor regardless of the
type of work involved.
Authority: Education Code Sections 173] 0 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17280, 17309, 81] 30 and 81141.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Archi teet/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-343, Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-344. Duties of mechanical and electrical engineers. The
architect or structural engineer in general responsible charge is
responsible for the designs prepared by the mechanical and
electrical engineers, except that where plans, specifications
60
and estimates for alterations or repairs do not involve
architectural or structural changes said plans, specifications
and estimates may be prepared and work of construction may
be observed by a professional engineer in general responsible
charge who is duly qualified to perform such services and who
holds a valid certificate under Chapter 7 of Division 3 of the
Business and Professions Code for performance of services in
that branch of engineering in which said plans, specifications,
and estimates and work of construction are applicable.
The mechanical or electrical engineer shall fulfill the duties
outlined in Section 4-341 when assuming general responsible
charge and shall submit verified reports as required in Section
4-336. When accepting delegated responsibility he or she shall
comply with the requirements of Sections 4-336 and 4-341
insofar as these may relate to the work delegated to him or her.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17302, 17309,81133,81138 and
81141.
HISTORY:
1. (OSA/SS] /92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-344, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1,1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
ARTICLE 7
EXAMINATION AND REPORT
OF EXISTING BUILDINGS
4-345. Request for examination.
(a) Examination and report requested of DSA by the
school district. Upon written request by the governing board
of any school district or by at least 10 percent of the parents
having pupils enrolled in any school district as certified to by
the county superintendent of schools, DSA shall make an
examination and report on the structural condition of any
school building of the district. DSA must report whether or not
each building examined is substantially compliant with appli-
cable code provisions. Whether or not such examination is
requested of DSA is entirely optional with the school district or II
parents concerned, and consequently, in making such examina-
tion and report DSA acts as the agent of the school district to
whom DSA makes its report and by whom it is guided in deter-
mining the extent and character of the examination made.
DSA may prescribe a form, which shall be filled out by the II
applicant, supplying such information as is available.
DSA is not authorized to prepare plans or make estimates of
the cost necessary to make such repairs to the building or build-
ings as are necessary to meet structural safety standards. (See
Sections 17367 and 81162 of the Education Code.)
(b) Examination and report by school district's struc-
tural engineer. The school district may retain a structural engi-
neer' at the school district's expense, to examine and report on
the structural condition of any school building of the district.
The structural engineer shall consu1t with DSA for guidance as
to the standard of safety to which the structural condition must
measure. The structural engineer must report on whether or not
each of the buildings examined is safe or unsafe for school use,
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
and whether or not each of the buildings is substantially com-
I I pliant with applicable code requirements as required by DSA
under Section 4-345 (a) above.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17313 and 81145.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAJSS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-345, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-346. Cost of examinations done by DSA. Upon completion
of the examination by DSA and the submission of the report
thereof to the school board, DSA shall submit a statement of
the actual expense involved in the examination and preparation
of report. Payment by the school board shall be made to DSA
upon receipt of the statement of expense involved unless
waived by DSA upon recommendation of the state superinten-
dent of public instruction.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17313 and 81145.
HISTORY:
L (OSAJSS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-346, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
I, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
ARTICLE 8
DOCUMENTS AND RECORDS
4-350. Records. The records pertaining to the supervision of
II the construction of school buildings by DSA are public docu-
ments and are open to inspection during office hours. Docu-
ments shall not be taken from the custody of DSA except as
required by law.
Examination reports prepared under the provisions of Sec-
tions 17313 and 81145 of the Act (See Section 4-345) are con-
sidered to be the property of the school board. Inquiries
regarding examination reports shall be referred to the school
board concerned.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17313, 11133 and 81145; and
Health & Safety Code Sections 19850 through 19853.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAJSS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-350, Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-351. Location of records. A file of school building plans,
specifications and documents for currently active school pro-
jects in each of four regions of the state is maintained in the
respective DSA regional office: Oakland (Region 1), Sacra-
mento (Region II), Los Angeles (Region III) and San Diego
(Region IV). Completed or closed project records including
files, plans and specifications are stored in the State Records
Center in Sacramento or in electronic format at the regional
offices.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17299, 17309,81133,81135 and
81 ]41.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAJSS 1192) Regular order by the Office ofthe State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-351, Part 1, Title 24, C.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
4-352. Submission of documents.
(a) Application. Applications for approval of plans and
specifications shall be submitted to the DSA regional office
serving the project location unless specific approval for
submittal elsewhere is given by the State Architect. Processing II
shall be completed by the receiving office but portions of the
work may be reassigned.
(b) Construction documents. All documents such as
notices (see Sections 4-331 and 4-332), qualification records II
(see Sections 4-333 and 4-341), test reports (see Section
4-335), special inspection reports Section 4-335), verified II
reports Section 4-336), and semimonthly reports (see Sec-
tion 4-337) shall be submitted to the appropriate DSA regional
office according to location of project.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17295, 17299, 17309,81133,81135 and
81141.
HISTORY:
1. (OSAJSS 1/92) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-352, PartI, Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
], 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
ARTICLE 9
STATE ADVISORY BOARD TO THE DIVISION
OF THE STATE ARCHITECT FOR THE FIELD ACT
4-355. Advisory board.
(a) General. The State Architect may appoint an advisory
board whose duty it is to serve in an advisory capacity to DSA
in connection with technical or structura1 matters and with ref-
erence to regulations and requirements pertaining to the
administration of the Act. This board shall also act as a board of
review relating to enforcement of Title 24 for building projects
under the jurisdiction of DSA.
(b) Membership. The board shall consist of 17 members
appointed by the State Architect. Of the appointive members:
two shall be structural engineers; two shall be architects; one
shall be a geotechnical engineer; one shall be a general contrac-
tor; one shall be a local building official; one shall be an electri-
cal engineer; one shall be a mechanical engineer; two shall be
school district personnel; one shall be a project inspector; one
shall be a fire and panic safety representative; one shall repre-
sent the field of accessibility compliance; one shall represent
community colleges personnel; and two shall be members of
the general public.
Each member shall be appointed for a term of four years and
shall hold office until the appointment and qualification of his
or her successor or until one year has elapsed since the expira-
61
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
tion of the term for which he or she was appointed, whichever
first occurs. No person shall serve as a member of the board for
more than two consecutive terms. The State Architect may
remove any member of the board for neglect of duty or other
just cause. All appointed board members may vote.
The State Architect may also appoint up to three additional
ex officio members. State Architect-appointed ex officio mem-
bers may continue to serve until appointment of their succes-
sors by the State Architect. Appointed ex officio members may
vote.
Appointive members, except for the public members and the
appointed ex officio members, shall be qualified by close con-
nection with public school and state building design and con-
struction. They shall be appointed from nominees recommended
by the governing bodies of California-based professional orga-
nizations representing school districts, architects, engineers,
construction inspectors, construction managers, consultants and
facility planners, contractors, building officials and fire and
panic safety representatives.
There shall be eight state representative members of the
board, who shall be: the State Architect; the State Geologist;
the Executive Director of the California Seismic Safety Com-
mission; the State Superintendent of Public Instruction; the
Chancellor, California Community Colleges; the Director of
the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development; the
Deputy Director of the Department of General Services, Real
Estate Services Division; and, the State Fire Marshal; or their
officially designated representatives. These members are not
entitled to vote.
(c) Meetings. The board shall elect its own chairperson and
vice chairperson and shall convene upon the call of the chair-
person or the State Architect whenever it may be necessary in
his or her judgment for the board to meet. The board shall adopt
such rules of procedure as are necessary to enable it to perform
the obligations delegated to it. The chairperson of the board
shall at his or her discretion or upon instructions from the board
designate subcommittees to study and report back to the board
any technical subject or matter regarding which an independent
review or further study is desired or regarding which appeal is
62
made to the board from decisions or rulings of the office. The
board members will be reimbursed from the fund defined in
Sections 17301 and 81137 of the Act for their reasonable actual
expenses in attending meetings, but shall receive no compensa-
tion for their services.
Authority: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81142.
Reference: Education Code Sections 17310 and 81] 42.
HISTORY:
1. Editorial renumbering of Article 5 to Article 9 to correct printing error
(Register 83, No. 45).
2. (OSAISS 1192) Regular order by the Office of the State Architect/Struc-
tural Safety Section to amend Section 4-355, Part 1 , Title 24, c.c.R.
Filed with the Secretary of State on December 15, 1992; effective July
1, 1993. Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on December 9, 1992.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 4
Administrative Regulations for the
Division of State Architect, Structural Safety
(Title 24, Part 1, California Code of Regulations)
The format of the history notes has been changed to be consis-
tent with the other parts of the California Building Standards
Code. The history notes for prior changes remain within the
text of this code.
1. (DSA-SS 1102) Chapter 4, Section 4-309. Reconstruc-
tion or Alternation Projects in Excess of $25,000 in Cost.
Approved by the Building Standards Commission on May 14,
2003 and effective 180 days after publication.
2. (DSA-SS EF 02/03) Emergency adoption/approval of
technical design and construction building standards for the
adaptive reuse of existing building public school use: C.C.R.,
Title 24, Part 1. Approved by the California Building Standards
Commission on May 14, 2003 and filed with Secretary of State
on May 15,2003. Effective May 15,2003.
3. (DSA-SS EF 04/03) Emergency re-adoption/re-approval
of technical design and construction building standards for the
adaptive reuse of existing building public school use; C.C.R.,
Title 24, Part 1. Approved by the California Building Standards
Commission on July 16, 2003 and filed with Secretary of State
on September 10,2003. Effective September 10, 2003.
4. (DSA-SS EF 04/03) Emergency re-adoption/re-approval
of technical design and construction building standards for the
adaptive reuse of existing building public school use; C.C.R.,
Title 24, Part 1. Approved as permanent by the California
Building Standards Commission on January 7, 2004 and filed
with the Secretary of State on January 8, 2004. Effective Janu-
ary 8, 2004.
5. (DSA-SS 03/06) Editorial amendments to administrative
standards for public elementary and secondary schools and
community colleges which correlate with DSA-SS adoption of
the 2006 International Building Code into Part 2 of Title 24.
Effective January 1,2008.
6. (DSA-SS EF 01109) Modification to project renewal
timeframes. Approved by the commission January 22, 2009
and filed with the Secretary of State on January 26, 2009 with
an effective date of January 26,2009.
7. Erratum to correct editorial errors in preface and Chapter 4.
8. (DSA-SS EF 02110) Emergency rulemaking to amend
Articles 2 through 6, Part 1 Title 24, Chapter 4, effective on
August 17, 2010, approved as permanent on January 19,2011.
9. (DSA-SS 01112) Amend Chapter 4, Article 1, Section
4-302,4-305,4-306,4-307,4-309,4-310, Article 2, Section
4-314, Article 3, Section 4-315,4-316,4-317, Article 4, Sec-
tion 4-320,4-323,4-324,4-325,4-326,4-327, Article 5, Sec-
tion 4-330,4-331,4-332, 4-333,4-335, 4-336, 4-337, 4-339,
Article 6, Section 4-341, 4-342, 4-343, Article 7, Section
4-345, Article 8, Section 4-350, 4-352, Article 9, Section
4-355. Approved by the California Building Standards Com-
mission on January 23, 2013, filed with the Secretary of State
on January 28, 2013, and effective 30 days after filing with Sec-
retary of State.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 63
64 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 5
ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS BY PERSONS WITH DISABI ES
ARTICLE 1
COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES
5 .. 101. Purpose. These regulations implement Sections 4450
et seq. of the Government Code to ensure that where state funds
are utilized for the construction or alteration of any public
building or facility or where the funds of counties, municipali-
ties or other political subdivisions are utilized for the construc-
tion or alteration of elementary, secondary or community
college buildings and facilities that the plans and specifications
for such buildings and facilities are reviewed by the Division of
the State Architect (DSA) and certified to be in compliance
with California law requiring access for persons with disabili-
ties prior to a contract being awarded.
Authority: Government Code Sections 4450, 4453 and 4454.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. New Group 2 (81 through 86) filed 3-5-71 as an emergency; effective
on filing. Certificate of Compliance included (Register 71, No. 10). For
history of former Group 2 see Register 66, No. 38.
2. Amendment filed 11-24-78; designated effective 1-1-79 (Register 78,
No. 47).
5-102. General. For the purpose of assuring compliance with
minimum requirements for accessibility by persons with
disabilities, the governmental agency controlJing the appropri-
ation from which the project is funded shall submit an applica-
tion, together with plans and full, complete and accurate
specifications and filing fee, to the State Architect. The DSA
will process the documents. Written approval shall be obtained
prior to award of a construction contract.
Authority: Government Code Section 4453.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
L Amendment filed 11-24-78; designated effective 1-1-79 (Register 78,
No. 47).
5-103. Application. For each project to be reviewed and certi-
fied, a separate application (Form DSA -1) shall be submitted to
the DSA. The application shall be accompanied by a complete
set of project plans and specifications and an appropriate filing
fee (see Section 5-104).
The above documents shall be submitted to one of the fol-
lowing regional offices:
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT
OAKLAND REGIONAL OFFICE
1515 Clay Street, Suite 1201
Oakland, CA 94612
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT
SAN DIEGO REGIONAL OFFICE
10920 Via Frontera, Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT
SACRAMENTO REGIONAL OFFICE
1] 02 Q Street, Suite 5200
Sacramento, CA 95811
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT
LOS ANGELES REGIONAL OFFICE
700 N. Alameda St., Suite 5-500
Los Angeles, CA 90012
The application shall be considered received when all the
required documents and fees have been received by the office
and the application number assigned.
The documents submitted for review and used for certifica-
tion shall be retained by the DSA,
Authority: Government Code Section 4454.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. Amendment filed Il-24-78; designated effective 1-1-79 (Register 78,
No. 47). For prior history, see Register 76, No. 25.
2. Renumbering and amendment of former Section 83 to Section 83.1
filed 8-30-84; effective upon filing pursuant to Government Code Sec-
tion 11346.2(d) (Register 84, No. 35).
3. Erratum to reflect locations of offices.
5-104. Fees.
(a) The filing fee for projects under applications received on or
after March 1,2013, shall befive-tenths of one percent (0,5%) II
of the first $500,000,00 of the estimated project cost plus
twenty-five one-hundredths of one percent (0.25%) of the pro- II
ject cost greater than $500,000.00 up to and including
$2,000,000.00 plus one-tenth of one percent (0.1%) of the II
excess of the estimated project cost over $2,000,000.00, except
that the minimum fee in any case shall be $500.00. II
Example of filing fee to accompany application:
Estimated project cost = $250,000.00
.005 x $250,000.00
Estimated project cost =::; $1,500,000.00
.005 x $500,000.00
.0025 x $1,000,000.00
Estimated project cost $5,000,000.00
.005 x $500,000.00
.0025 x $1,500,000.00
.001 x $3,000,000.00
$1,250.00
$2,500.00
2,500.00
$5,000.00
$2,500.00
3,750.00
3,000.00
$9.250.00
(b) The fee schedule in effect at the time of filing shall apply
throughout the duration of such application.
(c) When the actual project cost exceeds the estimated cost a
further fee for such projects shall become due and shall be equal
to the difference between the filing fee paid and the amount com-
puted under the schedule above using the actual cost of the pro-
ject. The actual project cost shall be detennined as directed in
Section 5-105 and billed according to Section 5-107.
(d) If the applicant requests the cancellation or withdrawal of
the application and return of the plans and specifications and fil-
65
II
II
ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
ing fee, this shall be granted unless the review has begun. No
portion of the filing fee can be returned after the review has
started.
( e) Beginning in J ul y 2009, with a review in 2011 and within
every four years thereafter, the State Architect shall review the
fee schedule and make a written determination whether the fees
are sufficient to fund the programs.
(i) If the State Architect determines that a lesser amount is
sufficient to maintain the programs, the fees may be reduced
for a period up to four years.
(ii) If the State Architect determines that a greater amount
is necessary to maintain the programs utilizing these funds,
the State Architect shall propose a fee schedule increase.
Authority: Government Code Section 4453.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. New section filed 8-30-84; effective upon filing pursuant to Govern-
ment Code Section 11346.2(d) (Register 84, No. 35).
2. (OSAIAC-A 1/89) Editorial transfer from CCR, Title 21 to Title 24
11-1-89.
3. (OSAIAC-A 2/89) Amend CCR, Title 24, Part 1, Sec. 5-104 (a) (b),
effective 1-1-90. Approved by Building Standards Commission
10-30-89.
4. (OSAIAC EF 1/92) Emergency order by the Office of the State Archi-
tect/Access Compliance to amend Section 5-104 (a), Part 1, Title 24,
California Code of Regulations. Filed as an emergency order with the
secretary of state February 25, 1992; effective March 1, 1992.
Approved as an emergency by the California Building Standards Com-
mission on February 24, 1992.
5. (OSAI AC EF 1/92) Emergency order by the Office of the State Archi-
tect/Access Compliance to amend Section 5-104 (a), Part 1, Title 24,
California Code of Regulations; approved by the California Building
Standards Commission on February 24, 1992; filed as an emergency
order with the secretary of state February 25, 1992, and effective March
1,1992, has lapsed. No action was taken by the OSAIAC to make these
regulations permanent; therefore, the initial regulations are back in
effect as of June 29, 1992.
5-105. Project cost. For purposes of determining the fees, both
the estimated and actual project cost shall be the cost for the
total outlay contemplated for all work included in the certified
plans and specifications. The term "project" shall be defined as
all buildings and other structures, together with the develop-
ment of the site, but in the event the plans and specifications
submitted with the application do not provide for the construc-
tion of, addition or alteration to a building or structure, then it
shall be for the site development proposed in the application.
The actual project cost shall include all items which are nor-
mally considered to be contractors operation costs. Addenda or
change order items which increase the contract amount shall be
included in the final actual project cost computation.
A11 fees and/or reimbursable charges paid the construction
managers shall be included in the actual project cost. When the
contract for the work includes items not otherwise subject to
the approval of the office and not included in the approved
plans and specifications the actual cost shall include this work
unless such costs are segregated by separate bid items or by
separately priced items of change orders, or by a certified copy
of the subcontractor's bid. Such segregation shall not be made
by contract price breakdown or estimates.
Authority: Government Code Section 4454.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
66
HISTORY:
1. New section filed 8-30-84; effective upon filing pursuant to Govern-
ment Code Section 11346.2 (d) (Register 84, No. 35).
5-106. Revision of plans and specifications. Revisions are
changes to plans or specifications made after DSA approval.
Revisions shall be submitted to and approved by DSA.
An hourly fee may be charged to the applicant for the review
of revisions to approved plans and specifications.
If the original plans are abandoned and the plans and specifi-
cations submitted in lieu thereof are in fact for a new project
rather than an identical project, or where a modified set of plans
is for an essentially different concept, it is necessary that a new
application be filed and a fee paid. This is regardless of the fact
that the project may have the same name, be of the same general
size, and be situated at the same location as the project for
which the original application was made.
Authority: Government Code Section 4454.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. New section filed 8-30-84; effective upon filing pursuant to Govern-
ment Code Section 11346.2(d) (Register 84, No. 35).
5-107. Billing for further fees. For public school projects the
DSA shall determine whether or not further fees are due and
shall bill the district for such further fees.
For projects other than public schools, the applicant or
owner shall submit to the office a report verifying the actual
project cost within 90 days after the completion of the project.
This actual project cost shall be the basis for the further fee
computation. The accuracy and timely submission of this
actual project cost report shall be the responsibility of the
owner or his designated agent. The owner shall be billed for
further fees upon completion of the project or portion thereof if
fee is due.
Authority: Government Code Section 4454.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. New section filed 8-30-84; effective upon filing pursuant to Govern-
ment Code Section 11346.2 (d) (Register 84, No. 35).
5-108. Refunds. Claims for refunds of five dollars or less due
to errors in cost reporting or fee computation shall be made
within one year from the date of payment.
Authority: Government Code Section 4454.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. New section filed 8-30-84; effective upon filing pursuant to Govern-
ment Code Section 11346.2( d) (Register 84, No. 35).
5-109. Review of plans and specifications. The DSA will
review the submitted documents to ensure that the require-
ments cited in Article 1 are fully met.
Authority: Government Code Section 4453.
Reference: Government Code Section 4454.
HISTORY:
1. Amendment filed 11-24-78; designated effective 1-1-79 (Register 78,
No. 47).
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
5-110. Written approval.
(a) Approval obtained. Upon completion of review, DSA
will return to the awarding authority a written approval, if the
documents comply with the requirements. This approval of the
application constitutes the "written approval" required by Sec-
tion 4454 of the Government Code. No changes or revisions
shall be made following written approval which affect access
compliance items unless such changes or revisions are submit-
ted to the DSA for approval.
(b) Approval denied. If the documents fail to meet the
requirements of these regulations, DSA will return to the
awarding authority the plans with corrections noted thereon
together with instructions for resubmittal of the plans and spec-
ifications. The corrected plans are the property of the Division
of the State Architect and shall be returned within six months or
the application will be void. No valid construction contract
may be awarded before written approval is obtained.
(c) Unauthorized deviations. In the event that there is an
unauthorized deviation from the requirements of these regula-
tions with respect to the standards specified, the same shall be
rectified by full compliance therewith within ninety (90) days
after discovery of such deviation.
(d) Notification. Where the State Architect is the enforce-
ment authority and any project is proposed to be approved and
such approval action would deny accessibility either required
by Sections 4450 and 4458, inclusive, of the Government Code
to persons with disabilities, or by reason of an equivalent facili-
tation exception granted pursuant to Section 4451 of the Gov-
ernment Code, the State Architect shall notify affected persons
with disabilities or organizations and others who have made
written requests to be informed as to such proposals under con-
sideration.
Authority: Government Code Sections 4450 and 4460 and Health and Safety
Code Section 18949.
Reference: Government Code Section 4460.
HISTORY:
1. Amendment filed 11-24-78; designated effective 1-1-79 (Register 78,
No. 47).
2. New subsection (d) filed 3-6-81 as an emergency; effective upon filing
(Register 81, No. 10). A Certificate of Compliance must be transmitted
to OAL within 120 days or emergency language will be repealed on
7-4-81.
3. Order of Repeal of3-6-81 emergency order filed 3-13-81 by OAL pur-
suant to Government Code Section I 1349.6 (Register 81, No. 11).
4. New subsection (d) filed 7-28-82; effective thirtieth day (Register 82,
No. 31).
5. Amendment of subsection filed 7-17-85; effective thirtieth day
thereafter (Register 85, No.
5-111. General requirements. General requirements and
building standards are located in Title 24, Part 2.
ARTICLE 2
DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT-
ACCESS COMPLIANCE PROCESSING
PRODUCT APPROVALS
January 1, 2001
Detectable warning products and directional surfaces installed
after January 1, 200 1 shall be evaluated by an independent
2013 CALIFORNIA ADIVIU\lISTRATIVE CODE
ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
entity, selected by the Department of General Services,
Division of the State Architect, Access Compliance, for al1
occupancies, including transportation and other outdoor envi-
ronments, except that when products and surfaces are for use in
residential housing, evaluation shall be in consultation with the
Department of Housing and Community Development. See
Government Code Section 4460.
5-201. Processing independent entity evaluation approvals
(IEEA). Independent Entity Evaluation Approvals shall be
registered in the Division of the State Architect (DSA) head-
quarters office.
To maintain a central file for all IEEA and to operate within
the current DSA program, certain administration and all
accounting shall be performed at the DSA headquarters office
under the direction of the Principal Architect.
5-202. IEEA application procedure.
1. Upon receipt of an IEEA application, send the applica-
tion fee and a copy of the application to the DSA head-
quarters office, attention: Access Compliance.
2. A paper file will be created for each IEEA, which will
initially include a copy of the application and the applica-
tion fee. Headquarters personnel will then file the prod-
uct, manufacturer and registration information, creating
an IEEA number.
3. The application fee will be given to the headquarters'
cashier for deposit.
5-203. IEEA acceptance procedure.
1. Prior to issuing IEEA acceptance, it is required that all
fees be paid. If fees are due, please contact the manufac-
turer for payment and forward the payment to the DSA
headquarters office, along with the request for the addi-
tional payment.
2. The fee, if any, will be given to the headquarters' cashier
for filing and deposit.
3. The acceptance letter will be retained at DSA headquar-
ters, Access Compliance. A copy of the status approval
letter will be returned to the applicant.
4. Headquarters' personnel will register, prepare and dis-
tribute all necessary copies of the acceptance letter. The
original file shall be maintained at headquarters.
5-204. Accounting of IEEA. Income for IEEA will be earned
in the month in which they are banked. This money will be
applied to Disability Access Account for deposit.
5-205. Contacts for questions.
1. IEEA Contact-DSA headquarters, attention: Access
Compliance, IEEA Program.
2. Headquarters Administration Contact-DSA headquar-
ters, attention: Access Compliance, IEEA Program.
3. Headquarters Accounting Contact-DSA headquarters,
Accounting.
Authority: Government Code Sections 4450, 4460 and Health and Safety
Code Section 18949.1.
Reference: Government Code Section 4460.
67
ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
ARTICLE 3
ACCEPTANCE OF DETECTABLE WARNING
AND DIRECrlONAL SURFACE PRODUCTS FOR
MANUFACTURERS AND DESIGN PROFESSIONALS
January 1, 2001
Detectable warning products and directional surfaces installed
after January 1, 2001 shall be evaluated by an independent
entity, selected by the Department of General Services, Divi-
sion of the State Architect, Access Compliance, for all occu-
pancies, including transportation and other outdoor
environments, except that when products and surfaces are for
use in residential housing, evaluation shall be in consultation
with the Department of Housing and Community Develop-
ment. See Government Code Section 4460.
5-301. Division of the State Architect, Access Compliance,
acceptance of product. The procedure for the DSA-AC
acceptance of manufactured products is detailed in this article.
All products require prior evaluation by a recognized evalua-
tion agency that has a program specifically intended for such
purposes. DSA-AC shall review the evaluation report for com-
pliance with related and appropriate national standards and
Title 24 requirements.
5-301.1. Product submittal. Products must meet the require-
ments of Section 5-301.
5-301.2. Division of the State Architect, Access Compli-
ance, products exempt from evaluation by a recognized
agency. No products can be approved for use that do not
require evaluation by a recognized evaluation agency.
5-301.3. Products evaluated by recognized state and city
agencies. No products can be approved by any state and city
68
agencies for use that do not require evaluation by a recognized
evaluation agency.
5-301.4. Products evaluated by a recognized evaluation
agency. Products must have, as a minimum, an approved report
published by a nationally recognized evaluation agency. With-
out an evaluation report, the applicant will be required to obtain
such a report or will be denied acceptance on DSA-AC pro-
jects. The report and its evaluation criteria may be reviewed for
compliance with national standards.
5-301.5. Development ofDSA acceptance criteria. Develop-
ment of new DSA-AC acceptance criteria shall be based on
acceptance criteria from a recognized evaluation agency.
5-301.6. Marking. Each detectable warning and directional
surface product shall be provided with:
1. Label indicating the DSA label number,
2. Manufacturer's product number, and
3. Product approval expiration date.
Authority: Government Code Sections 4450 and 4460 and Health and Safety
Code Section 18949.1,
Reference: Government Code Section 4460.
ARrlCLE 4
APPLICATION FOR INDEPENDENT
ENTITY EVALUATION APPROVAL (IEEA)
5-401. Application for IEEA. The following form must be
filed in duplicate:
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
APPLICATION FOR IEAA FORM
(Filed in Duplicate)
1. Product Name: _____________ _
2. Description of Product: __________ _
Expiration
3. Intended Product Use: __________ _
4. Company Name: _____________ _
5. Company Address: ____________ _
6. Contact
Title: ________________ _
Contact Person's Phone Number: _______ _
Contact Person's Fax Number: ________ _
7. Name of Applicant: ___________ _
8. Signature of Applicant: __________ _
Date: ____________ _
9. Application Fee Submitted: _________ _
Please make checks payable to Division of the State Architect, Access Compliance
New Submittal:
Revised Submittal:
$1,500.00
$500.00
Fees shown are for initial application. Additonal time expended during product review
in excess of the initial fee will be billed on an hourly basis.
10. Return application, check and submittal to:
Division of the State Architect-Access Compliance
1102 Q Street, Suite 5100
Sacramento, CA 95811
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 69
ACCESS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 5
Administrative Regulations for the Division of the State Architect, Access Compliance
(Title 24, Part 1, California Code of Regulations)
The format of the history notes has been changed to be consis-
tent with the other parts of the California Building Standards
Code. The history notes for prior changes remain within the
text of this code.
l. (DSA-AC 2/01) Adoption of detectable warning prod-
ucts and standards, Chapter 5, Articles 2, 3 and 4. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on November
28,2001. Filed with the Secretary of State on March 1,2002,
effective April 2, 2002.
2. (DSA-AC 05/04) Changes without regulatory effect to
addresses in Section 5-103 and an acronym in Section 5-202.
Filed with Secretary of State on June 28, 2006 and effective
30th day after filing with Secretary of State.
3. (DSA-AC 03/06) Repeal of duplicate provisions and edi-
torial and formatting amendments to administrative standards
for implementing facility access in conformance with Califor-
nia Law and federally recognized accessibility standards.
Effective January 1,2008.
4. (DSA-AC 04/09) Revisions to Section 5-104, Fees, by
State and Consumer Services Agency on behalf of the Division
of State Architect-Access Compliance. Effective February 13,
2010.
5. (DSA-AC 02112) Amend Chapter 5, Section 5-104 and
5-106. Approved by the California Building Standards Com-
mission on January 2013, filed with the Secretary of State
on January 28, 2013, and effective 30 days after filing with Sec-
retary of State.
70 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 6
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS FOR THE
OFFICE OF STATEWIDE HEALTH PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT (OSHPD)
ARTICLE 1
DEFINITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS
1.0 Scope. The regulations in this article shall apply to the
administrative procedures necessary to implement the seismic
retrofit requirements of the Alfred E. Alquist Hospital Facili-
ties Seismic Safety Act of 1983.
1.1 Application. The regulations shall apply to all general
acute care hospital facilities as defined in Section 1.2 of these
regulations.
1.2 Definitions. Unless otherwise stated, the words and
phrases defined in this section shall have the meaning stated
therein throughout Chapter 6, Part 1, Title 24.
ADMINISTRATIVE EXTENSION means an extension not
to exceed two years granted while the hospital's application for
an extension pursuant to Section 1.5.2 Item 8 is being reviewed
by the Office.
ALTERNATIVE ANALYSIS means a complete seismic analy-
sis using methodology approved in advance by the Office and
meeting the criteria of Article 2, Section 2.7 of these regulations.
BULK MEDICAL GAS SYSTEM means an assembly of
fixed equipment such as storage containers, pressure regula-
tors, pressure relief deVices, vaporizers, manifolds and inter-
connecting piping that has a capacity of more than 20,000
cubic feet (NTP) of cryogenic medical gas.
COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM means the assembly of
equipment such as telephone switchgear, computers, batteries,
radios, microwave communications systems, towers and antennas
that provide essential internal and external communication links.
COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE means a signifi-
cant portion of the structural elements have exceeded their ulti-
mate capacities for some critical structural elements or
connections have failed, resulting in dangerous permanent lat-
eral displacement, partial collapse or collapse of the entire build-
ing. A Complete Structural Damage would be a loss of 100% of
the building's replacement cost.
CONFORMING BUILDING means a building originally
constructed in compliance with the requirements of the 1973 or
subsequent edition of the California Building Code.
CRITICAL CARE AREA means those special care units, inten-
sive care units, coronary care units, angiography laboratories, car-
diac catheterization laboratories, delivery rooms, emergency
rooms, operating rooms, postoperative recovery rooms and similar
areas in which patients are intended to be subjected to invasive pro-
cedures and connected to line-operated, electromedical devices.
CRITICAL COMMUNITY PROVIDER means hospitals
detenmned to be critical to community access to healthcare, as
determined in Section 1.5.2 Item 8.5.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY (EPS) means the source
of electric power including all related electrical and mechani-
cal components of the proper size or capacity, or both, required
for the generation of the required electrical power at the EPS
output terminals. For rotary energy converters, components of
an EPS include the prime mover, cooling system, generator,
excitation system, starting system, control system, fuel system
and lube system (if required).
ESSENTIAL ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS means a system as
defined in the California Electrical Code, Article 517 "Health
Care Facilities," Chapter 5, Part 3 of Title 24.
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM means a system or portion of a
combination system consisting of components and circuits
arranged to monitor and annunciate the status of fire alarm or
supervisory signal initiating devices and to initiate appropriate
response to those signals.
FUNCTIONAL CONTIGUOUS GROUPING means a group
of hospital buildings, each of which contains the primary source
of one or more basic service that are operationally interconnected
in a manner acceptable to the Department of Health Services.
GENERAL ACUTE CARE HOSPITAL as used in Chapter 6,
Part 1 means a hospital building as defined in Section 129725 of
the Health and Safety Code and that is also licensed pursuant to
subdivision (a) of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code,
but does not include these buildings if the beds licensed pursuant
to subdivision (a) of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code,
as of January 1, 1995, comprise 10 percent or less of the total
licensed beds of the total physical plant, and does not include
facilities owned or operated, or both, by the Department of Cor-
rections. It also precludes hospital buildings that may be licensed
under the above mentioned code sections, but provide skilled
nursing or acute psychiatric services only_
HOSPITAL EQUIPMENT means equipment permanently
attached to the building utility services such as surgical,
morgue, and recovery room fixtures, radiology equipment,
medical gas containers, food service fixtures, essentiallabora-
tory equipment, TV supports, etc.
HYBRID STRUCTURE means a structure consisting of an
original and one or more additions, constructed at different
times, and with lateral-force-resisting systems of different
types, or constructed with differing materials or a different
design approach. The original building and additions are inter-
connected and not seismically isolated.
NONCONFORMING BUILDING means any building that is
not a conforming building.
NONSTRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY
(NPC) means a measure of the probable seismic performance of
building contents and nonstructural systems critical to providing
basic services to inpatients and the public following an earth-
quake, as defined in Article 11, Table 11.1 of these regulations.
71
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
PATIENT ORIGIN REGION is a geographic area bounded
by the same U.S. Postal Service five-digit Zip Code. For the
purposes of determining the hospital service area the patient
origin region may be referred to as "region."
PRIMARY SOURCE means that building or portion of a
building identified by the hospital as housing the main or prin-
cipal source of a basic hospital service, serving the greatest
number of patients, providing the greatest number of patient
beds, or having the largest/greatest floor space of the specified
basic service. The hospital may submit data to substantiate the
primary source through alternative criteria if different than
above.
PRINCIPAL HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONS means the
two predominant orthogonal translational modes of vibration
with the lowest frequency.
PROBABILITY OF COLLAPSE means the fraction of build-
ing that is expected to collapse given that the ground motions
defined in Section 1.4.5.1.2.1.4 occur at the building site.
REGION see definition for "patient origin region."
SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURAL DEFICIENCY means an
attribute of the structure considered to be significant with
respect to Probability of Collapse.
SLENDER SEISMIC RESISTING SYSTEM means any
vertical system for resisting lateral forces, such as walls, braced
frames or moment frames, with a height to width ratio greater
than four for the minimum horizontal dimension at any height.
STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY (SPC)
means a measure of the probable seismic performance of build-
ing structural systems and risk to life posed by a building sub-
ject to an earthquake, as defined in Article 2, Table 2.5.3 of
these regulations.
1.3 Seismic evaluation. All general acute care hospital owners
shall perform a seismic evaluation on each hospital building in
accordance with the Seismic Evaluation Procedures as speci-
fied in Articles 2 through 11 of these regulations. By January 1,
2001, hospital owners shall submit the results of the seismic
evaluation to the Office for review and approval. By complet-
ing this seismic evaluation, a hospital facility can determine its
respective seismic performance categories for both the Struc-
tural Performance Category (SPC) and the Nonstructural Per-
formance Category (NPC) in accordance with Articles 2 and 11
of these regulations.
1.3.1 Seismic evaluation submittal. Hospital owners shall
submit the seismic evaluation report to the Office by January 1,
2001. There are no provisions for submittal of the evaluation
report after this date, except as provided in Section 1.4.5.1.2.
The hospital owners shall s u bmi t the evaluati on report in accor-
dance with Section 7-113, "Application for Plan Report or
Seismic Compliance Extension Review" and Section 7-133,
"Fees" of Article 3, Chapter 7, Part 1, Title 24.
72
Exceptions:
1. Any hospital facility owner whose building is
exempted from the structural evaluation per Section
2.0.1.2 shall not be required to submit a structural
evaluation report as specified in Section 1.3.3. In lieu
of the structural evaluation report, hospital owners
shall submit the matrix of construction information
for the specified building( s) as noted in Section
1.3.4.6 to the Office by January 1,2001;
2. Any hospital facility owner whose building is
exempted from the non structural seismic evaluation
per Section 11.0.1.2 shall not be required to submit a
non structural evaluation report as specified in Section
1.3.4. In lieu of the nonstructural evaluation report,
hospital owners shall submit the matrix of construc-
tion information for the specified building( s) as noted
in Section 1.3.4.6 to the Office by January 1,2001.
1.3.2 Seismic evaluation format. The evaluation shall consist
of the Structural Evaluation and the Nonstructural Evaluation
Reports. The reports shall be prepared in conformance with
Part 1, Chapter 7, Title 24 and these regulations and prepared as
follows:
1. Reports shall be submitted in an 8 lIt x 11" format;
2. All site, architectural, and engineering plans shall be for-
matted on 11- by 17-inch sheets (folded to 8
1
/2 by 11
inches);
3. Larger sheets, if required to clearly describe the
requested information, shall be appended to the reports;
and
4. Other supporting documents in addition to those meeting
the minimum requirements of Sections 1.3.3 and 1.3.4
may be appended to the reports.
1.3.3 Structural evaluation report. The structural evaluation
report shall include the following elements:
1. A description of the building, including photographs of
the building, and sketches of the lateral force resisting
system;
2. The "General Sets of Evaluation Statements" from the
Appendix;
3. A synopsis of the investigation and supporting calcula-
tions that were made;
4. A list of the deficiencies requiring remediation to change
statement responses from false to true; and
5. The SPC for the building, with comments on the relative
importance of the deficiencies.
1.3.4 Nonstructural evaluation report. The non structural
evaluation report shall include the following elements:
1. A written description of the evaluation methods and pro-
cedures conducted in conformance with Article 11 of
these regulations for the determination of the facilities
existing compliance. The description shall include the
systems and components required for the planned level
of nonstructural performance as identified in Table 11.1 ;
Exceptions:
1. Additional evaluations as per Section 11.01.3
will be required for any hospital owner electing
to obtain a higher NPC at a future date consis-
tent with an approved compliance plan;
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
I
2. A complete nonstructural evaluation up to NPC
5 is required prior to the hospital owner selling
or leasing the hospital to another party.
2. Provide single line diagrammatic plans (site plan and
floor plans) of the following:
2.1 Location of the following areas/spaces:
(a) Central supply areas;
(b) Clinical laboratory service spaces;
( c) Critical care areas;
(d) Pharmaceutical service spaces;
(e) Radiological service spaces; and
(f) Sterile supply areas.
2.2 Diagrammatic or narrative descriptions of the
following major building systems where defi-
ciencies are identified that are within the scope of
the evaluation, including primary source location
or point(s) of entry into the building and major
distribution routes of each utility or system.
(a) Mechanical systems including:
i. Air supply equipment, piping, controls
and ducting;
ii. Air exhaust equipment and ducting;
iii. Steam and hot water piping systems,
including boilers, piping systems,
valving and components; and
iv. Elevators selected to provide service to
patient, surgical, obstetrical and ground
floors.
(b) Plumbing systems including:
i. Domestic water supply system, includ-
ing heating equipment, valving, storage
facilities and piping;
ii. Medical gas supply system, including
storage facilities, manifolding and pip-
ing;
iii. Fire protection system, including sprin-
kler systems, wet and dry standpipes,
piping systems and other fire suppres-
sion systems; and
iv. Sanitary drainage system, including
storage facilities and piping.
(c) Electrical systems, including:
BUILDING NAMEI
DESIGNATION
i. Essential electrical system, including
emergency fuel storage;
_ ~ S H P (or local building) GOVERNING
permit datel number BUILDING CODE
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
ii. Internal communication systems;
iii. External communication systems;
iv. Fire alann systems; and
v. Elevators selected to provide service to
patient, surgical, obstetrical and ground
floors.
3. A synopsis of the evaluation and all the calculations used
in the course of the evaluation for the planned level of
nonstructural perfonnance;
4. A list of the deficiencies identified in the course of the
evaluation for the planned level of nonstructural perfor-
mance;
5. Provide an 11- by 17 -inch scaled Site Plan which identi-
fies the boundaries of the facility property, locates all
buildings, roadways, parking and other significant site
features and improvements. Identify boundaries
between buildings which were constructed at different
times. For all buildings, note the names of the buildings
and date of each related building permit. Provide the SPC
and NPC for all buildings.
6. Provide the following matrix of construction infonna-
tion for each building of the facility under the acute care
license, include the Structural Perfonnance Category
(SPC) and Nonstructural Perfonnance Category (NPC)
for all hospital buildings (see Tables 2.5.3 and 11.1).
Identify each building addition separately. For buildings
constructed, reconstructed or remodeled under a build-
ing pennit issued by the Office, provide the OSHPD
application number and the date of the initial submittal.
1.4 Compliance plans. A compliance plan shall be prepared
and submitted for each building subject to these regulations.
All general acute care hospital owners shall fonnulate a com-
pliance plan which shall indicate the facilities intent to do any
of the following:
1. Building retrofit for compliance with these regulations
for continued acute care operation beyond 2030;
2. Partial retrofit for initial compliance, with closure or
replacement expected by 2002, 2008, 2013 or 2030;
3. Removal from acute care service with conversion to
nonacute care health facility use; or
4. No action, building to be closed, demolished or replaced.
This plan must clearly indicate the actions to be taken by the
facility and must be in accordance with the timeframes set forth
in Article 2 (Structural Performance Category-"SPC") and
Article 11 (Nonstructural Performance Category-"NPC") of
the Seismic Evaluation Procedure regulations.
CONSTRUCTION BUILDING TYPE
COMPLETION DATE (per Section 2.2.3) SPC NPC
73
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
1.4.1 Preparation of the compliance plan. The Compliance
Plan shall be prepared and submitted in conformance with
these regulations in the following format:
1. Comp1iance Plans shall be submitted in an 8
1
/
2
- by
II-inch format;
2. All site, architectural, and engineering plans shall be for-
matted on 11- by 17-inch sheets (folded to 8
1
/
2
by 11
inches);
3. Larger sheets, if required to clearly describe the
requested information, shall be appended to the compli-
ance plan; and
4. Other supporting documents in addition to those meeting
the minimum requirements of Section 1.4.4 may be
appended to the compliance plan.
1.4.2 Compliance plan submittal. Hospital owners shall sub-
mit the compliance plan to the Office by January 1, 2001,
unless the owner requests an extension pursuant to Section
1.4.3. The hospital owners shall submit the compliance plan in
accordance with Section 7-113, "Application for Plan or
Report Review" and Section 7-133, "Fees" of Article 3, Chap-
ter 7, Part 1, Title 24.
1.4.3 Compliance plan submittal extension. Hospital owners
may request an extension from the Office for submission of the
compliance plan. Any hospital owner requesting an extension
for submittal of the compliance plan shall make such request in
writing to the Office up to 180 days prior to, but no later than
January 1, 2001. The compliance plan must be submitted no
later than January 1, 2002. All hospital owners requesting an
extension for submittal of the compliance plan shall certify to
OSHPD that all hospital buildings continuing acute care opera-
tion beyond January 1, 2002 meet the standards of NPC 2 by
January 1,2002.
1.4.4 Compliance plan requirements. Each compliance plan
shall contain the following elements:
1. An Existing Site/Campus Description;
2. A Compliance Plan Description;
3. A Compliance Site Plan;
4. A Compliance Plan Schedule; and
5. An Existing and Planned Buildings Matrix.
1.4.4.1 Existing site/campus description. If the compliance
plan is submitted separately from the seismic evaluation, it will
be necessary to resubmit the information as specified in Sec-
tion 1.3.4.5, of the Nonstructural Evaluation Report.
1.4.4.2 Compliance plan description. Provide a comprehen-
sive narrative description of the Compliance Plan, including
the projected schedule for compliance.
1.4.4.3 Compliance site plan. Provide Compliance Site Plans,
indicating the configuration of the facility at the 2008 and 2030
milestones. The plans shall indicate conforming and
nonconforming buildings and identify the final configuration
of the facility at each milestone, after completion of compli-
ance measures.
1.4.4.4 Compliance plan schedule. Provide a bar graph
schedule which describes the schedule for compliance with the
74
SPC and NPC seismic performance categories, indicating the
schedule of the following major phases of the plan:
1. Obtain a geotechnical report (if necessary);
2. Architecture and engineering design/construction docu-
ment preparation;
3. Local approvals;
4. Office review, approval and permitting;
BUILDING BUILDING
SPC ! NPC NAME! TYPE (per SPC
NPC :
DESIGNATION Section 2.2.3) existing planned I existing planned

