China: Stumbling In Xinjiang

| by Col. R.Hariharan
( June 30, 2014, Chennai, Sri Lanka Guardian) here are !lear indi!a"ion# "ha" "he Chine#e are #"u$blin% in "heir
e&&or" "o !ru#h "he 'i%hur #"ru%%le a%ain#" "he Han Chine#e do$ina"ion in (in)ian%.
Ch
ine#e *re#iden" (i Jin+in% (R) $ee"# ,i"h -ndian .i!e *re#iden" /oha$$ad Ha$id 0n#ari in
1ei)in%, China, June 30, 2014. ((inhua23han% 4uo)
he #!ru+ulou# #e$an"i!# u#ed by Chine#e #"a"e5!on"rolled $edia de#!ribe "he$ a# "errori#"#
"hou%h "he a""a!k# la!k "he #o+hi#"i!a"ion o& $odern day "errori#$. -" ha# no" hel+ed "o !o6er u+
"he Chine#e &ailure "o %i6e !on&iden!e "o "he re#"i6e 7$inori"y8 'i%hur# ,ho &or$ a $a)ori"y in
(in)ian% 0u"ono$ou# Re%ion in China9# :or"h,e#".
he ,ay "he Chine#e ha6e handled "he 7"error8 !arried ou" in 1ei)in% in ;!"ober 2013 i# a !a#e
in +oin" "o under#"and all "ha" i# ,ron% ,i"h Chine#e a++rao!h "o "a!klin% "errori#$
.
he 7"error a""a!k8 o!!urred ,hen '#$an 0h$e", a 'i%hur dri6in% a )ee+ +lou%hed in"o a
!ro,d o& +eo+le near "he ienan$en S<uare in 1ei)in% on ;!"ober 2=, 2013 killin% "hree
+eo+le and in)urin% 3> o"her#. he dri6er and hi# $o"her and ,i&e ,ho ,ere in "he )ee+ al#o
died on "he #+o". 0!!ordin% "o ini"ial re+or", #o$e eye,i"ne##e# #aid "he )ee+ ,a# bein% !ha#ed
by #o$eone? i" ,a# +robably "ryin% "o %e" a,ay &ro$ "he +ur#uer
.
he "hree 'i%hur# &a!in% dea"h ro, ,ere &ound %uil"y o& 7leadin% a "errori#" %rou+ and
endan%erin% +ubli! #e!uri"y.8 0lon% ,i"h "he dri6er o& "he &a"al 6ehi!le, "hey had 7looked &or
%un# and e@+lo#i6e# in di&&eren" +la!e#, ,a"!hed "errori#$ 6ideo# and )oin"ly +lanned "errori#"
a!"# #u!h a# bla#"# and killin%# in 1ei)in%.8
,o o"her# ,ere #en"en!ed "o li&e and 20 year# in )ail re#+e!"i6ely &or %uil"y o& 7+ar"i!i+a"in% in
a "errori#" %rou+ and endan%erin% +ubli! #e!uri"y. hree $ore 'i%hur# ,ere #en"en!ed "o &i6e "o
10 year# i$+ri#on$en" &or 7+ar"i!i+a"in% in a "errori#" %rou+.8
he 1ei)in% a""a!k ,a# no" a# deadly a# "he e@+lo#i6e a""a!k !arried ou" in 'ru$<i $arke" on
/ay 22, 2014. hir"y nine !i6ilian# ,ere killed and >4 o"her# in)ured in "he a""a!k. 1u" "he
1ei)in% a""a!k "y+i&ie# "he Chine#e ,ay o& handlin% #e+ara"i#" e@"re$i#$ "ha" %oe# by "he na$e
o& "errori#$ in China.
