0 Up votes0 Down votes

31K views10 pagesSPM Selangor

Jun 30, 2014

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

SPM Selangor

© All Rights Reserved

31K views

SPM Selangor

© All Rights Reserved

- Contoh Folio Addmath 2010 (Project Work 1)
- Additional Mathematics Project 2012
- Kerja Kursus Add Math
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2014
- Kerja Kursus Matematik Tambahan SPM Selangor 2012
- kerja projek matematik tambahan 2010 tugasan 2
- Add Maths Penang Project 2014
- Kpmt 2014 Bi Soalan 1
- Add-Maths-Project-Work-1-2012( english)
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2014 (1)
- Comments
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2014 (Sabah)
- kerja kursus matematik tambahan 2011
- 91691352 My Project Work Add Math 2012
- Add Maths project work johor 2014
- ADD MATHS PROJECT 2014
- Addmath Project popcorn 2012
- Add Math Project 2014
- Project Work Add Math 2013 Pahang
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2012

You are on page 1of 10

First and foremost, I would like to thank God for guiding me to finish this project

successfully. I would like to thank my beloved Additional Mathematics teacher, Pn. Nadia Bt.

Lani for all the guidance she had provided me during the process of finishing this project

work. I would like to give a thousand thank to my mother and father, Surendran A/L Joseph

and Susila A/P A Apparu, for giving me full support in this project, financially and mentally.

They gave me moral support when I needed it. Who am I without their love and support? I

would also like to offer my thanks to my fellow friends who had helped me in finding

information that I am clueless of, and the time we spent together in study groups to finish this

project work. Last but not least, I would like to express my highest gratitude to all those who

gave me the possibility to complete this coursework. I really appreaciate all the help I got.

Again, thank you very much.

OBJECTIVES

We students who are taking Additional Mathematics in this oncoming SPM are required to

carry out a project work while we are in Form 5. This project can be done in groups or

individually but each of us is expected to submit an individually written report. Upon

completion of the Additional Mathematics Project Report 2014, we are able to:

* apply and adapt a variety of problem-solving strategies to solve problems whether it is

routine or non-routine.

* use the given technology such as ICT effectively and appropriately.

* improve thinking skills in mathematics.

* develop positive attitude towards mathematics.

* promote effective mathematical communication through oral and writing.

* develop mathematical knowledge through problem solving in a way that increases our

interest and confidence.

* prepare ourselves for the demand of our future undertakings and in workplace.

INTRODUCTION

The idea of calculus had been developed earlier in Egypt, Greece, China, India, Iraq, Persia

and Japan. The use of calculus began in Europe, during the 17th century, when Isaac Newton

and Gottfried Wilheim Leibniz built on the work of earlier mathematics to introduce the basic

principles. The development of calculus was built on earlier concepts of instantaneous motion

and area under a curve.

Calculus, in general, is a mathematical study of change. Calculus comes from the Latin word

"calculus", which means small stones used for counting. Calculus are divided into two major

branches, which are differential calculus and integral calculus. Differential calculus involves

in finding the gradient at the certain point on a curve and to find the very small changes of

volume, length, area and many more. Integral calculus is used for computations involving

area under a curve and volume generated from the curve.

The differentiation and integration process are related to each other such that differentiation

is the reverse process of integration and vice versa. Differentiation involves the decrease of

power of unknown in certain function and integration involves the increase of power of

unknown in certain function.

Application of differential calculus include computations involving velocity and acceleration,

the slope of the curve and optimization. Applications of integral calculus include

computations involving area, volume, arc length, centre of mass, work and pressure. Calculus

is also used to gain a more precise understanding of the nature of space, time and motion.

PART 1

PART 2

When t=0, v= 60(0) + 20 v=20

When t=1, v= 60(1) + 20 v=80

(a)(i) The acceleration of the car in the first hour

=80km/h 20km/h

1 hour

=60kmh

-2

(ii) The average speed of the car in the first 2 hours

= Total Distance

Total Time

= 110 km

2 hours

= 55 kmh

-1

(b)(i) The position of the graph above the t-axis shows that the car travels to its destination.

(ii) The position of the graph below the t-axis shows that the car is going in the opposite

direction i.e. travels back to where it came from

(c) First method: area under graph

Area A = x (20+80) x 1

= 50 km

Area B = x (0.5 + 1) x 80

= 60 km

Area C = x (1.5 + 0.5) x 80

= 70 km

Total distance = 50 + 60 + 70

= 190 km

v = -160t

+320

1.0 1.5

2.0

2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0

0

v (km/h)

t (h)

P

R

S

Diagram 1

Q

v = 60t

+20

Second method: integration

Since PQ is parallel to RS, the gradient of RS is also -160.

Instead of using y=mx+c, we use V=mt+c.

Substitute R (2.5,0) into V=mt+c

0= -160(2.5) + c

c= 400

Hence, the equation of RS is V= -160t + 400

The gradient of TU is 160.

