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Warm-Up Exercises

Find the product


1. (4y 3) (3y + 8)
2. (5m + 6) (5m 6)
ANSWER
12y
2
+ 23y 24
ANSWER 25m
2
36
Warm-Up Exercises
3. (4q 5)
2
ANSWER
16q
2
40q + 25
4. Solve x
2
x 30 = 0.
ANSWER 5, 6
Find the product
Warm-Up Exercises
5. The side of a square is (2n 3) inches lon. Find
its area.
ANSWER (4n
2
12n + 9) in.
2
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E %
Factor ax
2
+ bx + c where c > 0
Factor 5x
2
17x + 6.
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 5x
2
17x + 6 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 5 and m and n are factors of 6. (ou can
assume that k and l are positive and k l. *ecause
mn > 0, m and n have the same sin. So+ m and n
must ,oth ,e neative ,ecause the coefficient of x+
17+ is neative.
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E %
Factor ax
2
+ bx + c where c > 0
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 5x
2
17x + 6 = (5x 2) (x 3).
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E .
Factor ax
2
+ bx + c where c < 0
Factor 3x
2
+ 20x 7.
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 3x
2
+ 20x 7 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 3 and m and n are factors of 7. *ecause
mn < 0, m and n have opposite sins.
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 3x
2
+ 20x 7 = (3x 1) (x + 7).
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
Factor the expression. 'f the expression cannot ,e
factored+ sa2 so.
1. 7x
2
20x 3
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 7x
2
20x 3 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 7 and m and n are factors of 3. (ou can
assume that k and l are positive and k l. *ecause
mn < 0, m and n have opposite sins.
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
k, l 7, 1 7, 1 7, 1 7, 1
m, n 3, 1 1, 3 3, 1 1, 3
(kx + m) (lx + n) (7x + 3)
(x
1)
(7x 1)
(x + 3)
(7x 3)
(x + 1)
(7x + 1)
(x 3)
ax
2
+ bx + c 7x
2
4x
3
7x
2
+ 20x
3
7x
2
+ 4x
3
7x
2
20x
3
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 7x
2
20x 3= (7x + 1) (x 3).
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
2. 5z
2
+ 16z + 3
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 5z
2
+ 16z + 3 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 5 and m and n are factors of 3. (ou can
assume that k and l are positive and k l. *ecause mn
> 0, m and n have the same sin.
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 5z
2
+ 16z + 3 = (5z + 1) (z + 3).
k, l 5, 1 5, 1 5, 1 5, 1
m, n 3, 1 1, 3 3, 1 1, 3
(kx + m) (lx + n) (5z 3)
(z
1)
(5z 1)
(z 3)
(5z + 3)
(z + 1)
(5z + 3)
(z + 3)
ax
2
+ bx + c 5z
2
8x +
3
5z
2
16x
+ 3
5z
2
+ 8z
3
5z
2
+ 16z
+ 3
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
3. 2w
2
+ w + 3
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 2w
2
+ w + 3 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 2 and m and n are factors of 3. *ecause
mn > 0, m and n have the same sin.
k, l 2, 1 2, 1 2, 1 2, 1
m, n 3, 1 1, 3 3, 1 1, 3
(kx + m) (lx + n) (2w + 3)
(w +
1)
(2w + 1)
(w + 3)
(2w 3)
(w 1)
(2w 1)
(w 3)
ax
2
+ bx + c 2w
2
+ 5w
+ 3
2w
2
+ 7w
+ 3
2w
2
5w
+ 3
2w
2

