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Transformers Protection Schemes

Some types of power transformers


300 MVA. 3 Winding Power Transformer
275 KV / 132 KV / 33 KV. (Y.Y.).
75 MVA. & 45 MVA. 2 Winding Power Transformer 1
32 KV / 33 KV.
30 MVA 2 Winding Power Transformer
132 KV / 11 KV.
20 MVA & 15 MVA 2 Winding Power Transformer
33 KV / 11 KV.
Drawing : single Line diagram for
protection scheme Click Here

300 MVA 3 Winding Power Transformer


Protection Scheme.

Main (A&B) Protection:

1. Differential Protection.
2. Restricted Earth Fault Protection. (both at 275 kv and 132 kv)
side neutral of the star winding.
BackupProtection:
1. C.B Fail to trip.
2. I.D.M.T Non Direction O/C & E/F relay on 300 KV side
3. I.D.M.T Direction O/C & E/F relay on 132 KV side
4. Inter Trip (through pilot cable).
5. Buchhols Trip.
6. Tap Changer Buchhols Trip.
7. Oil Temperature Trip.
8. Winding Temperature Trip.
9. Cable oil pressure Low Trip. (for cable tails )
10. SF6 pressure Low Trip.

75, 45 And 30 MVA- 2 Winding Power Transformer


Protection Scheme.

Main (A) Protection:

1. Differential Protection.

2. Restricted Earth Fault Protection.


(At the neutral of the LV. Winding).
Backup Protection:

1. Stand-By Earth Fault relay at the neutral of LV. Winding.

2. C.B Fail to trip. (For 132 KV. C.B only)


3. I.D.M.T Non Direction O/C & E/F relay on 132 KV side
4. Inter Trip (through pilot cable).
5. Buchhols Trip.
6. Tap Changer Buchhols Trip.
7. Winding Temperature Trip.
8. Cable oil pressure Low Trip. (For cable tails)

20 & 15 MVA- 33 / 11 KV, 2 Winding Power Transformer


Protection Scheme.

Main (A) Protection:

1. Differential Protection.
2. Restricted Earth Fault Protection.
(At the neutral of the LV. Winding).

Backup Protection:

1. Stand-By Earth Fault relay at the neutral of LV. Winding.


2. I.D.M.T Non Direction O/C & E/F relay on 33 KV side
3. Inter Trip (through pilot cable).
4. Buchhols Trip.

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Bus-Bar Protection Schemes


Bus-Bar Protection Schemes.

500, 400, 275, 220 and 132 KV. Bus-Bar Protection Scheme.
- Differential Protection For each section of bus-bar.
- SF6 Pressure low Trip.

66 and 33 KV. Bus-Bar Protection Scheme.

- Differential Protection For each section of bus-bar or Arc protection or


Micro switch protection.
- SF6 Pressure low Trip.

22 and 11 KV BUS-Bar Protection Scheme.

- Arc protection or Micro switches protection.

500, 400, 275, and 220 KV BB section & BB couplers protection


scheme.
- I.D.M.T Non Directional O/C & E/F Relay.
- C.B Fail to Trip.
- SF6 Pressure Trip.
- Inter Trip (through pilot cable).

132 KV BB section & BB couplers protection scheme.


- I.D.M.T Non Directional O/C & E/F Relay.
- C.B Fail to Trip.

33 KV BB section & BB couplers protection scheme.


- I.D.M.T Non Directional O/C & E/F Relay.

11 KV BB section & BB couplers protection scheme.


- I.D.M.T Non Directional O/C & E/F Relay.

Shunt Reactor Protection Scheme.


275 &132 KV. Shunt Reactor Protection Scheme.

I.D.M.T Non Direction O/C & E/F relay.


Inter Trip (through pilot cable SHR connected through cable C.B. for

132 kV only).
Buchhols Trip.

Oil Temperature Trip.


Winding Temperature Trip.
Cable oil pressure Low Trip. (For cable tails)
SF6 pressure Low Trip.
C.B Fail to trip. (For 132 KV. C.B only).

33 KV. Shunt Reactor Protection Scheme for both connected


to 33 KV Bus-Bar or to tertiary of 300 MVA Transformer.

I.D.M.T Non Direction O/C & E/F relay.


Buchhols Trip.
Oil Temperature Trip.
Winding Temperature Trip.

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