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Journey to SQL Authority with Pinal Dave
SQL, SQL Server, MySQL, Big Data and NoSQL
SEPTEMBER 8, 2008 BY PINAL DAVE
SQL SERVER 2008 Creating Primary Key,
Foreign Key and Default Constraint
Primary key, Foreign Key and Default constraint are the 3 main constraints that need to be
considered while creating tables or even after that. It seems very easy to apply these constraints but still
we have some confusions and problems while implementing it. So I tried to write about these
constraints that can be created or added at different levels and in different ways or methods.
Primary Key Constraint: Primary Keys constraints prevents duplicate values for columns and
provides unique identifier to each column, as well it creates clustered index on the columns.
1) Create Table Statement to create Primary Key
a. Column Level
USE AdventureWorks2008
GO
CREATE TABLE Products
(
ProductID INT CONSTRAINT pk_products_pid PRIMARY KEY,
ProductName VARCHAR(25)
);
GO
b. Table Level
CREATE TABLE Products
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CREATE TABLE Products
(
ProductID INT,
ProductName VARCHAR(25)
CONSTRAINT pk_products_pid PRIMARY KEY(ProductID)
);
GO
2) Alter Table Statement to create Primary Key
ALTER TABLE Products
ADD CONSTRAINT pk_products_pid PRIMARY KEY(ProductID)
GO
3) Alter Statement to Drop Primary key
ALTER TABLE Products
DROP CONSTRAINT pk_products_pid;
GO
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Foreign Key Constraint: When a FOREIGN KEY constraint is added to an existing column or
columns in the table SQL Server, by default checks the existing data in the columns to ensure that all
values, except NULL, exist in the column(s) of the referenced PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint.
1) Create Table Statement to create Foreign Key
a. Column Level
USE AdventureWorks2008
GO
CREATE TABLE ProductSales
(
SalesID INT CONSTRAINT pk_productSales_sid PRIMARY KEY,
ProductID INT CONSTRAINT fk_productSales_pid FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES
11/3/2014 SQL SERVER 2008 Creating Primary Key, Foreign Key and Default Constraint | Journey to SQL Authority with Pinal Dave
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Products(ProductID),
SalesPerson VARCHAR(25)
);
GO
b. Table Level
CREATE TABLE ProductSales
(
SalesID INT,
ProductID INT,
SalesPerson VARCHAR(25)
CONSTRAINT pk_productSales_sid PRIMARY KEY(SalesID),
CONSTRAINT fk_productSales_pid FOREIGN KEY(ProductID)REFERENCES
Products(ProductID)
);
GO
1) Alter Table Statement to create Foreign Key
ALTER TABLE ProductSales
ADD CONSTRAINT fk_productSales_pid FOREIGN KEY(ProductID)REFERENCES
Products(ProductID)
GO
2) Alter Table Statement to Drop Foreign Key
ALTER TABLE ProductSales
DROP CONSTRAINT fk_productSales_pid;
GO
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Default Constraint: Default constraint when created on some column will have the default data
which is given in the constraint when no records or data is inserted in that column.
1) Create Table Statement to create Default Constraint
a. Column Level
USE AdventureWorks2008
GO
CREATE TABLE Customer
(
CustomerID INT CONSTRAINT pk_customer_cid PRIMARY KEY,
CustomerName VARCHAR(30),
CustomerAddress VARCHAR(50) CONSTRAINT df_customer_Add DEFAULT 'UNKNOWN'
);
GO
b. Table Level : Not applicable for Default Constraint
2) Alter Table Statement to Add Default Constraint
ALTER TABLE Customer
ADD CONSTRAINT df_customer_Add DEFAULT 'UNKNOWN' FOR CustomerAddress
AGO
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3) Alter Table to Drop Default Constraint
ALTER TABLE Customer
DROP CONSTRAINT df_customer_Add
GO
Reference : Pinal Dave (http://blog.SQLAuthority.com (http://blog.SQLAuthority.com))
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120 thoughts on SQL SERVER 2008 Creating
Primary Key, Foreign Key and Default Constraint
Howie | September 18, 2008 at 2:13 pm
i see the different between column level & table level in terms of creating them, but whats the
significance by having a foreign key defined at column level ?
