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1. (4y 3) (3y + 8)

2. (5m + 6) (5m 6)

ANSWER

12y

2

+ 23y 24

ANSWER 25m

2

36

Warm-Up Exercises

3. (4q 5)

2

ANSWER

16q

2

40q + 25

4. Solve x

2

x 30 = 0.

ANSWER 5, 6

Find the product

Warm-Up Exercises

5. The side of a square is (2n 3) inches lon. Find

its area.

ANSWER (4n

2

12n + 9) in.

2

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E %

Factor ax

2

+ bx + c where c > 0

Factor 5x

2

17x + 6.

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 5x

2

17x + 6 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 5 and m and n are factors of 6. (ou can

assume that k and l are positive and k l. *ecause

mn > 0, m and n have the same sin. So+ m and n

must ,oth ,e neative ,ecause the coefficient of x+

17+ is neative.

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E %

Factor ax

2

+ bx + c where c > 0

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 5x

2

17x + 6 = (5x 2) (x 3).

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E .

Factor ax

2

+ bx + c where c < 0

Factor 3x

2

+ 20x 7.

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 3x

2

+ 20x 7 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 3 and m and n are factors of 7. *ecause

mn < 0, m and n have opposite sins.

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 3x

2

+ 20x 7 = (3x 1) (x + 7).

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

Factor the expression. 'f the expression cannot ,e

factored+ sa2 so.

1. 7x

2

20x 3

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 7x

2

20x 3 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 7 and m and n are factors of 3. (ou can

assume that k and l are positive and k l. *ecause

mn < 0, m and n have opposite sins.

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

k, l 7, 1 7, 1 7, 1 7, 1

m, n 3, 1 1, 3 3, 1 1, 3

(kx + m) (lx + n) (7x + 3)

(x

1)

(7x 1)

(x + 3)

(7x 3)

(x + 1)

(7x + 1)

(x 3)

ax

2

+ bx + c 7x

2

4x

3

7x

2

+ 20x

3

7x

2

+ 4x

3

7x

2

20x

3

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 7x

2

20x 3= (7x + 1) (x 3).

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

2. 5z

2

+ 16z + 3

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 5z

2

+ 16z + 3 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 5 and m and n are factors of 3. (ou can

assume that k and l are positive and k l. *ecause mn

> 0, m and n have the same sin.

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 5z

2

+ 16z + 3 = (5z + 1) (z + 3).

k, l 5, 1 5, 1 5, 1 5, 1

m, n 3, 1 1, 3 3, 1 1, 3

(kx + m) (lx + n) (5z 3)

(z

1)

(5z 1)

(z 3)

(5z + 3)

(z + 1)

(5z + 3)

(z + 3)

ax

2

+ bx + c 5z

2

8x +

3

5z

2

16x

+ 3

5z

2

+ 8z

3

5z

2

+ 16z

+ 3

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

3. 2w

2

+ w + 3

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 2w

2

+ w + 3 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 2 and m and n are factors of 3. *ecause

mn > 0, m and n have the same sin.

k, l 2, 1 2, 1 2, 1 2, 1

m, n 3, 1 1, 3 3, 1 1, 3

(kx + m) (lx + n) (2w + 3)

(w +

1)

(2w + 1)

(w + 3)

(2w 3)

(w 1)

(2w 1)

(w 3)

ax

2

+ bx + c 2w

2

+ 5w

+ 3

2w

2

+ 7w

+ 3

2w

2

5w

+ 3

2w

2

7w +3

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

ANSWER

2w

2

+ w + 3 cannot ,e factored

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

4. 3x

2

+ 5x 12

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 3x

2

+ 5x 12 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 3 and m and n are factors of 12 . *ecause

mn < 0, m and n have opposite sin.

k, l 3, 1 3, 1 3, 1 3, 1

m, n 12, 1 1, 12 3, 4 4, 3

(kx + m) (lx + n) (3x + 12)

(x

1)

(3x 1)

(x + 12)

(3x 3)

(x + 4)

(3x 4)

(x + 3)

ax

2

+ bx + c 3x

2

+ 9x

12

3x

2

+ 35x

12

3x

2

+ 9x

12

3x

2

+ 5x

12

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 3x

2

+ 5x 12 = (3x 4) (x + 3).

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

5. 4u

2

+ 12u + 5

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 4u

2

+ 12u + 5 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l

are factors of 4 and m and n are factors of 5. (ou can

assume that k and l are positive and k l.

*ecause mn > 0, m and n have the same sin.

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

k, l 2, 2 2, 2 2, 2 2, 2

m, n 5, 1 1, 5 1, 5 5, 1

(kx + m) (lx + n) (2u 5)

(2u

1)

(2u 1)

(2u 5)

(2u + 1)

(2u + 5)

(2u + 5)

(2u + 1)

ax

2

+ bx + c 4u

2

12u

+5

4u

2

12u +

5

4u

2

+

12u + 5

4u

2

+ 12u

+ 5

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 4u

2

+ 12u + 5 = (2u + 1) (2u + 5).

