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STPM Mathematics (T) Past Year Questions

Lee Kian Keong & L


A
T
E
X
akeong@gmail.com
http://www.facebook.com/akeong
Last Edited by April 27, 2014
Abstract
This is a document which shows all the STPM questions from year 2013 to year 2013 using
L
A
T
E
X. Students should use this document as reference and try all the questions if possible.
Students are encourage to contact me via email
1
or facebook
2
. Students also encourage to
send me your collection of papers or questions by email because i am collecting various type
of papers. All papers are welcomed.
Contents
1 Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper 2
SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2 STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 9
STPM 2013 Paper 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
STPM 2013 Paper 1 (U1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
STPM 2013 Paper 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
STPM 2013 Paper 2 (U2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
STPM 2013 Paper 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3 STPM Mathematics (T) 2014 20
STPM 2014 Paper 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
1
akeong@gmail.com
2
http://www.facebook.com/akeong
1
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong
1 Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper
SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 1
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. The functions f and g are dened by
f : x e
2x
, x R;
g : x (ln x)
2
, x > 0.
(a) Find f
1
and state its domain. [3 marks]
(b) Show that g

1
2

= g(2), and state, with a reason, whether g has an inverse. [4 marks]


2. A sequence is dened by u
r
= e
(r1)
e
r
for all integers r 1. Find
n

r=1
u
r
in terms of
n, and deduce the value of

r=1
u
r
. [5 marks]
3. The matrices P =

2 2 0
0 0 2
a b c

and Q =

1 1 0
0 0 1
0 2 2

are such that PQ = QP.


(a) Determine the values of a, b and c. [5 marks]
(b) Find the real numbers m and n for which P = mQ+nI, where I is the 3 3 identity
matrix. [5 marks]
4. Express the complex number z = 1

3i in polar form. [4 marks]


Hence, nd z
5
+
1
z
5
and z
5

1
z
5
. [4 marks]
5. The equation of a hyperbola is 4x
2
9y
2
24x 18y 9 = 0.
(a) Obtain the standard form for the equation of the hyperbola. [3 marks]
(b) Find the vertices and the equations of the asymptotes of the hyperbola. [6 marks]
6. Find the equation of the plane which contains the straight line x 3 =
y 4
3
=
z + 1
2
and
is perpendicular to the plane 3x + 2y z = 3. [6 marks]
2
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 1
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. Express cos x + sin x in the form r cos(x ), where r > 0 and 0 < <
1
2
. Hence, nd
the minimum and maximum values of cos x +sin x and the corresponding values of x in the
interval 0 x 2. [7 marks]
(a) Sketch the graph of y = cos x + sin x for 0 x 2. [3 marks]
(b) By drawing appropriate lines on your graph, determine the number of roots in the
interval 0 x 2 of each of the following equations.
i. cos x + sin x =
1
2
[1 marks]
ii. cos x + sin x = 2 [1 marks]
(c) Find the set of values of x in the interval 0 x 2 for which | cos x + sin x| > 1.
[3 marks]
8. The position vectors a, b and c of three points A, B and C respectively are given by
a = i +j +k,
b = i + 2j + 3k,
c = i 3j + 2k.
(a) Find a unit vector parallel to a +b +c. [3 marks]
(b) Calculate the acute angle between a and a +b +c. [3 marks]
(c) Find the vector of the form i +j +k perpendicular to both a and b. [2 marks]
(d) Determine the position vector of the point D which is such that ABCD is a parallelo-
gram having BD as a diagonal. [3 marks]
(e) Calculate the area of the parallelogram ABCD. [4 marks]
3
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 2
SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 2
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. The function f is dened by
f(x) =

x + 1, x 1;
|x| 1, otherwise.
(a) Find lim
x1
f(x). [3 marks]
(b) Determine whether f is continuous at x = 1. [2 marks]
2. Find the equation of the normal to the curve with parametric equations x = 1 2t and
y = 2 +
2
t
at the point (3, 4). [6 marks]
3. Using the substitution x = 4 sin
2
u, evaluate