5. Approval of Department of Health Services Licensing


and Certification, and any other required licensing;
6. Permanent relocation of acute care services to other
buildings or facilities (identify services affected);
7. Temporary/interim relocation of acute care services to
other buildings including the duration of the approved
program flexibility plan pursuant to Health and Safety
Code Section 1276.05;
8. Construction period; and
9. Beneficial occupancy.
1.4.4.5 Existing and planned buildings matrix. Provide the
following matrix of construction information for each building
of the facility under the acute care license, include the Struc-
tural Performance Category (SPC) and Nonstructural Perfor-
mance Category (NPC) for all hospital buildings (see Tables
2.5.3 and 11.1). Identify each building addition separately.
1.4.5 Compliance plan update/change notification. Should a
hospital owner change an approved Compliance Plan, the hos-
pita] shall document any changes and submit for review and
approval to the Office an amended Compliance Plan. Changes
are defined as alterations to the planned level of seismic perfor-
mance or compliance schedule. Submittal of an amended com-
pliance plan shall require a hospital owner to comply with one
or more of the following provisions, if applicable:
1. A hospital owner shall submit to the Department of
Health Services' Seismic Safety Unit (DHS) an Office-
approved compliance plan that includes interim reloca-
tion of general acute care services in accordance with a
program flexibility plan pursuant to Health and Safety
Code Section 1276.05. This submittal by the hospital
owner to DHS shall occur within 30 days of the Office's
approval.
2. A hospital owner shall comply with the requirements of
Section 1.5.2, "Delay in Compliance" for any amended
compliance plan.
3. A hospital owner amending a compliance plan to attain a
higher NPC level will perform a non structural evaluation
of the systems and components required for the planned
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
level of nonstructural performance identified in Table
11.1, "Nonstructural Performance Categories."
1.4.5.1 Cbange in seismic performance category. The SPC
or NPC for a hospital building may be changed by the Office
from the initial determination in Section 1.3.3 or 1.3.4, pro-
vided the building has been modified to comply with the
requirements of Chapter 34A, Part 2 of Title 24 for the speci-
fied SPC or NPC. The SPC of a hospital building may also be
changed by the Office on the basis of collapse probability
assessments in accordance with Section 1.4.5.1.2.
1.4.5.1.1 The SPC or NPC for a hospital building may be
changed by the Office from the initial determination made per
Sections 2.0.1.2.3 or 11.0.1.2.1 upon the following:
1. A Seismic Evaluation Report shall be submitted and
approved which shall include either or both of the fol-
lowing:
1.1 A structural evaluation report in accordance with
Section 1.3.3;
1.2 A nonstructural evaluation report in accordance
with Section 1.3.4.
Exception: To change an NPC 1 hospital build-
ing to an NPC 2 under this section, the
nonstructural evaluation may be limited in
scope to the systems and equipment specified in
Section 11.2.1.
2. The building has been modified to comply with the
requirements of Chapter 34A, Part 2 of Title 24 for the
specified SPC or NPC.
1.4.5.1.2 Hospital buildings with an SPC 1 rating, may be
reclassified to SPC 2 by the Office, pursuant to Table 2.5.3, on
the basis of a collapse probability assessment per Section
1.4.5.1.2 Item 1 provided the hospital buildings received an
extension to the January 1,2008, compliance deadline in accor-
dance with Section 1.5.2.
Exception: Hospital buildings with the following deficien-
cies are not eligible for reclassification:
a) The potential for surface fault rupture and surface dis-
placement at the building site is present (Section
9.3.3).
1. Hospital buildings with SPC 1 rating may be reclassi-
fied as follows:
a) The Office shall issue a written notice to the
hospital owners informing them that they may
be eligible for reclassification of their SPC 1
buildings as permitted by this section.
b) For an SPC-l building to be considered for
reclassification to the SPC-2 rating, the hospital
owner shall request a collapse probability
assessment. The request shall include at a mini-
mum the information and documents specified
in Section 1.8.
1.4.5.1.2.1 Upon assessment of the collapse probability of the
SPC-l building, the Office shall notify the hospital owner in
writing the final SPC rating of the subject building.
Every building with collapse probability more than 0.75 per-
cent, but less than or equal to 1.20 percent, shall be altered,
repaired or seismically retrofitted to mitigate any deficiencies
identified in accordance with Article 10 Sections 10.1.1.1,
10.1.2.2, 10.1.6 and 10.1.7 of this chapter (as part of the com-
plete seismic evaluation in accordance with Section 1.3.3) by
January 1,2015. Hospitals not meeting the deadline set by this
TABLE 1.8-MODEL BUILDING TYPE
MODEL BUILDING
TYPE (MBT) ..,_ .............. 'IIVI'I
WI Wood, Light Frame (::;; 5,000 sq ft)
W2 Wood, greater than 5,000 sq ft
SI Steel Moment Frame
S2 Steel Braced Frame
S3 Steel Light Frame
S4 Steel Frame with Cast-In Place Concrete Shear Wal1s
S5 Steel Frame with Unreinforced Masonry Infill Walls
Cl Concrete Moment Frame
C2 Concrete Shear Walls
C3 Concrete Frame with Unreinforced Masonry Infill Walls
PCI Precast Concrete Tilt-Up Walls
PC2 Precast Concrete Frames with Concrete Shear Walls
RMI Reinforced-Masonry Bearing Walls with Flexible Diaphragms
RM2 Reinforced-Masonry Bearing Walls with Rigid Diaphragms

URM Unreinforced-Masonry Bearing Walls


MH Manufactured Housing
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 75
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
section shall not be issued a building permit for any
noncompliant building except those required for seismic com-
pliance in accordance with the California Administrative Code
(Chapter 6), maintenance, and emergency repairs until the
building permit required by this section is issued.
1.4.5.1.2.2 When the collapse probability assessment by the
Office results in the building remaining in SPC 1, further evalu-
ation may be provided by the hospital owner in accordance
with Section 2.7 in order to substantiate a higher SPC rating.
1.4.5.1.3 Except as provided in Section 104.5.1.4, a
nonconforming hospital building that does not meet the struc-
tural and non structural requirements of Table 2.5.3 and Table
11-1 shall not provide acute care services or beds after the com-
pliance deadlines set forth in Section 1.5.1. After these dead-
lines, the following shall apply.
1. A nonconforming hospital building used as a hospital
outpatient clinical services building shall not be classi-
fied as a hospital building. It shall comply with the provi-
sions of Health and Safety Code Section 129725. It shall
not be subject to the requirements of Title 24, Part 1,
Chapter 6.
2. A nonconforming hospital building used as an acute psy-
chiatric hospital or multistory skilled nursing facility or
intermediate care facility shall be classified as a hospital
building. However, it shall not be subject to the require-
ments of Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6.
3. A nonconforming hospital building used as a sin-
gle-story wood frame or light steel frame skilled nursing
facility or intermediate care facility shall not be classi-
fied as a hospital building, and shall not be subject to the
requirements of Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6.
4. A nonconforming hospital building used for purposes
other than those listed above shall not be classified as a
hospital building; shall not be licensed pursuant to
Health and Safety Code Section 1250(a); shall not be
subject to the requirements of Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6;
and shall not be under the jurisdiction of the Office.
1.4.5.1.4 A hospital building from which acute care services
and beds have been removed shall not provide such services
unless it has been modified to comply with the requirements of
SPC 5 and NPC 4 or 5. Prior to use for acute care service, the
SPC and/or NPC of the hospital building shall be changed in
accordance with Section 1.4.5.1.1.
1.5 Compliance requirements. All general acute care hospital
owners shall comply with the seismic performance categories,
both SPCs and NPCs, established in the seismic evaluation pro-
cedures, Articles 2 and 11 and set forth in Tables 2.5.3 and 11.1,
respectively.
1.5.1 Compliance deadlines.
76
1. After January 1, 2002, any general acute care hospital
building which continues acute care operation must, at a
minimum, meet the nonstructural requirements of NPC
2, as defined in Article 11, Table 11.1 or shall no longer
provide acute care services.
2. After January 1, 2008, any general acute care hospital
building which continues acute care operation must, at a
minimum, meet the structural requirements of SPC 2, as
defined in Article 2, Table 2.5.3 or shall no longer pro-
vide acute care services.
Exception: A general acute care hospital may request
a delay of SPC 2 requirements if the conditions of
Section 1.5.2 are met.
3. After January 1, 2008, any general acute care hospital
which continues acute care operation must, at a mini-
mum, meet the nonstructural requirements of NPC 3, as
defined in Article 11, Table 11.1 or shall no longer pro-
vide acute care services.
Exception: A general acute care hospital may request an
exemption from the anchorage and bracing requirements
of NPC 3 if all the conditions of Section 1.5.2 are met.
4. After January 1, 2030, any general acute care hospital
building which continues acute care operation must, at a
minimum, meet the structural requirements of SPC 3, 4
or 5, as defined in Article 2, Table 2.5.3 and the
nonstructural requirements of NPC 5, as defined in Arti-
cle 11, Table 11.1 or shall no longer provide acute care
services.
1.5.2 Delay in compliance.
1. The Office may grant the hospital owner an extension to
the January 1, 2008 seismic compliance deadline for
both structural and nonstructural requirements if compli-
ance will result in diminished health care capacity which
cannot be provided by other general acute care hospitals
within a reasonable proximity.
1.1 Hospital owners requesting an extension in
accordance with Section 1.5.2 must submit an
application form to the Office by January 1,
2007. The application form shall be accompa-
nied by a statement explaining why the hospital
is seeking the extension to the January 1, 2008
seismic compliance deadline. The statement
shall include, at a minimum, the following infor-
mation:
(a) The length/duration of the extension
request;
(b) The hospital buildings requiring an exten-
sion; and
(c) The acute care services that will be completely
or partially unavailable if the extension is denied.
1.2 The hospital owner shall request an extension for
seismic compliance in one year increments, up to
a maximum of five years, beyond the mandated
year of compliance. The hospital owner shall
also submit an amended compliance plan and
schedule in accordance with Section 1.4.5 indi-
cating when compliance will be obtained.
2. Any general acute care hospital located in Seismic
Design Category D, as defined by Section 1613A of the
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
2013 California Building Code, may request an exemp-
tion from the anchorage and bracing requirements of
NPC 3 for a hospital building if all the following condi-
tions are met:
2.1 The hospital building shall meet the anchorage
and bracing requirements for NPC 2.
2.2 Any future upgrade ofbuilding(s) to SPC 5 shall
be accompanied by upgrade of non structural
components to either NPC 4 or NPC 5.
2.3 By January 1,2024, the hospital owner shall sub-
mit to the Office a complete nonstructural evalu-
ation up to NPC 5, for each building.
2.4 By January 1,2026, the hospital owner shall sub-
mit to the Office construction documents for
NPC 5 compliance that are deemed ready for
review by the Office, for each building.
2.5 By January 1, 2028, the hospital owner shall
obtain a building permit to begin construction,
for NPC 5 compliance of each building that the
owner intends to use a a general acute care hospi-
tal building after January 1,2030. Hospitals not
meeting the January 1, 2028 deadline set by this
section shall not be issued a building permit for
any noncompliant building except those required
for seismic compliance in accordance with the
California Administrative Code (Chapter 6),
maintenance, and emergency repairs until the
building permit required by this section is issued.
Exception: If the hospital has obtained a
building permit(s) for project(s) to relocate
all general acute care hospital beds and/or
services to SPC 3 or higher, and NPC 5
building(s) within a timeframe which per-
mits such relocation of beds and/or services
by January 1, 2030, requirements of Sec-
tions 1.5.2.2.3 through 1.5.2.2.5 shall be
deemed to be satisfied.
3. Any SPC-l building which is part of the functional con-
tiguous grouping of a general acute care hospital may
receive a five-year extension to the January 1, 2008
deadline for both structural and nonstructural require-
ments under the following conditions:
3.1 The owner must apply for an extension with the
Office no later than January 1,2004;
3.2 The owner must submit an amended compliance
plan to the Office by July 1,2004;
3.3 The buildings must have met the NPC-2
nonstructural requirements by January 1,2002;
3.4 At least one building within the contiguous
grouping shall have obtained a building permit
prior to 1973 and shall have been evaluated and
classified as SPC-l in accordance with Section
1.3;
Exception: Hospital buildings that were
classified as SPC-l under Section 2.0.1.2.3
must submit a structural evaluation report in
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
accordance with Sections 1.3.2 and 1.3.3 by
January 1, 2004.
3.5 The basic service(s) from the building shall be:
(a) Relocated to an SPC-3, 4, or 5/NPC-4 or 5
building by January 1, 2013.
i. The building shall not be used for gen-
eral acute care service after January 1,
2013, unless it has been retrofitted to
an SPC-5/NPC-4 or 5 building; or
(b) Continued in building if it is retrofitted to
an SPC-5/NPC-4 or 5 building by January
1,2013;
3.6 Any other SPC-l building in the contiguous
grouping other than the building identified in
subsection 1.5.2.3.4 must be retrofitted to at least
an SPC-2/NPC-3 by January 1, 2013, or no lon-
ger used for acute care hospital inpatient ser-
vices.
4. A post-1973 building classified as SPC-3 or 4 may
receive an extension to the January 1,2008, deadline for
both the structural and non structural requirements, pro-
vided it will be closed to general acute care inpatient ser-
vice by January 1, 2013. The basic services in this
building shall be relocated to an SPC-5/NPC-4 or 5
building by January 1,2013;
4.1 Any SPC-1 building in a functional contiguous
grouping must be retrofitted to at least an
SPC-2/NPC-3 by January 1, 2013, or no longer
used for acute care hospital inpatient services.
The following conditions apply to these hospital
buildings:
(a) The owner must apply for an extension
with the Office no later than January 1,
2004;
(b) The owner must submit an amended com-
pliance plan to the Office by July 1,2004;
and
(c) The buildings must have met the NPC-2
non structural requirements by January 1,
2002.
5. A single building containing all of the basic services may
receive a five-year extension to the January 1, 2008,
deadline for both structural and nonstructural require-
ments under the following conditions:
5.1 The owner must apply for an extension with the
Office no later than January 1,2004;
5.2 The owner must submit an amended compliance
plan to the Office by July 1,2004;
5.3 The building shall have obtained a building per-
mit prior to 1973 and shall have been evaluated
and classified as SPC-l in accordance with Sec-
tion 1.3;
Exception: Hospital buildings that were
classified as SPC-l under Section 2.0.1.2.3
must submit a structural evaluation report in
77
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
78
accordance with Sections 1.3.2 and 1.3.3 by
January 1,2004.
5.4 The basic services from this building shall be:
(a) Relocated to an SPC-3, 4, or 5/NPC-4 or 5
building by January 1, 2013.
i. The building shall not be used for gen-
eral acute care service after January 1,
2013, unless it has been retrofitted to
an SPC-5/NPC-4 or 5 building; or
(b) Continued in building if it is retrofitted to
an SPC-5/NPC-4 or 5 building by January
1,2013.
6. Any general acute care hospital that recei ved an approval
by the Office to replace all the nonconforming buildings
subject to the requirements of Health and Safety Code
Section 130060(a) with new buildings by January 1,
2020, may request an exemption from the anchorage and
bracing requirements of NPC 3 if all of the following
conditions are met:
6.1 The hospital shall meet the anchorage and brac-
ing requirements for NPC 2.
6.2 New building(s) replacing the existing non-
compliant building(s) shall be either NPC 4 or
NPC 5 building(s).
7. Any general acute care hospital (buildings located in
Seismic Design Category D or F) may request an exten-
sion from the anchorage and bracing requirements of
NPC 3 up to January 1, 2020, if all of the following con-
ditions are met:
7.1 The hospital shall meet the anchorage and brac-
ing requirements for NPC 2.
7.2 All building( s) shall be upgraded to either NPC 4
or NPC 5 by January 1, 2020.
7.3 By January 1,2014, the hospital owner shall sub-
mit to the Office a complete nonstructural evalu-
ation up to NPC 5, for each building.
7.4 By January 1, 2016, the hospital owner shall sub-
mit to the Office construction documents for
NPC 4 or NPC 5 compliance that are deemed
ready for review by the Office, for each building.
7.5 By January 1, 2018, the hospital owner shall
obtain a building permit to begin construction,
for NPC 4 or NPC 5 compliance of each building
that the owner intends to use as general acute care
hospital building after January 1, 2020. Hospitals
not meeting the January 1,2018 deadline set by
this section shall not be issued a building permit
for any noncompliant building, except those
required for seismic compliance in accordance
with the California Administrative Code (Chap-
ter 6), maintenance, and emergency repairs until
the building permit required by this section is
issued.
Exception: If the hospital has obtained a
building permit( s) for project( s) to relocate
all general acute care hospital beds and/or
services to SPC 3 or higher, and NPC 5
building(s) within a time frame which per-
mits such relocation of beds and/or services
by January 1, 2020, requirements of Sec-
tions 1.5.2.7.3 through 1.5.2.7.5 shall be
deemed to be satisfied.
8. Any SPC-l general acute care hospital building that has
received an extension to the January I, 2008, deadline
for both the structural and nonstructural requirements
may receive an additional extension of up to seven years
to the January 1, 2013, deadline for both the structural
and non structural requirements.
8.1 For an SPC-I building to be eligible for this
extension, all of the following conditions must be
met:
(a) The hospital owner requesting an exten-
sion for an SPC-l building in accordance
with this section, must submit to the Office
no later than March 31, 2012, the follow-
ing:
(i) An application for extension
accompanied by a letter of intent
stating whether the hospital intends
to rebuild, replace or retrofit the
building, or remove all general
acute care beds and services from
the building.
Oi) A facility site plan identifying the
SPC-l hospital building for which
the extension is being requested by
name and OSHPD assigned build-
ing number.
(iii) A chart or a bar graph schedule
which describes the necessary
amount of time and schedule to
complete the construction for the
subject building in order to achieve
the targeted building resolution
stipulated in the letter of intent pur-
suant to Section 1.5.2 Item
8.1 (a)(i). The chart shall indicate
all major milestones required for
the implementation of the con-
struction plan.
(iv) A narrative description and sup-
porting documentation demon-
strating how the hospital intends
to meet the requested deadline and
why the requested extension is
necessary.
(v) When applicable, a narrative
description and supporting docu-
mentation demonstrating commu-
nity access to essential hospital
services as specified in Section
1.5.2 Item 8.5.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
(vi) When applicable, a narrative
description and supporting docu-
mentation demonstrating the hos-
pital owner's financial hardship to
meet the milestones specified in
Section 1.5.2 Items 8.6.
(vii) Information on the type of use/
occupancy of the SPC-I building
by listing the type of services cur-
rently delivered in the building.
(b) The hospital owner submits to the Office,
no later than September 30,2012, an appli-
cation and required documents ready for
review seeking collapse probability
assessment for its SPC-I building in accor-
dance with Section 1.8.2.
( c) The hospital owner submits to the Office,
no later than January 1, 2015, construction
documents ready for review consistent
with the letter of intent and the schedule
submitted pursuant to Section 1.5.2 Items
8. 1 (a)(i) and (iii). The construction docu-
ments shall be accompanied by a financial
capacity report. The financial capacity
report shall demonstrate the hospital
owner's financial capacity to implement
the construction plans submitted pursuant
to this subsection.
(d) The hospital owner receives a building
permit consistent with the letter of intent
and the schedule submitted pursuant to
Section 1.5.2 Items 8.l(a)(i) and (iii) no
later than July 1,2018.
8.2. A hospital may demonstrate that it has complied
with the requirements of their compliance sched-
ule if they received confirmation of compliance
from the Office by the end of their extension date.
8.3. Extensions to the January 1, 2013 compliance
deadline.
8.3.1. The maximum permitted extension for a
hospital building is the greater extension
time allowed based on consideration of
the structural integrity of the building as
determined by the Risk- Based Exten-
sion in Section 1.5.2. Item 8.4, the access
to essential hospital services as deter-
mined in Section 1.5.2 Item 8.5 and the
Financial Hardship as determined by
Section 1.5.2 Item 8.6. In no event shall
the maximum permitted extension
exceed seven years or the amount of time
reasonably required to complete the con-
struction described in Section 1.5 .2 Item
8.l(a), whichever is less.
8.3.2. Upon acceptance of the application for
extension and all submittal documenta-
tion required in Section 1.5.2 Item 8.1 (a)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
an SPC-l building may be granted an
Administrative Extension by the Office.
8.4. Risk-Based Extension. The risk-based extension
is based on the seismic risk coefficient.
(a) The seismic risk coefficient posed by a
building, P, shall be determined by:
P=HxE
Where:
H = the value of the collapse probability in
percent, as determined by the require-
ments of Section 1.8; and,
E the Exposure Factor, based on the pres-
ence of Basic and Supplemental Ser-
vices, as defined in Part 2, Title 24,
Section 1224.3.
The Exposure Factor E shall be taken as:
E = 0.5 where the building houses
only storage spaces, central ster-
ile supply spaces, and/or utility
plant spaces.
E = 0.7 where the building houses
only clinical laboratory, pharma-
ceutical, dietetic and/or support
services spaces, or nonpatient
care building which is contiguous
to and provides egress or struc-
tural support to an acute care hos-
pital building(s).
E = 1.0 where the building houses
any other Basic and/or Supple-
mentary Service spaces.
Where a building contains more than
one Basic and/or Supplementary Service
space, the largest value of E shall apply.
(b) The Risk-Based Extension is determined
by the seismic risk coefficient, P:
i. Where P s 3.0%, the Risk-Based
Extension for the building shall not
exceed seven years.
ii. Where P > 3.0% but P s 5.0%, the
Risk-Based Extension for the build-
ing shall not exceed five years.
iii. Where P > 5.0%, the Risk-Based
Extension for the building shall not
exceed two years.
iv. Regardless of the seismic coeffi-
cient, P, the Risk-Based Extension
for any building straddling an
Active Fault shall not exceed two
years.
8.5. Community access to essential hospital services.
The potential effect of closure of the hospital
building on community access to essential hospi-
tal services shall be evaluated. A building at a
79
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
80
hospital defined as a Critical Community Pro-
vider in accordance with this Section is eligible
for a Maximum Permitted Extension of up to
seven years. The hospital may be classified as a
Critical Community Provider if it meets the
requirements of Section I.S.2 Items 8.S(a),
8.S(b), 8.S(c), 8.S(d) or 8.S(e):
(a) The hospital meets the requirements of (i)
or (ii) below:
i. Certified as a Sole Community Hos-
pital, Critical Access Hospital, or
Rural Referral Center by the Depart-
ment of Health and Human Service
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid
Services.
ii. Disproportionate Share HospitaL
For purposes of this section a hospi-
tal is deemed to be a disproportion-
ate share hospital if it meets the
eligibility requirements of the Wel-
fare and Institutions Code, Section
1410S.98 for at least two years dur-
ing the five most current years prior
to application for an extension.
(b) The hospital provides care for unin-
suredlunderinsured populations. To qual-
ify, the hospital must meet or exceed all of
the following minimum thresholds:
i. 10 percent Medicaid Discharges.
n. 10 percent Medicaid Emergency
Department visits.
iii. 10 percent Uninsured Emergency
Department visits.
iv. Inpatient Occupancy rate of the hos-
pital general acute licensed beds
greater than SO percent.
(c) The hospital is a critical service provider of
any of the following specialized medical
care within its service area as defined in
Section 1.S.2 Item 8.S(f):
i. Trauma Center as defined by CCR
Title Division 9, Section 100248.
ii. Children's Hospital as defined by the
Welfare and Institutions Code, Sec-
tion 10727.
iii. Burn Unit as defined by CCR - Title
22, Division S, Section 7042l.
iv. Emergency department provides 10
percent or more of the total Emer-
gency Treatment Stations.
v. A hospital in which its service area
has an average number of patient
beds/lOOO population below 1.S.
(d) The hospital provides more than 20 per-
cent of the licensed acute care beds in the
hospitals' service area as defined in Sec-
tion l.S.2 Item 8.S(f).
(e) A tertiary or specialty hospital dedicated to
specific sub-specialty care with volumes in
excess of SO percent of total annual dis-
charges within the county in which the
hospital is located.
(f) Hospital Service Area. The total geographic
area comprised by the sum of all patient ori-
gin regions that significantly contribute to
the inpatient population of the subject hos-
pital. For the purposes of determining the
hospital service area, conditions (i) and (ii)
listed below shall be satisfied:
(i) The number of regions considered
shall include all the regions with a
relative hospital ratio of inpatient
discharges per region greater than S
percent of the total hospital inpatient
discharges. "Relative hospital ratio
of inpatient discharges per region"
means the number of hospital
patients discharged in a region by the
subject hospital in relation to the
total hospital patients discharged for
the same region by all hospitals.
(ii) The number of regions considered
shall include all the regions with a
hospital ratio of inpatient discharges
per region that cumulatively account
for at least 70 percent of the total
hospital patient discharges. "Hospi-
tal ratio of inpatient discharges per
region" means the number of hospi-
tal patients discharged in a region by
the subject hospital in relation to the
total patients discharged by the sub-
ject hospital.
The data utilized to detennine community
access to essential hospital services shall be
based on the hospital's most current fiscal report-
ing infonnation filed with the Office or on the
hospital's fiscal reporting infonnation filed with
the Office for any of the most current three years.
8.6. Financial Hardship. Evaluation of financial hard-
ship shall be detennined on a hospital-by-hospi-
tal basis. A building at a hospital that meets the
financial hardship criteria of this section is eligi-
ble for a Maximum Pennitted Extension of up to
seven years. A hospital may be determined to
have financial hardship if it meets at least one of
the following requirements:
(a) Financial performance. The hospital meets
all of the following thresholds:
i. Negative operating margin for the
hospital for at least two years dur-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ing the five years prior to applica-
tion for an extension.
ii. Days Cash-on-Hand less than 60.
iii. Current Ratio less than 1.5
(b) The hospital has a bond rating based on the
following table:
TABLE 1.5.2.8.6
BOND RATING GRADES
STANDARD FITCH
CREDIT RISK MOODY'S AND POOR'S RATINGS
I
Medium Baa BBB
I
BBB
.
Lower Medium Ba BB BB
Lower Grade B B B
;---
Poor Grade CCC CCC
Speculative Ca CC CC
No Payments/
C D C
Bankruptcy
In Default
.
C D

D
(c) For public hospitals, voters rejected the
most recent bond issue specifically related
to seismic compliance construction work
at the facility.
The data utilized to determine financial hard-
ship shall be based on the hospital owner's most
current fiscal reporting information filed with the
Office or on the hospital owner's fiscal reporting
information filled with the Office for any of the
most current three years unless noted otherwise
in subsection (a) above.
8.7. Extension Adjustments. A hospital may request
an extension adjustment necessary to complete
the construction for the building granted an
extension pursuant to Section 1.5.2 Item 8. In
order for this request to be considered, the hospi-
tal owner shall notify the Office in writing as
soon as practicable, but in no event later than six
months after the hospital owner discovered the
change of circumstances. The request shall
include at a minimum all of the following:
(a) The length/duration of the additional
extension time adjustment, but in no event
the total extension including the adjust-
ment shall exceed the period specified in
Section 1.5.2 Item 8.
(b) The name and OSHPD assigned number
for the hospital building requiring the
extension adjustment.
(c) A narrative description and data support-
ing the discovered change of circum-
stances in completing the construction for
the building granted an extension pursuant
to Section 1.5.2 Item 8.
(d) An amended bar graph schedule required
by Section 1.5.2 Item 8.1(a)(iii).
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
8.8. Extension RevocationlTermination. An exten-
sion for any hospital building granted pursuant to
Section 1.5.2 Item 8 may be revoked or termi-
nated based on the following:
(a) The Office determines that any informa-
tion submitted pursuant to this section was
falsified; or
(b) The hospital failed to meet a milestone set
forth in Sections 1.5.2 Item 8.1(a) (iii); or
(c) Where the work of construction is aban-
doned or suspended for a period of at least
six months, unless the hospital demon-
strates in a publicly available document
that the abandonment or suspension was
caused by factors beyond its control.
1.6 Dispute resolution/appeals process. Dispute resolution
and appeals shall be in conformance with Article 5, Chapter 7,
Part 1 of Title 24.
1.7 Notification from OSHPD .
1. The Office shall issue written notices of compliance to
all hospital owners that have attained the minimum
required SPC and NPC performance levels by January 1,
2008, January 1,2013, and January 1,2030;
2. The Office shall issue written notices of violation to all
hospital owners that are not in compliance with the mini-
mum SPC and NPC performance levels by January 1,
2008, January 1, 2013, and January 1,2030; and
3. The Office shall notify the State Department of Health
Services of the hospital owners which have received a
written notice of violation for failure to comply with
these regulations.
1.8 Collapse Probability Assessment. Hospital owners may
request a collapse probability assessment to reclassify build-
ings with an SPC-l rating to SPC-2 in accordance with Section
1.4.5.1.2, or be used to determine eligibility for an extension in
accordance with Section 1.5.2 Item 8.
1.8.1 The collapse probability assessment by the Office shall
be determined using the following:
1. Multi-Hazard Loss Estimation Methodology, Earth-
quake Module (HAZUS-MH) developed by the Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)/National
Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS).
2. Building specific input parameters required by the
Advanced Engineering Building Module (AEBM) of the
HAZUS methodology shall be obtained from Appendix
H to Chapter 6.
3. Modifications by the Office to the AEBM input parame-
ters are hereby adopted as shown in Appendix H to
Chapter 6, which are based on the following:
a) Building type
b) Building height and number of stories
c) Building age
d) Significant Structural Deficiencies listed in Section
1.8.2 Item 2.
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SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
4. Site seismicity parameters adjusted for soil type, as
determined by the Office, shall be the lesser of:
a) Deterministic ground motion due to the maximum
magnitude earthquake event on the controlling fault
system.
b) Probabilistic ground motion having 10 percent
probability of being exceeded in 50 years.
I.S.2 The collapse probability assessment for SPC-l buildings
shall be based on the following building infonnation, parame-
ters and documents:
82
1. A complete seismic evaluation of the building pursuant
to Section 1.3.3.
Exception: Hospital owners who had submitted a
complete structural evaluation report in compliance
with Section 1.3.3, that is deemed to be complete by
the Office, need not resubmit.
2. A supplemental evaluation report prepared by a Califor-
nia registered structural engineer that identifies the exis-
tence or absence of the building structural Lateral Force
Resisting System (LFRS) properties and Significant
Structural Deficiencies listed below:
a. Age: Year of the California Building Code (CBC)
used for the original building design.
Exception: For pre-1933 buildings, the design
year shall be reported.
b. Materials Tests: Office approved materials test
results based on test plan preapproved by the
Office (Section 2.1.2).
c. Load path (Section 3.1)
d .. Mass irregularity (Section 3.3.4).
e. Vertical discontinuity (Section 3.3.5).
f. Adjacent buildings (Section 3.4).
g. Short captive column (Section 3.6).
h. Material deterioration (Section 3.7).
i. Weak columns (Sections 4.2.8 and 4.3.6).
j. Wall anchorage (Section 8.2).
k. Redundancy (Section 3.2).
1. Weak story irregularity (Section 3.3.1).
m. Soft story irregularity (Section 3.3.2).
n. Torsional irregularity (Section 3.3.6).
o. Deflection incompatibility (Section 3.5).
p. Cripple walls (Section 5.6.4).
q. Openings (in diaphragm) at shear walls (Section
7.1.4).
r. Topping slab missing (Sections 7.3 and 7.4) or the
building type (structural system) is of lift slab con-
struction.
S. URM wall height to thickness ratio (Section
5.4.3).
1. URM Parapets (Section 10.1.6).
This supplemental evaluation report shall include sup-
porting documentation including existing construction
drawings or reconstructed as-builts (Section 2.1.2) relat-
ing to the existence or absence of the Significant Struc-
tural Deficiencies listed above including calculations,
where required, for review and acceptance by the Office,
unless they are included in the complete structural evalu-
ation.
3. Building systems shall be classified as to their Model
Building Type per Table 1.8. For buildings with multi-
ple building types, all types shall be listed. The building
type resulting in the maximum collapse probability will
be utilized by the Office to determine eligibility for
reclassification.
4. Building height and number of stories above and below
the seismic base shall be specified.
5. For SPC-I buildings where the potential for surface fault
rupture and surface displacement at the building site is
present as determined by Section 9.3, a supplemental
geologic hazards report prepared by a California regis-
tered engineering geologist/seismologist is required to
address the following:
a. A site plan showing diagrammatically the location
of the building footprint, the surface trace or traces
of potential surface fault rapture.
b. The expected surface displacement during a rup-
ture event.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
25
9 14
45 IS
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
The numbers asst]ned to eactl cOJnty atmg
with tile CQJnty narre are crex::;s-referenced
il Figure 2.1 a fIX detern1ning the sits
cooff(;ients, Aa am At.
36
33
011.':00
37
FIGURE 2.1
13
83
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
ARTICLE 2
PROCEDURES FOR STRUCTURAL
EVALUATION OF BUILDINGS
2.0 General.
2.0.1 Structural evaluation procedure.
L The structural evaluation process shall include the fol-
lowing steps:
1.1 Site visit and data collection;
1.2 Identification of building type;
1.3 Completion of evaluation statements in appen-
dix;
1.4 Follow-up field work, if required;
1.5 Follow-up analysis for "False" evaluation state-
ments;
1.6 Final evaluation for the building;
1.7 Preparation of the evaluation report; and
1.8 Submittal of evaluation report to OSHPD.
2. A general acute care hospital facility building may be
exempted from a structural evaluation upon submittal of
a written statement by the hospital owner to OSHPD cer-
tifying the following conditions:
2.1 A conforming building as defined in Article 1,
Section 1.2, may be placed into SPC 5 in accor-
dance with Table 2.5.3 under the following cir-
cumstances:
(a) The building was designed and con-
structed to the 1989 or later edition of Part
2, Title 24, and
(b) If any portion of the structure, except for
the penthouse, is of steel moment resisting
frame construction (Building Type 3, or
Building Type 4 or 6 with dual lateral sys-
tem, as defined in Section 2.2.3) and the
building permit was issued after October
25,1994.
2.2 All other conforming buildings as defined in
Article 1, Section 1.2, may be placed into SPC 4
in accordance with Table 2.5.3, except those
required by Section 4.2.10 to be placed in SPC 3
in accordance with Table 2.5.3, without the need
for any structural evaluation.
2.3 Nonconforming buildings as defined in Article 1,
Section 1.2 may be placed into SPC 1 in accor-
dance with Table 2.5.3 without any structural
evaluation.
2.1 Site visit, evaluation and data collection procedures.
2.1.1 Site visit and evaluation.
84
1. The evaluator shall visit the building to observe and
record the type, nature and physical condition of the
structure.
2. The evaluator shall review an Engineering Geological
Report on site geologic and seismic conditions. The
report shall be prepared in accordance with Title 24, Sec-
tion 1634A of 1995 California Building Code (CBC) or
equivalent provision in later version of the CBC.
Exceptions:
1. Reports are not required for one-story,
wood-frame and light steel-frame buildings of
Type II or Type V construction and 4,000
square feet or less in floor area;
2. A previous report for a specific site may be
resubmitted, provided that a reevaluation is
made and the report is found by the Office to be
currently appropriate.
3. Establish the following site and soil parame-
ters:
a. The value of the effective peak accelera-
tion coefficient (Aa) from Figure 2.1 and
2.la;
b. The value of the effective peak veloc-
ity-related acceleration coefficient (AJ
from Figure 2.1 and 2.1 a;
c. The soil profile type (Sb S2> S3 or S4)
derived from the geotechnical report or
from Table 2.1;
d. The site coefficient, (S), from Table 2.1;
and
e. The ground motion parameters and near
field effects in strong ground shaking
required for the evaluation of welded
steel moment frame structures per Sec-
tions 4.2.0.1, 4.2.0.2 and 4.2.10.
4. Assemble building design data including:
a. Construction drawings, specifications
and calculations for the original building
(Note: when reviewing and making use
of existing analyses and structural mem-
ber checks, the evaluator shall assess and
report the basis of the earlier work);
b. All drawings, specifications and calcula-
tions for remodeling work; and
c. Material tests and inspection reports for
nonconforming buildings. If the original
drawings are available, but material test
and inspection reports are not available,
perform the testing program as specified
in Section 2.1.2.2.
If structural drawings are not available, the
site visit and evaluation shall be petformed as
described in Section 2.1.1.5, and structural data
shall be collected using the procedures in Sec-
tions 2.1.2.1 and 2.1.2.2.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
No.
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
5. During the site visit, the evaluator shall:
a. Verify existing data;
b. Develop other needed data (e.g., measure
and sketch building as outlined in Section
2.1
c. Verify the vertical and lateral systems;
d. Check the condition of the building; and
e. Identify special conditions, anomalies
and oddities.
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
6. Review other data available such as assess-
ments of building peIfonnance following past
earthquakes.
7. Prepare a summary of the data using an
OSHPD- approved fonnat.
8. Perform the evaluation using the procedures in
Sections 2.2 through 2.5.
9. Prepare a report of the findings of the evalua-
tion using an OSHPD-approved fonnat.
FIGURE 2.1 a-EFFECTIVE PEAK ACCELERATION COEFFICIENT (Aa) AND EFFECTIVE PEAK
VELOCITY COEFFICIENT (Av ) FOR CALIFORNIA
county
I
EPAAa EPVAv No. County EPAAa EPVAv
Alameda DAD DAD 30 Orange DAD DAD
Alpine 0.20 0.20 31 Placer 0.20 0.20
Amador 0.20 0.20
I
32 Plumas 0.20 0.20
Butte 0.20 0.20 33 Riverside DAD DAD
Calaveras 0.20 0.20 , 34 I Sacramento 0.20
Colusa 0.20 0.30 35 San Benito DAD DAD
Contra Costa DAD DAD 36 San Bernardino ~ DAD
Del Norte 0.20 0.20 37 San Diego DAD DAD
EI Dorado 0.20 0.20 38 San Francisco DAD DAD
Fresno DAD DAD 39 San Joaquin 0.30 0.30
,
Glenn 0.20 0.20 40 San Luis Obispo DAD 0040
Humboldt 0.20 0.30 41 San Mateo 0040 0040
Imperial DAD 0040 42 Santa Barbara DAD 0040
Inyo 0040 0040 43 Santa Clara 0040 , 0040
Kern 0040 0040 44 SantaCruz DAD
I
0040
Kings 0040 0040 45 Shasta 0.20 0.20
Lake 0.30 0.30
I
46 Sierra 0.20 0.20
-
Lassen 0.20 0.20 47 Siskiyou 0.20 0.20
~ e l ~
0040 0040 48 I Solano 0040 0040
0.20 0.30 49
; Sonoma
DAD 0040
DAD DAD 50 Stanislaus DAD 0040
Mariposa 0.20 0.30 51 Sutter 0.20 0.20
Mendocino 0040 0040 52 Tehama 0.20 0.20
Merced 0040
.,
0040 , 53 Trinity 0.20 0.30
Modoc 0.20 0.20 54 Tulare 0040 0040
Mono DAD 0040