Reply
smita | September 23, 2008 at 4:05 pm
Hi! Pinal ,
Could you please tell me, what is difference between defining the constraint on column level or
Table level?
Reply
smita | September 26, 2008 at 4:43 pm
Hi!
How can we add Unique constraint through Design mode? I do not want Code or query.
Reply
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with Pinal Dave
Edwin | December 9, 2009 at 3:59 am
Sir,
I am newbieenot clear on CREATE TABLE.
CREATE TABLE dbo.Project (
ProjectID VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL,
ProjectName VARCHAR (50) NOT NULL,
ProjectDesc VARCHAR (50) SPARSE NULL
CONSTRAINT pk_project_pid PRIMARY KEY (ProjectID);
GO
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ALTER TABLE dbo.Project
DROP CONSTRAINT pk_project_pid;
GO
ALTER TABLE dbo.Project
ADD CONSTRAINT pk_project_pid PRIMARY KEY (ProjectID);
go
Questions:
1. Its necessary to DROP CONTRAINT pk_project_pid?
2. Its a good practice to create constraint in Table level?
Many thanks for your kind help.
Edwin
Reply
satish | September 22, 2009 at 6:54 pm
hi..,
can u notify d difference between primaryn foreign key constraints cn anyone xplain me in detail
tanx fr ur kind response.
Reply
Avinash Reddy Munnangi | May 19, 2013 at 12:02 pm
hi satish,
suppose we have two tables like employee and department emptable have few columns like
eno,ename,sal,deptno and same like dept table is also having same columns like deptno,dname
so we want establish the relation between emp table and dept table there is a need to create
primary and foreign key relationship on these two tables.make sure that these two tables same
the same columns. in my example I have taken one deptno column in emp table and same
deptno in dept table also then only this relation is established.
only one primary key is allowed per table and if we created any primary on any particular that
that column accepts only unique values and it should not accept null values and it automatically
creates clustered index on that column .
these constraints are very valuable in any database without these there is a chance to mislead
the data
Reply
Diane | December 10, 2009 at 7:50 am
My primary key table, PrimaryLiterals stores two different types of literals race and ethnic. In
11/3/2014 SQL SERVER 2008 Creating Primary Key, Foreign Key and Default Constraint | Journey to SQL Authority with Pinal Dave
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My primary key table, PrimaryLiterals stores two different types of literals race and ethnic. In
another table, I have two different columns that refer back to the key, PrimaryLiteralID, of primary
key table RaceLiteralID and EthnicLiteralID. Is it possible to create two foreign key constraints
both referencing the PrimaryLiteralID or do two separate tables need to be created?
Reply
Pinal Dave | December 11, 2009 at 1:25 am
Hello Diane,
A primary key can be referenced by multiple foreign keys.
Kind Regards,
Pinal Dave
Reply
janvi | April 30, 2010 at 2:54 pm
hi,
i m using sql server 2008 and for that i have one table named tabdealermaster in that i m using
one primary key as DealerId .and in same table i m using that field as foreign key as
dealer_ParentId .is it possible? m i right?
plz tell me. its urgent
Reply
viplav bhushan | April 12, 2012 at 3:50 pm
yes , it is.but not in all cases
Reply
fahad | January 13, 2010 at 6:26 pm
just want to thanks you for your priceless work
Reply
hamzah | February 4, 2010 at 6:19 pm
how can i use default primary key such as (0 ,1,2,3,4,5,6 )
for the data
Reply
ashwini | February 17, 2010 at 11:15 am
11/3/2014 SQL SERVER 2008 Creating Primary Key, Foreign Key and Default Constraint | Journey to SQL Authority with Pinal Dave
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how to add foreign key when we have more than two tables
Reply
Pinal Dave | February 17, 2010 at 6:38 pm
Hello Ashwini,
Your question is not clear to me. I think you want to refer a primary key in multiple tables. You can
do that as a primary key can be referenced from multiple tables.
Regards,
Pinal Dave
Reply
ak | May 14, 2010 at 11:47 pm
This is the good question.i will give u answr latter.