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

6. 4x

2

9x + 2

S&$UT'&N

(ou )ant 4x

2

9x + 2 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are

factors of 4 and m and n are factors of 2. (ou can

assume that k and l are positive and k l.

*ecause mn > 0, m and n have the same sin. So+ m and

n must ,oth ,e neative ,ecause the coefficient of

x = 9+ is neative.

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Examples 1 and 2

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

k, l 4, 1 4, 1

m, n 1, 2 2, 1

(kx + m) (lx + n) (4x 1)(x

2)

(4x 2)

(x 1 )

ax

2

+ bx + c 4x

2

9x + 2 4x

2

6x + 2

ANSWER

The correct factori-ation is 4x

2

9x + 2 = (4x 1) (x - 2).

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 3

Factor wth specal patterns

Factor the expression.

a. 9x

2

64

= (3x + 8) (3x 8)

0ifference of t)o

squares

!. 4y

2

+ 20y + 25

= (2y + 5)

2

#erfect square

trinomial

c. 36w

2

12w + 1

= (6w 1)

2

#erfect square

trinomial

= (3x)

2

8

2

= (2y)

2

+ 2(2y) (5) + 5

2

= (6w)

2

2(6w) (1) + (1)

2

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Example 3

Factor the expression.

". 16x

2

1

= (4x + 1) (4x 1)

0ifference of t)o

squares

#. 9y

2

+ 12y + 4

= (3y + 2)

2

#erfect square

trinomial

$. 4r

2

28r + 49

= (2r 7)

2

#erfect square

trinomial

10. 25s

2

80s + 64

= (5s 8)

2

#erfect square

trinomial

= (4x)

2

1

2

= (3y)

2

+ 2(3y) (2) + (2)

2

= (2r)

2

2(2r) (7) + (7)

2

= (5s)

2

2(5s) (8) + (8)

2

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Example 3

11. 49z

2

+ 4z + 9

= (7z + 3)

2

#erfect square

trinomial

12. 36n

2

9 = (3y)

2

= (6n 3) (6n +3)

0ifference of t)o

squares

= (7z)

2

+ 2(7z)(3) + (3)

2

= (6n)

2

(3)

2

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 4

Factor o%t monomals frst

Factor the expression.

a. 5x

2

45

= 5(x + 3) (x 3)

!. 6q

2

14q + 8

= 2(3q 4) (q 1)

c. 5z

2

+ 20z

d. 12p

2

21p + 3

= 5(x

2

9)

= 2(3q

2

7q + 4)

= 5z(z 4)

= 3(4p

2

7p + 1)

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Example 4

Factor the expression.

13. 3s

2

24

14. 8t

2

+ 38t 10

= 2(4t 1) (t + 5)

= 3(s

2

8)

= 2(4t

2

+ 19t 5)

15. 6x

2

+ 24x + 15 = 3(2x

2

+ 8x + 5)

16. 12x

2

28x 24

= 4(3x + 2) (x 3)

= 4(3x

2

7x 6)

1". 16n

2

+ 12n = 4n(4n 3)

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E

for Example 4

1#. 6z

2

+ 33z + 36

= 3(2z + 3) (z + 4)

= 3(2z

2

+ 11z + 2)

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 5

&ol'e (%adratc e(%atons

Solve )a* 3x

2

+ 10x 8 = 0 and )!* 5p

2

16p + 15 = 4p 5.

a. 3x

2

+ 10x 8 = 0

(3x 2) (x + 4) = 0

3x 2 = 0 or x + 4 = 0

Write oriinal equation.

Factor.

6ero product propert2

Solve for x. or x = 4 x =

2

3

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 5

&ol'e (%adratc e(%atons

)!* 5p

2

16p + 15 = 4p 5.

!. 5p

2

16p + 15 = 4p 5. Write oriinal equation.

5p

2

20p + 20 = 0

p

2

4p + 4 = 0

(p 2)

2

= 0

p 2 = 0

p = 2

Write in standard form.

0ivide each side ,2 5.

Factor.

6ero product propert2

Solve for p.

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 7

+se a (%adratc e(%aton as a model

8uilts

(ou have made a rectanular

quilt that is 5 feet ,2 4 feet.

(ou )ant to use the

remainin 10 square feet of

fa,ric to add a decorative

,order of uniform )idth to the

quilt. What should the )idth

of the quilt9s ,order ,e:

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 7

+se a (%adratc e(%aton as a model

S&$UT'&N

Write a ver,al model. Then )rite an equation.

10 = 20 + 18x + 4x

2

20

0 = 4x

2

+ 18x 10

0 = 2x

2

+ 9x 5

0 = (2x 1) (x + 5)

2x 1 = 0 or x + 5 = 0

"ultipl2 usin F&'$.

Write in standard form

0ivide each side ,2 2.

Factor.