55 Tuolumne 0.20 0.20


Monterey 0040 0040 56 Ventura 0040 DAD
Napa 0040 0040
I
57 Yolo 0.20 0.30
Nevada 0.20 0.20 58 Yuba 0.20 0.20
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 85
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE 2.1-S0IL PROFILE TYPES AND SITE COEFFICIENTS
SOIL PROFILE TYPE PROFILE WITH ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ SITE COEFFICIENT
S1 Rock of any characteristic, either shalelike or crystalline in nature. Such material may be 1.0
characterized by a shear wave velocity greater than 2,500 feet per second or by other
a TO nate
Stiff soil conditions where the soil depth is less than 200 feet and the soil types overlying
rock are stable de osits of
S2 Deep cohesionless or stiff clay conditions, including sites where the soil depth exceeds 200 1.2
feet and the soil t es over! in rock are stable de
S3 Soft- to medium-stiff clays and sands characterized by 30 feet or more of soft- to 1.5
cohesionless soils.
S4 More than 70 feet of soft clays or silts characterized by a shear wave velocity less than 400 2.0
2.1.2 Data collection. Building information pertinent to a
structure's seismic performance, including condition, configu-
ration, detailing, material strengths and foundation type, shall
be obtained in accordance with this section, and documented
on drawings and/or sketches that shall be included with the
structural ca1culations.
Exception: Materials testing is not required for reclassifica-
tion by the collapse probability assessment option as per-
mitted by Section 1.4.5.1.2, where nonavailability of
materials test is identified as a deficiency per Section
1.4.5.1.2.2.2.2 (b).
2.1.2.1 Building characteristics. Characteristics of the build-
ing relevant to its seismic performance shall be obtained for use
in the building evaluation. This shall include current informa-
tion on the building's condition, configuration, material
strengths, detailing and foundation type. This data shall be
obtained from:
1. Review of construction documents;
2. Destructive and nondestructive testing and examination
of selected building components; and
3. Field observation of exposed conditions.
The characteristics of the building shall be established,
including identification of the gravity- and lateral-load-carry-
ing systems. The effective lateral-load carrying system may
include structural and nonstructural elements that will partici-
pate in providing lateral resistance, although these elements
may not have intended to provide lateral resistance. The load
path shall be identified, taking into account the effects of any
modifications, alterations or additions.
2.1.2.1.1 Nonconforming buildings without construction
documents. Where the available constmction documents do
not provide sufficient detail to characterize the structure, the
evaluation may be based on field surveys, summarized in
as-built drawings. These drawings must depict building dimen-
sions, component sizes, reinforcing information (for concrete
and masonry elements), connection details, footing informa-
tion, and the proximity of neighboring stmctures. All parts of
the building that may contribute to the seismic resistance or that
may be affected by the seismic response of the stmcture must
be identified. The field survey shall establish the physical exis-
tence of the structural members, and identify critical load bear-
86
ing members, transfer mechanisms, and connections. The sur-
vey shall include infOlmation on the structural elements and
connector materials and details. Performing the field survey
will entail removal of fireproofing or concrete encasement at
critical locations to permit direct visual inspection and mea-
surement of elements and connections. Nondestructive tech-
niques such as radiographic, electromagnetic and other
methods may be used to supplement destructive techniques.
1. Steel elements. Steel elements shall be classified by
structural member type (e.g., rolled or build-up, material
grade, and general properties). The survey shall note the
presence of degradation or indications of plastic defor-
mation, integrity of surface coatings, and signs of any
past movement. For degraded elements, the lost material
thickness and reduction of cross-sectional area and
moment of inertia shall be determined. Visual inspection
of welds sha11 be per American Welding Society D1.1,
"Structural Welding Code-SteeL" Structural bolts shall
be verified to be in proper configuration and tightened as
required in the AISC Steel Construction ManuaL Rivets
shall also be verified to be in proper configuration and in
full contact, with "hammer sounding" conducted on ran-
dom rivets to ensure they are functionaL Nondestructive
testing methods, such as dye penetrant and magnetic par-
ticle testing, acoustic emission, radiography and ultra-
sound shall be used when visual inspection identifies
degradation or when a particular element or connection
is critical to seismic resistance and requires further veri-
fication. For buildings in which archaic cast and wrought
irons are employed, additional investigations to confirm
ductility and impact resistance shall be conducted.
2. Concrete elements. The configuration and dimensions
of primary and secondary structural elements shall be
established. The configuration and condition of reinforc-
ing steel shall be assessed, through removal of concrete
cover and direct visual inspection, and through nonde-
structi ve inspection using electromagnetic, radiographic
and other methods. Critical parameters of the reinforcing
system, such as lap splice length, presence of hooks,
development within concrete, degree of corrosion and
integrity of the construction shall be established in suffi-
cient detail to perform the structural evaluation.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
3. Masonry elements. The configuration and dimensions
of masonry elements shall be established. The configura-
tion and condition of reinforcing-steel shall be assessed,
through removal of masonry cover and direct visual
inspection, and through nondestructive inspection using
electromagnetic, radiographic and other methods. Criti-
cal parameters of the reinforcing system, such as lap
splice length, presence of hooks, development within
concrete, degree of corrosion and integrity of the con-
struction shall be established in sufficient detail to per-
form the structural evaluation.
4. Wood elements. The configuration and dimensions of
wood elements; the connections between wood ele-
ments; and the connections between wood and other
structural components or elements such as concrete or
masonry walls shall be established. The configuration
and condition of wood members, including size, type,
grade, condition and quality shall be assessed, through
removal of finish materials, and examination of unfin-
ished areas such as attics, crawl spaces and basements.
Critical connections and elements shall be visually
inspected, using invasive procedures or removal of fin-
ishes where necessary. For shear walls, select locations
shall be exposed to allow evaluation of sheathing mate-
rial, nail size, spacing and installation (e.g., overdriven
or nails that miss or split the framing members). The base
connections of shear resisting elements shall be
inspected and evaluated for their adequacy to connect the
base of the structure to the foundation or structure below.
5. Foundation elements. In the absence of dependable
construction drawings, determination of the size and
detailing of the foundation system requires invasive pro-
cedures. The evaluator shall select representative foot-
ings for exposure to establish footing size and depth.
Conservative assumptions regarding the reinforcement
may be made considering code requirements and local
practice at the time of the design. In the absence of evi-
dence to the contrary, it may be assumed that the founda-
tion elements were adequately designed to resist actual
gravity loads to which the building has been subjected.
2.1.2.2 Material properties. The building evaluation shall be
based on the strength and deformation properties of the exist-
ing materials and components. The strength of existing compo-
nents shall be calculated using data on their configuration,
obtained from the original construction documents, supple-
mented by field observations and the test values of material
properties. Where such effects may have a deleterious effect on
component or structural behavior, allowances shall be made for
the likely effects of strain hardening or degradation. Test values
may be obtained from samples extracted from the structure, or
from original materials and compliance certificates. The Office
will determine the adequacy of the testing program.
2.1.2.2.1 Nonconforming buildings with construction docu-
ments. The material properties for nonconforming buildings
for which original construction documents of sufficient detail
are available shall be confirmed by testing or from acceptable
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
original materials and compliance certificates. If original
materials and compliance certificates are available, they must
provide the information specified in Items I through 4 of this
section to be considered acceptable.
1. Steel elements. The following properties are required
for each member type (e.g., beams, columns, braces) and
each steel grade used in the structure:
a) Ultimate tensile and yield capacities;
b) Modulus of elasticity; and
c) Deformation characteristics including mode of
failure.
2. Concrete elements. The following material properties
are required for each member type (e.g., beams, col-
umns, walls) in the structure:
a) Concrete compressive strength;
b) Concrete unit weight;
c) Concrete modulus of elasticity;
d) Reinforcing steel tensile yield point;
e) Reinforcing steel modulus of elasticity;
f) Reinforcing steel chemical composition and car-
bon equivalent; and
g) Reinforcing steel surface deformations.
3. Masonry elements. The following material properties
are required for each type of masonry in the structure:
a) Masonry compressive strength;
b) Masonry unit weight;
c) Masonry modulus of elasticity;
d) Reinforcing steel tensile yield point;
e) Reinforcing steel modulus of elasticity;
f) Reinforcing steel chemical composition and car-
bon equivalent; and
g) Reinforcing steel surface deformations.
4. Wood elements. The following material properties are
required for each type of wood element in the structure:
a) Identification of Wood Species, and
b) Grade Material. (Note: This may be established by
visual inspection or stamped labels on the ele-
ment.)
2.1.2.2.2 Nonconforming buildings without construction
documents. The material properties for nonconforming build-
ings for which original construction documents of sufficient
detail are unavailable shall be confirmed by testing. The num-
ber and location of tests shall be selected so as to provide suffi-
cient information to adequately define the existing condition of
materials in the building. The evaluator shall determine the
number and location of tests. The test locations shall be located
throughout the entire building in those components which pro-
vide the primary path of lateral force resistance.
87
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
2.2 Selection and use of evaluation statements.
2.2.1 Identification of building type. The evaluator shall
determine the building type using the following procedure:
1. Identify the lateral-force-resisting system using text and
drawings, including whatever components are available
and effective to constitute a system. Prepare floor and
roof plans, and elevations and sketches of the lat-
eral-force-resisting system.
2. Select one or more of the 15 common building types
which best characterize the structure (see Sections 2.2.2
and 2.2.3 below). Structures with multiple lateral force
resisting systems (different lateral systems in orthogonal
directions, or structures where the system changes from
level to level) may require the use of two or more build-
ing types. In the case of hybrid structures or other build-
ings that cannot be adequately classified using the 15
building types, the alternative analysis procedure shall
be used, or the building shall be placed in SPC "I."
3. Reproduce from the Appendix the list of evaluation
statements. These statements shall be used for all types
of buildings. Some statements on the list may not be
appropriate. These statements may be marked "NA" as
"not applicable." The Appendix also contains the set of
evaluation statements that address foundations and geo-
logic site hazards, and nonstructural elements.
2.2.2 Using the general procedure. The general procedure
involving use of the set of evaluation statements presented in
the Appendix consists of the following steps:
1. Evaluate the basic building system according to the eval-
uation statements in Article 3;
2. Evaluate the vertical systems resisting lateral forces
according to Article 4 (moment frames), Article 5 (shear
walls) or Article 6 (braced frames) as appropriate. For
buildings with a combination of vertical systems, each
system in the building must be evaluated;
3. Evaluate the diaphragm or horizontal bracing system
according to Article 7;
4. Evaluate the structural connections according to Article
8;
5. Evaluate the foundation and possible geologic site haz-
ards according to Article 9;
6. Evaluate the nonstructural elements that involve imme-
diate life-safety issues according to Article 10; and
7. Evaluate the critical nonstructural components and sys-
tems according to Article 11.
If a statement is found to be true, the condition being evalu-
ated is acceptable according to the criteria of these regulations,
and the issue may be set aside. If a statement is found to be
false, a condition exists that needs to be addressed further,
using the specified analysis procedures. Analysis procedures
are given in Section 2.4. Each statement includes a reference to
a particular section in Articles 3 through 10 where additional
procedures for the resolution of the issues are given. The evalu-
ator shall assemble the list of deficiencies and the results of the
analysis and proceed to the final evaluation in Section 2.5.
88
2.2.3 Common building types. The evaluator shall determine
the type(s) of building being evaluated, choosing from among
the following 15 common types:
1. Building Type l-Wood, light frame. These build-
ings are typically small structures of one or more sto-
ries. The essential structural character of this type is
repetitive framing by wood joists on wood studs. Loads
are light and spans are small. These buildings may have
relatively heavy chimneys and may be partially or fully
covered with veneer. Lateral loads are transferred by
diaphragms to shear walls. The diaphragms are roof
panels and floors. Shear walls are exterior walls
sheathed with plank siding, stucco, plywood, gypsum
board, particle board or fiberboard. Interior partitions
are sheathed with plaster or gypsum board.
2. Building Type 2-Wood, commercial and indus-
trial. These are buildings with a floor area of 5,000
square feet or more and with few, if any, interior bear-
ing walls. The essential structural character is framing
by beams on columns. The beams may be glulam
beams, steel beams or trusses. Lateral forces usually
are resisted by wood diaphragms and exterior walls
sheathed with plywood, stucco, plaster or other panel-
ing. The walls may have rod bracing. Large exterior
wall openings often require post-and-beam framing.
Lateral force resistance on those lines may be achieved
with steel rigid frames or diagonal bracing.
3. Building Type 3-Steel moment frame. These build-
ings have a frame of steel columns and beams. Lateral
forces are resisted by the development of flexural
forces in the beams and columns. In some cases, the
beam-column connections have very small moment
resisting capacity but, in other cases, the connections of
some of the beams and columns were designed to fully
develop the member capacities. Lateral loads are trans-
ferred by diaphragms to moment resisting frames. The
diaphragms can be of almost any material. The frames
develop their stiffness by fuB or partial moment con-
nections. The frames can be located almost anywhere
in the bUilding. Usually the columns have their strong
directions oriented so that some columns act primarily
in one direction while the others act in the other direc-
tion, and the frames consist of lines of strong columns
and their intervening beams.
4. Building Type 4-Steel braced frame. These build-
ings are similar to Type 3 buildings except that the ver-
tical components of the lateral-force-resisting system
are braced frames rather than moment frames.
5. Building Type 5-Steellight frame. These buildings
are pre-engineered and prefabricated with transverse
rigid frames. The roof and walls consist of lightweight
panels. The frames are built in segments and assembled
in the field with bolted joints. Lateral loads in the trans-
verse direction are resisted by the rigid frames with
loads distributed to them by shear elements. Loads in
the longitudinal direction are resisted entirely by shear
elements. The shear elements can be either the roof and
wall sheathing panels, an independent system of ten-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
sion-only rod bracing, or a combination of panels and
bracing.
6. Building Type 6-Steel frame with concrete shear
walls. The shear walls in these buildings are
cast-in-place concrete and may be bearing walls. The
steel frame is designed for vertical loads only. Lateral
loads are transferred by diaphragms of almost any
material to the shear walls. The steel frame may pro-
vide a secondary lateral-force-resisting system
depending on the stiffness of the frame and the moment
capacity of the beam-column connections. In "dual"
systems, the steel moment frames are designed to work
together with the concrete shear walls in proportion to
their relative rigidities. In this case, the walls would be
evaluated under this building type and the frames
would be evaluated under Type 3, Steel Moment
Frames.
7. Building Type 7-Steel frame with infill shear
walls. This is one of the older type of buildings. The
infill walls usually are offset from the exterior frame
members, wrap around them, and present a smooth
masonry exterior with no indication of the frame. Sol-
idly infilled masonry panels act as a diagonal compres-
sion strut between the intersections of the moment
frame. If the walls do not fully engage the frame mem-
bers (i.e., lie in the same plane), the diagonal compres-
sion struts will not develop. The peak strength of the
diagonal strut is determined by the tensile stress capac-
ity of the masonry panel. The post-cracking strength is
determined by an analysis of a moment frame that is
partial1y restrained by the cracked infill. The analysis
shall be based on published research and shall treat the
system as a composite of a frame and the infill. An anal-
ysis that attempts to treat the system as a frame and
shear wall is not permitted.
8. Building Type 8-Concrete moment frame. These
buildings are similar to Type 3 buildings except that the
frames are of concrete. There is a large variety of frame
systems. Older buildings may have frame beams that
have broad shallow cross sections or are simply the col-
umn strips of flat-slabs.
9. Building Type 9-Concrete shear walls. The vertical
components of the lateral-force-resisting system in
these buildings are concrete shear walls that are usually
bearing walls. In older buildings, the walls often are
quite extensive and the wall stresses are low but rein-
forcing is light. Remodeling that entailed adding or
enlarging the openings for windows and doors may
critically alter the strength of the modified walls. In
newer buildings, the shear walls often are limited in
extent, generating the need for boundary members and
additional design consideration of overturning forces.
10. Building Type 10-Concrete frame with infill shear
walls. These buildings are similar to Type 7 buildings
except that the frame is of reinforced concrete. The
analysis of this building is similar to that recommended
for Type 7 except that the shear strength of the concrete
columns, after cracking of the infill, may limit the semi-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
ductile behavior of the system. Research that is specific
to confinement of the infill by reinforced concrete
frames shall be used for the analysis.
L 1. Building Type concrete walls
with lightweight flexible diaphragm. These build-
ings have a wood or metal deck roof diaphragm that
distributes lateral forces to precast concrete shear
walls. The walls are thin but relatively heavy while the
roofs are relatively light. Tilt-up buildings often have
more than one story. Walls can have numerous open-
ings for doors and windows of such size that the wall
behaves more like a frame than a shear wall.
12. Building Type 12-Precast concrete frames with
concrete shear walls. These buildings contain floor
and roof diaphragms typically composed of precast
concrete elements with or without cast-in-place con-
crete topping slabs. The diaphragms are supported by
precast concrete girders and columns. The girders often
bear on column corbels. Closure strips between precast
floor elements and beam-column joints usually are
cast-in-place concrete. Welded steel inserts often are
used to interconnect precast elements. Lateral loads are
resisted by precast or cast-in-place concrete shear
walls.
13. Building Type I3-Reinforced masonry bearing
walls with wood or metal deck diaphragms. These
buildings have perimeter bearing walls of reinforced
brick or concrete-block masonry. These walls are the
vertical elements in the lateral-force-resisting system.
The floors and roofs are framed either with wood joists
and beams with plywood or straight or diagonal sheath-
ing or with steel beams with metal deck with or without
a concrete fill. Wood floor framing is supported by
interior wood posts or steel columns; steel beams are
supported by steel columns.
14. Building Type I4-Reinforced masonry bearing
walls with precast concrete diaphragms. These
buildings have bearing walls similar to those of Type
13 bUildings, but the roof and floors are composed of
precast concrete elements such as planks or tee-beams,
and the precast roof and floor elements are supported
on interior beams and columns of steel or concrete
(cast-in-place or precast). The precast horizontal ele-
ments may have a cast-in-place topping.
15. Building Type 15-Unreinforced masonry (URM)
bearing wall buildings. These buildings include struc-
tural elements that vary depending on the building's age
and, to a lesser extent, its geographic location. In build-
ings built before 1900, the majority of floor and roof
construction consists of wood sheathing supported by
wood subframing. In large multistory buildings, the
floors are cast-in-place concrete supported by the
unreinforced masonry walls and/or steel or concrete
interior framing. In buildings built after 1950,
unreinforced masonry buildings with wood floors usu-
ally have plywood rather than board sheathing. The
perimeter walls, and possibly some interior walls, are
unreinforced masonry. The walls mayor may not be
89
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
anchored to the diaphragms. Ties between the walls
and diaphragms are more common for the bearing
walls than for walls that are parallel to the noor fram-
ing. Unreinforced masonry bearing wall buildings
(TYPE 15) shall be assigned to SPC L No further anal-
ysis is required.
2.3 Follow-up field work. The first assessment of the evalua-
tion statements may indicate a need for more information about
the building. The evaluator shall make additional site visits,
performing the necessary surveys and tests to complete the
evaluation.
2.4 Analysis of the building. The general requirements for
building analysis (including the determination of force level,
horizontal distribution of lateral forces, accidental torsion,
inters tory drift and overturning) are summarized in this sec-
tion. For cases where dynamic analysis is required, the general
requirements are given in Section 2.4.10.
2.4.1 Scope of analysis. When an evaluation statement is false
and requires further analysis, the evaluator shall provide appro-
priate analyses that will cover the statement requirements. For
the analysis, the evaluator will:
1. Calculate the building weights;
2. Calculate the building period;
3. Calculate the lateral force on the building;
4. Distribute the lateral force over the height of the build-
ing;
5. Calculate the story shears and overturning moments;
6. Distribute the story shears to the vertical resisting ele-
ments in proportion to their relative stiffness;
7. Examine the individual elements as required by the eval-
uation statements:
a. Load and reaction diagrams for diaphragms and
for the vertical resisting elements;
b. Shearing stresses and chord forces in the dia-
phragm;
c. Vertical components (walls and frames) and find
the story deflections, member forces and deflec-
tions; and
d. Total forces or deflections according to the speci-
fied load combinations.
For moment frames consisting of beams and columns, the
distribution of story shears to the verticallateral-force-resisting
elements in that story may be in proportion to their relative
stiffness. In multistory frame-shear wall structures or in struc-
tures where the vertical resisting elements have significantly
different lateral stiffnesses, or where the stiffnesses of the verti-
cal resisting elements change significantly over the height of
the structure, an analysis of the entire structure under the pre-
scribed lateral loads shall be performed.
90
2.4.2 Demand. All building components evaluated shall resist
the effects of the seismic forces prescribed herein and the
effects of gravity loadings from dead, floor live and snow
loads. The following load combinations shall be used:
Q = L 1 Q
D
+ Q
L
+ Qs Q
E
(2-1)
or
(2-2)
where:
Q the effect of the combined loads.
the effect of dead load.
the effect of seismic forces.
the effective live load is equal to 25 percent of the
unreduced design live load but not less than the actual
live load.
the effective snow load is equal to either 70 percent of
the full design snow load or, where conditions warrant
and are approved by OSHPD, not less than 20 percent
of the full design snow load except that, where the
design snow load is less than 30 pounds per square foot,
no part of the load need be included in seismic loading.
The seismic portion of the demand (QE) is obtained from
analysis of the building using the seismic base shear (V) from
Equation 2-3.
2.4.3 Seismic analysis of the building.
2.4.3.1 Base shear. The seismic base shear determined from
Equation 2-3 is the basic seismic demand on the building. Ele-
ment forces and deflections obtained from analysis based on
this demand are the element demands (QE) to be used in the
load combinations of Equations 2-1 and 2-2. The demands are
modified in some cases as discussed in Section 2.4.11.
The seismic base shear (V) in a given direction shall be deter-
mined as follows:
(2-3)
where:
C
s
the seismic design coefficient determined by Equation
2-4 or 2-5.
W = the total dead load and applicable portions of the fol-
lowing:
In storage and warehouse occupancies, a minimum
of 25 percent of the floor live;
Where an allowance for partition load is included in
the floor load design, the actual partition weight or a
minimum weight of 10 psf of floor area, whichever
is greater;
Total operating weight of all permanent equipment;
and
The effective snow load as defined in Section 2.4.2.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
TABLE 2.4.3.1-RESPONSE COEFFICIENTS
1
R Cd SYSTEM
Bearing wall systems
6.5 4 Light-framed walls with shear panels
4.5 4 Reinforced concrete shear walls
3.5 3 Reinforced masonry shear walls
4 3.5 Concentrically braced frames
1.25 1.25 Unreinforced masonry shear walls
Building frame systems
8 4 Eccentrically braced frames, moment-resisting
connections at columns away from link
7 4 Eccentrically braced frames, nonmoment-resisting
connections at columns away from link
7 4.5 Light-framed walls with shear panels
5 4.5 Concentrically braced frames
5.5 5 Reinforced concrete shear walls
4.5 4 Reinforced masonry shear walls
3.5 3 Tension-only braced frames
1.5 1.5 Unreinforced masonry shear walls
Moment-resisting frame system
8 5.5 Special moment frames of steel
8 5.5 Special moment frames of reinforced concrete
4 3.5 Intermediate moment frames of reinforced concrete
4.5 4 Ordinary moment frames of steel
2 2 Ordinary moment frames of reinforced concrete
Dual system with a special moment frame
capable of resisting at least 25 percent of
prescribed seismic forces.
Complementary seismic-resisting elements
8 4 Eccentrically braced frames, moment-resisting
connections at columns away from link
7 4 Eccentrically braced frames, nonmoment-resisting
connections at columns away from link
6 5 Concentrically braced frames
8 6.5 Reinforced concrete shear walls
6.5 5.5 Reinforced masonry shear walls
8 5 Wood sheathed shear panels
Dual system with an intermediate moment
frame of reinforced concrete or an ordinary
moment frame of steel capable of resisting at
least 25 percent of prescribed seismic forces.
Complementary seismic-resisting elements
5 4.5 Concentrically braced frames
6 5 Reinforced concrete shear walls
5 4.5 Reinforced masonry shear walls
7 4.5 Wood sheathed shear panels
Inverted pendulum structures
2.5 2.5 Special moment frames of structural steel
2.5 2.5 Special moment frames of reinforced concrete
1.25 1.25 Ordinary moment frames of structural steel
1. Some building systems such as precast moment resisting frames are not
listed in Table 2.4.3.1. When an unlisted building system must be evaluated,
the evaluator shall perform an alternate analysis per Section 2.7 or place the
building in SPC 1.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE 2.4.3.2-COEFFICIENT FOR
UPPER LIMIT ON CALCULATED PERIOD
Av Ca
0.4 1.2
0.3 1.3
0.2 1.4
The seismic coefficient (C) for existing buildings shall be
determined as follows:
C, 0.67 ( = (2-4)
where:
Av the peak velocity-related acceleration coefficient given
in Figures 2.1 and 2.1a.
R = a response modification coefficient from Table 2.4.3.1.
S = the site coefficient given in Table 2.1. In locations
where the soil properties are not known in sufficient
detail to determine the Soil Profile Type S3 shall be
used. Soil Profile Type S4 need not be assumed unless
OSHPD determines that Soil Profile Type S4 may be
present at the site, or in the event the Soil Profile Type S4
is established by the geotechnical engineer.
T the fundamental period of the building.
The value of C
s
need not be greater than:
C = 0.85(2.5A
a
) = 2.1
2A
a
S R R
(2-5)
where:
Aa = the effective peak acceleration coefficient given in Fig-
ures 2.1 and 2.1a.
2.4.3.2 Period. For use in Equation 2-4, the value of T shall be
calculated using one of the following methods:
Method 1. The value of T may be taken to be equal to the
approximate fundamental period of the building (T,) deter-
mined as follows:
a. For buildings in which the lateral-foree-resisting system
consists of moment-resisting frames capable of resisting
100 percent of the required lateral force and such frames are
not enclosed or adjoined by more rigid components tending
to prevent the frames from deflecting when subjected to
seismic forces:
(2-6a)
where:
0.035 for steel frames.
C
T
0.030 for concrete frames.
h/l = the height in feet above the base to the highest level of
the building.
b. As an alternate for concrete and steel moment-resist-
ing-frame buildings of 12 stories or fewer with a minimum
story height of 10 feet, the equation Ta = 0.10N, whereN=
the number of stories, may be used in lieu of Equation
2-6a.
91
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
c. For all other buildings,
0.05 h
n
Ji
(2-6b)
where:
L the overall length (in feet) of the building at the base in
the direction under consideration.
Method 2. The fundamental period T may be estimated using
the structural properties and deformational characteristics of
the resisting elements in a properly substantiated analysis. This
requirement may be satisfied by using the following equation:
T (2-7)
The values of It represent any lateral force, associated with
weights wi, distributed approximately in accordance with the
principles of Equations 2-8, 2-9 and 2-10 or any other rational
distribution. The elastic deflections, d
i
, should be calculated
using the applied lateral forces,ft. The period used for compu-
tation of shall not exceed CaTu' where is given in Table
2.4.3.2.
2.4.3.3 Direction of seismic forces. Assume that seismic
forces will come from any horlzontal direction. The forces may
be assumed to act nonconcurrently in the direction of each prin-
cipal axis of the structure except as discussed in Section
2.4.3.5.
2.4.3.4 U pUft. The beneficial effects of uplift at the foundation
soil level may be considered, using the alternative analysis
procedure.
2.4.3.5 Orthogonal effects. The cri tical load effect due to
direction of application of seismic forces on the building may
be assumed to be satisfied if components and their foundations
are designed for the following combination of prescribed
loads: 100 percent of the forces for one direction plus 30 per-
cent of the forces for the perpendicular direction. The combina-
tion requiring the maximum component strength should be
used.
Exception: Diaphragms and components of the seismic
resisting system utilized in only one of the two orthogonal
directions need not be designed for the combined effects.
2.4.3.6 Combinations of structu.ral systems. When combina-
tions of structural systems are incorporated into the same struc-
ture, the following requirements shall be satisfied:
92
1. Vertical combinations.
1.1 Structures not having the same structural system
throughout their height shall be evaluated using
the dynamic lateral force procedure.
Exceptions:
1. Structures five stories or less without
stiffness and strength irregularities may
be evaluated using the equivalent lateral
force procedures; and
2. Structures conforming to Section
2.4.3.6.2, below.
1.2 A two-stage analysis may be used if a structure
contains a relatively rigid base supporting a flexi-
ble upper portion and both portions considered
separately can be classified as regular structures.
The rigid base shall have a calculated natural
period in each direction of not more than 0.06
seconds. The periods shall be evaluated using Eq.
2-7, or its equivalent, considering the total mass
of the flexible upper portion concentrated at the
top of the rigid base. The flexible upper portion
shall be evaluated as a separate structure sup-
ported laterally by the rigid base. The rigid base
shall be evaluated as a separate structure. The
reactions of the flexible upper portion shall be
applied at the top of the rigid base, amplified by
the ratio of the R and Cd factors of the superstruc-
ture divided by those for the base structure. The
values of R and Cd for the base structure shall be
greater than or equal to those used for the super-
stmcture. The total lateral force on the base shall
include the forces determined for the base itself.
2. Combinations along different axes. If a building has a
wall system in only one direction, the value of R
used for systems in the other direction shall not be greater
than that used for the bearing wall system.
2.4.3.7 Vertical distribution of forces. The lateral force (F),
induced at any level, shall be determined as follows:
(2-8)
and
(2-9)
where:
C
vx
vertical distribution factor.
hi and
k
v
Wi and
the height (feet) from the base to Level I or x.
an exponent related to the building period as follows: For
buildings having a period of 0.5 second or less, k = 1.
For buildings having a period of2.S seconds or more, k = 2.
For buildings having a period between 0.5 and 2.5 sec-
onds, k may be taken as 2 or may be determined by linear
interpolation between 1 and 2.
total
building.
lateral force or shear at the base of the
H' the portion of the total gravity load of the building (tv)
located or assigned to Level lor x.
2.4.3.8 Horizontal distribution of shear. The story shear,
(V), shall be distributed to the various vertical elements of the
lateral-force-resisting system in proportion to their rigidities,
considering the rigidity of the diaphragm.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
2.4.3.9 Horizontal torsional moments. The increased shears
resulting from horizontal torsion where diaphragms have the
capability to transmit that torsion shall be evaluated. The acci-
dental torsional moment shall be determined assuming dis-
placements of the centers of mass each way from their
calculated locations. The minimum assumed displacement of
the center of mass at each level shall be five percent of the
dimension at that level measured perpendicular to the direction
of the applied force. For each element, the most severe loading
shall be considered.
2.4.3.10 Overturning. Every structure shall be capable of
resisting the overturning effects caused by earthquake forces
specified. At any level, the overturning moments to be resisted
shall be estimated using those seismic forces (F
t
and FJ that act
on levels above the level under consideration. At any level, the
incremental changes of the overturning moment shall be dis-
tributed to the various resisting elements in the same propor-
tion as distribution of the horizontal shears to those elements.
The foundations of buildings (but not the connection of the
building to the foundation), except inverted pendulum struc-
tures, shall be evaluated for the foundation overturning design
moment (M
f
) at the foundation-soil interface determined using
the overturning moment at the base with an overturning
moment reduction factor of 0.75.
2.4.3.11 P-delta effects. The resulting member forces and
moments and the story drifts induced by P-delta effects shall be
considered in the evaluation of overall structural frame stabil-
ity. P-delta need not be considered if the drift satisfies the
"Quick Check for Drift" given in Section 2.4.7.
2.4.3.12 Foundations. The foundation shall be capable of
transmitting the base shear and the overturning forces defined
in this article from the structure into the supporting soil. The
short-term dynamic nature of the loads may be taken into
account in establishing the soil properties.
2.4.3.12.1 Soil capacities. The capacity of the foundation soil
in bearing or the capacity of the soil interface between pile, pier
or caisson and the soil shall be sufficient to support the struc-
ture with all prescribed loads, other than earthquake forces,
taking due account of the settlement that the structure is capa-
ble of withstanding. For the load combination including earth-
quake, the soil capacities must be sufficient to resist loads at
acceptable strains considering both the short time of loading
and the dynamic properties of the soil. Allowable soil capaci-
ties multiplied by a factor of 2.0 may be used, except that values
for sliding friction may not be increased.
2.4.3.12.2 Structural materials. The strength of concrete
foundation components subjected to seismic forces alone or in
combination with other prescribed loads and their detailing
requirements shall be determined from the provisions of ACI
318. Reductions to foundation component capacities shall be
made where components do not meet the requirements of ACI
318.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
2.4.4 Deformation and drift. When deformations and drift
limits need to be checked, such as for frames failing the "Quick
Check of Drift" and slender seismic resisting systems of any
type, compute the elastic deformations caused by the required
forces and then multiply by the factor Cd to determine the total
deformations. Interstory drifts shall not exceed O.OI33h
sx
'
where h
sx
is the story height below level x. For purposes of this
drift analysis only, it is permissible to use the computed funda-
mental period (T) of the building without the upper bound limi-
tation specified in Section 2.4.3.2 when determining drift level
seismic design forces.
2.4.5 Demand on diaphragms. The deflection in the plane of
the diaphragm shall not exceed the permissible deflection of
the attached elements as determined by the evaluator. Permissi-
ble deflection permits the attached element to maintain its
structural integrity under the individual loading and continue to
support the prescribed loads without endangering the occu-
pants of the building.
Floor and roof diaphragms shall be designed to resist a mini-
mum force equal to O.SAv times the weight of the diaphragm
and other elements attached to the building plus the portion of
the seismic shear force at that level, CV.), required to be trans-
ferred to the components of the vertical seismic-resisting sys-
tem because of offsets or changes in stiffness of the vertical
components above and below the diaphragm.
Diaphragms shall provide for both the shear and bending
stresses resulting from these forces. Diaphragms shall have ties
or struts to distribute the wall anchorage forces into the dia-
phragm as prescribed in Section 3.6.4 of the 1994 NEHRP Rec-
ommended Provisions.
2.4.6 Demand on parts and portions of the building. Parts
and portions of structures and permanent non structural compo-
nents and equipment supported by a structure and their attach-
ments, as identified in the building evaluation procedures, shall
be evaluated to verify that they are capable of resisting the
seismic forces specified below. All attachments or appendages,
including anchorages and required bracing, shall be evaluated
for seismic forces. Nonrigid equipment, the structural failure
of which would cause a life-safety hazard, also shall be evalu-
ated.
Each element or component evaluated shall be capable of
resisting a total lateral seismic force, F
p
' where:
Fp=0.67(AvCcWc) (2-10)
where:
Av the velocity-related acceleration coefficient given in
Figures 2.1 and 2.1 a.
C
c
= a coefficient given in Table 2.4.6.
We = the weight of the element or component.
The NPC of the building shall be determined using the pro-
cedures in Article 11.
93
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE 2 4 6-SEISMIC Cc .. --_ .. _._. "
Cc
Parts of Walls
structure Unbraced (cantilevered parapets and walls) 2.4
Other exterior walls at and above the ground floor 0.9
All interior bearing and
_,_
walls and partitions 0.9
Masonry or concrete fences over 6 feet high 0.9
Penthouse (except where framed by an extension of the building frame) 0.9
Connections for prefabricated structural elements other than walls with force appJ at the center ' gravity
0.9
Nonstructural Exterior and interior ornamentations and appendages 2.4
components
Chimneys, stacks, trussed towers and tanks:
Supported on or projecting as an unbraced cantilever above the roof more than one-half its total height 2.4
All others including those supported below the roof with unbraced projection above the roof less than one-half its 0.9
height or braced or guyed to the structural frame at or above its center of mass
" .. __ L
,1 plumbing and electrical
Anchorage for suspended ceilings and light fixtures
2.4.7 Quick checks of strength and stiffness. Evaluation
statements may require quick check estimates of the strength
and stiffness of the building.
To check the average shear stress or drift for upper stories in
addition to the first story, the story shear for an upper story may
be approximated as follows:
V- = (n + jJ (Wj J1.2 V (2-11)
1 n+l W
where:
j number of story level under consideration.
n total number of stories above ground level.
V base shear from Equation 2-3.
Vj maximum story shear at story Level j.
W total seismic dead load.
total seismic dead load of all stories above Level j (see
Section 2.4.1).
2.4.7.1 Story drift for moment Frames.The following equa-
tion for the drift ratio is applicable only to regular, multistory,
multibay frames with columns continuous top and bottom:
- (kb + kc J( h J C
DR- -- Vc d
Kb eKe, ,12E
(2-12)
where:
Cd = deflection amplification factor from Table 2.4.3.1.
DR = drift ratio inters tory displacement divided by
inters tory height.
E modulus of elasticity (ksi).
h = story height (in.).
I moment of inertia (in.\
kb IlL for the beam.
kc = IIh for the column.
L
94
center-to-center length (in.).
shear in the column (kips).
0.9
0.9
For reinforced concrete frames, use appropriate cracked sec-
tion properties pursuant to ACI 318-95 or later. For other con-
figurations of frames, compute the drift ratio from the
principles of structural mechanics.
2.4.7.2 Shearing stress in concrete frame columns. The
equation for a quick estimate of the average shearing stress,
(v
avr
)' in the columns of concrete frames is as follows:
, .
(N, n J( :jJ (2-13)
where:
Ac = summation of the cross-sectional area of all columns in
the story under consideration.
nc total number of columns.
n
f
total number of frames in the direction of loading.
Vj story shear from Equation 2-11.
Equation 2-13 assumes that nearly all of the columns in the
frame have similar stiffness. For other configurations of
frames, compute the shear stress in the concrete columns from
the principles of structural mechanics.
2.4.7.3 Shearing stress in shear walls. The equation for a
quick estimate of the average wall shear stress is as fol-
lows:
where:
(2-14)
summation of the horizontal cross-sectional area of all
shear walls in the direction of loading. The wall area
shall be reduced by the area of any openings. For
masonry walls, use the net area. For wood-framed
walls, use the length rather than the area.
story shear at the level under consideration determined
from Equation 2-11.
The allowable stresses for the various types of shear wan
building are given in Section 5.1 for concrete shear walls, Sec-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
tion 5.3 for reinforced masonry shear walls, Section 5.4 for
unreinforced masonry shear walls and Section 5.6 for wood
shear walls.
2.4.7.4 Diagonal bracing. The equation for a quick estimate of
the average axial stress in the diagonal bracing f,hr) is as fol-
lows:
= C ~ J ~ : : )
(2-15)
where:
A
br
the average area of a diagonal brace (in. \
Lbr = average length of the braces (ft).
N
br
= number of braces in tension and compression if the
braces are designed for compression; if not, use the
number of braces in tension, if the braces are not
designed for compression.
s = average span length of braced spans (ft).
V; maximum story shear at each level (kips).
2.4.8 Procedure for evaluating unreinforced masonry beard
ing wall buildings. U nreinforced masonry bearing wall build-
ings shall automatically be placed in SPC 1.
2.4.9 Element capacities. Calculate element capacities on the
ultimate-strength basis of the 1994 NEHRP Recommended
Provisions.
When calculating capacities of deteriorated or damaged ele-
ments, the evaluator shall make appropriate reductions in the
material strength, the section properties and any other aspects
of the capacity affected by the deterioration.
2.4.9.1 Wood. The basic document is Chapter 9 of the 1994
NEHRP Recommended Provisions, as modified in Section 5.6
of these regulations.
2.4.9.2 Steel. The basic document is Chapter 5 of the 1994
NEHRP Recommended Provisions, as modified in Articles 4
and 6 of these regulations.
2.4.9.3 Concrete. The basic document is ACI 318-89. Because
this document is on an ultimate-strength basis, the ] 994
NEHRP Recommended Provisions specifies special load fac-
tors that include the factor of 1.0 for earthquake effects (see
Equations 2-1 and 2-2).
2.4.9.4 Masonry. The basic document is Chapter 8 of the 1994
NEHRP Recommended Provisions, as modified in Article 5 of
these regulations.
2.4.10 Dynamic analysis. Unless otherwise noted, the proce-
dures given in Articles 3 through 10 use the equivalent lateral
force procedure. The use of a dynamic analysis procedure is
required for the following:
1) Buildings 240 feet or more in height;
2) Buildings with vertical irregularities caused by signifi-
cant mass or geometric irregularities;
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
3) Buildings where the distribution of the lateral forces
departs from that assumed in the equivalent lateral force
procedure; and
4) Where required by the evaluation statements in Articles
3 through 10.
Dynamic analysis procedures shall conform to the criteria
established in this section. The analysis shall be based on an
appropriate ground motion representation as specified in this
section and shall be performed using accepted principles of
dynamics. Structures that are evaluated in accordance with this
section shall comply with all other applicable requirements.
2.4.10.1 Ground motion. The ground motion representation
shall be an elastic response spectra developed for mean values
for the specific site, in accordance with the procedures in Title
24, Section 1629A.2 of 1995 California Building Code (CBC)
or equivalent provision in later version of the CBC.
2.4.10.2 Mathematical model. A mathematical model of the
physical structure shall represent the spatial distribution of the
mass and stiffness of the structure to calculate the significant fea-
tures of its dynamic response. A three-dimensional model shall
be used when the dynamic analysis involves a structure with an
irregular plan contiguration and rigid or semirigid diaphragms.
2.4.10.3 Analysis procedure.
2.4.10.3.1 Response spectrum analysis. An elastic dynamic
analysis of a structure shall use the peak dynamic response of
all modes having a significant contribution to total structural
response. This requirement may be satisfied by demonstrating
that for the modes considered, at least 90% of the participating
mass of the structure is included in the calculation of response
in each principal horizontal direction. Peak modal responses
are calculated using the ordinates of the appropriate response
spectrum curve that corresponds to the modal periods. Maxi-
mum modal contributions shall be combined in a statistical
manner using recognized combination methods to obtain an
approximate total structural response.
2.4.10.3.2 Scaling of results. When the base shear for a given
direction is less than that required by the equivalent lateral
force procedure, the base shear shall be increased to the value
prescribed in that procedure. All corresponding response
parameters, including deflections, member forces and
moments, shall be increased proportionately.
When the base shear for a given direction is greater than that
required by the equivalent lateral force procedure, the base
shear may be decreased to the value prescribed in that proce-
dure. All corresponding response parameters, including
deflections, member forces, and moments, may be decreased
proportionately.
2.4.10.3.3 Post-yield analyses. Post-yield analyses of a sim-
plitied model of the building may be made to estimate the non-
linear displacements of the structural system. If the analyses is
made with a two-dimensional planar model, the additive tor-
sional displacement shall be established through methods that
are equivalent to those used for response spectra analyses.
95
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
The displacements or rotations of structural members esti-
mated by the post-yield analysis shall be compared with rele-
vant experimental data to determine the adequacy of the
member or system.
2.4.10.4 Torsion. The analysis shall account for torsional
effects, including accidental torsional effects, as prescribed in
Section 2.4.3.9. Where three-dimensional models are used for
analysis, effects of accidental torsion shall be accounted for by
appropriate adjustments in the model such as adjustment of
mass locations or by equivalent static procedures such as pro-
vided in Section 2.4.3.9.
2.4.11 Acceptance criteria. The elements to be analyzed are
specified in the procedures given in Articles 3 through 10. The
total demand, Q, is calculated by Equation 2-1 or 2-2 as modi-
fied below. The capacity, C, is calculated according to the pro-
cedures of Section 2.4.9. The basic acceptance criterion is:
Q ~ (2-17)
Where elements or portions of a lateral force resisting sys-
tem are expected to behave in a less ductile manner than the
system as a whole, the term Q
E
in Equation 2-1 or 2-2 shall be
modified or special calculations be made to account for the dif-
ferent failure modes of the various elements. Modification of
QE' and special calculation procedures and when they shall be
used, are described in Articles 3 through 8.
If all significant elements meet the basic acceptance criteria
as specified herein, no further analysis is needed.
2.4.12 Assessment of element deficiencies. The result of the
checks specified in Articles 3 through 10 will show whether or
not the elements meet the requirements of the 1994 NEHRP
Recommended Provisions as modified herein.
For those elements not meeting the specified acceptance cri-
teria, the relative hazard or seriousness of the deficiencies shall
be assessed. Deficiencies shall be ranked according to:
1) Degrees of "overstress" (both total and seismic);
2) Element importance in the load path; and
3) Building, ductile and element stability.
2.5 Final evaluation.
2.5.1 Review the statements and responses. Upon comple-
tion of the analysis and field work, the evaluator shall review
the evaluation statements and the responses to the statements to
ensure that all of the concerns have been addressed.
2.5.2 Assemble and review the results of the procedures.
Upon completion of the procedures given in Articles 3 through
10, the evaluator shall assemble and review the results.
2.5.2.1 Q versus C. The criterion Q C is an indication of
whether an element meets the requirements of the 1994
NEHRP Recommended Provisions as modified for these regu-
lations. However, because Q involves gravity effects, the ratio
of Q to C for an element must be considered in light of the seis-
mic demand versus capacity in order to fully determine the
seriousness of the earthquake hazard.
2.5.2.2 DE ICE ratios. The severity of the deficiencies shall be
assessed by listing the D E ICE ratios in descending order. The
96
element with the largest value is the weakest link in the build-
ing. If the element can fail without jeopardizing the building,
then the SPC may be based upon the element with the next
lower ratio, and so on. Failure of an element will not jeopardize
the building provided an alternate load path (neglecting the
failed element) exists, and the vertical and lateral stability of
the structure, or portions of the structure, is not impaired. The
presence of an element with a DEICE greater than one, where
failure of that element will jeopardize the stability of the build-
ing or element, requires that nonconforming buildings be
placed in SPC 1. For conforming buildings, see the appropriate
evaluation statement.
2.5.2.3 Qualitative issues. Some of the procedures identify
specific deficiencies without any calculation. These deficien-
cies will automatically place buildings in SPC 1, 3 or 4.
2.5.3 Final evaluation. The final evaluation will place the
building in the appropriate the SPC (Table 2.5.3), based on a
review of the qualitative and quantitative results of the proce-
dures and the list of deficiencies. In general, an unmitigated
"false" answer to an evaluation statement will lower the SPC of
the Building. A "false" evaluation statement may be consid-
ered mitigated if the building, element or component is justi-
fied using the procedure outlined in the evaluation statement,
or the effects of the condition are incorporated in the overall
evaluation, as described in Section 2.5.2.2. Alternatively, the
SPC rating of a building may be assigned by the Office on the
basis of a collapse probability assessment performed in accor-
dance with Section 1.4.5.1.2.
2.5.3.1 Conforming buildings. Conforming buildings, other
than those of welded steel moment frame construction (Build-
ing Type 3 and possibly Building Types 4 and 6, if a dual sys-
tem is present), without any unmitigated "false" evaluation
statements shall be placed in SPC 5. Other conforming build-
ings shall be placed in the lowest SPC directed by the evalua-
tion statements.
2.5.3.2 Nonconforming buildings. An unmitigated "False"
answer to any evaluation statement shall result in nonconforming
buildings being placed in SPC 1, unless directed otherwise by the
procedures for that particular evaluation statement. All other
nonconforming buildings shall be placed in SPC 2.
2.6 The final report. The report shall include the following
elements:
1. A description of the building, including photographs,
and sketches of the lateral-force-resisting system using
an OSHPD approved format;
2. The set of statements from the Appendix, with a synopsis
of the investigation and supporting calculations that
were made;
3. A list of the deficiencies that must be remedied in order
to change statement responses from false to true;
4. The SPC for the building, with comments on the relative
importance of the deficiencies; and
5. The NPC for the building.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
CATEGORIES
Buildings posing significant risk of collapse and a danger to the public. These l:uildings must be brought up to the SPC 2 level by January
1, 2008, or be removed from acute care service.
Where the Office has performed a collapse probability assessment, ruildings with Probability of Collapse greater than 1.20% shall be
placed in this category.
SPC 2 Buildings in compliance with the pre-1973 California Building Standards Code or other applicable standards, rut not in compliance with
the structural provisions of the Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act. These buildings do not significantly jeopardize life, but may
not be repairable or functional following strong ground motion. These ruildings must be brought into compliance with the structural
provisions of the Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act, its regulations or its retrofit provisions by January 1, 2030, or be removed
from acute care service.
Where the Office has performed a collapse probability assessment, l:uildings with Probability of Collapse less than or equal to 1.20% shall
be placed in this category.
SPC 3 Buildings in compliance with the structural provisions of the Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act, utilizing steel
moment -resisting frames in regions of high seismicity as defined in Section 4.2.10 and constructed under a permit issued prior to October
25, 1994. These buildings may experience structural damage which does not significantly jeopardize life, but may not be repairable or
functional following strong ground motion. Buildings in this will have been constructed or reconstructed under a wilding permit
obtained through OSHPD. These be used to and
SPC 4 Buildings in compliance with the structural provisions of the Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act, but may experience structural
damage which may inhibit ability to provide services to the public following strong ground motion. Buildings in this category will have been
constructed or reconstructed under a building permit obtained through OSHPD. These buildings may be used to January] , 2030, and beyond.
SPC 5 Buildings in compliance with the structural provisions of the Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act, and reasonably capable of
providing services to the public following strong ground motion. Buildings in this category will have been constructed or reconstructed
under a building permit obtained through OSHPD. These buildings may be used without restriction to January 1,2030, and beyond.
2.7 Alternative analysis. The owner of a building may elect to
perform an Alternative Analysis, to evaluate a structure in more
detail than that provided by the evaluation procedures specified
in these regulations. The methodology of an Alternative Analy-
sis must be approved in advance by OSHPD, and shall meet the
following criteria:
1. Data collection on the structure and site conditions shall
be performed in accordance with the appropriate Sec-
tions of Article 2 of these regulations. Depending upon
the type of analysis to be performed, additional data
regarding the as built condition and material properties
may be required;
2. The Alternative Analysis shall be based on a site specific
ground motion as specified in Section 3413A.1.2 of the
2013 California Building Code (CBC);
3. The analysis of the structure shall determine the distribu-
tion of strength and deformation demands produced by
the design ground shaking and other seismic hazards.
The analysis shall address seismic demands and capaci-
ties to resist these demands for all elements in the struc-
ture that either:
Are essential to the lateral stability of the structure
(primary elements); or
Are essential to the vertical load-carrying integrity
of the building.
4. The analysis procedure may consist of a linear or non-
linear analysis. The analytical methods and acceptance
criteria shall conform to Section 3412A of the 2013
CBC and nonlinear response history analysis procedure
shall be reviewed and approved, in advance, by
OSHPD.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ARTICLE 3
PROCEDURES FOR BUILDING SYSTEMS
3.0 Introduction. This article sets forth general requirements
that apply to all buildings: load path, redundancy, configura-
tion, adjacent buildings and the condition of the materials.
3.1 Load path. The structure contains a complete load path for
seismic force effects from any horizontal direction that serves
to transfer the inertial forces from the mass to the foundation.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this con-
dition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The load
path is the most essential requirement for a building. There
must be a lateral-force-resisting system that forms a load path
between the foundation and all diaphragm levels and that ties
all of the portions of the building together. The load path must
be complete and sufficiently strong.
3.2 Redundancy. The structure will remain laterally stable
after the failure of any single element.
Check whether stability of the structure depends on a single
element. If the failure of a single element (member or connec-
tion) will result in loss of lateral stability, the element shall be
checked for adequacy using an amplification factor of C J2, but
not less than 1.5. P-delta effects shall be included in this check.
3.3 Configuration. Vertical irregularities are defined in terms
of discontinuities of strength, stiffness, geometry and mass.
Horizontal irregularities involve the horizontal distribution
oflateral forces to the resisting frames or shear walls.lrregular-
ities in the shape of the diaphragm itself (i.e., diaphragms that
are L-shaped or have notches) are covered in Article 7.
3.3.1 Weak story. Visual observation or a Quick Check indi-
cates that there are no significant strength discontinuities in any
of the vertical elements in the lateral-force-resisting system;
the story strength at any story is not less than 80 percent of the
strength of the story above.
97
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. Check story strengths individually. Where a weak
story exists, the resisting elements shall be checked; include
P-delta effects and inelastic demand. To compensate for the
concentration of inelastic action where the story strength of the
weak story is less than 65 percent of the story above, amplify
the design forces in the weak story by the factor Cd 12, but not
less than 1.5. Conforming buildings which fail this check shall
be placed in SPC 4.
3.3.2 Soft story_ Visual observation or a Quick Check indicates
that there are no significant stiffness discontinuities in any of
the vertical elements in the lateral-force-resisting system; the
lateral stiffness of a story is not less than 70 percent of that in
the story above or less than 80 percent of the average stiffness
of the three stories above.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. The deficiency is in the stiffness of certain portions
of the building. Where a soft story condition is indicated, the
stiffness of the building shall be calculated story by story, in
order to detennine whether a story falls within the definition of
a soft story. Where a soft story exists, the resisting elements
shall be checked; include P-delta effects. For buildings more
than 65 feet or five stories tall, a dynamic analysis shall be per-
formed to compute the distribution of seismic forces.
3.3.3 Geometry. There are no significant geometrical irregu-
larities; there are no setbacks (i.e., no changes in horizontal
dimension of the lateral-force-resisting system of more than 30
percent in a story relative to the adjacent stories).
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with the
1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title the evaluator may con-
sider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are neces-
sary. Where geometric irregularities exist, a dynamic analysis
shall be performed to compute the vertical distribution of seis-
mic forces.
3.3.4 Mass. There are no significant mass irregularities; there
is no change of effective mass of more than 50 percent from one
story to the next, excluding Ught roofs.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. The deficiency is in the distribution of mass in the
building. The effective mass is the real mass consisting of the
dead weight of the floor plus the actual weights of partitions
and equipment. Where mass irregularities exist, a dynamic
analysis shall be performed to compute the vertical distribution
of seismic forces.
3.3.5 Vertical discontinuities. All shear walls, infilled walls
and frames are continuous to the foundation.
For buiJdings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. The pJimary deficiency is in the strength of the col-
umns that support the wal1 or frame. The secondary deficiency
98
is in the strength of the connecting strut or diaphragm. Con-
forming buildings which fail these checks shall be placed in
SPC4.
Procedure for columns: Check the columns that support the
upper vertical lateral load-resisting element for their capacity
to support the gravity loads plus the overturning forces. The
overturning forces shall be based on the design forces ampli-
fied by the factor C,/2, but not less than 1.5, or on the capacity
of the vertical lateral load-resisting element to resist lateral
force if this is greater. The column check shall include P-delta
effects.
Procedure for strut or diaphragm: Check the strut or dia-
phragm for its ability to transfer the load from the discontinu-
ous element to the lower resisting element.
3.3.6 Torsion. The lateral-force-resisting elements fonn a
well-balanced system that is not subject to significant torsion.
Significant torsion will be taken as any condition where the dis-
tance between the story center of rigidity and the story center of
mass is greater than 20 percent of the width of the structure in
either major plan dimension.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. One deficiency is in the layout and the strengths and
stiffness of the walls and frames of the lateral-force-resisting
system. Another deficiency is in the strength of columns that
are not part of the lateral-force-resisting system but are forced
to undergo displacements due to the rotation of the diaphragm.
Verify the adequacy of the system by analyzing the torsional
response using procedures that are appropriate for the relative
rigidities of the diaphragms and the vertical resisting elements.
Calculate the maximum story drift (the average building drift
plus the additional displacement due to torsion). Verify that all
vertical load-carrying elements can maintain their load-cany-
ing ability under the expected drifts. When checking columns,
include P-delta effects and consider inelastic demand. Con-
forming buildings which fail this check shall be placed in SPC
4.
3.4 buildings. There is no immediately adjacent
structure that is less than half as tall or has floors/levels that do
not match those of the building being evaluated. A neighboring
structure is considered to be "immediately adjacent" if it is
within 2 inches times the number of stories away from the
building being evaluated.
The deficiency is the distance between the buildings. Report
the condition as a hazard. Where both buildings are designed
and constructed in accordance with the 1989 or later editions of
Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may consider this condition as
mitigated. Other conforming buildings which fail these checks
shall be placed in SPC 4.
3.5 Deflection incompatibility. Column and beam assemblies
that are not part ofthe lateral-force-resisting system (i.e., grav-
ity load-resisting frames) are capable of accommodating
imposed building drifts, including amplified drift caused by
diaphragm deflections, without loss of vertical load-carrying
capacity.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the ductility of the vertical load-carrying sys-
tem. Calculate the expected drifts using the procedures in Sec-
tion 2.4.4. Use net section properties for all reinforced concrete
elements in the lateral-force-resisting system. Include the lat-
eral displacements due to diaphragm deflections, using the dia-
phragm loading computed in Section 2.4.6. Evaluate the
capacity of the nonlateral-force-resisting columns and beam
assemblies to undergo the combined drift, considering
moment-axial force interaction and column shear.
3.6 Short "'captive" columns. There are no columns with
height-to-depth ratios less than 75 percent of the nominal
height-to-depth ratios of the typical columns at that level.
The deficiency is in the tendency of short captive columns to
attract high shear forces because of their high stiffness relative
to adjacent elements. Calculate the story drift, and determine
the shear demand eVe) in the short column caused by the drift
(Ve = 2MIL). The ratio of VJV
n
shall be less than one, where Vn
is the column nominal shear capacity computed in accordance
with ACI criteria. Conforming buildings which fail these
checks shaH be placed in SPC 4.
3.7 Evaluation of materials and conditions.
3.7.1 Deterioration of wood. None of the wood members
shows signs of decay, shrinkage, splitting, fire damage or sag-
ging, and none of the metal accessories is deteriorated, broken
or loose.
The deficiency is in the capacity of the deteriorated ele-
ments. Determine the cause and extent of damage. Identify the
lateral-force-resisting system and determine the consequences
of the damage to the system. The system shall be judged ade-
quate if it can perform with the damaged elements. Check the
structural systems with appropriate reductions in member
properties.
3.7.2 Overdriven nails. There is no evidence of overdriven
nails in the shear walls or diaphragms.
The deficiency is in the capacity of the fasteners. Check the
wall demand and capacity, using reduced strength due to
overdriven fasteners.
3.7.3 Deterioration of steel. There is no significant visible
rusting, corrosion or other deterioration in any of the steel ele-
ments in the vertical- or lateral-force-resisting systems.
The deficiency is the reduction in cross-section of the ele-
ments. Check the structural systems with appropriate reduc-
tions in member properties. See Article 4 for inspection
requirements for welded steel moment-resisting frame struc-
tures.
3.7.4 Deterioration of concrete. There is no visible deteriora-
tion of concrete or reinforcing steel in any of the frame
elements.
The deficiency is the reduction in member properties. Check
the structural systems with appropriate reductions in member
capacities.
3.7.5 Post-tensioning anchors. There is no evidence of corro-
sion or spalling in the vicinity of post-tensioning or end fit-
tings. Coil anchors have not been used.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
The deficiency is the reduced area of the prestress strands
and, with coil anchors, the ability of the anchorage to maintain
its grip under cyclic loading. Inspect a sample of the concrete in
the area of the anchorage to determine its condition. Determine
the cause and extent of the deterioration. Consider the effects of
anchorage failure on the vertical and lateral load-carrying
capacity of the structure.
3.7.6 Concrete wall cracks. All diagonal cracks in the wall
elements are 1.0 mm or less in width, are in isolated locations
and do not form an X pattern.
The deficiency is the reduced capacity of the wall. Deter-
mine the cause and extent of the cracking. Check the structural
systems with reduced wall capacity.
3.7.7 Cracks in boundary columns. There are no diagonal
cracks wider than 1.0 mm in concrete columns that encase the
masonry infills.
The deficiency is the reduced capacity of the walL Evaluate
the wall with limited capacity assigned to the deteriorated ele-
ments. Determine the cause and extent of the damage.
3.7.8 Precast concrete walls. There is no significant visible
deterioration of concrete or reinforcing steel or evidence of dis-
tress, especially at the connections.
The deficiency is in the strength of the connections. Deter-
mine the cause and extent of distress and check the structural
systems with appropriate reductions in capacity.
3.7.9 Masonry joints. The mortar cannot be easily scraped
away from the joints by hand with a metal tool, and there are no
significant areas of eroded mortar.
The deficiency is in the strength of the wall. Check the ade-
quacy of the walls with the strength determined by tests. This
evaluation statement also applies to masonry veneers present
on the exterior or interior walls of the building.
3.7.10 Masonry units. There is no visible deterioration of
large areas of masonry units.
The deficiency is in the strength of the units. Determine the
cause and extent of deterioration and use reduced capacity in
determining the adequacy of the units.
3.7.11 Cracks in infill walls. There are no diagonal cracks in
the infilled walls that extend throughout a panel or are greater
than 1.0 mm wide.
The deficiency is the reduced capacity of the wall. Deter-
mine the cause and extent of the cracking. If appropriate, check
the structural systems with reduced wall capacity.
ARTICLE 4
PROCEDURES FOR
MOMENTRESISTING SYSTEMS
4.0 Introduction. Moment frames develop their resistance to
lateral forces through the flexural strength and continuity of
beam and column elements. Moment frames may be classified
as special, intermediate and ordinary frames.
For evaluations using these regulations, it is not necessary to
determine the type of frame in the building. The issues are
addressed by appropriate acceptance criteria in the specified
99
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
procedures. For determination of element capacities, see Arti-
cle 2, Section 2.4.9.
4.1 Frames with intill walls.
4.1.1 Interfering walls. All infill walls placed in moment
frames are isolated from structural elements.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is an inappropriate connection of the wall to the
frame. Evaluate the relative strength and stiffness of the walls
and frames, considering the nature and size of the joint or con-
nection between the wall and the frame. If the strength of the
walls is not commensurate with the stiffness, the building
should be treated as Type 7 or Type 10 (Article 2, Section 2.2.3
"Common Building Types"), a frame with infill walls. If the
infill walls do not extend the full story height and are not prop-
erly isolated from the frame columns, evaluate the column
shear demand and capacity, based on a column height equal to
the clear distance from the top of the wall to the bottom of the
slab or beam above, amplifying the design forces in the short
column by ej2, but not less than 1.5. The shear demand need
not exceed the shear capacity corresponding to flexural capac-
ity of the column, based on a column height equal to the clear
distance from the top of the wall to the bottom of the slab or
beam above.
4.2 Steel moment frames. Welded steel moment frames may
be subject to detailed frame joint evaluation requirements, as
outlined in this section. The purpose of this joint evaluation is
to determine if the building has experienced joint damage in
strong ground shaking.
4.2.0.1 Preliminary screening. All welded steel moment
frame structures shall undergo a detailed frame joint evaluation
if the building is located at a site that has experienced the fol-
lowing:
1. An earthquake of magnitude greater than or equal to 6.5
that produced ground motion in excess of 0.20 g; or
2. An earthquake that generated ground motion in excess of
0.30 g.
The ground motion estimates shall be based on actual instru-
mental recordings in the vicinity of the building. When such
ground motion records are not available, ground motion esti-
mates may be based on empirical or analytical techniques. All
ground motion estimates shall reflect the site-specific soil con-
ditions.
4.2.0.2 Additional indicators. A detailed frame joint evalua-
tion of the building shall be performed if any of the following
apply:
1. Significant structural damage is observed in one or more
welded steel moment frame structures located within 1
km of the building on sites with similar, or more firm,
soil properties;
2. An earthquake having a magnitUde of 6.5 or greater,
where the structure is located within 5 km of the trace of a
surface rupture or within the vertical projection of the
rupture area when no surface rupture has occurred;
3. Significant architectural or structural damage has been
observed in the building following an earthquake; or
100
4. Entry to the building has been limited by the building
official because of earthquake damage, regardless of the
type or nature of the damage.
4.2.0.3 Connection inspections. Detailed frame joint evalua-
tions shall be performed in accordance with the procedures in
the Interim Guidelines: Evaluation, Repair, Modification and
Design of Welded Steel Moment Frame Structures, FEMA 267,
August 1995.
4.2.1 Drift check. The building satisfies the Quick Check of
the frame drift.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check drift using the procedures in Section 2.4.7.1 against the
prescribed limit. If the drift exceeds the limiting drift at any
story level, the structure shall be evaluated with full-frame
analysis using the anticipated distribution of lateral forces to
the moment-resisting frames and including P-delta effects.
Check the other statements using the demand from this analy-
sis.
4.2.2 Compact members. All moment-frame elements meet
the compact section requirements of the basic AISC
documents.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the member capacities. Check member capaci-
ties, using member demands obtained from a frame analysis.
Calculate member capacities using appropriate criteria for
noncompact sections. Check the member capacities using
appropriate R values (e.g., noncompact members require use of
the R value for ordinary frames).
4.2.3 Beam penetrations. All openings in frame-beam webs
have a depth less than one-fourth of the beam depth and are
located in the center half of the beams.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the shear capacity of the beam. Check that the
shear capacity of the beam is sufficient to develop the flexural
plastic hinge. If the shear capacity is insufficient to develop the
flexural capacity of the member, use the R value for ordinary
frames.
4.2.4 Moment connections. All beam-column connections in
the lateral-force-resisting moment frame have full-penetration
flange welds and a bolted or welded web connection.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection. Check the con-
nection on the basis of its strength. Check the member capaci-
ties using appropriate R values. Connections that do not
develop the flexural capacity of the member require use of the
R value for ordinary frames.
4.2.5 Column splices. All column splice details of the
moment-resisting frames include connection of both flanges
and the web.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the bolts or welds in the connec-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATiVE CODE
tion. Check the adequacy of the splice connection for all grav-
ity and seismic loads. Amplify the seismic load for
partial-penetration welded splices by the factor 12.
4.2.6 Joint webs. All web thicknesses within joints of
moment-resisting frames meet AISC criteria for web shear.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the web. Calculate the joint shear
capacity using formulas given in the AISC provisions and com-
pare it to the demand from an equivalent lateral force analysis
or the average column shear, V
c
' calculated for the Quick Check
for drift.
4.2.7 Girder flange continuity plates. There are girder flange
continuity plates at joints.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the joint. Check joints without
such plates using AISC provisions, using the R value for ordi-
nary frames.
4.2.8 Strong column/weak beam. At least one half of the
joints in each story are strong column/weak beam (33 percent
on every line of moment frame). Roof joints need not be
considered.
The deficiency is excessive ductility demand and displace-
ment in a single story. Compare beam and column moment
capacities, including the effect of axial force. The evaluator
may consider this condition mitigated if the joints in the build-
ing meet the provisions of Section 271 0(g)5 of the 1992 edition
of Part 2, Title 24. Conforming buildings which do not meet
those provisions shall be placed in SPC 4.
4.2.9 Out-of-plane bracing. Beam-column joints are braced
out -of-plane.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the stability of the beam-column joint. Verify
the joint bracing by visual observation.
4.2.10 Pre-Northridge earthquake welded moment frame
joints. Welded steel moment frame beam-column joints are
designed and constructed in accordance with recommenda-
tions in FEMA 267, Interim Guidelines: Evaluation, Repair,
Mod{fication and Design of Welded Steel Moment Frame
Structures, August 1995.
For buildings constructed under permit issued after October
25, 1994, the evaluator may consider this condition as miti-
gated. The deficiency is in the ductility of the beam-column
joint. The following procedures shall be used for categorizing
buildings with welded steel moment frame joints:
Procedure for conforming buildings: Conforming build-
ings located in Seismic Zone 4 of 1995 California Building
Code (CBC) or later version of the CBC, within a zone desig-
nated as being potentially subject to near field effects in strong
ground shaking, shall be placed in SPC 3.
All other conforming buildings shall be placed in SPC 4.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
Procedure for nonconforming buildings: NonconfOlming
buildings shall be placed in SPC 2.
4.3 Concrete moment frames. The details covered in evalua-
tion statements in Sections 4.3.4 through 4.3.14 will be found
in frames that have been designed and detailed for ductile
behavior. If anyone detail is not present, the frames are not con-
sidered to meet life-safety goals, and nonconforming buildings
shall be placed in SPC 1. For conforming buildings, see the
appropriate evaluation statement. For buildings designed and
constructed in accordance with the 1989 or later editions of
Part 2, Title 24, the building may assume "true" responses to all
evaluation statements in this section.
4.3.1 Shearing stress check. The building satisfies the Quick
Check of the average shearing stress in the columns.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Per-
form a quick estimation of the average shearing stress in the
columns according to the procedure specified in Section
2.4.7.2. If the average column shear stress is greater than 60 psi,
a more detailed evaluation of the structure shall be performed.
This evaluation shall employ a more accurate estimation of the
level and distribution of the lateral loads; use the procedures
outHned in Section 2.4.
4.3.2 Drift check. The building satisfies the Quick Check of
story drift.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check drift using the procedures in Section 2.4.7.1 against the
prescribed limit. If the drift exceeds the limiting drift at any
story level, the structure shall be evaluated with full-frame
analysis using the anticipated distribution of lateral forces to
the moment-resisting frames and including P-delta effects as
found in Section 2.4.1. Check the other statements using the
demand from this analysis.
4.3.3 Prestressed frame elements. The lateral-load-resisting
frames do not include any prestressed or post-tensioned
elements.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the frames during inelastic
straining. Check the capacity of the members and joints using
all of the mild steel reinforcing that is available and bonded
prestressing when appropriate. The R value used for evaluation
shall reflect the ductility and damping of the system. Where
better information is not available, multiply the R value
selected on the basis of mild reinforcement by 0.75 to account
for the effect of prestressing.
4.3.4 Joint eccentricity. There are no eccentricities larger than
20 percent of the smallest column plan dimension between
girder and column centerlines.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the frame, either the members or
the joints or both. Evaluate the frames considering the addi-
tional shear stresses caused by the joint torsion.
101
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
4.3.5 No shear failures. The shear capacity of frame members
is greater than the moment capacity.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is inadequate shear capacity in the columns or beams.
Compare Ve with the member shear capacity, <I> V
n
, calculated in
accordance with ACI 318 Appendix. The ratio Ve / Vn shall be
less than or equal to 1.0.
4.3.6 Strong column/weak beam. The moment capacity of the
columns is greater than that of the beams.
The deficiency is in column capacity. Compare the sum of the
beam moment capacities to that of the column capacities.
Include the participation of the slab in the beam capacities. The
moment capacity to be compared is the plastic moment, M
pT
' The
ratio of the sum of the Mpr for the columns to the sum of the Mpr for
the beams is required to be not less than 1.2. Conforming build-
ings which do not meet this criteria shall be placed in SPC 4.
4.3.7 Stirrup and tie hooks. The beam stirrups and column
ties are anchored into the member cores with hooks of 135
degrees or more.
The deficiency is in the shear resistance and confinement of
the member. Determine if beam stirrups and column ties are
appropriately anchored into member cores with hooks of 135
degrees or more. Conforming buildings which do not meet this
criteria shall be placed in SPC 4.
4.3.8 Column-tie spacing. Frame columns have ties spaced at
dl4 or less throughout their length and at 8 db' or less at all
potential plastic hinge regions.
The deficiency is in the shear capacity of the column. Report
this condition as a deficiency. Conforming buildings which do
not meet this criteria shall be placed in SPC 4.
4.3.9 Column-bar splices. All column bar lap splice lengths
are greater than 35 db' long and are enclosed by ties spaced at 8
db' or less.
The deficiency is in the strength and ductility of the colunm.
Compare the splice length provided with that required by Sec-
tions 12.2 and 12.15 of the ACI 318 provisions. Conforming
buildings which do not meet this criteria shall be placed in SPC
4.
4.3.10 Beam bars. At least two longitudinal top and two longi-
tudinal bottom bars extend continuously throughout the length
of each frame beam. At least 25 percent of the steel provided at
the joints for either positive or negative moment is continuous
throughout the members.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength and ductility of the beam. Deter-
mine if the required beam bars are present. For conforming
buildings, the evaluator may consider this condition as miti-
gated, and no calculations are necessary.
4.3.11 Beam-bar splices. The lap splices for longitudinal
beam reinforcing are located within the center half of the mem-
ber lengths and not in the vicinity of potential plastic hinges.
The deficiency is in the strength and ductility of the beam.
Determine if the beam bar splices are detailed and located such
102
that the yield capacity ofthe beam can be developed. Conform-
ing buildings which do not meet this criteria shall be placed in
SPC4.
4.3.12 Stirrup spacing. All beamshave stirrups spaced at dl2
or less throughout their length and at 8 db' or less at potential
hinge locations.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength and ductility of the beam. Deter-
mine if the stirrups meet the specified spacing requirements,
such that the yield capacity of the beam can be developed.
4.3.13 Beam truss bars. Bent-up longitudinal steel is not used
for shear reinforcement.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength and ductility of the beam. Deter-
mine if bent -up shear reinforcement is present. If present,
check the shear capacity of the element ignoring the effects of
the bent -up longitudinal bars.
4.3.14 Joint reinforcing. Column ties extend at their typical
spacing through all beam-column joints at exterior columns.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. The deficiency is in the strength and ductility of the
beam-column joint. Calculate the joint capacity, V
e
, and the
joint shear, V;. The joint shear is calculated at a horizontal sec-
tion at mid-height of the joint. The horizontal shear at the criti-
cal section is obtained from summation of horizontal forces in a
free-body diagram of the upper half of the joint as V; (T
1
+ Tr)
Ve where T[ and TI" the forces in the flexural tensile reinforce-
ment in the beams on the left and right sides of the joint, respec-
tively, are calculated assuming a steel stress equal to 1.25 fy.
See Figure 4.3.14 for computation of Ve' The ratio V;IVe shall
be less than or equal to 1. Conforming buildings which do not
meet this criteria shall be placed in SPC 4.
..
V
tt
P
Calculate Mp with
1.0 and
1.25fy,
wtlere 0/ is the
specified yeti
stress.
FIGURE 4.3.14
Mprand Ve
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
4.3.15 Flat slab frames. The system is not a frame consisting
of columns and a flat slab/plate without beams.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. Perform a detailed analysis, or assign the building to
SPC 1.
4.4 Precast concrete moment frames.
4.4.1 Precast frames. The lateral loads are not resisted by pre-
cast concrete frame elements.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connections. Check the ade-
quacy of the precast frames. Where lateral movement will
cause strength capacities to be first exceeded at connections,
use R = Cd = 1.5 unless there is information on connection
behavior that justifies higher values. Where all yielding occurs
within members, use the R-value for the appropriate cast-
in-place frame.
4.4.2 Precast connections. For buildings with concrete shear
walls, the connection between precast frame elements such as
chords, ties and collectors in the lateral-force-resisting system
can develop the capacity of the connected members.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connections. Analyze the
connections. Determine where connection failures would be
brittle (e.g., pull-out of an embedded item would occur before
yield of a mild steel element). Analyze structure for stability
assuming that these brittle connections have failed or are not
capable of transmitting forces, or check such connections for
seismic force amplified by factor Cd 12, but not less than 1.5.
For shear capacity, refer to Section 4.3. For flexure, find the
path of forces from the element through the connection into the
other element.
4.5 Frames not part of the lateralaforcearesisting system.
This section deals with frames that were not designed to be part
of the lateral-force-resisting system. These are basic structural
frames of steel or concrete that are designed for gravity loads
with shear walls, bracing or moment frames providing the
resistance to lateral forces.
If the primary lateral-force-resisting system consists of con-
crete walls (infilled in steel frames or monolithic in concrete
frames), the building shall be treated as a concrete shear wall
building (Type 6) with the frame columns as boundary ele-
ments. If the walls are masonry infills, the frames shall be
treated as steel or concrete frames with infill walls of masonry
(Type 7 or 10). Buildings with steel braces shall be treated as
braced frame systems (Type 4). The principal deficiency iden-
tified in this section is loss of vertical-load-carrying capacity
due to excessive deformations.
The analysis must include the deformations imposed by the
infill walls, and the consequences of the failure of such walls.
4.5.1 Complete frames. The steel or concrete frames form a
complete vertical load-carrying system.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check the shear walls or braced frames, including the effects of
all dead and live loads, and note that the R values for buildings
without a complete vertical load-carrying space frame are dif-
ferent from those for complete frame buildings. For wall sys-
tems, the frame is considered incomplete if the beams end at the
edge of a shear wall that has no boundary columns or, if there
are such columns, the beams do not continue across in the plane
of the wall. For chevron-braced frame systems, the frame is
considered incomplete if the beam in the brace frame cannot
carry the design dead and live loads without the presence of the
braces.
ARTICLE 5
PROCEDURES FOR SHEAR WAllS
5.0 Introduction. Shear walls have two aspects: carrying
in-plane shear when the earthquake direction under consider-
ation is parallel to the wall and resisting out-of-plane forces
when the earthquake direction under consideration is perpen-
dicular to the wall. The in-plane effects are covered in this arti-
cle. Out-of-plane effects are covered in Article 8. All walls not
structurally isolated are assumed to act as shear walls that will
participate in resisting lateral forces up to their capacity.
5.1 Concrete shear walls.
5.1.1 Shearing stress check. The building satisfies the Quick
Check of the shearing stress in the shear walls.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Gen-
erate the lateral loads using the Quick Check procedure of Sec-
tion 2.4.7.3. Ifvavgis greater than 50 psi (or square rootoffc iffc
is known), a more detailed evaluation of the structure shall be
performed. This evaluation shall employ a more accurate esti-
mation of the level and distribution of the lateral loads, using
the analysis procedures in Article 2.
5.1.2 Overturning. All shear walls have h,j1w ratios less than 4
to 1.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the required resistance to overturning
moments. Calculate the resistance to the required overturning
moments. The overturning resistance shall include the resis-
tance contributed by wall flanges, friction on piling, earth over
foundations, and floor and roof weights supported by the wall.
The calculated resistance shall be greater than 0.75 times the
base moment of the shear wall. The overturning resistance
moment may be taken as the righting moment about an edge of
the footing or the wall tlexural capacity, whichever is less.
5.1.3 Coupling beams. The stirrups in all coupling beams are
spaced at d/2 or less and are anchored into the core with hooks
of 135 degrees or more.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. The deficiency is in the strength of the coupling
beams. Assume that the beams yield. Calculate their
103
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
end-moment capacity based either on flexural yield or shear
capacity, whichever is lower. The coupling beam moment
capacity should include the contribution of a reasonable por-
tion of the adjacent floor slab reinforcement when this rein-
forcement is in tension. Analyze the walls as independent walls
with these restoring moments or shears helping to stabilize the
walls. Check the stability of the wall and the stresses in the ver-
tical boundaries. Conforming buildings which fail this check
shall be placed in SPC 4, and no calculations are necessary.
5.1.4 Column splices. Steel column splice details in shear wall
boundary elements can develop the tensile strength of the
column.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the splice in the boundary col-
umn. Determine the maximum tensile column load in each case
and verify the adequacy of the splice to resist this load, includ-
ing gravity loads. Check the adequacy of the splice connection
for aU gravity and seismic loads. Amplify the seismic load for
partial-penetration welded splices by the factor 12, but not
less than 1.5, when the seismic load produces tension at the
splice.
5.1.5 WaH connections. There is positive connection between
the shear walls and the steel beams and columns.
For confonning buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the adequacy of the connections between the
shear waH and the beams and columns that are its boundary ele-
ments. Calculate the effective ovelturning demand for the walls
and check the adequacy of the shear transfer to the steel ele-
ments. A value for shear friction between steel and concrete
shall be included only if the steel element is completely
encased with reinforced concrete.
5.1.6 Confinement reinforcing. For shear walls with hy,; Ily,;
greater than 2.0, the boundary elements are confined with spi-
rals or ties with spacing less then 8d
b