-" al#o #ho,# "he in!rea#in%ly inno6a"i6e ,ay# in ,hi!h 'i%hur #e+ara"i#"# had "aken "heir
7o+era"ion#9 beyond "he !on&ine# o& (in)ian% and in "hi# !a#e "o "he na"ional !a+i"al
.
here i# a +roble$ ,i"h Chine#e a++roa!h "o un!on6en"ional ,ar&are. -n -ndia ,here #e$an"i!
ni!e"ie# do$ina"e "he "hou%h" +ro!e## on C;-:, 7e@"re$i#$8, 7$ili"an!y8, 7in#ur%en!y8 and
7"errori#$8 o&"en indi!a"e ho, "he #"a"e au"hori"y ,ould like "o handle "he "hrea". Ho,e6er, "o
be &air "o "he Chine#e, "he &ine line #e+ara"in% 6ariou# "y+e# o& an"i5#"a"e 6iolen!e i# %e""in%
in!rea#in%ly #ub#u$ed "hank# "o ri#e and #+read o& Jihadi "errori#$ ,orld,ide.
1u", by brandin% all a!"# o& 6iolen!e a%ain#" "he #"a"e a# "errori#$, "he #"a"e re#+on#e be!o$e#
hea6y handed re#ul"in% in &ur"her aliena"ion o& "he +o+ula"ion. -" al#o in!rea#e# "he de+enden!e
u+on $ili"ary #"ra"e%ie# ra"her "han e6ol6in% a holi#"i! #"ra"e%y "o addre## +oli"i!al, #o!iolo%i!al
and e!ono$i! i##ue# "ha" add #ub#"an!e "o "he Cau#e o& #e+ara"i#$
.
hi# i# ,ha" a++ear# "o be ha++enin% in (in)ian%. he #"a"i#"i!# on "errori#" a""a!k# &ro$ "he
year# 200> "o da"e +ubli#hed in "he Global i$e# i# re6ealin%. hi# year #o &ar "he Chine#e ha6e
a""ribu"ed #i@ in!iden"# "o "he 'i%hur "errori#"# in "he &ir#" #i@ $on"h# a# a%ain#" #e6en in 2013
and ",o, "hree and one re#+e!"i6ely in "he year# 2012, 2011 and 200>. hi# !on&ir$# "he
Chine#e &ear "ha" a&"er 200> 'i%hur #e+ara"i#$ i# on!e a%ain %a"herin% $a## "o #"a%e a
!o$eba!k.
here ,a# no in!iden" in 2010 +re#u$ably be!au#e o& "he #"ron% $ili"ary !ra!kdo,n a&"er "he
an"i Chine#e rio"# "ha" ro!ked 'ru$<i in July 200>. Ca#ual"ie# in "he rio"# ,ere hea6y 5 1>A
+eo+le killed and 1A00 o"her# in)ured ,hile B33 hou#e# and B2A 6ehi!le# ,ere da$a%ed.
he #"yle o& o+era"ion# and ,ea+onry u#ed no, indi!a"e 'i%hur #e+ara"i#$ i# ye" "o ar"i!ula"e
i"#el& +o,er&ully "o be!o$e a "errori#" $o6e$en". So$e o& "he a!"# like "he 1ei)in% )ee+
7a""a!k8 ,here a ,hole &a$ily +eri#hed, look $ore like an a!" o& de#+era"ion "han a #ui!ide
a""a!k o& "he Jihadi kind. -" al#o underline# "he !on"inuin% de"er$ina"ion o& #o$e in 'i%hur
#o!ie"y "o a##er" "heir ,ill a%ain#" "he +o,er&ul and in#en#i"i6e #"a"e $a!hinery in #+i"e o& all
odd#
.
'i%hur e@"re$i#$ i# al#o %ainin% $ore na"ional 6i#ibili"y and $akin% i$+a!" #in!e 2013 5
*re#iden" (i Jin+in%9# &ir#" year in o&&i!e. (i had a &ir#"5hand e@+o#ure "o i" ,hen one o& "he
"hree 'i%hur #e+ara"i#" ou"&i"# 5 "he urke#"an -#la$i! +ar"y 5 !arried ou" a kni&e a""a!k and
bo$bin% in 'ru$<i !i"y rail,ay #"a"ion on 0+ril 30. hree +eo+le lo#" "heir li6e# and A> o"her#
,ere in)ured in "he a""a!k.
/ore i$+or"an"ly, "he a""a!k ,a# "i$ed "o !oin!ide ,i"h "he 6i#i" o& "he *re#iden" "o (in)ian%,
de#"abli#in% "he #"a"e &or a ,hile. So i" ,a# no ,onder ,hen (i 6o,ed "o ,i+e ou" "errori#$ by
$akin% "he #"a"e !oun"er "errori#$ a++ara"u# $ore +ro&e##ional and +o,er&ul a" "he re%ional
and na"ional le6el#
.