Reply
Prathyusha | March 25, 2010 at 4:13 am
Hello sir,
im creating a new Foreign key in Factresellersales table
using PK in Dimtime table and timekey(PK)
the below statement gives an error I cannot understand the reason why? please guide me the correct
procedureIm new to SQL server
alter table dbo.FactResellerSales
ADD constraint fk_Timekey
foreign key (TimeKey) References DimTime(TimeKey)
Go
the error I get is ,
Foreign key fk_Timekey references invalid column TimeKey in referencing table
FactResellerSales.
Reply
Brian Tkatch | March 25, 2010 at 6:31 pm
@Prathyusha
Make sure DimTime.TimeKey is a valid COLUMN, has a UNIQUE INDEX, and
FactResellerSales.TimeKey is the same data type.
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Reply
Pinal Dave | March 25, 2010 at 9:11 pm
Hello Prathyusha,
Even the syntax of your statment is correct but following statement should also complete:
alter table dbo.FactResellerSales
ADD FOREIGN KEY (TimeKey) References DimTime(TimeKey)
Go
Let us know if you still get the error.
Regards,
Pinal Dave
Reply
kk | December 13, 2012 at 10:45 am
Thank for ur Wonderful Support
Reply
Mazhar | April 24, 2010 at 11:45 pm
Ur posts r really helpful..
thanx..
Reply
Nripin | June 2, 2010 at 12:43 pm
Great Article thanks !!
Reply
Yogesh Bombe | June 15, 2010 at 4:41 pm
Sir,
Sir i am firstly going to make table using normal forms so please you have help me to create table
with discretion.
{custid,firstname,middlename,Lastname,birthofdate,accountcreationdate,Address,type(creadit or
cash),mobilenumber(multivalue),emailid(multivalue).
Reply
Nagalatha | June 22, 2010 at 10:14 am
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Sir,
I want how to learn code in c# .net,please specify if there is any book,site
Reply
Alok | August 26, 2010 at 11:30 am
Sir,
What is the difference between table level and column level constraints?
Actually, when you create a column level constraint and generate the script of the same table, it
shows as table level.
Thanks in Advance
Reply
kishsore kumar.g | August 28, 2010 at 12:15 pm
ok i have understand
Reply
Preeti | August 31, 2010 at 3:08 pm
Sir,
is it possable to create a foreign key on unique key colum?
i have table which has a unique key (organization_code,product_barcode) and i want to add a
foreign key from another table which has these two column s in this table please help me
Preeti
Reply
chathuri | September 5, 2010 at 5:45 pm
CREATE TABLE Software_Manuals (
item_no varchar(40)PRIMARY KEY,
title varchar(100),
descript varchar(100),
vers varchar(30),
manufacturer varchar(50)
);
SELECT *
From Software_Manuals
INSERT INTO Software_Manuals
VALUES (100,User guide,'Adout Hardware,2009,Samsung);
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INSERT INTO Software_Manuals
VALUES (101,Software testing,'About Software,2008,Samsung);
INSERT INTO Software_Manuals
VALUES (102,Protected mode,'Security,2010,Kaspaskey);
INSERT INTO Software_Manuals
VALUES (103,Macintosh,'MAC address,2007,LG);
INSERT INTO Software_Manuals
VALUES (104,Educational software,'About Education,2011,Joeant);
CREATE TABLE Copy_SW_Manual (
access_no integer PRIMARY KEY,
item_no varchar(40)REFERENCES Software_Manuals
);
SELECT *
FROM Copy_SW_Manual
INSERT INTO Copy_SW_Manual
VALUES(100,0001);
INSERT INTO Copy_SW_Manual
VALUES(101,0002);
INSERT INTO Copy_SW_Manual
VALUES(102,0003);
INSERT INTO Copy_SW_Manual
VALUES(103,0004);
INSERT INTO Copy_SW_Manual
VALUES(104,0005);
CREATE VIEW VW_SW_MANUAL (title,manufacturer,vers,access_no)
AS
SELECT SM.title,SM.manufacturer,SM.vers,CSM.access_no
FROM Software_Manuals SM, Copy_SW_Manual CSM
WHERE SM.item_no=CSM.item_no
Sir,
this is argent. i cant understand these questions.