7w +3
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
ANSWER
2w
2
+ w + 3 cannot ,e factored
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
4. 3x
2
+ 5x 12
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 3x
2
+ 5x 12 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 3 and m and n are factors of 12 . *ecause
mn < 0, m and n have opposite sin.
k, l 3, 1 3, 1 3, 1 3, 1
m, n 12, 1 1, 12 3, 4 4, 3
(kx + m) (lx + n) (3x + 12)
(x
1)
(3x 1)
(x + 12)
(3x 3)
(x + 4)
(3x 4)
(x + 3)
ax
2
+ bx + c 3x
2
+ 9x
12
3x
2
+ 35x
12
3x
2
+ 9x
12
3x
2
+ 5x
12
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 3x
2
+ 5x 12 = (3x 4) (x + 3).
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
5. 4u
2
+ 12u + 5
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 4u
2
+ 12u + 5 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l
are factors of 4 and m and n are factors of 5. (ou can
assume that k and l are positive and k l.
*ecause mn > 0, m and n have the same sin.
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
k, l 2, 2 2, 2 2, 2 2, 2
m, n 5, 1 1, 5 1, 5 5, 1
(kx + m) (lx + n) (2u 5)
(2u
1)
(2u 1)
(2u 5)
(2u + 1)
(2u + 5)
(2u + 5)
(2u + 1)
ax
2
+ bx + c 4u
2
12u
+5
4u
2
12u +
5
4u
2
+
12u + 5
4u
2
+ 12u
+ 5
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 4u
2
+ 12u + 5 = (2u + 1) (2u + 5).
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
6. 4x
2
9x + 2
S&$UT'&N
(ou )ant 4x
2
9x + 2 = (kx + m) (lx + n) )here k and l are
factors of 4 and m and n are factors of 2. (ou can
assume that k and l are positive and k l.
*ecause mn > 0, m and n have the same sin. So+ m and
n must ,oth ,e neative ,ecause the coefficient of
x = 9+ is neative.
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Examples 1 and 2
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
k, l 4, 1 4, 1
m, n 1, 2 2, 1
(kx + m) (lx + n) (4x 1)(x
2)
(4x 2)
(x 1 )
ax
2
+ bx + c 4x
2
9x + 2 4x
2
6x + 2
ANSWER
The correct factori-ation is 4x
2
9x + 2 = (4x 1) (x - 2).
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 3
Factor wth specal patterns
Factor the expression.
a. 9x
2
64
= (3x + 8) (3x 8)
0ifference of t)o
squares
!. 4y
2
+ 20y + 25
= (2y + 5)
2
#erfect square
trinomial
c. 36w
2
12w + 1
= (6w 1)
2
#erfect square
trinomial
= (3x)
2
8
2
= (2y)
2
+ 2(2y) (5) + 5
2
= (6w)
2
2(6w) (1) + (1)
2
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Example 3
Factor the expression.
". 16x
2
1
= (4x + 1) (4x 1)
0ifference of t)o
squares
#. 9y
2
+ 12y + 4
= (3y + 2)
2
#erfect square
trinomial
$. 4r
2
28r + 49
= (2r 7)
2
#erfect square
trinomial
10. 25s
2
80s + 64
= (5s 8)
2
#erfect square
trinomial
= (4x)
2
1
2
= (3y)
2
+ 2(3y) (2) + (2)
2
= (2r)
2
2(2r) (7) + (7)
2
= (5s)
2
2(5s) (8) + (8)
2
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Example 3
11. 49z
2
+ 4z + 9
= (7z + 3)
2
#erfect square
trinomial
12. 36n
2
9 = (3y)
2
= (6n 3) (6n +3)
0ifference of t)o
squares
= (7z)
2
+ 2(7z)(3) + (3)
2
= (6n)
2
(3)
2
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 4
Factor o%t monomals frst
Factor the expression.
a. 5x
2
45
= 5(x + 3) (x 3)
!. 6q
2
14q + 8
= 2(3q 4) (q 1)
c. 5z
2
+ 20z
d. 12p
2
21p + 3
= 5(x
2
9)
= 2(3q
2
7q + 4)
= 5z(z 4)
= 3(4p
2
7p + 1)
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Example 4
Factor the expression.
13. 3s
2
24
14. 8t
2
+ 38t 10
= 2(4t 1) (t + 5)
= 3(s
2
8)
= 2(4t
2
+ 19t 5)
15. 6x
2
+ 24x + 15 = 3(2x
2
+ 8x + 5)
16. 12x
2
28x 24
= 4(3x + 2) (x 3)
= 4(3x
2
7x 6)
1". 16n
2
+ 12n = 4n(4n 3)
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E
for Example 4
1#. 6z
2
+ 33z + 36
= 3(2z + 3) (z + 4)
= 3(2z
2
+ 11z + 2)
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 5
&ol'e (%adratc e(%atons
Solve )a* 3x
2
+ 10x 8 = 0 and )!* 5p
2
16p + 15 = 4p 5.
a. 3x
2
+ 10x 8 = 0
(3x 2) (x + 4) = 0
3x 2 = 0 or x + 4 = 0
Write oriinal equation.
Factor.
6ero product propert2
Solve for x. or x = 4 x =
2
3
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 5
&ol'e (%adratc e(%atons
)!* 5p
2
16p + 15 = 4p 5.
!. 5p
2
16p + 15 = 4p 5. Write oriinal equation.
5p
2
20p + 20 = 0
p
2
4p + 4 = 0
(p 2)
2
= 0
p 2 = 0
p = 2
Write in standard form.
0ivide each side ,2 5.
Factor.
6ero product propert2
Solve for p.
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 7
+se a (%adratc e(%aton as a model
8uilts
(ou have made a rectanular
quilt that is 5 feet ,2 4 feet.
(ou )ant to use the
remainin 10 square feet of
fa,ric to add a decorative
,order of uniform )idth to the
quilt. What should the )idth
of the quilt9s ,order ,e:
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 7
+se a (%adratc e(%aton as a model
S&$UT'&N
Write a ver,al model. Then )rite an equation.
10 = 20 + 18x + 4x
2
20
0 = 4x
2
+ 18x 10
0 = 2x
2
+ 9x 5
0 = (2x 1) (x + 5)
2x 1 = 0 or x + 5 = 0
"ultipl2 usin F&'$.
Write in standard form
0ivide each side ,2 2.
Factor.
6ero product propert2
1
2
x
=
or x = 5 Solve for x.
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E 7
+se a (%adratc e(%aton as a model
ANSWER
Re;ect the neative value+ 5. The ,order9s )idth
should ,e ft, or 6 in.
1
2
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <
&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem
"aa-ines
A monthl2 teen maa-ine has
28,000 su,scri,ers )hen it
chares $10 per annual
su,scription. For each $1 increase
in price+ the maa-ine loses a,out
2000 su,scri,ers. =o) much
should the maa-ine chare to
maximi-e annual revenue : What
is the maximum annual revenue :
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <
&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem
S&$UT'&N
STE# % 0efine the varia,les. $et x represent the price
increase and R)x* represent the annual
revenue.
STE# .
Write a ver,al model. Then )rite and simplif2
a quadratic function.
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <
&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem
R(x)
R(x)
= ( 2000x + 28,000) (x + 10)
= 2000(x 14) (x + 10)
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <
&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem
STE# 3 'dentif2 the -eros and find their averae. Find
ho) much each su,scription should cost to
maximi-e annual revenue.
The -eros of the revenue function are 14 and
10. The averae of the -eroes is