1
0

x
4 x
dx. [6 marks]
4. Show that e

x2
x(x1)
dx
=
x
2
x 1
. [4 marks]
Hence, nd the particular solution of the dierential equation
dy
dx
+
x 2
x(x 1)
y =
1
x
2
(x 1)
which satises the boundary condition y =
3
4
when x = 2. [4 marks]
5. If y = sin
1
x, show that
d
2
y
dx
2
= x

dy
dx

3
and
d
3
y
dx
3
=

dy
dx

3
+ 3x
2

dy
dx

5
. [5 marks]
Using Maclaurins theorem, express sin
1
x as a series of ascending powers of x up to the
term in x
5
. State the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid. [7 marks]
6. Use the trapezium rule with subdivisions at x = 3 and x = 5 to obtain an approximation
to

7
1
x
3
1 +x
4
dx, giving your answer correct to three places of decimals. [4 marks]
By evaluating the integral exactly, show that the error of the approximation is about 4.1%.
[4 marks]
4
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 2
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. A right circular cone of height a +x, where a x a, is inscribed in a sphere of constant
radius a, such that the vertex and all points on the circumference of the base lie on the
surface of the sphere.
(a) Show that the volume V of the cone is given by V =
1
3
(a x)(a +x)
2
. [3 marks]
(b) Determine the value of x for which V is maximum and nd the maximum value of V .
[6 marks]
(c) Sketch the graph of V against x. [2 marks]
(d) Determine the rate at which V changes when x =
1
2
a if x is increasing at a rate of
1
10
a
per minute. [4 marks]
8. Two iterations suggested to estimate a root of the equation x
3
4x
2
+6 = 0 are x
n+1
= 4
6
x
2
n
and x
n+1
=
1
2
(x
3
n
+ 6)
1
2
.
(a) Show that the equation x
3
4x
2
+ 6 = 0 has a root between 3 and 4. [3 marks]
(b) Using sketched graphs of y = x and y = f(x) on the same axes, show that, with initial
approximation x
0
= 3, one of the iterations converges to the root whereas the other
does not. [6 marks]
(c) Use the iteration which converges to the root to obtain a sequence of iterations with
x
0
= 3, ending the process when the dierence of two consecutive iterations is less than
0.05. [4 marks]
(d) Determine whether the iteration used still converges to the root if the initial approxi-
mation is x
0
= 4. [2 marks]
5
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 3
SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 3
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. The number of ships anchored at a port is recorded every week. The results for 26 particular
weeks are as follows:
32 28 43 21 35 19 25 45 35 32 18 26 30
26 27 38 42 18 37 50 46 23 40 20 29 46
(a) Display the data in a stem-and-leat diagram. [2 marks]
(b) Find the median and interquartile range. [4 marks]
(c) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent the data. [3 marks]
(d) State the shape of the frequency distribution, giving a reason for your answer.[2 marks]
2. The events A and B are such that P(A) = 0 and p(B) = 0.
(a) Show that P(A

|B) = 1P(A|B). [2 marks]


(b) Show that P(A

|B) =P(A

) if A and B are independent. [3 marks]