For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with
the 1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title the evaluator may
consider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are
necessary. The deficiency is in the ductility of the vertical
boundary elements that are required to resist large axial forces.
Check the need for boundary elements, per ACI 318. Where
boundary elements are required but not provided, amplify the
seismic forces for the entire structure by the factor 1.25 (and
use 0.8Cd for drift calculation). Confonning buildings which
fail this evaluation statement shall be placed in SPC 4, and no
calculations are necessary.
5.1.7 Reinforcing steel. The total reinforcing steel for concrete
walls is greater than 0.0025 times the gross area of the wall
along both the longitudinal and transverse axes and the maxi-
mum spacing of reinforcing steel is 18 inches.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the quantity of reinforcing in the wal1. Calcu-
late the capacity of the walls with the reinforcing that is pro-
vided, but amplify the seismic forces by the factor 1.25 (and
use 0.8C
d
for drift calculation). Where the reinforcing in the
104
wall is less than 0.0015 times the gross area of the wall along
the longitudinal or transverse axis, or if the reinforcing steel
spacing exceeds 18 inches, the contribution of the wall to lat-
eral strength and stiffness of the building shall be ignored and,
if it is a bearing wall, the building shall be placed in SPC 1.
5.1.8 Reinforcing at openings. There is special wall reinforce-
ment around all openings.
For confonning buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the reinforcing in the piers and spandrels.
Determine the capacity of the spandrels and piers considering
all available reinforcing steel that crosses the critical sections.
5.2 Precast concrete shear waUsa Shear walls of precast con-
crete are in segments that are tied together, but the connections
may be of a brittle type. Connections adequate for design level
forces may not be capable of developing the yield level capac-
ity of the panels. The effects of the precast panel connections
on the other evaluation statements concerned with wall ele-
ments shall be considered. The deficiency is in the quality and
ductility of the connections.
5.2.1 Panel-to-paneJ connections. Adjacent wall panels are
not connected by welded steel inserts.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the inserts. Check the welded
inserts. Determine where connection failures would be brittle
(e.g., pull-out of an embedded item would occur before yield of
a mild steel element). Analyze structure for stability assuming
that these brittle connections have failed or are not capable of
transmi tting forces or check such connections for seismic force
amplified by the factor Cd 12, but not less than 1.5.
5.2.2 Wall openings. Openings constitute less than 75 percent
of the length of any perimeter wall wi th the wall piers having hw
Ilw ratios of less than 2.0.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency may be in the strength of the panel connections or
may be that the reinforced concrete elements actually behave
like a moment frame and should be evaluated as such. Check
the elements in the precast shear wall system. When large open
areas check the transfer of shear between the diaphragm and
the wall. Compare the lateral displacements of the wall due to
shear and flexure. If more than 50 percent of the total lateral dis-
placement is due to flexure, or if the width of the wall piers is less
than five times the thickness; analyze the wall as a moment frame.
5.2.3 Collectors. Wall elements with openings larger than a
typical panel at a building corner are connected to the remain-
der of the wall with collector reinforcing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the configuration of the wall or the diaphragm.
Find an adequately strong path of forces. If none is found,
report this as a deficiency.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
5.3 Reinforced masonry shear walls.
5.3.1 Shearing stress check. The building satisfies the Quick
Check of the shearing stress in the reinforced masonry shear
walls.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Gen-
erate the lateral loads using the Quick Check procedure of Sec-
tion 2.4.7.3. If Vavg is greater than 15 psi, a more detailed
evaluation of the structure shall be performed. This evaluation
shall employ a more accurate estimation of the level and distri-
bution of the lateral loads, using the analysis procedures in
Article 2.
5.3.2 Reinforcing. The total vertical and horizontal reinforcing
steel in reinforced masonry walls is greater than 0.002 times the
gross area of the wall with a minimum of 0.0007 in either of the
two directions, the spacing of reinforcing steel is less than 48
inches and all vertical bars extend to the top of the walls.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. If the
quantity of wall reinforcing is less than the specified amounts,
report this condition as a deficiency.
5.3.3 Reinforcing at openings. All wall openings that inter-
rupt rebar have trim reinforcing on all sides.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the lack of reinforcing at the end of wall ele-
ments adjacent to openings and at the corners of walls. Check
the wall using only the length of piers between reinforcing
steel.
5.4 Unreinforced masonry shear walls. Unreinforced
masonry bearing wall buildings are automatically classified as
SPC 1, unless reclassification is permitted per Section
1.4.5.1.2. The following provisions apply to unreinforced
masonry shear wall structures that also possess a complete ver-
tical load-carrying space frame.
5.4.1 Shearing stress check.
The building satisfies the Quick Check of the shearing stress
in the unreinforced masonry shear walls.
Generate the lateral loads using the Quick Check procedure
of Section 2.4.7.3. The allowable stress (on the gross area) for
solid brick masonry is 10 psi; for hollow unit masonry, 6 psi;
and for grouted block masonry, 12.5 psi. If is greater than
the allowable stress, an Alternative Analysis of the structure
shall be performed, or the building shall be placed in SPC 1.
5.4.2 Masonry lay-up.
Filled collar joints of multi wythe masonry walls have neg Ii -
gible voids.
The deficiency is in the lay-up of the wall that left voids
between the wythes. Investigate the lay-up. This can be done
when masonry units are removed for strength tests. If voids are
present, report this condition as a deficiency.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
5.4.3 Proportions. The height/thickness ratio of the wall pan-
els is as follows:
One-story building hwl t < 15
Multistory building
Top story h,,/ t < 9
Other stories h,,/ t < 13
The deficiency is in the out-of-plane strength of the wall.
Check the out-of-plane demand using the procedure for parts
and portions of a building given in Section 2.4.6.
5.5 Unreinforced masonry infill walls in frames.
5.5.1 Proportions. The height/thickness ratio of the wall pan-
els is as follows:
One-story building hw It < 14
Multistory building
Top story hwl t < 9
Other stories h,,/ t < 20
The deficiency is in the out-of-plane strength of the wall.
Check the out-of-plane demand using the procedure for parts
and portions of a building given in Section 2.4.6.
5.5.2 Solid walls. The infill walls are not of cavity construction.
The deficiency is in the out-of-plane strength of the wall. If
infill walls are of cavity construction, report this as a deficiency.
5.5.3 InfiIl walls. The infill walls are continuous to the soffits
of the frame beams.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the columns. Check the shear
capacity of the columns to develop opposing yield moments at
top and bottom of the short free height or to resist required
force amplified by the factor ej2, but not less than 1.5.
5.5.4 Wall connections. All infill panels are constructed to
encompass the frames around their entire perimeter.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the connection of the infill panel to the frame.
Determine the panel edge condition from available drawings or
from field investigation. If the panels are not properly con-
nected to the frame, report this condition as a deficiency.
5.6 Walls in wood frame buildings.
5.6.1 Shearing stress check. The building satisfies the Quick
Check of the shearing stress in wood shear walls.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Gen-
erate the lateral loads using the Quick Check procedure of Sec-
tion 2.4.7.3 and compare to 400 pounds per foot of plywood
wall or 50 pounds per foot of walls composed of gypsum board
or other materials. If v
avg
is greater than these values, a more
detailed evaluation of the structure shall be performed. This
evaluation shall employ a more accurate estimation of the level
and distribution of the lateral loads using the analysis proce-
dures in Article 2.
105
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
5.6.2 Openings. Walls with garage doors or other large open-
ings are braced with plywood shear walls or are supported by
adjacent construction through substantial positive ties.
For conforming bUildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the lateral-force-resisting sys-
tem. Check the ability of the walls and diaphragms to control,
through torsional capacity, displacements at walls with large
openings. Check that the diaphragm is a complete system with
chords and collectors provided to deliver the lateral loads as
required.
5.6.3 Wall requirements. All walls supporting tributary area
of 24 to 100 square feet per foot of wall are plywood sheathed
with proper nailing or rod braced and have a height-to-depth
(HID) ratio of 1 to 1 or less or have properly detailed and con-
structed hold-downs.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the wall and/or in hold-downs to
resist overturning forces. Check the walls using floor areas trib-
utary to the walls. Check all portions of the load path to ensure
proper force transfer.
5.6.4 Cripple walls. All exterior cripple wal1 s below the first
floor level are braced to the foundation with shear elements.
For conforn1ing buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the shear strength of the cripple walls. Check all
exterior cripple walls below the first floor level to ensure that
they are braced to the foundation with shear elements.
5.6.5 Narrow shear walls. Narrow wood shear walls with an
aspect ratio greater than 2 to 1 do not resist forces developed in
the building.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the narrow walls. Determine the
shear capacity of the wall and related overturning demand. This
shear capacity and related overturning must be transferred to
the foundation within allowable stresses.
5.6.6 Stucco (exterior plaster) shear walls. Multistory build-
ings do not rely on exterior stucco walls as the primary lat-
eral-force-resisting system.
The deficiency is in the strength of the stucco walls. Inspect
stucco-clad buildings to determine if there is a lateral system
such as plywood or diagonal sheathing at all but the top floor.
Where exterior plaster is present, verify that the wire reinforc-
ing is attached directly to the wall framing and the wire is com-
pletely embedded into the plaster material. Conforming
buildings which fail this check shall be placed into SPC 4.
5.6.7 Plaster or gypsum wallboard shear walls. Interior plas-
ter or gypsum wallboard is not being used for shear walls in
buildings over one story in height.
The deficiency is in the strength of the walls. Determine if
there is a lateral system such as plywood or diagonal sheathing
at all but the top floor. Multistory buildings shall not rely on
interior plaster or gypsum wallboard walls as the primary lat-
106
eral-force-resisting system. Conforming buildings which fail
this check shall be placed into SPC 4.
ARTICLE 6
PROCEDURES FOR BRACED FRAMES
6.0 Introduction. Braced frames develop their resistance to
lateral forces by the bracing action of diagonal members. The
braces induce forces in the associated beams and columns so
that all work together like a truss with all members subjected to
stresses that are primarily axial.
A concentrically braced frame has minor eccentricities in
the joints of the frame that are accounted for in the design.
An eccentrically braced frame has elements that are
strictly controlled to combine a stiffening effect due to the diag-
onal braces with yielding in the link beams. Eccentrically
braced frames are present only in conforming buildings.
6.1 Concentrically braced frames.
6.1.1 Stress check. The building satisfies the Quick Check of
the stress in the diagonals.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Cal-
culate the average axial stress in the diagonals using the proce-
dures of Section 2.4.7.4. Increase the calculated stress to
account for torsion, based on the amount of torsion (Section
3.3.6) present and the distance between braced frames. If the
average stress exceeds 30 ksi, an accurate analysis of the
stresses on the bracing elements shall be performed.
6.1.2 Stiffness of diagonals. All diagonal elements required to
carry compression have Kllr ratios less than 120.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the stiffness of the diagonals. Check the bracing
elements, amplifying the seismic force by the factor 1.25.
6.1.3 Tension-only braces. Tension-only braces are not used
as the primary diagonal bracing elements in structures over two
stories in height.
The deficiency is in the strength of the braces. Check the
braces. If they are tension-only, and the building is over two
stories in height, place the building in SPC 1. Tension-only
bracing of small penthouse structures may be reviewed using
the procedures in Section 2.4.6. Conforming buildings which
fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
6.1.4 Chevron bracing. The bracing system does not include
chevron-, V-, or K-braced bays.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check all elements in the braced frames. For chevron- and
V-braced frames, the beam shall be a single element that can
carry the gravity loads without the intermediate support of the
braces. Check the adequacy of the beam for the seismic forces
amplified by ej2, but not less than 1.5. Consider the effect of
buckling of a leg of chevron-bracing or V-bracing, including
the continuity, strength, and bracing of the beams and the abil-
ity of the connection to permit buckling of the brace while not
destroying the capacity for repeated cycles of loading. If
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
K-bracing is used in buildings over two stories, amplify the
seismic forces in the bracing and columns by the factor Cj2,
but not less than 1.5.
6.1.5 Concentric joints. All the diagonal braces frame into the
beam-column joints concentrically.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the joints. Evaluate the conse-
quence of the eccentricity on the member required to resist it.
Evaluate the shear, bending and axial force requirements at the
locations of eccentricities.
6.1.6 Connection strength. All the brace connections are able
to develop the yield capacity of the diagonals.
The deficiency is in the strength of the connections. Check
the connection strength. Use a demand value that develops the
tensile capacity of the brace or is 1.25 times the required seis-
mic force. If connections in a conforming building cannot
develop the yield capacity of the brace and do not meet the
requirements of Part 2, Title 24, Section 2211A.9.3 of 1995
California Building Code (CBC) or equivalent provision in
later version of the CBC, the building shall be placed in SPC 4.
6.1.7 Column splices. All column splice details of the braced
frames can develop the column yield capacity.
The deficiency is in the strength of the splice. Calculate the
adequacy of the splice connection for all expected forces
including gravity loads. Amplify the seismic load for partial
penetration welded splices by the factor Cd 12 when the seismic
load produces tension at the splice. If the column splice details
in a conforming building cannot develop the yield capacity of
the column and do not meet the requirements ofPa112, Title 24,
Section 2211A.9.5 of 1995 California Building Code (CBC) or
equivalent provision in later version of the CBC, the building
shall be placed in SPC 4.
6.1.8 Concrete braced frames. None of the braces in the fram-
ing system are of reinforced concrete construction.
The deficiency is in the ductility of the braced frame. Rep0l1
this condition as a deficiency, and place nonconforming build-
ings in SPC 1. Place conforming buildings in SPC 4.
6.2 Eccentrically braced frames.
6.2.1 Link beam location. The link beams are not connected to
the columns.
The deficiency is in the ductility of the link beam-column
connection. Report this condition and place the building in
SPC4.
ARTICLE 7
PROCEDURES FOR DIAPHRAGMS
7.0 Introduction. The diaphragm is the horizontal subsystem
that distributes lateral load to the vertical subsystems (walls
and frames) and that provides lateral support for walls and
parapets.
7.1 Diaphragms. Diaphragms are treated as horizontal beams.
The floor (or roof), which is analogous to the web of a
wide-Hange beam, is assumed to canoy the shear; the edge of
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SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
the floor (or roof) or a spandrel, which is analogous to the
flange, is assumed to carry the flexural stress.
7.1.1 Plan irregularities. There is significant tensile capacity
at reentrant comers or other locations of plan irregularities.
For buildings designed and constructed in accordance with the
1989 or later editions of Part 2, Title 24, the evaluator may con-
sider this condition as mitigated, and no calculations are neces-
sary. The deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm in the
vicinity of corners. Evaluate the chord/collector requirements
at the reentrant corners and other locations of plan irregularities
by applying the maximum of the diaphragm force and the cal-
culated story force to a model of the isolated diaphragm. All
e1ements that can contribute to the tensile capacity at the
reentrant corner may be included with appropriate consider-
ation given to gravity load stresses. Conforming buildings
which fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
7.1.2 Cross ties. There are continuous cross ties between dia-
phragm chords.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the adequacy of the path for wall anchorage
forces into the diaphragm. A cross tie is a beam or girder that
spans the width of the diaphragm, accumulates the wall loads
and transfers them, over the full depth of the diaphragms, into
the next bay and on to the nearest shear wall or frame. Calculate
the wall anchorage forces according to Section 2.4.5, and
check that these forces can be developed, element by element,
in the diaphragm.
7.1.3 Reinforcing at openings. There is reinforcing around all
diaphragm openings larger than 50 percent of the building
width in either major plan dimension.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider thi s
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm in the vicinity of
the openings. Check the adequacy of the diaphragm to transfer
stresses around the opening.
7.1.4 Openings at shear walls. Diaphragm openings immedi-
ately adjacent to the shear walls constitute less than 25 percent
of the wall length, and the available length appears sufficient.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the length of diaphragm needed to transfer
shear to the wall or frame and to provide lateral support for the
wall or frame.
Procedure for diaphragm shear: Verify that there is a path of
forces and sufficient strength to deliver the diaphragm shear to
the shear wall. The diaphragm shear is the demand.
Procedure for lateral support of the wall: Treat the wall as a
portion of the building using Fp as the demand.
7.1.5 Openings at braced frames. Diaphragm openings
immediately adjacent to the braced frames extend less than 25
percent of the length of the bracing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is similar to that described above for openings at
shear walls.
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SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
Procedure for diaphragm shear: Verify that there is a path of
forces and sufficient strength to deliver the diaphragm shear to
the braced frame. The diaphragm shear is the seismic demand.
Procedure for lateral support of the frame: Treat the frame as
a portion of the building using Fp as the demand.
7.1.6 Openings at exterior masonry shear walls. Diaphragm
openings immediately adjacent to exterior masonry walls are
no more than 8 feet long.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is similar to that described above for openings at
shear walls.
Procedure for diaphragm shear: Verify that there is a path of
forces and sufficient strength to deliver the diaphragm shear to
the shear wall. The diaphragm shear is the demand.
Procedure for lateral support of the wall: Treat the wall as a
portion of the building using Fp as the demand.
7.2 Wood diaphragms.
7.2.1 Sheathing. None of the diaphragms consist of straight
sheathing or have a span/depth ratio greater than 2 to 1.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm. Analyze the
wood diaphragm using the procedure given in Chapter 9 of the
1994 NEHRP Recommended Provisions.
7.2.2 Spans. All diaphragms with spans greater than 24 feet
have plywood or diagonal sheathing. Structures in Building
Type 2 may have rod-braced systems.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength and stiffness of the diaphragm.
Evaluate the diaphragm stresses using the procedure given in
Chapter 9 of the 1994 NEHRP Recommended Provisions. Also
evaluate the deflections. A maximum displacement of 3 inches
shall be acceptable. For horizontal bracing systems, see Sec-
tion 7.5.
7.2.3 Unblocked diaphragms. Unblocked wood panel dia-
phragms consist of horizontal spans of less than 40 feet and
have span/depth ratios less than or equal to 3 to 1.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm. Analyze the dia-
phragm using the 1994 NEHRP Recommended Provisions
requirements for unblocked diaphragms.
7.2.4 Span/depth ratio. If the span/depth ratios of wood dia-
phragms are greater than 3 to 1, there are non structural walls
connected to all diaphragm levels at less than 40-foot spacing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the stiffness of the diaphragm. Analyze the
wood diaphragm using the procedures given in Chapter 9 of the
1994 NEHRP Recommended Provisions.
7.2.5 Diaphragm continuity. None of the diaphragms are
composed of split-level floors or, in wood commercial or
industrial buildings, have expansion joints.
108
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm. Evaluate the
building with proper recognition of the effects of the disconti-
nuities.
7.2.6 Chord continuity. All chord elements are continuous,
regardless of changes in roof elevation.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is the lack of a chord. Report the lack of a chord as a
deficiency.
7.3 Metal deck diaphragms. Allowable values of metal deck
diaphragms may be obtained from the manufacturer's
approved data. The evaluator shall consider conditions that can
weaken the diaphragm (i.e., troughs, gutters and recesses that
have the effect of reducing the system to the bare deck or of cre-
ating a joint).
7.3.1 Deck topping. All metal deck roofs have a reinforced
concrete topping slab.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm. Evaluate the bare
metal deck diaphragm using the procedure given in the 1994
NEHRP Recommended Provisions requirements.
7.3.2 Untopped diaphragms. Untopped metal deck dia-
phragms consist of horizontal spans of less than 40 feet and
have span/depth ratios less than or equal to 3 to 1.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the diaphragm. Analyze the dia-
phragm using the procedure given in the 1994 NEHRP Recom-
mended Provisions requirements.
7.4 Precast concrete diaphragms. Evaluation of precast con-
crete diaphragms and the connections between precast ele-
ments shall consider eccentricities, adequacy of welds and
length of embedded bars. If a topping slab is provided, it shall
be assumed to resist all of the shear.
7.4.1 Topping slab. Precast concrete diaphragm elements are
interconnected by a reinforced concrete topping slab.
The deficiency is in the ability to transfer shear from one ele-
ment to another. Check the slab element interconnection and
check the lateral load capacity of the vertical elements that
resist horizontal force. Where the capacity of the diaphragm is
less than 150 percent of the sum of the load capacities of the
vertical elements and where connections can allow the dia-
phragm to fail in a brittle manner, the R values used in comput-
ing the seismic demand shall be consistent with those for brittle
systems (not to exceed R = 2). Conforming buildings without a
reinforced concrete topping slab shall be placed in SPC 4.
7.4.2 Continuity of topping slab. The topping slab continues
uninterrupted through the interior walls and into the exterior
walls or is provided with dowels with a total area equal to the
topping slab reinforcing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is the abrupt loss of strength where the topping slab
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
is interrupted. Evaluate the tension and shear demand due to
diaphragm forces, including collector requirements, perpen-
dicular-to-wallloads, or chord forces at re-entrant corners.
7.5 Horizontal bracing. Horizontal bracing forms a complete
system of adequate capacity.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is an incomplete or inadequate horizontal bracing
system. Evaluate the horizontal bracing system for complete-
ness of the system and its ability to gather all tributary forces
and deliver them to the walls or frames.
7.6 Other systems. The diaphragm system does not include
thin planks and/or toppings of gypsum.
The deficiency is the inadequate capacity of the diaphragm.
Conforming buildings with this condition shall be placed in
SPC4.
ARTICLE 8
PROCEDURES FOR CONNECTIONS
8.0 Introduction. The connections evaluated in this article are
connections between:
.. Framing members and walls;
.. Diaphragms and walls or frames; and
.. Walls or frames and foundations.
Connections between other structural members are dis-
cussed in the appropriate article.
8.1 Connection concerns. The evaluation of these specific
connections involves review of:
.. Lateral support of walls that are perpendicular to the
direction of the earthquake ("normal walls");
.. Transfer of shear from diaphragms to shear walls and
frames that are parallel to the direction of the earth-
quake;
.. Anchorage of walls and columns to the foundations;
and
.. Interconnection of elements where failure of connec-
tions would jeopardize the system.
8.2 Anchorage for normal forces.
8.2.1 Wood ledgers. The connection between the wall panels
and the diaphragm does not induce cross-grain bending or ten-
sion in the wood ledgers.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the wall-to-diaphragm connec-
tion. Report this condition as a deficiency.
8.2.2 Wall anchorage. Exterior concrete or masonry walls are
anchored to each of the diaphragm levels for out-of-plane
loads.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the wall-to-diaphragm connec-
tions. Check that the anchor provides a direct, positive connec-
tion between the wall and the diaphragm for forces
perpendicular to the face of the wall. Evaluate the wall anchor-
2013 CALifORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES fOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
age, treating the wall as a portion of the building, with Fp as the
demand.
8.2.3 Masonry wall anchors. Wall anchorage connections are
steel anchors or straps that are developed into the diaphragm.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the wall anchors. Evaluate the
wall anchorage, treating the wall as a portion of the building,
with Fp as the demand.
8.2.4 Anchor spacing. The anchors from the floor and roof
systems into exterior masonry walls are spaced at 4 feet or less.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength or the number of the anchors. Eval-
uate the wall anchors, treating the wall as a portion of the build-
ing, with Fp as the demand.
8.2.5 Tilt-up walls. Precast bearing walls are connected to the
diaphragms for out-of-plane loads; steel anchors or straps are
embedded in the walls and developed into the diaphragm.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the wall anchors. Evaluate the
wall anchorage, treating the load as a portion of the building,
with Fp as the demand. Check the load path between the wall
anchors and the diaphragm cross tie.
8.2.6 Panel-diaphragm connections. There are at least two
anchors from each precast wall panel into the diaphragm ele-
ments.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the number of anchors. Report this condition as
a deficiency.
8.2.7 Inadequate stiffness of wall anchors. Anchors of walls
to wood structural elements are installed taut and are stiff
enough to prevent movement between the wall and roof.
The deficiency is in the ability of the wall anchor to prevent
separations between the wall and roof sheathing that may result
in out-of-plane failure ofthe ledger support. Inspect all anchors
to see that they do not have twists, kinks, offsets, or are other-
wise installed so that some movement is required before the
anchor becomes effective, and that this condition may lead to
cross grain bending in the ledger. Conforming buildings which
fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
8.3 Shear transfer.
8.3.1 Transfer to shear walls. Diaphragms have sufficient
capacity and are connected for transfer of loads to the shear
walls.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the capacity of the connection to transfer shear.
Verify the adequacy of the available diaphragm capacity.
8.3.2 Transfer to steel frames. The method used to transfer
diaphragm shears to the steel frames is approved for use under
lateral loads.
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SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the capacity of the connection to transfer shear.
Evaluate the capacity of the load-transfer mechanism pro-
vided, using AISC design methods or approved manufacturer's
data. Compare this capacity to the assumed lateral force distri-
bution.
8.3.3 Topping slab to walls and frames. Reinforced concrete
topping slabs that interconnect the precast concrete diaphragm
elements are doweled into the shear wall or frame elements.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the capacity of the connection to transfer shear.
Evaluate the capacity of the load-transfer mechanism pro-
vided. Compare this capacity to the assumed lateral force dis-
tribution.
8.4 Vertical components to foundations.
8.4.1 Steel columns. The columns in lateral-force-resisting
frames are substantially anchored to the building foundation.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection between the
frame and the foundati on. Report this condition as a deficiency.
8.4.2 Concrete columns. All longitudinal column steel is dow-
eled into the foundation.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection between the col-
umn and the foundation. Report this condition as a deficiency.
8.4.3 Wood posts. There is positive connection of wood posts
to the foundation and the elements being supported.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection between the post
and the foundation. Report this condition as a deficiency.
8.4.4 Wall reinforcing. All vertical wall reinforcing is dow-
eled into the foundation.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this con-
dition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The defi-
ciency is in the strength of the connection between the wall and
the foundation. Report this condition as a deficiency.
8.4.5 Shear-wall-boundary columns. The shear-wall col-
umns are substantially anchored to the building foundation.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection between the
shear-wall columns and the foundation. Report this condition
as a deficiency.
8.4.6 Wall panels. The wall panels are connected to the foun-
dation and/or ground Hoor slab with dowels equal to the verti-
cal panel reinforcing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection between the wall
panel and the foundation. Report this condition as a deficiency.
110
8.4.7 Wood sills. All wall elements are bolted to the foundation
sill at 6-foot spacing or less with proper edge and end distances
for concrete and wood.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is in the strength of the connection between the
wood sill and the foundation. Report this condition as a defi-
ciency.
8.5 Interconnection of elements.
8.5.1 Girders. Girders supported by walls or pilasters have
special ties to secure the anchor bolts.
The deficiency is in the strength of the pilaster at the girder
anchorage. Report this condition as a deficiency. Conforming
buildings that fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
8.5.2 Corbel bearing. If the frame girders bear on column cor-
bels, the length of bearing is greater than 3 inches.
The deficiency is in the length of bearing. Calculate the
inter-story drift. Judge the adequacy of the connections to
retain their vertical load-carrying integrity at a maximum drift
estimated to be equal to the drift calculated with the unreduced
demand. Conforming buildings that fail this check shall be
placed in SPC 4.
8.5.3 Corbel connections. The frame girders are not supported
on corbels with welded elements.
The deficiency is in the strength of the connection. Check all
welded connections that transfer lateral loads or are subject to
frame action. Determine where connection failures would be
brittle (e.g., pull-out of embedded item would occur before
yield of mild steel element). Analyze structure for capacity
without such connections or check such connections for seis-
mic force amplified by factor Cd 12, but not less than 1.5. For
connections that can allow the diaphragm to fail in a brittle
manner, the R values used in computing the seismic demand
shall be consistent with those for brittle systems (not to exceed
R = 2). Conforming buildings that fail this check shall be placed
in SPC 4.
8.6 Roof decking.
8.6.1 Light-gage metal, plastic or cementitious roof panels.
All light-gage metal, plastic or cementitious roof panels are
properly connected to the roof framing at not more than 12
inches on center.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is the lack of connection of sufficient strength
between the roof panels and the framing elements. Report this
condition as a deficiency.
8.6.2 Wall panels. All wall panels (metal, fiberglass or
cementitious) are properly connected to the framing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is the lack of connections of sufficient strength (to
prevent a falling hazard) and Hexibility (to allow for the relative
displacements between the panel and the supporting frame).
Report this condition as a deficiency.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
ARTICLE 9
PROCEDURES FOR FOUNDATIONS
AND GEOLOGIC SITE HAZARDS
9.0 Introduction. The seismic evaluation of an existing build-
ing shall include an examination of the building foundation,. an
assessment of the capability of the soil beneath the foundatIOn
to withstand the forces applied during an earthquake and an
evaluation of any nearby geologic hazards that may affect the
stability of the foundation.
9.1 Condition of foundations.
9.1.1 Foundation performance. The structure does not show
evidence of excessive foundation movement such as settlement
or heave that would affect its integrity or strength.
The deficiency is reduction of the integrity and strength of
foundation elements by cracking, yielding, tipping or buckling
of the foundation. Visually examine lower level walls, parti-
tions, grade beams, visible footings, pile caps and the like for
cracking, yielding, buckling and out-of-Ievel conditions.
Report evidence of movement as a deficiency.
9.1.2 Deterioration. There is no evidence that foundation ele-
ments have deteriorated due to corrosion, sulphate attack,
material breakdown or other reasons in a manner that would
affect the integrity or strength of the structure.
The deficiency is weakening of the foundation due to deteri-
oration, with the same consequences as discussed in Section
9.1.1. Determine if there is historical evidence in the local area
of deterioration of the particular type of foundation elements in
the building where site conditions are similar. Examine the vis-
ible foundation elements for evidence of loss of support as
specified in Section 9.1.1.
9.2 Capacity of foundations.
9.2.1 Overturning. The ratio of the effective horizontal dimen-
sion, at the foundation level of the seismic-resisting system, to
the building height (base/height) exceeds 1.4 Av'
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is the concentration of seismic inertial response into
narrow elements by the seismic-resisting system, which may
overcome the ability of the foundation elements, either struc-
ture or soil, to provide adequate resistance. For shallow foun-
dations, evaluate the shear and moment capacity of the
foundation elements for adequacy to resist calculated seismic
forces. Evaluate the vertical bearing pressure of the soil under
seismic loading conditions due to the total gravity and over-
turning loads and compare to two times the allowable
static-bearing pressure. For deep foundations, evaluate the ulti-
mate vertical capacity of the pile or pier under seismic loads.
Compare the foundation capacity to the gravity loads plus the
overturning loads.
9.2.2 Ties between foundation elements. Foundation ties
adequate for seismic forces exist where footings, piles and
piers are not restrained by beams, slabs, or competent soils or
rock.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is the possibility of significant differential lateral
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
deformations of the foundations. Evaluate the lateral restraint
to seismic forces provided by the foundation materials or the
structural ties. For shallow foundations, evaluate the horizontal
capacity of the foundation soils under seismic
tions (the lateral resistance of the footings due to paSSIve reSIS-
tance on affected sides of the footings plus the friction on the
base ofthe footings) and compare to the base shear of the build-
ing. In the evaluation of base friction, consideration sha.ll be
given to the effect of the vertical component of ground motIon.
9.2.3 Load path at pile caps. The pile caps are capable of
transferring overturning and lateral forces between the struc-
ture and individual piles in the pile cap.
The deficiency is insufficient capacity of the pile cap to
transfer seismic forces from the superstructure to the individual
piles. Check the moment and shear capacity to transfer uplift
and lateral forces from the point of application on the pile cap
to each pile. Conforming buildings which fail this check shall
be placed in SPC 4.
9.2.4 Lateral force on deep foundations. Piles and piers are
capable of transferring the lateral forces between the structure
and the soil.
The deficiencies include inadequate flexural strength and
ductility of piles or piers at the connection to the cap and the
upper portion of the pile. Compare the maximum lateral resis-
tance of soil against piles or piers and caps against the demand.
For concrete piles, check for a minimal amount of longitudinal
reinforcement in the upper portion of piles or piers and for hoops
or ties immediately beneath the caps. Also check for confining
transverse reinforcement wherever bending moments might be
high, including changes in soil stiffness. Conforming buildings
which fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
9.2.5 Pole buildings. Pole foundations have adequate
embedment.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. The
deficiency is inadequate strength of the pole foundation. Check
lateral force resistance of embedded poles using conventional
procedures, comparing with conventional allowable pressures
times 1.5.
9.2.6 Sloping sites. The grade difference from one side of the
building to another does not exceed one-half story.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. If
this statement is false, include the horizontal force due to the
grade difference, appropriately modified for seismic motions,
with the seismic inertial force when checking sliding stability
and the lateral-force-resisting system below grade.
9.3 Geologic site hazards. This section addresses geologic
and local site conditions that can lead to building structural
damage and threaten life safety in an earthquake. In the seismic
evaluation of buildings for life-safety considerations, it will be
necessary to investigate the site to establish that there are n?
geologic site hazards present or, if they are that
threat is not significant or is mitigated by the deSIgn. ReqUire-
ments for engineering geologic reports are given in Section
2.1.2.
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SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
9.3.1 Liquefaction. Liquefaction susceptible, saturated, loose
granular soils that could jeopardize the building'S seismic per-
formance do not exist in the foundation soils at depths within
50 feet under the building.
The deficiency is the potential for liquefaction that will
result in vertical settlement and potential loss of foundation
support for spread footings, or for lateral spreading of liquefied
soils that can occur on nearly flat slopes and be detrimental to
the foundation system. Evaluate the liquefaction potential and
consequences of vertical settlement or lateral movement of the
foundations. Conforming buildings which fail this check shall
be placed in SPC 4.
9.3.2 Slope failure. The building site is sufficiently remote
from potential earthquake-induced slope failures or rockfalls
to be unaffected by such failures or is capable of accommodat-
ing small predicted movements without failure.
Evaluate the likely movements associated with seismically
induced slope failures beneath, above or adjacent to the building
and their effect on the structural integrity of the building. Con-
forming buildings which fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
9.3.3 Surface fault rupture. Surface fault rupture and surface
displacement at the building site are not anticipated.
Evaluate the proximity of known active faults to the build-
ing. If the potential for surface fault rupture and surface dis-
placement at the building site is present, nonconforming
buildings shall be placed in SPC 1. Conforming buildings
which fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
ARTICLE 10
EVALUATION OF ELEMENTS THAT ARE NOT PART
OF THE LATERAL-FORCE-RESISTING SYSTEM
10.0 Introduction. This article sets forth general requirements
that apply to nonstructural elements related to life-safety
issues. Article II addresses evaluation of critical non structural
systems needed for continued hospital function following an
earthquake, and assignment of buildings to Nonstructural Per-
formance Categories.
The evaluation statements discussed in this article (and listed
in the appendix) deal with life-safety concerns. Some of the
statements can be answered directly. For others, further investi-
gation will be required in accordance with evaluation procedures
indicated in other articles of these regulations using seismic
forces indicated in Section 2.4.6 and the appropriate C
c
seismic
coefficient given in Table 2.4.3.1. Also, the materials used in the
nonstructural element and its connections must be considered.
10.1 Nonstructural walls. The term "non structural walls"
refers to walls that are not part of the load-carrying system, but
may become load bearing upon attachment and interaction
with other elements. Evaluation must be made to determine if
they are capable of resisting seismic forces required by Section
2.4.6 as well as the other requirements of these regulations.
10.1.1 Partitions.
10.1.1.1 Masonry partitions. There are no unbraced
unreinforced masonry or hollow clay tile partitions in critical
care areas, clinical laboratory service spaces, pharmaceutical
112
service spaces, radiological service spaces, central and sterile
supply areas, exit corridors, elevator shafts or stairwells.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check for the presence of support angles at floor and roof, and
for spaces at the sides and top of the wall to provide for interac-
tion of the structural system.
10.1.1.2 Structural separations. At structural separations,
partitions in exit corridors have seismic or control joints.
Check that seismic and/or control joints have been provided
at structural separations. Conforming buildings that fail this
check shall be placed in SPC 4.
10.1.1.3 Partition bracing. In exit corridors, the tops of parti-
tions that extend only to the ceiling line have lateral bracing.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Parti-
tions extending only to ceilings may overturn or buckle due to
the lack of bracing.
10.1.2 Cladding and veneer. For conforming buildings, the
evaluator may consider these conditions as mitigated, and no
calculations are necessary. Exterior wall panels or cladding can
fall if their connections to the building frames have insufficient
strength and/or ductility.
10.1.2.1 Masonry veneer. Masonry veneer is connected to the
back-up with corrosion-resistant ties spaced 24 inches on cen-
ter maximum with at least one tie for every 22/3 square feet.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check for the presence of the required ties.
10.1.2.2 Cladding panels in moment frame buildings. For
moment frame buildings of steel or concrete, panels are iso-
lated from the structural frame to absorb predicted inters tory
drift without collapse.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check the ability of the cladding panels and their connections
to tolerate the story drift computed in Section 2.4.4 without an
anchorage failure.
10.1.2.3 Cladding panel connections. Where bearing connec-
tions are required, there are at least two bearing connections for
each cladding panel and there are at least four connections for
each cladding panel capable of resisting out-of-plane forces.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Ver-
ify that an adequate number of the appropriate connection
types are present for each cladding panel.
10.1.2.4 Cladding panel condition. Cladding panel connec-
tions appear to be installed properly. No connection element is
severely deteriorated or corroded. There is no cracking in the
panel materials indicative of substantial structural distress.
There is no substantial damage to exterior cladding due to
water leakage. There is no substantial damage to exterior wall
cladding due to temperature movements.
Substantial deterioration can lead to loss of cladding ele-
ments or panels. Exterior walls shall be checked for deteriora-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
tion. Damage due to corrosion, rotting. freezing or erosion can
be concealed within the wall. Probe into the wall space, if nec-
essary, for signs of water leakage at vulnerable interior spaces
(e.g., around windows and at floor areas). Check elements that
tie cladding to the backup structure and that tie the back -up
structure to floor and roof slabs. Check exterior walls for crack-
ing due to thermal movements. Check the cladding systems
with appropriate reductions in member capacities. Conforming
buildings that fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
10.1.3 Metal stud back-up systems.
10.1.3.1 General. Additional steel studs frame window and
door openings. Corrosion of veneer ties, tie screws. studs and
stud tracks is minimal. Stud tracks are adequately fastened to
the structural frame.
For conforming buildings. the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Verify
that adequate framjng has been provided around openings in the
exterior walls. Check the cladding systems with appropriate
reductions in member capacities. Check the adequacy of the
connection to the structural frame using the forces specified in
Section 2.4.6.
10.1.3.2 Masonry veneer with stud backgup. Masonry veneer
more than 30 feet above the ground is supported by shelf angles
or other elements at each floor level. Masonry veneer is ade-
quately anchored to the back-up at locations of through-wall
flashing. Masonry veneer is connected to the back-up with cor-
rosion-resistant ties spaced 24 inches on center maximum and
with at least one tie for every square feet.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check that adequate supports and ties are provided.
10.1.4 Masonry veneer with concrete block back-up.
10.1.4.1 General. The concrete block back-up qualifies as rein-
forced masonry.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. Ver-
ify that the concrete block back-up meets the requirements of
Sections 5.3.2 and 5.3.3.
10.1.4.2 Masonry veneer support. Masonry veneer more than
30 feet above the ground is supported by shelf angles or other
elements at each floor level. Masonry veneer is adequately
anchored to the back-up at locations of through-wall flashing.
Masonry veneer is connected to the back-up with corro-
sion-resistant ties spaced 24 inches on center maximum and with
at least one tie for every 22/3 square feet. The concrete block
back-up is positively anchored to the structural frame at 4-foot
maximum intervals along the noors and roofs.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check that adequate supports and ties are provided.
10.1.5 Other veneer/panel systems.
10.1.5.1 Thin stone veneer panels. Stone anchorages are ade-
quate for computed loads.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. There
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
are no visible cracks or weak veins in the stone. Check the ade-
quacy of the connection to the stone anchorage using the forces
specified in Section 2.4.6.
10.1.5.2 Wood/aggregate panels. There is no visible deterio-
ration of screws or wood at panel attachment points.
The deficiency is in the strength of the connections. Deter-
mine the cause and extent of distress and check the attachment
ofthe panels with appropriate reductions in capacity. Conform-
ing buildings that fail this check shall be placed in SPC 4.
10.1.6 Parapets, cornices, ornamentation and appendages.
There are no laterally unsupported unreinforced masonry para-
pets or cornices above the highest anchorage level with height!
thickness ratios greater than 1.5. Concrete parapets with
height/thickness ratios greater than 1.5 have vertical reinforce-
ment. Cornices, parapets, signs and other appendages that
extend above the highest anchorage level or cantilever from
exterior wall faces and other exterior wall ornamentation are
reinforced and well anchored to the structural system.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary. If
any of these items are of insufficient strength and/or are not
securely attached to the structural elements, they may break off
and fall, becoming significant life-safety hazards. Check the
adequacy of these items the forces specified in Section
2.4.6. The maximum height of an unbraced URM parapet shall
be determined based on the height dimension measured above
the lower of either the level of tension anchors or roof sheathing
to the top of the wall parapet. The minimum height of a parapet
above the wall anchor should be 12 inches.
Exception: If a reinforced concrete beam is provided at the
top of the wall, the minimum height above the wall anchor
may be 6 inches.
10.1.7 Means of egress. Canopies are anchored and braced to
prevent collapse and blockage of building exits.
For conforming buildings, the evaluator may consider this
condition as mitigated, and no calculations are necessary.
Check canopies for the forces specified in Section 2.4.6.
ARTICLE 11
EVALUATION OF CRITICAL
NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS
11.0 Introduction. This article covers non structural compo-
nents and systems critical to patient care.
11.01 Nonstructural evaluation procedure.
1. The nonstructural performance evaluation shall examine
the respective critical nonstructural systems and elements
for the planned NPC as specified in Table 11.1, "N onstruc-
tural Performance Categories." The non structural evalua-
tion process shall include the following steps:
1. Site visit and data collection;
2. Identification of building SPC;
3. Identification of critical nonstructural systems for
the planned NPC;
4. Identification of critical care services housed in the
building;
113
II
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
5. Final evaluation for the critical non structural ele-
ments and systems for the planned NPC;
6. Preparation of evaluation report; and
7. Submittal of evaluation report to OSHPD.
2. The building is designated "NPC 4" in confor-
mance with Table 11.1 "Nonstructural Perfor-
mance Categories" and provided:
a) The building was designed and constructed
under a building permit issued by OSHPD;
2. A general acute care hospital facility may be exempted
from a nonstructural evaluation upon submittal of a writ-
ten statement by the hospital owner to OSHPD certifying
the following conditions:
b) All subsequent repairs, remodels, additions
and alterations were performed under a per-
mit issued by OSHPD, and
c) Fire sprinkler systems have been retrofitted
in conformance with Table 11.1, "Non-
structural Performance Categories." 1. The building is designated "NPC 1" in confor-
mance with Table 11.1 "Nonstructural Perfor-
mance Categories," or
TABLE 11.1-NONSTRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORIES
NONSTRUCTURAL
PERFORMANCE
TIMEFRAMES CATEGORyl DESCRIPTION
NPC 1 Buildings with equipment and systems not meeting the bracing and anchorage requirements of any other NPC.
January 1, NPC2 The following systems are braced or anchored in accordance with Part 2, Title 24
1
:
2002
communications systems,
emergency power supply,
bulk medical gas systems,
fire alarm systems and
emergency lighting equipment and signs in the means of egress.
January 1. NPC 3INPC 3R The building meets the criteria for NPC "2" and in critical care areas, clinical laboratory service spaces, pharmaceutical
2008 service spaces, radiological service spaces, and central and sterile supply areas, the following components meet the
bracing and anchorage requirements of Part 2, Title 24
2
:
Nonstructural components, listed in the 1995 CBC, Part 2, Title 24, Table 16A-0.
Exception: For NPC 3R, lateral bracing of suspended ceiling systems may be omitted in rooms with a floor area
less than 300 square feet, provided the room is not an intensive care or coronary care unit patient room
angiography laboratory, cardiac catheterization laboratory, delivery room, operating room or post-operative
recovery room.
"Equipment," as listed in the 1995 CBC, Part 2, Title 24, Table 16A-0, "Equipment;' including equipment in the
physical plant that service these areas.
Exceptions:
1. Seismic restraints need not be provided for cable trays, conduit and HV AC ducting. Seismic
may be omitted from piping systems, provided that an approved method of preventing release of the con
tents of the piping system in the event of a break is provided.
2. Only elevator(s) selected to provide service to patient, surgical, obstetrical and ground floors during inter
ruption of normal power need to meet the structural requirements of Part 2, Title 24.
Fire sprinkler systems comply with the bracing and anchorage requirements ofNFPA 13, 1994 edition, or
subsequent applicable standards.
Exception: Acute care hospital facilities in both a rural area as defined by Section 70059.1, Division 5 of Title 22
and Seismic Zone 3 shall comply with the bracing and anchorage requirements ofNFPA 13, 1994 edition, or sub
sequent applicable standards by January 1,2013.
4 The building meets the criteria for NPC "3" and all architectural, mechanical, electrical systems, components and
. .
and hospital equipment meet the bracing and anchorage requirements of Rirt 2, Title 24
2
This category is for
purposes of the Office of Emergency Services.
January 1, NPC5 The building meets the criteria for NPC "4" and onsite supplies of water and holding tanks for sewage and liquid waste,
2030 sufficient to support 72 hours emergency operations, are integrated into the building plumbing systems in accordance
with the California Plumbing Code. An on site emergency system as defined in the California Electrical Code is