1) if the inserted row contains an access that exists in the table, then update the version, title &
manufacture columns of Software_manuals table with the inserted data
2) Else,if the title,manufacture and version exists in the Software-Manuals table,insert a new row to
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2) Else,if the title,manufacture and version exists in the Software-Manuals table,insert a new row to
Copy_SW_Manual table with its item information referncing the existing row of the
Software_Manuals table
3)Else, insert rows to Software_Manuals and Copy_SW_Manual tables to reflect the new
information
Please send me the Answers of these questions pls..sir
Thankyou..!
Reply
Avinash Reddy Munnangi | May 19, 2013 at 12:23 pm
hi chaturi,
you didnt mention your doubt clearly but you created a view using both of those table I will tell
you something about view.
a view is nothing but a query or output of a query suppose we have to retrieve a data using
query we can get the data successfully but again you want that data so you have to write the
same query again n again so to over come these type of problems a views coming into picture I
mean you can create view within that view you write your required query view are stored in
database. so we want to retrieve the data again no need to write a query simply call a view with
select statement,some important about view is view cant store any data just its stores the query.
we want to retrieve the data again you can run view in back ground the query is going to the
original table and retrives our required data .view with in a view is also possible .
Thanks,
Avinash Reddy Munnangi
Reply
stephen | October 20, 2010 at 11:06 am
Ive a problem in sql server just could you tel me ?
there are four tables in my database and there are two primary keys in two different table I need to
filter data s by using those primary keys when I prepare reports, but in the beginning Ive given
only 1 primary key as foreign key to other tables
My question is can I insert in this stage the other particular primary key as foreign key to other
tables?
its very argent ! I know you can help me
Reply
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Pinal Dave | October 21, 2010 at 4:19 pm
Hello Mr. Stephen,
You can insert the other primary key as foreign key to other tables provided you have the data in
the tables that do not conflict with the combination keys (existing primary key and the new foreign
key). In that case, you will have to make the corrections in the data already existing in the table and
then insert the keys.
Also, after making changes in the design of the table, do not forget to refresh the data in reports.
Kind Regards,
Pinal Dave
Reply
vikas parmar | October 28, 2010 at 11:58 am
sir
please tell me how can i create table in sql server.what process of start sql and then reached the table
sheet.and also create contrant primary key foreign key .
Reply
madhivanan | October 28, 2010 at 1:23 pm
Read about CREATE TABLE in SQL Server help file
Reply
ram | August 5, 2011 at 4:48 pm
first you have to create one table then .> go to stored procedure >
and write code like a
create procedure [procedure_name]
(
declare variables
[while u declare a variable start with ' @ ' and end with ,]
example
@name nvarchar(50)
Reply
Anbu | November 15, 2010 at 6:52 pm
Hello Mr.Pinal Dave,
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I read your post regarding Constraints in Sql.Its very useful & Easy to understand.
As well,Short and Sweet.
Thanks a lot..
Regards
Anbu with Love
Reply
Krishna | December 5, 2010 at 8:17 am
I am a newbee to SQL and I am working on a metrics table. I have the SQL 2008 Express on my
computer.
The name of the database is PlantMetrics and the name of the table is dbo.PerformanceIndexes.
I have three columns containing:
PlantName
Month
Year
The combination of values in these three columns is unique. When I post the metrics for each plant
for each month, the values of PlantName, Month and Year will repeat from record to record.
Can I denote these three columns as primary keys? If so how?
Or do I leave the table without primary key constraint?
I want to add other tables to the database with details of other characteristics for the plants and
relate them to this table.
The other tables will have unique values for the PlantName etc.
Reply
Kawshi | December 11, 2010 at 12:33 pm
Thanx for your Example Posts.They are really really helpful
Reply
vinoth | December 16, 2010 at 5:46 pm
hi sir,
i am vinoth we are using sql server 2008 i want to display the content table for daily updates.
Reply
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vinoth | December 16, 2010 at 6:01 pm
hi sir,
i am vinoth. we are using for sql server 2008. i want display
recorded data for example when i entered in office using
my id card that time..the product software recorded
already recorded and new record data i want to display
screen with using sql server 2008.
which command we have to use. please give me solution..
Thanks & Regards,
vinoth.A
Reply
madhivanan | December 17, 2010 at 8:51 pm
If you have datetime column with default getdate(), you can find it
Reply
manideep | December 27, 2010 at 2:24 pm
can you please tell me about logins and users n sql server?