6ero product propert2

1

2

x

=

or x = 5 Solve for x.

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 7

+se a (%adratc e(%aton as a model

ANSWER

Re;ect the neative value+ 5. The ,order9s )idth

should ,e ft, or 6 in.

1

2

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <

&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem

"aa-ines

A monthl2 teen maa-ine has

28,000 su,scri,ers )hen it

chares $10 per annual

su,scription. For each $1 increase

in price+ the maa-ine loses a,out

2000 su,scri,ers. =o) much

should the maa-ine chare to

maximi-e annual revenue : What

is the maximum annual revenue :

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <

&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem

S&$UT'&N

STE# % 0efine the varia,les. $et x represent the price

increase and R)x* represent the annual

revenue.

STE# .

Write a ver,al model. Then )rite and simplif2

a quadratic function.

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <

&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem

R(x)

R(x)

= ( 2000x + 28,000) (x + 10)

= 2000(x 14) (x + 10)

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <

&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem

STE# 3 'dentif2 the -eros and find their averae. Find

ho) much each su,scription should cost to

maximi-e annual revenue.

The -eros of the revenue function are 14 and

10. The averae of the -eroes is

14 + ( 1 0)

2

- 2.

To maximi-e revenue+ each su,scription

should cost $10 + $2 = $12.

STE# 4

Find the maximum annual revenue.

R(2) = $288,000 = 2000(2 14) (2 + 10)

Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <

&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem

ANSWER

The maa-ine should chare $12 per su,scription to

maximi-e annual revenue. The maximum annual

revenue is $288,000.

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "

Solve the equation.

1$. 6x

2

3x 63 = 0

6x

2

3x 63 = 0

2x

2

x 21 = 0

2x 7 = 0 or x + 3 = 0

Write oriinal equation.

0ivide each side ,2 3.

6ero product propert2

Solve for x.

(2x 7) (x + 3) = 0

Factor.

or x = 3

x =

7

2

= 3

1

2

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "

20. 12x

2

+ 7x + 2 = x +8

12x

2

+ 7x + 2 = x +8

12x

2

+ 6x 6 = 0

2x + 2 = 0 or 2x 1 = 0

Write oriinal equation.

Write in standard form

6ero product propert2

Solve for x.

4x

2

+ 2x 2 = 0

0ivide each side ,2 3

(2x + 2) (2x 1) = 0

Factor.

or x =

1

2

x = 1

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "

21. 7x

2

+ 70x + 175 = 0

7x

2

+ 70x + 175= 0

7x

2

+ 70x + 175 = 0

x + 5 = 0 or x 5= 0

Write oriinal equation.

Write in standard form

6ero product propert2

Solve for x.

x

2

+ 10x + 25 = 0

0ivide each side ,2 7

(x + 5) (x 5) = 0

Factor.

or x = 5 x = 5

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "

22. What 'f : 'n Example 7+ suppose the maa-ine

initiall2 chares $11 per annual su,scription.

=o) much should the maa-ine chare to

maximi-e annual revenue : What is the

maximum annual revenue :

S&$UT'&N

STE# %

STE# .

Write a ver,al model. Then )rite and simplif2

a quadratic function.

0efine the varia,les. $et x represent the price

increase and R)x* represent the annual

revenue.

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "

Annual Revenue

Annual Revenue

Su,scription

price

=

R(x)

= (28,000 2000x)

(11 + x)

R(x)

= ( 2000x + 28000) (x + 11)

R(x)

= 2000 (x 14) (x + 11)

STE# 3 'dentif2 the -eros and find their averae. Find

ho) much each su,scription should cost to

maximi-e annual revenue.

The -eros of the revenue function are 14 and

11. The averae of the -eroes is

14 + ( 11)

2

3

2.

=

Warm-Up Exercises

/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "

To maximi-e revenue+ each su,scription should cost

$11 + = $12.50.

STE# 4

Find the maximum annual revenue.

3

2.

= $312,500 R( )

3

2.

= 2000(2 14) ( + 11)

3

2.

ANSWER

The maa-ine should chare $12.50 per su,scription

to maximi-e annual revenue. The maximum annual

revenue is $312,500.

Warm-Up Exercises

0ail2 =ome)or> 8ui-

Factor the expression.

1. 8r

2

+ 6r 5

2. 3p

2

7p + 4

3. 5z

2

80

4. 9m

2

+ 30mn + 25n

2

ANSWER (2r

1) (4r + 5)

ANSWER

(p

1) (3p 4)

ANSWER

5(z

+ 4) (z 4)

ANSWER

(3m

+ 5n)

2

Warm-Up Exercises

0ail2 =ome)or> 8ui-

5. Solve 5x

2

+ x 4 = 0.

6. A mat of uniform )idth and area 115 square inches

surrounds an 8-inch 10-inch photoraph. What is

the )idth of the mat:

ANSWER

1 ,

4

5

ANSWER 2

1

2

in.

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