3. The number of defective electrical components per 1000 components manufactured on a
machine may be modelled by a Poisson distribution with a mean of 4.
(a) Calculate the probability that there are at most 3 defective electrical components in
the next 100 components manufactured on the machine. [3 marks]
(b) State the assumptions that need to be made about the defective electrical components
in order that the Poisson distribution is a suitable model. [2 marks]
4. The masses of bags of our produced in a factory have mean 1.004 kg and standard deviation
0.006 kg.
(a) Find the probability that a randomly selected bag has a mass of at least 1 kg. State
any assumptions made. [4 marks]
(b) Find the probability that the mean mass of 50 randomly selected bags is at least 1 kg.
[4 marks]
5. The proportion of fans of a certain football club who are able to explain the oside rule
correctly is p. A random sample of 9 fans of the football club is selected and 6 fans are
able to explain the oside rule correctly. Test the null hypothesis H
0
: p = 0.8 against the
alternative hypothesis H
l
: p < 0.8 at the 10% signicance level. [6 marks]
6. It is thought that there is an association between the colour of a persons eyes and the
reaction of the persons skin to ultraviolet light. In order to investigate this, each of a
random sample of 120 persons is subjected to a standard dose of ultraviolet light. The
degree of the reaction for each person is noted, - indicating no reaction, + indicating a
slight reaction and ++ indicating a strong reaction. The results are shown in the table
below.
6
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 3
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
`
Reaction
Eye colour
Blue Grey or green Brown
- 7 8 18
+ 29 10 16
++ 21 9 2
Test whether the data provide evidence, at the 5% signicance level, that the colour of
a persons eyes and the reaction of the persons skin to ultraviolet light are independent.
[10 marks]
7
Mathematics (T) Specimen Paper Lee Kian Keong SPECIMEN PAPER Paper 3
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. A random variable T, in hours, represents the life-span of a thermal detection system. The
probability that the system fails to work at time t hour is given by
P(T < t) = 1 e

21
5500
t
.
(a) Find the probability that the system works continuously for at least 250 hours.[3 marks]
(b) Calculate the median life-span of the system. [3 marks]
(c) Find the probability density function of the life-span of the system and sketch its graph.
[4 marks]
(d) Calculate the expected life-span of the system. [5 marks]
8. A random sample of 48 mushrooms is taken from a farm. The diameter in centimetres, of
each mushroom is measured. The results are summarised by
48

i=1
x
i
= 300.4 and
48

i=1
x
i
2
=
2011.01.
(a) Calculate unbiased estimates of the population mean and variance of the diameters of
the mushrooms. [3 marks]
(b) Determine a 90% condence interval for the mean diameter of the mushrooms.[4 marks]
(c) Test, at the 10% signicance level, the null hypothesis that the mean diameter of the
mushrooms is 6.5cm. [6 marks]
(d) Relate the condence interval obtained in (b) with the result of the test in (c).[2 marks]
8
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong
2 STPM Mathematics (T) 2013
STPM 2013 Paper 1
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. Sketch the graph of y = sin 2x in the range 0 x . Hence, solve the inequality
| sin 2x| <
1
2
, where 0 x . [6 marks]
2. A sequence a
1
, a
2
, a
3
, . . . is dened by a
n
= 3n
2
. The dierence between successive terms
of the sequence forms a new sequence b
1
, b
2
, b
3
, . . ..
(a) Express b
n
in terms of n. [2 marks]
(b) Show that b
1
, b
2
, b
3
, . . . is an arithmetic sequence, and state its rst term and common
dierence. [3 marks]
(c) Find the sum of the rst n terms of the sequence b
1
, b
2
, b
3
, . . . in terms of a
n
and b
n
.
[2 marks]
3. A system of linear equations is given by
x + y + z = k,
x y + z = 0,
4x + 2y + z = 3.
where and k are real numbers. Show that the augmented matrix for the system may be
reduced to

1 1 1 k
0 2 0 k
0 0 4 3 3k

.
[5 marks]
Hence, determine the values of and k so that the system of linear equations has
(a) a unique solution, [1 marks]
(b) innitely many solutions, [1 marks]
(c) no solution. [1 marks]
4. The complex number z is given by z = 1 +

3i.
(a) Find |z| and arg z. [3 marks]
(b) Using de Moivres theorem, show that z
5
= 16 16

3i. [3 marks]
(c) Express
z
4
z

in the form x +yi, where z

is the conjugate of z and x, y R. [3 marks]


