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Proverbs 17 Justice & Judgment Pr Better is a dry morsel, and quietness therewith, than an house full of sacrifices with strife. 17:1 Better a dry crust eaten in peace than a house filled with feasting and conflict. Proverbs 15:17 Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith. A stalled ox is a fattened calf.
A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren. Children should be there for their parents when they become stricken with age. It is unnatural for children to want their parents to hurry up and die for the purpose of lessening the burden or getting their greedy little hands on an inheritance or insurance money. Proverbs He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that 19:26 causeth shame, and bringeth reproach. This is a re-occurring theme in the book of Proverbs: Children can be crowns or they can be baggage. Proverbs He that gathereth in summer is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is 10:5 a son that causeth shame. Rehoboam caused shame by following bad advice and split the kingdom. Rehoboam refused to reform the abuses, therefore the servant of Solomon, Jeroboam ruled over ten tribes. This was part of God’s plan: I Kings And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the
LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts. The word “Silver” is used twelve times in the book of Proverbs: I Chronicles I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in 29:17 uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee. Psalm 26:2 Jeremiah 17:10 Examine me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart. I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.
11:9 I Kings 11:10 I Kings 11:11
Translated from the Hebrew word: Pronunciation: \’rānz\ Function: noun plural 1: kidneys a. of physical organ (lit.) b. of seat of emotion and affection (fig.) c. of sacrificial animals 2: the seat of the feelings or passions In the resurrection, God will refine our hearts like silver and purify them like gold. What God finds when He tries out hearts depends on how we live on this side of life. Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God. kilyah
He will be like a refiner's fire. He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; Malachi Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and 3:1 the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. Malachi But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he
3:2 appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: Malachi And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons 3:3 of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness. Malachi Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as 3:4 in the days of old, and as in former years. A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips; and a liar giveth ear to a naughty tongue. The ears of Wrongdoers & liars eagerly listen to gossip. You will know a person by their diet. What do they feed upon?
Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished. Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: Micah Woe is me! for I am as when they have gathered the summer fruits, as the 7:1 grapegleanings of the vintage: there is no cluster to eat: my soul desired the firstripe fruit. Micah The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: 7:2 they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net. Micah That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge 7:3 asketh for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up. Micah The best of them is as a brier: the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge: the 7:4 day of thy watchmen and thy visitation cometh; now shall be their perplexity.
and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished. Micah Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in 7:8 darkness, the LORD shall be a light unto me. Children's children are the crown of old men; and the glory of children are their fathers.
Two crowns for those with age: Proverbs The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness. 16:31 Hoary head = Gray with age. The first time the word “crown” is used in scripture was in Genesis 49:26 when Jacob gave a blessing to Joseph. Jacob adopted the children of Joseph and gave them part of the inheritance among Jacob’s twelve sons. Manasseh and Ephraim are the crowns of Jacob and the glory of
Manasseh and Ephraim is their father Joseph. Psalm 128:6 Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, and peace upon Israel. Excellent speech becometh not a fool: much less do lying lips a prince.
Excellent speech becometh not a fool: Proverbs 26:7 The legs of the lame are not equal: so is a parable in the mouth of fools. Proverbs 26:8 As he that bindeth a stone in a sling, so is he that giveth honour to a fool. Proverbs 26:9 As a thorn goeth up into the hand of a drunkard, so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour.
Much less do lying lips a prince: Lying is of the devil. John 8:42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me. John 8:43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word. John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. John 8:45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.
Proverbs 26:24 Proverbs 26:25 Pr 17:8
He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him; When he speaketh fair, believe him not: for there are seven abominations in his heart.
A gift is as a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth.
gift: 7810 KJV Word Usage and Count gift
reward bribes present bribery
The word “gift” in it’s original Hebrew text,
7 3 2 1
shachad, is used
both to describe a bribe, like in Exodus 23:8, and to describe a present or gratuity, like in Numbers 8:19. Exodus And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the 23:8 words of the righteous. Some bible translations translate the Hebrew word “shachad” as “bribe” in Proverbs 17:8, but for the sake our bible study, we will concentrate on gifts from God like it was translated in Numbers 8:19 in the King James Version. Numbers And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among 8:19 the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come nigh unto the sanctuary. Seven precious Spiritual gifts from God: His only begotten Son: John For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever 3:16 believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. The Holy Ghost: John But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my 14:26 name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. Peace. Even during the time of tribulation: John Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I 14:27 unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. Repentance: Acts When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, 11:18 Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
I John 1:9
If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Faith: Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Ephesians 2:9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. Wisdom: James If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, 1:5 and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. Grace: James 4:6
But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
We all have different gifts: I Corinthians Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of 12:29 miracles? I Corinthians Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret? 12:30 I Corinthians But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet show I unto you a more 12:31 excellent way. He that covereth a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter separateth very friends.
This is a re-occurring theme: Proverbs 17:4 A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips; and a liar giveth ear to a naughty tongue.
Whoever conceals an offense promotes love, but whoever gossips and spreads rumors about it separates friends. A rumor doesn’t have to be false in order for it to be damaging and the biggest offence is when a so called friend takes heed to what the gossiper says without coming to the friend being slandered. Proverbs 16:28 A froward man soweth strife: and a whisperer separateth chief friends. Sowing discord among brethren is one of the seven abominations that we are warned about in Proverbs 6:16-19. Proverbs 20:3 It is an honour for a man to cease from strife: but every fool will be meddling.
People who have ill will towards others will enrage and provoke strife with the poison of asps is under their lips in order to separate friends, break up households, and destroy marriages even at the risk of destroying themselves and their own households. Proverbs He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife belonging not to him, is like 26:17 one that taketh a dog by the ears.