14 + ( 1 0)
2
- 2.
To maximi-e revenue+ each su,scription
should cost $10 + $2 = $12.
STE# 4
Find the maximum annual revenue.
R(2) = $288,000 = 2000(2 14) (2 + 10)
Warm-Up Exercises E!A"#$E <
&ol'e a m%lt,step pro!lem
ANSWER
The maa-ine should chare $12 per su,scription to
maximi-e annual revenue. The maximum annual
revenue is $288,000.
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "
Solve the equation.
1$. 6x
2
3x 63 = 0
6x
2
3x 63 = 0
2x
2
x 21 = 0
2x 7 = 0 or x + 3 = 0
Write oriinal equation.
0ivide each side ,2 3.
6ero product propert2
Solve for x.
(2x 7) (x + 3) = 0
Factor.
or x = 3
x =
7
2
= 3
1
2
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "
20. 12x
2
+ 7x + 2 = x +8
12x
2
+ 7x + 2 = x +8
12x
2
+ 6x 6 = 0
2x + 2 = 0 or 2x 1 = 0
Write oriinal equation.
Write in standard form
6ero product propert2
Solve for x.
4x
2
+ 2x 2 = 0
0ivide each side ,2 3
(2x + 2) (2x 1) = 0
Factor.
or x =
1
2
x = 1
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "
21. 7x
2
+ 70x + 175 = 0
7x
2
+ 70x + 175= 0
7x
2
+ 70x + 175 = 0
x + 5 = 0 or x 5= 0
Write oriinal equation.
Write in standard form
6ero product propert2
Solve for x.
x
2
+ 10x + 25 = 0
0ivide each side ,2 7
(x + 5) (x 5) = 0
Factor.
or x = 5 x = 5
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "
22. What 'f : 'n Example 7+ suppose the maa-ine
initiall2 chares $11 per annual su,scription.
=o) much should the maa-ine chare to
maximi-e annual revenue : What is the
maximum annual revenue :
S&$UT'&N
STE# %
STE# .
Write a ver,al model. Then )rite and simplif2
a quadratic function.
0efine the varia,les. $et x represent the price
increase and R)x* represent the annual
revenue.
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "
Annual Revenue

Annual Revenue

Su,scription
price
=
R(x)
= (28,000 2000x)
(11 + x)
R(x)
= ( 2000x + 28000) (x + 11)
R(x)
= 2000 (x 14) (x + 11)
STE# 3 'dentif2 the -eros and find their averae. Find
ho) much each su,scription should cost to
maximi-e annual revenue.
The -eros of the revenue function are 14 and
11. The averae of the -eroes is

14 + ( 11)
2
3
2.
=
Warm-Up Exercises
/U'0E0 #RA1T'1E /U'0E0 #RA1T'1E for Examples 5. 6 and "
To maximi-e revenue+ each su,scription should cost
$11 + = $12.50.
STE# 4
Find the maximum annual revenue.
3
2.
= $312,500 R( )
3
2.
= 2000(2 14) ( + 11)
3
2.
ANSWER
The maa-ine should chare $12.50 per su,scription
to maximi-e annual revenue. The maximum annual
revenue is $312,500.
Warm-Up Exercises
0ail2 =ome)or> 8ui-
Factor the expression.
1. 8r
2
+ 6r 5
2. 3p
2
7p + 4
3. 5z
2
80
4. 9m
2
+ 30mn + 25n
2
ANSWER (2r

1) (4r + 5)
ANSWER
(p

1) (3p 4)
ANSWER
5(z

+ 4) (z 4)
ANSWER
(3m

+ 5n)
2
Warm-Up Exercises
0ail2 =ome)or> 8ui-
5. Solve 5x
2
+ x 4 = 0.
6. A mat of uniform )idth and area 115 square inches
surrounds an 8-inch 10-inch photoraph. What is
the )idth of the mat:
ANSWER
1 ,
4
5
ANSWER 2
1
2
in.