9
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 1
5. Show that the parametric equations x = ct and y =
c
t
, where c is a constant, dene a point
on the rectangular hyperbola xy = c
2
. [2 marks]
The points P, Q, R and S, with parameters p, q, r and s respectively, lie on the rectangular
hyperbola xy = c
2
.
(a) Show that pqrs = 1 if the chords PQ and RS are perpendicular. [4 marks]
(b) Find the equation of the line passing through the points P and Q. Deduce the equation
of the tangent to the rectangular hyperbola at the point P. [4 marks]
6. Show that the point A(2, 0, 0) lies on both planes 2x y + 4z = 4 and x 3y 2z = 2.
Hence, nd the vector equation of the line of intersection of both planes. [5 marks]
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. The polynomial p(x) = hx
4
+kx
3
+2x1, where h and k are constants, leaves a remainder
of 4 when divided by x 1, and a remainder of 2 when divided by x + 1.
(a) Determine the values of h and k. [3 marks]
(b) Express the polynomial p(x) in the form (x
2
1)q(x) + r(x), where q(x) is quadratic
and r(x) is linear. [4 marks]
(c) Express q(x) in a completed square form a(x +b)
2
+c. [2 marks]
i. Deduce that q(x) is always positive for all real values of x. [1 marks]
ii. Deduce the minimum value of q(x) and the corresponding value of x. [2 marks]
(d) Determine the set of values of x for which p(x) > 3x + 1. [3 marks]
8. A tetrahedron OABC has a base OAB and a vertex C, with

OA = 2i+j+k,

OB = 4ij+3k
and

OC = 2i j 3k.
(a) Show that

OC is perpendicular to both

OA and

OB. [3 marks]
(b) Calculate, to the nearest 0.1

, the angle between the edge AC and base OAB of the


tetrahedron. [5 marks]
(c) Calculate the area of the base OAB and the volume of the tetrahedron. [7 marks]
10
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 1 (U1)
STPM 2013 Paper 1 (U1)
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. Sketch, on the same axes, the graphs of y = |2x + 1| and y = 1 x
2
. Hence, solve the
inequality |2x + 1| 1 x
2
. [8 marks]
2. Use the binomial expansions of (

3 +2)
6
and (

3 2)
6
to evaluate (

3 +2)
6
+(

3 2)
6
.
Hence, show that 2701 < (

3 + 2)
6
< 2702. [7 marks]
3. A matrix P is given by
P =

5 0 2
0 2 1
1 4 2

.
By using elementary row operations, nd the inverse of P. [5 marks]
4. Express the complex number

6 i

2 in polar form. Hence, solve the equation z


3
=

6 i

2. [9 marks]
5. The equation of an ellipse is 3x
2
+y
2
+ 30x + 10y + 79 = 0.
(a) Obtain the standard form for the equation of the ellipse. [3 marks]
(b) Find the coordinates of the centre C, the focus F
1
, and the focus F
2
of the ellipse.
[4 marks]
(c) Sketch the ellipse, and indicate the points C, F
1
and F
2
on the ellipse. [2 marks]
6. Three vectors a = pi +qj, b = 5i +j and c = 4+7j are such that a and b are perpendicular
and the scalar product of a and c is 78.
(a) Determine the values of p and q. [4 marks]
(b) Find the angle between a and c. [3 marks]
11
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 1 (U1)
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. (a) Show that for a xed number x = 1, 3x
2
+3x
3
+. . . +3
n
is a geometric series, and nd
its sum in terms of x and n. [4 marks]
(b) The series T
n
(x) is given by
T
n
(x) = x + 4x
2
+ 7x
3
+. . . + (3n 2)x
n
, for x = 1.
By considering T
n
(x) xT
n
(x) and using the result from (a), show that
T
n
(x) =
x + 2x
2
(3n + 1)x
n+1
+ (2n 2)x
n+2
(1 x)
2
.
[5 marks]
Hence, nd the value of
20

r=1
2
r
(3r2), and deduce the value of
19

r=0
2
r+2
(3r+1).[6 marks]
8. A parallelepiped for which OABC, DEFG, ABFE and OCGD are rectangles is shown in
the diagram below.
The unit vectors i and j are parallel to