V=mt+c

V= 160t + c

Substitute u (4,0) into V= 160t + c

0= 160(4) + c

c= -640

Hence, the equation of TU is V= 160t 640

Area of A =

=

( )

= [30(1

2

) + 20(1)] [30(0

2

) + 20(0)]

= 50

Hence, the distance travelled is 50 km.

Area of B =

= 80(1.5) 80(1)

= 40

Hence, the distance travelled by the car is 40 km.

Area of C =

( )

= (-320 + 640) (-180 + 480)

= 20

So, the distance travelled is 20 km

Area of D =

( )

= -20

Area = ||

= 20

So, the distance travelled is 20 km

Area of E =

()

= -40

Area = ||

= 40

Hence, the distance travelled is 40 km.

Area of F =

( )

= -1280 (-1260)

= -20

Area = ||

=20

Hence, the distance travelled is 20 km.

Total distance travelled by car is 50 + 40 + 20 + 20 + 40 + 20 = 190 km

(d) Mahmud went his cousins wedding. He started his journey in the morning. During the

first hour to the wedding, Mahmud travelled with an increasing speed, with an acceleration of

60 kmh

-2

. When he reached the speed limit for the highway, which is 80 kmh

-1

, he stopped

accelerating and maintained his speed. Mahmud decelerated his car when nearing the venue

due to the heavy traffic. His deceleration rate was -160 kmh

-1

. He parked his car and spent

thirty minutes in the wedding. After eating lunch and congratulating the couple, he made his

way back to his house. For the first 30 minutes, he accelerated at a rate of 160 kmh

-2

. Once

the speed limit of 80 kmh

-1

is reached, he maintained the speed. Then, once nearing his house,

he decelerated in a rate of 160 kmh

-2

.

PART 3

(a) Since the parabolic satellite disc is symmetrical at the y-axis, the curve y=f(x) can be

written as y= ax

2

+ c. It can be seen that the curve y = f(x) cuts the y-axis at the point (0,4).

Substitute (0,4) into y = ax

2

+ c and we will get y= ax

2

+ 4.

Substitute the point (4,5) into y= ax

2

+ 4

5= a(4

2

) + 4

a= 1/16

y=f(x) is now written as y= 1/16x

2

+ 4

Hence, f(x) = x

2

/16 + 4

(b) Riemanns sum

(i) Left Riemanns sum using wolfram alpha

Estimated area: 17.0938 m

2

(ii) Right Riemanns sum using wolfram alpha

Estimated area: 17.5938 m

2

(iii) Midpoint Riemanns sum using wolfram alpha

Estimated area: 17.3125 m

2

(c) (i) The area of the curve using integration

Area =

= (

= *

()

+

= [4

3

/48 + 4(4)] (0)

= 17 1/3

(ii) The diagram 3(iii) gives the best approximate area, which is 17.3125 m

2

.

(iii) We can improve the value in c(ii) by having more strips from x=0 to x=4.

(d) y =

+ 4

x

2

= 16(y-4)

x

2

= 16y-64

Volume =

=

( )

= *

= 8 m

3

FURTHER EXPLORATION

f(x) = 1.2 5x

2

Let f(x) = y

Hence, y = 1.2 5x

2

When x = 0.2, y = 1.2 5(0.2)

2

y = 1

y = 1

y

2

= 1

2

y

2

= 1

y = 1.2 5x

2

y

2

= (1.2 5x

2

)

2

y

2

= 1.44 + 25x

4

-12x

2

Volume of gold needed

=

(

= *

= 0.5152 0.4

= 0.36191 cm

3

Gold density is 19.3 gcm

-3

.

Let k be the mass of the gold in g.

1 cm

3

19.3g

0.36191 cm

3

k g

k = 6.9849

The price of 1g of gold x 6.9849 = the cost of the gold ring

RM112.49 x 6.9849 = RM 785.73

REFLECTION

While I was conducting this project, I found a lot of information regarding calculus. I realised

that the differentiation and integration in Additional Mathematics syllabus is just a small part

of the calculus world. For example, I had learned the types of Riemann graphs. This project

had taught me to be responsible on the works that are given to me. This project has also made

me feel more confident to do assignments and not to give up easily when I could not find the

solution for a problem. I also learned to be more discipline in the subject of time, as I was

given three weeks to complete this project. I enjoyed doing this project during my school

holiday as I spent my time wisely. This project has also strengthen the friendship bond

between me and my friends.