Charity shall cover the multitude of sins. I Peter And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall 4:8 cover the multitude of sins.
fer·vent Translated from the Greek word: ektenes Pronunciation: \’fər-vənt\ Function: adjective 1: Having or showing great emotion or zeal; ardent: a fervent admirer.
char·i·ty Translated from the Greek word: agape Pronunciation: \’cher-ə-tē, ‘cha-rə-\ Function: noun 1: a: benevolent goodwill toward or love of humanity b: affection, good will, love, benevolence, brotherly love 4: lenient judgment of others
Pr A reproof entereth more into a wise man than an hundred stripes into a fool. 17:10 Pr An evil man seeketh only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him. 17:11 A cruel messenger with Satan standing at his right hand: Psalm For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer. 109:4 Psalm And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love. 109:5 Psalm Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand. 109:6 Psalm When he shall be judged, let him be condemned: and let his prayer become 109:7 sin.
Angels are messengers like Gabriel, who was sent to Zacharias in the
Pr 17:12 Pr Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house. 17:13
book of Luke. Right now God has four messengers of mass destruction in Iraq. They are chained up at the bottom of the Euphrates river and set to be released at an appointed day, month, and year to kill a third of all man kind due to the rebellion of man. Revelation And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the 9:13 golden altar which is before God, Revelation Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels 9:14 which are bound in the great river Euphrates. Revelation And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a 9:15 day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men. Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly.
If anyone returns evil for good, evil will never depart from his house. That verse can also apply to nations with wicked justice systems. Jeremiah Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have digged a pit for my soul. 18:20 Remember that I stood before thee to speak good for them, and to turn away thy wrath from them.
Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and show mercy and compassions every man to his brother: And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart. But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear. Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts. Pr The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water: therefore leave off contention, 17:14 before it be meddled with. Pr He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are 17:15 abomination to the LORD.
Zechariah 7:9 Zechariah 7:10 Zechariah 7:11 Zechariah 7:12
Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings. Wherefore is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing he hath no heart to it?
Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light,
5:20 Isaiah 5:21 Isaiah 5:22 Isaiah 5:23
and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!
Pr A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born for adversity. 17:17
A friend loveth at all times. Jonathan was a true friend to David, even against the wishes of his father, Saul: I Samuel And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the 18:1 soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. I Samuel And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his 18:2 father's house. I Samuel Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own 18:3 soul. I Samuel And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to 18:4 David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle. and a brother is born for adversity: Mark Now the brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father the son; and 13:12 children shall rise up against their parents, and shall cause them to be put to death. Mark And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that shall endure 13:13 unto the end, the same shall be saved. Pr A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh surety in the presence of his 17:18 friend.
Striketh Translated from the Hebrew word: taqa (Niphal) Regular Verb (Hebrew form) 2: to strike or pledge oneself 3: to strike or clap hands Proverbs 22:26 Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts. Proverbs 22:27 If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee? He loveth transgression that loveth strife: and he that exalteth his gate seeketh destruction.
17:19 Pr He that hath a froward heart findeth no good: and he that hath a perverse tongue falleth into 17:20 mischief.
Do not pervert the word of God: Jeremiah And the burden of the LORD shall ye mention no more: for every man's 23:36 word shall be his burden; for ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God. Per·vert Pronunciation: \pər-‘vərt\ Function: Verb 1. Corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality. 2. Change the meaning of. 3. Change the inherent purpose or function of something. Pr He that begetteth a fool doeth it to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy. 17:21 Pr A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones. 17:22 Pr A wicked man taketh a gift out of the bosom to pervert the ways of judgment. 17:23
Warning for those who take bribes: Micah Hear this, I pray you, ye heads of the house of Jacob, and princes of the house of 3:9 Israel, that abhor judgment, and pervert all equity. Micah They build up Zion with blood, and Jerusalem with iniquity. 3:10 Micah The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and 3:11 the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, Is not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us. Micah Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall 3:12 become heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of the forest. Pr Wisdom is before him that hath understanding; but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the 17:24 earth. Pr A foolish son is a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare him. 17:25 Pr Also to punish the just is not good, nor to strike princes for equity. 17:26 Also, it is an abuse of power to punish or fine the righteous. Mark And she came in straightway with haste unto the king, and asked, saying, I will 6:25 that thou give me by and by in a charger the head of John the Baptist. Mark And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes 6:26 which sat with him, he would not reject her. Mark And immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be
6:27 Mark 6:28
brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison, And brought his head in a charger, and gave it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her mother. nakah
Strike Translated from the Hebrew word: Pronunciation: \’strīk\ Function: intransitive verb 2 a: to aim and usually deliver a blow, stroke, or thrust (as with the hand, a weapon, or a tool) Function: transitive verb 12: to make and ratify the terms of <strike a bargain>
eq·ui·ty Translated from the Hebrew word: yosher Pronunciation: \’e-kwə-tē\ Function: noun 1 a: justice according to natural law or right; specifically: freedom from bias or favoritism b: something that is equitable. nor to strike princes for equity: (The word strike being used as “strike a deal”) Micah The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: 7:2 they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net. Micah That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge 7:3 asketh for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up. Pr He that hath knowledge spareth his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent 17:27 spirit. Pr Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: and he that shutteth his lips is 17:28 esteemed a man of understanding. Be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: James Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to 1:19 speak, slow to wrath: James For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. 1:20 Some people just can’t wait to give advice to others; even though they usually have no idea what it is they are talking about. Job 13:4 But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value. Job 13:5 O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.
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