i
!incorporated into the building electrical system for critical care areas. Additionally, the system shall provide for
Iradiological service and an onsite fuel supply for 72 hours of acute care operation.
1. For the purpose ofNPC 2 and NPC 5, all enumerated items within Table II.] shall meet the requirements of Section 1632A of 2001 California Building Code
(CBC) or equivalent provision in later version of the CBC by the specified timeframe as indicated by their respective NPC.
2. For the purposes of NPC 3 and NPC 4 in SPC 2, SPC 3 or SPC 4 buildings, all enumerated items within Table 11.1 shall meet the requirements of the 1998 CBC,
Section 1630B or equivalent provision in later version of the CBC, by the specified timeframe. For the purposes ofNPC 3R, all enumerated items within Table 11.1
shall meet the requirements of the 1995 CBC, Section 1630A, using lp :=: 1.0 or equivalent provision in later version of the CBC, by the specified timeframe.
114 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
3. If a hospital owner elects to obtain a higher NPC at
a future date, additional nonstructural evaluations
as specified in Section 11.01.1 will be required.
Exception: An engineering report may be sub-
mitted to the Office in lieu of the NPC 2 evalua-
tion report required by Section 1.4.5.1.1 for
non structural upgrades from NPC 1 to NPC 2,
The engineering report shall comply with the
following minimum requirements:
1. The report shall be stamped and signed
by a California licensed structural engi-
neer certifying, in a form acceptable to
the Office, compliance with the require-
ments of NPC 2.
2. The report shall state that the systems and
equipment listed in Table 11.1 for NPC 2
compliance either comply with or have
been modified to comply with the
requirements of Chapter 16A, 1995 Cali-
fornia Building Code or equivalent pro-
vision in later version of the CBC.
3. The report shall state what specific defi-
ciencies have been addressed in the NPC
2 upgrade projects, and provide OSHPD
project numbers for these projects.
4. The report shall state that the corrective
work required for NPC 2 compliance has
been completed under permits issued by
OSHPD.
If the hospital owner or governing body has
already submitted a revised or new NPC 2 evalua-
tion report, and the Office has reviewed and made
comments on this report, the engineering report
shall include a statement that all comments per-
taining to NPC 2 compliance in the OSHPD review
have been resolved.
4. If a hospital owner sells or leases the hospital to
another party, a complete nonstructural evaluation
and list of all non structural deficiencies to achieve
NPC 5 shall be submitted to the Office prior to the
completion of the sale or lease.
11.1 Nonstrudural performance categories. Each building
shall be assigned a Nonstructural Performance Category
(NPC), based upon the degree of anchorage and bracing of
selected nonstructural elements and systems. This includes
architectural, mechanical, electrical and hospital equipment in
addition to associated conduit, ductwork, piping and machin-
ery. NPCs are defined in Table 11.1.
11.1.1 Site visit and evaluation. The evaluator shall:
1. Visit the building to observe and record the type, nature
and physical condition of the nonstructural elements and
systems for the planned NPC;
2. Note the SPC of the buildings based on procedures fol-
lowed in Article 2;
3. Assemble building design data including:
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
a. Construction drawings, specifications and calcu-
lations, and
b. All drawings, specifications and calculations for
remodeling work.
4. During the visit, the evaluator shall:
a. Verify existing data;
b. Develop other needed data (e.g., measure and
sketch building if necessary);
c. Verify the critical nonstructural systems of the
planned NPC;
d. Verify the critical care areas/services; and
e. Identify special conditions which may impact the
non structural systems or endanger the function of
the critical care areas/services.
If drawings are not available, the site visit and evaluation
shall be performed as described in this section.
5. Review other data available such as assessments of
building performance and function following past earth-
quakes;
6. Prepare a summary of data using an OSHPD approved
format;
7. Perform the evaluation using the procedures in Section
11.2; and
8. Prepare a report of the findings of the evaluation using an
OSHPD approved format.
11.2 Evaluation of buildings. Conforming and nonconform-
ing buildings shall be placed in an NPC based upon the degree
of anchorage and bracing for those systems and equipment
specified in Table 11.1. The scope of the non structural evalua-
tion may be limited to the non structural systems and elements
specified in Table 11.1 for the planned NPC. Buildings which
do not meet the requirements for NPC 2 as defined in Table
11.1 shall be placed in NPC 1.
11.2.1 Evaluation procedures for NPC 2. The following
steps shall determine if the building meets the criteria for NPC
2:
a) Identify the specific non structural components and
equipment that are subject to the requirements of NPC 2
as specified in Table 11.1;
b) Conduct an inventory of components and equipment,
noting whether the items are anchored or braced;
c) Determine if the anchorage or bracing of the identified
components and equipment complies with the following
conditions:
1. Installed under a permit issued by OSHPD. Draw-
ings showing the installation and bearing an
OSHPD approval stamp are required to show that
the installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24; or
2. Reviewed and approved by the Department of
General Services, Office of Architecture and Con-
struction, Structural Safety Section. Drawings
showing: a) the installation; b) bear an Office of
Architecture and Construction, Structural Safety
115
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
Section approval stamp; and c) a five-digit project
number on the approval that begins with the "H"
prefix, are required to demonstrate that the instal-
lation conforms to Part 2, Title 24. It shall also be
demonstrated by a written report submitted by the
structural engineer, acceptable to the enforcement
agency, that an investigation of the anchorage and
bracing of components and equipment identified
in Section 11.2.1 (a) shows it to be constructed in
reasonable conformity with these drawings.
Anchorage and bracing of elements that comply with
either of these conditions are considered to meet the
requirements of NPC 2.
Installation is defined as that which shows the size and
type of material for all components of the system, includ-
ing the anchor or fastener manufacturer (if proprietary),
type, total number and embedment if connected to struc-
tural concrete, masonry or wood.
d) If the components and equipment inventoried in
11.2.1 (b) is anchored or braced, but does not meet the
requirements of Section 11.2.1 (c), determine if the brac-
ing and anchorage is sufficient to meet the code require-
ments specified in Table 11.1. The bracing capacity shall
be determined by calculations based upon information
shown in the construction documents. If these docu-
ments are incomplete or unavailable, the evaluation shall
be based on the as-built conditions, with the capacity of
fasteners to masonry, concrete or wood determined by
approved tests; and
e) If any of the items inventoried in 11.2.l(b) are unan-
chored or inadequately braced as determined by Section
11.2. ] (d), the building shall be placed in NPC I.
11.2.2 Evaluation procedures for NPC 3 and NPC 3R. The
following steps shall determine if the building meets the crite-
ria for NPC 3 or NPC 3R:
a) Identify the specific non structural components and
equipment that are subject to the requirements of NPC 2
and NPC 3 or NPC 3R;
b) Conduct an inventory of components and equipment
specified in Table 11.1, NPC 3 and NPC 3 R, noting
whether the components and equipment are anchored or
braced;
Exception: Any general acute care hospital facility
located in both a "rural area" as defined in Section
70059.1, Division 5, Title 22 and Seismic Zone 3 pur-
suant to 1995 California Building Code (CBC) or
later version of the CBC shaH comply with the fire
sprinkler system anchorage and bracing requirements
ofNFPA 13, 1994 edition or subsequent standard by
January 1, 20l3.
c) Determine the level of NPC 3 conformance desired.
116
1. Buildings classified as SPC 1 or SPC 2 are permit-
ted to meet the NPC 3 performance level, or the
NPC 3R performance level. See also Section
1 L2.3(c).
2. Buildings classified as SPC 3 or higher must meet
the NPC 3 performance level.
d) Determine if the anchorage or bracing of the identified
components and equipment complies with the following
conditions:
1. Installed under a permit issued by OSHPD. Draw-
ings showing the installation and bearing an
OSHPD approval stamp are required to show that
the installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24; or
2. Reviewed and approved by the Department of
General Services, Office of Architecture and Con-
struction, Structural Safety Section. Drawings
showing: a) the installation; b) bear an Office of
Architecture and Construction, Structural Safety
Section approval stamp; and c) a five-digit project
number on the approval stamp that begins with an
"H" prefix, are required to demonstrate that the
installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24. It shall
also be demonstrated by a written report submitted
by the structural engineer, acceptable to the
enforcement agency, that an investigation of the
anchorage and bracing of components and equip-
ment identified in Section I1.2.2(a) shows it to be
constructed in reasonable conformity with these
drawings.
Anchorage and bracing of elements that comply with either
of these conditions are considered to meet the requirements of
NPC 2 and NPC 3 or NPC 3R.
Installation is defined as that which shows the size and type
of material for all components of the system including the
anchor or fastener manufacturer (if proprietary), type, total
number and embedment if connected to structural concrete,
masonry or wood.
e) If the components and equipment inventoried in
11.2.2(b) are anchored or braced, but do not meet the
requirements of Section lI.2.2( d), determine if the brac-
ing and anchorage is sufficient to meet the code require-
ments specified in Table 11.1 for NPC 3 or NPC 3R. The
bracing capacity shall be determined by calculations
based upon information shown in the construction docu-
ments. If these documents are incomplete or unavailable,
the evaluation shall be based on the as-built conditions,
with the capacity of fasteners to masonry, concrete, or
wood determined by approved tests. For NPC 3R, the
investigation of the adequacy of anchorage and bracing
may be limited to the connection of the component or
equipment to the support when the total reaction at the
point of support (including the application of Fp) is less
than:
1. 250 pounds for components or equipment attached
to light frame walls. For the purposes of this
requirement, the sum of the absolute value of all
reactions due to component loads on a single stud
shall not exceed 250 pounds.
2. 1,000 pounds for components or equipment
attached to roofs, or walls of reinforced concrete or
masonry construction.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
3. 2,000 pounds for components or equipment
attached to floors or slabs-on-grade.
Exception: If the anchorage or bracing is con-
figured in a manner that results in significant
torsion on a supporting structural element, the
effects of the nonstructural reaction force on the
structural element shall be considered in the
anchorage design.
f) If any of the items inventoried in 11.2.2(b) are inade-
quately anchored or braced, as determined by Section
1l.2.2(d), the building shall be placed in NPC 2.
11.2.3 Evaluation procedures for NPC 4. The following
steps shall be followed to determine if the building meets the
criteria for NPC 4:
a) Identify the specific nonstructural components and
equipment that are subject to the requirements of NPC 2
through NPC 4;
b) Conduct an inventory of components and equipment
specified in Table 11.1, NPC 2 through NPC 4, noting
whether the components and equipment are anchored or
braced;
c) Determine if the anchorage or bracing of the identified
components and equipment complies with one of the fol-
lowing conditions:
1. Installed under a permit issued by OSHPD. Draw-
ings showing the installation and bearing an
OSHPD approval stamp are required to show that
the installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24. Instal-
lation or retrofit of components that were designed
to meet NPC 3R requirements must be shown to
meet the anchorage and bracing requirements of
the California Building Code for new construc-
tion. Components designed to meet NPC 3R
requirements that do not meet the anchorage and
bracing requirements for new construction shall be
retrofitted to meet those requirements; or
2. Reviewed and approved by the Department of
General Services, Office of Architecture and Con-
struction, Structural Safety Section. Drawings
showing: a) the installation; b) bear an Office of
Architecture and Construction, Structural Safety
Section approval stamp; and c) a five-digit project
number on the approval stamp that begins with an
"H" prefix, are required to demonstrate that the
installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24. It shall
also be demonstrated by a written report submitted
by the structural engineer, acceptable to the
enforcement agency, that an investigation of the
anchorage and bracing of components and equip-
ment identified in Section 11.2.3( a) shows it to be
constructed in reasonable conformity with these
drawings.
Anchorage and bracing of elements that comply with either
of these conditions are considered to meet the requirements of
NPC4.
Installation is defined as that which shows the size and type
of material for all components of the system including the
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
anchor or fastener manufacturer (if proprietary), type, total
number and embedment if connected to structural concrete,
masonry or wood.
d) If the components and equipment inventoried in
11.2.3(b) are anchored or braced, but do not meet the
requirements of Section 11.2.3( c), determine if the brac-
ing and anchorage is sufficient to meet the code require-
ments specified in Table 11.1. The bracing capacity shall
be determined by calculations based upon information
shown in the construction documents. If these docu-
ments are incomplete or unavailable, the evaluation shall
be based on the as-built conditions, with the capacity of
fasteners to masonry, concrete or wood determined by
approved tests; and
e) If any of the items inventoried in 11.2.3(b )is unanchored
or inadequately braced as determined by Section
1 L2.3(d), the building shall be placed in NPC 3.
11.2.4 Evaluation procedures for NPC 5. The following
steps shall determine if the building meets the criteria for NPC
5:
a) Identify the specific non structural components and
equipment that are subject to the requirements ofNPC 2
through NPC 5;
b) Conduct an inventory of components and equipment
specified in Table 11.1, NPC 2 through NPC 5, noting
whether the components and equipment are anchored or
braced;
c) Determine if the anchorage or bracing of the identified
components and equipment complies with the following
conditions:
1. Installed under a permit issued by OSHPD. Draw-
ings showing the installation and bearing an
OSHPD approval stamp are required to show that
the installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24; or
2. Reviewed and approved by the Department of
General Services, Office of Architecture and Con-
struction, Structural Safety Section. Drawings
showing: a) the installation; b) bear an Office of
Architecture and Construction, Structural Safety
Section approval stamp; and c) a five-digit project
number on the approval stamp that begins with an
"H" prefix, are required to demonstrate that the
installation conforms to Part 2, Title 24. It shall
also be demonstrated by a written report submitted
by the structural engineer, acceptable to the
enforcement agency, that an investigation of the
anchorage and bracing of components and equip-
ment identified in Section 11.2.4(a) shows it to be
constructed in reasonable conformity with these
drawings.
Anchorage and bracing of elements that comply with either
of these conditions are considered to meet the requirements of
NPC5.
Installation is defined as that which shows the size and type
of material for all components of the system including the
anchor or fastener manufacturer (if proprietary), type, total
117
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
number and embedment if connected to structural concrete,
masonry or wood.
d) If the components and equipment inventoried in
II.2.4(b) are anchored or braced, but do not meet the
requirements of Section II.2.4(c), determine if the brac-
ing and anchorage is sufficient to meet the code require-
ments specified in Table 11.1. The bracing capacity shall
be determined by calculations based upon information
shown in the construction documents. If these docu-
ments are incomplete or unavailable, the evaluation shall
be based on the as-built conditions, with the capacity of
fasteners to masonry, concrete or wood determined by
approved tests; and
e) If any of the items inventoried in 11.2.4(b) is inade-
quately anchored or braced as determined by II.2.4( d),
the building shall be placed in NPC 4.
11.3 Testing requirements for evaluating the performance
of existing mechanical fasteners. A testing program shall be
instituted to determine the capacity of mechanical fasteners
used to anchor non structural components including the bracing
of pipes, ducts and conduit, and the attachment of equipment
and other components listed in the 1995 CBC, Part 2, Title 24,
Table 16A-0. Anchors shall be categorized as either seismic
bracing of pipes ducts or conduit or equipment and other
component anchors.
11.3.1 Anchors used in the seismic bracing of pipes, ducts
or conduit. For anchors used in the seismic bracing of pipes,
ducts or conduit, the following shall apply:
1. Twenty percent of the anchors (20 minimum) of a given
size and type (wedge, shell and sleeve for expansion
bolts), at each level of the structure shall be tension tested
to three times the maximum calculated design load spec-
ified in Section 1630B of 1998 California Building Code
(CBC) or equivalent provision in later version of the
CBC but not Jess than 500 pounds. A minimum of one
anchor in any 4-bolt group shal1 be tested assuming an
equal distribution of the calculated force to the bolt
group. One-quarter (I/4)-inch diameter anchors need not
be tested. Where none of the anchors in the group have
calculated tension, testing shall consist of torque testing.
Exception: Internally threaded anchors, such as
shell-type anchors, shall be tested to four times the
maximum calculated design loads. Attachment hard-
ware shall be shimmed or removed prior to testing so
that it does not prevent the possible withdrawal of the
anchor.
2. If an anchor fails the tension test, 20 anchors, installed by
the same trade, in the immediate vicinity of the failed
anchor shall be tested prior to resuming to a 20 percent
sampling rate for testing.
11.3.2 Anchors used in the attachment of equipment and
other components. For anchors used in the attachment of
equipment and other components listed in the 1995 CBC, Part
2, Title 24, Table 16A-0, the fol1owing shall apply:
118
1. A minimum of one anchor of a given size shall be tension
tested for each piece of equipment or other component
under consideration. Where the number of anchors for
the piece of equipment or component exceeds four, a
minimum of 20 percent of the anchors shall be tension
tested. Where none of the anchors in the group have cal-
culated tension, testing shall consist of torque testing.
2. The tension test load shall be three times the maximum
tension force calculated for an anchor in the attachment
group using the design loads specified in Section 1630B
of 1998 California Building Code (CBC) or equivalent
provision in later version of the CBC or 500 pounds min-
imum. One-quarter ('/4)-inch diameter anchors need not
be tested.
Exception: Internally threaded anchors, such as shell
type anchors, shall be tested to four times the maxi-
mum calculated design loads. Attachment hardware
shall be shimmed or removed prior to testing so that it
does not prevent the possible withdrawal of the
anchor.
3. If a single anchor fails, all anchors in the attachment
group shall be tested. If two or more anchors fail, the
component shall be retrofitted for the forces as for new
construction.
11.3.3 Tension testing procedure.
1. Testing of anchors shall be accomplished by the applica-
tion of externally applied direct tension force to the
anchor. The testing apparatus shall not restrict the proba-
ble shear cone failure surface of the concrete or masonry.
2. Torque testing is not permitted in lieu of tension testing
unless specifically allowed in these provisions.
3. A failure is defined when the tension load on the anchor
produces a slip of 1/8 inch, a shear cone failure in the con-
crete or masonry, concrete splitting, or fracture of the
steel anchor itself prior to attaining the test load value.
Exception: For internally threaded anchors, the
allowable slip shall not exceed 1/
16
inch.
11.3.4 Alternate test criteria. In lieu of testing in accordance
with Section 11.3.1 or 11.3.2, a test 10ad may be established by
the evaluating engineer. The allowable load that the anchor can
resist shall be determined by dividing the test load by the
appropriate factors noted in Section 11.3.1 or 11.3.2. No
one-third increase is permitted for seismic or wind loads.
11.3.5 Allowable shear loads. Allowable shear loads on
anchors shall be determined by either of the following:
1. Shear values listed in Table 19B-E of 1998 California
Building Code (CBC) or equivalent provision in later
version of the CBC, or
2. Shear values shall be obtained by analysis using Strength
Design of Anchorage to Concrete, Section A.6, pub-
lished by the Portland Cement Association, 1999, with
the specified reduction coefficient(s) to convert the
"strength" values to allowable stress design values of
1.7.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
APPENDIX
GENERAL SETS OF EVALUATION STATEMENTS
EVALUATION STATEMENTS
FOR THE BASIC BUILDING SYSTEM
Address the following evaluation statements, marking each either
true (T), false (F) or not applicable (N/A). Statements that are
found to be true identify issues that are acceptable according to the
criteria of these regulations; statements that are found to be false
identify issues that need investigation. For guidance in the investi-
gation, refer to the section number indicated in parentheses at the
end of the statement.
Building System
T F LOAD PATH: The structure contains a complete load
path for seismic force effects from any horizontal direc-
tion that serves to transfer the inertial forces from the
mass to the foundation. (Section 3.1)
T F REDUNDANCY: The structure will remain laterally
stable after the failure of any single element. (Section
3.2)
Configuration
T F NA WEAK STORY: Visual observation or a Quick Check
indicates that there are no significant strength disconti-
nuities in any of the vertical elements in the lat-
eral-force-resisting system; the story strength at any
story is not less than 80 percent of the strength of the
story above. (Section 3.3.1)
T F NA SOFT STORY: Visual observation or a Quick Check
indicates that there are no significant stiffness disconti-
nuities in any of the vertical elements in the lat-
eral-force-resisting system; the lateral stiffness of a
story is not less than 70 percent of that in the story above
or less than 80 percent of the average stiffness of the
three stories above. (Section 3.3.2)
T F NA GEOMETRY: There are no significant geometrical
irregularities; there are no setbacks (i.e., no changes in
horizontal dimension of the lateral-force-resisting sys-
tem of more than 30 percent in a story relative to the
adjacent stories). (Section 3.3.3)
T F NA MASS: There are no significant mass irregularities;
there is no change of effective mass of more than 50 per-
cent from one story to the next, excluding light roofs.
(Section 3.3.4)
T F NA VERTICAL DISCONTINUITIES: All shear walls,
infilled walls and frames are continuous to the founda-
tion. (Section 3.3.5)
T F TORSION: The lateral-force-resisting elements form a
well-balanced system that is not subject to significant
torsion. Significant torsion wil1 be taken as any condi-
tion where the distance between the story center of rigid-
ity and the story center of mass is greater than 20 percent
of the width of the structure in either major plan dimen-
sion. (Section 3.3.6)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
T F
T F
Adjacent buildings
ADJACENT BUILDINGS: There is no immediately
adjacent structure that is less than half as tall or has
floors/levels that do not match those of the building
being evaluated. A neighboring structure is considered
"immediately adjacent" if it is within 2 inches times the
number of stories away from the building being evalu-
ated. (Section 3.4)
Deflection incompatibility
DEFLECTION INCOMPATIBILITY: Column and
beam assemblies that are not part of the lateral-force-
resisting system (i.e., gravity load-resisting frames) are
capable of accommodating imposed building drifts,
inc1uding amplified drift caused by diaphragm deflec-
tions, without loss of vertical load-carrying capacity.
(Section 3.5)
Short "captive" columns
T F SHORT "CAPTIVE" COLUMNS: There are no col-
umns with height-to-depth ratios less than 75 percent of
the nominal height-to-depth ratios of the typical col-
umns at that level. (Section 3.6)
Materials and conditions
T F NA DETERIORATION OF WOOD: None of the wood
members shows signs of decay, shrinkage, splitting, fire
damage or sagging, and none of the metal accessories is
deteriorated, broken or loose. (Section 3.7.1)
T F NA OVERDRIVEN NAILS: There is no evidence of
overdriven nails in the shear walls or diaphragms. (Sec-
tion 3.7.2)
T F NA DETERIORATION OF STEEL: There is no significant
visible rusting, corrosion or other deterioration in any of
the steel elements in the veltical- or lateral-force-resist-
ing system. (Section
T F NA DETERIORATION OF CONCRETE: There is no visi-
ble deterioration of concrete or reinforcing steel in any
of the frame elements. (Section 3.7.4)
T F NA POST-TENSIONING ANCHORS: There is no evi-
dence of corrosion or spalling in the vicinity of post-
tensioning or end fittings. Coil anchors have not been
used. (Section 3.7.5)
T F NA CONCRETE WALL CRACKS: All diagonal cracks in
the wall elements are 1.0 mm or less in width, are in iso-
lated locations, and do not fonn an X pattern. (Section
3.7.6)
T F NA CRACKS IN BOUNDARY COLUMNS: There are no
diagonal cracks wider than 1.0 mm in concrete columns
that encase the masonry infills. (Section 3.7.7)
T F NA PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS: There is no signifi-
cant visible deterioration of concrete or reinforcing steel
or evidence of distress, especially at the connections.
(Section 3.7.8)
119
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
Materials and conditions-cont.
T F NA MASONRY JOINTS: The mortar cannot be easily
scraped away from the joints by hand with a metal tool,
and there are no significant areas of eroded mortar. (Sec-
tion 3.7.9)
T F NA MASONRY UNITS: There is no visible deterioration of
large areas of masonry units. (Section 3.7.10)
T F NA CRACKS IN INFILL WALLS: There are no diagonal
cracks in the infilled walls that extend throughout a
panel or are greater than 1.0 mm wide. (Section 3.7.11)
EVALUATION STATEMENTS FOR VERTICAL
SYSTEMS RESISTING LATERAL FORCES
Address the following evaluation statements, marking each either
true (T), false (F) or not applicable (N/ A). Statements that are
found to be true identify issues that are acceptable according to the
criteria of these regulations; statements that are found to be false
identify issues that need investigation. For guidance in the investi-
gation, refer to the section number indicated in parentheses at the
end of the statement.
MOMENT FRAMES
Frames with infill walls
T F NA INTERFERING WALLS: All infill walls placed in the
moment frames are isolated from the structural ele-
ments. (Section 4.l.1)
Steel moment frames
T F NA DRIl<i CHECK: The building satisfies the Quick Check
of the frame drift. (Section 4.2.1)
T F NA COMPACT MEMBERS: All moment frame elements
meet the compact section requirements of the basic
AISC documents. (Section 4.2.2)
T F NA BEAMPENETRATIONS:Allopeningsinframe-beam
webs have a depth less than one fourth of the beam depth
and are located in the center half of the frame beams.
(Section 4.2.3)
T F NA MOMENT CONNECTIONS: All beam-column con-
nections in the lateral-force-resisting moment frame
have full-penetration flange welds and a bolted or
welded web connection. (Section 4.2.4)
T F NA COLUMN SPLICES: All column splice details of the
moment-resisting frames include connection of both
flanges and the web. (Section 4.2.5)
T F NA JOINT WEBS: All web thicknesses within joints of
moment -resisting frames meet the AISC criteria for web
shear. (Section 4.2.6)
T F NA GIRDER FLANGE CONTINUITY PLATES: There
are girder flange continuity plates at joints. (Section
4.2.7)
T F NA STRONG COLUMNIWEAK BEAM: At least one half
of the joints are strong column/weak beam (33 percent
on every line of moment frame). Roof joints need not be
considered. (Section 4.2.8)
T F NA OUT-OF-PLANE BRACING: Beam-columnjoints are
braced out-of-plane. (Section 4.2.9)
120
T F NA PRE-NORTHRIDGE EARTHQUAKE WELDED
MOMENT FRAME JOINTS: Welded steel moment
frame beam-column joints are designed and constructed
in accordance with recommendations in FEMA 267,
Interim Guidelines: Evaluation, Repair, Modification,
and Design of Welded Steel Moment Frame Structures,
August 1995. (Section 4.2.10)
Concrete moment frames
T F NA SHEARING STRESS CHECK: The building satisfies
the Quick Check of the average shearing stress in the
columns. (Section 4.3.1)
T F NA DRIFT CHECK: The building satisfies the Quick Check
of story drift. (Section 4.3.2)
T F NA PRESTRESSED FRAME ELEMENTS: The lat-
eral-load-resisting frames do not include any
pre-stressed or post-tensioned elements. (Section 4.3.3)
T F NA JOINT ECCENTRICITY: There are no eccentricities
larger than 20 percent of the smallest column plan
dimension between girder and column center-lines.
(Section 4.3.4)
T F NA NO SHEAR FAILURES: The shear capacity of frame
members is greater than the moment capacity. (Section
4.3.5)
T F NA STRONG COLUMNIWEAK BEAM: The moment
capacity of the columns appears to be greater than that of
the beams. (Section 4.3.6)
T F NA STIRRUP AND TIE HOOKS: The beam stirrups and
column ties are anchored into the member cores with
hooks of 135 degrees or more. (Section 4.3.7)
T F NA COLUMN-TIE SPACING: Frame columns have ties
spaced at d/4 or less throughout their length and at 8d
b
,
or less at all potential plastic hinge regions. (Section
4.3.8)
T F NA COLUMN-BAR SPLICES: All column bar lap splice
lengths are greater than 35d
b
, long and are enclosed by
ties spaced at 8d
b
, or less. (Section 4.3.9)
T F NA BEAM BARS: At least two longitudinal top and two
longitudinal bottom bars extend continuously through-
out the length of each frame beam. At least 25 percent of
the steel provided at the joints for either positive or nega-
tive moment is continuous throughout the members.
(Section 4.3.10)
T F NA BEAM-BAR SPLICES: The lap splices for the longitu-
dinal beam reinforcing are located within the center half
of the member lengths or in the vicinity of potential plas-
tic hinges. (Section 4.3.11)
T F NA STIRRUP SPACING: All beams have stirrups spaced at
dl2 or less throughout their length and at 8d" or less at
potential hinge locations. (Section 4.3.12)
T F NA BEAM TRUSS BARS: e n t ~ u p longitudinal steel is not
used for shear reinforcement. (Section 4.3.13)
T F NA JOINT REINFORCING: Column ties extend at their
typical spacing through all beam-column joints at exte-
rior columns. (Section 4.3.14)
T F NA FLAT SLAB FRAMES: The system is not a frame con-
sisting of a flat slab/plate without beams. (Section
4.3.15)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Precast concrete moment frames
T F NA PRECAST FRAMES: The lateral loads are not resisted
by precast concrete frame elements. (Section 4.4.1)
T F NA PRECAST CONNECTIONS: For buildings with con-
crete shear walls, the connection between precast frame
elements such as chords, ties and collectors in the lat-
eral-force-resisting system can develop the capacity of
the connected members. (Section 4.4.2)
Frames not part of the lateral-foree-resisting system
T F NA COMPLETE FRAMES: The steel or concrete frames
form a complete vertical load-carrying system. (Section
4.5.1)
SHEAR WALLS
Concrete shear walls
T F NA SHEARING STRESS CHECK: The building satisfies
the Quick Check of the shearing stress in the shear walls.
(Section 5.1.1)
T F NA OVERTURNING: All shear walls have hi!., ratios less
than 4 to 1. (Section 5.1.2)
T F NA COUPLING BEAMS: The stirrups in all coupling
beams are spaced at d/2 or less and are anchored into the
core with hooks of 135 degrees or more. (Section 5.1.3)
T F NA COLUMN SPLICES: Steel column splice details in
shear wall boundary elements can develop the tensile
strength of the column. (Section 5.1.4)
T F NA WALL CONNECTIONS: There is positive connection
between the shear walls and the steel beams and col-
urnns. (Section 5.1.5)
T F NA CONFINEMENT REINFORCING: For shear walls
with hwllw greater than 2.0, the boundary elements are
confined with spirals or ties with spacing less then 8d/).
(Section 5.1.6)
T F NA REINFORCING STEEL: The area of reinforcing steel
for concrete walls is greater than 0.0025 times the gross
area of the wall along both the longitudinal and trans-
verse axes and the maximum spacing of reinforcing
steel is 18 inches. (Section 5.1.7)
T F NA REINFORCING AT OPENINGS: There is special wall
reinforcement around all openings. (Section 5.1.8)
Precast concrete shear walls
T F NA PANEL-TO-PANEL CONNECTIONS: Adjacent wall
panels are not connected by welded steel inserts. (Sec-
tion 5.2.1)
T F NA W ALL OPENINGS: Openings constitute less than 75
percent of the length of any perimeter wall with the wall
piers having hit ratios ofless than 2.0. (Section 5.2.2)
T F NA COLLECTORS: Wall elements with openings larger
than a typical panel at a building corner are connected to
the remainder of the wall with collector reinforcing.
(Section 5.2.3)
Reinforced masonry shear walls
T F NA SHEARING STRESS CHECK: The building satisfies
the Quick Check of the shearing stress in the
unreinforced masonry shear walls. (Section 5.4.1)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
T F NA REINFORCING: The total vertical and horizontal rein-
forcing steel in reinforced masonry walls is greater than
0.002 times the gross area of the wall with a mnimum of
0.0007 in either of the two directions, the spacing of
reinforcing steel is less than 48 inches and all vertical
bars extend to the top of the walls. (Section 5.4.2)
T F NA REINFORCING AT OPENINGS: There is special wall
reinforcement around all openings. (Section 5.1.8)
Unreinforced masonry shear walls
T F NA SHEARING STRESS CHECK: The building satisfies
the Quick Check of the shearing stress in the
unreinforced masonry shear walls. (Section 5.4.1)
T F NA MASONRY LAY-UP: Filled collar joints of multi- wythe
masonry walls have negligible voids. (Section 5.4.2)
Infill walls in frames
T F NA PROPORTIONS: The height/thickness ratio of the wall
is as follows: (Section 5.4.3)
One-story building hit < 15
Multistory building
Top story hit < 9
Other stories hit < 13
T F NA SOLID WALLS: The infill walls are not of cavity con-
struction. (Section 5.5.2)
T F NA CONTINUOUS WALLS: The infill walls are continu-
ous to the soffits of the frame beams. (Section 5.5.3)
T F NA W ALL CONNECTIONS: All infill panels are con-
structed to encompass the frames around their entire
perimeter. (Section 5.5.4)
Walls in wood-frame buildings
T F NA SHEARING STRESS CHECK: The building satisfies
the Quick Check of the shearing stress in the wood shear
walls. (Section 5.6.1)
T F NA OPENINGS: Walls with garage doors or other large
openings are braced with plywood shear walls or are
supported by adjacent construction through substantial
positive ties. (Section 5.6.2)
T F NA WALL REQUIREMENTS: All walls supporting tribu-
tary area of 24 to 100 square feet per foot of wall are ply-
wood sheathed with proper nailing, or rod braced and
have a height-to-depth (HID) ratio of 1 to 1 or less, or
have properly detailed and constructed hold downs.
(Section 5.6.3)
T F NA CRIPPLE WALLS: All exterior cripple walls below the
first floor level are braced to the foundation with shear
elements. (Section 5.6.4)
T F NA NARROW SHEAR WALLS: Narrow wood shear walls
with an aspect ratio greater than 2 to 1 do not resist forces
developed in the building. (Section 5.6.5)
T F NA STUCCO (EXTERIOR PLASTER) SHEAR WALLS:
Multistory buildings do not rely on exterior stucco walls as
the primary lateral-force-resisting system. (Section 5.6.6)
T F NA PLASTER OR GYPSUM WALLBOARD SHEAR
WALLS: Interior plaster or gypsum wallboard is not
being used for shear walls in buildings over one story in
height. (Section 5.6.7)
121
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
T F NA
T F NA
BRACED FRAMES
Concentric braced frames
STRESS CHECK: The building satisfies the Quick
Check of the stress in the diagonals. (Section 6.1.1)
STIFFNESS OF DIAGONALS: All diagonal elements
required to carry compression have Kllr ratios less than
120. (Section 6.1.2)
T F NA TENSION-ONLY BRACES: Tension-only braces are
not used as the primary diagonal bracing elements in
structures over two stories in height. (Section 6.1.3)
T F
T F
T F
NA
NA
NA
CHEVRON BRACING: The bracing system does not
include chevron-, V- or K-braced bays. (Section 6.1.4)
CONCENTRIC JOINTS: All the diagonal braces frame
into the beam-column joints concentrically. (Section 6.1.5)
CONNECTION STRENGTH: All the brace connec-
tions are able to develop the yield capacity of the diago-
nals. (Section 6.1.6)
T F NA COLUMN SPLICES: All column splice details of the
braced frames can develop the column yield capacity.
(Section 6.1.7)
T F NA CONCRETE BRACED FRAMES: None of the braces
in the framing system are of reinforced concrete con-
struction. (Section 6.1.8)
Eccentric braced frames
T F NA LINK BEAM LOCATION: The link beams are not con-
nected to the columns. (Section 6.2.1)
EVALUATION STATEMENTS FOR DIAPHRAGMS
Address the following evaluation statements, marking each either
true (T), false (F) or not applicable (N/A). Statements that are
found to be true identify issues that are acceptable according to the
criteria of these regulations; statements that are found to be false
identify issues that need investigation. For guidance in the investi-
gation, refer to the section number indicated in parentheses at the
end of the statement.
General
T F NA PLAN IRREGULARITIES: There is significant tensile
capacity at reentrant comers or other locations of plan
irregularities. (Section 7.1.1)
T F NA CROSS TIES: There are continuous cross ties between
diaphragm chords. (Section 7.1.2)
T F NA REINFORCING AT OPENINGS: There is reinforcing
around all diaphragm openings larger than 50 percent of
the building width in either major plan dimension. (Sec-
tion 7.1.3)
T F NA OPENINGS AT SHEAR WALLS: Diaphragm open-
ings immediately adjacent to the shear walls constitute
less than 25 percent of the wall length, and the available
length appears sufficient. (Section 7.1.4)
T F NA OPENINGS AT BRACED FRAMES: Diaphragm open-
ings immediately adjacent to the braced frames extend less
than 25 percent of the length of the bracing. (Section 7.1.5)
T F NA OPENINGS AT EXTERIOR MASONRY SHEAR
WALLS: Diaphragm openings immediately adjacent to
exterior masonry walls are no more than 8 feet long. (Sec-
tion 7.1.6)
122
Wood diaphragms
T F NA SHEA THING: None of the diaphragms consist of
straight sheathing or have span/depth ratios greater than
2 to 1. (Section 7.2.1)
T F NA SPANS: All diaphragms with spans greater than 24 feet
have plywood or diagonal sheathing. Structures in Build-
ing Type 2 may have rod-braced systems. (Section 7.2.2)
T F NA UNBLOCKED DIAPHRAGMS: Unblocked wood
panel diaphragms consist of horizontal spans ofless than
40 feet and have span/depth ratios less than or equal to 3
to 1. (Section 7.2.3)
T F NA SPANIDEPTHRATIO:Ifthespan/depthratiosofwood
diaphragms are greater than 3 to I, there are
nonstructural walls connected to all diaphragm levels at
less than 40-foot spacing. (Section 7.2.4)
T F NA DIAPHRAGM CONTINUITY: None of the dia-
phragms are composed of split-level floors or, in wood
commercial or industrial buildings, have expansion
joints. (Section 7.2.5)
T F NA CHORD CONTINUITY: All chord elements are con-
tinuous, regardless of changes in roof elevation. (Sec-
tion 7.2.6)
Metal deck diaphragms
T F NA DECK TOPPING: All metal deck roofs have a rein-
forced concrete topping slab. (Section 7.3.1)
T F NA UNTOPPED DIAPHRAGMS: Untapped metal deck
diaphragms consist of horizontal spans of less than 40
feet and have span/depth ratios less than or equal to 3 to
1. (Section 7.3.2)
Precast concrete diaphragms
T F NA TOPPING SLAB: Precast concrete diaphragm elements
are interconnected by a reinforced concrete topping
slab. (Section 7.4.1)
T F NA CONTINUITY OF TOPPING SLAB: The topping slab
continues uninterrupted through the interior walls and into
the exterior walls or is provided with dowels with a total
area equal to the topping slab reinforcing. (Section 7.4.2)
Horizontal bracing
T F NA HORIZONTAL BRACING: Horizontal bracing forms
a complete system of adequate capacity. (Section 7.5.1)
Other systems
T F NA OTHER SYSTEMS: The diaphragm system does not
include thin planks and/or toppings of gypsum. (Section
7.6.1)
EVALUATION STATEMENTS
FOR STRUCTURAL CONNECTIONS
Address the following evaluation statements, marking each either
true (T), false (F) or not applicable (N/ A). Statements that are
found to be true identify issues that are acceptable according to the
criteria of these regulations; statements that are found to be false
identify issues that need investigation. For guidance in the investi-
gation, refer to the section number indicated in parentheses at the
end of the statement.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Anchorage for normal forces
T F NA WOOD LEDGERS: The connection between the wall
panels and the diaphragm does not induce cross-grain
bending or tension in the wood ledgers. (Section 8.2.1)
T F NA WALL ANCHORAGE: The exterior concrete or
masonry walls are anchored to each of the diaphragm
levels for out-of-plane loads. (Section 8.2.2)
T F NA MASONRY WALL ANCHORS: Wall anchorage con-
nections are steel anchors or straps that are developed
into the diaphragm. (Section 8.2.3)
T F NA ANCHOR SPACING: The anchors from the floor and
roof systems into exterior masonry walls are spaced at 4
feet or less. (Section 8.2.4)
T F NA TILT-UP WALLS: Precast -bearing walls are connected
to the diaphragms for out-of-plane loads; steel anchors
or straps are embedded in the walls and developed into
the diaphragm. (Section 8.2.5)
T F NA PANEL-DIAPHRAGM CONNECTION: There are at
least two anchors from each precast wall panel into the
diaphragm elements. (Section 8.2.6)
T F NA INADEQUATE STIFFNESS OF WALL ANCHORS:
Anchors of walls to wood structural elements are
installed taut and are stiff enough to prevent movement
between the wall and roof. (Section 8.2.7)
Shear transfer
T F NA TRANSFER TO SHEAR WALLS: Diaphragms are
reinforced and connected for transfer of loads to the
shear walls. (Section 8.3.1)
T F NA TRANSFER TO STEEL FRAMES: The method used to
transfer diaphragm shears to the steel frames is approved
for use under lateral loads. (Section 8.3.2)
T F NA TOPPING SLAB TO WALLS AND FRAMES: Rein-
forced concrete topping slabs that interconnect the pre-
cast concrete diaphragm elements are doweled into the
shear wall or frame elements. (Section 8.3.3)
Vertical components
T F NA STEEL COLUMNS: The columns in the lat-
eral-foree-resisting frames are substantially anchored to
the building foundation. (Section 8.4.1)
T F NA CONCRETE COLUMNS: All longitudinal column
steel is doweled into the foundation. (Section 8.4.2)
T F NA WOOD POSTS: There is positive connection of wood
posts to the foundation and the elements being sup-
ported. (Section 8.4.3)
T F NA W ALL REINFORCING: All vertical wall reinforcing is
doweled into the foundation. (Section 8.4.4)
T F NA SHEAR-W ALL-BOUNDARY COLUMNS: The shear
wall columns are substantially anchored to the building
foundation. (Section 8.4.5)
T F NA WALL PANELS: The wall panels are connected to the
foundation andlor ground floor slab with dowels equal
to the vertical panel reinforcing. (Section 8.4.6)
T F NA WOOD SILLS: All wall elements are bolted to the foun-
dation sm at 6-foot spacing or less with proper edge dis-
tance for concrete and wood. (Section 8.4.7)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
Interconnection of elements
T F NA GIRDERS: Girders are supported by walls, or pilasters
have special ties to secure the anchor bolts. (Section
8.5.1)
T F NA CORBEL BEARING: If the frame girders bear on col-
umn corbels, the length of bearing is greater than 3
inches. (Section 8.5.2)
T F NA CORBEL CONNECTIONS: The frame girders are not
supported on corbels with welded elements. (Section
8.5.3)
Roof decking
T F NA UGHT-GAGEMETAL,PLASTICORCEMENTITIOUS
ROOF PANELS: All light-gage metal, plastic or
cementitious roof panels are properly connected to the roof
framing at not more than 12 inches on center. (Section 8.6.1)
T F NA WALL PANELS: All wall panels (metal, fiberglass or
cementitious) are properly connected to the wall fram-
ing. (Section 8.6.2)
EVALUATION STATEMENTS FOR FOUNDATIONS
AND GEOLOGIC SITE HAZARDS
Address the following evaluation statements, marking each either
true (T), false (F) or not applicable (NI A). Statements that are
found to be true identify issues that are acceptable according to the
criteria of these regulations; statements that are found to be false
identify issues that need investigation. For guidance in the investi-
gation, refer to the section number indicated in parentheses at the
end of the statement.
T F
T F
Condition of foundations
FOUNDATION PERFORMANCE: The structure does
not show evidence of excessive foundation movement
such as settlement or heave that would affect its integrity
or strength. (Section 9.1.1)
DETERIORATION: There is no evidence that founda-
tion elements have deteriorated due to corrosion, sul-
phate attack, material breakdown or other reasons in a
manner that would affect the integrity or strength of the
structure. (Section 9.1.2)
Capacity of foundations
T F OVERTURNING: The ratio of the effective horizontal
dimension, at the foundation level of the seismic-resist-
ing system to the building height (base/height) exceeds
l.4A V. (Section 9.2.1)
T F TIES BETWEEN FOUNDATION ELEMENTS: Foun-
dation ties adequate for seismic forces exist where foot-
ings, piles and piers are not restrained by beams, slabs or
competent soils or rock. (Section 9.2.2)
T F NA LOAD PATH AT PILE CAPS: The pile caps are capa-
ble of transferring overturning and lateral forces
between the structure and individual piles in the pile cap.
(Section 9.2.3)
T F NA LATERAL FORCE ON DEEP FOUNDATIONS: Piles
and piers are capable of transferring the lateral forces
between the structure and the soiL (Section 9.2.4)
T F NA POLE BUILDINGS: Pole foundations have adequate
embedment. (Section 9.2.5)
123
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
T F NA SLOPING SITES: The grade difference from one side
of the building to another does not exceed one-half
story. (Section 9.2.6)
Geologic site hazards
T F NA LIQUEFACTION: Liquefaction-susceptible, saturated,
loose granular soils that could jeopardize the building's
seismic performance do not exist in the foundation soils
at depths within 50 feet under the building. (Section
9.3.1)
T F SLOPE FAILURE: The building site is sufficiently
remote from potential earthquake-induced slope fail-
ures or rockfa11s to be unaffected by such failures or is
capabJe of accommodating small, predicted movements
without failure. (Section 9.3.2)
T F SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE: Surface fault rupture
and surface displacement at the building site are not
anticipated. (Section 9.3.3)
EVALUATION STATEMENTS FOR
ELEMENTS THAT ARE NOT PART OF THE
LATERAL-FORCE-RESISTING SYSTEM
Address the following evaluation statements, marking each eithefl
true (T), false (F) or not applicable (NI A). Statements that are
found to be true identify issues that are acceptable according to the
criteria of these regulations; statements that are found to be false
identify issues that need investigation. For guidance in the investi-
gation, refer to the section number indicated in parentheses at the
end of the statement.
NONSTRUCTURAL WALLS
Partitions
T F NA MASONRY PARTITIONS: There are no unbraced
unreinforced masonry or hollow clay tile partitions in
critical care areas, clinical laboratory service spaces,
pharmaceutical service spaces, radiological service
spaces, and central and sterile supply areas, exit corri-
dors, elevator shafts or stairwells. (Section 10.1.1.1)
T F NA STRUCTURAL SEPARATIONS: At structural separa-
tions, partitions in exit corridors have seismic or control
joints. (Section 10.1.1.2)
T F NA PARTITION BRACING: In exit corridors, the tops of
partitions that extend only to the ceiling line have lateral
bracing. (Section 10.1.1.3)
Cladding and veneer
T F NA MASONRY VENEER: Masonry veneer is connected to
the back-up with corrosion-resistant ties spaced 24
inches on center maximum with at least one tie for every
22/3 square feet. (Section 10.1.2.1)
T F NA CLADDING PANELS IN MOMENT FRAME
BUILDINGS: For moment frame buildings of steel or
concrete, panels are isolated from the structural frame to
absorb predicted interstory drift without collapse. (Sec-
tion 10.1.2.2)
T F NA CLADDING PANEL CONNECTIONS: Where bear-
ing connections are required, there are at least two bear-
ing connections for each cladding panel, and there are at
least four connections for each cladding panel capable
of resisting out-of-plane forces. (Section 10.1.2.3)
124
T F NA CLADDING PANEL CONDITION: Cladding panel
connections appear to be installed properly. No connec-
tion element is severely deteriorated or corroded. There
is no cracking in the panel materials indicative of sub-
stantial structural distress. There is no substantial dam-
age to exterior cladding due to water leakage. There is
no substantial damage to exterior wall cladding due to
temperature movements. (Section 10.1.2.4)
Metal stud back-up systems
T F NA GENERAL: Additional steel studs frame window and
door openings. Corrosion of veneer ties, tie screws,
studs and stud tracks is minimaL Stud tracks are ade-
quately fastened to the structural frame. (Section
10.1.3.1)
T F NA MASONRY VENEER WITH STUD BACK-UP:
Masonry veneer more than 30 feet above the ground is
supported by shelf angles or other elements at each floor
leveL Masonry veneer is adequately anchored to the
back-up at locations of through-wall flashing. Masonry
veneer is connected to the backup with corrosion-resis-
tant ties spaced 24 inches on center maximum and with
at least one tie for every 22/1 square feet. (Section
10.1.3.2) .
T F NA MASONRY VENEER WITH CONCRETE BLOCK
BACK-UP-GENERAL: The concrete block back-up
qualifies as reinforced masonry. (Section 10.1.4.1)
T F NA MASONRY VENEER SUPPORT: Masonry veneer
more than 30 feet above the ground is supported by shelf
angles or other elements at each floor leveL Masonry
veneer is adequately anchored to the back-up at loca-
tions of through-wall flashing. Masonry veneer is con-
nected to the back-up with corrosion-resistant ties
spaced 24 inches on center maximum and with at leallt
one tie for every 22/3 square feet. The concrete block
back-up is positively anchored to the structural frame at
4-foot maximum intervals along the floors and roofs.
(Section 10.1.4.2)
Other veneer/panel systems
T F NA THIN STONE VENEER PANELS: Stone anchorages
are adequate for computed loads. (Section 10.1.5.1)
T F NA WOOD/AGGREGATE PANELS: There is no visible
deterioration of screws or wood at panel attachment
points. (Section 10.1.5.2)
Parapets, cornices, ornamentation and appendages
T F NA PARAPETS, CORNICES, ORNAMENTATION AND
APPENDAGES: There are no laterally unsupported
unreinforced masonry parapets or cornices above the
highest anchorage level with height/thickness ratios
greater than 1.5. Concrete parapets with height/thick-
ness ratios greater than 1.5 have vertical reinforcement.
Cornices, parapets, signs and other appendages that
extend above the highest anchorage level or cantilever
from exterior wall faces and other exterior wall orna-
mentation are reinforced and well anchored to the struc-
tural system. (Section 10.1.6)
T F NA MEANS OF EGRESS: Canopies are anchored and
braced to prevent collapse and blockage of building
exits. (Section 10.1.7)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
APPENDIX H TO CHAPTER 6
HAZUS AEBM REGULATIONS
6-Al HAZUS AEBM technology. The Federal Emergency
Management Agency (FEMA)lNational Institute of Building
Sciences (NIBS) Multi-Hazard Loss Estimation Technology
(HAZUS-MH MR2) and, specifically, the HAZUS Advanced
Engineering Building Module (AEBM) are used by the Office
with building-specific parameters, described in this appendix,
to evaluate the Probability of Collapse of SPC-l buildings.
6-A2 Probability of collapse. The Probability of Collapse,
P[COL], is calculated by Equation (A6-1):
P[COL]=P[COLjSTR
s
] xP[STR
s
] (A6-1)
where:
collapse factor of the HAZUS AEBM, as
modified herein, and
probability of Complete Structural
Damage, based on HAZUS AEBM
methods and parameters, as modified
herein.
6MA3 Building-specific properties. Building-specific proper-
ties are based on the building type (structural system), or Model
Building Type (MBT), building height (number of stories
above seismic base), building age (pre-1933, 1933 - 1961 or
post-1961 design vintage), availability of materials testing
data, and Significant Structural Deficiencies.
Table A6-1 lists Significant Structural Deficiencies. Table
A6-1 includes older buildings (pre-1933 buildings) and build-
ings that do not have available materials test data, and treats
these conditions as Significant Structural Deficiencies.
SPC-l buildings with no Significant Structural Deficiencies
are evaluated using "Baseline" values of building-specific
properties. SPC-l buildings with one or more Significant
Structural Deficiencies are evaluated using Sub-Baseline
(SubBase), or Ultra-Sub-Baseline (USB) building-specific
properties, as specified in Table A6-1.
Building-specific properties include parameters related to
(1) building capacity, (2) building response, (3) Complete
Structural Damage, and (4) building collapse. Appendix H
Sections 6-A4 through 6-A 7, define the parameters of interest
related to building capacity, building response, Complete
Structural Damage and building collapse, respectively, and
specify appropriate values of these parameters.
6A4. Building capacity. Building-specific capacity proper-
ties of interest include the yield capacity control point (D}J A)
and the ul timate capacity control point (D u' A), as calculated by
Equations (A6-2 through A6-5, respectively):
Ay = C, 'yla
l
(A6-2)
Dy 9.8' A},' (A6-3)
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
Au = A'A,
D. = A'/l'D"
where:
(A6-4)
(A6-5)
C, = seismic design coefficient values of C
s
are given in
Tables A6-2a and A6-2b, respectively,
a
l
= modal weight factor, Alpha 1 values of a
l
are given
in Table A6-4,
T" = elastic period, in seconds - values of Te are given in
Table A6-3,
y yield strength factor, Gamma - values of yare given in
Table A6-5,
A "overstrength" factor, Lambda - values of A are given
in Table A6-5, and
/l = "ductility" factor, Mu - values of fl are given in Table
A6-6.
6A5 Building response. Building-specific response parame-
ters of interest include the elastic damping factor, ~ and the
degradation factor, Kappa, Values of E are given in Table A6-7
and values of the Kappa factor are given in Table A6-8.
6-A-6 Complete structural damage. Building-specific dam-
age parameters of interest include the medi an spectral displace-
ment of the Complete Structural Damage state, SdC' and the
associated lognormal standard deviation (Beta) factor, ~ C Val-
ues of e are given in Table A6-11. Median spectral displace-
ment at the Complete Structural Damage state, SdC' is calculated
using Equation (A6-6):
Sd,C = . HR' a/a
3
(A6-6)
where:
Lle interstory drift ratio (of the story with maximum drift)
at the threshold of Complete Structural Damage val-
ues of Lle are given in Table A6-9,
HR = height of building at the roof level, in inches default
values of HR are given in Table A6-3 as a function of the
number of stories above grade,
a
2
modal height factor, Alpha 2 - values of a
2
are given in
Table A6-4, and
a
3
modal shape factor, Alpha 3, relating maximum-story
drift and roof drift, values of a
3
are given in Table
A6-10.
6-A-7 Building collapse. Building-specific values of the col-
lapse factor, P[COLISTR
s
]' that describe the fraction of the
building likely to be collapsed given that the building has
reached the Complete Structural Damage state, STRsl are given
in Table A6-12.
125
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE A6-1-SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURAL DEFICIENCY MATRIX
I
CAPACITY RESPONSE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE - COMPLETE DAMAGE STATE COLLAPSE
Over-Strength Duration Fragility Curve Median
4
Fragility Curve
Gamma and Lambda I Degradation (Kappa) Maximum Story
I Mode Shape
Variability - Beta Collapse Factor
(P[COL I STRsJ) SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURAL
Factors Factor Drift Ratio (Ae) . (Alpha 3) Factor
Factor
DEFICIENCY/CONDITION
1
.
SubBase USB SubBase USB
s
SubBase USB SubBase USB
6
SubBase USB
s
SubBase I