Reply
Anshu Verma | January 19, 2011 at 4:17 pm
Hi Pinal Sir,
Thanks for your tutorial about adding primary key and foreign key using alter statement at
column level and table level.
Anshu
Reply
Anshu Verma | January 19, 2011 at 4:31 pm
Hi Pinal Sir,
In the scenario of foreign key and primary key both are providing the same feature but what is the
actual difference between column level and table level ?
Reply
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suresh | February 16, 2011 at 6:40 pm
hi i want create a login form in master page and relavented tables in database
Reply
Dee | February 21, 2011 at 2:44 am
CREATE table Customers
(CustomersID char(5) not null,
Address varchar (60) null,
City char(15) null,
Phone char (24)null,
Fax char (24) null,
constraint pk_Customers primary key (CustomerID)
)
CREATE table Orders
(OrdersID int,
CustomerID char not null,
Orderdate datetime null,
Shippeddate datetime null,
Quantity int null,
constraint pk_Orders primary key (OrdersID, CustomerID)
)
Reply
jogender jatt | April 17, 2013 at 12:16 pm
i am now satisfy with your answer
thanks
Reply
Nidhi Dave | March 17, 2011 at 10:52 am
Hello
Pinal
Your posts are really very helpful
thank you
Reply
ramakrishna | April 9, 2011 at 8:45 am
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Hi Pinal
I create salespeople table
create table salespeople(snum int CONSTRAINT pk_snum PRIMARY KEY,sname varchar(50),city
varchar(50),comm decimal(12))
i inserted data like this
insert into salespeople values(1002,bama,'bangalore,.18)
insert into salespeople values(1003,kama,'Bobbili,.15)
insert into salespeople values(1004,anjuri,'vizag,.14)
-
then i create customer table
create table customer(cnum int INT CONSTRAINT pk_productSales_sid PRIMARY KEY,
Cname varchar(50),
city varchar(50),rating int ,
snum int CONSTRAINT fk_snum_pid FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES salespeople(snum))
inser values
insert into customer values(200,jayanth,'bangalore,100,1004)
insert into customer values(2005,bhagyasri,'guntur,200,1006)
-
i create order table
create table orders(onum int CONSTRAINT pk_productSales_sid PRIMARY KEY,
amount decimal(10),Orderdate datetime,
snum int CONSTRAINT fk_snum2_pid FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES salespeople(snum),
cnum int CONSTRAINT fk_cnum_pid FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES customer(cnum))
i got the error
Msg 2714, Level 16, State 4, Line 1
There is already an object named fk_snum_pid in the database.
Msg 1750, Level 16, State 0, Line 1
Could not create constraint. See previous errors.
How to solve those errors
plz send details urgent pinla
Reply
sravanthi | April 9, 2011 at 10:54 am
Hi Pinal Sir,
I hava a problem in creating foreign key in my sql table.im using sql 2008.
Can i set two foreign keys in two child tables with references to one unique key in main table .
pleas help me.
Reply
ram | August 5, 2011 at 4:34 pm
try to chage your main table unique key bcoz unique key access from the null values so try to
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try to chage your main table unique key bcoz unique key access from the null values so try to
use primary key then u il set the foreign key ur table
Reply
manoj bhatt | May 12, 2011 at 11:51 pm
i am now satisfy with ur answer
thanks
Reply
manoj bhatt | May 19, 2011 at 1:21 am
dear sir,
i have a table called student_ id with 3 column id(pkey),name and course.
i wants to access id (start with 3 and end with 8,means 5 values)
hw can this is possible with asp.net application
Reply
ram | August 5, 2011 at 4:28 pm
can anyone help me!!!
when ever i create identity primary key tat error showing all the times
Must declare the scalar variable @ID
Reply
Dinesh | August 26, 2011 at 4:10 pm
HAI,
I want learn SQL more.Is any way to understand SQL easely.
REGARDS
Dinesh
Reply
rama chandra sahu | August 29, 2011 at 3:38 pm
Cant we create a default constraint at table level ???
Reply
Madhu | September 7, 2011 at 3:12 pm
Hi Mr. Pinal,
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One table having one cluster Index in the case of one primary key. If more than one primary keys
are there in a table, then how many clustered Indexes are created for table?