- Contoh Folio Addmath 2010 (Project Work 1)Uploaded byichigo325
- Additional Mathematics Project 2012Uploaded byAmirul Naqib
- Kerja Kursus Add MathUploaded byNajwa Khozaini
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2014Uploaded byMohamad Harith
- Kerja Kursus Matematik Tambahan SPM Selangor 2012Uploaded byFikri Halim
- kerja projek matematik tambahan 2010 tugasan 2Uploaded byHabibah Ismail
- Add Maths Penang Project 2014Uploaded byMuruli Krishan
- Kpmt 2014 Bi Soalan 1Uploaded byshazy7
- Add-Maths-Project-Work-1-2012( english)Uploaded bymunirvello
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2014 (1)Uploaded byJaya Kumar Selvaraju
- CommentsUploaded bydennispwnedyou
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2014 (Sabah)Uploaded byShelyn Hiew
- kerja kursus matematik tambahan 2011Uploaded byvoe_comigo
- 91691352 My Project Work Add Math 2012Uploaded byNick Chow
- Add Maths project work johor 2014Uploaded byYuQiLai
- ADD MATHS PROJECT 2014Uploaded bydennispwnedyou
- Addmath Project popcorn 2012Uploaded byWei Jie 잊으려고
- Add Math Project 2014Uploaded byPurple9040
- Project Work Add Math 2013 PahangUploaded byNajmil Haqim
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2012Uploaded byGraceChen28
- Project Work Addmath Pahang 2012Uploaded byLing
- Add Maths Project Work 2012 Sarawak (PartB)Uploaded byEreen Marican
- Kavin Fb Add Maths Fully CompletedUploaded byKavinHawaii
- Add Math Project 2012Uploaded byRyan Liew
- Rubric KPMT 2012Uploaded byDayangku Solehah
- Kandungan Folio Addmath 2012(Anas)Uploaded byAnas Syazwan
- Additional Mathemathics Project Work 1/2012Uploaded bySiti Nadhirah
- Kerja Kursus Matematik Tambahan Pulau Pinang 2012Uploaded byMuruli Krishan
- Add Math ProjectUploaded byalb3rtnet

- Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics 7th Edition (Solutions Manual)Uploaded byjoe_grn
- Lab 1Uploaded byAthira Nair
- Library_Engineering Journal AssignmentUploaded byAthira Nair
- P39Uploaded byAthira Nair
- Hookes Law Lab ActivityUploaded byWeb Books
- Hepatitis Assignment BioUploaded byAthira Nair
- COM 307RFP AssignmentUploaded byAthira Nair
- P11Uploaded byAthira Nair
- Difference between psychologist and psychiatristUploaded byAthira Nair
- Microsoft-word-f4 c8 Circular Measures NewUploaded byuzai88
- Request for Proposal.pdfUploaded byAthira Nair
- MSE 227Chapter 6answers.docUploaded byAthira Nair
- Nature PoemUploaded byAthira Nair
- ch04Uploaded byrobinho086
- Power Plant OperationUploaded byAthira Nair
- Physics Lab 1Uploaded byAthira Nair
- BioUploaded byAthira Nair
- Regulation of the Cardiac Cycle by the Heart ItselfUploaded byAthira Nair
- BubbleUploaded byAthira Nair
- Backup AcademicUploaded byAthira Nair
- 2nd Essy RealUploaded byAthira Nair
- NovelUploaded byAthira Nair
- Cell DivisionUploaded byAthira Nair
- SPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4.pdfUploaded byNicholas Rogers
- Modern MathsUploaded byAthira Nair

- fakebook evaluation lessonUploaded byapi-338027489
- BBC_World_Histories_I11_2018.pdfUploaded byfullspring
- General Mathematics SSC II Paper IUploaded bySoniyaKanwalG
- ResumeUploaded byDogiparthy VinodKumar
- Disability Presentation Josephine SinyoUploaded bymabisito
- Cultural DifferencesUploaded byCris Lenz
- leonise francis carter- personal statement 3Uploaded byapi-242017796
- Kelman Public Administration and Organization Studies 2007Uploaded byTaylor Kim
- Unit-21 Assignment Brief (SHRM) (1)Uploaded byAlamzeb Khan
- skripsiUploaded byzfliezblogspotcom
- Chapter 10 Case StudyUploaded byElyse Fawohodie Kwadwo
- Wardha Education SchemeUploaded byMohd Wasiuulah Khan
- Business Result Elementary (Fatec) (1).PDFUploaded byEddyAMD
- CurriculumUploaded byWan Normah Wan Manan
- Hawes DRAFT Resume_03!26!10 Color Ltr Format_PDF EMBEDDEDUploaded byPeter Hawes
- BBRLAUploaded byNaahidhah Nusoibah
- Beaconhouse School SystemUploaded byfakhar1981
- 04-PolysemyUploaded byShakya Maldam Geeganage
- analysis action plan eportfolioUploaded byapi-354133039
- US History since 1865 - HST 012 OL1 - Course SyllabusUploaded byContinuing Education at the University of Vermont
- Alex is Developing the Marketing Strategy for a Brand of MenUploaded byashutosh
- CertificateUploaded byShiva Prasad M
- FOTMMAUploaded byBronson Frederick
- HRM of ASDA.docxUploaded byXion Rahman
- english ii lesson plan--week oct 27 - 31Uploaded byapi-266910774
- mcc-catalog-2016-2017Uploaded byjumperpc3000
- Bala Resume New FormatUploaded byeldinhenry
- IntroUploaded byRafael Leyva Huitron
- Sep ('08)-6 - Spoken English/Eenadu/PratibhaUploaded bySridevi Voduru
- Resume Action VerbsUploaded byCodyBeaton

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.