Age (Pre-1933 buildi..,gs) X
X7
Materials Testing (None) X
I
X
No Redundancy X
I Weak Story Irregularity
I
X X
X6
Story Irregularity ! X X X
6
Mass Irregularity
i I
X
I
Vertical Descontinuity X
:
X
Torsional Irregularity
I
I
X
i Deflection Incompatibility2 X
I
X
Short Column
3
X X
I
!
Wood Deterioration
..
X X
Steel Deterioration X X
Concrete Deterioration X X
Weak Column-Steel X X
!
Weak Column-Concrete X X X
I
No Cripple Wall Bracing X X
X6
i
X
I
X
I
i
X Topping Slab
Inadequate Wall
X X
Anchorage/Parapet Bracing
Load Path/Diaphragm
X
Openings
I
j
URM Wall Thickness Ratio
I Sub-Baseline (SubBase) and Ultra-Sub-Baseline (USB) properties are based on one, or more, significant structural deficiencies.
2 The Deflection Incompatibility structural deficiency applies only to concrete systems (Cl, C2 and C3).
The Short Column structural deficiency applies only to concrete and masonry systems (Cl, C2, C3, RMI and RM2).
I
I
I
i
I
Effects of deficiencies related to drift and mode shape limited to a combined factor of 5 reduction in Complete median (of HAZUS default value).
5 Grey shading indicates USB performance is not defined/used for deficiencies related to degradation (kappa) and fragility curve (beta) factors.
6 USB performance required for systems with multiple, SubBase deficiencies related to either the mode shape (Alpha 3) factor or the collapse rate.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
7 USB performance required for pre-1933 buildings with other over-strength-related deficiencies (else use SubBase performance for pre-1933 buildings).
I
use
6
X6
X6
X6
X6
X6
X
6
X6
X
6
X6
126 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
i
:
i
!
:
:
I
:
!
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE AS-2a-SEISMIC DESIGN COEFFICIENT, C
e
UBC SEISMIC ZONE 4
I
Seismic Design Coefficient, C
e
- UBC Seismic Zone 4 Locations (Zone 3 of older editions of the UBC)
Structural System (MBT)
I
51 and C1 52, 53, 54, 55, C2 and C3 (MH) Wl, W2, PC1, PC2, RM1, RM2, URM
No. of Stories

Post61 Pre-61 Post-61 Pre-61
1 0.100 0.109 0.133

0.109
2 0.057 0.092 0.100 0.092 0.l33 0.092
3 0.050 0.080 0.086 0.080 0.114 0.080
4 0.045 0.071 0.078 0.071 0.104 0.071
5 0.042 0.063 0.073 0.063 0.098 0.063
6 0.040 0.057 0.069 0.057 0.092 0.057
7 0.038 0.052 0.066 0.052 0.088 0.052
8 0.036 0.048 0.064 0.048 0.085 0.048
9 0.044 0.062 0.044 0.082 0.044
10 0.034 0.041 0.060 0.041 0.080 0.041
0.039 0.058
I
0.039 0.078 0.039 11
12 0.032 0.036 0.057 0.036 0.076 0.036
13 0.031 0.034 0.056 0.034 0.074 0.034
14 0.030 0.032 0.055 0.032 0.073 0.032
15 0.029 0.031
I
0.054 0.031 0.072 0.031
16 0.029 0.029 0.053 0.029 0.070 0.029
17 0.028 0.028 0.052 0.028 0.069 0.028
18 0.028 0.027 0.051 0.027 0.068 0.027
19 0.027 0.026 0.051 0.026 0.067 0.026
>=20 0.027
!
0.024 0.050 0.024 0.067 0.024
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 127
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE A6-2b-SEISMIC DESIGN COEFFICIENT, C
s
UBC SEISMIC ZONE 3
Seismic Design Coefficient, C
s
- UBC Seismic Zone 3 Locations (Zone 2 of older editions of the UBC)
Structural System (MBT)
51 and C1 52, 53, 54, 55, C2 and C3 (MH) W1, W2, PC1, PC2, RM1, RM2, URM
No. of Stories Post61 Pre61 Post61 Pre-61 Post61 Pre-61
1 0.036 0.055 0.050 0.055 0.066 0.055
2 0.028
I
0.046 0.050 0.046 0.066 0.046
3 0.025 0.040 0.043 0.040 0.057 0.040
4 0.023 0.035 0.039 0.035 0.052 0.035
5 0.021 0.032 0.037 0.032 0.049 0.032
6 0.020 0.029
I
0.035 0.029 0.046 0.029
7 0.019 0.026 0.033 0.026 0.044 0.026
.
8 0.018 0.024 0.032 0.024 0.043 0.024
9 0.017 0.022 0.031 0.022 0.041 0.022
10 0.017
I
0.021 0.030 0.021 0.040 0.021
11 0.0]6 0.019 0.029 0.019 0.019
.
12 0.016 0.018 0.029 0.018 0.038 0.018
13 0.015 0.017 0.028 0.017 0.037 0.017
14 0.015 0.016 0.027 0.016 0.036
~
15 0.015 0.015 0.027 0.015 0.036 . 15

.
16 0.014 0.015 0.026 0.015 0.035 0.015
17 0.014 0.0]4 0.026 0.014 0.035 0.014
18 0.014 0.013 0.026 0.013 0.034 0.013
19 0.014 0.013 0.025 0.013 0.034 0.013
>=20 0.013 0.012 0.025 0.012 0.033 0.012
128 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE AS-3-DEFAULT BUILDING HEIGHTS AND ELASTIC PERIODS
DEFAULT BUILDING HEIGHT, H
R
, AND ELASTIC PERIOD, T e. PROPERTIES
Structural System (MBT)
C2, C3, PC2, RM1,
W1 AND W2 (MH) S1 C1 S2 S4 and S5 RM2, URM S3 and PC1
No. of
HR Te HR Te HR Te HR Te HR Te HR Te HR Te
Stories (tt) (sec) (tt) (sec) (tt) (sec) (tt) (sec) (tt) (sec) (tt) (sec) (tt) (sec)
1 14 0.35 14 0.40 12 0.40 14 0.40 14 0.35 12 0.35 15 0.35
2 24 0.38 24 0.50 20 0.40 24 0.43 24 0.35 20 0.35 25 0.39
3 34 0.49 36 0.69 30 0.48 36 0.59 36 0.44 30 0.39 35 0.50
4 44 0.60 48 0.87 40 0.62 48 0.73 48 0.55 40 0.48
f----.
--
5 54 0.70 60 1.04 50 0.76 60 0.86 60 0.65 50 0.57
I
t--:
6