Please reply me
Thanks & Regards
Madhu.
Reply
madhivanan | September 7, 2011 at 7:16 pm
Note that there cannot be more than one primary key in a table
Reply
Madhu | September 8, 2011 at 9:25 am
Hi madhivanan,
we can create more than one primary key we can call it as composite key..
Reply
madhivanan | September 9, 2011 at 4:29 pm
It is a single primary key combined on many columns. You cannot create primary key on each
column seperately.
Reply
yosepkurniawijaya | September 9, 2011 at 9:07 pm
Hi, greeting from Indonesia. Ive been looking for script of creating a foreign key related to the
primary key from the column level and your explanation was great. Thank you very much! God
bless
Reply
Richardm | September 16, 2011 at 12:56 am
Greetings Pinal Always find your answers helpful and spot on. At the moment Im stuck in
SQL/Server hell and cant find a solution. I have a table that I cant drop, cant truncate, cant do
anything with because of this message it is being used for foreign key constraint enforcement. I
have dropped ALL of the constraints on the table, and still cant get around this error. There is a
unique index that is being referenced that cant be dropped either because of the same error
response. Im stuck in a circular hell. How do I get out of hell with this table?
Reply
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Pankaj | September 28, 2011 at 4:01 pm
Your posts are really usefull
Reply
Tha | October 7, 2011 at 8:59 am
Thanks for your post.
Reply
Brent | December 6, 2011 at 8:28 pm
Thank you, always seem to forget the exact syntax on many of those.
Reply
dharmesh | December 9, 2011 at 10:10 am
how to insert a manual int value in primary key , sql server 2008
Reply
madhivanan | December 15, 2011 at 8:06 pm
You can do it in INSERT and UPDATE statements
Reply
Avinash Patil | December 12, 2011 at 12:26 pm
Hi sir,
My question is-
In sql server authentication mode which is more secure authentication? (Windows or Sql server)
Reply
vipin kumar | January 17, 2012 at 1:10 pm
window authentication mode used when you use your application with your system and sql
server authentication is used when multiple application used a centrally database .
Reply
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Sharan Chakradhar | February 3, 2012 at 7:37 pm
How do I fetch MAC address in SQL server to implement in triggers.
Reply
Julio Cesar | March 23, 2012 at 10:22 pm
Dave, thanks for you feedback, because this examples are very good and help me so much.
Thanks,
JCSL.
Reply
Mohan | April 6, 2012 at 10:50 am
Great sir, thanks
Reply
kurt | April 18, 2012 at 3:41 pm
How to generate a default Primary Key
Background: There is a Column PropertiesIdentity Specification option with Identy Increment
and Identity Seed in sqlsrv.
Q: Is it possible to assign a default value for new records like getYear() +
get_SQLSRV_Global_Sequence_Number() feature/trigger available?
1) Example:
a) Syntax
(SELECT CONVERT( NUMERIC(4), (SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(4), GETDATE(), 112) AS
[YYYY]))) + <SOME_GLOBAL_UNIQUE_SEED_FUNCTION()
2) SQL example
SELECT (SELECT CONVERT( VARCHAR(4), (SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(4), GETDATE(),
112) AS [YYYY]))) PK_PART1_YEAR, 1000000 as PK_PART2_SQLSRV_SEQUENCE
3) Expected result
Assigned primary key value: YEAR+CONCAT
1) First value this year: 20121000001
2) Second value this year: 20121000002
3) N-value for year 2050: 20501000002
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Please refer or provide an sqlsrv example if possiblewe would like to have a standard
approach(dbas, C# developers) regarding primary key assignment
-kurt
Reply
kurt | April 18, 2012 at 3:58 pm
Forgot to mention that
a) external systems (PRODUCERS) post typically + + in a Varchar(50) column
and that
b) im using an additional uniqueidentifier and (newid()) in sqlsrv db for internal integrity.
Reply
Vishal | April 30, 2012 at 7:10 am
Hello sir,
How to create recursive query in SQL Server?