OA and

OC respectively, and the unit vector k is
perpendicular to the plane OABC, where O is the origin. The vectors

OA,

OB and

OD
are 4i, 4i + 3j and i + 5k respectively.
(a) Show that cos BEG =
13

35
175
. [6 marks]
(b) Calculate the area of the triangle AEG. [6 marks]
(c) Find the equation of the plane AEG. [3 marks]
12
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 2
STPM 2013 Paper 2
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. The function f is dened by
f(x) =

4 x
, x < 0,

2, x = 0,
x

1 +x 1
, x > 0.
(a) Show that lim
x0
f(x) exists. [5 marks]
(b) Determine whether f is continuous at x = 0. [2 marks]
2. The parametric equations of a curve are x = sin and y = 1 cos . Find the equation
of the normal to the curve at a point with parameter
1
2
. [7 marks]
3. The equations of two curves are given by y = x
2
1 and y =
6
x
2
.
(a) Sketch the two curves on the same coordinate axes. [3 marks]
(b) Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of the two curves. [3 marks]
(c) Calculate the volume of the solid formed when the region bounded by the two curves
and the line x = 1 is revolved completely about the y-axis. [6 marks]
4. Show that the substitution y = ux transform the dierential equation
x
dy
dx
= y 2xcot

y
x

into the dierential equation


x
du
dx
= 2 cot u.
[3 marks]
Hence, nd the solution of the given dierential equation satisfying the condition y = 0
when x = 1. Give your answer in the form y = f(x). [5 marks]
5. Using the Maclaurin series for ln(1 +x), evaluate
lim
x0
x ln(1 +x)
x
2
[3 marks]
6. Show that the equation x
3
15x
2
+ 300 = 0 has a root between 5 and 6. [3 marks]
Given that x
0
= 5 as an initial approximation, use the Newton-Raphson method to nd the
root correct to three decimal places. [5 marks]
13
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 2
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. A curve is dened implicitly by the equation x
2
+xy +y
2
= 3.
(a) Show that
dy
dx
+
2x +y
x + 2y
= 0. [3 marks]
(b) Find the gradients of the curve at the points where the curve crosses the x-axis and
y-axis. [5 marks]
(c) Show that the coordinates of the stationary points of the curve are (-1,2) and (1, -2).
[5 marks]
(d) Sketch the curve. [2 marks]
8. Given that y = sin
1
x.
(a) Show that
(1 x
2
)
d
2
y
dx
2
x
dy
dx
= 0.
[4 marks]
(b) Using Maclaurins theorem, show that the series expansion for sin
1
x is x +
1
6
x
3
+
3
40
x
5
+. . .. State the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid. [8 marks]
(c) Using the series expansion in (b), where x =
1
2
, estimate the value of correct to three
decimal places. [3 marks]
14
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 2 (U2)
STPM 2013 Paper 2 (U2)
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. Evaluate
(a) lim
x0

2x
2
+ 25 5
x
2
, [3 marks]
(b) lim
x
9x
2
+ 1
3x 1
. [3 marks]
2. A rectangle with a width 2x is inscribed in a circle of constant radius r.
(a) Express the area A of the rectangle in terms of x and r. [2 marks]
(b) Show that the rectangle is a square of side r

2 when A has a maximum value.[5 marks]