72 1.20 60 0.89 72 0.99 72 0.74 60 0.65
7 84 1.36 70 1.03 84 1.11 84 0.84 70 0.73
-
--
8
_ .......
96 1.51 80 1.16 96 1.22 96 0.92 80 0.81
---
9 108 1.66 90 1.29 108 1.34 108 1.01 90 0.88
-.-
10 120 1.81 100 1.41 120 1.45 120 1.09 100 0.95
i
.- -
t
11 132 1.95 110 1.54 132 1.55 132 1.17 110 1.02
--r-- -
12 144 2.09 120 1.67 144 1.66 144 1.25 120 1.09
----+
13
---+-
156 2.23 130 1.79 156 1.76 156 1.33 130 1.16
14
.
168 2.36 140 1.91 168 1.86 168 1.40 140 1.23
t-_-
15 180 2.50 150 2.04 180 1.96 180 1.48 150 1.29
16 192 2.63 160 2.16 192 2.06 192 1.55 160 1.35
17 204 2.76 170 2.28 204 2.15 204 1.62 170 1.42
-
18 216 2.89 180 2.40 216 2.25 216 1.70 180 1.48
-
19 228 3.02 190 2.52 228 2.34 228 1.77 190 1.54
- .---
>=20
,
240 3.14 200 2.64 240 2.43 240 1.84 200 1.60
TABLE AS-4-ALPHA 1 AND ALPHA 2, MODAL FACTORS
ALPHA 1 (u
1
) - MODAL WEIGHT FACTOR ALPHA 2 (a
2
) - MODAL HEIGHT FACTOR
Structural System (MBT) Structural System (MBT)
W1, W2, S2, S3, S4,
C2, C3, PC2, RM1 All Systems
No. of Stories S1 and C1 and RM2 PC1 and URM MH MH (except MH)
1 0.75 0.8 0.75 1.00 1.00 0.75
2 0.75 0.8 0.75 , 0.75

3 0.75 0.8
4 0.75 0.8
0.75 , ---f-
J

0.75
0.75

5 0.75 0.8 0.75
6 0.73 0.79 0.72
7 0.71 0.78
8 0.69 0.77
0.69
0.66
I
9 0.67 0.76
10 0.65 0.75
11 0.65 0.75
12 0.65 0.75
13 0.65 0.75
14 0.65 0.75
> = 15 0.65 0.75
0.63
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60


I----+----------+--------+-----t-I -__ --
f------I------I-------------,....,-.-.-._ _t_____________
-----'1' t- -----
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 129
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE AS-5-LAMBDA FACTOR
I
LAMBDA FACTOR (y)
!
Baseline Performance SubBase Performance USB Performance
Structural System (MBT) Structural System (MBT) Structural System (MBT)
Gamma I
Other I W1,S1, I No. of Factor W1,S1, W2, S4, PC1, W1,S1, W2,
S4, Other PC1, W2, S4, Other PC1,
Stories (y) C1 C2 C3 MBT
i
URM C1 C2 C3 MBT URM C1 C2 C3 MBT URM
1
I
2.70 2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 I 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
2 2.50
!
2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67
I
1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50
I
1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
3 2.25 2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63
I
1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
4 i 2.00 2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
5
I
.88 2.00 2.00 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 I 1.63 1.50
I
1.25
I
1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 I 1.17
i 1.80
2.00 2.00 I 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50
I
1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33
I 1.17
7 1.75 2.00 2.00 I 1.;3 i 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25
I
1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
i
:3 !
l.67 i
I
!
L
8 1.71 2.00 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
I
9 1.69 2.00 2.00 1.83
1.67 ! 1.33
1.75 i 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50
i
1.42 1.33 1.17
10 1.67
i
2.00 2.00 1.83 .67 i 1.33 1.75
I
.75 1.63 1.50 1.25
I
1.50 ].50 I 1.42 1.33 1.17
I
11 1.65 2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50
I
1.42 1.33 1.17
I
i
!
I
I
I
12 1.65 2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
13 1.65
I
2.00
I
2.00
I
1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42 1.33 1.17
I
!
I
I
14 1.65 2.00 2.00 1.83 1.67 1.33 1.75 1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50
L
1.42 1.33
I
1.17
>= 15 I
1.65 2.00 I 2.00
i
1.83
I
1.67
!
1.33 1.75
i
1.75 1.63 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.42
i
1.33 1.17
i
TABLE AS-S-DUCTILITY FACTOR Mu TABLE AS-7-ELASTIC DAMPING
I
I3
E
ELASTIC DAMPING
;:) II1UI.,; I UI1AL SYSTEM (MBT) (% of Critical)
5
C1, C2, PC1 and PC2 7
RM1 and RM2
i
7
C3and S5 7
W1 andW2 10
130 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE A6-8-DEGRADATION KAPPA FACTORS
SCENARIO EARTHQUAKE CRITERIA DEGRADATION (Kappa) FA'?!9RS Klill and K
L
)
Minimum Distance
Baseline Performance SubBase Performance
Site to Fault
1
(km) Maximum Magnitude
2
Post-51 Pre-1951
<5 All 0.8 0.7
5 -10
Mmax 6.5
0.8 0.7
5 -10
Mmax > 6.5
0.7 0.6
10 - 25
Mmax 6.5
. 0.7 0.6
10 - 25
7.0 Mmax> 5.5
0.6 0.5
10 - 25
Mmax < 7.0 I
0.5 004
25 - 50
7.0
0.5 0.4
25-50
Mmax > 7.0
0.4 0.3
>50 All 004 0.3
i. Minimum distance to the fault that controls I-second period ground motions at the l:uilding site.
2. Maximum magnitude (Mmax) of fault that controls i-second ground motions at the l:uilding site.
Post-51
-
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
004
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
TABLE AS-9-INTERSTORY DRIFT RATIO - MEDIAN COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE
Pre-19u
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
INTERSTORY DRIFT RATIO (max story) MEDIAN COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DA_M_A_G_E_<'---Ll""d ___ ---c
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
(MBT)
W1 and W2 (MH)
S1, C1, S2 and C2
53,54, PC1, PC2, RM1 and RM2
S5, C3 and URM
Baseline Performance SubBase Performance
Post-51 Pre-51
TABLE AS-10-AlPHA 3 (A3) MODAL SHAPE FACTOR
USB Performance
Post-61 Pre-51
0.038 0.038
0.030 0.025
0.022
0.018
ALPHA 3 (0-3) MODAL SHAPE FACTOR - RATION OF MAXIMUM INTERSTORY DRIFT TO AVERAGE INTERSTORY DRIFT
When Combined with Baseline When Combined with SubBase
I
When Combined with USB
Inlerstory Drift Ratios (Table AS-9) Interstory Drift Ratios (Table AS-9) Interstory Drift Ratios (Table AG-9)
I Baseline SubBase USB Baseline SubBase USB Baseline
USB
No. of Stories Performance Performance Performance Performance Performance Performance Performance Performance
1 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1 1.00
2 1.21 1.62 2.03 1.21 1.62 2.03 1.21 1.62 2.03
3 1.35 2.04 2.73 1.35 2.04 2.73 1.35 2.04 2.50
4
14')
2.36

3.27 1.45 2.36 3.27 1045 2.36 2.50


5 1.54 2.63
i
3.72 1.54 2.63 3.72 1.54 2.50 2.50
5 1.62 2.87 I 4.11 1.62 2.87 4.00 1.62 2.50

7 1.69 3.07
I
4.46 1.69 3.07 4.00 1.69 2.50
8 1.75 3.26 4.77 1.75 3.26 4.00 1.75 2.50 2.50
9 1.81 3.43 5.00 1.81 3.43 4.00 1.81 2.50 2.50
10 1.86 3.59 5.00 1.86 4.00 1.86 2.50 2.50
11 1.91 3.73 5.00 1.91 3.73 4.00 1.91 2.50 2.50
12 1.96 3.87 5.00 1.96 3.87 4.00 1.96 2.50 2.50
13
08
4.00 5.00 2.00 4.00 4.00 2.00 2.50 2.50