0# "hou%h !hallen%in% "he *re#iden", 'i%hur #e+ara"i#"# !arried ou" ye" ano"her e@+lo#i6e a""a!k
in 'ru$<i "he 6ery ne@" $on"h. -" ,a# e6en $ore deadly, killin% 3> !i6ilian# and in)urin% >4
o"her#. -n i"# ,ake, "he Chine#e ha6e laun!hed a year5lon% !ra!kdo,n on "errori#$ na"ion,ide.
:o, !oun"er "errori#$ &i%ure# +ro$inen"ly in China9# na"ional #e!uri"y #!he$e#. -" al#o &ind# a
+la!e in )oin" $ili"ary e@er!i#e# 5 bi% or #$all 5 ,i"h a ,hole ran%e o& !oun"rie# e@"endin% &ro$
Ru##ia "o -ndia "o hailand and Sri Lanka "o "he 'S. Coun"er "errori#$ !oo+era"ion ha# be!o$e
an i$+or"an" +ar" o& in China9# bila"eral di#!u##ion# ,i"h head# o& %o6ern$en"#, +ar"i!ularly
nei%hbourin% !oun"rie# in!ludin% -ndia.
0" "i$e# "he o6er e$+ha#i# on $ili"ary a++roa!h ha# re#ul"ed in o6erkill? a "y+i!al e@a$+le i#
"he arre#" o& a +ro$inen" 'i%hur in"elle!"ual -lha$ oh"i, a kno,n ad6o!a"e o& non 6iolen!e
and #u++or"er o& dialo%ue be",een "he e"hni! !o$$uni"ie#, in January 2014. He i# no, held
in!o$$uni!ado in (in)ian%, &a!in% a #e!re" "rial.
4e#+i"e "he#e e&&or"#, "he Chine#e #ee$ "o be runnin% in"o "rouble in handlin% 'i%hur
#e+ara"i#$. heir in"elli%en!e a%en!ie# do no" #ee$ "o ha6e "heir ear# "o "he %round "o &ore,arn
"he$ o& i$+endin% #e+ara"i#" #"rike. he #u!!e##&ul e@e!u"ion o& a darin% a""a!k in 'ru$<i
durin% "he *re#iden"9# 6i#i" i# a !a#e in +oin". hi# #+eak# o& +oor in"er&a!e be",een "he Han
Chine#e and "he $inori"y +o+ula"ion#.
here i# al#o a need "o addre## "he e!ono$i! aliena"ion o& 'i%hur# &ro$ "he Chine#e
de6elo+$en" #"ory. Chine#e ha6e a lon% "radi"ion o& #e""lin% di#banded uni"# o& Han Chine#e
do$ina"ed ar$y in border re%ion#. hi# +ra!"i!e ha# boo#"ed "he Han Chine#e +o+ula"ion in
(in)ian% +ar"i!ularly in "he A0# durin% "he +eriod o& &ra!"iou# rela"ion#hi+ ,i"h So6ie" 'nion
.
he (in)ian% *rodu!"ion and Con#"ru!"ion Cor+# ((*CC) ori%inally &or$ed ou" o& "he
di#banded $ili"ary #e""ler# ha# e$er%ed a# +o,er&ul e!ono$i! and #e$i5$ili"ary %o6ern$en"
loo#e !annon. -" ha# ad$ini#"ra"i6e au"hori"y o6er #e6eral !i"ie# and #e""le$en"# and &ar$#. -"
o+era"e# ou"#ide "he !on"rol o& "he %o6ern$en" o& "he au"ono$ou# re%ion $akin% a $o!kery o&
"he $u!h "ou"ed 'i%hur au"ono$y. -"# e@!lu#i6e +re&eren!e &or Han Chine#e $ake# i" a
+o,er&ul e@"ernal &a!"or &ur"herin% "he aliena"ion o& 'i%hur#
.