3. Using the substitution u = x 2, show that

4
2
x 1
x
2
4x + 8
dx =
1
2
ln 2 +

8
.
[8 marks]
4. The number of rabbits in a farm increases at a rate proportional to the number of rabbits
at a certain time. The number of rabbits doubled to 10000 from the beginning of the year
1985 until the beginning of 1990. At that time, an outbreak of a certain disease occurred in
the farm which caused the death of rabbits at the rate of 100 rabbits per month. No vaccine
was found until the beginning of the year 1992. Find the remaining number of rabbits that
survived just before the vaccine was found. [9 marks]
5. Using the Maclaurin theorem, nd the expansion of ln(1 + sin x) up to the terms in x
3
.
[5 marks]
Hence, evaluate lim
x0
2x ln(1 + sin x)
2
2x
2
x
4
. [2 marks]
6. By sketching the graphs of y = 3e
x
and y = 2x 8 on the same diagram, show that the
equation 3e
x
+ 2x 8 = 0 has only one real root. [3 marks]
Use the Newton-Raphson method, with the initial approximation x
0
= 1, to nd the root
correct to three decimal places. [5 marks]
15
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 2 (U2)
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. The graph of y = 2 cos x + sin 2x for 0 x 2 is shown below.
The points A and C are local extremum points. The points B, D, E and F are points of
inexion.
(a) Determine the coordinates of
i. the points of local extremum. [5 marks]
ii. the points of inexion. [5 marks]
(b) State the intervals where the graph is concave upward. [1 marks]
(c) Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve and the x-axis. [4 marks]
8. Using the substitution u = ln y, show that the non-linear dierential equation
x
dy
dx
+ (3x + 1)y ln y = ye
2x
can be transformed into the linear dierential equation
x
du
dx
+ (3x + 1)u = e
2x
.
[4 marks]
Solve this linear dierential equation, and hence, nd the solution of the original non-linear
dierential equation, given that y = 1 when x = 1. [9 marks]
Find the limiting value of y as x . [2 marks]
16
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 3
STPM 2013 Paper 3
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. A set of data has a mean of 6.1, a median of 5.4 and a standard deviation of 1.2. Calculate
the Pearson coecient of skewness, and comment on your answer. [3 marks]
2. In a woman single badminton match, the rst player who wins two out of three sets wins
the match. The probability of a particular player winning a set is 0.7 if she has won the
previous set. The probability of the player winning a set is 0.4 if she has lost the previous
set.
(a) Find the probability that the player wins the match given that she has lost the rst
set. [2 marks]
(b) If the probability that the player wins the match is 0.64, nd the probability that she
wins the rst set. [6 marks]
3. The continuous random variable X has the probability density function
f(x) =

k, 0 x < 1,
k
x
2
, 1 x < 4,
0, otherwise.
(a) Show that k =
4
7
. [3 marks]
(b) Calculate the mean and Var(X). [7 marks]
4. A population distribution has a mean of 205 and variance of 520. If 25 samples, each of size
40, are taken from this population,
(a) calculate the probability that the sample mean is less than 200, [4 marks]
(b) determine the number of samples with mean less than 200. [2 marks]
5. A farmer claims that 95% tomatoes produced in his farm meet the food safety specications.
A random sample of 100 tomatoes is taken from the farm and it is found that 92 tomatoes
meet the food safety specications. Carry out a test, at the 5% signicance level, whether
the tomatoes from the farm meets the food safety specications. [7 marks]
6. The symptom of hypertension and smoking habit for 120 individuals is shown in the con-
tingency table below.
Symptom of hypertension
Smoking habit
Heavy smokers Moderate smokers Non-smokers
Presence 22 25 15
Absence 16 18 24
17
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 3
Using a chi-squared test, at the 5% signicance level, determine whether the symptom of
hypertension is independent of smoking habit. [11 marks]
18
STPM Mathematics (T) 2013 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2013 Paper 3
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. Studies conducted in the past show that the mean number of serious accidents in a certain
factory is one per year. The factory wishes to nd the probability of the number of serious
accidents occurring on a yearly basis for the purpose of revising the insurance premium of
its employees. The factory is required to increase the insurance premium if the probability
of having less than two serious accident-free years out of ve years is more than 0.35.
(a) Dene the relevant random variable, and identify its distribution. [3 marks]
(b) Find the probability that
i. there is no serious accident occuring in the next one year, [2 marks]
ii. there are at least three serious accidents occuring in the next two years. [4 marks]
iii. there are less than two accident-free years occurring out of ve years. [5 marks]
(c) Based on the result in (b)(iii), state whether the factory is required to increase the
insurance premium or not. [1 marks]
8. The manufacturer of a closed-circuit television (CCTV) claims that the proportion of house-
holds installed with CCTV for security- purposes in a city is 0.15. A random sample of250
households is taken from the city.
(a) Assuming that the claim of the manufacturer is true, calculate the probability that the
sample proportion is within 0.05 of the population proportion. [5 marks]
(b) If households from the random sample install CCTV. construct a 95% condence in-
terval for the proportion of households with CCTV. [5 marks]
(c) If the number of persons, y, per household for the 30 households from the random
sample is summarised by
30