14 4.12 5.00 2.04 4.00 4.00 2.04 2.50 2.50
.
2.08 4.23 > = 15 5.00 2.08 . 4.00 4.00 2.08 2.50 2.50
.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 131
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
TABLE AS-11-LOGNORMAL STANDARD DEVIATION (BETA) VALUES COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE
LOGNORMAL STANDARD DEVIATION (BETA) VALUES - COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE ~ d
Baseline Performance SubBase Performance
NO. OF STORIES Post-61 Pre-61 Post-61 Pre-61
1 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00
2 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00
I
3 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00
4 0.84 0.89 0.94 0.99
5 0.83 0.88 0.93 0.98
6 0.82 0.87 0.92 0.97
7 0.81 0.86 0.91 0.96
8 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95
9 0.79 0.84 0.89 0.94
10 0.78 0.83 0.88 0.93
11 0.77 0.82 0.87 0.92
12 0.76 0.81 0.86 0.91
13 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90
14 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90
> = 15 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90
TABLE AS-12-COLLAPSE FACTOR
COLLAPSE FACTOR - LIKELIHOOD Of COLLAPSE GIVEN COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE - P[COLISTRsl
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
(MBT) Baseline Performance SubBase Performance USB Performance
Wi andW2 0.05 0.10 0.20
S1, S2, S3, S4 and S5 0.08 0.15 0.30
C1,C2and C3 0.13 0.25 0.50
RMi and RM2 0.13 0.25 0.50
PC1 and PC2 0.15 0.30 0.60
132 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SEISMIC EVALUATION PROCEDURES FOR HOSPITAL BUILDINGS
HISTORY NOTE APPENDIX FOR CHAPTER 6
Administrative Regulations for the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development
(Title 24, Part 1, California Code of Regulations)
The format of the history notes has been changed to be consis-
tent with the other parts of the California Building Standards
Code. The history notes for prior changes remain within the
text of this code.
1. (OSHPD 1196) Adoption of Chapter 6, Seismic Evalua-
tion Procedures for Hospital Buildings, Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R.
Filed with the secretary of state on April 8, 1997, effective
April 8, 1997. Approved by the California Building Standards
Commission on February 6, 1997.
2. (OSHPD 1/97) New Article I-Definitions and Require-
ments based on SB 1953. Approved by the California Building
Standards Commission on March 18, 1998. Filed with the Sec-
retary of State on March 25,1998, effective March 25,1998.
3. (BSC 2/99) Article 1-7, Conflict of Interest Code. Amend
Section 1-701. Approved by the Fair Political Practices Com-
mittee on October 29, 1999. Filed with the Secretary of State on
December 31, 1999, effective January 30, 2000.
4. (OSHPD EF 1100) Part 1, Chapter 6, Articles 1, 10, 11 and
Appendix. Approved as submitted by the California Building
Standards Commission on February 28, 2000. Filed with the
Secretary of State on March 3,2000, effective March 3,2000.
Permanent approval by California Building Standards Com-
mission on May 24, 2000. Certification of Compliance filed
with Secretary of State May 26, 2000.
5. (OSHPD EF 2/00) Part 1, Amend Chapter 6, Articles 1,2,
10 and 11. Emergency approval by the California Building
Standards Commission on May 24, 2000. Filed with the Secre-
tary of State on May 26, 2000, effective May 26, 2000. Perma-
nent approval by California Building Standards Commission
September 20, 2000. Certification of Compliance filed with
Secretary of State November 15, 2000.
6. (OSHPD EF 5/01) Emergency adoption of amendments to
hospital seismic safety evaluation regulations contained in
Title 24, C.C.R., Part 1, Chapter 6. Approved by the California
Building Standards Commission on November 28, 2001. Filed
with the Secretary of State on December 4, 2001, effective
December 4, 2001.
7. (OSHPD EF 01/02) Amend Chapter 6 and 7 of Part 1.
Approved as emergency by the California Building Standards
Commission on January 15,2003, and filed with the Secretary
of State on January 16,2003. Effective January 16,2003.
8. (OSHPD EF 01102) Amend Chapters 6 and 7 of Part 1.
Approved as permanent emergency by the California Building
Standards Commission. Permanent approval on May 14,2003.
Certification of Compliance filed with the Secretary of State on
May 15,2003. Effective January 16, 2003.
9. (OSHPD EF 01105) Amend Part 1, Chapter 6, Article 11
and Table 11.1. Approved as emergency by the California
Building Standards Commission on December 13, 2005. Filed
with the Secretary of State on December 14, 2005 with an
effective date of December 14, 2005.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODe
10. (OSHPD EF 01105) Amend Part 1, Chapter 6, Article 11
and Table 11.1. Re-adoptedlapproved as emergency by the Cal-
ifornia Building Standards Commission on March 22, 2006.
Filed with the Secretary of State on March 30, 2006 with an
effective date of March 30, 2006.
11. (OSHPD 01/04) Amend Article 1 for nonconforming
hospital buildings. Filed with Secretary of State on May 23,
2006, and effective on the 30th day after filing with the Secre-
tary of State.
12. (OSHPD EF 01105) Amend Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6,
Article 11 and Table 11.1. The language for the permanent rule
will remain effective and unchanged from the readoption/
approval of Emergency Finding (OSHPD EF 01105) Supple-
ment dated May 30, 2006. Approved as permanent by the Cali-
fornia Building Standards Commission on July 27, 2006 and
filed with the Secretary of State on July 28, 2006.
13. (OSHPD EF 01/07) Amend Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6,
Article 1, Article 2, Article 4, Article 6, Article 11, Table 11.1.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on July 19, 2007. Filed with the Secretary of State July 20,
2007, effective January 1,2008.
14. (OSHPD EF 01-07) Amend Title 24, Palt 1, Chapter 6,
Article 1, Article 2, Article 4, Article 6, Article 11 and Table
11.1. Approved by the California Building Standards Commis-
sion on July 19,2007. Filed with the Secretary of State on July
20,2007, effective January 1,2008. It was approved as perma-
nent by the California Building Standards Commission on May
21,2008 and filed with the Secretary of State on May 23, 2008.
15. (OSHPD EF 02/07) Amend Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6,
definitions added and Chapter amended throughout with a new
Appendix H to Chapter 6. Approved as an emergency regula-
tion by the California Building Standards Commission on
November 14, 2007, filed with the Secretary of State on
November 29, 2007. Effective November 29, 2007. It was
approved as permanent by the California Building Standards
Commission on May 21, 2008 and filed with the Secretary of
State on May 23, 2008.
16. (OSHPD 08/09) Amend Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6 with
amendments throughout. Effective on February 13,2010.
17. (OSHPD EF 01110) Amend Title 24, Part 1, Chapter 6
with updates to HAZUS standards pursuant to SB 499 (Chapter
601, Statutes of 2009). Effective on February 13,2010.
18. (OSHPD 02110) Amend Article 1, Title 24, Chapter 6,
effective on August 28, 2011.
19. (OSHPD 01112 and OSHPD 03112) Amend Chapter 6, II
Seismic Evaluation Procedures for Hospital Buildings.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission
on January 23,2013, filed with the Secretary of State on Janu-
ary 28,2013, and effective 30 days after filing with Secretary of
State.
133
134 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
CHAPTER 7
SAFETY STAN FOR ES
ARrlClE 1
GENERAL
7-101. Scope. The regulations in this part shall apply to the
administrative procedures necessary to implement the Alfred
E. Alquist Act of 1983 and to comply with State Building Stan-
dards Law.
Section 129680, Health and Safety Code, authorizes the
OSHPD to enforce and amend the California Building Stan-
dards Code for the safety of hospitals, skilled nursing facilities
and intermediate care facilities.
Unless otherwise stated, all references to sections of statute
are sections found in the Health and Safety Code.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections ]29675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Hea1th Planning
and Development to amend Section 7-101. Filed with the secretary of state
on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 18,1996. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on March 19,1996.
7-103. Jurisdiction. The fol1owing are within the jurisdiction
of Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development:
(a) For development of regulations in the California Build-
ing Standards Code and enforcement thereof.
1. Hospital buildings as defined by Section 129725, Health
and Safety Code. Correctional Treatment Centers shall
certify to the Office in compliance with Section 7-156.
2. Skilled nursing facilities as specified in paragraphs (2)
and (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 129725, Health
and Safety Code.
3. Intermediate care facilities as specified in paragraphs
(2) and (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 129725, Health
and Safety Code.
(b) For development of regulations in the California Build-
ing Standards Code.
1. Clinics, as defined by Section 1200 and 129725 (b) (1),
Health and Safety Code, are under the jurisdiction of
the local building official for enforcement, except as
otherwise specified in Article 21, Section 7-2104 (d) of
this chapter.
Exception: When licensed under an acute care hospi-
tal and serving more than 25 percent inpatients pursu-
ant to Sections 129725 (b) (1) and 129730, Health and
Safety Code, the Office shall retain jurisdiction for
enforcement.
2. Correctional Treatment Centers, as defined by Section
129725 (b) 6, 7 (A) or 7 (B), Health and Safety Code,
operated by or to be operated by a law enforcement
agency of a city, county or a city and county are under the
jurisdiction of the local enforcing agency for enforcement.
Correctional Treatment Centers shall certify to the Office
in compliance with Section 7-156.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
(c) For hospital buildings, skilled nursing facilities and inter-
mediate care facilities, the Office shall also enforce the regula-
tions of the California Building Standards Code as adopted by
the Office of the State Fire Marshal and the Division of the
State Architect! Access Compliance Section, for fire and life
safety and accessibility compliance for persons with disabili-
ties, respectively.
Correctional Treatment Centers shall certify to the Office in
compliance with Section 7-156.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7 -1 03. Fi led with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19,1996.
2. (OSHPD 2/96) 1996 Annual Code Adoption Cycle will amend Section
7-103, of Part 1, Title 24, CCR. Filed with the of state on
March 4, 1997; effective April 3, 1997. Approved by California
Building Standards Commission on February 6, 1997.
7-104. Alternate method of compliance. The provisions of
the California Building Standards Code (CBSC) are not
intended to prevent the use of any alternate method of compli-
ance not specifically prescribed by the CBSC, provided written
approval for such alternate method has been granted by the
Office. Alternate methods include Alternate Means of Protec-
tion, Alternate Method of Compliance, Alternative System,
designs required by regulations to be specifically approved by
the enforcing agency, and Program Flexibility. A written
request shall be submitted to the Office with an Alternate
Method of Compliance form provided by the Office and sup-
porting documentation as necessary to assist the Office in its
review. The written request shall include substantiating evi-
dence in support of the alternate. If the request is submitted
prior to the submittal of construction documents, an Applica-
tion for Plan Review form must also be submitted with a fee
pursuant to Section 7-133 (a) 3. A request approved by the
Office shall be limited to the specific request and shall not be
construed as establishing a precedent for any future requests.
The provisions of the following sections must also be met: Sec-
tion 104.11 and Section 1224.2, California Building Code;
Article 9004, California Electrical Code; Section 105.0, Cali-
fornia Mechanical Code; Section 301.4, California Plumbing
Code; and Section 1.11.2.4, California Fire Code.
7105. Authority. (Deleted)
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2195) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Planning
and Development to delete Section 7-105. Filed with the secretary of state
on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13,1996. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on March 19, 1996.
7-107. Interpretation. No regulation shall be construed to
deprive the Office of its right to exercise the powers conferred
upon it by law, or to limit the Office in such enforcement as is
necessary to secure safety of construction, as required by Divi-
135
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FAClll"rlES
sion 107, Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 129675),
Health and Safety Code.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
Application of regulations.
(a) as otherwise provided, these regulations and all
applicable parts of the California Building Standards Code
shall be the basis for design, plan review and observation of
construction of hospital buildings, skilled nursing facilities and
intermediate care facilities.
(b) Deleted.
(c) Additions, structural repairs or alterations to existing
health facilities shall be made in accordance with the provi-
sions of Part 2, Title 24, California Code of Regulations, Cali-
fornia Building Standards Code.
(d) Before any health facility not previously licensed under
Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code can be licensed and
used as a health facility, the applicant shall provide substantiat-
ing documentation from a structural engineer that the building
is in full conformance with the requirements of the California
Building Standards Code for new buildings; if not, the building
shall be reconstructed to conform to the requirements of the
California Building Standards Code.
(e) Routine maintenance and repairs shall not require prior
approval by the Office but shall be performed in compliance
with the applicable provisions of the California Building Stan-
dards Code.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Planning
and Development to amend Section 7-109. Filed with the secretary of state
on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on March 19, 1996.
ARTICLE 2
DEFINITIONS
Unless otherwise stated, the words and phrases defined in this
article shall have the meaning stated therein throughout Chap-
ter 7, Part 1, Title 24.
7-111. Definitions.
ACTUAL CONSlRUCTION COST means the cost of all por-
tions of a project to construct the work as shown on the approved con-
struction documents and as necessary to comply with the California
Building Standards Code, generally based upon the sum of the con-
struction contract(s), when applicable, and other direct construction
costs, including but not limited to mobilization, general and special
conditions, supervision and management, overhead, markups and
profit, demolition, buiJding pad construction (including but not lim-
ited to grading, soil remediation, excavation, trenching, retaining,
shoring, etc.), temporary construction and barriers, materials, sup-
plies, machinery, equipment, labor cost or the wages paid to the
workers doing the work, etc., as certified by the hospital govern-
ing board or authority. Construction cost does not include the
compensation paid to the designer(s), inspector(s), plan review
and building permit, the cost of the land, rights-of-way, work out-
side the scope of OSHPD's jurisdiction, mobile equipment and
furnishings, or other costs which are defined in the contract docu-
136
ments as not a part of the work. Work requiring a plan approval
and/or building permit issued by the Office which is identified as
not in the scope of the work and/or not in contract (NIC) shall be
performed under a separate building permit.
ADDITION means any work which increases the floor or roof
area or the volume of enclosed space of an existing building.
ALTERATION means any change in an existing building
which does not increase and may decrease the floor or roof area
or the volume of enclosed space.
ALTERNATE METHOD OF COMPLIANCE means the
approved use of an alternative material, method of construc-
tion, device or design to comply with an architectural, electri-
cal, mechanical or plumbing regulation.
ALTERNATE MEANS OF PROTECTION means the
approved use of an alternative material, assembly or method of
construction to comply with a fire and life safety regulation pursu-
ant to Section 111.2.4, California Chapter 1, California Fire Code.
ALTERNATIVE SYSTEM means the approved use of an
alternative material, design or method of construction to comply
with a structural regulation.
APPLICATION means any review, evaluation, or process for
which the Office has established an application, filing fee,
and/or a review/process fee, in accordance with its authority in
the California Health and Safety Code.
APPROVED CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS means all
plans, specifications, addenda, instruction bulletins, change orders
and deferred submittals that have the written approval of the Office.
The identification stamp of the Office shall not be construed to
mean the written approval of plans required by Section 7-113.
ARCHITECT means a person licensed as an architect under
Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 5500), Division 3, the
California Business and Professions Code.
ASSIGNMENT means the project scope of services, expected
results, completion time and the monetary limitation for the
services.
ASSOCIATED STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS means
any change affecting existing structural elements or requiring
new structural elements for vertical or lateral support of an oth-
erwise nonstructural alteration.
CANDIDATE means an applicant who is accepted by the
Office as eligible to participate in a Hospital Inspector Certifica-
tion Examination pursuant to the qualification criteria described
in these regulations.
CIVIL ENGINEER means a person licensed as a civil engi-
neer under Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700), Divi-
sion 3, the California Business and Professions Code.
CONFORMING BUILDING means a building originally
constructed in compliance with the requirements of the 1973 or
subsequent edition of the Building Code.
CONSTRUCTION means any construction, reconstruction
or alteration of, or addition or repair to any health facility.
DEFERRED SUBMITTALS see Section 7-126.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINIS-rRATIVE CODE
DIRECTOR means the Director of the Office of Statewide
Health Planning and Development or the Director's designee
authorized to act in his or her behalf.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER means a person licensed as an
electrical engineer under Chapter 7 (commencing with Section
6700), Division 3, the CalifomiaBusiness and Professions Code.
ENGINEERING GEOLOGIST means a person certified as
an engineering geologist under Chapter 12.5 (commencing with
Section 7800), Division 3, the Califomia Business and Profes-
sions Code, in that branch of engineering which is applicable.
EQUIPMENT
Equipment to be used in projects shall be classified as build-
ing service equipment, fixed equipment, or movable equipment.
(a) BUILDING SERVICE EQUIPMENT includes items
such as heating, ventilating and air conditioning equipment;
electrical power distribution equipment; emergency power
generation equipment; energy/utility management systems;
conveying systems; and other equipment with a primary func-
tion of building service. Examples include humidification
equipment, filtration equipment, chillers, boilers and fire
pumps.
(b) FIXED EQUIPMENT includes items that are perma-
nently affixed to the building or permanently connected to a
service distribution system that is designed and installed for the
specific use of the equipment.
1. FIXED MEDICAL EQUIPMENT includes, but is
not limited to, such items as fume hoods, sterilizers,
communication systems, imaging equipment, radio-
therapy equipment, lithotripters, hydrotherapy tanks,
audiometry testing chambers, and surgical and special
procedure lights.
2. FIXED NONMEDICAL EQUIPMENT includes,
but is not limited to, items such as walk-in refrigerators,
kitchen cooking equipment, serving lines, conveyors,
central computer equipment, laundry and similar
equipment.
(c) MOVABLE EQUIPMENT includes items that require
floor space or electrical and/or mechanical connections but are
portable, such as wheeled items, portable items, office-type
fumishings, and diagnostic or monitoring equipment.
1. MOVABLE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT includes, but
is not limited to, portable X-ray, electroencephalogram
(EEG), electrocardiogram (EKG), treadmill and exer-
cise equipment, pulmonary function equipment, oper-
ating tables, laboratory centrifuges, examination and
treatment tables, and similar equipment.
2. MOVABLE NONMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
includes, but is not limited to, personal computer sta-
tions, patient room fumishings, food service trucks,
case carts and distribution carts, and other portable
equipment.
ESTIMATED CONSTRUCTION COST means the cost
estimate of actual construction cost proposed by an applicant
for a construction project within the Office's jurisdiction.
FEE means the fees authorized in the California Health and
Safety Code, and the California Building Standards Code.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
FIRM includes any qualified corporation, legal entity, archi-
tect or engineer.
FREESTANDING as applied to structures that are adjacent to
a licensed hospital building means a structure that meets the
following criteria:
1. Structural separation shall comply with the applicable
provisions of the California Building Code.
2. Fire-resistance-rated construction separations shall
comply with the applicable provisions of the California
Building Code.
3. Buildings on the same lot shall comply with the height
and area limitations of the California Building Code.
HEALTH FACILITY as used in this part and all applicable
parts of the California Building Standards Code means any
health facility licensed pursuant to Section 1250 of the Health
and Safety Code under the jurisdiction of the Office.
(a) Hospital building includes:
1. HOSPITAL BUILDING as used in this part and other
applicable parts of the California Building Standards
Code means any building used for a health facility of a
type required to be licensed pursuant to Section 1250 of
the Health and Safety Code.
2. Except as provided in paragraph (7) of subdivision (b),
hospital building includes a correctional treatment cen-
ter, as defined in subdivision (j) of Section 1250, the
construction of which was completed on or after March
7, 1973.
(b) HOSPITAL BUILDING does not include any of the
following:
1. Any building in which outpatient clinical services of a
health facility licensed pursuant to Section 1250 are
provided that is separated from a building in which hos-
pital services are provided. If anyone or more outpa-
tient clinical services in the building provide services to
inpatients, the building shall not be included as a "hos-
pital building" if those services provided to inpatients
represent no more than 25 percent of the total outpatient
visits provided at the building. Hospitals shall maintain
on an ongoing basis, data on the patients receiving ser-
vices in these buildings, including the number of
patients seen, categorized by their inpatient or outpa-
tient status. Hospitals shall submit this data annually to
the Department of Public Health.
2. Any building used, or designed to be used, for a skilled
nursing facility or intermediate care facility, if the
building is of single-story, wood-frame or light steel
frame construction.
3. Any building of single-story, wood-frame or light steel
frame construction in which only skilled nursing or
intermediate care services are provided if the building is
separated from a building housing other patients of the
health facility receiving higher levels of care.
4. Any freestanding structures of a chemical dependency
recovery hospital exempted under the provisions of
subdivision (c) of Section 1275.2.
5. Any building licensed to be used as an intermediate care
facility/developmentally disabled habilitative with six
137
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
beds or less and any intennediate care facility/develop-
mentally disabled habilitative of 7 to 15 beds that is a
single-story, wood-frame or light-steel frame building.
6. Any building subject to licensure as a correctional treat-
ment center, as defined in subdivision (j) of Section
1250, the construction which was completed prior to
March 7, 1973.
7.
A. Any building that meets the definition of a correc-
tional treatment center pursuant to subdivision (j) of
Section 1250, for which the final design documents
were completed or the construction of which was
begun prior to January I, 1994, operated by or to be
operated by the Department of Corrections, the
Department of the Youth Authority, or by a law
enforcement agency of a city, county, or a city and
county.
B. In the case of reconstruction, alteration, or addition
to, the facilities identified in this paragraph, and
paragraph (6) or any other building subject to
licensure as a general acute care hospital, acute psy-
chiatric hospital, correctional treatment center, or
nursing facility, as defined in subdivisions (a), (b),
(j) and (k) of Section 1250, operated or to be oper-
ated by the Department of Corrections, the Depart-
ment of the Youth Authority, or by a law
enforcement agency of city, a county, or city and
county, only the reconstruction, alteration, or addi-
tion, itself, and not the building as a whole, nor any
other aspect thereof, shall be required to comply
with this chapter or the regulations adopted pursuant
thereto.
HOSPITAL BUILDING SAFETY BOARD means the
Board which shall advise the Director and, notwithstanding
Health and Safety Code Section 13142.6 and except as pro-
vided in Section 18945, shall act as a board of appeals in all
matters relating to the administration and enforcement of
building standards relating to the design, construction, alter-
ation and seismic safety of hospital building projects submitted
to the Office pursuant to this chapter.
Further, notwithstanding Section 13142.6, the Board shall
act as the board of appeals in matters relating to all fire and
panic safety regulations and alternate means of protection
determinations for hospital building projects submitted to the
Office pursuant to this chapter.
The Board shall consist of 16 members appointed by the
Director of the Office. Of the appointive members, two shall be
structural engineers, two shall be architects, one shall be an
engineering geologist, one shall be a geotechnical engineer,
one shall be a mechanical engineer, one shall be an electrical
engineer, one shall be a hospital facilities manager, one shall be
a local building official, one shall be a general contractor, one
shall be a fire and panic safety representative, one shall be a
hospital inspector of record and three shall be members of the
general public.
There shall be six ex officio members of the Board, who
shall be the Director of the Office, the State Fire Marshal, the
State Geologist, the Executive Director of the California Build-
138
ing Standards Commission, the State Director of Health Ser-
vices, and the Deputy Director of the Facilities Development
Division in the Office, or their officially designated representa-
tives.
HOSPITAL INSPECTOR means an individual who has
passed the OSHPD certification examination and possesses a
valid Hospital Inspector Certificate (or Construction Inspector
for Health Facilities Certificate) issued by the Office.
HOSPITAL INSPECTOR OF RECORD means an individ-
ual who is:
(a) An OSHPD certified Hospital Inspector, pursuant to the
provisions of these regulations and
(b) Employed by the hospital governing board or authority
and
(c) Approved by the architect and/or engineer in responsible
charge and the Office as being satisfactory to inspect a speci-
fied construction project.
LICENSE means the basic document issued by the Depart-
ment of Health Services pennitting the operation of a health
facility under the provisions of Title 22, California Code of
Regulations, Division 5.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ENTITY means a building
department of a city, city and county, or county.
MANAGED PROJECT means a project where schedules and
deadlines relating to plan review and construction are negoti-
ated between the Office and the governing board or authority of
the health facility or their designated representative. Managed
projects include, but are not limited to, projects approved by the
Office for phased plan review, as described in Section 7 -130, or
incremental review, as described in Section 7-131.
MATERIALLY ALTER as applied to construction projects
or approved construction documents means any change, alter-
ation or modification, as determined by the Office, that alters
the scope of a project, could cause the project to be in noncom- II
pliance with the California Building Standards Code, or causes
an unreasonable risk to the health and safety of patients, staff or
the public.
MECHANICAL ENGINEER means a person licensed as a
mechanical engineer under Chapter 7 (commencing with Sec-
tion 6700), Division 3, the California Business and Professions
Code.
MINORITY, WOMEN AND DISABLED VETERAN
BUSINESS ENTERPRISE shall have the respective mean-
ings set forth in Section 10115.1 of the Public Contract Code.
NONCONFORMING BUILDING means any building that
is not a confonning building.
NONSTRUCTURAL ALTERATION means any alteration
which neither affects existing structural elements nor requires
new structural elements for vertical or lateral support and
which does not increase the lateral force in any story by more
than five percent.
OFFICE means the Facilities Development Division within
the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRA ,.'VE CODE
PHASED PLAN REVIEW is the process that, at its sole di s-
cretion, engag the Office early in the proj ect desi gn and con-
tinues through the development and submis 'ion of documents
during the conceptuali zation, cri teria de. ign, detailed design,
implementation document , Office review, construction and
clo. eout phases, Withi n each phase, milestone are establishcd
for specific, agreed upon points where egments/elemenls of
the design/building system are completely des igned and/or
defined in their enti rety, The Office provides an agreed upon
level of revi ew that allow' for written conditional acceptance of
the e element and/or systems,
PRIMARY GRAVITY LOAD RESISTING SYSTEM
(PGLRS) means a emblyof tructural elements in the build-
ing that resists gravity load , including fl oor and roof
beams/girder' supporting gravity loads or any other members
de 'igned to support ignifi cant gravity loads. Foundations sup-
porting load from the PGLRS hall be considered part of the
PGLRS.
PROGRAM FLEXIDILlTY means the approved use of an
alternate space utili zation, new concept of design, treatment
technique or alternate fini 'h materials, Program fI xibili ty
request mu t be reviewed by the Department of Public Health
and the Offi ce, or other authority having j urisdi ction,
RECONSTRUCTION mean the rebui lding of any "exi ting
building" to bri ng it into full compli ance with these regul ation
and all appli cable parts of the California Building Standards
Code,
SEISMIC FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM (SFRS) means
assembly of tructural element in the buildi ng that resist eis-
mic load, including struts, coll ectors, chord , diaphragms and
tru es, Foundati ons supporting loads from the SFRS shall be
considered part of the SFRS,
SIGN, SIGNED, SIGNATURE, SIGNATURES means to
affix an individual' s signature by manual, el ectronic or
mechanical method, Manual method includes, but i not lim-
ited to, a pen and ink si gnature. Electroni c method incl ude', but
i not limited to, scanned signature images embedded in con-
struction document , faxe or other electronic document ti les.
Mechanical method include, but i ' not li mited to, rubber
stamp ignature,
SITE DATA mean report of inve ti gation into geology,
earthquake ground motion and geotechnical aspects of the site
of a health facility con truction proj ect.
SMALL BUSINESS means a fi rm that compli es with the pro-
vision of Government Code Section 14837.
STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS means f loor or roof dia-
phragms, decking, joist , 'labs, beams or girders; columns;
beari ng wall s; retai ning walls; masonry or concrcte nonbeari ng
wal l exceeding one story in hei ght; foundati ons; hear walls or
other lateral force re i ting members; and any other elements
nece ary to the vertical and lateral trength or tabil ity of
ei ther the building a a whole or any of its parts incl uding con-
nections between such elements.
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER mean a person licensed a a
structural engi neer under Chapter 7 (commencing wi th Section
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITI ES
6700), Division 3, the Cal ifornia Bu ines and Professions
Code.
STRUCTURAL REPAIRS means any change affecting
ex is ti ng or requ iri ng new st ructu ral elements primarily
intended to correct the effects of deteriorat ion or impending or
actual failure, regardles of cau e.
VOLUNTARY STRUCTURAL ALTERATION means any
alteration of existing structural elements or provi sion of new
structural element whi ch is not neces ary for vert ical or lateral
support of other work and is initi ated by the applicant primarily
for the purpo e of increasi ng the vertical or lateral load carry-
ing strengLh or stiffne s of an exi ting building.
HISTORY:
I. (OSHPD 2195) Regular order by the Offi ce of Statewide Healt h Plan-
ning and Developmenttoamend Section 7- I II. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commi ssion on March
19,1996.
2. (OSHPD 1/96) 1996 Annual Code Adopti on Cycle will amend Secti on
7- 111, of Part I. Tit le 24, C.C. R. Fi led WitJl the secretary of state on
March 4, 1997; effectiv Apri l 3, 1997. Approved by the California
Hui ldi ng Standard' Commission on J-'ebruary 6, 1997.
3. (OSHPD/EF 1192) Emergency order by the Office of Statewide Health
Planning and Development to amend Section 7- ' I I and 7- 19 1, Part I,
Title 24, Cal iforni a Code of Regulations. Filed as an emergency order
with the secretary of stale September I, 1992; effective September I,
1992. Approved as an emergency by the Cal iforn ia Buil di ng tandards
Commis ion on August 27, 1992.
4. (OSHPD/EF 1/92, pennanenl) Emergency order by the Office of Stale-
wide Health Planning and Development to amend eclions 7- 1 I I and
7- 19 1, Part I, Title 24, California Code of Regul at ions. Filed as a per-
manent order wilh the secretary of state on March 9, 1993; effective
March 9, 1993. Approved as a pcrmanent order by lhe Californi a Build-
ing Standards Commi ssion on March 5. 1993.
ARTICLE 3
APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS
7-113. Application for plan, report or seismic compliance
extension review.
(a) Except a' otherwise provided in thi s part, before com-
mencing constructi on or al teration of any health facil ity, the
governing board or authority thereof 'hall ubmit an appli ca-
ti on for plan r view to th Office, and hall obtain the written
approval thereof by the Offi ce describing the scope of work
incl uded and any speci al condi tion. under which approval i
given.
I. The application hall contai n a defi nite identifying
name for the health facility. the name of th > architect or
engineer who is in re ponsible charge of the work, pur-
uant to Section 7-1 I S (a), the name of the delegated
archi tect or engineers re pon ' ible for the prepamtion
of portions of the work pursuant to Section 7- 115 (a) 3,
the estimated cost of the proj ect and all such other infor-
mation required for completion of the application. The
architect or engi neer in responsible charge or havi ng
delegated re ponsibility may name one or more persons
to act a an altematc(s), provi ded uch per 'Oil S are
architects or engineer qualifi ed under the e regula-
tions to assume the re ponsibi li ty a' ' igned,
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE JANUARY 1, 201 4 ERRATA 139
RI I I="I=
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
2. ubmission of document to the Office may be in three
con ecutive stages:
A. Geotechnical Review: One appl ication for plan
review and, when applicable, three copies of the site
data must be attached.
B. Preliminary Review: Two copies of reports or pre-
limi nary plans and outline p cification . Plans/
drawings size shall not xceed 36 x 48 inches, and
bundled ets of plans/drawing shall not exceed 40
Ibs in w ight.
C. Final Review: Two copies of final con truction doc-
ument and reports. Plans/drawing size shall not
exceed 36 x 48 inches, and bundled set of
plans/drawings hall not exceed 40 Ib in weight.
(b) Application for seismic compliance extension require
submi sion of OSHPD Application Form #OSH-FD-384,
"Application for 2008 Exten ion/Delay in Compliance." The
submittal must comply with the appl icable requirement of
Chapter 6, Article I, Section 1.5.2 "Delay in Compli ance."
(c) For every proj ctthere hall be an architector engineer in
responsi ble charge of reviewing and coordinating al l submit-
tals, except as et forth in Section 7- 115(c).
I. A project may be divided into parts, provided that each
part i clearly defined by a buil ding or similar distinct unit.
The part, so defined, hal l include al l portion and utility
ystem or facilit ie nece sary to the compl te function-
ing of that part. eparate as 'ignments of the delegated
architects or engineers pur uant to Section 7- 115 (a) 3
may be made for the parts. Incremental project pursuant
to ection 7- 131 shall con ist of only one building.
(d) The assignment of the delegated architect or engineer
II pur. uant to Section 7-1 15 (a) 3 and the responsibility for the
pr paration of con '[ruction document and the admini tration
of the work of construction for portions of the work hall be
clearly designated on the application for approval of reports or
con truction document .
Authority: Health and afety Code Sections 18929 and 129675- 130070.
Reference: Heal th and Safety Code eelion 129850.
HISTORY:
I. (OSHPD 2/95) Regu lar order by the Offi ce of Statewide Health Plan-
ni ng and Developmentto amend Sect ion 7-1 13. Filed wi th the secretary
of tate on August 14, 1996, becomes ffective Septemb>r 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Bui lding Standards Commi ssion on March
19. 1996.
7 -115. Preparation of construction documents and reports.
(a) All construction documents or report, except as pro-
vided in (c) b low shal l be prepared under an archi tect or engi-
neer in r ' spon 'iblc charg . Prior to submittal to the office, the
architect or engineer in responsible charge for a project shall
sign ev ry sheet of the drawing, and the title sheet, cov r heel
or ignature 'h et of p cificati ons and reports. A notation may
be provided on the drawing indicati ng the architect' or engi-
neer 's role in pr paring and rev iewi ng the documents.
Plans/drawi ngs submitted to the office shall not exc ed the size
and weight describ d in Section 7-113 (a) (2) .
I. Except a provided in paragraph 2 below, the architect
orengin er in re, ponsible charge of the work shall be an
architect or structural engineer.
2. For the purposes of this section, a mechanical, electrical
or civil engineer may be the engi neer in respon ible
charge of alteration or repair project that do not affect
archi tectural or structural conditions, and where the
work is predominately of the kind normall y performed
by mechani cal, electrical or civil engineers.
3. The architect or engineer in responsible charge may
delegate the preparation of con truction document and
admini tration of the work of con truction for de ig-
nated portions of the work to other architects and/or
engineer as provided in (b) below. Preparation ofpor-
tions of the work by others ' hall not be constru d as
relieving the architect or engineer in respon ible charge
of his right, duties and re pon ibilitie under ection
129805 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) Archi tect or engineers lic ' nsed in the appropriate
branch of ngineeri ng, may be re pon ible for the preparation
of con truction document and administration of the work of
construction as permitted by thei r li cense, and as provided
below. Architect and engineers shall sign and affix their pro-
fessional stamp to all con truction documents or report that
are prepared under th ir harge. All construction documents
shall be signed and stamped prior to is uance of a bui lding per-
mit.
I. The structural con truction documents or report hall
be prepared by a structural engineer.
2. A mechanical or el ctrical engineer may pr pare con-
struction documents or report for project. where the
work is predomi nately of the ki nd normall y prepared by
mechani cal or electrical engineers.
3. A civil engineer may prepare con truction document
or reports f o r t he anchorage and brac in g of
nonstructural equipment.
(c) A li censed sp cialty contractor may prepare construction
documents and may admini ster the work of con truction for
health facili ty construction projects, subject to the fo ll owing
condition:
I. The work is performed and supervised by the licen ed
specialty contractor who prepare the construction doc-
ument ,
2. The work is not ordinari ly wi thin the standard practice
of architecture and engineering,
3. The project i, not a component of a proj ct prepared
pursuant to 7-115 (a) and (b),
4. The contractor respon. ible for the design and in tall a-
tion hall also be the person respon ibl for theti ling of
report , pur uant to Secti on 7- 151 ,
5. The contractor shall provide wi th the application for
plan review to the Office a written and. igned statement
stating that he or she is licensed, the numb r of the
licen e, and that the license is in full force and f ~ ct,
and
6. The work is li mited to one of the followi ng types of pro-
j cts:
A. Fire protection sy. tems wh re none of the (-ire prin-
kler system piping exceed ' 2\ inches (63.5 mm) in
diameter.
140 JANUARY 1, 2014 ERRATA 2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
BUFF
II
B. Low voltage systems not in excess of 91 volts. These
systems include, but are not limited to, telephone,
sound, cable television, closed circuit video, nurse
call systems and power limited fire alarm systems.
C. Roofing contractor performing reroofing where
minimum 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) on 12 inch (305 mm)
roof slopes are existing and any roof mounted equip-
ment needing remounting does not exceed 400
pounds.
D. Insulation and acoustic media not involving the
removal or penetration of fire-rated walls, or ceiling
and roof assemblies.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2195) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Planning
and Development to amend Section 7-115. Filed with the secretary of state
on August 14, ] 996, becomes effective September 13, 1996. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on March 19, 1996.
7-117. Site data.
(a) The site data reports shall be required for all proposed
construction except:
1. As provided in Part 2, Title 24.
2. One-story, wood-frame or light steel frame buildings of
Type II or V construction and 4,000 square feet or less
in floor area not located within Earthquake Fault Zones
or Seismic Hazard Zones as shown in the most recently
published maps from the California Geological Survey
(CGS) or in seismic hazard zones as defined in the
Safety Element of the local General Plan.
3. Nonstructural alterations.
4. Structural repairs for other than earthquake damage.
5. Incidental structural additions or alterations.
(b) Three copies of site data reports shall be furnished to the
Office for review and evaluation prior to the submittal of the
project documents for final plan review. Site data reports shall
comply with the requirements of these regulations and Part 2,
Title 24. Upon the determination that the investigation of the
site and the reporting of the findings was adequate for the
design of the project, the Office will issue a letter stating the site
data reports are acceptable.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Planning
and Development to amend Section 7.117. Filed with the secretary of state
on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996. Approved by
the California Building Standards Commission on March 19, 1996.
7-119. Functional Program.
(a) General.
1. Functional program requirement. The owner or legal
entity responsible for the outcome of the proposed health
care facility design and construction project shall be
responsible for providing a functional program to the
project's architect/engineer and to the Office. The
requirement applies to all scopes and disciplines of the
project that affect patient care directly or indirectly, by
means of new construction, additions, or modifications
to specific hospital departmental functions which form
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
an integral part of the facility. Projects that only involve
equipment replacement, fire safety upgrades, or renova-
tions that will not change the occupancy, function, or use
of existing space shall not require a functional program.
2. Functional program purpose.
A. An owner-approved functional program shall be made
available for use by the design professional(s) in the
development of project design and construction docu-
ments, and shall be submitted to the Office, at the time
of application for plan review, to serve as a reference
for the review of the application documents.
B. Revisions to the functional program shall be docu-
mented and a final updated version shall be submit-
ted to the Office prior to approval of the construction
documents.
C. The facility is encouraged to retain the functional
program with other design data to facilitate future
alterations, additions, and program changes.
3. Nomenclature in the functional program.
A. The names for spaces and departments used in the
functional program shall be consistent with those
used in the California Building Code. If acronyms
are used, they should be defined clearly.
B. The names and spaces indicated in the functional
program shall also be consistent with those used on
submitted floor plans.
(b) Functional program executive summary. An execu-
tive summary of the key elements of the functional program
shall be provided and, at a minimum, shall include the follow-
ing narrative:
1. Purpose of the project.
A. The narrative shall describe the services to be pro-
vided, expanded, or eliminated by the proposed pro-
ject.
B. The narrative shall describe the intent of the project
and how the proposed modifications will address the
intent.
2. Project type and size.
A. The type of health care facility(ies) proposed for the
project shall be identified as defined by the Califor-
nia Building Code.
B. Project size in square footage (new construction and
renovation) and number of stories shall be provided.
3. Construction type/occupancy and building systems.
A. New construction. If the proposed project is new
construction that is not dependent on or attached to an
existing structure, the following shall be inc1 uded:
(1) A description of construction type(s) for the
proposed project.
(2) A descliption of proposed occupancy(ies) and,
if applicable, existing occupancy(ies).
(3) A description of proposed engineering systems.
(4) A description of proposed fire protection systems.
141
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
B. Renovation. For a project that is a renovation of, or
addition to, an existing building, the following shall
be induded in the project narrative:
(1) A description of the existing construction type
and the construction type for any proposed ren-
ovations or additions shall be described.
(2) A general description of existing engineering
systems serving the area of the building
affected by the proposed project and how these
systems will be modified, extended, aug-
mented, or replaced by the proposed project.
(3) A general description of existing fire protection
systems serving the area of the building
affected by the proposed project and how these
systems will be modified, extended, aug-
mented, or replaced by the proposed project.
(c) Functional program content. The functional program
for the project shall indude the following:
142
1. Purpose of the project. The physical, environmental,
or operational factors, or combination thereof, driving
the need for the project and how the completed project
will address these issues shall be described.
2. Project components and scope.
A. The department(s) affected by the project shall be
identified.
B. The services and project components required for
the completed project to function as intended shall
be described.
3. Indirect support functions. The increased (or
decreased) demands throughout, workloads, staffing
requirements, etc., imposed on support functions
affected by the project shall be described. (These func-
tions mayor may not reside adjacent to or in the same
building or facility with the project.)
4. Operational requirements. The operational require-
ments, which include but are not limited to the follow-
ing, shall be described:
A. Projected operational use and demand loading for
affected departments and/or project components.
B. Relevant operational circulation patterns, including
staff, family/visitor, and materials movement.
C. Departmental operational relationships and
required adjacencies
5. Environment of care requirements. The functional
program shall describe the functional requirements and
relationships between the following environment of
care components and key elements of the physical envi-
ronment:
A. Delivery of care model (concepts). This shall
include:
(1) A description of the delivery of care model,
including any unique features.
(2) A description of the physical elements and key
functional relationships necessary to support
the intended delivery of care model.
B. Patients, visitors, physicians, and staff accom-
modation and flow. Design criteria for the follow-
ing shall be described:
(1) The physical environment necessary to accom-
modate facility users and administration of the
delivery of care model.
(2) The physical environment (including travel
paths, desired amenities and separation of users
and workflow) necessary to create operational
efficiencies and facilitate ease of use by patients,
families, visitors, staff, and physicians.
C. Building infrastructure and systems design crite-
ria. Design criteria for the physical environment
necessary to support organizational, technological,
and building systems that facilitate the delivery of
care model shall be described.
D. Physical environment. Descriptions of and/or
design criteria for the following shall be provided:
(1) Light and views - How the use and availability
of natural light, illumination, and views are to
be considered in the design of the physical envi-
ronment.
(2) Wayfinding.
(3) Control of environment - How, by what means,
and to what extent users of the finished project
are able to control their environment.
(4) Privacy and confidentiality How the privacy
and confidentiality of the users of the finished
project are to be protected.
(5) Security How the safety and security of
patients or residents, staff, and visitors shall be
addressed in the overall planning of the facility
consistent with the functional program.
(6) Architectural details, surfaces, and furnishing
characteristics and criteria.
(7) Cultural responsiveness - How the project
addresses andlor responds to local or regional
cultural considerations.
(8) Views of, and access to, nature.
6. Architectural space and equipment requirements.
A. Space list.
(1) The functional program shall contain a list
organized by department or other appropriate
functional unit that shows each room in the pro-
posed project, indicating its size by gross floor
area and clear floor area.
(2) The space list shall indicate the spaces to which
the following components, if required, are
assigned:
(a) Fixed and movable medical equipment.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
II
II
B. Area.
(b) Furnishings and fixtures.
(c) Technology provisions.
(1) Gross floor area for the project shall be aggre-
gated by department, and appropriate multiply-
ing factors shall be applied to reflect circulation
and wall thicknesses within the department or
functional area. This result shall be referred to
as department gross square footage (DGSF).
(2) DGSF for the project shall be aggregated, and
appropriate multiplying factors shall be applied
to reflect inter-departmental circulation, exte-
rior wall thickness, engineering spaces, general
storage spaces, vertical circulation, and any
other areas not included within the intra-depart-
ment calculations. This result shall be referred
to as building gross square footage (BGSF) and
shall reflect the overall size of the project.
7. Technology requirements. Technology systems for
the project shall be identified to serve as a basis for pro-
ject coordination and budgeting.
A. Any technology systems integration strategy shall
be defined.
B. Department and room specific detail for system and
device deployment shall be developed.
8. Short- and long-term planning considerations. A
statement addressing accommodations for the follow-
ing, as appropriate for the project shall be included:
A. Future growth.
B. Impact on existing adjacent facilities.
C. Impact on existing operations and departments.
D. Flexibility.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
7-121. Presubmittal meeting.
(a) A pre submittal meeting between the Office and the
design professionals is required for construction or alteration
projects for hospital buildings and buildings described in para-
graphs (2) and (3) of Subdivision (b) of Section 129725 of the
Health and Safety Code with estimated construction costs of
twenty million dollars ($20,000,000) or more. The
pre submittal meeting shall be held prior to the submittal of pre-
liminary plans and specifications or final construction docu-
ments. Prior to scheduling a pre submittal meeting, the architect
or engineer in responsible charge shall submit the following
information to the Office:
1. Meeting agenda listing major points of discussion.
2. New and if applicable, existing floor plans.
3. Description and scope of the project.
4. Functional Program as described in Section 7-119.
5. Description of structural systems-vertical, lateral,
foundation, etc.
6. Alternate method of compliance and program flexibil-
ity issues.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
7. Type of construction.
8. Occupancy-existing and proposed, with justification.
9. Accessibility considerations, including path of travel.
10. Preliminary means of egress plan.
11. Architectural, structural, mechanical, plumbing, elec-
trical, and fire and life safety issues.
(b) The architect or engineer in responsible charge shall
record all resolutions of substantive issues in a letter of under-
standing that shall be submitted to the Office for acceptance
prior to the submittal of final construction documents. The let-
ter of understanding shall be based on the assumptions pre-
sented at the presubmittal meeting. Subsequent changes in
design, program requirements, project delivery, or other
unforeseen issues may necessitate modifications to the letter of
understanding.
(c) Phased plan review and collaborative review and con-
struction. A request for Phased Plan Review (PPR) or Collab-
orative Review and Construction (CRC) must be submitted to
the Office in writing, prior to the pre submittal meeting being
scheduled. In addition to the items listed in Section 7-121 (a),
for PPR or CRC reviewed projects, the architect or engineer in
responsible charge shall submit the following information to
the Office:
1. Complete project schedule.
2. Proposed review matrix outlining all phases, mile-
stones, increments, and segments for the project.
3. Initial draft of the Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) proposed, defining roles and accountability of
the participants.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18929 and 129675-130070
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-121. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19, 1996.
7-123. Preliminary plans and outline specifications.
(a) The governing board or authority or their designated rep-
resentative may submit preliminary plans and outline specifi-
cations to the Office for review prior to submittal of the final
construction documents.
(b) The Office's review of the preliminary plans and outline
specifications shall be limited to the content of the preliminary
plans and outline specifications submitted. A copy of the
marked-up preliminary plans and outline specifications or of
the approved preliminary plans and outline specifications shall
accompany the submittal of the final construction documents.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18929 and 129675-130070
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850
7-125. Final review of construction documents.
(a) Final construction documents shall be submitted in
accordance with Section 107, Part 2. Title 24. Final construc-
tion documents that are incomplete shall be returned to the
applicant for completion prior to acceptance by the Office for
plan review.
143
SAfETY STANDARDS fOR HEALTH fACILITIES
(b) Local government entity zoning approvals or clearances
shall be furnished to the Office, when applicable, prior to
approval of the final construction documents by the Office.
(c) When the Office finds items on the final construction
documents that do not comply with these regulations and/or
applicable sections of the California Building Standards Code,
the noncomplying items shall be noted in writing with a proper
code citation. The marked-up set of construction documents
will be returned to the architect or engineer in responsible
charge. A set of prints from corrected construction documents
shall be filed for backcheck when the original check or subse-
quent backchecks(s) indicates that extensive changes are nec-
essary. Where necessary corrections are of a minor nature,
corrected original construction documents may be filed for
backcheck. The architect or engineer in responsible charge
must provide a written response to all comments made by the
Office. The written response must include a description and a
location of the corrections made to the construction docu-
ments. The written response may be provided as a letter, or may
be provided as responses written directly on the marked-up set
of drawings. in construction documents, other than
changes necessary correction, made after submission for
approva1, shall be brought to the attention of the Office in writ-
ing or by submission of revised construction documents identi-
fying those changes. Failure to give such notice voids any
subsequent approval given to the construction documents.
(d) The Office's approval of the final construction docu-
ments shall be in accordance with Section 107.3.1, Part 2, Title
24.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
HISTORY:
I. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7 -125. Filed with the secretary
of state on 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by California Building Standards Commission on March
19,1996.
2. 7/96) 1996 Annual Code Adoption Cycle will amend Section
of Part 1, Title 24, c.c.R. Filed with the secretary of state on
March 4, 1997; effective April 3, 1997. Approved by the California
Building Standards Commission on February 6, 1997.
7 -126. Deferred submittals.
(a) Conditions. Where a portion of the design cannot be
fully detailed on the approved construction document because
of variations in product design and manufacture, the approval
of the construction documents for such portion may be
deferred until the material suppliers are selected under the fol-
lowing conditions:
144
1. The construction documents clearly describe the
deferred submittals that shall be approved by the Office
prior to fabrication and installation for the indicated
portions of the work.
2. The construction documents fully describe the perfor-
mance and loading criteria for such work.
3. After the construction documents are approved and
within 30 calendar days after commencement of con-
struction, the architect or engineer in responsible
charge shan submit a schedule to the Office indicating
when the deferred submittals will be submitted to the
Office for review.
Exception: Seismic Force Resisting System (SFRS),
Primary Gravity Load Resisting System (PGLRS) and
stairs shall not be deferred.
(b) Submittal process and notation. Submittal documents
for deferred submittal items shall be submitted to the architect
or engineer to whom responsibility has been delegated for
preparation of construction documents, as listed on the applica-
tion, for review prior to submittal to the Office. The architect or
engineer to whom responsibility has been delegated for prepa-
ration of construction documents, as listed on the application,
shall review and forward submittal documents for deferred
submittal items to the Office with a notation indicating that the
deferred submittal documents have been reviewed and that
they have been found to be in general conformance with the
design of the project.
(c) Stamping and. signing. Stamping and signing of
deferred submittals shall comply with Section 7-115 (a) and
(b).
(d) Fabrication and installation. The deferred submittal
items shall not be fabricated or installed until their design and
submittal documents have been approved by the Office.
(e) Limitations. The Office shall have sole discretion as to
the portions of the design that may be deferred.
7 127. Projects from plan review process.
(a) The Office may exempt from the plan review process
construction or alteration projects for hospitals, skilled nursing
facilities and intermediate care facilities, if the project meets
the following criteria:
1. The estimated construction cost is $50,000 or less. For
the purpose of determining eligibility for exemption
from the plan review process, the estimated construc-
tion cost excludes imaging equipment costs; design
fees; inspection fees; off-site work; and fixed equip-
ment costs, including but not limited to sterilizers, chill-
ers and boilers.
2. The construction documents are stamped and signed
pursuant to Section 7-115 (a) and (b).
3. The entire project or an element of the project shall not
pose a clear and significant risk to the health and safety
of the patients, staff or public.
(b) Projects subdivided into smaller projects for the purpose
of evading the cost limitation requirement shall not be exempt
from the plan review process. (c) All requirements of Article 4,
Construction must be met, except Section 7-135 (a) 1.
7 -128. Work performed. without a permit.
(a) Compliance examination. Construction or alteration of
any health facility, governed under these regulations, per-
formed without the benefit of review, permitting, and/or obser-
vation by the Office when review, permitting and/or
observation is required, and without the exemption by the
Office provided for in Section 7 -127, shall be subject to exami-
nation by the Office to assess relevant code compliance.
1. Whenever it is necessary to make an inspection to
enforce any applicable provision of the California
Building Standards Code or the Alfred E. Alquist Hos-
pital Facilities Seismic Safety Act, or the Office, or its
2013 CALIfORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
authorized representative, has reasonable cause to
believe that there exists in any building or upon any pre-
mises any condition or violation of any applicable
building standards that makes the building or premises
unsafe, dangerous, or hazardous, the Office or its autho-
rized representatives may enter the building or premises
at any reasonable time for the purpose of inspection and
examination authorized by this chapter.
2. Examination by the Office may include, but is not lim-
ited to:
A. Review of existing plans;
B. Site visit(s) as necessary to assess the extent of
unpermitted work;
C. Inspection of work for the purpose of determining
compliance including destructive demolition as nec-
essary per California Building Code Section 110.1
including the removal and/or replacement of any
material required to allow inspection, and poten-
tially destructive testing needed to demonstrate
compliance with California Building Code Chapter
34A; and
D. Participation in a predesign conference with archi-
tects/engineers to resolve code issues relevant to the
corrective or remedial work necessary.
(b) Plan review. Construction or alteration of any health
facility, governed under these regulations, performed without
the benefit of review, permitting and/or observation by the
Office, and construction or alteration found in violation of any
applicable section of the California Building Standards Code
during examination, shall be brought into compliance with the
current enforceable edition of the California Building Stan-
dards Code. Application for Office review of construction doc-
uments and reports for the construction or alteration and
corrective work necessary to remedy any violations, unsafe,
dangerous, or hazardous conditions, shall be made in accor-
dance with Sections 7-113 through 7-126. The construction
documents and reports shall be prepared under an architect or
engineer in responsible charge pursuant to Section 7-115 and
shall clearly and separately delineate the following:
1. Portions of the building or structure that existed prior to
the unpermitted construction or alteration;
2. The unpermitted construction or alteration work that is
proposed to remain, including all associated dimen-
sions, assemblies, specifications and details; and
3. New corrective or remedial work necessary to bring the
unpermitted construction or alteration work into com-
pliance with all applicable parts of the current Califor-
nia Building Standards Code.
(c) Construction observation. The construction, inspec-
tion and observation of any construction or alteration of any
health facility, governed under these regulations, previously
performed without the benefit of review, permitting, and/or
observation, and of any new corrective or remedial work
deemed necessary by the Office, shall be in accordance with
Article 4 of this Chapter. The Office shall make such observa-
tion as in its judgment is necessary or proper for the enforce-
ment of these regulations and all applicable parts of the
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
California Building Standards Code. Any violations found in
existing, previously constructed or altered, or new corrective or
remedial work shall be corrected as required under California
Building Code Section 110.6.
(d) Fees. Fees associated with compliance examination, plan
review and field observation shall be in accordance with the
following:
1. The fee for examination shall be the Office's actual
costs associated with:
A. Field investigation and Office support as described
in Section 7-128 (a) 2; and
B. Legal and administrative costs associated with doc-
umentation and reporting of violations of licensing
statutes and/or pursuing claims of misconduct with
the relative Departments and Boards, including but
not limited to:
1) The California Department of Public Health;
2) The California Architects Board;
3) The Board for Professional Engineers, Land
Surveyors, and Geologists; and
4) The Contractors State License Board.
2. A separate, additional, fee for plan review described in
Section 7-128 (b) and field observation described in
Section 7 -128 (c) shall be based on the estimated cost of
construction as specified below.
A. The fee for hospital buildings is 2.0 percent of the
estimated construction cost. The estimated con-
struction cost shall include fixed equipment but
exclude imaging equipment, design fees, inspection
fees and off-site construction work. The fee for
imaging equipment (X-ray, MRI, CT Scan, etc.)
shall be 0.20 percent of the equipment cost or esti-
mated value.
B. The fee for skilled nursing and intermediate care
facilities, as defined in Subdivision (c ), (d), (e) or (g)
of Section 1250, Health and Safety Code, is 1.5 per-
cent of the estimated construction cost. The esti-
mated construction cost shall include fixed
equipment but exclude design fees, inspection fees
and off-site work.
C. The estimated construction cost for a project shall be
determined as described in Section 7-133(a)4 and
shall include the value of the previously unpermitted
construction, or alteration, plus the value of any new
corrective and remedial work.
D. The final approval of the work shall be in accor-
dance with Section 7-133 (a) 7.
(e) Occupancy. Upon determination that construction or
alteration of any health facility, governed under these regula-
tions, has occurred without the benefit of review, pennitting,
and/or observation by the Office, and without the exemption by
the Office provided for in Section 7-127, the Office may order
the area of construction or alteration to be vacated and remain
unoccupied, or that the current certificate of occupancy for the
building be revoked under California Building Code Section
145
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
111.4, until the Office provides a certificate of occupancy upon
the completion of all field observation and final construction
inspection of the construction or alteration, and associated cor-
rective and remedial work.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129765 -130070,
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
7-129. Time limitations.
(a) Final construction documents shall be submitted to the
Office within one year of the date of the Office's report on pre-
liminary plans and outline specifications or the application
shall become void unless an extension has been requested and
approved. The architect or engineer in responsible charge may
request one extension of up to 180 calendar days; however, the
Office may require that the construction documents meet cur-
rent regulations. The extension must be requested in writing
and justifiable cause demonstrated.
(b) The procedures leading to obtaining written approval of
final construction documents shall be carried to conclusion
without suspension or unnecessary delay. Unless an extension
has been approved by the Office, the application shall become
void when either paragraph 1 or 2 occurs:
1. Prints from corrected construction documents are not
filed for backcheck within 90 calendar days after the
date of return of checked construction documents to the
architect or engineer in responsible charge. Backcheck
submittals that do not contain a written response to all
comments in accordance with Section 7-125 (d) shall
not be considered an official submittal to the Office.
The architect or engineer in responsible charge may
request one extension of up to 90 calendar days; how-
ever, the Office may require the construction docu-
ments be revised to meet current regulations. The
extension must be requested in writing and justifiable
cause demonstrated.
2. A set of prints of the stamped construction documents
are not submitted to the Office within 45 calendar days
after the date shown with the identification stamp by the
Office.
(c) Construction, in accordance with the approved construc-
tion documents, shall commence within one year after obtain-
ing the written approval of construction documents, or this
approval shall become void. Prior to the approval becoming
void, the applicant may apply for one extension of up to one
year. The Office may require that the construction documents
be revised to meet current regulations before granting an exten-
sion. The extensions must be requested in writing and justifi-
able cause demonstrated.
(d) If the work of construction is suspended or abandoned
for any reason for a period of one year following its commence-
ment, the Office's approval shall become void. Prior to the
approval becoming void, the applicant may apply for one
extension of up to one year. The Office may require that the
construction documents be revised to meet current regulations
before granting an extension. The extensions must be
requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
Exception: The time limitations and deadlines specified in
Section 7-129 shall not apply to managed projects as defined in
Section 7-111. This includes, but is not limited to, projects
146
approved for phased plan review, as described in Section
7 -130, or incremental review, as described in Section 7-131.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-129. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19, 1996.
7 -130. Phased submittal, review and approval.
The Office, in its sole discretion, may enter into a written agree-
ment with the hospital governing board or authority for the
phased submittal, review and approval of construction docu-
ments.
7-131. Incremental design, bidding and construction.
(a) In accordance with Section 107.3.3, Part 2, Title 24, the
Office is authorized to review and approve construction docu-
ments and issue a permit for increments of a building or struc-
ture prior to the construction documents for the entire building
or structure have been submitted and approved, provided that
adequate information and detailed statements have been filed
complying with pertinent requirements of applicable codes.
For other regulations pertaining to incremental design, bidding
and construction, see Section 107.3.3, Part 2, Title 24.
(b) Increments shall be limited to complete phases of con-
struction, such as demolition, site work and utilities, founda-
tions and basement walls, structural framing, architectural
work, mechanical work, electrical work, etc. A master plan
indentifying the work to be completed in each increment and a
chart showing the proposed coordination of the design, bidding
and construction schedules, state and local plan review times,
and estimated completion and occupancy of the project shall be
submitted with the first increment.
(c) The incremental submittals and construction shall be
continuous to conclusion without suspension or unnecessary
delay unless specifically approved by the Office.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7 -131. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19, 1996.
7 132. Design/build method.
Projects prepared under the designlbuild delivery method shall
comply with all applicable requirements of Title 24, Part 1,
California Administrative Code including but not limited to
Sections 7-115, 7-141, 7-143, 7-144, 7-145, 7-149, 7-151,
7-153 and 7-155.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Section 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
7 ~ 1 3 3 Fees.
(a) Plan review and field observation. The fee for plan
review and field observation shall be based on the estimated
cost of construction as specified below. If the actual construc-
tion cost for a hospital or skilled nursing facility project
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
exceeds the estimated construction cost by more than five per-
cent (5%), a further fee shall be paid to the Office, based on the
applicable schedule specified in (a) (1) or (2) and computed on
the amount by which the actual cost exceeds the estimated cost.
1. The fee for hospital buildings is 1.64 percent of the esti-
mated construction cost. The estimated construction
cost shall include fixed equipment but exclude imaging
equipment, design fees, inspection fees and off-site
construction work. The fee for imaging equipment
(X-ray, MRI, CT Scan, etc.) shall be 0.164 percent of
the equipment cost or estimated value. In any event, the
minimum fee for review of imaging equipment shall be
$250.00.
A. The Office shall charge actual costs for review and
approval of seismic evaluations and compliance
plans prepared pursuant to Article 8, Chapter 1, Part
7, Division 107, (commencing with Section
130000) of the Health and Safety Code. Total cost
> paid for these review services shall be
nonrefundable.
2. The fee for skilled nursing and intennediate care facili-
ties, as defined in Subdivision (c), (d), (e) or (g) of Sec-
tion 1250, Health and Safety Code, is 1.5 percent of the
estimated construction cost. The estimated construc-
tion cost shall include fixed equipment but exclude
design inspection fees and off-site work.
3. The minimum filing fee shall be $250.00. This filing fee
> is nonrefundable.
4. The estimated construction cost for a project shall be
detennined as follows:
A. An applicant shall submit the estimated cost of con-
struction for a project as part of the project applica-
tion. Applicants for projects with an estimated
construction cost greater than $20 million, and any
others as requested by the Office, shall submit justi-
fication of the estimated construction costs as part of
the project application.
B. In the event that the Office believes that a project's
estimated construction cost may be inaccurate or
undervalued, the Office may request that the appli-
cant provide supplemental documentation to sub-
stantiate the estimated construction cost. The
documentation may include, but is not limited to,
design estimates, construction contracts, bid esti-
mates, and/or budget estimates.
C. If, upon review, the Office determines that reason-
able grounds exist to find that the estimated con-
struction cost is underestimated or undervalued, the
Office will provide the applicant in question an
opportunity to participate in a formal conference
and/or present additional evidence before a final
determination as to the validity of the estimated con-
struction cost is made.
D. The Office will make a final detennination as to the
validity of the estimated construction cost after con-
sidering all of the evidence on record, including the
fonnal conference and/or any supplemental docu-
mentation provided by the applicant.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
E. In the event the Office makes a final detennination
that the estimated construction cost is underesti-
mated or undervalued, the Office may deem the
application incomplete and deny the project applica-
tion until the applicant either: (a) revises the esti-
mated construction cost to the Office's reasonable
satisfaction, or (b) produces further documentation
to substantiate the estimated construction cost to the
Office's reasonable satisfaction. A notice of denial
will be provided to the applicant in writing and may
be appealed to the Hospital Building Safety Board
consistent with Article 5.
5. Upon receipt of an application, the Office will calculate
the fee for the proposed project or process and send an
invoice to the applicant for the required fee amount.
Payment is due within thirty (30) days of receipt of the
invoice. A project application is incomplete until pay-
ment in full is received by the Office for the invoiced fee
amount.
6. The Office may, but is not required to, provide plan
review, field observation and other services for projects
or processes with incomplete applications. The Office
may, at its discretion, cease work on any project or pro-
cess until the relevant application is deemed complete.
The Office may, at its discretion, prioritize projects or
processes with complete applications before projects or
processes with incomplete applications, and may allo-
cate resources for the plan review or process based upon
the date that each respective application is deemed
complete.
If the Office, as a courtesy, provides plan review,
field observation or other services for a project or pro-
cess with an incomplete application, it shall not be
deemed a waiver of the Office's right to: (a) cease or
postpone work on the project or process in question at a
future date; (b) cease or postpone work on other pro-
jects or processes with incomplete applications until the
applications in question are deemed complete; and/or
(c) pursue any and all legal remedies for collection of
monies owed.
7. Upon completion of all work in accordance with the
approved construction documents and receipt of all
required verified compliance reports and testing and
inspection reports, the Office will grant final approval
of the work when all remaining fees based on the actual
construction cost, if any, have been paid to the Office.
The actual construction cost for a project shall be deter-
mined as follows:
A. The hospital governing board or authority shall sub-
mit the actual construction cost for a project as part
of the final approval of the work.
B. In the event that the Office believes that a project's
actual construction cost may be understated, the
Office may request that the hospital governing board
or authority provide supplemental documentation to
substantiate the actual construction cost. This sup-
plemental information may include, but is not lim-
ited to, executed construction contracts, paid
147
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
invoices, approved change orders, cancelled checks,
etc.
C. If, upon review of the supplemental information, the
Office determines that reasonable grounds exist to
find that the actual construction cost is understated,
the Office may provide the hospital governing board
or authority in question an opportunity to participate
in a formal conference and/or present additional evi-
dence before a final determination as to the validity
of the actual construction cost is made.
D. The Office will make a final determination as to the
validity of the actual construction cost after consid-
ering all of the evidence on record, including the for-
mal conference andlor any supplemental
information provided by the hospital governing
board or authority.
E. In the event that the Office makes a final determina-
tion that the actual construction cost is understated,
the Office may deem the project as non-compliant
with the Alfred E. Alquist Hospital Facilities Seis-
mic Safety Act until the hospital governing board or
authority either: (a) revises the actual construction
cost to the Office's reasonable satisfaction, or (b)
produces further supplemental information to sub-
stantiate the actual construction cost to the Office's
reasonable satisfaction. A notice of denial will be
provided to the hospital governing board or author-
ity in writing and may be appealed to the Hospital
Building Safety Board consistent with Article 5.
The Office may, but is not required to, provide a final
construction inspection, field observation, issue a cer-
tificate of occupancy or other services for projects or
processes for which all fees have not been paid. The
Office may, at its discretion, cease work on any project
or process until all remaining fees have been paid to the
Office's satisfaction in accordance with Section 7-155.
The Office may, at its discretion, prioritize projects or
processes for which all remaining fees have been paid,
before projects or processes for which outstanding fees
are owed the Office and may allocate resources for its
services based upon the date that all outstanding fees
for each respective project or process has been paid to
the Office's satisfaction.
If the Office, as a courtesy, provides a final construc-
tion inspection, field observation, certificate of occu-
pancy, or other services for a project or process for
which remaining fees have not been paid, it shall not be
deemed a waiver of the Office's right to: (a) cease or
postpone work on the project or process in question at a
future date; (b) cease or postpone work on other pro-
jects or processes in non-compliance until the remain-
ing fees have been paid to the Office's satisfaction;
and/or (c) pursue any and all remedies for collec-
tion of monies owed.
(b) The fee for submitting an amended seismic evaluation
report or compliance plan is $250. The fee for review and
approval of the amended report or compliance plan shall be
subject to Section 7-133 (a) lA above.
148
(c) The fee for submitting an application for extension to
seismic compliance is $250. The fee for review and approval or II
granting of a seismic extension shall be subject to Section
7-133 (a) 1 A above.
(d) Preliminary review. The fee for review of preliminary
plans and outline specifications pursuant to Section 7 -121 is 10 II
percent of the fee indicated in Section 7-133 (a) and shall be
due upon the submission of preliminary plans and outline spec-
ifications. The preliminary review fee shall be deducted from
the application fee specified in Section 7-133 (a).
(e) Incremental projects. The fee for incremental projects
pursuant to Section 7-131 is 70 percent of the fee, based upon II
the estimated construction cost of the entire facility, as calcu-
lated in accordance with Section 7-133 (a), and shall be due
upon the submission of the construction documents of the first
construction increment. The balance of the fee, 30 percent
based upon the estimated construction cost of the entire facility
as calculated in accordance with Section 7 -13 3 ( a), shall be due
upon permitting of the initial increment. The final fee shall be
based upon the determination of the final actual construction
cost in accordance with Section 7-133 (a). II
(f) Annual permit for hospital projects. A hospital may
choose to apply for an annual permit for one or more small pro-
jects of $50,000 or less in cumulative total estimated construc-
tion cost. The annual permit is applicable to only the project(s)
submitted within the state's fiscal year in which the Office
issues the annual permit. An application filing fee of $500.00 is
due upon submittal of the annual permit and is in lieu of an
application filing fee specified in (a) of this Section.
(g) Annual permit for skilled nursing facility projects. A
skilled nursing facility may choose to apply for an annual per-
mit for one or more small projects of $25,000 or less in cumula-
tive total estimated construction cost. The annual permit is
applicable to only the project(s) submitted within the state's
fiscal year in which the Office issues the annual permit. An
application filing fee of $250.00 is due upon submittal of the
annual permit and is in lieu of an application filing as
fied in (a) of this Section.
(h) Phased submittal review and collaborative review. II
1. The fee for phased submittal, review and approval pur-
suant to Section 7-130 shall be based on the written
agreement, which shall include a schedule for payment.
The phased review fee shall not exceed the fee required
by Section 7-133 (a).
2. The fee for collaborative review shall be 1.95 percent of
the estimated construction cost as calculated in accor-
dance with Section 7-133 (a) 4 through 7.
(i) GeoteclmicallGeohazard reports. The fee for review of
a geotechnicallgeohazard report shall be $5,000.00.
U) Deferral of fee payment for disaster-related projects.
1. A health facility may request to defer payment of the filing
fee, as described in this section, for up to one year, for a
construction or alteration project to repair damage result-
ing from an event which the governor has declared as a
disaster. The request for payment deferral must be submit-
ted to the Office, in writing, and accompany the applica-
tion for plan review. The request may be on a form, as
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
provided by the Office, or other written format and shall
identify the facility name, project number, estimated con-
struction cost and shall certify to the following:
A. The repair project is necessary due to damage sus-
tained by the [name of the specified event] which
was declared to be a disaster by the governor on
[date of the declaration].
B. The facility cannot presently afford to pay the filing
fee.
C. On [date of application], the health facility applied
for federal disaster relief from the Federal Emer-
gency Agency (FEMA) with respect to the disaster
identified in this request.
D. The facility expects to receive financial assistance
within one year of the date of the application for
disaster relief.
Payment deferral requests shall be signed by the
health facility's chief executive officer or chief financial
officer.
2. Within ten business days of receipt of a facility's pay-
ment deferral request, the facility will be given written
notice by the deputy director either approving or denying
the deferral of the project plan review fee. Incomplete
requests will be returned to the facility by facsimile
within five business days, accompanied by a statement
describing what is needed for the request to be complete.
3. If the deferral request is denied by the deputy director,
the health facility may appeal this decision to the
director of the Office. The appellant must submit a writ-
ten appeal to the Office within ten business days of
receipt of the denial. If an appeal is not received by the
Office within the ten busines days, the project will be
returned to the health facility as incomplete.
4. The plan review fees deferred under this section shall be
due and paid in full by the applicant facility within one
year from the date of the Office's approval of the project
plans. Fai1ure to submit the deferred fee payment will
result in an offset against any amount owed by the state
to the health facility.
(k) Seismic assessment. The Office shall charge actual costs
for the seismic assessment of a hospital building upon written
request to the Office by the governing board or authority of any
hospital, pursuant to Section 129835 of the Health and Safety
Code. The total cost paid for these services shall be
nonrefundable.
(1) OSHPD Special Seismic Certification preapproval
(OSP). The fee for review of a new OSP application shall be
$5,000.00. The fee for renewal of an OSP is $1,000.00. The
total cost paid for these services shall be nonrefundable.
(m) OSHPD Preapproval of Manufacturer's Certifica-
tion (OPM). The Office shall charge for actual review time of
the OPM at prevailing hourly rates applicable for the review
personnel, pursuant to Section 129895 of the Health and Safety
Code. In addition, the minimum filing fee of $250.00 shall
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
apply to each new and renewal application, pursuant to Section
129785 (a) of the Health and Safety Code. The total cost paid
for these services shall be nonrefundable.
(n) Work performed without a permit. Fees associated
with examination, plan review, and construction observation
for construction or alteration of any health facility, governed
under these regulations, performed without the benefit of
review, permitting, and/or observation by the Office, and with-
out the exemption by the Office provided for in Section 7-127,
shall be determined in accordance with Section 7-128 (d).
(0) SPC-l hospital building seismic compliance exten-
sions. The Office shall charge actual costs to cover the review
and verification of the extension documents submitted, pursu-
ant to Section 130060(g) of the Health and Safety Code. The
total cost paid for these services shall be nonrefundable.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-133. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19, 1996.
2. (OSHPDIEF 1/91) Emergency order by the Office of Statewide Health
Planning and Development to amend Section 7-133, Part 1, Title 24,
California Code of Regulations. Filed as an emergency order with the
secretary of state September 25, 1991; effective September 25, 1991.
Approved as an emergency by the California Building Standards Com-
mission on September 20, 1991.
3. (OSHPDIEF 1/91) Permanent order by the Office of Statewide Health
Planning and Development to amend Section 7-133, Part I, Title 24,
California Code of Regulations. Filed as a permanent order with the
secretary of state February 25, 1992; effective September 25, 1991.
Approved as an emergency by the California Building Standards Com-
mission on February 24, 1992.
7-134. Fee refund
(a) Upon written request from the applicant, a fee refund
may be issued pursuant to this section.
1. The written refund request must be submitted to the
Office within:
a. One year of the date that a project is closed,
b. One year of the date the project is withdrawn by the
applicant, or
c. One year of the date when an application may
become void, based on the requirements of Section
7-129, Time Limitations for Approval.
2. No refund shall be issued before the date the project is
closed or withdrawn or the application is voided.
3. If delinquent fees are owed to the Office for any health
facility construction project at the subject facility, no
refund shall be issued until the delinquent fees are paid.
4. Refunds, pursuant to Section 7-134, shall be exclusive
of the $250 filing fee.
5. Refunds shall be calculated pursuant to Sections 7-134
(b) or (c).
149
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACiLITIES
(b) Refunds for projects that are completed. If the esti-
mated construction cost of a project exceeds the actual con-
struction cost by more than five percent (5%), the excess
portion ofthe fees paid pursuant to Section 7-133 (a) (1) or (2)
shall be refunded to the applicant health facility. The refund
amount shall be computed based on the amount by which the
estimated cost exceeds the actual construction cost.
Exception: The Office will not issue a refund if the appli-
cant did not complete construction of at least 75% of the
square footage included in the original approved construc-
tion documents for the project, or if the applicant reduces
the scope of the project shown on the original approved
plans by more than 25%.
(c) Refunds for projects that are withdrawn or cancelled.
A portion of the fees paid to the Office, pursuant to Section
may be refunded to the applicant under the following
specified circumstances:
1. If the applicant withdraws a project prior to commence-
ment of plan review, the total fee, exclusive of the $250
filing fee, shall be refunded to the applicant.
2. If the applicant withdraws a project after commence-
ment of plan review and prior to commencement of
construction, 30% of the fee submitted for that project
shall be refunded to the applicant.
3. If the applicant cancels a project after commencement
of construction, the Office shall not issue a refund.
4. If a project submitted under an annual permit is with-
drawn by the applicant, the $250 filing fee shall not be
refunded by the Office.
5. If fees are paid for a project that is determined by the
Office to be exempt from the plan review process or oth-
erwise not reviewable under the Office's jurisdiction,
the total fee, exclusive of the $250 filing fee, shall be
refunded to the applicant.
(d) If the applicant is able to demonstrate extraordinary cir-
cumstances, the Director of the Office may authorize refunds in
addition to those specified above.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129785.
ARTICLE 4
CONSTRUCTION
7 135. Time of beginning construction.
(a) Construction shall not commence unti] the health facility
has applied for and obtained from the Office:
1. Written approval of the construction documents.
2. A building permit.
3. Written approval of the testing, inspection and observa-
tion program.
4. Written approval of the inspector of record for the pro-
ject pursuant to Section 7-212 (a).
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675-130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129850.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-135. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
150
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19, 1996.
7-137. Notice of start of construction.
(a) As soon as a contract has been awarded, the governing
board or authority of the health facility shall provide to the
Office, on a form provided by the Office, the following:
1. Name and address of the contractor.
2. Contract price.
3. Date on which contract was awarded.
4. Date of construction start.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015,129785 and 129850; and
Government Code, Section 11152.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129785.
HISTORY:
I. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7 -1 37. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Bui lding Standards Commission on March
19,1996.
7-139. Notice of suspension of construction.
(a) When construction is suspended for more than two
weeks, the governing board or authority of the hospital shall
notify the Office in writing.
(b) If the work of construction is suspended or abandoned
for any reason for a period of one year following its commence-
ment, the Office's approval shall become void. The Office may
reinstate the approval as described in Section 7-129 (c).
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and J 29850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-139. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19,1996.
7-141. Administration of construction.
(a) The administration of the work of construction shall be
under the responsible charge of an architect or stmctural engi-
neer. Where neither structural nor architectural elements are
substantially involved, a mechanical or electrical engineer reg-
istered in the branch of engineering most applicable to the pro-
ject may be in responsible charge of the administration of the
work of constmction.
(b) All architects and engineers to whom responsibility has
been delegated for preparation of construction documents as
listed on the application shall observe the work of construction
for their portion of the project. They shall consult with the
architect or engineer in responsible charge in the interpretation
of the approved construction documents, the preparation of
addenda, change orders, instruction bulletins, deferred submit-
tals and the selection of inspectors and testing laboratories.
(c) The architect or engineer in responsible charge or having
delegated responsibility may name one or more persons to act
as altemate(s) for observation of the work of construction pro-
vided such persons are architects or engineers qualified under
these regulations to assume the responsibility assigned.
(d) The architect or engineer in responsible charge of the
work shall prepare a testing, inspection and observation pro-
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
gram which shall be submitted to the Office for approval prior
to the issuance of the building permit.
(e) The testing program shall identify materials and tests to
be performed on the project. The firm(s) and/orindividual(s) to
perform each of the required tests shall also be identified. The
testing program shall include, at a minimum, those tests
required by applicable sections of the California Building
Standards Code.
(f) The inspection program shall include a completed appli-
cation for inspector(s) of record for the project. If a project has
more than one inspector of record, the distribution of responsi-
biHties for the work shall be clearly identified for each inspec-
tor of record. The inspection program shall also identify all
special inspections to be performed on the project and the indi-
vidual(s) to perform the inspections. The special inspections
shall include, at a minimum, those special inspections required
by applicable sections of the California Building Standards
Code.
(g) The observation program shall identify each professional
that must, through personal knowledge as defined in Section
7-151, verify that the work is in compliance with the approved
construction documents. The contractor or ownerlbuilder and
the inspector(s) of record shall verify that the work is in com-
pliance with the approved construction documents in accor-
dance with the requirements for personal knowledge as it
applies to each participant or discipline. The program shall give
specific intervals or project milestones at which such observa-
tion is to occur for each affected participant or discipline. Each
required observation shall be documented by a compliance ver-
ification report prepared by each participant or discipline and
submitted to the Office.
(h) The tests, inspection and observation program shall
include samples of test and inspection reports and provide time
limits for the submission of reports.
(i) All completed test, inspection and observation reports
shall be submitted to the Office.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Developmentto amend Section 7-14 t . Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the Ca1ifornia Building Standards Commission on March
19, 1996.
7-143. Responsibility of the contractor.
(a) The contractor shall complete the work in accordance
with the approved construction documents. The contractor
shall not be relieved of any responsibility by the activities of the
architect, engineer, inspector or the Office in the performance
of their duties.
(b) The contractor shall submit verified compliance reports
to the Office in accordance with Section 7-151.
(c) Where no general contractor is involved, the governing
body or authority of a health facility shall designate an agent
who shall be responsible for the construction of the project in
accordance with the approved contract documents and such
agent shall submit the verified reports to the Office.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections t 270 15 and 129850.
2013 CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
SAFETY STANDARDS FOR HEALTH FACILITIES
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-143. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, 1996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19,1996.
7 144. Inspection.
(a) The hospital governing board or authority shall provide
for competent, adequate and continuous inspection by one or
more inspectors satisfactory to the architect or structural engi-
neer or both, in responsible charge of the work, or the engineer
in responsible charge of the work and the Office.
(b) When the hospital governing board or authority proposes
more than one inspector for a construction project, a 1ead
inspector may be identified to coordinate construction inspec-
tion and communication with the Office. If identified, the lead
inspector shall be certified in a class appropriate to the scope of
the project.
(c) Inspector(s) for a hospital construction project shall be
approved by the Office in accordance with the provisions of
Section 7 -212. If an inspector on a project is not competently or
adequately performing inspection or has violated a provision
of these regulations, as determined by the Office, the provi-
sions of Sections 7-213 and, if necessary, Section 7-214 shall
be applicable.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 18929 and 129675 130070.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Section 129825.
HISTORY:
1. (OSHPD 2/95) Regular order by the Office of Statewide Health Plan-
ning and Development to amend Section 7-144. Filed with the secretary
of state on August 14, 1996, becomes effective September 13, ] 996.
Approved by the California Building Standards Commission on March
19,1996.
2. (OSHPD 1/96) 1996 Annual Code Adoption Cycle will amend Section
7-144, of Part 1, Title 24, C.C.R Filed with the secretary of state on
March 4, 1997; effective April 3, 1997. Approved by the California
Building Standards Commission on February 6, 1997.
7-145. Continuous inspection of the work.
(a) The general duties of the inspector shall be as follows:
1. The inspector shall have personal knowledge, obtained
by continuous in