Reply
Nisha | May 9, 2012 at 6:19 pm
ur post was very nice and useful for me
Reply
Nisha | May 9, 2012 at 6:23 pm
Hello sir?
now i save the data in one table , that values also create a new columns into another table , if any
possible to do automatically create a new columns
Reply
jyothi | May 11, 2012 at 3:03 pm
sir,
Am Jyothi. Is it posible to create a foreign with out primary and it is a unique key.
Reply
Viji | May 22, 2012 at 5:23 pm
Hello Sir,
Can we drop foreign key which is not a constraint.. How to drop foreign key
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Reply
madhivanan | May 23, 2012 at 3:20 pm
Use ALTER TABLE and DROP CONSTRAINT statements
Reply
Viji | May 24, 2012 at 1:50 pm
Thanks for the reply.. I tried with this, its giving error field is not constraint..
How to drop that foreign key now
Reply
madhivanan | May 24, 2012 at 3:07 pm
You should find the key name and use it
Drop constraint contrain_name
Reply
Viji | May 24, 2012 at 4:51 pm
How to find the constraint name..
Viji | May 24, 2012 at 4:50 pm
How to find the constraint name
Reply
madhivanan | May 30, 2012 at 2:32 pm
exec sp_fkeys table_name
Reply
Viji | June 2, 2012 at 11:48 am
Thank You Sir.
Reply
chetan | October 1, 2012 at 3:24 pm
sp_helpconstraint table_name
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Reply
Sapna | May 29, 2012 at 3:52 pm
Hello,
If i run sequence i am getting error Unknown object type SEQUENCE used in a CREATE,
DROP, or ALTER statement. how to solve this problem
Reply
madhivanan | May 30, 2012 at 2:44 pm
Note that Sequence is available from version 2012 onwards only
Reply
Viji | June 2, 2012 at 12:05 pm
Hello,
How to store URL in table
I want to store URL in my tables in 2008, I will be extracting the same data for report in
excel, if i click on the URL it should take me to particular site, I hope to get solution for this..
Thank You in advance..
Reply
Ramesh | June 7, 2012 at 8:02 pm
Hi,
I am Ramesh from Chennai, how many tables allowed in sql server 2008.
Reply
madhivanan | June 18, 2012 at 4:37 pm
It depends on the harddisk volume. Read about Maximum capacity specifications in SQL
Server help file.
Reply
Venkat Kilari | June 13, 2012 at 3:40 pm
Database objects include objects such as tables, views, stored procedures, user-defined functions,
triggers, rules, defaults, and constraints. The sum of the number of all objects in a database cannot
exceed 2,147,483,647.
Reply
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Bob Wood | July 12, 2012 at 8:50 pm
Awesome help as always. Why I dont come here first every time, I have no idea.
Reply
mit | July 17, 2012 at 10:55 pm
pinal sir you r the genius hats off to your site really!
Reply
mit | July 17, 2012 at 10:56 pm
actually i had problem with default with alter you just solved it thanks sir again i say yu the best in
the world for sql
Reply
Karthick | July 26, 2012 at 3:07 pm
Hi Sir.
How to add the default value for exsiting column
Reply
Arooj | July 26, 2012 at 11:53 pm
hi sir,
I need to copy the value of a primary key into another column of
another table which is a foreign key how will i do it in sql server 2008 r2
Reply
kalia | August 14, 2012 at 3:25 pm
awsm
Reply
Satyabrata Panda | August 24, 2012 at 11:21 am
Hi sir ,
There are two table like User and comment and columns like
(Userid,Conversation,click abuse ,commentid and category) for user table and (comment
id,Comments,userid).when i insert some data through asp.net website i want to update these data of
two tables in database.plz what is the code for sql database
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Reply
sharath | September 12, 2012 at 10:06 am
can we give reference of foreign key to primary key of table which is present in other schema table
Reply
shiva | September 21, 2012 at 12:36 pm
Hey
can any one guide me on !!
How to Drop bunch of tables from database ??
Reply
Sushil Chhimpa | October 6, 2012 at 9:10 am
drop table tablename
Reply
Sushil Chhimpa | October 6, 2012 at 9:55 am
How to use triggers
Reply
Shobana | November 7, 2012 at 12:11 pm
HI I have a table test with primary and foreign key.and i created view with that table as vwtest.
i can insert into the vwtest as it contain single table.
how can i get primary,foreign keys into the views vwtest from the main table test
Reply
Pat | November 19, 2012 at 10:26 pm
I have what appears to be a painstakingly manual task. I need to find all the foreign keys in a DB
however they are all logical. There are no constraints in the DB. Can you reference a set of
thechniques to facilitate this?