i=1
y
i
= 130 and
30

i=1
y
i
2
= 967, construct a 95% condence
interval for the average size of households with CCTV. [5 marks]
19
STPM Mathematics (T) 2014 Lee Kian Keong
3 STPM Mathematics (T) 2014
STPM 2014 Paper 1
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. Sketch, on the same axes, the graphs of y = |2x + 1| and y = 1 x
2
. Hence, solve the
inequality |2x + 1| 1 x
2
. [8 marks]
2. Use the binomial expansions of (

3 +2)
6
and (

3 2)
6
to evaluate (

3 +2)
6
+(

3 2)
6
.
Hence, show that 2701 < (

3 + 2)
6
< 2702. [7 marks]
3. A matrix P is given by
P =

5 0 2
0 2 1
1 4 2

.
By using elementary row operations, nd the inverse of P. [5 marks]
4. Express the complex number

6 i

2 in polar form. Hence, solve the equation z


3
=

6 i

2. [9 marks]
5. The equation of an ellipse is 3x
2
+y
2
+ 30x + 10y + 79 = 0.
(a) Obtain the standard form for the equation of the ellipse. [3 marks]
(b) Find the coordinates of the centre C, the focus F
1
, and the focus F
2
of the ellipse.
[4 marks]
(c) Sketch the ellipse, and indicate the points C, F
1
and F
2
on the ellipse. [2 marks]
6. Three vectors a = pi +qj, b = 5i +j and c = 4+7j are such that a and b are perpendicular
and the scalar product of a and c is 78.
(a) Determine the values of p and q. [4 marks]
(b) Find the angle between a and c. [3 marks]
20
STPM Mathematics (T) 2014 Lee Kian Keong STPM 2014 Paper 1
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
7. (a) Show that for a xed number x = 1, 3x
2
+3x
3
+. . . +3
n
is a geometric series, and nd
its sum in terms of x and n. [4 marks]
(b) The series T
n
(x) is given by
T
n
(x) = x + 4x
2
+ 7x
3
+. . . + (3n 2)x
n
, for x = 1.
By considering T
n
(x) xT
n
(x) and using the result from (a), show that
T
n
(x) =
x + 2x
2
(3n + 1)x
n+1
+ (2n 2)x
n+2
(1 x)
2
.
[5 marks]
Hence, nd the value of
20

r=1
2
r
(3r2), and deduce the value of
19

r=0
2
r+2
(3r+1).[6 marks]
8. A parallelepiped for which OABC, DEFG, ABFE and OCGD are rectangles is shown in
the diagram below.
The unit vectors i and j are parallel to

OA and

OC respectively, and the unit vector k is
perpendicular to the plane OABC, where O is the origin. The vectors

OA,

OB and

OD
are 4i, 4i + 3j and i + 5k respectively.
(a) Show that cos BEG =
13

35
175
. [6 marks]
(b) Calculate the area of the triangle AEG. [6 marks]
(c) Find the equation of the plane AEG. [3 marks]
21