hu# o6er "he year#, de#+i"e a lo" o& li+ #er6i!e "o na"ional uni"y, &un!"ional rela"ion# be",een
"he Han Chine#e i$$i%ran"# and "he 'y%hur re%ional $a)ori"y ha6e no" de6elo+ed on e<ui"able
ba#i#. hi# &eelin% o& aliena"ion ,a# &ur"her !o$+ounded by "he #"a"e9# #hor" #i%h"ed re#"ri!"ion#
on reli%iou# +ra!"i!e# o& 'i%hur /u#li$# in "he ,ake o& 200> "rouble. hi# i# a dan%erou# "rend
a# i" !ould +u#h "he 'i%hur #e+ara"i#"# in"o "he ar$# o& aliban &unda$en"ali#$ ,hi!h i#
e@+e!"ed "o ri#e in "he ,ake o& 0$eri!an "roo+ +ullou" &ro$ 0&%hani#"an "hi# year. So "i$e i#
runnin% ou" &or "he Chine#e "o re"hink "heir #"ra"e%ie# in (in)ian%.
1a#i!ally Chine#e ha6e "o ado+" a holi#"i! a++roa!h "o in!lude C,innin% "he hear"# and $ind# o&
"he +eo+le9 a# a +ar" o& "he C;-: e&&or". he Global i$e# edi"orial in 2013 had #o$e #ane
ad6i!e on "hi#. -" #aidD 7Einnin% "he hear"# o& "he +ubli! in #en#i"i6e area# ha# de!i#i6e
#i%ni&i!an!e. (in)ian% need# "o $obiliFe +eo+le &ro$ all o& #o!ie"y "o laun!h an an"i5"errori#$
&i%h"Ghe July H rio"# in (in)ian% in 200> le&" a dee+ #!ar be",een "he Han and "he 'i%hur.
he e#"ran%e$en" be",een "he ",o ,ill be !on#"an"ly u#ed by e@"re$e &or!e# ,ho ha6e been
"ryin% "o "urn i" in"o "he dee+5roo"ed #o!ial !au#e# &or "heir 6iolen" and "errori#$ a!"i6i"ie# "here.
7he ,hole !oun"ry #hould be dedi!a"ed "o di##ol6in% "he e#"ran%e$en", ,hi!h i# "he key "o
(in)ian%9# lon%5"er$ #"abili"y. Ee #hould al#o $ake (in)ian% +eo+le a!kno,led%e "he har$ o&
#u!h e#"ran%e$en" and "ha" e@"re$e &or!e# are 6iola"or# o& "he in"ere#"# o& "he 'i%hur +eo+le.
/ean,hile, 6ariou# +la!e# in (in)ian% #hould a++oin" a !er"ain nu$ber o& +oli!e &ro$ e"hni!
$inori"ie#. he 'i%hur# #hould be $ade "o belie6e "ha" "hey are "ru#"ed $e$ber# o& "he Chine#e
+o+ula!e.8
Ee kno, &ro$ our o,n e@+erien!e in :a%aland and /iFora$ "ha" no a$oun" o& $ili"ary
!ra!kdo,n alone !an u+roo" "he &eelin% o& aliena"ion and #e+ara"i#$ unle## holi#"i! e&&or"# are
$ade "o nur"ure "he &eelin% o& in!lu#i6i"y a$on% "he aliena"ed #o "ha" "hey )oin "he na"ional
$ain#"rea$.
hi# +ro!e## re<uire# a lo" o& +a"ien!e and !on"inui"y. 0nd (in)ian% i# no e@!e+"ion "o "hi#. So
one !an only ho+e #o$eone in au"hori"y "ake "he Global i$e# ad6i!e "o hear" and +u" in an ou"
o& "he bo@ +lan &or (in)ian%. ;"her,i#e "he Chine#e are %oin% "o &ind i" $ore and $ore di&&i!ul"
in handlin% 'i%hur #e+ara"i#$.
Eri""en on June 1> and u+da"ed on June 30, 2014
(Col R Hariharan, a re"ired /ili"ary -n"elli%en!e #+e!iali#" on Sou"h 0#ia, i# a##o!ia"ed ,i"h "he
Chennai Cen"re &or China S"udie# and "he Sou"h 0#ia 0naly#i# Grou+. I5/ailD
!olhariJyahoo.!o$ 1lo%D h""+D22!ol.hariharan.in&oKh""+D22hariharan#in"blo%.blo%#+o".in )