Thank you
Reply
madhivanan | November 20, 2012 at 11:45 am
What did you mean by logical? If they have foreign key constraints, it is easy to fine them
11/3/2014 SQL SERVER 2008 Creating Primary Key, Foreign Key and Default Constraint | Journey to SQL Authority with Pinal Dave
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Reply
jeff | January 7, 2013 at 6:37 pm
hello guys, i really need your help, im using sql server 2008 and in creating tables when i put
foreign key the insert not accept but when there no foreign key the insert accept directly. what can i
do to create that foreign key??there is another way to join tables in report without using foreign
key??? please need your help im a beginner..thx
Reply
manish srivastava | February 14, 2013 at 4:06 pm
hey friendstell me how to use a foreign key between 2 tables in a single database when one table
have primary key..??
Reply
VIVEK KUMAR THAKUR | February 26, 2013 at 7:37 pm
Hi
I am making a billling software and i cant understand that how can i make data base for billing
my structure is like this
INVOICE NO,
SLNO PRODUCTS PRICE QUANTITY TOTAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
GRANDTOTAL
Problem is that if i sell one products then it working but if i sell 10item at a time
i can,t understand how to create table for it please help me
VIVEK KUMAR
Reply
mANOJ | March 8, 2013 at 10:53 am
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE OF GIVING PRIMARY KEY AND FOREIGN KEY CONSTRAINT
AT COLUMN LEVEL AND TABLE LEVEL.WE CAN PROVIDE DIRECTLY AT A TABLE
LEVEL ITSELF RIGHT
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Reply
Homina | March 13, 2013 at 1:03 pm
helo sir,
how to insert values in a table that contains a foreign key
Reply
Thuli | May 21, 2013 at 3:44 pm
HI
CAN YOU DEFINE SCHEMAS AND DEFAULT CONSTRAINT
Reply
Guest | July 7, 2013 at 11:57 pm
can constraint check the validity of ddl operation??
Reply
Imran Ullah | July 30, 2013 at 3:24 pm
Fantastic Post.
Reply
Gaurav | August 12, 2013 at 12:57 pm
Hi
can anybody help me to know the diffrence between database developer, database programmer
and data analyst. which things i have to prepare for these profiles. because i am confused in it.
please reply ASAP.
Reply
arashdeepgarg | August 29, 2013 at 12:30 pm
i wanna to know with simple example how to apply foreign key in tables
Reply
parveen | January 29, 2014 at 11:31 am
create table tb
(
id int constraint pk primary key,
name varchar(20)
11/3/2014 SQL SERVER 2008 Creating Primary Key, Foreign Key and Default Constraint | Journey to SQL Authority with Pinal Dave
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)
select * from tb
insert into tb values(1,pari)
insert into tb values(2,mansi)
insert into tb values(3,mansi)
create table mb
(
id int constraint fk foreign key references tb(id),
address varchar(20)
)
select * from mb
insert into mb values(1,sonipat)
insert into mb values(2,panipat)
Reply
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Pinal Dave
vishal | February 17, 2014 at 4:10 pm
hi i am using vb6 with sql server 2008. i have table named address given the query below:
Create Table address
(
[apartment_name][varchar](50) NULL,
[door_number][varchar](50) NULL,
[street_name_1][varchar](50) NULL,
[street_name_2][varchar](50) NULL,
[street_name_3][varchar](50) NULL,
[village][varchar](50) NULL,
[city][varchar](50) NULL,
[state][varchar](50) NULL,
[country][varchar](50) NULL,
[row_upd_date][date/time] NULL,
[apartment_number][varchar](50) NULL,
[agn][int]IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
[status][bit] NULL,
[pincode][varchar](50) NULL,
[user_id][int] NULL,
)
now that i have to create a field name supplier_id of type integer which links to tables named
supplier_contact and Supplier_id and Supplier_name. How make supplier_id as foreign in table
named address? Reply please
Reply
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